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Emmanuel Polidario Galit Special Proceedings WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS VS.

WRIT OF AMPARO VS WRIT OF HABEAS DATA BASIS HABEAS CORPUS Drafted pursuant to the rule making power of the Supreme Court as provided by the Constitution Rule 102 of the Rules of Court A writ commanding the detaining person to produce the body of the detained at a designated time and place with the day and cause of such detention. AMPARO -DOA.M. No. 07-9-12-SC A remedy available to any person whose right to life, liberty, and security has been violated or is threatened with violation by an unlawful act or omission of a public official or employee, or of a private individual or entity. HABEAS DATA -DOA.M. No. 08-1-16-SC A remedy available to any person whose right to life, liberty, or security has been violated or is threatened with violation by an unlawful act or omission of a public official or employee, or of a private individual or entity engaged in the gathering, collecting or storing of data or information regarding the person, family, home and correspondence of the aggrieved party. A remedy available to any person whose right to life, liberty, or security has been violated or is threatened with violation by an unlawful act or omission of a public official or employee, or of a private individual or entity engaged in the gathering, collecting or storing of data or information regarding the person, family, home and correspondence of the aggrieved party. SEC. 2. Who May File. Any aggrieved party may file a petition for the writ of habeas data. However, in cases of extralegal killings and enforced disappearances, the petition may be filed by: (a) Any member of the immediate family of the aggrieved party, namely: the spouse, children and parents; or (b) Any ascendant, descendant or collateral relative of the aggrieved party within the fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity, in default of

GOVERNING LAW DEFINITION

AS A REMEDY

Unless otherwise provided by law, the writ shall extend to all cases of illegal confinement or detention by which: a) Any person is deprived of his liberty; or, b) The rightful custody of any person is withheld from the person entitled thereto. By the party detained or some other person on his behalf

For: a) Extralegal killings; b) Enforced disappearances; and, c) Threats of such.

WHO CAN FILE?

By the aggrieved party himself or any qualified person or entity in the following order: a) Any member of the immediate family, namely: the spouse, children and parents of the aggrieved party; b) Any ascendant, descendant or collateral relative of the aggrieved party within the fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity, in default of those mentioned in the preceding paragraph; or c) Any concerned citizen,

ENFORCEMENT SC.organization. the filing of the petition by an authorized party on behalf of the aggrieved party suspends the right of all others. The filing of a petition by the aggrieved party suspends the right of all other authorized parties to file similar petitions. act or omission was committed or any of its elements occurred. Court of Appeals and Sandiganbayan. Likewise. Supreme Court. The petition may be filed with the Regional Trial Court where the petitioner or respondent resides. The petition may also be filed with the Supreme Court or the Court of Appeals or the Sandiganbayan when the action concerns public data files of government offices. b) The Defendant resides. observing the order established herein. Regional Trial Court of the place where the threat. those mentioned in the preceding paragraph VENUE? Appropriate court which has territorial jurisdiction over where: a) The Plaintiff resides. or that which has jurisdiction over the place where the data or information is gathered. FEES? REQUISITES OF PETITION Exempt Signed and Verified -DO- Exempt A verified written petition for a writ of habeas data should contain: (a) The personal circumstances of the petitioner and the respondent. (b) The manner the right to privacy is violated or threatened and how it affects the right to life. liberty or security of the . c) Non-Resident Defendant? Where he may be found at the election of the plaintiff. CA and SB. collected or stored.-Manila. if there is no known member of the immediate family or relative of the aggrieved party. association or institution.anywhere in the Philippines RTC – only within its judicial district Anywhere in the Philippines Anywhere in the Philippines. at the option of the petitioner.

and may deputize any officer or person serve it. and (f) Such other relevant reliefs as are just and equitable. justice or judge shall immediately order the issuance of the writ if on its face it ought to issue. The writ shall also set the date and time for summary hearing of the petition which shall not be later than ten (10) work days from the date of its . When on its face. ISSUANCE When it appears it ought to be issued immediately. the government office. rectification. if known.aggrieved party. the justice or judge may issue the writ under his or her own hand. the court. in possession or in control of the data or information. or. and the person in charge. the relief may include a prayer for an order enjoining the act complained of. (d) The location of the files. suppression or destruction of the database or information or files kept by the respondent. which may include the updating. In case of threats. in case of urgent necessity. registers or databases. it ought to issue immediately Upon the filing of the petition. (c) The actions and recourses taken by the petitioner to secure the data or information. (e) The reliefs prayed for. The clerk of court shall issue the writ under the seal of the court and cause it to be served within three (3) days from the issuance.

The respondent shall file a verified written return together with supporting affidavits within five (5) working days from service of the writ. The writ shall be served upon the respondent by a judicial officer or by a person deputized by the court. Verified written return. (b) In case of respondent in charge. HEARING? SUMMARY? Yes but the hearing will be held on return Yes and not later than 7 days from the date of issuance of the writ. The return shall.issuance. justice or judge. justice or judge who shall retain a copy on which to make a return of service. In case the writ cannot be served personally on the respondent. The judge will retain a copy on which to make a return of service. Signed. among other things. SERVICE? Shall be made by leaving the original with the person to whom it is directed and preserving a copy on which to make a return of service. contain the following: (a) The lawful defenses such as national security. privileged communications. If the person cannot be found or has not the detainee in his custody. state secrets. in possession or in control of the data or information subject of the petition. which period may be reasonably extended by the Court for justifiable reasons. Writ cannot be served personally? Rules on substituted service will apply. the rules on substituted service shall apply. the service shall be made on any other person having or exercising such custody. confidentiality of the source of information of media and others. The writ shall also set the date and time for summary hearing of the petition which shall not be later than ten (10) work days from the date of its issuance. the nature of such data or information. Shall be served upon the respondent via a judicial officer or a person deputized by the court. and the purpose for its collection. Signed and sworn is the detainee is not produced. (i) a disclosure of the data or information about the petitioner. CONTENTS OF RETURN .

a true copy of the warrant or order of commitment will be penalized with the enumeration below: a. and. or refusing to make a return. Respondent who refuses to make a return. refuses to deliver to the person demanding. Any person who otherwise disobeys or resists a lawful process or order of the court to be punished for:  contempt  may be imprisoned or fined A hearing in chambers may be conducted where the respondent invokes the defense that the release of the data or information in question shall compromise national security or state secrets. Penalties: contempt without prejudice to other disciplinary actions. A general denial of the allegations in the petition shall not be allowed. or who. or when the data or information cannot be divulged to the public due to its nature or privileged character. who neglects or refuses to obey or make return of the same according to the command thereof. justice or judge may punish with imprisonment or fine a respondent who commits contempt by making a false return. (iii) the currency and accuracy of the data or information held. or any person who otherwise disobeys or resist a lawful process or order of the court. or who makes a false return. within six (6) hours after the demand therefor.(ii) the steps or actions taken by the respondent to ensure the security and confidentiality of the data or information. The court. (c) Other allegations relevant to the resolution of the proceeding. forfeit to the party aggrieved the sum A clerk of court who refuses to issue the writ or a Deputized person who refuses to serve the same. upon demand made by or on behalf of the prisoner. . DEFENSES PENALTIES A clerk of a court who refuses to issue the writ or a Person to whom a writ is directed. or makes false return thereof. and.

(j) Memorandum. (c) Dilatory motion for postponement. position paper and other pleadings. (h) Motion to declare respondent in default. (f) Third-party complaint. (c) Dilatory motion for postponement. (g) Reply. (k) Motion for reconsideration of interlocutory orders or interim relief orders. (j) Memorandum. (k) Motion for reconsideration of interlocutory orders or interim relief orders. granting . (g) Reply. (f) Third-party complaint. (h) Motion to declare respondent in default. . the court. and (l) Petition for certiorari. (e) Counterclaim or cross-claim. mandamus or prohibition against any interlocutory order. (d) Motion for a bill of particulars. (b) Motion for extension of time to file opposition. and (l) Petition for certiorari. (i) Intervention. PROHIBITED PLEADINGS AND MOTIONS The following pleadings and motions are prohibited: (a) Motion to dismiss.of one thousand pesos. the court. and may also be punished for contempt. EFFECT OF FAILURE TO FILE A RETURN In case the respondent fails to file a return. (b) Motion for extension of time to file return. to be recorded in a proper action. (e) Counterclaim or cross-claim. justice or judge shall proceed to hear the petition ex parte. opposition.The following pleadings and motions are prohibited: (a) Motion to dismiss. b. justice or judge shall proceed to hear the petition In case the respondent fails to file a return. (d) Motion for a bill of particulars. position paper and other pleadings. affidavit. mandamus or prohibition against any interlocutory order. (i) Intervention. Prohibited Pleadings and Motions. affidavit.

The accredited persons and private institutions shall comply with the rules and conditions that may be imposed by the court. may order that the petitioner or the aggrieved party and any member of the immediate family be protected in a government agency or by an accredited person or private institution capable of keeping and securing their safety. However. SUMMARY HEARING The hearing on the petition shall be summary. The hearing shall be from day to day until completed and given the same priority as petitions for habeas corpus. justice or judge. association or institution referred to in Section 3(c) of this Rule. in accordance with guidelines which it shall issue. the protection may be extended to the officers involved. the court. justice or judge may call for a preliminary conference to simplify the issues and determine the possibility of obtaining stipulations and admissions from the parties. the court. upon motion or motu proprio. justice or judge may call for a preliminary conference to simplify the issues and determine the possibility of obtaining stipulations and admissions from the parties. . The Supreme Court shall accredit the persons and private institutions that shall extend temporary protection to the petitioner or the aggrieved party and any member of the immediate family. – The court. The court or judge must be satisfied that the person’s illness is so grave that he cannot ne produced without any danger (a) Temporary Protection Order. INTERIM RELIEFS a) Unless for good cause shown the hearing is adjourned. If the petitioner is an organization. justice or judge. The hearing on the petition shall be summary.ex parte the petitioner such relief as the petition may warrant unless the court in its discretion requires the petitioner to submit evidence. in which event the court or judge shall make such order for the safekeeping of the person imprisoned or restrained as the nature of the case requires. However.

time. justice or judge may conduct a hearing in chambers to determine the merit of the opposition. justice or judge. — The court. may order any person in possession. The movant must show that the inspection order is necessary to establish the right of the aggrieved party alleged to be threatened or violated. measuring. justice or judge. . custody or control of any designated documents. unless extended for justifiable reasons. – The court. It shall be supported by affidavits or testimonies of witnesses having personal knowledge of the enforced disappearance or whereabouts of the aggrieved party. The order shall expire five (5) days after the date of its issuance. the court. surveying. or photographing the property or any relevant object or operation thereon. upon verified motion and after due hearing. upon verified motion and after due hearing. place and manner of making the inspection and may prescribe other conditions to protect the constitutional rights of all parties. to permit entry for the purpose of inspecting. (c) Production Order. The inspection order shall specify the person or persons authorized to make the inspection and the date. The motion shall state in detail the place or places to be inspected. If the motion is opposed on the ground of national security or of the privileged nature of the information. may order any person in possession or control of a designated land or other property.(b) Inspection Order.

JUDGMENT When the court or judge has examined into the cause of capture and restraint of the detainee. or objects in digitized or electronic form. The court. upon motion or motu proprio. objects or tangible things. The motion may be opposed on the ground of national security or of the privileged nature of the information. or rectification of the erroneous data or information and grant other . in which case the court. If the allegations in the petition are proven by substantial evidence. the court shall enjoin the act complained of. destruction. which constitute or contain evidence relevant to the petition or the return. 6981. to produce and permit their inspection. photographs. books. justice or judge may conduct a hearing in chambers to determine the merit of the opposition. otherwise. The court. but such discharge shall not be effective until a copy of the order has been served on The court shall render judgment within ten (10) days from the time the petition is submitted for decision. he shall forthwith order his discharge from confinement. letters. accounts. copying or photographing by or on behalf of the movant. (d) Witness Protection Order. justice or judge may also refer the witnesses to other government agencies. justice or judge shall prescribe other conditions to protect the constitutional rights of all the parties. If the allegations in the petition are proven by substantial evidence. the court shall grant the privilege of the writ and such reliefs as may be proper and appropriate. or to accredited persons or private institutions capable of keeping and securing their safety. – The court. Security and Benefit Program. the privilege The court shall render judgment within ten (10) days from the time the petition is submitted for decision. may refer the witnesses to the Department of Justice for admission to the Witness Protection. or order the deletion. justice or judge. and is satisfied that he is unlawfully imprisoned or restrained.papers. pursuant to Republic Act No.

if upon its determination it cannot proceed for a valid cause such as the failure of petitioner or witnesses to appear due to threats on their lives. 2. the judgment shall be enforced by the sheriff or any lawful officers as may be designated by the court. The period of appeal shall be five (5) working days from the date of notice of the judgment or final order. but shall archive it. The appeal may raise questions of fact or law or both. The appeal may raise questions of fact or law or both. relevant reliefs as may be just and equitable. (Sec. Any party may appeal from the final judgment or order to the Supreme Court under Rule 45. the detainee shall be forthwith released. APPEAL 48 hours from notice of judgment appealed from by ordinary appeal. ARCHIVING AND REVIVAL The court shall not dismiss the petition. 15) shall be denied. Upon its finality. 3. The appeal shall be given the same priority as in habeas corpus and amparo cases. the privilege of the writ shall be denied. otherwise. The petition shall be dismissed with prejudice upon failure to prosecute the case after the lapse of two (2) years from notice to the petitioner of the order archiving the case. 1. A periodic review of the archived cases shall be made by the amparo court that shall. Any party may appeal from the final judgment or order to the Supreme Court under Rule 45. The appeal shall be given the same priority as in habeas corpus cases. motu proprio or upon motion by any party. If the officer or detainer does not desire to appeal. The clerks of court shall .the officer or person detaining. order their revival when ready for further proceedings. justice or judge within five (5) working days. The period of appeal shall be five (5) working days from the date of notice of the adverse judgment.

RULES OF COURT SUPPLETORILY APPLIED? The Rules of Court shall apply suppletorily insofar as it is not inconsistent with this Rule. Sec. CONSOLIDATION The filing of a petition for the writ of habeas data shall not preclude the filing of separate criminal. civil or administrative actions. When a criminal action has been commenced. increase or modify substantive rights recognized and protected by the Constitution. the rules provided for in ordinary actions shall be. The reliefs under the writ shall be available by motion in the criminal case. civil or administrative actions. When a criminal action and a separate civil action are filed subsequent to a petition for a writ of habeas data. . the latter shall be consolidated with the criminal action. SUBSTANTIVE RIGHTS This Rule shall not diminish. This Rule shall not diminish. Rule 72. the procedure under this Rule shall continue to govern the disposition of the reliefs in the petition. applicable in special proceedings The Rules of Court shall apply suppletorily insofar as it is not inconsistent with this Rule. After consolidation. the petition shall be consolidated with the criminal action.submit to the Office of the Court Administrator a consolidated list of archived cases under this Rule not later than the first week of January of every year. When a criminal action is filed subsequent to the filing of a petition for the writ. 2 In the absence of special provisions. increase or modify substantive rights. no separate petition for the writ shall be filed. as far as practicable. INSTITUTION OF SEPARATE ACTIONS This Rule shall not preclude the filing of separate criminal. The procedure under this Rule shall govern the disposition of the reliefs available under the writ of amparo.