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Concerning the Dividing Up and Ordering of Natal Theory 4. Concerning Parents 5. On the Predeceasing of the Parents 6. Concerning Siblings 7. Concerning Males and Females 8. Concerning Twins 9. Concerning Monsters 10. Concerning Those Who Go Unnourished 11. Concerning the Length of Life According to the Truth and Ptolemy 12. Concerning Bodily Form and Mixture 13. Concerning Bodily Injuries and Ailments 14. Concerning the Lot of Injury 15. Concerning Quality of Soul 16. Concerning Ailments of the Soul 17. Concerning Fortune Pertaining to Acquisition 18. Concerning Fortune Pertaining to Rank 19. Concerning the Quality of Action 20. Concerning Slaves 21. Concerning Marriage and Sexual Union 22. Concerning Children 23. Concerning Friends and Enemies 24. Concerning Travel Abroad 25. Concerning the Quality of Death 26. Concerning the Division of the Times 27. Concerning the Year 28. Concerning the Month and Day 29. Divisions of 10 years and 9 months 30. Concerning the Time-Lordship of Kronos 31. Concerning the Time-Lordship of Zeus 32. Concerning the Time-Lordship of Ares 33. Concerning the Time-Lordship of the Sun 34. Concerning the Time-Lordship of Aphrodite 35. Concerning the Time-Lordship of Hermes 36. Concerning the Time-Lordship of the Moon Prooemium With theprimary and universal matters having been set out by us, O Athanasius, mostexcellent of friends, now it would fitting to subjoin the genethliological part[of astrology] for those who cultivate it, in accordance with each type, andespecially with a view to proof and conciseness, as
much as is possible; for,the manifold character of the theory here necessitates to a certain extentusing several [approaches]. And in a truth-loving fashion we set out word forword the things thus discovered by the ancients or rendered into verse as well,while for our part we will also try to improve what has come down to us withcontinuous testing and scrutiny of a large number of nativities. And besides,some industrious lover of learning, starting from the ancient compositions andfrom these writings, may augment the art and may discover a great many truthsin relation to the foreknowledge of events for humankind. And neat we will begin in an orderly manner, as follows. 1. Concerning Conception and Birth Now, they say that human conception comesabout in the square on the left of the Sun at birth in the case of births inthe tenth month (for when the Sun was there, the conception occurred), but inthe case of births in the seventh month, in the diameter. And they say that ofthese very tenth-month births, those of the longest birth are brought to termafter 288 days and 8 hours, those of the intermediate birth after 273 days and8 hours, and those of the least birth after 258 days and 8 hours; while of theseventh-month births, those of the greatest birth are after 206 days and 8hours, those of the least birth after 176 days and 8 hours, and those of theintermediate birth after 191 days and 8 hours. The ancient Egyptians around Petosiris arestrong in their assertion that where the Moonchance to be at the birth, that [zoidion] will mark the hour for theconception; and where the Moon chances to be for the conception, this [zöidion]or the one diametrical to this will mark the hour at the birth. Some take it in the following manner, whichdoes not seem very satisfactory to us. Multiply, they say, the pre-ascendingdegrees of the zoidion marking the hour at birth by the multitude of hours andproject the resultant degrees from the Horoskopos at thirty [per zoidion], andwherever the number should fall out, that [zoidion] will mark the hour of thesowing of the seed.＊ ＊：This procedureseems clear except for one point. We first determine the number of whole degreesof the Ascendant sign preceding the Ascendant degree in the order of signs;thus, it the Ascendant is 10 degrees, 20 minutes of Aries (or in the fourthdegree according to the Greek manner of counting), there are 10 whole degreesof Aries preceding the Ascendant. We then multiply this number of degrees bythe number of hours that have elapsed on the day of birth as of the birth timeitself, but here is where the problem arises. How do we reckon the hours? Myguess is that we should use the Greek system of seasonal hours (the system theHellenistic astrologers used for planetary hours, where for a given date of theyear the interval of daylight is divided into 12 equal "hours," andlikewise with the interval of nighttime. (In this system a diurnal “hour” isunequal in length to a nocturnal "hour" except at the equinoxes.)Thus if someone were born in the 9th diurnal hour, we would multiply the 10degrees by 9, giving us 90 degrees. Then, we project this number from theAscendant degree; in our example, the procedure would take us into Cancer, andwe would declare Cancer to be the Ascendant of the conception. The same procedure is described in almost thesame words by Porphyry in chapter 38 of his Introduction (CCAG 5, 4). In the case of the Moon, others have different things to say. Antiochus the Athenian says that
the following methodlays claim to some truth. Consider, he says, with what [degree] of the Moonsomeone was born, and add 180 to this number, and keep subtracting from thenatal month at 29 [days per month]. And for the day at which the number shouldleave off, examine where the Moon was then; for let the zoidion over which itis passing be regarded as also the very one for the conception, since it hasthe transit of the Moon.（＊） And this method itself is not satisfactory in all cases, but we have set it out for the sake of practiceand for the purpose of finding the same agreement from many [methods].Nevertheless, Antigonus does not seem to have thoroughly examined the accuracyof these methods, for which reason he rejects [them] altogether. ＊：(again attributedto Antiochus)is described in Porphyry's Introduction (CC4G 5, 4), although itraises some problems. “Consider, he says, with what degree of theMoon someone was born, and add 5 to this number, and keep subtracting from thenatal month at 29 [days per month], and for the [day[ where the number leavesoft that was the [day] of the conception; then, after consulting the canon, seein what zoidion the Moon was then.” This text has '5' where Hephaistio has 180(although see note 1 above); another Porphyry manuscript even has '10'.Furthermore, this procedure purports to be calculating the very day ofconception, although it is not clear how this could possibly be the case giventhe algorithm as it stands. Of the methods set forth by way of preface,that of the ancient Egyptians is more satisfactory than the others; wherefore,consider this topic skillfully after the fashion of the Egyptians, thusly. Forsince (as [they] said) the point marking the hour at the birth was found incontinuous trials to possess the Moon at the conception, as also thoseobserving the time of conception find the same degree of the Moon at that timeto be marking the hour at the nativity, for this reason it is necessary toexamine the Horoskopos first, either from the canons, or else methodically bymeans of the prenatal syzygy of the childbirth, thusly. In the case of a [prenatal] conjunction,count from the Sun up to the degree of the Moon, and taking a twelfth of theresultant degrees, subtract backwards from the solar degree; and that degreewhich it comes down to will be nearly the degree of the prenatal conjunction.And if the prenatal syzygy were a whole moon, count in a similar fashion fromthe degree diametrical to the Sun up to the Moon, and again taking a twelfth,subtract from the degrees of the Sun; and that degree at which it leaves offwill be close to the degree of the prenatal whole moon. With the degree of the prenatal syzygy known,the day on which it occurred will be clear from the multitude of degreesbetween the syzygy and the natal Sun when they are subtracted backwards fromthe natal day, with each degree reckoned at one day. And with these thingsknown in this manner, the Horoskopos will be approximately clear. For reckonthe degrees between the prenatal syzygy and the natal Sun in order from thezoidion in which the Sun is, one degree for each zoidion, and that [place] atwhich it leaves off will be the Horoskopos. （＊） It will be made precise in a methodical manner by means ofthe lunar degree of the birthday. ＊：There may besomething wrong with the text here, for as it stands everyone born on the sameday would have the same ascendent in their natal charts. However, the very samealgorithm is repeated in the next chapter (just before the Anubio quotation).
And one must know that whenever the Moonshould be found upon the Horoskopos at childbirth, they say that the new-bornbabe is of an intermediate birth, that is, of 273 days, 8 hours; but if theMoon should be found in the zoidia following the Horoskopos, the babe will bebeyond the intermediate birth; and if the Moon should be found in the zoidiapreceding the Horoskopos, then it will be of fewer days than the intermediatebirth. If then the Moon should be found in the next zoidia from the Horoskopos,count from the degree of the Horoskopos to the Moon and divide the resultantdegrees by the mean daily course of the Moon, which is 13 degrees, 10 minutes;and divide the hours left over in addition to the days [by] the Moon's hourlycourse, which is 33 minutes. Add the resultant days and hours to the 273 days,8 hours of the intermediate birth, and subtract the resultant quantitybackwards from the birthday, and you will find the day of conception. But ifthe Moon should be found in the zoidia pre-ascending the hour at childbirth, doit the opposite way. Count from the Moon to the degree of the Horoskopos andlikewise divide the resultant degrees [by] themean daily and hourly course of the Moon. And subtract the resultant days andhours from the 273 days, 8 hours of the intermediate both, and subtract theremainder from the birthday; and you will roughly find the day and hour ofconception. For the purpose of finding this out moreprecisely, count the Moon and the Sun in accordance with the day and hourdeclared for the conception. And if you should find the natal Moon in thezoidia following the Sun of the conception, say that the conception occurredduring the day; but if you should find the natal Moon in the zoidiapre-ascending the Sun of the conception, consider the conception to haveoccurred at night. Accordingly, if the conception was found to be during theday, count from the Sun of the conception up to the natal Moon (the degrees inbetween); and having learned in what kind of degrees they ascend according tothe appropriate zone, （＊） divide by the hourly times（＊unequal hours） placed next to the solar degree of that day or that inwhich the conception fell, and as many hours or portions of an hour you shouldfind, say this to be the exact hour of conception. And count the Moon exactlyfor that hour, and the degree upon which it is, is the exact degree of thenativity. And it is clear that the degree marking the hour in the Horoskopos ofthe conception will be the same as the degree of the natal Moon, as we havesaid before. If then the degree of the Moon of the conception from theaforesaid [procedures] should be found to be in accord with the degree of theHoroskopos, we say that the Horoskopos of the nativity is given exactly. But ifthe degrees should be different, and the Moon of the conception should be found to have fewer degrees than the Horoskopos foundfor the given hour, it is dear that you subtract the difference from theHoroskopos, while if it should be found to have more degrees, you add, since itis always requisite to consider that the degree marking the hour is the same asthe Moon of conception. And if the conception should be found in the night, makeit from the natal Moon up to the Sun of conception and do the same things assaid before. ＊： That is, take the difference of the ascensional times (in degrees) of the Sun of the conceptionand the natal Moon. Of what sort are births in the seventh month and those in the eighth month may be known as follows.For, after having examined the conception day for every nativity as for birthsin the ninth month in the manner we have shown above, and the conjunctionpreceding the same day of conception, and after taking the degrees in betweenwith a third part of [these degrees], we project
let someone (*Hephaistio’s) have been born in the 97th year from the reign of Diocletian. just as we learned for the ninth month [pregnancy]. while the other isupon the upright side. at which hour we find the Sun in approximately the 4th degree ofSagittarius. 4 the side intermediate in length. We therefore added the 5 days and 1 1/3 hour tothe 273 1/3 days of the first birth and they became 278 days and 9 1/3 hours. in the 30th of Athyr（＊1）at the 6th hour in thethird zone. applying these to the dailymotion of the Moon (that is. oneof seven months. With the fourth part . ＊：The right trianglebeing constructed here may appear at first to be a triangle inscribed in thezodiacal circle. 5 respectively) havethemselves a relationship analogous to a right triangle. if the number should be found to be less. and 3 the shortside.[them] from the conjunctionpreceding the conception. this cannot possibly be the case because the triangleformed by marking off an arc of 150 degrees from the Ascendant degree backwardsin zodiacal order.（＊） Again. wefound approximately 1 1/3 hour. after these [matters] we will likewise investigate the degree marking the hour for the prenatalconjunction of the birthday. in the ninthmonth. And if the number of degrees should fall beyond theday of the conjunction that occurs after the conception.having the first. after which the upturned side is of 120 degrees. and 150 degrees which are proportional to 3. for thefilling up of the 360 degrees of the zodiac. and likewiseapplying the left-over 47 minutes to the mean daily motion of the Moon. and if they should find theone conjunction upon the subtending side of the said triangle. and likewise marking off an arc of 120 degrees from theAscendant forward in zodiacal order. we frame aright angled triangle from this zoidion (clearly. the 30thof Athyr at the 6th hour. (All righttriangles inscribed in a circle have a diameter as the hypotenuse. while the otheris upon the upturned side. it is true that the three arcs of 90." Compare thelast two books of the Arithmetic a Diophantus of Alexandria. and theremaining side consists of the remaining 90 degrees of the circle. Yet. we say that the birth is of nine months. For an illustration. while the other is upon the right side. but if it falls on theupright side. the Moon in the 47th minute of Taurus. but if one is upon the subtending side. this triangle will be a right triangle (since3 + 4 = 52). whichsubtends an arc of 180 degrees. it first came to the 26th to the 27th of Mecheir（＊2）. it is requisite to count from the Horoskopos up to the degree ofthe Moon. they say that the birth is of nine months. at the 8th nocturnal hour. we will suspect that that has been born is an irrational animalor something of an unusual nature or one who is short-lived. Since then the Moon is found in the zoidia following theHoroskopos. the one marking the hour). we say that the infantis in the seventh month. They also consider the degrees of the twoconjunctions of the birthday and the conception.) However. Again. knowing the zoidion that marks thehour and the degree for the hour of the conjunction preceding of theconception. is not a right triangle. and ifthe one is upon the upturned side. the Horoskopos in the 25thdegree of Aquarius. 47 minutes. and connecting the extremities of thesearcs to the Ascendant degree itself.120. if it falls onthe [upturned] side. Such tripletsof numbers were called "Pythagorean right triangles. on what side of the three it falls. and we found 65 degrees.and with these subtracted by us backwards from the birth day and hour. subtending side [be] of 150 degrees from the Ascendant in thepreceding direction. because if 5 is madethe long side of a triangle. 13 degrees) we have found 5 days. it signifies some irrational animal or something of anunusual nature or one short-lived. if it falls onthe subtending side. we say that it is of seven months. 4.
. and the water clocks by the cessations andirregularities of the flow of water by different causes and through chance: forthis reason. Julian date). then. with the manner of rulership in generalbeing contemplated in these five [ways]: by trigon and by domicile and byexaltation and by bound and by phase or configuration. one must make use of it for the close investigationof the properties of body and soul. wemake conjectures more accurately from it of all the human events that happen.. . whether it should be a conjunction or awhole moon. with the degree marking the hour presupposed as near to agiven hour. and here through the same study also of the properties that happen at the timeof conception. it is necessary to see those starsthat have a rulership relation to it. Therefore. which we also find to besatisfactory in nearly all cases. if a whole moon the degree of the light that is above the earth at thetime of birth). and when we have examined precisely the degree (if it is aconjunction clearly the degree of both the lights. at which hour wehave found the Sun in the. by examining the beginning at birth.of theintercalated day and night. It is necessary. one must payattention to the birth itself as the greatest [inception] and capable ofsignifying the same things. Also. Concerning the Degree Marking the Hour The truth-loving Ptolemy set out acertain method for the degree marking the hour. because. on the whole only observation at thevery time of birth by scientific observers with hour-marking astrolabes is able to submit the minute of the hour. For. Julian date). degree of Aquarius.. the solar [devices] by occasional distortions of thepositions and gnomons.（＊） ＊：This last paragraphassembles a few scattered sentences and thoughts from Bk III. 2. He says that. can be foreknown through thatbeginning. with anatural and consistent account. ＊1：This is the third month in theAlexandrian calendar (starting 28 October. 6 hours. but with the birth can be foreknown the circumstances of the man alreadymatured. the part ofthe hour at the time of birth). ＊2：This is the sixth month in theAlexandrian calendar (starting 26 January.whereas nearly all other hour-marking [devices] to which most of the morecareful [astrologers] pay attention are frequently capable of being utterlydeceived about the truth. which were addedwhen he was in the womb. chapter 2 of theTetrabiblos.degree of Pisces. through the method of ascensions. whence. to take theprenatal syzygy nearest the birth. and the latter the genesis of a man. whenever theplace in question has one or most or even all of these in relation to the starthat is about to rule. since an impasse often arisesconcerning what is the first and most authoritative part (that is.. and as lacking with respect to the inception of theconception only in this—that the circumstances prior to birth. the Moon in the . how one might find the degree of the zodiacthat ought to rise.（＊3） there is found the second hour in the 26th to the 27th day of Mechir in the96th year [of Diocletian]. very many[characteristics] additionally accrue to him at that time. the conception might reasonably be called the genesis of thehuman seed. With the time of conception known either bymethod or by observation. it would be necessary for it to be explained beforehand. ＊3：This is the ¼ day left over froma 365 day year. from the figure of the stars at that timeand from the transmission of the environing [atmosphere]. which concernthe infant when still imperfect in the womb. that is.
he says. there too the Hour-Divider. And Anubio says the following in his elegiac verses: The other stars aside. chapter 3. and afew abridgements near the end. we will make use of the exact quantity of degrees). if the distance of the degreesof the rulership to the degree of the rough Horoskopos should be greater than[its distance] to the like Midheaven. If Helios should have but few degrees of the stars. there will be the Horoskopos. inthe case of diurnal nativities. the treatments published by otherson the finding of the Horoskopos in a rough manner. Thence with star [groups] counted in a row Up to the star set up over Selene. from these degrees when they are made exact. For byprojecting the degrees between the prenatal syzygy and the natal Sun from theSun. you may learn the hour-divider Of the hour by examining the Moon and Great Helios. Nevertheless. make use of the method set out beforehand in the account of theconception. Inspect both squares and diameters of the places. These [treatments] concerning the degree marking the hour Ptolemy sets out in a skillful and natural manner.If then we should find one of the stars that issituated in a familiar manner in relation to all or most of these. But if we should find two or more co-ruling stars. giving one degree for each zoidion. the finer parts（＊1） of the degreemarking the hour are also found to be equal in number to the position of thestar. then. it is requisite to begin from the Moon with the same method. and at the zoidion where this quantityshould fall out. whateverdegree this star exactly occupies in the zoidion it is transiting at the timeof birth. For birth by day contrive from Helios Finding the houses' master where stands the god. marks the hour at a degreeof this zoidion equal in number. and to project likewise from her orfrom the Sun the quantity of . ＊2： This text in this paragraph is substantially thesame as that of Ptolemy’s Bk III. But let there also be set out. the zöidion that it comes down to willbe roughly the Höroskopos.and we will say that the zoidion marking the hour. And in the case ofa nocturnal nativity. with a few amplifications. and count zoidia from it up to the ruler of theMoon. Where it should stop. which finds the Horoskopos in an approximate manner. Examine. we will make use ofthe one whose quantity of degrees chances to be nearer to the degree roughlymarking the hour (that is. the ruler of the domicile in which the Sun is. making use of this same number which isrelated to the culminating degree. we willthereby also place separately the remaining pivots. if it is not possible tomake the very degree precise in the manner of the divine Ptolemy. One must. and project the quantity of zoidiafrom the domicile in which the Sun is.（＊2） ＊1：That is. the minutes of the degree. One must subtract the number of a prior Selene If you examine at a nocturnal hour of a theme. we will say that just so many degrees mark the hour in the zoidionthat is found by the method of ascensions for the given hour. for in thismanner. forthe sake of elaboration. Project this number entire from the Sun.
and the zoidion on which it falls out will either markthe hour. Those born when Aries is marking the hour are bony. we indeed make aconjecture as to which kind of zoidion is more like the form of the man. butagain always subtract 2 ½ degrees from Phamenoth to Mesori. and it falls on the final part of Aquarius.and always adding to it 2 ½ degrees when investigating from Thoth to Mechir. which is also inagreement.moderate rather than good-sized. round-faced at times dark dependingon the [geographical] . Those born when Gemini is marking the hour are symmetrical inbody. The sixth month of Alexandriancalendar (starting 26 January. for.and after multiplying the 6 ½ degrees twelve times. hypocrites.for. Julian date). However.intermediate zoidia. Julian date). Those born when Taurus is marking the hour are snub-nosed andbull-eyed somewhat dark with a broad forehead and broad nose. as the procedure confines [the result] totwo zoidia signifying the Horoskopos. it is requisite to examine the squares and diametersof the quantity being projected. and the final portions of this zoidion cause danger. those whopretend to be good. perhaps accounting forHephaistio’s uncertainty as to whether the number should be projected from theSun or the Moon herself. should the Horoskopos not be upon one of them. the Sun chances to be at the beginning of Sagittarius. or else its trigon will. I was born on the 30th of Athyr during the day. with the Sunoccupying approximately 4 degrees of Sagittarius. and the last part of this zoidion gives birth to those who arelewd. It is requisite to be given beforehand whether the birth was atnight or in the day. I added 2 ½ to the 4 degrees. at times they are wooly-haired and have large ears and arefleshy in the shoulders. and we make our declaration in relation to thisone. which we suspect to be the Horoskopos. Cancer makes the natives bony. project [them] fromthe degree of the Sun. But if ever twozoidia of the trigon should be above the earth. the other zoidion of the trigon will be found under the earth. The seventh month ofAlexandrian calendar (starting 25 February. And having takentwelve times the resulting quantity of degrees of the Sun. Mechir. The first month of Alexandriancalendar (starting 29 August. and they are cowardly and dancers and foul-mouthed. long of nose. There will be an illustration of this. Julian date). hairy. he says. investigate the degree of the Sun. and with this given. Phamenoth. ＊：Thoth. （＊） And ifthe Sun. chances to be in thebeginning of the zoidia. and at times they are bald and have small ears.and from it up to the beginning of Gemini is likewise the hemisphere above theearth by day. the method itself is in agreement in nearly all cases. with their hair turnedup. and the natives have their facebent downwards. I project from the degreeof the Sun. sometimes having thick lips and large nostrils and thickeyebrows. The twelfth month of Alexandriancalendar (starting 25 July. Then either Aquarius orGemini or Libra were marking the hour. Mesori. it impossible for Libra to markthe hour since it is under the earth. We must also set out another best method. similarly also for Gemini since thetriangular side falls on the final part of it and is likewise under the earth.have confidence that the Horoskopos falls only in Aquarius. ＊： There is a certain vagueness in theverse instructions for a nocturnal nativity. Julian date). One must. then.For us.
zone.and those who have one leg longer than the other. lascivious. straight hair. at times also pot-bellied. hairy. but in the final degrees around the backbone. and it makes those who have a large chest. wan.well-molded. gluttonous with thin legs.especially when they are born in the first degrees. Pisces makes the natives quite broad in the shoulders. with a large gut and upright and well-behaved.it makes them thin of hair. Ares. strong. full-bearded.bald in the forehead. with grey eyes. humped. Aphrodite makes the natives. those who speak slowly. eachalters [these signification] in a certain manner related totheir own properties. and it makes the nativeswooly-haired and thick-nose. especially in the first degrees. a pointed beard. sallow. rapacious. with leonineface. and the chest itself is broad and their eyes are suffused withcataracts. with ample flesh. symmetrical and curly-haired.pot-bellied. Scorpio makes those who are small-eyed. born. while the Moon makes them temperate and well-fleshed. but in a special manner the Sun makes the natives well-grown. Hermes. feeble. full beard. large eyes. those who are bald. those who have many teeth. grim. pale. with beautiful hair.at times the chin is bald or the eyes grey. well-bearded. Capricorn makes the natives short. The Sun and the Moon are turned in the direction of those planets they chance to fall in with. Sagittariusmakes the natives long in the thigh. jealous. who are long of leg and swift. and at times also those who grow grey first in the beard.and the last part of the zoidion around the sting makes the natives lewd. somewhat dark. graceful andattractive. and it makes thosewhose chest is slight. well-spoken of. Leo makes those who are grey. at times with hairylegs. Zeus. Kronosmakes the natives dark and badly formed and dry. a whiteforehead. those who are good in theirbehavior. and it makes those who have a protrudingpharynx and broad shoulders. and the final part of the zoidionmakes them lewd. andat times those who have some cataracts in the eyes on account of the cloudaround the sting. Libra makes those who have beautiful eyes. along with these things. with small ears. From the things that have been prefaced concerning the nature of the zoidia and the7 planets. with red hair. good and noble. and it makes them bald in the forehead. sallow. bald in the forehead. especially all the natives who have the Horoskopos near the Manger. with small cars. with hands of good complexion. those who swim well. who mind been ownbusiness. with black eyes. at timesboth large and wooly-haired and just and modest. light. and the natives bellies protruding under theirchest. with fine legs. Aquarius makes the natives ample-bodied. those who are at timesdisproportionate in their height (for the lower parts will be larger while theupper parts will be smaller). Thezoidia themselves signify these things and such things as these by themselvesin the Horoskopos. Virgo makes the natives symmetrical in height and rather large.which is cloud-like. at times also those whoare bent over. those wholove to fide animals. at times also lewd. broad in the upper parts. those who are bent over. it is possible to find the Horoskopos in a rough manner in the caseof men who have already come . flexible in the legs. but when the planets chance to be present in them.
（＊） as well as the places havingfamiliar ties to them. which may nolonger be apprehended singly nor simply. this also being contemplated in terms of more parts. which we have found to betrue in nearly all cases. and finally.” For themagnitude of the effect. and that concerning twins or multiple births. the account concerning thequality of death. Concerning the Dividing Up and Ordering of Natal Theory Ptolemy speaks in a reasonable manner [on this subject]. and thatconcerning monsters. And if there should he one essential ruler. or the solar [place] for the inquiryconcerning the father. but in order gets reasonably placed at the end of all these. then theaccount concerning the shape of the body and that concerning ailments or bodilyinjuries. next theaccount concerning foreign journeys. theapprehension of the events both before and after birth. next the account concerning quality of soul and that concerningmental ailments. for the quality of the effect it is necessary to examine the naturesof the ruling stars themselves. that of events at the birth itself. Of the inquiries made at the time of birth itself there is the account concerningmales and females.to those having more counters. or the opposite. and especially theprimary pivots (I mean those ascending and those culminating). And they aremost effective with respect to the nativity whenever they should be passingthrough the pivots or the post-ascensional twelfth-parts. and that concerning those who go unnourished. he would find. ＊：Hephaistioomits “and the natures of the twelfth-parts in which they are.and that concerning associations and partnerships and friendships.to maturity. whether theyhappen to be actively disposed in relation to the cosmos itself and in relationto the nativity. after whichis the account concerning quality of action. and finally.37 First it isnecessary to examine that place of the zodiac which is familiar to the specificheading in question in the nativity. and it is possible to make precise the degree marking the hour inaccordance with the method of the divine Ptolemy. it is necessary to examine their power. the apprehensions ofevents after birth. They are weakestwith respect to the cosmos whenever they should be in . Of theinquiries made after the birth there is the account concerning length of lifesince it is not connected to that concerning those who go unnourished. then the account concerning thecompanionship which is marriage. After thesematters. the Midheavcn for theinquiry concerning what one does. as for example. whenever they chance to be oriental and additive in numbers. then the account concerning fortune which pertains toacquisition and that concerning fortune which pertains to dignity.of the natural and possible apprehensions: the apprehension of the events whichare solely prior to birth. such as that of the account concerning parents. if we make use of the nature of thezoidia and stars and the [different] climes with continual testing andpractice. such as that of theaccount concerning siblings. andagain. and that concerning the begetting of children. which in meaning is akin to the account concerning length oflife. If someone should wish todivide the universal of natal theory as regards its very order. But if there are two or three. Then it is necessary to observe the planets having arelationship of rulership to the posited place according to the five ways wespoke of above. For they are most effective whenever theyshould be in their own or familiar places with respect to the cosmos. it is necessary togive him the rulership of that prognostication. 3.
” here examine the mother as was done for the Sun. it signifies that the circumstances of the parents aredisreputable. He has madethis last paragraph read as if it were Ptolemy's. examine the pivots of that zoidion andthe other relationships and make a statement about the mother. If then the Sun should be present inbenefic places and with benefic stars.another's or unfamiliarplaces. He only alters Ptolemy’s text near the end. We of course find these [treatments] to besatisfactory. they are tardy.” And Manethothus: “When Aresis culminating for day births.. especially whenmalefics look on. itmakes the same things. one must suppose that the circumstancesof the father are fortunate and wealthy. “And theMoon in the horned pivot under the earth. of the examination of specifics. but poorand subordinate and doing servile work.. either bodily or in accordance withrays. and in what bounds. [I omit theremainder of this chapter. 4. (the quadrants preceding each ofthem and their diameters being east. and when the Moon chances to be in the places of eclipse. has this character. and in what sort ofplaces the lights themselves chance to be. he says. Concerning Parents The guidingoutline. giving one hour to each zoidion in succession. he says “When theSun is setting. to which it is fittingto adhere throughout. and from the risings of the zoidia upon whichthe parental places chance to be. of the stars causing [it]. Taking the hours of the birth. it signifies that the family is free.43 There isanother method. For thegeneral time of the effect.When the lights happen to be in the last degrees of the zoidia. which Ptolemy has indeed proposed through his natural and amazinginvestigations. the Moon those of the mother. extend from the zoidionin which the Sun is. That is. and occidental or retreating in their course. and with these one must make adisclosure for each of the parents—the Sun clearly signifying matters of thefather.. For when they are cast or upon a pivot point they become moreeffective at the commencement. I pick up withhis discussion of Dorotheus. The opposite will result when the lights are found inthe opposite condition (that is. because Hephaistio quotes it nearly verbatim with nochanges in astrological content. ] In verse Dorotheus advises examining the trigon lords of the lights.42 evenif it should be in good bounds. it isaccustomed to make for ill success and injuries in the bodies of the parents. it will do these things: It .leaving out Ptolemy's digression about his combinatory procedure and issues ofrulership in the final paragraph. and that the patrimony will be keptsafe for the child himself. He also replaces Ptolemy's own conclusionabout timing with the following: However. we will find the time of theissuance for the effect from the contact. likewise also. And they are weakest withrespect to the nativity whenever they should be declining from the pivots. it is necessary to examine whether they are east orwest relative to the Sun and the Horoskopos. while when they are west and upon thepost-ascension. when the Moon chances to be so.44 And again. and which of thestars are co-present or seeing (them). he brings to pass the separation of the parents. when they are afflicted). whether they should happen to be upon the pivot points orpost-ascensions. and at thezoidion at which the number leaves off. then. while the remaining quadrants arc west). but it is not. he says.Also.
it causes the father topredecease. And see which oftheir Lots is more afflicted and conjecture likewise. he causes discord in thechildren toward the parents. whether theyare of a single form or prolific.（＊4） . "Of all of them atop shaggy Sagittarius and Leo"'.destroys the lifefor the first of the parents and it parts the marriage bed by death ordisagreement. he will accurately （＊1）findthe number of children of the same mother from the culminating zoidion and thepost-ascension to it. that is. 42 The lunarnodes. When Kronos is upon thesetting pivot and looks at Zeus upon the Hour. and especially if they take the Sun inaddition. 44 I cannotfind this curious method mentioned in the discussion of the mother in Bk 1 ofthe Arabic version as translated by Pingree. but when it is triangular to Zeus. onemust consider the place concerning parents. and especially when it is upon a pivot. Bk I. When the Moon is waxing. but Dorotheus this. such as the lights bring the last degrees of a zoidion. if she chances to be in Pisces.12 of the Arabic version of Dorotheus in Pingree's translation. and reckon thus the one taken firstby death. for the Sun signifies the predeceasing of the father. it seems to leave outsome of the material.One must examine if they （＊3） are helped by each other both from the Lot of Fortune and the Lot of Siblings. the subterraneous pivot. And he also says this. And if malefics should be transiting orconfigured with the place by a square or diametrical figure. 5. wewill declare an abundance of siblings in relation to the multitude of starsseeing and following and in relation to the nature of the zoidia. for they encompass both the maternal place（＊2）and the pace of children. they areindicative of a fewness of siblings.” Dorotheus [says] these things. 6. it causesharmony. the mother. Also consider this. if in a feminine zoidion. Concerning Siblings If someone should wish to examine what is universal and possible to the matter ofsiblings. 43 Cf.” Also. the Moon of the mother. it causesthe father to predecease. Anubio saysas follows. If then benefics should be configured with them. whichof the lights in the nativity. andfrom the stars seeing them or present upon them. they cause the father topredecease the mother.how the benefics and malefics arc related to it..arrives first at the subterraneous pivot. through the turning of the motion of the whole.. the Arabic version seems to be much more detailed. On the onehand.if she chances to be in a masculine zoidion.."（＊3） [I omit theremainder of Hepbaistio's quotation since it is virtually identical to thereceived text of Ptolemy] Ptolemy says these things.. “And theywill destroy the begetter sooner than she who gives birth. And when waning and likewise coming to conjunction. particularly in thediscussion of the triplicity lords: on the other hand. On the Predeceasing of the Parents Examine which of the lights is afflicted in the nativity and conjecture from thatconcerning the one of the parents who is taken first by death. that when Ares chances to be withKronos.
] 9.] 8. a careful translationof the corresponding Ptolemaic text would read. Concerning Monsters The accountof monsters depends on the aforesaid inquiry. Hephaistio omits Ptolemy's final sentence.. we will declare an abundance of siblings. and so I have omitted it in this translation. with no astrological differences. benefics are configuredwith the place. "that which concerns onlychildren of the same mother would more naturally be taken from the culminatingtwelfth-part of the maternal place." ＊3：The siblings. [This chapter is a slightly abridged and paraphrased version of Bk III..＊1：Hephaistio has made what seems to be a sneaky alteration ofthe Ptolemaic text here by saying that we can find the exact number ofchildren. especially if they should also include the Sun. they are indicative of a fewness ofsiblings. If. which assigns the 10th place to the mother (an assignmentroutinely made in the medieval tradition..which ought to be the same as the place concerning siblings of theoffspring. Ptolemy actually says. using these methods. in such cases thelights. which reads. "As for the topic ofsiblings—if one examines here also only the universal and does not inquirybeyond what is possible into the exact number and what is particular—" ＊2： I think we see here the beginnings of a crucial misreadingof the Ptolemaic text. chapter 8 ofthe Ptolemy text. then. But if malefic have a superior positionover them or are diametrically opposed. Concerning Twins And concerning those who are born two or more at a time. making our conjecturein reference to the number of these very stars and whether they chance to be inzoidia of a single form or bicorporeal. Concerning Males and Females With these accounts being prefaced. 7." In other words. chapter 7 of my translation). There are no references to Dorotheus or any otherastrologers. from the place containingAphrodite by day and the Moon by night. and so Ihave omitted it. that is. ＊3：The remainder of this paragraph is only slightly differentfrom the Ptolemaic original.. "For. This is because this zoidion and theone post-ascending it are made the place concerning the children of the mother. next would be to make a beginning of the events at the birth itself. and first concerning males and females. and from the stars having arelationship to these.." .. but rathersimply the place of the native's children.. it is likewise befittingto observe the two lights and the Horoskopos. This topic is studiedfrom both the luminaries and the Horoskopos. 20 (possibly) of the Arabic version ofDorotheus. [This entire chapter is a slightly abridged version of the Ptolemy text (corresponding to BkIII. the place of children of the native's motheris the 10th place from the place of Aphrodite or the Moon in a derivative housesystem: the place of the mother to not the 10th place natally. In my opinion. ＊4：Compare I 18 and I.
whenever [the benefics] should have the superior position. And if the benefics in configuration shouldhave malefics in superior position to them.No other astrologers are cited. while the star of Kronos soharms the Moon. in proportion to themagnitude of the affliction and the power of those [stars] providing the cause. then. or if each malefic in a class shouldrespectively harm one of the lights.] 10. to] an equal number of months or days or hours. and if thereshould be two malefics harming either one or both of the lights bypost-ascension or diametrically. Ptolemy. [though] instead of the [number] of degrees that we reckonbetween the releasing and the nearer of the rays of the malefics [being equatedto a year. while the star of Ares harms theMoon in this way—and above all if they chance to have rulership of the lightsand the Horoskopos. or whether ithas some other meaning. due to an excess of affliction. And with thesethings being so. Concerning Those Who Go Unnourished The manner[of inquiry] that concerns those who go unnourished does pertain to thatconcerning length of life. （＊1） with nobenefic being configured and the ruler of the lights being taken in places ofmalefics. he will be taken up by theparents themselves. but the inquiry is not considered to be made for astretch [of time] such as a quantity of years (as it is in length of life).[The text ofthis chapter is virtually identical with Bk III. butrather the life of those who are wasting away is scarcely allowed for hours ordays or a few months. atthat time too the infants are born either dead or half-dead. and these to thedegree and by equality of leg. If this happens without equality of leg. but conversely. harms the Sun by post-ascension. if the lights chance to be separating from one of the beneficsor should be otherwise configured with them while [the benefics] even so bringtheir rays to bear on the parts preceding the lights themselves.（＊3）And if one of the benefics should also make a rising [from] the Moon（＊4）while one of the malefics is subject to setting. whence. ＊2：Another word for ray. especially. . The star of Ares. ＊1： It is still not clear to me whether the expression"equality of leg" is a synonym for a partite aspect. all the more（＊2）when the lights are upon the pivots and the malefics at equality of leg. the one bornwill survive. the multitude of afflictions obliterating that which isbeneficial to a duration of life from the interval of the post-ascension.But if the rays of the malefics bear on the places preceding the lights whilethose of the benefics bear on the succeeding places. the offspring will go unnourished and will have the end of his lifebecause of them. for it is simply this: if one of the lights should be pivotal and one ofthe malefics should be present or else in opposition [to it]. the former (that concerning length of life) also having a inquiry of more parts. So I have not translated it here. chapter 9 of the Tetrabiblos. each [topic] waskept separate by the ancients.（＊1） And ifthere chances to be two diametrical oppositions.says. but this one of fewer parts. [he will live] in affliction andsubjection. but the bolts （＊2） of the malefics closely post-ascend the places of the lights. the child that has beenexposed will be taken up again. or if the one malefic harms by beingdiametrical while the other by post-ascending: he also comes to be lacking inany time span. the star of Kronos harms the Sun by beingdiametrical or by being in superior position. [he willlive] by substitution under other parents.
the Sun and Moon). He says. the one co-born with the cause applying to him will go unnourished or willbe without a time-span. ＊2：Ptolemy does not have the words "all the more"here. then: "If this happens without equality of leg. the diameter and thatof post-ascension. ahalf-dead child will be born along with the offspring. and both Antiochus andApollinarius are in agreement with these [matters]. ordiametrical to it to the degree. but the bolts of themalefics closely post-ascend the places of the lights. but let there be anillustration of what he has said.For.” The Hephaistio text reads as if the benefics ormalefics are making a rising or setting relative to the Moon. the multitude of afflictions obliteratingthat which is beneficial to the duration of life by means of the interval of post-ascension. ＊3：That is. Also."although he refers to it at the end of this paragraph. and none of the benefics either trines or squares or regards theMoon in any other way.＊1 ：Ptolemy has "and above all if as rulers they controlby place either the lights or the Horoskopos.（＊） But if it should have malefics in superior position toit. If one of the stars thatare configured two by two or else by more at a time should be at setting. another figure. wheneverAres should be diametrical to the Sun while Kronos post-ascends the Moon. Here there is need of a multitudeof malefics (these two. when Ares post-ascends the Sun while Kronos is diametrical to the Moon.（＊） Thenative having this will of necessity go unnourished. all of these figures are without time-span. he says. thus Hephaistio makes the upcoming phrase an additional supportingcondition while Ptolemy regards it as part of the necessary condition. who has the rulership of Taurus. he says. And the same manner of inquiry [holds] in cases of multiple-births. both Apollinarius and the Egyptians think it worth considering both the . and if they should harmeither one or both of the lights. ＊： Hephaistio seems to have leftout here the condition that one of the malefics be present with the light. and two powerful figures. this being one figure. if Ares and Kronos shouldpost-ascend them at the same time. ＊4：The Ptolemaic text has here "And if one of the benefics should make its rising or its application to the Moon while one of themalefics is at setting. But let the diameter of themalefic not be according to the same degree. by adoption. Ares and Kronos) and of a multitude of those afflicted (these two. Ptolemy setsout these matters in a perfect and wondrous manner. ＊：The Hephaistio text of thisphrase is an improvement over the received Ptolemaic text. and again. if Aresand Kronos should be diametrical to the Sun and Moon or both should bediametrical to both. chances tobe in the domiciles or bounds of Kronos or Ares." The manner of harming. oragain. or else "by equality of leg. or an imperfect lump offlesh. or again. Aphrodite. isaccording to post-ascension or by diametrical opposition—for example. The Moon is marking the hour in Taurus at the25th degree.
in accordance with the ascension of theafflicted zoidion. The erudite Porphyry lays down an illustration of this. with the infant already fallinginto the mouth of the womb and the fastenings of the pregnant mother looseningso that there is danger of simultaneous death for both. according to a right square). let Ares be ascending after the Moon at the 8th degree of Virgo. but not with the intermediatedegrees reckoned in terms of years. if maleficsshould be found in Life and they succeed（＊） theMoon or the Sun. especially."but if the lights chance to be separating from one of the benefits orshould be otherwise configured with them while [the benefics] even so bringtheir rays to bear on the parts preceding the lights themselves. an equal number of monthsor days or hours.Ptolemy says. which they call the Evil Spirit. it results that every danger happens to the[mother] giving birth and to the child born. for. they will live either months or days. in proportion to the magnitude of the affliction and thepower of those [stars] providing the cause. it is clear. that the child is born half-dead. while the star of Ares harmsthe Moon in this way. while the malefics should be in Aquarius. but rather they can[afflict] from the bounds. ＊： diadechomai.in making a separation from one of the benefics. and to the mother through the slackening of the passages of thewoman's nature beyond what is required. as well as thezoidion post-ascending it. thestar of Kronos harms the Sun by being diametrical or by being in superiorposition (that is. And [they] are capable of post-ascending ifthe lights should be in Capricorn.if the lights should be in Pisces. after the birth. And othersof the ancients have said that these figures are considered in a naturalmanner. while the star of Kronos so harms the Moon. Thenative will live for just a span of time as there are degrees between the 8thdegree of Leo up to the 8th degree of Virgo. but the starof Kronos. whilethe lights are pivotal. for when [a malefic] occupiesthe Evil Spirit at the Hour. andlet the Moon have separated from it (let it have been carried to the 8th degreeof Leo). but rather in terms of months or days orhours. And again. Let Zeus be in Cancer.but they can no longer diametrically oppose the lights. having an untempered fire in the degreespost-ascending. since in each zoidion there are bounds of the fivestars. only instead of the times distributed to them in accordancewith the ascensions. intensifies the sun which is hot. There is somepossibility that this verb refers to the reception of the Sun or Moon bymalefics in the second place.zoidionpre-ascending the Horoskopos. for destruction. should apply to the maleficsin the degrees ascending after them. chills the Moon. but conversely. but configured with the Moon in Leo byregarding the Moon . the star of Ares. And should Zeus not be in Cancer. which they call Life. he says. Pisces). And they say that theintensification of affliction occurs especially when the malefics chance topossess the places of the stars having rulership over the lights. the one bornwill survive instead of the [number] of degrees that we reckon between thereleasing and the nearer of the rays of the malefics. "The star of Ares. being cold. harms the Sun by post-ascension. And again. the natives will exist for the interval ofthe Sun and Moon to the malefics. for example. he says." For if the Sun and the Moon. which moistens. they cause the life to disappear and the native to beshort-lived. which is the domicile of Zeus and the star ruling over the placeof the lights (that is. to the child throughbeing drowned. and Ares or Kronos have superior position inSagittarius. with the differencearising from the mangnitude of the affliction. And if the two malefics should be diametrical to the lights by equality of degree.
unless he should beotherwise harmed from the conjunction of the lights. as the ascending degrees do not furnish a number of years. a half-dead child will be born along with theoffspring. Next Ptolemy says. which they call a superfetation.68and if it should not be subject to setting. let the Sunand Moon be in Leo. and let Zeus hurl a ray triangularly from Sagittarius onto the first fifteen degrees of Leo. For whenthese three places are double bodied. The child born in this manner. though they will be slaves. If then.And if the benefics should have the malefics in superior position. this definition applies. And it happens in the same fashion. the one co-born with the cause applying to him will gowill go unnourished. This figure is studied from the lights and from theHoroskopos. and especially when the stars havingmastership over the places are likewise in double-bodied places. ＊2：This passage is corrupt in the complete quotation made byHephaistio at the beginning of this chapter. "one of the stars that are configured two by two or else by more ata time should be subject to setting.but rather a number of months or days or hours. with theaccidents being studied in relation to the lights and the Horoskopos. but if it should have malefics insuperior position to it. or an imperfect lump of flesh. he says. the native will be taken up again by his own parents. etc.（＊1） he will be taken up for adoption. . And if then itshould be configured. for the figures of twins or of multiple-births." One of the twins happens to live. For example. with the Sun and Moon ten degrees distant from the first degree ofLeo. ＊1：Here we see that the definition of superior position is notrestricted to right hand squares. In such a manner he discusses twins. will be taken up again andhe will live. however.（＊1）for ifthe ray [is hurled between]（＊2） byZeus. ＊2：mesemboleo. itresults that twins are born. Nevertheless." he says. ＊1：Another case where the hurling of rays is not restricted toaspects cast backward in zodiacal order. with the malefics possessing thelights or ascending after them. "there isintervention (mesembolesis ) whenever a star should hurl as rays onto theintermediate degrees of the application. （＊ 2 ） while the malefics or one of theseshould be toward setting. the one born will live. let it hurl its ray notonto the degrees after the 8 degrees of Leo but rather onto the degrees beforethe 8 degrees. According to Antiochus." We must do an exegesis of this. hesays.if benefics or one of these should be oriental or should make an application tothe Moon. "or be without lifespan. but in this manner hewill be short-lived. The present text is identical tothat of Ptolemy.and let Ares hurl rays onto the first degrees of Leo diametrically fromAquarius. since bothAntiochus and Apollinarios say nearly the same things. and let Kronos hurl rays from Aries onto Cancer by squares. with Zeus in superior position to Kronos in a triangularfigure. except that the ray ishere hurled forward in zodiacal order. the nativeswill be taken up and they will live. the childthat has been exposed will be taken up again and will live. "But if the rays of the malefics bear on the places preceding thelights while those of the benefics bear on the succeeding places. the other dies right away or after a short time." If we understand the Moon to beapplying to the malefic Ares. Thus. the degrees will be unaffected.with a triangular ray from Aries. and from the stars and places having a relation to them.
we do as follows: Let it be the casethat Aries rises with 21 degrees. but I cannot locate it there oranywhere else. Dorotheus. And one mustknow that. it makes the children be short-lived. this wouldhe so at another time. And if Ares and Kronos should beunder the earth in bestial zoidia and look upon the Moon. If the maleficsshould he rising while the benefics are going into hiding. while malefics possess the first degrees.whose method we also employ as the most true and most natural. count from Ares to Kronos and extend suchfrom the Horosicopos.it makes the native be non-viable and devoured by wild dogs. and three are likewise three times the . （＊1） For those born at night. Again. and each degree is allotted 8 months. When the luminaries are in the last degrees of thezoidia. they will cause thesame thing. and especially whenshe is looked upon by Ares according to a square or diameter. And if the Moon should apply to a malefic star while itis stationing. while being pivotal. for those born by day. one must not suppose that since the ascensions arefound otherwise and in a different manner under the same parallel. One might also expect to find it somewhere in chapters4-9 of Bk I of the Arabic version of Dorotheus. If the last part of a zoidion should bemarking the hour. ＊2：The 8th house. and two degrees arcclearly 17 months 10 days.Dorotheus also talks about these things in his verses concerning length of life. ＊2：In Valens and others this is also called the Lot ofAccusation. and if Ares isfound to be lord of the place at which it leaves off. For. as on the whole those born during eclipses arewithout time or blind. it isnecessary to examine the appropriate ascensions in accordance with methods from[this author]. he says. one who goes unnourished is begotten.（＊1） Hlowmany times of the equipartite circle（＊2）co-rise with each zoidion (which are indeed taken for years). however. itmakes them be without time-span. it makes them be without time-span. and waning with Kronos marking the hour. Then I multiply the 21 years and 8 months by 12[months] and they become 260. while it ispivotal. whichbecome 21 years and 8 months.（＊2） and ifKronos has authority over the zoidion at which it leaves off. it makes thembe without time-span. 20 days. while the luminaries are in the idle place（＊2）. And if the malefics occupy the pivots in the places ofothers. we will know fromthe canons of ascensions of each zone. if the lordof the Horoskopos should be going into hiding and should not be figured. ＊1：The lunar nodes. (the natives) arebrought forth with no time-span. 40 minutes according to the ancients. in relation to which a method is set outin the following. itwill likewise make one who goes unnourished. or the co-culminations. Kritodemos in his Table says the same. When the Moon is waxing withAres marking the hour. they make thechildren he without time-span.from Kronos to Ares and an equal amount from the Horoskopos. while waning inthe south. which I divide among the 30 degrees of thezoidion. they make [the natives] be without time-span. In the eclipses of the Sun and Moon. ＊1：I cannot locate this material in Bk III of the Arabicversion of. for him who is investigating the topic of length of life. it isrequisite to make use of the ascensions of the zoidia in the manner of Ptolemy. it makes them be without time-span. When the Moon in theplace of eclipse （＊ 1） is looked uponby the Sun and Ares. If we should want to roughly find the co-ascensions of eachzoidron by hand.
he would augment the degrees by just as much as theyshould be greater. It is preceded by no relative pronoun(although most of the Ptolemaic manuscripts have such a pronoun preceding thegenitive). Thisheading is entirely dependent upon the places that pertain to releasing andupon those that are capable of having releasers in relation to life. and again sometimes less. or belonging to it. And each of these is decided upon as follows. Hecalled the hexagonals and squares and triangulars "sides" and not"zoidia" because the Midheaven does not always fall on the 10th zoidionfrom the Horoskopos. nor on the 9th. （＊2） Andthrough these he hinted （＊ 3） thatit was not always necessary to give 30 degrees to the three places around theMidheaven. This is certainly a baffling text! ＊2：This sentence might also be translated as follows: "Hecalled the hexagonals and squares and triangulars 'sides' and not zoidiabecause they do not always fall on the 10th zoidion from the Horoskopos.” Under this alternative translation. of the Descendant. andeleventh signs with the first. If then the degrees of the quadrantshould be more than 90. of the Midheaven above the earth. But this would makethe places of releasing the intersections of the first. of （＊1） theGood Spirit. ＊2：The equator. which is called God. for instance. and eleventh "houses" of the Ptolemaic division. ninth. while if they are less than 90 degrees. He markedout as places for releasing those in one of which it is requisite for the starassuming the releasing to he: the twelfth-part around the Horoskopos. nor the onecalled God on the 9th. Another possibility is that we are being instructed to takethe hexagonal "sides" that are part of the 11th zoidion from theHoroskopos (the Good Spirit). 2). However I have not favoured this translation because Hephaistio clearly transfers these names to the new house divisions in the next paragraph. ninth. . goes before the eventssubsequent to birth. ＊1：It is hard to know how to interpret the genitive here andin the upcoming parallel passages. in which case Ptolemy would betransferring the traditional place names for the whole-sign houses to his ownequal house system.And le. and [right] squares. nor on the 11th. from fivedegrees toward the rear part pre-ascending the hour-marking degree up to theremaining twenty-five degrees post-ascending this degree. and right hexagonalsto these 30 degrees. of the so-called God. and then to adapt the particulars of the effects accordingly. he would lessen themproportionately. and diametricals. Ptolemy says. or the Good Spirit. Compare Valen's treatment of the Porphyry system of dynamical housedivision (Bk III. or theMidheaven. but rather sometimes it is requisite to make more than the 30degrees.magnitude. 11. ＊1：I am not confident of my translation of this sentence. Concerning the Length of Life According to theTruth and Ptolemy The discussion concerning the years of life. One possibility is that there is an implicit "the placeof" here and in the parallel passages. and fright]triangulars. tenth. the same method be for each zoidion and zone. applying to each differently in proportionto the degrees between the two pivots. the traditional names for thehouses would be retained by the signs of the whole sign system of housedivision and not transferred to the new houses created by the Ptolemaic division. nor the Good Spirit on the 11th. and againupon those capable of destroying. tenth. since it isfirst requisite to know the years to he lived (concerning which this inquiry ismade).
and it comes down to 181/3 degreesof Sagittarius. they come to 16 degrees. For one must properly refuse thewhole hemisphere under the earth so great an authority. The ninth part likewiseexceeds by 3 1/3 degrees.by falling out in an idle place. we likewise countfrom the setting horizon up to the culminating degree. and the other 5 pre-descending degrees up tothe 20th degree of Leo. And similarly. I arrange 13 1/3 degrees (which are themselves lacking from 15 degreesby a ninth part) from the Midheaven degree on the side of the Ascendant. but rather he did as follows: For since theHoroskopos is at the 25th degree of Aquarius and the Midheaven isapproximately at the 5th degree of Sagittarius. which are a ninth part of those 90degrees. and from the 20thdegree of Aquarius backward to the 20th degree of Capricorn will he the 12thand Evil Spirit (if we should find some releaser in these degrees. I arrange the thirty degree [part] of the GoodSpirit [to be lacking] by 3 1/3 degrees. one must not shrinkfrom extending this subject just because it is a multi-partite and notoriousstudy. and from the 20th degree of Sagittarius to the20th degree of Scorpio will be the 10th. and . as he says. and from the 20thdegree of Scorpio to the 20th degree of Libra will be the 9th. fromthe 20th degree of Aquarius up to the 20th degree of Pisces. and of theones preferred even among these [places] for the power of predomination arefirst the [degrees] according with the Midheaven above the earth. did not always approve. or ascertain it to be in another placewhen it is not truly so. and the 80 degrees found arelacking from 90 degrees by 10 degrees. of giving 30 degrees to thethree places around the Midheaven. then those according with the Descendant. that is. I count from the 5th degree ofSagittarius up to the 25th degree of Aquarius. we do notaccept it). and it comes down from the 18th and 1/3 degree ofScorpio to the 15th degree of Libra. and from the 20th degree of Virgo to the 25thdegree of Leo will be Descendant. We have the 5 places of releasing marked off in this manner. it is clear that the Horoskoposis taken from the fifth degree of those pre-ascending [degrees].and from the 20th degree of Libra to the 20th degree ofVirgo will be the 8th. And letthese things have been said for the sake of clarity. Let someone be supposed to have theHoroskopos in the very 25th degree of Aquarius. and likewise from the 20th degree of Capricorn to the 20th degreeof Sagittarius will be the 11th. and in order that we do not set a planet thatis upon the Midheaven in an idle place.' which is from the 18th and 1/3 degreeof Sagittarius up to the 15th degree of Capricorn. which are again more than 90 degrees by a ninth part of them. finally thoseaccording with the precedent of the Midheaven. Most peopledivide the releasing places thus. fromthe 5th degree of Sagittarius backwards to the 20th degree of Scorpio are 15degrees (half of the zoidion). 40 minutes. Again. instead of 15 degrees (half of the zoidion).＊3：Here we see that the modified "Alchabitius" stylehouse system that will soon he discussed may have been an interpretation (andin my opinion a misinterpretation) of this passage. Therefore. I find 100 degrees. except only thosedegrees coming into the light along with the post-ascension itself. then. unconnected to the Horoskopos (and we dismissit for releasing). but Pancharios. to make the 5 places of releasing with precision in thismanner in order that the releaser should never escape our notice. then thoseaccording with the Ascendant. the commentator on thistopic. 40 minutes. Midheaven. for. Let there bean illustration of what has been said. and theycome down to the 18th and 1/3 degree of Scorpio. then those according with the post-ascension ofthe Midheaven. as we have said. for 16 degrees. for I againmade the ninth part of these 15 degrees. It is requisite. based on the suppositionthat Ptolemy was partly concealing his true intentions.
also have the thick and misty exhalation from themoisture of the earth as an impediment.thedegrees pre-descending. However. by which the stars do not appear to have their natural colours ormagnitudes. The question is whether this . the position of the Lot ofFortune would be the same both day and night. nor the twelfth. inaddition to declining. and even if totwo of these (for example to the Sun and the conjunction). then. but if no star should likewise be found in a place of releasing. the star capable of having thefive relationships of rulership to the Sun and to the prenatal conjunction andto the Horoskopos. the Sun (it is clear that hemay not be found in a place of releasing at night except only in those 25degrees of the post-ascension under the earth close to the horizon. as he was saying. exaltation. And that it is not necessarily to the three Ptolemy himself makes clearin the following when he says "whenever. this will give the same position as projecting the interval from theSun to the Moo forward from the Ascendant. some star should be found tohave more relations of rulership in the five ways (of domicile. and the 5degrees that have pre-descended).from the place of the Horoskopos. And while wedo these things in the case of children born in the day. since the stars in them. that the ancients around Nechepso and Petosiris gave hints for positioning itthe same way. but if it is not. so the Moon is to the Lot of Fortune. one must take the star having the relation ofrulership to the Moon and the prenatal full moon and the Lot of Fortune. After the places of releasing. he distinguished the releaser by day if it is indeed inone of the places of releasing: the Sun. Also. ifthe interval from the Moon to the Sun is projected backwards from the Ascendantdegree. by which I mean the Sun and theprenatal conjunction and the Hour)—whenever. and even if to thethree. bound. the Moon. there being five places ofrulership. （＊） while of the whole hemisphereabove the earth. it should have three to one or even more" (not places ofreleasing but rather the releasers themselves. but if he should not chance to be in a placeof releasing in this manner. not so that [the star] should necessarily have therelationship of rulership to the three (for this is impossible unless theconjunction should be upon the Horoskopos). and if theMoon should not be found in one of these places. thus. as Ptolemy himself says. because they project the interval from the Moon to the Sun in thereverse manner in the case of those born at night (that is. for in a certain fashion he wishes it toserve the purpose of the Horoskopos. trigon. and this star was in one of the places of releasing when the Sun was notso. in the case of thoseborn at night it is necessary to take the Moon as the first releaser if she isbe in one of the places of releasing.（＊） ＊：Pingree has had to do a fairamount of text restoration on this passage so that this reading must remainconjectural.phase or configuration). that as the Sunis related to the oriental horizon. but if not. whichis by night a distance equal to that of the interval from the Sun to the Moon. but rather even if to one of these(such as the Sun or the prenatal conjunction or the Horoskopos). it is not fitting to accept the part unconnected to theHoroskopos (which is the 8th). the point seems to be that in nocturnal nativities. in relation to the efflux from them tothe earth. projecting it fromthe Hour in the direction of the preceding zoidia). to the Sun or the conjunction or theHour. then we will use it for thereleaser. wewill finally do the releasing from the degree marking the hour. ＊：The Ptolemaic text does notmention these pre-descending degrees.
that the Sun and Moon are upon places ofreleasing. if the Lot should be in the places of releasing. it does not seem absurd to have recourse to the conjunction as the initiating syzygy. Perhaps. subject to the so-calledhurling of rays. but then we must give preference to the ruler only when alongwith being present in the more authoritative place. according to the order that wasdistinguished. or the one of them that isappropriate depending on the position of the releaser. . for he says that ifthe ruler should not be found in the places of releasing.it would be unconvincing. by night theruler of the Moon or the full moon or the Lot of Fortune). but also that in the directionof the preceding zoidia in accordance with the so-called horimaia whenever thereleaser should be in places declining from the midheaven. (that is. and yet hemanifestly seeks the closest syzygy in the following [topics]. we must furthermore assume two modes of releasing:that in the direction of the succeeding zoidia alone. and also the ruler of the appropriate sect (that is. whenever a conjunction has preceded birth. and we must additionally avail ourselves of that one in the accountsof releasing. Ptolemy has recourse to the full moonby night because the conjunction of the Moon is unilluminated. But perhaps. it is necessary to use the Horoskopos.” With（＊1）the releaser distinguished. it also has a relation ofrulership to those sects. ＊2：It is not clear whether in this second mode of releasing weare supposed to use both procedures all the time. ＊：This is the same as Ptolemy’saccount. in places from the Midheaven to the Horoskopos). he(*Pancharios) says. I am not sure why it is attributed to “others. Yetin the case of those born diurnally. if the prenatal full moon syzygy should beclosest. in the case of those born at night. it is necessary tomake use of the Lot of Fortune as releaser if the prenatal syzygy should be afull moon. but if it isconjunctive. As we will see laterPancharios read the passage in this latter manner in order to take account ofreleasers in the five degrees just under the Descendant. to evaluate theruler of the full moon as though it were alienated [born its own nature]. from the next words he gives.wasreally their intention of Ncchepso/Petosiris. [we must take] the one inthe more authoritative place anyhow. Others gavethe following explanation: If it should happen that the lights and the rulerwith regard to sect are in the places of releasing. why is this worthy of attention only for the star having arelation to the prenatal full moon and not for the one having a relation to theprenatal syzygy simply? For perhaps. And if it happens. Here Pancharios says.（＊2） ＊1：Hephaistio resumes his direct quoting from Ptolemy here. he says. we must then examinewhich of them possesses the more powerful place and has more relations ofrulership.he is intimating that if the prenatal syzygy chances to be a full moon. whenever the releaser should be in the region of the castwind. and that notonly in the direction of the succeeding zoidia. but in general he desires thenearest syzygy to be taken. then. it ismore reasonable for the master of it to be taken. since other Hellenisticastrologers read their account and concluded that the calculation of the Lotshould be truly reversed by day and by night. by day theruler of the Sun or the [prenatal] conjunction or the Horoskopos.
as many as are the hourly times of eachdegree—diurnal times when it is day. But if thereleaser should be in the degrees that have declined from the Midheaven. it would be just as possible to restore thesemissing letters as te horimaion. Also. For. the Descendant atthe 10th degree of Libra in the zone through the Hellespont. or ofpreserving it as benefics. not only. I find lyingnext to it . The degrees of stars thus meeting orbearing witness only take away or add years to the total years up until thesetting of the releaser."（＊2） ＊1：Pingree has reconstructed the word tetartemorion here (which means 'quadrant') on the basis of a fewnearly legible letters."（＊1） Iftherefore some releaser should be found in this place. in the former he doesnot take the releasing in the direction of the preceding zoidia. hewill also reckon it as up to the descending degree. he says. which makes more sense. and they do not destroy. whence hecalls such a method of releasing "horimaic. so that when rays or stars are themselves additionallypresent between the degree of releasing and the descending degree. but conversely. Ptolemy calls the place from the zoidion of the Midheaven up to the zoidion of theHoroskopos "subject to the hurling of rays" and"succedent.let someone have the Horoskopos at the 10th degree of Aries. they arethus not capable of destroying that releaser when they are destroyers. For by introducing into the canon of ascensions ofthe zone through the Hellespont the 8th degree of Sagittarius. However. the benefic stars add. ＊2：This adjective is properly descriptive since the methoditself uses the hourly times horiaioi chronoi of the degrees. but rather that place is being carried tothem.is made to disappear. [he says] that thesetimes are powerful as wholes when the [stars] should he upon the Horoskopos. And we must reckon this verymultitude when [they] are upon the orient. and they arecapable of subtracting or giving just as many years as there arc hourly timesascribed to the degree of each [star] (that upon which it is) in theappropriate zone—by day the times laid down for the degree of each one. sinceit makes the lord of life disappear. and let the releaserbe found at the 8th degree of Sagittarius. while the malefic stars take away.The number of the addition or the subtraction is contemplated through thedegree-position in each case. nocturnal times when it is night—just somany will be the complete multitude of years. but when they are distant from it. but also inthe direction of the preceding aoidia. on account of their not beingcarried to the place of releasing. with thestar of Hermes again being attached to whichever of them he is configured with. doeshe take the releasing in the direction of the succeeding zoidia. but rather the latter add. they subtract [such twelfths] from the hoursin accordance with the quantity of seasonal hours of the interval between." while that from the decline of the Midheaven (that isfrom the 9th) up to the Descendant he names "precedent" and"hourly. literally. bynight those laid down for the diametrical degree. which is the lord of life. which he calls destructive:for he says that it threatens and that the releaser. then we must subtract in proportionto their separation [from the orient] until at their setting the [number] comesdown to nothing. For example. However.With these things being so.'and horimaic' (or pertaining to the hour). the former subtract fromthe whole array between the releaser and the descending degree. forwe do so until at the twelfth hour [the years] come down to nothing. We have also seenthis method occasionally cited in Valens. destructive degrees for the releasing in the direction of thepreceding portions of the zodiac become only that of the setting horizon. The whole distance of lifeexpectancy of nearly 75 years is totalled from the 8th degree of Sagittarius upto the 10th degree of Libra.
if it is uponthe Horoskopos. but through 40. 40 ascensional timesare laid alongside it. by night those laid down for thediametrical [degree]. it is as we said.When the releaser is upon the so-called God. 40 minutes. （＊4） clearly it subtracts half of the 15 years and 7 months (that is.it is necessary to subtract proportionately until.266 times. 7 years. the lord of life will be lacking in time. Porphyry too wasguilty of unintelligence. we do the releasing in the direction of the preceding [zoidia]. "With this example and with this fault. in the table. which he callsdestructive). ＊2：That is. or else. in the direction of thepreceding [Media] from the degree nearest the descending degree. 5 minutes. And by subtracting the lesser times of Libra from thetimes of Sagittarius. Pancharios says. Since then Ares ismarking the hour. eitherescaped Ptolemy's notice. With thisbeing found. 7 months. as the star or its raybecomes more distant.and if. he says. ＊1： The Greek text simply has 15 hours. The 7can hardly be minutes. The excess is not 75times. they become 15 years. 7 months. and how the hours [are found] that [thestars] are distant from the oriental horizon as follows: Taking the degreesbetween the star or ray and the Horoskopos. Everythingthat Ptolemy says about direction later in this chapter would indicate thatoblique descensions should be used here instead of ascensions. ＊3：And capable of hurling a trine ray between the releaser andthe Descendant. it seems to bereferring to the very same example above. and next to the 10th degree of Libra I find191 times. which I assumeto be nearly 75 years. 9months. having 45. And if it should be upon the degree of the Midheaven. 45 times. ＊4：And capable of hurling a sextile ray between the releaserand the Descendant. indeed far from the thought of the great Ptolemy.（＊） ＊：Here we will append thefollowing scholium of Leon the Philosopher to the horimaia. Forthe releaser in Sagittarius does not arrive at the Descendant through 75diurnal times. with the releaser chancing to be upon Descendant. And for the remaining distances from the point of rising. 37 minutes. And if Ares should be at the 10th degree of Libra. it neither addsnor subtracts anything. Thus I assume here that the finer divisionsof the hour are twelfths. Then if10 Aries is at the Ascendant in the first position and 5. and 15 days). And the beneficsadd years in a similar fashion.we know the star or ray to be so many hours distant from the oriental horizon. I go to the same zone and find 15 hourly times and 7 parts of anhour （＊1） lying next to （＊2） the 10th degree of Aries. 8Gemini has to be at the ascendant. and the remaining 59 years 5months are left over if no other malefic should subtract years or no beneficadd them. instead of sixtieths. and as many hours and parts of hours as should turn out. in view of the upcoming equation of thesehourly times to 15 years. we compare by day the hourly timeslaid down for the degree of the natal Sun. [the years] should come down to nothing.that if we do not do it in this manner (that is. For the canon of the 5 zones does not containthe descensions of Sagittarius and Libra. We know the proportion in relation to the hours." I think that Leon is correct in his criticism. but clearly the ascensions. I find 74 ascensional times [57 minutes]. let Ares be at the 10th degree of Aries at the same degree as theHoroskopos. see.（＊3） itsubtracts 15 years and 7 months from the 75 years. if it . This. however. when 8 Sagittarius is setting in the second position. 7 finer [times]. but 40.
Ptolemy. nor that theysee one another. though weaker. and sometimes also when hexagonal upon on the zoidia of hearingand seeing due to their equal power.Concerning. because the equipartite zoidia inspect the circle of the earth (which [is also the case] for the two remaining tropical zoidia). one must observe. let such things have been said. though not simply nor in an ordinary way.and concerning the releasings from them. we do the releasing of it in the direction of the succeeding [zoidia]. Sometimes. And hexagons are equal in power in two zoidiawhenever the distance should be sixty degrees. then. And it does not seem to Thrasyllus that the twoequipartite zoidia themselves hear.did not escape his notice. In the caseof a releaser that lets the releasing begin in the other place from theculminating zoidion up to the zoidon marking the hour. either when they go forth to meet bodily orwhen they bring a ray to bear from anywhere any time they are square ordiametrical. while the destroyer is in the 30th degree of Cancer. . the nativity will be short-lived. and they have a sixty degree distance.bodily encounters of the malefics Kronos and Ares in the same zoidion or even in the next. For example. the triangular assympathetic. that the releaser can be upon these degrees and upon thosenext to the descending degree and the nativities have not become short-lived. And they say that zoidia equidistant from the equipartitezoidia hear one another. he omittedit. the . thishexagon becomes destructive because they [the degrees] are equidistant from theequipartite [circle]（＊） (that is.[ the part] that has ascended before [the occidentalhorizon] will be in accord with the releasing. And hexagonal figures occurring in this manner destroy. and the tropical zoidiathemselves. The squareand diametrical figures. but also in the direction of the preceding ones. then. but it will equally be the case that if this same descending degreeis destructive. destruction also occurs from these.For in this manner. Aries Libra or Libra Aries. the zoidion in relation to God and the occidental horizon. and the hexagonal likewise. if the releaser should be in the 1st degree of Gemini. or the square ordiametrical rays that are brought to bear from anywhere. the destroyer in the 30th degree of Aries. and the square to the place of releasingfrom the succeeding [zoidia] itself [destroys]. hesays. For inthe case of the 5 degrees before the descending degree. that from the Midheaven upto the Horoskopos also says the following things himself: For the releasing inthe direction of the succeeding portions of the zodiac. he says. not only in the direction of thesucceeding [zoidia]. Similarly for the zoidiaseeing one another. see [one another]. nothing will be indispute. ＊：This is a name for equatorial circle. it is only necessary. let the releaser bein the 1st degree of Pisces. whence he judges that if the releaser should be found upon the occidentalhorizon. he says. For we have often found byexperience. he says. destroy. for he supposes the releaser to be immoveable. we accept as destructive. for it to be the case that we carry thereleaser to the setting degree itself in the direction of the succeeding [zoidia]. And they saythat the zoidia equidistant from the tropical zoidia. Kronos and Ares.having changed over to the other place of releasing. in zoidia that hear oneanother). and sometimes too the hexagonupon the twelfth-parts of long ascension when afflicted. but rather as a hexagon when upon the zoidia hearing and seeing in accordancewith equal power.while the destroyer comes to the releaser and in this manner destroys it. the places of themalefics. though likewise in thedegrees after the releaser. but the triangle onthe twelfth-parts of short ascension.
it alsodestroys. However. With theMoon releasing. he said. he brings up that the same cause is observed for the power of amalefic if they should fall in the bounds of a benefic or if one of thebenefics should jointly bring its rays to bear in square or triangularly ordiametrically. he says. either with the same degree as the destructive degree itself. And he says in addition that . when it is likewise drawntogether by the zoidia of short ascension almost to side of a square). For.however. and if one of the benefics should bring its rayto bear in square. and if both the starreleasing and the one encountering it are bodies. And over and abovethese things. if the destruction comes about bodily. the place of the Sun also destroys.then. since these are themselves brought to the place of releasing. for if they should be so. the place of the Sun itself destroys if it is turned in thatdirection by the presence of a malefic and is not freed by any of the benefics. and in the case of Aphrodite. Whenever.whenever some of the succouring or destroying stars should be in their familiarplaces. one mustnot at all times suppose that these places always destroy.For. orelse in the direction of the [zoidia] succeeding it (in the case of Zeus. andagain it can preserve when it has the opposite [conditions]. And [he also adds] that the stars under the beams are weak for thepurpose of either destroying or preserving.（＊1） andthere he intimates that it is not always necessary to give to the three placesaround the Midheaven a thirty degree interval. it also destroys. Pancharios speaks from the beginning about the exact Midheaven. in the course of which hedemonstrates it. the encounters in such a releasing also have the power to destroy and preserve. andin accordance with their power. one must not take any of those which are under the beams to beeither for destruction or for succour. but only wheneverthey are afflicted. for Aphrodite not beyond 8 degrees). it is necessary to examine ifthe destroyer and the releaser should be running at the same latitude (inaccordance with the same wind). destruction willoccur. there will be square or diametrical rays from the maleficsomewhere in the quadrant following the releaser. and again. [it is prevented from destroying] when the latitude of the two is not the same. Next Ptolemy writes: When the Moon is releasing. This is what was also said by Ptolemy concerning the said degrees. and places are destructive bymeans of what has been said. wheneverthe ones are sensibly more than the others. ＊2：No matter where the malefics are (*situated) relative tothe releaser. For they are prevented [from destroying] if they fallwithin the bound of a benefic.both in accordance with the multitude of those contributing to each side. there should be several from each class—some succouring and contrariwisesome destroying—one must inquire as to which of the two forms predominates. the solar place can also destroy. in general. in accordance with their multitude. notbeyond 12 degrees. others not. triangularly or diametrically either toward the destructivedegree itself. for. and the square itself to the place ofreleasing.And again hesays: sometimes when the hexagon is corrupted upon the zoidia that take a longtime [to rise] (when it has clearly stretched out nearly to the side of asquare). especially if shouldbe turned by the presence of a malefic and is not freed by any benefic. but in accordance with power. or in the direction of the degrees succeeding it (for Zeus notbeyond 12 degrees. especially when some are oriental.（＊2） ＊1：I am not sure of the construction. it is impossible to overstep the side of a square apart from amalefic. and some occidental. except that when the Moon is thereleaser. not beyond 8 degrees). when the triangle is corrupted upon thezoidia that take a short time [to rise] (that is.
Well. but rather he says that it is necessary to make use ofthem only when the releasing comes about from the Horoskopos or from one of thestars present upon it. The equipartite times. in just the manner that it goes over the same positionas the horizon and the meridian while making the times of the passage of thezodiacal [section] [over] each unequal. ＊1：That is. pass uniformly through both thehorizon and the meridian of the right sphere. （＊2） And since no other is proposed. for this reason. and since the times do not pass uniformly in every zone asupon the right sphere (for those of the rising are different.it is necessary to make use of the co-culminations upon the right sphere. throughout that same position. but in the case when the releaser is upon the Midheaven.itwill be necessary to compare which kind have authority. he explains the reason for the inequality of such a passage ofthe times in the pedagogical manner of a good scholar. if the releasershould be found between the pivots. for. of which each makes. [the task] is now to see after how manyequipartite times the putative destructive degree comes to be beside the placeof the releaser. proportionately to its position relative to thetwo pivots enclosing it. the zoidia both rise and setand culminate in same number of times. （＊1）he says. it is necessary to make use of the descensions(that is. And should [each semicircle] be described aroundthe said intersections. . Having giventhese precepts. and those of the setting are other. the times along the equator. This happens most nearly to thoseplaces lying on one of the semicircles drawn through the intersections of themeridian and horizon. the ascensions of the diameters). he passes on to the account of the intervals. How there isa difference and in what manner is clear from these things. andin the case of the occidental horizon. and for this reasonhe supposes these [times] to be useful for the matter before us. He wishes to say this concisely. that is. by explaining and censuring atthe same time that it was not reasonable for those before him to make use ofascensional times only. and in the case when the releaseris in the places between these. We willsee in later Project Hindsight translations on the Latin track howmisinterpretation of this passage gave rise to both the Placidus and Regiomontanusschemes of direction and house division. For. wewill also add to this part. how itis necessary to reckon the life expectancies. it is necessary to know here also after howmany equipartite times the destructive degree comes to this position. since. anearly equal seasonal hour. a similar andsame place is one having on the same side a similar position in relation toboth the horizon and the meridian together. when heintroduces it. the differenceof which is found in the canons of ascension). for it isnecessary that there be a certain difference in the times of the transit pastthose in the pivots. from all quarters. （＊） ＊：The Hephaistio textis essentially identical to the Ptolemaic in this important passage. from the multitude and power of each [class] ofthem in relation to the intensification or relaxation of [each of them]. those of theculminating are different. ＊2：Because it makes sense to use them as a measure andreference. whether those thatsuccour and those that harm. it likewise renders the transits forthe positions of the other distances in times unequal to [the former].
(that is. And this results. . we should pass through this degree ofthe zodiac. it was thesame position (as we said) in regard to the pivots (that is. the passage through them will be through unequal times. but if under the earth. we subtract the lesser from the greater). he says. and by turning it around. the hourly magnitude that is laid down for its diameter. and we seek another point of the zodiac equally remote from themeridian. if the position is between these (that is. it has the same position on thesame side. while the passages of the zodiac are unequal foreach. In expressing this reason he makes use of this method. which we have. and wewill have from this the [divided] hours (or parts of hours) that the releaseris distant from the Midheaven. so also. And if the degree of the releaserupon the zodiac should be between the pivots. what islaid down for the degree diametrical to it. then. heexamines how many seasonal hours distant from the meridian the precedent degreeis. in the degrees aroundthe horizon). and after subtracting the lesser number of degrees from thegreater.and we will have the remaining times after which we will say that the succedentplace comes to the precedent. in regardsto the obliquity of the zodiac relative to the equatorial circle. For.Again. We make the number of hours distant from the meridianas follows. he finds it accuratelywith the releaser in every position. and comparing the resulting number to that of the position of thesuccedent.（＊） andit has a similar position in respect to the meridian and the horizon. he says. when the turning is done.Pancharios explains this place as follows: just as we said. The method itself is general and most precise. And just as.it makes nearly the same seasonal hours from the meridian as those of theoriginal position. We will see how many degrees of ascension on the right sphere arelaid down（＊） for the Midheaven itself. taking theculminating degree and that of the releaser (which he calls the precedentdegree) and the destructive degree (which he calls the succedent degree). in regard to themeridian and the horizon). if the obliquity should be present relative to the northern orsouthern [sides] of the equipartite [circle]. a place issimilar and the same that has a similar position on the same side relative toboth the horizon and the meridian together. which times we will make equal in number toyears. and again knowing what is laid downfor the degree of the succeeding destroyer itself in the appropriate zone ifthe succeeding place should be above the earth. This is done as follows (for it will be necessary to set out the methodmore clearly since in the entire exposition Ptolemy makes use of this method inthe most precise manner). Having theremaining degrees of its position. and how many are laid downfor the releaser. until with the said semicircle having been carried around the sphere. if by making a semicircle from the intersections of the horizon and themeridian (these sections themselves are the [meridian] height of the sphere andits diameter). Then we seewhat sort of position the succeeding place has in relation to the Midheaven. ＊：The equatorial circle. but if it should be below the earth (that is. and multiplying the hours that thereleaser (the precedent) is distant from the Midheaven into this hourlymagnitude. he says. by subtracting the lesser from the greater). between the horizonand the meridian). we will divide the remaining degrees by the hourly magnitude that islaid down for the degree of the releaser in the appropriate zone if it is abovethe earth. he says.again by knowing what is laid down for it upon the right sphere and bycomparing it to those degrees of the Midheaven whichwe have (that is.
and he multiplies the 17 times into the six hours. if inrelation to a Midheaven under the earth. which very times aretotalled from the ascensions of Aries and Taurus in the 3rd zone. let an illustration belaid down. as I said. for. that is. and he also takes the hourly times in thesucceeding degree (that is. for this reason. Again he multiplies these into the 17 times of the succedent. Since. after having subtracted thesetimes from 102 times.And by taking the result from the excess of both of the intervals. having inverted it. For Ptolemy. And after the differentiating of the 3 pivots. by seasonal hours equal to those that the preceding place was distant from theMidheaven. multiplying it into the number of diurnal hours. then. Thirdly. by which the 90degrees are divided. and the beginning of Gemini is distant from that ofAries by 58 times. and the magnitude of the hourly times has 15 degrees.he again supposes that the releaser culminates. it is necessary to take the original position ofthe succedent (at the beginning of Gemini) in relation to the Midheaven (thatis. Ptolemy makes use of different position: First. he makes use only of the position of the succedentupon the right sphere. for as many timesas the diameters (that is. he supposes that the releaser is betweenthe meridian and the occidental horizon.[And we will investigate] how many seasonal hours it made to the preceding bymultiplying them into the number of hourly times of the succeeding degree(again. he has manifestly inverted the argument in order that itshould provide the same position for the succedent place that the releaser had. again by means of ascensions on the right sphere. And let it be supposed that the releaser is upon the beginning ofAries.＊：That is. and theybecome 102 degrees. and the succeeding place upon the beginning of Gemini (*in) the zonebeing that through lower Egypt. he says that since thesections of the zodiac distant from the meridian by the same seasonal hourscome to be along one and the same of the said semicircles. making 6 hours). 80 times are the remainder. while the beginning of Gemini is distant from Cancer in thepreceding direction by 32 times. andthey come to 102 times. the beginning of Cancer now culminates forthis arrangement. the Scales and Scorpio) ascend. laid down or listed inthe tables. whichare approximately 17. since it is at the very placeof the culminating degree. in relation to the beginning of Capricorn). distant from the culminating degree by 6hours. and he sets it out that the 18thdegree of Taurus culminates. we will havethe number of years in question. In order that what is being said should be made dearer. Since therefore the beginning of Aries has 15hourly times. while the 18th degree of Taurus is . into the number of nocturnal hours). he supposes the releaser to be setting. he says. After this.When we have determined these. and finding the first degree ofGemini in the right sphere to be in 148 times. it will also benecessary to find after how many equipartite times the succeeding section alsowill be distant from the meridian by seasonal hours equal to the preceding. Again. he had the remaining times of the interval. the circuit from the aforesaidcause has been accomplished. in the beginning of Gemini) in the same zone. And the same number is foundin the case of the descensions of Ares and Taurus. we will also investigate by how many equipartitetimes the succeeding degree at its original position was distant from thedegree of the same Midheaven. and subtracting the 102 times ofthe 6 hours.that the releaser is marking the hour: and since this is six hours distant fromthe Midheaven (for the Horoskopos is 90 degrees distant from the degree at thepeak. and finding the multitude of times from places left over. if the comparison of seasonal hours was in relation to a Midheavenabove the earth. In these passages.
or whether [theencounters] are only subject to crisis if (as was said before) one of the natalbenefics should be helpful at the time of the encounter (for when the ingressof [the benefic time-lords] is more powerful than that of the [malefics]. while the precedingplace was laid down to be three equal seasonal hours distant from each of thepivots. since of the 70 and 58 mentioned above.distant by approximately 45times on the right sphere. And if the distance of two hours had been laid down to be from theMidheaven. if according to the putative releaser thenative should either have died or had a major crisis. 4. if the releasing isin doubt from the fact that these things have happened before. as it is prescribed. we will again take one-third of the 12 excess times. while makingan examination of them with respect to more and less. ＊3： In other words. the beginning of Gemini to the beginning of Aries). which he sought when the succeeding place came to thereleaser (that is. how manyseasonal hours the releaser is distant from either one of the pivots. howevergreat a part these should be of the six seasonal hours of the quadrant. wewould have subtracted from the 70 times.it does not appear consistent with this example that he made use of theaforesaid. but if from the Descendant. from havingconfidence for future events in those [releasing] that are more in accord withthem. since he supposed the releaser to be in the9th place. he said that nothing prevents [us]. Nevertheless. wewill find the [result] to be 64 times. to investigate when it will come to the setting degree. as in the case before us. but when all are benevolent. he adds thatit will be necessary to examine with precision. it is requisite to takethe culminations and the descensions. But the beginning of Gemini is distant from theMidheaven by 13 times in the succeeding direction. we may not have selected the correct releaser. by also taking half of the 12times and either adding to the 58 times or subtracting from the 70 times. the ingress of the [time-lords]（＊2）is found to be harmful in relation to these places themselves. And for the rest. having divided these times by the number 15. which are a half-part of the six hours. with the dispositions likewisefound for the years（＊ 1）. now. Then.（＊3） ＊1：From context and acomparison with the Ptolemaic text this seems to refer to the establishing ofthe time-lords concurrent with the directed encounters.whether [the encounters] are terminally destructive if in addition to theencounter being afflicted.that is. Ptolemy says . 51 results. For example. For it was necessary. after learning. that if the releaser is found between the pivots(say. which hecalls destructive. ＊2：Assuming that thegenitive pronoun autori here refersback to the time-lords. we would have added to the 58 times. 58 culminationsand 70 co-descensions. He says that another method is simpler. since Ptolemy makes it clear at the end of histreatment of the division of the times that it is the transits of thetime-lords that are most significant. into thenumber 17). just sogreat a part of the excess of both sums we will add or subtract from the pivotsbeing compared. and approximately 64 results. one must suppose only torpor ormischief. hefinds the releaser to be 3 seasonal hours distant from the Midheaven. yet he manifestly didnot. Such are the methods of life expectancy that Ptolemy set out. which I collect togetherwith the 51 times. itprovides aid). the excess is 12 times. Though if it was removed from either of the pivots by two seasonal hours. Nevertheless. between the Midheaven and the Descendant). Andmultiplying these into the hourly magnitude of the succedent (that is. nor is there anything to prevent us by way of observation from retainingall [the releasings] due to the equality of what has been found. which are athird-part of 6 hours.
to showeasily the completion of life. Ptolemy gives us leave to consider the difficulties in regard tothe foreknowledge of the completion of the expected term of life.. since the [parts] of the body are naturally honored（＊2）before those of the soul. he says that wemay regard all the releasers as being equally entitled. it is easyto find the contrary dispositions. 12. the Ascendant andthe Descendant) and the Pre-Descendant. I believe. and in sequence after the bodily forms heintroduces the injuries and ailments belonging to these forms. For if eitherone or both the malefics should be in these places. the remaining text in this chapter is a direct quotationof Ptolemy's own treatment of this topic and identical to the Ptolemaic text upto the last two paragraphs (according to the paragraphing in my translation of Bk III of the Tetrabiblos).in the case of those nativities for which the releaser and the destroyer arenot in doubt. and examine whathappened during the times when the concurrent time-lords were transiting theplaces of releasing.. whilean ailment [occurs] either continuously or by seizures. and especially if one or bothof the lights chance to be . though it is difficult while the native isalive. Ptolemy says. one must suspectbodily injuries and ailments for the offspring. and especially if someone chances to be unreflective of the ingresses ofthe remaining stars in accordance with the procession of years. with good eyes. Concerning Bodily Injuries and Ailments Again we will subjoin [this topic]. ＊1：Seechapter 3 of this book of Hephaistio. And an injury iswhat has affected the body all at one and has a pain that does not last.that there isnothing wrong with trying to work backwards and see if there is a releaser thatdoes account for the times of the crisis in the native’s life. which means “molded prior to. yet does notpredict crises or death when it does not occur. abounding more in the wet and the hot. or should he squaring ordiametrically opposed to the degrees [pre-]ascending them. And Manetho says nearly the same things in his verses concerning the length of life. Nevertheless. and with the ingresses and positions of the stars in accordancewith the procession of years being known." Noother astrologers are cited in this chapter.” [After Hephaistio's own opening." Hephaistiosays this same quadrant "makes same [bodies] as the star of Zeus. Concerning Bodily Form and Mixture We havealready made mention quantitatively of the bodily appearance of each of thebegotten men in our speculations concerning the Horoskcopos. it is possible.（＊1）and pursuant to this we here add on what pertains to the revelation of thebodily mixture. for. where Ptolemy says "the quadrant from the springequinox to the summer solstice makes bodies of good skin. large stature. And after the life has come to an end.. Alternatively. to observe carefully the two pivots. manyqualifications are dubious. For example.Ptolemy has protupoo. which is 6th from the Horoskopos. andto observe how the malefic stars chance to be configured to them. telling of the [treatments] of Ptolemy （＊） as well as other [treatments]. where Hephaistio abridges the Ptolemaic text alittle.robust. (that is. ＊2：protimao. as Ptolemy says.] 13. the body having the appearances ofits unique intermixtures nearly connate with it because it is more material. It is necessary. For all these reasons.
（＊） ＊：The assignment of body parts tothe zoidia is not found in the Ptolemaic text. sinews. and especially in Cancer andVirgo and Capricorn. Leo. and the right-side of everything: thestar of Venus over smell. and with the Moon waning and the malefics beingcarried to Aphrodite and the Moon. Kronos has authority over the human parts of the right ears.the Sun over sight. Of the stars. Aquarius for the legs. impairmentof vision is produced whenever the lights should be indicative. having the star of Ares or the starof Kronos or an afflicted star carried to her while this star is oriental. so I have not omitted it here. And they become eunuchs or hermaphrodites or women withoutholes and orifices whenever the Moon. And especially. andthe left-side of everything. phlegm. bile. gullet. while conversely there are ailments when theyare occidental. chapter 13 of theTetrabiblos. . and especially in Aries. For. while the natures of the stars reveal the species and thecauses of the accidents. reason. configured with Hermes. and abridges Bk III. Aquarius. inpalaestras and gymnasiums or by attacks of malefactors. kidneys. Gemini for the shoulders and arms. and bones. stomach.bladder. and spleen.tongue. while waxing. veins. Capricorn. flesh. the Moon by herself signifies the impairment when she isin a waning phase in the aforesaid pivots. Pisces for thefeet. In a number of places inHephaistio's version there may be some more subtle alterations of Ptolemy'smeaning. and from Kronos bychills or cataracts or glaucoma. the Moon over taste.pivotal and the malefics ascend after them or chanceto pre-ascend them. womb. Leo for the heart and breast. It is one ofthe generalities that injuries happen for the most part when the maleficsimposing the cause are oriental. liver. And with the lights and the star ofAphrodite being masculinized. Taurus for the neck. Certainparticular [figures] have already gained exceptional scrutiny. buttocks. belly. And the parts of the zoidia surrounding the injured part of the horizon will indicatethe pan of the body. The reader is encouraged to compare the two texts. as to the nebulaof Cancer (which is called the Manger) and to the Pleiades and to the arrowpoint of Sagittarius and to the sting of Scorpio and to the parts around theLock or to the pitcher of Aquarius. Cancer for theupper chest and ribs. Sagittariusfor the thighs. Librafor rump and haunches. Capricorn for the knees. the men become castrated or have their partsinjured. Scorpio for the modest and seminal parts. Of the zoidia.semen. as we have said. And from Aphrodite being present with Kronos or Arcs while they are in superior positionor diametrical Ito her]. the afflicted planets and malefics should be configured castto the Sun and west to the Moon). And if this should happen to both thelights (that is. they will cause the impairment for both eyes: configured with Ares. brain. Scorpio. heart. the star of Hermes over speech. rearranges. Aries is taken for thehead. lung. men become sterile. should apply to the star ofAres while Kronos testifies to Hermes. and for the two eyes when both shouldbe so. from a blow or stroke. bronchial tubes. the womenbecome childless and sterile. and [private] parts. for one of theeyes when one of the lights should be so. the star of Ares over the left ear. ＊：In this chapter Hephaistiosubstantially reworks. ifshe also applies to one of cloud-like dusters in the zodiac. while women are overwhelmed withmiscarriages and premature births and abortions. Virgo for the belly. the star of Zeus over touch.
they willhave the tongue impeded. theterrestrial and the piscine zoidia. Cancer. italso makes women prone to disorders of the womb. thaw withscabies. Kronos makes thenatives full of phlegm. they cause ailmentsand injuries. through moles and the like. the ailments will become Incurable and painful. ＊：It is interesting that thePtolemaic text here has "and especially when the star of Hermes shouldalso be occidental and both are configured to the Moon. and with the star of Ares by being strong in the directionof the dryer. prone to dropsy. and especially when the star of Hermes should also beunder the beams when the Sun is setting. west with respect to the Sunand cast with respect to the Moon). melancholic. either at the sametime or diametrically. on the stole.”According to Hephaistio's word usage. with the star of Kronos in the direction of the colder. The [treatments] of Dorotheus are likewise in accord with these. With these thing being so. prone to coughing.jaundiced. vomiting. but when the star of Hermesand the star of Kronos arc present together upon the said pivots. colic and those with elephantiasis. Capricorn. they cause ailments through ulcersand lichens or scales or scrofula or fistulas elephantiasis. or madness or the sacred disease.Sometimessuch natives do not remain without injury to sight. And again in general. he says: if the 6th zoidion is bestial or moist. The star of Ares makes thenatives liable to spit blood. Sagittarius andGemini cause ailments through falling sickness or seizures. cold in the belly.119 And when the star of Ares should beconfigured with them. especially for the intensification of theill-effects.injuries come about when the Moon is near the spring equinox through whiteleprosy. especially in regard to the extremities. In a particular manner. it makes the natives continually irritated by cuts orcauterizing of the hidden parts on account of fistulas and hemorrhoids ortumors. One must examine these [figures]. and m addition. or also burning ulcers or sores and furthermore.if none of the benefics should be configured with the malefics which impose thecauses. it loosens the impediment of the tongue. and attimes even easy to get rid of. as in the cases of ulcerated eyelids and eschars and abscess anderysipelas and wild lichens and black bile. in thesouthern or northern extremity) or upon the blameworthy Midi& such asAries. Taurus. But aimentsare apt to result whenever the middies should be configured upon the abovepositions. it is apt to overwhelmwomen with miscarriages or abortions. they for the most partcause dangers from hanging or collapses or quadrupeds or attacks of robbers. though in the opposite manner (that is. chance to be upon the place of thosefurnishing the cause with regard to life. The star of Hennes cooperates with them. Again. the natives become humpbacked orcrippled or lame. near the summer solstice through lichens: near the autumn equinoxthrough leprosy: and near the winter solstice. or if the marches should be carried to the lights. And when the starsare encountered in the last degrees of the twelfth-parts. When the malefics arc diametrical. 'occidental'would seem to be synonymous with being under the beams. andespecially when the Moon is upon the nodes or the bendings (that is. emanated. they became easily alleviated and moderate. when Cancer and Capricorn and Pisces and. andrheumatisms and accumulations of fluids especially of the around the chest andthroat and stomach. Scorpio. ifthe lights should be carried to the matches upon pivots.and especially when Hermes should be present or look on an the most part. but when these[benefits] are looting on. orthe lord of . diseased in the lungs.
but when it is occidental." 14.（＊1） AndDorotheus says that it is necessary to examine the trigon lords of thesubterraneous pivot. then.（＊2） "Whenit is carried beyond the culminating zoidion. IV 1. it causes some bad injury through thedrinking of wine. 75 for this lot. 15. and what the zoidion signifies in relation to parts of the body. 66-71 of the Arabic version of Dorotheus in Pingree's translation. those concerning the part that isnon-rational and that pertains to character126 from the Moon and from the starsconfigured with her in separations and applications. Concerning the Lot of Injury The Lot of Injury is taken for day births from Kronos to Ares and an equal amount from theHoroskopos.（＊） ＊： This passage clearly correlateswith IV 1.and the second lord for injury. and at times also it swells the liver. for the more expanded Arabic version speaks of Ares being"covered up under the Sun's light" where Hephaistio simply says"occidental. but in the case of nocturnal births from Ares to Kronos. Ares through burning or bites of wild beasts orby being taken captive by a spear. thequalifies that pertain to the soul are quantitatively124 subsequent to thecorporeal mature. for. 81-83. which is no smalldifference. the accord of many bearsa truth that is known well. are the natives bornshort. The received Ptolemaictext has aisthenkos (pertaining to sensation) here. and again. and to declare accordingly. Of such qualities. It is requisite. Concerning Quality of Soul We have already made mention of these [issues] in the treatments hitherto. it causes injury." not only when the Moon is in the subterraneous pivot. andKronos injuries through fluxes. and accept the lord of the sect for the quality of death. for. through coughingup blood. how it issituated.this domicile is itself in such a place. for by observation it wasfound thus. They are also graspedthrough the zoidia in which Hermes and the Moon are found: and furthermore fromthe stars that assume the predomination over them. those concerning the morenoetic and rational part are grasped through the condition that is studied inaccordance with the star of Hermes. ＊1：Compare the Arabic version of Dorotheus. wesay that the injury is there. . and it isnecessary to examine the lord of the place at which it falls out.One thing that is interesting from comparing the passages is that Hephaistio isclearly using the term 'occidental' more in the manner of Paulus than ofPtolemy. with abridgements. ＊：ethikoi. but again when it is near to conjunction （＊3） along with Kronos. and in the occidental horizon. as he said. and when Zeus is afflicted. IV 1. And since Ptolemy made mention of these issues in a waypeculiar to him.125 we will lain quote the principal matters from his[expositions]. ＊3：With the Sun. to examine how this [lord] lies in the nativity in relation to [it] and to the Lot of Injury (whichwe explained before). from theirfigures in relation to the Sun and the pivots. ＊2：Compare the Arabic version of Dorotheus.
（＊2） [the natives] will become great and powerful and world-rulers. It will be necessary. or again both of them. chapter 15 of my translation of Tetrabiblos). And if the spear-bearing and responsible stars should be pivotal.for the most part.. lords of life and death. with only slight abridgments toward the end.. if the Sun alone should be in a masculine zoidion while the Moon isin a feminine one. are all those who. For when both the lights are pivotal in masculinezoidia. the offspring will bekings.. Concerning Fortune Pertaining to Rank Also. occasionally addingor substituting. in following him we will quote the same withabridgment. which always has the interval from the Sun to the Moonand is projected from the Horoskopos.. to examine the Lot of Fortune. There is oneaddition. but since [Ptolemy] setsthem out in a manner of his own.. to examine matters of rank and the happiness of such both from the disposition of the lights and the familiarity of the starsspear-bearing for them. [Hephaistio omits Ptolemy's general introductory remarks to this topic (first twoparagraphs in Bk III. with a few minor and unimportant abridgments. and one of the lights is pivotal. andhow these stars share in power and familiarity.（＊1）east relative to the Sun and west relative to the Moon. Concerning Ailments of the Soul We havelikewise already made mention of these matters also.[In thedetailed delineations that constitute the remainder of this chapter. quotes therest virtually word for word. it produces those who are exceedinglyrich. or even one of them. He breaks off with Ares. even apart from the Lot of Fortune. mostly abridging. and they will beeven more happy if the spear-bearing stars are configured to the right of thepivot under （＊3） the earth. But with the other thingsbeing so. it is requisite for the circumstances surrounding acquisitionto be connected with bodily affinities and accordingly to come first. then. then. Concerning Fortune Pertaining to Acquisition In the external matters. Epileptics. And if in addition to these.the natives will be merely great and will be in the particular rank thatpertains to the wearing of wreaths or of guardianship or of military command. He gives such detailed delineations for Kronos and Zeus. bothalone and with the co-rulership of the other planets.] 17. [There mainder of this chapter is nearly identical to chapter 2 of BK IV of theTetrabiblos.saying that the remaining delineations can be conjectured from the nature andpower of those stars.and not in that of governors. thefortune pertaining to rank was connected to the affinities of the soul. to investigate thestars that assume the rulership of the twelfth-part upon which it falls. have the starof Kronos by day and the star of Ares by night pivotal and scrutinizing theabove figure. And if the lights should not be pivotal. the natives will be onlygovernors."] 18. Hephaistiodoes what he says in his first paragraph.. thespear-bearing stars should not be pivotal or should not testify to the pivots. then. It willbe necessary. The Hephaistio text adds that "when Kronos is simply trine toZeus.] 16. when the Moon and the star of Hermes (aswe said) are unconnected to each other and to the rising horizon. It is requisite. He concludes with an abridgment of Ptolemy's descriptionof the contribution of the Moon and the Sun to the quality of soul. also has the five stars spear-bearing. but mostof the spear-bearing stars are either . and especially the light ofthe sect. as Ptolemy says in aknowledgeable manner.
but if they （＊3）should be in their proper places and should scrutinize the Moon (clearly." ＊4：The Ptolemaic text clearly has "whenever neither ofthe lights chances to be either pivotal or in a masculine zoidion. or even one of them. from Sun to Moon and an equal amount fromthe horoskopos in diurnal nativities. and from Moon to Sun and likewise anequal amount from the horoskopos in nocturnal nativities). My translation of the Ptolemaic passage (Bk IV. [Hephaistio omits the remainder of Ptolemy's chapter.. as follows. moderate things). andagain both of them. such natives will havegood fortune in the last part of their lives. and ifsituated moderately. my own translation is in error in the last part. know that the native will be fortunate. ＊1：Hephaistio's Greek text is slightly different thanPtolemy's here. makes his examination from thetrigon lords.. or chances to have benefics as spear-bearers. When they are allotted the secondplace of livelihood. theywill not come into the ranks that arc more outstanding. chapter 3) reads. in order that we may derive the concord of truth frommany approved [treatments]. but into politicalleadership and a modest degree of expectation concerning their livelihood. and especially when thelight of the sect also has the five stars spear-bearing." again a somewhat important differencecorresponding to the different readings mentioned in the first note to thissection. the opposite things. especially the light ofthe sect. they signifyfine things.] We aresetting out both these things to which Ptolemy gave heed and the treatments byothers and Dorotheus.. If then the lord of the Lot shouldbe found in a bad place and the benefics are in aversion to the Moon." ＊2：The Ptolemaic text adds here "or configured to thepivot above the earth. it weshould find the malefics in the nativity to be pivotal. However.. with the beneficsreturning. while themalefics are pivotal or ascending. It is also necessary to examine the Lotof Fortune according to him (that is.（＊2） knowthat the native who chances to have it so will be unfortunate. with the five stars also spear-bearing. representing one possible reading of an ambiguity in thePtolemy text as we have it. Again. and what kind ofstars see the Lot and how they are situated.." The difference is that Hephaistio's text forces the pivotalcondition back on both the lights. if situated in the opposite manner.（＊4） and again if the Moon should beseparating from the malefic. "Those having authority over the triangle in which Helios is god" And he says that it is also necessary to examine how the lords of the Hour and theMidheaven and of Life（＊1） lie inthe nativity (for if they should be found to be well situated. [thenatives] are rendered obscure in their actions and without advancement. but applying to benefits." ＊3：The Ptolemaic text has "pivot above the earth. arc pivotal. Andfinally. andagain both of them. Dorotheus. "For when both the lights are in masculine zoidia. "For when both the lights are in masculine zoidia. they become abject and unhappy in their fortunes whenever neither ofthe lights chances to be either pivotal （＊4） in a masculine zoidion. then. or even one of them. or chancesto have benefics as spear-bearers.... whereas my translation assigns it to one orboth the lights.pivotal or configured with the pivots. withthem seeing the Lot).though if the spear-bearing stars are not associated with the pivots. are pivotal.135 . Thecorrect version of the alternative I am suggesting in my own translation shouldread.
if the native is to be fortunate. Also. concerning all the lots he gives this command: if the lot should occupy a goodzoidion and its lord is either in this zoidion or in such a good place and outof the beams. This is probably synonym for'post-ascending. in being the first to arrive at these places. for. and again examine thatzoidion upon which it falls out.while orientality means that a planet has already heliacally risen. he said. it is requisite for those causing [the natives] harm to take over asthe age advance. Now. Someone wasborn." And he alsosays this: examine which of the stars in the nativity first arrives at theplace of the Moon or that of the Horoskopos. similarly to the above[discussions] related to this topic. and of them. having the Sun at the 8th degree of Aquarius: the Moon and Zeusand the Horoskopos.others of the ancients (one of whom is Porphyry) have said that maleficschancing to be in the 11th place must not do harm. This lot does not reverse by night. 25.＊1：The second zoidion in a whole-sign house system. ＊3：Because the interval from occidentality to orientality isonly 7 days here. ＊4：epanerchomai again.' ＊3：Context would suggest that the malefics are meant here. 24. if malefics. And if beneficsshould see the place. ＊2：epanerchomai. they signify good things. thisstar will reveal the measure of the fortune. 26 of theArabic version of Dorotheus as translated by Pingree. Kronos at . ＊1：That is. 21. Nevertheless.（＊2） whatkind of stars it has and how they are situated. ＊5：Apparent lacuna here. all three upon the first degree of the same zoidionAquarius. And ifone of the benefics should see the place when it is occidental and about to beoriental after 7 days.（＊3） itwill thus furnish wealth and weal. Again.（＊1）likewise. Cf. it seems likely that Dorotheus was using the definition ofoccidentality that considers t to be synonymous with being under the beams. Antigonus of Nicaca) did indeed investigate nativities. and make a declaration. ＊2： This is the Lot of Livelihood. whatever they signify. And he makes an examination of thenativities in such a manner. chapters 20. we must take the interval from the lord of the secondup to the beginning of the second zoidion. weshould also add here the manner in which others (those around Petosiris andNechepso. "driesup quickly when falling under the light within a short interval. but if it shouldbe under the beams or just about to go into concealment. he says. Since a whole-sign housesystem is intended here. chapter 14.' but the word could also mean 'returning. it brings very many good things in the nativity. count from the lord of second place up to thesecond itself and project an equal amount from the Hour. Paulus'Introductory Matters. bad things. as he sets out: "And wewill traverse all and each topic of the nativity that you may learn”（＊） ＊： Most of this Dorotheus materialcan be found in different places in Bk I.he says.
andeven on the Horoskopos. the lord of thecosmos. The first few paragraphs are also found in Neugebauer and VanHoesen's Greek Horoscopes. the Sun and Moon. 90. he died. with Kronos in the twelfth zoidion. Hermes with him at the 12thdegree. 141 The standard idealized interval for heliacal rising ofa planet was 15 degrees. And though he was joinedto one wife from her maidenhood.the 10th degree of Capricorn. No. also being uncorrupted in Pisces in its own trigon and in itsown degrees and seeing148 the place at the peak). having beenadopted as a son by a certain emperor who was of the same family.143 n with Aphrodite present in her own exaltation.and itself had Kronos as a spear-bearer. the Midheaven at the 22nd degree of Scorpio. having emerged from the glareof the Sun. But if the lord of the placeat the peak is . Aphrodite at the 12th degree of Pisces. For when it is oriental. He was wise and educated and profound because of Hermes chancing to be at itsmorning appearance. 140 This is thought to be the natal data of the Romanemperor Hadrian. both being at their morning rising. falling victim to a shortness of breath caused bydropsy. L76. likewisebecame emperor himself around his 42nd year. it makes the nativesnotable and effective and hard to overcome.145 for. whilethe evening risers show their activities progressively. it is not only necessary to examine the application of the Moonto planets. p. in his own bounds (terms). but also to the non-wandering stars. and spear-bearing forthe Sun. the Sun. And such was brought about from an early age owing to the [morning] appearance.141 andsince the spear-bearers of these stars142 were themselves found to befamiliarly [situated]. He came tobe of good size and manly and gracious because the two lights were pivotal. Also. as is the case in the theme147 before us (Ares. And the reason why these things happened to him is investigated in this manner.and Jupiter will first be seen as a morning star.140 Such a one. he had one sister. 143 The Greek way of expressing that a planet is dignified. and also when it is occidental ifit is not poorly situated. Being wise and educated. And in addition. in its own domicile. The Sun is presently 7 degrees ahead of Jupiter in theorder of zoidia. for always the morning risers produce something from youth. and they were in a masculine zoidion of human shape.144 both intheir own places and ascending after the Moon. And it is necessary to examine whether the lord of the place at the peak146 is wellsituated and sees its place. andhe was engaged in rebellions and discord with his relatives. which is going to make its morning appearance after seven days. Ares with her at the 22nddegree. being in the degrees following her. thelord of Scorpio. and especially becausethe Moon was in sea and applying to the Horoskopos to the degree and also toZeus. he was childless. In another 7 days the Sun will be about 15 degrees distant. He becameemperor because the two lights were on the Horoskopos. andAres making a position in his own trigon and in his own degrees. was a spear-bearer to her. 145 It is not clear what this star is. he washonored like a god with shrines and sacred precincts. 142 That is. and Hermes aswell. 144 That is. When he came toabout his 63rd year. It must also be indicative that theMoon is about to apply to one of the bright non-wandering stars at the 20thdegree.
for. And generallyspeaking. The cause of his having many legaladversaries and many who plotted against him was from the two lights that comprisethe power being enclosed149 by the two malefics. That he was both beneficentto many in this manner and reverenced by many. Rut if the Moon makes an application neither to Aphrodite norto one of the planets present with her or testifying to her. they make the native wise. Most Greek aspectwords refer to looking ahead in the order of the zoidia. it is indicative of asingle marriage. more than one marriage.150 and the Moon makes an applicationto Aphrodite and to other planets that happen to be co-present with Aphrodite. and notwell-intentioned but rather treacherous. it procures marriages151 for those who are so born. But since Hermes and Kronos happen to be in the twelfth place at their morning rising. a succedent house (using the whole-sign housesystem). somethingset before us. For every time that the Sun or the Moon or bothchance to be on the active pivots especially (that is. resulted (as I was saying) fromthe pivotal position of the Sun and Moon. when Aphrodite chances to beupon a pivot or upon a post-ascensional zoidion. 147 Theme is one of the Greek words for a chart. keep in mind in the case of every theme. they make the offspring who are in such a condition kings whohold sway over numerous nations. And if ever the mastersof the unprofitable places chance to be upon profitable places.poorly situated. and Aphrodite herself should bepresent with one star.but from the Moon being carried under the beams of the Sun. justas in the case of the nativity beige us. the pivot of theHoroskopos or the Midheaven) and have all the stars as spear-bearers in afitting manner. in this manner it also makes for a single marriage. That such aone was joined to one woman from maidenhood did not here result from Aphrodite. For. the star of Zeus provided that which is of goodjudgment and high-minded and munificent and effective in the forelyingdisposition. the beneficence also holdstrue because of Zeus' chancing to be so situated. 150 That is.or testifying to her. since it is on the Horoskopos and is spear-bearing for the Sun andis on the same pivot as the Moon. And thematter of the single sister for someone so born will similarly be demonstratedfrom . That he washonored and reverenced by all resulted from Zeus' spear-bearing for the Sunwhile being upon a pivot. educated. and the Moon isbeing carried to its full or new moon phase. 151 That is. 149 In the later tradition this condition is calledbesieging. being spear-bearer to the Sun and Moon in thisfashion always makes the native extolled and attended and reverenced by thosewho are equally honored or even more highly honored. 148 That is. which have the five planets as spear-bearerswhile being familiarly situated. spear-bearing for the Sun. and Ares being at its evening [setting]. Thathe prevailed over the hostility of such persons resulted especially from Hermesbeing with Kronos in the domicile of Kronos and both chancing to be in thetwelfth place. it causes the opposite. with Kronos being at itsmorning rising and spear-bearing. they point tomoderation in life. 146 A common Greek expression for the Midheaven. aspecting the Midheaven. Andif the Moon only makes an application to Aphrodite. but not this time.
Let thisalso be kept in mind by you. Ares in Aries. for. sincebenefics give siblings while malefics take them away. became a cause of his evil death. just so many siblings will they have. And what was the cause of such aone being adopted as a son? The star of Zeus making an appearance on the same pivot as the Moon in the first zoidion. And it is not onlynecessary to observe the Moon in these days. But if she had made anapplication to several ether by contact or by witnessing. enclosingthe Descendant. Kronos diametrically and Arcs from a square on theright. theybecome a cause of having many siblings.155 Andafter living for as many years as there are degrees of ascension from the Moonup to the side of a square156 (that is. but also the third and seventh and fortiethday of the birth. thecauses of evil death come about. the benefics also become distributorsof good siblings whet they make appearances upon the pivots or upon thepost-ascending zoidia if they chance to be present with the lights andfamiliarly situated. for. then. when the destroyers enclose the Sun or the Moon against the pivots. The positionof the Sun around the Horoskopos brought it about that this one becamechildless. 154 Here we have an indication that the fortieth day of theMoon was used to establish quality of death. as in the case of the nativity. it for the most part becomes the cause of the fewness of masculine siblings.the application of the Moon. Why was he engaged in offenses against his relatives? Because of the position of Hermes with Kronos. for. foralways. that for the application of the Moon. the . as many times as natives so born have the natal Moon applyingto certain stars up to a phase.153 we would say that the cause of the dropsyand the shortness of breath was made clear ahead of time from these things. havingbeen found upon the degree of the Horoskopos. 152 Applying bodily or applying an aspect. the Sun having dealings upon the Ascendant always becomes acause of childlessness. slice if the zoidia that providefor the matter of siblings happen to be bicorporeal or tropical or fecund. 153 Evidently the oppositions to Ares and Kronos. What causedhis dropsy and shortness of breath and the change of his life to an evil death?Because the two lights were enclosed by the malefics. It is notonly necessary to examine these. this also. the Descendant being in a terrestrial zoidion andenclosed by malefics0 by a figure. and it results that on that day the twomalefics see the Moon. After filling up how much time of life did such a one die? [The Moon] herself. while the malefics become deprivers of siblings whoeverthey should be present with the lights and unfamiliarly situated. the Moon was applying only to the starof Zeus up to her conjunctive Chase with the Sun.152 he would have hadseveral siblings. becomes the releaser. in the fortieth day154 theMoon is found in Cancer. with all the stars havinga position in watery zoidia. just as in the nativity before us. And one mustalso look at the differences of the zoidia. But why did the Moon not give amasculine sibling since it was applying to the masculine star of Zeus? Becausewho the Sun is marking the hour in a masculine zoidion and accepting an applicationof the Moon. but also how the other stars aresituated.
and the planetmaking the closest aspect is Kronos.first degree of Taurus). the seventh in Virgo. he willdie. bound lord of the Sun). It is also hard to see how it could be aquasi-Ptolemaic system either. in the bounds of Hermes. Let it be the case thatsomeone has the Sun in Aries around 19 degrees. in the boundsof Hermes in a morning rising. very wealthy because ofthe trigon (with Kronos and Zeus and the Moon being in it). Perhaps Antigonus simply used the domicilelord of the predominating light.159 158 It is not clear what system is being used here todetermine Ares as the ruler of the nativity. It is not the domicile ruler ofthe next sign after the natal sign of the Moon (as advocated by FirmicusMaternus). thetrigon ruler is the Sun (again excluded). as follows. and distinguished because of the 4 stars thatchance to be in the Midheaven. or apheta. in the bounds of Aphrodite. L40 in Neugebauer and van Hoesen's GreekHoroscopes. and the fortieth in Scorpio. and when she applies to the malefics or to the Sun in the degrees inbetween. theexaltation lord the Sun (which cannot qualify as ruler of the nativity). this wasunderstood to cause a life crisis. 79. especially because of Ares having position with Aphrodite andHermes in Aries. And he happens to beinattentive with regard to female intercourse and sordid with regard to maleintercourse. acronycal. for nosmall power occurs with the prenatal conjunction whenever it chances to be upona pivot. p. but one who is notunjustly accused because of the position of Ares and Hermes upon the Midheaven. it will cause a crisis. in the boundsof Hermes. sometimes resulting in death. the Horoskopos in Cancer in the 24thdegree. The one having the stars so situated will be distinguished among those who aredistinguished. in the bounds of Zeus (with these threefurthermore being subject to setting). is in this case the planetthat is directed. then.both being under the beams. Aphrodite likewise in Aries around 5 degrees. nor is it the bound lord of the dominant light (which is hereHermes. and because of Aphrodite being seen byKronos diametrically. which is licentious.and Hermes in Aries around 6 degrees. Zeus in Aquarius in the 6th degree. Next he also made mention of the second nativity. the bound lord Hermes. especially the Horoskopos and the Midheaven. although onecould obviously live for fewer years. Ares. he says. since the Sun is upon its own exaltation and upon theMidheaven and has . in the bounds of Zeus. 155 The releaser.158 The third day of theMoon will be in Cancer. Ares in Aries around 15 degrees. as Antigonus set it out concisely fromthe things said by the ancients. and because of the prenatal conjunction. It is notclear from this passage what directive method is being used. Now.160 a man of authority who punishes many. 156 It was standard Hellenistic doctrine that one could notlive for more years than the ascensional degrees up to a square. and in addition because of all the stars themselves beingin masculine zoidia. 159 This is No. since the domicile lord of the Sun is Ares. 157 When the directed planet (in this case the Moon) encounters a malefic bodily or applies to one of its aspects. will rule over the nativity."157 Such is thetreatment of the first nativity. Kronos in Libraaround 20 degrees. theMoon in Gemini in the 15th degree. Valens repudiated this doctrine since hehad seen counter-examples.
Arcs in Aquarius in a morning rising. was killedwith a certain older man (engaging in treachery because of him). Zeus in Pisces in a morning rising.though born with great expectations and though it seemed at that time that hewould come into the kingship. That he becamedistinguished was because the Sun is in the Horoskopos and has spear-bearers. and so hemakes mention of another and third nativity of someone. anamputated zoidion. because it is in an opportune place and the prenatal conjunctionoccurred in the same zoidion. the native.39of my .that he was ill-advised was because Hermes and Kronos chanced to be in thedomicile of Ares. the onlyfeature that seems to distinguish Ares as ruler of the nativity is the factthat it is domicile ruler. then. Likewise. he said. 11. the fortieth inLibra. somedirective method is implied here in the determination of length of life. for. he says. nor that with all or most of the stars in their own zoidia orplaces. for both the A and B Babylonian systems. I mean that the father and motherwere most highly esteemed.making an appearance with a morning rising after three days. L113. made amistake. whom. IV Neugebauer and van Hoesen’s GreekHoroscopes.161 Thethird day of the Moon is in Gemini. with themembers of his family being dismissed to humble [conditions]. the Moon in Taurus. Kronos in Aries. that one of those of his family perished was because of thesame figure. p. though they died violent deaths.162 161 Here again." It is requisite. Hermes likewise inAries in a morning setting. the Lot of Fortunefalls on Taurus. and because Ares hurls rays at the post-ascension of theMidheaven. The star of Ares. The length of lifeof this native is known from the releasing of the Sun and from its squareposition. that he wasfond of fighting was because the star of Ares is upon the post-ascension of theMidheaven and Hermes is in the domicile of Ares. He hadthe Sun and the Horoskopos in Aries. Ptolemy (Bk III. engagedin his own destruction and that of his forefathers around the 25th year. And let this not escapeyour notice. because the ascension163 was the same (ofTaurus and of Aquarius. p. and very notable. the seventh in Leo. he says. 163 Taurusand Aquarius are zoidia of equal ascension. I believe). the Moon waxing in a triangular figure inrelation to Kronos and Zeus made the native happy and very wealthy and one whoprovides many offerings and gifts to his fatherland. and that he died badly aroundthe 25th year was. ofvery distinguished (ancestors).as spear-bearers the stars ascending before it in the samezoidion and also Zeus in Aquarius (for they remain spear-bearers up to thepre-ascending square position). being illadvised around his 25th year. The ascensional time of each ofthese zoidia is 25. rules over the nativity. that he was cut in pieces was because the Moon is in Taurus. it contributes to making dignified and notable men. and engaging in an accusation directed at the kingship. 160 Neugebauer translates this as ''very distinguished. 162 This is NO. Aphrodite in Piscesin a morning station. Such a one was from a great and distinguished family. thus. probably the direction of the Sun or the Horoskopos in Aries (the degrees arenot given) to a sextile ray cast by Ares in Aquarius. perhaps. 108. to examine the given nativities in this manner. that he was erotic was because of Aphrodite and Zeus. that the harm was from a man was because Ares is in a zoidion ofhuman shape. as in the previous nativity. the theme rendered the native splendid.
In this manner. which rises in the west. which rises late in the cast.170 as itmakes friends of kings or cruel deputies and makes the native venturesome andthose who spend time away from home. 167 it makes the native wealthy. withthe so-called royal star164 upon the heart of Leo at about the 5thdegree – they make the fortunes greater and most highly esteemed. In the case of nativities oflittle repute.171 he speaks in thesame manner as it is there. inmaking a collection from the books of the Salmeschoimaka. since it is cited in that treatise itself. deals with sickness. Chancing tobe upon the 27th degree. 167Aldebaran. And one must also examine the decans. just as theking Nechepso says in his general [treatise]. deals with marriage and wives. 170 Probably Antares. he also made careful observations of asimilar kind. warlike. but when Ares has himself declined from theplace at the peak. these native will be subordinate to those who have the Moonparallel to one of the bright stars by zoidion. 169 Probably Alnilam. door of Hades. the 25th. in a unique manner it likewise causes instability for womenin matter concerning men. which culminates atnoon.165 Also whenthe Moon is parallel in latitude with [the one] upon the 15th degreeof Taurus. thrifty. since thefirst decan of the Horoskopos deals with birth. 168 Bellatrix. and they alsocause the same thing upon the 5th degree of Aquarius.169 it makes leaders or brilliant admirals. along with one of the non-wandering bright stars – for example.168 it likewise makes brilliant leaders. 164 Regulus. hesays those who have the Moon applying to benefics while making a separationfrom bright stars. and in these nativities he says that when Aphrodite has declinedfrom the place at the peak. 171 This no longer extant book of early Hellenistic astrology was evidently composed prior to the treatise of Nechepso and Petosiris. you will find the Moon subtractive in longitude and in latitudeand in light and being carried to malefic. deals with children. Also. in a unique manner it always causes instability formen in matters concerning women. he says. inmaking mention of other nativities. The title means some thing . Again. for in this manner it makes thenatives weak with respect to their bodies and ready to take offense withrespect to their souls. and similarthings also come about upone the 7th degree of Scorpio. the 9th.translation) says that hexagonal ray can be destructive if it involveszoidia of seeing or hearing (which latter are similar to zoidia of equalascension). increasing in longitude andlatitude. the one in the subterraneous [pivot]dealswith death. the8th.active and religious men every one. These are the places that the ancient Egyptians used in everynativity. and great men. one mustalso conjecture in the case of the other non-wandering stars. the 28th from the Horoskopos. deals withinjury. And they are not thosesuffering violent death. Next. the 17th. And he says that every time the Moon or some of thewandering stars chance to be upon some pivot. for some degrees are ones of services. Being parallel to the bright star upon the30th degree. 165 Probably Fomalhaut.which culminates early. deals with livelihood.
then.like “Pictures. . concerning the soul and livelihood and advancement. and we will begin another subject likewise according to our sequence.” Let such treatments. have been set out.