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Book II of Hephaistio's Apotelesmatics Contents 1. Concerning Conception and Birth 2. Concerning the Degree Marking the Hour 3.

Concerning the Dividing Up and Ordering of Natal Theory 4. Concerning Parents 5. On the Predeceasing of the Parents 6. Concerning Siblings 7. Concerning Males and Females 8. Concerning Twins 9. Concerning Monsters 10. Concerning Those Who Go Unnourished 11. Concerning the Length of Life According to the Truth and Ptolemy 12. Concerning Bodily Form and Mixture 13. Concerning Bodily Injuries and Ailments 14. Concerning the Lot of Injury 15. Concerning Quality of Soul 16. Concerning Ailments of the Soul 17. Concerning Fortune Pertaining to Acquisition 18. Concerning Fortune Pertaining to Rank 19. Concerning the Quality of Action 20. Concerning Slaves 21. Concerning Marriage and Sexual Union 22. Concerning Children 23. Concerning Friends and Enemies 24. Concerning Travel Abroad 25. Concerning the Quality of Death 26. Concerning the Division of the Times 27. Concerning the Year 28. Concerning the Month and Day 29. Divisions of 10 years and 9 months 30. Concerning the Time-Lordship of Kronos 31. Concerning the Time-Lordship of Zeus 32. Concerning the Time-Lordship of Ares 33. Concerning the Time-Lordship of the Sun 34. Concerning the Time-Lordship of Aphrodite 35. Concerning the Time-Lordship of Hermes 36. Concerning the Time-Lordship of the Moon Prooemium With theprimary and universal matters having been set out by us, O Athanasius, mostexcellent of friends, now it would fitting to subjoin the genethliological part[of astrology] for those who cultivate it, in accordance with each type, andespecially with a view to proof and conciseness, as

much as is possible; for,the manifold character of the theory here necessitates to a certain extentusing several [approaches]. And in a truth-loving fashion we set out word forword the things thus discovered by the ancients or rendered into verse as well,while for our part we will also try to improve what has come down to us withcontinuous testing and scrutiny of a large number of nativities. And besides,some industrious lover of learning, starting from the ancient compositions andfrom these writings, may augment the art and may discover a great many truthsin relation to the foreknowledge of events for humankind. And neat we will begin in an orderly manner, as follows. 1. Concerning Conception and Birth Now, they say that human conception comesabout in the square on the left of the Sun at birth in the case of births inthe tenth month (for when the Sun was there, the conception occurred), but inthe case of births in the seventh month, in the diameter. And they say that ofthese very tenth-month births, those of the longest birth are brought to termafter 288 days and 8 hours, those of the intermediate birth after 273 days and8 hours, and those of the least birth after 258 days and 8 hours; while of theseventh-month births, those of the greatest birth are after 206 days and 8hours, those of the least birth after 176 days and 8 hours, and those of theintermediate birth after 191 days and 8 hours. The ancient Egyptians around Petosiris arestrong in their assertion that where the Moonchance to be at the birth, that [zoidion] will mark the hour for theconception; and where the Moon chances to be for the conception, this [zöidion]or the one diametrical to this will mark the hour at the birth. Some take it in the following manner, whichdoes not seem very satisfactory to us. Multiply, they say, the pre-ascendingdegrees of the zoidion marking the hour at birth by the multitude of hours andproject the resultant degrees from the Horoskopos at thirty [per zoidion], andwherever the number should fall out, that [zoidion] will mark the hour of thesowing of the seed.* *:This procedureseems clear except for one point. We first determine the number of whole degreesof the Ascendant sign preceding the Ascendant degree in the order of signs;thus, it the Ascendant is 10 degrees, 20 minutes of Aries (or in the fourthdegree according to the Greek manner of counting), there are 10 whole degreesof Aries preceding the Ascendant. We then multiply this number of degrees bythe number of hours that have elapsed on the day of birth as of the birth timeitself, but here is where the problem arises. How do we reckon the hours? Myguess is that we should use the Greek system of seasonal hours (the system theHellenistic astrologers used for planetary hours, where for a given date of theyear the interval of daylight is divided into 12 equal "hours," andlikewise with the interval of nighttime. (In this system a diurnal “hour” isunequal in length to a nocturnal "hour" except at the equinoxes.)Thus if someone were born in the 9th diurnal hour, we would multiply the 10degrees by 9, giving us 90 degrees. Then, we project this number from theAscendant degree; in our example, the procedure would take us into Cancer, andwe would declare Cancer to be the Ascendant of the conception. The same procedure is described in almost thesame words by Porphyry in chapter 38 of his Introduction (CCAG 5, 4). In the case of the Moon, others have different things to say. Antiochus the Athenian says that

the following methodlays claim to some truth. Consider, he says, with what [degree] of the Moonsomeone was born, and add 180 to this number, and keep subtracting from thenatal month at 29 [days per month]. And for the day at which the number shouldleave off, examine where the Moon was then; for let the zoidion over which itis passing be regarded as also the very one for the conception, since it hasthe transit of the Moon.(*) And this method itself is not satisfactory in all cases, but we have set it out for the sake of practiceand for the purpose of finding the same agreement from many [methods].Nevertheless, Antigonus does not seem to have thoroughly examined the accuracyof these methods, for which reason he rejects [them] altogether. *:(again attributedto Antiochus)is described in Porphyry's Introduction (CC4G 5, 4), although itraises some problems. “Consider, he says, with what degree of theMoon someone was born, and add 5 to this number, and keep subtracting from thenatal month at 29 [days per month], and for the [day[ where the number leavesoft that was the [day] of the conception; then, after consulting the canon, seein what zoidion the Moon was then.” This text has '5' where Hephaistio has 180(although see note 1 above); another Porphyry manuscript even has '10'.Furthermore, this procedure purports to be calculating the very day ofconception, although it is not clear how this could possibly be the case giventhe algorithm as it stands. Of the methods set forth by way of preface,that of the ancient Egyptians is more satisfactory than the others; wherefore,consider this topic skillfully after the fashion of the Egyptians, thusly. Forsince (as [they] said) the point marking the hour at the birth was found incontinuous trials to possess the Moon at the conception, as also thoseobserving the time of conception find the same degree of the Moon at that timeto be marking the hour at the nativity, for this reason it is necessary toexamine the Horoskopos first, either from the canons, or else methodically bymeans of the prenatal syzygy of the childbirth, thusly. In the case of a [prenatal] conjunction,count from the Sun up to the degree of the Moon, and taking a twelfth of theresultant degrees, subtract backwards from the solar degree; and that degreewhich it comes down to will be nearly the degree of the prenatal conjunction.And if the prenatal syzygy were a whole moon, count in a similar fashion fromthe degree diametrical to the Sun up to the Moon, and again taking a twelfth,subtract from the degrees of the Sun; and that degree at which it leaves offwill be close to the degree of the prenatal whole moon. With the degree of the prenatal syzygy known,the day on which it occurred will be clear from the multitude of degreesbetween the syzygy and the natal Sun when they are subtracted backwards fromthe natal day, with each degree reckoned at one day. And with these thingsknown in this manner, the Horoskopos will be approximately clear. For reckonthe degrees between the prenatal syzygy and the natal Sun in order from thezoidion in which the Sun is, one degree for each zoidion, and that [place] atwhich it leaves off will be the Horoskopos. (*) It will be made precise in a methodical manner by means ofthe lunar degree of the birthday. *:There may besomething wrong with the text here, for as it stands everyone born on the sameday would have the same ascendent in their natal charts. However, the very samealgorithm is repeated in the next chapter (just before the Anubio quotation).

And one must know that whenever the Moonshould be found upon the Horoskopos at childbirth, they say that the new-bornbabe is of an intermediate birth, that is, of 273 days, 8 hours; but if theMoon should be found in the zoidia following the Horoskopos, the babe will bebeyond the intermediate birth; and if the Moon should be found in the zoidiapreceding the Horoskopos, then it will be of fewer days than the intermediatebirth. If then the Moon should be found in the next zoidia from the Horoskopos,count from the degree of the Horoskopos to the Moon and divide the resultantdegrees by the mean daily course of the Moon, which is 13 degrees, 10 minutes;and divide the hours left over in addition to the days [by] the Moon's hourlycourse, which is 33 minutes. Add the resultant days and hours to the 273 days,8 hours of the intermediate birth, and subtract the resultant quantitybackwards from the birthday, and you will find the day of conception. But ifthe Moon should be found in the zoidia pre-ascending the hour at childbirth, doit the opposite way. Count from the Moon to the degree of the Horoskopos andlikewise divide the resultant degrees [by] themean daily and hourly course of the Moon. And subtract the resultant days andhours from the 273 days, 8 hours of the intermediate both, and subtract theremainder from the birthday; and you will roughly find the day and hour ofconception. For the purpose of finding this out moreprecisely, count the Moon and the Sun in accordance with the day and hourdeclared for the conception. And if you should find the natal Moon in thezoidia following the Sun of the conception, say that the conception occurredduring the day; but if you should find the natal Moon in the zoidiapre-ascending the Sun of the conception, consider the conception to haveoccurred at night. Accordingly, if the conception was found to be during theday, count from the Sun of the conception up to the natal Moon (the degrees inbetween); and having learned in what kind of degrees they ascend according tothe appropriate zone, (*) divide by the hourly times(*unequal hours) placed next to the solar degree of that day or that inwhich the conception fell, and as many hours or portions of an hour you shouldfind, say this to be the exact hour of conception. And count the Moon exactlyfor that hour, and the degree upon which it is, is the exact degree of thenativity. And it is clear that the degree marking the hour in the Horoskopos ofthe conception will be the same as the degree of the natal Moon, as we havesaid before. If then the degree of the Moon of the conception from theaforesaid [procedures] should be found to be in accord with the degree of theHoroskopos, we say that the Horoskopos of the nativity is given exactly. But ifthe degrees should be different, and the Moon of the conception should be found to have fewer degrees than the Horoskopos foundfor the given hour, it is dear that you subtract the difference from theHoroskopos, while if it should be found to have more degrees, you add, since itis always requisite to consider that the degree marking the hour is the same asthe Moon of conception. And if the conception should be found in the night, makeit from the natal Moon up to the Sun of conception and do the same things assaid before. *: That is, take the difference of the ascensional times (in degrees) of the Sun of the conceptionand the natal Moon. Of what sort are births in the seventh month and those in the eighth month may be known as follows.For, after having examined the conception day for every nativity as for birthsin the ninth month in the manner we have shown above, and the conjunctionpreceding the same day of conception, and after taking the degrees in betweenwith a third part of [these degrees], we project

wefound approximately 1 1/3 hour. subtending side [be] of 150 degrees from the Ascendant in thepreceding direction. after which the upturned side is of 120 degrees. and theremaining side consists of the remaining 90 degrees of the circle. on what side of the three it falls. just as we learned for the ninth month [pregnancy]. and ifthe one is upon the upturned side. while the other isupon the upright side. Yet. after these [matters] we will likewise investigate the degree marking the hour for the prenatalconjunction of the birthday. this cannot possibly be the case because the triangleformed by marking off an arc of 150 degrees from the Ascendant degree backwardsin zodiacal order. And if the number of degrees should fall beyond theday of the conjunction that occurs after the conception.[them] from the conjunctionpreceding the conception. With the fourth part . for thefilling up of the 360 degrees of the zodiac. let someone (*Hephaistio’s) have been born in the 97th year from the reign of Diocletian. at the 8th nocturnal hour. whichsubtends an arc of 180 degrees. but if it falls on theupright side. (All righttriangles inscribed in a circle have a diameter as the hypotenuse. and 150 degrees which are proportional to 3. and we found 65 degrees. Since then the Moon is found in the zoidia following theHoroskopos. oneof seven months. knowing the zoidion that marks thehour and the degree for the hour of the conjunction preceding of theconception. We therefore added the 5 days and 1 1/3 hour tothe 273 1/3 days of the first birth and they became 278 days and 9 1/3 hours. we say that the birth is of nine months. the Moon in the 47th minute of Taurus. because if 5 is madethe long side of a triangle. if the number should be found to be less. but if one is upon the subtending side. the one marking the hour). and likewise marking off an arc of 120 degrees from theAscendant forward in zodiacal order. we say that it is of seven months. and 3 the shortside. Again. and connecting the extremities of thesearcs to the Ascendant degree itself." Compare thelast two books of the Arithmetic a Diophantus of Alexandria. they say that the birth is of nine months. is not a right triangle. it is requisite to count from the Horoskopos up to the degree ofthe Moon. in the ninthmonth.having the first. in the 30th of Athyr(*1)at the 6th hour in thethird zone. while the otheris upon the upturned side. the 30thof Athyr at the 6th hour. we will suspect that that has been born is an irrational animalor something of an unusual nature or one who is short-lived. it first came to the 26th to the 27th of Mecheir(*2). 4. They also consider the degrees of the twoconjunctions of the birthday and the conception. we say that the infantis in the seventh month. applying these to the dailymotion of the Moon (that is. if it falls onthe subtending side.) However. 47 minutes. 4 the side intermediate in length. we frame aright angled triangle from this zoidion (clearly. while the other is upon the right side. *:The right trianglebeing constructed here may appear at first to be a triangle inscribed in thezodiacal circle. if it falls onthe [upturned] side. it is true that the three arcs of 90. this triangle will be a right triangle (since3 + 4 = 52). Such tripletsof numbers were called "Pythagorean right triangles. the Horoskopos in the 25thdegree of Aquarius.(*) Again. at which hour we find the Sun in approximately the 4th degree ofSagittarius.120. 5 respectively) havethemselves a relationship analogous to a right triangle. For an illustration.and with these subtracted by us backwards from the birth day and hour. and likewiseapplying the left-over 47 minutes to the mean daily motion of the Moon. 13 degrees) we have found 5 days. it signifies some irrational animal or something of anunusual nature or one short-lived. and if they should find theone conjunction upon the subtending side of the said triangle.

the conception might reasonably be called the genesis of thehuman seed. the part ofthe hour at the time of birth). . from the figure of the stars at that timeand from the transmission of the environing [atmosphere]. the Moon in the . it is necessary to see those starsthat have a rulership relation to it. which concernthe infant when still imperfect in the womb. and when we have examined precisely the degree (if it is aconjunction clearly the degree of both the lights. which we also find to besatisfactory in nearly all cases. through the method of ascensions. *2:This is the sixth month in theAlexandrian calendar (starting 26 January.. one must payattention to the birth itself as the greatest [inception] and capable ofsignifying the same things. but with the birth can be foreknown the circumstances of the man alreadymatured. which were addedwhen he was in the womb. and the water clocks by the cessations andirregularities of the flow of water by different causes and through chance: forthis reason. very many[characteristics] additionally accrue to him at that time. Therefore. that is. 6 hours. since an impasse often arisesconcerning what is the first and most authoritative part (that is. Also. because. by examining the beginning at birth. whether it should be a conjunction or awhole moon. For. He says that. with the manner of rulership in generalbeing contemplated in these five [ways]: by trigon and by domicile and byexaltation and by bound and by phase or configuration. *3:This is the ¼ day left over froma 365 day year. Julian date). whenever theplace in question has one or most or even all of these in relation to the starthat is about to rule.. 2. Concerning the Degree Marking the Hour The truth-loving Ptolemy set out acertain method for the degree marking the hour.. one must make use of it for the close investigationof the properties of body and soul. and here through the same study also of the properties that happen at the timeof conception. the solar [devices] by occasional distortions of thepositions and gnomons.degree of Pisces. and as lacking with respect to the inception of theconception only in this—that the circumstances prior to birth. on the whole only observation at thevery time of birth by scientific observers with hour-marking astrolabes is able to submit the minute of the hour. then.(*) *:This last paragraphassembles a few scattered sentences and thoughts from Bk III.whereas nearly all other hour-marking [devices] to which most of the morecareful [astrologers] pay attention are frequently capable of being utterlydeceived about the truth.. chapter 2 of theTetrabiblos. can be foreknown through thatbeginning. degree of Aquarius. whence.of theintercalated day and night. at which hour wehave found the Sun in the. wemake conjectures more accurately from it of all the human events that happen. with the degree marking the hour presupposed as near to agiven hour. it would be necessary for it to be explained beforehand. Julian date). *1:This is the third month in theAlexandrian calendar (starting 28 October. With the time of conception known either bymethod or by observation. if a whole moon the degree of the light that is above the earth at thetime of birth).(*3) there is found the second hour in the 26th to the 27th day of Mechir in the96th year [of Diocletian]. with anatural and consistent account. and the latter the genesis of a man. to take theprenatal syzygy nearest the birth. how one might find the degree of the zodiacthat ought to rise. It is necessary.

whateverdegree this star exactly occupies in the zoidion it is transiting at the timeof birth.If then we should find one of the stars that issituated in a familiar manner in relation to all or most of these. And Anubio says the following in his elegiac verses: The other stars aside. the minutes of the degree. But if we should find two or more co-ruling stars. he says. giving one degree for each zoidion. inthe case of diurnal nativities. Where it should stop. from these degrees when they are made exact. forthe sake of elaboration. For byprojecting the degrees between the prenatal syzygy and the natal Sun from theSun. with a few amplifications. Nevertheless. making use of this same number which isrelated to the culminating degree. *2: This text in this paragraph is substantially thesame as that of Ptolemy’s Bk III. One must. Examine. chapter 3. One must subtract the number of a prior Selene If you examine at a nocturnal hour of a theme. which finds the Horoskopos in an approximate manner. If Helios should have but few degrees of the stars. Thence with star [groups] counted in a row Up to the star set up over Selene. the ruler of the domicile in which the Sun is. and to project likewise from her orfrom the Sun the quantity of . Inspect both squares and diameters of the places. and count zoidia from it up to the ruler of theMoon. marks the hour at a degreeof this zoidion equal in number. the treatments published by otherson the finding of the Horoskopos in a rough manner. if it is not possible tomake the very degree precise in the manner of the divine Ptolemy. if the distance of the degreesof the rulership to the degree of the rough Horoskopos should be greater than[its distance] to the like Midheaven. we will make use ofthe one whose quantity of degrees chances to be nearer to the degree roughlymarking the hour (that is. you may learn the hour-divider Of the hour by examining the Moon and Great Helios. there will be the Horoskopos.(*2) *1:That is. For birth by day contrive from Helios Finding the houses' master where stands the god. we willthereby also place separately the remaining pivots. These [treatments] concerning the degree marking the hour Ptolemy sets out in a skillful and natural manner. and afew abridgements near the end. Project this number entire from the Sun. the finer parts(*1) of the degreemarking the hour are also found to be equal in number to the position of thestar. And in the case ofa nocturnal nativity. for in thismanner. we will make use of the exact quantity of degrees). But let there also be set out. make use of the method set out beforehand in the account of theconception. it is requisite to begin from the Moon with the same method. the zöidion that it comes down to willbe roughly the Höroskopos. we will say that just so many degrees mark the hour in the zoidionthat is found by the method of ascensions for the given hour. and at the zoidion where this quantityshould fall out. there too the Hour-Divider. and project the quantity of zoidiafrom the domicile in which the Sun is. then.and we will say that the zoidion marking the hour.

and the zoidion on which it falls out will either markthe hour.have confidence that the Horoskopos falls only in Aquarius. project [them] fromthe degree of the Sun. Mechir. he says. for. chances to be in thebeginning of the zoidia. (*) And ifthe Sun. investigate the degree of the Sun. the other zoidion of the trigon will be found under the earth. Mesori. There will be an illustration of this. should the Horoskopos not be upon one of them. and with this given. long of nose. The twelfth month of Alexandriancalendar (starting 25 July. and the final portions of this zoidion cause danger. and the last part of this zoidion gives birth to those who arelewd. Julian date). Then either Aquarius orGemini or Libra were marking the hour. we indeed make aconjecture as to which kind of zoidion is more like the form of the man. Julian date). The sixth month of Alexandriancalendar (starting 26 January.and always adding to it 2 ½ degrees when investigating from Thoth to Mechir. and the natives have their facebent downwards. at times they are wooly-haired and have large ears and arefleshy in the shoulders. But if ever twozoidia of the trigon should be above the earth. which is also inagreement. the Sun chances to be at the beginning of Sagittarius. Julian date). hairy. or else its trigon will. which we suspect to be the Horoskopos. sometimes having thick lips and large nostrils and thickeyebrows. and we make our declaration in relation to thisone. round-faced at times dark dependingon the [geographical] . perhaps accounting forHephaistio’s uncertainty as to whether the number should be projected from theSun or the Moon herself. One must. Cancer makes the natives bony. And having takentwelve times the resulting quantity of degrees of the Sun.intermediate zoidia. However. with their hair turnedup. those whopretend to be good. as the procedure confines [the result] totwo zoidia signifying the Horoskopos.for. *: There is a certain vagueness in theverse instructions for a nocturnal nativity. it impossible for Libra to markthe hour since it is under the earth. then. and at times they are bald and have small ears. We must also set out another best method. Those born when Taurus is marking the hour are snub-nosed andbull-eyed somewhat dark with a broad forehead and broad nose.and from it up to the beginning of Gemini is likewise the hemisphere above theearth by day. butagain always subtract 2 ½ degrees from Phamenoth to Mesori. Those born when Gemini is marking the hour are symmetrical inbody. I was born on the 30th of Athyr during the day. The seventh month ofAlexandrian calendar (starting 25 February. hypocrites.For us. Julian date). Those born when Aries is marking the hour are bony. and they are cowardly and dancers and foul-mouthed. Phamenoth. It is requisite to be given beforehand whether the birth was atnight or in the day. similarly also for Gemini since thetriangular side falls on the final part of it and is likewise under the earth. the method itself is in agreement in nearly all cases. I project from the degreeof the Sun.and after multiplying the 6 ½ degrees twelve times. and it falls on the final part of Aquarius.moderate rather than good-sized. it is requisite to examine the squares and diametersof the quantity being projected. with the Sunoccupying approximately 4 degrees of Sagittarius. I added 2 ½ to the 4 degrees. The first month of Alexandriancalendar (starting 29 August. *:Thoth.

especially in the first degrees. broad in the upper parts. with red hair. Capricorn makes the natives short. it is possible to find the Horoskopos in a rough manner in the caseof men who have already come . with fine legs. sallow.it makes them thin of hair. Zeus. good and noble. gluttonous with thin legs. grim.well-molded.pot-bellied. wan. born. pale. and the chest itself is broad and their eyes are suffused withcataracts. with small cars. who mind been ownbusiness. bald in the forehead. and it makes those who have a large chest. those who swim well.and those who have one leg longer than the other. who are long of leg and swift.and the last part of the zoidion around the sting makes the natives lewd. Ares.which is cloud-like. with leonineface. and at times also those who grow grey first in the beard. and it makes thosewhose chest is slight. at times also pot-bellied. somewhat dark. while the Moon makes them temperate and well-fleshed. those who speak slowly. eachalters [these signification] in a certain manner related totheir own properties. with beautiful hair. with a large gut and upright and well-behaved. at times with hairylegs. Libra makes those who have beautiful eyes. symmetrical and curly-haired. those who are good in theirbehavior. Scorpio makes those who are small-eyed. Thezoidia themselves signify these things and such things as these by themselvesin the Horoskopos. Leo makes those who are grey. lascivious. sallow.bald in the forehead. a whiteforehead. those who are bald. with ample flesh. but when the planets chance to be present in them. well-spoken of. and it makes those who have a protrudingpharynx and broad shoulders. The Sun and the Moon are turned in the direction of those planets they chance to fall in with. those who are at timesdisproportionate in their height (for the lower parts will be larger while theupper parts will be smaller). Pisces makes the natives quite broad in the shoulders. at timesboth large and wooly-haired and just and modest. with black eyes. Kronosmakes the natives dark and badly formed and dry. Virgo makes the natives symmetrical in height and rather large. with hands of good complexion. but in a special manner the Sun makes the natives well-grown.especially when they are born in the first degrees. those who have many teeth. especially all the natives who have the Horoskopos near the Manger. jealous. Sagittariusmakes the natives long in the thigh. well-bearded. strong. andat times those who have some cataracts in the eyes on account of the cloudaround the sting. flexible in the legs. From the things that have been prefaced concerning the nature of the zoidia and the7 planets. those who are bent over. Aquarius makes the natives ample-bodied. light. full beard. and it makes the nativeswooly-haired and thick-nose. Aphrodite makes the natives. and the final part of the zoidionmakes them lewd. and the natives bellies protruding under theirchest. a pointed beard.at times the chin is bald or the eyes grey. at times also those whoare bent over. and it makes them bald in the forehead. humped. but in the final degrees around the backbone. along with these things. graceful andattractive. full-bearded. rapacious. those wholove to fide animals. with grey eyes. at times also lewd.zone. straight hair. with small ears. large eyes. hairy. feeble. Hermes.

after whichis the account concerning quality of action. the account concerning thequality of death. or the solar [place] for the inquiryconcerning the father. and especially theprimary pivots (I mean those ascending and those culminating). but in order gets reasonably placed at the end of all these.” For themagnitude of the effect. as for example. If someone should wish todivide the universal of natal theory as regards its very order. it is necessary to examine their power. which may nolonger be apprehended singly nor simply. he would find.to those having more counters. and that concerning those who go unnourished. and finally. that of events at the birth itself. or the opposite. and that concerning twins or multiple births. Then it is necessary to observe the planets having arelationship of rulership to the posited place according to the five ways wespoke of above. Of the inquiries made at the time of birth itself there is the account concerningmales and females.of the natural and possible apprehensions: the apprehension of the events whichare solely prior to birth. if we make use of the nature of thezoidia and stars and the [different] climes with continual testing andpractice. the apprehensions ofevents after birth. which we have found to betrue in nearly all cases. it is necessary togive him the rulership of that prognostication. andagain. Concerning the Dividing Up and Ordering of Natal Theory Ptolemy speaks in a reasonable manner [on this subject]. such as that of theaccount concerning siblings. whenever they chance to be oriental and additive in numbers. They are weakestwith respect to the cosmos whenever they should be in . next theaccount concerning foreign journeys. next the account concerning quality of soul and that concerningmental ailments. and thatconcerning monsters. Of theinquiries made after the birth there is the account concerning length of lifesince it is not connected to that concerning those who go unnourished. But if there are two or three. *:Hephaistioomits “and the natures of the twelfth-parts in which they are. whether theyhappen to be actively disposed in relation to the cosmos itself and in relationto the nativity. And if there should he one essential ruler. for the quality of the effect it is necessary to examine the naturesof the ruling stars themselves. theapprehension of the events both before and after birth. and that concerning the begetting of children. this also being contemplated in terms of more parts. then theaccount concerning the shape of the body and that concerning ailments or bodilyinjuries. For they are most effective whenever theyshould be in their own or familiar places with respect to the cosmos. And they aremost effective with respect to the nativity whenever they should be passingthrough the pivots or the post-ascensional twelfth-parts.(*) as well as the places havingfamiliar ties to them. the Midheavcn for theinquiry concerning what one does. which in meaning is akin to the account concerning length oflife. then the account concerning fortune which pertains toacquisition and that concerning fortune which pertains to dignity. such as that of the account concerning parents. and it is possible to make precise the degree marking the hour inaccordance with the method of the divine Ptolemy. and finally. then the account concerning thecompanionship which is marriage. After thesematters.37 First it isnecessary to examine that place of the zodiac which is familiar to the specificheading in question in the nativity. 3.and that concerning associations and partnerships and friendships.to maturity.

it signifies that the family is free. he brings to pass the separation of the parents. We of course find these [treatments] to besatisfactory. he says. and with these one must make adisclosure for each of the parents—the Sun clearly signifying matters of thefather.When the lights happen to be in the last degrees of the zoidia. likewise also. it isaccustomed to make for ill success and injuries in the bodies of the parents. especially whenmalefics look on. giving one hour to each zoidion in succession. one must suppose that the circumstancesof the father are fortunate and wealthy. and which of thestars are co-present or seeing (them). For when they are cast or upon a pivot point they become moreeffective at the commencement. And they are weakest withrespect to the nativity whenever they should be declining from the pivots. and occidental or retreating in their course. He also replaces Ptolemy's own conclusionabout timing with the following: However. I pick up withhis discussion of Dorotheus. but poorand subordinate and doing servile work. Taking the hours of the birth. whether they should happen to be upon the pivot points orpost-ascensions. If then the Sun should be present inbenefic places and with benefic stars. it signifies that the circumstances of the parents aredisreputable. ] In verse Dorotheus advises examining the trigon lords of the lights.leaving out Ptolemy's digression about his combinatory procedure and issues ofrulership in the final paragraph. and that the patrimony will be keptsafe for the child himself.. either bodily or in accordance withrays. and from the risings of the zoidia upon whichthe parental places chance to be. then. he says “When theSun is setting.44 And again. and at thezoidion at which the number leaves off. it will do these things: It . when they are afflicted).another's or unfamiliarplaces. The opposite will result when the lights are found inthe opposite condition (that is. because Hephaistio quotes it nearly verbatim with nochanges in astrological content. it is necessary to examine whether they are east orwest relative to the Sun and the Horoskopos. [I omit theremainder of this chapter.. but it is not. he says. examine the pivots of that zoidion andthe other relationships and make a statement about the mother. He has madethis last paragraph read as if it were Ptolemy's. He only alters Ptolemy’s text near the end. has this character. extend from the zoidionin which the Sun is. which Ptolemy has indeed proposed through his natural and amazinginvestigations. 4. itmakes the same things. of the stars causing [it]. and in what sort ofplaces the lights themselves chance to be.” here examine the mother as was done for the Sun. while the remaining quadrants arc west). For thegeneral time of the effect.42 evenif it should be in good bounds. and when the Moon chances to be in the places of eclipse.. (the quadrants preceding each ofthem and their diameters being east. That is.43 There isanother method. to which it is fittingto adhere throughout. the Moon those of the mother. while when they are west and upon thepost-ascension. when the Moon chances to be so.Also. they are tardy. Concerning Parents The guidingoutline.” And Manethothus: “When Aresis culminating for day births. of the examination of specifics. we will find the time of theissuance for the effect from the contact. “And theMoon in the horned pivot under the earth. and in what bounds.

. the subterraneous pivot. onemust consider the place concerning parents. and especially when it is upon a pivot. the Moon of the mother. 44 I cannotfind this curious method mentioned in the discussion of the mother in Bk 1 ofthe Arabic version as translated by Pingree. And he also says this. if in a feminine zoidion. particularly in thediscussion of the triplicity lords: on the other hand."(*3) [I omit theremainder of Hepbaistio's quotation since it is virtually identical to thereceived text of Ptolemy] Ptolemy says these things.. "Of all of them atop shaggy Sagittarius and Leo"'.if she chances to be in a masculine zoidion. it seems to leave outsome of the material. Concerning Siblings If someone should wish to examine what is universal and possible to the matter ofsiblings. 42 The lunarnodes. but Dorotheus this. 6. 5.(*4) .destroys the lifefor the first of the parents and it parts the marriage bed by death ordisagreement. the mother. “And theywill destroy the begetter sooner than she who gives birth. And if malefics should be transiting orconfigured with the place by a square or diametrical figure. whether theyare of a single form or prolific. they cause the father topredecease the mother. When the Moon is waxing. for they encompass both the maternal place(*2)and the pace of children. Bk I. If then benefics should be configured with them..One must examine if they (*3) are helped by each other both from the Lot of Fortune and the Lot of Siblings.how the benefics and malefics arc related to it.arrives first at the subterraneous pivot. On the Predeceasing of the Parents Examine which of the lights is afflicted in the nativity and conjecture from thatconcerning the one of the parents who is taken first by death. it causesthe father to predecease. Also consider this. On the onehand.. whichof the lights in the nativity. Anubio saysas follows. it causesharmony. for the Sun signifies the predeceasing of the father. if she chances to be in Pisces. the Arabic version seems to be much more detailed. wewill declare an abundance of siblings in relation to the multitude of starsseeing and following and in relation to the nature of the zoidia. through the turning of the motion of the whole. such as the lights bring the last degrees of a zoidion. that when Ares chances to be withKronos.” Also. and especially if they take the Sun inaddition. he will accurately (*1)findthe number of children of the same mother from the culminating zoidion and thepost-ascension to it. he causes discord in thechildren toward the parents.” Dorotheus [says] these things. And see which oftheir Lots is more afflicted and conjecture likewise.12 of the Arabic version of Dorotheus in Pingree's translation. it causes the father topredecease. 43 Cf. they areindicative of a fewness of siblings. And when waning and likewise coming to conjunction. When Kronos is upon thesetting pivot and looks at Zeus upon the Hour. andfrom the stars seeing them or present upon them. that is. but when it is triangular to Zeus. and reckon thus the one taken firstby death.

. Concerning Monsters The accountof monsters depends on the aforesaid inquiry. 20 (possibly) of the Arabic version ofDorotheus. they are indicative of a fewness ofsiblings. using these methods. [This entire chapter is a slightly abridged version of the Ptolemy text (corresponding to BkIII. and so I have omitted it in this translation. from the place containingAphrodite by day and the Moon by night. "that which concerns onlychildren of the same mother would more naturally be taken from the culminatingtwelfth-part of the maternal place. Hephaistio omits Ptolemy's final sentence. "For. 7. In my opinion. and first concerning males and females.which ought to be the same as the place concerning siblings of theoffspring. in such cases thelights. chapter 7 of my translation). If. This is because this zoidion and theone post-ascending it are made the place concerning the children of the mother. we will declare an abundance of siblings." In other words. it is likewise befittingto observe the two lights and the Horoskopos. then. But if malefic have a superior positionover them or are diametrically opposed. and from the stars having arelationship to these. that is. "As for the topic ofsiblings—if one examines here also only the universal and does not inquirybeyond what is possible into the exact number and what is particular—" *2: I think we see here the beginnings of a crucial misreadingof the Ptolemaic text.. which reads. especially if they should also include the Sun..." *3:The siblings. which assigns the 10th place to the mother (an assignmentroutinely made in the medieval tradition. This topic is studiedfrom both the luminaries and the Horoskopos. There are no references to Dorotheus or any otherastrologers.*1:Hephaistio has made what seems to be a sneaky alteration ofthe Ptolemaic text here by saying that we can find the exact number ofchildren. benefics are configuredwith the place. Concerning Twins And concerning those who are born two or more at a time." . and so Ihave omitted it. *4:Compare I 18 and I. *3:The remainder of this paragraph is only slightly differentfrom the Ptolemaic original... with no astrological differences. next would be to make a beginning of the events at the birth itself. but rathersimply the place of the native's children. Ptolemy actually says. the place of children of the native's motheris the 10th place from the place of Aphrodite or the Moon in a derivative housesystem: the place of the mother to not the 10th place natally.] 8. Concerning Males and Females With these accounts being prefaced. making our conjecturein reference to the number of these very stars and whether they chance to be inzoidia of a single form or bicorporeal..] 9. [This chapter is a slightly abridged and paraphrased version of Bk III. a careful translationof the corresponding Ptolemaic text would read. chapter 8 ofthe Ptolemy text.

the multitude of afflictions obliterating that which isbeneficial to a duration of life from the interval of the post-ascension. while the star of Kronos soharms the Moon. in proportion to themagnitude of the affliction and the power of those [stars] providing the cause. So I have not translated it here. all the more(*2)when the lights are upon the pivots and the malefics at equality of leg. each [topic] waskept separate by the ancients. butrather the life of those who are wasting away is scarcely allowed for hours ordays or a few months.But if the rays of the malefics bear on the places preceding the lights whilethose of the benefics bear on the succeeding places. atthat time too the infants are born either dead or half-dead. the former (that concerning length of life) also having a inquiry of more parts. but conversely. while the star of Ares harms theMoon in this way—and above all if they chance to have rulership of the lightsand the Horoskopos. Ptolemy. .says. *1: It is still not clear to me whether the expression"equality of leg" is a synonym for a partite aspect. due to an excess of affliction.(*1) And ifthere chances to be two diametrical oppositions. If this happens without equality of leg. And with thesethings being so. [he willlive] by substitution under other parents. or if each malefic in a class shouldrespectively harm one of the lights. especially.[The text ofthis chapter is virtually identical with Bk III. The star of Ares. and if thereshould be two malefics harming either one or both of the lights bypost-ascension or diametrically. the star of Kronos harms the Sun by beingdiametrical or by being in superior position. Concerning Those Who Go Unnourished The manner[of inquiry] that concerns those who go unnourished does pertain to thatconcerning length of life. the offspring will go unnourished and will have the end of his lifebecause of them. whenever [the benefics] should have the superior position.] 10. or whether ithas some other meaning. [though] instead of the [number] of degrees that we reckonbetween the releasing and the nearer of the rays of the malefics [being equatedto a year. then. and these to thedegree and by equality of leg. And if the benefics in configuration shouldhave malefics in superior position to them. if the lights chance to be separating from one of the beneficsor should be otherwise configured with them while [the benefics] even so bringtheir rays to bear on the parts preceding the lights themselves. but the inquiry is not considered to be made for astretch [of time] such as a quantity of years (as it is in length of life). (*1) with nobenefic being configured and the ruler of the lights being taken in places ofmalefics. or if the one malefic harms by beingdiametrical while the other by post-ascending: he also comes to be lacking inany time span. [he will live] in affliction andsubjection.(*3)And if one of the benefics should also make a rising [from] the Moon(*4)while one of the malefics is subject to setting. *2:Another word for ray. but the bolts (*2) of the malefics closely post-ascend the places of the lights. but this one of fewer parts. to] an equal number of months or days or hours. chapter 9 of the Tetrabiblos. whence. the one bornwill survive. for it is simply this: if one of the lights should be pivotal and one ofthe malefics should be present or else in opposition [to it]. he will be taken up by theparents themselves. the child that has beenexposed will be taken up again. harms the Sun by post-ascension.No other astrologers are cited.

And the same manner of inquiry [holds] in cases of multiple-births.*1 :Ptolemy has "and above all if as rulers they controlby place either the lights or the Horoskopos. and again. but the bolts of themalefics closely post-ascend the places of the lights. or an imperfect lump offlesh. wheneverAres should be diametrical to the Sun while Kronos post-ascends the Moon. he says. oragain. by adoption. the diameter and thatof post-ascension. the one co-born with the cause applying to him will go unnourished or willbe without a time-span. *: Hephaistio seems to have leftout here the condition that one of the malefics be present with the light. both Apollinarius and the Egyptians think it worth considering both the . He says. But let the diameter of themalefic not be according to the same degree.” The Hephaistio text reads as if the benefics ormalefics are making a rising or setting relative to the Moon. thus Hephaistio makes the upcoming phrase an additional supportingcondition while Ptolemy regards it as part of the necessary condition. he says. ahalf-dead child will be born along with the offspring. chances tobe in the domiciles or bounds of Kronos or Ares. then: "If this happens without equality of leg. if Ares and Kronos shouldpost-ascend them at the same time. Here there is need of a multitudeof malefics (these two. Ares and Kronos) and of a multitude of those afflicted (these two. *3:That is. The Moon is marking the hour in Taurus at the25th degree. but let there be anillustration of what he has said. and none of the benefics either trines or squares or regards theMoon in any other way. ordiametrical to it to the degree. *4:The Ptolemaic text has here "And if one of the benefics should make its rising or its application to the Moon while one of themalefics is at setting." The manner of harming. another figure. or else "by equality of leg. If one of the stars thatare configured two by two or else by more at a time should be at setting. isaccording to post-ascension or by diametrical opposition—for example. who has the rulership of Taurus. when Ares post-ascends the Sun while Kronos is diametrical to the Moon. Also. *:The Hephaistio text of thisphrase is an improvement over the received Ptolemaic text. and if they should harmeither one or both of the lights. and two powerful figures."although he refers to it at the end of this paragraph. Ptolemy setsout these matters in a perfect and wondrous manner.(*) Thenative having this will of necessity go unnourished.For. this being one figure. the Sun and Moon). Aphrodite.(*) But if it should have malefics in superior position toit. if Aresand Kronos should be diametrical to the Sun and Moon or both should bediametrical to both. and both Antiochus andApollinarius are in agreement with these [matters]. or again. all of these figures are without time-span. *2:Ptolemy does not have the words "all the more"here. the multitude of afflictions obliteratingthat which is beneficial to the duration of life by means of the interval of post-ascension.

if maleficsshould be found in Life and they succeed(*) theMoon or the Sun. but rather in terms of months or days orhours. And again. and to the mother through the slackening of the passages of thewoman's nature beyond what is required."but if the lights chance to be separating from one of the benefits orshould be otherwise configured with them while [the benefics] even so bringtheir rays to bear on the parts preceding the lights themselves. Let Zeus be in Cancer. Pisces). since in each zoidion there are bounds of the fivestars. while the star of Kronos so harms the Moon. which moistens. it results that every danger happens to the[mother] giving birth and to the child born. to the child throughbeing drowned. "The star of Ares.but they can no longer diametrically oppose the lights. The erudite Porphyry lays down an illustration of this. having an untempered fire in the degreespost-ascending. after the birth. while the malefics should be in Aquarius. for example. *: diadechomai. And if the two malefics should be diametrical to the lights by equality of degree. being cold. chills the Moon. according to a right square). let Ares be ascending after the Moon at the 8th degree of Virgo. they will live either months or days. it is clear. the star of Ares. with the infant already fallinginto the mouth of the womb and the fastenings of the pregnant mother looseningso that there is danger of simultaneous death for both. andlet the Moon have separated from it (let it have been carried to the 8th degreeof Leo). the one bornwill survive instead of the [number] of degrees that we reckon between thereleasing and the nearer of the rays of the malefics. for. they cause the life to disappear and the native to beshort-lived. intensifies the sun which is hot. but rather they can[afflict] from the bounds.Ptolemy says. he says. but not with the intermediatedegrees reckoned in terms of years. he says. but the starof Kronos. as well as thezoidion post-ascending it. thestar of Kronos harms the Sun by being diametrical or by being in superiorposition (that is. Thenative will live for just a span of time as there are degrees between the 8thdegree of Leo up to the 8th degree of Virgo.in making a separation from one of the benefics. the natives will exist for the interval ofthe Sun and Moon to the malefics. but conversely. which is the domicile of Zeus and the star ruling over the placeof the lights (that is. And othersof the ancients have said that these figures are considered in a naturalmanner. for when [a malefic] occupiesthe Evil Spirit at the Hour. but configured with the Moon in Leo byregarding the Moon .zoidionpre-ascending the Horoskopos. an equal number of monthsor days or hours. for destruction.if the lights should be in Pisces. while the star of Ares harmsthe Moon in this way. only instead of the times distributed to them in accordancewith the ascensions. which they call the Evil Spirit. and Ares or Kronos have superior position inSagittarius. harms the Sun by post-ascension. And [they] are capable of post-ascending ifthe lights should be in Capricorn. And they say that theintensification of affliction occurs especially when the malefics chance topossess the places of the stars having rulership over the lights. in proportion to the magnitude of the affliction and thepower of those [stars] providing the cause. with the differencearising from the mangnitude of the affliction." For if the Sun and the Moon. There is somepossibility that this verb refers to the reception of the Sun or Moon bymalefics in the second place. especially. whilethe lights are pivotal. which they call Life. in accordance with the ascension of theafflicted zoidion. And again. should apply to the maleficsin the degrees ascending after them. And should Zeus not be in Cancer. that the child is born half-dead.

For example. the childthat has been exposed will be taken up again and will live. this definition applies. though they will be slaves.(*1)for ifthe ray [is hurled between](*2) byZeus. let the Sunand Moon be in Leo. a half-dead child will be born along with theoffspring. with the Sun and Moon ten degrees distant from the first degree ofLeo. *1:Here we see that the definition of superior position is notrestricted to right hand squares. Nevertheless. and let Kronos hurl rays from Aries onto Cancer by squares.And if the benefics should have the malefics in superior position. "But if the rays of the malefics bear on the places preceding thelights while those of the benefics bear on the succeeding places." One of the twins happens to live." We must do an exegesis of this. "one of the stars that are configured two by two or else by more ata time should be subject to setting. The present text is identical tothat of Ptolemy. will be taken up again andhe will live. with Zeus in superior position to Kronos in a triangularfigure. however. The child born in this manner.(*1) he will be taken up for adoption.if benefics or one of these should be oriental or should make an application tothe Moon. let it hurl its ray notonto the degrees after the 8 degrees of Leo but rather onto the degrees beforethe 8 degrees. which they call a superfetation. for the figures of twins or of multiple-births. If then.with a triangular ray from Aries. Thus. with the malefics possessing thelights or ascending after them. and from the stars and places having a relation to them. the one co-born with the cause applying to him will gowill go unnourished. For whenthese three places are double bodied. *2:mesemboleo." If we understand the Moon to beapplying to the malefic Ares. and let Zeus hurl a ray triangularly from Sagittarius onto the first fifteen degrees of Leo. "or be without lifespan. *2:This passage is corrupt in the complete quotation made byHephaistio at the beginning of this chapter. the one born will live. "there isintervention (mesembolesis ) whenever a star should hurl as rays onto theintermediate degrees of the application. or an imperfect lump of flesh. And if then itshould be configured. *1:Another case where the hurling of rays is not restricted toaspects cast backward in zodiacal order. as the ascending degrees do not furnish a number of years. except that the ray ishere hurled forward in zodiacal order.but rather a number of months or days or hours. the degrees will be unaffected. since bothAntiochus and Apollinarios say nearly the same things. the native will be taken up again by his own parents.and let Ares hurl rays onto the first degrees of Leo diametrically fromAquarius. This figure is studied from the lights and from theHoroskopos. hesays. (* 2 ) while the malefics or one of theseshould be toward setting. . Next Ptolemy says." he says. etc. the nativeswill be taken up and they will live. unless he should beotherwise harmed from the conjunction of the lights. and especially when the stars havingmastership over the places are likewise in double-bodied places. the other dies right away or after a short time. but if it should have malefics insuperior position to it. In such a manner he discusses twins. but in this manner hewill be short-lived. According to Antiochus. And it happens in the same fashion. with theaccidents being studied in relation to the lights and the Horoskopos. itresults that twins are born. he says.68and if it should not be subject to setting.

they will cause thesame thing. while malefics possess the first degrees. one who goes unnourished is begotten. Kritodemos in his Table says the same. it makes them be without time-span. *1:The lunar nodes. in relation to which a method is set outin the following. In the eclipses of the Sun and Moon. If the last part of a zoidion should bemarking the hour. And if the Moon should apply to a malefic star while itis stationing. which I divide among the 30 degrees of thezoidion. and three are likewise three times the . and if Ares isfound to be lord of the place at which it leaves off. it isrequisite to make use of the ascensions of the zoidia in the manner of Ptolemy. for those born by day. When the Moon in theplace of eclipse (* 1) is looked uponby the Sun and Ares.whose method we also employ as the most true and most natural.(*2) and ifKronos has authority over the zoidion at which it leaves off. they make thechildren he without time-span. while the luminaries are in the idle place(*2). itwill likewise make one who goes unnourished. whichbecome 21 years and 8 months. *1:I cannot locate this material in Bk III of the Arabicversion of. *2:The 8th house. if the lordof the Horoskopos should be going into hiding and should not be figured. *2:In Valens and others this is also called the Lot ofAccusation. while being pivotal. it makes the children be short-lived.it makes the native be non-viable and devoured by wild dogs. (the natives) arebrought forth with no time-span. one must not suppose that since the ascensions arefound otherwise and in a different manner under the same parallel. And if the malefics occupy the pivots in the places ofothers. One might also expect to find it somewhere in chapters4-9 of Bk I of the Arabic version of Dorotheus. And one mustknow that. When the luminaries are in the last degrees of thezoidia. he says. count from Ares to Kronos and extend suchfrom the Horosicopos.(*1) Hlowmany times of the equipartite circle(*2)co-rise with each zoidion (which are indeed taken for years). for him who is investigating the topic of length of life. it isnecessary to examine the appropriate ascensions in accordance with methods from[this author]. while it ispivotal. And if Ares and Kronos should beunder the earth in bestial zoidia and look upon the Moon. they make [the natives] be without time-span. Again. we do as follows: Let it be the casethat Aries rises with 21 degrees.from Kronos to Ares and an equal amount from the Horoskopos. (*1) For those born at night. itmakes them be without time-span. but I cannot locate it there oranywhere else. Dorotheus. it makes thembe without time-span. however. and especially whenshe is looked upon by Ares according to a square or diameter. 20 days. When the Moon is waxing withAres marking the hour. and waning with Kronos marking the hour. Then I multiply the 21 years and 8 months by 12[months] and they become 260. or the co-culminations. while waning inthe south. and two degrees arcclearly 17 months 10 days. If we should want to roughly find the co-ascensions of eachzoidron by hand. it makes them be without time-span. If the maleficsshould he rising while the benefics are going into hiding.Dorotheus also talks about these things in his verses concerning length of life. we will know fromthe canons of ascensions of each zone. For. 40 minutes according to the ancients. and each degree is allotted 8 months. as on the whole those born during eclipses arewithout time or blind. this wouldhe so at another time.

However I have not favoured this translation because Hephaistio clearly transfers these names to the new house divisions in the next paragraph. tenth. or belonging to it. Ptolemy says. nor the Good Spirit on the 11th. Compare Valen's treatment of the Porphyry system of dynamical housedivision (Bk III. since it isfirst requisite to know the years to he lived (concerning which this inquiry ismade). of (*1) theGood Spirit. and then to adapt the particulars of the effects accordingly. nor on the 11th. and again sometimes less. and againupon those capable of destroying. and [right] squares. for instance. of the so-called God. applying to each differently in proportionto the degrees between the two pivots. Thisheading is entirely dependent upon the places that pertain to releasing andupon those that are capable of having releasers in relation to life. and eleventh "houses" of the Ptolemaic division. This is certainly a baffling text! *2:This sentence might also be translated as follows: "Hecalled the hexagonals and squares and triangulars 'sides' and not zoidiabecause they do not always fall on the 10th zoidion from the Horoskopos. while if they are less than 90 degrees. which is called God. in which case Ptolemy would betransferring the traditional place names for the whole-sign houses to his ownequal house system. he would augment the degrees by just as much as theyshould be greater. and right hexagonalsto these 30 degrees. And each of these is decided upon as follows. Another possibility is that we are being instructed to takethe hexagonal "sides" that are part of the 11th zoidion from theHoroskopos (the Good Spirit). but rather sometimes it is requisite to make more than the 30degrees. nor on the 9th. *2:The equator. But this would makethe places of releasing the intersections of the first. the same method be for each zoidion and zone. nor the onecalled God on the 9th. or the Good Spirit. (*2) Andthrough these he hinted (* 3) thatit was not always necessary to give 30 degrees to the three places around theMidheaven. One possibility is that there is an implicit "the placeof" here and in the parallel passages. or theMidheaven. andeleventh signs with the first. of the Descendant. If then the degrees of the quadrantshould be more than 90. He markedout as places for releasing those in one of which it is requisite for the starassuming the releasing to he: the twelfth-part around the Horoskopos. ninth. from fivedegrees toward the rear part pre-ascending the hour-marking degree up to theremaining twenty-five degrees post-ascending this degree. Hecalled the hexagonals and squares and triangulars "sides" and not"zoidia" because the Midheaven does not always fall on the 10th zoidionfrom the Horoskopos.magnitude. . he would lessen themproportionately. *1:I am not confident of my translation of this sentence. goes before the eventssubsequent to birth. and fright]triangulars. It is preceded by no relative pronoun(although most of the Ptolemaic manuscripts have such a pronoun preceding thegenitive). *1:It is hard to know how to interpret the genitive here andin the upcoming parallel passages. and diametricals. ninth. the traditional names for thehouses would be retained by the signs of the whole sign system of housedivision and not transferred to the new houses created by the Ptolemaic division. of the Midheaven above the earth. tenth. 2).And le. Concerning the Length of Life According to theTruth and Ptolemy The discussion concerning the years of life.” Under this alternative translation. 11.

for I againmade the ninth part of these 15 degrees. The ninth part likewiseexceeds by 3 1/3 degrees. Therefore. and it comes down to 181/3 degreesof Sagittarius. and from the 20th degree of Sagittarius to the20th degree of Scorpio will be the 10th. and from the 20thdegree of Scorpio to the 20th degree of Libra will be the 9th. and . then those according with the Descendant. and likewise from the 20th degree of Capricorn to the 20th degreeof Sagittarius will be the 11th. 40 minutes.by falling out in an idle place. and theycome down to the 18th and 1/3 degree of Scorpio. I find 100 degrees. we do notaccept it). unconnected to the Horoskopos (and we dismissit for releasing). finally thoseaccording with the precedent of the Midheaven. but rather he did as follows: For since theHoroskopos is at the 25th degree of Aquarius and the Midheaven isapproximately at the 5th degree of Sagittarius. and the other 5 pre-descending degrees up tothe 20th degree of Leo. but Pancharios. instead of 15 degrees (half of the zoidion). that is. then. And letthese things have been said for the sake of clarity. for. it is clear that the Horoskoposis taken from the fifth degree of those pre-ascending [degrees]. and from the 20th degree of Virgo to the 25thdegree of Leo will be Descendant. I count from the 5th degree ofSagittarius up to the 25th degree of Aquarius. And similarly. and it comes down from the 18th and 1/3 degree ofScorpio to the 15th degree of Libra. the commentator on thistopic. or ascertain it to be in another placewhen it is not truly so. as he says. to make the 5 places of releasing with precision in thismanner in order that the releaser should never escape our notice. We have the 5 places of releasing marked off in this manner. It is requisite. Let someone be supposed to have theHoroskopos in the very 25th degree of Aquarius. which are again more than 90 degrees by a ninth part of them. Let there bean illustration of what has been said.and from the 20th degree of Libra to the 20th degree ofVirgo will be the 8th. and in order that we do not set a planet thatis upon the Midheaven in an idle place. and the 80 degrees found arelacking from 90 degrees by 10 degrees.' which is from the 18th and 1/3 degreeof Sagittarius up to the 15th degree of Capricorn. of giving 30 degrees to thethree places around the Midheaven. and of theones preferred even among these [places] for the power of predomination arefirst the [degrees] according with the Midheaven above the earth. then thoseaccording with the Ascendant. I arrange the thirty degree [part] of the GoodSpirit [to be lacking] by 3 1/3 degrees. For one must properly refuse thewhole hemisphere under the earth so great an authority. I arrange 13 1/3 degrees (which are themselves lacking from 15 degreesby a ninth part) from the Midheaven degree on the side of the Ascendant. fromthe 20th degree of Aquarius up to the 20th degree of Pisces. they come to 16 degrees. 40 minutes. fromthe 5th degree of Sagittarius backwards to the 20th degree of Scorpio are 15degrees (half of the zoidion). and from the 20thdegree of Aquarius backward to the 20th degree of Capricorn will he the 12thand Evil Spirit (if we should find some releaser in these degrees. based on the suppositionthat Ptolemy was partly concealing his true intentions. we likewise countfrom the setting horizon up to the culminating degree. Midheaven. did not always approve. one must not shrinkfrom extending this subject just because it is a multi-partite and notoriousstudy. Again. except only thosedegrees coming into the light along with the post-ascension itself. then those according with the post-ascension ofthe Midheaven. for 16 degrees. Most peopledivide the releasing places thus. which are a ninth part of those 90degrees. as we have said.*3:Here we see that the modified "Alchabitius" stylehouse system that will soon he discussed may have been an interpretation (andin my opinion a misinterpretation) of this passage.

However. by which the stars do not appear to have their natural colours ormagnitudes. then we will use it for thereleaser. bound. one must take the star having the relation ofrulership to the Moon and the prenatal full moon and the Lot of Fortune. whichis by night a distance equal to that of the interval from the Sun to the Moon. ifthe interval from the Moon to the Sun is projected backwards from the Ascendantdegree. he distinguished the releaser by day if it is indeed inone of the places of releasing: the Sun. because they project the interval from the Moon to the Sun in thereverse manner in the case of those born at night (that is. since the stars in them. and even if totwo of these (for example to the Sun and the conjunction). for in a certain fashion he wishes it toserve the purpose of the Horoskopos. trigon.from the place of the Horoskopos.(*) *:Pingree has had to do a fairamount of text restoration on this passage so that this reading must remainconjectural.phase or configuration). to the Sun or the conjunction or theHour. and if theMoon should not be found in one of these places. not so that [the star] should necessarily have therelationship of rulership to the three (for this is impossible unless theconjunction should be upon the Horoskopos). The question is whether this . it should have three to one or even more" (not places ofreleasing but rather the releasers themselves. as Ptolemy himself says. as he was saying. but if it is not. but rather even if to one of these(such as the Sun or the prenatal conjunction or the Horoskopos). the position of the Lot ofFortune would be the same both day and night. And that it is not necessarily to the three Ptolemy himself makes clearin the following when he says "whenever. projecting it fromthe Hour in the direction of the preceding zoidia). and the 5degrees that have pre-descended). And while wedo these things in the case of children born in the day. but if not. it is not fitting to accept the part unconnected to theHoroskopos (which is the 8th). inaddition to declining. After the places of releasing. there being five places ofrulership. so the Moon is to the Lot of Fortune. that as the Sunis related to the oriental horizon. (*) while of the whole hemisphereabove the earth. then. also have the thick and misty exhalation from themoisture of the earth as an impediment. nor the twelfth. exaltation. the point seems to be that in nocturnal nativities. wewill finally do the releasing from the degree marking the hour. and this star was in one of the places of releasing when the Sun was notso. the Sun (it is clear that hemay not be found in a place of releasing at night except only in those 25degrees of the post-ascension under the earth close to the horizon.thedegrees pre-descending. by which I mean the Sun and theprenatal conjunction and the Hour)—whenever. but if no star should likewise be found in a place of releasing. but if he should not chance to be in a placeof releasing in this manner. in the case of thoseborn at night it is necessary to take the Moon as the first releaser if she isbe in one of the places of releasing. *:The Ptolemaic text does notmention these pre-descending degrees. the star capable of having thefive relationships of rulership to the Sun and to the prenatal conjunction andto the Horoskopos. this will give the same position as projecting the interval from theSun to the Moo forward from the Ascendant. some star should be found tohave more relations of rulership in the five ways (of domicile. that the ancients around Nechepso and Petosiris gave hints for positioning itthe same way. thus. Also. in relation to the efflux from them tothe earth. the Moon. and even if to thethree.

[we must take] the one inthe more authoritative place anyhow. from the next words he gives. Perhaps. according to the order that wasdistinguished. *2:It is not clear whether in this second mode of releasing weare supposed to use both procedures all the time. but if it isconjunctive. or the one of them that isappropriate depending on the position of the releaser. since other Hellenisticastrologers read their account and concluded that the calculation of the Lotshould be truly reversed by day and by night. it ismore reasonable for the master of it to be taken. by night theruler of the Moon or the full moon or the Lot of Fortune). we must furthermore assume two modes of releasing:that in the direction of the succeeding zoidia alone.” With(*1)the releaser distinguished. subject to the so-calledhurling of rays.wasreally their intention of Ncchepso/Petosiris. *:This is the same as Ptolemy’saccount. and we must additionally avail ourselves of that one in the accountsof releasing. Others gavethe following explanation: If it should happen that the lights and the rulerwith regard to sect are in the places of releasing. Here Pancharios says. and yet hemanifestly seeks the closest syzygy in the following [topics]. And if it happens. it is necessary to use the Horoskopos. we must then examinewhich of them possesses the more powerful place and has more relations ofrulership. and also the ruler of the appropriate sect (that is. but then we must give preference to the ruler only when alongwith being present in the more authoritative place. why is this worthy of attention only for the star having arelation to the prenatal full moon and not for the one having a relation to theprenatal syzygy simply? For perhaps. it is necessary tomake use of the Lot of Fortune as releaser if the prenatal syzygy should be afull moon. As we will see laterPancharios read the passage in this latter manner in order to take account ofreleasers in the five degrees just under the Descendant. then. if the Lot should be in the places of releasing.it would be unconvincing. by day theruler of the Sun or the [prenatal] conjunction or the Horoskopos. it does not seem absurd to have recourse to the conjunction as the initiating syzygy. if the prenatal full moon syzygy should beclosest. whenever the releaser should be in the region of the castwind. Ptolemy has recourse to the full moonby night because the conjunction of the Moon is unilluminated. but also that in the directionof the preceding zoidia in accordance with the so-called horimaia whenever thereleaser should be in places declining from the midheaven.(*2) *1:Hephaistio resumes his direct quoting from Ptolemy here.he is intimating that if the prenatal syzygy chances to be a full moon. I am not sure why it is attributed to “others. whenever a conjunction has preceded birth. But perhaps. in the case of those born at night. . he(*Pancharios) says. in places from the Midheaven to the Horoskopos). for he says that ifthe ruler should not be found in the places of releasing. and that notonly in the direction of the succeeding zoidia. to evaluate theruler of the full moon as though it were alienated [born its own nature]. that the Sun and Moon are upon places ofreleasing. (that is. but in general he desires thenearest syzygy to be taken. Yetin the case of those born diurnally. he says. it also has a relation ofrulership to those sects.

they subtract [such twelfths] from the hoursin accordance with the quantity of seasonal hours of the interval between. but also inthe direction of the preceding aoidia. then we must subtract in proportionto their separation [from the orient] until at their setting the [number] comesdown to nothing.The number of the addition or the subtraction is contemplated through thedegree-position in each case. and they arecapable of subtracting or giving just as many years as there arc hourly timesascribed to the degree of each [star] (that upon which it is) in theappropriate zone—by day the times laid down for the degree of each one. sinceit makes the lord of life disappear. And we must reckon this verymultitude when [they] are upon the orient.let someone have the Horoskopos at the 10th degree of Aries. but rather that place is being carried tothem. but rather the latter add."(*2) *1:Pingree has reconstructed the word tetartemorion here (which means 'quadrant') on the basis of a fewnearly legible letters.'and horimaic' (or pertaining to the hour). [he says] that thesetimes are powerful as wholes when the [stars] should he upon the Horoskopos. doeshe take the releasing in the direction of the succeeding zoidia. the benefic stars add.With these things being so. which he calls destructive:for he says that it threatens and that the releaser. and let the releaserbe found at the 8th degree of Sagittarius.is made to disappear. destructive degrees for the releasing in the direction of thepreceding portions of the zodiac become only that of the setting horizon. he says. while the malefic stars take away. We have also seenthis method occasionally cited in Valens. on account of their not beingcarried to the place of releasing. However. However. with thestar of Hermes again being attached to whichever of them he is configured with. The whole distance of lifeexpectancy of nearly 75 years is totalled from the 8th degree of Sagittarius upto the 10th degree of Libra. as many as are the hourly times of eachdegree—diurnal times when it is day. Also. whence hecalls such a method of releasing "horimaic. not only. nocturnal times when it is night—just somany will be the complete multitude of years."(*1) Iftherefore some releaser should be found in this place. which makes more sense. which is the lord of life. The degrees of stars thus meeting orbearing witness only take away or add years to the total years up until thesetting of the releaser. But if thereleaser should be in the degrees that have declined from the Midheaven. but conversely. forwe do so until at the twelfth hour [the years] come down to nothing. For example. I find lyingnext to it . For. *2:This adjective is properly descriptive since the methoditself uses the hourly times horiaioi chronoi of the degrees. hewill also reckon it as up to the descending degree. the former subtract fromthe whole array between the releaser and the descending degree. so that when rays or stars are themselves additionallypresent between the degree of releasing and the descending degree. but when they are distant from it. literally. bynight those laid down for the diametrical degree. in the former he doesnot take the releasing in the direction of the preceding zoidia." while that from the decline of the Midheaven (that isfrom the 9th) up to the Descendant he names "precedent" and"hourly. and they do not destroy. it would be just as possible to restore thesemissing letters as te horimaion. For by introducing into the canon of ascensions ofthe zone through the Hellespont the 8th degree of Sagittarius. or ofpreserving it as benefics. they arethus not capable of destroying that releaser when they are destroyers. Ptolemy calls the place from the zoidion of the Midheaven up to the zoidion of theHoroskopos "subject to the hurling of rays" and"succedent. the Descendant atthe 10th degree of Libra in the zone through the Hellespont.

the lord of life will be lacking in time. he says. The 7can hardly be minutes. which he callsdestructive). with the releaser chancing to be upon Descendant. and 15 days). instead of sixtieths. 37 minutes. indeed far from the thought of the great Ptolemy. they become 15 years. but 40.and if. I go to the same zone and find 15 hourly times and 7 parts of anhour (*1) lying next to (*2) the 10th degree of Aries. 7 months. *3:And capable of hurling a trine ray between the releaser andthe Descendant. "With this example and with this fault.(*) *:Here we will append thefollowing scholium of Leon the Philosopher to the horimaia. And for the remaining distances from the point of rising. 7 years.it is necessary to subtract proportionately until. [the years] should come down to nothing. it neither addsnor subtracts anything. we do the releasing in the direction of the preceding [zoidia]. 40 ascensional timesare laid alongside it. This. 40 minutes." I think that Leon is correct in his criticism. The excess is not 75times. Everythingthat Ptolemy says about direction later in this chapter would indicate thatoblique descensions should be used here instead of ascensions. And the beneficsadd years in a similar fashion. Porphyry too wasguilty of unintelligence. And if Ares should be at the 10th degree of Libra. (*4) clearly it subtracts half of the 15 years and 7 months (that is. and the remaining 59 years 5months are left over if no other malefic should subtract years or no beneficadd them. if it . and as many hours and parts of hours as should turn out. it seems to bereferring to the very same example above. We know the proportion in relation to the hours. having 45. And by subtracting the lesser times of Libra from thetimes of Sagittarius. 8Gemini has to be at the ascendant. 9months. 7 finer [times]. and next to the 10th degree of Libra I find191 times. *2:That is. as the star or its raybecomes more distant.266 times. eitherescaped Ptolemy's notice.we know the star or ray to be so many hours distant from the oriental horizon. *4:And capable of hurling a sextile ray between the releaserand the Descendant. by night those laid down for thediametrical [degree].that if we do not do it in this manner (that is. and how the hours [are found] that [thestars] are distant from the oriental horizon as follows: Taking the degreesbetween the star or ray and the Horoskopos. in the direction of thepreceding [Media] from the degree nearest the descending degree. when 8 Sagittarius is setting in the second position.When the releaser is upon the so-called God. in the table. Forthe releaser in Sagittarius does not arrive at the Descendant through 75diurnal times. see. 45 times. in view of the upcoming equation of thesehourly times to 15 years. With thisbeing found. Then if10 Aries is at the Ascendant in the first position and 5. it is as we said. which I assumeto be nearly 75 years. Since then Ares ismarking the hour.(*3) itsubtracts 15 years and 7 months from the 75 years. *1: The Greek text simply has 15 hours. let Ares be at the 10th degree of Aries at the same degree as theHoroskopos. however. if it is uponthe Horoskopos. Pancharios says. but through 40. And if it should be upon the degree of the Midheaven. 5 minutes. we compare by day the hourly timeslaid down for the degree of the natal Sun. Thus I assume here that the finer divisionsof the hour are twelfths. but clearly the ascensions. 7 months. or else. I find 74 ascensional times [57 minutes]. For the canon of the 5 zones does not containthe descensions of Sagittarius and Libra.

because the equipartite zoidia inspect the circle of the earth (which [is also the case] for the two remaining tropical zoidia). it is only necessary. then.[ the part] that has ascended before [the occidentalhorizon] will be in accord with the releasing. though not simply nor in an ordinary way. let the releaser bein the 1st degree of Pisces. destroy. the places of themalefics. hesays. he says. but rather as a hexagon when upon the zoidia hearing and seeing in accordancewith equal power. And hexagonal figures occurring in this manner destroy. while the destroyer is in the 30th degree of Cancer. nor that theysee one another.having changed over to the other place of releasing. the triangular assympathetic. either when they go forth to meet bodily orwhen they bring a ray to bear from anywhere any time they are square ordiametrical. thishexagon becomes destructive because they [the degrees] are equidistant from theequipartite [circle](*) (that is. Sometimes. Kronos and Ares. that from the Midheaven upto the Horoskopos also says the following things himself: For the releasing inthe direction of the succeeding portions of the zodiac.and concerning the releasings from them. Similarly for the zoidiaseeing one another. the nativity will be short-lived. whence he judges that if the releaser should be found upon the occidentalhorizon. if the releaser should be in the 1st degree of Gemini. and they have a sixty degree distance. but it will equally be the case that if this same descending degreeis destructive. and sometimes too the hexagonupon the twelfth-parts of long ascension when afflicted. And it does not seem to Thrasyllus that the twoequipartite zoidia themselves hear. we accept as destructive. but the triangle onthe twelfth-parts of short ascension. And they saythat the zoidia equidistant from the tropical zoidia. and the tropical zoidiathemselves. for he supposes the releaser to be immoveable. and the hexagonal likewise. the zoidion in relation to God and the occidental horizon. one must observe. though weaker. . The squareand diametrical figures. but also in the direction of the preceding ones. in zoidia that hear oneanother).bodily encounters of the malefics Kronos and Ares in the same zoidion or even in the next. that the releaser can be upon these degrees and upon thosenext to the descending degree and the nativities have not become short-lived. and the square to the place of releasingfrom the succeeding [zoidia] itself [destroys]. he says. In the caseof a releaser that lets the releasing begin in the other place from theculminating zoidion up to the zoidon marking the hour.Concerning.while the destroyer comes to the releaser and in this manner destroys it. or the square ordiametrical rays that are brought to bear from anywhere. the destroyer in the 30th degree of Aries. he says. then. nothing will be indispute. though likewise in thedegrees after the releaser. the . Aries Libra or Libra Aries. destruction also occurs from these. and sometimes also when hexagonal upon on the zoidia of hearingand seeing due to their equal power. let such things have been said. not only in the direction of thesucceeding [zoidia]. And hexagons are equal in power in two zoidiawhenever the distance should be sixty degrees. he omittedit. And they say that zoidia equidistant from the equipartitezoidia hear one another. for it to be the case that we carry thereleaser to the setting degree itself in the direction of the succeeding [zoidia]. For inthe case of the 5 degrees before the descending degree.did not escape his notice. Ptolemy. For we have often found byexperience. For example.For in this manner. we do the releasing of it in the direction of the succeeding [zoidia]. *:This is a name for equatorial circle. see [one another].

orelse in the direction of the [zoidia] succeeding it (in the case of Zeus.however. andagain it can preserve when it has the opposite [conditions]. Pancharios speaks from the beginning about the exact Midheaven. but only wheneverthey are afflicted. the place of the Sun itself destroys if it is turned in thatdirection by the presence of a malefic and is not freed by any of the benefics. either with the same degree as the destructive degree itself. Whenever. it is necessary to examine ifthe destroyer and the releaser should be running at the same latitude (inaccordance with the same wind). and if one of the benefics should bring its rayto bear in square. and in the case of Aphrodite. it alsodestroys. and some occidental. wheneverthe ones are sensibly more than the others. However. the encounters in such a releasing also have the power to destroy and preserve. [it is prevented from destroying] when the latitude of the two is not the same. *2:No matter where the malefics are (*situated) relative tothe releaser. others not. for Aphrodite not beyond 8 degrees). triangularly or diametrically either toward the destructivedegree itself. when the triangle is corrupted upon thezoidia that take a short time [to rise] (that is. there will be square or diametrical rays from the maleficsomewhere in the quadrant following the releaser. destruction willoccur.For. andin accordance with their power. especially if shouldbe turned by the presence of a malefic and is not freed by any benefic. he brings up that the same cause is observed for the power of amalefic if they should fall in the bounds of a benefic or if one of thebenefics should jointly bring its rays to bear in square or triangularly ordiametrically.then. notbeyond 12 degrees.(*2) *1:I am not sure of the construction. it is impossible to overstep the side of a square apart from amalefic. one must not take any of those which are under the beams to beeither for destruction or for succour. one mustnot at all times suppose that these places always destroy. and the square itself to the place ofreleasing. except that when the Moon is thereleaser. if the destruction comes about bodily. the solar place can also destroy. especially when some are oriental. for if they should be so. This is what was also said by Ptolemy concerning the said degrees. for. in general. it also destroys. the place of the Sun also destroys. not beyond 8 degrees). but in accordance with power.(*1) andthere he intimates that it is not always necessary to give to the three placesaround the Midheaven a thirty degree interval. in the course of which hedemonstrates it. For. And over and abovethese things. he says.And again hesays: sometimes when the hexagon is corrupted upon the zoidia that take a longtime [to rise] (when it has clearly stretched out nearly to the side of asquare). With theMoon releasing. in accordance with their multitude. and if both the starreleasing and the one encountering it are bodies. he said. or in the direction of the degrees succeeding it (for Zeus notbeyond 12 degrees. Next Ptolemy writes: When the Moon is releasing. and places are destructive bymeans of what has been said. since these are themselves brought to the place of releasing. And he says in addition that .whenever some of the succouring or destroying stars should be in their familiarplaces.both in accordance with the multitude of those contributing to each side. there should be several from each class—some succouring and contrariwisesome destroying—one must inquire as to which of the two forms predominates. For they are prevented [from destroying] if they fallwithin the bound of a benefic. and again. when it is likewise drawntogether by the zoidia of short ascension almost to side of a square). And [he also adds] that the stars under the beams are weak for thepurpose of either destroying or preserving.

how itis necessary to reckon the life expectancies. pass uniformly through both thehorizon and the meridian of the right sphere. He wishes to say this concisely. wewill also add to this part. a similar andsame place is one having on the same side a similar position in relation toboth the horizon and the meridian together. anearly equal seasonal hour. if the releasershould be found between the pivots. *2:Because it makes sense to use them as a measure andreference. and since the times do not pass uniformly in every zone asupon the right sphere (for those of the rising are different. the ascensions of the diameters). he explains the reason for the inequality of such a passage ofthe times in the pedagogical manner of a good scholar. it is necessary to make use of the descensions(that is. the times along the equator. How there isa difference and in what manner is clear from these things. proportionately to its position relative to thetwo pivots enclosing it. it is necessary to know here also after howmany equipartite times the destructive degree comes to this position.it is necessary to make use of the co-culminations upon the right sphere. since. for it isnecessary that there be a certain difference in the times of the transit pastthose in the pivots. from all quarters. This happens most nearly to thoseplaces lying on one of the semicircles drawn through the intersections of themeridian and horizon. For. . andin the case of the occidental horizon. We willsee in later Project Hindsight translations on the Latin track howmisinterpretation of this passage gave rise to both the Placidus and Regiomontanusschemes of direction and house division. Having giventhese precepts. it likewise renders the transits forthe positions of the other distances in times unequal to [the former]. and in the case when the releaseris in the places between these. of which each makes. and for this reasonhe supposes these [times] to be useful for the matter before us. for this reason. in just the manner that it goes over the same positionas the horizon and the meridian while making the times of the passage of thezodiacal [section] [over] each unequal. (*2) And since no other is proposed. whether those thatsuccour and those that harm. (*1)he says. when heintroduces it. and those of the setting are other. by explaining and censuring atthe same time that it was not reasonable for those before him to make use ofascensional times only. the zoidia both rise and setand culminate in same number of times. [the task] is now to see after how manyequipartite times the putative destructive degree comes to be beside the placeof the releaser. (*) *:The Hephaistio textis essentially identical to the Ptolemaic in this important passage. the differenceof which is found in the canons of ascension). Well. but rather he says that it is necessary to make use ofthem only when the releasing comes about from the Horoskopos or from one of thestars present upon it. *1:That is. throughout that same position.itwill be necessary to compare which kind have authority. he passes on to the account of the intervals. that is. for. The equipartite times. And should [each semicircle] be described aroundthe said intersections. but in the case when the releaser is upon the Midheaven. those of theculminating are different. from the multitude and power of each [class] ofthem in relation to the intensification or relaxation of [each of them].

he says. and how many are laid downfor the releaser. he says. and again knowing what is laid downfor the degree of the succeeding destroyer itself in the appropriate zone ifthe succeeding place should be above the earth. This is done as follows (for it will be necessary to set out the methodmore clearly since in the entire exposition Ptolemy makes use of this method inthe most precise manner). and wewill have from this the [divided] hours (or parts of hours) that the releaseris distant from the Midheaven.(*) andit has a similar position in respect to the meridian and the horizon. And just as. For. and multiplying the hours that thereleaser (the precedent) is distant from the Midheaven into this hourlymagnitude. And if the degree of the releaserupon the zodiac should be between the pivots.Again. we should pass through this degree ofthe zodiac. if by making a semicircle from the intersections of the horizon and themeridian (these sections themselves are the [meridian] height of the sphere andits diameter). *:The equatorial circle. and we seek another point of the zodiac equally remote from themeridian. while the passages of the zodiac are unequal foreach. heexamines how many seasonal hours distant from the meridian the precedent degreeis. it has the same position on thesame side. until with the said semicircle having been carried around the sphere. we subtract the lesser from the greater). it was thesame position (as we said) in regard to the pivots (that is. taking theculminating degree and that of the releaser (which he calls the precedentdegree) and the destructive degree (which he calls the succedent degree). . a place issimilar and the same that has a similar position on the same side relative toboth the horizon and the meridian together. in the degrees aroundthe horizon). We make the number of hours distant from the meridianas follows. And this results. The method itself is general and most precise.Pancharios explains this place as follows: just as we said. we will divide the remaining degrees by the hourly magnitude that islaid down for the degree of the releaser in the appropriate zone if it is abovethe earth. and by turning it around.it makes nearly the same seasonal hours from the meridian as those of theoriginal position. but if under the earth. when the turning is done. and after subtracting the lesser number of degrees from thegreater. what islaid down for the degree diametrical to it. but if it should be below the earth (that is. which times we will make equal in number toyears. which we have. Having theremaining degrees of its position. between the horizonand the meridian). Then we seewhat sort of position the succeeding place has in relation to the Midheaven. We will see how many degrees of ascension on the right sphere arelaid down(*) for the Midheaven itself. he finds it accuratelywith the releaser in every position. so also. by subtracting the lesser from the greater). then. in regard to themeridian and the horizon). (that is. if the obliquity should be present relative to the northern orsouthern [sides] of the equipartite [circle]. in regardsto the obliquity of the zodiac relative to the equatorial circle. he says. if the position is between these (that is. the hourly magnitude that is laid down for its diameter. and comparing the resulting number to that of the position of thesuccedent.and we will have the remaining times after which we will say that the succedentplace comes to the precedent.again by knowing what is laid down for it upon the right sphere and bycomparing it to those degrees of the Midheaven whichwe have (that is. he says. In expressing this reason he makes use of this method. the passage through them will be through unequal times.

he makes use only of the position of the succedentupon the right sphere. for. into the number of nocturnal hours). In these passages. laid down or listed inthe tables. whichare approximately 17. In order that what is being said should be made dearer. andthey come to 102 times. again by means of ascensions on the right sphere. we will havethe number of years in question.[And we will investigate] how many seasonal hours it made to the preceding bymultiplying them into the number of hourly times of the succeeding degree(again. the Scales and Scorpio) ascend.*:That is. and subtracting the 102 times ofthe 6 hours. let an illustration belaid down. then. and finding the multitude of times from places left over. For Ptolemy. that is.he again supposes that the releaser culminates. by seasonal hours equal to those that the preceding place was distant from theMidheaven. After this.When we have determined these. Ptolemy makes use of different position: First. the circuit from the aforesaidcause has been accomplished. he had the remaining times of the interval. making 6 hours). having inverted it. while the 18th degree of Taurus is . for as many timesas the diameters (that is. it will also benecessary to find after how many equipartite times the succeeding section alsowill be distant from the meridian by seasonal hours equal to the preceding. it is necessary to take the original position ofthe succedent (at the beginning of Gemini) in relation to the Midheaven (thatis. the beginning of Cancer now culminates forthis arrangement. for this reason. in the beginning of Gemini) in the same zone. by which the 90degrees are divided. and the beginning of Gemini is distant from that ofAries by 58 times. and he also takes the hourly times in thesucceeding degree (that is.that the releaser is marking the hour: and since this is six hours distant fromthe Midheaven (for the Horoskopos is 90 degrees distant from the degree at thepeak. if inrelation to a Midheaven under the earth. we will also investigate by how many equipartitetimes the succeeding degree at its original position was distant from thedegree of the same Midheaven. he supposes that the releaser is betweenthe meridian and the occidental horizon. and he multiplies the 17 times into the six hours. while the beginning of Gemini is distant from Cancer in thepreceding direction by 32 times. after having subtracted thesetimes from 102 times. And let it be supposed that the releaser is upon the beginning ofAries. 80 times are the remainder. if the comparison of seasonal hours was in relation to a Midheavenabove the earth. distant from the culminating degree by 6hours. he supposes the releaser to be setting. as I said. And the same number is foundin the case of the descensions of Ares and Taurus. he says that since thesections of the zodiac distant from the meridian by the same seasonal hourscome to be along one and the same of the said semicircles. and theybecome 102 degrees. Again. And after the differentiating of the 3 pivots. Since. Again he multiplies these into the 17 times of the succedent. in relation to the beginning of Capricorn). and the magnitude of the hourly times has 15 degrees. and the succeeding place upon the beginning of Gemini (*in) the zonebeing that through lower Egypt. since it is at the very placeof the culminating degree.And by taking the result from the excess of both of the intervals. Since therefore the beginning of Aries has 15hourly times. he has manifestly inverted the argument in order that itshould provide the same position for the succedent place that the releaser had. which very times aretotalled from the ascensions of Aries and Taurus in the 3rd zone. multiplying it into the number of diurnal hours. he says. Thirdly. and finding the first degree ofGemini in the right sphere to be in 148 times. and he sets it out that the 18thdegree of Taurus culminates.

since he supposed the releaser to be in the9th place. he said that nothing prevents [us]. he adds thatit will be necessary to examine with precision. Though if it was removed from either of the pivots by two seasonal hours. hefinds the releaser to be 3 seasonal hours distant from the Midheaven. to investigate when it will come to the setting degree. but if from the Descendant. nor is there anything to prevent us by way of observation from retainingall [the releasings] due to the equality of what has been found. wewill find the [result] to be 64 times. howevergreat a part these should be of the six seasonal hours of the quadrant. *3: In other words. just sogreat a part of the excess of both sums we will add or subtract from the pivotsbeing compared. And for the rest.that is. the beginning of Gemini to the beginning of Aries). the excess is 12 times. yet he manifestly didnot. we may not have selected the correct releaser. having divided these times by the number 15. if according to the putative releaser thenative should either have died or had a major crisis. since of the 70 and 58 mentioned above. 4. we will again take one-third of the 12 excess times. He says that another method is simpler. the ingress of the [time-lords](*2)is found to be harmful in relation to these places themselves.it does not appear consistent with this example that he made use of theaforesaid. For example. as in the case before us. which are a half-part of the six hours. since Ptolemy makes it clear at the end of histreatment of the division of the times that it is the transits of thetime-lords that are most significant. now.whether [the encounters] are terminally destructive if in addition to theencounter being afflicted. itprovides aid). from havingconfidence for future events in those [releasing] that are more in accord withthem. into thenumber 17). that if the releaser is found between the pivots(say. while the precedingplace was laid down to be three equal seasonal hours distant from each of thepivots. And if the distance of two hours had been laid down to be from theMidheaven. but when all are benevolent. 51 results. it is requisite to takethe culminations and the descensions. after learning. Andmultiplying these into the hourly magnitude of the succedent (that is. Nevertheless. between the Midheaven and the Descendant). But the beginning of Gemini is distant from theMidheaven by 13 times in the succeeding direction. we would have added to the 58 times. one must suppose only torpor ormischief. 58 culminationsand 70 co-descensions. *2:Assuming that thegenitive pronoun autori here refersback to the time-lords. which hecalls destructive. which he sought when the succeeding place came to thereleaser (that is. by also taking half of the 12times and either adding to the 58 times or subtracting from the 70 times. which I collect togetherwith the 51 times. Nevertheless. For it was necessary. Such are the methods of life expectancy that Ptolemy set out. if the releasing isin doubt from the fact that these things have happened before. and approximately 64 results. Then. which are athird-part of 6 hours. with the dispositions likewisefound for the years(* 1).distant by approximately 45times on the right sphere. while makingan examination of them with respect to more and less. as it is prescribed. how manyseasonal hours the releaser is distant from either one of the pivots. wewould have subtracted from the 70 times. Ptolemy says . or whether [theencounters] are only subject to crisis if (as was said before) one of the natalbenefics should be helpful at the time of the encounter (for when the ingressof [the benefic time-lords] is more powerful than that of the [malefics].(*3) *1:From context and acomparison with the Ptolemaic text this seems to refer to the establishing ofthe time-lords concurrent with the directed encounters.

manyqualifications are dubious. For if eitherone or both the malefics should be in these places.that there isnothing wrong with trying to work backwards and see if there is a releaser thatdoes account for the times of the crisis in the native’s life.. whilean ailment [occurs] either continuously or by seizures.Ptolemy has protupoo. Nevertheless. since the [parts] of the body are naturally honored(*2)before those of the soul. where Hephaistio abridges the Ptolemaic text alittle. or should he squaring ordiametrically opposed to the degrees [pre-]ascending them. to showeasily the completion of life. where Ptolemy says "the quadrant from the springequinox to the summer solstice makes bodies of good skin. telling of the [treatments] of Ptolemy (*) as well as other [treatments]." Hephaistiosays this same quadrant "makes same [bodies] as the star of Zeus. It is necessary. And after the life has come to an end." Noother astrologers are cited in this chapter. he says that wemay regard all the releasers as being equally entitled. yet does notpredict crises or death when it does not occur. with good eyes. as Ptolemy says. large stature. For all these reasons. which is 6th from the Horoskopos. which means “molded prior to.] 13. to observe carefully the two pivots. Alternatively. one must suspectbodily injuries and ailments for the offspring.” [After Hephaistio's own opening. for. Ptolemy gives us leave to consider the difficulties in regard tothe foreknowledge of the completion of the expected term of life. I believe. though it is difficult while the native isalive. Ptolemy says. abounding more in the wet and the hot. andto observe how the malefic stars chance to be configured to them.. And Manetho says nearly the same things in his verses concerning the length of life. and especially if someone chances to be unreflective of the ingresses ofthe remaining stars in accordance with the procession of years. and in sequence after the bodily forms heintroduces the injuries and ailments belonging to these forms. the Ascendant andthe Descendant) and the Pre-Descendant. the body having the appearances ofits unique intermixtures nearly connate with it because it is more material.(*1)and pursuant to this we here add on what pertains to the revelation of thebodily mixture. *1:Seechapter 3 of this book of Hephaistio. For example. it is possible. Concerning Bodily Injuries and Ailments Again we will subjoin [this topic]. and examine whathappened during the times when the concurrent time-lords were transiting theplaces of releasing. And an injury iswhat has affected the body all at one and has a pain that does not last.. 12.in the case of those nativities for which the releaser and the destroyer arenot in doubt. and especially if one or bothof the lights chance to be . *2:protimao.robust. the remaining text in this chapter is a direct quotationof Ptolemy's own treatment of this topic and identical to the Ptolemaic text upto the last two paragraphs (according to the paragraphing in my translation of Bk III of the Tetrabiblos). (that is. and with the ingresses and positions of the stars in accordancewith the procession of years being known. it is easyto find the contrary dispositions. Concerning Bodily Form and Mixture We havealready made mention quantitatively of the bodily appearance of each of thebegotten men in our speculations concerning the Horoskcopos.

buttocks. And with the lights and the star ofAphrodite being masculinized. Scorpio. the men become castrated or have their partsinjured. heart. Capricorn for the knees. Virgo for the belly. bile. impairmentof vision is produced whenever the lights should be indicative. And especially. chapter 13 of theTetrabiblos. the star of Zeus over touch. rearranges. Pisces for thefeet. and [private] parts. while women are overwhelmed withmiscarriages and premature births and abortions. inpalaestras and gymnasiums or by attacks of malefactors. so I have not omitted it here. stomach. For. liver. Aries is taken for thehead. while the natures of the stars reveal the species and thecauses of the accidents. And they become eunuchs or hermaphrodites or women withoutholes and orifices whenever the Moon. bronchial tubes. sinews. and the right-side of everything: thestar of Venus over smell. andthe left-side of everything. as to the nebulaof Cancer (which is called the Manger) and to the Pleiades and to the arrowpoint of Sagittarius and to the sting of Scorpio and to the parts around theLock or to the pitcher of Aquarius. from a blow or stroke. And from Aphrodite being present with Kronos or Arcs while they are in superior positionor diametrical Ito her]. and especially in Cancer andVirgo and Capricorn. The reader is encouraged to compare the two texts. phlegm. In a number of places inHephaistio's version there may be some more subtle alterations of Ptolemy'smeaning. Leo. the Moon over taste. the star of Ares over the left ear. having the star of Ares or the starof Kronos or an afflicted star carried to her while this star is oriental. and abridges Bk III. flesh. the womenbecome childless and sterile. Leo for the heart and breast. kidneys.semen. reason. should apply to the star ofAres while Kronos testifies to Hermes. . And if this should happen to both thelights (that is. Kronos has authority over the human parts of the right ears. Aquarius for the legs. Scorpio for the modest and seminal parts. Capricorn. Cancer for theupper chest and ribs. Aquarius. Librafor rump and haunches. and spleen. and with the Moon waning and the malefics beingcarried to Aphrodite and the Moon. Taurus for the neck. womb. as we have said. the star of Hermes over speech. lung. Of the stars. the Moon by herself signifies the impairment when she isin a waning phase in the aforesaid pivots. *:In this chapter Hephaistiosubstantially reworks. while waxing. Certainparticular [figures] have already gained exceptional scrutiny. ifshe also applies to one of cloud-like dusters in the zodiac. Of the zoidia. while conversely there are ailments when theyare occidental. and bones. men become sterile. veins. and for the two eyes when both shouldbe so. Gemini for the shoulders and arms. and from Kronos bychills or cataracts or glaucoma. It is one ofthe generalities that injuries happen for the most part when the maleficsimposing the cause are oriental. configured with Hermes. they will cause the impairment for both eyes: configured with Ares.pivotal and the malefics ascend after them or chanceto pre-ascend them. and especially in Aries. belly. for one of theeyes when one of the lights should be so.(*) *:The assignment of body parts tothe zoidia is not found in the Ptolemaic text.bladder. brain. Sagittariusfor the thighs. gullet.the Sun over sight. the afflicted planets and malefics should be configured castto the Sun and west to the Moon).tongue. And the parts of the zoidia surrounding the injured part of the horizon will indicatethe pan of the body.

theterrestrial and the piscine zoidia. 'occidental'would seem to be synonymous with being under the beams. And again in general. they for the most partcause dangers from hanging or collapses or quadrupeds or attacks of robbers. but when these[benefits] are looting on. they became easily alleviated and moderate. Cancer. prone to dropsy. they cause ailmentsand injuries. or if the marches should be carried to the lights. vomiting. with the star of Kronos in the direction of the colder. *:It is interesting that thePtolemaic text here has "and especially when the star of Hermes shouldalso be occidental and both are configured to the Moon. andespecially when the Moon is upon the nodes or the bendings (that is. either at the sametime or diametrically. the ailments will become Incurable and painful. especially in regard to the extremities. they cause ailments through ulcersand lichens or scales or scrofula or fistulas elephantiasis. they willhave the tongue impeded. but when the star of Hermesand the star of Kronos arc present together upon the said pivots. The [treatments] of Dorotheus are likewise in accord with these. west with respect to the Sunand cast with respect to the Moon). prone to coughing. it is apt to overwhelmwomen with miscarriages or abortions. orthe lord of . or also burning ulcers or sores and furthermore. it loosens the impediment of the tongue. In a particular manner. and attimes even easy to get rid of. or madness or the sacred disease. With these thing being so. Kronos makes thenatives full of phlegm. Capricorn. and with the star of Ares by being strong in the directionof the dryer. and especially when the star of Hermes should also beunder the beams when the Sun is setting. ifthe lights should be carried to the matches upon pivots. The star of Hennes cooperates with them. When the malefics arc diametrical. the natives become humpbacked orcrippled or lame. near the summer solstice through lichens: near the autumn equinoxthrough leprosy: and near the winter solstice. andrheumatisms and accumulations of fluids especially of the around the chest andthroat and stomach. though in the opposite manner (that is. when Cancer and Capricorn and Pisces and.Sometimessuch natives do not remain without injury to sight. it makes the natives continually irritated by cuts orcauterizing of the hidden parts on account of fistulas and hemorrhoids ortumors. and m addition. Taurus. on the stole. Again. in thesouthern or northern extremity) or upon the blameworthy Midi& such asAries.if none of the benefics should be configured with the malefics which impose thecauses.119 And when the star of Ares should beconfigured with them. as in the cases of ulcerated eyelids and eschars and abscess anderysipelas and wild lichens and black bile. emanated. One must examine these [figures]. And when the starsare encountered in the last degrees of the twelfth-parts. Scorpio. melancholic. italso makes women prone to disorders of the womb.injuries come about when the Moon is near the spring equinox through whiteleprosy. chance to be upon the place of thosefurnishing the cause with regard to life. especially for the intensification of theill-effects. But aimentsare apt to result whenever the middies should be configured upon the abovepositions.jaundiced.”According to Hephaistio's word usage. cold in the belly. through moles and the like. thaw withscabies. The star of Ares makes thenatives liable to spit blood. he says: if the 6th zoidion is bestial or moist. Sagittarius andGemini cause ailments through falling sickness or seizures. diseased in the lungs.and especially when Hermes should be present or look on an the most part. colic and those with elephantiasis.

66-71 of the Arabic version of Dorotheus in Pingree's translation. it causes injury. are the natives bornshort. Concerning Quality of Soul We have already made mention of these [issues] in the treatments hitherto. 81-83. and to declare accordingly. .(*2) "Whenit is carried beyond the culminating zoidion." not only when the Moon is in the subterraneous pivot. those concerning the part that isnon-rational and that pertains to character126 from the Moon and from the starsconfigured with her in separations and applications. IV 1." 14. and at times also it swells the liver.125 we will lain quote the principal matters from his[expositions]. through coughingup blood. for the more expanded Arabic version speaks of Ares being"covered up under the Sun's light" where Hephaistio simply says"occidental. but in the case of nocturnal births from Ares to Kronos.this domicile is itself in such a place. with abridgements. *3:With the Sun. then. to examine how this [lord] lies in the nativity in relation to [it] and to the Lot of Injury (whichwe explained before). as he said. for.and the second lord for injury. *1:Compare the Arabic version of Dorotheus. but again when it is near to conjunction (*3) along with Kronos. IV 1.(*) *: This passage clearly correlateswith IV 1. thequalifies that pertain to the soul are quantitatively124 subsequent to thecorporeal mature. 75 for this lot. from theirfigures in relation to the Sun and the pivots. it causes some bad injury through thedrinking of wine. for by observation it wasfound thus. and what the zoidion signifies in relation to parts of the body. and again. the accord of many bearsa truth that is known well. andKronos injuries through fluxes. 15. and when Zeus is afflicted. wesay that the injury is there. Concerning the Lot of Injury The Lot of Injury is taken for day births from Kronos to Ares and an equal amount from theHoroskopos. *:ethikoi. And since Ptolemy made mention of these issues in a waypeculiar to him. The received Ptolemaictext has aisthenkos (pertaining to sensation) here. for. those concerning the morenoetic and rational part are grasped through the condition that is studied inaccordance with the star of Hermes.One thing that is interesting from comparing the passages is that Hephaistio isclearly using the term 'occidental' more in the manner of Paulus than ofPtolemy. Ares through burning or bites of wild beasts orby being taken captive by a spear. which is no smalldifference. and it isnecessary to examine the lord of the place at which it falls out. how it issituated. *2:Compare the Arabic version of Dorotheus. Of such qualities. but when it is occidental. It is requisite.(*1) AndDorotheus says that it is necessary to examine the trigon lords of thesubterraneous pivot. and in the occidental horizon. They are also graspedthrough the zoidia in which Hermes and the Moon are found: and furthermore fromthe stars that assume the predomination over them. and accept the lord of the sect for the quality of death.

which always has the interval from the Sun to the Moonand is projected from the Horoskopos... He gives such detailed delineations for Kronos and Zeus. in following him we will quote the same withabridgment. or again both of them. but since [Ptolemy] setsthem out in a manner of his own.] 17.. He breaks off with Ares.(*1)east relative to the Sun and west relative to the Moon. thespear-bearing stars should not be pivotal or should not testify to the pivots.the natives will be merely great and will be in the particular rank thatpertains to the wearing of wreaths or of guardianship or of military command.for the most part. Hephaistiodoes what he says in his first paragraph. then. But with the other thingsbeing so. it is requisite for the circumstances surrounding acquisitionto be connected with bodily affinities and accordingly to come first.[In thedetailed delineations that constitute the remainder of this chapter.saying that the remaining delineations can be conjectured from the nature andpower of those stars.and not in that of governors. Concerning Fortune Pertaining to Rank Also.. It is requisite. even apart from the Lot of Fortune. quotes therest virtually word for word. (*2) [the natives] will become great and powerful and world-rulers. And if the spear-bearing and responsible stars should be pivotal."] 18. or even one of them. Epileptics. to investigate thestars that assume the rulership of the twelfth-part upon which it falls. with only slight abridgments toward the end. There is oneaddition. also has the five stars spear-bearing. [There mainder of this chapter is nearly identical to chapter 2 of BK IV of theTetrabiblos. occasionally addingor substituting. chapter 15 of my translation of Tetrabiblos). It willbe necessary. when the Moon and the star of Hermes (aswe said) are unconnected to each other and to the rising horizon. The Hephaistio text adds that "when Kronos is simply trine toZeus. with a few minor and unimportant abridgments. are all those who. then. And if the lights should not be pivotal.. mostly abridging. the natives will be onlygovernors. then. to examine matters of rank and the happiness of such both from the disposition of the lights and the familiarity of the starsspear-bearing for them. thefortune pertaining to rank was connected to the affinities of the soul. if the Sun alone should be in a masculine zoidion while the Moon isin a feminine one.. the offspring will bekings. as Ptolemy says in aknowledgeable manner. it produces those who are exceedinglyrich. and especially the light ofthe sect. For when both the lights are pivotal in masculinezoidia. He concludes with an abridgment of Ptolemy's descriptionof the contribution of the Moon and the Sun to the quality of soul. And if in addition to these. Concerning Ailments of the Soul We havelikewise already made mention of these matters also. and one of the lights is pivotal. have the starof Kronos by day and the star of Ares by night pivotal and scrutinizing theabove figure. lords of life and death. andhow these stars share in power and familiarity. Concerning Fortune Pertaining to Acquisition In the external matters.] 16. It will be necessary. [Hephaistio omits Ptolemy's general introductory remarks to this topic (first twoparagraphs in Bk III. bothalone and with the co-rulership of the other planets. to examine the Lot of Fortune. but mostof the spear-bearing stars are either . and they will beeven more happy if the spear-bearing stars are configured to the right of thepivot under (*3) the earth.

arc pivotal. the opposite things. with the beneficsreturning. or even one of them. while themalefics are pivotal or ascending. but if they (*3)should be in their proper places and should scrutinize the Moon (clearly." again a somewhat important differencecorresponding to the different readings mentioned in the first note to thissection. from Sun to Moon and an equal amount fromthe horoskopos in diurnal nativities." The difference is that Hephaistio's text forces the pivotalcondition back on both the lights. [thenatives] are rendered obscure in their actions and without advancement. especially the light ofthe sect. with the five stars also spear-bearing. if situated in the opposite manner.. [Hephaistio omits the remainder of Ptolemy's chapter. andagain both of them.. withthem seeing the Lot). but applying to benefits. know that the native will be fortunate. such natives will havegood fortune in the last part of their lives." *4:The Ptolemaic text clearly has "whenever neither ofthe lights chances to be either pivotal or in a masculine zoidion. However.. *1:Hephaistio's Greek text is slightly different thanPtolemy's here.pivotal or configured with the pivots. chapter 3) reads. Dorotheus. It is also necessary to examine the Lotof Fortune according to him (that is. and what kind ofstars see the Lot and how they are situated. and from Moon to Sun and likewise anequal amount from the horoskopos in nocturnal nativities).(*2) knowthat the native who chances to have it so will be unfortunate." *2:The Ptolemaic text adds here "or configured to thepivot above the earth. or chances to have benefics as spear-bearers." *3:The Ptolemaic text has "pivot above the earth. If then the lord of the Lot shouldbe found in a bad place and the benefics are in aversion to the Moon. Again. it weshould find the malefics in the nativity to be pivotal. my own translation is in error in the last part. theywill not come into the ranks that arc more outstanding. makes his examination from thetrigon lords.135 . and ifsituated moderately. representing one possible reading of an ambiguity in thePtolemy text as we have it.... "For when both the lights are in masculine zoidia. and especially when thelight of the sect also has the five stars spear-bearing. in order that we may derive the concord of truth frommany approved [treatments]. but into politicalleadership and a modest degree of expectation concerning their livelihood. they signifyfine things. Thecorrect version of the alternative I am suggesting in my own translation shouldread. or even one of them. moderate things).. as follows..though if the spear-bearing stars are not associated with the pivots. When they are allotted the secondplace of livelihood. Andfinally. andagain both of them. "For when both the lights are in masculine zoidia. they become abject and unhappy in their fortunes whenever neither ofthe lights chances to be either pivotal (*4) in a masculine zoidion. My translation of the Ptolemaic passage (Bk IV. "Those having authority over the triangle in which Helios is god" And he says that it is also necessary to examine how the lords of the Hour and theMidheaven and of Life(*1) lie inthe nativity (for if they should be found to be well situated.(*4) and again if the Moon should beseparating from the malefic.] We aresetting out both these things to which Ptolemy gave heed and the treatments byothers and Dorotheus. whereas my translation assigns it to one orboth the lights. then. or chancesto have benefics as spear-bearers. are pivotal.

weshould also add here the manner in which others (those around Petosiris andNechepso. 25. And he makes an examination of thenativities in such a manner. he said. 26 of theArabic version of Dorotheus as translated by Pingree. if malefics. "driesup quickly when falling under the light within a short interval." And he alsosays this: examine which of the stars in the nativity first arrives at theplace of the Moon or that of the Horoskopos. concerning all the lots he gives this command: if the lot should occupy a goodzoidion and its lord is either in this zoidion or in such a good place and outof the beams. Since a whole-sign housesystem is intended here. This lot does not reverse by night. Someone wasborn. *2: This is the Lot of Livelihood.(*3) itwill thus furnish wealth and weal. And if beneficsshould see the place.' *3:Context would suggest that the malefics are meant here. all three upon the first degree of the same zoidionAquarius.others of the ancients (one of whom is Porphyry) have said that maleficschancing to be in the 11th place must not do harm. *2:epanerchomai. count from the lord of second place up to thesecond itself and project an equal amount from the Hour. And ifone of the benefics should see the place when it is occidental and about to beoriental after 7 days.(*1)likewise. Again. *3:Because the interval from occidentality to orientality isonly 7 days here. it brings very many good things in the nativity. Kronos at . having the Sun at the 8th degree of Aquarius: the Moon and Zeusand the Horoskopos. Nevertheless. and make a declaration.*1:The second zoidion in a whole-sign house system.(*2) whatkind of stars it has and how they are situated. chapter 14. in being the first to arrive at these places.he says. it seems likely that Dorotheus was using the definition ofoccidentality that considers t to be synonymous with being under the beams. *5:Apparent lacuna here. for. we must take the interval from the lord of the secondup to the beginning of the second zoidion.' but the word could also mean 'returning. they signify good things. *4:epanerchomai again. similarly to the above[discussions] related to this topic. it is requisite for those causing [the natives] harm to take over asthe age advance. but if it shouldbe under the beams or just about to go into concealment. 21. Now. he says. bad things. 24. Paulus'Introductory Matters. Antigonus of Nicaca) did indeed investigate nativities. and of them. whatever they signify. thisstar will reveal the measure of the fortune. *1:That is. chapters 20. if the native is to be fortunate. Also. and again examine thatzoidion upon which it falls out.while orientality means that a planet has already heliacally risen. This is probably synonym for'post-ascending. Cf. as he sets out: "And wewill traverse all and each topic of the nativity that you may learn”(*) *: Most of this Dorotheus materialcan be found in different places in Bk I.

And it is necessary to examine whether the lord of the place at the peak146 is wellsituated and sees its place. he was childless. Being wise and educated. he died. but also to the non-wandering stars. the Sun. the Sun and Moon. and also when it is occidental ifit is not poorly situated. was a spear-bearer to her. It must also be indicative that theMoon is about to apply to one of the bright non-wandering stars at the 20thdegree. in its own domicile. 144 That is. in his own bounds (terms). likewisebecame emperor himself around his 42nd year. it is not only necessary to examine the application of the Moonto planets. andeven on the Horoskopos. having emerged from the glareof the Sun.the 10th degree of Capricorn. whilethe evening risers show their activities progressively.141 andsince the spear-bearers of these stars142 were themselves found to befamiliarly [situated]. for always the morning risers produce something from youth. p. Ares with her at the 22nddegree. having beenadopted as a son by a certain emperor who was of the same family.145 for. Aphrodite at the 12th degree of Pisces.and itself had Kronos as a spear-bearer.143 n with Aphrodite present in her own exaltation. andAres making a position in his own trigon and in his own degrees. The Sun is presently 7 degrees ahead of Jupiter in theorder of zoidia. it makes the nativesnotable and effective and hard to overcome. 145 It is not clear what this star is. He becameemperor because the two lights were on the Horoskopos. which is going to make its morning appearance after seven days. andhe was engaged in rebellions and discord with his relatives. and spear-bearing forthe Sun. as is the case in the theme147 before us (Ares. being in the degrees following her. the Midheaven at the 22nd degree of Scorpio. thelord of Scorpio. L76. and they were in a masculine zoidion of human shape. 90. both being at their morning rising. also being uncorrupted in Pisces in its own trigon and in itsown degrees and seeing148 the place at the peak). falling victim to a shortness of breath caused bydropsy.140 Such a one. with Kronos in the twelfth zoidion. and Hermes aswell. he had one sister. 142 That is. 143 The Greek way of expressing that a planet is dignified. He was wise and educated and profound because of Hermes chancing to be at itsmorning appearance. No. And the reason why these things happened to him is investigated in this manner. And though he was joinedto one wife from her maidenhood. the lord of thecosmos. The first few paragraphs are also found in Neugebauer and VanHoesen's Greek Horoscopes. Also. For when it is oriental. But if the lord of the placeat the peak is . 140 This is thought to be the natal data of the Romanemperor Hadrian. he washonored like a god with shrines and sacred precincts. And such was brought about from an early age owing to the [morning] appearance. He came tobe of good size and manly and gracious because the two lights were pivotal. and especially becausethe Moon was in sea and applying to the Horoskopos to the degree and also toZeus. And in addition.and Jupiter will first be seen as a morning star.144 both intheir own places and ascending after the Moon. 141 The standard idealized interval for heliacal rising ofa planet was 15 degrees. In another 7 days the Sun will be about 15 degrees distant. When he came toabout his 63rd year. Hermes with him at the 12thdegree.

and Ares being at its evening [setting]. And if ever the mastersof the unprofitable places chance to be upon profitable places. they make the offspring who are in such a condition kings whohold sway over numerous nations. the pivot of theHoroskopos or the Midheaven) and have all the stars as spear-bearers in afitting manner. they point tomoderation in life. For. 151 That is. Rut if the Moon makes an application neither to Aphrodite norto one of the planets present with her or testifying to her. But since Hermes and Kronos happen to be in the twelfth place at their morning rising. Most Greek aspectwords refer to looking ahead in the order of the zoidia. but not this time. a succedent house (using the whole-sign housesystem). Andif the Moon only makes an application to Aphrodite. somethingset before us.poorly situated. Thathe prevailed over the hostility of such persons resulted especially from Hermesbeing with Kronos in the domicile of Kronos and both chancing to be in thetwelfth place. For every time that the Sun or the Moon or bothchance to be on the active pivots especially (that is. being spear-bearer to the Sun and Moon in thisfashion always makes the native extolled and attended and reverenced by thosewho are equally honored or even more highly honored. the star of Zeus provided that which is of goodjudgment and high-minded and munificent and effective in the forelyingdisposition. with Kronos being at itsmorning rising and spear-bearing. And thematter of the single sister for someone so born will similarly be demonstratedfrom . 147 Theme is one of the Greek words for a chart. educated. and the Moon isbeing carried to its full or new moon phase. 148 That is. since it is on the Horoskopos and is spear-bearing for the Sun andis on the same pivot as the Moon. keep in mind in the case of every theme. That he washonored and reverenced by all resulted from Zeus' spear-bearing for the Sunwhile being upon a pivot. it is indicative of asingle marriage. aspecting the Midheaven. when Aphrodite chances to beupon a pivot or upon a post-ascensional zoidion. 146 A common Greek expression for the Midheaven. And generallyspeaking. and notwell-intentioned but rather treacherous.or testifying to her.150 and the Moon makes an applicationto Aphrodite and to other planets that happen to be co-present with Aphrodite. which have the five planets as spear-bearerswhile being familiarly situated. 150 That is. and Aphrodite herself should bepresent with one star. the beneficence also holdstrue because of Zeus' chancing to be so situated. The cause of his having many legaladversaries and many who plotted against him was from the two lights that comprisethe power being enclosed149 by the two malefics. they make the native wise. for. That he was both beneficentto many in this manner and reverenced by many. it procures marriages151 for those who are so born. spear-bearing for the Sun. in this manner it also makes for a single marriage. justas in the case of the nativity beige us. it causes the opposite.but from the Moon being carried under the beams of the Sun. more than one marriage. resulted (as I was saying) fromthe pivotal position of the Sun and Moon. That such aone was joined to one woman from maidenhood did not here result from Aphrodite. 149 In the later tradition this condition is calledbesieging.

while the malefics become deprivers of siblings whoeverthey should be present with the lights and unfamiliarly situated. But if she had made anapplication to several ether by contact or by witnessing.the application of the Moon. theybecome a cause of having many siblings.152 he would have hadseveral siblings. Let thisalso be kept in mind by you. Why was he engaged in offenses against his relatives? Because of the position of Hermes with Kronos. it for the most part becomes the cause of the fewness of masculine siblings. thecauses of evil death come about. The positionof the Sun around the Horoskopos brought it about that this one becamechildless. for. just as in the nativity before us. for. that for the application of the Moon. 154 Here we have an indication that the fortieth day of theMoon was used to establish quality of death. havingbeen found upon the degree of the Horoskopos. And it is not onlynecessary to observe the Moon in these days. became a cause of his evil death. After filling up how much time of life did such a one die? [The Moon] herself. for. this also. foralways. the Moon was applying only to the starof Zeus up to her conjunctive Chase with the Sun. Ares in Aries. 152 Applying bodily or applying an aspect. sincebenefics give siblings while malefics take them away.155 Andafter living for as many years as there are degrees of ascension from the Moonup to the side of a square156 (that is. and it results that on that day the twomalefics see the Moon. in the fortieth day154 theMoon is found in Cancer. And what was the cause of such aone being adopted as a son? The star of Zeus making an appearance on the same pivot as the Moon in the first zoidion. then. And one mustalso look at the differences of the zoidia. but also how the other stars aresituated. the Descendant being in a terrestrial zoidion andenclosed by malefics0 by a figure. with all the stars havinga position in watery zoidia. enclosingthe Descendant. But why did the Moon not give amasculine sibling since it was applying to the masculine star of Zeus? Becausewho the Sun is marking the hour in a masculine zoidion and accepting an applicationof the Moon. as many times as natives so born have the natal Moon applyingto certain stars up to a phase. just so many siblings will they have.153 we would say that the cause of the dropsyand the shortness of breath was made clear ahead of time from these things. What causedhis dropsy and shortness of breath and the change of his life to an evil death?Because the two lights were enclosed by the malefics. Kronos diametrically and Arcs from a square on theright. as in the case of the nativity. the benefics also become distributorsof good siblings whet they make appearances upon the pivots or upon thepost-ascending zoidia if they chance to be present with the lights andfamiliarly situated. becomes the releaser. 153 Evidently the oppositions to Ares and Kronos. the . when the destroyers enclose the Sun or the Moon against the pivots. slice if the zoidia that providefor the matter of siblings happen to be bicorporeal or tropical or fecund. but also the third and seventh and fortiethday of the birth. It is notonly necessary to examine these. the Sun having dealings upon the Ascendant always becomes acause of childlessness.

It is notclear from this passage what directive method is being used. L40 in Neugebauer and van Hoesen's GreekHoroscopes. then.158 The third day of theMoon will be in Cancer. the Horoskopos in Cancer in the 24thdegree. It is not the domicile ruler ofthe next sign after the natal sign of the Moon (as advocated by FirmicusMaternus). in the bounds of Zeus. Ares. but one who is notunjustly accused because of the position of Ares and Hermes upon the Midheaven. Zeus in Aquarius in the 6th degree. for nosmall power occurs with the prenatal conjunction whenever it chances to be upona pivot. 159 This is No. in the bounds of Aphrodite. Aphrodite likewise in Aries around 5 degrees. or apheta. the bound lord Hermes. in the bounds of Zeus (with these threefurthermore being subject to setting). especially because of Ares having position with Aphrodite andHermes in Aries. 155 The releaser. Ares in Aries around 15 degrees. And he happens to beinattentive with regard to female intercourse and sordid with regard to maleintercourse.160 a man of authority who punishes many. sometimes resulting in death. he willdie. he says. this wasunderstood to cause a life crisis. p. is in this case the planetthat is directed. as follows. theMoon in Gemini in the 15th degree. The one having the stars so situated will be distinguished among those who aredistinguished. will rule over the nativity. 156 It was standard Hellenistic doctrine that one could notlive for more years than the ascensional degrees up to a square. Valens repudiated this doctrine since hehad seen counter-examples. acronycal. especially the Horoskopos and the Midheaven. 157 When the directed planet (in this case the Moon) encounters a malefic bodily or applies to one of its aspects. and distinguished because of the 4 stars thatchance to be in the Midheaven. and because of the prenatal conjunction. 79. nor is it the bound lord of the dominant light (which is hereHermes.159 158 It is not clear what system is being used here todetermine Ares as the ruler of the nativity. and when she applies to the malefics or to the Sun in the degrees inbetween."157 Such is thetreatment of the first nativity. It is also hard to see how it could be aquasi-Ptolemaic system either. in the bounds of Hermes. in the boundsof Hermes in a morning rising. bound lord of the Sun). since the domicile lord of the Sun is Ares. and the planetmaking the closest aspect is Kronos. although onecould obviously live for fewer years. and in addition because of all the stars themselves beingin masculine zoidia. Perhaps Antigonus simply used the domicilelord of the predominating light. very wealthy because ofthe trigon (with Kronos and Zeus and the Moon being in it). since the Sun is upon its own exaltation and upon theMidheaven and has . Let it be the case thatsomeone has the Sun in Aries around 19 degrees.and Hermes in Aries around 6 degrees. Kronos in Libraaround 20 degrees. in the boundsof Hermes. which is licentious. as Antigonus set it out concisely fromthe things said by the ancients. and because of Aphrodite being seen byKronos diametrically. it will cause a crisis. Now.both being under the beams.first degree of Taurus). theexaltation lord the Sun (which cannot qualify as ruler of the nativity). Next he also made mention of the second nativity. and the fortieth in Scorpio. the seventh in Virgo. thetrigon ruler is the Sun (again excluded).

Such a one was from a great and distinguished family. Hermes likewise inAries in a morning setting. IV Neugebauer and van Hoesen’s GreekHoroscopes. and because Ares hurls rays at the post-ascension of theMidheaven. and that he died badly aroundthe 25th year was. And let this not escapeyour notice. ofvery distinguished (ancestors). engagedin his own destruction and that of his forefathers around the 25th year. the fortieth inLibra. rules over the nativity. Ptolemy (Bk III. That he becamedistinguished was because the Sun is in the Horoskopos and has spear-bearers. Zeus in Pisces in a morning rising. that one of those of his family perished was because of thesame figure. Aphrodite in Piscesin a morning station. The length of lifeof this native is known from the releasing of the Sun and from its squareposition. p.that he was ill-advised was because Hermes and Kronos chanced to be in thedomicile of Ares. perhaps. and so hemakes mention of another and third nativity of someone.though born with great expectations and though it seemed at that time that hewould come into the kingship. 163 Taurusand Aquarius are zoidia of equal ascension. probably the direction of the Sun or the Horoskopos in Aries (the degrees arenot given) to a sextile ray cast by Ares in Aquarius. because it is in an opportune place and the prenatal conjunctionoccurred in the same zoidion. because the ascension163 was the same (ofTaurus and of Aquarius. for both the A and B Babylonian systems.as spear-bearers the stars ascending before it in the samezoidion and also Zeus in Aquarius (for they remain spear-bearers up to thepre-ascending square position). somedirective method is implied here in the determination of length of life. the Moon waxing in a triangular figure inrelation to Kronos and Zeus made the native happy and very wealthy and one whoprovides many offerings and gifts to his fatherland. nor that with all or most of the stars in their own zoidia orplaces. the onlyfeature that seems to distinguish Ares as ruler of the nativity is the factthat it is domicile ruler. that he was erotic was because of Aphrodite and Zeus. L113. I mean that the father and motherwere most highly esteemed. p. the native. to examine the given nativities in this manner. the Lot of Fortunefalls on Taurus. 162 This is NO.making an appearance with a morning rising after three days. anamputated zoidion. The ascensional time of each ofthese zoidia is 25. the theme rendered the native splendid. the Moon in Taurus.39of my . Kronos in Aries. being illadvised around his 25th year. that he was cut in pieces was because the Moon is in Taurus. as in the previous nativity. and very notable. made amistake.161 Thethird day of the Moon is in Gemini. that he wasfond of fighting was because the star of Ares is upon the post-ascension of theMidheaven and Hermes is in the domicile of Ares. it contributes to making dignified and notable men. 160 Neugebauer translates this as ''very distinguished. was killedwith a certain older man (engaging in treachery because of him). 11. Likewise. The star of Ares. Arcs in Aquarius in a morning rising. he says. whom. then. with themembers of his family being dismissed to humble [conditions]. I believe)." It is requisite. and engaging in an accusation directed at the kingship. the seventh in Leo. He hadthe Sun and the Horoskopos in Aries. he says. for. though they died violent deaths.162 161 Here again. 108. thus. he said. that the harm was from a man was because Ares is in a zoidion ofhuman shape.

170 as itmakes friends of kings or cruel deputies and makes the native venturesome andthose who spend time away from home. deals with marriage and wives. 168 Bellatrix. for some degrees are ones of services. since thefirst decan of the Horoskopos deals with birth. Being parallel to the bright star upon the30th degree. Also. deals withinjury. deals with sickness. 171 This no longer extant book of early Hellenistic astrology was evidently composed prior to the treatise of Nechepso and Petosiris. the 25th. he says.active and religious men every one. and great men.which culminates early. 167 it makes the native wealthy. And they are not thosesuffering violent death. the8th. the 28th from the Horoskopos. thrifty. inmaking mention of other nativities. in a unique manner it likewise causes instability for womenin matter concerning men. In this manner. which culminates atnoon. And he says that every time the Moon or some of thewandering stars chance to be upon some pivot. 170 Probably Antares.168 it likewise makes brilliant leaders. since it is cited in that treatise itself. increasing in longitude andlatitude. one mustalso conjecture in the case of the other non-wandering stars. 164 Regulus. which rises in the west. the 17th. he also made careful observations of asimilar kind. and they alsocause the same thing upon the 5th degree of Aquarius.171 he speaks in thesame manner as it is there. these native will be subordinate to those who have the Moonparallel to one of the bright stars by zoidion. and in these nativities he says that when Aphrodite has declinedfrom the place at the peak. just as theking Nechepso says in his general [treatise]. In the case of nativities oflittle repute. inmaking a collection from the books of the Salmeschoimaka. deals with livelihood. in a unique manner it always causes instability formen in matters concerning women. but when Ares has himself declined from theplace at the peak. the one in the subterraneous [pivot]dealswith death. And one must also examine the decans. you will find the Moon subtractive in longitude and in latitudeand in light and being carried to malefic. Chancing tobe upon the 27th degree. Again. along with one of the non-wandering bright stars – for example. for in this manner it makes thenatives weak with respect to their bodies and ready to take offense withrespect to their souls. Next.translation) says that hexagonal ray can be destructive if it involveszoidia of seeing or hearing (which latter are similar to zoidia of equalascension). warlike.169 it makes leaders or brilliant admirals. which rises late in the cast. hesays those who have the Moon applying to benefics while making a separationfrom bright stars. The title means some thing . 167Aldebaran. door of Hades. deals with children.165 Also whenthe Moon is parallel in latitude with [the one] upon the 15th degreeof Taurus. 165 Probably Fomalhaut. 169 Probably Alnilam. These are the places that the ancient Egyptians used in everynativity. and similarthings also come about upone the 7th degree of Scorpio. withthe so-called royal star164 upon the heart of Leo at about the 5thdegree – they make the fortunes greater and most highly esteemed. the [1]9th.

and we will begin another subject likewise according to our sequence.like “Pictures.” Let such treatments. . then. have been set out. concerning the soul and livelihood and advancement.