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Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines (CDP)

Unit 3, 2nd F MILLE Building, 335-337 Gil Puyat Ave. (formerly Buendia) cor. Dominga St., Pasay City Landline/Fax No. (+632) 799 4924 Mobile Numbers: 09276567528(Globe) ; 09287498674(Smart) Website: www.cdp.ph ; Email Address: info@cdp.ph

CDP Position on the North Borneo Issue


The Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines believes that the North Borneo or Sabah Issue is a complex one. It has se veral strands that need to be considered and addressed separately though they are inter-connected. All stakeholders, particularly the Government of the Philippines and the Government of Malaysia should face these issues squarely and seek peaceful and amicable resolutions without resorting to war or any form of violence. Moreover, in the spirit of the original agreement in Maphilindo (Malaysia, Philippines and Indonesia), the three littoral countries have agreed to settle territorial disputes peacefully and in the spirit of Malay brotherhood. The first strand is the proprietary rights of the Sultanate of Sulu and North Borneo over the disputed territory. The word used in the original contract is pajak, a Malay word for lease. The North Borneo Company has leased the said territory for 5,000 Ringgits or the equivalent in Mexican Dollar used at the time or the value in gold in 1876. The mere fact that the Malaysian Government continues to pay the same amount but now in Malaysian Ringgit shows that all sundry including the Malaysian government recognizes the lease contract. Moreover, in 1939, Chief Justice C.F. Macaskie of the High Court of North Borneo (During the British Rule) came up with the ruling that North Borneo belongs to the Sultanate of Sulu and North Borneo and NOT to the UK. In the same judgment named the nine (9) heirs of Sultan Jamilul Kiram I. Thus, from the legal, cultural and historical grounds, there is no dispute that the Sultanate of Sulu and North Borneo has proprietary rights over North Borneo or the present Sabah. The second strand is the sovereignty issue. No doubt that the Malaysian Government has actual exercise of sovereignty over the disputed territory. There are various ways of addressing sovereignty issue peacefully other than going to war. The first one is through arbitration acceptable to the stakeholders and the two countries concerned. The other one is through the International Court of Justice where the two concerned countries are participants and members. The CDP stands that this issue of sovereignty should be negotiated peacefully. CDP also recognizes that sovereignty is one ticklish issue of the 18th century nation state paradigm though it is becoming more and more obsolete with the growing trend of collapsing

CDP Position on the North Borneo Issue, April 1, 2013, Pasay City, Philippines

Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines (CDP)


Unit 3, 2nd F MILLE Building, 335-337 Gil Puyat Ave. (formerly Buendia) cor. Dominga St., Pasay City Landline/Fax No. (+632) 799 4924 Mobile Numbers: 09276567528(Globe) ; 09287498674(Smart) Website: www.cdp.ph ; Email Address: info@cdp.ph

borders for greater cooperation and faster movements of goods and people between and among neighboring states. The third strand is the issue of the peace negotiation between the Philippine Government (GPH) and the M oro Islamic Liberation Front presently facilitated by M alaysia. The peace negotiation is nearing the proverbial finish line and there are great expectations for the emerging Bangsamoro new political entity. CDP believes that the peace negotiation should NOT be a victim or a hostage to the present crisis in North Borneo or Sabah. The talks should continue regardless of the complexity of the issues involved in the present crisis. The last and fourth strand is the Human Rights issue. The CDP holds both the Republic of the Philippines as well as the Government of Malaysia to faithfully and strictly observe both the International Human Rights Law and the International Humanitarian Law. Both countries have signed all the convention and protocols concerning Human Rights Law. In this regard, CDP abhors the rounding up of Filipinos in North Borneo and deporting them as illegals or HALAWs in the Bahasa. The reports of abuses and maltreatment are also proliferating. For this reason, CDP asks the Philippine government and the M alaysian Government for complete TRANSPARENCY and ACCOUNTABILITY in their military and police operations by inviting independent media and humanitarian agencies to verify said reports. We name and denounce the violations of human rights anytime and anywhere on the basis of the dignity of persons and this is our uncompromising belief and fundamental principle as Centrist Democratic Party. With the above considerations, the CDP stands for peaceful and just negotiation between and among parties and stakeholders on strands 1 to 3 (proprietary rights, sovereignty issue, and on-going peace process ). The CDP also asks the Philippine Government and the Malaysian Government to immediately address strand No. 4(the human rights issue) by opening their doors for fact finding mission by independent media and humanitarian agencies like the ICRC and the UN or similar bodies to verify allegations of gross abuses of human rights in North Borneo or Sabah . The CDP also asks the Malaysian Government to immediately desist in deporting what they term in Bahasa as HALAW without fair hearings in the Court of Law .

CDP Position on the North Borneo Issue, April 1, 2013, Pasay City, Philippines