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PE-backed IPOs see record deals sizes in Q1 2011
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20 PE-backed companies go public to raise US$13.5b Overall IPO deal values down 13% from the same period a year ago 70% of PE-backed IPOs end quarter above offering price Registrations and shadow pipeline could make 2011 most active since 2007
London, 7 April 2011– Despite a global events-driven slowdown across the broader IPO market, PE-backed companies executed some of the largest sponsored IPOs in history in the first quarter of 2011. In aggregate, PE-backed companies raised US$13.5b in 20 separate transactions in the first three months of this year, compared to US$7.2b in 27 deals in the same period in 2010, according to the latest Private Equity, Public Exits quarterly analysis by Ernst & Young. Market volatility stemming from unrest in the Middle East and the disaster in Japan took its toll on new issuance momentum in the latter half of the first quarter. Globally, 294 companies (both sponsored and non-sponsored) raised US$46.9b over the last three months, down 13% from the same period in 2010, when companies raised US$54.1b in 300 initial public offerings. In aggregate, eight companies backed by PE firms pulled their IPOs in the first quarter due to market conditions. Four of them directly cited the events in Japan. Jeffrey Bunder, Global Private Equity Leader at Ernst & Young says: “PE-backed companies are continuing to play a critical role in the still-recovering new equity issuance market, with increasingly large deals, despite the recent uncertainty affecting the public markets. We expect to see continued elevated activity as houses seek to take advantage of receptive equity markets and initiate the process of exiting some of their largest holdings acquired in the 2005-2008 timeframe.” Record breakers Despite ongoing uncertainties in the markets, the first months of 2011 saw the record for the largest-ever PE-backed IPO broken twice in rapid succession, starting in early February, by Houston-based pipeline operator Kinder Morgan who completed a US$3.3b IPO on the NYSE. For a short period of only a few weeks, this was the largest PE-backed IPO on record, before, HCA Holdings, the largest hospital operator in the US, priced 145 million shares to raise US$4.4b in proceeds, making it the largest sponsored offering in history, and the largest IPO on a US exchange since General Motors raised US$18.1b in August 2010. Emerging markets slow as US continues to drive forward with IPOs Activity in Q1 was concentrated in the Americas, which represented more than 90% of proceeds raised and accounted for 80% of the quarter’s deals.
” . The company.4b from five transactions. says Bunder. with an average increase over issuance price of 14. PE-backed IPOs have performed well as a group with investors seeing good returns on deals – both recently and over the last year – setting a solid foundation for 2011.7b across global exchanges. In addition to companies that have formally filed. was the best-performing IPO of the quarter. The shares gained 18.7% over the company’s IPO price. in particular. which could raise an aggregate US$14. Bunder concludes: “As PE firms seek to exit some of the largest businesses acquired between 2005 and 2008. 70% of Q1 PE-backed IPOs were trading above their IPO price. The quarter’s large IPOs did well also – Nielsen Holdings. many companies postponed or withdrew planned IPOs in light of the exceptional US$70b offering last year by Petrobras.0%. when US$58b was raised from IPOs. “Emerging markets will remain an important venue for PE-backed issuance”. emerging markets represented more than half of all sponsored companies executing IPOs but have slowed thus far in 2011. making it the highest-performing US IPO of the quarter. raising US$1. the conditions appear to be ripe for one of the most active years on record. backed by CDH China Holdings.” High returns continue post-IPO Through the end of the quarter. Chinese internet company Qihoo 360 Technology. With the overhang from Petrobras receding. Many of these companies are likely to pursue an IPO during 2011. Bunder continues. Brazil's state-controlled oil producer. this year could eclipse the 2007 PE-backed IPO peak. “In Brazil. and closed out March up 104%. opened up 86% in its NYSE debut. PE-backed companies in Brazil are once again poised to increase their activity and PE-backed offerings could account for as much as one-third of new issuance. or previously withdrew an IPO due to negative market conditions. In the absence of additional economic shocks. given increasing demand for new issuances and ample supply. which operates in the mobile and internet security space. the sometimes volatile nature of the 2009-2010 market has also led to a sizeable shadow pipeline of PE-backed companies that either have yet to make an initial filing.In the second half of 2010.” Future outlook There are currently 56 PE-backed companies in registration to go public. Investor appetite for such deals has been tested and reinforced over the last several quarters – benefiting from continued momentum in the global equities markets. “This year could be the biggest on record for PE-backed IPOs.
exits worth $5 billion took place in 2010 through 164 deals against 103 exit deals worth mere $2.97 40 1238.1 76 1448. partner.1 billion in 2009. more investments will also be seen in 2011 compared to the last year. BMR Advisors. The typical cycle of investment-exit is expected to get completed in 2010-11 for many PE investors here. Sequoia and other firms' $354-million exit from SKS Microfinance through IPO. A number of private equity players who have taken up controlling equity positions in the past will continue to use this route to exit their holdings at an attractive multiple. wherein Actis and Sequoia together made a $500-million profit through the sale of portfolio firm Paras Pharma. The next preferred routes were open market ($1. Saif Partners' $199-million stake sell-out in Intelligroup through M&A and WL Ross' $160-million deal in SpiceJet through M&A. E&Y. CEO. 04 and 05 are matured now and will be able to provide good returns for investors.17 18 160. partner. 2011. Mergers & Acquisitions practice. which began in 2010. Similarly. which bought back stake from Symphony Capital in deal worth $695 million. they are willing to pay a premium for the right assets.64 15 502.” said Rajendra Nalam. 0:51 IST The year 2011 is likely to witness maximum number of private equity/venture capital exits in the history of Indian PE industry. Buyback was the preferred route in 2010 as deals worth $1.22 18 157.” said Pankaj Dhandharia.” said Nitin Deshmukh.5 billion) and M&A ($1.32 2 31. “We are witnessing increased interest from foreign companies looking at buyouts in India. As the reflection. more exits are expected in 2011 and 2012. According to VCCedge.2011: A golden year for private equity exits? Reghu Balakrishnan / Mumbai January 11. The downturn made the year 2009 tough for exits and 2010 saw change in performance and the euphoria was back. since the portfolio companies are getting matured. The maximum number of PE/VC investments took place in 2006-2007 when the balance sheets as well as the profitability of the portfolio firms were pretty good.13 69 1390. Transaction Advisory Services.85 Other major exits that took place in 2010 include DLF Assets Ltd.2 billion). Investments made in 2003.54 8 78. “Surely. December 2010 witnessed the largest ever exit in PE. As they are aggressively looking to expand growth markets. “This year will witness the continuation of exit process. private equity. .7 billion took place. there will be more exits in 2011 as compared to previous years. Kotak Investment Advisors. PE/VC EXITS Year Buyback IPO M&A Open market Secondary sales 2009 2010 Exit Exit value Exit Exit value volum volume ($ mn) e ($ mn) 6 500 15 1695. Indian promoters see them bringing in vast experience and technology apart from capital. Aamby Valley Ltd's $323-million buyback from Siva Venture.
. a good number of investments are also supposed to take place in 2011.“People prefer M&A as a best option for exit as it is difficult to rely on the volatile capital market. The shares of SKS Microfinance. the only listed microfinance firm. PE exits through M&A saw a growth of about 700 per cent last year as compared to 2009. According to Shujaat Khan. “The exits by a PE firm through secondary sale in growth stage will make an investment by another firm.” said Deshmukh. Managing Director. The secondary sale exits also doubled to $161 million in 2010 from $78 million in 2009. Blue River Capital Advisors. plunged to all-time low last month due to uncertainty over new MFI regulations. In that way. investments also will be higher through secondary transactions.” he said.
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