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Technical Guide MiCOM P220

TG 1.1550

CHAPTER 8.2-A Commissioning of the MiCOM P220 Relay

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 1/20

CONTENTS

1. 2.
2.1 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.1.3 2.1.4 2.2

REQUIREMENTS PRIOR TO COMMISSIONING EQUIPMENT REQUIRED FOR TESTING


Important notes Warning concerning the test methodology Injection test boxes Additional test equipments Communication Commissioning test records

3 3
3 3 3 3 4 4

3.
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.5.1 3.6

PRODUCT VERIFICATION TESTS


Allocation of terminals Electrostatic discharge (ESD) Visual inspection Earthing Current transformers (CTs) Use of a Core Balance CT for earth faults. Auxiliary supply

4
4 4 4 4 5 5 6

4.
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.3.1 4.3.2 4.3.3 4.3.4 4.3.5 4.3.6

COMMISSIONING
Settings Measurements Thermal replica Test wiring diagram Alarm threshold ALARM test, trip threshold test, and thermal constant time Te1 test. Alarm threshold ALARM test, trip threshold test, and thermal constant time Te2 test. Cooling down constant time Tr test. FORBID START threshold test. Numerical example

7
7 7 7 8 9 9 10 10 11

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 2/20 4.4 4.4.1 4.4.2 4.5 4.5.1 4.5.2 4.5.3 4.6 4.6.1 4.6.2 4.6.3 4.7 4.7.1 4.7.2 4.8 Phase overcurrent: I>> Test wiring diagram I>> threshold Earth overcurrent : Io>, Io>> Test wiring diagram Io> threshold Io>> threshold Negative phase sequence threshold(46) Test wiring diagram I2> threshold I2>> threshold Automation functions Latching of relay outputs Wiring diagram COMMISSIONING PARAMETERS DATA BASE

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220 11 11 12 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 17 17 19

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 3/20

1.

REQUIREMENTS PRIOR TO COMMISSIONING


BEFORE COMMISSIONING THE RELAY, THE SAFETY SECTION OF THE MANUAL MUST BE READ. When commissioning the MiCOM relay for the first time, 1/4 hour should be allowed to become familiar with the menu (MENU OF THE HMI section). With a laptop computer and ALSTOM setting software, the user can configure the MiCOM P220 relay and save this setting on to a floppy disk. This file can subsequently be downloaded via the RS232 front port or via the RS 485 link on the rear of the MiCOM relays.

2.
2.1 2.1.1

EQUIPMENT REQUIRED FOR TESTING


Important notes Warning concerning the test methodology The test methodology described in this document tries as much as possible not to modify the settings of the MiCOM P220 relay once these have been set so as to help the tests and avoid errors. A reference commissioning configuration file (MiCOM P220) is provided at the end of this section. All the tests of the MiCOM P220 relays are carried out by injecting currents to the secondary of the earth and/or phase CTs using appropriate injection test sets provided for this purpose.

2.1.2

Injection test boxes For reasons of convenience (weight, spatial requirement, transportation), a singlephased injection test set is more suitable for the tests and is able to perform all test types relating to the MiCOM P220 relay. Thus, the following descriptions indicate how to conduct the tests with a single-phase injection test set. However, for certain tests, the three-phase wiring diagrams are easier to understand and, in this case, the description is also given in three-phase format. Single-phase injection test set 1 current (0 to 50 A), timer (precision 1 ms). Three-phase injection test set 3 currents (0 to 50 A), timer (precision 1 ms).

2.1.3

Additional test equipments 2 multimeters (precision 1%), 1 clip-on ammeter to measure the currents exceeding 10 A (precision 2%), Test plugs and wires to carry out injections to the CTs secondary (dimensions according to the currents injected).

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 4/20 2.1.4 Communication

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

For all tests, the records can be made by using either the RS 485 rear port or the RS232 front port of the relay. 2.2 Commissioning test records Commissioning test records are available in the end of the Commissioning Chapter. The presentation of the Commissioning test records follows the sequence of the tests of this chapter. The contents of these Commissioning test records enable you to log: The name of the relay, station and circuit/plant The characteristics of the MiCOM P220 relay The various settings The results of the tests

3.
3.1

PRODUCT VERIFICATION TESTS


Allocation of terminals It is necessary to consult the appropriate wiring diagram of the MiCOM P220 whilst observing the various polarities and ground/earth connection.

3.2

Electrostatic discharge (ESD) Before any handling of the module (active part of the relay), please refer to the recommendations in the HANDLING AND SAFETY section.

3.3

Visual inspection Carefully examine the relay to see if there has been any possible deterioration following installation. Check the serial number under the upper flap of the front panel. Also inspect the stated nominal values and the model number. Check if the external wiring corresponds to the appropriate relay diagram or the assembly diagram. When the relay is withdrawn from its case, use a continuity tester to check if the current short-circuits (phases and earth CTs) between the terminals indicated on the wiring diagram are closed.

3.4

Earthing Check if the earth connection of the case situated above the rear terminal block is used to connect the relay to a local earth bar. With several relays present, make sure that the copper earth bar is properly installed for solidly connecting the earthing terminals of each case.

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220 3.5 Current transformers (CTs) DANGER :

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 5/20

NEVER OPEN CIRCUIT THE SECONDARY CIRCUIT OF A CURRENT TRANSFORMER SINCE THE HIGH VOLTAGE PRODUCED MAY BE LETHAL AND COULD DAMAGE INSULATION.

3.5.1

Use of a Core Balance CT for earth faults. If a core balance CT is used to detect earth faults, prior to any test, the user must check the following points: 1. 2. MV cable screens and core balance CT, No current flow through the MV cables.

3.5.1.1 Cable shields and core balance CT When mounting a core balance CT around electric cables, check the connection to the earth of the cable shields. It is vital that the earth cable of the shield moves in the opposite direction through the core balance CT. This cancels the currents carried by the cable shields through the core balance CT.

Electrical cables directed to the busbar

Screen shields

P1 P2

S1 S2

Other ends of electrical cables


FIGURE 1 : SCREEN SHIELDS AND CORE BALANCE CT

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 6/20 3.5.1.2 Phase CTs orientation

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

It is necessary to check the orientation of the phase CTs by using the following method for instance: Have available a centre point analogue ammeter. Temporarily short-circuit the battery by checking the diagram polarities (+ on P1 and on P2). A positive current pulse traverses the milliammeter and the needle shall turn in a positive direction . Proceed this test for each phase CT.

P1

S1

+ _
P2 S2

+ mA

FIGURE 2 : PHASE CT ORIENTATION TEST

NOTE :

De-magnetise the CT after the test. Inject a current starting from zero and slowly cross the CT nominal value and then decrease slowly to zero.

3.6

Auxiliary supply Check the value of the auxiliary supply voltage (terminals 33 and 34). The value measured shall be between 0.8 and 1.2 times the auxiliary supply nominal voltage indicated on the MiCOM P220 front panel (under the upper flap). Cortec code A F M Relay auxiliary voltage range * (Volts) 24 60 Vdc 48 150 Vdc 130-250 Vdc 100-250 Vca Auxiliary voltage range for the logic inputs * (Volts) 19 60 Vdc 32 150 Vdc 48 250 Vdc

* The tolerance on the auxiliary voltage variations is 20/+20%.

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 7/20

4.

COMMISSIONING
The various operations described in this section are not exhaustive, but combine functions of MiCOM P220 relay which able to confirm that the relay is operational. The use of appropriate ALSTOM T&D P&C setting software connected to either the RS485 rear port or the RS232 front is not obligatory. The various indications associated with each commissioning module are described for the MiCOM P220 front panel display (LCD and LEDs). Commissioning covers the following points: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Input of settings, Validation of measurements, Validation of the thermal replica : I>, ALARM, FORBID START, Te1, Te2, Tr (49) Validation of phase protection thresholds and time delays : I>>, tI>> (50/51) Validation of earth protection thresholds and time delays : Io>, tIo>, Io>>, t Io>> (50N/51N) Validation of the Negative Sequence thresholds I2> and I2>> (46) Validation of the automation function: latching of the relay outputs.

4.1

Settings Input into the Commissioning Test Records file all of the settings of the MiCOM P220 relay.

4.2

Measurements The MiCOM P220 relay measures phase and earth currents as a True RMS value up to the 10th harmonic. The value(s) indicated take account of the phase and/or earth CT ratio. WARNING: WARNING MICOM P220 RELAY HAs 1 AND 5 AMP CURRENT INPUTS. CHECK THAT THE injectED CURRENT IS compatible WITH THE SELECTED RANGE Bring forward to the Setting record the values of phase and earth CTs. Energise the MiCOM P220 relay. Apply to each current input (as per wiring diagram) a current and check the values on the LCD display. Carry forward the results to the Commissioning test records (Applied values and relay values displayed)

4.3

Thermal replica Assign the thermal overload protective function to the trip output contact (relay RL1) and assign the ALARM protective function to an auxiliary output contact, RL2 for example. Set Ke equal to 3. In order to save time during testing, it is advisible to set all the thermal time constants to 5 minutes.

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 8/20 The thermal operating time is given by the following:

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

t = T ln [((Ieq / I>)2 i) / [((Ieq / I>)2 thresh] = T ln [(K2 i) /(K2 thresh)] where : t = operating time in seconds T = thermal time constant value in seconds Ieq = equivalent thermal current value I> = thermal overload current threshold K = Ieq / I> ratio i = initial thermal state value ; in our case i equal to 0. thresh = alarm threshold (settable) or tripping threshold (fixed value equal to 1)

Testing the relay via single-phase injection, results in the relay seeing equal current magnitudes for both positive and negative phase sequence quantities. Upon injection of a single phase current value equal to Iinject , the relay will see current magnitudes of Iinject/3 for both positive and negative phase sequences quantities. The equivalent thermal current value Ieq calculated by the relay will be given by the following: Ieq = (Ipositive2 + Ke . Inegative2 )0.5 = [(Iinject/3)2 + 3 . (Iinject/3)2]0,5 = 2/3 . Iinject Therefore, for an inject current value (Iinject ) equal to 3/2 . K . I> , the thermal equivalent current seen by the relay will be equal to K . I>. NOTE : When the Ke factor is not set to 3, in order for the relay to see a current equal to K. I>, the injected current value Iinject, ,will need to be equal to : [3/(1+Ke)0,5] . K . I>

4.3.1

Test wiring diagram The following diagram should be followed to tests the thermal replica. This diagram describes current injection on to the 5 Amp phase current inputs (terminals 41-42, 43-44, 45-46). To carry out injection for the 1 Amp phase inputs, perform the same test on the 1 Amp inputs (terminals 49-50, 51-52, 53-54).
INJECTION TEST SET AUXILIARY SUPPLY
+Vaux - Vaux
33 34 22 24 L1 Binary input 1

SWITCH
A
1A

49 50 51

CURRENT 1A

1A 52 53

N A

1A 54 41 5A 5A 44 45 42 43

MiCOM P220

CURRENT 5A
N

5A

TIMERS

Stop Stop

46 37 35 36 6 4 2 12 10 8 18 16 14

WD Watchdog powered on RL1 Trip output 29 RL2 Programmable output Case earth

30 31

+
RS 485 Communication port

RL3

Programmable output

32

FIGURE 3 : THERMAL REPLICA TESTS WIRING

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220 4.3.2

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 9/20

Alarm threshold ALARM test, trip threshold test, and thermal constant time Te1 test. 1. 2. 3. 4. The binary input No 1 (terminals 22-24) should be kept energise during this test. Within the PROCESS menu, reset the thermal status value to 0. Inject a single-phase current equal to 2.7 times the I> threshold value into the phase A relay current input, this corresponds to an overload ratio of K = 1.8 Record the operating times of both alarm and trip threshold.

Checks: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 4.3.3 ALARM alarm message on the LCD display. Alarm LED flashes. ALARM LED flashes (if programmed). Operation of the RL2 output contact (if ALARM is assigned to RL2). Check RL2 operates at a time equal to Te1. ln [1,82/(1,82 - ALARM)] . Then occurrence of TH OVERLOAD alarm message on the LCD display. Trip LED flashes. THERM OVERLOAD LED flashes (if programmed). Operation of the trip output contact (relay RL1). Check RL1 operates at a time equal to 0.369 .Te1 .

Alarm threshold ALARM test, trip threshold test, and thermal constant time Te2 test. 1. 2. 3. 4. The binary input No 1 (terminals 22-24) should be kept energise during this test. Within the PROCESS menu, reset the thermal status value to 0. Inject a single-phase current equal to 3.9 times the I> threshold value into the phase A relay current input, this corresponds to an overload ratio of K = 2.6. Record the operating times of both alarm threshold and trip threshold.

Checks : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. ALARM alarm message on the LCD display. Alarm LED flashes. ALARM LED flashes (if programmed). Operation of the RL2 output contact (if ALARM is assigned to RL2). Check RL2 operates at a time equal to Te2 . ln [2.62/(2.62 - ALARM)] . Then occurrence of TH OVERLOAD alarm message on the LCD display. Trip LED flashes. THERM OVERLOAD LED flashes (if programmed). Operation of the trip output contact (relay RL1). Check RL1 operates at a time equal to 0.160 . Te2 .

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 10/20 4.3.4 Cooling down constant time Tr test. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

The binary input No 1 (terminals 22-24) should be kept unenergise during this test. If required, inject a single phase current into the relay in order that the thermal status value reaches 90%. When the injected current is removed, record the value. Note this value i. Wait several minutes in order to give time for the thermal status to reduce to <60%. Record the value. Note this value f. Note also the time from when the injected current was removed.

Checks : 1. Check the time from when the injected current was removed is approximately equal to Tr . ln (i / f ) . A time difference may exist between the theoretical time value and the test time value. Considering a Tr value equal to 5 mn, the time difference is typically 17 seconds. This time difference can easily reach100 seconds for a Tr value equal to 60 mn. Since cooling of the thermal replica follows a logarithmic rule and the value is displayed in 2 digits, a change in 1% steps of takes time. This time difference is due to the resolution of the step display, not the a drift in the relay accuracy.

Caution :

4.3.5

FORBID START threshold test. 1. 2. 3. 4. Set the FORBID START order to an auxiliary output contact (RL3 for instance), not the same than the one for which ALARM has been already assigned to. The binary input No 1 (terminals 22-24) shall be kept not energise during this test. Within the PROCESS menu, reset the thermal status value to 0. Inject a single-phase current equal to 3.9 times the I> threshold value into the phase A relay current input, which corresponds to a K = 2.6 overload ratio. Let the current injection during a time longer than Tr. ln [2.62/(2.62 FORBID START)] , the value is greater than the FORBID START threshold.

Checks : 1. 2. 3. 4. FORBIDDEN START alarm message on the LCD display. Alarm LED flashes. FORBIDDEN START LED flashes (if programmed). Operation of the RL3 output contact (if FORBIDDEN START is assigned to RL3) after a time equal to Tr. ln [2.62/(2.62 FORBID START)] . The thermal base start inhibition is self-reset when the value falls under the FORBID START threshold, so the checking of the above item shall be done quickly after the current injection stoppage.

Caution :

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220 4.3.6 Numerical example

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 11/20

For each thermal replica test, the hereafter table mentions the operating time values relevant to the following relay setting values : I = 1 In Ke = 3 Te1 = Te2 = Tr = 5 mn ALARM = 90% FORBID START = 60%. Injected Theoretical Measured current value time value time value single phase (in (in current seconds) seconds) (in Ampre) 98 s 2.7 (In =1A) 13.5 (In=5A) 111 s

I> threshold value test and constant time Te1 value test Chapter 4.3.2

ALARM threshold operating time Trip thermal threshold operating time ALARM threshold operating time Trip thermal threshold operating time

I> threshold value test and constant time Te1 value test Chapter 4.3.3

3.9 (In =1A) 19.5 (In=5A)

43 s

48 s

Constant value test

time

Tr

Chapter 4.3.4 FORBID START threshold value test Chapter 4.3.5

Initial thermal value i= 90% Final thermal value f = 60% Minimum injection time

No injection 122 s of current

3.9 (In =1A) 19.5 (In=5A)

28 s

4.4

Phase overcurrent: I>> One phase overcurrent threshold is available for the MiCOM P220 relay. Set the threshold on the trip output.

4.4.1

Test wiring diagram This test wiring diagram makes it possible to conduct tests relating to the threshold. The diagram describes current injection on to the 5 Amp phase current inputs (terminals 41-42, 43-44, 45-46). To carry out injection for the 1 Amp phase inputs, perform the same test on the 1 Amp inputs (terminals 49-50, 51-52, 53-54).

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 12/20


INJECTION TEST SET AUXILIARY SUPPLY
+Vaux -Vaux
33 34

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

49 1A 50 51

CURRENT 1A

1A 52 53 1A 54

MiCOM P220

41 5A 42 43 5A 44 45

CURRENT 5A
N

5A 46 37 35 36 6 4 2 12 10 8

WD Watchdog powered on RL1 Trip output

Case earth 29

TIMER

Stop

30 31

+
RS 485 communication port

RL2

Programmable output

32

FIGURE 4 : I>> TESTS WIRING

4.4.2

I>> threshold Values to be recorded 1. 2. l>> threshold for each phase tl>> time delay for each phase

I>> threshold check: 1. 2. 3. If tI>> time delay is short, gradually raise the injection current up to the value of I>> threshold. If tI>> time delay is long, inject 0.95 x I threshold and check there is no trip. Then inject 1.1 x I threshold and check the trip output is close. Gradually lower the injected current and note the value of the drop off of the I>> threshold.

Checks: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Display of an alarm message on the front panel LCD. Alarm LED flashes. Trip LED flashes. I>> threshold LED flashes (if programmed). Trip output closes. I>> threshold output closes (if programmed).

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 13/20

tI>> time delay check : 1. Apply a current on to one of the phases and measure the time delay tI>> by pre-setting the current above the I>> threshold (I injected > 2 x I threshold). 2. 4.5 Apply a current on to one of the phases and measure the time delay tI>> by pre-setting the current above the I>> threshold (I injected > 10 x I threshold).

Earth overcurrent : Io>, Io>> Two earth overcurrent thresholds are available in the MiCOM P220 relays. Each threshold is adjusted independently. Set the various thresholds on the trip output.

4.5.1

Test wiring diagram This test wiring diagram makes it possible to conduct tests relating to the Io> and Io>> thresholds. The diagram describes current injection on to the 5 Amp earth current input (terminals 47-48). To carry out injection on to the 1 Amp earth input, perform the same test on the 1 Amp input (terminals 55-56).
INJECTION TEST SET

AUXILIARY SUPPLY

+Vaux -Vaux

33 34

P1 CURRENT 1A
N A

S1
55 1A 56

P2

S2

MiCOM P220

CURRENT 5A
N

P1 P2

S1
47 5A 48

S2

TIMER

Stop

37 35 36 6 4 2 12 10 8

WD Watchdog powered on

Case earth 29

RL1

Trip output

30 31

+
RS 485 communication port

RL2

Programmable output

32

FIGURE 5 : IO> AND IO>> TESTS WIRING

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 14/20 4.5.2 Io> threshold Values to be recorded : 1. 2. Io> threshold Time delay tIo>.

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

Io> threshold check: 1. 2. 3. If the time delay tIo> is short, gradually increase the injection current up to the value of the Io> threshold. If the time delay tIo> is long, inject 0.95 x I threshold and check that there is no tripping. Then inject 1.1 x I threshold and check the trip. Gradually decreases the injected current and record the value of the drop out Io> threshold.

Checks : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Alarm message on the LCD display. Alarm LED flashes. Trip LED flashes. Io> threshold LED flashes (if programmed). Trip output closes. Io> threshold output closes (if programmed).

tIo> time delay check : 1. 2. 4.5.3 Apply a current on to the earth input and measure the time delay tIo> by presetting the current above the Io> threshold (I injected > 2 x I threshold). Apply a current on to the earth input and measure the time delay tIo> by presetting the current above the Io> threshold (I injected > 10 x I threshold).

Io>> threshold Values to be recorded 1. 2. lo>> threshold tlo>> time delay.

Io>> threshold check : . 1. 2. 3. If tIo>> time delay is short, gradually raise the injection current up to the value of Io>> threshold. If tIo>> time delay is long, inject 0.95 x I threshold and check there is no trip. Then inject 1.1 x I threshold and check the trip output is closed. Gradually lower the injected current and note the value of the drop out Io>> threshold.

Checks : 1. 2. 3. Display of an alarm message on the front panel LCD. Alarm LED flashes. Trip LED flashes.

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220 4. 5. 6. Io>> threshold LED flashes (if programmed). Trip output closes. Io>> threshold output closes (if programmed).

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 15/20

tIo>> time delay check : . 1. 2. 4.6 Apply a current on to the earth and measure the time delay tIo>> by presetting the current above the Io>> threshold (I injected > 2 x I threshold). Apply a current on to the earth and measure the time delay tIo>> by presetting the current above the Io>> threshold (I injected > 10 x I threshold).

Negative phase sequence threshold(46) Two overcurrent thresholds based on the negative sequence component are available in the MiCOM P220 relays. Each threshold is adjusted independently. The threshold I2> has a definite time characteristic while the second threshold I2>> is associated with an IDMT characteristic. Set the various thresholds on the trip output.

4.6.1

Test wiring diagram This test wiring diagram makes it possible to conduct tests relating to the I2> and I2>> thresholds. The diagram describes current injection on to the 5 Amp earth current input (terminals 41-42). To carry out injection on to the 1 Amp earth input, perform the same test on the 1Amp input (terminals 49-50).

INJECTION TEST SET AUXILIARY SUPPLY


+Vaux -Vaux
33 34

A N

49 1A 50 51 52 53 54

CURRENT 1A

MiCOM P220

A N

41 5A 42 43 44 45 46 37 35 36

CURRENT 5A

WD Watchdog powered on

Case earth 29

TIMER

Stop

6 4 2 12 10 8

RL1

Trip output

30 31

+
RS 485 communication port

RL2

Programmable output

32

FIGURE 6 : I2> AND I2>> TESTS WIRING

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 16/20

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

Reminder: the MiCOM P220 relay calculates the negative phase sequence component using the formula: I2 = 1/3 (Ia + a2 Ib + a Ic) With a = cos (2/3) + j sin (2/3) With a single phase injection such as the proposed figure 5: Ib = 0 and Ic = 0 And thus I2 = 1/3 Ia In this case, the negative sequence current measured by the MiCOM P220 is equal to one third of the injected current. 4.6.2 I2> threshold Values to be recorded: 1. 2. I2> threshold Time delay tI2>.

I2> threshold check: 1. 2. 3. If the time delay tI2> is short, gradually increase the injection current up to the value of the I2> threshold. If the time delay tIo> is long, inject 0.95 x I threshold and check that there is no tripping. Then inject 1.1 x I threshold and check the trip. Gradually decreases the injected current and record the value of the drop out I2> threshold.

Checks: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Alarm message on the LCD display. Alarm LED flashes. Trip LED flashes. I2> threshold LED flashes (if programmed). Trip output closes. I2> threshold output closes (if programmed).

TI2> time delay check: 1. 2. 4.6.3 Apply a current on to the earth input and measure the time delay tI2> by presetting the current above the I2> threshold (I injected > 2 x I threshold). Apply a current on to the earth input and measure the time delay tI2> by presetting the current above the I2> threshold (I injected > 10 x I threshold).

I2>> threshold Values to be recorded: 1. 2. I2>> threshold Time delay tI2>>.

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220 I2>> threshold check:

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 17/20

Inject a current equal to 2 x I threshold on to one of the phase current inputs. Repeat the operation for various current values (n x I threshold with n ranging from 4 to 10, for example). Check that the values measured correspond to the following formula: Operating time t = 1.2/ (I2 / I threshold). Checks: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Alarm message on the LCD display. Alarm LED flashes. Trip LED flashes. I2>> threshold LED flashes (if programmed). Trip output closes. I2>> threshold output closes (if programmed).

TI2>> time delay check: 1. 2. 4.7 Apply a current onto the earth input and measure the time delay tI2>> by presetting the current above the I2>> threshold (I injected > 2 x I threshold). Apply a current onto the earth input and measure the time delay tI2>> by presetting the current above the I2>> threshold (I injected > 10 x I threshold).

Automation functions The MiCOM P220 relay has several automation functions (refer to the User Guide) The use of these functions is optional.

4.7.1

Latching of relay outputs All output relays of MiCOM P220 can be kept closed after the fault has disappeared (Relay Latching function in the AUTOMATION menu). The following test is suggested for the tIo>> threshold on the tripping output. The other thresholds and output relays can be tested identically. Set tIo>> threshold on the trip output with the relay latched. Leave the other threshold tIo> not latched.

4.7.2

Wiring diagram This wiring diagram makes it possible to conduct the test relating to the trip output latch on the tIo>> threshold. The diagram describes current injection on to the 5 Amp earth current input (terminals 47-48). To carry out an injection on to the 1 Amp earth input, perform the same tests on the earth 1 Amp input (terminals 55-56).

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 18/20


INJECTION TEST SET AUXILIARY SUPPLY SWITCH
A +Vaux -Vaux
33 34 13 15 L3 Binary input 3

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

P1 CURRENT 1A
N A

S1
55 1A 56

P2

S2

MiCOM P220

CURRENT 5A
N

P1 P2

S1
47 5A 48 37 35 36 6 4 2

S2

WD Watchdog powered on

Case earth 29

TIMER

Stop

RL1

Trip output

30 31 32

+
RS 485 communication port

FIGURE 7 : LATCHING TEST SCHEME FOR tIO>>

Trip output latched check 1. 2. 3. Inject a current equal to 1.2 x I threshold Io>> on to the earth input and check that the trip output relay is closed after tIo>>time delay. Gradually decrease the current down to zero and check that the trip output relay is still closed. Reinitialise the trip output relay either by clearing the alarm message (alarm menu) or by activation of the Logic Input 3 (Terminals 22-24).

Checks 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Display of an alarm message on the front panel LCD Alarm LED flashes. Trip LED flashes. Trip output relay closes. Trip output relay opens after alarm message cleared.

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220 4.8 COMMISSIONING PARAMETERS DATA BASE

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 19/20

The various parameters shown below make possible to test functions of MiCOM P220 relays according to the commissioning tests (see section 4). Settings in accordance with the commissioning tests only are given. PROTECTION Menu THERMAL OVERLOAD FUNCTION ? INHIBIT ? I > Ke Te1 Te2 Tr RTD1 INFLUENCE ? ALARM ? ALARM FORBID START ? FORBID START I>> FUNCTION ? I>> tI>> Io> FUNCTION ? Io> tIo> Io>> FUNCTION ? Io>> tIo>> I2> FUNCTION ? I2> tI2> I2>> FUNCTION ? I2>> NO/YES* NO 1 In 3 5 mn 5 mn 5 mn NO YES 90% YES 60% NO/YES* 1 In 20 s NO/YES* 0.1 Ion 20 s NO/YES* 1 Ion 10 s NO/YES* 0.2 In 20 s NO/YES* 0.5 In

* During the commissioning tests, all the protective functions shall be preferably set off (NO) excepted the one which is being tested. AUTOMAT. CTRL Menu TRIP THERM OVERLOAD ? TRIP tI>> TRIP tIo> TRIP tIo>> TRIP tI2> TRIP tI2> ALARM FORBID START LATCH tI>> LATCH tIo>> LATCH tI2>> INPUT 3 YES (Trip order via output RL1) YES (Trip order via output RL1) YES (Trip order via output RL1) YES (Trip order via output RL1) YES (Trip order via output RL1) YES (Trip order via output RL1) 0001 (allocation to output RL2) 0010 (allocation to output RL3) NO YES NO EXT RESET

TG 1.1550 CHAPTER 8.2-A Page 20/20

Technical Guide Commissioning MiCOM P220

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