Introduction to PS Series Management

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The PS Series array can be managed by two methods: Command Line Interface (CLI) Web Browser The CLI is accessible when using the console port directly from the control module serial port or when using Telnet/SSH From the console port the following serial connection parameters are required: 9600 baud

1 STOP bit
No parity 8 data bits No hardware flow control The Management GUI is accessible using either Internet Explorer, Netscape or Mozilla in conjunction with Java software. With this option, it allows for the management of all members within a group. Prior to 4.x firmware the default management configuration allowed you to manage the whole group through a single Well Know Address, WKA, the Group IP address Starting with firmware version 4.0 an alternative method was created. This method allowed you to create a network management network using eth2 on each member with a separate an network management WKA to be used of network management only traffic Starting with firmware version 4.1, Type 7 control modules with 4 Ethernet ports are supported on the PS6000 and PS6500. On Type 7 control modules, port eth3 can be configured as the separate management port. All members in a group must be at firmware version 4.1 or higher in order for a PS6000 or PS6500 to join the group Another possible option is SNMP to monitor the PS Series Storage Array The MIBs can be used to monitor trap events and trap thresholds SNMP MIBs are available from the customer support site

Introduction to PS Series Management

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Introduction to PS Series Management

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CLI Access Software access is done through a standard terminal emulation software package. Global commands are the commands that can be executed from any level in the CLI. parameters. etc. Array Management Commands enable you to perform maintenance tasks on a specific array. female connector is required. and variables as needed such as account. volume. etc. For Types 3. help. Type I control modules (dark gray face plate and two serial ports) requires a Micro-D serial adapter cable and a null modem cable with two DB9. For Type 2 control modules (blue face plate and single serial port) a null modem cable with one RJ45 connector and one DB9. These commands control CLI behavior such as CLI-settings. diag. CLI Operation Special keys Command Categories Group management commands are used to manage a group specifying subcommands. 9-pin. exit.5 . 9-pin female connectors. a null modem cable with DB-9 female connectors is required. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-5 . such as shutdown.4. Hardware connection is dependent upon the type of controller module. clear. etc. You must use a direct serial or Telnet connection to the specific array. member.6 and 7 control modules.

Introduction to PS Series Management 4-6 .Group management commands allow the PS Series group. Refer to the CLI reference for details on using each command. to be managed. consisting of one or more members.

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Issue the “up” command to enable the interface. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-8 .

it takes one of those addresses. you typically do not need to specify an IPv6 address for the network interfaces.In a group using only the IPv6 protocol. When you enable an interface. Do you really want to change? (y/n) [n]y Introduction to PS Series Management 4-9 . > member select scale16 eth select 2 ipv6address \fc00::10:127:25:162 Changing the IP address closes all management and iSCSI connections associated with this IP address. The router broadcasts available addresses. To use dynamic address Enable a network interface in an IPv6 group > member select member1 eth select 0 up To configure a static IPv6 address >member select member1 eth select 0 ipv6address \fc00::445a:a17:fcf7:686 > member select member1 eth select 0 up To configure a static IPv6 address for a network interface that is already enabled (up).

eth1. update. or eth3 on the respective array. Those commands are the restart. You must run array management comments from either the serial port or the IP address of eth0. shutdown and diag commands. reset. eth2. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-10 .Array management commands are maintenance or hardware oriented commands that allow you to manage a specific array. the diag command can not starting with firmware version 4.x be run from the GUI. Do not run the array management commands when connected to the Group IP Address.

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5.0 or higher is required. Mozilla Firefox 1.0 or higher.Browser requirements for the GUI are as follows: Screen resolution for optimum layout of controls and other user interface components is at least 1024 x 768.0 or higher .java.0 or higher with Java 1. Oracle (Sun) Java 1.5. If support for Java is not included with the operating system you must download and install Java support from www. Safari or Chrome Introduction to PS Series Management 4-14 . Java is required.com in order to use the GUI. Browser combination requirements: Internet Explorer 6.

Template . Swing is a widget toolkit for Java that was developed and maintained by Oracle (Sun). It is a part of Java Standard Edition and is installed on the client machine as part of Java . Key areas within the User Interface are the Tree View modifiers. At the bottom of the main work pane is the Alarms and Operations Panel. Voluntary Product Accessibility . This panel now shows you the type of alarm. Warning.. The View selection buttons lets you choose one of 4 views. Fatal. The user interface include The User interface also includes assistive technologies and support for screen readers (JAWS.The GUI uses the Swing UI platform. extensible that is customizable and provides native support for Java accessibility API Context sensitive help is located on all panes within the GUI and also on many popup windows that appear. Currently pending VPAT certification . and Error and a count as to ho many of the alarms are present along with a count of the operation alerts The user interface has improved navigation using the traditional mouse . The interface also now includes accessibility improvements that include a fully keyboard accessible Mnemonic keys. NVDA). 2) Volume view. 1) group/member view. 3) Replication view and Monitoring view.conformance with the accessibility standards under Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act Introduction to PS Series Management 4-15 . this is the viewable tree of key objects within the Group. Swing UI platform is platform independent. with global navigation keys and tab navigation throughout the user interface. The view is dependent on the “ View selection” buttons “below the Tree view.

The GUI shows four views depending on the “View selection” buttons that are located below the Tree view. The Tree View allows one of four views. 1) group/member view. lets to manage the volume object 3) Replication view . lets you manage and monitor the alarms and operations Introduction to PS Series Management 4-16 .. this view lets to manage the group and member objects 2) Volume view. lets to manage the replication partnership objects 4) Monitoring view. .

Context-sensitive help. doesn't need to be accessible for reading as a whole. per-panel level Context sensitive help is located on all panes within the GUI and also on many popup windows that appear. per-dialog. It is a kind of online help that is obtained from a specific point in the state of the software. or feature of the software. With this new user interface is allows for easy localization and is considered “Localization ready” Introduction to PS Series Management 4-17 . Each topic is supposed to describe extensively one state. providing help for the situation that is associated with that state. situation.Context sensitive help that includes integrated help on keyboard navigation and also application help menu with context help on the per-screen.

time.Administration Tab Allows for the configuration of group administration account names. Lets you specify an external Network Time Protocol (NTP) server automatically and synchronize time on all the members. Volume Lets you modify the group-wide. default settings that apply to all volumes Space reserved for snapshots Snapshot space warning limit Policy when reserved snapshot space exceeded iSCSI target name prefix iSCSI target alias Introduction to PS Series Management 4-18 . CLI or both to perform administrative tasks. and time zone as needed. and description. access rights and determines whether that administrator can use the GUI. Network Tab Lets you modify the group name. Time Tab Lets you modify the group date. IP address.

automatically notifies Dell EqualLogic customer support of a hardware component failure or an update to firmware. Email Home is available to all PS Series customers.Notification Tab Lets you configure how notifications will be handled. Email Home .sends events to the Syslog facility on a remote Syslog server. a confirmation message is received stating that the functionality is enabled. When customer support receives an email home message. If a hardware component fails. There are three ways to be notified when events within the group occur: General Event email Notification . they will respond to the local email with information on how to proceed (if you have a service agreement). Specify an SMTP server or email relay to allow any type of email notification by selecting the “Network” tab. To enable Email Home using the Group Manager GUI: In the Email Home panel select “Send email Alerts To Customer Support”. In the “Network Services” panel click SMTP and enter an IP address for the server. then in the “Local Contact email” field specify a local email address. Email Home Process: When Email Home is first enabled. You can specify up to three IP addresses.sends events through email messages to the configured email recipient Remote Server Logging . Introduction to PS Series Management 4-19 . the event is logged and an email home message is sent to Dell EqualLogic customer support and to the email you specified when configured email home. Response time and assistance depends on validity and level of the service contract.

Allows you to configure SNMP read-only access to a group. SNMP Tab Allows for the group to be monitored using Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).CHAP Tab Lets you configure the CHAP parameters which is a network login protocol that uses a challenge-response mechanism. Default is public – read only Introduction to PS Series Management 4-20 . volume or snapshot access can be restricted to hosts that supply the correct account name and password (or "secret") combination. With CHAP authentication.

The Events window retrieves and displays 100 events at a time. FATAL – catastrophic failure that requires immediate administrator intervention ERROR – serious failure that should be investigated and may require administrator intervention WARNING – potential problem in the group An event with this priority may become an event with ERROR priority if administrator intervention does not occur INFO – normal operational and transitional event that is of interest but does not require intervention Introduction to PS Series Management 4-21 .Event Log Event messages are stored in a database and displayed on the console as they occur. Previous events button can be used to retrieve the next 100 events. Each event is assigned a priority. You can sort the messages by clicking on the header of any column.

1 of the PS Series Firmware includes the capability to audit configuration actions that administrators perform in the Group Manager GUI and CLI. • Enabling or disabling Data Center Bridging (DCB) for the group. • CLI exec command. In addition. • Shutting down group members. the log notes each time an administrator account is logged into or out of the group. The audit log.Audit Log Audit messages are stored in a database and displayed on the console as they occur. located in the Monitoring section of the Group Manager GUI. date and time. • Assignment of volumes to a volume administrator. Version 5. or administrator action. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-22 . can be sorted by administrator account. • NAS configuration actions. Limitations on Administrator Auditing Capabilities : The following administrative commands are not written to the Audit log: • Creation of volume and pool administrator accounts. • LDAP configuration actions.

The Member Status window shows much of the same information as the Member Summary window but also includes the following: Member disk space allocation: The current allocation of member disk space. network interfaces. member capacity which is the total amount of usable disk space on the member. spare disks are not included in the usable disk space total Space used by volumes: The amount of usable disk space on the member that is allocated to volumes Space used by snapshots: The amount of usable disk space on the member that contains snapshot data Free member space: The amount of usable disk space that is not allocated to volumes or does not contain snapshot data Network interface status: Checks that a member has at least one functioning network interface Member space utilization: The space utilization panel displays a bar graph depicting how the member space is currently used Enclosure: Displays environmental information about the array including temperature. power supplies.Activities area: Allows for deletion/ vacate of a member Gathers and views various statistics relating to the fans. Tabs are used to display detailed information about a specific member. Online Member is a functioning member of the group. power supply. iSCSI connections to the member: Number of host iSCSI connections to volumes or snapshot data located on the member. and disk drives. such as: Member status: Check the status displayed in the status column. and fan status Controllers: Displays control module and battery status and allows you to set the cache mode Disks: Displays the disk configuration and RAID status Network: Displays the network configuration and enables you to configure network interfaces Service: Displays detailed array information such as the backplane serial number which is the array’s serial number Introduction to PS Series Management 4-23 .

5. Link Level Discovery Protocol.1 firmware support LLDP. 24 .

Also be aware that you can only convert from certain RAID types to other RAID types and that not all conversions are allowed Convert RAID 10 to RAID 50. be aware that performing this may result in a performance impact to the storage array and the volumes on the array. RAID 5 or RAID 6 Convert RAID 50 to RAID 5 or RAID 6 Convert RAID 5 to RAID 50 or RAID 6 Introduction to PS Series Management 4-25 . the member’s RAID policy must be defined.Once the member has been initially configured using the Setup or Wizard utility. Start the browser: Login to the group Select the new member Select “yes” to configure the RAID policy Specify which of the available RAID policies you wish to use for this member RAID 10 RAID 50 RAID 6 RAID 5 – must have 24x7 staff on site You can also change the RAID type at any time.

or data table). change the length of time between which data points are collected. change the number of data points to save. then select either the Disks or Network tab. change the view type (chart. right-click a row for a drive or an Ethernet port and choose Statistics. To start the Performance Monitor tool from the Group Manager GUI select from the Members list a member. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-26 . you can add more statistics to the display area. histogram. and change the scale (linear or logarithmic). The data is displayed in the Performance Monitor main window.Within the Performance Monitor.

To change the data a collection preference or to add additional statistics to the monitoring window select the Preferences or Add Statistics button on the main monitoring screen. the data collection item. network interface. IP. The example above shows a disk drive on a member and below shows a network interface. As you increase the number of data points to save this will increase that total capacity viewable within the chart. TCP and UDP and what parameter within that collection item you wish to gather statistics on. Disk. For the preferences you can change the polling interval as well as the number of data point to save. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-27 . For the Statistics you can select the member you wish to collect the statistical dat a on. IP. TCP and UDP statistic parameters on a member.

A management network is only used for managing the group. From the GUI select Group Configuration > Advanced tab. along with a default gateway and subnet mask.A dedicated management network lets you separate iSCSI traffic (volume I/O) from management traffic (GUI and CLI sessions. and other group management communications). use the management IP address. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-28 . Obtain an IP address for the management network interface your are configuring. In the Dedicated Management Network panel. to a separate Gigabit Ethernet network switch. This should only be done if there is a requirement for a separate Management network. In the dialog box enter the IP address and subnet mask for the eth2/eth3 interface. thus reducing the over all network capacity going to the member from 3 to 2 gigabits (PS5XXX series) or from 4 to 3 gigabits (PS6XXX) per member. select the eth2 interface and click Configure for management-only access. This removes one of the network interfaces on each control module of each group member for iSCSI traffic. With a dedicated management network. This address must be on a separate subnet from the iSCSI network addresses. For each group member. click Configure management network. Instead. All management-related services. Configuration Connect all Eth2 cables on all controllers (Eth3 on Type 7 controllers). The group IP address continues to be used for iSCSI access to the group by replication partners and initiators. the group IP address is no longer used to connect to the group to manage it with the GUI or CLI. such as the Group Manager GUI and CLI. users log in to the management IP address. Considerations This provide for increased security by not having the iSCSI traffic and Management traffic on the same network. of all members.

Connection Connect all Eth2 cables on all controllers. of all members. In the Dedicated Management Network panel. click Configure management network. In the dialog box enter the IP address and subnet mask for interface. select the eth3 (eth2 on the PS5XXX) interface and click Configure for management-only access. Configuration From the GUI select Group Configuration > Advanced tab. Obtain an IP address for the management network interface your are configuring. Select a network management WKA to use. along with a default gateway and subnet mask. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-29 . eth2 is the only port that can be used for management. On a PS6000/PS6500. This address must be on a separate subnet from the iSCSI network addresses. On a PS5000/PS5500. For each group member. eth3 is the only port that can be used for management. to a separate Gigabit Ethernet network switch.

Controllers view provides the status of each controller. fan status along with power supply status. as far as which drives are the operating normal. Disks drive view provides status of the disk drives.Enclosure view provides environmental information such as temperature. failed or spare disk drives. which one is a primary or secondary and also the current firmware version running on the controller. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-30 .

Introduction to PS Series Management 4-31 . Click “Create Volume” in the activities pane.To create a new volume: Click “Volumes” in the leftmost column to manage volumes.

Step 1 of 3 – General Volume Settings Name: Provide a unique name. You should enable shared access on specific volumes and snapshots. In practice. iSCSI name To prevent inadvertent sharing. all volumes and snapshots created beginning with V4. assuming (as is the best practice) that all the initiators on a single server use the same IQN. this prevents connections from multiple initiators. for example in cluster environments.0 are configured by default to disallow connections from more than one iSCSI qualified name (IQN). the IP address of a server has been specified. VMware ESX environments. Step 2 of 3 – Space Reserve Settings Specify the size of the volume in MB or GB. For now. do not specify Thin Provisioned Volume. etc. if your environment coordinates writes properly. Size: Enter a value for the volume size and select the unit (by default. Step 3 of 3 – iSCSI Access settings Specify who can access this volume by: CHAP user name IP address or range of addresses In this example. up to 64 alphanumeric characters. used to identify the volume for administrative purposes. GB) Leave all other values at default for now. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-32 .

You use a cluster environment. access is denied. through SCSI reservations. If they are not the same. that can manage multiple connections to the same volume. It is best practice for all initiators on a single server to use the same IQN. which gives the initiators on each cluster host a different IQN. and you cannot modify the names to be the same. the group compares the host credentials to the access control records. access is denied. a software initiator and an HBA). You use an environment. The initiators manage the connections and prevent corruption. you must enable multi-host access to the volume. If they match. If they do not match. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-33 . multi-host access is disabled). only one iSCSI qualified name (IQN) is allowed to connect to a volume at one time (that is. To allow multiple IQNs to connect to a volume. If not.In shared storage environments. The cluster software manages the connections and prevents corruption. the group then compares the host credentials to the volume’s access control records. if multi-host access is enabled. By default. you must control host (server) access to a volume (iSCSI target). If there is a connection to the volume. If multi-host access is disabled: If there are no current connections to the volume. When a host tries to access a volume. If they match. both for security reasons and to prevent inadvertent corruption of the volume caused by multiple hosts writing to it in an uncoordinated manner. If not. they can access the same volume. access is allowed. access is denied. access is denied. the group compares the IQN of the current connection to the IQN of the incoming connection. access is allowed. the group compares the host credentials to the access control records. Enable multi-host access if: Your multipathing solution does not use the same IQN on all initiators. This is the same as the behavior in earlier firmware releases. Do not enable multi-host access if your multipathing solution uses the same IQN on all initiators (for example. access is allowed. If they are the same. for example. If they match. or you can modify the names to be the same. If all initiators have the same IQN. such as a virtual server.

volumes and performing replications Group Admin – can perform all that the grpadmin role can do except for performing firmware updates Pool administrators – Can manage the volumes. pool administrators can view information about all group objects. Optionally. Not be able to view or affect other customer’s admin accounts. Read Only – allows a user only the ability to look at group but they cannot perform any changes or additions Volume Admin – Provides the capability for multiple customers to share the group and to be unaware of the other customers using the group. snapshots. members. Not be able to view or affect other customer’s volume configuration or volume data. This is accomplished by the group administrator distributing the workload to trusted accounts. performing firmware upgrades to creating pools. and not to be able to change any group or pool settings. and other objects only in the pool or pools for which the account has authorization. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-34 . This now removes the burden of having to be a Group or pool administrator when it comes to creating and managing a volume. This role can do everything from creating the group . The volume admin account type provides the ability to create and manage its own volumes.Administrative roles and how they can manage the EqualLogic SAN is dependent on the role that that administrator has within the SAN grpadmin – is the initial administrator created when the group is first created.

Optionally. members. for example.Pool administrator . volume administrators can view information about pools to which the account has access. snapshots. Volume administrator . Introduction to PS Series Management 4-35 . Additionally. pool administrators can view information about all group objects.Can manage the volumes. and other objects only in the pool or pools for which the account has authorization. Volume administrators have a restricted view of group information. they cannot see volumes owned by other administrators.Can manage only the volumes for which the account has authorization.

The design scales to 100 total accounts. The group admin can now delete RADIUS login proxy accounts.As the grpadmin you must create the volume admin accounts. A volume admin can never view group/pool information that would allow it gain additional information (for instance viewing the SNMP community names). The GUI provides additional extras. A volume admin can only see its own volumes. they can not be created by any other user. • • A volume admin can only see pool information for pools in which it has quota. The grpadmin can also assign existing volumes to a volume admin. Introduction to PS Series Management 4-36 . If the volume is not assigned to a volume admin then only the grpadmin can manage the volume Volume Admin restrictions: • • A volume admin can only see its own admin account. RADIUS authentication is fully supported for both pool and volume admin accounts. All pool and volume operations can be done from either the CLI or the GUI. including pie charts for displaying storage utilization. including both locally defined admin accounts and RADIUS logins. The volume admin feature is “hidden” until the first volume admin account is created.

This also prevents any operation that may result in an unassigned volume.what pool or pools this user can create volume in Quota .general contact information Description – description of the user Pool . Introduction to PS Series Management 4-37 .name of the volume admin user password – password that is used at log in for the volume administrator Contact .Volume admin user account information and characteristics A volume admin will have the following common attributers name . This implies that a volume admin is not allowed to un-assign a volume that it owns. a volume admin may have temporary use of the free pool space.how much of the pool space can this user use to create and modify volumes Partner – this is the replication partner that this volume can be replicated with by this volume administrator A volume admin can never use storage without it counting against its quota. An exception to this is during replication.

Then select in the “Administration Accounts” area the “add “. that this users can create volumes in On the step 3. General Settings enter the users Account name . On the step 1. allowed space . Account permissions. password and a description of the volume administrator On the step 2. Contact Information.To create a Volume admin first select in the Group Configuration the “Administration Tab. enter the Volume Administrator contact information Introduction to PS Series Management 4-38 . Select for the list of partners. the partner that this Volume Administrator can replicate volumes to On the step 4. If the user is Volume Administrator then you will need to define . enter the user type and Enable the account. what pool or pools the volume Administrator can access volumes in and also what is the Quota. to add a new user. Once you have selected the “add” user and the Add User Wizard will start. Replication Partners.

. Active Directory User authentication .Active Directory Group authentication . you do not need to update the array’s list of administrator accounts.PS Series Group Administrator controls which user accounts are in the group.Good for smaller environments in which only a few Active Directory accounts are added . Introduction to PS Series Management 4-39 .If users are removed from the Active Directory group.The largest advantage for using Active Directory groups are that there is good scalability for large environments with many users in which you can quickly add many administrator accounts to the group.

All group members must have the 5.A local user account on the PS Series array will supersede and Active Directory account.A user will supersede a group . .At this time the most current version of firmware will only support one Active Directory domain ..1 version of the Equallogic firmware installed for the group to authenticate against the Microsoft Active Directory database Introduction to PS Series Management 4-40 .

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