UNCORRECTED  PROOF  –  NOT  FOR  SALE  –  VOLUME  I,  II,  III,  AND  IV  EXCERPT  

 

  ROOTS  OF  BETRAYAL  :    THE  ETHICS  OF  CHRISTINE  QUINN     ©  2013  BY  LOUIS  FLORES       ALL  RIGHTS  RESERVED.    
“I  have  heretofore  likewise  mentioned  the  necessity  of  a  large   and  equal  representation  ;  and  there  is  no  political  matter  which   more  deserves  our  attention.  A  small  number  of  electors,  or  a   small  number  of  representatives,  are  equally  dangerous.  But  if   the  number  of  the  representatives  be  not  only  small,  but  unequal,   the  danger  is  increased.”  –  Thomas  Paine,  “Common  Sense”  

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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Please  let  us  know  if  you  would  like  to:    Subscribe  To  Our  Contact  List     For  information  about  Roots  of  Betrayal  :    The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn,  please   visit  :    http://roots-­‐of-­‐betrayal.blogspot.com       For  information  about  the  grass-­‐roots  effort  to  challenge  Christine  Quinn  on  her   political  record,  please  visit  :    http://christine-­‐quinn-­‐sold-­‐out.blogspot.com    

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If  you  would  like  to  speak  with  the  author,  schedule  speaking  opportunities,  or  to   inquire  about  acquisition  of  rights,  please  contact  Louis  Flores  at  :     louisflores@louisflores.com  or  1  (646)  400-­‐1168.  

Notes  
Many  people  chose  not  to  coöperate  with  this  book.  Christine  Quinn,  through  one  of   her  political  aides,  Alexandra  Nudelman,  ended  communication.  A  few  months   before  he  died,  Ed  Koch’s  staff  declined  a  request  for  an  interview.  Sen.  Tom  Duane ’s  office,  before  he  stepped  down,  did  not  return  an  e-­‐mail.  But  Sen.  Duane  did,   through  DNAinfo.com,  dismiss  critics  of  Speaker  Quinn  as  a  “small  fringe  group  of   people  that  try  to  demand  attention.”1       Many  progressive  LGBT  activists  also  did  not  agree  to  interviews  for  fear  of   retaliation  by  Speaker  Quinn.  Much  of  the  research  collected  for  this  book  is  public   record,  and,  where  possible,  footnotes  to  Web  site  sources  are  provided  on  the   Scribd  link  for  this  book  project.     The  intention  of  this  book  project  is  to  provide  an  overview  of  Speaker  Quinn’s   ethics.  The  research  and  analysis  that  is  provided  herein  is  to  help  voters  become   aware  of  the  direction  that  Speaker  Quinn  first  promised  to  take  us  and  the  direction   in  which  we  have  been  actually  heading  under  her  leadership.       Courtesy  titles  are  used  where  appropriate.    Because  of  the  constant  repetition  of   Speaker  Quinn’s  and  (sometimes)  former  Sen.  Tom  Duane’s  names,  they  may  be   referred  to  by  their  first  names  more  often  than  naught.    The  use  of  courtesy  titles   would  have  otherwise  stilted  the  narrative,  and  in  no  way  should  the  lack  of  use  of   courtesy  titles  be  interpreted  to  mean  anything  else.                                                                                                                    
1  http://www.dnainfo.com/new-­‐york/20130109/new-­‐york-­‐city/christine-­‐quinn-­‐foes-­‐prepare-­‐campaign-­‐spoil-­‐

her-­‐mayoral-­‐hopes    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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Prologue  
  On  a  frigid  February  day  in  2003,  New  Yorkers  would  wake  up  to  the  harsh   realities  of  a  police  state.    The  Republican  Mayor,  Michael  Bloomberg,  and  the   militarized  NYPD  Commissioner,  Raymond  Kelly,  had  denied  citizens  the  right  to   participate  in  a  protest  march  that  organisers  had  planned  to  denounce  the   impending  U.S.  invasion  of  Iraq.  Instead,  the  protest  would  take  the  form  of  a  rally   near  a  stage  at  East  51st  Street  and  First  Avenue  in  Manhattan.  But  the  turn-­‐out  was   so  large  that,  according  to  The  New  York  Times,  crowds  filled  First  Avenue  from   “49th  Street  to  72nd  Street  and  spilled  over  into  side  streets  and  to  Second,  Third   and  Lexington  Avenues,  where  thousands  more  were  halted  at  police  barricades,  far   from  the  sights  and  sounds  of  the  demonstration.”2  The  protest  in  New  York  City   was  part  of  a  world-­‐wide  demonstration  taking  place  on  Saturday,  February  15,  in   opposition  to  President  George  W.  Bush’s  eventual  invasion  of  Iraq.   Many  people  believed  that  President  Bush,  Vice  President  Dick  Cheney,  and   Secretary  of  Defense  Donald  Rumsfeld  were  determined  to  invade  Iraq,  regardless   of  the  outcome  of  any  weapons  inspections,  and  New  Yorkers  were  moved  to   participate  in  the  massive  rally  on  February  15  as  a  way  to  express  their  dissent   with  the  Bush  administration’s  war  plans.  New  Yorkers  thought  that  since  they  lived   in  New  York  City,  arguably  the  most  progressive  city  in  the  United  States,  then,  for   them,  showing  up  at  the  February  15  anti-­‐war  rally  would  be  easy.  But  they  would   be  wrong.                                                                                                                  
2  http://www.nytimes.com/2003/02/16/nyregion/threats-­‐and-­‐responses-­‐overview-­‐from-­‐new-­‐york-­‐to-­‐

melbourne-­‐cries-­‐for-­‐peace.html    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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Police  put  up  metal  barricades  along  the  East  Side  avenues  in  Midtown   Manhattan.  Horse-­‐mounted  police  were  deployed.  Some  said  that  Manhattan-­‐bound   subway  trains  from  Queens  stopped  running  that  afternoon,  so  that  the  mayor  and   police  could  prevent  more  people  from  getting  to  the  demonstration.  Those,  who   made  it,  were  locked  inside  metal  barricades  and  were  forced  to  stand  in  tight   spaces  in  subfreezing  temperatures  with  no  room  to  move  to  keep  warm.   Days  before,  everybody  had  seen  Secretary  of  State  Colin  Powell  deliver  an   alarming  presentation  at  the  United  Nations,  showing  his  collection  of  satellite   photos.3  New  Yorkers  thought  that  the  February  15  rally  would  be  an  effective  way   to  express  their  opposition  to  the  army  of  state  actors  being  dispatched  to  clear  the   way  for  the  impending  war.  But  the  organizing  of  the  February  15  rally  was  being   hobbled  at  every  turn  by  each  of  Mayor  Bloomberg,  Commissioner  Kelly,  and  the   federal  courts.  How  could  it  come  to  be  that,  right  here  in  New  York  City,  the  proud   beacon  of  progressive  values,  an  anti-­‐war  protest  that  reflected  such  a  large   proportion  of  the  public  opinion  be  thwarted  ?  Was  there  no  public  official  in  New   York  City,  who  understood  the  importance  and  role  of  citizens’  participation  in  their   own  governance,  in  direct  democracy  ?  Someone,  who  could  stand  up  and  fight  for   the  right  of  the  people  to  determine  what  their  government  is  allowed  to  do  ?    

 

                                                                                                               
3  http://www.un.org/apps/news/storyAr.asp?NewsID=6079&Cr=iraq&Cr1=inspect    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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 before  it  would  ultimately  morph  into   something  else.  who  started  out  as  grassroots   community  organizers.nydailynews.  to  her  success.  And  here  was  Christine.  There  was  a  lot  riding  on  her  career.     Christine  was  lucky  to  have  found  a  mentor  in  the  then-­‐newly-­‐elected  New   York  State  Senator  Tom  Duane.  the   politician  that  was  going  to  stand  up  and  represent  by  proxy  the  entire  LGBT   community  in  New  York  City.  given  Christine’s  ideology  and  her  reputation   as  a  “lesbian  activist  known  for  supporting  left-­‐wing  causes.  People  had  hitched  so  much  symbolism.  so   much  meaning.  It  was  as  if  she  had  become  the  chosen  one.  This  district  had  been  known  for   supporting  progressive  politics.  Duane  had  just  vacated  the  very  City  Council                                                                                                                   4  http://articles.  whilst  others  would  sell  out.  It  was  transitioning  from  being  the  people’s  capital  city  -­‐-­‐  with  edge  and  sizzle   -­‐-­‐  to  becoming  the  gentrified  land  of  luxury  -­‐-­‐  increasingly  gated  by  the  invisible   hands  of  income  and  wealth  requirements.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Some  activists  in  Christine’s   community  would  stay  true  to  their  cause.   -­‐  5  -­‐     .Chapter  1   When  Christine  Quinn  won  a  special  election  in  February  1999  to  represent   Manhattan  District  3  in  the  New  York  City  Council.  dreamed  of  changing  the  world.  which  would   nominally  start  out  as  a  hero’s  journey.   being  one  of  the  fortunate  activists  to  have  found  an  opportunity  to  take  her   sensibilities  about  activism  into  the  inside  of  politics.  and  there  was  going  to  be  no  way  that  she  could  mess  this   up.  New  York  was  in  an  in-­‐between   place.  Sen.  Here’s  an   overview  of  the  arc  of  the  ethics  that  Christine’s  activism  would  take.  Many  activists.  and.com/1999-­‐02-­‐20/entertainment/18092136_1_christine-­‐quinn-­‐gay-­‐rights-­‐lesbian-­‐ anti-­‐violence-­‐project     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.”4  all  she  had  to  do  was   to  stay  true  to  her  roots.

  One  year  after  Christine  had  graduated  from  college.wsj.  and  she  owed  everything  to  him.  Duane’s  1991  political   campaign.com/metropolis/2012/10/23/quinn-­‐skips-­‐hearing-­‐on-­‐chelsea-­‐market-­‐expansion/     6  http://christinequinn.  in  a  very  short  time.  the  thought  among  some  community-­‐                                                                                                                 5  http://blogs.  Duane’s   chief-­‐of-­‐staff  at  the  City  Council.  McKee  would  later  be  criticized  for  being  more  about  flash  than   about  results.com/content/quinns-­‐fake-­‐tenant-­‐credentials-­‐phony-­‐mckees     7  http://observer.  who  was  a   tenant  organizer  respected  for  her  commitment  to  grassroots  activism.  Duane’s   campaign  manager  in  1991.  In  those  early  years.  in  her  early  years.  Christine’s   networking  would  lead  her  to  meet  a  Democratic  campaign  adviser.com/1999/06/christine-­‐quinn-­‐sets-­‐it-­‐straight-­‐im-­‐a-­‐lesbian-­‐yup-­‐100-­‐percent/     8  http://blogs.wsj.  when  he  was  first  running  for  the  City  Council  seat  that   would  eventually  become  her  own.  such  as  Jane  Wood.  even  though.  Christine  jumped  from  being  a  tenants’   rights  activist  with  the  Housing  Justice  Campaign  in  19898  to  serving  as  Sen.  Emily  Giske.com/reporting/2012/04/02/120402fa_fact_mead     10  http://www.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Christine   was  living  in  the  closet.  Christine  naturally  took  the  job  as  Mr.com/2012/02/02/nyregion/for-­‐speaker-­‐quinn-­‐mayor-­‐race-­‐will-­‐test-­‐alliance-­‐with-­‐ lobbyist.  Christine  would  come  to  the   attention  of  LGBT  activists  in  Manhattan.com/metropolis/2012/10/23/quinn-­‐skips-­‐hearing-­‐on-­‐chelsea-­‐market-­‐expansion/     9  http://www.  in   whom  Christine  would  find  a  powerful  friend  and  political  ally.  After  he  won  the  election.5  Mr.10     Ever  since  Harvey  Milk  inspired  the  LGBT  community  with  his  courageous   message  of  hope  in  the  face  of  tragedy.  Christine  kept  following  her   passion  :  meeting  and  working  for  more  and  more  politicians.nytimes.7  In  almost  no  time.seat.  which  Christine  had  won  in  a  special  election.    All  Rights  Reserved.  she  was  in  New  York  City   working  on  behalf  of  tenants’  rights  alongside  a  controversial  activist  named   Michael  McKee.  In  1992.   -­‐  6  -­‐     .9  Christine’s  work  as  a  campaign  manager  helped   Christine  meet  with  other  community  organizers.6  Nonetheless.newyorker.  Christine   used  all  of  her  activist  connections  to  build  support  for  Mr.

 especially  for  activists  who   use  direct  action  or  civil  disobedience.  then  real  equality  could  finally  be   legislated  or  officiated.  the  possibility  of  social  change  would  then  depend  on  influencing   electoral  politics.  But  once  an  activist  got  elected  to  a  political  office.  it  becomes  clear  that  after  a  few  years  of  having  worked  as   chief-­‐of-­‐staff  under  then  Councilmember  Duane.  In  1996.  then  there  was  always  somebody  else  ready  to  take  his  or  her  place.  that  one   politician  would  be  an  elected  official  for  the  term  of  their  office.  Christine  began  to  wade  out  on   her  own.  and  that  official   would  benefit  from  incumbency  privileges.organizing  activists  was  that  if  more  LGBT  politicians  could  be  elected.     Activism  was  intense  and  sometimes  messy  work.   Looking  back.   -­‐  7  -­‐     .  For  an  intense  social  movement.  Her  time  at   AVP  would  help  Christine  solidify  a  working  relationship  with  a  very  accomplished   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  The  only  chance  to  replace  that  elected   official  would  be  through  an  election.  Christine  had  begun  to  be  groomed   for  her  own  symbolic  run  for  political  office.  Once  you  were  stuck  with  an  immovable   politician.    All  Rights  Reserved.  If  more  LGBT  politicians   could  be  symbolically  elected  to  public  office.  or  a   new  working  group  or  an  entirely  new  organization  could  be  formed  .  activists  were   autonomous  like  that.  by  assuming  the  leadership  position  at  an  important  LGBT  nonprofit   agency.  if  an  activist  burned  out  or  turned  out  to  be   ineffective.  the  New  York  City  Gay  and  Lesbian  Anti-­‐Violence  Project  (AVP).  then   progress  could  be  made  by  an  elected  official  running  an  inside  strategy   concurrently  with  activists  running  an  outside  strategy.  like  the  one   for  AIDS  treatment  and  social  services.

 Hughes  during   an  interview  many  years  later.  who  would  become  a  critical.  People  really  wanted  to  believe  that  Christine  was  going  to  be  the  real   deal  :  a  community  activist-­‐organizer.”12    Ms.11  Ms.  Hughes’s  community  organizing   and  activism  skills  would  inspire  and  inform  Christine’s  worldview  during  this  time.  and  this  resonated  with  Christine   in  her  early  years  in  public  office.   Many  years  later.  Hughes  as  a  guidepost  for  what  their  shared  passion   for  activism  had  once  meant  to  Christine.org/downloads/WNBC%20Barbara%20Hughes%20-­‐%20Jan%2006.  long  after  Christine  had  succeeded  in  consolidating  power.    This  is  how  Christine  spoke  of  Ms.   She  had  participated  in  rallies.treatmentactiongroup.  And  if  I   can  keep  the  idea  she  kept  in  mind.    Ms.  who  actually   followed  through  on  the  altruism  of  her  activism.  Christine  and  then  Councilmember  Duane  had  been  involved  in  ACT  UP.   Indeed.   -­‐  8  -­‐     .  and  civil  disobedience  and  now  was                                                                                                                   11  http://www.pdf     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  after  Christine  had  reached  a  milestone  in  her  efforts   to  achieve  power  :  “She’s  somebody  who  gave  up  a  job  where  she  could’ve  made  a   lot  of  money  and  dedicated  all  parts  of  her  life  to  improving  the  lot  of  others.  Hughes  was  also  somebody.  protests.    At  every  opportunity.  How  would  Christine  handle  this   responsibility  ?     Christine  had  graduated  from  being  a  political  activist  to  a  community   organizer  to  political  aide  to  the  executive  director  of  an  agency  to  a  councilmember.  she   would  always  look  back  to  Ms.org/barbara-­‐hughes     12  http://www.    All  Rights  Reserved.  while  I’m  speaker.  I  think  I’ll  have  done  a  very   good  job.  early   defender  of  Christine’s  career.  in  those  early  years.projectrenewal.  who  would  either  serve  as  mentors  or   cheerleaders.  Christine   was  meeting  and  working  with  people.  Hughes  was  somebody.activist  from  ACT  UP  named  Barbara  Hughes.  who  was  going  to  make  the  transition  into  a   powerholder  -­‐-­‐  and  stay  true  to  her  activist  roots.

 Those.”  “No  case  notes  were  kept.   Notwithstanding  the  backchannel  rationalizations.  The  promise  that  Christine  was  making  was  that  if  she  could   rise  to  power.  requested  anonymity.   powerholder  strategy.deliberately  transitioning  from  an  outside.tripod.  While  she  was  executive  director  of  AVP.  offering  one  example  of  what   Christine  was  confronting.  Christine  claimed  to  have  “not   only  expanded  its  range  of  programs  and  services.    All  Rights  Reserved.  and  Christine’s  changes  in  staff  were  part  of  her  efforts  to   improve  the  agency.  there  was  a  sensibility  expressed  about  being  the  target  of   retaliation  from  Christine.htm     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.com/bio.  who  would  speak.  She  was  sold  as  being  “one  of  us.  Christine  would  be   criticized  years  later  for  the  way  she  dismissed  the  staff  of  AVP  during  the  agency’s                                                                                                                   13  http://christinequinn.  then  she  would  become  a  beacon  of  top-­‐down  support  for  bottom-­‐up   community  empowerment  -­‐-­‐  that  she  could  fulfill  on  the  progressive  political   sensibilities  of  New  Yorkers.  one  person  said.  one  person  said.  But  many   people  would  refuse  to  speak  at  all.  whenever  people  were  approached  to  speak  about   Christine’s  record.  Again.”13  The  backchannel  talk  was  that  Christine  reorganized  the   agency  by  purging  the  staff.”  from  an  old-­‐time   Irish  tradition  of  politically-­‐minded  progressive  idealists.”  one  source  said.  And  another  person  said  that  what   Christine  did  was  to  professionalize  the  agency  “in  order  to  qualify  for  grants  and   so  on.  grassroots  strategy  to  an  inside.  This  was   the  shiny  wrapping  in  which  Christine  was  being  packaged.   One  of  Christine’s  self-­‐described  early  successes  was  shrouded  in  some   controversy.  but  also  increased  awareness  of   bias  crimes  nationwide.   -­‐  9  -­‐     .

 and  among  the   activist  community.  But  Christine  was  courting  trouble  by  claiming  to  need  to   “professionalize”  AVP.  in  connection  with  Christine’s  purging  of  the  expert  staff  at   AVP.  was  the  beginning  of  what  would  come  to  be  described  as  a   manufactured  early  success  for  Christine.nytimes.   Christine’s  term  at  AVP  was  critical  to  her  career.html?comments#permid=19     15  http://www.   -­‐  10  -­‐     .  which  would  cast  doubt  on  the  storyline  about  Christine’s  reforms.  would  lead  to  a  great  controversy  among  LGBT  activists.nytimes.com/2013/03/26/nyregion/in-­‐private-­‐quinn-­‐displays-­‐a-­‐volatile-­‐ side.  The   disruption  caused  by  Christine’s  changes  to  AVP’s  staff  was  having  an  impact  on  the   morale  of  those  who  remained  working  and  volunteering  there.  Christine  was  implying  that  the  agency  needed  improvement   when  she  took  over.  The  pressure  by  one   board  member  is  allegedly  what  would  lead  Christine  his  young  lover.  This  hiring.14   15    Christine  needed  swift  success  at  AVP  in  order  to  parlay  that  gig  into  a  greater   personal  opportunity.  which  was  far  from  the  truth.reorganization.  which  needed  to  happen  in  order  to  begin   to  lay  the  groundwork  for  a  myth  about  Christine.   Nonprofits  faced  outsized  influence  from  their  benefactors  and  the  members  of  the   board  of  directors.  multiple   sources  said.    All  Rights  Reserved.  But  AVP  didn’t  just   have  paid  staff.  because   AVP  was  providing  critical  services  to  LGBT  victims  of  violence  and  hate  crimes.com/2012/02/02/nyregion/for-­‐speaker-­‐quinn-­‐mayor-­‐race-­‐will-­‐test-­‐alliance-­‐with-­‐ lobbyist.html?comments#permid=279     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  in  the  tale  of  what   happened  at  AVP.    And  here.                                                                                                                     14  http://www.  who  were  responsible  for  raising  money.  who  appreciated  the  valuable  role  of  AVP  to  the  public  and   personal  safety  of  LGBT  New  Yorkers.  who  answered  the  hotlines.  it  also  had  trained  volunteers.  Christine  would   understand  at  AVP  the  tremendous  pressure  caused  by  nonprofit  fund  raising.

 Foreman  engaged  in  civil  disobedience.  volunteer-­‐based  organization  into  a                                                                                                                   16  http://thetaskforce.  It  wasn’t  that  she  was  trying  to   add  her  own  stamp  to  AVP.pdf   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Foreman.18   Activists  knew  and  trusted  Mr.  Foreman  was  a  founding  member  of  Heritage  of  Pride.  Matt  Foreman.  but  that  she  was  jamming  the  agency’s  smooth   continuity.  Foreman.   after  his  impressive  record  at  AVP.  and  these  activists   began  to  see  how  Christine’s  efforts  to  fluff  her  track  record  were  having  the  effect   of  throwing  Mr.  Mr.  but  Mr.  under   the  bus.  they  knew  he  was  real.  Foreman.net/pdfs/ow_104.16    Not  only   that.   Christine’s  predecessor  at  AVP.17  Under  Mr.     The  myth  being  propagated  as  a  result  of  Christine’s  changes  was  that  she   was  transforming  AVP  from  an  amateur-­‐run.   AVP  formed  working  relationships  with  ACT  UP  and  Queer  Nation  to  bring  about   necessary  reforms.  was  described  by  more  than  one  person  as  being   very  accomplished.   -­‐  11  -­‐     .  and  he  has  subsequently  had  an  impeccable  and  principled   record  of  successfully  managing  leadership  roles  at  many  LGBT  agencies.org/wiki/Matt_Foreman_(activist)     18  http://www.outweek.  and  Christine  was  disrupting  it.  Indeed.At  this  very  early  point  in  Christine’s  career.  Foreman  was  such  a  successful  nonprofit  executive  that  he   more  than  doubled  the  budget  at  the  NGLTF  during  his  five-­‐year  term.org/press/releases/PR_012308     17  https://en.  who  was  highly  respected  in  the  LGBT  community.  Mr.  Foreman  went  on  to  serve  as  the  executive   director  of  the  Empire  State  Pride  Agenda  and  then  of  the  National  Gay  and  Lesbian   Tax  Force  (NGLTF).  to  the  point  where  Mr.wikipedia.  LGBT  activists  in  Chelsea  and   Greenwich  Village  began  to  question  her  judgment.  the  group  under   which  the  LGBT  Pride  events  are  organized  in  New  York  City.  AVP  did  critical  work.    All  Rights  Reserved.

   All  Rights  Reserved.   Foreman.  but  phobia  about  HIV/AIDS  was  also  triggering   a  backlash  against  the  LGBT  community.  before  him.  but  Mr.  unfortunately.     But  the  desperate  energy  with  which  Christine  was  trying  to  force  immediate   success  at  AVP.  was  playing  out  publicly.  and  community  outreach   work  being  done  by  existing  staff  members.  This  myth  contradicted  the  pioneering  and  extensive  same-­‐ sex  anti-­‐violence  counseling.  under  his   predecessor.nytimes.  There  were   remarkable  gains  being  made  by  AVP  under  Mr.  Foreman  oversaw  AVP’s  role  in  making  the   NYPD  more  sensitive  to  bias  violence  against  the  LGBT  community.   among  others.  some  observed.  Foreman.  AVP  had  been  a  daring  and   effective  agency  since  its  inception.19  All  the  talk  from  Christine  and  her  team   about  her  need  to  “professionalize”  AVP  was  unfairly  casting  aspersions  upon  the   good  name  of  Mr.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  This  was  during  a  time  when  not  only  homophobia   was  increasingly  leading  to  violence.  such  as  Kris  Drumm  and  Maura  Bairley.   to  clarify  AVP’s  successes  prior  to  Christine’s  arrival.  Not  only  that.  and.  her  myth  would  go  henceforth  :  Christine  purged  the  staff   and  instituted  her  own  changes  at  AVP.  anti-­‐bias  awareness  training.  David  Wertheimer.  and  she  brandished  these  changes  as                                                                                                                   19  http://www.  Wertheimer.   -­‐  12  -­‐     .professionalized  agency.  Mr.  and  her  management  style   was  rubbing  people  the  wrong  way.  and  some  of  AVP’s  former  associates  to  speak  out.  In  spite  of  efforts  to  correct  the  misconception  that   Christine  was  espousing.  Foreman  and  others.  It  was  uncomfortable  but  necessary  for  Mr.  This  episode  at  AVP  would   begin  to  sow  the  seeds  of  suspicion  and  mistrust  among  activist  of  Christine’s   motivations  and  machinations.   sometimes  through  letters  to  the  editor  of  LGBT  publications  which  no  longer  exist.com/1988/07/03/weekinreview/ideas-­‐and-­‐trends-­‐are-­‐homosexuals-­‐facing-­‐an-­‐ever-­‐ more-­‐hostile-­‐world.

 This  was  before  he  died  on  a  houseboat  in   Miami  Beach.htm     21  http://www.nytimes.21  Such  was  the  public  role  that  she  made  for   herself  :  a  self-­‐proclaimed  media  spokesperson  on  behalf  of  the  LGBT  community.  This  was  when  Christine                                                                                                                   20  http://www.20  Fernando  Carreira.     Christine’s  post  at  AVP  had  earned  her  a  lot  of  press  in  the  major  daily   newspapers.washingtonpost.nytimes.     After  a  gay  man  was  attacked  at  a  New  York  City  sex  club  in  February  1998.   there  was  Christine.  Christine   was  even  quoted  in  a  lengthy  analytical  article  in  The  Washington  Post  about  the   Andrew  Cunanan  case.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.com/1997/07/29/nyregion/cunanan-­‐reward-­‐paid-­‐and-­‐mayor-­‐is-­‐chided.  no  matter  how  shocking  she  may   have  appeared  to  the  average  sensibilities  of  New  Yorkers.  especially  The  New  York  Daily  News  and  The  New  York  Times.  This.  traveled  to  New  York  to  collect  the   AVP  reward  offered  by  Christine.html     22  http://www.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Carreira  the  reward  on  the  day  of  his  photo  op  with   Christine.   and  she  launched  the  first  reward  for  information  leading  to  the  arrest  and   conviction  of  the  notorious  spree  killer.  helped  Christine  to  propagate  her  myth   as  a  successful  leader.  so  the  agency  was  only   able  to  partially  pay  Mr.  the  man  credited  with  discovering  Andrew   Cunanan’s  hideout  on  a  Miami  Beach  houseboat.  issuing  a  public  warning  in  the  pages  of  The  New  York  Times  to   patrons  of  gay  sex  clubs.   -­‐  13  -­‐     .com/wp-­‐srv/national/longterm/cunanan/stories/manhunt.  Christine  had  coördinated  the  dissemination  of  wanted  fliers.com/1998/02/15/nyregion/patrons-­‐of-­‐gay-­‐sex-­‐club-­‐report-­‐attacks-­‐by-­‐a-­‐man-­‐with-­‐a-­‐ knife.   Christine’s  reward  was  out  of  the  realm  of  the  AVP’s  budget.22  This  was  Christine.  back  when  she  was  willing  to  speak   the  truth  about  issues  facing  the  LGBT  community.necessary  in  order  to  lead  to  success.  and  her  prolific  photo  opportunities  and   media  sound  bites  during  her  tenure  at  AVP.

 The  unique  forces  of  this  once-­‐in-­‐a-­‐lifetime  challenge  created   opportunities  for  Sen.23    He  was  proud  of  her  -­‐-­‐  all  of  her.  She  was  now  ready  to  run  for  public  office  herself.  Duane’s  blessing  and  support.  and  healthcare   activism  to  demand  access  to  newer.   and  social  services.  more  effective  medical  treatments.  and  she  did  so  with   Sen.  As  a  community.   Since  Sen.  To  this  day.org/wiki/Thomas_Duane     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  the  discrimination.   this  side  of  Christine  would  become  more  and  more  one-­‐dimensional  and   predictable.  Duane  and  Christine  to  come  into  power.  proudly  boasts  about  how  Christine   succeeded  him  on  the  City  Council.   -­‐  14  -­‐     .wikipedia.  they  had  in  common  the  experience  of  being  trailblazers  by  coming  out  of   the  LGBT  community  and  entering  the  dog-­‐eat-­‐dog  world  of  New  York  City  politics.  the  death  toll.    All  Rights  Reserved.  housing.  and  so   many  leaders  had  been  lost  to  death  or  to  the  burn-­‐out  from  the  long-­‐term  toll  of   sustained.  Sen.  The  LGBT  community  was  being  decimated  by  HIV/AIDS.  Duane’s  Wikipedia  entry.   Christine’s  rise  to  power  came  in  the  1990’s  -­‐-­‐  a  time  in  New  York  City  when  so   many  gay  men  had  already  died  from  AIDS  and  so  many  New  Yorkers  had  spent   over  a  decade  being  pulled  into  the  radical.  most   likely  written  with  Sen.  Duane’s  blessing.  Over  time.  the  bias-­‐based   violence.  Duane  was  openly  gay  and  Christine  had  finally  become  openly   lesbian.  grassroots  activism  of  ACT  UP  and  other   affinity  groups.  for  fairness  -­‐-­‐   acts  that  would  make  her  appear  like  she  cared  for  the  LGBT  community.  as  well  as  the  community  organizing.  there  was  no                                                                                                                   23  http://en.  on  our  behalf  and  from  a  place  of  goodwill.  Once  an  activist  had   lived  through  the  horror  of  what  a  loved  one’s  AIDS  death  looked  like.was  seemingly  reaching.  political  protests.  LGBT  New  Yorkers  had  been   confronting  the  AIDS  pandemic.  herculean  activism.

 Christine  had  learned  a  lot.   Under  then  Councilmember  Duane.  how  the  political  parties  use  incentives  to  reward.  Activists  put   pressure  on  the  outside.  as  the  community’s   demand  for  political  power  and  in  response  to  what  everybody  came  to  see  as  the   inaction  by  former  Mayor  Ed  Koch  during  the  AIDS  pandemic.”  no   matter  how  urgent  they  seemed  to  be.  They  were  there  to  show  that  there  were  times  you  had  to   buck  the  system  to  stand  up  for  what  you  believed.  members  in  an  effort  to  exert  that  discipline.  As  his  chief-­‐ of-­‐staff.  Sen.  and  how  you  had  to  pick  your  political   battles.  and  the  environment  .  fighting  bias  crime.  the  political  careers  of  Sen.  During  this  busy  time.  That  was  the  old  Christine.  and  then  Councilmember  Duane  and  Christine  were  there   to  act  on  the  inside.more  tragic  argument  for  urgency.  She  got  sneak  peeks  at  how  county  leaders   functioned  in  the  political  system.  Christine  helped  then  Councilmember  Duane  in   his  efforts  to  stop  the  mayor’s  extremist  cuts  to  the  LGBT  community.   Duane  and  Christine  were  political  experiments  :  efforts  by  the  LGBT  community  to   legislate  change  from  the  inside  under  the  shadow  of  a  time  some  would  describe  as   a  holocaust.  legal.  she  got  to  work  on  LGBT  issues.  and  economic  change  that   they  had  envisioned.    All  Rights  Reserved.   -­‐  15  -­‐     .  and  fighting   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  That  was  the  model  of  social.   In  Christine’s  first  special  election.  parks.  Duane  and  Christine  were  seen.  how  many   community  needs  had  to  be  run  through  the  “standard  legislative  procedure.  as  well  as   disincentives  to  punish.  at  least  in  part.  When  then  Mayor  Rudolph  Giuliani  was  proposing  to  shut  down  the  New   York  City  Division  of  AIDS  Services.  she  ran  on  a  left-­‐leaning  platform  of   improving  education.  how  important  it  was  to  impose  discipline  within   the  political  party.

 is  Ms.  safe   working  conditions.  tenant  organizing.  and  apparently  he  was  helping  to   counsel  Christine  about  how  to  use  the  tools  of  union  organizing  to  augment   Christine’s  activism  skills  to  further  Christine’s  career.htm     26  http://www.com/2008/08/19/nyregion/19quinn.   -­‐  16  -­‐     .  But  here.  Larry.  in  the  early   years.  and  fair  benefits  from  their  employers.  but  for  the   peremtory.    All  Rights  Reserved.  “Mr.  so.com/bio.                                                                                                                   24  http://christinequinn.  was  a  union  representative.  and  the  two  would  work  on  campaigns  to  come.  Some  element  of   that  she  perhaps  got  from  her  father.  could   Christine  and  Larry  Quinn  be  seen  through  a  similar  prism.  and  women’s  issues.com/priorities.25  Politics  wasn’t  for  the  humble.  a  sensibility  had  already  begun  around  the  country  to  be  expressly   inclusive  of  bisexuals  and  transgenders.24  (Even  though  by   the  early  1990’s.  that  sensibility  had  not  yet  made  it  into   Christine’s  1999  campaign.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.”  is  how  The  New  York  Times  would  once   describe  him.  Daughter  and  father   came  as  a  package  deal.  Hillary  and  Bill  Clinton  were  described  as  a  “two-­‐for-­‐one”  pair.nytimes.)  Many  of  the  credits  in  her  1999  campaign  biography   reflected  accomplishments  or  work  that  she  did  in  her  capacity  as  then   Councilmember  Duane’s  chief-­‐of-­‐staff.  Quinn.  Mr.htm     25  http://christinequinn.  too.  Christine  was  nothing  if  not  aspirational  and  ambitious.for  lesbian  and  gay  rights.26  Union  activism  was  meant  to  help  workers  achieve  living  wages.tripod.   Christine’s  father.  a  one-­‐time   union  steward.tripod.  Larry  worked  with  Christine  on  then  Councilmember   Duane’s  1991  campaign.  Kind  of  like  how.  Quinn  had   learned  the  best  from  his  own  union  activism.  Quinn’s  link  to  —  and  tutor  in  —  the  old  machine-­‐style  politics   of  relationship-­‐building  and  favor-­‐trading.

 not  because  it  was  right.  If  Councilmember  A  supported  Councilmember  B’s  legislative  agenda.   mainly.  union  officials.   Christine  was  seen  by  some  to  be  trying  to  take  credit  for  accomplishments  as  if  she   was  already  the  politician  in  charge.  there  were  situational  calculations  being  made  and  political  indebtedness   being  traded.  And  when  it  came  time  for  her  to  run  for  office.   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  elected  officials  viewed  the  process  of  running  the   government’s  affairs  as  transactional.  one  would  need  to  examine  the  journey  she  would  take  on  her  own.Activists.  To  look  at  Christine’s  record  as  a  leader.  and  economic  reforms  that  government  officials  on  the   inside  did  not  share.     When  she  was  only  former  Councilmember  Duane’s  political  aide.   Legislation  had  to  be  sponsored.  but.  but  because  it  was  about  the  trading  of  support   and  the  imposition  of  discipline  that  allowed  each  councilmember  to  appear  to  be   productive.  There  was  a  business  as  usual  tone  to  it.  and  advocates  for  progressive  ideals  shared  an   urgency  for  social.    All  Rights  Reserved.  And  she  got  to  develop  her  own  connections  with  community  groups.   then  Councilmember  B  became  obligated  to  help  Councilmember  A’s  legislative   agenda.  and  to   disconnect  her  record  from  that  of  Sen.  legal.  There  might  be  a  few  random  acts  of  generosity  by  councilmembers.  And   she  learned  about  fundraising.  As  insiders.  But  she  got  to  see  the  inner  workings  of  the  City   Council.   though.  There  was  a  disconnect  that  would  always  be  the  source  of   friction.  Duane.  Councilmembers  had  to  be  found  to  pass   legislation.   -­‐  17  -­‐     .  Christine   did  not  have  the  authority  to  make  final  decisions  for  Councilmember  Duane’s  office   -­‐-­‐  that  was  his  responsibility.

 Her   visibility  at  AVP  had  earned  her  a  spot  on  a  civic  panel  when.  Borough  President  Molinari  had  angered  the  LGBT  community.  The  New  York  Daily  News  was  already  describing  Christine  as  “savvy”   and  possibly  even  a  “sellout.  which  put  her  in  a  position  to  be  constantly   interviewed  for  news  stories  about  violence  against  LGBT  New  Yorkers.com/1997-­‐08-­‐20/news/18053338_1_louima-­‐case-­‐mayor-­‐giuliani-­‐ruth-­‐messinger     30  http://en.The  election  that  Christine  won.   first  charged  with  improving  “police-­‐community  relations.wikipedia.30   The  task  force  stopped  being  referred  to  as  a  “police-­‐community  relations”   panel  and  began  to  be  referred  to  as  a  “police  brutality”  task  force  after  the  Giuliani   administration  was  criticized  for  not  taking  seriously  the  aggressive  tactics  of  the   police  department.com/1999-­‐02-­‐20/entertainment/18092136_1_christine-­‐quinn-­‐gay-­‐rights-­‐ lesbian-­‐anti-­‐violence-­‐project     29  http://articles.nydailynews.  because  he                                                                                                                   28  http://articles.  which  would  put  her  into  the  New  York  City   Council.  Christine  ran  a  campaign  that   appeared  to  be  a  grassroots  effort.   -­‐  18  -­‐     .  in  1997.nydailynews.  took  place  on  Tuesday.  Christine  opened  herself  to  the  early  criticism  in  The  New  York   Daily  News  article.  1999.  because  she  was  making  the  same  weak  recommendations  for   seemingly  nominal  reforms  of  the  NYPD  as  were  being  made  by  Staten  Island   Borough  President  Guy  Molinari.  Christine  had   served  as  the  executive  director  of  AVP.”28  Before  she  was  elected  to  City  Council.    All  Rights  Reserved.  February  16.  This  task  force.  But  only  four  days  after  her  first  successful   Election  Day.  Christine  was   appointed  by  Mayor  Rudy  Giuliani  to  a  task  force  on  police  brutality.org/wiki/Abner_Louima     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.”29  was  formed  by  Mayor   Giuliani  after  Abner  Louima  was  brutalized  by  police  officers  in  a  bathroom  at  a   Brooklyn  police  station.  a  controversial  Republican  member  of  the  task   force.

”  Norman   Siegel  was  quoted  as  having  said  at  the  time.  you  never  compromise.  which  progressive  and  reform  leaders  in  New   York  would  make.columbia.”  included.  32  One  of  the  reforms.  But  the   criticism  that  would  sting  the  most.”  reported  The  New  York  Daily                                                                                                                   31  http://articles.  On  top  of  that.  the  police  brutality  reforms  that  Christine  recommended.com/1999-­‐02-­‐20/entertainment/18092136_1_christine-­‐quinn-­‐gay-­‐rights-­‐ lesbian-­‐anti-­‐violence-­‐project     32  http://articles.33     “On  issues  like  police  brutality  and  race.  was  the  creation  of  a  special  prosecutor’s  office  to   independently  oversee  the  NYPD.  Mr.htm     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   which  Christine  rejected.   -­‐  19  -­‐     .  increasing  pay  for  police  officers.31   Here  was  a  homophobic  member  on  the  task  force  with  Christine.    All  Rights  Reserved.  but  Christine   worked  along  side  Borough  President  Molinari  as  if  his  discrimination  was  not  an   issue.  “But  Quinn  said  her  strategy   was  to  make  it  easier  for  Mayor  Giuliani  who  called  some  of  the  report's   recommendations  unrealistic  to  adopt  reforms  quickly  in  the  wake  of  the  sodomy   and  torture  of  Abner  Louima.nydailynews.  among  other  things.   requiring  new  cops  to  live  in  New  York  City.nydailynews.edu/itc/journalism/cases/katrina/Human%20Rights%20Watch/uspohtml/uspo99.  and  improving  police  training.  Siegel  was  then  the  executive   director  of  the  New  York  Civil  Liberties  Union  (NYCLU).  but  on  the  fact  that  the  majority  report’s  recommendations   actually  stopped  short  of  making  real  police  brutality  reforms.  when   she  sided  along  with  Borough  President  Molinari  in  what  came  to  be  known  as  the   “majority  report.had  opposed  a  political  campaign  based  on  the  candidate’s  sexual  orientation.com/1999-­‐02-­‐20/entertainment/18092136_1_christine-­‐quinn-­‐gay-­‐rights-­‐ lesbian-­‐anti-­‐violence-­‐project     33   http://www.  was  based  not  on  Christine’s  choice  to  stand  alongside  Borough   President  Molinari.  allegedly  by  police.

   All  Rights  Reserved.com/archives/news/aids-­‐head-­‐bounced-­‐shakeup-­‐hra-­‐article-­‐1.  over  the  need  to  reform  the  NYPD.  one  would  come   to  figure  out  that  the  political  system  and  the  NYPD  have  a  culture  that  is   unaccountable  for  their  failures.  But  Christine  was  prioritizing  her  desire  to  want  to  develop  a  working   relationship  with  the  same  mayor.  but  about  observing  where  Christine  would  betray  progressive  ideals   and  not  own  up  to  the  consequences  of  having  lost  opportunities  to  bring  about  real   reforms.com/1999-­‐02-­‐20/entertainment/18092136_1_christine-­‐quinn-­‐gay-­‐rights-­‐ lesbian-­‐anti-­‐violence-­‐project     35  http://www.  Print.  Here  had  been  an  opportunity  for  members  of  the  task   force  to  create  not  only  a  whole  new  direction  for  police-­‐community  relations.34  Here  was  Christine.  serving  on  her  first  major  civic  role  before  running  for   City  Council.  This  was  not   about  expecting  confrontation  between  Christine  and  the  mayor  for  the  sake  of   confrontation.  Tragically.  should  be  transparent  about  bringing  about  change  on  such   terms.  and  her  strategy  was  to  water  down  the  police  brutality  task  force’s   recommendations.     A  naïve  activist  or  leader.  Chris.701037     36  Bull.News.  but  to   also  finally  create  an  opening  to  perhaps  put  an  end  to  the  systemic  police  use  of   brutality  and  violence.  This  very  act  here  foreshadowed  so  much  of  what  was  to  come.  early  in  their  career.nydailynews.  and  sometimes                                                                                                                   34  http://articles.  A  politician.   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  But.  can  be  excused  for  trying  to   work  within  a  system  with  a  broken  culture.  "Cutting  It-­‐Close  :  New  York  City’s  mayor  relents  on  AIDS  budget  cuts  -­‐-­‐  but  for  how  long  ?"  The   Advocate  14  June  1994:  20.  the  politically-­‐expedient  approach  for  Christine   was  to  leave  unchallenged  the  NYPD’s  culture  of  using  excessive.  who  once  tried  to  restructure35    and  defund36    the   city’s  Division  of  AIDS  Services.nydailynews.  New  York  City  was  known  for  having  a  police  force  that  believed  in  using   excessive  force  on  citizens.  who  wants  to  advocate  for  superficial   or  incremental  change.  such  as  the  NYPD.  over  time  or  if   one  truly  works  to  reach  consensus  with  others  more  experienced.   -­‐  20  -­‐     .

 she  said  that  she  was  an  advocate  for  people.   A  few  months  after  Mayor  Giuliani  resoundingly  dismissed  the  police   brutality  task  force’s  recommendations.  That’s  what  got  her  a  seat  at  the  table  of  Mayor  Giuliani’s   police  brutality  task  force.  In  the  early   years  of  her  political  career.  from  about   the  Plaza  Hotel  at  59th  Street  to  about  Madison  Square  Park  near  23rd  Street.  What   was  supposed  to  be  a  peaceful  early  evening  march  down  Fifth  Avenue.  take  a  look  at  how  Christine  handled  the  New  York  City   memorial  for  Matthew  Shepard.  even  though  Christine  would  go  on  to  side  with  the   recommendations  that  had  been  watered-­‐down.  which  Christine  strategized  needed  to  be   watered  down.  To   help  make  this  distinction.  Matthew  Shepard  was  tortured  and  murdered  in  Wyoming  in  a   grisly  hate  crime  that  quickly  became  a  cultural  touchstone  for  the  LGBT   community.  but.  still  trying  to   maintain  the  pretense  that  she  continued  to  be  an  advocate  for  people.  People  were  grieving.    How  would  this  lost  opportunity  come  back  to  haunt  us  ?   So  much  of  Christine’s  story  used  to  revolve  around  public  safety.   -­‐  21  -­‐     .  in  order  to  appease  Mayor  Giuliani.  and  the   mourners  decided  to  peacefully  march  in  honor  of  Matthew’s  memory  and  as  a   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  force.  One  week  after  Matthew  died  from  the  violent  injuries.  more   and  more.  activists  in  New   York  City  scheduled  a  candle-­‐lit  memorial  and  march  in  Midtown  Manhattan.  who  were   the  victims  of  brute  force.  turned   into  a  massive  NYPD  attack  on  freedom  of  speech  and  freedom  of  assembly  -­‐-­‐  during   an  emotionally-­‐charged  memorial  to  Matthew.  Christine  would  continue  to  play  both  sides.  We  lost  an  opportunity  to  fully  address  police  brutality  in  1997   because  of  Christine.   In  her  later  years.    All  Rights  Reserved.brutal.  she  would  be  seen  as  a  defender  of  the  repressive  actions  of  the  NYPD.

39   According  to  a  report  of  that  evening’s  events  on  ACT  UP’s  website.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  and  this  was  entirely  due  to  the   NYPD’s  attempts  to  thwart  it.000  and  5.actupny.  and  over  130  people  were  reported  to   have  been  arrested  during  the  march.  the  peaceful   march  became  chaotic.  who  survived  the  brutal  over-­‐reach  by  the  NYPD.demonstration  for  other  victims  of  hate  crimes.  police  officers  made   arrests  of  many  people  on  the  street.  and  there  were  reports  that   horse-­‐mounted  police  threatened  to  trample  some  of  the  activists.40   The  mourners.  who  had                                                                                                                   39  http://www.  Five  of  those  march  participants.  tried  to  block  the  memorial  march  at  several  points.org/reports/Shepard.000  people  took  part  in  the  memorial.  And  here  came  the  NYPD  to  bust  up   this  LGBT  procession.  put  up   barricades.html     40  http://www.  with  the  march  over.  When  some  of  the  march  participants  stopped  using   the  sidewalk  and  instead  started  to  walk  on  Fifth  Avenue.org/reports/Shepard.  and  hurled  anti-­‐gay   slurs  against  the  march  participants.  NYPD  deployed  horse-­‐mounted  police.   -­‐  22  -­‐     .actupny.  The  peaceful  and   emotional  procession  in  memory  of  Matthew  Shepard  was  turning  into  a  one-­‐sided   smackdown.actupny.    All  Rights  Reserved.html     41  http://www.org/reports/Shepard.  even  from  the  beginning.  Some  police  officers  used  physical  force  to   push  some  of  the  mourners  at  both  of  the  route  detours.  between   3.  At  many  points.  managed  to   reach  their  final  destination  at  Madison  Square  Park.  That  tone  of  hostility  and  confrontation  set  the   tone  for  what  followed.  The  people  in  the  march  had  to  make  two  detours  in  the   memorial  route  because  of  police  roadblocks.41  but.   New  Yorkers  had  witnessed  a  deliberate  attempt  by  the  police  to  suppress  freedom   of  assembly  and  freedom  of  expression.

 where  she  had  the  benefit  of  the  NYCLU  as  a  ready  partner  to  triangulate   public  opinion  into  calling  for  real  police  reforms.  had  been  denied  their  AIDS  medicine.  according  to  AVP.    All  Rights  Reserved.                                                                                                                   42   http://news.com/cache.flickr.”  with  no  more  qualification  about  police  tactics.  making  the   neutral  observation  to  The  New  York  Daily  News  that  there  was  an  “enormous   outpouring  of  sadness  and  rage.com/photos/abovegroundpool/2898974456/in/photostream/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  It  was  left  up  to   ACT  UP  to  give  the  blow-­‐by-­‐blow  on  its  website  about  what  really  took  place  during   the  Matthew  Shepard  memorial  march  for  the  public  to  fully  understand  what  had   happened.2641867     43  http://cc.42   ACT  UP  portrayed  the  confrontation  against  march  participants  as  intolerance  by   the  police.been  arrested.  a  situation  that  had  serious  health  implications.  Although  that  is  precisely  what  she  was   expected  to  do.  If  she  couldn’t  do  it  as  a  member  of  a  civic  task   force.”43  In  between  the  competing  descriptions  was  Christine.   -­‐  23  -­‐     .  Christine  found  herself  reaching  a  point  where  she   could  not  advocate  for  real  reforms.  Christine   took  to  the  media  to  intercede  on  behalf  of  people  with  AIDS.  who  the  police  had   forced  to  miss  their  medication.     Once  she  was  in  office.aspx?q=Protesters+Praise+Strong+Showing+-­‐ +New+York+Daily+News%E2%80%8E+nydailynews.  whereas  The  New  York  Daily  News  described  the  marchers  as  “clashing   with  cops.com+-­‐ +Oct+20%2c+1998&d=4771430311989136&mkt=en-­‐US&setlang=en-­‐ US&w=jHwDykQxa3J5y8n_J2Kl9dNYMsF7PVEH  or   http://www.  then  she  certainly  wasn’t  going  to   initiate  calls  for  reforms  as  an  elected  official  on  the  City  Council.com/newspapers?nid=1454&dat=19981022&id=0bhOAAAAIBAJ&sjid=uB4EAAAAIBAJ&pg =3653.  she  could  not  afford  the  political  risk  associated  with  calling  for   systemic  reforms  of  the  NYPD  -­‐-­‐  not  even  with  the  sensibilities  from  once  having   been  the  executive  director  of  AVP.bingj.google.

 in  order  to  make  them  more  palatable  to  Mayor  Giuliani.  in   backroom  meetings.  one  of  the  lawsuit’s  plaintiffs  and  his  lawyer   were  joined  by  Christine  and  Sen.  and  the  NYPD.  eight  of  the  march  participants  filed  a  federal  lawsuit  against   Mayor  Giuliani.  The  political  pair  were  there  to  lend   support  to  the  march  participants.com/1999/11/13/nyregion/eight-­‐arrested-­‐at-­‐rally-­‐file-­‐suit-­‐saying-­‐city-­‐violated-­‐their-­‐ rights.  and  then.  to  use  photo  ops  to   maintain  the  pretense  of  her  image  as  someone.nytimes.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  who  cared  about  how  the  NYPD   unfairly  oppressed  peaceful  LGBT  demonstrations  on  the  other  hand.   -­‐  24  -­‐     .44  At  a  press   conference  outside  NYPD  Headquarters  to  announce  the  federal  lawsuit  related  to   the  Matthew  Shepard  memorial  vigil.  who  had  been  falsely  arrested.  Christine  was  watering  down  the  Task  Force’s   recommendations.  and  had  had   their  constitutional  rights  violated.  had  been   unlawfully  held  on  buses  with  no  access  to  bathrooms  or  telephones.  Christine  was  learning  in  her  very  first   year  in  City  Council  that  she  could  appease  a  powerful  mayor  by  watering  down   public  oversight  of  the  NYPD  on  the  one  hand.  Police  Commissioner  Howard  Safir.  meanwhile.  as  in  her  AVP  days  .     The  Matthew  Shepard  memorial  vigil  became  another  example  of  NYPD’s  use   of  excessive  force.  But  about  two  years  earlier  from  that  day’s   federal  lawsuit  press  conference.  Christine’s   political  career  was  being  founded  on  an  experiment  :  could  a  once  bold  community   activist  really  hold  public  office  and  remain  true  to  her  former  outside  strategy  from   the  inside  ?  How  would  this  experiment  play  out  ?                                                                                                                   44  http://www.  Duane.    All  Rights  Reserved.One  year  later.  and  there  was  Christine  playing  both  sides  of  the  fence  :  visibly   playing  the  part  of  a  sympathetic  LGBT  leader.  she  was  trying  to  “make  it  easier  for  Mayor  Giuliani”  -­‐-­‐  to   basically  prevent  real  reforms  of  the  NYPD.  later.

 and  inevitably  to  run  LGBT  folks  for  public  office.  when  she  first  ran  for  public  office.  and  would  lunge  forward.  The  LGBT  community  found  a  more  welcoming  home   among  the  Democratic  Party.   who  pushed  for  equality  and  sought  to  become  players  in  Manhattan  Democratic   politics.   “Going  back  to  the  1970s.”  Mr.  there  was  always  a  cadre  of  LGBT  Democrats.  who  put  in  their  time  year  after  year  …  and  sort  of   wait  their  turn  to  run.  By  the  mid-­‐1980’s.  about  the  beginning  of  Sen.  He  had   been  the  elected  Democratic  District  Leader  for  Chelsea  for  several  years  before  he   eventually  ran  for  City  Council.  Christine  had  leapfrogged  over  those.  Duane’s   career.  Ryan  said  recently.  Duane  to  launch  a  real  political  career.  It   became  even  more  important  to  make  elected  officials  pay  attention  to  us  and  our   interests.  In  1973.  “The   party  system  rewards  people.  a  public  relations  consultant.    All  Rights  Reserved.  the  year  when  Harvey  Milk  launched  his  first   campaign  for  the  San  Francisco  Board  of  Supervisors.  even   though  she  had  had  Sen.”   Insurgent  political  campaigns  by  LGBT  candidates.  who   used  to  be  a  member  of  Chelsea  Reform  Democratic  Club  during  that  time.  were   nothing  new  in  New  York  City.Christine’s  political  career  was  born.”  Mr.  Duane’s  support.  HIV  became  the  paramount  issue.  but.  which  turned  out  to  be   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Ryan  said.   -­‐  25  -­‐     .  But  in  her  campaign  for  City  Council.  “This  was  part  of  the  gay  movement  and  antedates  the   emergence  of  HIV.  said  Phil  Ryan.  from  so  many   political  contradictions.   who  had  been  patiently  waiting  their  turn.  Christine  had   to  run  a  grassroots  campaign  as  an  outsider  within  the  Democratic  Party.  of  course.  There  was  urgency  for  the  LGBT   community  to  explain  Christine’s  campaign.     It  had  taken  years  for  Sen.  although  rare.

  because  once  again  Ms.   Rothenberg  was  engaging  with  NYPD  to  create  a  new  sensibility  among  police   officers  about  LGBT  concerns.  an  organization  which  helps   inmates  and  formerly  incarcerated  individuals.northwestern.  Jim  Owles  announced  his  political  campaign  for  City  Council.    All  Rights  Reserved.  but  because  Ms.com/1993/08/08/obituaries/james-­‐w-­‐owles-­‐is-­‐dead-­‐at-­‐46-­‐was-­‐founder-­‐of-­‐gay-­‐rights-­‐ group.45  At  the  point   when  elected  officials  reached  the  stage  of  having  become  transactional  politicians.nytimes.  Rothenberg  had  been  a  Broadway   producer  and  press  agent.  Mr.  ran  for  City   Council.  Rothenberg  came  to   be  seen  as  the  ideal  kind  of  leader  for  whom  the  LGBT  community  could  provide   support.   Owles  had  accused  a  reform  Democrat  politician.  Before  he  became  politically  active.  Mr.   -­‐  26  -­‐     .unsuccessful.  Owles.html     47  http://8th-­‐14th.  in  1985  a  very  inspiring  activist.htm     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.wsj.  of  having  become   all  talk  and  no  action.46  Years  before  AVP  was  formed.  The  LGBT  community  was  heavily  concentrated  in  the   Manhattan  neighborhoods  of  Chelsea  and  Greenwich  Village.  Mr.  His  experience  producing  a  play  called  “Fortune  and   Men’s  Eyes”  led  to  his  founding  of  the  Fortune  Society.  David  Rothenberg.  While  Mr.edu/chelsea/Gay%208th%20Ave/gay_history.  Carol  Greitzer.  the  work  of  LGBT  civil  rights  group  Gay  Activist  Alliance.  and  he  challenged  her  for  her  City  Council  seat.com/article/SB10000872396390444024204578044743356640324.  Greitzer  remained  vulnerable  to  accusations  of  having   become  ineffectual.  Greitzer  in  1985.  Owles  lost  that  contest.  Mr.html     46  http://online.   they  became  vulnerable  to  electoral  challenge.                                                                                                                   45  http://www.  Rothenberg  ran  against  Ms.  which  had  been  co-­‐ founded  by  Mr.47  Mr.   major  social  and  legal  changes  were  already  underway.  The  revolutionary  Stonewall   riots.  and  the  emergence  of  openly  LGBT  candidates  for  public   office  signaled  the  crossing  of  a  threshold.     Indeed.  In  the  progressive-­‐leaning  West  Side  of  Manhattan.

 at  that   time.49   The  occasion  of  Mr.   came  close  to  winning  the  primary  election.  Tom  Duane  was  inspired  to  mount  a  campaign  against  Ms.  too.     Mr.nytimes.Greitzer’s  district  extended  to  the  East  Side.  Rothenberg  described  his  campaign  as  a  watershed  moment.  Mayor  Koch’s  loss   pointed  to  the  fact  that  the  LGBT  community  was  able  to  look  beyond  identity   politics  and  elect  a  candidate  solely  based  on  the  issues.  Greitzer.   -­‐  27  -­‐     .  as  “one  of  the  best-­‐financed  campaigns”  in  New  York  City  Council  history.   for  support  within  city  government.gettyimages.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Rothenberg’s  close  campaign  made  many  LGBT  activists  see  that   it  was  really  possible  to  finally  elect  an  openly  LGBT  candidate  into  public  office.48  Mr.com/1989/09/14/nyregion/the-­‐new-­‐york-­‐times-­‐tuesday-­‐s-­‐primary-­‐election-­‐ results.  but  again  the  demographics  in  the   district  did  not  exist  to  help  an  LGBT  candidate  to  win  office.com/detail/news-­‐photo/mayor-­‐elect-­‐david-­‐dinkins-­‐gives-­‐a-­‐speech-­‐november-­‐7-­‐ 1989-­‐in-­‐news-­‐photo/1446037     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  the  demographics  would  not  yet   support  the  election  of  an  LGBT  politician.  In   1989.nytimes.com/on-­‐the-­‐cusp-­‐of-­‐80-­‐david-­‐rothenberg-­‐looks-­‐back/     49  http://www.html     51  http://www.50     But  time  was  on  the  side  of  LGBT  activists.com/1985/09/11/nyregion/borough-­‐chief-­‐defeats-­‐lipper-­‐by-­‐2-­‐to-­‐1-­‐edge.  Former  mayor  Ed  Koch  would   lose  the  1989  mayoral  election  to  David  Dinkins.  Rothenberg  still  waged  what  The  New  York  Times  described.   Mayor  Koch  had  become  a  symbol  of  failure  and  disappointment.  He.  The  1980’s  was  the  first  decade  of  the  AIDS                                                                                                                   48  http://gaycitynews.51  To  many  in  the  LGBT  community.  to  whom  the  community  could  turn.  because  he   had  all  the  resources  to  win.  including  the  support  of  civil  rights  champion  Bayard   Rustin.  Greitzer   was  to  fulfill  on  the  promise  of  electing  a  leader.html     50  http://www.  Would  this  serve  as  a   foreshadowing  for  Christine’s  future  ?     The  front  side  of  the  need  to  elect  an  LGBT  candidate  to  replace  Ms.

 There   was  a  “great  deal  riding”  on  Christine’s  political  career.  But  this   observation  was  part  of  Christine’s  unofficial  backchannel  myth  :  that  Christine  saw   herself  as  the  embodiment  of  the  LGBT  movement  for  equality.  an  acquaintance  of  Christine  portrayed  the  emergence  of   Christine’s  political  career  as  having  been  built  upon  decades  of  gay  politics.  An   elected  LGBT  official  with  a  truly  progressive  sensibility  could  help  facilitate   breakthroughs  in  legal.   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  and  representation.  who  was  not  sympathetic  to   LGBT  causes.   Many  decades  later.   -­‐  28  -­‐     .  social  services.  Activists   wanted  laws  passed  to  outlaw  discrimination  against  the  LGBT  community.  As  was  seen   with  AVP.  It  is  unclear  if  Christine  was  so  vain  as  to  really  believe  that  she   was  the  poster  child  for  LGBT  equality.    All  Rights  Reserved.  who  just  so  happened  to  be  in  this  particular   point  in  time  the  one  who  was  readily  willing  and  available  to  help  to  answer  the   community’s  pent-­‐up  demand  for  reforms.  the  myth  about  the   importance  of  Christine’s  career  to  the  larger  LGBT  community  would  continue  to   be  propagated.  Christine’s  ideas  of  reforms  were  not  always  based  on  reality.  She  did  not  see   herself  as  an  interchangeable  advocate.  who  could  deliver  reforms.pandemic.  or  if  she  was  deliberately  trading  on  her   identity  solely  to  advance  her  political  career.  But  the  1980’s  also   coincided  with  the  mayoral  administration  of  Ed  Koch.  The  back  side  of  the  need  to  elect  an  openly  LGBT  politician  was  to   counter  the  do-­‐nothing  administration  of  Mayor  Koch.  Nonetheless.  equality.  and  healthcare  reforms.  The  LGBT  community  would   keep  pushing  to  elect  a  real  leader.  Agencies  were  being  forming  around  the  issue  of  advocating  for  services   for  LGBT  victims  of  bias  violence  and  healthcare  for  people  with  HIV/AIDS.  one  person  said.  but  on   creating  a  legend.

  Christine  ended  her  relationship  with  Ms.  Morrison  came  to  be  known  to  many  people.  From  her  work  on  Tom  Duane’s   campaigns  for  the  City  Council.  and  they  were  shocked  to  find  out  that  as  soon  as   Christine  won  the  1999  special  election  with  a  lot  of  help  from  Ms.    All  Rights  Reserved.  and  it  was   around  that  time  when  Christine  and  Ms.  Christine  had   “great  energy  and  determination.  Morrison  became  lovers.  who  rewarded  her  allies  and   punished  her  critics.  One  person  described  her  in  the  most  diplomatic  of  terms  :  as   “impatient.  Ms.  and  she  learned  a  lot  about  Chelsea  and  Greenwich  Village.  She   was  extremely  valuable  on  political  campaigns.  Ryan.  Ryan  employed  Ms.  He  said  that  he  first  met  Christine  when  she  was   “brought  in  to  run  Tom  Duane’s  campaign  for  City  Council”  in  1991.  Morrison  in  his  public   relations  office.  After  the  episode  where  Mr.  Christine  relied  on  a  lot  of   assistance  from  Ms.     Mr.   They  could  relate  to  her.  Morrison.  Christine  demanded  political   discipline  in  her  personal  relationships.  Mr.Many  people  described  Christine  as  someone.  Many   people  adored  Ms.”  Like  the  political  party  system  itself.  Morrison.     Other  activists  described  Ms.   Laura  Morrison.  assisted  with  Tom  Duane’s  campaign  for  City  Council.  For  many  years.  Morrison.  Morrison  as  a  very  effective  field  organizer.   -­‐  29  -­‐     .  Mr.  Ryan   remembered.  who  would  actually  speak  on  the  record.   Morrison  as  opportunistic  and  unfair.  Morrison   was  a  sincere  and  endearing  person.  but  they  saw  Christine’s  treatment  of  Ms.”  he  said.  Christine’s  first  longterm  companion.  Morrison.   had  a  balanced  view  of  Christine.  one  of  the  only  people.  But  the  activist  community  was  a  small  world.   When  it  came  time  for  Christine  to  run  for  office.  People  felt  like  Ms.  Foreman  and   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.

 though.  many  activists  noted  her   perceived  mistreatment  of  Ms.  Early  on.  Christine  would  also  eventually  be  guided  by   communications  professionals  to  avoid  situations.   The  key  to  Christine’s  career  can  be  found  in  her  efforts  to  maintain  a  broad.     In  the  1999  special  election  that  put  Christine  on  the  map.others  had  been  thrown  under  the  bus  by  Christine.  where  she  would  be  perceived  as   solely  being  an  LGBT  candidate  in  order  to  attract  more  mainstream  support.  and  anti-­‐ discrimination  reforms  -­‐-­‐  Christine  had  found  a  way  to  use  peer  pressure  and  a   constant  invocation  of  cognitive  dissonance  to  her  advantage.  she  had  to  be  “femmed-­‐up.com/when-­‐a-­‐lesbian-­‐marriage-­‐trivializes-­‐a-­‐political-­‐career/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  In   spite  of  her  raison  d’être.   if  superficial.    All  Rights  Reserved.  appeal  among  the  LGBT  community.  over  time.   -­‐  30  -­‐     .  people  tended  to  chose  the  opinion   that  would  keep  them  in  accord  with  a  larger  group  of  people.  she  campaigned  as   the  underdog.  Christine  would.  come  to  agree  to  tone  down   her  advocacy  for  LGBT  equality.”  But  in  those  early  years.52  Just  like  how  President  Barack  Obama  now  goes  to   great  lengths  to  avoid  appearing  as  an  angry  Black  man.  it                                                                                                                   52  http://gaycitynews.  HIV/AIDS  healthcare.  to  the  point  of  embracing   passivity  and  aloofness.  A  constant  observation  made  was  that  over  the   course  of  Christine’s  career.  it  would   become  important  to  Christine  to  tone  down  her  agitation  on  behalf  of  LGBT   advocacy  in  order  to  blend  in.  there   were  gains  to  be  made  in  the  name  of  LGBT  equality.  Morrison  in  a  similar  fashion.  Christine  learned  that  when  people  were  confronted  with   two  opposing  opinions  about  the  same  situation.  and  because  so   many  activists  had  become  invested  in  seeing  Christine  succeed  -­‐-­‐  after  all.  Because  activists   were  very  passionate  and  dedicated  to  bringing  about  social  change.  Years  later.

com/1998/10/31/nyregion/bad-­‐spirits-­‐invade-­‐village-­‐parade-­‐minor-­‐event-­‐becomes-­‐ major-­‐causes-­‐major-­‐dissent.  the  parade  went  on  that  year.  as   scheduled.was  important  for  her  to  be  seen  as  agitating  on  behalf  of  LGBT  advocacy.  In  spite  of  the  last-­‐ minute  politicization  by  Tom  and  Christine.  including   instances  of  anti-­‐LGBT  violence.    All  Rights  Reserved.nytimes.  because  the  parade  had  come  to  be  perceived  as  one  giant  opportunity  of   permissible  taunting  and  bullying  of  LGBT  participants  and  spectators.html     54  http://www.  She  first  had  to  solidify  her  street   cred.  which  was  the   whole  point.                                                                                                                   53  http://www.”  solely  to  set  up  a  platform  for  Christine  to  talk  up   the  issue  of  anti-­‐LGBT  bias.  and  Christine’s  and  Tom’s  careers  kept  on  ascending.  They  got  the  attention  that  they  wanted.com/1998/10/31/nyregion/bad-­‐spirits-­‐invade-­‐village-­‐parade-­‐minor-­‐event-­‐becomes-­‐ major-­‐causes-­‐major-­‐dissent.   In  the  days  following  the  Matthew  Shepard  memorial  vigil.  Parade  organizers  resented  that  Tom  and  Christine  were   co-­‐opting  the  parade  for  short-­‐term  campaigning  advantages.54  And  now.53  That  year.  in  the  time  leading  up  to  that  1999   special  election  for  her  City  Council  seat.  some   critics  were  making  the  observation  that  Tom  Duane  was  calling  for  the  Halloween   Parade’s  cancellation  based  on  his  perception  that  the  Halloween  Parade  had   become  a  “sea  of  homophobia.  Advocacy  work  was  highlighting  the  fact  that  there  was  an   81%  rise  in  New  York  City  of  reported  anti-­‐LGBT  biased  crimes.   -­‐  31  -­‐     .nytimes.  Christine  had  been  publicizing  as  many   examples  of  anti-­‐LGBT  violence  to  raise  her  profile  and  to  discuss  violence  against   the  LGBT  community.  there  was  talk  in   LGBT  circles  that  the  annual  Greenwich  Village  Halloween  Parade  needed  to  be   canceled.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  even  if  it   meant  interrupting  local  institutions  or  traditions.

com/1998-­‐11-­‐25/news/18084685_1_world-­‐aids-­‐day-­‐city-­‐hall-­‐housing-­‐works     59  http://www.S.    All  Rights  Reserved.  The  Associated  Press.  A3.   because.  2000.59  The  legal  battles  that  Mayor  Giuliani  triggered  with  his  restrictions   to  public  access  to  City  Hall  would  drag  on  through  the  final  year  of  his   administration.  1998.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  but.com/1998/12/01/nyregion/court-­‐allows-­‐limited-­‐rally-­‐at-­‐city-­‐hall.56  The  U.  launched  cruise  missile  strikes  on  targets  in  each  of  Sudan  and   Afghanistan  as  an  international  response  to  the  attacks  on  the  American  embassies   in  Africa.nytimes.wikipedia.55  Christine  kept  on  the  look-­‐out  for  opportunities  like  that.  Christine  walked  along  one  side  of   Ms.  Mayor  Giuliani  ordered  tighter  security  around  City  Hall.  in  his  mind.58  and  the  NYPD  put  up  concrete   barricades  around  City  Hall  and  placed  police  cruisers  to  block  the  entrances  to   parking  areas.  Senate.Christine  had  become  a  master  of  crafting  a  caring  public  image  :  always   standing  in  the  foreground  at  press  conferences  and  major  photo  ops  about  LGBT   issues.org/wiki/1998_United_States_embassy_bombings#Aftermath_and_international_response     58  http://articles.    The  Lakeland  Ledger.  Monday.  1999.  cruise  missile  strikes.  Clinton  in  the  2000  Gay  Pride  Parade  whilst  Sen.wikipedia.  the  United  Stated  embassies  in  Tanzania  and  Kenya  were   bombed.  Christine’s  self-­‐image  making  would   take  a  back  seat  to  the  larger  narrative  of  the  suppression  of  freedom  of  speech  by   the  NYPD.  he  thought  that  City  Hall  would  become  a  natural  retaliatory   target  in  response  to  the  U.  Duane  walked  alongside  the   other.  in  1999.     On  August  7.S.   56  http://en.   -­‐  32  -­‐     .  Suzanne.                                                                                                                       57   55  Plunkett.  p.57  More  locally.  But  on  November  14.  those  restrictions  would  almost  interfere  with  one  of   Christine’s  staged  press  conferences.  June  26.  where  she  could   fluff  her  image.  When  former  First  Lady  Hillary  Rodham  Clinton  was  on  the  campaign  trail  to   first  run  to  represent  New  York  in  the  U.S.nydailynews.org/wiki/1998_United_States_embassy_bombings     http://en.

nytimes..    All  Rights  Reserved.  whatever  that  meant.  The  City  Hall  police  unit  deferred  to  the                                                                                                                   60  http://www.  security  restrictions  imposed   around  City  Hall  by  Mayor  Giuliani.  the  police  allowed  Christine  to  have  her  press  conference.60  61   Police  said  that  they  had  not  received  a  message  left  by  Christine’s  Council  office   with  the  NYPD’s  City  Hall  security  unit.62  Still.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  and  she  learned  a  valuable   lesson  :  police  took  orders  from  City  Hall.  and.com/1999/11/15/nyregion/police-­‐officers-­‐again-­‐guard-­‐city-­‐hall-­‐from-­‐officials.com/2000/02/27/nyregion/neighborhood-­‐report-­‐harlem-­‐wake-­‐four-­‐murders-­‐ politicians-­‐gay-­‐groups-­‐urge-­‐action.  The  message  was  described  to  be  a  request   for  permission  to  use  City  Hall  property  for  a  media  event.  once  the  City  Council  Speaker  vouched  for   Christine.  then  Peter  Vallone.After  a  series  of  unexplained  murders  of  gay  men  in  Harlem.  Because  the  police  said   that  they  had  not  received  the  message.   -­‐  33  -­‐     .  some  would   say  “arbitrary”  and  possibly  politically-­‐motivated.  which  could  be  the  mayor  or  the  speaker   of  the  City  Council.  All  it  took  was  for  her  to  ask  the  NYPD  to  call  the  Speaker  of  the   City  Council.  Christine  kept  pushing  her  public  image.nytimes.html     61  http://www.  Such  were  the  unreasonable.  in   The  New  York  Times.nytimes.  police  officers  would   not  approve  Christine’s  press  conference.  Sr.com/1999/11/15/nyregion/police-­‐officers-­‐again-­‐guard-­‐city-­‐hall-­‐from-­‐officials.  week-­‐end  press  conference  on  the  steps  of  City  Hall.  the  article  about  Christine’s  press  conference  focused  more  on   police  restrictions  on  the  public  use  of  City  Hall  steps  than  on  the  community’s   concern  for  a  possible  connection  between  three  different  killings  of  gay  men  up  in   Harlem.  The  next  day.  But  Christine  knew  the  trick  about  getting   around  the  NYPD.html     62  http://www.  Christine   organized  a  last-­‐minute.   You  had  a  higher  chance  of  having  your  freedom  of  speech  protected  from   harassment  by  the  NYPD  if  you  were  a  City  Councilmember  and  if  you  were  in  good   standing  with  the  City  Council  Speaker.

  -­‐  34  -­‐     .bosses  inside  City  Hall  .  or  the  public  steps  outside  City  Hall.K.  they  took  orders  from  politicians.   The  City  Council  Speaker  had  that  kind  of  power.  Look  at  how  as  soon  as   Speaker  Vallone  approved  Christiners  request  to  have  her  press  conference.  like  a  public  sidewalk.   a  public  park.  perhaps.  then  it  really  was  O.K.  for  a  group  to  use  a  public  space.  that   that  was  considered  sufficient  validation  for  the  City  Hall  police  unit.       ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  If  a  City  Council   Speaker  said  that  it  was  O.    All  Rights  Reserved.

 Temptations  exist  that   may  compromise  an  activist’s  ethics  or  morals  on  his/her  ascension  into  becoming   an  office  holder.  namely.  a  set  of  decisions  and  realizations  about   the  importance  of  respecting  and  improving  opportunities  for  all  citizens  to   participate  in  our  representative  form  of  democratic  governance.  for  an  activist  to  become  a  powerholder  in  the  traditional   sense.  an  activist  cannot  take  the  highroad.  to  become  an  elected  official.   There’s  a  sense  that.  not  less.Chapter  2   A  trap  that  befalls  some  activists  is  that  some  activists  begin  to  believe  that.  barriers  to  policy-­‐making  that  have  been  erected  by  incumbents  or   powerholders.  it  should  be  a  process.  some  activists  put  their  own  electability  over  the  urgency  of  the  needs   of  the  communities  they  promised  to  serve.  In  the  personal   journey  that  some  activists  make  to  become  a  community  organizer.  even  if  an  activist  once  was  a  community  organizer.  almost   impenetrable.   -­‐  35  -­‐     .  and.  later.  the  goal  should  be  to  move  toward  greater   direct  participation.  In  other  words.  it  becomes  a  rat  race  to   win  elections.  There  comes  to  be  a  desperation  to  break  through  the  high.  Rather.  the  process  to   become  influential  in  policy-­‐making.  The  sensibility  for  equality  and  progress  should  show   up  very  early  in  an  activist’s  career  or  reveal  itself  in  the  arc  of  their  activism.  Because  of  our   representative  form  of  government.  which  keep  citizens  out  of  participating  in  their  own  governance.    All  Rights  Reserved.   because  an  incumbent  will  always  have  more  options  available.  to  make  the  transition  to  become  a   powerholder.   in  order  to  win  against  an  unjust  system.   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  especially  if   incumbents  are  politically-­‐expedient  or  even  underhanded.  one  must  play  by  the  rules  of  that  unjust   system.

wikipedia.  Senators.  recall   petitions.  the  Tammany  Hall  political  machine  once   controlled  municipal  elections  for  decades.org/wiki/Triangle_Shirtwaist_Factory_fire     70  http://books.   -­‐  36  -­‐     .  Democratic  Party  nominations  and  the  allocation  of  political  patronage                                                                                                                   65  http://en.com/articles.wikipedia.  other  reforms  would  come  about.  New  York   City  voters  lived  through  systematic  and  institutionalized  political  and  electoral   corruption.    In  New  York  State.  such  as  voter  initiatives.  During  this  time.  in  New  York  City.  70  71       Meanwhile.wikipedia.org/wiki/Progressivism_in_the_United_States     67  http://en.  reforms  came  about  that  would  give  rise  to  inspections  of   workplace  conditions.67  68  In  New  York.  66  The  idea  that  the  will  of  voters  should  not  be  subverted  was  an  important   corollary.  for  example.  it  seemed   like  it  took  a  crisis  for  the  citizenry  to  rise  up  to  demand  government  reforms.html?id=_eXT5Bp1n4IC     71  http://en.org/wiki/Moreland_Act     68  http://www.google.lifeinthefingerlakes.  voter  referenda.  direct  primaries.org/wiki/New_York_State_Tenement_House_Act     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  were   hallmark  Progressive  Era  achievements  during  the  first  two  decades  of  the  20th   Century.wikipedia.  and  the  direct  election  of  U.php?view=article&id=228     69  http://en.  for  example.org/wiki/Progressivism_in_the_United_States     66  http://en.  was  an  important  underpinning  of  the  Progressive  Era  in  the   United  States.wikipedia.  the   Moreland  Act  was  a  state-­‐level  Progressive  Era  achievement  that  came  about  only   after  corruption  in  New  York’s  insurance  department.69  It  took  for  living  conditions  in  tenement  apartments  to   reach  inhumane  proportions  before  reforms  would  give  rise  to  improving  tenement   housing  conditions.    All  Rights  Reserved.S.  After   146  people  died  and  71  people  were  injured  during  the  1911  Triangle  Shirtwaist   Factory  fire.  During  the  Tammany  Hall  era.  that  our  elected  leaders  should  never  lose  focus  on  the  need  to   continually  reform  government  to  eliminate  the  tendencies  for  corruption  of  the   democratic  process.This  idea.65  Political  reforms.com/books/about/The_Progressives_and_the_Slums.

 some  New  York  City  activists  were  quick  to  use  the  term   “political  boss”  to  describe  officials.  it  was  former  Republican  President  Theodore   Roosevelt  in  whom  the  movement  gained  critical  early  mainstream  support.  a  Greenwich  Village  author  and  activist.  Even   half  a  century  after  the  Progressive  Era  ended.  who  were  perceived  to  be  deliberately  trying  to   undermine  an  open  and  democratic  process  to  citizen  participation  of  any  kind.  and  her   community  organizing.75  Over   time.org/wnet/blueprintamerica/video/the-­‐dig-­‐web-­‐video-­‐the-­‐master-­‐builder-­‐1977/925/     74  http://www.html     75  http://en.  ideals  about  making                                                                                                                   72  http://en.  the  reforms  that  the  Progressive  Era  brought  about  came  to  be   cornerstones  of  the  political  thought  of  Greenwich  Village  voters  and  activists.nytimes.  In   1964.  it  was  Jane  Jacobs.  In  the  1990’s.74  People  wanted  a  government  that  answered  to   voters.com/2010/11/03/nyregion/03limits.  Greenwich  Village  was  still  an   important  outpost  of  what  it  meant  to  continue  to  fight  for  government  reforms.  New  Yorkers   twice  approved  new  political  reforms  in  the  form  of  limits  of  two  terms  on  the   mayoralty  and  other  city  officials.pbs.wikipedia.    All  Rights  Reserved.72  Consequently.were  solely  based  on  maintaining  and  expanding  the  power  of  the  political   machine.73  The  progressive   ideals  of  Greenwich  Village  came  to  be  shared  by  the  city-­‐at-­‐large.   when  a  popular  anti-­‐incumbent  movement  developed  in  the  country.  which  ended  up  convincing  New  York  City  to  oppose  a   controversial  crosstown  expressway  through  Lower  Manhattan.org/wiki/Progressive_Party_(United_States.org/wiki/Tammany_Hall     73  http://www.  not  one  that  encouraged  incumbents  to  cater  to  special  interests.   -­‐  37  -­‐     .wikipedia.   Even  though  nationally  the  Progressive  movement  achieved  political   visibility  in  both  political  parties.   Because  the  Greenwich  Village  neighborhood  of  Manhattan  was  an  epicenter  of  new   and  radical  ideas.  as  the  Progressive  movement  gave  way  to  the  New  Deal._1912)     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.

  Christine’s  campaign  was  effective  on  messaging  :  they  knew  what  voters  wanted  to   hear.  If  one  voted  for   Democrats.  and  political  issues.  routinely   turned  to  Democrats  for  leadership  on  progressive  issues.  described  her  as  a   “long-­‐time  progressive  activist.  people  would  learn  to  believe  it.government  reforms  came  to  be  more  closely  aligned  with  the  underpinnings  of  the   Democratic  Party.  in  those  early  years.  especially  considering  she   needed  something  to  counteract  her  record  on  Mayor  Giuliani’s  task  force.  for   example.htm#Waking%20up%20the%20voters     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   -­‐  38  -­‐     .  hosted  on  Tripod.  Voters  were  looking  forward  to   elections  to  select  politicians.   Therefore.  Voters  in  New  York  City.”  Her  early  campaign  website.  and  the  rest  of  the  state.  Christine  embraced  the  moniker  of   “progressive.tripod.  If  the  modifier  “progressive”  was   repeated  enough  times.  Sen.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/bio.  she  was  learning  from  her   political  advisers.   Her  principal  challenger  for  the  Democratic  primary  race  for  the  City  Council   seat  in  1999  was  Christopher  Lynn.htm     77  http://christinequinn.  then  it  was  thought  that  one  stood  a  stronger  chance  of  laying  the   ground  work  for  progressive  solutions  to  social.tripod.com/articles.  Mr.  economic.”76    At  the  time.  Here.  So   long  as  liberals  did  not  become  corrupted.  And  as  Christine’s  political  career  was  taking  off.  and  she  was  drawing  from  her  own  experience."77  The   repetition  of  the  code  word  was  not  accidental.  Duane  described  Christine  as  a   "progressive  Democrat  deeply  committed  to  serving  our  neighborhoods.  that  it  was   prudent  and  beneficial  to  have  the  right  veneer.  Lynn  was  running  for  City  Council  with                                                                                                                   76  http://christinequinn.  who  could  be  counted  on  delivering  reforms.  the  Democratic  Party  seemed  to  be  a  safe   bet  for  progressives.

 special  election  to   City  Council  in  1999.80  there  was  also  criticism  about  his  politics.  that  might  have  at  first  glance  given  the   impression  that  voters  weren’t  able  to  be  swayed  by  party  favoritism.  Nobody  knows  who   did  it.  then  Mr.  Mr.nydailynews.   -­‐  39  -­‐     .  but  somebody  leaked  embarrassing  information  to  The  Village  Voice  about   one  of  Christine’s  opponents.com/dorothy/dot000313.  and  he  had  put  in  his  time  and  had  patiently  waited  his  turn.  Lynn   had  been  involved  in  a  controversy  that  led  to  a  whistleblower  incident  and  other   questionable  acts  during  his  service  in  the  Giuliani  administration.dcwatch.dcwatch.  if  any   political  machine  was  still  at  work.com/dorothy/dot000313.htm     80  http://articles.  Christine  was  helped  to  win  that  first.com/1997-­‐04-­‐17/news/18034626_1_demoted-­‐sign-­‐maker-­‐dot     81  http://www.  Lynn  was  a  prominent   gay  attorney.  Lynn  should  have  won  :  he  had   advantages  bestowed  upon  him  by  the  Democratic  Party.    All  Rights  Reserved.endorsements  from  two  of  the  city’s  high  profile  political  clubs  :    the  Village  Reform   Democratic  Club  and  the  Stonewall  Democratic  Club.78  Mr.  And  in  some  slightly   altruistic  way.   his  time  had  come  to  be  allowed  to  run  for  office.  In  The  Village  Voice  hatchet  job.  such  as   boasting  that  he  had  previously  served  as  Taxicab  Commissioner79  and   Transportation  Commissioner.  it  was  the  tabloid-­‐like                                                                                                                   78  http://www.  because  of  a  last-­‐minute  smear  campaign.  Finally.htm     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.81  But  issues   about  political  party  favouritism  or  integrity  weren’t  what  came  to  the  fore  in  the   City  Council  race.  Instead.  All  things  being  equal.villagevoice.  Lynn  was  proud  of  some  noteworthy  political  achievements.   While  Mr.com/1999-­‐01-­‐26/news/the-­‐company-­‐he-­‐keeps/     79  http://www.  but  it  cannot   be  entirely  determined  if  Christine  won  that  race  based  on  a  truly  grassroots  effort.  it  would  have  been  a  great  sign  of  the  progressive  mindset  that  might   have  prevailed  during  that  election.

com/dorothy/dot000313.nypost.”  And  Christine’s  campaign  also  denied  the  allegations.  Keaney  had  worked  for  then  Councilmember  Duane’s  City  Council  staff.  The  New  York  Post  questioned  whether  Maura’s  work   for  Christine’s  campaign  amounted  to  “surreptitious  financial  help.82       The  exposé  wasn’t  based  on  Mr.   rose  Christine.arrest  of  one  of  Mr.  Mark  Guma.htm     84  http://www.  Duane’s  campaign  manager.  Lynn’s  misfortune.  out  of  Mr.”84   Sen.83  but  it  was  an  arrest  of  a  campaign  worker  that  would   basically  lead  to  the  end  of  his  political  career.   Lynn’s  former  campaign  worker.  That  the  Lynn   campaign  would  resort  to  making  such  allegations  was  an  indication  that  that  Mr.  calling  them  “completely   ridiculous.dcwatch.  Lynn’s  campaign  that  Maura  Keaney  was  working  on  Christine’s  election   campaign.com/1999-­‐01-­‐26/news/the-­‐company-­‐he-­‐keeps/   83  http://www.  even  though  she  was  being  paid  to  be  Sen.  people  close  to  Christine  alleged.  and  now   she  was  doing  campaign  work.000  spending  limit.  Duane’s  favorite.  The   New  York  Post  reported  -­‐-­‐  “must  agree  to  a  $137.”  “Candidates   who  accept  matching  funds  from  the  Campaign  Finance  Board”  -­‐-­‐  and  all  of  the   candidates  to  replace  Sen.  a                                                                                                                   82  http://www.  Lynn’s  alleged  close  ties  to  the  real  estate   industry  or  developers.   -­‐  40  -­‐     .  Any   transactions  conducted  outside  that  limit  are  illegal.  Duane  on  the  City  Council  had  applied  for  such  funds.   Lynn’s  campaign  was  desperate.  Lynn  just  weeks  before  the  special  election.villagevoice.   Ms.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Duane  denied  the  Lynn  campaign’s  allegations.  Lynn’s  campaign  workers  on  drugs  and  weapons  charges  that   was  used  to  smear  Mr.  who  ran  as  Mr.com/p/news/item_m3TNZ93XMcjLvSCG7BLFeN     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  And.     A  few  days  after  news  broke  about  the  drug  and  weapons  charges  against  Mr.  The  New  York  Post  published  allegations  made  by   Mr.

 Duane.  Sen.  Lynn’s   campaign  must  be  “sinking  fast.  Yet.com/p/news/item_m3TNZ93XMcjLvSCG7BLFeN     http://www.  Seifman  wrote  that  Maura  “worked  long  hours  raising  funds.aspx?ec_id=1999A&ec=1999A&cand _id=204&cand=Quinn.  Duane  acknowledged  that  Maura  had  also   found  the  time  to  volunteer  for  Christine’s  campaign.  Duane  was  paying  Maura   to  be  his  campaign  manager.  she  was  also  volunteering  for  Christine’s  campaign  on   the  side.00  in  declared  in  contributions.88  The  average  donation  was   approximately  $125.  Duane’s  campaign.  Duane.  Duane’s  unopposed  primary  and   general  election  victory.86  On  Christine’s  official   campaign  finance  reports.  David  Seifman.spokeman  for  Christine’s  campaign.  was  able  to  confirm  that.   -­‐  41  -­‐     .595.  for  which  she   was  paid  by  Sen.  Sen.”     In  his  interview  with  Sen.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/p/news/item_m3TNZ93XMcjLvSCG7BLFeN     86  http://www.  told  The  New  York  Post  that  Mr.85  which  ended  up  being  a  landslide.%20Christine%20C&date=&stmt=&stmt_id=&stmt_display=&sche_id=D&sche=In%20Kin d%20Contributions%20(Schedule%20D)     88  http://www.  Maura  received  an  “extraordinary  $5..  Because  New  York  City  has  progressive  campaign  finance                                                                                                                   87   85  http://www.nypost.  she  raised  a   total  of  $67.000  bonus”  after  Sen.18.  for  all  the  time  she  performed  her  time-­‐consuming  work.  Mr.nypost.  there  were  no  disclosures  of  donations  of  volunteer  time   paid  by  Sen.87   Christine’s  first  campaign  was  not  entirely  a  grassroots  effort  .   scheduling  house  parties  and  petitioning”  for  Sen.  Duane  won  his   election.nyccfb.info/searchabledb/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Why  would   Maura’s  work  take  long  hours  when  the  candidate  was  being  hand-­‐picked  by  the   political  party  to  run  in  an  unopposed  primary  in  a  bastion  of  liberal  politics  ?  For  all   her  work.  although  Sen.info/searchabledb/ScheduleContributionSearchResult.  the  City  Hall  Bureau  Chief  at   The  New  York  Post.nyccfb.  Duane’s  state   senate  district  encompassed  Manhattan’s  very  liberal  West  Side.

000.  Lynn's  candidacy   proved  to  be  less  formidable.  This  allowed  her  to  leverage  the  first  tranche  of  campaign   donations  into  additional  resources  in  the  form  of  public  financing.nypost.   Eventually.   -­‐  42  -­‐     .  Mr.aspx?as_election_cycle=1999A&sm=press_12     91  http://www.  and  still  yet  others.   women.  when  candidates  almost  solely   focus  on  generating  voter  turn-­‐out.  Yet.  the  New  York  City  Campaign  Finance  Board  would  report  that  Mr.com/1999/02/17/nyregion/gay-­‐rights-­‐advocate-­‐wins-­‐village-­‐seat.  which  were  being  delayed  due  to  missing   paperwork.”  the  newspaper  of  record  attributed  Christine’s  success   to  Mr.  “Mr.350.  Christine  had  received  the  maximum  amount  in  matching   campaign  funds.  about   how  she  advocated  on  behalf  of  those  with  less.    All  Rights  Reserved.  89  In  the  critical  weeks  of  his  campaign.  be  they  the  poor.00  finance  advantage  over  Christine’s  campaign.  who  knew  discrimination  or                                                                                                                   89  http://www.  The  New  York   Post’s  reporting  included  a  snapshot  of  the  dueling  campaigns’  finances  :  As  of   January  31.  Lynn   had  a  $50.  Christine  was  vocal  about  how  she  was  an  activist.  the  working  class.000.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.90  Nevertheless.  Lynn  was  at  a  clear  disadvantage.00  in  matching  funds.  Lynn’s  campaign  was  still  waiting  to   receive  $50.info/VSApps/WebForm_Finance_Summary.  Mr.nytimes.  1999.  largely  because  of  his   association  with  the  Republican  Mayor  in  a  heavily  Democratic  district.  Manhattan  politicians  contend.laws.  Lynn   finished  last  in  yesterday's  election.  LGBT  New  Yorkers.”91     In  those  early  years.  Christine’s  first  run  for  public  office  was  augmented  by  generous  public   campaign  financing.  Mr.nyccfb.  When  The  New   York  Times  reported  an  account  of  Christine’s  election  win  by  a  “nearly  3-­‐to-­‐1  lead   over  her  closest  opponent.  $75.  Lynn’s  association  with  the  Giuliani  administration.com/p/news/item_m3TNZ93XMcjLvSCG7BLFeN     90  http://www.  namely.   Christine  would  go  on  to  win  the  special  election  two  weeks  later.

00     1.00     $  4.100.    All  Rights  Reserved.         Donor   REAL  ESTATE-­‐RELATED  CAMPAIGN  DONATIONS       TO  CHRISTINE  QUINN’S  1999  CAMPAIGN     Employer   Amount             Margaret  Brown   Stuart  Beckerman   Jerome  Gottesman   William  Gottlieb   (and/or  possible   others)   Brenda  Levin   Eileen  O’Toole   Michael  Ratner   Howard  Rubenstein   Steven  Rubenstein   Joy  Tomchin   Ian  Tattenbaum   Paul  Travis     Association  for  a  Better   New  York   (Attorney)   Edison  Properties   William  Gottlieb  Real   Estate   NYC2012   Kossoff  Alper  &  Unger   Ratner/Forest  City   Rubenstein  Associates   Rubenstein  Associates   Vanguard  Investors   (Attorney)   Washington  Square   Partners     50.   -­‐  43  -­‐     .  Christine  needed  to  remain  independent  from   outside  pressure  groups.  Indeed.00     500.00                       100.00     100.00     500.  legal.000.  and   what  he  discovered  seemed  to  indicate  that  Christine  wasn’t  keeping  true  to  her   promise  of  forgoing  real  estate  campaign  donations.  And  the  key  to  Christine’s  political  independence  would  be  to  have   integrity  about  from  whom  she  would  solicit  campaign  donations.injustice.  and  economic   reforms.00     100.00     250.92  But  her  1999  special  campaign  donation   records  were  reviewed  by  John  Fisher.00     125.00     1.  Christine   was  reported  to  have  made  a  promise  to  voters  that  she  would  not  accept  campaign   donations  from  the  real  estate  industry.com/content/when-­‐did-­‐quinn-­‐start-­‐lying     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.com.225.00     100.  the  administrator  of  ChristineQuinn.com/content/quinns-­‐lies-­‐debates-­‐past     93  http://christinequinn.00   93                                                                                                                   92  http://christinequinn.00     300.  which  would  be  opposed  to  social.  To  be  an  effective  advocate.

 but  the  stories  she  would  tell   would  be  incomplete.  She  would   make  people  believe  in  her.  This  was  the  myth  in   which  Christine  wanted  you  to  believe.  but.nyccfb.  She  would  always   claim  that  she  began  her  career  in  tenant  advocacy.  because  she  would  always  neglect  to  mention  that  she  also   had  a  history  of  playing  both  sides  of  the  fence.  Also  donating  to  Christine’s  campaign  was  Michael  McKee.     But  Christine  couldn’t  pull  off  this  strategy  of  cognitive  dissonance  all  by   herself.  that   controversial  tenant  activist  alongside  whom  Christine  once  did  tenant  organizing.  She  was  going  to  base  her   entire  political  career  on  staying  true  to  her  activist  roots.  She  needed  help.  but  she  was  also  accepting  donations  from  affordable  housing  and  tenant   activists.aspx?ec_id=1999A&ec=1999A&can d_id=204&cand=Quinn%2c+Christine+C     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.info/searchabledb/AdvancedContributionSearchResult.    All  Rights  Reserved.  she  had  Sen.94   And  herein  lies  the  paradox  behind  the  myth  of  Christine’s  career.  early  in  her  career.  Christine  was  lucky   that.  Duane  to  talk  up  her  “progressive”  nature.  She  would  propagate  her  image  as   an  advocate  for  the  cameras.  but  she  knew  that  if  she  kept  giving  lip   service  to  her  advocacy  work.   Not  only  was  Christine  already  accepting  donations  from  real  estate   interests.  such  as  employees  of  Housing  Works  and  the  Gay  Men’s  Health  Crisis   (GMHC).  But   Christine  also  had  others.  One  of  her  early  supporters  was  Kenneth  Monteiro.  She  needed  people  to  give  her  cover.   -­‐  44  -­‐     .  she  would  trigger  cognitive  dissonance.  Christine  was  double-­‐dipping.  she  was  also  taking  real  estate   money.  one  of                                                                                                                   94   http://www.  just  by  repeating  what  people  were  desperate  to  hear  :   that  she  was  going  to  be  a  different  kind  of  politician.  behind  the  scenes.

aspx?ec_id=1999A&ec=1999A&can d_id=204&cand=Quinn%2c+Christine+C     98  http://www.  In  the  years  to  come.    All  Rights  Reserved.95  96  Christine’s  career  also  had  the  support   of  other  political  operatives.  where  he  was  chief  trial   counsel  in  the  prosecutions  of  Nixon  Deputy  Assistant  Dwight  Chapin  and  California   Lt.  Gov.97  Mr.  Davis  distinguished  himself  by  having   been  a  member  of  the  Watergate  Special  Prosecutor  Force.html     96  http://en.weil.  for  having  appeared  to  have                                                                                                                   97   95  http://www.htm#Davis     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  and  they  would  be   part  of  the  effort  to  give  her  political  cover  in  the  years  to  come.   Still  yet  another  key  early  supporter  was  Richard  Davis.  Mr.  how  would  Christine  maintain  the  veneer  of   her  “progressive”  label  ?  Already.nydailynews.info/searchabledb/AdvancedContributionSearchResult.  Nixon  Hargraves.  like  Elizabeth  Berger.nyccfb.98  Mr.the  former  chairs  of  the  board  of  directors  at  AVP.  who  was  once  a  partner  at  the  old   law  firm  of  LeBeouf  Lamb  Greene  &  MacRae.org/wiki/Harvey_Milk     http://www.  Christine  had  experienced  criticisms  for  having   thrown  highly-­‐respected  LGBT  leaders  under  the  bus.  But  some  of   Christine’s  early  supporters  would  eventually  come  to  face-­‐to-­‐face  with  Christine’s   political  ethics.  who  both  once  worked  at  another  old  law  firm.  and  lobbyist  Emily  Giske  and  lawyer   Robert  Christmas.nyccfb.  a  former  partner  with  the   law  firm  of  Weil.  Davis  also  got  to  work  with  Christine  on  Mayor   Giuliani’s  task  force  on  “police-­‐community  relations.  Edwin  Reinecke.   -­‐  45  -­‐     .  Gotshal  &  Manges.wikipedia.  Finnegan  was  a  New  York  City  political  operative.”99     Many  of  these  early  supporters  would  be  rewarded  over  time  for  their   contributions  in  helping  to  launch  Christine’s  political  career.  who  began   his  political  career  by  working  on  Harvey  Milk’s  successful  1977  campaign  to  join   the  San  Francisco  Board  of  Supervisors.com/davis-­‐appointed-­‐to-­‐nyc-­‐campaign-­‐finance-­‐board/     99  http://www.  Another  early  supporter  was   Kevin  Finnegan.com/blogs/dailypolitics/2009/01/finnegan-­‐the-­‐new-­‐gaspard-­‐at-­‐11.info/press/info/board_members.

  Now  that  she  held  public  office.   Like  she  had  once  been  Mr.wikipedia.  it  was  Christine’s  turn  to  pick  a  chief-­‐of-­‐staff.  Rudy  Giuliani.  Christine  wasn’t  the  first  lesbian  City   Councilmember  in  New  York  City.  one  that  would  lead  to  a  political  betrayal  of  her  roots  in  activism  ?   In  her  first  year  in  office.    All  Rights  Reserved.100  Christine  was  bold  to  use  The  Vagina  Monologues  as  the  backdrop   for  her  inauguration  festivities.  traits.  In  what  direction  would  the  trajectory  of  her  political  arc  lead   under  the  next  mayor  ?  Would  she  remain  true  to  her  grassroots  political   upbringing.  on  whom  she  could  rely.  Duane’s  right  arm  in  his  City  Council  office.  who  was  confident   about  her  radical  roots.”   if  not  radical.  but  this  was  the  old  Christine.  or  would  her  journey  into  the  belly  of  the  whale  result  in  a  different   kind  of  outcome.  someone  with                                                                                                                   100  http://nymag.  The  Vagina  Monologues  fit  in  nicely  with  her  identity  as  an   activist  and  advocate.  Margarita  López.101  But   Christine  had  ambition  and  determination  to  not  stop  at  just  being  an  official   representing  a  small  municipal  district.  who  once  represented  the  East   Village  in  City  Council.  Christine   was  going  to  need  an  idealistic  person.   -­‐  46  -­‐     .  had  been  elected  to  the  City  Council  before  Christine.  as  was  reported  by  New  York   magazine.org/wiki/Margarita_López     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.hitched  her  political  wagon  to  the  divisive  Republican  mayor.  which  was   already  on  its  way  to  becoming  a  revolutionary  play  about  women’s   empowerment.  At  her  swearing-­‐in  ceremony.  and  for   having  appeared  to  have  double-­‐dipped  in  tenant  advocacy  and  real  estate  industry   campaign  donations.  even  if  it  was  in  New  York  City.  After  she  was  elected.com/nymetro/news/people/columns/intelligencer/1127/     101  http://en.  Christine  did  her  part  to  brandish  her  “progressive.  Eve  Ensler  performed  a  reading  of  The  Vagina  Monologues.

 then  at  first  blush.  and  since  Sen.   There  was  a  way  to  enforce  discipline  like  that.  She  picked  Maura  Keaney.com/p/news/item_m3TNZ93XMcjLvSCG7BLFeN     103  http://www.     But  if  Christine  and  Maura  had  been  strangers.  When  a  political  party  wants  a   candidate  to  win.   because  he  ran  unopposed  in  the  Democratic  primary.  It  would  only   be  natural  for  Christine  to  pick  Maura.  Prior  to   that.  closer   shared  affinity.  So.nypost.  Sen.nypost.  Sen.  Maura  had  worked  as  one  of  then  Councilmember  Duane’s  aides.  Duane’s  campaign  was  going   to  be  a  shoe-­‐in.  Duane  would  be  spending  so  much  of  his  official  time  up   in  Albany.  one  would   see  how  they  would  use  their  connection  to  Sen.  Duane  as  way  to  build  a  new.  a  sure  sign  that  the   Democratic  Party  was  hand-­‐picking  him  to  win.  since  Maura  had  herself  started  out  with  then   Councilmember  Duane.  he  ended  up  winning  86  percent  of  the  vote.  In  fact.  Lynn.  somebody  who  shared  the  same  sensibilities  of   integrity  and  complete  loyalty.  While  Maura  was  working  for  Duane’s  senatorial   campaign.  they  make  sure  that  the  primaries  are  cleared  for  their  favorites.   Christine  was  in  a  four-­‐way  race.  Morrison  was  working  on  Christine’s  City  Council  campaign  in  the   very  same  office  space  :  at  33  West  14th  Street.103  Meanwhile.                                                                                                                   102  http://www.  But  in  actuality  they  knew  each  other  :  both  of  them  worked  out  of   the  same  campaign  office.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Duane  had  had  an  easy  election.  who  had  two  major  political  club   endorsements  and  his  own  bipartisan  connections  with  the  Giuliani  administration.  This  was  Christine’s  opportunity  to  mold  somebody  in  her   own  image.  facing  Mr.   -­‐  47  -­‐     .  Ms.102  a  position  that  Christine  had  also  once  served  for  Sen.  Duane.  Maura  now  had  a  way  to  stay  grounded  in  New  York  City.  Duane’s  campaign   manager.     Maura  had  been  selected  the  year  before  to  be  Sen.whom  she  could  be  compatible.com/p/news/item_m3TNZ93XMcjLvSCG7BLFeN     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.

com/1999/06/christine-­‐quinn-­‐sets-­‐it-­‐straight-­‐im-­‐a-­‐lesbian-­‐yup-­‐100-­‐percent/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.”  wrote  Greg   Sargent.  She  prefers  the  term   “bitch.  So.”  as  he  described  it.   Christine  had  to  grant  a  one-­‐on-­‐one  interview  to  Mr.  in  order  to  do  “damage  control.  Quinn  doesn’t  see  herself  as  a  hack.”  she  said.com/1999/06/christine-­‐quinn-­‐sets-­‐it-­‐straight-­‐im-­‐a-­‐lesbian-­‐yup-­‐100-­‐percent/     105  http://observer.000  worth  of  therapy                                                                                                                   104  http://observer.  members  of  political  clubs.104  The  cumulative  effect  of  Christine’s  treatment  of  Mr.  Foreman.  Christine  had   rubbed  enough  people  the  wrong  way  that  she  had  triggered  a  serious  backlash.  Ms.   And  I  think  as  I’ve  gotten  more  mature  -­‐-­‐  $500.  “And  I  am  very  comfortable  with   that.  In  her  short  time  in  City  Council.Whereas  Sen.   “which  could  amount  to  political  death  in  her  heavily  gay  district.   Morrison.  Christine  had  to   wage  her  first  political  campaign  against  the  Democratic  Party’s  chosen  favorite  any   way  that  she  could.”   “I  am  very  clear  that  a  part  of  my  personality  is  what  some   people  might  call  a  bitch.  and  still  yet  others  were  catching  up  to  her.     A  few  months  after  her  swearing-­‐in.  Sarget  of  The  New  York   Observer.    All  Rights  Reserved.  the  heart  of  Democratic  reform  politics.  that  she  was  “punishing   political  foes  with  Tammany-­‐in-­‐lavender  tactics  that  have  no  place  in  the  Village  and   Chelsea.  Christine  found  herself  at  the  receiving   end  of  a  vicious  post-­‐election  smear  campaign.  Some  voters  in   Christine’s  district  complained  that  she  was  a  sore  winner.   -­‐  48  -­‐     .  The  New  York  Observer  reported  that   Christine’s  political  enemies  were  circulating  rumours  that  she  was  actually   heterosexual  and  not  a  lesbian.”105   A  few  startling  passages  in  The  Observer  served  to  illustrate  Christine’s   temperament  :   …  Ms.  I  accept  it  both  as  a  personality  asset  and  as  a  personality  defect.  Duane  ran  with  the  blessings  of  the  Democratic  Party.

”  …106   Even  this  early  on.  reports  began  to  surface  of  political  retaliation  made  by   Christine  against  people  for  ridiculous  but  perceived  slights.   -­‐  49  -­‐     .   Quinn  responded  that  she  thought  Mr.later  -­‐-­‐  I  know  when  to  be  a  bitch  and  I  know  when  not  to  be  a  bitch.  Quinn  -­‐-­‐  in   retaliation  for  challenging  a  Quinn  loyalist  for  the  coveted  post  of  Board   5’s  vice  chairman.  you  know.  who  charges  he   was  bumped  from  midtown’s  Community  Board  5  by  Ms.  Carmine   DeSapio.  I’ve  gotten  through  to  people  who  are  far  more  important  than  me   by  being.  Not  exactly  Tammany  Hall.  who  loves  his  community  board  hobby.  open  up   the  bitch  tap  and  let  the  water  run.  A  major  schism   developed  within  one  political  club.  It  can  be  really  effective  when  I  need   it  to.   where  here  to  stay.org/about     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.villagedemocrats.  …107   Christine’s  temperament  and  some  of  the  changes  she  made  early  in  her   tenure  as  a  councilmember  were  really  ruffling  up  some  feathers.   …  Then  there  is  the  strange  case  of  Kyle  Merker.  perhaps  -­‐-­‐  but  unpleasant   nonetheless  for  Mr.  you  know.  the  Village  Independent  Democrats.  But  Christine  had  already  been   resocialized  as  an  adult  in  the  world  of  New  York  City  politics  under  Sen.  a  real  bitch  to  their  staff  on  the  telephone.  Duane  and   by  Mr.  Quinn.   The  Village  Independent  Democrats  was  a  political  club  with  roots  in  the   reform  movement  .com/1999/06/christine-­‐quinn-­‐sets-­‐it-­‐straight-­‐im-­‐a-­‐lesbian-­‐yup-­‐100-­‐percent/     107  http://observer.  it  was  founded  to  defeat  a  Tammany  Hall  leader.  including  their  divisive  impact.  Merker  was  “overly  politicizing”   the  board.  The  Observer  piece   addressed  this.  Christine’s  ambition  and  personality.  Owles                                                                                                                   106  http://observer.  (He   was  reappointed  by  Manhattan  Borough  President  Virginia  Fields.  and  she  was  unafraid  to  exert  it.108  One  of  its  leaders  was  Carol  Greitzer.  I   make  a  conscious  decision  about  when  I’m  gonna.    All  Rights  Reserved.  in  the  time   leading  up  to  Christine’s  first  special  election.  Merker.com/1999/06/christine-­‐quinn-­‐sets-­‐it-­‐straight-­‐im-­‐a-­‐lesbian-­‐yup-­‐100-­‐percent/     108  http://www.  Now  that  Christine  was   an  office  holder.  against  whom  each  of  Mr.)  Ms.  she  had  power.

  -­‐  50  -­‐     .org/About-­‐Us/Pride-­‐Agenda-­‐History.  Mr.  and  the  newly  formed  group  helped  to  “build   support”  for  a  newly  redistricted  New  York  City  Council  seat  that  could  be  deemed   “winnable”  by  a  member  of  the  LGBT  community.  the  Third  City  Council  district.  But  going  back  to  how  close  Mr.  Against  the  backdrop   of  LGBT  voters  becoming  a  new.ran  in  1973.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Rothenberg  in  1985.  Tom  Duane.  in  Lower  Manhattan.html     112  http://www.  Finally  the  timing  was  right  for  an   openly  LGBT  official  to  be  elected  to  public  office.  before  the  redistricting  could  be  completed.109  One  activist  described  Mr.  ran  for  the  New  York  State  Assembly  in  1990  to  represent  the   Greenwich  Village  seat.com/1991/08/08/nyregion/gay-­‐candidate-­‐for-­‐city-­‐council-­‐says-­‐he-­‐has-­‐aids-­‐ virus.com/1991/06/07/nyregion/greitzer-­‐a-­‐democratic-­‐colleague-­‐will-­‐seek-­‐dryfoos-­‐s-­‐ council-­‐seat.  One  year  after  Assemblymember   Glick  won.nytimes.aspx     110  http://www.  partly   overlapped  with  the  Third  City  Council  district.   the  ESPA  was  headed  by  Dick  Dadey.112  with  help  from  Christine  as  his  campaign  manager.  and  she  won  to  become  the  state’s  first  openly  LGBT   Assemblymember.  important  voting  bloc.   underwent  a  redistricting  process  to  make  it  more  likely  that  an  LGBT  candidate   could  win  that  seat.  it  is  not  exactly  known  how                                                                                                                   109  http://www.  and  Tom  Duane  in  1989.  the  Gay  and  Lesbian  Independent   Democrats.nytimes.html     111  http://www.  Greitzer.  Rothenberg’s  1985  and   Tom  Duane’s  1989  campaigns  for  City  Council  had  been.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  then  held  by  Ms.110     Meanwhile.com/1990/12/30/us/lesbians-­‐clear-­‐hurdles-­‐to-­‐gain-­‐posts-­‐of-­‐power.   Dadey  as  one  among  many  who  had  been  very  involved  in  the  redistricting  effort.   From  1990  through  1991.  was   elected  to  the  City  Council.  Deborah  Glick.  two  LGBT  equality  advocacy   groups  merged  in  1990  to  form  the  Empire  State  Pride  Agenda  (ESPA).111  Her  State  Assembly  district.nytimes.  Back  then.  a   former  president  of  the  influential  political  club.prideagenda.

  whose  membership  worked  closely  with  Mayor  Koch.  the  LGBT  political  club  known  as  the  Stonewall  Democrats.  some  of  the  political  opposition  that  Assemblymember  Glick.  giving  him  the  most  of  an   opportunity  to  portray  himself  as  the  necessary  champion  that  the  LGBT  community   needed  in  office  to  deal  with  major  issues.  was  to  fulfill  on   the  promise  of  being  a  voice  of  LGBT  advocacy  and  to  renew  the  progressive   tradition  many  described  as  having  been  abandoned  by  the  exiting  Ms.pdf     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  refused  to  endorse  her.  such  as  HIV/AIDS.  Greitzer  chose  not  to  run  against  Tom  Duane.  The  original  intention  of  their  redistricted   City  Council  seat.  and  when  she  was  campaigning   for  her  Assembly  seat.   discrimination.   -­‐  51  -­‐     .  social  services.  Greitzer.  Duane’s  1991  win  could  be  attributed  to  Christine’s  campaign   management  -­‐-­‐  and  how  much  should  be  attributed  to  the  deliberate  change  in  the   district’s  boundaries.  and  some  activists  claimed  that  he  actually  opposed   them.   Interestingly.  Indeed.  then  that  would  weaken  the   myth  about  Christine’s  contribution  to  Tom  Duane’s  win.outweek.  and  healthcare  reforms.much  of  Mr.  and  Christine  faced  or  would  later  face  would  come   from  insiders.  who  were  close  to  former  Mayor  Ed  Koch.  If  Tom  Duane’s  win  was  deemed  to  really  come  from  the   redistricting.  which  altered  the  demographics  just  right.  in   spite  of  the  historic  nature  of  her  campaign.  Duane  and  later  to  Christine.   Because  there  was  so  much  progressive  pressure  to  elect  an  LGBT  candidate.   Ms.    All  Rights  Reserved.  common  first  to  Mr.   then  Councilmember  Duane.  Assemblymember   Glick  had  been  a  critic  of  the  Koch  administration.org/blog/2013/02/01/ed-­‐koch-­‐1924-­‐2013-­‐and-­‐the-­‐village/     114  http://www.net/pdfs/ow_61.  activists  were  disappointed  with  the  dismal  record  of  the  Koch                                                                                                                   113  http://gvshp.113  114  Mayor  Koch  never  publicly   supported  these  candidates.  Back  then.

    But  once  Christine  was  safely  in  office.  Duane  had  “groomed  Ms.  after  her  1999  special  election.  the  Village  Independent  Democrats  had  been  freed  from   Koch  Democrats.”  Hal  Friedman.com/1999/06/christine-­‐quinn-­‐sets-­‐it-­‐straight-­‐im-­‐a-­‐lesbian-­‐yup-­‐100-­‐percent/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  the  president  of  Village  Independent   Democrats.org/blog/2013/02/01/ed-­‐koch-­‐1924-­‐2013-­‐and-­‐the-­‐village/     117  http://observer.  some   members  of  the  political  club  Village  Independent  Democrats  expressed  being  upset   with  Christine.  “She’s  beginning  to   act  like  a  Tammany  hack.administration.  Sen.  because  Mayor  Koch  didn’t  want  to  his   administration  pressured  on  issues.  Duane.  but  Christine  was  still  being  subjected  to  a   litmus  test.”  115   The  1999  special  election  was  over.   -­‐  52  -­‐     .116  So.”117  The  New  York  Observer  described  Christine  as  having   been  molded  by  her  mentor.  told  The  New  York  Observer.com/1999/06/christine-­‐quinn-­‐sets-­‐it-­‐straight-­‐im-­‐a-­‐lesbian-­‐yup-­‐100-­‐percent/     116  http://gvshp.  were  largely  comprised  of  Mayor  Koch’s  supporters.  and  some  people  said  that  Mayor  Koch  feared  having  openly  LGBT   officials  elected  to  public  office.    All  Rights  Reserved.  the   criticisms  that  Christine  received  from  the  Village  Independent  Democrats  were  not   politically-­‐motivated  by  Mayor  Koch’s  supporters.  many  began  to  see  Christine’s  style  as  a  return  of  “old-­‐school  bossism.  By  this  time.  unlike  the  criticisms   Assemblymember  Glick  received  from  Stonewall  Democrats.  referring  to  Christine.”   There  was  Sen.  since  Mayor  Koch’s  supporters  had  largely  split  off  from  the  Village   Independent  Democrats  to  form  the  Village  Reform  Democratic  Club.  Going  back  to  the  controversial  article  published  by  The  New  York   Observer.  which  he  was  fearful  of  publicly  supporting.  in   turn.  “There’s  a  very  mean  and   vindictive  spirit  in  her.  but  his  help  had  come  across  as  having  circumvented  the  participation                                                                                                                   115  http://observer.  Quinn  as  his  successor.  having  helped  his  one-­‐time  campaign  manager  and  former   chief-­‐of-­‐staff.  whose  membership.

 who   worked  as  a  community  organizer  and  executive  director  of  a  major  LGBT   organization.  She  had  finally   launched  her  own  political  career  in  the  capital  city  of  New  York.  An  activist.  was  seen  as  using   Christine  as  a  “tool”  to  “expand  his  influence  over  West  Side  politics.  it  takes  help   from  a  lot  of  people.  And  she  was   already  having  to  defend  herself.”  The  New  York   Observer  reported.  a   charisma  and  a  determination.com/1999/06/christine-­‐quinn-­‐sets-­‐it-­‐straight-­‐im-­‐a-­‐lesbian-­‐yup-­‐100-­‐percent/     119  http://observer.  “The  young  Ed  Koch.  to  pay  any  costs.  Being  loud   and  flamboyant  is  a  particular  badge  of  honor  in  gay  politics.  not  even  the  loss  of  a   little  sense  of  self-­‐restraint.com/1999/06/christine-­‐quinn-­‐sets-­‐it-­‐straight-­‐im-­‐a-­‐lesbian-­‐yup-­‐100-­‐percent/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.”118   Here  was  where  Christine  would  find  herself  in  1999.   -­‐  53  -­‐     .  spent  years  honing  his   irascible  public  persona  by  savaging  opponents  at  community  meetings.  her  judgment.000  West  Side  households  proclaiming  he  was  HIV  positive.  She  was  already  being  compared  to   other  LGBT  politicians.  for  instance.  The  New  York  Observer  reported.  In  his  1991  Council   race.  and  even  the  truth  about  her  own  sexual  orientation.  one  must  be   willing  to  go  to  any  lengths.119                                                                                                                   118  http://observer.  Mr.  Some  of  her  supporters  saw  in  Christine  something  special.  her  management  style.  there  was  a  foreshadowing  of  things  to  come.  Duane.  for  instance.  her   temperament.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Nothing  could  be  off  limits.  that  to  win.  who  had  unmistakably  and  unapologetically  been  able  to   shake  up  the  system  in  their  favor.  But  in  this  early  review  of  her  work  in  The  New  York   Observer.of  progressive  and  reform  political  clubs.  Duane  squeaked  past  the  opposition  in  part  by  mailing  a  letter   to  40.  doesn’t  just  make  it  onto  the  City  Council  on  her  own  .  who.  Allegations  of  boss-­‐style  politics  even   touched  upon  Sen.

 she  was  on  the  November  1999  ballot  again.   -­‐  54  -­‐     .  back  in  the  beginning.  Christine  naturally  had  an  easy  re-­‐election.com/1999/11/03/nyregion/1999-­‐elections-­‐city-­‐council-­‐though-­‐heavily-­‐outspent-­‐ opponent-­‐democrat-­‐wins.  this  time  to  be  elected   serve  a  partial.    Since  she  was  an   incumbent.html     121   http://www.nyccfb.    All  Rights  Reserved.908.120  It  was  all  technicalities  now.nytimes.                                                                                                                     120  http://www.  and  her  campaign  only   needed  to  raise  a  mere  $13.39.  The  average  donation  came  out  to  be   approximately  $80.Before  the  old  millennium  came  to  a  close.info/searchabledb/SimpleSearchResult.  Only  a  few  months  after  Christine  won  that  first  special  election  in   February  1999.121  that’s  how  much  of  an  easy   time  she  had.aspx?election_cycle=1999&cand_id=204&cand_nam e=Quinn%2c+Christine+C     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  two-­‐year  term  to  complete  the  remainder  of  what  would  have  been   Tom  Duane’s  formerly  full  term.  Christine  had  to  run  for  re-­‐ election.00  in  contributions.

 an  LGBT   civil  rights  activist  Brendan  Fay.com/content/top_stories/4779/workers-­‐at-­‐aids-­‐facility-­‐leave-­‐confidential-­‐documents-­‐on-­‐ sidewalk     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Christine  called  for  suspending  the  company’s  license  to   operate  its  tour  buses.   -­‐  55  -­‐     .  Christine  stood  up  to  expose  and  challenge   the  troubled  city  agency.  Only  one  month  after   she  won  the  first  February  1999  special  election.html     124  http://www.com/1999/09/19/nyregion/neighborhood-­‐report-­‐greenwich-­‐village-­‐teeth-­‐bared-­‐ over-­‐costco-­‐s-­‐plans.123  She  was  critical  of  zone-­‐busting  development  along  23rd   Street  in  Manhattan.  She  partially  rationalized  the  suspension  based  on  long-­‐time                                                                                                                   122  http://www.nytimes.  Patrick’s  Day   Parade  in  the  Bronx  to  be  more  inclusive  of  LGBT  march  participants.html     125  http://www.126  And  when  a  stage  actor  was  run  over  and  killed  by  a   double-­‐decker  tour  bus.122  To  defend   mom-­‐and-­‐pop  shops.nytimes.  Duane.nytimes.ny1.  Sen.  Christine  worked  hard  to  cultivate  a  public  image  of   someone  true  to  the  community’s  progressive  expectations.com/1999/10/10/nyregion/neighborhood-­‐report-­‐midtown-­‐who-­‐s-­‐family-­‐who-­‐s-­‐ guest-­‐condo-­‐s-­‐rule-­‐draws.html     126  http://www.  They  were  trying  to  make  a  St.  Christine.  making  the  observation  that  the  construction  of  so  many  tall   buildings  was  remaking  23rd  Street  into  the  beginning  of  “Midtown.html     123  http://www.nytimes.”124  She  was   among  many  politicians  who  expressed  concerns  about  a  condominium  resolution   that  could  potentially  refuse  accommodation  to  same-­‐sex  couples.Chapter  3   In  her  early  years.  and  three  other  activists  were  arrested  during  an   act  of  peaceful  civil  disobedience.125  When  New   York  City’s  Division  of  AIDS  Services  was  egaging  in  practices  possibly  violating  the   confidentiality  of  HIV-­‐positive  clients.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/1999/10/10/realestate/in-­‐the-­‐flower-­‐district-­‐a-­‐crop-­‐of-­‐high-­‐rises.com/1999/03/15/nyregion/6-­‐gay-­‐marchers-­‐arrested-­‐at-­‐st-­‐patrick-­‐s-­‐parade-­‐in-­‐ bronx.  Christine  opposed  a  plan  by  Costco  to  open  a  big  box  store  on   14th  Street  in  Manhattan.

 and   many  voters  skip  the  off-­‐year  elections.com/2000/05/23/nyregion/tour-­‐bus-­‐kills-­‐actor-­‐as-­‐he-­‐walks-­‐on-­‐45th-­‐st.  and  her  office  made  sure  that  there   were  headlines  and  sound  bites  as  proof.  including  City  Councilmembers.129  New  York  City  does  not.html     129  http://en.  Al  Gore  was  running  against  George  W.wikipedia.  The  voter  turn-­‐out  for  municipal   and  state  elections.    All  Rights  Reserved.nytimes.  Gore.  and  we  all  know  how  well  that  worked  out  for  progressives  and  reform   Democrats.   The  year  2000  was  a  federal  election  year.  Mayor  Rudy  Giuliani  was  serving  out  the  final   months  of  his  second  term.128  It  seemed   like  Christine  was  doing  right  by  the  community.  Because  of  term  limits  imposed  by  two  voter  referenda.html     128  http://www.   he  was  prevented  from  running  for  office  for  a  third  term.  The  term  limits  law  also   applied  to  other  major  officeholders.  Although  some  states  and  municipalities  try   to  coordinate  elections  to  maximize  voter  participation.  Christine  questioned  the  use  of  taxpayer   money  to  chauffeur  the  investment  management  company  executive.  Bush  to  become   president.org/wiki/Election_Day_(United_States)     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  is  much  lower  than  during  federal  elections.  after  Ms.  Clinton  was  sworn  into  office  as  the  new  junior  senator  for  New  York   during  the  aftermath  of  Bush  v.127  And  when  a  former  Giuliani   administration  official  out  of  office  for  four  years  was  reported  to  be  still  receiving  a   car  and  driver  paid  for  by  taxpayers.   So.  and  it  wasn’t  only  Hillary  Clinton   who  was  running  for  office.community  complaints  about  the  tour  buses.  regular  municipal  and  state  elections  generally  take  place   one  year  after  the  four-­‐year  federal  election  cycle.  everybody  in  New  York  shifted  their  focus  to   the  mayoral  and  City  Council  races.  In  New  York.  as  expected.com/2000/11/14/nyregion/ex-­‐official-­‐uses-­‐city-­‐car-­‐four-­‐years-­‐after-­‐leaving.                                                                                                                   127  http://www.   -­‐  56  -­‐     .nytimes.

  The  2001  municipal  politics  in  New  York  started  out  as  business  as  usual.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.130  The  caustic  mayor  had  violated  citizens’  First  Amendment  rights  on   many  fronts.   Two  mayoral  candidates  for  the  Democratic  Party’s  mayoral  nomination  were   accused  of  sending  staff  and  campaign  supporters  to  the  meetings  of  an  influential   LGBT  political  club  and  making  their  representatives  join  the  club  as  members.nytimes.  New  York  City   Controller  Alan  Hevesi  sent  at  least  six  associates  to  join  the  Gay  and  Lesbian   Independent  Democrats  (GLID).   who  was  considered  to  have  a  special  place  inside  the  LGBT  community  because  his                                                                                                                   130  http://www.  Shameful  acts  of  police  brutality  against  minorities  had  aggravated  racial   tensions.  before  she  was  elected  to  public  office.    All  Rights  Reserved.There  was  a  lot  at  stake  in  the  next  mayoralty.com/wp-­‐srv/national/daily/march99/newyork30.html     133  http://www.com/1998/07/06/nyregion/giuliani-­‐s-­‐goal-­‐of-­‐civil-­‐city-­‐runs-­‐into-­‐first-­‐ amendment.  Lawrence  Quinn.   -­‐  57  -­‐     .  Among  the   Hevesi  operatives  sent  to  infiltrate  GLID  was  Christine’s  father.washingtonpost.htm     131  http://www.  The  Giuliani  administration   had  intentionally  caused  major  setbacks  for  entire  communities  within  New  York   City.133  Progressives  were  looking  for   change.html     132  http://www.  in   hopes  of  influencing  the  club’s  vote  on  its  mayoral  endorsement.131  And  before  Major  Giuliani’s  second  term   was  over.com/2000/09/20/nyregion/judge-­‐s-­‐ruling-­‐puts-­‐city-­‐aids-­‐agency-­‐under-­‐us-­‐ monitor.nytimes.  GLID  was  the  political  club  formerly  headed  by   Assemblywoman  Debroah  Glick.nytimes.  and  the  litigation  from  his  overreach  led  to  several  costly  legal  losses   for  the  mayor  and  for  New  York  City.  a  federal  judge  ruled  that  New  York  City  had  failed  to  provide  services  to   thousands  of  people  with  AIDS  in  a  decision  that  put  the  city’s  AIDS  agency  under  a   federal  monitor132  for  a  period  of  three  years.com/2000/09/21/nyregion/sparring-­‐begins-­‐on-­‐oversight-­‐of-­‐aids-­‐unit.

 which  lobbied  for  the  redrawing  of  the  City   Council  district  common  to  both  former  Councilmember  Duane  and  Christine                                                                                                                   134  http://articles.nyccfb.00  from  the  Affordable  Housing  PAC.  the  myth  that  Christine   was  still  an  advocate  for  the  people  was  reflected  in  the  modest  contributions  she   received.  Still.  sent  at  least  22   supporters  to  infiltrate  GLID.  Dick  Dadey..  when  the  dueling  Democratic  mayoral  campaigns  of  incumbent   David  Dinkins  and  challenger  Andrew  Stein  were  said  to  have  sent  supporters  to  do   the  same  thing.nydailynews.  Mr.  The  other   Democratic  mayoral  candidate.  there  were  benefits  to  her   incumbency.00  donation  made  by  a  New  York  City  Housing  Authority   maintenance  worker.   -­‐  58  -­‐     .  many  of  the  representatives  sent  to  join   GLID  were  straight.  she  raised  about  half  the  contributions   that  she  had  raised  in  her  contentious  four-­‐way  race  in  the  first  special  election  in   February  1999.info/searchabledb/AdvancedContributionSearchResult.   Ltd.aspx?ec_id=2001&ec=2001&cand_id =204&cand=Quinn%2c+Christine+C     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  There  was  a  $10.  On  both  sides.  Christine  accepted  $250.  which  doles  out  tens  of  thousands  of  dollars  to  politicians.daughter  is  Christine.  Remember.  the   former  executive  director  of  ESPA.  She  would  be  running  for  her   first  full  term  in  public  office  in  the  2001  election.  The  last  time  such  infiltrating  was  reported  to  have  happened  on   this  scale  was  1993.    All  Rights  Reserved.  134   Christine’s  first  years  of  the  two  partial  terms  she  served  would  not  count   against  her  with  respect  to  the  term  limits  restrictions.  even  though  New   York  City  never  builds  up  its  supply  of  affordable  housing  units.  Quinn  acted  as  Christine’s  surrogate  :  he   worked  on  campaigns  in  order  to  collect  favors  for  his  daughter.  in  the  2001  race.135  In  the  fundraising  cycle  for  the  2001  race.  according  to  a  news  story  in  The  New  York  Daily  News.com/2001-­‐03-­‐13/news/18170150_1_gay-­‐political-­‐club-­‐lesbian-­‐community-­‐ endorsement     135   http://www.  For  example.  Public  Advocate  Mark  Green.

 who  heads  up  a   lobbying  firm  that  would  later  go  on  to  represent  developers  of  two  of  the  most   contentious  real  estate  projects  in  Christine’s  district  a  decade  later.  This  was  a  pattern  that  Christine  established  at   the  outset  of  her  career  as  an  elected  official.   Christine  raised  $500.  again.  because  the  myth  of  her   advocacy  work  was  still  intact.  all  things  considered.   But.  Christine  was  still  taking  money  from  lobbyists.  was  following  tried-­‐and-­‐true  political   machinations.00  to  Christine’s  campaign.  He  contributed  $500.000.   Dirk  McCall  worked  for  Capalino.  who  was  a  partner  of  the  lobbyist   Emily  Giske.00   to  Christine’s  2001  campaign.  At  the  time.around  demographics  so  as  to  finally  support  an  LGBT  candidate.00  from  James  Capalino.  Christine  raise  $1.  a   quasi-­‐Quinn  doctrine.  There  was  no  need  to  worry  about  Christine  needing   to  run  an  aggressive  campaign.  a  developer  of  high-­‐ rise  apartment  buildings.  on  the  side.  The  myth   that  Christine’s  crusade  for  public  office  to  reform  the  system  was  giving  way  to   taking  money  just  like  other  politicians.  in   which  she  previewed  the  emergence  of  her  own  self-­‐motivated  political  ideals.  McCall  would  also  go  on  to  serve  in  various  roles  with   LGBT  agencies.  She  began  to  warn  the  public  about  a  “very  real  danger”  with   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  and  it  would  continue  into  this  race.    All  Rights  Reserved.  She  was  a  political  insider  now.  Mr.  real  estate   developers.  and  he  made  a  contribution  of  $100.  donated  $250.  Christine  wrote  an  opinion-­‐editorial  piece  for  the  Gotham  Gazette.  People  still  saw  her  as  one  of   them.  Another  notable  contributor  was  Adam  Rose.  nor  raise  serious  money.00  from  Norman  Adler.  These  conflicts  of  interest  were  not  going  to   stand  in  the  way  of  Christine’s  reelection.   -­‐  59  -­‐     .   The  run-­‐up  to  the  2001  election.00  to   Christine’s  campaign.  and  other  consultants.

gothamgazette.  who.  who  would  be  charged  with  voting  on  zoning  issues  ?  The   most  controversial  zoning  issues  involve  the  taking  of  public  or  common  property   for  the  private  profit  to  benefit  developers.   -­‐  60  -­‐     .   This  was  a  confusing  position  to  take.shtml     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.New  York  City’s  term  limits  law.   Christine  wrote  that  term  limits  did  more  harm  to  council  staff  than  to  elected   officials.  How  complicated  would  this  dilemma  be   for  councilmembers  to  analyze  ?  Like  other  aspects  of  Christine’s  political   philosophy.    All  Rights  Reserved.   The  emerging  Quinn  doctrine  on  term  limits  was  a  political  philosophy.  her  flip-­‐flops  on   important  issues  like  term  limits  and  real  estate  development  would  be  critical  to   examine  Christine’s  penchant  for  political  expediency  and  self-­‐interest.  Instead  of  having  faith  that  politicians  and   their  staff  would  have  the  fortitude  to  take  action  on  demands  from  their   communities.  once  she  became  a  political  insider.  but.  there  was  no  consistency  to  it.com/commentary/quinn.   would  need  to  leave  office  after  two  full  terms  in  office.  Christine’s   worldview  on  powerholders  changed.  who  would  be  constantly  replacing  incumbents.   which  rested  on  the  public  service  myth  of  politicians  and  their  political  staff.  because  the  revolving  door  of  elected  officials  would  lead  to  a  churn  in  staff.  And  in  the  coming  years.  Christine  subscribed  to  the  idea  that  powerholders  were   answerable  to  their  constituents.  term  limits  would  give   lobbyists  and  corporate  interests  an  unfair  advantage  over  the  political  process  at   the  City  Council.  in  turn.136    In  Christine’s  mind.  When   she  was  an  activist.  Term  limits  would  create  a  rotating  door  of  novice   councilmembers.  something  about  her  first  few  years  in  political  office  transformed                                                                                                                   136  http://old.  In  her  opinion  piece.  Why  would  staff  matter  more  to  Christine   than  the  elected  officials.

   All  Rights  Reserved.  who  were  nominally  the  true  legislative  decision-­‐makers.   more  importantly.   The  great  bargain  the  LGBT  community  made  with  Christine  was  that  if  she   got  elected.   Christine  wanted  voters  to  shift  their  focus  to  political  aides.  This   new  philosophy  of  public  service  was  in  contrast  to  her  time  as  an  activist.  Rather  than  to  strengthen  restrictions  on  lobbying  or  patronage.  and  it  was  unclear  why  Christine  was  putting  all  her   faith  in  staff.  Christine  wanted   voters  to  trust  the  judgment  of  the  City  Council  staff  -­‐-­‐  to  have  blind  faith  that  these   unelected  political  insiders  would  have  no  binding  legal  obligation  to  do  the  right   thing  for  voters.  She  began  to  prefer  for  the  idea  of  the  public  servant  wiser  than  his  or  her   constituency.  when   Christine  was  an  activist  citizen  within  social  movements  seeking  more  affordable   housing  or  for  increasing  the  healthcare  response  to  HIV/AIDS.  but  she  did  not  recite  vows  to  respect  the  consensus  of  the  community.  She  made  campaign  promises  to  get  elected.  But  along  with  her   reflections  on  term  limits.  One  could  examine  Christine’s  change  in  philosophy  as  a   product  of  identity  politics.  Christine   wanted  to  spare  any  turnover  on  the  hundreds  of  aides  and  central  staff  members   caused  by  term  limits.  Christine  never  promised  to  be   answerable  to  the  community.   -­‐  61  -­‐     .  but  staff   had  an  indeterminate  value.  of   course.  her  outlook  on  citizen  participation  changed.  strengthen  the  enforcement  of  these  restrictions.  or.  it  could  trust  her  to  do  the  right  thing.  Because  term  limits  would  restrict  the  advantages  of  incumbency  for   councilmembers.   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Back  then.Christine.  Public  officials  could  come  and  go  with  the  election  cycle.  she   supported  citizens  participating  in  their  own  governance.

 Christine  pointed  to  the  complicated  example  of  the  city’s  opaque  land  use   laws.  It  was  a  “catch-­‐22.shtml     139  http://old.  Writing  about  term   limits.As  an  official.  Giske   worked  as  a  lobbyist  at  the  very  same  time  that  she  served  as  vice  chair  of  the  New                                                                                                                   137  http://old.”  And  Christine’s  Band-­‐Aid  approach  to  a   solution  to  eliminating  undue  influence  from  corporations.137  These  laws  favored  wealthy  real  estate  developers.gothamgazette.  “We  must  work  to  preserve  the  expertise  of  the   Council  staff.shtml     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  and  advisers.  was  to  advocate  that.  or  it  sounded  like  she  was  grasping  at  straws.    All  Rights  Reserved.   -­‐  62  -­‐     .  Although  the  public  had  some  input.  given  her  background  as  a  tenant  activist.  as  a  tenant  activist  -­‐-­‐  how  would   she  handle  complex  land  use  now  that  she  was  part  of  the  political  inside  ?  How   realistic  was  keeping  political  aides  going  to  be  to  fend  off  billionaire  real  estate   developers  and  their  armies  of  white-­‐shoe  law  firm  partners  and  other  lobbyists  ?   Christine  would  have  you  believe  that  the  character  of  political  aides  would  make  a   difference.   and  lobbyists.139  Either  this  marked  a  real  public  turning  point  for   Christine’s  relationship  with  voters.com/commentary/quinn.  Ms.gov/html/dcp/html/luproc/ulpro.   Christine  had  promoted  herself  as  a  progressive.  consultants.  the  City  Council  staff  be  saved  from  the  constant  turnover  in   councilmembers’  political  aides.com/commentary/quinn.nyc.  real  estate  developers.”  she  wrote.  she  did  not  view  participation  as  important.  who  could  afford   expensive  attorneys.  that  all  voters  had  to  do  was  to  trust  unelected  political  actors  in  our   government.gothamgazette.   among  other  things.138  Voters  would  have  to  trust  the  public  service   spirit  of  politicians.     One  of  the  Christine’s  unofficial  political  advisors  was  Emily  Giske.   the  public’s  input  was  nonbinding.shtml     138  http://www.

 Christine  used  her  first  few  years   as  a  councilmember  to  portray  herself  as  being  a  champion  for  LGBT  equality.  they  were  going  to  be  met  with  the   admonition  :  “Hush.  Giske  partly  rose  to  prominence  in  political  circles   because  of  her  membership  and  activities  in  GLID.140  Ms.nytimes.pdf     141  http://christinequinn.  also  known  as  the  Gay  Pride  Parade  in   Manhattan.   Giske.  she’s  here  fighting  for  LGBT  equality.com/2000/06/25/nyregion/for-­‐gays-­‐party-­‐search-­‐purpose-­‐30-­‐parade-­‐has-­‐gone-­‐ mainstream-­‐movement-­‐s-­‐goals.  Don’t  rock  the  boat  .142  Ms.  If   anybody  was  going  to  criticize  Christine.  and  she  used  her  position  to  endorse   Christine  during  Christine’s  campaigns  for  those  early  partial  terms  in  the  City   Council.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Giske  offered  Christine  legitimacy  from  within  the  state   Democratic  Party  and  from  Ms.org/files/assets/resources/AnnualReport_2001.  We  need  her  on  the  inside   to  pass  new  laws.  During  this  time.  Giske  was  sometimes  described  as  having  a   superficial  outlook  on  the  direction  of  LGBT  equality  and  on  the  evolution  of  the   annual  Heritage  of  Pride  parade.  Back  then.  she  was  also  on  the  Board  of  Directors  of  the  Human   Rights  Campaign  (HRC).141  But  even  though  Ms.  The  same  lobbyists  and  their  special   interests  which  concerned  Christine.  would.  the  often-­‐infiltrated  political  club   of  which  Christine  was  also  once  a  member.  also  come  to  encompass  Ms.   -­‐  63  -­‐     .  Giske’s  insider  role  as  lobbyist  and  adviser  to  special   interests.  though  she  would  sometimes  be  described  as  a   political  consultant  to  soften  the  negative  connotation  around  her  work  as  a   lobbyist.   As  a  highly  visible  elected  LGBT  politician.  otherwise  you  will  jeopardize  our  chances  at                                                                                                                   140  http://www.  Giske  served  in  a  sense  as  a  public  official  by  virtue  of  her   position  within  the  state  Democratic  Party.  Ms.  over  time.com/endorsements.tripod.York  State  Democratic  Party.htm     142  http://www.hrc.

 he  blamed  the  perception  that.  After  the  community  transformed  into  an  organization  to  get   Christine  elected  to  replace  Sen.   The  election  cycle  gives  voters  their  biggest  opportunity  at  direct   participation  in  their  own  governance.  For  this.  and  politicians  brandished  their  badges  of  wise  public   servants.  and  what  her  legislative  agenda  would  even   look  like.  once  a   “good”  politician  was  elected.  the  community  has  gone  from  being   mobilized  to  being  demobilized.  One  very  prominent  LGBT  civil  rights  activist  based  in  New  York  City   described  the  negative  impact  that  Christine’s  election  to  City  Council  created  for   LGBT  activists.  Christine  would  have  total  discretion  to   decide  by  herself  when  to  propose  legislation.  Rather  than  maintaining  a  voting  public  in  a  state   of  mobilized  participation.  get  a  pass  from  LGBT  activists.  voters  retreated.  Christine’s  election  led  to  the  disempowerment  of  this   voting  public.  which  issues  would  get  a  priority.  who  were   known  to  put  pressure  on  nonresponsive  government  officials.  Once  the  election  cycle   was  over.  Under  her  influence.  by  and  large.  the  community   organization  essentially  dissolved.  as  Christine  did  in  the  time  leading  up  to  the  2001  election  year.finally  establishing  our  civil  rights.   when  to  play  an  active  role  in  causes.”  And  thus  a  double-­‐standard  emerged  for   Christine  :  she  was  going  to.  there  was  no  more  reason  for  the  community  to  be   thoroughly  engaged.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Rather   than  listening  to  the  community’s  demands  for  systemic  progressive  reforms  to   increase  direct  democratic  participation.  as  far  removed  as  it  is.   -­‐  64  -­‐     .  because  we  were  all   waiting  around  for  Christine  to  update  the  civil  rights  laws  applicable  to  the  LGBT   community.  It  would  become  difficult  to  believe  that  Christine  once  believed  in  direct   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Duane  on  the  City  Council.  he  said.

 was  mired  in  controversy.144  Though  it  appeared  intolerant  for  organizers  to  invite  Mr.  even  though  her   leadership  style  no  longer  welcomed  or  encouraged  citizen  participation.umd.   Christine  signed  onto  a  consensus  statement  from  New  York  LGBT  elected  officials.    All  Rights  Reserved.   This  was  during  the  time  when  Ms.  which  took  place  over  the  last  week-­‐ end  in  April  2000.   Under  Christine’s  leadership.  let  alone.  Some  of  the  week-­‐end’s  events  would  benefit  LGBT   organisations.   a  private  first  class  murdered  because  he  was  gay.  corporate-­‐sponsored  demonstration  over   criticisms  of  the  demonstration’s  planning  process  was  a  big  deal.  direct  action.html     144  http://www.  with  the  proceeds  of  one  large  concert  going  to  fund  the  work  of  HRC.  change  would  seem  to  come  in  incremental  and   random  forms.htm     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  the  main  causes  for  controversy   were  finances  and  transparency.org/headlines/042900-­‐01.  was  rebuffed  by  organizers  of  the   Millennium  March.participation.                                                                                                                     143   http://www.145  Christine  saw   the  potential  for  harm  from  planning  that  excluded  grass-­‐roots  community  groups   and  activists.  In  a  rare  display  of  national  leadership  on  LGBT  equality  issues.commondreams.com/2000/05/28/magazine/an-­‐inconvenient-­‐woman.nytimes.  and  she  acted  in  solidarity  with  her  colleagues.   -­‐  65  -­‐     .inform.html     145  http://www.   withholding  her  support  from  an  LGBT  march  on  Washington  being  called  the   Millennium  March.edu/EdRes/Topic/Diversity/Specific/Sexual_Orientation/Reading/News/march.  The  surviving  lover  of  Barry  Winchell.  the  role  of  direct  action  in  Christine’s   political  ascendancy  would  remain  part  of  her  activist  myth.  For   Christine  to  join  a  small  group  of  peers  and  basically  tell  the  larger  LGBT  community   to  “stay  away”  from  this  large-­‐scale.143    The  Millennium  March.  Indeed.   Winchell’s  mother  but  not  his  transgender  lover.  Giske  served  on  HRC’s  Board  of  Directors.

inform.  but  Christine  wanted  transparency  in  the  demonstration’s  finances.  and  in  the  beginning.”146  This  was  Christine  in  her  rarest  of  form  :   taking  a  bold  stand  based  on  progressive  ideals  of  increasing  participatory   democracy.edu/EdRes/Topic/Diversity/Specific/Sexual_Orientation/Reading/News/march.   On  the  one  hand.  Stonewall  itself.  The   statement  that  was  issued  by  Christine’s  office  bore  her  chief-­‐of-­‐staff  Maura   Keaney’s  name  and  telephone  number  as  the  press  contact.   against  attempts  to  shut  out  the  grassroots  participation  of  the  LGBT  community.umd.  the  Gay  Activist  Alliance  in  the  '70s.  and  she  said  that  exclusion  was  not  acceptable.  she  would  begin  to  say  that  the  direct  democratic  votes  that  had   imposed  term  limits  were  dangerous  and  would  lead  to  corrupt  real  estate   developers  taking  advantage  of  unsuspecting  freshmen  councilmembers.”   read  Christine’s  statement.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   -­‐  66  -­‐     .   Not  only  that.   “Money  has  been  raised  in  the  name  of  the  LGBT  community.  but  there  has  been  no   meaningful  financial  accountability.  Christine  was  arguing  for  giving  the  LGBT  community  a  say  in  its  own   march  on  Washington.  Being  able  to  display  leadership  like  this  is  rare  in  politics.  She  was  not  afraid  to  stand  up.   “Denied  are  grassroots  activists  like  the  ones  who  brought  us  ACT  UP  in  the  '80s  and   '90s.  And  on  the                                                                                                                   146   http://www.  had  ripple  effects  on  how  the  Millennium  March  would  be   examined.This  was  when  Christine  was  still  showing  the  last  of  her  community-­‐ organizer  mindset.     But  already  there  was  a  dichotomy  emerging  in  Christine’s  political  doctrine.    All  Rights  Reserved.  with   other  opposition.  Christine  did.  And  the  statement.  She  still  had  sensibilities  about  putting  the  integrity  of  the   decision-­‐making  process  above  reaching  situational  politically  motivated  results.   Yet.  at  least  in  those  early  years.

 The  demonstration  on  Washington  was  not  a  self-­‐supporting   effort.  But  when  it  came  to  organizing  a  large-­‐scale  LGBT  demonstration  in   Washington.  When   it  came  to  government.     True  to  the  suspicions  of  Christine  and  others.other  hand.  wiser  public  spirited  leaders  didn’t  count.  Christine   was  able  to  make  this  distinction  in  her  own  mind.  He  also  helped  to  launch  a  Web  page  to  denounce  the   Millennium  March.sfgate.  Christine  would  claim  public  service  as  a  purification  of  her   motives.    All  Rights  Reserved.org/web/20010707023343/www.  and  he  has  a  long  and   distinguished  career  in  reporting  about  LGBT  equality.  and   wound  up  with  over  $300.  Less  than  two  months  after  the  failed  Millennium  March.   Mr.com/news/article/Gay-­‐Rally-­‐In-­‐Washington-­‐Bares-­‐Deep-­‐Divisions-­‐2762139.  she  would  still  say  that  organizations  could  not  have  integrity  unless   there  was  grassroots  support.     Andy  Humm  is  a  journalist  in  New  York  City.  the  Millennium  March  turned   out  to  be  controversial.  transparency.147  And  Christine   wasn’t  the  only  major  LGBT  activist  in  New  York  City  to  oppose  the  demonstration.php     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  an  attorney  and  member  of   several  LGBT  groups.  it  wasn’t  enough.000.   According  to  The  San  Francisco  Chronicle.com/html/stories/842/842_mmow.148  Once  the  Millennium  March  was  passed  them.  He  could  not  be  reached  for   an  interview  for  this  book.  Humm  wrote  a  seminal  article  that  was  published  in  the  Gotham  Gazette  under                                                                                                                   147  http://web.  LGBT  activists   returned  their  attention  to  working  for  LGBT  equality  in  their  local  and  state   elections.  in  most  part.archive.00  in  debt  that  could  not  be  repaid.  but  she  was  not  able  to  see  the   contradiction.  It  ran  up  a  debt  of  about  $1  million  that  had  to  be  forgiven.  helped  to  organize  a  group  to  oppose  what  he  saw  as  a   reckless  demonstration.   -­‐  67  -­‐     .  participation.advocate.  and  accountability.asp     148  http://www.  Bill  Dobbs.

 Humm  has   written  about  LGBT  issues  with  foresight  and  wisdom  from  the  perspective  of   setting  out  a  vision.  it  was  supposed  to  be  a  beacon   for  advancement  of  human  rights.  From  the  issues  that  Mr.  a  guidepost  emerges  from  which  to  examine  one  critical  aspect  of   Christine’s  leadership  and  political  ethics  :  what  she  has  delivered  for  the  LGBT   community.  Mr.   Mr.  Humm  wrote  in  2000.    All  Rights  Reserved.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Humm   noted  that  there  was  still  an  ongoing  effort  to  add  back  in  transgender  protections  to   the  New  York  City’s  human  rights  law  .   Humm  outlined.  at  that   time.the  headline.   -­‐  68  -­‐     .  an  antidiscrimination  law  that  is  specific  to  LGBT  residents.  which  would   outlaw  “anti-­‐gay  bias  in  jobs.  “But  despite  New  York's  distinction  as  the   birthplace  of  the  modern  gay  movement.”  150    Mr.151  At  the  time  of                                                                                                                   149  http://www.149  Mr.”  In  his  survey  of  LGBT  equality.   New  York  was  supposed  to  be  progressive.  advocates  for   gay  rights  see  the  city  and  state  as  lagging  behind  much  of  the  country  in  its  legal   protections  and  political  support.  located  right  in  Christine’s  City  Council  district.  “The  State  of  Gay  Rights  in  New  York.gothamgazette.”  Mr.  housing.     In  his  rights  survey.  and  public  accommodations.  Humm  described  how  New  York  State  lacked.  and  its  reputation  as  a  haven.com/iotw/gayrights/     151  http://www.  these  protections  were  omitted  14  years   earlier  when  Mayor  Koch  signed  a  homosexual  rights  bill  into  law.gothamgazette.com/iotw/gayrights/     150  http://www.  Humm  examined  the  progress  that  the  movement  for  LGBT  civil  rights  had   made  since  the  1969  rebellion  that  started  it  all  at  the  Stonewall  Inn  in  Greenwich   Village.  The  issues  he  raised  in  his  journalism  then  would  make  daily   headlines  a  decade  later  on  issues  such  as  bullying  in  schools.com/1986/04/03/nyregion/koch-­‐signs-­‐homosexual-­‐rights-­‐bill.nytimes.

 Humm’s  rights  survey  was  predicting  final  passage  of  a  state-­‐wide   hate  crimes  bill.  Humm’s  report.blogs.  and  what  role  would   Christine  Quinn  have  in  that  effort  ?   A  critical  item  on  the  agenda  for  LGBT  equality  was  the  Dignity  For  All   Student  Act  (DASA).152  In  spite  of  the  surprising  breakthrough  under  a   Republican  governor.nytimes.  which.  was  the  only  state  to  confer  “civil  unions”  on  same-­‐sex   couples.  or  sexual  orientation.  etc.  After  intense  organizing.gothamgazette.  no   U.    All  Rights  Reserved.”  155  As  of  the  date  of  Mr.   -­‐  69  -­‐     .  Mr.com/2009/10/12/transgender-­‐provision-­‐is-­‐sought-­‐in-­‐state-­‐hate-­‐crimes-­‐law/     155  http://www.  but  legally  acceptable  way  to  offer   “almost  all  of  the  rights  to  which  a  married  man  and  woman  are  entitled.  George  Pataki.com/2000/07/11/nyregion/pataki-­‐signs-­‐bill-­‐raising-­‐penalties-­‐in-­‐hate-­‐crimes.  there  was   federal  legislation  in  the  form  of  the  Defense  of  Marriage  Act  (DOMA).  at  that  time.  which  would  require  all  school  superintendents  in  New  York   state  to  take  steps  to  deal  with  complaints  of  discrimination.nytimes.  or  bullying.S.html     153  http://www.”  And  Mr.  Humm  warned  that  even  if  New  York   State  residents  wanted  to  enter  into  the  civil  unions  offered  in  Vermont.paulinepark.  religion.publication.com/2010/06/millenium-­‐march-­‐reflections-­‐by-­‐a-­‐transgendered-­‐woman-­‐of-­‐color/     154  http://cityroom.  state  had  yet  enacted  marriage  equality  legislation  that  would  extend  marriage-­‐ based  civil  rights  to  loving  and  committed  couples  of  the  same  gender.  the  bill  would  be  eventually  signed  into   law  by  Gov.  though   stopping  short  of  full  legal  marriage.153  154  How  long   would  it  take  LGBT  leaders  to  address  this  2000  omission.  based  on   “race.    The  closest   the  LGBT  movement  had  come  to  accomplishing  this  as  of  2000  was  the  success  in   Vermont.  the  passage  of  the  hate  crimes  bill  was  not  without   controversy  :  it  excluded  protections  for  transgender  New  Yorkers.com/iotw/gayrights/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  which  “barred   federal  recognition  of  legal  same-­‐sex  marriages  performed  in  any  state  and  gave  the                                                                                                                   152  http://www.  which  was  supposed  to  be  an  inferior.

  according  to  Mr.  when  a  local  domestic  partnership  registry  was  established.  Representatives  Bella  Abzug  and  Ed   Koch.  Humm’s  report.  committed  LGBT  couples  was  the  granting  of  hospital  and  prison  visitation   rights.  which  would  require  contractors  doing   business  with  New  York  City  to  extend  to  the  same-­‐sex  partners  of  contractors’   employees  domestic  partner  benefits  if  those  contractors  provide  spousal  benefits   to  their  employees.157  In  Mr.  one  of  the  greatest  local  advancements  in  the  civil  rights  of   loving.  and  fellow  Councilmembers                                                                                                                   156  http://www.   The  victory  in  another.  like  Christine.  similar   to  one  that  was  once  introduced  in  1974  by  U.  which  were  only  recognized  at  the  end  of  Mayor  Koch’s  administration.com/iotw/gayrights/     157  http://www.    All  Rights  Reserved.   -­‐  70  -­‐     .  Humm  pointed   to  a  proposal  that  Christine  was  formulating.  It  was  under  the  administration  of  the  following   mayor.  The  only  issue  that  Mr.S.  hopes  were  being  pinned  on  a  new  class  of   politicians  being  elected  to  government.     The  year  2000  wasn’t  all  that  long  ago.  long  battle  was  finally  won  under  the  administration  of  Rudy   Giuliani.  Humm’s  report.  when  it  enacted  legislation  passed  by  the  City  Council  to  provide  to  the   same-­‐sex  partner  of  a  city  employee  the  same  benefits  automatically  afforded  to  a   heterosexual  city  employee’s  spouse.   Humm  had  left  out  was  the  idea  of  an  omnibus  federal  LGBT  civil  rights  law.  David  Dinkins.gothamgazette.other  states  the  right  not  to  honor  such  a  contract.  Mr.  but  that  was  it.  “Thirty-­‐ two  states  passed  laws  barring  recognition  of  same-­‐sex  marriages  performed  in   other  states.”  156       At  the  time.  even  though  no  state  or  nation  allows  gay  couples  to  obtain  a  marriage   license.  And  to  add  to  these  gains.”    Even  worse.thetaskforce.  as  of  2000.org/issues/nondiscrimination/narrative     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.

Phil  Reed  and  Margarita  Lopez,  as  opportunities  for  the  LGBT  movement  to  find   legislative  leadership  to  end  de  facto  and  de  jure  discrimination  against  LGBT  New   Yorkers.    Yet,  for  all  these  gains,  Mr.  Humm  pointed  to  resistance  to  the  idea  of  same-­‐ sex  marriage  and  to  ongoing  sensitivity  around  the  St.  Patrick’s  Day  Parade,  which   continued  to  exclude  open  LGBT  participation  ;  these  were  raw,  open  wounds  for   the  LGBT  community  that  could  not  find  a  resolute  political  response,  even  from   political  allies.158  For  the  historical  perspective  that  Mr.  Humm’s  writings  offer,  his   2000  report  is  especially  valuable  and  can  serve  as  a  touchstone  against  which  to   measure  Christine’s  future  performance  in  office  with  respect  to  LGBT  equality   issues.     When  the  U.S.  Supreme  Court  ruled  in  2000  in  favor  of  allowing  the  Boy   Scouts  of  America  to  continue  to  exclude  gays,  Christine,  with  a  bold  sense  of   courage  and  urgency,  almost  automatically  took  a  very  tough,  public  stance  on  the   issue.  Even  though  only  a  small  percent  of  young  boys  pass  through  the  Boy  Scouts,   as  a  rite  of  passage,  it  lives  on  in  Americana  as  a  sentimental,  if  archaic,  symbol  of   character-­‐  and  citizenship-­‐building159  in  spite  of  the  group’s  policy  of   discrimination.  Nevertheless,  Christine’s  response  to  the  Supreme  Court  ruling  was   swift  :  she  said  that,  based  on  the  Boy  Scouts’  exclusionary  powers,  New  York  City   might  be  violating  its  own  human  rights  laws  by  accommodating  Boy  Scouts’   meetings  in  the  city’s  school  buildings.160  Here,  again,  as  in  the  statement  she  issued   criticizing  the  Millennium  March  in  Washington,  DC,  Christine  was  unafraid  of                                                                                                                  
159  http://scouting.org     160  http://www.nytimes.com/2000/06/29/us/the-­‐supreme-­‐court-­‐the-­‐reaction-­‐victory-­‐has-­‐consequences-­‐of-­‐ 158  http://www.gothamgazette.com/iotw/gayrights/    

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‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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taking  a  dramatic  position  rooted  directly  on  radical  activist  ideals.  For  the  LGBT   civil  rights  movement  to  build  into  a  critical  mass,  more  leaders  would  need  to  be   bold  and  to  reach  for  true  equality  under  matters  governed  by  civil  laws.  The  LGBT   community  was  investing  a  lot  of  its  hope  of  a  brighter  future  on  leaders  like   Christine.  But  would  Christine  deliver  on  these  expectations  ?   In  spite  of  the  temporary  setbacks  and  the  long  road  ahead,  progress,  if   uneven  and  unequal,  was  still  being  made  to  advance  LGBT  civil  rights,  and   politicians  had  begun  to  court  the  LGBT  community  as  a  voting  block  to  help  win   elections.  And  this  could  be  seen  more  and  more  in  New  York  City  politics.  The   following  year’s  Gay  Pride  Parade  was  continuing  its  path  toward  becoming  more   and  more  a  corporate-­‐sponsored  event,  meaning,  it  was  now  making  a  more   noticeable  shift  to  being  tailored  to  corporate  advertising  budgets  instead  of  LGBT   equality  issues.  The  Pride  Parade  was  also  becoming  to  be  considered  a  politically   safe  event  for  all  politicians  to  attend.  In  2001,  all  six  major  candidates  for  New  York   City  mayor  took  part,  including  two  Republican  mayoral  candidates.  As  usual,  it  was   the  candidate,  who  marched  alongside  Christine  and  Sen.  Duane,  who  garnered  a  lot   of  attention.  That  year,  it  was  Mr.  Hevesi,  who  was  one  of  the  politicians,  who  sent   operatives  to  infiltrate  GLID.   The  year  2001  was  supposed  to  be  a  watershed  year  for  New  York  City   government.  The  term  limits  law,  which  was  passed  twice  by  voter  referenda,  was   going  to  restrict  politicians  to  two  full  terms  in  elected  office.  As  reported  in  the   Gotham  Gazette,  36  out  of  the  51  members  of  the  New  York  City  Council  were  going  

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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to  have  to  step  down.161  Christine  didn’t  have  anything  to  worry  about,  because  her   first  election  was  a  special  election  to  serve  out  the  remainder  of  Sen.  Duane’s  City   Council  term,  so  Christine’s  first  years  in  City  Council  would  not  count.  Yet,  she   would  benefit  from  being  an  incumbent,  as  could  be  seen  from  her  fundraising   results.    Christine  was  now  raising  money  from  real  estate  developers  and  lobbyists   without  fear  of  criticism.  She  was  learning  that  she  could  have  it  both  ways  :   maintain  her  myth  of  being  a  people’s  advocate,  while  also  taking  in  special  interest   money.       The  grassroots  movement  against  career  incumbents  -­‐-­‐  whose  only  concern   was  reelection  rather  than  accountability  to  voters  -­‐-­‐  was  going  to  achieve   something  short  of  a  wholesale  dissolution  of  the  New  York  City’s  legislative  body.   While  voters  were  fed  up  with  incumbents,  some  of  the  municipal  legislators   weren’t  going  to  take  the  forced  retirement  of  so  many  members  sitting  down.  What   happened  when  term  limits  took  effect,  leading  up  to  the  2001  municipal  elections,   is  critical  to  understanding  what  Christine  would  face  seven  years  later.  In  2008,   Christine  would  launch  a  very  public  campaign  against  term  limits,  but  that  was  so   far  away  into  the  future.  Back  in  2001,  municipal  legislators  were  faced  with  an   agonizing  frustration  caused  by  term  limits.  And  according  to  Christine’s   contradictory  political  doctrine,  Christine  was  more  sensitive  about  the  impact  that   term  limits  would  have  on  the  City  Council  staff  than  on  politicians  having  to  abide   by  voter  referenda.  

                                                                                                               
161  http://www.gothamgazette.com/searchlight2001/    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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For  a  freshman  political  candidate  to  win  elected  office,  many  stars  would   have  to  line  up,  and  that  is  because  incumbents  have  many  advantages  provided  to   them  by  political  parties.  For  example,  in  an  analysis  made  by  Lenore  Chester  for  the   Gotham  Gazette  in  2001,  Ms.  Chester  noted  that  political  parties  protected   incumbents  from  the  dangers  to  reelection  posed  by  any  redistricting  process.  If  the   boundaries  of  an  incumbent’s  district  are  to  be  changed,  political  parties  always   intervened  to  make  sure  that  the  “new  districts  are  reconfigured  so  as  to  re-­‐elect  the   incumbent”  ...  .  Another  way  that  political  parties  helped  incumbents  was  by   erecting  difficult  barriers  for  challengers  who  tried  to  get  on  election  ballots.  This   was  done  in  various  ways.  First,  incumbents  benefited  from  the  assistance  of   political  party  officials  at  the  county  and  district  level,  the  provision  of   organizational  support  from  the  political  party,  and  the  provision  of  opposition   work  against  primary  challengers.  In  New  York  City,  candidates  for  public  office   must  gather  a  certain  number  of  signatures  from  registered  voters  on  petitions  in   order  to  qualify  to  appear  on  the  ballot.  Political  parties  helped  incumbents  to   collect  enough  signatures  that  would  survive  challenges,  which  is  important,   because  political  candidates  and  their  supporters  often  raise  questions  with  respect   to  the  petition  signatures  collected  by  their  challengers.  Not  only  that,  but  political   parties  in  New  York,  as  elsewhere,  also  tend  to  nominate  family  members  of   incumbents  to  succeed  incumbents162  as  a  way  to  make  it  more  difficult  for   candidates  without  name  recognition,  outsiders,  or  reformers  to  win  elected  office.  

                                                                                                               
162  http://www.gothamgazette.com/searchlight2001/feature3.html    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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 councilmembers  request   “annual  disbursements  of  tax  dollars  to  community  groups.    All  Rights  Reserved.”  wrote   Ms.gothamgazette.   -­‐  75  -­‐     .  Another  major  advantage  that  benefits  incumbents  of  the  New   York  City  Council.  the  practice  of  using  member   items  continued.  over  time.  Yet.  and                                                                                                                   163  http://www.  and  the  delivery  of.  164  In  New  York  City.  legal.  the  reserve  fund  was  said  to  be  used  to  “correct  errors”  or   “respond  to  emergencies.  for  example.  was  a  reserve  fund  controlled  by  the  City  Council   speaker.com/searchlight2001/feature7.  because  the  allocation  can  be  based  on  political  motivations.  166  Not  much  was  known  at  the  time   about  some  of  these  secret  budgetary  advantages  enjoyed  by  incumbents.  Chester.”  which  are  approved  by   the  Speaker  of  the  City  Council.  able  to  relate  to  and  agree  with  the  national   anti-­‐incumbency  sentiment  that  led  to  the  approval  of  term  limits  here  in  New  York   City.”  as  these  annual  disbursements  are  sometimes  called.com/news/politics/46821/     166  http://nymag.”  New  York  magazine  would  later  report.   the  allocations  made  from  the  reserve  fund  came  to  be  regarded  as  political  rewards   to  the  supporters  of  the  City  Council  speaker.  Incumbents.  Chester  wrote.com/searchlight2001/feature7.html     165  http://nymag.com/news/politics/46821/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  For   example.  but  New   York  City  voters  were.  But.  taxpayer  money  could  be  steered  to  individuals  or  groups  that  would   benefit  an  incumbent’s  next  reelection  effort.   “member  items.   especially  legislators.  163   But  the  advantages  enjoyed  by  incumbents  don’t  just  stop  there.  Progressive  voters  wanted  politicians  to  focus  on  delivering  social.165  The  approval  process  for.  are  able  to  steer  taxpayer  money  to  projects  that  benefit  their   constituents.gothamgazette.html     164  http://www.  nonetheless.  Ms.  are  fraught   with  controversy.  In  the  beginning.“It  is  no  surprise  then  that  incumbents  often  run  for  re-­‐election  unopposed.

com/2001/03/tech-­‐is-­‐dreck/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Councilmembers  strategized  to  send  up  a  test  balloon  on   repealing  term  limits  by  way  of  a  bill.    Also.05.  On  March  15.  she  would  be  fulfilling  her  mandate.  and.  known  as  Intro  880.01.  in  spite  of  his  personal  opinions  about  the  bill.  Incumbents  wanted  to  keep  running  for   office  without  restrictions.  who  favored  repealing  term   limits.  the   merging  of  two  separate  expectations  by  progressives  would  convey  to  Christine  her   political  political  authority.  she  was  elected  with  the  expectation  from   progressives  that  she  would  deliver  reforms.com/thisweek/02.  explained  their  motivation  as  “maintaining  the  continuity  and  ‘institutional                                                                                                                   167  http://gothamgazette.  In  Christine’s  specific  case.  introduced  into  the  City   Council  by  22  members167  and  sent  to  the  Governmental  Operations  Committee  for   review  and  further  action.168  Speaker  Vallone  told  the  press  at  the  time   that  he  opposed  the  repeal.  2001.  And  right  here.  the  committee  met  for  a  vote  under   immense  pressure  from  incumbents  supporting  the  repeal  and  outside  groups   wanting  term  limits  to  remain  in  effect.  But  if  a  time  came  when  her  political   agenda  would  deviate  from  progressive  or  LGBT  values.  she  was  elevated  from  being   a  community  organizer  to  a  political  aide  to  an  agency  figurehead  to  a  politician  in   order  to  deliver  on  LGBT  equality.html     168  http://observer.  he   was  adhering  to  a  fair  procedure  of  allowing  the  appropriate  committee  to  review   and  decide  the  fate  of  the  bill.  Christine  would  risk  losing   her  political  legitimacy.economic  solutions  -­‐-­‐  not  on  protecting  their  incumbencies.  As  long  as  she  was  achieving  legislative   results.    All  Rights  Reserved.   -­‐  76  -­‐     .     A  backlash  began  to  take  form  in  2001  among  some  councilmembers  :  some   incumbents  wanted  to  overturn  term  limits.  The  councilmembers.

com/searchlight2001/term_chart.  we  esteem  too  lightly  .gothamgazette.  Patriotism  and  Freedom  are  not  mutually  exclusive  virtues.   but  rather  they  are  intertwined  and  interdependent  ingredients  of  the   greatest  experiment  in  representative  democracy  ever  conceived  by   man.  Stephen  Fiala.  And  Freedom  -­‐-­‐  if  it  is  truly   appreciated  -­‐-­‐  is  not  compatible  with  disengagement  from  your  civic   responsibilities.   Councilmember  Fiala  voted  against  the  repeal.  Christine  publicly  told  the  Gotham   Gazette  in  2001  that  she  did  not  support  the  repeal  of  term  limits.   5-­‐4.  "What   we  obtain  too  cheaply.26.   -­‐  77  -­‐     .    All  Rights  Reserved.com/thisweek/02.  and  parts  of  it  were   especially  moving  :   …  Citizen  apathy  and  frustration  are  not  new  to  our  nation  -­‐-­‐  or   our  city  -­‐  but  the  level  of  contempt  for  and  disengagement  from  our   democratic  institutions  are  new  and  pose  a  real  threat  to  our  way  of  life.  they  decide   who  shall  decide."   …  Ours  is  a  representative  form  of  government  -­‐-­‐  known  as  a   republic  -­‐-­‐  meaning  simply  that  people  do  not  decide  issues.html     170  http://www.  In  our   democracy.  chose  to  limit  the   terms  of  their  representatives.  The  bill   was  defeated  in  the  Governmental  Operations  Committee  by  the  narrowest  of  votes.  His  speech  was  inspiring.  it  is  dearness  only  that   gives  everything  its  value.memory’  ”  of  the  City  Council.169  For  her  part.  because  the  voters.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Although  he  did  not  agree  with  the  concept  of  term  limits.     But  they  require  commitment  and  appreciation.gothamgazette.01.  A  freshman  Republican  councilmember  from  Staten  Island.                                                                                                                   169  http://www.   Patriotism  -­‐-­‐  if  it  is  understood  correctly  -­‐-­‐  is  not  compatible  with   contempt  for  the  institution  of  government.  stood   up  and  gave  a  rousing  speech  in  defense  of  the  two  voter  referenda.  Only  a  fool  exercises  his  or  her  right  not  to  vote.  which  approved   term  limits.170     But  the  full  City  Council  would  not  get  a  chance  to  vote  on  Intro  880.  who  decide  who   shall  represent  them  in  our  representative  form  of  government.   Thomas  Paine  understood  this  in  1776  when  he  declared.

  As  much  as  I  disagree  with  the  outcome  of  both  referenda   elections.gothamgazette.  Councilmember  Fiala  was  saying  that  voters  had  the   final  say  on  which  politicians  “shall  decide”  on  their  behalf.  I  nonetheless  recognize  the  importance  of  respecting  the   integrity  of  the  electoral  process.171   And  with  Councilmember  Fiala’s  vote  and  his  impassioned  appeal  for   “virtues  of  calmness.  namely.  How  fortunate   and.  the  Republican  from  Staten  Island  was  affirming  the  role  of   direct  democracy  in  our  representative  form  of  government.    All  Rights  Reserved.  It  will  be  a  slow  extinction  caused  by  apathy.”  voters  who  had  twice  approved  term  limits  were  going  to  have  their  wishes   respected.  While  he  had  serious   disagreements  with  term  limits  and  their  effect  on  the  continuity  of  certain  elected   government  officials.  For  if  the  integrity  of  the  process  is   questioned  then  that  slow  extinction  caused  by  apathy.com/searchlight2001/fiala_transcript.   -­‐  78  -­‐     .html     172  http://www.  voter  referenda.com/searchlight2001/fiala_transcript.  indifference  and   undernourishment  will  only  be  accelerated.  civility.   …  It  is  with  that  hope  -­‐-­‐  and  as  Edmund  Burke  would  charge  us  -­‐-­‐   my  best  judgment  that  I  vote  NO.   Term  limits  need  to  be  reconsidered  and  repealed.   Our  democracy  hangs  in  the  balance.  reasonableness.   The  death  of  our  democracy  is  not  likely  to  be  an  assassination   but  by  ambush.172  By  having  instituted  term  limits  through  the  direct  democracy  reform   that  was  made  possible  by  the  gains  made  during  the  Progressive  Era  in  the  United   States.  at  the  same  time.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.                                                                                                                   171  http://www.…  As  wrong  as  term  limits  are  -­‐-­‐  and  they  are  -­‐-­‐  the  means   prescribed  in  redressing  this  wrong  are  potentially  worse.  how  telling.  its  health  is  in  jeopardy.  But  this  is  not   the  means  of  doing  so.  detachment.  that  in  these  polarizing  political  times.gothamgazette.  and  concern  for  the  long-­‐ term.   indifference  and  undernourishment.  Councilmember  Fiala   would  become  a  modern-­‐day  defender  of  Progressive  Era  reforms.

 Christine  watched  as  the  effort   to  overturn  term  limits  was  defeated.  Christine   was  not  an  “innocent.   All  of  this  -­‐-­‐  the  efforts  by  incumbents  to  challenge  the  will  of  two  voter   referenda  -­‐-­‐  was  playing  out  for  Christine  to  see.   -­‐  79  -­‐     .  And  this  meant   that  the  political  party  apparatus  had  to  carry  out  this  ethic.  administering  justice.  She  was  a  relatively  new   councilmember.  Elected  politicians  had  a  greater  obligation.”  as  one  source  said.  the  City  Council  could  blatantly  act  in  a  self-­‐serving  or  self-­‐ dealing  manner.  She  had  already  mastered  the  art  of  photo   ops.  Councilmember  Fiala  resigned   from  the  City  Council  in  order  to  accept  an  appointment  made  by  Republican  Gov.  which  covers  all  of   Staten  Island.nytimes.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  And  when  she  was  a  lowly  chief-­‐of-­‐staff.com/2001/11/07/nyregion/the-­‐2001-­‐elections-­‐the-­‐council-­‐new-­‐look-­‐shaped-­‐by-­‐the-­‐ primary-­‐comes-­‐into-­‐focus.     For  progressives.  That’s  how  the  party  system  dispatched  him.    All  Rights  Reserved.  and  ensuring                                                                                                                   173  http://www.  the  self-­‐dealing  by  incumbents  was  a  violation  of  the   reforms  that  tried  to  end  corruption.progressives  in  the  liberal  city  of  New  York  would  find  a  crucial  ally  in  the   Republican  Party.173  This  defender  of  the  people’s  voice  was  taken  out  of  electoral   politics.  but  this  episode  would  inform  her  entire   worldview  :  at  any  time.  and   candidates  had  an  obligation  to  act  in  the  best  interest  of  citizens.  she  had  an  inside  view  to  the   machinations  that  determined  the  legislative  agenda.  The  fight  against  corruption  was  a  central   underpinning  of  the  movement’s  ideals.   George  Pataki  to  become  the  County  Clerk  of  Richmond  County.  Not  too  long  after  his  historic  vote.  but  she  was  not  an  entirely  naïve  newcomer  to  the  scene.  not  just  the  government   itself.  because  governments  were  in   charge  of  providing  security  and  resources.  Political  parties  put  forth  candidates.

com/nymetro/urban/gay/features/4425/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  As  progressives  in  the  West  Village  and  in   Chelsea  -­‐-­‐  and  the  LGBT  community  in  all  five  boroughs  -­‐-­‐  looked  to  Christine.  and   legal  reforms  and  advancements  ?  Was  she  going  to  be  different  ?   Early  in  2001.   not  in  their  own  self-­‐interests.  the   experiment  her  supporters  were  making  with  Christine’s  political  career  could  be   said  to  have  been  made  decades  ago  with  Ms.    All  Rights  Reserved.  who  had  the  least  vested   interest  in  maintaining  the  status  quo.  lobbyists.   -­‐  80  -­‐     .  And  so  where  political  parties  failed  on  their  duty  to   deliver  reforms  against  corruption.  Ms.  was   she  going  to  be  the  politician.   excepting  the  LGBT  equality  issues.  Greitzer’s  reform-­‐minded  career.  But  political  parties   were  the  source  of  leadership.  Greitzer.  it  was  up  to  citizens  to  create  grassroots  support   for  new  leadership.  economic.  Ms.  the  former   councilmember  against  whom  Mr.  Greitzer  had  served  in  office  for  22  consecutive  years.     The  problem  with  freshmen  politicians  coming  up  through  the  political  party   system  was  the  same  all  over  :  could  they  come  up  without  having  to  make  deals   with  political  gatekeepers.  who  was  really  going  to  promote  social.  and  special  interests  ?  On  some  level.174  Christine  was   lumped  in  with  Sen.  and  voters  had  rightly  come  to  demand  that   candidates  for  public  office  had  to  be  motivated  to  act  for  the  greater  public  good.  Duane  and  three  other  politicians.  the  hope  of  creating   meaningful  change  would  rest  on  freshmen  politicians.  say.  who  were  openly  gay  or  lesbian  and  in  positions  of  power.  New  York  magazine  published  a  list  of  the  top  101  New   Yorkers.  who  all  came  into  political                                                                                                                   174  http://nymag.  Until  she  was  finally  unseated   from  office.  As  with  the  case  with  Councilmember  Fiala.  Owles  once  ran.integrity  in  our  representative  form  of  democratic  governance.  as  opposed  to.

 AIDS   activist  Larry  Kramer  .  the  gossip  columnist  Liz  Smith.  Dobbs.  The  courage  of  this  incomplete.  Ms.office  during  the  1990’s.  and  publishing.   Christine’s  friend.  and  the  one  bisexual.   In  spite  of  growing  transgender  activism.   -­‐  81  -­‐     .  and  how  she  allowed  the   process  of  conducting  the  city’s  business  to  serve  as  a  conduit  to  facilitate  a  social   transformation.  and  Allen  Roskoff.  like  creating  a  safe  and  nurturing  space  for  LGBT  New  Yorkers  to   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  who  appeared  on  the  list.  gays   and  lesbians  did  not  find  supportive  environments  in  all  industries.  to  inspire  others  to  come  out  of  the  closet.  and  who  was  putting  themselves  out  there  to  be   the  poster  children  for  this  revolution  ?   One  of  the  keys  to  understanding  the  ethics  of  Christine  was  to  observe  and   analyze  to  what  extent  she  challenged  the  status  quo.  Finance  and   professional  sports  were  singled  out  as  especially  unfriendly.  But  what  was  that  social   revolution  supposed  to  look  like.   This  combination  reflected  the  uneven  changes  in  social  and  cultural  attitudes   within  the  category  LGBT  equality.  New  York  magazine  named  none  to  its  list.    All  Rights  Reserved.  The  New  York  magazine  piece   described  the  list  as  an  important  touchstone  in  LGBT  history.  included  out  gays  and  lesbians  with   distinguished  jobs  in  the  arts.  Others.  because  gays  and   lesbians  in  important  positions  in  government  and  business  were  developing  the   courage  to  come  out  of  the  closet.  the  lobbyist  and  Democratic  Party  insider  .  was  supposed  to  lead  to  a  social   revolution.  Giske.  yet  visible  group   of  out  gays  and  lesbians.  And  the  New  York   magazine  list  made  only  one  mention  of  a  bisexual.  an  LGBT  civil  rights  activist  and  political   operative.  fashion.  the  notable  activist  who  had  opposed  the  Millennium  March  .  As  the  New  York  magazine  article  noted  then.  Christine’s  appearance  on  the  list  also  put  her  name   alongside  Mr.

 at  least  once.  at  the  time.  Would  Christine  tackle  the  social  determinants  that  caused  LGBT  youth  to   become  homeless  ?  Was  she  going  to  take  the  easy  route.html     178  Bull.html     176  http://www.177  and.come  out.nytimes.   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.175  who  used  cruel   and  aggressive  tactics  to  attack  the  social  safety  net.  that  he  would  not  support  making  marriage  equally  available  to   loving  and  committed  LGBT  couples.  Although  Mr.  Print.178  Mr.  period.  to  basically  be  used  for  photo  ops  and  sound  bites  ?  Or  was   she  going  to  really  undertake  the  serious  work  of  supporting  community  organizing   and  consensus-­‐building  in  order  to  facilitate  transformational  breakthroughs  -­‐-­‐  not   just  for  LGBT  civil  rights.  One   often  neglected  segment  within  the  LGBT  community  were  issues  surrounding  LGBT   youth.  rise  up  through  community  organizing.”  he   said.   -­‐  82  -­‐     .176  manufacture  budget   shortages  to  threaten  budget  cuts.  Mr.  tried  to  defund  New  York   City’s  Division  of  AIDS  Services.  Chris.  Even  though  by  and  large  the  laws  that   determined  who  could  get  married  were  written  and  enforced  by  state   governments.com/2000/07/25/nyregion/judge-­‐rules-­‐against-­‐city-­‐on-­‐welfare.  to  just  serve  as  a  token   LGBT  leader  in  politics.  and  to  train  new  leaders.com/1998/03/27/nyregion/council-­‐sees-­‐more-­‐revenue-­‐for-­‐the-­‐city-­‐than-­‐giuliani.  "Cutting  It-­‐Close  :  New  York  City’s  mayor  relents  on  AIDS  budget  cuts  -­‐-­‐  but  for  how  long  ?"  The   Advocate  14  June  1994:  20.  but  also  on  behalf  of  her  progressive  constituents  ?   A  few  months  after  the  New  York  magazine  story  was  published.nytimes.  Wall  Street   billionaire  businessman  Michael  Bloomberg  waved  a  rainbow  flag  and  marched  in   that  year’s  Gay  Pride  Parade  alongside  the  caustic  Mayor  Giuliani.  Bloomberg  was  quoted  in  The  New  York  Times  as  having  said  that                                                                                                                   175  http://www.com/2001/06/25/nyregion/a-­‐parade-­‐underscores-­‐candidates-­‐unity-­‐on-­‐gay-­‐ issues.    All  Rights  Reserved.nytimes.   Bloomberg  had  said  that  he  believed  that  all  discrimination  was  “wrong.html     177  http://www.  Bloomberg  would  become  as  paradoxical  on   LGBT  issues  as  Mayor  Giuliani  was  known  to  be  antagonistic.

 in  the  political  consulting  firm  of   Morris.  who  was  a  name  partner  along  with  Mark  Guma.  voters  saw  the  standard  political  flimflam  of  an  average  municipal   election  year.  Carrick  &  Guma.  period.  Given  Mr.   -­‐  83  -­‐     .  everyone’s  hope  was  that  power  in  City  Hall  would  swing   back  to  the  Democratic  Party.   In  the  lead-­‐up  to  the  Democratic  primary  election  for  mayor.    All  Rights  Reserved.he  had  a  laissez-­‐faire  approach  towards  marriage  rights.  like  Christine.  Hevesi  or  Mr.  and  on  a  new  crop  of  leaders.  “I  don't  think  it's  the   government's  business  to  tell  anybody  who  they  should  be  married  to  or  who  they   can  marry.  Mr.”179  But  because  New  York  City  was  about  to  complete  two  terms   under  Mayor  Giuliani.   Bloomberg’s  worldview  that  government  should  take  a  hands-­‐off  approach  to  social   justice.  Hevesi.  Hevesi  took  a  hit  in  the   press  over  what  he  saw  as  a  cost-­‐saving  approach  to  his  campaign  spending.  nothing  that  anybody  hadn’t  seen  before.  in  Hank  Morris.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.com/2001/06/25/nyregion/a-­‐parade-­‐underscores-­‐candidates-­‐unity-­‐on-­‐gay-­‐ issues.  the   husband  of  Christine’s  chief-­‐of-­‐staff.  Hevesi  was  operating  a  mayoral  campaign  with  no   official  independent  campaign  headquarters  and  with  only  four  paid  staff  members.  Mr.  A   different  camp  of  Democrats  were  supporting  Mr.  his  stopping  short  of  full  commitment  to  LGBT  equality  was  one  more   warning  signal  to  liberals  in  New  York  that  the  mayoralty  had  to  return  to  a   progressive  Democrat.  like  Mr.                                                                                                                   179  http://www.   Hevesi  had  a  close  relationship  as  both  a  friend  and  a  client  of  a  powerful  political   consultant.  Christine  and  her  team  were  supporting  Mr.  to  allow  the  city  to  make  up  for  the  regression  that   progressives  had  experienced  under  Mayor  Giuliani’s  two  terms.  Ms.  The  hopes  of  making   progressive  gains  were  being  pinned  on  stalwart  Democrats.  Keaney.nytimes.  during  the   summer  of  2001.   Green.  Mr.  Green.

  which  its  supporters  have  described  as  the  best  in  the  nation.com/2001/07/22/nyregion/what-­‐s-­‐a-­‐campaign-­‐debt-­‐between-­‐friends.com/2001/07/22/nyregion/what-­‐s-­‐a-­‐campaign-­‐debt-­‐between-­‐friends.html     181  http://www.  Morris’s  political  consulting  firm  was  providing  substantial   assistance  to  Mr.  the  New  York  City  system.  181  It  cannot  be  determined  the  value  of  other  incidentals.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Morris  was  providing  Mr.nytimes.  Hevesi’s  campaign.  Morris’s  assistance  to  Mr.  Morris.  the   arrangement  with  Mr.   “Since  Watergate.  virtually  every  attempt  to  regulate  campaign  contributions  and   spending  has  been  stymied  by  some  politicians  or  consultants  who  have  intrepidly   poked  a  hole  in  the  system  -­‐-­‐  including.  This  was  a  similar  charge  that                                                                                                                   180  http://www.   Hevesi’s  mayoral  campaign  was  “either  the  ruthless  exploitation  of  the  city's   campaign  finance  law  by  an  unscrupulous  campaign  or  the  single-­‐minded  frugality   of  Mr.   -­‐  84  -­‐     .  and  this  arrangement  was  coming  under   serious  criticism  for  its  questionable  ethics.  Hevesi   with  use  of  office  space  for  a  campaign  headquarters  and  the  use  of  its  office   equipment.  it  now  seems.  Hevesi’s   supporters  defended  this  arrangement  as  a  way  for  the  Hevesi  campaign  to  be  able   to  funnel  its  resources  into  TV  ads.  and  The  New  York   Times  put  the  context  of  the  Morris-­‐Hevesi  controversy  in  terms  of  the  reforms   instituted  in  the  wake  of  President  Richard  Nixon’s  blurring  of  electioneering  ethics.according  to  The  New  York  Times.180  Cloaked  as  one  friend  helping  another.     The  way  that  The  New  York  Times  described  Mr.”  There  was  a  larger  danger  to  the  electoral  process.  Mr.  Morris’s  own  paid  office  staff  in  the  form  of  volunteers.  while  his  critics  judged  this  arrangement  as  a   backdoor  way  for  the  Hevesi  campaign  to  receive  unfair  financial  support  that  was   not  being  declared  to  the  Campaign  Finance  Board.  such  as  the   time  of  Mr.nytimes.nytimes.    All  Rights  Reserved.”182  Mr.com/2001/07/22/nyregion/what-­‐s-­‐a-­‐campaign-­‐debt-­‐between-­‐friends.html     182  http://www.

 Mr.  Hevesi.  Keaney   was  being  paid  by  the  Duane  campaign  for  the  state  Senate  to  work  on  his  shoe-­‐in   campaign  in  the  November  1998  election.edu%252Fcgi%252Fviewcontent.  and  Speaker  Vallone  was  credited  with  being  one  of   the  authors  of  the  campaign  finance  law  in  New  York  City.  Both  the  Duane  and   Quinn  campaigns  shared  the  same  campaign  office  then.  as  were  the  Hevesi   campaign  and  Mr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.fordham.lawnet.”  For  his  part.cg i%253Farticle%253D1553%2526context%253Dulj%26ei%3DNDUuUJr7OqOEygGs0IDYBw%26usg%3DAFQjC NHViq_d2r0fdOXuLZegJFPex_l3_A%26sig2%3DP1MTfEiTe5CjwkkmJprdkQ#search=%22campaign%20finance %20law%20author%20peter%20vallone%20nyc%22     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Morris’s   political  consulting  firm  was  the  ethical  dilemma  that  accepting  unpaid  help  from  a   friend.lawnet.”  183   What  critics  found  troubling  with  Mr.  the  size  of  assistance   and  the  potential  for  external  influence  on  a  campaign  were  not  so  easy  to  overlook.com%2Furl%3Fsa%3Dt%26rct%3Dj%26q%3Dcampaign%25 20finance%2520law%2520author%2520peter%2520vallone%2520nyc%26source%3Dweb%26cd%3D6%26v ed%3D0CFkQFjAF%26url%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fir.  Keaney  was  volunteering   for  Christine’s  campaign  in  the  February  1999  special  election.   -­‐  85  -­‐     .  who  was  a  powerful  political  consultant  :  would  favors  be  traded  on  a  quid   pro  quo  basis  ?  Were  they  deliberately  trying  to  circumvent  the  city’s  campaign   finance  law  ?  Speaker  Vallone  told  The  New  York  Times.  then  the  law  is  not  doing  what  the  law  is  supposed  to  be   doing.  “The  whole  point  of  the  law   was  to  make  it  a  level  playing  field  so  that  money  doesn't  determine  the  outcome.cgi?article=1553&context=ulj&sei-­‐ redir=1&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.  even  though  Ms.  when  Ms.  Morris’s  consultanting  firm  in  the  2001  campaign.  to  progressive  and  reform  Democrats.  Hevesi’s  arrangement  with  Mr.  Morris  defended  his  actions.was  hurled  at  Christine  during  the  1999  special  election  campaign.fordham.   City  Council  Speaker  Vallone  was  one  of  one  of  the  leading  Democratic  candidates  in   the  primary  against  Mr.  We’d  been  here   before.  this  time.    All  Rights  Reserved.  and  he  portrayed  it  as  business                                                                                                                   183  http://ir.  which  limits  “influence  of   private  money  on  candidates.google.  but.  So   if  you  can  find  a  loophole.

 Reformers  challenged  the  status  quo.  Councilmember   Fiala.as  usual.  Morris’  unpaid  work  on  Mr.  If   progressives  saw  anything  wrong  with  this.  Hevesi’s  campaign.  2001.  and  political  parties  no  longer   supported  reformers.   -­‐  86  -­‐     .  as   we  have  seen.”  184  Eventually.  Morris  said  he  was  astonished  by   all  the  attention  being  paid  to  his  unusual  business  arrangement.   Hevesi’s  campaign  was  ordered  to  pay  Mr.  are  banished  into  an  invisible   paper-­‐pushing  post  out  in  Staten  Island.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Mr.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  The  New  York  Times  reported  that.  describing  it  as  no   different  from  the  way  he  had  served  any  of  his  other  clients.   At  some  point.  political  parties  put  up  barriers  to  challengers.000.  especially  if  they  were   reformers.  early  in  their  official  careers.  Elected  officials.  except  to  Christine                                                                                                                   184  http://www.  in   order  to  put  an  end  to  the  controversy  being  caused  by  the  appearance  of  a  conflict   of  interest  over  Mr.  who  stand  up  for  reform.  it  was  difficult  to  intercede.00.  which  were  scheduled  to  take  place  on  Tuesday.  Morris  an  additional  $240.nytimes.html     185  http://www.  September  11.  You  had  Christine  taking  more   campaign  money  from  developers  and  lobbyists.  and  one  LGBT  ally  candidate  was  coming  under  fire  for  allegations   that  he  was  flouting  the  campaign  finance  law  for  possibly  accepting  free  or  cut-­‐rate   services  from  a  powerful  political  consulting  firm.  It’s  not  known.185   And  so  it  was  during  the  summer  of  2001.  because.  This  was  the  way  that  politicians   and  their  consultants  conducted  political  campaigns  in  New  York  City.  “Mr.  as  seen  with  what  happened  to  our  hero.  politicians  figure  out  that  the   political  system  on  the  inside  abhors  reformers.nytimes.  leading  up  to  the  primary   elections.   Candidates  flooded  the  memberships  of  influential  LGBT  political  clubs  to  get  their   endorsements.com/2001/07/22/nyregion/what-­‐s-­‐a-­‐campaign-­‐debt-­‐between-­‐friends.com/2001/08/17/nyregion/17FINA.

 At  its  origins.     The  year  2001  was  also  a  critical  year  for  an  important  development  project.   -­‐  87  -­‐     .  when  she  later  became  a  campaign   manager  and  then  a  political  aide  to  then  Councilmember  Duane.  The  scope  of  the  High  Line  project  would  nominally   transform  an  old  abandoned  elevated  railroad  into  an  open  public  space  and  pattern   it  after  a  very  successful  and  similar  project  undertaken  in  Paris.  was   not  her  own  political  advancement.  so  she  could   legitimately  boost  progressive  causes.00  of  taxpayer  money  in  the  form  of  a  grant  to  the  Friends   of  the  High  Line.pdf     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  when  she  figured  that  out  for  her  own  political  career  -­‐-­‐  either  when  she   was  a  political  activist  in  her  early  youth.designtrust.  with  tenant  activists.  with  women’s  rights  groups.  reforms.  and  it  would  be  from  this  project  that  she  would   learn  the  benefits  of  having  political  influence  over  real  estate  development  projects                                                                                                                   186  http://www.  The  New  York  City  Council  approved   an  allocation  of  $125.    All  Rights  Reserved.  The  High  Line  would  be  the  first  large-­‐scale  redevelopment  project  that   Christine  would  help  champion.  Christine  found  crucial  support  for  the  High  Line  from   Councilmember  Gifford  Miller.  when  she   eventually  became  an  agency  head  at  AVP.  la  Promenade   plantée.  186  It  would  be  the  beginning  of  a  valuable   partnership  between  the  two.  her  whole  raison  d’être.herself.  The  premise  of  Christine’s  political  career.000.  At  the  time.  But  hers  was  a  career  that  was  supposed  to  lead  to   reforms.  and  LGBT  equality.  once  she  became   a  councilmember  herself.  with  AIDS   activists.  and  with  her  progressive  supporters.   the  High  Line  in  Manhattan’s  Lower  West  Side.  There   was  more  than  a  sense  that  people  pushed  Christine  up  the  ladder.org/pubs/01_PSM_Future_of_High_Line.  or  even  later  than  that.  her  career  was  supposed  to  be  all   about  her  bargain  with  the  LGBT  community.

  would  be  allowed.  And  maintaining.  affordable   housing  would  remain  an  elusive  ideal.   eventually  even  to  Hell’s  Kitchen.  and.  and  market  rents  would  keep  rising   all  across  her  Council  district.  like  she  did  in  1999   when  the  McBurney  YMCA  was  on  the  verge  of  closing  and  displacing  long-­‐term   residents.  by   the  late  1990’s.  was  being  transformed  into  an  art  gallery  district  led  by  the  never-­‐ ending  churn  in  real  estate.    All  Rights  Reserved.  which  Christine  would  support.  to  go  forward.  and  enrich  real   estate  developers.  If  she  was  moved.  she  would  write  a  letter  on  the  community’s  behalf  to  at   least  superficially  protest  the  elimination  of  affordable  housing.  displacing  many  low-­‐income  tenants.  Gentrification   had  long  ago  come  to  SoHo  .that  would  gentrify  neighborhoods.  Already  the  owners  of  formerly  downtrodden  real  estate  in  the   Meatpacking  District  were  slowly  beginning  to  renovate  or  erect  new  luxury   buildings.  by  and  large.  Christine  knew   enough  not  to  let  her  former  tenant  and  affordable  housing  activism  stand  in  the   way.   The  High  Line  project  would  foreshadow  future  zone-­‐busting  real  estate   development  deals.   -­‐  88  -­‐     .com/1999/07/17/nyregion/ymca-­‐chelsea-­‐sheds-­‐its-­‐tenants-­‐34-­‐men-­‐used-­‐single-­‐ rooms-­‐know-­‐new-­‐homes-­‐will-­‐be.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  much  less  expanding.  The  High  Line  project  would  act  to  give  speculators   affirmation  of  the  impending  gentrification  of  these  formerly  forgotten  parts  of   Manhattan.  not  to  be  put  on  the  political  agenda.                                                                                                                   187  http://www.  The  Meatpacking  District  was  playing  catch-­‐up  to  West  Chelsea.187  But  the  flood  of  new  building.  even  in   the  face  of  market-­‐driven  real  estate  speculation.  especially  in  the  Meatpacking  District.nytimes.  which.  it  was  coming  to  Chelsea.  now.  inflate  targeted  property  values.  And  as  the  business  of  real   estate  in  her  Council  district  was  moving  onward  and  upward.  the  West  Village.

    Mr.  According  to  the  Gotham  Gazette.  it  can  be   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   -­‐  89  -­‐     .  She  was  now  an  incumbent.    All  Rights  Reserved.  ACT  UP.  who  could  not  be  reached  to  be  interviewed  for  this  book.  telling  the  Gotham  Gazette  that  she  had  “alienated  many  in  the   community  and  on  the  City  Council.  which  took   place  back  during  the  1999  special  election.  The  grand  bargain  that  voters   had  come  to  make  :  to  elect  a  former  community  organizer  to  political  office  was   already  backfiring.  and  he  had  launched  a  campaign  to  run   against  Christine.  he  pointed  to  the  discord.  She   began  to  exhibit  the  constant  concern  over  reelection  by  making  sure  to  appeal  to   powerful  business  interests  pushing  the  High  Line  project.  instead  of  challenging   authorities  on  behalf  of  powerless  low-­‐income  constituents.   questioned  in  the  press  Christine’s  ability  to  work  with  other  Democratic  Party   activists.  He  also  criticized  Christine  over   her  leadership  style.”  (Although  not  exactly  specified.  Mendolia.  Christine  would  learn  first  hand   the  powerful  advantages  of  being  an  insider.  which  would  create  vast   private  wealth  for  owners  of  expensive  Manhattan  real  estate.  she  was  facing   an  easy  reelection.  The  constant  grumble  over  Christine’s  early  political  career  would   continue  :  she  was  facing  criticism  over  her  decision-­‐making  process  as  an  elected   official  from  within  the  LGBT  community.  when  Christine  blew  off  an  important   political  club.  with  all  the   privileges  and  benefits.  As  such.  Christine  was  beginning  to  reflect  the  culture  of  incumbents.  And  from  the  upcoming  election.By  2001.  Christine  had  become  a  professional  at  photo  ops  and  token   gestures  that  would  give  the  impression  of  sincerity.  Victor  Mendolia  was  a  community  organizer  and  a   member  of  the  direct  action  group.  the  Village  Independent  Democrats.  Christine  had  been  facing  a  challenger  in  the  Democratic   primary  for  her  City  Council  seat.

 September  11.  and  the  early  birds  would  begin  going  to  the  polls  at  6   a.  Hell   would  have  to  freeze  over  before  voters  in  the  Third  City  Council  district  of  New   York  would  ever  elect  a  Republican.com/searchlight2001/dist3.  things  were  looking  even  better.)  But  Mr.m.   New  Yorkers  would  wake  up.  for  Christine.deduced  that  Christine’s  temperament  was  at  issue.html     189  http://www.  Everybody  was   expecting  just  another  day  of  business  as  usual.  2001.189  -­‐-­‐  it  would  be  the  day  of  the  political  party  primary  elections.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/searchlight2001/dist8.  and.188    Things  were  looking   good.  with  each  passing  day.  Christine’s  only  competition  would  be   a  candidate  on  the  Republican  ticket.  in  a   position  of  easily  coasting  to  a  win.  On  the  morning  of  Tuesday.gothamgazette.  Mendolia  eventually   dropped  out  of  the  race  because  of  health  issues.  and  Christine  ran  for  reelection   with  no  challenger  leading  up  to  the  primary.  Michelle  Bouchard.  so  Christine  was.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.gothamgazette.  practically  speaking.   -­‐  90  -­‐     .                                                                                                                     188  http://www.

 As  time  went  on   and  it  became  apparent  that  there  weren’t  going  to  be  many  survivors.   Spencer  Eth.  But  the  impacts  of  each  jet  on   each  of  the  Twin  Towers.   -­‐  91  -­‐     .  lined  up  outside  St.  the  friends   and  families  of  the  victims  at  the  World  Trade  Center  posted  flyers  with  the  names                                                                                                                   190  http://www.  Pataki  declared  a  state  of  emergency190  and  issued  an  executive  order  to  close   the  polls.  to  receive  survivors.  nurses.  to  return  to  a  normal  life.gov/wtcprogress/events-­‐091101.panynj.  In  the  immediate   aftermath  of  the  coordinated  terrorist  attacks  on  the  World  Trade  Center.  Doctors.com/2001/US/09/12/medical.  polling  locations  for  the  New  York  primary   elections  opened  at  6  a.com/2001/09/12/nyregion/12ELEC.  Vincent’s  Hospital  had  treated  hundreds   of  survivors.  Vincent’s  Hospital  in  the  Lower  West   Side  of  Manhattan.  “As  each  hour   goes  by.Chapter  4   On  the  morning  of  September  11.  families  are  facing  the  terrible  likelihood  that  their  loved  one  is  dead.  St.191  It  would  take  a  very  long  time  for  anybody.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  and  medics  were  prepared  to   receive  a  large  influx  of  patients  for  triage  at  St.  answering  their  own  humanitarian  call  to  give  what  they  could  to  help  the   rescue  and  response  effort.cnn.  after   Gov.”  Dr.  Vincent’s  Hospital.192  but  there  were  thousands  of  people  still  missing.html     191  http://www.  Vincent’s  Hospital.  New   Yorkers.  was   quoted  by  CNN  as  having  said  that  day.  to  donate  blood.html     192  http://edition.  would   create  more  casualties  than  survivors  with  immediate  acute  injuries.  but  they  were  ordered  closed  about  five  hours  later.  the  closest  Level   I  Trauma  Center  to  Ground  Zero.response/index.  the  behavioral  sciences  unit  director  at  St.m.nytimes.  who  lived  through  the   horror  of  the  September  11  attacks..    All  Rights  Reserved.  and  the  subsequent  collapse  of  the  skyscrapers.

com/TRANSCRIPTS/0109/15/se.”  Sen.  King  asked  Sen.html     194  http://transcripts.  and  the  world  were  coming  to  terms  with   the  horror  of  these  acts  of  war.  Mr.  so  that  Mayor  Giuliani  could  run  for  a  third  term  in  office.  hoping  that  their  loved  ones  were  lost  instead  of  among  the  dead  in  the   smoking  and  smoldering  rubble  at  Ground  Zero.  John  McCain  told  Jeff  Greenfield  on  CNN.   -­‐  92  -­‐     .  Pataki  had  postponed  the  primary  elections  across  New  York  State.  the  nation.  Sen.194   Eight  days  after  the  attacks.  but  they  know  that  he's  a   very  efficient  and  capable  guy.                                                                                                                   193  http://www.nytimes.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  “The  people  of  New  York  City  know   Rudy  Giuliani  and  they  know  he  may  have  some  warts.  Sen.   but  she  said  that  she  would  not  support  the  extension  of  term  limits.  people  began  to  openly  call  for  the  overturning  of  the  term  limits   in  effect  in  New  York  City.     While  New  York  City.  September  25.  If  run-­‐off  elections  were  necessary.10.   so  he  could  continue  to  supervise  the  recovery.  a  special  session  of  the  state  legislature  rescheduled  the  primary   elections  to  Tuesday.  politicians  were  having  to  come  to  terms  with  the   elections.   Two  days  later.  Clinton  praised  Mayor  Giuliani.cnn.  Vincent’s   Hospital.  within  four   days  of  the  attacks.  Even  though  he  was  known  for  his  antagonistic  personality.  I  happen  to  think  he's  a  wonderful  leader.  Gov.  Clinton  if  she  would  support  the  extension  of  term   limits  to  allow  Mayor  Giuliani  to  stay  in  office.  then  they   would  take  place  on  Thursday.  October  11.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Clinton  was  interviewed  on  Larry  King  Live   on  CNN.com/2001/09/14/nyregion/14PRIM.  I'm   wondering  if  they're  going  to  repeal  the  term  limits  that  keeps  him  from  running   again.and  photographs  of  their  missing  loved  ones  on  the  outside  walls  at  St.193  Mayor  Giuliani  had  earned  almost   global  sympathy  and  respect  for  his  handling  of  the  response  to  the  September  11   attacks.

  -­‐  93  -­‐     .  Elections  are   absolutely  essential  to  how  we  conduct  our  affairs.     The  problem  right  now  is  that  what  started  as  the  mayor  being   carried  along  on  a  "keep  Rudy"  public  groundswell  is  starting  to  look   like  an  ever-­‐evolving  series  of  back-­‐room  political  machinations  by   everyone  concerned  -­‐-­‐  the  mayor  included.es/TRANSCRIPTS/0109/19/lkl.  Mayor  Giuliani  was  playing  coy  with   reporters.  196  For  about  two  weeks  after  the  attacks.  According  to  a  press   report  by  Eric  Fettmann  in  The  New  York  Post.  and  then  be  given  the  kind  of   responsibility  that  will  enable  him  to  keep  working  for  the  city  he  loves   and  be.   I  do  hope  and  anticipate  that  the  mayor  will  work  every  minute   of  the  remaining  days  in  his  term.nytimes.  and  our  country.  Mr.cnn.  and  Fernando  Ferrer  -­‐-­‐  said  term  limits  should  not  be  extended  for  Mayor   Giuliani.   Green.   no  matter  how  superb  a  person  is.  everyone  -­‐-­‐  everyone  in  the  world.  Mayor  Giuliani  was  publicly   avoiding  answering  press  questions  about  whether  he  supported  the  overturning  of   term  limits  so  that  he  could  serve  another  term  as  mayor.195   Less  than  two  weeks  after  the  attack.  I  think  -­‐-­‐  agrees   that  he  has  done  a  superb  job.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   Asked  publicly  about  his  decision.   we  have  to  believe  in  our  democracy.   But  I  also  think  it  is  important  to  recognize  that  in  a  democracy.  in  the  rule  of  law.  but  his  compassion.  Giuliani  piously  insists  he  has   "not  had  time  to  think  about  it"  and  says  this  is  not  the  time  to  talk   politics.You  know.    All  Rights  Reserved.                                                                                                                   195  http://edition.  no  matter  how  great  a  job  he  is  doing.  And  not  just  where  one  would  have   expected  it  in  his  determination  and  courage.  his   caring  and  concern  have  really  shown  a  bright  light  for  a  lot  of  people  in   this  darkness.  enlisted  [in]  the  war  against  terrorism.  frankly.  And   I  would  be  concerned  that  we  would  upend  that  respect  for  the  rule  of   law.00.  journalists  from  the  all-­‐news  cable  TV   channel  NY1  and  The  New  York  Times  co-­‐hosted  a  forum  for  three  of  the  leading   Democratic  candidates  running  for  New  York  City  mayor.com/2001/09/23/nyregion/23PRIM.html     196  http://www.  Hevesi.  All  three  -­‐-­‐  Mr.

But  top  advisers  Randy  Levine.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Mayor  Giuliani  was  now  throwing  the  elections   into  “turmoil.  It  seemed  that  Mayor  Giuliani  thought  that  the  next  mayor  would                                                                                                                   197  http://www.  The  Los  Angeles  Times  reported  that  Mayor  Giuliani  and  his   political  advisers  were  looking  for  novel  ways  for  Mayor  Giuliani  to  stay  in  office.   -­‐  94  -­‐     .   then  the  voters  should  do  it  via  another  voter  referendum.nydailynews.  But  people’s  emotions   had  become  out  of  touch  with  reality  -­‐-­‐  apparently.  And  the  mayor  himself  took  time  out  over  the   weekend  to  record  a  late  automated  phone  message  for  comptroller   candidate  Herb  Berman.com/2001/sep/27/news/mn-­‐50551     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Speculation  focused  on   whether  the  state  legislature  or  the  New  York  City  Council  would  overturn  the  term   limits  law.”  a  popular  word  used  to  describe  the  effect  of  the  effort  to  extend   term  limits  in  the  aftermath  of  the  September  11  attacks.nypost.latimes.  even  the  emotions  of  our   political  leaders.  a  veteran  political  observer  said.197   For  all  the  confusion  that  the  postponement  and  rescheduling  of  the  primary   and  run-­‐off  elections  were  causing.  Randy  Mastro  and  Joe  Lhota  have   all  been  working  the  phones  to  the  news  media  pushing  the  "keep  Rudy   mayor"  effort  along.com/2001-­‐09-­‐24/news/18367548_1_term-­‐limits-­‐mayor-­‐giuliani-­‐repeal     199  http://articles.  he  was   letting  his  ego  get  in  the  way  to  believe  that  a  newly  elected  mayor  would  enter  into   a  “power-­‐sharing  arrangement”  with  the  former  officeholder.”199  Even  though  Mayor   Giuliani  had  been  doing  a  great  job  at  seeming  to  keep  the  city  together.   “One  alternative  approach  that  Giuliani  is  said  to  be  exploring  calls  for  a  ‘power-­‐ sharing  arrangement’  permitting  him  to  stay  temporarily  in  office  while  a  new   mayor  learns  the  ropes.com/p/news/opinion/opedcolumnists/item_i57kHjPYJ3gs31o1ZWBlcO     198  http://articles.198  But  there  would  not  be   enough  time  to  do  that.  A  spokesman  for  the  New  York  State  Assembly  Speaker  Sheldon  Silver   said  that  the  speaker  believed  that  if  voters  wanted  to  repeal  the  term  limits  law.

  Could  she  be  counted  on  to  remember  why  she  went  into  politics  ?   The  outcome  of  the  2001  elections  was  a  setback  for  professional  politicians   and  led  to  a  nearly  wholesale  turnover  of  the  City  Council.200  Once  the  new  City   Council  would  convene  in  the  new  year.  including  Christine.  Mayor  Giuliani’s  extreme   attachment  to  public  office  showed  why  it  was  important  to  have  integrity  in  orderly   election  succession.   solely  because  of  his  or  her  celebrity  -­‐-­‐  or  incumbency.  Bloomberg  was   ushered  into  power  over  other  candidates.   -­‐  95  -­‐     .  Mr.  Melinda  Katz.  Three  new   councilmembers  were  the  children  of  retiring  councilmembers.  Councilmembers.be  illegitimate  without  validation  from  him  alone.   continuing  Republican  control  over  City  Hall.   Some  new  blood  was  coming  into  the  City  Council.  One  of  the  fresh  faces  chosen  by   voters  was  John  Liu.  who  had   just  failed  to  overturn  term  limits.com/2001/11/07/nyregion/the-­‐2001-­‐elections-­‐the-­‐council-­‐new-­‐look-­‐shaped-­‐by-­‐the-­‐ primary-­‐comes-­‐into-­‐focus.  But  because  in  New  York  some  politicians  are  known  to  shuttle   between  elected  offices  in  Albany  and  New  York  City  during  their  political  career.  were  all  witnessing  one  more  attempt  to   circumvent  the  two  voter  referenda  governing  term  limits.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Of  the  51  seats  in  the  City  Council.   some  of  the  new  councilmembers  had  actually  once  been  state  legislators.  Elections  could  be  corrupted  if  voters  were  deceived  into   believing  that  one  politician  had  more  authority  than  other  political  candidates.  and  Larry  Seabrook.  like   Albert  Vann.    All  Rights  Reserved.  It  was  into  the  belly  of  this  whale  that  Christine  had  descended.  37   members  were  going  to  be  serving  in  the  municipal  legislature  for  the  first  time.                                                                                                                     200  http://www.  among  others.  And  among  those  looking   on  was  Christine.  many  junior  councilmembers  would  find   themselves  in  positions  of  leadership.  who  were  seasoned  city  administrators.nytimes.

 Giske.  After  Christine  had  used  her  first  longtime   companion.  as  the  city  would   try  to  put  on  a  strong  face  and  deal  with  false  bomb  threats.  Morrison.  But  now.  Could  Christine  lead  the  charge  and  call  for  a  restoration  of   progressive  ideas  in  our  government  ?                                                                                                                         201  http://www.com/p/news/local/council_speaker_christine_quinn_yjq8Ki9FCdYi7cK2suEjWL     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   Christine  was  to  find  love.  real  anthrax  powder   scares.  Christine  would  find  herself  as  a  focal  point  in   voters’  demands  for  checks  and  balances  on  the  incoming  Bloomberg   administration.nypost.  in  the  aftermath  of  the  attacks.    All  Rights  Reserved.   Christine  had  ended  their  relationship.  to  get  elected  in  the  first  February  1999  special  election.  Ms.201  As  she  moved  up  into  a  leadership  position  in  the   vacuum  created  by  term  limits.  Ms.  and  still  more  terrorism  fears.   -­‐  96  -­‐     .And  in  the  days  and  weeks  after  the  September  11  attacks.  would  arrange   for  Christine  to  meet  a  new  girlfriend.  one  of  Christine’s  closest  friends.  the   successful  Albany  lobbyist  and  Democratic  Party  official.

 political.   such  as  when  Mr.   -­‐  97  -­‐     .nytimes.  too.  Bloomberg  used  to  violate  the  spirit  of  taking  money   out  of  politics.  Morris  was  helping  Mr.  opting  instead  to   continue  occupying  his  luxurious  Upper  East  Side  mansion.  but  the  mayor-­‐elect  had  spent   over  $50  million  of  his  own  wealth  to  self-­‐finance  his  campaign.  Bloomberg  was  putting  situational  ethics  over  process.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/2001/11/07/nyregion/man-­‐in-­‐the-­‐news-­‐finding-­‐a-­‐new-­‐mission-­‐michael-­‐rubens-­‐ bloomberg.Chapter  5   The  utter  trauma  of  September  11.                                                                                                                   202  http://www.   would  become  a  tsunami  that  would  go  on  to  create  economic.com/2001/11/08/nyregion/2001-­‐elections-­‐campaign-­‐finance-­‐record-­‐spending-­‐ bloomberg-­‐raises-­‐questions-­‐about.  and   that  was  the  justification  Mr.  Like  Mayor   Giuliani  before  him.  as  psychologically  devastating  as  it  was.  And  some  people  would  thrive  in  the  aftermath  of  the  attacks.html     203  http://christine-­‐quinn-­‐sold-­‐out.  Bloomberg   was  resting  on  the  age-­‐old  reasoning  of  the  wise.  Hevesi  for  little  or  no  cost.html     204  http://www.  Mr.  Mr.  public-­‐spirited  elite  -­‐-­‐  we  had  to   put  our  trust  in  him.  But  the  billionaire  mayor-­‐elect  had  found  a   situational  narrative  for  justification  :  his  business  acumen  would  help  the  city   recover  from  the  economic  devastation  of  the  September  11  attacks.nytimes.  and  legal   disasters.blogspot.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Mayor   Bloomberg  was  so  wealthy  -­‐-­‐  his  fortune  was  estimated  to  be  $4  billion  in  2001202  -­‐-­‐   that  he  forewent  the  opportunity  to  move  into  Gracie  Mansion.  that  he  would  do  the  right  thing.  Bloomberg.com/2012/08/fran-­‐lebowitz-­‐ows-­‐christine-­‐quinn.  The   indisputable  truth  was  that  New  York  City  had  suffered  real  economic  shocks.  was  being   openly  run  around  by  Mr.    In  his  argument  for  self-­‐financing  his  own  campaign.  a  decision  that  critics   like  Fran  Lebowitz  would  later  say  was  a  warning  sign  of  the  mayor’s  imperious   attitude  toward  the  less  fortunate.203  Not  only  that.204  The  flouting  of   the  city’s  reform-­‐oriented  campaign  finance  laws  that  everybody  howled  about.

 like  St.nydailynews.  and  civil  rights   and  civil  liberties  would  be  diminished  in  the  paranoid  and  partisan  mindset  of   militant  Republican  aggressors  in  Washington.  or  would  New  York  set  an   example  of  reason  ?  While  progressives  across  the  nation  looked  on  in  disgust  and   disapproval  as  Democrats  in  Washington  did  nothing  to  stand  up  to  the  Patriot  Act.  To  cut  costs.  But  the  problems  in   New  York  were  not  just  municipal  in  nature  .   -­‐  98  -­‐     .  Mayor   Bloomberg  faced  an  almost  $5  billion  hole  in  the  city  budget.  short-­‐sighted  efforts  to  just  slash   government  budgets.  And  as  New  York  would  forever   anchor  one  focus  in  this  endless  elliptical  churning  of  politically  motivated  fear-­‐ mongering.   After  about  six  weeks  in  office.   progressives  across  the  five  boroughs  would  keep  waiting  for  New  York  City   Democrats  to  do  something  about  the  onslaught  of  regressive  policies  about  to  be   unleashed  here  in  the  city.  And  even  though  first  responders.  Vincent’s  Hospital.8  billion  from  the  city  budget.    All  Rights  Reserved.  there  were  also  national  implications.  like  the   FDNY.  had  proven  to  be   critical  in  the  immediate  aftermath  of  the  September  11  attacks.The  city’s  finances  were  in  more  severe  shambles  than  reported.  and  Level  I  trauma  centers.   The  attacks  would  spur  an  endless  and  unaffordable  war  on  terror.  attention  would  always  focus  on  City  Hall  :  would  the  mayor  and  City   Council  enable  a  rising  domestic  militaristic  response.  Mayor  Bloomberg  began  to  circulate  plans  to   slash  $1.  Mayor  Bloomberg   would  launch  into  what  would  become  his  annual  effort  to  slash  and  burn  the   number  of  firehouses  and  firefighters  in  New  York  City.  some  parts  of  the  city’s  recycling  program  would                                                                                                                   205  http://articles.205  Safety-­‐net  hospitals   would  become  targets  of  more  reckless.com/2002-­‐02-­‐13/news/18198138_1_cost-­‐of-­‐living-­‐wage-­‐increases-­‐city-­‐hall-­‐ spending-­‐plan     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.

 and  future  taxpayers  would  be  saddled  with  debt  that  was   borrowed  to  finance  regular  city  operations.210   Speaker  Miller  ran  a  parallel  strategy  to  find  more  support  among  other   councilmembers.html     207  http://articles.  came  under  attack  and   would  remain  targets  for  annual  budget  cuts  by  Mayor  Bloomberg.  to  support  the  new  incoming  speaker.207    but.206  By  the  end  of  2002.  like  senior  citizen  centers.  The  New  York  Times  reported  that  those   13  incoming  councilmembers  were  “predisposed  to  support”  his  speakership.nydailynews.  who  would  face  an  even  larger   net  increase  due  to  the  relentless  compounding  of  annual  increases  for  those  in   rent-­‐stabilized  apartments  and  the  out-­‐of-­‐control  free  market  rents  in  New  York.  208  209   When  the  City  Council  reconvened  after  the  start  of  the  new  year.  taxes  would  be   raised  by  an  incredible  18%  for  property  owners.  the  regressive   impact  would  disproportionately  fall  upon  renters.  To  do  that.easily  be  suspended.com/2002-­‐11-­‐24/news/18202256_1_property-­‐tax-­‐tax-­‐hike-­‐mayor-­‐bloomberg     208  http://www.   Other  social  safety  net  programs.  in  turn.  put  pressure  on  their   corresponding  councilmembers.com/2002/01/08/nyregion/upper-­‐east-­‐side-­‐councilman-­‐has-­‐speaker-­‐s-­‐job-­‐all-­‐but-­‐ won.   who  had  helped  Christine  pass  the  special  grant  to  fund  a  study  for  the  development   of  the  High  Line.  He  was  elected  to  Speaker  after  running  on  a  strategy  of  helping  to   elect  many  of  the  new  candidates  running  for  City  Council.nytimes.  told  The  New  York  Times.   -­‐  99  -­‐     .  “I  think  it’s  unfortunate  that                                                                                                                   206  http://www.  One  new   councilmember.  Of  the  25  candidates  who   he  had  supported.nydailynews.  David  Yassky.com/2002/06/21/nyregion/city-­‐hall-­‐avoids-­‐deep-­‐cuts-­‐but-­‐full-­‐bill-­‐may-­‐come-­‐ later.nytimes.  Speaker  Miller  had  been  the  councilmember.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  over  time.  13  won  their  elections.  who.com/2002/06/21/nyregion/city-­‐hall-­‐avoids-­‐deep-­‐cuts-­‐but-­‐full-­‐bill-­‐may-­‐come-­‐ later.  the  council   elected  a  new  speaker  :  Gifford  Miller.com/2011-­‐02-­‐18/local/28628713_1_budget-­‐cuts-­‐daycare-­‐budget-­‐plan     210  http://www.nytimes.html     209  http://articles.  Speaker  Miller  turned  to  the  support  of  Democratic   Party  leaders  of  Queens  and  the  Bronx.

 Christine  was  beginning  to  go  along  with  the  broken  system   that  decides  who  will  become  Speaker  of  the  City  Council.  Christine  was  described  to   be  part  of  the  “war  room”  cast  of  characters  “engineering”  Mr.  Miller’s   speakership.html     212  http://gaycitynews.214  All  this  is  to  say  that  Christine’s  inside   strategy  to  bring  about  progressive  reforms  would  get  co-­‐opted  by  a  political  system   emphasizing  the  advancement  of  high-­‐ranking  incumbents  instead  of  developing  or   implementing  social.  a  colloquial  term  for  the  cash   payments  that  are  given  to  councilmembers  in  leadership  posts  in-­‐lieu-­‐of  expenses   that  the  leadership  role  may  cause  to  be  incurred.it  was  brokered  by  the  party  bosses.html     213  http://www.  economic.  or  legal  reforms.     What  is  more.  and  she  provided   crucial  support  to  the  new  speaker’s  campaign.”  referring  to  Mr.shtml     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.com/searchlight/council_stipends.nytimes.  Rather  than  being  a   system  where  the  councilmembers  decide  who  will  be  their  leader.212    In  return.  Christine  received  a  $15.211  And   Christine  learned  to  really  broker  leadership  positions  from  this  experience.00  lulu  in  connection  with  her   Health  Committee  chair  appointment.nytimes.  For  her  support  in  the   speakership  campaign.com/2002/01/08/nyregion/upper-­‐east-­‐side-­‐councilman-­‐has-­‐speaker-­‐s-­‐job-­‐all-­‐but-­‐ won.html     214  http://www.  Miller’s  speakership.  It  would  be                                                                                                                   211  http://www.  or  lulus.000.  the  entire   system  hinges  on  political  party  bosses  of  certain  counties.   -­‐  100  -­‐     .gothamgazette.  she  was  rewarded  with  her  choice  of  a  chair  appointment   to  the  Health  Committee.  Indeed.  but  also  because  leadership   appointments  also  come  with  stipends.com/gcn_453/christinequinn.  213  Committee  chair  appointments  were  coveted  not  just   because  of  the  influence  that  the  positions  afforded.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/2002/01/16/nyregion/council-­‐speaker-­‐plans-­‐to-­‐cut-­‐stipends-­‐for-­‐himself-­‐and-­‐ others.   Christine  had  a  close  working  relationship  with  Speaker  Miller.

 For  example.  The  Bronx  County  Democratic  political  boss.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Robert   Ramirez.  The  arrangement  that  Speaker  Miller  made  with  the  county  bosses  in   Queens  and  in  the  Bronx  was  that  if  the  county  bosses  supported  his  speakership.com/2002-­‐01-­‐08/news/18198023_1_term-­‐limits-­‐speaker-­‐committees     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  not  the  councilmembers  recently  elected  by  the  voters.  was  seeking  the  chair  position  on  Land  Use  Committee  for  a   councilmember  loyal  to  him.  but  Christine  would   side  with  a  system  where  political  bosses  would  get  to  decide  the  leadership  of  the   City  Council.”215  As  Councilmember  Yassky  pointed  out.   the  Queens  County  Democratic  political  boss.councilmembers.  Alternatively.  appoint  councilmembers  loyal  to  the  respective   party  bosses  as  chairs  of  the  City  Council’s  most  powerful  committees.  in  exchange.   Speaker  Miller  would.  He  supported  the  exclusion  of  LGBT  participants  in  the                                                                                                                   215  http://articles.  But   Christine  now  had  a  personal  financial  incentive  to  go  along  with  allowing  county   political  bosses  to  decide  the  speakership.  Ramirez  was   willing  to  accept  a  “combined  post  of  deputy  majority  leader  and  Housing  and   Buildings  Committee  chairman.    When  there  was  money  involved.  it  became  apparent  that  Mayor  Bloomberg  would   two-­‐time  LGBT  equality.  was  promised  that   councilmembers  loyal  to  him  would  be  named  as  chairs  of  Finance  Committee  and   the  Land  Use  Committee.   Early  in  his  administration.   -­‐  101  -­‐     .  Christine  ought  to  have  fought  for  a  system  that   considered  voter  sentiments  in  the  election  of  the  legislative  leadership.  it  was  reported  that  Mr.  the   county  bosses  would  decide.     As  a  self-­‐described  progressive.  who  would  be  carrying  the  voters’  mandate.   Christine  would  throw  the  progressive  ideal  of  increasing  direct  voter  participation   under  the  bus.  Thomas  Manton.nydailynews.

 Patrick’s  Day  Parade  in  Queens.  cozy  up  to  hard-­‐core  Catholics.  The  mayor  was  learning  to  appease  his  critics   among  the  LGBT  community  and.  Mr.   who  favored  a  policy  of  exclusion  against  LGBT  parade  participants.  in  this  case.  would  be  there  to  help  the   mayor  get  out  of  some  of  his  difficult  positions.com/2002-­‐02-­‐06/news/18191901_1_day-­‐parade-­‐marching-­‐mayor-­‐bloomberg     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  And  Christine."  was  Christine’s  reaction  to  The  New  York  Daily  News.  “Many  people  have  tried  to  work  with  the  Ancient  Order  of  Hibernians  from   within.  founded  and  organized  by   Brendan  Fay.02.  at  the  same  time.  “If  the  mayor  actually  analyzed  the   history  of  the  struggle.  "I  still  think   marching  on  Fifth  Ave.   after  it  was  announced  that  Mayor  Bloomberg  was  going  to  march  in  the  LGBT-­‐ inclusive  St.  Patrick’s  Day  Parade.  he  would  see  that  his  decision  is  wrong.  is  a  mistake.  who  was   watching  Mayor  Bloomberg  embrace  situational  ethics.    All  Rights  Reserved.annual  St."217  With  the  issue  of  the  St.  back   in  2002.  "This  is  great.nydailynews.  No  reason  to  believe  this  mayor  can.  “but  I  think  marching  with  us  in  Queens  is  the  right   thing  to  do.”216    But  Mayor  Bloomberg   would  find  a  way  to  triangulate  his  way  around  early  LGBT  critics  by  marching  in  an   LGBT-­‐inclusive  St.  Patrick’s  Day  Parade.  adding.shtml     217  http://articles.  and  it  has  been  proven  that  it  doesn't  work.gothamgazette.  Mayor  Bloomberg   would  learn  how  to  diffuse  political  criticism  by  finding  situational  supporters   among  vocal  constituency  groups.”  Christine  was  quoted  as  having  said  about  the   mayor’s  double-­‐dealing.”  Christine  said.  Well-­‐respected  Hibernians  have   tried  and  couldn't.   -­‐  102  -­‐     .  This  early  transgression  prompted   Christine  to  speak  out  against  Mayor  Bloomberg.                                                                                                                   216  http://www.  This  would  be  the  beginning  of   Christine’s  subjugation  to  Mayor  Bloomberg.com/civilrights/feb.  Patrick’s  Day  Parade  on  Fifth  Avenue.  Fay.

 or  you  are  with  the   terrorists.  no  progressive  or  liberal  politician  would   be  willing  to  stand  up  to  the  NYPD.    All  Rights  Reserved.  “Either  you  are  with  us.  and  exploration  -­‐-­‐  whether  the   New  York  Police  Department  should  be  allowed  to  weasel  out  of  a  court-­‐supervised   order  known  as  the  Handschu  Agreement.  which  revealed  that  the  police  were  infiltrating  groups  and   spying  on  activists.  who  would  offer  him  situational  support  on  the  controversial   issue  of  excusing  aggressive  NYPD  tactics.  Mayor  Bloomberg  would  find  support  from  a  former   mayor.  blamed  Mayor  Koch   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   politicians  were  trying  to  rally  support  around  expanding  police  authority  without   supervision.   -­‐  103  -­‐     .  Patrick’s  Day  Parade  issue.  expanding  the  NYPD’s  powers  came  to  be  portrayed  as  important  to  national   security.  What  came  to  be  known  as  the  Handschu   Agreement  was  a  1985  court  settlement  that  stemmed  from  a  1971  trial  of  radical   civil  rights  activists.     Former  Mayor  Koch  had  a  controversial  relationship  with  LGBT  activists.  the  mayor  would  continually  turn  to   political  enablers.  In  the  case  of  loosening  the  restrictions  of   the  Handschu  Agreement.   Community  leaders.  And  just  like  Mayor  Bloomberg  had  found  in  Christine  a  situational   supporter  on  the  St.  This  agreement  forbade  police  from  monitoring  the  lawful   political  activities  of  activists  and  protesters.  it  would  come  to  be  revealed  that  the   NYPD  had  a  perpetual  pattern  of  misusing  its  authority  to  suppress  political  dissent.  Ed  Koch.”  Even  though  time  and  time  again.When  it  would  come  to  one  of  the  greatest  civil  liberties  problems  of  our  time   -­‐-­‐  an  issue  that  takes  a  lot  of  understanding.  with  the  no-­‐win  accusation  of.  such  as  Larry  Kramer  and  Allen  Roskoff.  reading.   Because  of  New  York’s  size  and  the  focal  point  it  became  on  the  war  on   terror.

 his  shame  and  lack  of  courage  on  LGBT  issues  made  Mayor  Koch   avoid  having  anything  to  do  with  dealing  with  AIDS  out  of  fear  of  being  associated   with  what.  Mayor  Koch  had  served  three  terms  as  mayor  of  New   York  City.218  In  fact.    All  Rights  Reserved.  when  former  office  holders.  to  a  newly  created  post  of                                                                                                                   218  http://nymag.  the  beginnings  of  increased  domestic  surveillance  in  New  York  City   can  be  traced  back  to  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  appointment  of  David  Cohen.  in  the  time   before  HIV/AIDS  was  better  understood.  Mayor  Koch’s  rise  to  political  prominence  had  been  built  on  a   platform  of  opposing  machine-­‐style  politics.  In  Mayor  Koch.for  not  doing  enough  in  New  York  City’s  initial  response  to  the  AIDS  pandemic.  a  former   high-­‐ranking  CIA  intelligence  and  operations  official.  the  then-­‐new  and  unexplained  cluster  of   sick  and  dying  gay  men  was  being  described  by  a  proposed  name  :  the  Gay-­‐Related   Immune  Deficiency.  in  the  beginning.com/runninscared/2009/10/clip_job_koch_f.villagevoice.   -­‐  104  -­‐     .  whose  own  mayoral  administrations  had  become   beset  by  corruption  scandals.  was  known  as  a  gay  disease.  or  GRID.  Mayor  Koch   evolved  into  a  powerful  politician.php     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  can  exert  such  regressive  influence  on  our   government  ?  How  could  this  be  allowed  ?   In  2002.   Critics  of  Mayor  Koch  said  that  although  that  Mayor  Koch  was  widely  thought  to  be  a   closeted  gay  man.  Mayor  Bloomberg  had  found  an  important   situational  ally.   who  no  longer  have  any  public  mandate.com/nymetro/news/people/features/2423/   219  http://blogs.  and  his  own  arc  of  politics  should  have  informed  him  to  make  wiser   choices.219  But  over  the  years.  Indeed.  What  kind  of  government  do  we  have.  and  his  history  of  throwing  his  own  community  and   his  progressive  ideals  under  the  bus  made  him  an  ideal  situational  supporter  to   Mayor  Bloomberg.

 When  the   political  cards  are  so  stacked  in  favor  of  the  political  party  that  would  seemingly   support  progressive  reforms.  and  new  grassroots  social  movements   would  necessarily  need  to  take  shape  to  pressure  progressive  office  holders.    All  Rights  Reserved.Deputy  Commissioner  of  Intelligence.  Mayor   Bloomberg  prioritized  Mr.  How  would  Christine  respond  to  these  civil  liberties   and  civil  rights  violations  ?   What  never  seemed  to  make  sense  in  a  city  like  New  York  was  that  even   under  the  recent  oppositional  aspect  of  a  Republican  mayoral  administration.   -­‐  105  -­‐     .  economic.  As  Christine’s  career  began  an  ascendant  trajectory  as  a  consequence  of  the   imposition  of  term  limits.  Police  would  begin  a  decade-­‐long  effort  to   initiate  surveillance  of  innocent  people  of  faith  and  would  expand  a  controversial   tactic  known  as  stop-­‐and-­‐frisk.  the  general   consensus  of  municipal  politicians  continued  to  be  to  refrain  from  imposing  an   independent  monitor  over  the  NYPD.  And  as  national  political  machinations   allowed  paranoia  to  triumph  over  civil  rights  and  civil  liberties.  Cohen’s  appointment  over  even  trying  to  patch  up  the  $5   billion  hole  in  the  New  York  City  budget.jsp?pageID= nyc_blue_room&catID=1194&doc_name=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.html&cc=unused1978&rc=1194&ndi=1     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.b270a4a1d51bb3017bce0ed101c789a0/index.gov%2Fhtml%2Fom%2Fhtml%2F2002a %2Fpr020-­‐02.  past   achievements  would  become  unraveled.nyc.  the   City  Council  would  always  be  composed  of  a  super-­‐majority  of  Democrats.  what  would  explain  the  failure  to  make  advancements   on  difficult  social.nyc.  and  legal  problems  ?  And  this  is  where  political   accountability  for  stagnation  and  regression  rolls  up  to  our  Democratic  political   leaders.  opportunities  for  making  advances  would  be  lost.gov/portal/site/nycgov/menuitem.220  Even  as  the  economy  was  in  free-­‐fall.  What                                                                                                                   220   http://www.

 In  2004.  such  as  Starrett  City.  Ryan  had  observed  Christine’s  work  over  many   years.  and   Peter  Cooper  Village.  These  projects  would  propose  to  tear   up  the  special  social  fabric  of  New  York  City.  a   former  chief-­‐of-­‐staff  to  Sen.  the   NYPD  would  thwart  a  huge  anti-­‐war  demonstration.  But.  this  time  against  the  Republican  National  Convention.  the  public   relations  consultant  who  was  a  former  member  of  Chelsea  Reform  Democratic  Club.  the  socialite  City  Planner  under  Mayor   Bloomberg.  the  NYPD  would  again   thwart  massive  protests.   Zone-­‐busting  real  estate  deals  would  be  proposed  by  developers.  Mr.  in  the  years  to  come.  neighborhood  activists  or  real  estate  developers  ?  Andrew  Berman.  would  recommend  so  many  zone-­‐busting  projects  that  a  stronger   preservation  movement  would  be  needed.  Stuyvesant  Town.  Humm’s  detailed  2000   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  because  Amanda  Burden.  Tenant  issues  would  come  to  the  fore  as   large  affordable  housing  complexes.explains  this  contradiction.”  said  Phil  Ryan.  handle  these  issues  ?  And  how  many   advancements  would  the  LGBT  community  make  under  Mr.  On  whose  behalf  would  Christine   advocate.  How  would  Christine.  would  be  put  up  for  sale.  would  emerge  as  a  leading  voice  for  historical   preservation.  In  2003.  the  group  I  count  myself  among.  who  were  seeking   support  from  the  billionaire  enabler  mayor.  with  her  self-­‐ proclaimed  tenant  advocacy  background.  how  would  Christine  handle  the  challenges  that   would  face  New  York  City  ?  Before  2002  was  out.  Duane.  and  how  would  Christine  maneuver  through  these   political  obstacles  ?   “Christine  Quinn  always  identified  with  the  more  progressive  or  liberal  wing   of  the  LGBT  Democrats.    All  Rights  Reserved.  the  City  Council  would  once  again   participate  in  still  yet  another  effort  to  change  the  term  limits  law.   -­‐  106  -­‐     .   From  his  work  in  civic  politics.

    Over  50  years  ago.  economic.  How  would  Christine’s  chief-­‐of-­‐staff.  How  would  that  work  out  for  her  progressive  and  LGBT  constituencies  ?   Incumbent  politicians  would  still  yet  once  more  revisit  the  issue  of  term  limits  in   2008.  And  after  the  near  collapse  of  the  global   economy.   Greitzer.   -­‐  107  -­‐     .   and  social  reforms  would  focus  on  corruption  on  Wall  Street  right  about  the  time   that  Christine  would  begin  a  full-­‐throttle  effort  to  curry  favor  with  big  business   political  donors.  until  Tom  Duane  took  her  place.  Voters  imposed  a  simple  system  of  checks  and  balances   to  prevent  entrenched  politicians  from  becoming  22-­‐year  incumbents.  And  as  Christine  would  carry   forward  her  initial  mandate  to  fight  for  equality  and  reforms.    All  Rights  Reserved.  or  15-­‐year  incumbents.  a  massive  global  grassroots  movement  demanding  political.  Christine  would  launch  her  own  campaign  for  a  citywide  leadership   position.  Carol  Greitzer  and  other  members  of  the  Village   Independent  Democrats  political  club  organized  to  vote  out  the  remnants  of   Tammany  Hall  from  New  York  City  politics.  only  for  Ms.  how  would  equality   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  like  Christine.  Greitzer  to  become   entrenched  in  the  City  Council  for  22  years.  Maura  Keany.  It's  been  shown  that  voters  can  organize  to  vote   political  bosses  out  of  office.  including  real  estate  developers  and  financiers  from  Wall  Street.  which   he  then  turned  over  to  Christine.  like  Ms.  Later.analysis  of  civil  rights  ?  What  would  be  Christine’s  involvement  and  contribution  to   making  advancements  on  those  and  other  LGBT  civil  rights  issues  ?   New  York  State  and  New  York  City  would  begin  a  campaign  to  close  hospitals   as  a  way  to  shred  the  social  safety  net  and  to  indiscriminately  cut  governmental   budgets.  contribute  to  Christine’s   record  of  reforming  integrity  in  government  ?  A  political  scandal  would  erupt  and   nearly  cost  Christine  her  leadership  role.

and  reforms  be  reflected  in  her  governance  at  City  Council  ?  And  how  would   Christine  deal  with  lobbyists,  like  her  best  friend,  Ms.  Giske  ?    More  people  would   begin  to  question  whether  Ms.  Giske  would  unduly  influence  Christine.     At  the  dawn  of  what  would  become  the  Bloomberg  era,  Christine  was  moving   into  a  very  powerful  position  as  a  quasi-­‐public  advocate.    Would  she  lean  forward  to   call  for  reforms  in  transparency  and  accountability,  like  she  did  when  she  opposed   the  Millennium  March  in  Washington,  DC,  or  would  she  stall  and  lose  opportunities   to  make  bold  advances,  as  when  she  watered  down  the  recommendations  in  the   police  brutality  commission  under  Mayor  Giuliani  ?  With  the  chronology  of  her   formative  years  in  New  York  City  politics  firmly  established  and  with  an  overview  of   the  advantages  enjoyed  by  incumbents,  the  rest  of  the  story  would  be  an  analysis  of   the  challenges  Christine  would  confront.  In  the  coming  years,  New  York  City   politicians  would  confront  the  major  issues  of  our  time  :  public  safety,  runaway   healthcare  costs,  income  and  wealth  disparities,  and  the  enduring  problems  of   discrimination  and  inequality.  As  each  of  these  issues  would  be  examined,  voters   would  experience  less  and  less  of  a  say  in  the  matters  of  their  own  governance.   Looking  forward  from  2002,  voters  would  ask  who  would  be  responsible  for   upholding  -­‐-­‐  or  betraying  -­‐-­‐  the  progressive  tradition  in  New  York  City  government  ?    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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Chapter  6  
With  an  overview  of  her  early  years  on  New  York  City  political  scene   complete,  what  follows  is  an  overview  of  the  challenges  Christine  would  confront   during  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  time  in  office.  Four  broad  areas  of  concern  would  emerge   under  the  Bloomberg-­‐Quinn  administration.  The  first  would  cover  the  decline  of   affordable  housing.  The  second  would  be  an  examination  of  the  police  department   as  a  threat  to  public  safety.  The  third  would  encompass  violations  of  civil  rights  and   civil  liberties.  Finally,  the  Bloomberg-­‐Quinn  administration  would  be  examined  for   the  declining  state  of  public  health.  Although  Christine  was  only  chair  of  the  City   Council  Health  Committee  when  Mayor  Bloomberg  began  his  first  term  in  office,   eventually  she  would  take  her  place  as  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  greatest  enabler,  so  the   city’s  political  response  to  these  four  major  areas  would  require  sign-­‐off  from   Christine  before  Mayor  Bloomberg  would  be  allowed  to  carry  out  his  agenda.     The  three-­‐pronged  test  that  would  apply  to  Christine’s  political  ethics  would   be  simple,  but  the  results  would  be  damning  to  the  assessment  made  of  her  political   career.    First,  each  major  issue  would  be  examined  to  construct  Christine’s  influence   -­‐-­‐  the  capacity  to  be  able  to  shape  actions  -­‐-­‐  over  the  people,  who  had  a  stake  in   determining  the  city’s  response  to  its  major  problems.  Second,  each  major  issue   would  be  reviewed  to  layout  Christine’s  authority  -­‐-­‐  the  actual  governmental   powers  at  her  disposal  -­‐-­‐  over  the  city’s  actual  response  to  major  problems,  or  over   other  people,  who  would  be  the  decision-­‐makers.  Third,  Christine’s  response  would   be  reviewed  to  identify  whether  her  ideas  would  advance  a  progressive  solution  to  

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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the  city’s  problems.  The  first  might  be  made  possible  as  a  result  of  perceptions   about  the  force  Christine  could  exert  over  others,  the  second  would  be  made   possible  by  her  actual  position  as  an  elected  official,  and  the  third  would  be  to  stack   her  actual  response  against  what  had  been  historically  made  possible  under  the   progressive  banner  versus  the  business  as  usual  approach  of  modern  political  flim   flam.   Michael  Bloomberg  began  his  mayoralty  under  the  auspices  of  being  a   successful  self-­‐made  billionaire  businessman.  He  was  elected  with  a  mandate  to  help   New  York  City  out  of  the  economic  black  hole  caused  by  the  September  11  attacks.   The  idea  was  that  he  would  play  the  role  of  the  noble  public  servant,  who  was  wiser   than  his  constituency,  and  his  motivation  was  to  help  apply  his  business  expertise  to   city  government.  Indeed,  Mayor  Bloomberg  would  take  office  with  a  net  worth   estimated  at  $4  billion  dollars,226    and,  by  the  time  of  his  final  year  in  office,  his  net   worth  would  be  estimated  at  $27  billion.227    Mayor  Bloomberg  used  his  successful   accumulation  of  wealth  as  the  only  measurement  that  counted  that  he  must  be  doing   something  right,  but  years  later,  the  cultural  and  social  critic  Fran  Lebowitz  would   make  this  observation  about  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  wealth,  “No  one  earns  a  billion   dollars.  You  steal  a  billion  dollars.”228    If  one  followed  Ms.  Lebowitz’s  logic,  these   kinds  of  grand  transfers  of  wealth  would  have  to  come  at  the  expense  of  others.  As   Mayor  Bloomberg’s  greatest  political  enabler,  where  would  Christine  find  herself  in   this  epic  and  disproportionate  redistribution  of  wealth  ?                                                                                                                  
226  http://www.nytimes.com/2001/11/07/nyregion/man-­‐in-­‐the-­‐news-­‐finding-­‐a-­‐new-­‐mission-­‐michael-­‐rubens-­‐

bloomberg.html     227  http://gothamist.com/2013/03/04/mayor_bloomberg_is_the_13th_richest.php     228  https://twitter.com/heathr/status/158750857972813825    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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In  her  role  as  a  municipal  legislator,  Christine  would  be  deeply  rooted  in  the   routine  issues  that  New  Yorkers  faced  every  day.  Because  Christine  began  her   career  as  a  tenant  activist  and  she  later  embraced  the  badge  of  being  a   “progressive,”  it  was  expected  that  she  would  lead  the  charge  on  protecting  and   increasing  access  to  affordable  housing.  It  wasn’t  just  voters,  who  had  expectations   of  Christine.  When  Sen.  Duane  passed  the  baton  to  Christine,  everybody  had  high   expectations  of  her.  At  the  inception  of  her  career  as  an  elected  official,  following  her   win  in  the  City  Council  race  during  that  first  February  1999  special  election,   observers  zeroed  in  on  the  fact  that  Christine’s  district  was  also  the  “heart  of  the   tenants’  rights  movement,  because  people  fall  in  love  with  the  neighborhoods  in  the   3rd  District  and  don’t  want  to  be  forced  out.”  But  even  back  then,  in  the  very   beginning,  there  was  reason  to  worry  about  Christine’s  fortitude.  Sen.  Duane  began   to  predict  trouble  ahead.  “It’s  going  to  be  hard  for  her,”  Sen.  Duane  told  The  New   York  Daily  News  in  1999.  “Development  pressures  are  greater  than  they’ve  been  for   the  past  15  years  because  the  market  is  so  hot,  hot,  hot.”229    The  concern  was   already  on  people’s  minds  as  to  whether  Christine  would  be  able  to  withstand  the   pressures  from  real  estate  developers.   One  way  to  examine  Christine’s  commitment  to  her  roots  as  a  tenant  activist   would  be  to  see  if  she  would  be  committed  to  the  cause,  or  if  she  would  practice  a   doctrine  of  selective  advocacy.  Early  on,  Christine  was  visible  in  the  community   when  she  used  to  be  an  organizer  for  the  Housing  Justice  Campaign  in  1989  ;  when   she  worked  to  organize  alongside  tenant  activists  like  Jane  Wood  when  she  was                                                                                                                  
229  http://www.nydailynews.com/building-­‐ties-­‐bind-­‐new-­‐councilwoman-­‐quinn-­‐common-­‐good-­‐article-­‐1.827902    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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 In   exchange  for  her  early  support  of  Speaker  Miller.com/1999/07/17/nyregion/ymca-­‐chelsea-­‐sheds-­‐its-­‐tenants-­‐34-­‐men-­‐used-­‐single-­‐ rooms-­‐know-­‐new-­‐homes-­‐will-­‐be.  But  was   Christine  only  going  to  serve  up  an  appearance  of  being  an  advocate  for  tenants’   rights  and  for  affordable  housing.230    In   these  and  other  instances.  Christine  had  effectively.  and.nytimes.  Christine  learned  how  to  use  the  press  to  portray  a  myth   of  engagement.  who  would  go  on  to  become  the  new  Speaker  of  the  City  Council.    All  Rights  Reserved.  She  once  used  threats  to  cancel  the  1998  Halloween  Parade  in   Greenwich  Village  to  influence  voters’  perceptions  about  her  being  a  crusading   advocate  for  LGBT  equality.  later.  used  the  media  before   to  her  advantage.   -­‐  112  -­‐     .  or  was  she  going  to  deliver  results  ?     Christine  was  using  her  constant  media  appearances  to  construct  a  powerful   media-­‐supported  soapbox  from  which  she  could  influence  public  opinion.   when  Christine  wrote  a  letter  expressing  her  displeasure  with  the  planned  closure   and  displacement  of  long-­‐term  residents  from  the  McBurney  WMCA  in  1999.  if  distastefully.managing  Tom  Duane’s  successful  campaign  for  City  Council  in  1991  .    These  media  placements  could  be  a  powerful  tool  to  help  shape  public   opinion  and  to  apply  political  pressure  on  landlords  and  developers.  Christine  had  aligned  herself  with   Gifford  Miller.  Christine  was  rewarded  by  being                                                                                                                   230  http://www.  Being  in  the  public  spotlight  like  that  gave  Christine  not   only  legitimacy.  Helping  to   shape  public  opinion  was  one  way  to  create  grassroots  support  to  call  for   governmental  action.  Was  she  going  to  use  her   position  of  influence  to  make  advances  on  housing  issues  ?  And  how  would  she  use   her  powers  as  a  municipal  legislator  to  make  progress  for  New  York  City  tenants  ?   In  the  time  leading  up  to  the  2001  election.  She  would  use  her  presence  at  media  events  to  fluff  her  tenancy   work.  but  it  gave  her  the  ability  to  sway  voters.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.

 This  was  a  positive  affirmation  of  that  system  of  paybacks   that  Christine’s  father  had  instilled  in  her.  and  7  World  Trade  Center.  the  social  fabric  had  been  seriously  disrupted.  2.  That’s  how  the   political  system  worked.   In  the  aftermath  of  the  September  11  attacks.  her  motivations  were  already  becoming  more   like  those  of  an  entrenched  incumbent.  Their  landlord  was  proposing  to   take  the  whole  complex  out  of  an  affordable  housing  program  called  Mitchell-­‐Lama.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Security  and  health  concerns  led   Downtown  residents  to  face  evacuation.  faced  a  devastating  prospect.given  the  position  of  chair  of  the  City  Council  Health  Committee.       Mitchell-­‐Lama  was  a  housing  program  developed  after  the  severe  housing   shortage  experienced  in  New  York  following  the  end  of  World  War  II.  many  downtown  residents   faced  a  housing  disaster.  since   businesses  would  close  as  a  result  of  residual  effects  from  the  attacks.gov/legislation/bill/A3020-­‐2013     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  which  compeled   that  somebody  to  help  you.  because  of  the  toxic  debris  caused  by  the  collapse  of  three   towers  at  1.  In  Downtown   Manhattan.  or  economic  wrongs  needed  to  be  corrected.  tenants  at  Independence  Plaza  North.231    The   program  provided  incentives  for  real  estate  developers  to  construct  affordable                                                                                                                   231  http://open.  You  helped  somebody.  a  massive  affordable  high-­‐rise   building  in  Tribeca.  Returning  to  normal  would  prove  to  be  difficult.  and  these  residents  were  locked  out  of  their   apartments  for  some  time.  Christine’s  political  motivations  were  once  given  by  a   sensibility  that  social.  But  after   being  in  office  for  about  three  years.nysenate.  A  couple  of  years  after  the   attacks.  legal.   -­‐  113  -­‐     .  Here’s  one  example  of  how  Christine  began   to  care  more  about  her  relationship  with  her  political  donors  over  the  concerns  of   tenants  in  affordable  housing.

 Tenants  were  seeking  added  protections  that  would  let  them   stay  in  their  affordable  to  moderately  affordable  apartments.  then  the  caps   on  rents  that  would  make  the  apartments  affordable  would  only  last  about  20  years.  .   mainly  in  the  form  of  low-­‐cost  loans.   -­‐  114  -­‐     .232    When  the  new   owner  of  Independence  Plaza  North  seemed  intent  on  taking  the  large  complex  of   buildings  in  TriBeCa  out  of  the  program.  making  it  more  difficult  for  owners  to  make  a  windfall  by   throwing  out  their  old  tenants  in  favor  of  new  tenants  willing  to  pay  free  market   rents.  and  about  165.  from  when  the  building  first  entered  the  program.housing.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.html     233  http://www.com/2003/11/02/realestate/leaving-­‐mitchell-­‐lama-­‐many-­‐paths-­‐all-­‐bumpy.com/2003/11/02/realestate/leaving-­‐mitchell-­‐lama-­‐many-­‐paths-­‐all-­‐bumpy.  Some  of  the  buildings  were  rental  apartments.  as  she  had  mastered  the  art  of  the  media  sound  bite.nytimes.233    Speaker  Miller.  many  tenants  sought  help  from  New  York   City  councilmembers.  Christine.nytimes.  residents  of  Independent  Plaza  North.  This  kind  of  a  press  event  had  already  become  par  for  the   course  to  Christine.  a  former  tenant  organizer  at  Independence  Plaza  North.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Christine  refused                                                                                                                   232  http://www.  and  others   stood  on  the  steps  of  City  Hall  at  a  press  event  to  build  public  support  for  Speaker   Miller’s  proposed  bill.   give  or  take.  The  program  proved  to  be  moderately   successful.  and  in  exchange  developers  received  what  were  essentially  subsidies.  and  others  were   built  as  co-­‐ops  for  sale.   City  Council  Speaker  Miller  proposed  legislation  to  help  answer  the  concerns   of  Mitchell-­‐Lama  residents.  If  the  building  was  a  rental  apartment  building.000  units  were  constructed  across  400  projects.  His  proposal  would  add  new  regulations  to  owners  of   Mitchell-­‐Lama  buildings.  There   were  conditions  that  governed  when  the  owner  of  a  Mitchell-­‐Lama  building  could   exit  the  program.  But   according  to  recollections  of  that  press  event  posted  on  the  Internet  by  Neil   Fabricant.

 she  passed  on  the  microphone   without  making  any  remarks  to  the  press.00  per  unit  that  would  be  converted  to  free  market  rent.com/2003/11/02/realestate/leaving-­‐mitchell-­‐lama-­‐many-­‐paths-­‐all-­‐bumpy.php/06/independence-­‐plaza-­‐if-­‐you-­‐cant-­‐tell-­‐the-­‐truth-­‐at-­‐least-­‐dont-­‐lie/     235  http://www.com/index.  At  one  Mitchell-­‐Lama  complex  on   the  East  Side  of  Manhattan.   by  this  time.to  speak  in  front  of  the  cameras  in  support  of  the  Mitchell-­‐Lama  protection  bill.500.”234     The  bill  proposed  by  Speaker  Miller  had  been  negotiated  by  tenants  rights   activists.  especially  since  Christine  was  a  co-­‐sponsor  of   Speaker  Miller’s  bill.236  At  one  Brooklyn  Heights  building.  Christine  already  had  “close  ties  to  the  real  estate  industry.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.00  once  that  complex  left  the   program.    All  Rights  Reserved.  which  had  been   the  requirement  at  the  time.”  Mr.  “Later  I  learned  that  she  was  not  the  enthusiastic  supporter   that  she  had  made  herself  out  to  be.  Tenants  faced  the  prospect  of  huge  rent  increases   or  evections  if  building  owners  left  the  program.   -­‐  115  -­‐     .  and  building  owners  would  have  to  pay  a  fee  of   $1.00  to  about  $4.html     236  http://www.  rents  on  a  three  bedroom  Mitchell-­‐Lama  apartment   would  be  raised  from  $1.   When  the  microphone  was  passed  to  Christine.  these  added  protections  were  viewed  as  being  fair  by   concerned  Mitchell-­‐Lama  tenants.000.com/2004/08/01/nyregion/neighborhood-­‐report-­‐kips-­‐bay-­‐tenants-­‐battle-­‐for-­‐low-­‐ rents-­‐and-­‐a-­‐diverse-­‐building.nytimes.  Fabricant  would  learn  the  hard  way  that.  the   proposed  bill  would  make  it  a  requirement  to  have  a  community  impact  study.  Christine’s  refusal  to  speak  in  support  of   the  bill  confounded  Mr.  It  would  have  required  building  owners  to  give  residents  notice  of  18   months  before  they  could  leave  the  program  instead  of  12  months.235   When  taken  as  a  whole.  Fabricant.  On  top  of  that.  all  of  the  Mitchell-­‐Lama  residents                                                                                                                   234  http://bloombergwatch.000.nytimes.

 and  tenant  activists  had  lined  up  a  veto-­‐proof   majority  support  within  the  City  Council.html     242  http://cooperator.240    In  spite  of  a  history  of  corruption  in  New  York  City  real  estate.  “We  don’t  want  to  demonize  the  landlords.241     REBNY  fought  efforts  at  regulation.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Mr.  the  trade  group  took  further   steps  to  exert  even  more  influence  over  politicians.com/index.com/index.com/issues_articles/getting-­‐checkbooks-­‐out-­‐for-­‐rebny-­‐as-­‐annual-­‐dues-­‐look/     241  http://www.  Mr.com/2010/04/rebny-­‐taps-­‐former-­‐bloomberg-­‐official-­‐to-­‐lead-­‐political-­‐push/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.com/1999/06/12/nyregion/8-­‐charged-­‐with-­‐getting-­‐kickbacks-­‐at-­‐31-­‐buildings.com/archives/news/tenants-­‐shown-­‐door-­‐mitchell-­‐lama-­‐buyer-­‐pulls-­‐1st-­‐total-­‐ eviction-­‐article-­‐1.  Mr.239     REBNY  is  a  powerful  lobbying  group  for  wealthy  developers  and  others  in  the  real   estate  trade.received  eviction  notices.527747     238  http://bloombergwatch.  Even  though  Speaker  Miller   was  sponsoring  the  proposed  bill.html     243  http://observer.   At  the  City  Hall  press  event.  Fabricant  recounted  that  Speaker  Miller  had   admonished  him  for  having  gone  too  far  in  his  critical  remarks  about  owners  of   Mitchell-­‐Lama  buildings.243    But  once  REBNY  saw  that                                                                                                                   237  http://www.”  Mr.php/07/the-­‐real-­‐christine-­‐quinn-­‐stands-­‐up—and-­‐quickly-­‐sits-­‐down/     240  http://therealdeal.  Fabricant  came   to  believe  that  the  only  reason  that  Speaker  Miller  had  sponsored  the  draft  bill  to   help  Mitchell-­‐Lama  residents  was  that  the  proposed  changes  would  by  and  large  not   impact  members  of  the  powerful  Real  Estate  Board  of  New  York  (REBNY).237    There  was  a  lot  at  stake  for  people  of  low-­‐income  or  of   the  working  class.php/07/the-­‐real-­‐christine-­‐quinn-­‐stands-­‐up—and-­‐quickly-­‐sits-­‐down/     239  http://bloombergwatch.nydailynews.com/articles/1095/1/The-­‐Debate-­‐Goes-­‐On/Page1.     In  postings  on  a  political  Web  site.  Fabricant’s  retelling  of  that  day’s  events.  the  real  estate  industry  still  carried  weight.242  In  later  years.nytimes.  Fabricant     recalled  Speaker  Miller  as  having  said.  Fabricant  described  the  pressure  that   real  estate  developers  exerted  over  councilmembers.   -­‐  116  -­‐     .238     According  to  Mr.

 the  spin  that  city  officials  put  on  the  loan  program  was  that   the  proceeds  of  the  loans  would  go  for  building  repairs.244     The  following  year.  this  package  of  loans  would  somehow  stop  evictions   and  steep  rent  increases.  low-­‐interest  loans  to  building  owners.  for  which  the  landlords  should  have  already  budgeted                                                                                                                   244  http://www.  But  City  Councilmembers  had  to  show  something  for  the  low-­‐cost  loan   giveaway.  The  low-­‐cost  loan  giveaway  would  be  a  boon   to  landlord  profits.  once  it   became  opposed  by  REBNY.245    In  the  minds   of  the  City  Councilmembers.Mitchell-­‐Lama  activists  like  Mr.  Huge  real  estate  holdings  are  managed  like  any  other   investment  company  :  it’s  a  business  that’s  all  about  leveraging  the  lowest  cost  of   capital  for  the  highest  return  on  equity.  The  draft  bill  proposed  by  Speaker  Miller.html     245  http://www.  In  the  new  bill.  Fabricant  were  becoming  a  threat.  But  these  Mitchell-­‐Lama   buildings  were  neither  flophouses  nor  rattraps.  the  owner  of  Independence  Plaza  North  was  allowed  to   leave  the  Mitchell-­‐Lama  program.  but  this  bill  would  only  work  if  Mitchell-­‐Lama  landlords   accepted  the  new  low-­‐cost  loans.  the  trade  group   publicly  denounced  Speaker  Miller’s  draft  bill.  was  transformed  from  a  bill  with  restrictions  on   Mitchell-­‐Lama  buildings  owners  to  one  that  would  provide  low-­‐cost  refinancing  of   existing  mortgages  and  new.   -­‐  117  -­‐     .  there  were  no  more  demands  or   requirements  made  of  the  Mitchell-­‐Lama  landlords.  Instead.  but  tenants  received  some  nominal  protections   from  escalating  rent  increases.  Yet.com/2004/06/29/nyregion/city-­‐announces-­‐financing-­‐deal-­‐for-­‐mitchell-­‐lama-­‐ landlords.com/DE_14/councilsays.  and  so  they  made  it  appear  that  the  loan  package  would  be  used  to   finance  building  repairs.    All  Rights  Reserved.  the  bill  became  a  low-­‐ cost  loan  giveaway.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.downtownexpress.  These  were  rather  well  maintained   buildings.nytimes.

 In  all   likelihood.  She  deliberately  passed  the   buck  on  the  crisis  faced  by  its  tenants.   Michael  McKee.  She  had  at  her  disposal  a  platform  in  the  City   Hall  press  that  gave  her  a  visibility  that  enhanced  her  authority  with  voters.    All  Rights  Reserved.  praised  the  loan  package  to  landlords.”  he  told  The  New  York  Times.  but  she                                                                                                                   246  http://www.nytimes.  these  low-­‐cost  loans  would  just  help  Mitchell-­‐Lama  landlords  to   maximize  their  return  on  equity  and  nothing  else.  and   there  was  no  way  to  guarantee  compliance  with  the  making  of  repairs.  the  controversial  tenant  activist  alongside  whom  Christine  once   worked.  The  new  package  of   15  year  loans  was  estimated  to  potentially  cost  New  York  City  taxpayers  over  $75   million.nytimes.   In  the  new  bill.  This  money  would  not  pay  for  new  construction  of  affordable  housing.  and   we  support  it.   -­‐  118  -­‐     .html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Tenants  would  not  be  able  to  qualify  their  apartments  for  rent   stabilization.  247    It’s  not  known  how  the  story  for  Independence  Plaza  North  might   have  played  out  had  Christine  made  different  choices.  Meanwhile.com/2009/11/05/nyregion/05independence.  And  this   was  precisely  how  REBNY  got  its  way  in  New  York  City  politics.246   As  it  turned  out.through  existing  rent  proceeds.  The  new  bill  fit  the  classic  description  of  “smoke  and   mirrors”  :  it  was  only  an  illusion  that  the  new  bill  served  to  provide  of  more  tenant   protections.  there  was  no  specification  for  oversight  to  make  sure  that   building  repairs  was  exactly  how  the  loan  money  would  actually  be  used.  “We  think  it’s  a  good  program.  the  deal  for  Independent  Plaza  North  was  beset  by  further   controversy.  Christine  had  to  make   sure  that  there  was  an  appropriate  political  cover  to  the  low-­‐cost  loan  giveaway.html     247  http://www.com/2004/06/29/nyregion/city-­‐announces-­‐financing-­‐deal-­‐for-­‐mitchell-­‐lama-­‐ landlords.

    About  the  time  that  the  fight  for  tougher  protections  for  Mitchell-­‐Lama   residents  was  playing  out.  As  a  councilmember.  who  had  already  enjoyed  similar   benefits  for  over  20  years.  For  the  first   few  years  of  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  administration.   Past  progressive  reforms  included  outright  bans  on  poorly  constructed  apartment   buildings.  gave  them  a   package  of  more  low-­‐cost  loans  to  building  owners.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Christine  was  very  visible  in  her   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  instead  of  putting  binding  restrictions  on  Mitchell-­‐Lama  landlords.  Christine  supported  a  watered-­‐down  bill   that.  and  other  reforms  included  the  roll-­‐out  of  programs  that  would  finance   the  construction  of  numerous  affordable  housing  buildings.chose  not  use  that  influence  to  build  public  support  for  reforms  to  extend  Mitchell-­‐ Lama  protections.  and  REBNY  saw  how  they  could  manipulate  a  crisis  over   affordable  housing  into  a  legislative  package  of  more  financial  incentives  that  the   wealthy  landlords  could  use  to  their  advantage.   This  was  before  she  had  made  a  pact  with  Mayor  Bloomberg  to  enable  his  agenda  of   gentrification  that  would  price  out  low-­‐income  and  middle  class  workers  into  the   margins  of  New  York  City.   -­‐  119  -­‐     .  Christine  fought  against  the  only  major  zone-­‐busting   development  deal  that  she  would  ever  publicly  mount  in  her  entire  political  career.  The  low-­‐cost  loan  giveaway  paled  in  comparison  with   past  attempts  at  instituting  progressive  reforms  in  the  New  York  real  estate  market.  The  extension  of  more   low-­‐cost  loans  by  the  New  York  City  Council  achieved  no  transformative  gains  for   Mitchell-­‐Lama  tenants.  Mayor  Bloomberg  was  trying  to  rezone  a  large  part  of  the   West  Side  of  Midtown  Manhattan  for  high  rise  construction  in  order  to  supposedly   create  tax  revenues  to  fund  the  construction  of  a  new  sports  stadium.

 who  wished  to  remain   anonymous.  it  wasn’t  exactly  clear   whether  Christine  was  completely  committed  to  opposing  both  aspects  of  the  plan.  while  the  building  of  the  sports  stadium  was  referred  to   as  the  West  Side  Stadium.   Christine  opened  up  her  “bitch  tap.com/watch?v=EpvoM2eQED8     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  it  was  important  to  keep  maintaining  her  myth  as  a  tenants’  right  activist   and  to  keep  appearing  as  if  she  opposed  major  zone-­‐busting  real  estate  deals.  But  to   Christine.   The  part  of  the  project  that  involved  the  rezoning  of  vast  amounts  of  land  was   referred  to  Hudson  Yards.  This  would  be  the  last  time  that  Christine  would  ever   publicly  oppose  Mayor  Bloomberg.  Any   indication  to  the  contrary  would  be  met  with  harsh  retribution  from  Christine.opposition  to  this  plan.248    Christine  had   been  absent  from  a  press  conference  that  had  been  called  to  oppose  the  massive   construction  plan.    All  Rights  Reserved.  At  one  early  media  event  on  the  steps  of  City  Hall  in   opposition  to  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  plans.youtube.   -­‐  120  -­‐     .  and  she  felt  that  she  had  to  defend  herself.  When  Christine  learned  that  one  activist.  and   that’s  exactly  how  she  reacted  to  the  one  activist  over  the  Hudson  Yards  project.  even  though  she  never   explained  why  she  did  not  participate  at  the  press  conference.  was  challenging  her  commitment  to  the  opposition  movement.  Christine  was  absent.”  and  she  let  the  activist  have  it.  To  others.                                                                                                                   248  http://www.  creating  the   impression  that  she  was  waffling  on  her  opposition  to  the  Hudson  Yards  aspect  of   the  project.  Christine’s   absence  looked  remarkably  similar  to  the  episode  when  Christine  passed  the   microphone  without  speaking  one  word  at  the  Mitchell-­‐Lama  press  conference  -­‐-­‐  an   indication  that  Christine  didn’t  want  to  upset  developers  and  landlords.     In  the  beginning  stages  of  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  project.

”250      These  voicemail  messages  would  finally  offer  a  public   insight  into  Christine’s  self-­‐described  “bitch  tap.  in  order  to  stay  on  voters’  good  side.570765     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   -­‐  121  -­‐     .  Christine  navigated  her  way   through  the  two  controversial  projects  by  asserting  that  she  didn’t  believe  that  the   Hudson  Yards  project  would  generate  enough  new  tax  revenue  to  finance  the  West   Side  Stadium.  real  estate  interests  supported  the  Hudson  Yards  project.be/EpvoM2eQED8     251  http://travel.    All  Rights  Reserved.  The  myth  about  her  advocacy  was  so  important  to   Christine  that  she  was  not  above  bullying  others  to  keep  this  public  myth  alive.  Christine  was  deliberately  belittling  the  activist.  which  the  activist  recorded  and   posted  to  YouTube  years  later.Christine  left  a  couple  of  indignant  and  dramatic  voice  mail  messages  for  the   Hudson  Yards  activist.  New  York-­‐based  developer  Tishman  Speyer  was  one  of  the  early  leaders   identified  to  possibly  manage  the  development  project.252  Between  the  opposing  choices  of   enabling  developers  or  pacifying  voters.be/-­‐bSMJK4MP-­‐I     250  http://youtu.  I  would  like  an  e-­‐mail  to  my  office  immediately.   Predictably.com/2008/03/28/opinion/28fri4.   We  will  call  each  one.nytimes.  or  do  you  merely  single  out  the  female  councilmember   to  attack  in  some  kind  of  sick.251  But  opinion  polls  showed   that  voters  were  against  the  West  Side  Stadium.  and   the  tone  of  her  messages  was  intimidating  and  menacing.  In  those  voice  mail  messages.html     252  http://www.nydailynews.  Christine  escalated  her  opposition  to  the   stadium  plan.  and   the  giant.  sexist  routine  ?  I  would  like  a  list  of  every  single   person  you  told  this  blatant  lie  to.”  what  others  would  describe  as  the   dark  side  of  her  personality.  She  pointed  to  the  conflict  of  interest  inherent  in  the  application                                                                                                                   249  http://youtu.com/archives/news/jets-­‐yes-­‐pay-­‐hah-­‐article-­‐1.  Are  you  saying  that  Tom  [Duane]  and  Dick  [Gottfried]  are  waffling.249    “I  couldn’t  be  at  the   press  conference.   because  they  only  sent  staff.

”  Christine  said  at  a  public  town  hall  about  the  proposal.com/2004/12/08/nyregion/08javits.nytimes.  and  she  based  her   opposition  on  sound  reasoning.com/civic_conv/7_19_04_opening.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Speaker  Miller  had  yet  to  announce  whether  he                                                                                                                   253  http://old.gothamgazette.html     256  http://query.253  In  the  fight   against  the  West  Side  Stadium  and  the  Hudson  Yards  project.254    255    256    The  oppositional  work  she  did  helped  to  shore  up  her  myth.  Christine  used  her   platform  in  the  media  as  the  elected  official  representing  the  Hudson  Yards   neighborhood  to  authoritatively  oppose  the  stadium  deal.     Many  news  articles  documented  Christine’s  opposition  to  the  West  Side   Stadium.shtml     254  http://www.html?res=9A03E5D6133FF93BA25752C1A9629C8B63     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.nytimes.com/2004/03/26/nyregion/facing-­‐long-­‐road-­‐west-­‐side-­‐makeover-­‐gets-­‐a-­‐big-­‐ sendoff.   But  one  interesting  lesson  Christine  learned  from  Speaker  Miller  was  this  :  he  had   remained  silent  about  his  final  decision  about  the  West  Side  Stadium  plan  until   almost  the  very  end.  But  this  inconsistency  was  a  troubling   development.  “I   am  troubled  by  the  fact  that  the  environmental  impact  statement  and  most  of  the   economic  discussion  about  the  stadium  is  based  on  an  Ernst  &  Young  statement.   which  had  been  weakened  by  her  inaction  on  behalf  of  the  Mitchell-­‐Lama  tenants.nytimes.   -­‐  122  -­‐     .com/gst/fullpage.  it  would  foreshadow  the  crossing  of  a   threshold.  once  the  stadium  plan  looked  like  it  would  not  be  approved.process  as  a  tactic  to  question  the  economic  assumptions  of  the  ambitious  project.  As   late  as  the  summer  of  2004.  and.html     255  http://www.  more  than  anything  else.  Unlike  with  the  crisis  at  Independence  Plaza  North   and  other  Mitchell-­‐Lama  buildings.  and   nothing  against  Ernst  &  Young.  this  time  Christine  was  unafraid  to  be  bold  in  her   use  of  her  platform  with  the  media.  but  they  were  hired  to  do  that  study  by  the  New   York  Jets.

   All  Rights  Reserved.257    Speaker  Miller  finally  announced  his   opposition  to  the  stadium  plan258  three  weeks  before  the  state  legislature  refused  to   consider  the  plan.html?res=9A03E5D6133FF93BA25752C1A9629C8B63     259  http://www.  Christine  was  just  using  her  platform  in  the  media  to  ride  the  wave                                                                                                                   257  http://www.nydailynews.  it  turned  out   that  she  wasn’t  really  on  the  hook  for  casting  a  deciding  vote  that  would  kill  the   project.  she  had  caused  an  upset  for  developers.259    For  such  a   contentious  and  controversial  plan.supported  or  opposed  the  stadium  plan.656532     258  http://query.  Speaker  Miller’s  delay  tactic  was  a  lesson  that   Christine  would  adopt  and  put  into  practice  in  her  later  career.  but  Christine  wasn’t  the   ultimate  decider.  Speaker  Miller  didn’t   want  to  take  an  early  position  on  a  real  estate  issue  that  would  upset  developers.  which  Christine  got  out  of  her  experience  in  opposing  the   West  Side  Stadium.  but  she  saw  how  Speaker  Miller  was  able  to  use  the   delay  tactic  without  having  paid  too  much  of  a  political  price.  Christine  had  to  make  a  commitment  to  placate  the   activists  in  her  community.  The  whole  time  that  she  was  opposing  the  stadium.  Years  later.  was  that  final  approval  for  the  project  was  needed  from  state   officials  in  Albany.   -­‐  123  -­‐     .com/gst/fullpage.  Christine   would  take  non-­‐committal  positions  on  controversial  issues  as  a  tactic  she  would   use  to  great  political  advantage.com/archives/news/speaker-­‐mum-­‐jets-­‐plan-­‐article-­‐1.  thereby  dealing  a  serious  setback  to  the  stadium.  Sure.  but   Christine  was  still  too  connected  at  that  time  with  radical  activists  in  her  City   Council  district  to  be  allowed  the  kind  of  room  to  adopt  that  level  of  manipulative.     Another  lesson.   non-­‐committal  political  stance.com/2004/12/08/nyregion/08javits.  Speaker   Miller  refused  to  make  a  public  declaration  of  his  own  position  on  the  stadium  plan   until  it  was  almost  certain  to  fail.nytimes.nytimes.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  which  voters  overwhelmingly  opposed.

 Christine  came  out  looking  pretty  good  with   everybody.of  voter  anger  against  the  stadium  plan  for  her  own  political  benefit.html     261  http://www.  with  the  possible  exceptions  of  Mayor  Bloomberg  and  the  developer   Tishman  Speyer.  and  she  learned  that  when  the  final  authority  for  an  outcome  of  a   controversial  issue  was  up  in  Albany.nytimes.  the  West  Side  Stadium  was  formally   defeated  when  New  York  State  Assembly  Speaker  Sheldon  Silver  refused  to  support   the  plan.  By  opposing  the  stadium.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  There  was  a  third  lesson  from  this  process  for  Christine.  Ultimately.  the  Dolans.  260       Speaker  Silver’s  personal  political  motivations  were  augmented  by  the  motivations   of  a  powerful  billionaire  New  York  family.                                                                                                                   260  http://www.  she  would  have   angered  voters  and  the  powerful  Dolan  family.com/2005/06/06/nyregion/06cnd-­‐stadium.  it  gave  her  license  to  use  the  situation  to  her   advantage.    All  Rights  Reserved.  She  was  only   grandstanding.  she  had   appeased  voters  and  fluffed  her  myth.  When   the  time  came  for  the  final  decision  to  be  rendered  on  the  plan.261    Christine  saw  that   a  large  real  estate  development  deal  in  Manhattan  could  be  subject  to  many  outside   pressures.  and  even  if  she  had  initially  supported  the  stadium  plan.  The  third  lesson  came  down  to  this  :  Christine  saw  that  there  was  a   way  to  spin  a  win  from  a  divisive  situation.   -­‐  124  -­‐     .  Christine  was  happy   to  see  Speaker  Silver  take  the  heat.  The  Dolans  came  to  view  the  West  Side  Stadium  as  competition  to  their  own   sports  venue.nytimes.  in  the  summer  of  2005.  and  she  had  done  right  by  the  Dolans.  and  the  Dolans  organized  to  defeat  the  proposal.  which  was  in  his  Assembly  district.  who  owned  Madison  Square   Garden.  The  reason  that   Speaker  Silver  opposed  the  stadium  project  was  because  the  construction  would   compete  with  the  recovery  of  Ground  Zero.com/2005/06/06/nyregion/06cnd-­‐stadium.

Meanwhile.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.595300     263  http://www.  In  Christine’s   new  emerging  worldview  of  tenants’  rights  advocacy.  If  2.”263  To  the  new  developers.600  new.com/2009/12/22/nyregion/22hudson.  Christine  was  still  opposing  the  Hudson  Yards  part   of  the  project.  And  part  of  the  burden  of  creating  new  affordable   housing  was  shifted  to  taxpayers.    All  Rights  Reserved.nytimes.  though.  it  doesn't  go  far  enough.  and  soon  enough  we  will  see  why  Christine  moved  so  swiftly  to   support  this  development  project.  she  had   changed  her  mind.  real  estate  developers  had  to   be  let  off  the  hook.  It  required  far  fewer   affordable  housing  units.  “Although  this  plan   has  taken  steps  forward  on  affordable  housing.264    Allowing  developers  a  way  to  manipulate  development  plans                                                                                                                   262  http://www.  The  final  part  of  the  Hudson  Yards  plan  that   Christine  supported  through  City  Council  passage.  developer-­‐ provided  affordable  housing  units  were  considered  too  few  for  Christine  in  2004.  and  the  city  would  “try  to  acquire”  an  additional   150  housing  units  in  the  form  of  single-­‐room  occupancy  hotel  rooms.   she  didn’t  explain  why  431  new  units  suddenly  become  acceptable  in  2009.  Christine  agreed  on  behalf  of  New  York  City  to   build  320  affordable  apartments.000  apartments.html     264  http://www.nytimes.  in  late  2004.  because  the  original  plan  only  called  for  approximately  2.com/archives/news/mike-­‐takes-­‐housing-­‐hit-­‐article-­‐1.nydailynews.com/2009/12/22/nyregion/22hudson.”  Christine   told  The  New  York  Daily  News  at  the  time.   The  new  deal  called  for  the  developer  to  preserve  an  additional  401  of   existing  affordable  apartments.  what  mattered  most  was  that   the  requirement  for  affordable  housing  was  lowered.  262    By  the  end  of  2009.   -­‐  125  -­‐     .600   affordable  housing  units  out  a  total  of  nearly  14.  was  led  by  different  developers  :   a  joint  venture  of  Related  Companies  and  Goldman  Sachs.  The  final  plan  called  for  a  set  aside  of  only  431  apartments   to  be  “below  market  rents.

 Fabricant’s  analysis  of  Christine’s   failures  can  be  seen  from  the  perspective  of  her  authority  and  influence.    All  Rights  Reserved.265    but  the  net  value  of  wealth   that  would  be  created  and  transferred  to  the  final  developers  of  the  project  by  the   rezoning  of  land  use.  is  as  fraudulent   as  virtually  everything  known  about  her  career.  She  had  the   power  to  extract  concessions  in  the  final  Hudson  Yards  zoning  agreement.nyc.  Fabricant  said  in  an  exclusive   interview  for  this  book.  the  lower  affordable  housing  requirements.  Eventually.  2)  call  on  other   branches  of  government  to  help  tenants  when  the  person  doing  the  calling  has  the   power  to  do  far  more.  to  mobilize  public  opinion  against  the   change.to  provide  fewer  affordable  housing  units  was  a  form  of  a  giveaway  to  developers.  and   Christine  was  there  to  enable  this.  And  she  had  the  power  to  take  her  concerns  to  the  media  about   the  lower  affordable  housing  requirement.  or  3)  do  nothing.  but   Christine  chose  to  instead  water  down  the  affordable  housing  units  being  offered  by   the  new  developers.  let  alone  a  tenant  champion.  “She's  done  what  most  faux  tenant  supporters  do:  1)  pass   meaningless  bills  and  proclaim  them  as  great  achievements.  but  Christine  chose  to  instead  approve  the  watered-­‐down  requirements                                                                                                                   265  http://www.us/iboreports/hudsonyards2013.  revenues  from  the   Hudson  Yards  project  would  fall  short  of  expectations.   “Quinn’s  claim  to  be  a  supporter.ny.  and  the  tax   incentives  would  total  billions.pdf     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.ibo.    Developers  would  make  out  like  bandits.”  Mr.   -­‐  126  -­‐     .   and  this  came  on  top  of  giving  Hudson  Yards  developers  tax  breaks.  in  addition  to   the  fact  that  the  Metropolitan  Subway  Authority  was  going  to  enhance  the  value  of   the  properties  in  the  development  by  extending  the  7  train  line  from  Times  Square   to  the  Far  West  Side  and  then  down  to  34th  Street.”  Mr.

 Like  Mr.  and  now  it  wanted  to   cash  out.  The   controversy  surrounding  her  election  will  be  examined  in  Chapter  8.  MetLife  had  constructed  the  large   complexes  of  affordable  housing  using  government  subsidies.nytimes.   MetLife.  was  looking  to  unload  Stuy-­‐Town  and   Peter  Cooper  in  an  effort  to  unlock  massive  profits  from  its  real  estate  holdings  at   the  height  of  the  speculative  real  estate  bubble.  Fabricant  had  described  in  his   recollections  of  the  fight  for  added  Mitchell-­‐Lama  protections.  Back  then.    All  Rights  Reserved.html       ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Christine  was  elected  to  become  the  speaker  of  the  City  Council.4  billion  deal.  the  giant  developer  which  eventually  lost  out  on  the   Hudson  Yards  project.  and  a  real  estate  unit  of  the  large  private  equity  behemoth   BlackRock.com/2006/11/18/nyregion/18stuyvesant.  the  large  insurance  company.  The  principal  Tishman  Speyer  executive.266  Tenant   activists  feared  that  the  sale  was  contingent  on  the  new  buyers  forcing  out  rent   stabilized  tenants  in  order  to  raise  the  rents  to  free  market  levels.  over  10.  was  a  former  co-­‐head  of  the  Partnership  For  New  York  City.  Christine  gave  lip  service  to  shame  MetLife  in  one  article  in  The                                                                                                                   266  http://www.000  apartments  in  the  massive  complex  of  Stuyvesant  Town  and  Peter   Cooper  Village  were  sold  to  real  estate  speculators  in  a  $5.  The  Partnership   For  New  York  City  liked  to  act  behind  the  scenes  to  further  the  political  agenda  of  its   mega  corporation  members.  a  close   associate  of  Christine.  a  Chamber  of   Commerce-­‐like  trade  group  of  top  New  York  corporate  executives.  Christine  had  already   joined  the  real  estate  industry’s  side.without  making  any  public  waves.  who  put  the  massive  deal   together.     In  2006.  The  new  buyers   were  led  by  Tishman  Speyer.  But  in  the  same   year.  Its  General  Counsel  was  Brad  Hoylman.   -­‐  127  -­‐     .

 Hoylman.  when  it  was  still  thought  that  Mayor                                                                                                                   267  http://www.  One  need   only  look  back  to  see  how  uncommitted  Christine  was  in  maintaining  intact  the   affordable  housing  requirement  for  the  Hudson  Yards  developers.268  but  not  before  thousands  of   apartments  were  wrongly  removed  from  rent  regulation.    All  Rights  Reserved.  but  she  took  no  further  action.  Eventually.  By  about  this  time.1344287     270  http://www.  the  myth  that  Christine  was  still  an  advocate  for   tenants’  rights  was  about  as  credible  as  still  believing  in  the  tooth  fairy.  the   Stuy-­‐Town  and  Peter  Cooper  deal  went  bankrupt.nytimes.com/new-­‐york/stuyway-­‐robbier-­‐cry-­‐tenants-­‐article-­‐1.269  and  some  tenants  spent   years  fighting  threats  of  massive  rent  increases.com/article/20130618/REAL_ESTATE/130619861     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  “The  commitment   they  once  had  to  New  York  City  is  gone.crainsnewyork.New  York  Times.html     268  http://www.html     269  http://www.”267  Christine  complained  that  she  couldn’t   get  a  meeting  with  MetLife.270   Two  years  after  Stuy-­‐Town  and  Peter  Cooper  were  sold  to  real  estate   speculators.  there  would  have  been  a  way  to  publicly  shame  MetLife  or  Mr.   These  donations  were  made  with  the  obvious  intention  to  influence  the  expected   mayoral  candidates  in  the  2009  election.  but  it  is  not  known  if  she  tried  getting  a  meeting  with   Mr.   Hoylman  into  it.    According  to   The  New  York  Times  report.nydailynews.  who  had  access  to  Tishman  Speyer  executives.  The  New  York  Times  published  a  damning  report  showing  that  the  real   estate  industry  was  donating  large  amounts  of  campaign  money  to  political   candidates  before  new  restrictions  on  the  industry  were  to  take  effect.nytimes.”  Christine  told  The  New  York  Times.  the  level  of  donations  being  made  by  real  estate   interests  were  between  three  to  four  times  the  levels  in  typical  election  cycles.  “At  one  time.   -­‐  128  -­‐     .com/2006/12/31/business/yourmoney/31speyer.  If  Christine  really   wanted  a  meeting.com/2010/01/26/nyregion/26stuy.  they  were  the  model  of   a  New  York  corporate  citizen.

 of  which  Christine  was  one.html     272  http://www.  272    It  was  now  finally   possible  to  understand  why  Christine  could  approve  the  Hudson  Yards  project  with   requirements  for  fewer  affordable  housing  units.nytimes.html     273  http://www.  City  Hall  exerts  influence  over  legislation  and  regulations   that  determine  zone-­‐busting  application  approvals.  Large   and  wealthy  developers  and  landlords  were  interested  in  compromising  Democratic   mayoral  candidates  to  weaken  their  commitment  to  reforming  the  land  use   approval  process  and  to  show  them  the  benefits  of  enabling  weaker  affordable   housing  requirements.  Indeed.  tax  breaks.  in   The  New  York  Times  campaign  report.com/2008/02/01/nyregion/01fundraising.Bloomberg  would  be  prevented  from  running  again  because  of  term  limits.  Vincent’s  Hospital.com/2008/02/01/nyregion/01fundraising.  at  the  time.271  and.    All  Rights  Reserved.   -­‐  129  -­‐     .  The   examination  of  real  estate  donation  records  showed  that.  as  was  seen   by  some  Mitchell-­‐Lama  landlords.  Christine  was   collecting  the  most  donations  from  real  estate  interests.nytimes.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  the  two  largest  real  estate  contributors  to  the   candidates  expected  to  run  for  mayor  in  2009.  Christine’s  official  acts  in  office   would  by  this  point  begin  to  appear  to  have  been  influenced  by  the  large  amounts  of   campaign  contributions  she  was  receiving  from  real  estate  developers.  were  the   owners  of  Rudin  Management  Company.273                                                                                                                     271  http://www.  City  Hall  could  be  tricked  into  easily  providing   deals  that  might  include  low-­‐cost  loan  packages  to  real  estate  investors.nytimes.com/2008/02/01/nyregion/01fundraising.  one  of  the  final  two  developers  selected  to  work  on  the   Hudson  Yards  project.  and  people  tied  to   the  Related  Companies.  who  would  become  entangled  in  a   protracted  real  estate  battle  over  the  fate  of  St.

 a   16.nytimes.  all  Christine  would  be  willing  to  do  is  to   lend  nominal.com/2008/02/01/nyregion/01fundraising.   Fabricant  had  said.4  percent  decrease.”275  The  cumulative  effect  of  the  loss  of  affordable  housing   would  take  its  toll  on  middle  and  lower-­‐income  residents.Now.  just  as  Mr.  Christine  was   becoming  the  go-­‐to  person  for  the  real  estate  industry.  there  could  be  no  more  truth  to  Christine’s  myth  of  her  still  being  an   advocate  for  tenants’  rights  and  affordable  housing.   -­‐  130  -­‐     .  More  and  more.  She  was  using  her  platform  and  her  official   powers  to  enable  the  real  estate  industry  to  carry  out  its  agenda.  yet  impotent  support  for  affordable  housing.  The  former  deputy  mayor   under  Mayor  Bloomberg  was  reported  at  the  time  to  have  bragged  about  Mayor   Bloomberg’s  record  of  78-­‐0  in  “pushing  through  zoning  changes  through  the  City   Council.  Like  in  her  photo  op  at  the   Independence  Plaza  North  media  event.  New  York  City  lost  by  one  calculation   “more  than  194.net/4c773e13c643a610dd_lqm6bh56n.html     275  http://coalhome.  As  one  began  to   clearly  see  the  arc  of  Christine’s  work  in  City  Council  as  it  related  to  real  estate   development  issues.  the  billionaire  mayor   would  by  many  accounts  focus  on  the  development  of  luxury  housing  for  a  super-­‐ wealthy  segment  of  the  city’s  population.    All  Rights  Reserved.000  rental  housing  units  affordable  to  low-­‐  income  households.  The  New  York  Times  reported.  the  real  estate  industry  got  what  it  wanted.  a  strategy  and  vision  that  left  no  place  for   affordable  housing.  it  was  easy  to  draw  the  conclusion  that  she  was  no  longer  in   public  office  to  advocate  for  tenants.  and  it  was  clear  that  she   knew  who  was  buttering  her  bread.pdf     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  The  City  Council  knew  not  to  stand  in  the  way  of   real  estate  development.  She  opposed  the  West                                                                                                                   274  http://www.   During  the  course  of  Mayor  Bloobmerg’s  mayoralty.”  274  Clearly.3cdn.  Between  2002  and  2008.

1126326     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Firstly.  and  real  estate  interests  over  any  real  expansion   of  affordable  housing.”  Their  lockstep  actions  on  real  estate  would  appear  to  favor  wealthy   landlords.nydailynews.    All  Rights  Reserved.  but  then  she  approved  the  Hudson  Yards  project  with  substantially   fewer  affordable  housing  units.  The  tenants’  rights  activist.    She  wouldn’t  fight  harder.  Increasing  affordable  housing  never  got  put  on  the   government’s  agenda.  real  estate  developers.  After  a  spectacular  series  of  tabloid  stories  about   the  shoddy  conditions  at  buildings  owned  by  NYCHA.  The  New  York  Daily  News   reported  that  NYCHA  was  sitting  on  almost  $1  billion  of  unspent  funds.  In  no  year  during  the  Bloomberg-­‐Quinn   administration  would  the  city  ever  show  a  growth  in  the  number  of  affordable   housing  units.  did  not  show  up  to  advocate  for  any  tenants.  they  would  get   even  less  attention  paid  to  their  needs.  because  these   resources  could  have  been  used  to  improve  or  expand  affordable  housing.  those  tenants  living  in   buildings  owned  by  the  New  York  City  Housing  Authority  (NYCHA).  many  would   come  to  brand  their  time  together  in  public  office  as  the  “Bloomberg-­‐Quinn   administration.Side  Stadium.com/new-­‐york/nycha-­‐board-­‐sitting-­‐1b-­‐fed-­‐cash-­‐article-­‐1.276    Housing   advocates  decried  the  revelation  of  the  massive  unspent  resources.  And  when  it  came  to  those  with  the  least.  except  for  opportunities  that  REBNY  exploited  to  find  ways  to   reward  the  real  estate  industry.     Two  more  aspects  remain  before  Christine  could  be  evaluated  on  her   progressive  record  on  affordable  housing.  by  the  final  years  of  his  mayoralty.  which  Christine   used  to  be.   -­‐  131  -­‐     .  officials  at  NYCHA                                                                                                                   276  http://www.  and  it  would  show  in  the   results  that  Christine  would  enable.   Christine  would  come  to  be  almost  universally  perceived  as  being  Mayor   Bloomberg’s  chief  enabler  that.  in  2013.

  -­‐  132  -­‐     .  In  these  new  buildings.  taking  away  what  little  open  spaces   NYCHA  tenants  had  would  make  public  housing  projects  more  dreary  and   oppressive.  It  wasn’t   lost  on  tenant  activists  that  NYCHA’s  plan  gave  short  shrift  to  those  with  the  least.concocted  a  scheme  to  lease  14  plots  of  irreplaceable  open  space  between  housing   projects  to  private  real  estate  developers  with  rights  to  construct  new  apartment   buildings.277  NYCHA  was  emphasizing  the   need  to  raise  more  revenue  to  pay  for  improvements  to  its  existing  buildings  at  a   time  when  it  was  exposed  to  be  hoarding  $1  billion  in  unspent  reserves.  like                                                                                                                   277  http://www.  The  open   spaces  that  NYCHA  residents  would  lose  under  this  plan  would  be  playgrounds  and   parking  lots.shtml     278  http://www.278    For  people  with  the  least.  free  market  rates.     Real  estate  developers  planned  to  make  money  from  this  NYCHA  scheme  by   paying  the  least  amount  in  lease  payments  to  NYCHA  in  exchange  for  collecting  the   most  amount  of  free  market  rents  from  the  tenants  in  the  newly  planned  upscale   buildings.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/new-­‐york/mayoral-­‐hopefuls-­‐slam-­‐nycha-­‐luxury-­‐high-­‐rise-­‐plan-­‐article-­‐ 1.   the  developers  would  get  to  pay  low  land  lease  rates.nydailynews.  It  was  impossible  to  see  how  Christine.  and  second  they  would  be   getting  use  of  public  land  that  belonged  to  the  taxpayers  of  New  York  City.    This  scheme  would  raise  only  between  $30  million  to  $50   million  in  annual  revenues  from  the  land  leases.gov/html/nycha/html/preserving/leasing-­‐land-­‐proposal.  How  could  municipal  leaders.  This  was  another  giveaway  to  real  estate  developers  on  two  levels  :  first.  80%  of  the  new  rental  units  were  planned  to  be   rented  at  full.  could  support  deteriorating  living  conditions.  and  only  20%  would  be  made  available  as   affordable  housing.1257547     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.nyc.   who  have  depended  on  NYCHA  for  housing.  who  once  called  herself  a   progressive.

nydailynews.nydailynews.  gave  a  walking  tour  of  a  mock  layout  of  the  newly  cramped  space  that   they  were  recommending  New  Yorkers  to  embrace.com/new-­‐york/10-­‐million-­‐report-­‐nycha-­‐shows-­‐backlog-­‐338-­‐000-­‐repair-­‐orders-­‐ 10-­‐000-­‐won-­‐addressed-­‐2014-­‐article-­‐1.   Lastly.279  and  all  Christine  could  muster  as  a   response  was  a  proposal  to  replace  the  computer  system  used  to  track  NYCHA   tenants.  All  of  NYCHA’s  problems  were  being  laid  bare  in  the  tabloid  newspapers   of  New  York.  if  there  was  room  to  build  more  residential   towers  on  NYCHA  property.  shouldn’t  the  tenants  in  the  new  housing  be  made  up  of   100%  of  NYCHA  residents  ?  Because  the  extreme  prices  for  housing  in  New  York   City  had  created  conditions  that  dislocated  so  many  people  with  low  incomes.1247382     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   -­‐  133  -­‐     .com/new-­‐york/city-­‐council-­‐eyes-­‐nycha-­‐reforms-­‐article-­‐1.  Mayor  Bloomberg  and  Amanda  Burden.1138249     280  http://www.   NYCHA  had  become  the  city’s  largest  landlord  with  approximately  600.  his  socialite   city  planner.  This  was  another   administration-­‐driven  plan  to  help  real  estate  developers  shrink  the  size  of   apartments.  so  that  they  could  increase  the  number  of  apartments  in  new   construction  with  the  aim  to  maximize  free  market  rents.000   residents.  A  scandal  about  a  severe  backlog  of  repairs  at  NYCHA  buildings   triggered  a  series  of  frontpage  headlines.    All  Rights  Reserved.  be  so  tone  deaf  to  the  outrageous  idea  of  building   upscale  apartment  buildings  on  the  irreplaceable  open  spaces  between  NYCHA’s   public  housing  projects  ?  If  nothing  else.Mayor  Bloomberg  and  Christine.  to  add  insult  to  injury.  the  Bloomberg  administration  began  an  effort   to  promote  the  idea  that  studio  apartments  for  single  occupants  should  be  no  more   than  300  square  foot  in  size.280    Christine  was  showing  herself  to  be  constitutionally  incapable  of  directly   addressing  any  major  housing  issue.  By  decreasing  the  size  of                                                                                                                   279  http://www.

 Instantly.  It  was  a  backdoor  giveaway  to  the  real  estate   industry.  and  it  was  possible  for  special  interests  to  take  control  of  a  regulating  body.  especially  from  real  estate  developers.  If  regulatory  capture  theory   is  true.  or   regulating  the  size  of  new  housing  units  would  have  a  lasting  impact.  What  Mayor   Bloomberg  was  essentially  calling  for  was  a  repeal  of  this  landmark  tenants’  rights   law.   -­‐  134  -­‐     .  “City  rules  mandating  bigger  apartments   were  put  in  place  to  combat  cramped  tenement  conditions.  when  New  York  State  passed  the  Tenement  House  Act  of  1901  after   tenement  housing  conditions  reached  inhumane  proportions.”  reported  The  New  York  Daily  News.  By  this  time.  the  real  estate  industry  had  found  a   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  by  the  very  nature  of  developers  and  landlords  having  flooded  political   candidates  with  large  campaign  contributions.  the  press  pointed  out  the  historic  ramifications  of  the  Bloomberg   plan  to  cut  the  size  of  future  apartments.  Christine’s  strategy  would  be  to  abdicate  any  leadership   role  in  advocating  for  progressive  reforms.   Over  and  over  again.  she  alone  controlled  the   legislative  agenda  in  the  City  Council.  Her  deliberate  decision  to  relinquish  any  role   in  calling  for  reforms  in  how  the  city  financed  affordable  housing.  Christine  had   become  compromised  by  her  acceptance  of  so  much  campaign  contributions  from   special  interests.  These   mandates  stemmed  from  reforms  enacted  during  the  Progressive  Era  at  the  turn  of   the  last  century.  but  her  strategy  wouldn’t   be  a  good  strategy  for  tenants.  landlords  would  be  able  to  increase  the  number  of  units  in  a  new   building.    All  Rights  Reserved.  public  housing.apartments.  all  other  things  being  equal.  but  Bloomberg  said  the   regulations  need  to  roll  with  the  times.   then.  And  Christine  knew  that  it  was  in  her  own  best  interest  to  remain  silent  about   Mayor  Bloomberg’s  plan  to  gut  the  Tenement  House  Act.

282    even  though  as  the  City  Council  speaker.    All  Rights  Reserved.city-­‐journal.  Near  the  end  of  Mike  Bloomberg’s   mayoralty.  executives  from  developers  and  landlords  had  donated  over   $800.                                                                                                                     281  http://therealdeal.com/newsgraphics/2013/08/18/reshaping-­‐new-­‐york/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   By  January  2013.html     283  http://www.org/2013/eon0128ng.  Astute  political   observers  would  need  to  look  at  Christine’s  political  donors  to  recognize  that  it  was   she  whom  developers  and  landlords  were  chiefly  targeting  for  legislative  capture.nytimes.  and  she  herself  accepted  lower  affordable  housing   requirements  at  the  Hudson  Yards  project.  it  was  reported  that  the  billionaire  mayor  had  managed  to  rezone  37%  of   the  land  in  New  York  City.00  to  Christine’s  political  campaign  for  the  2013  election  cycle.   -­‐  135  -­‐     .   representing  by  one  estimate  to  be  14%  of  the  $6  million  that  Christine  had  raised   as  of  that  point  for  her  next  political  campaign.  and  she   blamed  politicians  up  in  Albany.  she  was   in  a  position  to  make  a  difference.  And  all  of  the  small   denomination  contributions  she  had  collected  from  activists.000.000  affordable  housing  units.  Yet.com/blog/2013/02/20/quinn-­‐beats-­‐mayoral-­‐rivals-­‐in-­‐real-­‐estate-­‐donations/     282  http://www.way  to  neutralize  the  legislative  agenda  of  the  City  Council.  None  of  those  small   donations  ever  made  a  difference  to  keep  Christine  true  to  her  advocacy  roots.   Christine  would  continue  to  propagate  her  myth  as  a  tenants’  rights  activists  in  spite   of  her  record  of  failure.  the  City  Council  failed  to   seize  on  this  opportunity  to  make  affordable  housing  a  priority.  like  those  who  worked   for  Housing  Works.281    By  this  time.  would  prove  to  have  been  made  in  vain.  283    Under  Christine’s  leadership.  But  Christine  failed  to  deliver  greater  protections   for  Mitchell-­‐Lama  residents.  Christine  estimated   that  New  York  City  had  lost  a  total  of  300.

    In  the  beginning  of  her  career  in  public  office.  12  years  of  which  she  served  under  Mayor  Bloomberg.  legal.  Christine  also  had  power  that  came  from  her  authority   from  within  the  City  Council.  and  these  failures  caused  setbacks  for  New  Yorkers  searching  for  or   living  in  affordable  housing.  because  she  did  not  want  to  compromise  the  large  stream  of  campaign   contributions  from  wealthy  developers  and  landlords.   A  progressive  leader  would  have  substantially  limited  the  power  of  real   estate  interests  in  deciding  the  outcome  of  zone-­‐busting  development  deals.  she  refused  to  enthusiastically  support  the   first  version  of  proposed  legislation  that  would  have  provided  stiffer  protections  to   Mitchell-­‐Lama  residents.   Christine  could  have  unilaterally  put  important  social.  and  then  later  we  saw  how  she  watered  down  the   affordable  housing  requirements  in  the  massive  Hudson  Yards  project.   -­‐  136  -­‐     .  During  this  time.  But  Christine  took  inept  actions.  At  each  step   of  the  way.  Christine  was  merely  one  of   over  50  municipal  legislators.  or  she   failed  to  act.  After  2006.  but  she  chose  not  to  advocate   for  tenants.  Christine  acted  as  an  agent  for  the  best  interest  of  real  estate  developers.  If  she  so  wanted.  She  had  that  much  power.  As  we  saw.  she  alone  would  completely  control  the   legislative  agenda  in  the  City  Council.  Christine  had   power  that  came  from  her  position  of  influence  in  the  media.  and   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  and  economic  issues  on   the  government’s  agenda.    All  Rights  Reserved.  she  would  no  longer  really   need  to  lean  on  the  media  to  exert  an  influence  on  public  opinion.And  we  can  now  finally  see  a  more  complete  picture  of  what  was  happening   in  terms  of  housing  and  real  estate  during  the  15  years  that  Christine  would  be  in   City  Council.  and  she  could  have   used  that  influence  to  shape  public  opinion  to  build  support  for  increasing  the   amount  of  available  affordable  housing.

 Christine  was  “not  listening  to  the  community.  no  matter  whether  the  real  estate  was  part  of  the  Mitchell-­‐Lama                                                                                                                   284  http://thevillager.  but  she  chose  not  to.    All  Rights  Reserved.289    She  alone  had  at  her   discretion  the  power  to  call  for  hearings.Christine  has  shown  that  she  was  unable  to  do  this.  power.  Christine  refused  requests  to  hold  City  Council  hearings   into  the  dangerous  levels  of  radon  in  the  fracked  gas.  Any  developer  or  oil   and  gas  corporation  wanting  to  exploit  New  York  City  real  estate  for  private  gain   was  going  to  get  a  free  pass  under  Christine’s  watch.  but   Christine  did  nothing.  Her  environmental  record  in  the  area  of  real  estate  lacked   regard  for  community  concerns.288   When  Spectra  Energy  wanted  to  build  a  large  pipeline  to  transport  fracked   gas  beneath  New  York  City.com/2012/10/christine-­‐quinn-­‐rejects-­‐radon-­‐gas.com/villager_308/starsaddglitz.com/p/news/local/upper_east_siders_boo_christine_yHSejiOqtZ2zxDLuH4dDyH     288  http://thevillager.html     287  http://www.com/villager_308/starsaddglitz.   -­‐  137  -­‐     .286  287    because  she  refused  to  advocate  on   behalf  of  the  residents.html     286  http://thevillager.”  Maria  Passannante  Derr   told  The  Villager.  and  the  installation  in  the  Upper  East  Side  was  a   waste  transfer  station.  The  installation  in  Tribeca  was  a  large  facility  for  garbage   trucks  used  across  three  districts.  The  emerging  theme  from  community  opposition  to   Christine’s  approvals  of  these  controversial  projects  was  that  she  had  no  regard  for   voter  input.  one  in  Tribeca284    and  the  other  in  the  Upper  East  Side.html     289  http://occupythepipeline.html     285  http://www.  When  New    York  City  planned  to  install  two   garbage  facilities.285     Christine  angered  both  neighborhoods.nypost.  Any  influence.huffingtonpost.com/timothy-­‐greenfieldsanders/garbage-­‐dump-­‐protest_b_182646.  or   progressive  ethic  she  once  had  wasn’t  going  to  stop  the  use  of  real  property  for   private  gain.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  She  should  have  defended  the   landmark  Tenement  House  Act  from  being  threatened  by  Mayor  Bloomberg.com/villager_351/judgedumps.blogspot.

 beneath  us.  Many   sources  concluded  that  Christine  was  subjugating  herself  to  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  pro-­‐ development.program.   -­‐  138  -­‐     .  pro-­‐gentrification  agenda.    All  Rights  Reserved.  the  playgrounds  at  public  housing  projects.  literally. ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  And  her  official  acts  were  a  sign  that  she   was  aligning  herself  with  the  mayor’s  extremist  economic  worldview.  or.

 the  police  had   demonstrated  blatant  disregard  for  allowing  citizens  to  peacefully  participate  in  a   political  march.nytimes.  Christine   was  also  once  the  executive  director  of  AVP.com/1999/10/19/nyregion/lawsuit-­‐says-­‐the-­‐police-­‐barred-­‐access-­‐to-­‐vital-­‐drugs.   -­‐  139  -­‐     .Chapter  7   In  addition  to  having  been  a  tenants’  rights  activist  in  her  youth.com/1999/10/19/nyregion/lawsuit-­‐says-­‐the-­‐police-­‐barred-­‐access-­‐to-­‐vital-­‐drugs.yahoo.html     293  http://groups.html     291  http://www.  One  category  of  violence   that  AVP  dealt  with  was  police  procedures  :  police  brutality  against  LGBT  New   Yorkers.290  Yet.  who                                                                                                                   290  http://www.291  292  293    Many  of  the  people.   Several  lawsuits  were  filed  against  the  NYPD  over  its  use  of  excessive  force   during  the  Matthew  Shepard  memorial  march.  and  sexual   orientation  profiling  in  how  the  police  targeted  LGBT  New  Yorkers  for  extra   scrutiny  and  harassment.com/1999/11/13/nyregion/eight-­‐arrested-­‐at-­‐rally-­‐file-­‐suit-­‐saying-­‐city-­‐violated-­‐their-­‐ rights.    All  Rights  Reserved.  a  nonprofit  organization  that  tackled   the  problem  of  violence  against  LGBTs  in  New  York  City.  and  mass  arrests.html     292  http://www.   blockades.  Participants  in  the  1998  Matthew  Sheppard  memorial   march  through  Midtown  Manhattan  were  subjected  to  unprovoked  confrontation.  no  reforms  resulted  from  her  efforts  then.  discrimination  in  how  police  investigated  hate  crimes.nytimes.  She  had  even  used  her  platform  in  the  media  at  that  time  to   exert  influence  over  public  opinion  to  show  that  police  had  wrongly  forced   detainees  to  miss  their  AIDS  medications.nytimes.com/group/MatthewShepardUpdate/message/2889     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  As  Christine  had  witnessed  then.  Christine  was  aware  that  police  were  reckless  in  handling  the   critical  medical  needs  of  citizens  that  police  had  falsely  arrested  and  detained  under   inhumane  conditions.  a  situation  that  had  serious  health   implications.

 However.html     296  http://www.  However.   Within  the  NYPD’s  culture  of  bias.  like  Christine.  and  false  arrests  -­‐-­‐  were  not  being   addressed.blogspot.  In  spite  of  her  influence  and   authority.  The  last  opportunity  at  bringing  about  institutional  reform  of  the  police   department  was  when  a  task  force  empaneled  by  Mayor  Giuliani  delivered  in  1998  a   majority  report  of  recommendations  following  the  brutal  attack  and  torture  of   Abner  Louima  by  NYPD  officers  in  a  Brooklyn  station  house.  the  constant  harassment  and   discrimination  at  the  hands  of  the  police  were  what  led  to  the  1969  Stonewall  riots.  she  would  lead  no  effort  to  launch  a  reform  of  the  police  department.  the  cultural  and  institutional   problems  at  the  NYPD  that  gave  rise  to  the  tactics  of  using  excessive  force  -­‐-­‐  such  as   the  use  of  horse-­‐mounted  police.   -­‐  140  -­‐     .nytimes.   were  going  to  receive  personal  justice  in  the  form  of  lawsuit  settlements.com/2011/10/from-­‐matthew-­‐shepard-­‐political-­‐funeral.  to  the   extent  the  settlements  were  seen  as  fair.  barricades.   for  example.296   Christine  was  aware  of  other  ways  that  the  police  were  known  to  mistreat   the  LGBT  community.  the  final   recommendations  of  that  task  force  were  watered  down  by  members.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  the  many  instances  of  the  use  of  excessive  force   and  unequal  treatment  showed  that  there  was  a  pattern  that  needed  to  be   addressed.  who  were  injured  by  the  police   department’s  deliberate  use  of  horses  to  assault  and  batter  the  march  participants.294  295    But  a  lawsuit  could  achieve   only  so  much  in  terms  of  justice.html     295  http://benjaminheimshepard.                                                                                                                   294  http://www.com/1998/03/27/nyregion/giuliani-­‐dismisses-­‐police-­‐proposals-­‐by-­‐his-­‐task-­‐force.  Christine  took  no  action.sued.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/2001/01/11/nyregion/3-­‐trampled-­‐by-­‐police-­‐horses-­‐reach-­‐settlement-­‐with-­‐ city.   before  Mayor  Giuliani  completely  rejected  the  task  force  all  together.  Gay  bars  were  historically  always  subjected  to  raids  by  police.  Unfortunately.  received  settlements  from  New  York  City.  Combined  with  these  raids.  The  people.nytimes.

  Activists.com/1990/12/18/nyregion/july-­‐killing-­‐in-­‐queens-­‐park-­‐is-­‐ruled-­‐bias-­‐related.  a  gay  youngman  named  Julio  Rivera   was  murdered  in  Jackson  Heights.Police  mistreatment  of  the  LGBT  community  didn’t  end  with  its  response  to   LGBT  political  demonstrations  or  the  patronage  of  bars.297    Five  months  after  the  murder.  which  bordered  on  suppression  on  public   assembly.  What  would  be  the  consequences  of  her  having   done  nothing  to  reform  the  NYPD  ?  When  security  experts  would  talk  about  threats   to  public  safety  in  the  post-­‐9/11  world.  would  anybody  include  how  the  NYPD   treated  the  citizens  it  was  supposed  to  be  protecting  ?   Quite  possibly  the  first  post-­‐9/11  protest  at  which  the  NYPD  began  to  rollout   its  newer.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Rivera’s  neighborhood  and  in  front  of  Gracie  Mansion  to  stir  up  the  necessary   political  pressure  on  Mayor  David  Dinkins  and  the  police  department  to  investigate   the  murder  as  a  hate  crime.  the  NYPD  finally   classified  Mr.  when  Matt   Foreman  was  still  the  executive  director  of  AVP.  Rivera’s  death  as  a  hate  crime.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  heavy-­‐handed  tactics.  when  the  World                                                                                                                   297  http://www.  After  Christine  became  a  political  insider.   -­‐  141  -­‐     .  community  residents.  she  was  supposed  to  facilitate   appropriate  government  responses  to  pressing  community  needs.  and  representatives  from  AVP  had  to  march  through   Mr.298    It  took  activists  working  with  a   community  group  headed  by  an  executive  director  committed  to  his  cause  to  exert   sufficient  pressure  from  the  outside  for  the  NYPD  to  respond  to  the  community’s   concerns.  took  place  over  the  first  weekend  in  February  2002.  Queens.  in  what  was  plainly  a  hate  crime.  Given  that  she   was  a  self-­‐proclaimed  “progressive.com/1990/11/14/nyregion/2-­‐charged-­‐in-­‐slaying-­‐of-­‐gay-­‐man.html     298  http://www.”  she  was  portraying  herself  as  having  the   sensibilities  of  an  advocate  for  reforms  with  an  appreciation  of  the  need  for   increased  grassroots  participation.  In  1990.nytimes.nytimes.

300    Activists  further  complained  that  the  police  menaced  participants  of  the   demonstration  with  batons.  Activists  were  cut  off  from  one  another.Economic  Forum  was  taking  place  at  the  Waldorf-­‐Astoria.  and  left-­‐leaning  activists  began  organizing  demonstrations  to  express   popular  opposition  to  what  was  widely  regarded  as  the  predisposed  war  agenda  of   the  Bush  administration.archive.htm     302  http://nuclearresister.  reducing  their  collective   impact.   Collectively.   liberals.org/web/20021019184441/http://www.htm     301  http://web.org/nr131/131bushprotesters.  and  progressives.html     300  http://www.  many  Americans  viewed  the   machinations  of  the  Bush  administration  as  a  threat  to  peace.299  Activists  were  annoyed  that   police  broke  up  the  larger  group  of  activists  into  smaller  groups  by  forcing  them  into   these  barricades.  the  Bush  administration  spent  two  years  ramping  up  diplomatic   and  military  efforts  to  invade  the  nation  of  Iraq  in  purported  retaliation  for  the   September  11  attacks.  In  the  build-­‐up  for  war.301  302    These  smaller  demonstrations  were   futile  in  exerting  political  pressure  on  the  Bush  administration  to  change  its  course.  the  police  tactics  were  seen  by  activists  as  clear  forms  of  intimidation.    All  Rights  Reserved.  pepper  spray.  The  growing  anti-­‐war  sentiment  was  leading  to  larger  and                                                                                                                   299  http://www.  To  that  end.   -­‐  142  -­‐     .com/2002/02/03/us/forum-­‐in-­‐new-­‐york-­‐protests-­‐at-­‐least-­‐38-­‐are-­‐arrested-­‐but-­‐rally-­‐ remains-­‐peaceful.nobloodforoil.org/views02/0206-­‐03.org/Protest.commondreams.  The  New  York  Times   reported  that  police  used  pens  to  contain  activists.   The  NYPD’s  forceful  “response”  to  the  protests  against  the  World  Economic  Forum   was  a  harbinger  of  things  to  come.nytimes.  several  groups  across  the  nation  were   organizing  constant  anti-­‐war  protests.  and  threats  of  other  physical  force.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Freedoms  of  assembly  and  of  speech  were  in  the   process  of  being  diminished.   and  umbrella  coalitions  were  formed  from  smaller  groups  in  order  to  coordinate   larger  demonstrations.   After  9/11.

html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  One  large-­‐scale  anti-­‐war   demonstration  was  being  planned  for  New  York  City  for  February  15.  if  an   overflow  crowd  were  diverted  several  blocks  away  from  the  rally’s  stage.   Organizers  of  the  New  York  City  demonstration  were  planning  a  march  of   about  100.  Instead.  police  denied  the  lead  organizing  group.  but  days  before  the  march.   including  a  police  request  for  an  estimate  of  the  number  of  people.  and  police  told  organizers  that  the  rally  would  have  to  be  limited  to   10.  and  the   last  minute  courtroom  ambush  of  introducing  two  Bush  administration  federal                                                                                                                   303  http://www.  worldwide  protests.   organizers  would  have  to  accept  the  staging  of  a  stationary  rally  a  few  blocks  away   from  the  UN.  who  would  be   participating  in  the  march  .  Organizers  were  rightly  concerned  that  a  large  turnout  of  protest   participants  would  be  unable  to  experience  the  sights  and  sounds  of  the  rally.  a  police  permit  for  the  march.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/2003/02/11/nyregion/court-­‐bans-­‐peace-­‐march-­‐in-­‐manhattan.nytimes.   -­‐  143  -­‐     .  the  police  promise  to  use  pens  to  “accommodate”   overflow  crowds  in  spite  of  the  NYPD’s  history  of  abusing  the  use  of  pens  .  2003  -­‐-­‐  a  day   of  coordinated.more  frequent  protests  all  around  the  world.  Lawyers   for  New  York  City  presented  evidence  of  two  failed  terror  plots  as  evidence  that  the   anti-­‐war  demonstration  could  not  take  the  form  of  a  march.  the  use  of  a  police  scare  tactic  that  it  could  not  guarantee   the  “safety”  of  the  march  .303       Officials  for  New  York  City  also  put  up  other  obstacles  for  protest  organizers.000  people.000  people  that  would  pass  in  front  of  the  United  Nations  building  in   Manhattan.   United  for  Peace  and  Justice  (UFPJ).  with  the  implication   being  that  somehow  a  march  was  considered  more  dangerous.

 Even  The  New  York  Times   report  estimated  the  crowd  might  be  large  -­‐-­‐  in  the  realm  of  100.  “[I]t  is  incomprehensible  that  the  finest  police  department  in  the  world   cannot  accommodate  a  traditional  peaceful  protest.  a   respected  First  Amendment  lawyer.com/2003/02/11/nyregion/court-­‐bans-­‐peace-­‐march-­‐in-­‐manhattan.nytimes.  “This  is  meant  to  send   a  message  beyond  New  York  City  and  it  is  going  to  have  a  chilling  effect  nationally.nytimes.  organizers  knew  the  fix  was  in.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  305         Once  Barbara  Jones.  Patrick’s  Day  parade.  Protest  organizers  countered  that  the  city  routinely  provided   security  for  large  marches.com/2003/02/11/nyregion/court-­‐bans-­‐peace-­‐march-­‐in-­‐manhattan.  to  outside  observers.  police  wanted  to  undercut  the  estimated  turnout  to   just  10%  of  that.  So  many   factors  would  determine  the  final  number  of  participants.  I                                                                                                                   304  http://www.   The  NYPD  was  routinely  being  sued  for  violations  of  civil  rights  and  civil  liberties.  Kovner.   -­‐  144  -­‐     .   protest  organizers  saw  darker  motivations  behind  the  city’s  actions.  the  judge  hearing  the  legal  proceeding  for  the  issuance   of  the  march  permit  application.000  -­‐-­‐  but  none  of   this  satisfied  the  police.prosecutors  into  the  legal  proceedings  to  cloud  the  march  as  a  disruption  to  the  UN.html     305  http://www.304       All  of  the  reasons  and  excuses  that  the  police  were  offering  looked  ridiculous   to  protest  organizers.”  Victor  A.   according  a  report  published  in  The  New  York  Times.  such  as  the  annual  St.    All  Rights  Reserved.  because.  Given  the  wealth  of  precedents   for  peaceful  marches.  Increasingly.  told  The  New  York  Times.  it  was  unclear  how  organizers   could  pinpoint  an  exact  estimate  of  the  turnout  for  a  large  demonstration.  such  as  weather  and   traffic  conditions  and  the  functionality  of  mass  transit.   and  it  is  not  known  how  Judge  Jones  was  able  to  take  the  NYPD’s  promises  at  face   value.  said  that  she  would  not  “second  guess”  the  police   and  denied  organizers  a  permit  to  hold  the  march.  In  fact.  it  is  a  highly  disturbing  precedent.

  -­‐  145  -­‐     .  Reporters  from  The  New   York  Times  went  with  a  very  conservative  midpoint  estimate  of  the  number  of   people.  Given  the  sea  of  faces  extending  more  than  a  mile  up  First   Avenue  and  the  ancillary  crowds  that  were  prevented  from  joining  them.  many.306  At  every  turn  in  The  New  York  Times’  recounting  of  the  proceedings.  except  that  instead  of  5.  “The  police  commissioner.   many  more  than  that  took  part  in  the  February  15  rally.  a  councilmember  at  the   time.think  the  Bush  administration  does  not  like  political  dissent  and  has  influenced  the   Bloomberg  administration  to  stop  it.  who  participated  in  the  New  York  demonstration.nytimes.  participants  experienced  treatment  from  the  police   that  was  eerily  reminiscent  of  the  treatment  participants  received  during  the   Matthew  Shepard  memorial  march.  it   appeared  that  the  NYPD  was  going  to  use  the  excuse  of  a  long  lead  time  to  diffuse   dissent  to  the  war.   On  the  day  of  the  rally.  it  seemed                                                                                                                   306  http://www.000.    While   his  efforts  were  noble.”  said  Bill  Perkins.com/2003/02/11/nyregion/court-­‐bans-­‐peace-­‐march-­‐in-­‐manhattan.  and   since  the  growing  anti-­‐war  movement  was  reaching  critical  mass  rather  swiftly.  who  was  using  his  influence  in  the  media  as   an  elected  official  to  put  political  pressure  on  the  NYPD  to  act  in  good  faith.000  people  attended.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    The  judge  accepted  the  police   department’s  reasoning  that  a  march  needed  to  be  planned  months  in  advance.000  participants.    And  visibly  fighting  for  the  right  of  free  speech  and  free   assembly  was  Councilmember  Perkins.    All  Rights  Reserved.   Raymond  W.  the   judge  was  trusting  the  police  at  first  blush.  put  the  crowd  at  about  100.  Kelly.  he  didn’t  have  enough  support  from  other  councilmembers   like  Christine  to  counteract  the  mayor’s  and  the  police  commissioner’s  intention  to   deny  the  permit  to  hold  the  march.  while  the  organizers  said   400.

 police  misconduct  in  Times  Square.nytimes.  who  volunteered  to  facilitate  different   roles  at  the  rally’s  stage  that  day.  Subway  trains  stopped   running  that  day.  intimidate.  The  NYCLU  report  documented  that  the  NYPD   used  horse-­‐mounted  police.  discourtesy  by   the  police.”308    Some  activists.  problems  with  police  pens.com/2003/02/16/nyregion/threats-­‐and-­‐responses-­‐overview-­‐from-­‐new-­‐york-­‐to-­‐ melbourne-­‐cries-­‐for-­‐peace.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  even  though  the  NYPD  had  a  record  of   using  horses  to  threaten.  and  injure  protesters.    All  Rights  Reserved.”307    Even  though  people  extended  more   than  a  mile  from  the  rally’s  main  stage.  looked  up  to  see  NYPD  sharpshooters  on  the   rooftops  of  nearby  buildings.  The  report  collected  eyewitness  accounts   of  the  excessive  use  of  force  by  the  police.  The  New  York  Times  chose  to  undercount  the   turnout.  Leslie  Cagan.  and  police   mistreatment  of  arrested  protesters.   So  many  rally  participants  experienced  problems  with  the  police  that  the   NYCLU  produced  a  comprehensive  report  two  years  later  to  document  the   violations  and  to  issue  recommendations.   the  police  overreacted  in  their  response  at  every  turn.html     308  http://www.com/2003/02/11/nyregion/court-­‐bans-­‐peace-­‐march-­‐in-­‐manhattan.  told  The  New  York  Times.  one   of  the  principal  organizers  with  UFPJ.   -­‐  146  -­‐     .that  something  in  between  was  probable.  and  pepper  spray  to  control  the  crowds.  the  police  once  again   deployed  horse-­‐mounted  police  officers.nytimes.  police  abuse  of  authority.  As  with  the  Matthew  Shepard  memorial  march.  a  serious  curtailing  of  civil  liberties   throughout  this  country.  “We  think  this  is   part  of  something  unfolding  nationally.  The   descriptions  of  the  use  of  pepper  spray  was  described  to  be  in  violation  of  NYPD                                                                                                                   307  http://www.  in  what  some  activists  said  was  an  attempt  by  the  Bloomberg   administration  to  deliberately  thwart  a  larger  turnout  for  the  rally.  Even  though  the  activists  were  committed  to  peace.  batons.

policy,  according  to  the  NYCLU  report.  During  the  rally,  police  even  mistreated  the   press.  309   The  NYCLU  report  concluded  with  five  recommendations.  Based  on  its   analysis  of  the  major  problems  with  the  NYPD,  New  York  City  was  urged  to  :   recognize  the  role  of  protest  marches  in  the  city’s  tradition  ;  ensure  free  access  to   protest  events  ;  refrain  from  using  force  on  demonstrators  ;  revise  its  policy  of  using   pens  ;  and  revamp  its  processing  of  people  arrested  for  minor  offense  at  political   demonstrations.  These  were  non-­‐binding  suggestions  that  the  NYCLU  was  publicly   making,  and  their  suggestions  joined  activists’  views  that  there  was  an  urgent  need   for  deeper  reforms  at  the  NYPD.  According  to  the  NYCLU,  Christine  joined  in  the   effort  to  call  for  City  Council  hearings  into  the  failure  of  the  protest  organizers  to   receive  a  permit  to  march,  310    but  there  was  no  successful  effort  to  implement  the   NYCLU’s  report  recommendations.  Christine  was  also  a  sponsor  of  a  City  Council   resolution  opposing  President  Bush’s  seemingly  unilateral  decision  to  lead  the   nation  into  war  with  Iraq.311    That  was  all  Christine  would  do.  Half-­‐measures  was  all   the  anti-­‐war  movement  could  count  on  from  Christine.   As  in  the  Matthew  Shepard  memorial  march,  the  police  use  of  force  against   participants  in  the  February  15  anti-­‐war  rally  triggered  lawsuits.  The  NYCLU  filed   three  lawsuits  against  the  NYPD  for  various  violations  of  citizens’  civil  rights  and   civil  liberties,  including  allegations  of  using  horses  with  the  intent  to  injure  

                                                                                                               

309  http://www.aclu.org/FilesPDFs/nyclu_arresting_protest1.pdf     310  http://www.aclu.org/FilesPDFs/nyclu_arresting_protest1.pdf     311  http://legistar.council.nyc.gov/LegislationDetail.aspx?ID=438748&GUID=26BD74EA-­‐4658-­‐48C3-­‐B29E-­‐

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‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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protesters  and  using  barricades  to  essentially  detain,  or  hold,  innocent  protesters.312     Lawyers  at  the  NYCLU  also  filed  these  lawsuits  in  anticipation  of  the  large   demonstrations  expected  to  be  mounted  against  the  next  year’s  Republican  National   Convention,  and  the  lawyers  were  seeking  injunctions  against  the  use  of  some  of  the   NYPD’s  controversial  tactics.  After  pleadings  and  hearings,  a  judge  issued  a  ruling  in   one  of  the  cases  that  “declared  unconstitutional  the  NYPD’s  demonstration-­‐access   practices,  its  use  of  restrictive  pens,  and  its  blanket  searching  of  demonstrators.”  But   because  the  police  department  kept  invoking  fears  of  terrorism,  the  judge  seemed  to   give  the  NYPD  “authority  to  conduct  public  searches  without  probable  cause.”  313   From  here  began  a  noticeable  judicial  weakening  of  the  Fourth  Amendment.     One  of  the  NYCLU’s  lawyers,  Christopher  Dunn,  testified  at  least  twice  before   the  New  York  City  Council  about  legal  concerns  leading  up  to  the  2004  RNC.314     Advocates  for  the  protection  of  civil  rights  and  civil  liberties  were  searching  for   support  to  be  able  to  maintain  a  check  on  an  out-­‐of-­‐control  police  force  at  the  start   of  the  convention  protests.  But  the  City  Council  did  nothing.  As  Christine’s  career   continued  its  ascent  under  Mayor  Bloomberg,  she  played  no  visible  role  in  the  effort   to  protect  the  freedoms  of  assembly  and  of  speech.  Bill  Dobbs,  one  of  New  York   magazine’s  2001  top  101  gay  and  lesbian  New  Yorkers,  used  the  influence  of  the   media  accorded  to  him  to  put  pressure  on  the  NYPD  and  on  Mayor  Bloomberg  to   resolve  the  selection  of  the  terminal  site  for  the  planned  march  against  the  2004   RNC.  Mr.  Dobbs  was  a  spokesperson  for  UFPJ,  and  he  told  The  New  York  Times,  “The                                                                                                                  
312  http://www.nytimes.com/2003/11/19/nyregion/police-­‐face-­‐lawsuits-­‐over-­‐tactics-­‐at-­‐big-­‐protests.html     313  http://www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/crcl/vol40_2/dunn.pdf     314  http://www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/crcl/vol40_2/dunn.pdf    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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rally  site  is  the  centerpiece  for  solving  this,  and  it's  the  mayor  who  needs  to  take   action.”315    That  which  Christine  would  not  do  fell  upon  unelected,  civic-­‐minded   activists,  like  Mr.  Dobbs,  to  do.  Christine  was  MIA.   To  the  unease  of  some  lawyers  at  the  NYCLU,  the  NYPD  eventually  used  brute   force  against  the  2004  RNC  protesters.  Police  began  to  use  large  orange  netting  to   form  movable  barricades  against  groups  of  activists,  and  The  New  York  Times   documented  that  the  use  of  the  nets  was  intended  to  “divide  and  conquer”   protesters.  Other  tactics  that  police  used  included  swinging  batons,  making  mass   arrests,  and  dragging  netting  across  a  street  as  a  barricade  to  capture  protesters  for   arrest.  Reportedly,  organizers  of  the  2004  RNC  deliberately  picked  New  York  as  the   host  city,  because  of  the  NYPD’s  reputation  for  cracking  down  on  activists.  316    Police   temporarily  kept  hundreds  of  arrested  activists  in  inhumane  conditions  in  a   dilapidated  pier  on  the  Hudson  River.317  "When  the  mayor  bid  for  this  convention,   part  of  his  argument,  to  bring  either  convention  here,  was  that  New  York  City  had   the  only  police  force  to  deal  with  a  modern  anarchist  threat,"  Kevin  Sheekey,  a  close   adviser  to  Mayor  Bloomberg,  told  The  New  York  Times.  "And  obviously  the  Police   Department  has  done  that  astoundingly  well,"  he  added.  318   It  was  later  revealed  that,  in  the  time  leading  up  to  the  2004  RNC,  undercover   police  were  spying  on  protesters  across  the  nation,  in  Canada,  and  as  far  away  as   Europe.  David  Cohen,  the  former  high-­‐ranking  CIA  intelligence  and  operations   official,  who  was  appointed  by  Mayor  Bloomberg  to  the  newly  created  post  of  NYPD                                                                                                                  
315  http://www.nytimes.com/2004/06/29/nyregion/protest-­‐group-­‐and-­‐city-­‐at-­‐odds-­‐over-­‐a-­‐march-­‐past-­‐the-­‐

garden.html     316  http://www.nytimes.com/2004/09/02/politics/campaign/02protest.html     317  http://www.nytimes.com/2004/08/31/politics/campaign/31arrests.html     318  http://www.nytimes.com/2004/09/02/politics/campaign/02protest.html    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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Deputy  Commissioner  of  Intelligence,  was  described  as  the  architect  of  this   expanded  political  surveillance.319    The  NYPD’s  need  for  control  over  activists   expressing  their  rights  to  freely  assemble  and  demonstrate  led  to  a  police  obsession   with  requiring  activists  to  seek  permission  from  the  police  before  large   demonstrations  could  take  place.  To  that  end,  the  spin  that  The  New  York  Times  gave   to  the  police  response  was  peppered  with  four  references  to  activists’  lack  of   permits,  a  slight  indication  that,  in  the  view  of  the  journalists  at  The  New  York  Times,   a  permit  was  necessary  for  validation.  The  relative  peace  of  the  2004  RNC  protests   compared  with  the  Seattle  World  Economic  Forum  protest  showed  that  the  NYPD   were  “successful,”  a  sign  that  the  NYPD  could  make  use  of  “intense  planning  and  a   well-­‐disciplined  use  of  force”  to  neutralize  protests.  Notwithstanding  the  police  use   of  force  and  other  violations  against  peaceful  and  innocent  protesters,  The  New  York   Times  gave  the  NYPD  a  pass.   The  2004  RNC  demonstrations  triggered  still  yet  more  litigation  because  of   violations  committed  by  police,  costing  the  city  millions  of  dollars,  tying  up  the   courts,  frustrating  activists,  and  impacting  the  1,806  people,  whom  the  police  had   arrested,  during  the  2004  RNC.  What  began  to  definitely  emerge  from  these  series  of   large  demonstrations  in  New  York  City  was  that  the  police  would  violate  their  own   protocol,  trample  on  the  civil  rights  and  civil  liberties  of  activists,  and  then  tie  up  the   court  system  with  litigation  to  sort  it  all  out  after  the  fact.  One  group  showing   foresight  in  New  York  City  was  the  NYCLU,  but  the  impact  of  its  precautionary   measures  was  limited,  because  the  police  still  used  tactics  to  restrict  movement  and                                                                                                                  
319  http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/25/nyregion/25infiltrate.html    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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800  people  without  having  somebody  in  the  middle  who  shouldn’t  have   been  arrested.  and  police   were  caught  engaged  in  large-­‐scale  surveillance  of  activists.  NYCLU  attorney  Christopher  Dunn   recounted  the  then  emerging  pattern  of  the  NYPD’s  attack  on  each  of  freedom  of   assembly.  To  him.  Mayor  Bloomberg  told   The  New  York  Times  that  if  the  NYPD  engaged  in  the  false  arrests  of  innocent   activists.  and  probable  cause.  then  there  was  a  way  to  deal  with  the  false  arrests  after  the  fact.  making  still  yet  more  recommendations  for  police   reform...”  Mayor  Bloomberg  said.  this  essential  constitutional  standard.  the  NYPD  has  sought  to  impose  an   unprecedented  level  of  control  over  protest  activity  …  .  derived  from  the  Fourth   Amendment  of  the  Constitution.  “That’s  what  the  courts  are  there  to  find  out   afterwards.  by  using  orange  nets  to  trap  protesters.   -­‐  151  -­‐     .nyclu.”  Even  though  police  should  only  have  probably  cause  to  make  arrests.    All  Rights  Reserved.   Mayor  Bloomberg  seemed  to  be  advocating  throwing  out  the  need  for  probable   cause.  assigning  huge   numbers  of  officers  to  events  and  imposing  substantial  physical   constraints  on  demonstrators.  for  example.  documenting  the  NYPD’s   violations  during  the  2004  RNC.                                                                                                                   320  http://www.   The  NYCLU  put  out  another  massive  report.  was  expendable.  the  need  for  advocacy  has  become  more  pressing.  then  deal  with  the  courts  later.org/pdfs/rnc_report_083005.access  by  protesters.  …  pervasive  videotaping  of  protesters   and  blanket  fingerprinting  of  those  arrested  and  charged  with  the  most   minor  of  offenses.  Indeed.  among  other  civil  rights  and  civil   liberties  :   Since  September  11.  which  was  in  violation   of  the  Handschu  Agreement.  .  freedom  of  speech.pdf     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    “You  can’t   arrest  1.  All  these  tactics  pointed  to  a  new  NYPD  strategy  :   violate  the  rules  first.320    In  one  of  the  Harvard  law  reviews.

law.  the  NYCLU  had  no  authority  on  its  own   -­‐-­‐  it  relied  on  courts  to  issue  binding  orders  or  rulings.   especially  with  the  media  -­‐-­‐  a  model  of  influence  that  we  all  saw  Christine  master  in   the  form  of  her  constant  media  placements.edu/students/orgs/crcl/vol40_2/dunn.  and  the  NYCLU  had  a  lot  of  expertise  in  litigating  for  court  orders  and   rulings  for  these  legal  protections.  Mayor  Bloomberg  was  doing  the  bidding  of  President  Bush.  But  what  happens  when  the   NYPD  openly  violates  the  third  branch  of  government  ?   The  NYCLU  tried  exercising  its  goodwill  and  influence  in  other  ways.nytimes.  When  it  was  revealed  that  the  NYPD   were  interrogating  activists  about  their  past  political  activities  and  recording  this   information  in  a  database.    All  Rights  Reserved.  meaning  the  New  York  City   Council.                                                                                                                   321  http://www.   especially  in  the  eyes  of  the  media.  inclusive  of   the  mayor  and  the  NYPD.  Of  course.  The  only  branch  of  government  left  was  the   court  system.harvard.321  322    What  the  NYCLU  might  have  lacked   as  direct  authority  in  the  government.  the  NYCLU  turned  to  the  media  to  put  pressure  on  the   police  to  end  this  interrogation  practice.  The  executive  branch  of  the  local  government.  not  like  she  once  did.     One  could  understand  why  the  executive  branch  of  the  New  York  City   government  would  enable  the  police  to  continue  violating  the  civil  rights  and  civil   liberties  of  protesters.  it  made  up  by  having  great  influence.  The  use  of  the  media  to  help  shape  public   opinion  to  make  demands  for  reform  in  the  police  department  was  something   Christine  did  not  take  up.  and  the  legislative  branch.The  attorneys  at  the  NYCLU  were  fulfilling  their  public  role  as  staff  of  a   robust  advocacy  group.   -­‐  152  -­‐     .  not  anymore.html     322  http://www.com/2003/04/10/nyregion/police-­‐stop-­‐collecting-­‐data-­‐on-­‐protesters-­‐politics.pdf     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  were  unresponsive  to  community  needs  for  urgent  action  to  protect  the   civil  rights  and  civil  liberties  of  activists.

  the  City  Council  always  comprised  a  super-­‐majority  of  Democrats.  These  resolutions  came  about  because  of  the  lingering  sting  of  the  anti-­‐ war  rally’s  failure  to  receive  a  march  permit.  as  just  one  member  of  the  City  Council.   -­‐  153  -­‐     .  and  of  Christine  herself  ?  Remember.  Her  silence  on   police  brutality  would  leave  her  vulnerable  to  criticism.  That  other  demonstrations  were   subsequently  denied  permits.  and  local  officials.  state.  after  he  came  into  office.  Her  whole  career  could  be  traced  back  to  the  myth  that  she  was  an  advocate   for  justice.  And  what  role   would  Christine.  Christine’s  myth  was  finally  exposed  to  be  a  sham.   After  the  February  15  anti-­‐war  rally.  including  city                                                                                                                   323  http://www.  progressives.  and  this  issue  would  come   back  to  haunt  her  career  again  and  again.  2004.  it  became  clear  that  his   policies  were  to  the  right  of  the  progressive  sensibilities  in  New  York  City.  added  fuel  to  the  fire.  How  many  times  would  the  NYPD  engage  in  well-­‐documented  behavior   that  treated  innocent  activists  with  violence.  called  upon  federal.  pushed  the  City  Council  to  pass  two   resolutions.com/doc/153745915/New-­‐York-­‐City-­‐Council-­‐2004-­‐06-­‐16-­‐2004-­‐RNC-­‐Permit-­‐ Committee-­‐Report     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.scribd.  have  ?  Why  would   progressives  pick  her  out  of  the  entire  council  for  special  scrutiny  ?  During  her  time   at  AVP.  or  were  subjected  to  police  actions  to  subvert   demonstrations.  brutality.  But  what   would  explain  the  response  of  the  City  Council.  including  supporters  of   the  NYCLU’s  efforts  to  keep  the  police  in  check.Although  Mayor  Bloomberg  had  formerly  been  a  self-­‐described  Democrat  before  his   run  for  the  mayor’s  office  in  2001.  Christine  had  expressed  a  sensibility  and  an  empathy  for  victims  of  violent   attack.  and  infringement  of  their   rights  before  Christine  would  speak  up  to  advocate  for  justice  ?  On  the  issue  of   police  brutality.    All  Rights  Reserved.  which  was  adopted   on  February  4.323    The  first  resolution.

 passed  on  June  28.aspx?ID=442361&GUID=CBB0CCE6-­‐DF23-­‐49D2-­‐9FEB-­‐ 1517C9231B8D&Options=ID|Text|&Search=first+amendment+resolution     326  http://www.  “In  the  aftermath   of  the  numerous  confrontations  between  demonstrators  and  police  at  the  February   15th  rally  the  Civilian  Complaint  Review  Board  (“CCRB”)  investigated  54  complaints   containing  114  allegations  of  misconduct  by  police  officers.”326    Among  the  NYPD   violations  the  report  found  was  that  the  police  department’s  Technical  Assistance   Response  Unit  provided  to  CCRB  heavily  edited  videos  in  a  deliberate  effort  to   disguise  the  police  officers  who  committed  violations.  Again.nyc.  could   expect  in  terms  of  oversight  and  accountability  with  regards  to  the  NYPD’s  record  of   violating  the  First  and  Fourth  Amendments.  Christine  was  one  of  its  sponsors.  called  on  all   government  officials  to  uphold  the  First  Amendment  rights  to  freedom  of  speech.324    The  second  resolution.  to  affirm  and  uphold  the  civil  rights  and  civil  liberties  of   citizens  wishing  to  hold  political  demonstrations  in  New  York  City.nyc.agencies  such  as  the  NYPD.  In  the  hearings  leading  up  to  the  adoption  of  the  first  resolution.325   These  nonbinding  resolutions  were  all  that  the  City  Council  could  muster.  it  was   clear  that  the  NYPD  was  engaging  in  serious  violations.  and  assembly.  many  complaints  were                                                                                                                   324  http://legistar.  2004.  be  they  activists  or  not.gov/LegislationDetail.scribd.aspx?ID=441286&GUID=8EC0E66A-­‐5C51-­‐4537-­‐A8B2-­‐ 27B03D873334&Options=ID|Text|&Search=civil+liberties     325  http://legistar.   There  was  no  more  that  New  York  City  residents.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Christine  was   one  of  its  sponsors.  the  City  Council  was  capable  of  doing  more.  A  special  report  from  the   City  Council  Committee  on  Governmental  Operations  showed  that.gov/LegislationDetail.com/doc/153745915/New-­‐York-­‐City-­‐Council-­‐2004-­‐06-­‐16-­‐2004-­‐RNC-­‐Permit-­‐ Committee-­‐Report     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   and  it  didn’t.   association.council.  “Thus.council.  While  it  is  true  that  a  resolution  does   lend  the  authority  and  influence  of  the  City  Council’s  support  to  the  cause  of   protecting  civil  rights  and  civil  liberties.   -­‐  154  -­‐     .

dropped  where  the  officers  went  unidentified.”  327    This  is  how  the  NYPD  operated   when  it  knew  its  actions  were  not  going  to  be  supervised  or  subject  to  any   accountability.  How  were  the  City  Council  resolutions  going  to  address  the   underlying  and  ongoing  violations  of  the  NYPD  ?   But  Christine’s  career  was  on  a  rising  arc.  In  2006,  Christine  was  elected  as   the  new  speaker  of  the  City  Council.  Her  new  position  would  change  the  balance  of   power  within  the  City  Council,  and  she  would  reach  a  new  height  in  government   almost  diametrically  opposite  Mayor  Bloomberg.  Suddenly,  Christine  would  move   front  and  center  in  the  public’s  efforts  to  rein  in  the  NYPD.  Her  role  in  watering   down  the  recommendations  of  the  Giuliani  police  brutality  commission  were  going   to  come  full  circle  now  that  she  would  assume  the  second-­‐most  powerful  office  in   city  government,  with  unrivaled  opportunities  to  use  her  authority  and  influence  for   improving  oversight  and  accountability  at  the  NYPD.     In  her  first  year  as  speaker,  Christine  rapidly  became  the  public  face  of  City   Council  efforts  to  negotiate  with  the  NYPD  new  rules  regarding  the  permit   application  requirements  for  activists  wishing  to  hold  public  demonstrations  in  New   York  City.  The  NYPD’s  proposed  rules  for  applying  for  protest  permits  were  initially   being  shaped  in  connection  with  meetings  among  the  police,  Bloomberg   administration  officials,  and  members  of  the  City  Council.  Those  meetings  led  to   easing  what  were  initially  harsh  restrictions  that  the  police  were  seeking.  Christine   was  quoted  in  The  New  York  Times  as  taking  issue  with  the  restrictions  being  sought   by  the  NYPD,  and  she  laid  out  an  expectation  that  the  City  Council  would  be  part  of                                                                                                                  
327  http://www.scribd.com/doc/153745915/New-­‐York-­‐City-­‐Council-­‐2004-­‐06-­‐16-­‐2004-­‐RNC-­‐Permit-­‐

Committee-­‐Report    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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the  solution.  “We  look  forward  to  working  with  the  administration  to  develop   guidelines  that  address  the  need  for  the  permitting  of  large  groups,  while  also   respecting  New  Yorkers’  right  to  gather  freely,”  she  said.  A  few  months  later,   however,  the  NYPD  unilaterally  imposed  a  new  requirement  that  activists  seeking  to   demonstrate  in  New  York  City  would  need  to  apply  for  a  protest  permit  if  the   number  of  protesters  exceeded  50  people.  Advocates  for  protecting  civil  rights  and   civil  liberties  were  outraged  that  the  City  Council  played  no  role  in  promulgating  the   new  protest  permit  requirement.328    Two  years  before,  the  City  Council  had  passed   two  resolutions  calling  for  respecting  the  First  and  Fourth  Amendments,  but  the  City   Council  would  have  no  say  in  the  promulgation  of  the  NYPD’s  new  protest  permit   requirement.  As  speaker  of  the  City  Council,  Christine  allowed  this  abdication  of   responsibility  to  occur.   Christine  had  willingly  subjugated  her  progressive  ideals  in  exchange  for   receiving  greater  political  power.  She  thought  that  appeasing  the  mayor  was  the   price  a  politician  paid  in  order  to  move  up  within  the  broken  political  system.  It  no   longer  mattered  to  Christine  that  police  used  outright  violence  against  activists.  She   cared  not  that  police  violated  court  orders  and  even  their  own  protocol.  And  it   seemed  to  not  even  register  that  the  NYPD  had  now  reached  a  point  where  police   officers  could  thwart  citizens’  rights  to  petition  their  own  government  for  a  redress   of  grievances.  For  years,  police  argued  that  their  use  of  brutality  was  justified  by   threats  to  public  safety  caused  by  the  endless  war  on  terror.  Little  could  the  police   see  that  they  themselves  had  become  a  threat  to  public  safety  in  their  own  right.                                                                                                                  
328  http://nysun.com/new-­‐york/nypd-­‐imposes-­‐new-­‐rules-­‐for-­‐gaining-­‐parade-­‐permits/47847/    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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One  year  after  the  new  NYPD  rule  took  effect,  an  LGBT  activist  group  called   Radical  Homosexual  Agenda  organized  a  series  of  protests  against  Christine  for  her   enabling  of  the  NYPD  protest  permit  rules.329    Activists  from  Radical  Homosexual   Agenda  infiltrated  her  2007  Pride  Week  kick-­‐off  event  at  the  City  Council  chambers,   where  activists  dramatically  dropped  banners  from  the  upper  balcony  to  shame   Christine.  One  of  the  banners  showed  a  raised  clenched  fist  next  to  the  wording,   “Stonewall  was  an  un-­‐permitted  action  !”  Another  banner  depicted  a  similar   clenched  fist  next  to  the  wording,  “Free  assembly  got  you  where  you  are!”330    It  was   not  lost  on  members  from  Radical  Homosexual  Agenda  that  Christine’s  sensibilities   had  radically  changed  since  the  Matthew  Shepard  memorial  march.  Members  of   Radical  Homosexual  Agenda  wrote  on  their  Web  site,  “Back  then,  Quinn  was   outraged  by  the  cops'  behavior.  How  could  she  have  changed  so  much  since  then   that  she  has  colluded  with  them  to  make  this  kind  of  political  action  even  more   difficult  for  all  minorities  and  marginalized  political  groups?”  331    Criticism  from  the   LGBT  community  no  longer  mattered  to  Christine.  Sure  it  stung,  but  she  had  become   the  City  Council  speaker  now.  She  didn’t  need  instant  approval  anymore.  She  had   made  the  deals  she  needed  to  make  to  get  to  where  she  was.  She  had  battled  against   the  system  for  years  to  work  her  way  up  as  a  political  insider.  She’d  made  sacrifices,   had  to  endure  public  pressure  from  voters,  and  had  suffered  the  expectations  people   had  of  her  maintaining  herself  true  to  progressive  values.  She’d  come  so  far,  and  she   wasn’t  going  to  let  outrage  from  her  own  LGBT  power  base  upset  her  plans  for  more                                                                                                                  
329  http://www.radicalhomosexualagenda.org/parade_wout_9-­‐07.html     330  http://www.radicalhomosexualagenda.org/quinn_zap_cityhall07.html     331  http://www.radicalhomosexualagenda.org/quinn_zap_cityhall07.html    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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power.  As  we  look  into  how  it  came  to  be  that  Christine  made  the  insider  deals  to   climb  her  way  into  a  leadership  position  over  the  entire  City  Council,  we  will  also   see  that  she  wasn’t  about  to  go  backward.    

‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  

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 her  progressive  political  ethics.  Reviewing  the  health  issues  facing  New   York  City  before  delving  into  the  machinations  of  Christine’s  climb  up  the  leadership   ranks  would  lay  the  groundwork  to  understand  the  dire  municipal  health  issues  that   Christine  would  face  as  speaker.  The  exchanging  and   trading  of  promises  and  favors  would  have  nothing  to  do  with  serving  the  best   interest  of  voters.  lobbyists.  She   didn’t  earn  this  post.   -­‐  159  -­‐     .  Instead.  Rather.  she   was  appointed  to  be  the  chair  of  the  City  Council  Health  Committee  in  2002.  This   would  be  when  the  broken  political  system  would  tempt  Christine  to  turn  her  back   on  what  little  remained  of  each  of  her  activist  values.  she  made  a  deal  with  Speaker  Miller  in  order  to  be   given  the  leadership  position.  if  she  ever  really  had  any.  and  political  operatives.  One  reason  society   stops  short  of  making  progress  at  the  legal  and  economic  root-­‐level  of  issues  is   because  the  elements  that  distort  or  corrupt  our  representative  form  of  government   pre-­‐screen  who  gets  to  move  up  into  positions  of  leadership  in  government.  who  are  predisposed  to  supporting  big  business  interests.Chapter  8   Before  Christine  was  selected  to  be  speaker  of  the  City  Council  in  2006.   Politicians.    All  Rights  Reserved.  the  accords  reached  by  insiders  would  only  further  the   self-­‐interests  of  politicians.  party  bosses.   and  her  concern  for  her  constituency.  and  it  would  serve  to  later  confirm  Christine’s   predisposition  to  big  business  interests.  are  the  ones   who  advance  into  positions  of  leadership.  The  raw  political  machinations  that  went  into  her   appointment  to  lead  the  Health  Committee  served  as  a  precursor  for  the  backroom   deals  that  would  lead  to  her  speakership  only  four  years  later.       ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.

html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Developers  salivated  at  the  opportunity  of  getting  their  hands  on  such   properties  for  speculative  real  estate  conversions.   sitting  on  giant  footprints.    All  Rights  Reserved.  she  was  busy  settling  into  the  City   Council  when  Eliot  Spitzer.333     but  Mr.nytimes.  it  was  rare  that  a   state  attorney  general  would  launch  a  public  fight  to  save  a  hospital  from  closing.com/2000/01/15/nyregion/deal-­‐struck-­‐to-­‐save-­‐upper-­‐east-­‐side-­‐hospital.  Spitzer  was  demonstrating  that  there  was  a  role  for  public  officials  to  act  as   advocates  for  public  health  when  New  York  City’s  and  New  York  State’s  health   commissioners  were  caught  sleeping  on  the  job.  known  as  MEETH.  doctors  and  healthcare  officials  were  worried   about  the  loss  of  the  underlying  healthcare  infrastructure.     Even  though  MEETH  was  known  for  providing  cosmetic  surgery  in  the  fancy  Upper   East  Side  neighborhood  of  Manhattan.  with  an  ethic  to  fight  executives  and  boards  of   directors  to  make  things  right.  which  included  17  state-­‐ of-­‐the-­‐art  operating  rooms  and  its  residency  program.  launched  a  very  public   fight  to  save  the  Manhattan  Eye.com/1999/10/eliot-­‐spitzer-­‐stops-­‐41-­‐million-­‐sale-­‐of-­‐deluxe-­‐hospital/     333  http://www.  Spitzer  or  to  burnish  her  image.  332      By  trying  to  save  MEETH.  Admittedly.    MEETH  was  described  to  be  losing  about  $2  million  a  month.   and  he  wanted  to  sell  MEETH  for  pennies  on  the  dollar  to  Memorial  Sloan  Kettering   in  a  deal  that  would  allow  some  land  to  be  sold  off  to  a  luxury  housing  developer.  Spitzer  was  a  rare  politician.  by  Lindsay  Herkness.   -­‐  160  -­‐     .  Christine   experimented  with  her  platform  as  chair  of  the  City  Council  Health  Committee  to                                                                                                                   332  http://observer.  from   closing.  Hospitals  were  bulky  buildings.  a  Wall  Street  executive.  Ear.In  Christine’s  first  year  in  public  office.  and  MEETH’s   board  of  directors  was  led.   Either  to  emulate  Mr.  with  attractive  grandfathered  zoning  exceptions  or   variances.  at  the  time.  and  Throat  Hospital.   Mr.  then  the  state  attorney  general.

 Christine  would  develop  what  one  source  described  as  a   predictable  pattern  of  speaking  to  the  media  about  an  important  issue  in  exchange   for  the  sound  bite.  the  mayor  reacted  to  the  damage  to   the  city  budget  caused  by  the  September  11  attacks  by  proposing  a  huge  property   tax  increase.   Early  in  the  Bloomberg  administration.add  to  her  public  myth  by  appearing  to  be  an  advocate  for  public  health.  was  because  of  her  close  working  relationship  with  Speaker  Miller   and  the  favor  trading  that  took  place.   her  record  on  health  issues  would  be  unprincipled  and  inconsistent.  This  tax  was  enacted  in  order  to  avoid  some  very  painful  budget  cuts   caused  by  increased  spending  and  a  precipitous  drop  in  taxes  resulting  from  the   economic  shocks  of  the  attacks.  The  reason  she  was  chair  of  the  Health  Committee  in   the  first  place.   -­‐  161  -­‐     .  Since   moving  into  City  Council.  Christine  was  going  to  run  the  Health  Committee  based   on  her  own  brand  of  political  expediency.  Among  the  cuts  that  Mayor  Bloomberg  was   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  But  because   Christine  was  adopting  favor-­‐trading  in  her  political  approach  as  an  elected  official.  not  because  she  had  a  resolute  commitment  to   transforming  public  health.   whereupon  she  would  then  allow  the  issue  to  yield  to  inertia.  only  to  return  to  her  office  once  the  press  conference  was  over.  Christine’s  advocacy  hinged  on  the  presence  of  cameras.  because  the  only  results  Christine  was  seeking  was  the  photo  op  itself  -­‐-­‐   and  not  anything  beyond  that.  Christine  would  organize  press   conferences  at  the  steps  of  City  Hall  to  denounce  any  proposed  elimination  to   healthcare  budgets.  In  the   beginning.  This  cycle  of  playing  to   the  cameras  would  be  the  primary  reason  Christine  wouldn’t  produce  results  for  the   community.    All  Rights  Reserved.  In  her  usual  tradition.  Christine  followed  the  pattern  of  using  her  roots  as  an  activist  to  fight   against  healthcare  cuts.

 In   response.com/2003-­‐06-­‐17/news/fighting-­‐the-­‐good-­‐fight/     336  http://www.”  is  how  The  New  York  Times   described  the  budget  cuts  game.  He   would  go  on  to  target  unions  and  a  host  of  core  municipal  services.  and  then  the  mayor   restores  some  but  not  all  of  the  cuts  in  a  final  deal.  and  the  other  councilmembers   were  engaged  in  a  twisted  budget  negotiation  game  of  pretense.   -­‐  162  -­‐     .  338      All  of  the  press  conferences  in  opposition  to  the   mayor’s  draconian  budget  cuts  were  farcical.    All  Rights  Reserved.  but  this  was  how  Mayor  Bloomberg  began  his  budget  negotiations.335  336   337    While  her  efforts  seemed  to  be  one  way  to  shape  public  opinion  against  the   mayor’s  budget  cuts.com/2003/12/17/nyregion/city-­‐council-­‐spars-­‐with-­‐bloomberg-­‐over-­‐lead-­‐paint-­‐ legislation.nytimes.  Christine.00  in  funds   that  would  be  cut  from  week-­‐end  meals  for  the  elderly.  because  it  was  usually  expected  that   the  mayor’s  budget  cuts  would  generally  be  reversed.  the  mayor.villagevoice.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  in  reality.html     338  http://www.  and  an  estimated  $885.  the  Council  objects.nytimes.  including   healthcare.  One  way  that  the  billionaire  mayor  wanted  to  save  money  in  the  years   after  9/11  was  by  proposing  to  close  approximately  a  dozen  child  health  clinics  and   two  tuberculosis  clinics  in  order  to  eliminate  their  costs  from  the  2004  budget.com/2002-­‐11-­‐24/news/18202256_1_property-­‐tax-­‐tax-­‐hike-­‐mayor-­‐bloomberg     335  http://www.  The  New  York  Times  added   that  many  councilmembers  use  the  restoration  of  budget  items  as  a  “campaign”  tool.   which  the  councilmembers  could  use  to  demonstrate  to  their  voters  their  successful                                                                                                                   334  http://articles.000.  Christine  used  press  conferences  to  denounce  the  healthcare  cuts.nydailynews.citylimits.5  million  in  possible  cuts  to  public  libraries.proposing  were  $1.K.org/news/articles/1420/tb-­‐clinics-­‐face-­‐closure-­‐despite-­‐increase-­‐in-­‐cases     337  http://www.  to  propose  taking  away  meals  from  senior   citizens.  $2.    “The  usual  script   goes  like  this  :  the  mayor  proposes  cuts.5  million  in   proposed  cuts  to  fund  ambulance  services.com/2003/06/25/nyregion/likely-­‐accord-­‐on-­‐city-­‐budget-­‐averts-­‐cuts.  334    Only  in  a  sinister   Republican  worldview  would  it  be  O.

 setting  the  stage   for  irresponsible  budget  deficits  once  the  president  wrongly  led  the  nation  into   war.  In  Albany.  were  using  the   community  as  a  pawn  to  look  good  in  the  media  for  the  next  election  cycle.  such  as  access  to   healthcare.”339    Municipal  politicians  were  engaged  in  a  charade.  President  Bush  enacted  a  sweeping  cut  in   marginal  tax  rates  in  the  summer  before  the  September  11  attacks.  and  voters  were   expending  resources  to  respond  to  these  deceptive  budget  cuts.  Albany.org/wiki/Economic_Growth_and_Tax_Relief_Reconciliation_Act_of_2001     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.com/2003/06/25/nyregion/likely-­‐accord-­‐on-­‐city-­‐budget-­‐averts-­‐cuts.  over  the  next  decade.html     340  http://en.  where  the  post-­‐ 9/11  economic  collapse  was  most  severe.  would  undermine  the  ability  of  some  community  healthcare  facilities  to   properly  plan  for  their  long-­‐term  budgets.  to  a  concentration  of  wealth   for  the  very  rich.“record  of  saving  services.  In  Washington.  who  were  engaged  in  this  sick  and  twisted  budget  game.   New  York  State.  The                                                                                                                   339  http://www.  the  Republican  governor  was  about  to  launch  into  a   scorched  earth  campaign  against  hospitals.S.     The  September  11  attacks  opened  up  huge  budget  deficits  in  New  York  City.  activists.  Incumbent   politicians.340    The  2001  federal  income  tax  cuts  would  disproportionately  benefit  the   highest  income  earners  and  led.   -­‐  163  -­‐     .    All  Rights  Reserved.wikipedia.  The   impact  of  elected  officials  manipulating  core  human  rights.  and  Washington  was  resulting  in  a  uniform  attack  on  the  social  safety   net  to  finance  the  global  war  on  terror  plus  the  new  Republican  agenda  that  favored   deregulation  of  commerce.  and  the  U.  federal  government.  Republican  control  in  New  York   City.  in  spite  of  his  sensibility  for  fiscal  conservatism.  and   the  devastating  impact  was  that  community  groups.  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  budgets  were  forced   to  include  drastic  measures.nytimes.  And  in  New  York  City.

 his  outsourcing  of  government  technology  contracts.com/2003/06/25/nyregion/likely-­‐accord-­‐on-­‐city-­‐budget-­‐averts-­‐cuts.com/2003/06/25/nyregion/likely-­‐accord-­‐on-­‐city-­‐budget-­‐averts-­‐cuts.nydailynews.  temporary   surcharge  on  high  income  earners  in  2003.  Mayor  Bloomberg  still  kept  proposing  ridiculous  cuts  to  the  social   safety  net.  This  larger  agenda  would  create   large  transfers  of  wealth  from  the  public  sector  to  the  private  sector  of  the  economy.  for  example.  Mayor  Bloomberg  relied  on  financial  aid  from  New   York  State  and  the  federal  government  to  help  patch  the  city  budget.  the  impact  of  the  property  tax  hike  on  landlords  trickled   down  to  tenants.  342      While  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  actions  to   raise  taxes  was  admirable.   His  plan  for  gentrification.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   -­‐  164  -­‐     .nytimes.  For  example.com/2002-­‐11-­‐24/news/18202256_1_property-­‐tax-­‐tax-­‐hike-­‐mayor-­‐bloomberg     342  http://www.  and  his   plans  to  bust  through  zoning  across  New  York  City.  when  compared  to  the  irresponsible  fiscal  policies  in   Washington.   New  Yorkers  would  live  under  constant  mayoral  threats  to  close  firehouses.343      Those  with   the  most  made  little  to  no  sacrifices  for  the  many  with  the  least.html     343  http://www.  but  not  transparent   enough  to  voters  to  put  an  end  to  it.  and  to  attack  municipal  unions  -­‐-­‐  so  much  so  that  these  threats   became  an  annual  budgetary  game  transparent  to  the  media.  and  these  plans  would  accelerate  the   misplacement  of  low  income  and  middle  class  New  Yorkers  out  of  Manhattan  and                                                                                                                   341  http://articles.  To  further  protect  the  wealthiest  New  York  City  residents  from   having  to  pay  their  fair  share.  341    and  he  approved  a  slight.nytimes.  Mayor  Bloomberg  would  engage  in  this   budgetary  game  to  distract  the  public  from  his  larger  agenda  for  mayoral  control   over  the  school  system.    All  Rights  Reserved.mayor  hiked  property  taxes  in  2002.   to  layoff  teachers.  And  the  heaviest  relative  tax  burden  was  borne  by  everybody  but  the   wealthy.  would  intentionally  provide  tax  breaks  and   other  economic  incentives  to  wealth  landlords.

  to  oversee  a  state  panel  charged  with  the  task  of  making  cuts  to  Medicaid.  some  form  of  hospice-­‐like  care.  Pataki  appointed  a  Wall  Street  insider.  the  elderly.    All  Rights  Reserved.other  valuable  areas  of  New  York  City.   Consequently.  the  issue  of   access  to  full-­‐service  hospital  care  became  critical  to  the  people  with  AIDS.  Christine  would  serve  as  chair  of  the  City   Council  Health  Committee  for  the  first  four  years  of  the  Bloomberg  administration.  Under  the  conditions  of  unstable  budgets  and   politically  expedient  budgetary  games.  the  hospital  infrastructure  was  woefully  inadequate  once  hundreds  of   people  with  AIDS  began  to  flood  the  hospital  system  during  the  early  1980’s.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   -­‐  165  -­‐     .  the  only  known  form  of  treatment  was   hospitalization  or.  including  and  especially  to  defend  the  provision  of   healthcare  for  the  voiceless.  She  came  into  power  as  part  of  the  LGBT  community’s  response  to  the  AIDS   pandemic.   the  infirm.  People  diagnosed   with  cases  of  AIDS-­‐related  complex  faced  death.nytimes.com/2004/11/19/nyregion/19hospital.  Not                                                                                                                   344  http://www.  Gov.  Here  was  Christine’s  opportunity  to  do  something   about  it.344     Everywhere  that  Republicans  were  in  control.   During  this  time.  But  New  York  City  had   been  shrinking  the  sizes  of  hospitals  in  the  time  leading  up  to  the  AIDS  pandemic.  but  Christine  never  responded  to  the  Berger   Commission’s  plans  to  make  large  cuts  to  Medicaid.  When  people  became  gravely  ill   with  uncontrollable  opportunistic  infections.  At  that   time.  ultimately.  Stephen  Berger.  and  the  most  frail.  One  of  Christine’s  mandates  was  to  be  an  advocate  for  healthcare  and  to   fight  against  discrimination.  there  was  no  effective  treatment  for  immune  deficiency.  they  were  launching  efforts  to  make   cuts  to  programs  and  services  that  benefited  the  most  in  need  :  children.   In  the  early  years  during  the  AIDS  pandemic  in  New  York  City.

 St.  and  putting   people  with  AIDS  into  what  seemed  like  isolation  was  construed  to  be  an  attempt  at   creating  a  leper-­‐like  colony  for  AIDS  patients.com/1989/03/16/nyregion/center-­‐for-­‐66-­‐aids-­‐patients-­‐to-­‐be-­‐built-­‐in-­‐the-­‐bronx.347    348    but  “expand”  was  a  relative  term.html     349  http://www.  city  health  officials  finally  took   action  to  expand  the  number  of  hospital  beds  to  accommodate  the  influx  people   with  of  AIDS.com/1987/05/28/nyregion/new-­‐york-­‐plans-­‐to-­‐turn-­‐hospital-­‐into-­‐aids-­‐center.  More  cases  of  social  injustice  took  place  in  that  time.  since  what  health  officials  did   was  decrease  the  number  of  hospital  beds  that  were  being  decommissioned.  Clare’s  Hospital  near  Midtown  Manhattan   would  be  designated  to  only  treat  AIDS  patients345  in  a  controversial  plan  that   seemed  like  healthcare  officials  were  trying  to  segregate  care.nytimes.  City  health  officials  were   compromising  the  equality  and  dignity  of  people  with  AIDS.  Mario  Cuomo.   Moreover.  For                                                                                                                   345  http://www.nytimes.   -­‐  166  -­‐     .346    Placing  people   with  AIDS  into  an  isolated  facility  was  a  source  of  great  controversy  to  the  LGBT   community.html     346  http://www.  The  1980’s  saw  a  rise  of  AIDS  phobia  and  discrimination.nytimes.com/1987/12/18/nyregion/new-­‐york-­‐adds-­‐hospital-­‐beds-­‐to-­‐treat-­‐aids.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.nytimes.  the  criticism  of  segregating  AIDS  patients  into  one  singular  facility  didn’t   stop  Andrew  Cuomo.  who  was  son  of  Gov.  to  make  sure  that  social  injustice   in  the  provision  of  healthcare  never  happened  again.com/1987/05/30/nyregion/st-­‐clare-­‐s-­‐is-­‐in-­‐turmoil-­‐over-­‐state-­‐s-­‐aids-­‐plan.until  1987  did  New  York  City  finally  begin  to  examine  how  hospitals  could  be  fully   utilized  to  treat  people  with  AIDS.349    Again.nytimes.  and  the  community’s   response  was  to  promote  politicians.  the  appearance  of  segregation   could  not  be  overlooked.   As  part  of  the  healthcare  response  to  AIDS.com/1987/12/25/us/hospital-­‐bed-­‐shortage-­‐tied-­‐to-­‐type-­‐of-­‐aids-­‐cases.    All  Rights  Reserved.  from  undertaking  in  1989   an  effort  to  build  an  AIDS-­‐only  health  center  in  the  Bronx  that  was  intended  to   provide  targeted  healthcare  services  to  AIDS  patients  rather  than  have  people  with   AIDS  take  up  space  in  full-­‐service  hospitals.  like  Christine.html     348  http://www.html     347  http://www.

   Treating  people  differently  based  on  their  identity   rather  than  on  the  seriousness  of  their  illnesses  was  the  sort  of  discrimination  that   Christine  was  expected  to  fight.  who  would  fight  on  behalf  of  those  less  fortunate.  its  budgetary  funding.com/doc/79603457/City-­‐Limits-­‐Magazine-­‐February-­‐1983-­‐Issue#page=4     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.350    Instances  of  discrimination  like  these  were  Sen.  Duane’s  and   Christine’s  shared  raison  d’être.html     352  http://www.  When  Christine  came  into  public  office.  after  the  worst  of  the  1970’s  financial  crisis  and  after  the  first   reported  AIDS  cases.  when  the   city  was  facing  financial  ruin.  in  1990.  She  promised                                                                                                                   350  http://www.  the  city  closed  many  hospitals  and  reduced  the  services  of   remaining  hospitals.351     and  the  austerity  cuts  being  demanded  by  the  city’s  banking  and  big  business   interests  were  unfairly  targeting  communities  that  had  been  traditionally   underserved.nytimes.  the  city  was  suffering  from  a  collapse  of   each  of  its  social  order.   -­‐  167  -­‐     .html     351  http://www.example.  She  was   charged  with  taking  up  the  “mantle  of  advocacy”  left  by  Sen.nytimes.  she  did  so  under  the   banner  of  an  advocate.  and  its  own  infrastructure.com/1990/12/21/nyregion/hospital-­‐accused-­‐of-­‐keeping-­‐2-­‐aids-­‐patients-­‐in-­‐ hallway.  In  that   economic  contraction.com/1987/12/18/nyregion/new-­‐york-­‐adds-­‐hospital-­‐beds-­‐to-­‐treat-­‐aids.   Before  the  economic  crisis  caused  by  the  September  11  attacks.scribd.  Duane.  like  the  controversial  closing  of   Sydenham  Hospital  in  Harlem.  more  or  less.352     Christine  became  the  chair  of  the  City  Council  Health  Committee  about  two   decades.  the  last  time   New  York  City  faced  dire  budgetary  constraints  was  during  the  1970’s.  seemed  to  take  place  in  low-­‐income  communities.  Many  hospital  closings.  NYU  Medical  Center  was  accused  of  keeping  two  men  with  AIDS  in   the  corridors  of  the  hospital  without  finding  them  hospital  rooms  for   accommodation.    Back  then.

 once  the  next   fiscal  year  would  begin.  their  appointees.  and   given  the  predictable  pattern  of  how  past  austerity  cuts  had  targeted  people  of  color   and  those  with  lesser  financial  means.  The  intention  of  closing  the  two  TB  clinics  was  to  save   $279.000.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/2004-­‐03-­‐26/local/18259006_1_cuts-­‐in-­‐other-­‐city-­‐budget-­‐city-­‐services     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  and  government   bureaucrats  would  decide  changes  to  public  healthcare  policy.   -­‐  168  -­‐     .  and.  She  and  other  public  officials.  At  the  same  time  that  the  city  was  facing  an  elevated  TB  rate.  even   though  the  city  was  at  that  time  experiencing  a  TB  rate  higher  than  the  national   average.  She  was  now  part  of   the  political  inside.  As  a  result   of  these  promises.  355    But  the  conditioning  was  already  established  :  the  safety  net   underpinning  public  health  in  New  York  City  was  perpetually  facing  budget  cuts.00353    out  of  a  budget  of  over  $47  billion.com/2004-­‐03-­‐26/local/18259006_1_cuts-­‐in-­‐other-­‐city-­‐budget-­‐city-­‐services     354  http://comptroller.  the  two  tuberculosis  clinics  that  had  been  targeted  by  Mayor   Bloomberg  for  closure  in  the  2004  city  budget  were  saved  from  elimination  nine   months  into  the  fiscal  year.nyc.  three  months  later.nydailynews.gov/wp-­‐content/uploads/documents/cafr2004.  voters  elected  Christine  into  government.354    But  the  two  TB  clinics  were   saved  only  for  the  duration  of  that  fiscal  year.   even  though  some  of  these  important  services  cost  such  a  small  fraction  of  the  city’s   budget.  how  would  Christine  respond  to  government   efforts  to  make  wholesale  healthcare  cuts  ?       After  enough  community  resources  had  been  deployed  as  part  of  the  farcical   budget  game.voters  that  she  brought  to  her  official  capacity  sensibilities  about  what  it  meant  to   be  treated  differently  based  on  her  identity  as  a  woman  and  as  a  lesbian.  New   York  City  and  New  York  State  once  again  faced  budget  cuts  in  billions  of  dollars.  infant                                                                                                                   353  http://articles.  Following  9/11.nydailynews.pdf     355  http://articles.  Christine  would  have  to  fight  for  those  clinics  again.

  360  http://www.  Berger   wanted  to  wreck  havoc  on  healthcare  in  much  the  same  way.  “Control  Board  Chief.  LLC  .  Maurice.358   Of  all  people.nydailynews.  headed  by  the  Wall  Street   banker  Stephen  Berger.com/2004/11/19/nyregion/19hospital.  Gov.nysun.com/2003/05/11/nyregion/fyi-­‐633992.  announced  that  the  state  would  aim  higher  in  its  quest  to   cut  healthcare  :  it  would  begin  to  close  entire  hospitals.com/new-­‐york/hospitals-­‐bankruptcy-­‐filing-­‐precedes-­‐report/43695/     359  Carroll.nytimes.  slashed  the  subsidies  that  New   York  City  paid  to  the  Metropolitan  Transportation  Authority.  among  other  actions.  One  consequence  of   Mr.  A  calculating  political   insider.html     358  http://www.  Berger  selected  by  Gov.nytimes.  Mr.356    Against  this   backdrop.  Berger  served  as  the  executive   director  of  the  New  York  State  Emergency  Financial  Control  Board  for  the  city.mortality  jumped  in  the  Bronx  by  an  astonishing  rate  of  12.  the  working  group  was  renamed  to  Health  Care  Facilities  in  the   21st  Century.  Print.  and  Representative  and  one-­‐time  Republican                                                                                                                   birth-­‐weight     357  http://www.com/2004-­‐08-­‐31/local/18271347_1_infant-­‐mortality-­‐rate-­‐rate-­‐last-­‐year-­‐low-­‐ ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.html     361  http://www.  Berger’s  cuts  to  the  MTA  has  been  the  dramatic  and  relentless  increases  in   subway  and  bus  fares  endured  by  users  of  the  city’s  mass  transit  system.  Berger.  Mr.357      To  propagandize  the   hospital  closings.  Mr.   as  chairman  of  a  private  equity  firm.  361    and  as  a   political  campaign  consultant  for  each  of  Senate  candidate  Richard  Ottinger.nytimes.    All  Rights  Reserved.359  360     To  carry  out  the  severe  austerity  cuts  demanded  by  Wall  Street  bankers  and  big   business  interests.  Pataki  to  lead  a   commission  charged  with  closing  New  York  hospitals  ?  During  the  aftermath  of  the   1970’s  fiscal  crisis  that  gripped  New  York  City.html     356  http://articles.  why  was  Mr.8%.com/2003/04/01/nyregion/bloomberg-­‐administration-­‐port-­‐authority-­‐get-­‐closer-­‐ possible-­‐land-­‐swap-­‐deal.  Mr.”  The  New  York  Times  09  March  1976:  47.  Odyssey  Investment  Partners.  Pataki’s  Working  Group  on  Health  Care.  Berger  had  also  served  as  the  executive  director  of  the  Port  Authority  .   Representative  Jonathan  Bingham.   -­‐  169  -­‐     .  Stephen  Berger.

 Mr.  Print.  Berger  was  comfortable  reviving  the   role  of  the  bad  cop  to  Gov.mayoral  candidate  Herman  Badillo.  His  inclination  to  cut  city  subsidies  to  public  transportation  and  public   hospitals  was  useful  to  a  certain  political  agenda  that  wanted  to  attack  the  social                                                                                                                   362  Carroll.  Pataki’s  good  cop  in  the  2000’s.  he  was  never  directly  accountable  to  voters.   -­‐  170  -­‐     .  an  arrangement  he  had   successfully  played  opposite  Gov.  and  this  would  lead  to  commuters  having  to   largely  pay  for  the  agency’s  costs.   caustic.  Berger’s  serial  roles  within  government  were  provided  to  him  after  he   had  proved  himself  reliable  to  political  insiders  because  of  his  predisposition  to   carrying  out  wholesale  budget  cuts  without  remorse.   Berger  could  be  counted  on  to  carry  out  ruthless  budget  cuts  with  a  sense  of  moral   and  ethical  impunity.html     364  Weisman.  Carey  during  the  1970’s  fiscal  crisis.nytimes.  Berger’s  supervision  of  the   city’s  budget  during  the  financial  crisis  of  the  1970’s.  Hugh  Carey  to  be  predisposed  to  be  a  “hatchetman”365  for  hire.”  The  New  York  Times  09  March  1976:  47.  "About  New  York.”  364      Since  Mr.  philosophical  and  hortatory.  Berger  only  served   in  appointed  capacities.  sought  Mr.     365  Clines."  The  New  York  Times  08   October  1977:  39.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Therefore.  “Control  Board  Chief.  which  runs  the  city’s  public   hospitals.  Print.   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Since  Mr.362  363    During  Mr.  he  was  a  natural  pick  for  Gov.  plaintive.  Francis  X.  Steven  R.  Maurice.  Pataki  to  lead  the   charge  to  indiscriminately  close  hospitals.  he  was  accused  of  trying  to   “destroy”  the  city’s  Health  and  Hospitals  Corporation.   Print.  Berger  had  proven  himself   under  Gov.  who  were  keen  to  insulate   themselves  from  unpopular  budget  cuts.  Stephen  Berger.  Saga  of  Stephen  Berger:  Politics  to  Academia.   Mr.com/2001/07/27/nyregion/in-­‐battle-­‐for-­‐mayor-­‐badillo-­‐to-­‐enlist-­‐guerrillas.  Berger  as  a  reliable  hatchetman   by  proxy.  Mr.  And  politicians.     363  http://www.  even  though  he   would  ravage  the  MTA’s  finances.  “Carey's  Tough  Blocking-­‐Back  at  City  Hall”  The  New  York  Times  08  February  1977:  33.  His  management  style  was  alternatively  described  as  “sarcastic.

 she  was  selective   about  which  issues  to  really  embrace.366    Christine  mounted  her   own  campaign  to  rid  schools  of  junk  food.  She  championed  through  the  City  Council  a  controversial  bill   proposed  by  Mayor  Bloomberg  to  ban  cigarette  smoking.369    But  Christine  was  cautious  to  only   delve  into  safe  issues.com/2004-­‐03-­‐24/news/18258878_1_new-­‐yorkers-­‐health-­‐commissioner-­‐ thomas-­‐frieden-­‐flu-­‐shots     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Berger’s  scorched  earth  campaign  against  hospitals  would  also  converge   with  Christine’s  impending  leadership  maneuvering.  he  would  test  Christine’s  myth  as  an  advocate  in  the  realm  of  public   health.  Mr.nydailynews.nydailynews.   -­‐  171  -­‐     .  Even                                                                                                                   366  http://www.  Where  before  Christine  had  been  willing  to  challenge   the  political  system  as  an  activist.  or  issues  from  which  she  could  score  political  points  with  the   powerful  billionaire  mayor.  For  example.com/2003-­‐09-­‐15/news/18237496_1_new-­‐yorkers-­‐hhc-­‐prescription-­‐drugs     369  http://articles.nytimes.  As  Mr.html     367  http://articles.com/2002/12/19/nyregion/smoking-­‐bill-­‐is-­‐adopted-­‐as-­‐council-­‐ends-­‐its-­‐year.  Christine  was  critical   of  the  Bloomberg  administration’s  ambitious  plans  to  make  advances  in  public   health  in  the  face  of  constant  budget  cuts.  since  Christine  was  already   waging  a  public  fight  against  the  mayor’s  plan  for  the  West  Side  Stadium.367      She  criticized  the  Health  and  Hospitals   Corporation  for  not  providing  information  to  patients  about  a  prescription  drug   discounts  program.nydailynews.  Christine  was  focused  on  public  health  issues  for   New  York  City.  now  that  she  was  an  insider.     In  the  time  leading  up  to  the  recommendations  in  the  Berger  Commission   Report.safety  net.  Berger  was  launching  into  his  latest  effort  to  “destroy”  New  York   hospitals.368    And  as  chair  of  the  Health  Committee.  she  was   unwilling  to  challenge  the  mayor’s  divisive  plan  to  ban  cigarette  smoking.com/2002-­‐11-­‐11/news/18212811_1_vending-­‐machines-­‐after-­‐school-­‐snack-­‐ soda     368  http://articles.  as  the  hit  list  of  hospitals  that  would  be  targeted  for  closure  by  the  Berger   Commission  came  to  be  known.    All  Rights  Reserved.

 including  having  to  deal  with  outbreaks   of  SARS.371  One  of  Speaker   Miller’s  major  legislative  priorities  was  to  change  the  term  limits  law  so  that  the   limit  of  consecutive  terms  for  councilmembers  would  not  be  two  terms  of  uneven   years.org/wiki/Gifford_Miller     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  giving  the  mayor  an  important  public  victory.  and  anthrax  agents  and  other  bioterrorism  threats  in  a   post-­‐9/11  world.com/2003/04/30/nyregion/health-­‐chief-­‐is-­‐a-­‐doctor-­‐comfortable-­‐with-­‐orders.  Christine  still  pushed  the  mayor’s  plan   through  the  City  Council.html     371  http://en.though  the  cigarette  ban  seemed  like  an  attempt  at  imposing  a  moralizing.  Speaker  Miller  faced  a  dilemma  :  because  of  a  technicality  in  the  term  limits   law.   The  City  Council  speaker  for  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  first  term  in  office  was  Gifford   Miller.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Terms  of  uneven  years                                                                                                                   370  http://www.  It  was  to  his  wagon  which  Christine  had  hitched  her  career.  socially-­‐ engineered  construct  on  New  Yorkers.370    Why  was  Christine  prioritizing  the  elimination  of  cigarette   smoking  in  restaurants  and  lounges  and  junk  food  in  schools.  he  was  going  to  have  to  leave  public  office  after  only  a  series  of  three  partial.  and  before  the  Berger  Commission  would  carry  out  its   hospital  closings.  but  instead  be  changed  to  two  “full”  terms  of  8  years.   -­‐  172  -­‐     .  Right  after  the  2001   election.  Christine’s  relationship  with  Speaker  Miller  needs  to  be  reviewed.  But  there   were  other  serious  public  health  challenges.   consecutive  terms  in  office  that  would  not  add  up  to  eight  years.  and  he  had  also  rewarded  Christine  with  a  leadership  position  in   exchange  for  her  help  in  his  own  speakership  campaign.  Speaker  Miller   had  helped  Christine  provide  taxpayer  money  to  seed  the  High  Line  park  in  her   council  district.  the  West  Nile  virus.wikipedia.  but  not  protecting   hospital  infrastructure  for  possible  future  outbreaks  of  new  or  existing  diseases  ?     Before  Christine’s  campaign  for  a  higher  leadership  post  in  the  City  Council   could  be  fully  understood.nytimes.

 Mayor  Bloomberg  vetoed   the  bill.  a  situation  that  Speaker  Miller  himself  was  facing.  Councilmember  Fiala.  “This  bill  would  send  an   unfortunate  message  about  the  impact  and  importance  of  their  votes  and  set  a   perilous  precedent  for  future  leaders  of  this  city.  reminiscent  of  our   previous  term  limits  hero.  The  entire  City  Council  voted  on   Speaker  Miller’s  measure  to  extend  term  limits  to  cure  this  inconsistency.374    Perhaps  because  the   mayor’s  powers  were  being  kept  in  check  by  Speaker  Miller.  adding.nyc.html     373  http://legistar.com/news/politics/quinn-­‐article-­‐1.  One  measure  of  Speaker  Miller’s  willingness  to   challenge  the  mayor’s  powers  was  that  Speaker  Miller  led  the  City  Council  to   override  38  of  the  mayor’s  vetoes  during  his  speakership.  the  farcical  budget  get   notwithstanding.1303651     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.nydailynews.council.  but  his  veto  was  over-­‐ridden  by  the  City  Council.”  Mayor  Bloomberg  wrote  in  his  official  veto  statement.    All  Rights  Reserved.”  Mayor  Bloomberg  wrote.  Mayor  Bloomberg   would  not  support  Speaker  Miller’s  2002  efforts  to  amend  the  term  limits  law.   -­‐  173  -­‐     .  but  Speaker  Miller  believed  that  the  City  Council  should  serve  as  a   check  on  the  mayor’s  office.were  due  to  circumstances  that  would  sometimes  create  two-­‐year  terms  for  some   councilmembers.  and   Christine  voted  to  approve  Speaker  Miller’s  amendment.  Christine  had  more  or  less   largely  stayed  on  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  good  side.nytimes.  I  believe  that  elected   officials  should  seek  at  every  opportunity  to  maintain  and  enhance  the  trust  of  the   citizens.  “At  a   time  of  excessive  cynicism  about  so  many  of  our  institutions.   “I  believe  it  is  simply  inappropriate  for  those  members  …  to  seek  to  change  those                                                                                                                   372  http://www.com/2002/07/25/nyregion/city-­‐council-­‐passes-­‐measure-­‐on-­‐term-­‐limits-­‐ disparity.aspx?ID=438347&GUID=83B49B0B-­‐6E0A-­‐43EA-­‐AB07-­‐ 0AA9A51CBD20&Options=ID|Text|&Search=term+limits     374  http://www.gov/LegislationDetail.373     With  the  exception  of  the  West  Side  Stadium.  372    or  partial   terms  caused  by  the  early  exit  of  incumbents.

 and  he  was  joined  by  Mayor  Bloomberg.  it  was  possible  for  politicians  to  survey  the   landscape  for  possible  competitors  for  future  office  and  to  take  peremptory  action   against  them.gothamgazette.  if  he  wanted  to  use  the  powers  of  his  office  and   incumbency  privilege  to  his  advantage  to  mount  a  mayoral  campaign  in  2005.  Miller’s   selection  as  speaker.  The   political  realities  of  Speaker  Miller’s  motivations  were  all  the  more  present  to  Mayor   Bloomberg.  Upon  Mr.nytimes.    All  Rights  Reserved.  who.376     At  first  blush.”377    The  need  to  amend  the  term  limits   law  was  crucial  for  Speaker  Miller.  but  there  was  more  to  it  than  just  that.  even   though  the  mayor  had  vetoed  the  term  limits  amendment.  Speaker  Miller  needed  the  two  year  extension  to  his  political  career   that  his  amendment  to  the  term  limits  law  would  give  him.”375    After  a  Brooklyn  State   Supreme  Court  judge  threw  out  the  City  Council  term  limits  amendment.  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  opposition  to  amending  the  term  limits  law   seemed  to  rest  on  principle.  In  New  York  City.com/article/governing/20030423/17/359     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  in  turn.  This  was  a  very  visible  platform  from  which  Speaker  Miller  could   launch  a  mayoral  campaign  in  the  next  election  cycle  to  challenge  Mayor  Bloomberg.rules  in  a  manner  that  may  work  to  their  own  advantage.   Indeed.com/2003/03/29/nyregion/mayor-­‐and-­‐speaker-­‐appealing-­‐court-­‐ruling-­‐on-­‐term-­‐ limits.com/2002/08/21/nyregion/bloomberg-­‐vetoes-­‐easing-­‐of-­‐council-­‐s-­‐term-­‐limits.  he  instantly  became  the  second  most  powerful  elected  official   in  New  York  City.  Speaker   Miller  appealed  the  court  ruling.  the  Gotham  Gazette  portrayed  Speaker  Miller’s  leadership  “coup”  as   immediately  transforming  him  into  one  of  a  “handful  of  top  tier  Democratic   candidates  for  the  2005  mayoral  campaign.nytimes.  because  it  would  allow                                                                                                                   375  http://www.html     377  http://old.  was  in  a  position  to  use  his  own  incumbency  to  thwart   Speaker  Miller’s  plans.html     376  http://www.   -­‐  174  -­‐     .

 and  once  again   Christine  saw  how  term  limits  could  be  changed  not  through  referenda.    All  Rights  Reserved.nytimes.html     379  http://observer.109.   Mr.  if  he  could  provide  favors  to  Speaker  Miller  and  to   Christine.  and  the  term  limits  law  amendment.  it  was  Mr.380  and  Christine                                                                                                                   378  http://204.2.  Geto  was  also   acting  out  of  self-­‐interest  .  and.  Ethan  Geto  a  powerful  gay  rights  activists  turn  lobbyist  underscored   Christine’s  ability  to  address  “health  issues  and  other  pressing  social  service  issues   confronting  LGBT  persons”  in  New  York  City  as  a  partial  rationale  for  advocating  for   the  term  limits  amendment.  Philip  Reed.com/2002/06/giffs-­‐gamble-­‐plans-­‐to-­‐revoke-­‐termlimit-­‐law/     380  http://www.  which.  Mr.  because  the  amendment  would  have  a  positive  effect  on   the  LGBT  caucus  in  City  Council.Speaker  Miller  to  stay  in  office  long  enough  to  put  him  in  a  powerful  position  from   which  he  could  challenge  Mayor  Bloomberg  for  the  mayoralty  in  the  2005  election.  The  New  York  LGBT  media  supported  Speaker  Miller’s  efforts  to   amend  the  term  limits  law.   Speaker  Miller.  Mr.378    Even  though  Christine  was  unencumbered  by  the  term   limits  law.  included  Christine.  Eventually.  As  a  lobbyist.  in   accordance  with  Christine’s  political  philosophy  of  favor  trading.  the  City   Council  speaker’s  effort  to  change  term  limits  survived  litigation.  Mr.     Christine  found  herself  caught  between  the  powerful  mayor  on  one  side.  Geto’s  duty   to  provide  political  cover  in  the  media379      for  Christine’s  closest  political  ally.187/gcn214/councilgay.  given  his  platform.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  yet.com/2003/05/20/nyregion/court-­‐says-­‐council-­‐s-­‐speaker-­‐and-­‐5-­‐others-­‐may-­‐run-­‐ again.  at  that  time.  on  the  other.  Geto  was  a  powerful  supporter  of  Speaker  Miller.  Geto  was  among  the  top  101  influential  gay  and  lesbian  New  Yorkers  on  New   York  magazine’s  list  of  the  year  prior.  but  through   the  City  Council.  and   her  very  influential  political  ally.  Speaker  Miller.  Geto  would  be  able  to  come  back  and  ask  for  favors  in  return.   -­‐  175  -­‐     .   and  Margarita  Lopez.

 In  the  2005  Gay  Pride  Parade.   -­‐  176  -­‐     .00  to  Christine’s  campaign  account.00  from  Gary  Barnett.  Douglas  Durst.   Speaker  Miller  marched  alongside  Christine  in  a  public  showing  of  their  close   political  partnership.  which  stood  to  make  tens  of  millions  of  dollars.00  in  readily                                                                                                                   381  http://gaycitynews.  he  went   on  to  run  for  reelection  to  the  City  Council  in  the  2003  election  cycle.com/gcn_426/millerwins.00.500.  the  failed  2001  Democratic  mayoral  candidate.  At  the  time.000.  made  $7.750.  a  real  estate  developer  from  the  Intel  and  Extell   groups.000.  Christine  accepted   $1.saw  how  Speaker  Miller.500.  Their  unity  was  an  effort  by  Christine  to  offer  to  Speaker  Miller   the  goodwill  of  the  LGBT  community.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Barnett.  The   Meilman  family.   Hevesi.00  in  campaign  donations  in  that  election  cycle.  Ayala  Barnett.  She  saw  how  Speaker  Miller’s  efforts  were  only  meant  to  further   his  own  career  prospects  in  politics  for  the  2005  election  cycle.  if  not  more.00  to  Christine’s  2005  campaign  account.  from   the  powerful  real  estate  family.   Because  Speaker  Miller  won  the  right  to  amend  the  term  limits  law.381    the  same  way  Christine  had  used  the  Gay   Pride  Parade  as  a  way  to  fluff  the  political  campaigns  of  Sen.  from   inflated  real  estate  values  tied  to  the  High  Line  park.  her  powerful  political  ally.   they  disclosed  that  they  worked  for  the  same  real  estate  firm  as  Mr.  keeping  him  in   office  as  the  speaker  for  the  2005  election  year  cycle.  Meanwhile.  succeeded  in  bending  the   system  in  his  favor.  Raizy  Haas  and  Hepzi   Schechter  each  contributed  $1.  Hillary  Clinton  and  Mr.  the  latter  which  would  go  on  to  sponsor  the  luxury  housing  development   known  as  One57  near  Central  Park  South.  She  raised   almost  $275.  contributed  $1.  Christine   maintained  her  press  appearances  leading  up  to  the  2005  election.  His  second  wife.000.    All  Rights  Reserved.   contributed  $2.

 One  root  of  the  influence  of  real  estate  money  can  be  traced   back  to  2002.  gave  $1.00  to  New  York  City  municipal  candidates  in  an   attempt  to  buy  access  for  himself  and  his  political  and  public  relations  clients.  yet  she  was  receiving  outsized  contributions  from  real  estate   interests  and  lobbyists.  donated  $250.500.382   Various  other  lobbyists.nyccfb.  an  attorney  for  the  Partnership  for  New  York  City.00  to  Christine’s  account.    All  Rights  Reserved.000.  Mr.blogspot.00  .383     How  did  it  come  to  be  that  real  estate  contributions  would  take  such  a  central   role  in  Christine’s  fundraising.   -­‐  177  -­‐     .  and  hospital   executives  donated  large  sums  of  money  to  Christine  in  the  time  leading  up  to  her   campaign  for  the  speakership.  especially  in  2004  and  2005.aspx?election_cycle=2005&cand_id=204&cand_nam e=Quinn%2c+Christine+C     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  real  estate  developers.  Part  of  his  brokered  deal                                                                                                                   382  http://ny-­‐popculture-­‐politics.  made  a  contribution  of  $500.  a  political  action  committee  known   as  Affordable  Housing  PAC  Ltd.  Richard  Davis.  the   publicist  who  works  for  his  master  PR  spin  doctor  father.  campaign  consultant.  donated   $250.   the  chief  executive  officer  of  the  AIDS  services  organization  Housing  Works.  Howard  Rubenstein.000.identifiable  contributions  to  Christine’s  campaign  account.00  .000.   Arzt  is  a  prolific  campaign  contributor  :  over  the  course  of  many  election  cycles.  and  lobbyist  George  Arzt  gave   $750.  Mr.  gave   $2.  Steven  Rubenstein.  At  the  same  time.00.00.  big  business  insiders.00.   Arzt  has  donated  over  $90.  when  Mr.info/searchabledb/SimpleSearchResult.  The  publicist.  Miller  was  selected  to  be  speaker.  and  Brad   Hoylman.html     383   http://www.  and  Charles  King.  the  former   member  of  the  Watergate  Special  Prosecutor  Force.com/2013/08/George-­‐Arzt-­‐The-­‐90500-­‐Campaign-­‐Finance-­‐Board-­‐ Political-­‐Donations-­‐Man.00  .  in  the  run  up  to  her   selection  of  City  Council  speaker  to  replace  Gifford  Miller  ?  She  was  only  the  chair  of   the  Health  Committee.  the  lobbyist  James  Capalino  gave  $1.

 at  which  point  he  ran   for  mayor  in  that  election.  with  many  names  identical  to  Christine’s   own  campaign  contributors.html     386   http://www.    All  Rights  Reserved.385    But  long  before  Speaker   Miller’s  loss.   -­‐  178  -­‐     .nytimes.info/searchabledb/SimpleSearchResult.  having  been  exposed  for  using  City   Council  resources  to  further  his  political  campaign.aspx?election_cycle=2005&cand_id=264&cand_nam e=Katz%2c+Melinda     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.with  the  Queens  party  boss.  real  estate  donors  were  trying  to  fund  the  next  wave  of  leaders.  Mr.  Manton  pushed  forward  a  councilmember  that  could  be  counted   on  to  support  zone-­‐busting  real  estate  deals.  much  of  it   from  real  estate  interests  and  lobbyists.nyccfb.  as  was  widely  expected.com/2002/01/16/nyregion/council-­‐speaker-­‐plans-­‐to-­‐cut-­‐stipends-­‐for-­‐himself-­‐and-­‐ others.  voters   saw  that  Ms.  called  for  the  appointment  of  Melinda   Katz  to  be  the  chair  of  the  City  Council  Land  Use  Committee.  who   would  be  predisposed  to  supporting  their  development  projects.   As  was  observed  with  Mr.  among  other  reasons.386    When  the  former  deputy  mayor  under  Mayor   Bloomberg  once  bragged  about  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  record  of  78-­‐0  in  getting  zone-­‐ busting  projects  pushed  through  the  City  Council.  To  that  end.com/2005/09/14/nyregion/metrocampaigns/14miller.html     385  http://www.000.  Miller’s  speakership  selection.  Tom  Manton.  He  ended  up  losing  in  the   Democratic  primary  for.00  in  her  campaign  account.nytimes.  political  insiders   traded  favors  to  determine  which  councilmember  would  be  chosen  to  be  the  City                                                                                                                   384  http://www.  The  term  limits  amendment  passed  by   Speaker  Miller  kept  him  in  City  Council  until  the  end  of  2005.384    Through  this   appointment.  it  wasn’t  a  measure  of  Mayor   Bloomberg’s  success  but  rather  a  reflection  of  how  much  developers  had   individually  compromised  key  members  in  the  City  Council  through  campaign   donations.  Katz  had  raised  over  $700.

 the  largest  borough  in  New   York  City.  George  Arzt.  it  appeared  that  the  Queens  and  Bronx  county  bosses  had  been  the  most   disciplined  about  acting  in  concert  to  select  the  speaker  in  exchange  for  choice   political  appointments  to  the  most  powerful  City  Council  committees.  Douglas  Durst.   -­‐  179  -­‐     .  has  essentially  been  locked  out  of  having  any  say  in  the  City   Council  speakership’s  race  since  1986.html     388  http://nymag.com/2000/04/25/nyregion/jostling-­‐for-­‐position-­‐starts-­‐early-­‐in-­‐race-­‐for-­‐council-­‐ speaker.  388    These  backroom  deals  raised  serious  issues   about  the  healthy  function  of  representative  democracy  in  the  City  Council.  Political   bosses  were  deciding  the  speakership.  James   Capalino.  not  voters’  actual  representatives.  The  sizeable  donations  from  Gary  Barnett.   an  early  sign  that  the  fix  may  have  already  been  in  on  the  speakership  from  a  year   prior  to  the  2005  election.  Because  of   lockstep  actions  by  Queens  and  Bronx  county  bosses.Council  speaker.    All  Rights  Reserved.  the  year  Speaker  Vallone  took  over  the   leadership  post  from  Brooklyn  councilmember  Thomas  Cuite.  It’s  not  uncommon  for  real  estate  interests  to  begin                                                                                                                   387  http://www.  and.  namely.   the  councilmembers  themselves.  and  some  of  the  donations  from  the  Meilman  family  dated  back  to  2004.com/news/politics/17207/index4.   The  unmistakable  spike  in  real  estate  donations  to  Christine’s  political   campaign  as  early  as  the  2005  election  cycle  meant  that  real  estate  interests  and   lobbyists  were  intending  to  compromise  Christine’s  independence  on  real  estate   issues.  in  turn.  who  had.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Brooklyn.  These  backroom  deals  got  made  at  the  county  boss  level.nytimes.  since   1986.  held   the  leadership  post  for  almost  two  decades.387    But  Christine  broke  the  stranglehold   by  Queens  and  County  bosses  by  turning  to  Brooklyn  political  boss  Vito  Lopez  for   help  to  secure  her  speakership.

making  heavy  campaign  donations  over  a  year  in  advance  to  their  approved  political   candidates.com/2002/01/17/nyregion/queens-­‐democrats-­‐pick-­‐some-­‐council-­‐plums.  In  the  run  up  to  the   2005  campaign  season.390  Christine’s  campaign  for  the  speakership   began  early.com/news/politics/17207/index4.  Tom  Manton.  as  told  to  New  York  magazine.  that  a  lot   of  this  ball  game  revolved  around  the  county  Democratic  leaders.  Katz’s  appointment  to  the  Land   Use  committee.  Ms.392  in  whom  the  real  estate  industry  had   already  invested  multiple  and  sizeable  campaign  donations.  Mr.    All  Rights  Reserved.  finding  out  how  not  to  be  threatening  to  them.nytimes.  adding.  as  measured  by  the  flood  of  real  estate  donations.com/2008/01/katz-­‐kash-­‐kow.  presenting  a  personality  they   were  comfortable  with.389    The  sizeable  donations  to  Ms.  Katz’s  campaign  account  also  reflected   her  own  contention  for  the  speakership.”391    In  2002.  Melinda  Katz.  Christine   followed  Speaker  Miller’s  pattern  of  reaching  out  to  the  county  bosses  for  their   support.  Manton  was  interested  in  maintaining  the  status  quo  for   his  own  power  base.  and.  “She  understood.  who  did  not  want  to  take  a   loss  on  the  money  that  they  had  spent  to  finance  Ms.   -­‐  180  -­‐     .   “She  did  a  better  job  in  developing  those  relationships.  better  than  I  did.nynewsnetwork.html     392  http://www.  had  negotiated  from  Speaker   Miller  the  City  Council  Land  Use  committee  chair  appointment  for  one  of  his   delegation’s  members.  and  David  Weprin.  Katz  kept  her   leadership  post  on  Land  Use.  as  well  as  for  real  estate  interests.”  he  said.com/2006/01/12/council-­‐powers-­‐chris-­‐quinn’s/     391  http://nymag.  Upon  Christine’s  assumption  of  the  speakership.blogspot.  kept  his  appointment  as  chair  of  the  powerful  Finance                                                                                                                   389  http://queenscrap.   the  Queens  County  Democratic  boss.  This  county  boss  strategy  was  confirmed  by  Brooklyn  councilmember  Bill   de  Blasio.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.html     390  http://www.  another  member  of  the  Queens  City   Council  delegation.

”  he  told  New  York  magazine.  like  Speaker  Miller  before  her.  like  Mr.  Christine’s  selection  was                                                                                                                   393  http://www.  Manton’s  big  business-­‐ approved  delegates  in  their  positions  of  power.html?res=9C00E1D91631F937A15752C1A9639C8B63     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.393  He.394   The  permanent  establishment  that  spends  so  heavily  on  reelecting  approved   incumbents  does  not  like  insurgents  of  any  kind.  told  a  Gay  City  News  reporter  that  Christine’s  victory  was  a  reflection  of   “politics  as  usual  for  party  bosses  and  backroom  wheeler  dealers.com/gst/fullpage.   By  appearing  to  have  made  promises  to  keep  Mr.  was  well-­‐financed  by  real  estate  interests  and  lobbyists.  the  notable  LGBT   activist.committee.nytimes.html     397  http://query.  “With  politics  -­‐-­‐  it’s  a  little  harsh  to  say  -­‐-­‐  to  the  victors   belong  the  spoils.    All  Rights  Reserved.”396      To  more   astute  observers.com/2002/01/16/nyregion/council-­‐speaker-­‐plans-­‐to-­‐cut-­‐stipends-­‐for-­‐himself-­‐and-­‐ others.aspx?election_cycle=2005&cand_id=232&cand_nam e=Weprin%2c+David+I     395  http://nymag.   -­‐  181  -­‐     .com/news/politics/17207/index4.  Christine.  Christine  was  able  to  take  the  lead  in   the  negotiations  for  the  next  speakership.   Mr.html     396  http://gaycitynews.info/searchabledb/SimpleSearchResult.  too.  Manton  was  coy  about  it.395    Bill  Dobbs.nyccfb.  there  was  an  inauthentic  portrayal  amongst   Christine’s  supporters  that  the  body  of  newly  incoming  councilmembers  had   championed  the  vote  for  the  first  woman  and  first  openly  LGBT  speaker  of  the  City   Council.  and  the  sources  of  these  large  campaign  contributions  wanted   to  avert  the  need  to  continue  these  large  payments  with  the  more  rapid  succession   caused  by  term  limits.397    Big  business   interests  and  lobbyists  were  investing  more  and  more  money  in  incumbents  in   leadership  positions.  began  tolling   for  a  need  to  extend  term  limits  before  2005  would  come  to  a  close.com/gcn_453/christinequinn.  In  a  report  in  The  New  York  Times.  Dobbs.html   394   http://www.  Like  a  true  insider.  Although  Christine  swore  to  New  York   magazine  that  she  did  not  make  backroom  deals  with  the  county  political  bosses.nytimes.

  -­‐  182  -­‐     .com/2006-­‐01-­‐03/news/the-­‐outsider-­‐comes-­‐in/     401  http://www.indicated  as  a  fait  accompli  once  she  had  garnered  the  support  of  the  Bronx.  Manton  being  the  “power  broker.399    rather  than  Christine  having  been  found  to  be  an   inspirational  choice  by  the  councilmembers.html     400  http://www.   and  Brooklyn  county  leaders.  Christine  arranged  for  the  Bronx.   Queens.  The  winners  weren’t  going  to  be  the  voters.  a  very  wise  political   reporter.401    But  Christine  had  a  myth  to  propagate.  the  winners  were  going  to  be  the   power  brokers.  the  insiders.com/files/archives/Archives2006/Oct.400    Years  later.   For  Christine  to  make  these  giant  leaps  in  power  after  less  than  six  years  in   the  City  Council.  the  lobbyists.cityandstateny.  in  acknowledgement  for  their  role  in   bestowing  upon  Christine  the  speakership.  and  Brooklyn  county  bosses  to  sit  right  up  front  during  the  preordained   City  Council  vote.timesnewsweekly.com/2006/01/04/nyregion/04quinn.2006/120706/NewFiles/MANTON.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/sites/www.  Tom  Robbins.  noted  in  The  Village  Voice  that.398    The  real  narrative  of  Christine’s  selection  had  more   to  do  with  Mr.  and  the  political  operatives  on  whose   backs  Christine  climbed  to  further  her  own  position  in  government.   who  were  still  naively  waiting  for  Christine  to  be  a  source  of  top-­‐down  support  for   bottom-­‐up  community  empowerment.-­‐ Dec.”  who  helped  to  negotiate  the  terms   of  Christine’s  speakership.  when  the  publication  City  &  State  was  reviewing  a   scandalous  episode  during  Christine’s  speakership.html     399  http://www.  an  anonymous  City  Council   source  finally  admitted  that  Christine  wasn’t  the  “…  actual  choice  of  the  Council…”   for  the  speakership.villagevoice.  and.  it  was  important  to  further  the  fairy  tale  narrative  that  councilmembers   had  elected  the  first  woman  and  openly  LGBT  speaker  based  on  Christine’s  record  of   achievement  -­‐-­‐  and  not  on  her  backroom  deals  with  the  political  machine.timesnewsweekly.  Instead.  to  her  and  to  her   supporters.  she  had  to  cut  deals.com/slush-­‐fund-­‐legacy-­‐future-­‐member-­‐items/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.nytimes.  Queens.  For  example.  in                                                                                                                   398  http://www.

 the  wise  political  reporter.  who  was  called  on  to  provide  more  and  more   political  cover  to  Christine.   -­‐  183  -­‐     .com/2006-­‐01-­‐03/news/the-­‐outsider-­‐comes-­‐in/   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Mr.  the   more  glaring  the  betrayals  to  her  own  political  ethics  became.  Mr.   abortion  rights.  as  well.”  It   was  no  coincidence  that  the  higher  up  the  totem  pole  that  Christine  climbed.the  weeks  leading  to  the  formal  announcement  that  Christine  had  clinched  the   speakership.  Strasburg  had  become  the  leader  of  the  city’s  biggest   landlord  lobby.  which  now  included   Christine.  Crowley.  among  other  things.  One  of  the  lobbyists  was  Joe  Strasburg.  and  Mr.   Manton  in  Congress.  Crowley  “solely  to  win  Manton’s  support  and  the  Queens  delegation.  observed  that  on  the  day  of  the   nominal  councilmember  vote  on  the  speakership.villagevoice.  the   controversial  tenants’  rights  activist.  Crowley  had  succeeded  Mr.  Manton  expected  his  subjects.  which  advocated  an  end  to  rent   control  and  regulation.  a  former  chief  of  staff  of   former  Speaker  Vallone.  Mr.  Rep.  to  express  loyalty  to  the  members  of  his  political  machine.  “Does  it  bother  me  ?  No.  402     Mr.  a  “swarm  of  lobbyists”  swooped   down  on  Christine.  Joe  Crowley.  Michael  McKee.  Even  though   Christine  kept  brandishing  her  myth  as  an  advocate  for.  According  to  Mr.  Robbins.  the  Rent  Stabilization  Association.  a  weak   supporter  of  reproductive  freedom  for  women.  Christine  co-­‐hosted  a  fundraiser  for  Rep.  expressed  his  support  to  Christine  for  her  contradictory   support  of  Rep.  Strasburg  was  there  to   influence  Christine’s  pick  for  the  chair  of  the  City  Council  Housing  &  Buildings                                                                                                                   402  http://www.  Robbins.  Dobbs  told  The  Village  Voice  that  Christine  was  motivated  to   help  Rep.”  he  told  The  Village  Voice.  The  rationalizations   of  Christine’s  supporters  became  all  the  more  bold.

  Lopez  the  new  power  broker  for  the  real  estate  industry.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.villagevoice.  Jose  Rivera.  Christine  helped  make  Mr.406   and  through  Councilmember  Dilan.html     406  http://www.  Christine  was  doing  all  the  right  things  by  big  business  interests  and   political  bosses.   -­‐  184  -­‐     .  Mr.com/2006/01/18/nyregion/18council.  And   as  the  first  wave  of  the  Berger  Commission  hospital  closings  loomed  on  the  horizon.  Lopez  would  become  the  new   gatekeeper  of  real  estate  issues.com/2006/01/18/nyregion/18council.  To  developers.nytimes.com/2006/01/18/nyregion/18council.nytimes.404    and   eventually  he  was  picked.   Lopez  was  interested  in  installing  a  Brooklyn  councilmember  in  the  housing   committee  to  help  Mr.  Lopez  consolidate  control  over  housing  issues.html   407  http://www.405  Even  The  New  York  Times  made  the  connection  that  Mr.  there   would  be  no  more  pretense  about  how  much  Christine  had  shifted.  a  close  associate  of  the  Brooklyn  political   boss  Mr.  To  careful  observers.  for  having  supported  Christine’s   speakership.com/2006-­‐01-­‐03/news/the-­‐outsider-­‐comes-­‐in/     404  http://www.  who  were  predisposed  to  supporting  real  estate  industry  interests.  407    The  sole  political  consideration  for  his  selection  was  seen  to  be  as  a   reward  to  the  Bronx  political  boss.  Lopez.  In  his  position   in  the  state  assembly.html     405  http://nymag.  Lopez  was  chair  of  the  Assembly  Housing  Committee.  Mr.                                                                                                                     403  http://www.  Given  how  developers  influenced  policy  and   leadership  appointments  with  political  contributions.403  Councilmember  Erik  Dilan.   Christine  picked  Councilmember  Joel  Rivera  to  replace  her  as  chair  of  the  Health   Committee.nytimes.committee.  Mr.  She  had  by  this  time  stopped   helping  Mitchell-­‐Lama  residents  and  instead  focused  on  advancing  the  careers  of   politicians.  in  terms  of  her   commitment  to  affordable  housing  and  tenants’  rights.    All  Rights  Reserved.  was  the  early  favorite  to  head  Housing  &  Buildings.com/news/politics/17207/index4.  Lopez  would  have  lucrative  influence  over   governmental  housing  policy.

 or  Madeleine  Albright.   Christine’s  raison  d'être  was  always  brought  back  to  her  roots  as  an  advocate  for   LGBT  issues.  McCall  was   one  of  Christine’s  early  critical  supporters.  “It  says  we  can  elect  people  citywide  who  can   be  out.  “Let's  not  confuse  a  seat  at  the  table  or  a   fancy  title  with  progress.  At  an  event  celebrating   Christine’s  installation  as  City  Council  speaker.  Dobbs.com/2006-­‐01-­‐03/news/the-­‐outsider-­‐comes-­‐in/2/     409  http://gaycitynews.  McCall  said.  “She’s  broken  the  glass  ceiling.”408    But  the   allure  of  Christine’s  myth  was  too  strong  for  some.Trying  to  ring  the  loud  alarum  bell  was  Mr.”  Mr.   adding.  “There  is  a  lot  more  to  change  than  diversifying  representatives.  McCall  once  worked  for  the  lobbyist  James  Capalino.  and  Mr.409    Time  and  again.  who  had  by  then   established  for  himself  a  semi-­‐public  role  as  an  incorruptible  good  government   watchdog  with  sensibilities  about  each  of  LGBT  rights.”  Dirk  McCall.    All  Rights  Reserved.  noting.  He  added  that  the  gay  agenda  was  far   from  being  fulfilled  in  New  York.  in  spite  of  the  fact  that  after  six  years  in  the  City  Council  Christine  had                                                                                                                   408  http://www.  He  foresaw  trappings  in  Christine’s  myth  that  had  been   observed  in  recent  past  political  figures.  and  civil  rights.  civil  liberties.”  Mr.  Mr.villagevoice.  Dobbs  told  the  reporter  Mr.   Mr.  “Think  Clarence  Thomas.”  Mr.  told  Gay  City  News.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  president  of  Stonewall   Democrats.  Dobbs  tried  to  debunk  the  identity  politics  that  Christine  was  using  to  further   her  career  in  politics.   naming  two  remarkable  examples  of  neoliberal  traitors  to  progressive  values.  Dobbs  said.  all  of  whom  were   constituency  groups  which  Quinn  had  expertise.   -­‐  185  -­‐     .  citing  the  need  for  more  government  attention  to   LGBT  homeless  youth.  Robbins  for  a  report  in   The  Village  Voice.com/gcn_453/christinequinn.  Christine  received  wide-­‐spread   praise.  and  people  with  HIV/AIDS.  seniors.

 Among  Christine’s  new  appointments  was  a  Bloomberg   administration  official.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/2006/01/04/nyregion/04quinn.  who  would  now  be  in  change  of  negotiating   the  city  budget  on  behalf  of  the  City  Council  with  his  former  bosses  in  City  Hall.  Mr.nytimes.com/2005/07/26/nyregion/metrocampaigns/26schlein.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.)  The  New  York  Times  reported  that  Christine  wanted   to  “revisit  the  issue  of  term  limits  for  council  members.nytimes.  Schlein  did  not  interfere  with  Christine’s  politically-­‐motivated   purging  of  City  Council  staff.  who  was  in  charge  of  the  commission  tasked  with   protecting  the  civil  service  system.  Christine  had  been  critical  of   the  Bloomberg  administration’s  ambitious  plans  to  make  advances  in  public  health                                                                                                                   410  http://www.  Christine   admitted  right  out  to  The  New  York  Times  that  one  of  the  first  items  on  her   legislative  agenda  as  speaker  would  be  to  take  up  the  issue  of  term  limits.html     411  http://www.nytimes.  at  the  inception.nytimes.   -­‐  186  -­‐     .gothamgazette.  (This  was   presumably  because  the  discussion  to  change  term  limits  before  the  end  of  2005   failed  to  lead  to  an  extension.html     414  http://www.  was  Stanley  Schlein.  Michael  Keogh.  for   example.414    Whereas.   Christine’s  subjugation  of  budget  control  began  here.com/commentary/quinn.com/2006/02/18/nyregion/18council.com/2006/02/18/nyregion/18council.  which  she  opposes  and  the   mayor  supports.”412    The  Bloomberg  official.413  the  Bronx  political  boss  with  whom  Christine   negotiated  support  for  her  speakership  and  the  father  of  the  newly  incoming  Health   Committee  chair.shtml     413  http://www.”410    Within  weeks.   two  years  before  her  ascension  into  the  speakership.  Christine  fired  61  council  staff  members411  in   violation  of  the  very  early  Quinn  doctrine  to  “preserve  the  expertise  of  the  Council   staff.     Notwithstanding  the  power  of  Christine’s  myth  on  her  followers.never  proposed  any  policy  to  fully  address  the  issue  of  LGBT  homeless  youth.html     412  http://old.  He  was  a  lobbyist  and  close   political  operative  of  Jose  Rivera.

 Was  Mr.  No  more  would  Christine  serve  as  a  beacon  of   top-­‐down  support  for  bottom-­‐up  community  empowerment.  one  would   wonder  if  Mayor  Bloomberg  had  been  similarly  approached  to  support  Christine’s   speakership.  Keogh  appointment  promised  to  Mayor  Bloomberg  the  way   Councilmember  Dilan’s  appointment  to  the  Housing  &  Buildings  Committee  was   promised  to  Mr.  The  remainder  of  Christine’s  story  would  be  just  as  corrupt  as  was  her   upward  climb  to  power.1436080     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   -­‐  187  -­‐     .  as  part  of  her  insider  strategy  to  win  the   speakership.415  Expectations  from  Christine’s  constituents  for  progressive  reforms   would  clash  with  the  agenda  of  powers  that  be.  insiders  thwarted  decisions  that  should  have  been  made  in  the  best  interests  of   voters.                                                                                                                       415  http://www.nydailynews.  who  had  promoted  Christine  into   ever  higher  positions  of  leadership.  she  “forged  alliances”  with   Mayor  Bloomberg.  The  New  York  Daily  News  reported  that  leading   up  to  Christine’s  successful  speakership  campaign.  For  Christine  to  be  rewarding  the  Bloomberg  administration  with   a  prominent  political  appointment  within  the  City  Council  budget  office.    All  Rights  Reserved.  now  Christine  was  turning  over  the  reins  of  the   budget  process  over  to  the  very  same  Bloomberg  administration  that  continued  to   proposed  budget  cuts  to  healthcare  that  Christine  would  take  to  the  media  to   nominally  protest.  At  each  step  of  the   way.in  the  face  of  constant  budget  cuts.com/news/election/colliding-­‐ambitions-­‐fuel-­‐quinn-­‐de-­‐blasio-­‐rivalry-­‐article-­‐ 1.  among  others.  Lopez  ?  Years  later.

 When  community  groups  wanted  money.  Christine  knew  that   being  in  a  position  of  power  provided  opportunities  to  exploit  requests  for  support   for  reciprocity.  There  was  no  more  mistaking  that   Christine  knew  exactly  how  to  make  things  happen.  She  oversaw  the  massive  city  budget.   However.  Either   way.    All  Rights  Reserved.Chapter  9   The  myth  Christine  propagated  was  that  she  ran  for  public  office  to  make  a   difference  for  people.  it  appeared  that  there  was  a  give  and  take   between  community  groups  and  Christine.  and  she  leveraged  that  process  for  even  greater  sources   of  power.416    This  discretionary  funding  gave  Christine  power   over  community  groups.  Christine  was  also  deciding  how  to   distribute  “annual  disbursements  of  tax  dollars  to  community  groups.  all  of  the  city’s  discretionary  funding  made  available  to  community  groups   needed  Christine’s  permission.  her  incumbency  became   more  about  accumulating  power  than  championing  causes  on  behalf  of  her   constituents.  else.  who  then  had  to  go  to  Christine  for  approval  .  As  it  will  be  shown.  which  she   negotiated  with  the  mayor.  After  a  few  months  as  speaker.  because  she  was  in  the  sole                                                                                                                   416  http://nymag.   -­‐  188  -­‐     .   community  groups  would  apply  directly  to  Christine  for  financial  assistance.  that  the  voters  could  count  on  her  to  do  the  right  thing.”  over  which   Christine  had  sole  discretion.com/news/politics/46821/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  as  she  reached  higher  positions  of  leadership.  The  months  immediately  following  her  speakership  selection  were   heady  times  for  Christine.  Just  like  political  party  bosses  knew  to  negotiate  tit-­‐ for-­‐tat  when  deliberating  the  selection  of  City  Council  speaker.  they  applied  to   their  respective  councilmembers.

 Christine  would  never  grease  those  gears   for  the  greater  interest  of  the  public.  she  would  divert  the   media’s  attention.  behind-­‐the-­‐ scenes  campaign  of  three  years’  duration.   Christine  had  waged  what  The  Village  Voice  revealed  to  be  a  “delicate.  lobbyists.  like  a  way  to  put  a  stop  to  Stephen  Berger’s  closure  of  New  York  City   hospitals.  She  used  that  power  to  water  down  the   public  housing  requirements  in  the  Hudson  Yards  project  and  to  dole  out  “member   items.”  as  the  annual  discretionary  community  group  disbursements  were   sometimes  referred.villagevoice.  and  she  used  that  power  to  benefit  herself   by  becoming  the  City  Council  speaker.  However.  Christine  would  pretend  that  she  was  powerless.  she   would  also  turn  to  enablers  from  big  business  and  special  interests  to  give  her   political  cover.php     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.  To  make  this  latest  climb  into  power.   -­‐  189  -­‐     .  How  it  came  to  be  that   she  could  patiently  plot  and  negotiate  with  county  party  bosses  to  force   councilmembers  to  elect  her  speaker  proved  that  she  knew  how  to  strike  backroom   deals  to  get  what  she  wanted.     Over  the  public.   government  policy.com/runninscared/2007/11/_politicians_on.                                                                                                                   417  http://blogs.  and  party  bosses.  or  she  would  be  missing  in  action.  Christine  was   already  focusing  on  her  next  move  up  in  the  ranks  of  power.  and  legislative  functions.  In  private.”417    This  meant  that  only  after  a  short   period  of  having  become  chair  of  the  City  Council  Health  committee.  At  each  step  of  the  way.  she  had  power  and  authority  over  municipal  employees.  When  voters  demanded  government  action  on   issues.  she  had  power  and  authority  over  political   operatives.position  to  determine  the  fate  of  municipal  and  non-­‐municipal  programs  through   her  power  of  the  purse.

 pandemics.  This  was   about  a  decade  before  "Obamacare"  would  extend  healthcare  coverage  to  millions  of   uninsured  Americans.  and  debts.419  and  patients  were  expected  to  have  to  deal  with  it.  Berger  had  told  The  New  York  Times  in  2004.  back  then  state   health  officials  knew  about  the  dangers  of  past  outbreaks.  hospital  closings  were   pushed  as  inevitable.  losses.  However.nytimes.  which.  that  is  No.  Mr.   -­‐  190  -­‐     .  Back  then.  Berger  observed  overcapacity  among   hospitals.  had  to  be  cut.”418    In  typical  Wall  Street  fashion   of  divorcing  any  moral  dilemma  from  situational  ethics.com/2004/11/19/nyregion/19hospital.  you  have  to  shrink  it.  There  were  reasons  why  it   was  penny  wise  and  dollar  foolish  to  make  drastic  cuts  to  full-­‐service  hospital                                                                                                                   418  http://www.”  Mr.php/health/3004-­‐hospitals-­‐in-­‐crisis     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  adding.com/index.  Berger’s  draconian  cuts  would  prove  to  gut  healthcare  infrastructure   leading  up  to  the  time  when  Obamacare  would  lead  to  a  large  influx  of  newly   covered  patients  into  the  healthcare  system.  Mr.  and  hospitals  were  forced  to  write  down  the  economic  costs  from   treating  underinsured  and  uninsured  patients.  But  even  without  knowing  that   healthcare  coverage  would  be  expanded  within  the  next  decade.  The  Berger  Commission.  in  the   future.  “You  have  to  right-­‐ size  the  system.    All  Rights  Reserved.  1.  “We  have  a  history  in  this  state   of  pumping  money  into  the  system  and  not  letting  hospitals  close  even  if  they   should.The  hospital  closings  called  for  by  the  Berger  Commission  were  formulated   at  a  time  when  only  some  hospital  patients  were  covered  by  job-­‐based  health   insurance.  was  only  capable  of  seeing  the  provision  of  full-­‐service  hospital   care  from  perspective  of  profits.html     419  http://www.  headed  by  a   Wall  Street  banker.  such  as  anthrax.  in  his  money-­‐warped  worldview.gothamgazette.  instead  of  from  the  perspective  of   providing  people  with  the  human  right  to  healthcare.  and   unforeseen  uses  of  bioterrorism  agents.

 City   health  officials  never  mentioned  how  life-­‐saving  healthcare  services  would  be   provided  in  cases  of  medical  or  trauma  emergency.  Brooklyn.nysun.  It  closed  its  doors  in  August  2007  without  a  fight.  only  a  few   days  after  Gov.  and  it  closed  its  doors  for  good  in  June  2008.  Clare’s  Hospital.  The  first  hospital  to  close  was  St.421    even  before  the   recommendations  would  take  effect.  which   had  been  the  setting  in  the  1980’s  for  segregating  HIV/AIDS  patients  in  an  isolated   facility.  the  hospital  closings  were  not   timed  with  the  immediate  replacement  of  comparable  access  to  healthcare.   -­‐  191  -­‐     .  Spitzer  was  forced  to  resign.  It   announced  in  November  2006  its  intention  to  file  for  bankruptcy  in  anticipation  of   being  targeted  for  closure  by  the  Berger  Commission  Report.422     Two  other  hospitals  closed  in  2008.  Cabrini  closed  its  doors  in  March  2008.  who  relied   on  hospital  care  for  their  only  access  to  healthcare.brooklynpaper.com/stories/31/26/31_26_victory_wins.    All  Rights  Reserved.org/4263/Default.  and  they  accepted  hospital  closures  as  a  fait   accompli.capacity  in  New  York  City.html     423  http://www.  for  patients.  Moreover.  and  Christine  was  gambling  that  nothing  would  happen   to  pose  a  serious  public  health  risk  on  her  watch.  Vincent’s  Midtown  Hospital.420    The  second  New  York   City  hospital  to  close  was  Victory  Memorial  Hospital  in  Bay  Ridge.  located  in   Hell’s  Kitchen  in  Manhattan.com/new-­‐york/cabrini-­‐medical-­‐center-­‐closes-­‐its-­‐doors/73128/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.aspx     421  http://www.  They  were  Cabrini  Medical  Center  in  Manhattan   and  Parkway  Hospital  in  Queens.  “state  health  officials  said.  and  its  official  reason  for  closing  was   that  it  was  unable  to  make  payroll.nysun.  while  management  and  unions  at  other  hospitals  fought  back  against  the   closings.com/new-­‐york/hospitals-­‐bankruptcy-­‐filing-­‐precedes-­‐report/43695/     422  http://www.”423    Officials  with                                                                                                                   420  http://www.  It  was  formerly  known  as  St.gnyha.     Management  at  unions  as  some  hospitals  saw  that  resistance  to  the  Berger   Commission  Report  was  futile.

 management  at  Parkway  Hospital.  in  this  case.  Vincent’s  Hospital  in   Greenwich  Village.com/news/politics/won-­‐push-­‐extend-­‐term-­‐limits-­‐christine-­‐quinn-­‐vows-­‐article-­‐ 1.  In  order  to  guarantee  continuity  of  care.  especially  after  the  closings  of  other  nearby  Manhattan  hospitals.  in  the  never-­‐ending   quest  by  incumbents  for  more  power  made  possible.nysun.  Christine  found  herself  at  the  political  crossroads  of  her  career.  so  the  public  was  never  informed   about  how  Cabrini’s  finances  had  conveniently  been  allowed  to  run  dry  to  expedite   the  Berger  Commission  closing.”426    Without   new  patients.   -­‐  192  -­‐     .  located  in  Queens.com/article/20081105/FREE/811059975     427  http://www.crainsnewyork.  fought  against  the   unilateral  decision  to  be  closed  by  the  Berger  Commission.   including  Christine.  supervision   of  Cabrini’s  hospice  patients  were  transferred  to  nearby  St.  However.crainsnewyork.   allowed  Parkway’s  operating  certificate  to  expire.  by  extending  their   term  in  office.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Vincent’s  Midtown  closed.com/article/20081105/FREE/811059975     426  http://www.   Councilembers  were  pressuring  her  to  overturn  term  limits.Cabrini  would  not  comment  about  its  closure.  it’s  efforts  to   stay  open  failed  after  the  state  Department  of  Health.424  which  was  viewed  by  many  as  a  more  important  underpinning   of  public  health.  and  to  drive  the   final  nail  in  the  hospital’s  coffin.   After  St.271344     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  but  before  Victory  Memorial  finally  closed   its  doors.  which  had  the  upper  hand.com/new-­‐york/cabrini-­‐medical-­‐center-­‐closes-­‐its-­‐doors/73128/     425  http://www.  Since  term  limits  were  going  to  force  Christine  out  of  the  City                                                                                                                   424  http://www.427    Unless  something  was  done  to  overturn  term  limits.  the  hospital  had  no  choice  but  to  be  closed.  In   contrast.nydailynews.  state  health  officials  had  “contacted  all  ambulance   companies  to  tell  them  that  Parkway’s  operating  certificate  was  invalid.425    Parkway  officials  were  forced   to  comply  with  the  expectation  that  the  hospital  would  be  closed.  the  next  city-­‐ wide  election  cycle  was  going  to  lead  to  the  expulsion  of  36  councilmembers.

                                                                                                                  428  http://blogs.  In  the  2007  and  2008   fiscal  year  budgets.nytimes.com/2008/08/19/nyregion/19quinn.   -­‐  193  -­‐     .   Christine  didn’t  think  she  had  to  acquiesce  to  pressure  to  extend  term  limits  to  her   peers.  and  Christine  would  allegedly  then  later  dole  out   the  disbursements  as  rewards  to  her  political  supporters.  Christine  was  now   taking  too  many  people  for  granted.  and  she  was  ready  to  move  on.  when.  Her  2007  decision  not  to  extend  term  limits  represented  a  flip-­‐flop  from  her   2005  position.  The  New  York  Times  reported  that  she   “favored  extending  term  limits  legislatively.nytimes.”430    Christine  made  it  known  in  2005   that  she  supported  overturning  of  term  limits  as  an  inducement  to  win  support  for   her  campaign  for  the  speakership.villagevoice.com/runninscared/2007/11/_politicians_on.html     430  http://query.  who  felt  betrayed  by  Christine’s  flip  flop.Council.428  429    Because  she  had  set  her  sights  on  higher  office.  she  was  ready  to  scuttle  that  promise.  in  the  latter  instance.  jilting  her  peers.html?res=9C00E1D91631F937A15752C1A9639C8B63     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.php     429  http://www.  She  had  gotten  the  speakership   she  wanted.  who  had  rested  their  hopes  on  maintaining  their  incumbencies  in  the  City   Council.  the  nominal  size  of  this  slush  fund  totaled  almost  $5  million.  She  was  accumulating  so  much  ill  will  from   other  councilmembers.  it  was  widely  reported  that  her  focus  was  now  shifting  to  mount  a  run  for   the  mayor’s  office  in  2009.    All  Rights  Reserved.   according  to  a  devastating  examination  of  Christine’s  use  of  discretionary  funding.  Christine’s  office  had  been  setting  aside  millions  of  dollars   each  year  for  fake  charity  groups.  How  long  could   Christine  string  along  her  peers  and  constituents  for  her  sole  benefit  ?   In  early  2008.  the  media  portrayed  Christine’s  annual  community  group   disbursements  as  appearing  as  if  they  had  been  administered  like  a  political  slush   fund  of  taxpayer  money.com/gst/fullpage.  Now  that  Christine  was  preparing  to  run  for   higher  office.

com/article/20080113/SUB/673614991     435  http://www.com/2012/02/02/nyregion/for-­‐speaker-­‐quinn-­‐mayor-­‐race-­‐will-­‐test-­‐alliance-­‐with-­‐ lobbyist.nytimes.   Had  the  High  Line  begun  to  function  much  like  a  quasi-­‐pass  through  entity  for  Ms.  Giske’s.  Christine  had  at   her  disposal  $1.  the   lobbyist  Emily  Giske.432    In  still  yet   another  investigation  into  the  close  ties  between  Christine  and  her  close  friend.  The   2008  investigation  by  The  New  York  Daily  News  noted  that  the  City  Council   discretionary  funding  to  the  High  Line  park  project  originally  began  under  Speaker                                                                                                                   431  http://nypost.  which  had  received  capital  funding  in  two  consecutive  budgets.431    Much  later.org/www/cu/site/hosting/Reports/CU_Report_NYC_Discretionary_FundingFY2009-­‐ 2012_May2012.  a  hospital  in   Brooklyn.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  it  was  revealed  in  a  separate   investigation  that  between  the  2009  and  2012  fiscal  year  budgets.  Giske  to   lobby  Christine  against  the  Hudson  Yards  project  taking  the  remaining  parts  of  the   unused  elevated  railroad  track  wanted  by  park  supporters.html     434  http://www.   -­‐  194  -­‐     .nytimes.8  billion  in  discretionary  capital  improvement  funding.com/2008/04/04/nyregion/04quinn.pdf     433  http://www.  The  New  York  Times  noted  that  Christine  had  been  providing   discretionary  capital  funding  from  the  city  government’s  budget  to  four  clients  of   Ms.com/2008/04/03/this-­‐is-­‐hers-­‐for-­‐the-­‐faking/     432   http://www.   Giske  to  get  paid  by  city  tax  dollars  ?   The  allocation  of  discretionary  funds  to  fictitious  charities  by  the  City  Council   had  led  to  an  investigation  of  Christine’s  supervision  of  the  funds.crainsnewyork.433    Still   yet  another  report  by  Crains  noted  that  the  High  Line  park  had  retained  Ms.434  Some  of  the  City   Council  discretionary  funds  received  by  the  park  project  were  being  used  to  pay   Christine’s  close  lobbyist  friend.    All  Rights  Reserved.  One  of  those  clients  was  Kingsbrook  Jewish  Medical  Center.  who  would  then  turn  around  and  lobby  Christine.published  by  The  New  York  Post.435    and  now  the   media  was  scrutinizing  the  charities  that  had  previously  received  these  funds.citizensunion.

 who  had  been  a  former  Bloomberg  administration  official  whom  Christine   appointed  to  be  in  change  of  negotiating  the  city  budget  on  behalf  of  the  City  Council   with  his  former  bosses  in  City  Hall.  and  that  the  park  project  had  hired  the  lobbying  firm  of  Robert  Hammond.nytimes.  He   landed  a  cushion  job  almost  immediately  with  Ms.com/2008/04/04/nyregion/04quinn.437     Adding  to  the  suspicion  surrounding  Christine’s  slush  fund  was  the  fact  that  Michael   Keogh.278117     437  http://blogs.php     438  http://www.438       While  state  officials  were  saying  that  there  was  no  money  to  save  hospitals   from  closing.com/new-­‐york/christine-­‐quinn-­‐cash-­‐west-­‐side-­‐project-­‐campaign-­‐money-­‐article-­‐ 1.  A  later  investigation  by  The  Village  Voice  showed  that  Mr.   Palumbo  had  become  a  major  campaign  bundler  for  Christine.  where   everybody  could  keep  their  eyes  on  him.  the  park  project  was  also  paying  Mr.  and  she  delayed  addressing  the  issue  of  hospital  closings  altogether  until                                                                                                                   436  http://www.00  in  political  donations  from  individuals  linked  to  real  estate.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  were  board  treasurer  and  board  member.  Even  though  she  had  billions  of  dollars  at  her  disposal.  and  James  Capalino.  Mario  Palumbo.  respectively.436      Near  or  during  this  time.  head  of  his   own  lobbying  firm.Miller.  Hammond’s   lobbying  firm.000.  and  that  while  the  park  project  was  receiving  City   Council  discretionary  funds.    All  Rights  Reserved.  according  to   the  2008  investigation.  resigned  as  a  result  of  the  slush  fund  scandal.   Speaker  Miller’s  close  friend.com/runninscared/2013/06/christine_quinn_16.  it  appeared  that  Christine  was  using  her  discretionary  funds  to  reward   her  political  supporters.  and  they  also  made  campaign  contributors  to  Christine.  an  employee  of  the  real   estate  development  company  Millennium  Partners.  of  the   park  project.  Giske’s  lobbying  firm.nydailynews.   -­‐  195  -­‐     .villagevoice.   Christine  failed  to  act  to  allocate  those  resources  to  bail  out  strategic  community   resources.  soliciting  and  pooling   over  $50.

   All  Rights  Reserved.  the  investigation  showed.00  in  taxpayer   money  in  the  2005  and  2006  fiscal  years.  it  appeared  that  she  chose  to  give  real  estate   interests.441    Here.  it  was   revealed  that  the  High  Line  park  project  had  received  $290.   Christine  was  allocating  millions  of  dollars  to  fictitious  charities  and  to   groups  that  appeared  to  be  making  tributes  to  Christine’s  political  campaign   accounts.  and  Christine  received  campaign  donations.00  in  campaign  contributions  to   Christine’s  political  accounts.  looked  like  it  did  not  matter                                                                                                                   439  http://www.  In  an  investigation  published  by  The  New  York  Daily  News.  While  hospitals  all  across  the  city  were  under  attack  by  the  Berger   Commission  and  even  though  Christine  had  political  sensibilities  about  healthcare   given  to  her  by  virtue  of  having  been  chair  of  the  City  Council  Health  committee  for   four  years.  The  duty  owed  to  voters   by  Christine.  it  appeared  the   semblance  of  a  tit-­‐for-­‐tat  :  the  park  project  received  discretionary  community  group   funding  from  the  City  Council.qgazette.000.org/3578/Default.  now  that  she  was  in  a  leadership  position.com/new-­‐york/christine-­‐quinn-­‐cash-­‐west-­‐side-­‐project-­‐campaign-­‐money-­‐article-­‐ 1.000.278117     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.00.  Around  the  time  when  Ms.html     440  http://www.  Meanwhile.000.  especially  those  which  made  contributions  to  her  campaign  accounts.  a   higher  priority  than  saving  the  city’s  community  hospitals.aspx     441  http://www.com/news/2006-­‐12-­‐20/features/002.  officials  connected   with  the  park  project  had  donated  over  $50.  and  now  an  appearance   of  the  same  pattern  emerged  in  how  Christine  administered  city  budget   negotiations.gnyha.  Giske  was  hired   in  2008.  once  she  became  speaker.  the  project  received  another  $290.440    Moreover.nydailynews.weeks  before439    the  Berger  Commission  Report’s  recommendations  went  into   effect.   -­‐  196  -­‐     .  Christine  became  speaker  after  negotiating  what  appeared  to   be  awarding  political  patronage  to  her  political  supporters.

 Deregulation  of  reimbursement  rates  by  the  for-­‐profit  health  insurance   companies  helped  their  profits.  taking  the  easy   way  out.to  her.com/news/2006-­‐12-­‐20/features/002.qgazette.  including  requiring  a  regular   review  of  hospital  reimbursement  rates.nysun.”442    An  article  in  The  New  York  Sun  reported  that  some  of  the  City   Council  report  recommendations  included  “expanding  government  programs  such   as  Medicare.  Instead  of  fighting   the  hospital  closings.  Instead.  Not  until  Victory  Memorial  announced  its  intention  to  file  for  bankruptcy  did   the  City  Council  under  Christine’s  speakership  release  a  report  of  its  own   recommendations  in  response  to  the  Berger  Commission  Report.  Christine                                                                                                                   442  http://www.   If  Christine’s  role  in  the  city’s  legislative  body  meant  anything.  requiring  insurance  companies  to  ‘give  back  a  portion  of  their  profits  to   the  communities  they  serve.  far  better  HMO  regulation.  Upon  the  issuance  of  the  City  Council  hospital  closings  report.com/new-­‐york/hospitals-­‐bankruptcy-­‐filing-­‐precedes-­‐report/43695/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  the  City  Council  report  offered  political  cover  that  would   enable  the  hospital  closings  to  proceed.”443    Of  course  deregulation  would   play  a  role  in  the  financial  vice  grips  between  which  hospitals  would  find   themselves.’  and  changing  the  1996  law  that  deregulated  how  much   hospitals  are  reimbursed  by  insurance  companies.  but  it  decreased  the  financing  available  for  hospitals.  Christine  did  nothing.html     443  http://www.  she  should   have  used  it  to  find  ways  to  regulate  healthcare  from  a  stand  point  of  preserving   critical  infrastructure  and  services.    All  Rights  Reserved.   -­‐  197  -­‐     .  strong  support   for  developing  a  primary  care  infrastructure  the  development  of  a  plan  for  universal   health  insurance  and  significantly  greater  investment  in  healthcare  information   technology.  the  City   Council  report  made  “25  specific  recommendations.  According  to  the  Gotham  Gazette.

 once  the  media  blitz  surrounding  the  City  Council  report  was   over.  no  matter  how  progressive  it   really  was.com/2006/11/quinn-­‐promises-­‐healthcare-­‐for-­‐all-­‐at.blogspot.  a   recommendation  in  support  of  universal  healthcare.    All  Rights  Reserved.html     445  http://www.promised  perseverance.t.  and  profits  ?448  These  savings  could  have   been  used  to  expand  healthcare  coverage  to  all.   -­‐  198  -­‐     .com/2006/11/quinn-­‐promises-­‐healthcare-­‐for-­‐all-­‐at.html   447  http://www.446    Public  opinion  polls  were  taken   around  this  time.  especially  if  a  single-­‐payer  system  would  save  money  by  reducing   the  costs  of  administration.  “And  if  we  don’t  win  round  one.  preserve  healthcare  infrastructure.”444       she  said.  However.  Mayor  Bloomberg  expressed  fears  that  Medicaid   expenses  would  drain  the  city’s  budget445    just  months  before  the  City  Council  task   force  report  on  hospital  closings  would  advocate  for  universal  healthcare  as  a   solution  to  saving  and  funding  healthcare.com/2006/05/05/nyregion/05budget.html       ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.com/2007/03/01/washington/01cnd-­‐poll.nytimes.nytimes.html   446  http://loho10002.  marketing.  As  was  typical  of  Christine’s   situational  ethics.  but  given   Christine’s  lack  of  commitment  to  following-­‐through  on  any  intentions.447     but  Christine  would  not  seize  on  the  broader  public  support.   and  address  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  complaints  about  the  uncontrollable  increasing                                                                                                                   444  http://loho10002.blogspot.  Why  would  Christine   fail  to  pursue  a  universal  healthcare  system  in  the  face  of  the  impending  wave  of   hospital  closings.  much  less  obtained.  Christine  never  came  back.com/2007/04/01/magazine/01Healthcare.  meaning  that  Christine  wasn’t  about  to  invest   political  capital  into  actually  carrying  out  the  report’s  recommendations.nytimes.html     448  http://www.  It  was   notable  that  the  City  Council’s  report  called  for  universal  health  insurance.  we’ll  keep  coming  back.  The  social  agenda  of  the  City   Council  returned  to  business  as  usual.  During   Christine’s  first  year  as  speaker.  would  never  be  seriously  pursued.  the  25  recommendations  were  left  to  languish.  which  showed  broad  support  for  a  universal  healthcare  system.

                                                                                                                  449  http://www.  was  elected  to  office.  then  it  was  also  true  that  she  never  asked  for  help  from   other  government  leaders.  and  Gov.  Spitzer’s  term.    All  Rights  Reserved.nytimes.  who  first  ordered  Mr.  Patterson  would  serve  out  the   balance  of  former  Gov.  and  oversight  of  the  Berger  Commission  hospital  closings  would  transfer   to  Gov.  who  was  responsible  for  the  construction  of   an  AIDS-­‐only  segregated  care  center  up  in  the  Bronx.  The  hospital  closings  would  take  place  across  several   governorships  in  Albany.449     With  the  resignation  of  Gov.  Andrew  Cuomo.   However.  She  had  failed  to  grasp  the  big  picture.  David  Patterson.  Berger  to  launch   into  his  hospital  closings  campaign.  In  his  place.   -­‐  199  -­‐     .  Gov.  there  was  no  other  public   police  area  where  Christine  should  have  been  a  thought  leader  like  in  healthcare.   It  was  as  if  Christine  had  spent  the  four  years  as  chair  of  the  City  Council   health  committee  engrossed  in  ambitions  other  than  preserving  or  expanding   healthcare.  Pataki.  for  slightly  over  one  year.  who  had  once  saved  MEETH  from  closure.   before  an  affair  that  he  had  with  a  prostitute  brought  down  his  administration.  Eliot  Spitzer.  He  would  only  serve  a  partial  term  in  office.  It  was  Gov.com/2008/03/12/nyregion/12cnd-­‐resign.  was  elected  to  be  the  next   governor.  Christine  never  advocated  for  transformational  changes.  Spitzer’s  successor.  All  of  the  hospital  closings  that   took  place  in  New  York  City  as  a  result  of  the  Berger  Commission  Report  took  place   during  Christine’s  speakership.  the  former  attorney   general.  In  2006.  healthcare  activists  lost  a  known  hospital  care   advocate.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Gov.  Spitzer.  Patterson  would  not  run  for   reelection.rate  of  healthcare  costs  ?  Besides  on  LGBT  equality  issues.  She  only  paid  lip   service  to  healthcare  issues.  If  it  was  true  that  Christine  had  no  idea  how  to  stop   the  collapse  of  public  health.

 a  situation  that  gave   Christine  a  sense  of  power  over  community  groups.com/news/politics/17207/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Christine  never  stood  up  to  any  of   these  governors.  to  the  detriment  of  the  city’s  non-­‐profit  organizations.  Mr.  Furthermore.  who  like  his  father  before  him.  to  each  of  whom  reported  the  state’s   highest  healthcare  official.  the  commissioner  of  the  state’s  Department  of  Health.   -­‐  200  -­‐     .  if  non-­‐profit  organizations  expected  funding.  This  gave  Christine  an  unparalleled  amount  of  influence  over   the  city’s  non-­‐profit  agenda.  Because  Christine   was  a  dealmaker.  Christine  was  in  a  position  in  City  Council  to  determine  the   disbursement  of  taxpayer  money  to  community  groups.  which  now  needed  to  turn  to   Christine  for  funding.  they  would  have  to   negotiate  with  Christine  for  that  funding.  It  also  helped  her  to  politicize  the  city’s  non-­‐profit   agenda.com/gcn_453/christinequinn.   Furthermore.    All  Rights  Reserved.Cuomo.  Berger  found  no  resistance  to  his  campaign  to   close  hospitals  from  the  various  governors.   Christine  was  receiving  greater  campaign  donations  from  special  interests.html     451  http://nymag.  In  the  absence  of  municipal  leadership  and  against  this  tumultuous   backdrop  in  the  state’s  capital.  Christine  had  also  grasped                                                                                                                   450  http://gaycitynews.  At  the  same  time.  some  healthcare  activists  said.  had  ambitions  for  higher  office.451    Christine   was  escaping  the  first  wave  of  hospital  closings  by  the  Berger  Commission  without   anybody  holding  her  accountable  for  her  laissez-­‐faire  response.  and  he  would   be  described  to  be  interested  in  making  drastic  cuts  to  the  state  budget  in  order  to   window  dress  Albany’s  finances  to  fluff  his  credentials  in  preparation  for  a  run  for   the  presidency.   Christine  had  been  able  to  master  by  this  time  movement  between  two   worlds  :  the  manufactured  myth  that  she  was  a  progressive  advocate450    and  the   image  of  a  political  boss  capable  of  striking  backroom  political  deals.

  It  wasn’t  just  Christine.villagevoice.  They  spent  so  much   time  working  together.   personally.  Mayor  Bloomberg  flirted  with  the  idea  of  using  his   mayoralty  as  a  launching  pad  to  run  for  president.454       One  consequence  of  Christine’s  failure  to  translate  her  sensibilities  about   activism  into  transformational  government  policy  was  that  she  had  been  leading  to                                                                                                                   452  http://blogs.nytimes.    All  Rights  Reserved.   she  was  trying  to  stay  in  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  good  graces.php     453  http://nymag.  While  Christine  was   plotting  a  mayoral  campaign.  who  was  benefiting  from  her  powerful  association   with  Mayor  Bloomberg  .  that  they  even  made  efforts  to  get  to  know  each  other.  But  for  how  long  could  Christine  keep  this  shell  game  going  ?  Above  all.com/runninscared/2007/11/_politicians_on.  She  was  hoping  that  if  she   could  manage  her  speakership  from  a  position  of  enabling  the  mayor’s  political   agenda.  and  he  even  traveled  to  China  for  a   “presidential-­‐looking”  photo  op  with  a  university  president.  It  was  reported  that  Mayor  Bloomberg  flew  Christine  at  least  once   aboard  his  private  jet  to  his  week-­‐end  house  in  the  Caribbean.  like  in  respect  of  the  Atlantic   Yards  project.   because  she  “never  took  a  public  position”  on  them.  Mayor  Bloomberg   orchestrated  backroom  exploratory  meetings.com/2007/12/31/us/politics/31bloomberg.452    She  kept  hoping  that  nobody  would  find  the  ball  if  she  kept  shifting   her  shells.  To  that  end.453    To  them.  but  about  using  that  perch  for  their   own  personal  pleasure  -­‐-­‐  and  to  further  their  own  ambitions.  theirs  was  a  symbiotic  relationship.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   incumbency  wasn’t  about  serving  the  voters.  she  would  be  able  to  earn  praise  and  backing  from  the  mayor’s  powerful  big   business  supporters.com/daily/intelligencer/2013/08/bloomberg-­‐still-­‐lets-­‐ray-­‐kelly-­‐use-­‐his-­‐jet.how  she  could  never  be  held  accountable  for  irresponsible  real  estate  development.   -­‐  201  -­‐     .html     454  http://www.

 She  wielded  too  much  power  over  the   city’s  municipal  and  non-­‐profit  agenda  for  anybody  to  make  an  enemy  of  Christine.  because  she  already  had  those  sensibilities.  This  was  how  a  task  force  of  the   City  Council  could  produce  a  report  recommending  universal  healthcare  but  still  do   nothing  to  put  a  stop  to  hospital  closures.  nobody  dared  to   criticize  Christine  for  failing  to  keep  her  word.     One  healthcare  union.  and  she  acted  as  if  she  would  not  need  to  be  pressured  into  delivering   results.  to  sign  off  on  a  package  of  low-­‐cost  loans  to  Mitchell-­‐Lama  landlords  -­‐-­‐  and   still  spin  it  as  a  win  for  affordable  housing  tenants.  Christine  found  support  from   political  operatives.  for  example.  Even  if  had  been  true  that   Christine  once  had  activism  sensibilities..   So  long  as  Christine  could  find  or  create  an  outside  force  that  was  willing  to  provide   her  with  political  cover.  1199/S.the  demobilization  of  activists.  long  ago.  The  key  to  Christine’s  laissez-­‐faire  approach  was  that  she  needed  to   receive  outside  political  support  for  doing  nothing  at  the  same  time  when  Christine   needed  to  demobilize  the  community.I.  at  one  time.  to  yield  to  inertia.  In  one  instance.E.  Jennifer  Cunningham.  then  she  would  be  relieved  of  community  pressure  to  bring   about  reforms.  This   would  allow  the  25  recommendations  in  the  City  Council’s  task  force  report  on   hospital  closings.  who  doubled  as  political  directors  at  one  healthcare  union.  who  would  normally  put  pressure  on  government  for   reforms.  Christine  had  basically  seized  the  power  and   authority  of  advocates.  had  to  scramble  to  deal  with  the  fallout   over  job  losses  from  the  impending  hospital  closings.U.  With  few  exceptions.   -­‐  202  -­‐     .  the  controversial  tenants  rights   activists.  this  kind  of  twisted   reasoning  was  what  enabled  Michael  McKee.  who  at   that  time  worked  as  a  spokesperson  and  political  operative  for  1199  and  would   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.    All  Rights  Reserved.

html     456  http://select.  Making  job  losses.  “We  may  need  to  look  at  downsizing.  Berger’s  recommendation  for   hospital  closings.com/gst/abstract.4  billion.nytimes.456    Near  the  end  of  the   following  fiscal  year.  Christine  kept  mum.  the  central  issue  undermined  the  importance  of  the  public  health.nytimes.  even  though  on  the  state  level  it  was  said  that  there  was  no   money  to  fully  fund  the  healthcare  needs  of  hospital  patients.”  Ms.  when  Mr.5  billion.”458    Although  this  was  before  the  Berger   Commission’s  final  recommendations  came  to  be  known.  the  writing  had  been  on   the  wall  since  2004.  Berger  had  said.  though  concerned  about  which  ones.  “You  have  to  right-­‐size  the  system.457   Instead  of  offering  to  champion  the  use  of  some  of  these  surplus  government   resources  to  fund  public  health  in  New  York  City.com/2006/05/05/nyregion/05budget.  and  she  was  largely  absent  from  the  initial   public  conversation  in  2004  and  2005  around  Mr.nytimes.   Christine  was  chair  of  the  City  Council  Health  Committee  when  the  Berger   Commission  Report  was  being  compiled.     When  New  York  United  Hospital  Medical  Center  in  Port  Chester.                                                                                                                   455  http://www.com/2005/02/04/nyregion/04united.  was  more   concerned  at  the  time  about  employee  retraining455    and  not  about  the  interruption   of  patient-­‐centered  care  caused  by  hospital  closings.  it  was   revealed  that  New  York  City  was  estimating  that  it  would  net  a  fiscal  surplus  of   about  $2.nytimes.    All  Rights  Reserved.  no  matter   how  painful.  1199  union  officials  were  described  as  “sounding  resigned  to   the  idea  that  some  hospitals  must  close.com/2004/11/19/nyregion/19hospital.   Cunningham  told  The  New  York  Times.  but  it's   not  being  done  in  any  planned  way.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  in  the  final  months  of  the  Fiscal  Year  2005  budget.later  go  on  to  work  for  Christine  as  a  political  campaign  consultant.  the  budget  surplus  grew  to  approximately  $3.   was  nearing  closure.html?res=F3071FF73B590C778CDDAA0894DD404482     457  http://www.  Long  Island.   -­‐  203  -­‐     .  However.html   458  http://www.

html     460  http://www.  Berger’s  hospital  closings  would  lead  to  emergency  room  overcrowding  and                                                                                                                   459  http://www.  who  knew  that   Mr.  with   whom  she  should  have  teamed  up  to  support  a  plan  to  enact  the  25   recommendations  from  the  City  Council’s  task  force  report  on  hospital  closings.nytimes.  but   Christine  never  pursued  solutions  with  1199.  the   Health  and  Hospitals  Corporation.    All  Rights  Reserved.  who  worked  at  the  1199   union.   In  the  summer  of  2008.room.  the  NYCLU.  The  focus  on  cutting  costs  began  to  take  its  toll.you  have  to  shrink  it.   even  though  there  were  resources.  the  politicians.  as  the  city’s  premiere  advocacy  group.  “In  2008  in  New  York  City.”459    Mr.com/2008/US/07/01/waiting.  nobody  should  be   subjected  to  this  kind  of  treatment.  Christine  had  partners  at  a  powerful  healthcare  union.   demanded  healthcare  reforms.death/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.460    Her  death  set  off  a  debate  about  the  conditions  at   Kings  County.  Berger  had  managed  to  make  hospital   closings  all  about  cost  containment.  However.  the  NYCLU’s  executive  director.  It  should  not  take  the  death  of  a  patient  to  get   the  city  to  make  changes  that  everyone  knows  are  long  overdue.”  said  Donna   Lieberman.  Besides  Ms.  Finnegan  would  take  the  helm  of  1199’s  political  activities  in  the  midst  of  a   coming  financial  crisis.  at  the  city  level  to  improve   public  health.  1.   -­‐  204  -­‐     .  Cunningham.cnn.  a  woman  went  to  the  emergency  room  at  Kings   County  Hospital  Center  in  Brooklyn.  Predictably.  as  well  as  ideas.  which  oversaw  city-­‐owned  hospitals.  another  political  operative.  The  hospital  was  operated  by  a  city  agency.   Mr.com/2004/11/19/nyregion/19hospital.  and  the  patient  collapsed  and  died  on   the  floor  of  the  waiting  room.  was  Kevin  Finnegan.  He  was  one  of  Christine’s  earliest  campaign  supporters.  Employees   of  Kings  County  did  not  attend  to  the  patient.  that  is  No.  who  would  later  go  on  to  work  for   Christine’s  political  campaigns.

 “Even   with  these  breaks  taken  away.     In  the  summer  of  2008.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/2008/07/07/opinion/07mon4.461    These   surpluses  were  not  coming  about  as  a  result  of  over-­‐taxation.  even  though  there  was  economic  room  to  do  so.html     462  http://www.  Rather  than  use  the  budget  surplus  or  the  possible   opportunities  to  raise  taxes  on  property  owners  for  important  municipal  issues.  the  incident   at  Kings  County  was  a  worse  case  scenario  waiting  to  happen  if  the  Berger   Commission  overreached  in  its  efforts  to  close  community  hospitals.                                                                                                                   461  http://www.  Mayor  Bloomberg  and  Christine  put  together  the   Fiscal  Year  2009  budget  with  an  estimated  surplus  of  $4.  On  this  seminal  issue.462    In  the  middle  of  such  excessive  budget   surpluses.  The  New  York  Times  reported  that  Christine  allowed  Mayor  Bloomberg  to   cut  nearly  $300  million  from  the  budget  that  was  meant  to  help  those  with  the  least   and  the  most  vulnerable.  including  people  with  HIV/AIDS.   Although  this  death  was  not  directly  related  to  the  Berger  Commission.   Christine  was  already  turning  her  back  on  an  important  constituency  on  whose   behalf  she  once  championed.”  the  editorial   board  of  The  New  York  Times  wrote.  the   City  Council  had  refused  to  modify  property  tax  rates  and  rebates  that  could  have   raised  an  additional  $1.  did  not  want  to  address  concerns   stemming  from  failures  caused  by  city  hospital  ER  wait  times  or  other  conditions.com/2008/07/07/opinion/07mon4.  On  the  contrary.  but  because   councilmembers  were  facing  an  election  year.  owners  of  single-­‐family  homes  would  still  pay  taxes   at  a  lower  rate  than  their  counterparts  in  surrounding  communities.nytimes.4  billion  in  resources  from  property  owners.overtaxed  medical  staff  at  the  remaining  hospitals.nytimes.  Christine  refused  the  City  Council  the   opportunity  to  raise  taxes.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   -­‐  205  -­‐     .6  billion.

 hedge  funds.  and   other  financial  products.  and   investment  managers  were  exposed  to  be  overleveraged  because  of  their  use  of   derivatives.   -­‐  206  -­‐     .  This  crisis  was  nominally  tied  to  a  real  estate  crash  in   the  United  Stated.  collapsed  in  the  immediate  aftermath  of  a  credit  squeeze  caused  by  the   overuse  of  complex  derivatives  trading.  such  as  hospitals.  those  monies  were  rapidly  depleted  as  a  result  of   an  emerging  Wall  Street  financial  crisis.  speculation.  credit.  were  being  allowed  to  collapse.  the   government  was  able  to  seemingly  find  trillions  of  dollars  of  resources  to  deploy  for   a  bailout  of  Wall  Street.such  as  improving  public  health.com/news/features/68991/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  The  credit  squeeze  triggered  a  global   financial  crisis  and  recession.  but  this  domestic  financial  crisis  quickly  spread  across  the  world   through  major  banks  because  of  the  use  of  derivatives  on  mortgages.463    Confusion  and  then  public  anger  began  to  grow  in  the   face  of  the  dichotomy  between  how  homeowners  were  being  foreclosed  and  social   safety  net  institutions.     Before  2008  ended.464   At  the  peak  of  the  financial  panic.   and  desperate  efforts  to  make  back  losses  by  attempting  to  profit  from  the  short-­‐                                                                                                                 463  http://en.  Yet.org/wiki/Financial_crisis_of_2007–08#Government_responses     464  http://nymag.  Bear  Stearns  and  Lehman   Brothers.  but  the   government  did  offer  a  backdoor  bailout  for  other  banks  and  derivatives  dealers  by   flooding  the  financial  system  with  easy  credit  and  by  the  direct  intervention  of   purchasing  toxic  assets.  The  government  did  not  bail  out  Lehman  Brothers.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Wall  Street  banks.  Daily  headlines  would  propagate  an  endless  loop  of  fear.wikipedia.  two  Wall  Street  banks.  The  federal  government  swiftly  cushioned  the  blow  of  the   Bear  Stearns  collapse.  and  it  bailed  out  AIG  by  honoring  100%  of  its  derivative   counterparty  obligations.

 but  City  Hall  had  no   regulatory  or  governmental  role  to  do  anything  to  stem  the  tide  of  losses.  Christine  couldn’t  run  for  mayor  in  the  2009  election  while  under  active   investigation  by  federal  prosecutors.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.com/2013/09/02/nyregion/in-­‐quinn-­‐reversal-­‐on-­‐term-­‐limits-­‐complex-­‐motives-­‐and-­‐ lasting-­‐effects.465    Meanwhile.  the  uncontrollable   losses  cast  a  pall  on  the  tax  revenues  of  the  city  government.466    With  the  global  economic  system  on   the  verge  of  collapse.   Christine  was  engulfed  in.  And  Mayor                                                                                                                   465  http://online.  Since  New  York  was  the  financial  capital  of  the  world.  On  the  week-­‐ends.  which  was  now  being  pushed  off  to  the  2013  election  cycle.  she  needed  to  buy   some  time  to  put  that  scandal  behind  her.com/news/politics/citypolitic/51820/     467  http://www.  Mayor  Bloomberg  discovered   that  he  had  no  national  support  to  launch  a  presidential  campaign.selling  of  stocks  and  bonds  in  the  precipitous  drop  in  asset  valuations.  so  he  needed  to   find  an  alternative  to  assuage  his  own  ego.nytimes.  investigations  by  the   Department  of  Justice  over  her  use  of  fictitious  accounts  to  hide  the  City  Council   slush  fund.  and  the  possible  target  of.  so  that  they  could  weather   out  another  four  years  in  public  office  under  the  privilege  of  incumbency.  Nominally.    All  Rights  Reserved.  before  she  could  mount  a  campaign  for   mayor.  City  Hall   was  proximate  to  the  financial  bloodletting  on  Wall  Street.wsj.467     Because  Christine  was  facing  an  investigation  into  her  slush  fund.com/article/SB10001424127887323873904578573991495793794.  During  the   work  week.  Mayor  Bloomberg  and  Christine  used  the  financial  crisis  and   recession  as  a  convenient  excuse  to  extend  term  limits.     During  the  downward  spiral  at  the  inception  of  the  2008  financial  crisis.   -­‐  207  -­‐     .  speculation  in  the  news  would  spread  that  more   and  more  financial  institutions  faced  collapse  if  they  could  not  be  bailed  out  by   Monday.html     466  http://nymag.  rumors  would  add  to  news  reports  about  worsening  balance  sheets   across  the  globe.

 during  a  phone  call  in  the  fall  of   2008.  If  he  couldn’t  run  for  president.html     469  http://www.  then  he  still  saw  opportunities  from   hanging  on  to  City  Hall.Bloomberg  wanted  the  benefits  of  being  in  a  high  profile  office  like  the  mayoralty  of   New  York.nytimes.  The  New  York  Times  reported  that.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  “When  the  mayor  first  spoke   with  Ms.  these  politicians  also   looked  to  profit  from  the  turmoil.com/video/65604488-­‐michael-­‐riley-­‐discusses-­‐launch-­‐of-­‐bloomberg-­‐ government.”  Christine  added  to  this  rationalization  by  telling  The  New  York  Times  that.  and.  again  in  2007.  “her  decision  was  consistent  with  her  longstanding   personal  opposition  to  term  limits  and  her  belief  that  in  the  midst  of  the  2008   economic  crisis.  Quinn  about  his  designs  on  a  third  term.  it  was  to  tell  her  of  his  decision  to  rewrite  the  law.bloomberg.   Years  later.”469   Both  justifications  published  by  The  New  York  Times  contradicted  the  truth  about   Christine’s  opposition  to  term  limits  and  the  use  of  extenuating  circumstances  to   extend  term  limits.  which  promised   to  help  professionals  to  “understand  the  business  implications  of  government   actions.  not  to  seek  her  approval   beforehand.  voters  should  have  the  chance  to  keep  their  elected  leaders  in   place.com/2013/09/02/nyregion/in-­‐quinn-­‐reversal-­‐on-­‐term-­‐limits-­‐complex-­‐motives-­‐and-­‐ lasting-­‐effects.   -­‐  208  -­‐     .  she                                                                                                                   468  http://www.”468    Like  the  most  cunning  Wall  Street  speculators.”  adding  that.    All  Rights  Reserved.   “We  were  in  the  worst  economic  recession  since  the  Great  Depression  and  nobody   had  any  sense  of  how  quickly  or  how  long  we  would  stay  in  the  throes  of  that.  Christine  had  actually  opposed  term  limits  in  the  time  leading  up   to  progressive  Republican  Councilmember  Fiala’s  moving  speech  denouncing  the   City  Council’s  legislative  efforts  to  overturn  term  limits.  The  mayor’s  financial  services  company  would  announce  the   launch  of  a  new  service  in  late  2010  called  Bloomberg  Government.

 the  public  -­‐-­‐  including  then  mayoral  candidate   Mike  Bloomberg  -­‐-­‐  had  opposed  suspending  term  limits  to  keep  Mayor  Giuliani  in   office  to  oversee  the  recovery  from  the  terrorist  attacks.  being   undermined  by  the  process  of  a  City  Council  bill  coerced  into  passage  by  Christine  ?   Years  later.nytimes.  How  could  a  financial  crisis  be  more  severe  than  the  deadly  destruction  of   9/11  ?     In  spite  of  an  expected  voter  backlash.blogs.   “If  it  is  indeed  about  process.   -­‐  209  -­‐     .471    When  it  came  to  extending  her   power.  but  ultimately  it  is  a  debate  about  process.  Even  acts  of  war  here  on   New  York  City  soil  were  not  enough  to  extend  Mayor  Giuliani’s  term  in  office  in   2001.  it’s  about  a  process  that  voters  will  have  limited  or  no   access  to.  imposed  by  voters  through  a  process  of  voter  referenda.  The  New  York  Times  revealed  that  it  had  been  alleged  that  Christine  had   used  possible  chairmanship  assignments  of  City  Council  committees  as  an   inducement  to  ensure  the  term  limits  extension.  But  Christine’s  image                                                                                                                   470  http://cityroom.com/2013/09/02/nyregion/in-­‐quinn-­‐reversal-­‐on-­‐term-­‐limits-­‐complex-­‐motives-­‐and-­‐ lasting-­‐effects.  saying.  Christine  strong-­‐armed  the  City   Council  to  pass  an  extension  of  term  limits  on  October  23.nytimes.  Why  were   term  limits.  Christine  knew  how  to  use  force  to  pass  legislation.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Tessler’s  comments  and  the  sentiments  of  others  were   reminiscent  of  former  Councilmember  Fiala’s  moving  speech  in  2001  in  which  he   denounced  the  legislative  attempt  at  that  time  to  overturn  term  limits.    All  Rights  Reserved.  at  one  point.  2008.”   provoking  this  comment  by  Jonathan  Tessler  on  a  blog  post  on  The  New  York  Times.com/2008/10/23/council-­‐to-­‐debate-­‐term-­‐limits-­‐change/     471  http://www.”470    Mr.opposed  extending  term  limits  after  she  had  induced  councilmembers  to  select  her   as  speaker.  In  the  aftermath  of  9/11.   “The  debate  today  is  an  important  one.

took  a  hit.  They  remembered  the  political  club  backlash  Christine  created   after  she  ran  for  City  Council.com/2009/12/16/stage-­‐set-­‐for-­‐school-­‐closing-­‐showdown/     474  http://youtu.  her  role  in  the  slush  fund  scandal.  who  had  been  doing  first-­‐of-­‐a-­‐kind  work  in   the  prevention  and  treatment  of  anti-­‐LGBT  violence.nytimes.be/ZFc1_VaCTP8     475  http://observer.html     473  http://cityroom.   Meanwhile.  who  had  known  Christine  since  her  time  as  former   Councilmember  Duane’s  campaign  manager.”475    They  began  to  tally  all  her  betrayals  on   affordable  housing.  he  was  also  absent  from  any   discussion  to  save  the  city’s  community  hospitals.  because  voters  were  finally  able  to  clearly  see  how  self-­‐interested   Christine’s  legislative  agenda  really  was.  voters  were  wondering  when  would  it  materialize.  her  abdication  of                                                                                                                   472  http://www.  who  could   shepherd  the  city  through  the  global  financial  crisis  and  recession  better  than   anybody  else.  They  remembered  when   Christine  had  purged  good  agency  staff.blogs.com/2013/09/02/nyregion/in-­‐quinn-­‐reversal-­‐on-­‐term-­‐limits-­‐complex-­‐motives-­‐and-­‐ lasting-­‐effects.nytimes.  and  people  accused  her  of  “punishing  political  foes   with  Tammany-­‐in-­‐lavender  tactics.   but  the  speed  with  which  the  City  Council  overturned  term  limits  was  striking.472    But  during  his  mayoralty.  remembered  how  Christine  had   instigated  a  staff  backlash  when  she  later  took  over  AVP.com/1999/06/christine-­‐quinn-­‐sets-­‐it-­‐straight-­‐im-­‐a-­‐lesbian-­‐yup-­‐100-­‐percent/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  If  there  was  any  financial  genius   to  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  own  myth.  Like  Christine.    All  Rights  Reserved.   Mayor  Bloomberg  and  Christine  had  rationalized  the  extension  of  term  limits   on  the  hypothesis  that  Mayor  Bloomberg  was  a  successful  billionaire.   -­‐  210  -­‐     .  Mayor  Bloomberg  had  never  shown  any   financial  acumen  that  made  the  resources  available  to  save  schools473  or  hospitals474     from  being  closed  on  his  watch.  activists.  Nothing  was  being  done  to  save  hospitals.  They  remembered  when   Christine  turned  her  back  on  racism  and  police  brutality  when  she  was  on  Mayor   Giuliani’s  task  force.

 who  might  one  day  own  the   Grey  Lady.  as  the  activist  Jim  Fouratt  once  put  it.    All  Rights  Reserved.  or  whether  she  was  going  to  either   fully  sell  out  to  big  business  interests.  was   often  mentioned  as  a  possible  benefactor.mediabistro.  it  was  speculated  that  The   New  York  Times  would  need  to  court  a  billionaire  angel  investor  to  finance  its   business  on  a  long-­‐term  basis.be/7pxiULqxusM     477  http://www.   -­‐  211  -­‐     .html     479  http://www.  and  now  on   term  limits.responsibility  over  hospital  closings.  when  the  CityTime  scandal  broke.  and.  and  its  digital  assets   were  not  performing  well.  as  was  the  growing  impression.com/2009/01/20/business/media/20times.  with  his  vast  wealth.  Its  newspaper  business  kept  losing  money.html     478  http://www.com/fishbowlny/everyone-­‐is-­‐talking-­‐about-­‐the-­‐ny-­‐times-­‐being-­‐sold_b90770     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  and  Mayor  Bloomberg.477    For  many  years.  in  the  beginning  of  that  year.  it  was  forced  to  take  out  an  emergency   loan  from  enterprises  linked  to  the  controversial  Mexican  billionaire  Carlos  Slim  to   help  it  ease  a  serious  cash  crunch.  It  had  just  moved  into  a  new  high-­‐rise  office   building.  it  appeared  that  The  New   York  Daily  News  did  a  better  job  of  driving  coverage  of  fraud  that  was  estimated  to   exceed  over  $600  million.nytimes.476     Leading  up  to  the  2009  municipal  election.  The  New  York  Times  was  on  shaky   financial  ground.  Christine  was  going  to  have  to  decide  whether  she  was  going  to   continue  being  duplicitous  with  her  constituents.  Veteran   activists  kept  hoping  that  Christine  would  “come  home”  and  renew  her  loyalty  to   her  base  of  one-­‐time  supporters.  the  protest  permit  requirement.  and  The  New  York  Times  never  appeared  to  follow-­‐up  on  a   story  about  hidden  city  bank  accounts  that  held  hundreds  of  millions  of  taxpayer                                                                                                                   476  http://youtu.  For  example.com/blogs/media/2012/06/will-­‐bloomberg-­‐buy-­‐the-­‐new-­‐york-­‐times-­‐125175.478    479    Activists  wondered  whether  The   New  York  Times  would  hold  back  on  criticism  of  the  Bloomberg-­‐Quinn   administration  out  of  fear  that  it  might  anger  the  man.politico.  either.

 was  selected   to  work  on  Barack  Obama’s  2008  presidential  campaign.  Gaspard’s  was  a  supporter  of  one  of                                                                                                                   480  http://cityroom.484    Mr.   In  January  2009.  Patrick  Gaspard.com/2009/07/09/labor-­‐groups-­‐to-­‐press-­‐obama-­‐on-­‐health-­‐care-­‐and-­‐a-­‐ second-­‐stimulus-­‐effort/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   took  Mayor  Bloomberg  to  task  for  the  unregistered  bank  accounts.480    even  after  the  Comptroller  Bill  Thompson  and  his  successor.481    That  The  New   York  Times  could  consider  taking  a  soft-­‐pedal  approach  to  Mayor  Bloomberg’s   record  was  indication  of  the  political  realities  caused  by  the  influence  of  Mayor   Bloomberg’s  wealth.   Finnegan’s  leadership  would  contrast  with  Mr.nydailynews.  Journalism  was  at  risk  of   being  bent  by  the  gravitational  pull  of  the  mayor’s  billions.  the  political  operative  Kevin  Finnegan  took  over  as  political   director  for  1199.  while  Mr.  Indeed.    All  Rights  Reserved.nytimes.  Mr.  Gaspard’s.  John  Liu.blogs.  Berger’s  continued  onslaught  to  close  hospitals  in  New  York.  Gaspard  left  to  Mr.html     482  http://nypost.html     484  http://thecaucus.nytimes.blogs.dollars.com/2013/06/23/ilence-­‐was-­‐golden/     483  http://www.  Finnegan  was   an  early  support  of  Christine’s.   -­‐  212  -­‐     .com/2009/12/18/more-­‐city-­‐agencies-­‐hold-­‐millions-­‐in-­‐hidden-­‐accounts/     481  http://www.  Mayor   Bloomberg  was  widely  reported  to  have  used  his  private  wealth  to  help  overturn   term  limits.  because  Mr.  after  the  previous  political  director.  even  on  the  venerable  broadsheet.nytimes.  where  he  would  become   involved  in  the  president’s  plan  to  expand  healthcare  insurance  to  millions  of   previously  uninsured  patients.  especially  how  the  rest  of  the  hospital  closings  would  play-­‐out.com/2009/12/22/nyregion/22morgy.  Finnegan  and  others  to   confront  Mr.482    Accepting  the  idea  that  a  vulnerable  journalism  outpost  desperate   for  an  affluent  white  knight  could  slant  its  reportage  out  of  motivations  for  self-­‐ preservation  would  help  to  understand  the  remainder  of  the  patchwork  storyline  of   Christine’s  career.com/blogs/dailypolitics/2009/01/finnegan-­‐the-­‐new-­‐gaspard-­‐at-­‐11.  Gaspard  would   transition  to  become  the  White  House  political  director.483    Mr.

 Berger  to  a  commission  made  years  ago  by  Gov.  even  though  leaders  could  sometimes  have   allegiances  to  politicians  with  rival  agendas.com/news/politics/bill-­‐de-­‐blasio-­‐campaign-­‐driven-­‐seasoned-­‐political-­‐hands-­‐ article-­‐1.Christine’s  rivals  for  the  speakership.  Such  were  the  minefields  of  community   and  union  organizing  in  New  York  City.  the  New  York  City  comptroller  at  the  time.   Vincent’s  hospital  system.  But  the  very  structure  that   was  given  to  the  political  apparatus  making  the  closures  possible  -­‐-­‐  the  executive   appointment  of  Mr.  Mr.  John’s  Queens   Hospital.   -­‐  213  -­‐     .  closed  :  Mary  Immaculate  Hospital  and  St.gov/wp-­‐content/uploads/documents/06-­‐01-­‐09_Hospital-­‐closures-­‐Policy-­‐Alert-­‐Jun-­‐ 1.  Pataki.   Thompson.pdf     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  two  Queens  hospitals.  two   administrations  removed  from  Gov.ny1.nydailynews.  Patterson’s  term  in  office  -­‐-­‐  allowed  for  no   political  accountability  for  the  closures.485    Somehow.  union  leaders   were  expected  to  serve  the  rank  and  file.  It  worked  in  Christine's  political  favor  to  keep                                                                                                                   485  http://www.487    but  Mayor  Bloomberg  and  Christine  never   opposed  these  hospital  closings.    All  Rights  Reserved.486    By  this  time.  Finnegan’s   formal  appointment.  Bill  de  Blasio.  within  weeks  of  Mr.1456256     486  http://www.  employees  began  to  hold  demonstrations  in  protest   against  the  Berger  Commission’s  push  to  close  hospitals.  Even  though  state  health  officials   bore  ultimate  responsibility  for  regulating  healthcare  facilities.  but   neither  Mayor  Bloomberg  nor  Christine  took  city  action  to  save  these  hospitals.   The  Berger  Commission  was  executing  a  top-­‐down  agenda  that  had  no   bottom-­‐up  support  from  impacted  communities.  At  any  rate.  the  impact  on  public   health  caused  by  hospital  closures  could  also  be  deemed  a  municipal  issue.  issued  a  policy  report   describing  the  effect  of  the  closing  of  Mary  Immaculate  and  St.  John’s  as  creating  an   emergency  room  crisis  in  Queens.com/content/news/94742/two-­‐queens-­‐hospitals-­‐finally-­‐shut-­‐down/     487  http://comptroller.  which  had  once  been  part  of  the  St.nyc.

 and  it  prevented  activists.  two  candidates  openly  challenged   Christine  for  the  Democratic  primary  :  Yetta  Kurland.   Christine’s  slush  fund  scandal.  so  that  she  would  not  have  to  use  any   political  power  or  authority  to  challenge  Mr.   Also  joining  the  growing  protest  movement  against  Christine  were  digital  activists   and  bloggers.  and  Hell’s  Kitchen  neighborhoods  of  Manhattan.    All  Rights  Reserved.  and  her  failure  to  confront  the  NYPD  over  a  covert  police  policy  of   entrapping  men  at  gay  bookstores  increased  voter  dissatisfaction  within  Christine’s   City  Council  district.ambiguity  around  the  hospital  closings  crisis.  a  local  civic  leader  who  opposed  the  Tribeca  garbage  truck   facility.  new  activists  were   coming  forward  with  concerns  over  crumbling  infrastructure  and  the  concentration   of  power  among  lobbyists  and  special  interests.  a  civil  rights  attorney.  Besides  the  standard  complaints.  energizing  the  old  guard  of  activists.  her   unpopular  support  for  controversial  garbage  facilities  in  Tribeca  and  in  the  Upper   East  Side.  at  least  in  the  beginning.  Chelsea.  against  whom  a  long-­‐term  campaign  of  pressure  politics  could  be   launched.   from  being  able  to  form  a  resistance  movement  that  could  coalesce  around  specific   elected  officials.  One  such  digital  activist  was  Suzannah  B.  and   Maria  Passannante  Derr.  In  the  2009  election  cycle.  the  row  over  the  extension  of  term  limits.   -­‐  214  -­‐     .  her   apparent  subjugation  to  Mayor  Bloomberg.  Years  of  violating  her  public  duty   were  finally  catching  up  to  her.  The  nebulous  nature  to  whom   hospital  employees  and  healthcare  advocates  could  appeal  to  put  a  stop  to  the   closings  frustrated  protesters.   voters  were  now  mobilizing  against  Christine.  Berger.  her  betrayals  on  affordable  housing.  Troy.     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  In  the  West  Village.

 much  less  shared   across  the  Internet.489    490    491    blogged  about.                                                                                                                   489  http://youtu.At  one  protest  against  Christine  in  the  time  leading  up  to  the  2009  election.  In  municipal  politics.  Troy  brought  the  famed  civil  rights  attorney  Norman  Siegel.  A  man  in  a  wheelchair  was  denied  entry  in  clear   violation  of  the  Americans  with  Disabilities  Act.be/adDEhhagQnY     488  http://blogs.  Because  NYU  made  no  provision  for  a  standing  room  only  crowd.  many  of  whom  were  said  to  possibly  be  City  Council  employees.  and  those  videos  were  posted  on  YouTube.   -­‐  215  -­‐     .  outside  the  NYU  debate.be/OmWXpj20_-­‐c     490  http://youtu.com/runninscared/2009/08/speaker_quinn_p.    All  Rights  Reserved.  and   shared.488    Meanwhile.   Ms.  That  Christine  would  agree  to  a  venue  for  a  debate  that  would  lock  out   voters  was  spread  across  social  media.  a  violation  of  rules  set  by  the   Board  of  Elections.  Mr.  who  once  served   with  Christine  on  Mayor  Giuliani’s  police  task  force.be/S7km0CGc0uE     491  http://youtu.  Ms.  Siegel  was  to  serve  as  a  legal   observer  at  a  protest  outside  a  primary  debate  at  a  building  owned  by  New  York   University.  Siegel  witnessed  how   the  university  dispatched  its  own  private  security  force  to  keep  out  a  large  overflow   crowd.  the  excess   crowd  was  just  plain  locked  out.  Troy  and  other  digital  activists   recorded  on  video  the  abuses  by  NYU  security  that  denied  voters  entry  into  the   debate.php     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  At  the  debate.  voters  arrived  to  discover  that  last  minute  tickets  were   needed  to  get  inside.  The  Village  Voice  questioned  whether  Christine  was  using  City  Council   employees  to  volunteer  during  normal  work  hours.  Mr.  this  debate  marked  an   important  turning  point  :  social  media  activists  were  now  able  to  report  “campaign   news”  that  would  never  have  been  so  swiftly  documented  before.  and  that  the  line  of  people  with  tickets  were  mainly  Christine’s   supporters.  That   summer.villagevoice.

 and  when  she  finally  arrived.   -­‐  216  -­‐     .    All  Rights  Reserved.  “You   cannot  allow  anyone.  who  were  denied  entry.  Mr.  Siegel  said  at  the   time.  or  even  the  speaker.  whether  it’s  a  mayor.  adding.  Siegel  said  outside  the  NYU  debate.be/S7km0CGc0uE     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  who  had  been  locked  out  by  NYU.  As  Christine   approached  the  entrance  to  the  NYU  facility.  I  heard  that  the  speaker  had  some  private  security  people.  she  was  trying  to  find   ways  to  disband  protests..  Ms.  and  word  of  Christine’s  efforts  had  made  its  way  back  to   Mr.com/watch?v=S7km0CGc0uE     493  http://youtu.  but.”     Now  that  activists  were  organizing  against  Christine.youtube.  she  was  insulated  from  the  voter   anger  for  the  time  being.  which  further   angered  the  protesters  outside..  the  wheelchaired  man  was                                                                                                                   492  http://www.  The  man  in  the  wheelchair  and  a  reporter  from  the  all   news  cable  channel  NY1  were  among  those.K.  whether  it’s  a  police  department.  this  country  -­‐-­‐  the  cornerstone  of  the  participatory   democracy  -­‐-­‐  is  for  people  to  have  the  right  to  peacefully  protest.  who   were  telling  people  that  they  could  not  demonstrate  on  a  public  sidewalk.  Siegel.”  Mr.  to  boo  Christine.Christine  was  late  for  the  debate.  Siegel.  Siegel  took  issue  with  NYU  officials  for  having   turned  away  the  press  and  locking  out  the  protesters.  Troy’s  jeers  signaled  to  the  other   protesters  that  it  was  O.”  He  added.  Troy  was  the  fist  to  say.  once  Christine  made  her  way  inside.  Other  chants  and  denounciations   followed.  she  had  to   walk  in  front  of  the  angry  voters.  “Oust   Quinn.493    Eventually.  “Recently.  “This  city.  It’s   absolutely  false.”  Mr.  and  I  will  make  sure  that  people’s  First  Amendment  rights  are   protected.  to   trample  on  people’s  First  Amendment  rights  .  oust  Quinn  !  She’s  corrupt  !”492      Ms.  after  immense   pressure  from  protesters  and  intervention  by  Mr.  “Sometimes  the  police  and   private  security  trample  on  people’s  First  Amendment  rights.

 and  in  the  middle  of  his  own  campaign.   Since  Ms.  Siegel  was  running  for  office  of   public  advocate  that  year.  first  Jim  Owles.  were  not   enough  to  help  him  win  his  race.  His  legal  brilliance  and  his  effort  to  help  activists.  Ms.  he  was  taking   time  off  to  help  activists.  and  Mr.  NYU  and  the   sponsor  of  the  debate.  who  had  been  targeted  to  be  voted  out  of   office  by  a  series  of  three  different  gay  politicians.   a  business  which  animal  rights  activists  viewed  as  exploitative  of  animals.  de  Blasio.  Kurland’s  chances  at  defeating  Christine.  and  that  was  exactly  what                                                                                                                   494  http://youtu.  Kurland  was  a  vegan  and  an  animal  rights  activist.  though  a   source  of  hope  for  those  fighting  to  bring  about  government  reforms.  then  David   Rothenberg.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   -­‐  217  -­‐     .  Derr’s   appearance  on  that  year’s  Democratic  primary  ticket  was  meant  to  split  votes  away   from  Ms.be/OmWXpj20_-­‐c     495  http://thevillager.  Christine  had  become  reminiscent  of  Carol  Greitzer.494    But  it  was  a  small  win.  Siegel’s  presence  outside  the  controversial  NYU  debate  served   to  underscore  his  important  role  in  New  York.  These  animal  rights   activists  were  also  spurred  on  by  Christine’s  support  for  the  horse  carriage  industry.   The  clampdown  on  media  coverage  was  designed  to  keep  a  lid  on  voter  anger   against  Christine.495    To   other  activists.  other  animal   rights  activists  were  attracted  to  support  her  candidacy.  Protesters  were  outraged  by  how  they   were  treated.  and  finally  by  Tom  Duane.    All  Rights  Reserved.  some  activists  alleged.  He  lost  to  Mr.  Mr.   meaning  that  the  NY1  reporter  was  kept  locked  out  of  the  debate.   do-­‐nothing  incumbent  councilmember.allowed  entry  into  that  night’s  debate.  one  of  Christine’s  old  foes.  The  Villager  newspaper.com/villager_332/quinopponents.  even  though  his   cable  news  channel  was  the  primary  TV  source  for  political  news  in  New  York  City.  To  still  yet  other  activists.  had  only  provided  five  press  passes.  the  long-­‐term.

 noting  that  she  had  been  told  by  insiders.  Ms.html     497  http://thevillager.”  Ms.  of  which   she  had  to  set  aside  almost  $1.    All  Rights  Reserved.  “that  you  don’t  go   against  incumbents.  and  we  showed  the   entire  district.  Derr  was  left  with  16%.  Kurland’s  spoiler.html     http://www.  Christine  had  raised  these  millions  in  anticipation  that  she   would  have  been  running  for  mayor  that  year.     In  her  concession  speech.  we  will   be  watching.nyccfb.  we  have  power  -­‐-­‐  this  is  just  the  beginning.  and  we  showed  the  entire  city.  People  were  afraid  to  stand  up  to  Christine  Quinn.aspx?ec_id=2013&ec=2013&RecTyp =Candidates+only&RecTyp_id=Can&cand_id=204&cand=Quinn%2c+Christine+C     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  there’s  deals  that  are  made   that  succumb  to  big  business  and  developers  and  to  money.  Kurland  won  31%.com/villager_333/weshowedthem.  Derr  acted  to  ruin  Ms.  Ms.info/searchabledb/AdvancedContributionSearchResult.496    showing  that  Ms.”497       For  the  2009  race.  and   Ms.498  so  that  she   would  not  violate  Campaign  Finance  Board  rules  for  the  spending  cap  under  its   matching  funds  program.com/villager_333/weshowedthem.  Kurland’s  insurgent  campaign.  Christine   barely  won  reelection  :  she  took  about  52%  of  the  vote.  Derr  was  a  marginal  candidate.  We  are  organized.  Besides  the   substantial  political  contributions  from  real  estate  interests.  that  the  numbers  show  that  this   district  is  not  happy  with  their  leadership.  that  you  can’t  question  authority  when  it  becomes   dysfunctional.  even  those  receiving                                                                                                                   498   496  http://thevillager.   who  acted  as  Ms.  “Every  time  there  is   development  that  happens  without  affordable  housing.  we  will  be  here.  Christine  raised  about  $2  million  in  donations.  Kurland  spoke  about  the  political  pressure  that   opposed  her  candidacy.8  million  in  donations  for  a  future  race.  Kurland  added.happened  :  Ms.  before  the  slush  fund  scandal  and   Mayor  Bloomberg’s  thwarted  presidential  run  scuttled  her  plans.   -­‐  218  -­‐     .

 among  other  reasons.  Washburn  was  head   of  a  business  group  in  the  Meatpacking  District  of  the  West  Village.   -­‐  219  -­‐     .  Mayor  Bloomberg  was  forced  to  spend  over  $109  million  of  his   own  money  in  declared  political  campaign  expenditures  for  his  re-­‐election  effort  in   2009  to  overcome  widespread  voter  anger  over  the  overturning  of  term  limits  in  a   campaign  that  was  later  beset  by  criminal  charges502    and  a  review  of  his  campaign   finances.com/2010/08/the-­‐secret-­‐campaign-­‐of-­‐mayor-­‐mike/     503  http://www.  whose  nomination  to  the  federal   bench  by  Sen.  Laura  Morrison.  donated   to  Christine’s  campaign.com/new-­‐york/city-­‐politicians-­‐received-­‐big-­‐campaign-­‐donations-­‐funneled-­‐tax-­‐ dollars-­‐developers-­‐article-­‐1.  Michael  Cormier.  a  nurse  at  St.nydailynews.  Mr.  Ms.499  Christine  also  received  $200.aspx?ec_id=2009&ec=2009&RecTyp =Candidates+only&RecTyp_id=Can&cand_id=204&cand=Quinn%2c+Christine+C     502  http://observer.  donated  $100.  had  donated   $25.nyccfb.discretionary  funding  from  City  Council.dpbs     501   http://www.426728     500  http://perezhilton.503    He  faced  Comptroller  Bill  Thompson  as  the  Democratic  candidate  in   that  year’s  general  election  race.  like  Kenneth  Monteiro.  Vincent’s.00  to  Christine’s  campaign  before  the  hospital  closed.  Anne  Washburn.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  it’s  not  known  why  she  kept  Mr.  a  controversial  Wall  Street  banker.  Ms.    All  Rights  Reserved.  To  win.S1jKZrnm.  many  political  insiders  noted  that  Mayor   Bloomberg  had  to  make  millions  in  undeclared  charitable  donations  from  his                                                                                                                   499  http://www.  Chuck  Schumer  was  rejected  by  the  Obama  administration  after  it  was   learned  that.nytimes.  and  Richard  Socarides.501   Meanwhile.info/searchabledb/AdvancedContributionSearchResult.  Alter’s  donation.com/2012/10/19/nyregion/campaign-­‐finance-­‐board-­‐rebukes-­‐but-­‐does-­‐not-­‐punish-­‐ bloomberg.00  from   Daniel  Alter.  which  stood  to   benefit  from  the  High  Line  park  project.  Other  reliable   supporters.com/2010-­‐10-­‐22-­‐white-­‐house-­‐rejects-­‐new-­‐york-­‐senator-­‐chuck-­‐schumers-­‐ reccomendation-­‐that-­‐openly-­‐gay-­‐daniel-­‐alter-­‐serve-­‐on-­‐the-­‐us-­‐district-­‐court#sthash.   Giske’s  girlfriend.  Alter  appeared  to  oppose  the  use  of  the   phrase  “under  God”  in  the  Pledge  of  Allegiance.00  to  Christine’s  campaign.500    Because  Christine  was  a  proud   Irish  Catholic.

 Kurland’s  insurgent  campaign  against  Christine  in  2009  was  a  rarity                                                                                                                   504  http://nypost.  a  template  for  authority  that  we  saw  resembled  how  officials  connected   with  the  High  Line  park  project  had  donated  over  $50.   Meanwhile.  a   homeless  assistance  group.html     506  http://www.  Aside  from  charitable  donations.”  reported  Tom  Robbins  in  The  New  York  Post.html     507  http://www.  “When  the  City  Council  held  hearings  on  the  term  limits  change.506    That  Mayor  Bloomberg  was  so   desperate  for  support  from  homeless  groups  belied  the  fact  that  he  had  been  behind   a  policy  that  rounded  up  the  homeless  since  2007  and  had  them  deported  to  other   states.505    Dozens  of  people.  who  depended  on  Doe   Fund  shelters.  civic-­‐minded  leaders.  were  bused  to  the  City  Council  hearing  on  overturning  term  limits  to   pack  the  room  in  support  of  Mayor  Bloomberg.com/2013/06/23/ilence-­‐was-­‐golden/     505  http://www.personal  fortune  to  community  groups  and  non-­‐profits  in  order  to  demobilize   active.  The  New  York  Times  reported.504    One  such  group  that   received  large  charitable  contributions  from  Mayor  Bloomberg  in  what  appeared  to   be  a  quid  pro  quo  for  support  on  extending  term  limits  was  the  Doe  Fund.    All  Rights  Reserved.nytimes.   -­‐  220  -­‐     .  Ms.com/2010/08/07/nyregion/07doe.   mayoral  aides  asked  organizations  on  the  receiving  end  of  his  generosity  to  testify  in   favor.nytimes.nydailynews.com/blogs/dailypolitics/2008/10/doe-­‐a-­‐dear-­‐for-­‐bloomberg.507  Such  were  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  political  reversal  of  fortune.00  in  campaign   contributions  to  Christine’s  political  accounts.   Mayor  Bloomberg’s  use  of  community  groups  that  received  taxpayer  money   was  a  powerful  way  to  triangulate  support  from  civic  leaders  for  a  politician’s   agenda.com/2009/07/29/nyregion/29oneway.  as  one  investigation  showed.  who  could  have  organized  against  the  mayor  on  the   term  limits  issue.  the  Doe  Fund  also   received  from  the  Bloomberg  administration  city  contracts  worth  tens  of  millions  of   dollars.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.000.

 she   briefly  faced  questions  whether  her  peers  would  select  her  again  to  serve  as   speaker.  “It  would  be  outrageous   for  the  state  to  even  entertain  offers  to  close  the  only  hospital  that  services                                                                                                                   508  http://www.   -­‐  221  -­‐     .  Mr.com/2009/12/08/st-­‐vincents-­‐to-­‐lay-­‐off-­‐180-­‐employees/     511  http://www.     Between  the  end  of  2009  and  the  beginning  of  2010.com/2009/07/08/nyregion/08hospital.   among  other  reasons.  Ms.  as  a  result  of.  given  the  voter  outrage  stemming  from  the  overturning  of  term  limits.  Vincent’s  Hospital  in   Christine’s  City  Council  district  was  facing  financial  difficulty.  even  after  Christine  was  safely  reelected  to  the  City  Council.nytimes.  said.  It  laid  off  almost  180   employees  a  few  weeks  before  Christmas  in  2009.  Finnegan.  Vincent’s  Hospital  was  not  meant  to  be  closed  under  the  Berger   Commission  Report.com/2010/01/27/nyregion/27hiring.  Mayor  Bloomberg   rewarded  his  campaign  staff  with  outsized  bonuses  and  job  offerings.405796     509  http://www.508     While  Christine  was  left  scrambling  to  save  her  hold  on  power.  the  state  budget  cuts  were   taking  a  toll.   Furthermore.nydailynews.510    Even  though  there  had  been   budget  surpluses  at  the  municipal  level  in  recent  years.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.nytimes.509     Additionally.  Kurland’s  promise  to  “be  here”  if  a  zone-­‐busting  real  estate   development  would  disrupt  the  West  Village  would  predict  an  escalation  of   community  organizing  against  Christine  and  her  political  career.  St.511    Once  Christine  had  been  safely  resworn   into  office.  after  the  election.in  New  York  City  politics  :  it  was  a  sign  that  Christine’s  abuse  of  incumbency   privileges  and  violations  of  her  public  duty  had  stirred  up  passionate  dissent  to  such   a  degree  that  a  community  organizer  would  openly  question  Christine’s  leadership.html     510  http://cityroom.  a  series  of  state  budget  cuts.    All  Rights  Reserved.blogs.  and  the  hospital  had  been  in  talks  with  a  real  estate  developer   to  help  shore  up  the  hospital’s  finances.nytimes.  St.  the  1199  political  director.com/news/angry-­‐voters-­‐whittle-­‐speaker-­‐christine-­‐quinn-­‐power-­‐base-­‐article-­‐ 1.

 acted  to  make  Rudin’s  prior  development  deal  into  a   more  lucrative  opportunity  for  outsized  profits.  Vincent’s  out  of  fear  of  angering  an  important  political                                                                                                                   514   512  http://nypost.   Vincent’s  in  the  shadow  of  a  previous  bankruptcy  had  given  Rudin  an  edge  in  buying   some  of  the  buildings  comprising  the  St.000.  a  proposed  sale  of  St.nyccfb.    All  Rights  Reserved.aspx?ec_id=2013&ec=2013&RecTyp =Candidates+only&RecTyp_id=Can&cand_id=204&cand=Quinn%2c+Christine+C&emp=rudin+management+(b egins+with)&emp_name1=rudin+management&emp_exact1=B     515  http://therealdeal.  Continuum  Health  Partners.  Vincent’s.cityrealty.515    and  the  hospital’s   second  bankruptcy.  had   expressed  no  interest  in  maintaining  a  full-­‐service  hospital  on  the  site  of  St.  Vincent’s  campus.html     http://www.  mysteriously   fell  through.com/2010/01/26/code-­‐red-­‐looms-­‐for-­‐st-­‐vinnys/     513  http://www.  Vincent’s.   Vincent’s  to  another  Manhattan  hospital.hundreds  of  thousands  of  New  Yorkers  who  work  or  live  on  the  West  Side  of   Manhattan  below  59th  Street.nytimes.com/2010/04/02/nyregion/02hospital.514    A  development  deal  struck  by  St.   -­‐  222  -­‐     .  Rudin  Management  Company.   Vincent’s.00   in  campaign  contributions  by  the  wealthy  family  that  controlled  the  real  estate   developer.com/blog/2011/11/07/stribling-­‐and-­‐associates-­‐opens-­‐sales-­‐office-­‐at-­‐william-­‐rudin-­‐s-­‐ condo-­‐conversion-­‐near-­‐saint-­‐vincent-­‐hospital/     516  http://www.     This  vacuum  of  leadership  was  complicated  by  the  fact  that  as  Christine’s   constituents  looked  onto  her  to  lead  the  charge  to  save  St.  and  another  hospital  operator.  Christine  had  accepted  almost  $30.  she  had  an   apparent  conflict  of  interest  in  the  matter.  but  she  could  not  realistically  follow  through  on  delivering  a  true   rescue  package  for  St.  Mount  Sinai  Medical  Center.513    It  had  become  apparent  that  state  health  officials  were  going  to  do   nothing  to  save  St.516    Since  Christine  was  conflicted.   she  would  initially  go  through  the  motions  to  put  on  an  appearance  of  trying  to  save   St.”512    But  two  months  later.  in  2010.com/nyc/real-­‐estate/carters-­‐view/rudin-­‐management-­‐reportedly-­‐negotiating-­‐lower-­‐ price-­‐st-­‐vincents-­‐properties/36122     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.info/searchabledb/AdvancedContributionSearchResult.  Vincent’s.

517    Their  loss  was  hastened  by  the  fact  that  some   community  groups  actually  sided  with  the  developer.   Generally.  fell  on   politicians.nytimes.  which  was  headed  by  Bertha  Lewis  at  the  time.  the  community  began  to   organize  anew  against  Christine.  As  promised  by  Ms.com/2013/08/what-­‐is-­‐he-­‐chopped-­‐liver-­‐bill-­‐de.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Proposed  affordable  housing  regulations  either  get  watered  down  into   low-­‐cost  loan  packages  or  the  responsibility  for  building  affordable  housing  gets   transferred  from  developers  to  city  taxpayers.518  ACORN   helped  to  negotiate  an  accord  with  developers  that  would  require  developers  to   provide  “affordable  housing.  One  of  those  community   groups  was  ACORN.  Kurland.  grass  roots  activists  spent  years   fighting  the  system  to  only  lose.  who  was  described  as  a  “housing  advocate.  because  politicians  lacked  the  courage  to  challenge   developers.  powerful  real  estate  developers  get  exactly  what  they  want  in  New   York  City.520    because.blogspot.  job  training  and  other  benefits.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Ms.org/story/316327-­‐de-­‐blasios-­‐support-­‐atlantic-­‐yards-­‐helped-­‐old-­‐ally/     520  http://atlanticyardsreport.  developers  made  large  campaign  contributions  to   politicians.wnyc.”  according  to  WNYC.html     518  http://www.  Lewis.  the  Barclays  Center.org/story/316327-­‐de-­‐blasios-­‐support-­‐atlantic-­‐yards-­‐helped-­‐old-­‐ally/     519  http://www.   -­‐  223  -­‐     .  which  was  a  trap.  sometimes  known  as  community  benefits  agreements.  which  would  lead  to  the  construction   of  another  sports  stadium.519       Responsibility  for  enforcing  compromises  struck  between  activists  and   developers.  Neither  nor  would  she  recuse  herself   from  the  process.  This  was  only  mere  months  after  Christine’s  shaky   reelection  win  over  Ms.  as  seen.wnyc.”  and  similar  to  the                                                                                                                   517  http://www.  In  the  case  of  a  large  development   project  in  Brooklyn  known  as  Atlantic  Yards.  Kurland’s  pledge  to  “be  here”  if  a  zone-­‐busting   real  estate  development  would  disrupt  the  West  Village.com/2012/11/26/nyregion/exhausted-­‐from-­‐an-­‐angry-­‐and-­‐losing-­‐battle-­‐against-­‐ barclays-­‐center.supporter  and  powerful  real  estate  developer.

 At  that  same  2007  community   meeting.villagevoice.nytimes.  in  late  2007.com/runninscared/2007/11/_politicians_on.  that  they  should  just  give  in.  She   replied.”523    Christine  finally  revealed  that  she  was  no  longer  capable  of   being  a  beacon  of  top-­‐down  support  for  bottom-­‐up  community  empowerment.  because   the  developer  had  already  won.html     522  http://www.controversial  housing  advocate  Michael  McKee.com/2010/04/22/nyregion/22yards.  Forest  City  Ratner  was  allowed  to  use   eminent  domain  to  confiscate  property  for  the  project.    All  Rights  Reserved.php     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Lewis  had  close  ties   to  the  Working  Families  Party  and  to  Mr.   -­‐  224  -­‐     .  thereby  giving  developers  political  cover  to  win   approval  for  their  zone-­‐busting  deals.521      Ms.  “I  think  there’s  not  a  lot  that’s  left  to  be  done  and  that  the  project  will  be   getting  developed.  Lewis  provided  political  cover   to  the  lopsided  victory  enjoyed  by  the  developer.  It  was   exactly  what  developers  expected  from  Christine.  Christine  began  to  telegraph  a   sensibility  of  resignation  to  her  constituents.  Developers  knew  that  they  could  wear  down  activists’  energy  and  morale.  de  Blasio.     To  help  achieve  the  developer’s  goal.  one  of  Christine’s  campaign  donors.nationalreview.com/corner/359265/radicalism-­‐bill-­‐de-­‐blasio-­‐stanley-­‐kurtz     523  http://blogs.  Ms.  At   long  last.  she  was  openly  disempowering  and  demobilizing  the  community.  Christine  was  asked  at  a   community  meeting  what  could  be  done  to  stop  the  Atlantic  Yards  project.  which  in  this  case  was  Forest  City   Ratner.522      Developers  had  become  shrewd  in  weakening  political  oversight  by   making  large  campaign  donations  to  compromise  the  independence  of  political   leaders.  For  example.  WCBS-­‐TV  political  reporter  Andrew  Kirtzman  conducted  a  brief  interview                                                                                                                   521  http://www.   and  they  knew  how  to  divide  the  community  by  finding  community  groups  that   would  sell  out  on  their  principles.  the  newly-­‐elected  public   advocate.

with  Christine.   “Do  you  find  yourself  having  to  balance  where  you  come  from  with  where  you  are   now  ?”  Christine  replied.  or   were  otherwise  ineffectual  about  championing  causes  on  behalf  of  voters.  as  Ms.  Gotbaum’s  experience  with  the  “political  payback”   orchestrated  by  Mayor  Bloomberg  and  Christine  infuriated  her.  and  the   officeholder  is  supposed  to  be  a  government  watchdog.  de  Blasio’s  predecessor.  Gotbaum  opposed  the  Bloomberg-­‐Quinn  plan  to   extend  term  limits.  bad   government  and  politics  at  its  worst.  which  Mr.  Mr.com/runninscared/2007/11/_politicians_on.”526    Moreover.  The  public   advocate  runs  for  office  in  a  city-­‐wide  campaign  every  four  years.  it  amounted  to  actions  that  were  “anti-­‐democratic.  because  Ms.php     525  http://www.nytimes.   de  Blasio  inherited.  Gotbaum  put  it.  saw  the  budget  of   her  government  office  cut  by  40%  in  the  city  budget  for  Fiscal  Year  2010.525    Ms.html     526  http://www.    All  Rights  Reserved.  who  would  fight  against   government  failures.   -­‐  225  -­‐     .  The  New  York  Times  reported   that  the  motivation  for  the  budget  cuts  to  the  public  advocate’s  office  were  being   made  a  few  months  before  the  2009  municipal  election  cycle  in  order  to  deliberately                                                                                                                   524  http://blogs.nytimes.com/2009/06/20/nyregion/20advocate.  turned  out  to  be  duds.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.”  skirting  any  direct  accountability  to  her  constituents  for  the   conservative  shift  in  her  policies.  Betsy  Gotbaum.  and  it  set  the  tone   that  nobody  could  question  the  didactic  policies  of  the  mayor  and  the  speaker.  “You  do  think  about  things  through  bigger  prisms  when   you’re  in  this  position.  524       The  public  advocate  of  New  York  City  is  a  fallback  political  office  given  to   voters  in  case  other  elected  officials  became  conflicted.  and  he  frankly  asked  her  to  explain  the  contradictions  between   Christine’s  early  years  as  an  activist  with  her  insider  status  as  City  Council  speaker.villagevoice.com/2009/06/20/nyregion/20advocate.  even   when.

 It  was  where   activists  and  writers.  One  could  also  see  how  the  advocacy   of  the  civil  rights  attorney  Norman  Siegel  might  worry  entrenched  political   interests.  such  as  the  fight  to  save   hospitals.  The   natural  consequence  of  the  budgetary  action  was  that  Mr.  Siegel’s  propensity  to  challenge  powerholders.  Vincent’s.  and  even  Christine  had  learned  to  game  the   system.  particularly  St.  Mr.  given  Mr.   The  West  Village  and  Chelsea.  like  Christine.com/2009/06/20/nyregion/20advocate.   -­‐  226  -­‐     .  de  Blasio  may  have  started  out  his  campaign   for  public  advocate  with  good  intentions.  but  by  the  time  he  got  into  office.  were  home  to  a  particular  brand  of  political  sensibility.  even  if  their  public  advocate  had.  No   matter  that  some  developers.  Ms.  the  mayor.  These   activists  weren’t  about  to  go  away  quietly.   Vincent’s.527    but  eventually  became  Mr.  Jacobs  would  go  on  to  achieve  world-­‐wide  acclaim  for  her  efforts  to                                                                                                                   527  http://www.  de  Blasio.  had  helped  to  shape  a  political  awareness  for   community  organizing  to  resist  irresponsible  over  development  and  government   failure.    All  Rights  Reserved.  de   Blasio  never  really  challenged  the  mayor  or  Christine  in  the  first  three  years.nytimes.  Mr.  Larry  Kramer.  It  wasn’t   the  same  as  the  previous  other  struggles  to  save  community  hospitals.  the  fight  over  St.   The  size  and  timing  of  the  budget  cut  was  intended  to  telegraph  to  the  next   public  advocate  that  the  mayor  and  the  speaker  had  the  power  to  squash  the   independence  of  the  public  advocate’s  role  in  overseeing  the  city  government.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  David   Rothenberg  and  many  others.  some  of  the  neighborhoods  served  by  St.  Feinberg.  David  B.weaken  the  next  public  advocate.  de  Blasio  was  largely   absent  from  the  public  discourse  over  controversial  issues.  who  at  the  time  was  speculated  to  be  Mark   Green.  such  as  Jane  Jacobs.  Vincent’s  was  turning  into  something  different.

 We  are  not  going  to  fall  for  that  bait-­‐and-­‐ switch.  but  she  was  using  those  funds  to  reward  political  allies.html     529  http://youtu.  in  all  of  New  York.  for  example.  and  it  had  treated  and  saved  the   lives  of  untold  people  during  these  emergencies.  Vincent’s.  We’re  not  going  to  fall  for  this  trick  that  Continuum  is  the  only   entity  out  there.  At  that  town  hall   meeting.529   St.  The  State  Department  of  Health  wants  us  to   believe  it.   -­‐  227  -­‐     .  and  we’re  going  to  say  it   over  and  over  again  :  the  only  plan  that  should  be  considered  or  ever   approved  by  the  state  is  one  that  keeps  our  hospital  and  our  emergency   room.  and  the  two   attacks  on  the  World  Trade  Center.  Christine  said  that  St.  a  reckless  city  planner  who  bulldozed  neighborhoods  in  favor  of   building  expressways.  As  Christine’s  sound  bites  on  St.  Vincent’s   closed.  Vincent’s  was  renowned  for  the  care  it  provided  to  the  survivors  of  the   Titanic  sinking.  the  Triangle  Shirtwaist  fire.  It  was  trusted  for  its  trauma  care  almost  as  much   as  the  sentimental  value  of  knowing  that  the  hospital  had  bore  witness  to  some  of   the  darkest  episodes  in  New  York  City’s  history.  the  first  cases  of  HIV/AIDS.528    She  left  out  that  she  was  the  one.preserve  the  special  social  fabric  of  Lower  Manhattan  from  the  destructive  forces  of   Robert  Moses.  registered  nurses  with  the  union  New  York                                                                                                                   528  http://www.  who  had  the  bailout  funds   available.downtownexpress.    All  Rights  Reserved.  With  word  spreading  that  the   hospital  was  facing  possible  closure.com/de_354/hospitaldeserves.  Vincent’s  were  shown  to  be   mere  lip  service.be/MJFSBvyfQU8     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Vincent’s  deserved  a  bailout  like  the   banks  were  getting.  the  community  had  begun  to  see  through  her  pattern  of  never   following  up  on  any  of  her  promises.  there  is  no  other   healthcare  institution  that  wants  to  merge  with  the  great  St.  she  said  :   I  fail  to  accept  that.  because  they  have  created  an  equation  where  that  is  the  only   answer  that  we  would  get.  We’re  going  to  say  tonight.  At  a  town  hall  meeting  before  St.  I   simply  do  not  believe  it.

 Vincent’s  location.   Christine  was  accused  of  not  doing  enough  to  save  St.165507     531  http://www.  Vincent’s.  the  real  estate  developer  with  plans  to   convert  the  St.   On  the  day  St.   There  was  a  lot  of  talk.State  Nurses  Association  (NYSNA).nytimes.  Vincent’s  employees  and  activists.org/story/32495-­‐st-­‐vincents/     532  http://www.  During  a  radio  interview.  Vincent’s  campus  into  luxury  housing.  A  bill  introduced  in  the  legislature  that  would                                                                                                                   530  http://www.com/new-­‐york/300-­‐angry-­‐protesters-­‐march-­‐st-­‐vincent-­‐hospital-­‐article-­‐1.  but  she   was  drowned  out  by  angry  protesters.  At  the  end  of  one  protest  march   through  Chelsea  that  ended  in  front  of  the  hospital.”530     People  were  now  on  to  Christine’s  game  of  double-­‐talk.  and  they  knew  that  Rudin  was  only  focused  on  the  “million   dollar  views”  available  from  the  St.  another  emergency  town  hall  was  held  at   Hudson  Guild  in  Chelsea.  Christine  tried  to  speak.  Duane  appeared  at  the  town  hall.  but  Mayor  Bloomberg  and   Christine  were  no-­‐shows.  but  no  commitments.html     533  http://youtu.  Vincent’s.  who  were   focused  instead  on  trying  to  save  the  hospital.533    Assemblymember  Richard   Gottfried  and  Sen.nydailynews.  several   hundred  showed  up.be/ZFc1_VaCTP8     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  but  the  community  did  not  come  together   enough  to  pressure  politicians  to  own  up  to  their  public  duty  to  save  St.  The  hospital   had  closed  its  doors.  Community  members  were  scorching  mad.  doctors.   -­‐  228  -­‐     .532    outraging  St.  At  a  town  hall  at  a  local  church.wnyc.  was  still  trying  to  salvage  its   condo  conversion  plan.be/2C8fIhXv6gE     534  http://youtu.  and  other  hospital  staff  organized   several  protests  to  mobilize  the  community.531    Word  on  the   street  was  that  Rudin  Management  Company.  Vincent’s  closed.  and  their  absence  from  the  town  hall  was  criticized  by  the   community.  who  accused  her  of  being  a  “sellout.  including  Christine.com/2010/04/16/nyregion/16vincents.534    Assemblymember  Gottfried  mentioned  a  failed  state  effort  to  help   stop  the  wave  of  hospital  closings.    All  Rights  Reserved.

 Albany’s  intent  became  clear.cityandstateny.  To  form  an   independent  pressure  group  to  fight  to  restore  a  hospital  to  replace  St.  according  to  one  source.   The  nursing  union  NYSNA  led  the  community’s  response.  and  everybody  asked  why  didn’t  City  Hall  or   City  Council  officials  step  up  and  appropriate  the  kind  of  emergency  money  needed   to  save  St.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Kurland  presented  information.  who  had   shown  she  had  the  guts  to  take  on  the  system  -­‐-­‐  the  attorney  Yetta  Kurland.  Vincent’s.   Vincent’s.com/2011/08/21/da-­‐eyes-­‐st-­‐vinnys-­‐go-­‐for-­‐broke-­‐plan/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.536  537    Both  Assemblymember  Gottfried  and  Sen.  Duane  were  chairs  of   the  respective  health  committees  of  each  house  of  the  state  legislature.be/ZFc1_VaCTP8     538  http://nypost.  the  community  learned  that  that  state  health  officials  were  going  to                                                                                                                   535  http://youtu.be/ZFc1_VaCTP8     536  http://www.   At  the  town  hall  at  Hudson  Guild.  the   community  rallied  around  the  only  person  in  the  West  Village  and  Chelsea.  which   raised  questions  about  that  integrity  of  the  management  at  St.  There  was  no  organizational  structure  to  do  that.   Patterson.  Vincent’s.  Vincent’s.  At  a  time  when  these  politicians  traded  on  their  sensibilities   about  advocating  for  fairness.   -­‐  229  -­‐     .have  required  public  hearings  before  hospitals  could  be  closed  was  vetoed  by  Gov.  The   hospital  closing  triggered  a  fraud  investigation.  constituents  were  not  used  to  mobilizing  to  put   pressure  on  their  elected  officials.538    After  the  political  and  management  failures  that  led  to  the  closing  of  St.  Vincent’s.  but  neither   one  of  them  used  their  power  or  influence  up  in  the  state  capitol  to  save  St.  535    allowing  the  Berger  Commission  hospital  closings  to  proceed   undeterred.   Vincent’s.  who  had   nearly  defeated  Christine  only  a  few  months  prior  to  the  closing  of  St.  Ms.  but  no  charges  were  ever   brought.com/facing-­‐st-­‐vincents-­‐closure-­‐manhattan-­‐pols-­‐have-­‐change-­‐of-­‐heart-­‐on-­‐ hospital-­‐closure-­‐bill/     537  http://youtu.  paying  to  broadcast  radio   advertisements  to  mobilize  the  public.

 going  to  lead  to  a   bait-­‐and-­‐switch.  She  had   moved  the  goal  post.  adding.  said  at  the  town  hall  at  Hudson  Guild  that   the  community  needed  to  organize  and  not  accept  inferior  healthcare  facilities.  Vincent’s.be/CR5LPVLCFLE     540  http://www.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  As  a  public  official.  Vincent’s  closed.com/2010/04/07/nyregion/07vincents.   -­‐  230  -­‐     .”  urging.  and  her  violation  of  this   duty  would  drive  the  community  to  withdraw  their  political  support  for  Christine.  Christine  was   already  calling  for  “urgent  care”  to  replace  St.  who  had  organized  many  protests   in  the  weeks  before  St.propose  an  urgent  care  center  to  replace  the  full-­‐service  hospital  and  Level  I  trauma   center  services  that  St.  in  fact.”  she  said  at  the  town  hall.”539     Nurse  Dunn’s  remarks  were  a  call-­‐to-­‐action  that  helped  the  community  scrutinize   the  political  failures  that  led  to  the  closing  of  St.  and  some  of  that  scrutiny   would  come  to  focus  on  Christine.  Vincent’s.  “You  need  to  be  out  in  the  streets.540    The  deliberate  use  of   “urgent  care”  was  meant  to  communicate  to  the  community  that  Christine  was  no   longer  going  to  fight  for  a  full-­‐service  hospital  to  replace  St.  it  sounded  like  Christine  was  saying  that  it  was  time  to   give  up.  but  she  did  not.  You  need  to  stop   the  traffic.  “You  need  a   revolution  downtown.   “Urgent  care  is  not  emergency  care.  To  some.  In   The  New  York  Times  article  that  prefaced  the  closing  of  St.  Christine’s  previous  sound  bite  of   “We  are  not  going  to  fall  for  that  bait-­‐and-­‐switch.  Vincent’s.  To  some.  Christine  had  a  public  duty  to   take  actions  on  behalf  of  her  constituents.”  was.   Eileen  Dunn.  Vincent’s  once  provided.  like  she  had  once  told  activists  opposed  to  the  Atlantic  Yards  development   in  Brooklyn.  You  need  to  let  the  politicians  know  that  it  is  just  not  good  enough.    All  Rights  Reserved.nytimes.  her  latest  statement  was  an  effort  to  corral  the                                                                                                                   539  http://youtu.  a  veteran  nurse  of  24  years.  Vincent’s.

 it  appeared  that  Christine  had  been  able   to  master  her  close  relationship  with  Mayor  Bloomberg  and  still  maintain  the  myth   that  she  was  the  community’s  advocate.  David  Kaufman.  the  famous  Commissioner  Daines  -­‐-­‐  I  challenge  them  to  publicly  log   the  ambulance  times  from  the  Lower  West  Side  and  the  outcomes  from  those   runs.  absolutely.   -­‐  231  -­‐     .  Vincent’s.   Christine  talked  up  the  fact  that  New  York  City  had  the  best  hospitals.”543    Dr.  Daines’s  position  was  that  he  would  not  step   forward  to  save  any  hospitals.  that  people  will   die.  North  General  Hospital.com/f/print/news/local/behind_closed_doors_with_the_mighty_VPqhPZj9O9JJrrGxeMx05K     542  http://youtu.  and  he  had  asserted  that  “straitened  times  put  healthy  pressure  on  providers   to  tighten  their  operations.  everybody.  Vincent’s  Hospital  in  Greenwich   Village.”542    Richard  Daines  was  the  controversial  state  health  commissioner  at  the   time.  Vincent’s.  adding.  but  she   always  stayed  clear  of  the  fact  that  there  was  an  effort  to  close  many  city   hospitals.  said  at  the  town   hall  meeting  that  he  had  growing  concerns  over  the  impact  of  hospital  closings  on   the  delivery  of  life-­‐saving  trauma  care.  a  former  physician  at  St.”  he  said.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Dr.  a  potent  symbol  of  the  city’s  political  and   philanthropic  commitment  to  Harlem.com/news/features/68991/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.541    However.be/-­‐Kh1NYAHvOM     543  http://nymag.”     Up  until  the  closing  of  St.  “I  guarantee  you.  announced  Monday  that  it  was  declaring                                                                                                                   541   http://www.nypost.  “I  challenge  the  politicians  in  New  York  -­‐-­‐  Quinn.  there  was  only  so  long  that  she  could  trick  voters  with  her   duplicity.   “Barely  two  months  after  the  closing  of  St.community  into  accepting  an  inferior  healthcare  facility  in  a  political  “bait-­‐and-­‐ switch.  In  one  press  report  from  around  that  time.   the  governor.

189533     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.544    No  matter  how   unpopular  or  dangerous  to  public  health.   Late  in  the  fall  of  2010.  Long  Island  College  Hospital.  there  was  money  available  to  save  hospitals.  Community  efforts  to  save  hospitals  would  never   be  fairly  portrayed  by  Ms.  Patterson.com/new-­‐york/brooklyn/shutter-­‐long-­‐island-­‐college-­‐hospital-­‐fuhgeddaboudit-­‐ suny-­‐article-­‐1.bankruptcy.  and  they  believed  that  the  press   should  have  been  able  to  portray  the  closings  of  hospital  as  a  story  of  how  the  safety   net  was  being  shredded.nytimes.  But  if  communities  were  expecting  sympathy  from  the   press.html     545  http://www.  Continuum  had  previously  managed  LICH.  was   saved  from  closure  by  acts  from  Gov.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Hartocollis’s   personal  opinion  essentially  became  the  editorial  opinion  of  The  New  York  Times.  also  known  as  LICH.nydailynews.  and  the   pressure  to  save  LICH  was  a  sign  that  communities  were  now  organizing  against  the                                                                                                                   544  http://www.  the  top-­‐down  Berger  Commission  order  to   close  hospitals  to  make  indiscriminate  cuts  to  the  Medicaid  program  proceeded.  Hartocollis  in  The  New  York  Times.  Vincent’s.  545    Ms.  Patterson  provided  a  $40  million  state  grant  to  the  newly  formed   structure.  for  example.  and  Gov.wnyc.”  wrote  Anemona  Hartocollis  in  The  New  York  Times.  believing  that  saving   hospitals  was  tantamount  to  throwing  good  money  after  bad.   -­‐  232  -­‐     .  Vincent’s  activists   was  that  they  shared  a  sentiment  that  the  special  social  fabric  of  communities  were   coming  under  attack  by  the  Berger  Commission.  Complicating  matters  for  the  St.  the  hospital  operator  which  had  passed   on  acquiring  St.   Patterson  decided  to  merge  LICH  with  the  State  University  of  New  York.org/story/32495-­‐st-­‐vincents/     546  http://www.  they  would  rarely  receive  it.  the  people  be  damned.  546    Apparently.  To  save   LICH.com/2010/06/29/nyregion/29hospital.  because   she  had  already  developed  a  bias  against  struggling  hospitals.   unabated.  which  spun  off  the  Brooklyn   hospital  from  Continuum  Health  Partners.  Gov.

 who  was  behind   the  Berger  Commission  Report.  Vincent’s.  Berger  was  tasked  with  closing                                                                                                                   547  http://youtu.   healthcare  professionals  and  activists  had  managed  to  find  a  way  to  use  pressure   politics  against  his  predecessor.”547    Within  days  of  having  been  sworn  into   office.     The  Medicaid  Redesign  Team  was  co-­‐chaired  by  Michael  Dowling.gov/health_care/medicaid/redesign/     549  http://www.  Once  again.  Vincent’s   activists  met  with  Andrew  Cuomo’s  gubernatorial  campaign  operatives  to  press  the   need  for  a  hospital  to  replace  St.550    There  was  a  growing   sensibility  that  politicians  favoring  the  continued  closure  of  hospitals  were  on  shaky   ground.  former  Gov.  2011.548     He  called  the  task  force  the  Medicaid  Redesign  Team.  to  save  LICH.be/qcToWCh5VhU     551  http://www.hanys.  the  Health  Care  Facilities  in  the  21st   Century.  Mr.  shades  of  the  propagandized   name  of  a  former  task  force  with  a  similar  aim.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Cuomo  formed  another  task  force  to  carry  out  more  hospital  closings.  “We’ll  see  you  after  the  election.  the  CEO  of   the  North  Shore-­‐LIJ  hospital  system.  Vincent’s.   -­‐  233  -­‐     .  Gov.  The  use  of   pressure  politics  mounted  when  four  activists  were  arrested  on  February  8.551    and  the  Medicaid  Redesign  Team  formed  a   subgroup  chaired  by  the  same  Wall  Street  banker  Stephen  Berger.  Patterson.  it  was  identified  that  half  of  Brooklyn   hospitals  were  in  financial  trouble.  Against  these  opposing  forces.  Cuomo’s  renewed  efforts  to   carry  out  an  austerity  program  against  Medicaid  by  targeting  hospitals  for  closure.be/_c4YhPXqeVo     548  http://www.com/article/20110605/FREE/306059979     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  some  St.Berger  Commission  closings.health.  Before  that  year’s  state  elections.ny.crainsnewyork.   after  they  staged  a  sit-­‐in  at  the  then  shuttered  St.  but  Cuomo  campaign  officials  told  the   activists.549    In  spite  of  Gov.pdf     550  http://youtu.org/mrt/docs/2011_1_12_mrt_overview_slides.

nytimes.  this  time  in  Brooklyn.html     557  http://www.554  but  that  urgent  care  center  eventually   closed.  At  a  community  board  meeting  chaired  by  Brad  Hoylman.gov/health_care/medicaid/redesign/brooklyn.crainsnewyork.com/2012/02/02/nyregion/for-­‐speaker-­‐quinn-­‐mayor-­‐race-­‐will-­‐test-­‐alliance-­‐with-­‐ lobbyist.  556   Kingsbrook  was  one  of  the  few  Brooklyn  hospitals  that  was  not  in  danger  of   closing.  the  community  learned  that  North  Shore-­‐ LIJ  was  going  to  receive  valuable  real  estate  from  the  St.  who  was  deliberately  avoiding  the  issue  of  St.  Vincent’s.  Vincent’s  to  make   money.  Cuomo’s  Medicaid  Redesign  Team  was   seizing  on  the  healthcare  vacuum  caused  by  the  closing  of  St.  Vincent’s  bankruptcy  estate   for  free  in  order  to  open  and  operate  the  inferior  urgent  care  center.more  hospitals.be/_c4YhPXqeVo     554   552  http://www.557    and  it  was  unknown  what  role  taxpayer  money  had  in  propping  up                                                                                                                   553  http://youtu.  it  was  announced  that  the  urgent  care  center.   -­‐  234  -­‐     .555    Mmissing  in  action  through  all  this   was  Christine.org/about/mediacenter/aaucminthenews/NewsDetail.  because  the  community  refused  to  use  an  inferior  facility  that  could  not   provide  emergency  or  trauma  care  services.  Vincent’s.htm     http://aaucm.com/article/20110605/FREE/306059979     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  would  be  operated  by  the  North   Shore-­‐LIJ  hospital  system.  Indeed.  North  Shore-­‐LIJ  received  a  special  grant  of  $9.ny.   While  Christine  was  saying  that  there  was  no  money  available  to  save  St.aspx?a=2761&ReturnUrl=%2Fnews%2Fn ewslist.health.    All  Rights  Reserved.553    It  appeared   to  some  activists  that  the  co-­‐chair  of  Gov.  Vincent’s  activists  continued  to   agitate  against  politicians.4  million  to  operate  an   urgent  care  center  near  St.552    As  St.  it  was  revealed  that  she  was  providing  discretionary  capital   taxpayer  money  to  Kingsbrook  Jewish  Medical  Center  for  two  years  in  a  row.  that  would   be  forced  onto  the  former  patients  of  St.   Vincent’s  from  closing.   Christine’s  long  time  political  supporter.aspx%3Fcategoryid%3D164     555  http://libn.  Vincent’s.com/2012/07/17/north-­‐shore-­‐lij-­‐closes-­‐nyc-­‐urgent-­‐care-­‐center/     556  http://www.

 (Even  though  Christine  claimed  she  had  reformed  discretionary  funding   by  making  payments  transparent  online.  was  also  a  director  of   the  Partnership  For  New  York  City.  Vincent’s  into  a  billion-­‐ dollar  luxury  condo  and  townhouse  complex.  the  head   of  the  real  estate  development  firm  that  bore  his  family  name.  Berger  the  head  of  a  Wall  Street  investment  firm.   -­‐  235  -­‐     .  St.  In  respect  of  St.Kingsbrook.shtml     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.   Not  only  was  Mr.   activists  charged  that  the  appearance  of  a  conflict  of  interest  caused  by  Christine’s   loyalty  to  developers  and  the  political  shortsightedness  of  other  elected  officials   increased  the  risks  to  public  health.  Mr.  Members  of  the  Rudin  family  collectively                                                                                                                   558  http://council.  Hoylman  was  a  campaign  contributor  of  Christine’s.gov/html/budget/database.  Mr.  served  as   general  counsel.  the  chamber  of   commerce-­‐like  group  where  one  of  Christine’s  supporters.  Hoylman  never  recused  himself  from  the  process.  Mr.  no  payments  to  Kingsbrook  were  found  on   the  New  York  City  government  Web  site.  Brad  Hoylman.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Vincent’s.  Vincent’s  activists   continued  to  find  every  which  way  to  bring  attention  to  the  fact  that  communities   needed  the  hospitals  that  were  recklessly  being  closed  under  the  influence  of  the  old   Berger  Commission  and  now  the  new  Medicaid  Redesign  Team.   Hoylman  was  also  chair  of  a  community  board  at  the  time  when  the  board  would   decide  on  the  Rudin  zone-­‐busting  application  to  convert  St.nyc.  Bill  Rudin.  In  particular.  In  spite  of  his  apparent  conflict  of   interest.  but  he   was  also  a  board  member  of  the  Partnership  For  New  York  City.  and  he  was   also  a  link  that  she  never  used  in  her  failed  effort  to  negotiate  with  MetLife  over  its   doomed  sale  of  Stuy-­‐Town  and  Peter  Cooper.)558    Meanwhile.

 Hoylman  were  expected  to  help  support  Mr.  Rudin’s  business  goals  -­‐-­‐  and  not   the  best  interests  of  the  former  patients  of  St.  Ms.00  in  campaign  contributions  to  Christine.  Wylde  was  now  providing  Christine  with  political  cover.560    In  another  article.  Wylde  was  telegraphing  that  if  Christine  wanted  to                                                                                                                   559  http://www.  In  that  article.  “She’s  direct.  Berger.  it  was  announced  that   Christine  was  attempting  to  distance  herself  from  Mayor  Bloomberg.  and  it  appeared  to  activists  that  perhaps  Christine.”561    Ms.  and   Mr.  Mr.scribd.html     561  http://nypost.    All  Rights  Reserved.com/doc/166192441/2007-­‐XX-­‐XX-­‐Rudin-­‐Management-­‐Company-­‐Polication-­‐Donations-­‐ to-­‐Christine-­‐Quinn-­‐Advanced-­‐Search-­‐New-­‐York-­‐City-­‐Campaign-­‐Finance-­‐Board     560  http://www.000.com/2010/11/14/behind-­‐closed-­‐doors-­‐with-­‐the-­‐mighty-­‐quinn/     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Ms.  and  issues  that  are  important   to  the  business  community.  In  a   strategically  placed  article  published  by  The  New  York  Times.  Vincent’s.  Wylde  made  a   statement.   -­‐  236  -­‐     .559  and   activists  claimed  that  the  entire  zoning  review  of  the  Rudin  luxury  condo  conversion   plan  was  rife  with  conflicts  of  interest.contributed  about  $30.  especially  after   the  controversial  extension  of  term  limits.  make  her  a  favored  candidate  to  succeed  the  mayor.com/2010/01/07/nyregion/07quinn.nytimes.  While  constituents  had  become  emboldened  to   challenge  Christine.  Adding  to  the  impression   that  the  Partnership  For  New  York  City  was  taking  political  action  to  help  the  Rudin   condo  conversion  plan  was  that  Christine  was  benefiting  from  sound  bites  from  the   Partnership’s  CEO.  Kathryn  Wylde.   The  Partnership  For  New  York  City  worked  to  advance  the  business  interests   of  its  members.  “The  way  she  has  handled  the  speakership.  Ms.  which  was  interpreted  to  be  affirming  of  Christine’s  efforts  to  support   the  big  business  interests  that  Mayor  Bloomberg  had  championed  during  his   mayoralty.”   Ms.  Wylde  said.  Wylde  told  the  reporter  Michael  Barbaro.  placed  into  The   New  York  Post.  smart  and  makes  decisions  based  on   facts  rather  than  politics.

 Vincent’s.  then  she  could  count  on  the  political  support  of  big  business   interests.  She  was  trying  to  distance  herself  from  Mayor  Bloomberg.  her  attempts  were  already  seen  as  too  little.  she  was  being  pressured  by  big  business  interests  to  fully  sell  out  her   constituents  in  favor  of  political  support  from  the  business  community  in   anticipation  for  her  next  opportunity  to  run  for  mayor.  Her  votes  have  tended  to  be  conservative  on  economic  issues   and  liberal  on  social  ones.  and  now  the  closing  of  St.  to   some.  It  seemed  like  she   couldn’t  win.  the  budget  cuts  to   people  with  HIV/AIDS.  because  of   her  slush  fund  scandal  and  Mayor  Bloomberg’s  doomed  presidential  exploration.run  for  mayor  in  the  next  election  cycle  with  the  support  of  Mayor  Bloomberg’s   powerful  big  business  interests.”   Christine  had  been  forced  to  postpone  her  2009  run  for  mayor.   Now.  All  of  a  sudden.   -­‐  237  -­‐     .  The  article  in  The  New   York  Post  came  out  and  pointed  out  this  contradiction  without  using  the  term   neoliberalism  :  “Despite  her  liberal  background.  she’s  also  become  a  darling  of  the   business  community.  Christine  was  caught   between  two  opposing  forces  at  a  time  in  her  career  when  she  wanted  to  escape  the   pressures  of  the  voter  anger  over  her  slush  fund.  Even  The  New  York   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  the  big  business  interests  that  had  always  supported   Christine  behind  the  scenes  were  willing  to  come  forward  and  openly  express  their   support  for  her.  her  role  in  the  collapse  of  affordable  housing.  the   protest  permit  law.  the  extension  of  term  limits.  even  if  this  kind  of  support   was  a  blatant  contradiction  of  Christine’s  whole  raison  d’être.  in  order  to  shore  up  her  public  standing.  but.   That  meant  that  Christine  could  not  advocate  to  save  hospitals.  too  late.  then  Christine  had  to  adopt  a  big  business  agenda.    All  Rights  Reserved.  and  if  Christine   stayed  this  course.

 DeSapio’s  controversial  record.563    Mr.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  Carmine  DeSapio.com/2010/01/07/nyregion/07quinn.  voting  Mr.  had                                                                                                                   562  http://www.  DeSapio  was   described  as  the  last  political  boss  from  the  corrupt  Tammany  Hall  era.   -­‐  238  -­‐     .  564    The  Village  Independent  Democrats.Times.  the   political  club  that  had  organized  for  years  to  defeat  Mr.  DeSapio  out  of  office  was  made  possible  because   activists  developed  a  strategy.  DeSapio.  He  had  accumulated  so  much  power   that  he  was  able  to  name  political  candidates.    All  Rights  Reserved.  Although  a   large  undertaking.  Mr.  a  Democratic  political  club   based  in  Greenwich  Village.  and  took  sustained  action.  her  biggest  cheerleader  in  the  media.com/de_198/de_198/theclubthat.  the  club  president.   approached  government  officials  to  seek  protection  from  police  raids.  successfully  organized  an  effort  to  vote  out  of  office  a   powerful  Tammany  Hall  political  boss.  DeSapio   attracted  scrutiny.com/2004/07/28/nyregion/carmine-­‐de-­‐sapio-­‐political-­‐kingmaker-­‐and-­‐last-­‐tammany-­‐ hall-­‐boss-­‐dies-­‐at-­‐95.  the  Village  Independent  Democrats.html     564  http://www.  who  were  allegedly  engaged  in  corrupt  rackets.  because  people.  In  an   apparent  exchange.  Mr.  At  the  time.nytimes.  found  allies.  back  in  February  1999.html   563  http://www.  Hal  Friedman.  it  was  alleged  that  government  officials  received  favors  from  the   people  running  alleged  corrupt  rackets.”562    How  did  Christine  end  up  in   this  mess  ?   In  the  1960’s.  was  the  very  club   Christine  had  offended  in  the  time  leading  up  to  her  first  special  election  to  the  City   Council.  DeSapio   lost  his  post  as  a  district  leader  in  Manhattan  in  1961  after  Democrats  had  finally   soured  on  Mr.nytimes.  it  was  said  that  he  tolerated   corruption.  and  he  had  a  pattern  of  hiring  political  hacks  for  city  jobs.downtownexpress.  was  warning  Christine  that  the  growing   impression  people  had  of  her  was  “Bloomberg  Lite.

   All  Rights  Reserved.said  of  Christine.  who   had  fought  to  save  St.  Also  happening  that  week.  Their  detention  was  seen  by  some  to  be  racially   motivated.   -­‐  239  -­‐     .”565    There  were   warning  signs  about  Christine’s  commitment  to  progressive  ideals  all  the  way  back   in  1999.com/1999/06/christine-­‐quinn-­‐sets-­‐it-­‐straight-­‐im-­‐a-­‐lesbian-­‐yup-­‐100-­‐percent/     566  http://www.com/article/20110911/SUB/309119980     567  http://www.  had  noticeably  shifted  their  goal  and   unified  around  an  effort  to  preserve  the  zoning  on  its  former  campus  for  a   replacement  hospital.com/2011/09/01/lawsuit-­‐nypds-­‐stopandfris_n_944718.  Because  the  developer  Rudin  was   outspending  activists  and  employing  teams  of  lobbyists.     But  political  bossism  was  not  on  anybody’s  minds  on  September  11.  activists  began  to  question  Christine’s  political  mandate.  which  was  receiving  bad  press  and  had  become  the  subject  of  a   class-­‐action  discrimination  lawsuit.  and  without  a  clear  plan  for  bringing  about  progressive   reforms.  Some  of  the  St.  2011.  That  week.  Kirsten  John  Foy.  Vincent’s  activists  were  seeking  more  daring  allies  -­‐-­‐                                                                                                                   565  http://observer.   when  New  Yorkers  commemorated  the  tenth  anniversary  of  the  attacks.  the  St.  activists.  “She’s  beginning  to  act  like  a  Tammany  hack.  Christine  was  trying  to  downplay  outrage  at  the  NYPD’s  use  of   handcuffs  to  detain  Councilmember  Jumaane  Williams  and  a  member  of  the  public   advocate’s  staff.  demobilized.  Vincent’s  from  closing.  The  city   was  subdued.566    and  Christine  refused  to  address  a  controversial  police  policy  known   as  stop-­‐and-­‐frisk.  Now  that  activists  had  been  prompted  to  review  Christine’s  record  of   betrayals  and  failures.  Vincent’s  activists  were  seeking  a  larger   strategy  to  protect  public  health  in  New  York  City.  including  Melanie  Meyers   and  James  Capalino.huffingtonpost.567    Typical  of  Christine.crainsnewyork.  she  was  using  double-­‐ speak  by  denouncing  the  police  use  of  handcuffs  to  detain  the  city  officials  but   refusing  to  address  concerns  about  racism.html     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.

568    Activists  were  outraged  that  developers  could  ride   roughshod  over  an  important  underpinning  to  public  health.  billion-­‐dollar  luxury  condominium   and  townhouse  complex.  Meanwhile.  Christine  did  not  join  activists’   efforts  to  fight  for  protective  zoning  or  for  a  full-­‐service  replacement  hospital.    All  Rights  Reserved.  2011.  the  tax  structure  seemed  to  favor  the  rich.  Even  in  times  of  budget   surpluses.   Three  years  after  the  start  of  the  global  financial  crisis  and  recession.  in   spite  of  the  palatable  community  demand  for  Christine’s  help.  income  and  wealth  inequality  was  creating  a  city  of  haves  and   have-­‐nots.  Vincent’s  activists  heard   Ms.  At  a   community  board  meeting  held  on  September  15.  New  Yorkers  would   wake  up  to  brisk  temperatures  in  the  50’s.  2011.  September  17.  On  the  morning  of  Saturday.com/watch?v=G5nHHbx8EZA     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  which  could  be  escalated.   government  budget  cuts  kept  shredding  the  social  safety  net.  and  voters  began  to   believe  that  they  had  lost  any  say  in  their  own  government.  and  it  would  only  warm  up  into  the  60’s                                                                                                                   568  http://www.   Would  Christine  come  to  see  that  her  constituents  had  developed  the   impression  that  a  billionaire  real  estate  empire  had  figuratively  foreclosed  on  a   501(c)(3)  public  charity  hospital  to  convert  it  into  luxury  condos  for  the  private   profit  of  developers  ?  Across  New  York  City.  healthcare  and  other  activists  were   looking  for  help  to  fight  back  against  a  system  that  aimed  to  render  them  powerless.youtube.  and  right  out  in   Christine’s  very  own  City  Council  district.  St.  Meyers  say  that  Rudin  developers  planned  to  bust  through  zoning  after  they   demolished  St.people  with  a  sustained  vision  for  activism.  in  the  lingering  aftermath   of  the  financial  crisis.   -­‐  240  -­‐     .  Vincent’s  in  favor  of  a  massive.  Wall  Street   banks  were  still  getting  bailed  out  while  hospitals  and  schools  were  being  closed.  Now.

   All  Rights  Reserved.  income  inequality.  This  time  around.   -­‐  241  -­‐     .  It  was  early  in  the   autumnal  season.that  day.  A  band  of  activists   were  launching  that  very  day  what  would  become  a  large  and  sustained  protest   movement  targeting  Wall  Street  privilege.     ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  The  early  birds  would  go  out  for  hot  coffee  and  bagels.  and  government   corruption.  but  already  a  new  chill  had  prematurely  set  in.  only  the  foolish  were  expecting  just  another  day  of   business  as  usual.

 please   visit  :    http://roots-­‐of-­‐betrayal.1   ‘’Roots  of  Betrayal  :  The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn’’  ©  2013  by  Louis  Flores.  please  visit  :    http://christine-­‐quinn-­‐sold-­‐out.blogspot.  or  to   inquire  about  acquisition  of  rights.com  or  1  (646)  400-­‐1168.com       For  information  about  the  grass-­‐roots  effort  to  challenge  Christine  Quinn  on  her   political  record.com     Media  Inquiries   If  you  would  like  to  speak  with  the  author.     Subject  to  Corrections   Version  2013-­‐10-­‐28  2.   -­‐  242  -­‐     .    All  Rights  Reserved.Contact  and  More  Information   Please  let  us  know  if  you  would  like  to:    Subscribe  To  Our  Contact  List     For  information  about  Roots  of  Betrayal  :    The  Ethics  of  Christine  Quinn.  please  contact  Louis  Flores  at  :     louisflores@louisflores.blogspot.  schedule  speaking  opportunities.