ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN (J.T.) – MODULE 5 1. The property of material that relates the lateral strain to longitudinal strain. a.

Stress b. Strain c. Poisson’s circle d. Endurance limit Also called eccentrically loaded bearing is ______. a. Full bearings b. Offset bearings c. Partial bearings d. Fitted bearings In the selection of wire rope, regular lay means wires and strands are arranged in the following manner: a. Twisted in the same direction b. Twisted in any direction c. Twisted in opposite direction d. Twisted in along direction In involute teeth, the pressure angle is often defined as the angle between the line of action and the line tangent to the pitch circle. It is also termed as: a. Helix angle b. Angle of recess c. Angle of obliquity d. Arc of action Height of tooth above pitch circle or the radial distance between pitch circle and top land of the tooth. a. Top root b. Addendum c. Land d. Hunting tooth The function of clutch in the machine is: a. Lowering of drive speed b. Alignment of drive shaft c. To disconnect or connect at will the drive d. To insure that two shafts It is generally recommended and normal for a designer to add a hunting tooth to evenly distribute the wear on meshing teeth like a 53 teeth gear mesh with 30 teeth pinion. Find the rotation of pinion to mesh with same pair of teeth again. a. 120 b. 81 c. 61 d. 53 The angle made by the helix of the thread (in a straight thread) at the pitch diameter with a plain perpendicular to the axis is called ______. a. Lead angle b. Truncated c. Lead d. Angle of thread The rule of thumb in journal bearing design, the clearance ratio/clearance should be: a. 0.0090

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b. 0.0043 c. 0.0010 d. 0.0012 The moment of inertia of a rectangle whose base “b” and height “h” about its base is: a. bh3/4 b. bh3/12 c. bh3/24 d. bh3/3 Cold rolled shafting is not available in diameter larger than _____. a. 6 inches b. 5 inches c. 6 ½ inches d. 5 ½ inches The cast iron flywheels are commonly designed with a factor of safety of ____. a. 14 to 15 b. 10 to 13 c. 8 to 9 d. 6 to 12 A pair of equal and opposite (not collinear) forces that tend to cause rotation of a body. a. Couple b. Centroids c. Equilibriums d. Vector The ratio of the pitch diameter in inches to the number of teeth. a. Pitch circle b. English module c. Module d. Pitch When the motion is diminished/decreasing instead of increasing is called: a. Deceleration b. Uniform negative impulse c. Retarded motion d. All of these ____ is a unit of energy. a. Ft-lb b. Hp c. Btu/hr d. Watt When high strength and durability are a requirements for choosing ear materials it is preferable to use __ material. a. Hardened bronze b. Steel c. Phenolic laminated d. White iron ____ forces when actions are parallel. a. Couple b. Non collinear c. Resultant d. Non concurrent

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Scalar 24. Linear impulse d.00” max and 1. Five-bar linkage b. Pitch diameter 21. Used to change rotary motion to reciprocating motion ___. Hypoid gears c. Angular impulse c. Elasticity c. Tolerance 36. Flexible toroidal spring coupling c. Linear impulse c. air. Over 600 BHN b. Angular momentum 20. Could be defined as simply push or pull. a. Four-bar linkage 31. volume and density are completely specified when their magnitude is known is also called: a. Elastic-material bonded coupling 30. Linear momentum b. Generally applied on speed reducer due to large speed ratio. Face overlap 33. and dry lubricants like: a. Fit c. ___ is the product of the resultant of all forces acting on a body and the time. Three-crank linkage d. Pitch circle b. Graphite 29. The separate forces which can be so combined are called: a. The effective face width of a helical gear divided by gear pitch. Centro c. Bottom diameter c. The product of the mass and the velocity of the center of gravity of the body is called: a. equally-spaced tooth surfaces in a given direction and along a given line. Opposite directional forces equal in magnitude and parallel is called ____.010” could be defined as ____. Four-crank braces c. Concurrent forces b. a. Ductility 28. Force 22. Silicon d. Flexible disc coupling b. Below 400 BHN 25. Resultant c. Arc of action c. The use of hardened steel for the mating metal gear appears to give the best results and longer operational life. Flexible Oldham coupling d. a stationary piece called the line of centers and the connecting rod is a: a. If shaft is specified as – diameter 2. The usual hardness is in the range of: a. Non concurrent forces c. a. Couple b. Helical gears c. Continuous stretching under load even if the stress is less than the yield point. Couple d. Components d. Pitch diameter less the diameter of the roller chain is equal to: a. Addendum d. Angular impulse 26. Component 27. a. Angular momentum d. Variance d. Top land b. Below 350 BHN d. Pitch plane c. a. Worm gears d. which of the following can be considered about this material? a. Lead c. Helical gears d. It consist of two cranks. Bevel gears b. a. Non coplanar b. Pitch d. fabric and/or plastic material into the two flanges: a. Work d.99” min in diameter then the 0. Plasticity b. a. grease. Herringbone gears 32. Arc of recess d. Inside diameter 34. 300 to 400 BHN c. Inertia c. leather. Couple d. The most known lubricants being utilized in whatever category of load and speed are oil. Power b. Made of alternate bolting steel. Approach ratio b. Coplanar 23. It has high modulus of elasticity 2 . the strain disappeared. Allowance b. The distance between similar.19. Bronze b. a. Linear momentum b. From the structural change. A coupling that allows axial flexibility/movement in the operation. Creep d. Quantities such as time. When the load was removed. A material plane was subjected to a load. a. Rack gears b. Hypoid gears 35.

Helix angle thread d. 3. The concave portion of the tooth profile where it joins the bottom of the tooth. 54. 20 to 22 38. 50. A measure of distance b. Silicon d. Elastic limit to yield strength b. Stresses c. Heat treatment of the gears c. a. 3xxx d. 13xx b. a. Variance d. Lead b. Toughness 44. The strength will decrease c. 20 to 35 d. 11xx d. Module c. 379.85% Ni b. 3. Compressive stress d. Shear strain to unit strength d. Strain 41. Or it is minimum clearance or maximum interference between parts. Tool and die steel c. Stainless steel d. 6000 d.41 N/m2 b. Angle between thread or 40o 46. a. Clutch b. Spring Steel plates allowable tensile strength. a. Equal to the area of the cross-section and tension The SAE 2340 shafting contain ____ Nickel. 51. Manganese c. Equal to the radius of gyration and compression c. The angle included between the sides of the thread measured in an axial plane in a screw thread. Aluminium b. a.11 N/m2 Poisson’s ratio is the ratio of: a. a. The water/cement ratio must be reduced b. Hunting tooth addition 42. Involute d. Difference between maximum material limits of mating parts. 52. 49. 396. 3600 b. Lateral deformation to the longitudinal deformation c. a. Wear resistance alloy addition to tooth gears b. the ideal design practice is to consider a _____. Shear stresses b. 48. 47. a. Flat leather belting not recommended for used in a speed in excess of _____ fpm. c. 5xxx c. 55. 4800 c. The changes in shape or geometry of the body due to action of a force on it is called deformation or ___. Stopper c. Allowance 39. Fillet radius c. It is elastic 37. 53. Root circle b. Tolerance b. 310. Stiffness d. SAE _____. Less than 20 c. 4% Ni c. a. 8xxx One of these materials is not a structural steel? a. a. Less than 15 b. a.25 to 3. a. 11xx Alloy that improves strength of steel at high temperature application. Helix angle in the range of ____ degrees is recommended for wide face helical gears. It does not follow Hooke’s Law c. It is plastic d. Hardening of each tooth d. Plasticity b. Brake d. All of these c. 92xx b. of teeth. Minimal effect 3 . Half angle thread or 20o An elastic body whose primary function is to deflect under load. a. Low carbon steel b. a. Multiplied by the bending moment d. Fillet 40.75% Ni d. 296. 3. Fillet curves d. Elastic limit to shear strength Manganese steel standard designation. Abilty to resist deformation under stress a. Medium carbon steel The ratio of moment of inertia on a close section of a beam to this section modulus is: a. For an evenly distributed and uniform wear on each meshing gear tooth. Fits c.12 N/m2 c. SAE _____. Clearance 43.84% Ni Chromium steel standard designation. All of these 45. 10xx c.b. Chromium When an air entrainment agent is put into a concrete mix. The reciprocal of a diameter pitch or the ratio of the pitch diameter to the no.31 N/m2 d. Angle of thread b. a.

Which are 45 apart The property of material wherein the content is continuously distributed through its entire mass. Pyrite b. a. Aluminium oxide c. The length of the hub should not be made lesser than the face width of the gear. Cementite Steel spring material is usually hardened to 400 to 500 BHN and the carbon content is in the range of ____.48% d. Residual stress c. phosphorous b. the formula then will be L = _____. 12 to 16 c. Nickel b. 26 to 28 d. Working depth 62.20D 60. The strength will suffer up to 50% 56. where D is the shaft diameter.08 to 1 d. 67. silicon. a. Malleability c. 7. 5. All of these d. 6 times 59. a. It is recommended for high speed application that the minimum number of teeth in small sprocket should be: a. – 320 57.905% b. – 400 c.4 to 1 b. the maximum distance in feet between bearing to avoid excessive linear deflection is by formula. 18 to 24 63. Length of contact between two mating parts in a screw and nut threads measured axially is termed ___. Use 2 or more step combination.0D Which of the phases of steel elements has a facecentered cubic structure? a. 0. 10 times b. 2D b. It is recommended not to have a direct drive between driven and drive sprockets if the ratio of their teeth exceeds ____. a. The sum of their addendums and dedendums. Materials having a high electrical resistance and should not be used as conductor of electrical current. Combined stress 64. – 380 b. 73. Width of space d. 0. 5 times d. 69. L = 8. Silicon base alloys d.97% Principal stresses occur on these plane. Thermal conductivity For steel shafting design in an average condition. Vanadium.8D c. Cast iron c. Load on the beam 58. 0. 0.96 to 0. alloys with high nickel content retain toughness to quite low temperature up to ___ F. 71. a.1 to 1 c. Titanium. 72.25D to 2 D. a. Which are subjected to ultimate tension b. Deflection of the beam b. The best material for brake drums is ___. In general. Stresses that are independent of loads is called ___. a. High carbon steel Torsional deflection is a significant consideration in the design of shaft and the limit should be in the range of ____ degree/foot of length. All of these c. 4D2/3 b. a. Austenite c. Tensile strength b. 0. Tensile strength of beam d. Ductility c. Aluminium b. – 260 d. a. Which are subjected to maximum compression o d. 1. molybdenum d. Arc of contact d.d. hadfield mn c.45 to 0. Endurance limit d.55D d. Whole depth b. Wrought iron The alloy materials used in the production of metals working tools. Depth of engagement 61.2D 2/3 d. a. Hub lengths usually vary from 1. 1. 66.6 to 1 The property that characterizes a materials ability to be drawn into a wire. 1. Simple stress d. Iron oxide 65. Full depth c. chromium. 68. a. 6. a. Compressive strength of the beam c. Working stress b. All of these 4 . Tungsten. The differential of the shear equation is the ____. 70.95D2/3 for shaft subjected to no bending except its own weight but for shafting with bending action of pulleys. 0. Plasticity b. Axis of contact c. Steel material d.50% to 0.0D2/3 2/3 c. a. Homogeneity d. 26 to 30 b. 8 times c. a. etc. The shearing stress is zero c. The reasonable diameter of steel hub should be: a. 0. Length of engagement b. a.

Tempering c. paste. foundry coke and silica sand b. Spot facing c. Furnace smelting b. It is likely be cold drawn carbon steel in size smaller than ___ inches diameter. The properties of metals to withstand load without breaking down is: a. Silicon b.15%C max b. 92 Which of the following raw materials are used in the foundry molding operation? a. All of these b. 85. 10xx d. Plain carbon steel standard designation. 0.30%C max Commonly used steel melter as deoxidizer because of its easy availability and cheap price. 84. 86. d. The difference between cast steel and cast iron. a.75 b. tool. quartz and charcoal c. It is a prevention of the springing away of the workpiece from cutting tools. Scrap wood. Aluminium c. 4 c. Strain 75. alloys and limestone 82. Tool post c.35%C max c. 3. 6xxx b. a. The rigidity of polymer can be increased by: a. Lead and antimony The most popular of all soldering materials in use has composition of: a. 95 b. 45/55% tin and lead b. It travels with the cutting 83. flour/paste water b. Lead and tin c. 7800 b. linseed oil. Follower rest d. Flame hardening d.74. Broaching 81. a. a. Iron is usually the initial product after purifying iron ore then further processing by removal of more impurities and carbon content to be able to produce steel grade. SAE ____. a. 7000 c. Annealing Steel with certain % of carbon maximum can readily be welded by all process and the resulting strength of the portion welded is as strong as the base material. 6500 80. Lapping d. a. Thimble b. Material charges in foundry melting operation are composed of a. Reaming b. 60/40% tin and lead The relative strength of a butt welding could safely assumed as ___ as % efficiency. alloys and charcoal foundry coke d. 0. 13xx c. Crystallization d. 5 12 76. 87. Shot peening 78. Silica sand. 6000 d.25%C max d. Iron ore. For lineshaft carrying pulley it is ___ psi. 98 c. Steel scrap. 88. Elasticity b. Shafts readily available in the market are made in many ways and wide variety of material composition. Cast steel has usually less than 1%C while cast iron has 2% or 3. Limestone. Spindle d. 5 d. a. Drilling machine cannot do: a. Strength c. 90. Head screw c. 0. 89. 2xxx 77. bentonite. 90 d. Anvil To avoid brittleness of weld or the residual stress in the welding it is normally stress relieved of ____. Plasticity d. Silica sand. 79. Rubber-flex collets b. It is a general practice to use the following allowable stresses. Normalizing c. All of these b. flour The following are parts of a micrometer calliper except for: a. Zinc d. ____ is a work supporting device which is bolted to the saddle of the lathe machine. a. Carriage stop Almost always the soldering materials are a combination of the following alloys: a. Silica sand and paste c. Manganese 5 . short shafts and countershaft. 4000 psi for main transmitting shaft. a. 0. graphite electrode d. 50/50% tin and lead c. All of these d.6% carbon range c. Silica sand. Normalizing b. Tin and antimony d. Cast iron has lower strength more brittle and has lower ductility than cast steel.

1 ¼ c. a. Components d. Axial plane b. Arc of recess d. 2 ½ c. Collinear forces 93. 2 b. Tools usually used in wood pattern making in a foundry shop. 25 to 30 d. a. Planimeter d. a. 1.26 b. 88xx b. 40xx d. Ideal herringbone gear helix is in the range of ____. Knives and drills d. 48xx c. The base curve is usually a circle and generally used as the profile of gear tooth. 30 to 45 b. Blade type micrometer b. 3 100.150 99. 35 to 50 c. SAE ---. 0. Recommended design practice for steel lineshafting to limit the linear deflection to ____ inch/foot of length (maximum). Resultants b.012 d. 15 to 20 94. Band saw c.010 c. As recommended the center to center distance between sprockets should not less than ___ times the bigger sprocket. The distance from a point on a screw thread to a corresponding point on the next thread measure along the axis. Lead c. 2. Big chain sprocket wheels are designed with spokes/arms are generally elliptical in cross section with major axis ___ times the minor axis. Micrometer 97. Several force which can be combined is called: a. Drill machine 98.59 96. Saw and chisels b. Pitch 95. a. Involute c. Composition of forces c. Arc of action 92. Curved formed by the path of point on a straight line as it rolls along a convex base curve. a. a. 0. Dial calliper c. 1. a. Crest d. 1 ½ d. Flank b.020 b.91. a. a. 1 ½ d. 46xx End - 6 . 2. Machine shop instrument for checking the flatness of plane surfaces to 10ths of thousands of a centimetre. Molybdenum steel standard designation.

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