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'Spot Rate

The price that is quoted for immediate settlement on a commodity, a security or a currency . Spot settlement is normally one or two business days from trade date.

Investopedia explains 'Spot Rate'
The spot price reflects market expectations of future price movements for a security or non-perishable commodity (e.g., gold)

Definition of 'Spot Price'
The current price at which a particular security can be bought or sold at a specified time and place. A security's spot price is regarded as the explicit value of the security at any given time in the marketplace. In contrast, a securities futures price is the expected value of the security, in relation to its current spot price and time frame in question.

Investopedia explains 'Spot Price'
Spot prices are most often used in relation to pricing of futures contracts of securities, typically commodities. In pricing commodity futures, the futures price is determined using the commodity's spot price, the risk free rate and time to maturity of the contract (along with any costs associated with storage or convenience). Using the same inputs, a security's spot price can also be determined given the futures price
The forward exchange rate refers to an exchange rate that is quoted and traded today but for delivery and payment on a specific future date. The forward exchange rate (also referred to as forward rate or forward price) is the exchange rate at which a bank agrees to exchange one currency for another at a future [1][2][3] date when it enters into a forward contract with an investor. Multinational corporations, banks, and other financial institutions enter into forward contracts to take advantage of the [1] forward rate for hedging purposes. The forward exchange rate is determined by a parity relationship among the spot exchange rate and differences in interest rates between two countries, which reflects an economic equilibrium in the foreign exchange market under which arbitrage opportunities are eliminated. When in equilibrium, and when interest rates vary across two countries, the parity condition implies that the forward rate includes a premium or discount reflecting the interest rate differential. Forward exchange rates have important theoretical implications for forecasting future spot exchange rates. Financial economists have put forth a hypothesis that the forward rate accurately predicts the future spot rate, for which empirical evidence is mixed

Definition of 'Forward Exchange Contract'
A special type of foreign currency transaction. Forward contracts are agreements between two parties to exchange two designated currencies at a specific time in the future. These contracts always take place on a date after the date that the spot contract settles, and are used to protect the buyer from fluctuations in currency prices. Investopedia

explains 'Forward Exchange

Forward contracts are not traded on exchanges, and standard amounts of currency are not traded in these agreements. They cannot be canceled except by the mutual agreement of both parties involved. The parties involved in the contract are generally

which is the price at which the asset changes hands on the spot date. A closely related contract is a futures contract. by the purchasing party. This is in contrast to a spot contract. a forward contract arrangement might call for the loss party to pledge collateral or additional collateral to better secure the party at gain . This is one of the many forms of buy/sell orders where the time and date of trade is not the same as the value date where the securities themselves are exchanged. a forward contract or simply a forward is a non-standardized contract between two parties to buy or sell an asset at a specified future time at a price agreed upon [1] today. However. and the party agreeing to sell the asset in the future assumes a short position. Forwards also typically have no interim partial settlements or "true-ups" in margin requirements like futures – such that the parties do not exchange additional property securing the party at gain and the entire unrealized gain or loss builds up while the contract is open. Forwards. like other derivative securities. which is equal to the forward price at the time the contract is entered into. The party agreeing to buy the underlying asset in the future assumes a long position. which is an agreement to buy or sell an asset today. being traded over the counter (OTC). or to allow a party to take advantage of a quality of the underlying instrument which is time-sensitive. The price of the underlying instrument. except they are not exchange-traded. Hence. they differ in certain respects. as a means of speculation. in whatever form. The price agreed upon is called the delivery price. forward contracts specification can be customized and may include mark-to-market and daily margining. The forward price of such a contract is commonly contrasted with the spot price. or loss. can be used to hedge risk (typically currency or exchange rate risk).interested in hedging a foreign exchange position or taking a speculative position In finance. or [2] defined on standardized assets. is paid before control of the instrument changes. The difference between the spot and the forward price is the forward premium or forward discount. Forward contracts are very similar to futures contracts. generally considered in the form of a profit.