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Paper 1 - analytical method for estimation of geometric nonlinear effects on natural frequencies of plates (isotropic and composite laminates)

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NON-LINEAR

VIBRATIONS

OF

SIMPLY

SUPPORTED

RECTANGULAR

GAJBIR SINGH,

CROSS-PLY

RAJUAND

PLATES

RAO

K. KANAKA

G. VENKATESWARA

Structural Design and Analysis Division, Structural Engineering Group, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Trivandrum 695 022, India

AND

N.G.R.

IYENGAR

Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

(Received 15 May 1989, and in revised form 7 December 1989) A method of direct numerical integration of the frequency-ratio expression is proposed to study the non-linear free vibration behaviour of rectangular cross-ply laminates. The proposed method, even with singie-term approximations for the admissillie functions, yields results that agree very well with the existing perturbation solutions. Non-linear behaviour of the cross-ply laminates is also studied with the harmonic oscillations assumption, by using the conservation of energy and the modal equation. The results are found to be lower and upper bounds to those obtained from the direct numerical integration method. It is also observed that the arithmetic mean of the two solutions with the harmonic oscillations assumption matches very well with that of the direct numerical integration method. Non-linear vibration characteristics are obtained for several configurations of cross-ply plates. Results for orthotropic and isotropic plates are also obtained as special cases.

Composite materials are finding increasing applications in modern aerospace and automobile structures. This is primarily due to their high strength and stiffness to weight ratio, and the lower machining and maintenance costs associated with composite materials. However, the analysis of composite structures is more complex when compared to metallic structures, because composite structures are anisotropic and are characterized by bendingstretching coupling. Very often these structures are subjected to severe environmental conditions, which necessitates the study of their vibration behaviour in the non-linear domain. This topic has attracted many researchers and a number of approximate methods have been developed, in view of the complexity of the problem, to study the non-linear vibration behaviour of cross-ply plates, which are of common occurence in practical structures such as solar panels. Sathyamoorthy [l] and Chia [2] have presented many references on approximate analytical methods and numerical methods for large amplitude vibrations of plates. Ambartsumyan [3] and Hassert and Nowinski [4] reported on non-linear vibrations of single-layer orthotropic plates. Wu and Vinson [5] evaluated non-linear frequencies of orthotropic plates using Berger’ s [6] approximation. Furthermore, Wu and Vinson [7] extended their earlier work to symmetric laminates. The lack of symmetry about the mid-plane of a laminate exhibits bending-stretching coupling. The effect of this coupling in non-linear dynamic plate theory was recognized

213

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Press Limited

A number of sample problems are presented to illustrate the accuracy and effectiveness of the method. The material of each layer is assumed to possess a plane of elastic symmetry parallel to the mid-plane (x-y plane). a direct numerical integration method which does not suffer from this problem is proposed to study the non-linear free flexural vibrations of antisymmetric cross-ply plates. w are the mid-plane displacements in the X.214 G. by Whitney and Leissa [8]. yielding two solutions based on energy conservation and the equation of motion.~. Y and 2 directions respectively.Z)Ui dz. FnRMlll ATInN .. v. . (1) Here u.I...T2=-t. Since the plate is assumed to have large-amplitude motion. 7 _.2. the dynamic von K&-rniln type strain-displacement relations are used: a~ 1 aw ' .‘ XII lITInN “yl. The modal equation for non-symmetric laminate usually has even and odd powers of the amplitude (see equation (14) of section 2). The arithmetic mean of these two solutions matches very well with the result from direct integration method. (2) where Vi (i = 1.5=2&*2=-+-+--. Largeamplitude vibrations of these plates are also studied with the harmonic oscillations assumption. Geometry of a cross-ply plate. layered at 0” and 90” alternately. ((rl = a. -2 a2w/axay. in the present paper.l.... Mi)=/“2 -r/2 (l.6) are the in-plane stress components Figure 1. In view of this. Chandra and Raju [lo-121 studied the largeamplitude flexural vibrations of cross-ply and angle-ply plates. K2= -d2W!ay2.. The stresses and moment resultants per unit length are defined as (Ni.. SINGH ETAL. o6 = axy). Their study is based on the two-term perturbation solution for non-symmetric laminates. .. The perturbation method used by Chandra and Raju [lo-121 and many other researchers may fail when the coefficient of the even power of the amplitude is larger than the other two.) ay 2 () ay au au awdw &.~vy‘ . u2 = a. Bannet [9] presented the non-linear free vibration response of simply supported angle-ply plates. ay ax ax ay Kg=zK!z= K!= -d2W/dX2. The origin of the Cartesian co-ordinate system is located in the mid-plane with the Z-axis perpendicular to this plane as shown in Figure 1.v. Consider a thin rectangular plate of total thickness t composed of many orthotropic layers.. AND ‘ .~vI.

u=u=w=O. a..oW4].K. (6) and a 7-z. u = w = 0. forx=O. b (9) Here m and n are the numbers of half sine waves in the x.K:+2D12K. for y=O. (12) (13) .U’ + ~.CROSS-PLY PLATE NON-LINEAR VIBRATIONS 215 for the mth layer.. Now.K2+D22K:+D66K~)dxdy..and y-directions respectively. b mrx ZI= V(t) sin cos cz? a b ’ w= W(t)sin- m7rx a n7ry sin -. For monoclinic behaviour in plate co-ordinates.E:+~A. (10) (11) (6) and (7) gives (l).“” are the reduced stiffness coefficients of the mth layer in the plate co-ordinates.)ti’ . m I =. for y = 0. The non-linear free-vibration response of the plate can be obtained by introducing first the following two sets of admissible functions [13.. the plate constitutive equations are given by (4) where A. are the respective twisting stiffness coefficients defined as (A.~E~E~+A~~E:+A~~E:. B. (8) and (1) and (9) in the energy expressions T. b (1 pfti)G2 dx d_v li 0 0 (7) (with in-plane inertia neglected) where pi.. These sets of admissible functions (8).T”‘ (l.&. for simply supported boundary conditions: u= U(t)sin2mrx a n=y sin -.VW+2T7UW2+2T2UV U =(ab/8)[T.a. 141.. Substituting equations u=fj=w=O. v=w=O. b m7Tx z1= V(t)sin-sina 2nry b ’ w= W(t)sin- m7TX n=y sin -. The strain energy (U) and kinetic energy (T) of an antisymmetric cross-ply laminates can be written as (1 b UC.W*+ +2T4VW2+~T9W3+. b a (8) u= U(t) cos- m7rx a sin %. the constitutive equations (3) where Qi.I (5) where z. T=(ab/8)(C pit. is the distance from the mid-plane to the lower surface of the mth layer. z. from equations (2) and (3). II0 0 +2B. Dij)=C in-plane. z’ ) dz. and 0.b... bending-in-plane and bending or ““‘ I Q. (A. (9) satisfy the following displacement boundary conditions.+2B22E2K*+D.. respectively: for x = 0. b. are in each layer. ti are the density and thickness of the ith layer and u and b are the dimensions of the plate. B.V2+2T5UW+2T.T.

TIO=..=(y)2A. T.=l-(-l)m.T.T. T. coefficients T.T provides the governing equation of motion as (Cpiti)3+(YW+PW2+yW3=0.=l-(-l)“.+2(2T.J.=~[2(~)3A2r(~)2(~)~A~rAdb)lt T5=-4c.T.(~)3+(~)(~)2tA~z-Ad].[(~)~AH+(~)~A.+(y)2A66. ) Tz=(~)(~)(A. T..T..=(~)4D.=& .)+(!f)4D2z].&)2A66+(~)2A22. T~=$$[(~)‘ BH+(~)~Bzz].. T.+(ZT...]+~(~)~(~)~(A.*-A~~~.+(y)2A66. where c.+A.).+2(~)2(~)2~~.+(~)~A~z]+~(~)~(~)~~A. the variation of the Lagrangian L = U .. T.T.T.+2[(92(52(D.T. T4=&[A22(~)3+(~)2(~)CA. /3= T. T... T.-T:). 3nw ( b ) T. T (11) are 3B22.+~A& and for boundary conditions T.-(~)(~)2~A.). .=.. for boundary conditions (IO) are T = --4c.+3(T.T2T. =c.[A.--T.216 The G.=( = ) 3Bl.T.. T..+(y)4B2z].T.y = T. and c.. Based on the Hamilton’ s principle.=(54D.t2D.)/( T3T6.*+2~~~~+(~)4~~*.T. Tg=& [ (y)4B. (14) with (Y= T...)l.T4T.)/(T. 171773 3m7r ( a ) Te=(y)2A.c...T..=( T.o=~[(~)~A.....T. c.-A.T:T:T.. ’ n7T ’ Tz=~(~)(~)(A1z+Ad.=(y)2Aee+(y)2A.-T.)/(T.2(~~‘ A.T:T:T. T.T.T:).. SINGH ET AL.+T.+~A...

. cos wt. and HNL become HL = aw:. respectively. leads to 2”~ T.)C2+aw2.. Secondly. whereas the harmonic solutions (16) and (17) reveal that the non-linear frequencies could differ with amplitude sign.)2= l+&?/(Y)Wg+f(Y/a)w:.. and rearranging the resulting equation suitably. (20b) At w = w. (16) Chandra and Raju [lo] have solved the equation of motion (14) by a perturbation method for small finite values of amplitude to yield the solution (~NLI~L)*=(TL/~NL)~=~+[~~Y/~)-~(P/~~~Iw~. (17) l+(Pla)wo+(rla)wi.) yields.=4 OL Wmdi i0 J dw (214 dw (H~-aw')/(E~ilt)' 2~ WNL TNL=4 Wm*l I0 J (2lb) (HNL-(~w*-_~w~-~~w~)/(CP~~~)' Using equations (21a) and (21b) then gives @NL -=WL TL TNL dw (H~-aw')I(C~ifi) dw J(H~~-aw'-Spw~-tyw~)l(C~. From equation (15). (%J%)2= and (WNL/w. the perturbation method fails when [&/(Y)-&?/a)‘ ]w.ti) . or by equating U and T as given in equations (12) and (13)..+~yw4. ’ (18) This solution suggests that the sign of the amplitude does not affect the frequencies. (3 = 0). the constant H can be computed for linear and non-linear vibrations as HL = (C pir. the following energy balance equation is obtained: (1 piti)ti2+aw2+$w3+$yw4= H =constant. to evaluate the non-linear to linear frequency ratios as follows.CROSS-PLY PLATE NON-LINEAR VIBRATIONS 217 By multiplying equation (14) by 3 and integrating with respect to time. (20~ 4 Substituting expressions (20~) and (20d) in equation (15).... and HNL = aw. (20a) and HNL=(CP~~~)~~+(~W*+SPW~+~~W~.0. (19) Hence. (15) For a harmonic solution w = w. the constants H... a direct numerical integration scheme is now used.+$w.< -1.. choice of equations (14) and (15) at w = w..

In the present study a five-point Gauss rule has been used to compute the frequency ratios. and solutions (16) and (17) obtained based on harmonic oscillations assumption are found to yield results which form upper and lower bounds to those of the other two methods. An arithmetic mean of the solutions (16) and (17) gives (WVLIW)* = (7-L/ TAX)*= 1 +SV~)%+:(rl~)& (24) which is exactly the same as expression (18). 3. wherein the effect of in-plane inertia also has been considered.=-. and their arithmetic mean matches very well with the direct integration solution and coincides exactly with the perturbation solution because for this problem (p = 0). The results computed by using the perturbation solution (18) and the numerical integration scheme (22) compare well with those of reference [15] and those computed from . SINGH ET AL. Effects of modulus ratio and aspect ratio on non-linear frequency are brought out. the expressions (21b) and (22) by themselves show that the sign of the amplitude can alter the non-linear frequency and frequency ratios. Results are given for two mode shapes. (17). A similar trend in the behaviour of the frequencies also can be seen at higher modes (m = 2. n = 1. n = 1). Furthermore. rn = 1. the effect of non-linearity increases with amplitude. from the table it can be seen that for the mode m = 2. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS (23) On the basis of the results for the frequency ratios given by the above different methods. the expressions (16) and (17) yield upper and lower bounds respectively on the frequency ratios.16-181. Further. Linear frequencies for plates of various aspect ratios and different number of layers have been computed and on comparison with those of Jones [14] they are found to be exactly the same. orthotropic. The frequency ratio computed from expressions (18) and (22) are in good agreement with those of reference [15] and the one computed from equation (17) compare well with those of references [13.10. The frequency ratios ( OJ~JOJ~) for a square isotropic plate are presented in Table 1. The linear frequency parameter AL= (cob’ / r2)w for isotropic plates and hL = (cob*/ 7r2)J12 C piti/ ETt3 for orthotropic and cross-ply plates are given in Tables l-10. in the absence of p (p =0 for square cross-ply plates). Boundary conditions of the type shown in equation (10) are used in Tables l-4 and 11 for purposes of comparison and the results for boundary conditions (11) are presented in Tables 5. The frequency ratios for a rectangular plate of aspect ratio two are given in Table 2. It can be noticed that no solution is assumed in time when deriving the expressions for the non-linear frequency (21b) and the frequency ratio (22). thus they are not presented here. it is found that the present numerical integration scheme yields results which match with those of the perturbation method for the isotropic. n = 1 and m = 2. As obtained from the expressions (16). Furthermore. in contrast to the prediction from the perturbation solution (18). In all the cases. and denominator can be evaluated by using Gauss’ The integrands in the numerator rule. calculated frequency ratios (wNL/wL) are presented for isotropic. The linear frequency can be easily obtained from equations (14) and (15) as ml.218 G. symmetric and antisymmetric cross-ply plates. n = 1 the effect of non-linearity is greater. orthotropic and cross-ply square plates. (18) and (22). It can be observed from the numerical results presented later that the ratios of the non-linear frequency to linear frequency obtained from expression (24) are in close agreement with those of the numerical integration method.

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It is clear from the table that a two-layered plate has the largest oNL/wL for all amplitudes. it is clearly seen that as the aspect ratio increases. The effect of sign and magnitude of the amplitude (solution of equation (22)) on the non-linear frequency ratio for a simply supported six layered antisymmetric cross-ply (0’ /90“). results for a rectangular plate show behaviour tendencies similar to those of a square plate. Further results for symmetric and antisymmetric cross-ply plates based on the direct numerical integration scheme are presented in Tables 5-10. n = 1 at all the amplitudes.. the two-layered plate shows the largest non-linearity for m = 1. From the results presented in Tables 5-10 it can be seen that for antisymmetric cross-ply plates. The two symmetric lay-ups presented in Table 5 have the same non-linear frequency for M = 1. expression (17) match very well with those of references [ 13.and four-layered antisymmetric and four-layered symmetric cross-ply plates. n = 1 and m = 2. Furthermore. whereas the symmetric lay-up (oO/90°/900/oO) has the smallest (for m = 1. and different stack sequences. the non-linearity increases for the first fundamental mode. n = 1. 2 and 4. For the two symmetric lay-ups considered no general conclusion could be drawn. The non-linear frequency to linear frequency ratio values at different amplitudes for a square orthotropic and two layered cross-ply are presented in Tables 3 and 4 along with values from references [lo.220 G. 121. n = 1 and so on. Results for rectangular plates of aspect ratio four.. and reduces with increase in number of layers. is shown in Table 11.. which differs appreciably in symmetric stacks. n = 1 and for rectangular plates say a/b = 2. In Table 5 are given the frequency ratios for various amplitudes. because wNL/wL ratios are mainly dependent on the bending stiffness distribution in the two directions. it can be observed that the effect of non-linearity is greater for plates of higher modulus ratios. n = 1 and have a large variation in the other mode: i. modulus ratio and for higher modes (e.16-181.e. n = 1 when compared to a four-layered symmetric cross-ply (Oa/900/900/0a). whereas the four-layered symmetric stack (90°/Oo/Oo/900) has the smallest non-linearity. it can be seen that the proposed direct numerical integration scheme with a one term approximation to the in-plane and lateral displacements predicts the non-linear free-vibration behaviour of isotropic. The two symmetric lay-ups chosen. From Tables 1 and 2. The modulus ratio considered in these computations is 10. It can be seen that a close agreement exists between the present values obtained by using equations (18) and (22) and the referenced values. (O”/90°/900/Oo) and (90°/Oo/Oo/900). the two symmetric stacks have exactly the same non-linear frequency for the mode m = 2. m = 2. From all these comparisons. By comparing the frequency ratios of Tables 5-7 with the corresponding ratios of Tables 8-10. n = 1. rectangular plate (a/b = 2-O). it can be seen that wNL/wL increases with aspect ratio for the first three lay-ups and decreases for a symmetric lay-up (90°/Oo/Oo/9~). m = 2. n = l).g. The table contains solutions for two. n = 1 and m = 2. n = 1.e. It . In Tables 8-10 are given frequency ratios at various amplitudes for plates having aspect ratios 1. As in Table 5. for square plate having modulus ratio 40. Frequency ratios mNL/wL at various amplitudes for a number of stack sequences of a rectangular plate having modulus ratio 40 and aspect ratio two are presented in Table 6. orthotropic and cross-ply plates very accurately.0. However. with immovable edges. the frequency ratio uNL/uL reduces with increase in number of layers for an antisymmetric lay-up. for rn = 1. are given in Table 7. the frequency ratio (wNL/wL) increases with increase of aspect ratio. will yield the same frequency for a square plate with m = 1. with m = 2. n = 1). with the total thickness of the plate kept constant. Otherwise. On comparison with results of Table 5. The four-layered antisymmetric lay-up is found to have small wNL/oL at all the amplitudes for m = 1. n = 1 and m = 2. the symmetric lay-up (90°/Oo/00/900) shows the reverse trend. Furthermore. i. SINGH E-J-AL. which are found to be of a similar nature.

1333 1.060 1.0229 2.1612 1.1623 1.625 1.4752 1.400 m=2 n = 1 0.0657 2.0339 1.3 0.2954 2.1812 1. (22) Eq.7626 3.8121 1.2121 hL(m=2.5 1.7049 l-0429 1.4509 1.1147 24475 1.8464 1.1164 1.0633 1.8 1.500 1.2497 1.7874 3.3143 2.6660 2.000 2.0599 1.0672 1.2 1.650 3.0482 1.2735 1.1373 3.0338 2. [12]t 1.1297 1.2460 1.0648 3.6026 1.300 1.6303 1.3708 1.4859 3.2 1.450 2. (18) Material : carbon hL(m=l.250 1. (16) Eq.0177 2.9 1. (22) Ref.0842 1.9705 3.3045 1.3631 Eq.250 1. (18) Eq.2355 1.7 3.2924 1.7581 2. (16) Eq.2121 AL (m=2.5643 2.060 1. n = 1) = 2.3376 1.4916 3.6513 1.070 1.1677 2.6342 1.185 1.5270 1.3794 [ 141 Mode shape We/t Eq.9762 3-2702 l-050 1.3265 2.7918 2.4 2. (17) Eq. (17) Ref.700 3.4037 3.0427 1.6968 3.3740 1.8876 4.n=l)=ll.3357 1.4779 1.4565 1.1809 1.7238 2.1749 24652 2.7209 3.0942 1.6860 2.4355 2.6 0.4978 1.450 1.2235 1.7969 2.9512 2.5682 2.3952 I.0505 l-1893 1.4414 2.7827 2.8551 2-1229 24009 2.0884 3.2249 1.0638 1.350 1.7622 2-0712 2.5472 1.8350 2.3377 1.3733 1 a6025 1.3902 1.000 3.3 0.4539 1.8673 2@++0 2.3006 3.0387 2.800 2.100 2.2617 1.TABLE 3 Comparison of frequency ratios of a square orthotropic plate Material : glass [ 141 AL (m = 1. [12]t Eq.8617 2.2339 1.0836 I -3027 1.n=l)=6.900 2.3283 2.000 - m = 1 n=l 0.8385 3.8 2.1104 2.3885 2.5152 1.6 0.6057 1.375 1.350 2.6059 1.5 1.5504 l-7869 2-0391 t Values read from graph.150 2.7507 1.645 1 2.3330 1.460 1.0476 1.750 2NIO 2.3208 2.0596 1.0600 3.250 1.8949 2.9463 2.0668 1.1 2. .9 1.750 2.7277 2.5029 1.n=l)=3.0714 1.8492 1.0 1.

25 Mode shape w.4746 2.2 1.650 1. n = 1) = 2.6004 1.00 AL %w/~L 0”/90” 1. words.200 2.5062 3. (22) 1.2355 2.9882 3.5693 3.1827 2.3932 1. The bending and extension coupling is found to increase the frequency ratios and reduce the linear frequencies.1922 2.0229 5.4666 17.1179 2.8 2.6411 2.1909 1.4099 2.50 0.7974 2.3025 1.1014 2.9904 w/9cY/o”/900 1.8233 Eq.2894 10.5727 2.7735 3.8610 2. (16) 1.1678 1.2757 1.1 2. the plate stiffness in the positive and negative z directions is different configuration.0435 1.6069 1.5 1.8439 6.50 2.4544 1. CONCLUDING REMARKS in other for this A general theory of antisymmetric cross-ply plates based on Kirchhoff’ s hypothesis incorporating von Karman type strain-displacement relations has been used to study the large-amplitude vibrations of cross-ply plates.6350 1.4172 1.0820 1.5955 24.0535 1.2481 1.0535 1.2836 Ref.0425 1.6850 3.4000 3.50 2.75 1.7985 3.0674 1.3480 1. AL (m = 1.4172 1.3848 Eq.1309 1.1827 1.400 1.0480 1.6 0.2355 2.6222 3.1433 1.3370 2.00 1. The arithmetic .9444 11.7 3-o Eq. (17) 1.333 TABLE 5 Frequency ratios of a square cross-ply plate.4917 4.5643 2.4534 2.5781 2.4832 1.1899 1.5.SINGH ETAL.0729 6. TABLE 4 Comparison of frequency ratios of two layered cross-ply plate.050 3.6691 2.2022 Glass properties [lo] Mode shape w0/ t m=l n=l o-3 0.9011 2.8655 Eq.1501 3.6010 1.0510 1./ t m=l n=l 0.7679 2.1669 1.6561 1.50 0.6965 2.75 1.1304 2.25 0.9416 2.2038 1.0773 3.222 G.800 3.7681 4.00 1. 4.6004 1.00 AL can be seen that the frequency ratios change with the sign of the amplitude.0575 90°/oo/00/900 1.4 2.8038 m=2 n=l 0.9517 24463 3. uLT = 0.0343 1.0634 1. (18) 1.9 1.6691 2.050 1.8439 6.5003 1.0584 2. [lo] 1.200 1.3762 1.25 0. EL/ ET = 40.900 2.8734 1.0761 2.7852 4.2388 1. GLT/ ET = 0.500 2.2038 1.3056 o”/900/900/00 1.9184 1.5016 1.

/% Mode shape m=l n=l W0l t 0.50 0.8888 5.6486 3.7852 4.3264 1.3396 6. m=2 n=l 0.1899 1.1678 1.6010 1.50 0.5.0672 I.75 1.8042 2.2454 1.5838 2.CROSS-PLY PLATE NON-LINEAR TABLE 6 VIBRATIONS 223 Frequency ratios of a rectangular (a/b = 2.4905 1.25 %I.5077 1.7681 4.4166 6.2942 1.0263 2.2798 I.95 10 90”/0”/0”/90” 1.0976 4.6993 3.5254 1.2688 1.50 0.9193 2.3480 1.6994 2.6849 3.9464 1.4855 1.1561 6.6222 3.6575 4.5857 1. ~NL/~L Mode shape Walt 0.7476 1.00 1.00 1.9184 0”/90”/0”/90” 1.5996 m=2 n=l 0.9444 2.1148 4.9509 1.4600 3.25 0.2427 1.75 1.50 0.25 EJ ET = 40. uLT = 0.4674 1.50 2.8042 2.0761 2. GLT/ ET = 0.7943 2.7787 2.2894 2.25 0.1552 1.50 2.1516 1.1922 2.75 1.3264 0°/900/900/oo 1.8479 2. EL/ ET = 40.5876 4.5518 3.0672 1.4666 4.1575 1.9949 2.00 1.1275 1.0435 1. GLT = 0.5727 2.0229 5.0144 1.8946 2.1079 3.4593 1.00 oO/90” 1.3652 3.25 0.3634 4. VL7= 0.4303 3.8099 5.0653 1.0) cross-ply plate.5.00 1.0144 1.7476 .0584 2.0340 1.75 1.6049 2.0951 2.50 2.00 AL 0°/900/00/900 1.5955 6.3025 1.0) cross-ply plate.4600 3.6004 m=l n=l 1.9416 2.0820 1.2519 1.0425 TABLE 7 Frequency ratios of a rectangular (a/b = 4.7863 2.6411 2.3949 2.1707 I.5074 3.6004 90°/w/oo/900 1.1561 6.4956 1.5437 2.00 Al.6489 3.0645 0”/90”/90”/0” 1.1669 1.4178 3.0326 1.00 AL 0”/90” 1.4423 1.2519 1.1327 1.25 0.1331 1.50 2.1310 2.0795 1.1777 1.2971 5.5642 2.8777 2.5077 1.0011 2.

25 0.4680 0°/900/oo/900 0°/900/900/00 90°/00/00/900 m=l n=l 0.6314 2.6781 2. VLT.9210 3. The direct numerical integration method proposed herein yields accurate frequency ratios and is more general.50 2.3524 1.7293 2.8634 3.4809 o”/900/900/oo 1.4176 1. An increase in the aspect ratio or modulus ratio increases the effect of nonlinearity for antisymmetric cross-ply plates. GLT/ ET = O-5.2909 m=2 n=l 0.6841 9o”/oo/oo/900 1.4729 1.5926 1.5711 2.7839 1.5499 3.1907 1.3922 1.0595 1 e2250 1.75 1.2885 1.0588 1.7839 mean of the two solutions obtained with the harmonic oscillations assumption leads to results which are very close to those obtained from the direct numerical integration solution.6841 m=l n=l m=2 n=l 0.1375 3.8073 2.2404 3. SINGH ET AL.2250 1.3360 2.6841 1.1250 7.8373 2.9713 2.6212 1.2337 4.4517 1.1701 1.5446 1.1722 2.4573 1.4315 1.2834 3.1654 4.1224 1. EL/ ET = 10.2718 1.3579 1.4346 1.2715 2.3136 1.0699 2.9840 3. TABLE 8 Frequency ratios of a square cross-ply plate.25 0.7908 1.0498 1.0877 2.75 1.25 wwl WOl t WL Mode shape o” / 90” 1.6795 2.224 G.0955 1.00 1.9620 2.75 1.00 0”/90” 1. GLT/ ET = 0.50 0.00 AL TABLE 9 Frequency ratios of a rectangular (a/b = 2) cross-ply plate.6906 2.0663 1.00 1.50 2.0498 1.00 1.9840 3.8227 1.7293 2.8941 3.6118 12.2113 1.8670 oQ/90°/oo/900 1.3360 2.0853 1.0986 1.0595 1.3730 3.7553 3.733 1 3.50 2.7013 2.2489 1.50 0.7204 2.3206 2.4809 1.50 2.6841 1. EL/ ET = 10.25 0.8589 2.0441 1.0352 1.00 1.3922 1.1111 2.7175 2.7107 1.50 0.4516 1.7553 3.50 0.8423 2.5.75 1.6314 2.3457 1. uLT = 0. = 0.5329 2.2804 9.1375 1.1014 1.5022 1.1170 1.0530 2.3669 1.1907 1.2182 7.00 1.4573 1.00 AL O-0556 1.25 0.1722 2.1129 1.2222 1.25 wNL IWL Mode shape Wolt 0. .3982 1.0729 1.7961 24466 3.9585 3.

2479 2. E.50 2. SATHYAMOORTHY 1987 Applied Mechanics Review 40. A.25 ONL IWL Mode shape m=l n=l W0l f 0.0 1.4346 1. S.0 2.1250 1.9310 1. EL/ ET = 10. VLT= 0. 5th Inrernational Symposium on Space Technology and Science. Tokyo.0613 1.7044 1.1701 1.2811 1.5 0 -0.8670 0°/900/oo/900 1.0699 2.00 I.2834 3.2337 4. Nonlinear transverse vibration of a flat rectangular orthotropic plate supported by stiff rig. L.8811 2. NOWINSKI 1962 Proceedings.00 AL 0”/90” 1.3982 0°/900/900/00 1.0342 1.4176 1. VLT= 0.4459 1. Y.5498 3.2788 4.0 -1.1259 1.75 1. J.5 1.00 1.5.50 0.8589 2.25 - 2.5446 1.4744 1.CROSS-PLY PLATE NON-LINEAR TABLE 10 VIBRATIONS 225 Frequency ratios of a rectangular (a/b = 4.0 0.4683 1.1225 2.2796 1. C.8099 REFERENCES M.0 1. E.7201 2.2404 3.5 -1.2346 1. Stanford.0441 I. 1553-1561.1337 1. HASSERT and J.0204 2.4613 1.0159 1.0785 1.8572 2.7259 2.5263 1.75 1.5 -2.25 0.0729 1.3444 3.6118 3.2804 2.1654 4. CHIA 1980 Non-linear Analysis of Plates.8073 2. AMBARTSUMYAN 1970 Theoryof Anisotropic Plates.3722 1.8373 2.8228 9o”/00/oo/900 I.1034 1.50 2.25 0.2310 1. .2182 1.3524 I.1129 TABLE 11 Frequency ratio ( wNL/oL) variation with amplitude for a six-layered antisymmetric cross-ply plate.1170 1. Connecticut: Technomic (English translation). GLT/ ET = 0.1224 1.5710 2.9757 3.3117 3.2672 I. New York: McGraw-Hill.00 AL m=2 n=l 0. 561-570. GLT/ ET = 0.8650 1.7455 2.4412 1.l ET = 10.3624 3.5. Non-linear vibration analysis of plates: a review and survey of current development.0) cross-ply plate.2718 1.50 0.

DUMIR and A. Large defleection R. BERGER 1955 Journal of Applied Mechanics 22. JONES 1975 Mechanics of Composite Materials. 1561-1567. 261-266. A finite element method for non-linear forced vibrations of beams. R. 6. C. P. Vibration 40. C. I. Effect of longitudinal or in-plane deformation and inertia on the large amplitude flexural vibrations of slender beams and thin plates. K. DECHA-UMPHAI 1985 Journal of Sound and Vibration 102.393-408.465-472. Non-linear oscillations of laminated specially orthotropic plates with clamped and simply supported edges. Large deflection vibration of cross-ply laminated plates with certain edge conditions. WHITNEY and A. B. 509-514.226 5. SINGH ET AL. C. B. Analysis of heterogenous anisotropic plates. H. M. R. G. 1997-2003. 9. VINSON 1969 Journal of Composite Materials 3. G. M. BHASKAR 1988 Journal of Sound and Vibration 123. DECHA-UMPHAI and C. 1715-1726. DECHA-UMPHAI 1985 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal 23. RAJU 1975 Fibre Science and Technology 8. . On non-linear oscillations of plates composed of composite material. BANNET 1971 American Institute ofAeronautics and Astronautics Journal 9(10). MEI 1986 International Journal of Numerical Methods in Engineering 23. A finite element method for non-linear forced vibrations of rectangular plates. CHANDRA 1976 Journal of Sound and Vibration 47. VENKATESWARA RAO and K. Wu and J. 10. Finite element method for non-linear forced vibrations of circular plates. New York: McGraw-Hill. 12. I. 243-264. J. 11. 415-422. A new approach to the analysis of large deflection of plates. 7. RAJU 1975 JournalofSoundand vibration of angle ply laminated plates. 17. M. S. KANAKA RAJU 1976 Journal of Sound and Vibration 49. R. 18. Wu and J. CHANDRA and B. 15. 16. 369-380. J. C. Large amplitude flexural vibration of cross-ply laminated composite plates. Non-linear vibrations of simply supported angle-ply plates. A. I. Some erroneous finite element formulations of non-linear vibrations of beams and plates. 14. MEI and K. 8. W. 1104-l 110. C. R. CHANDRA and B. 548-561. R. MEI and K. 517-527. LEISSA 1968 Journal of Applied Mechanics 36. RAJU. VINSON 1971 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 59. 13.

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