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Higher Functionality of reactive coupling agent for Better Performance in plastic compounding application

MASTERBATCH ASIA 2013

New opportunities and expanding markets 18-20 March 2013, Marina Bay Sands Hotel, Singapore

John Yun, Ph.D Polymer Modifier Technology Manager Chemtura Corporation

Copyright 2012, 2013 Chemtura Corporation. All rights reserved.

Topics
Needs for New Polymer Compounds Value proposition of POLYBOND compatibilizers Introduction of POLYBOND compatibilizer family Chemistry of POLYBOND compatibilizers Application of POLYBOND compatibilizers in PP/WF Conclusion Application of POLYBOND compatibilizers in PP/ CaCO3 Conclusion Acknowledgment

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Why do we Need New Polymer Compounds?


Super High Performance: With GF employment, PP keeps expanding its application. Cost Efficient Solution: Talc, recycled plastics
Value

Performance

Cost

User Friendly Process: Unstable melt viscosity, die swell, dimension stability, gel
Regulations Process

Regulations: Halogen flame retardant

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What is the Value of POLYBOND Compatibilizer to Make New Polymer Compounds?


Mixing two or more chemically dissimilar Materials to impart desired properties

Repulsion

POLYBOND Compatibilizer

Affinity

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Portfolio of our Polymer Modifiers

POLYBOND polymer modifiers


Polypropylene
Maleic
POLYBOND 3200 POLYBOND 3150 POLYBOND 3002 POLYBOND 3000

Polyethylene
Acrylic Maleic
POLYBOND 3149 POLYBOND 3039 POLYBOND 3029 POLYBOND 3009

Acrylic
POLYBOND 1009

POLYBOND 1001 POLYBOND 1002

POLYBOND 1103

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POLYBOND Compatibilizer Chemistry & Expected Results

Polyolefin

PP, PE

Reactive Monomer MA, AA, Grafting Chemistry

Additive 2~ 10% Customers

Synergy Effect

Improve properties Impact strength Low temperature impact strength Modulus Tensile strength Dispersion Adhesion

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How does POLYBONDCompatibilizer Make Fillers Compatible?

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Why Natural Fiber Composite in Durable Goods Applications such as automotive?


When plastics are blended with natural fibers Benefits Cost less Weigh less Sustainable Less carbon foot prints Luxury look Pleasing smell Challenges Heat resistance Flexural strength Moisture uptake Process challenge

POLYBOND compatibilizer offers compatibility to the blend of PP /natural fibers to overcome challenges

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Effect of Polybond Compatibilizer on Mechanical Properties of PP filled with Natural Fibers


Function Help disperse natural fiber in the Polyolefin Cause natural fibers to adhere to the Resin

Performance Reduced water uptake Improved flexural strength

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Process Equipments for PP filled with Wood flour

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Polybond 3200 vs. New Product Polybond 51F0-3 compatibilizers in PP/Wood Flour (PP/WF, 50/50)

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Polybond 3200 vs. New Product Polybond 51F0-3 compatibilizers in PP/Wood Flour (PP/WF, 50/50)

Water Uptake
% Gain after 30 Da Immersion
12 10 PB3200

8 6 4 2 0 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5


Coupling agent Level

51F0-3

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Conclusion

Polybond 3200 and Polybond 51F0-3

compatibilizers improved flexural strength.


Polybond 3200 and Polybond 51F0-3 compatibilizers improved water resistance.

Polybond 51F0-3 compatibilizer performs better


than Polybond 3200 compatibilizer.

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Why Is CaCO3 added in PP compounds?

Balance of stiffness and impact Good appearance and color consistency Cost effective Further enhancement Treat CaCO3 with stearic acid or silane chemicals Polybond compatibilizer

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Effect of Polybond Compatibilizer on Mechanical properties of PP filled with CaCO3


PP/CaCO3/Polybond 50/40/10
on PP/CaCO3 Effect of Polybond
18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Tensile Strength (Mpa) Flexural Moduldus (Gpa) Elongation @ Break (%)

PP/CaCO3 10% Polybond3150 10% Polybond1001

POLYBOND 3150 (PP-g-MAH) and POLYBOND 1001 (PP-g-AA) compatibilizers improve mechanical strength

*References

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Effect of Various level of Polybond 3150 Compatibilizer on Tensile Strength


PP/CaCO3/Polybond 50/40/10

Effect of Polybond 3150 on Tensile Strength


16 15
14

Mpa

13 12 11 10

PP/CaCO3

2%

5%

7.50%

10%

Up to 5% addition of POLYBOND 3150 compatibilizer improves tensile strengths

*References

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Viscoelastic Nature of Polymers


Linear viscoelasticity

Viscous Response Modulus E

E Elastic Response Modulus

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Effect of Polybond Compatibilizers on Dynamic Mechanical Properties


DMTA
PB1001 @ 5% PB3150 @ 10%
PB3150 @ 5%

PB3150 @ 5%

Control

POLYBOND 3150 and 1001 @ 10%

The addition POLYBOND 3150 (PP-g-MAH) and POLYBOND 1001 (PP-g-AA) compatibilizers improves elastic properties
*References

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Effect of POLYBOND Compatibilizers on Viscoelastic Properties

PP/CaCO3/POLYBOND 3150

PP/CaCO3 PP/CaCO3/POLYBOND 1001 PP

The addition of POLYBOND 3150 (PP-g-MAH) compatibilizer improves melt strength-Easy process
*References

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Effect of POLYBOND Compatibilizers on Viscoelastic Properties

PP/CaCO3/ POLYBOND 3150

PP/CaCO3 PP/CaCO3/POLYBOND 1001

PP

The addition of POLYBOND 3150 compatibilizer maintains the elastic properties Heat deflection temperature
*References

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Conclusions
POLYBOND 3150 compatibilizer enhances elastic properties of PP/CaCO3 composites POLYBOND 3150 compatibilizer enhances melt strength for extrusion or calendaring process

POLYBOND 3150 compatibilizer enhances HDT of PP/CaCO3 compounds

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Acknowledgment and References

Dr. Jianguo Zho Dr. William Sigworth Mr. Harry Areford J.D. Tucker, et al., Korean J. Chem. Engi., 17(5), 506-509 (2000)

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Thank You

Chemtura The Partner for Your Success

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