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PUBLIC SAFETY SITE ANALYZER™

CABLE AND ANTENNA TESTER FOR WIRELESS SYSTEMS OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

©Copyright 2002 by Bird Electronic Corporation Instruction Book Part Number 920-7002A170S Rev. A Site Analyzer is a trademark of Bird Electronic Corporation Microsoft® and Windows® are registered trademarks of the Microsoft Corporation

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Safety Precautions
Remove Power Observe general safety precautions. Do not open the instrument with the power on. Safety Earth Ground An uninterruptible safety earth ground must be supplied from the main power source to the instrument. Grounding one conductor of a two conductor power cable is not sufficient protection. Serious injury or death can occur if this grounding is not properly installed. Safety Symbols WARNING Warning notes call attention to a procedure, which if not correctly performed, could result in personal injury. CAUTION Caution notes call attention to a procedure, which if not correctly performed, could result in damage to the instrument. The caution symbol appears on the equipment indicating there is important information in the instruction manual regarding that particular area. See page 72 for specific cautions. 

NOTE: Calls attention to supplemental information.

Warning Statements The following safety warnings appear in the text where there is danger to operating and maintenance personnel, and are repeated here for emphasis. WARNING The SA-BATPAK is shipped charged. Be careful when removing the safety cap, 12Vdc @ 2.0 AH/20 hour rate can be present inside the receptacle. Do not touch the inside of the receptacle. The possibility of an electric shock exists.

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and some solvents. WARNING When using the ac adapter. do not exceed 2 W average or 125 W peak power for 5 µs. USO EL USO DE ESTE INSTRUMENTO DE MANERA NO ESPECIFICADA POR EL FABRICANTE.Bird Site Analyzer WARNING This equipment should not be connected to an antenna or operated during a storm that has the potential to produce lightning. The possibility exists for electrical shock. CAUTION Harsh or abrasive detergents. Serious injury or death can occur if grounding is not properly installed. CAUTION When using a Bird 5011. input Do not apply RF power to Antenna Test Port. Safety Statements USAGE ANY USE OF THIS INSTRUMENT IN A MANNER NOT SPECIFIED BY THE MANUFACTURER MAY IMPAIR THE INSTRUMENT’S SAFETY PROTECTION. only connect the plug to a properly grounded receptacle. Caution Statements The following equipment cautions appear in the text and are repeated here for emphasis. can damage the display unit and information on the labels. Doing so will render the sensor inoperative. PUEDE ANULAR LA PROTECCIÓN DE SEGURIDAD DEL INSTRUMENTO. ii . BENUTZUNG WIRD DAS GERÄT AUF ANDERE WEISE VERWENDET ALS VOM HERSTELLER BESCHRIEBEN. Exceeding the maximum input will damage the Site Analyzer. CAUTION +22 dBm max. KANN DIE GERÄTESICHERHEIT BEEINTRÄCHTIGT WERDEN.

IMPIEGO QUALORA QUESTO STRUMENTO VENISSE UTILIZZATO IN MODO DIVERSO DA COME SPECIFICATO DAL PRODUTTORE LA PROZIONE DI SICUREZZA POTREBBE VENIRNE COMPROMESSA. SERVICE SERVICING INSTRUCTIONS ARE FOR USE BY SERVICE . iii . NE PAS EFFECTUER D’ENTRETIEN SI L’ON N’A PAS ÉTÉ QUALIFIÉ POUR CE FAIRE. ENTRENTIEN L’EMPLOI DES INSTRUCTIONS D’ENTRETIEN DOIT ÊTRE RÉSERVÉ AU PERSONNEL FORMÉ AUX OPÉRATIONS D’ENTRETIEN. DO NOT PERFORM ANY SERVICING UNLESS QUALIFIED TO DO SO. PER EVITARE PERICOLOSE SCOSSE ELETTRICHE NON EFFETTUARRE ALCUNA RIPARAZIONE A MENO CHE QUALIFICATI A FARLA. TO AVOID DANGEROUS ELECTRIC SHOCK.UTILISATION TOUTE UTILISATION DE CET INSTRUMENT QUI N’EST PAS EXPLICITEMENT PRÉVUE PAR LE FABRICANT PEUT ENDOMMAGER LE DISPOSITIF DE PROTECTION DE L’INSTRUMENT. NO REALICE NINGÚN SERVICIO A MENOS QUE ESTÉ CAPACITADO PARA HACERIO.TRAINED PERSONNEL ONLY. WARTUNG ANWEISUNGEN FÜR DIE WARTUNG DES GERÄTES GELTEN NUR FÜR GESCHULTES FACHPERSONAL. SERVICIO LAS INSTRUCCIONES DE SERVICIO SON PARA USO EXCLUSIVO DEL PERSONAL DE SERVICIO CAPACITADO. SIND WARTUNGSARBEITEN AUSSCHLIEßLICH VON QUALIFIZIERTEM SERVICEPERSONAL DURCHZUFÜHREN. ZUR VERMEIDUNG GEFÄHRLICHE. POUR PRÉVENIR UN CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE DANGEREUX. PARA EVITAR EL PELIGRO DE DESCARGAS ELÉCTRICAS. ASSISTENZA TECNICA LE ISTRUZIONI RELATIVE ALL’ASSISTENZA SONO PREVISTE ESCLUSIVAMENTE PER IL PERSONALE OPPORTUNAMENTE ADDESTRATO. ELEKTRISCHE SCHOCKS.

The second type is a soft key. Refer to the figure below. or if you have suggestions for improving this manual. Ohio factory. Changes to This Manual We have made every effort to ensure this manual is accurate. When inquiring about updates to this manual refer to the part number and revision level on the title page. If you should discover any errors.. Quick Start and Reference Card The Quick Start and Reference Card contains minimum operational steps and the order they should be performed. This manual may be periodically updated. Hard Key iv . directly to the right of the corresponding key. Press the SCALE key. The name will be at the left of the display. Use this manual for reference or if further explanation of any step is required. Soft key names are set in a bold italic type.g. please send your comments to our Solon. The first type is a hard key with a particular function. The function is indicated on or next to the key. Site Analyzer Keys There are two types of keys on the Site Analyzer. e. Press the ENTER key. has a corresponding soft key legend which depends on the function selected. Each of the soft keys (there are five to the left of the display). Hard key names are set in a bold type. e.Bird Site Analyzer About This Manual This manual covers the Bird SA-1700 and SA-1700-P Public Safety Site Analyzers. Soft Key Soft Key Legend A magnified soft key legend is an instruction to press the corresponding soft key.g.

Calibration — Provides step by step instructions for calibrating the Site Analyzer. Fault Location Mode — Lists the steps required to make distance to fault measurements. as well as providing instructions for all functions available in Measure Power mode. Save and Recall — Describes how to save. Measure Power Mode — Lists the steps required to make power measurements. which must be done before using Measure Match or Fault Location modes. Maintenance — Lists routine maintenance tasks for the Site Analyzer. as well as troubleshooting for common problems.Chapter Layout Introduction — Identifies the parts. Utilities — Describes utilities to set up the Site Analyzer. and delete traces and setups in Measure Match or Fault Location modes. functions. recall. Getting Started — Provides power up information for the Site Analyzer. Computer Software — Provides installation instructions and lists the features of the Bird Site Analyzer PC Software. as well as providing instructions for all functions available in Measure Match mode. Measure Match Mode — Lists the steps required to make match measurements. Specifications and parts information are also included. v . as well as providing instructions for all functions available in Fault Location mode. and features of the Site Analyzer as well as optional equipment available.

. . . . .. 4 Connection Description .. . . . . . . . . ... . . . . .. . . . . . . . ... ... . . . . ... . . . . .. . . . . . . . . ... .. . . . .. . . 11 Internal Battery . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . .. . . . 3 Component Description . . . . . . . . . . .. 11 Adapters . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . ... . . .. ... ... . .. .. . .. . .. ... . . . . . . ... . .... . .. . ... . . . ... . . .. ... . .. . . .. . .. . .. . . . . ... . . . ... . . . . .. .. . . . . 25 Limit Line . . ... . . . . . . .. .. . . . ... . .... . . . . . ... . . .. .. . . . ... . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . .. .. . . 26 Limit Test . . . . . .. . .. . . . . .. . .. . .. . . .. . .. . .. . 22 Setting Units . .. . . . . . . . .. . . 31 vi . .. .. . 30 Printing . . . ... . 18 Band List .. . . ... . . .. . . . . . .. . . .. . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . .. ......... . .... . . ... . .. . . . . ... . . .. . .. . .. .. .. . .. ... .. ..... .. . ... . . .... ... .. . .. . ..... . .. .. . .. . . . .. .. .. . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . ... . .. .. .... . .. .. .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . .. .. . .. 13 System Information .. . . . .... . .. .. . ... . .. ... . . . . .... .. . . . . .. .. .. ... iv Introduction.. 11 Power Up . ... . . . .... 15 Calibrating . .... . 11 External Battery Pack (Optional) .. . . .. .. . . . . . . .. 17 Setting the Frequency .... . . . .. ... . . . 7 Display Description . ... .. .... . . . . . . 27 Marker Adjustment . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . .. ... . . . . .. . ... . . . .. . ... . . .. . . . .. . . 2 General ... . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . ... i About This Manual . . . .... .. .. .. .. . . .... . .. . . . .. . . .... . .. . . .. . . .... . .. . . .. . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . ... . . . . ... . . . . . . .. . . ... . . ... .. 13 Self Test . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . .. . .. . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . .. . .. .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . .. .. . ... . .. .. .. . .. .. . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . .. . . .. . . ... . . . ... . . . . . 15 Calibration Accessories .. ..... . . . . . ... . . . . . ... . . .. .. . .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. ... . ... . .. .. . . . . . 28 Measurement Hold. . . ... . . .. . .. ...... . .. .. . . .. .. .. . .. . .. . .. .. . . ... . . . .. . . .... .. . . .. . . ... . .. .. . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. ... .. ... .. .. .. . ... .Table of Contents Safety Precautions .. . . ..... . . . .. ... . . .. . . ... . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . .. .. . . . 15 Measure Match Mode .. .. .. . . . .. . .. . .. . . . . . ... .. . . .. .. . ... . .. .. . . .. . . . . . ...... .. . ... ... . 19 Setting the Scale & Unit of Measure .. . . . . . . . ..... .. . .. 21 Auto Scale .. . .. .. . . . . . .. . . . . . .... . ... . 1 Items Not Supplied. . . . 3 Transmitter Test . ... . 13 Calibration. . . ... . 2 Site Analyzer Features. . . .. . . ... . . . . . ... .. . . . . . ... . .. .. . . . .. ... . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 23 Cable Loss Measurements ... .. . . . . . . .. 11 Power Supply . . .. ..... . . .. . . .... .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . ... .. . . . .. .. . .. .. ... .. .. . . .. . .. .. 2 Antenna Test .. ... . . . . . . .. . . ... . . . . .. ... . . .. 8 Getting Started. . . . . 1 Items Supplied . . . .. . . . .. .. . . .. . .. . . . . .. .. . . . . .. . .. . . .. . . ... ... .. . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. ..

. . . 40 Setting Units . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .... . . . . . . . ... . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .... . . . . 50 Measurement Hold. . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 84 Printer .. . .. . . . . ... ..... . . . . 47 Marker Adjustment .. .. . ... . .. . . . . . . . . 60 Trace Label Config. . . . . . . .... . . .. .. .. . . .. .. . . . . . . .. . 52 Save and Recall ... . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . .. .. . . . .. . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . ... .. .. . . . . . ... . . . .. .. . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . .. .. . . . . .... . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . 73 Setting the Offset . ... . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 75 Choosing the Displayed Measurement . .. . . . . .. . .. . . .... . .. . . . . . . . . . .. .. . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . 64 Save Setup .. .. . .. . . . .. 76 Setting Units. . . ... . . . 81 Adjust Date and Time .. .. .... . . ... 38 Setting the Distance . . .. . .. . . .. . . . . . 69 Measure Power Mode. . . . .. . . . ... ... . ... . . . . .. . .Fault Location Mode.. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. 72 Setting the Full Scale Power . ... . 78 Utilities. . .. . . . ... . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . .. .. . ... . . . . .. . . . . .. . . .. . . 83 FM Modulation . .... . .. . . . . . . . .. .. ... . . . . ... . ... . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . 54 Trace Label . . ... .. . . 82 Return to Defaults . . .. . . . . . . .. 46 Limit Test . . . . . . ... . . . .. 85 Computer Software . .. . .. .. . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . ... . .. . . . . .... . . .. . .. 42 Auto Scale . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 74 Recall Setups .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . ... ... .. . . ... . . . . .. . ... . . . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. .. ... . .. .. . . . . . .. ... . . . . . . . . ... .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . ...... .. . . . . . . . . .. . .. ... . . .. ... . . . 87 vii . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . .. . .. . . . . . ... . 66 Recall Setup. . . . . . . . . . .. . .. .. . . ... .. . . .. .. .. . .. . .. . ... . .. .. . . .. .. . . .. . . .. . . . . .... . . . .. .. . .. .. 65 Recall Trace .. .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. .. .. . . . . .. . ... . . . . .. . . . .. . .. . .. . . . . . . ... . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . ... . . . .. .. . . . . . .. . .. . .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Trace Label Quicktext . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. . . .. . .. . . . .. . . 67 Delete Trace . . .. . . .. ... . .. . . . . . . . 68 Delete Setup .. . 34 Setting the Cable Type . .. . . ... . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . ... . .. . . . 51 Printing . . . . ...... .. . . .. . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Smooth. . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .... .. .. .. 33 Setting the Frequency Span . . ... .. . . . . ... ... . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . .. .. . . . . .. .. . . 41 Setting the Scale & Unit of Measure . . . . .. ... . . . . . . 71 Connecting a Sensor . .. . . 77 Calibrating the Bird 5011 . . . . . 44 Limit Line . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . .. .. . .. .. . . . .. . .. . . . .. . . .. .. . . . .. . .. . . . . . .. . .. . . .. . . . . . ... .. . . .. . . . ... . ... ... . . ... . 53 Save Trace..... . . . . . . . 43 Setting Units . .. . .. .... . ... .. . 37 Cable List. . . . . .. .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . ... ... . ... . ... . . . . .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . .. . .

. .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . . .. .. . . . . .. .. . . . . . 89 Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . 87 Computer Requirements .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 96 Optional Equipment Available . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. .Features . . .. . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Parts List . 93 Flash ROM Upgrade .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . ... . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . .. .. . . . . . . .. 95 Specifications .. ... .. . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . ... . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . 92 Unit Reset . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. ... . . . .. . . .. 89 Troubleshooting . . . . . . ... . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . 90 Battery Replacement . . . . 94 Customer Service . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .... . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Charging the Battery . .. . . . .. . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . ... .. . .. . . .. . . . 87 Maintenance. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . .. . . . . . 101 viii . ..

6. 5. Site Analyzer Soft-Sided Carrying Case PCTool Software AC Power Adapter Automobile Cigarette Lighter Adapter 9-Pin Serial Communications Cable Instruction Manual (Not Shown) Quick Start and Reference Card (Not Shown) 1 . 3. 2. 8. depending on the sensor. Items Supplied 1. Transmitter systems are tested by using a Site Analyzer and a Bird power sensor to measure RF power.Chapter 1 Introduction The Bird Site Analyzer is a multifunction test instrument for use in installation and maintenance of wireless systems. Data is displayed as power or match efficiency. Antenna systems are tested by using a Site Analyzer to measure match conditions. Data is graphed at 238 points across a user-specified frequency band or distance range. 4. 7.

! High-resolution color display. ! Field replaceable Li-ion battery.Bird Site Analyzer Items Not Supplied ! Calibration Combination ! Bird 5010 Directional Power Sensor ! Bird 5011 Terminating Power Sensor Site Analyzer Features General ! Easy to operate and field ready for first-time. ! Automatic power down conserves battery life. ! Operates in temperatures as low as 14°F (–10°C) 2 . occasional. and experienced users.

Pop-up menus contain over 70 cable types and 30 frequency band presets. ! Measurement units can be either return loss [dB]. VSWR Alarms. ! Measurement units can be either return loss [dB] or VSWR [ratio]. ! Compatible with the Bird Directional Power Sensor. Dual measurement markers and one difference marker.Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) with three levels of smoothing. Transmitter Test Fault Location Mode Measure Power Mode ! Numerical readout and analog dial. or % match efficiency. Match units can be either VSWR. Measure Match Mode ! Fast swept measurement. or match efficiency depending on the sensor. The Bird Site Analyzer is compatible with all printers that use HP PCL Level 3. or VSWR [ratio]. Adjustable pass/fail limit line with visual indicator. On-screen comparison between current measurement and stored data – no PC required. including most HP printers. ! Transform Algorithm . Measurement hold to temporarily store a trace. ! Power measurement units can be either Watts or dBm.Introduction Antenna Test ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Rejects on-channel interfering signals to +13 dBm. X and Y scales and units are user adjustable. cable loss [dB]. Terminating Power Sensor. ! Distance units can be either feet or meters. Stores up to 12 setups. 3 . reflected power. ! Can display either forward power. Printing capability. and Broadcast Power Monitors. return loss. ! Frequency can be set using either Start/Stop or Center/Span frequencies. Stores up to 250 sets of measurement data in raw format to facilitate conversion between Measure Match (Sweep) and Fault Location (DTF).

Bird Site Analyzer Component Description 1 9 8 2 7 3 4 5 6 4 .

changing the value. Enters numeric data into the selected item. Activates the mode menu. 5 . Activates the configuration menu for the current mode. This menu provides access to the variable measurement parameters (e. or Utilities modes. and units). Numeric Keys Escape Key During: Menu Selection Data Entry Backs up one menu level. Enter Key During List Selection Data Entry Selects the highlighted item in the list. frequency band. Exits data entry without changing the value. Cursor Keys Left Arrow During: Data Entry Marker Control All other times Deletes previously entered data one character at a time. As defined by the function description.Introduction 1. Exits data entry. Fault Location. This menu allows the user to select Measure Match. Moves active marker left one point at a time. 5. 4. Measure Power. Activates the marker menu. Config Calibrate Marker 3. 2. 6.g. Activates the calibration menu. Soft Keys Mode Keys Mode Activates the function described directly to the right of the key. This menu allows the user to turn markers on or off and to move the active marker. distance. or as defined by the function description.

Moves the marker to the minimum trace value. Decreases the display contrast. Contrast Key l/0 (On/Off) Hold while pressing the up/down arrow keys to adjust the contrast of the display. The yellow LED lights when the unit is powered by an external dc power source. Turns the instrument on and off. As defined by the function description. Moves active marker right one point at a time. The green LED lights whenever the unit is on.Bird Site Analyzer Right Arrow During: Marker Control All other times Up Arrow During: Data Entry Marker Control While pressing the contrast key All other times Down Arrow During: Data Entry Marker Control While pressing the contrast key All other times 7. the yellow LED blinks. Once the battery is fully charged the yellow LED stops blinking. Moves the marker to the maximum trace value. Increases the display contrast. Increases the numeric value. When charging the internal battery pack. Battery LED Decreases the numeric value. As defined by the function description. 8. 9. 6 . The key must be pressed for at least one-half (½) second. As defined by the function description.

and no handshake. Use a phase-stable armored cable to connect the Site Analyzer to the antenna. Parallel Printer Port 25-pin (DB25) parallel connector. Connect the Site Analyzer to a HP-type inkjet printer. 9600 baud. Antenna Test Port Standard N-type female connector. Optional Test Port Extension Cables and adapters are listed in the Accessory Guide Brochure. The cable is not included. Computer/Power Sensor Port DC Input 7 . Connect the Site Analyzer to a PC serial port or to Bird power sensors.Introduction Connection Description DC Input Parallel Printer Port Computer Port Remote Power Sensor Antenna Test Port CAUTION +22 dBm max. Exceeding the maximum input will damage the Site Analyzer. Plug either the ac power supply or the cigarette lighter adapter into the dc input. 8 data bits. no parity. input Do not apply RF power to Antenna Test Port. 9-pin RS-232 (DB9) serial connector. 1 stop bit. The external supplies operate the unit and charge the internal battery. Input for external power supplies.

Bird Site Analyzer Display Description 1 Measure Match Sample Display 8 7 Measure Match Mode 000.44 33.00 Print Calibration: Full Limit: 1. ABC.18 2 3 9 4 5 6 14 13 Fault Location Sample Display Fault Location Mode Save/ Recall 1.20 0.64 1.07 MHz 0.00 VSWR Auto Scale 33.0 Calibration: Full Print Meters 18.70 M1 Limit Test Off M2 Run 1.70 Limit Test On Run 1.2 10 11 12 8 .12 MHz 33.43 FAIL MHz M1: M2: ∆M: 33.05 MHz 1.00 VSWR Auto Scale 0. 01-JAN-2001 12:01 Save/ Recall 1.

A horizontal line that graphically displays the limit value. Describes the function of the soft key to the left of the description. 2. 4. Indicates the calibration status. Indicates whether the Site Analyzer is using the internal battery or an external power supply.Introduction 1. 10. and indicates the amount of battery life remaining. 5. Trace Calibration Indicator Limit Line Value Limit Test Indicator Limit Line Marker Value Marker Cursor Recalled Name Soft Key Description Graphic display of the measurement. Indicates the limit value. Displays FAIL if any part of the trace exceeds the limit value. Name of the current mode. Indicates if the trace is sweeping. Battery Gauge 14. 6. Indicates the name of a recalled trace. Indicator Ball 11. Indicates the minimum and maximum values displayed on that axis. Mode Indicator 9 . Scale 12. Indicates the position and value of a trace point. Indicates the measurement units for that axis. 9. 8. Units 13. 7. 3. Identifies the trace point displayed in the marker value.

00 Loss(dB) 7 Match 1. Numeric display of secondary values. Indicates the dial’s full scale.0 Watts 600. 6. 3. Numeric display of the primary value. 10 . 4. Sensor Status Primary Measurement Primary Value Measurement Scale Dial Secondary Measurements Secondary Value Indicates the connection status of the power sensor. Identifies measurements not displayed on the dial. Identifies the measurement displayed on the analog dial.Bird Site Analyzer 1 Measure Power Sample Display 2 Display Fwd Measure Power Mode Sensor Connected 3 4 5 6 PwrUnit Watts MatchUnit Rtn Loss Fwd 0. Graphic display of the primary measurement.00 Watts 0. 2. 5.00 Refl 0. 7.

from a full discharge. Be careful when removing the safety cap. The battery gauge indicates the approximate battery life remaining. This will operate the unit for a minimum of 3 hours of continuous usage. Serious injury or death can occur if not properly grounded. from a full discharge.0 AH/20 hour rate can be present inside the receptacle. Adapters The Bird Site Analyzer can be operated using an ac adapter or a 12V automobile cigarette lighter adapter. only connect the plug to a properly grounded receptacle. An ac adapter should be used when operating the unit for the first time. lithium-ion battery pack. 11 . is approximately 4 hours. The liquid acid gel battery will fully charge. Recharging time. 12Vdc @ 2. in about 6-8 hours. At ¼ charge the gauge also displays “LO”. a power cord symbol replaces the battery gauge. When using an external power source. External Battery Pack (Optional) The SA-BATPAK is an optional external battery pack. This will operate the unit for approximately 2 hours. Do not touch the inside of the receptacle. Using these will also charge the internal battery. The possibility of an electric shock exists. rechargeable.Chapter 2 Power Supply Internal Battery Getting Started The Bird Site Analyzer has an internal. WARNING The SA-BATPAK is shipped charged.  NOTE: When the unit is received the battery may not be fully charged. WARNING When using the ac adapter.

7A On SA-BATPAK 4 To charge the external battery pack: 1. Plug the automobile cigarette lighter adapter into the external battery pack on the side that says “To Battery”. Plug the ac adapter into a properly grounded outlet. To use the external battery pack with a Site Analyzer: 1. 2. Plug the ac adapter into the charger adapter.7A On SA-BATPAK CHARGER Battery To 3 1 15V 2.Bird Site Analyzer Electronic Corporation SA-BATPAK CHARGER To Battery 2 Electronic Corporation 15V 2. The charger’s “On” LED comes on and stays on until the charger is disconnected. Refer to the figure above. 3. 2. 12 . Plug the automobile cigarette lighter adapter into the adapter of the charged external battery pack. Plug the other end of the automobile cigarette lighter adapter into the dc input of the Site Analyzer. Plug the other end of the automobile cigarette lighter adapter into the charger adapter. 4.

Getting Started

Power Up
On first power up or after a failure set the unit to default parameters. Refer to “Return to Defaults”, page 83.
Self Test

A self test is run at power up. If the test fails, see “Troubleshooting” on page 90 for instructions. If the problem persists, return the unit for service. The software revision information is displayed during the self test, as shown below.

Model SA-1700, 25 - 1700 MHz SN: 00000000 25 Nov 2002 Copyright © 1998 - 2002 by Bird Electronic Corporation System Information

Have the following system information ready before you begin using the Site Analyzer: Frequency — ex: 33.00 – 33.18 MHz (emergency band) Cable Type — ex: LDF 7-50A Approximate Cable Length — ex: 300 feet Transmitter Power — ex: 50 W

WARNING This equipment should not be connected to an antenna or operated during a storm that has the potential to produce lightning. The possibility exists for electrical shock.

13

Bird Site Analyzer

14

Chapter 3
Calibration Accessories
Calibration Combination including: ! One 50 ohm load ! One Open standard ! One Short standard

Calibration

Test Cable (optional) – Phase-stable for reliable, consistent results. 

NOTE: If a test cable is used to connect the Bird Site Analyzer to the system under test, attach the standards to the end of the test cable during calibration.

Calibrating 

NOTE: For best results, calibrate the Site Analyzer immediately before taking measurements.
Calibration Mode
Open 1.70

Press key from either Measure Match or Fault Location mode

Short VSWR Load 1.00

825.00
Calibration: Off Cal Done

MHz

841.00

15

Wait for a “beep” and for the trace to scroll before continuing. Press the OPEN key. Wait for a “beep” and for the trace to scroll before continuing. ! Press the CAL DONE key. ! Attach the load standard. ! Attach the short standard. The Site Analyzer is now calibrated. New coefficients are calculated. Press the LOAD key. 16 . Press the SHORT key.Bird Site Analyzer ! Press the CALIBRATE key. ! Attach the open standard. Wait for a “beep” and for the trace to scroll before continuing.

Frequency is shown on the x-axis while return loss.Chapter 4 Measure Match Mode This measurement verifies and monitors the match conditions in the antenna system at various frequencies.99 Press the Mode key Measure Match Limit Test OFF Fault Location Press from Select Mode HOLD 1.  NOTE: For best results. or VSWR is shown on the y-axis. cable loss.00 VSWR Auto Scale 25. Measure Match Mode Save/ Recall 99.00 17 . The results are shown on an x-y graph. set the frequency and calibrate the Site Analyzer immediately before taking measurements.00 Calibration: OFF Print MHz 1700.

or span is manually changed.00 VSWR 25. the band will become “Custom”.50 MHz Span: 1675.00 MHz Band List: Custom 18 . the unit’s minimum or maximum frequency will be set instead. If the start. NOTE: If a frequency outside of the Site Analyzer’s range is entered. stop.99 Freq Scale Scale Limit Line Press to display the frequency settings Cable Loss 1.   NOTE: Changing the frequency settings will automatically turn calibration off.00 Center: 862.Bird Site Analyzer Setting the Frequency Frequencies can be set manually or chosen from a list of presets. center.00 Start: 25. Always set the frequency before calibrating the unit.00 MHz Stop: 1700.00 MHz MHz 1700. Press from Measure Match Mode Measure Match Mode Freq 99.

or Span Scale Limit Line Enter a new value Cable Loss 1.00 MHz Stop: 1700. easy. and sets test parameters while eliminating a possible source of operator error.00 MHz Stop: 1700.50 MHz Span: 1675.00 MHz Span: 100. Center.00 MHz Band List: Custom Band List The band list pop-up menu contains frequency band presets.00 MHz MHz 1700.00 MHz Band List: Custom 19 . Using a preset is quick.99 Scroll to Start.Measure Match Mode Measure Match Mode Freq 99. Measure Match Mode Freq 99.00 Center: 862.00 VSWR 25.00 Start: 25.00 VSWR 1500.00 Start: 1500.99 Scroll to Band List Scale Limit Line Cable Loss 1.00 MHz MHz 1700.00 Center: 1600. Stop.

Bird Site Analyzer Measure Match Mode Freq Display the band list and select a frequency band Scale Band <Full Band> Low Emergency Fire Police Emergency Police Police Start 25.00 Start: Stop: 33.00 Stop 1700.62 37.94 Limit Line Cable Loss Measure Match Mode Freq 99.09 MHz 0.00 42.00 33.46 38.00 33.18 33.40 37.00 VSWR 33.18 MHz Emergency 20 .00 40.18 33.00 37.18 MHz MHz Center: Span: Band List: 33.86 39.00 42.00 30.00 33.00 54.99 Activate the selected band Scale Limit Line Cable Loss 1.00 MHz 33.

00 Measure Match Mode Freq 99.99 MHz Auto Scale Units: VSWR 1700.00 VSWR 25.00 Min: 1. cable loss [dB].99 MHz Auto Scale Units: VSWR 1700.00 Min: 10.99 Scroll to Min or Max Scale Limit Line Enter a new value Cable 10. Press from Measure Match Mode Measure Match Mode Freq 99. or VSWR [ratio].00 21 .00 Max: 99.Measure Match Mode Setting the Scale & Unit of Measure The display scale can be set manually or by using Auto Scale. The display can have units of return loss [dB].00 Loss VSWR 25.00 Max: 99.99 Freq Scale Scale Limit Line Press to display the scale settings Cable Loss 1.

99 Auto Scale Limit Test OFF HOLD 1.Bird Site Analyzer Auto Scale Auto Scale automatically sets the display scale so that the entire trace is displayed.00 22 .00 Calibration: OFF Print MHz 1700.70 Scroll to Auto Scale Scale Activate Auto Scale Limit Line Cable Loss 1.00 Min: 1.99 MHz Auto Scale Units: VSWR 1700.00 Max: 99.00 VSWR Press from Measure Match Mode Auto Scale 25. Measure Match Mode Freq 1. Measure Match Mode Save/ Recall Save/ Recall 99.00 Auto Scale can also be activated from the main screen.00 VSWR 25.

Measure Match Mode Setting Units Measure Match Mode Freq 99.00 Max: 99.99 Display the units list and select VSWR.00 VSWR 25. Cable Loss.00 Measure Match Mode Freq 99.99 Scroll to Units Scale Limit Line Cable Loss 1.00 Min: 1.00 23 . or Return Loss Scale Limit Line Cable Loss 1.00 Max: 99.00 VSWR 25.00 Min: 1.99 Units MHz Auto VSWR Scale Rtn Loss Units: VSWR Cable Loss 1700.99 MHz Auto Scale Units: VSWR 1700.

0 Rtn Loss (dB) Scale 25.0 dB Max: 0.00 24 .Bird Site Analyzer Measure Match Mode Freq 0.0 dB MHz Auto Scale Units: Rtn Loss 1700.00 Min: -60.0 Activate the selected unit Limit Line Cable Loss -60.

the cable being tested should have an open on the far end.Measure Match Mode Cable Loss Measurements To measure cable loss.0 Rtn Loss (dB) Scale 25.00 25 .0 Press to deactivate Cable Loss Limit Line Cable Loss -60.00 Calibration: OFF MHz 1700.00 Calibration: OFF MHz 1700.00 Measure Match Mode Freq 0.0 Cable Loss (dB) 25. Measure Match Mode Cable Loss Mode Press from Measure Match Mode Freq 0.0 Scale Limit Line Press to activate Cable Loss Cable Loss -60.

99 Scale Limit Line Enter a new value Cable Loss 1.00 26 . Press from Measure Match Mode Measure Match Mode Freq Press to display the limit line value 99. It appears as a horizontal line at the limit line value.43 MHz 1700.00 Limit Line: 1.00 VSWR 25.Bird Site Analyzer Limit Line The limit line is an option that helps you see a failure.

43 FAIL MHz 33.00 Print Calibration: Full Limit: 1. Test Audio — as Test On. the Site Analyzer will beep if any part of the trace exceeds the limit value. If all of the trace is below the limit value. Test On — enables the comparison. & On Limit Test On HOLD 1.Measure Match Mode Limit Test Limit Test compares the trace to the limit line. that portion is displayed in red and “FAIL” is displayed at the bottom of the screen. If any part of the trace exceeds the limit value.00 VSWR Press from Measure Match Mode Auto Scale 33. Audio. In addition.70 Toggle between Off. 27 .18 Test Off — disables the comparison and the pass/fail indicator. “PASS” is displayed at the bottom of the screen. Measure Match Mode Save/ Recall 1.

1 dB.18 28 .01. The exact values of M1.30 0. and Active M1 Active 1.10 33.00 Calibration: Full MHz M1: M2: ∆M: 33.15 MHz 33. M2. and the delta marker (difference of M1 and M2) are displayed at the bottom of the screen.05 MHz 1. it becomes ON (displayed) when M2 becomes Active. Measure Match Mode Toggle between Off. Press from Measure Match Mode  NOTE: If M1 was Active.40 1. On. or Return or Cable Loss to 0.70 ∆M Single VSWR M2 On M1 M2 Toggle between Off and Single 1.00 33.Bird Site Analyzer Marker Adjustment Markers indicate VSWR to 0.10 MHz 0.

05 MHz 1.12 MHz 33.00 Calibration: Full MHz M1: M2: ∆M: 33.07 MHz 0.00 33.70 M1 Locate the highest point of the trace ∆M Single VSWR M2 On Locate the lowest point of the trace M2 1.20 0.Measure Match Mode Move across the trace Measure Match Mode M1 Active 1.44 33.64 1.18 29 .

18 30 .70 Toggle between Run and Hold Limit Test Off Run 1. It is active when a lock appears in the indicator ball.00 VSWR Press from Measure Match Mode Auto Scale 33.Bird Site Analyzer Measurement Hold Measurement Hold stops tracing at the end of the current measurement and displays the last measurement result. Measure Match Mode Save/ Recall 1.00 Calibration: Full Print MHz 33.

44 33.20 0.18 31 .00 VSWR Press from Measure Match Mode Auto Scale 33.00 Calibration: Full Print MHz M1: M2: ∆M: 33. Measure Match Mode Save/ Recall 1.64 1.07 MHz 0.05 MHz 1.12 MHz 33.Measure Match Mode Printing The Bird Site Analyzer can print the information displayed on the screen to any HP Deskjet printer that supports the PCL Level 3 protocol.70 M1 Prints the information on the screen Limit Test Off M2 Run 1.

Bird Site Analyzer 32 .

set the frequency span. Distance from the Site Analyzer is shown on the x-axis.70 Press the Mode key Limit Test On Press from Select Mode Run 1. The measurement results are displayed on an x-y graph.Chapter 5 Fault Location Mode This measurement identifies the position of impedance discontinuities (faults) within the antenna/feeder system.0 Calibration: Full Print Meters 18.00 VSWR Auto Scale 0. Fault Location Mode Save/ Recall 1. while relative magnitude of the discontinuity is shown on the y-axis.2 33 .  NOTE: For best results. and calibrate the Site Analyzer immediately before taking measurements. the cable type.

3 64.5 13.6 18.9 39.9 625.4 6.2 11.7 39.3 7.7 46.9 8. For best results.2 85.2 58.0 198.3 114.  NOTE: Changing the frequency settings will automatically turn calibration off.2 2.2 4.3 13.4 22.3 78.5 29.0 18.5 5.6 26.1 146.7 3.0 49.4 8.5 77.8 234.9 999.0 ft 999.3 Distance m 999.0 44.1 256.8 16.0 9.1 34 .0 9.6 50.0 9.3 110.3 3.6 50.1 6.7 7.0 10.7 ft 999.1 44.3 312.3 7.1 33.9 264.4 11.0 19.1 34.0 99.0 24.9 3.9 999.2 5.0 128.6 192.2 342.8 156.6 85.2 55.8 19.6 117.6 50.6 4.9 4.5 154.1 22.0 96.9 769.4 2.3 19.5 469.9 16.5 33.0 48.9 513.6 16.2 61.0 102.0 33.9 999.9 in 50.0 17.6 128.1 12.6 50.0 176.0 66 % Resolution cm 396.6 52.8 384.0 26.0 64.5 14.3 88 % Resolution cm 421.7 14.9 in 50. Always set the frequency before calibrating the unit.3 26.8 5.5 73.3 3.0 66.1 23.3 78.2 62.8 31.0 132. Table 1: Fault Location Distance and Resolution Velocity Percentage Freq Span (MHz) 25 50 75 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1200 1400 1600 1675 Distance m 938.7 7.3 26.8 2.9 256.7 417.5 14.4 8.9 999.3 171.9 999.4 104.5 5.2 3.7 13.1 312.8 6. use the table below to select the frequency span which matches the length and propagation velocity of the cable under test.5 19.6 50.6 205.Bird Site Analyzer Setting the Frequency Span The frequency span and relative propagation velocity determine the maximum distance at which distanceto-fault measurements can be taken.8 14.6 39.1 46.0 132.

00 MHz MHz 1700.00 Center: 862.00 Calibration: OFF Print MHz 1700.99 Freq Scale Scale Limit Line Press to display the frequency settings Cable Loss 1.00 Measure Match Mode Press the Config key Freq 99.00 VSWR 25.00 MHz Stop: 1700.296.Fault Location Mode For example. for a cable with a dielectric constant of 2.00 Start: 25.50 MHz Span: 1675.00 MHz Band List: Custom 35 . the velocity percentage is 66%. If the cable is 100 feet long.99 Press the Mode key Measure Match Limit Test OFF Fault Location Press from Select Mode HOLD 1. The resolution of the graph will be 5 inches. then the Site Analyzer should be set to a frequency span of 700 MHz. Measure Match Mode Save/ Recall 99.00 VSWR Auto Scale 25.

99 Scroll to the Span value Scale Limit Line Enter the value from Table 1 Cable Loss 1. the span will be set to the maximum possible value.50 Start: Stop: 762. 36 .Bird Site Analyzer Measure Match Mode Freq 99. the center of the SA-1700’s range.50 MHz MHz 962. set the center frequency to 862.00 VSWR Auto Scale 0.99 Press the Mode key Limit Test On Press from Select Mode HOLD 1.5 MHz. In this case.5 If you enter a span greater than the current settings allow.00 VSWR 762. and try to set the span again.0 Calibration: OFF Print Meters 30.00 MHz Band List: Custom Fault Location Mode Save/ Recall 99.50 MHz 962.50 MHz Span: 200.50 Center: 862.

Fault Location Mode Setting the Cable Type The cable type can be set manually or chosen from a list of presets. If the velocity of propagation or loss is manually changed.00 0. the cable will become “Custom”.105 dB/m Cbl Type 37 .99 Scale VSWR Limit Line Scroll to Velocity of Propagation or Loss Smooth Low 1.8800 Cable List: Custom Loss: 0.: 0.  NOTE: Changing the cable type or velocity of propagation will reset the distance scale to the maximum possible distance.0 Meters 18. Press from Fault Location Mode Fault Location Mode Press to display the cable settings Distance 99.2 Vel. Always set the cable type before setting the distance scale. Prop.

1089 0. Fault Location Mode Distance Scroll to Cable Type Scale Type 5062 5088 5092 5128 5228 5328 5438 FSJ1-50A Vp@1Ghz Loss 0.00 0.1447 0.8200 0. and sets test parameters while eliminating a possible source of operator error.1047 0.0312 0. easy.262 dB/m Cbl Type Cable List The cable list pop-up menu contains cable presets.8800 0.8800 0.2 Vel.1968 Display the cable list and select a cable Limit Line Smooth Low Cbl Type 38 .8800 Cable List: Custom Loss: 0.Bird Site Analyzer Fault Location Mode Distance 99. Using a preset is quick.0 Meters 18.0745 0.99 Enter a new value Scale VSWR Limit Line Smooth Low 1.0420 0.8400 0.8800 0.8800 0.0259 0.: 0.8800 0. Prop.8200 0.

Fault Location Mode Fault Location Mode Distance 99.: 0.1447 dB/m Cbl Type 39 .0 Vel.00 0.0 Meters 5062 17. Prop.8200 Cable List: Loss: 0.99 Activate the selected cable Scale VSWR Limit Line Smooth Low 1.

2 Scroll to Start or Stop Cbl Type Fault Location Mode Distance 99.99 Enter a new value Scale VSWR Limit Line Smooth Low 1.0 m 18.00 VSWR 0. (See Table 1 on page 34) Press from Fault Location Mode Fault Location Mode Distance 99.0 Cbl Type 40 .00 0.0 Start: Stop: 0.0 Start: Stop: 0.Bird Site Analyzer Setting the Distance The maximum possible Stop Distance is determined by the frequency span.0 m 10.2 m Meters Units: Meters 18.0 m Meters Units: Meters 10.99 Scale Press to display the distance settings Limit Line Smooth Low 1.

Fault Location Mode Setting Units Fault Location Mode Distance 99.00 0.99 Activate the selected unit Scale VSWR Limit Line Smooth Low 1.2 Cbl Type Fault Location Mode Distance 99.9 ft Feet Units: Feet 59.9 Cbl Type 41 .00 VSWR 0.0 ft 59.2 m Units Meters Units: Meters Meters Feet 18.0 m 18.0 Start: Stop: 0.0 Start: Stop: 0.99 Scroll to Units Scale Display the units list and select Meters or Feet Limit Line Smooth Low 1.

00 1.2 Cbl Type 42 . Press from Fault Location Mode Fault Location Mode Distance 99.99 Scale VSWR Limit Line Press to display the scale settings Smooth Low 1.07 Meters Auto Scale Units: VSWR 18.0 Min: 1.07 Scroll to Min or Max Scale Limit Line Enter a new value Smooth Low 1.2 Cbl Type Fault Location Mode Distance 1.Bird Site Analyzer Setting the Scale & Unit of Measure The display scale can be set manually or by using Auto Scale. The display can have units of return loss [dB] or VSWR [ratio].99 Meters Auto Scale Units: VSWR 18.0 Min: Max: 1.00 VSWR 0.00 0.00 Max: 99.

00 VSWR Auto Scale 0.2 43 .Fault Location Mode Auto Scale Auto Scale automatically sets the display scale so that the entire trace is displayed. Fault Location Mode Save/ Recall Save/ Recall 1.0 Min: 1.70 Auto Scale Press from Fault Location Mode Limit Test On Run 1.00 Max: 99.99 Meters Auto Scale Units: VSWR 18.0 Calibration: Full Print Meters 18.07 Scroll to Auto Scale Scale Activate Auto Scale Limit Line Smooth Low 1.2 Cbl Type Auto scale can also be activated from the main screen. Fault Location Mode Distance 1.00 VSWR 0.

99 Limit Line Smooth Low 1.0 Min: 1.99 Units Meters MHz Auto Scale VSWR Units: Rtn VSWR Loss 18.99 Scroll to Units Scale Limit Line Smooth Low 1.00 Max: 99.0 Min: 1.00 VSWR 0.00 VSWR Display the units list and select VSWR or Return Loss Scale 0.99 Meters Auto Scale Units: VSWR 18.2 Cbl Type 44 .Bird Site Analyzer Setting Units Fault Location Mode Distance 99.2 Cbl Type Fault Location Mode Distance 99.00 Max: 99.

0 Min: -60.0 dB Meters Auto Scale Units: Rtn Loss 18.0 Rtn Loss (dB) Scale 0.Fault Location Mode Fault Location Mode Distance 0.0 dB Max: 0.2 Cbl Type 45 .0 Activate the selected unit Limit Line Smooth Low -60.

0 Limit Line: 1.2 Cbl Type 46 .00 0.50 Meters 18. Press from Fault Location Mode Fault Location Mode Distance Press to display the limit line value 99.Bird Site Analyzer Limit Line The limit line is an option that helps you see a failure.99 Scale VSWR Limit Line Enter a new value Smooth Low 1. It appears as a horizontal line at the limit line value.

Fault Location Mode Limit Test Limit Test compares the trace to the limit line.00 VSWR Auto Scale 0. 47 .2 Test Off — disables the comparison and the pass/fail indicator.70 Press from Fault Location Mode Toggle between Off. In addition.43 FAIL Meters 18.0 Print Calibration: Full Limit: 1. Fault Location Mode Save/ Recall 1. the Site Analyzer will beep if any part of the trace exceeds the limit value. Test Audio — as Test On. If any part of the trace exceeds the limit value. & On Limit Test On HOLD 1. Audio. If all of the trace is below the limit value. Test On — enables the comparison. that portion is displayed in red and “FAIL” is displayed at the bottom of the screen. “PASS” is displayed at the bottom of the screen.

Press from Fault Location Mode  NOTE: If M1 was Active.30 0.1 dB.00 0.Bird Site Analyzer Marker Adjustment Markers indicate VSWR to 0.2 m 5. M2. Fault Location Mode Toggle between Off. and Active M1 Active 1.2 48 . it becomes ON (displayed) when M2 becomes Active.1 m 1. The exact values of M1. or Return Loss to 0.10 18. On.01.3 m 10.70 ∆M Single VSWR M2 On M1 M2 Toggle between Off and Single 1.40 1. and the delta marker (difference of M1 and M2) are displayed at the bottom of the screen.0 Calibration: Full Meters M1: M2: ∆M: 15.

12 18.20 0.7 m 1.1 m 8.4 m 4.00 0.0 Calibration: Full Meters M1: M2: ∆M: 13.2 49 .70 M1 Locate the highest point of the trace ∆M Single VSWR M2 On Locate the lowest point of the trace M2 1.Fault Location Mode Move across the trace Fault Location Mode M1 Active 1.32 1.

Three levels of smooth are available.0 Cbl Type Fault Location Mode Distance 1.0 Cbl Type 50 .Bird Site Analyzer Smooth Smooth is an option that will digitally average the displayed trace.70 Press from Fault Location Mode Scale Limit Line Smooth None 1. Fault Location Mode Distance 1.0 Calibration: Full Meters 10.00 VSWR 0. and High Scale Limit Line Smooth High 1. Medium.00 VSWR 0. Low.70 Toggle between None.0 Calibration: Full Meters 10.

Fault Location Mode Measurement Hold Measurement Hold stops tracing at the end of the current measurement and displays the last measurement result.0 Calibration: Full Print Meters 18. Fault Location Mode Save/ Recall 1. It is active when a lock appears in the indicator ball.00 VSWR Auto Scale 0.2 51 .70 Press from Fault Location Mode Toggle between Run and Hold Limit Test Off Run 1.

32 1. Fault Location Mode Save/ Recall 1.2 52 .00 VSWR Auto Scale 0.20 0.1 m 8.Bird Site Analyzer Printing The Bird Site Analyzer can print the information displayed on the screen to any HP Deskjet printer that supports the PCL Level 3 protocol.70 M1 Press from Fault Location Mode Prints the information on the screen Limit Test Off M2 Run 1.4 m 4.0 Calibration: Full Print Meters M1: M2: ∆M: 13.7 m 1.12 18.

Save and Recall Save Reg Recall Description Date 001 015 ALPHA RX02 05-OCT-2001 11:26 Press from Measure Match or Fault Location Mode Label Delete 1 of 1: Setup 53 .Chapter 6 Save and Recall Traces and setups can be stored in nonvolatile memory. along with descriptive labels and a time-date stamp.

Bird Site Analyzer Save Trace Save and Recall Save Reg Recall Description Date Press from Save and Recall The trace is saved 001 015 ALPHA RX02 000 05-OCT-2001 11:26 05-OCT-2001 11:26 Label Delete 2 of 2: Setup 54 .

) QuickText N C F O I L O R U X / [Space] : @ # _ * ( Space Shortcuts off. 55 .Save and Recall Trace Label Save and Recall Delete Press from Save and Recall The Label menu is displayed M A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W Z . . See config/help for details.

. If the numeric shortcuts are on. ) QuickText B Press to enter a letter. Scroll to a column Save and Recall Delete 016 B A A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W Z . Entering Letters Delete is always the first softkey. press a number key once to enter a number. ) QuickText N C F O I L O R U X / [Space] : @ # _ * ( Space Shortcuts off. Save and Recall Delete Enter numbers using the number pad. See config/help for details. 016 M A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W Z . 56 .Bird Site Analyzer Entering Numbers If the numeric shortcuts are off. press the key twice. The characters in the highlighted column can be entered using the other softkeys. . See config/help for details. or space C F C I L O R U X / [Space] : @ # _ * ( : Shortcuts off. symbol.

Scroll to the text to be changed OR Delete Save and Recall 016 BETA RX01 P A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W Z . See config/help for details. not TX01 Save and Recall Delete 016 BETA TX01 V A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W Z . . . See config/help for details. 57 . ) QuickText Q C F R I L O R U X / [Space] Press to replace the character under the cursor : @ # _ * ( Space Shortcuts off. ) QuickText W C F X I L O R U X / [Space] : @ # _ * ( * Shortcuts off.Save and Recall Changing Labels The label should be RX01.

See config/help for details. ) QuickText W Press to delete the character to the left of the cursor C F X I L O R U X / [Space] : @ # _ * ( * Shortcuts off.Bird Site Analyzer Deleting Labels Scroll to the text to be deleted Save and Recall Delete 016 TX01 V A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W Z . 58 . .

Save and Recall Saving Labels A complete label Delete 016 BETA TX01 Save and Recall V A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W Z . ) QuickText W C F X I L O R U X / [Space] : @ # _ * ( * Shortcuts off. . Save and Recall Save Save the label Recall Reg Description Date 001 015 ALPHA RX02 000 016 BETA TX01 05-OCT-2001 11:26 05-OCT-2001 11:26 Label Delete 2 of 2: Setup 59 . See config/help for details.

60 . QuickText . ) QuickText Delete C F View QText I L O R U X / [Space] : @ # _ * ( Shortcuts off.Bird Site Analyzer Trace Label Quicktext Store commonly used label elements in the Quicktext to speed label entry. Save and Recall Select Press to view the full Quicktext entry Add to Qtext A D G J M P S [Enter] V Y B E H K N Q T W Z 016 BETA 016 BETA . ) Delete C F View QText I L O R U X / [Space] : @ # _ * ( Shortcuts off. See config/help for details. . View Quicktext If a Quicktext entry is more than 15 characters long. Save and Recall Select From Trace Label. scroll past the rightmost column to activate Quicktext Add to Qtext A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W Z . See config/help for details. the complete entry will not be shown in the QuickText column.

Save and Recall Create Quicktext Enter text into the label. then activate Quicktext Save and Recall Select 016 BETA Add to Qtext A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W Z . ) Delete C F View QText I L O R U X / [Space] : @ # _ * ( Shortcuts off. ) QuickText Delete C F View QText I L O R U X / [Space] : @ # _ * ( Shortcuts off. 61 . See config/help for details. QuickText . See config/help for details. . Save and Recall Select 016 BETA Press to store the label contents in QuickText Add to Qtext A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W Z 016 BETA .

. See config/help for details.Bird Site Analyzer Use Quicktext Save and Recall Select Scroll to a Quicktext entry Add to Qtext A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W RX TX BETA ZALPHA . QuickText Delete C F View QText I L O R U X / [Space] ) : @ # _ * ( Shortcuts off. . See config/help for details. QuickText Delete C F View QText I L O R U X / [Space] ) : @ # _ * ( Shortcuts off. 62 . Save and Recall Select TX Press to insert the Quicktext at the cursor Add to Qtext A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W RX TX BETA ZALPHA .

Save and Recall Delete Quicktext Save and Recall Select Scroll to a Quicktext entry Add to Qtext A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W RX TX BETA ZALPHA . See config/help for details. Delete C F View QText I L O R U X / [Space] ) : @ # _ * ( Shortcuts off. Save and Recall Select Press to delete the Quicktext entry Add to Qtext A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W Z RX BETA ALPHA . 63 . QuickText . . See config/help for details. QuickText Delete C F View QText I L O R U X / [Space] ) : @ # _ * ( Shortcuts off.

See config/help for details. Save and Recall Help Press from Trace Label Disable Shortcuts 016 BETA TX01 Use LEFT or RIGHT arrows to select column or A NUMBER D G keys J M P S V Y . When shortcuts are enabled. Use to select column Use SOFTKEYS to enter letters Press NUMBER keys TWICE to enter digits Use DOWN to move cursor B UP Eor H K arrows N Q T W Z . 64 . Label Shortcuts Enabling shortcuts allow you to select a column by pressing the key corresponding to the column number. See config/help for details. press the number key once to move the column. [Enter] QuickText C F Press to display the help screen Done I L O R U X / [Space] 4 5 6 ) 0 : @ # 1 2 3 _ * 7 8 ( 9 Shortcuts on.Bird Site Analyzer Trace Label Config Label Help Label Help provides instructions for labelling traces. Save and Recall Press from Trace Label Help Disable Shortcuts A D G J M P S V Y B E H K N Q T W Z C F I L O R U X / [Space] 4 5 6 . Use ENTER or ESC to exit. . and twice to enter a number. ) 0 QuickText Toggle between Enable and Disable Done : @ # 1 2 3 _ * 7 8 ( 9 Shortcuts on.

Limit Line Save and Recall Save Setup Recall Frequency Temp Date 00 824-849 32 05-OCT-2001 09:01a Press from Save and Recall The Setup menu is displayed Delete Traces Save and Recall Save Setup Recall Frequency Temp Date Press to save the current setup 00 01 824-849 780-2500 32 25 05-OCT-2001 09:01a 23-OCT-2001 11:26a Delete Traces 65 .Save and Recall Save Setup Saving the setup will save the following: Scale Min Scale Max Start Distance Stop Distance Start Frequency Stop Frequency Units FM Status Center Frequency Span Frequency Calibration Coeff.

. The frequency range will be changed to the recalled trace’s settings. 016 BETA TX0.00 66 . press the ESCAPE key from the Save and Recall screen. To remove a recalled trace from the display. scroll to the trace to be recalled Reg Recall Description Date 001 015 ALPHA RX02 000 016 BETA TX01 05-OCT-2001 11:26 05-OCT-2001 11:26 Label Delete 2 of 2: Setup Measure Match Mode 000.. Save and Recall Save From Save and Recall.00 VSWR OR Auto Scale 825.Bird Site Analyzer Recall Trace When a trace is recalled it is displayed along with the trace currently being measured.70 Limit Test On The trace is recalled Hold 1.  NOTE: Calibration is automatically turned off if the recalled trace has a different frequency range.00 Calibration: Full Print MHz 841.. 05-OCT-2001 11:26 Save/ Recall 1.

calibrate the Site Analyzer immediately before taking measurements. Save and Recall Press from Save and Recall The Setup menu is displayed Save Setup Recall Frequency Temp Date 00 01 824-849 780-2500 32 25 05-OCT-2001 09:01a 23-OCT-2001 11:26a Scroll to the setup to be recalled Delete Traces Measure Match Mode Save/ Recall 99.00 VSWR OR Auto Scale 780.00 Calibration: Full Print MHz 2500.00 67 .99 Limit Test On The setup is recalled Hold 1.Save and Recall Recall Setup  NOTE: For best results.

Bird Site Analyzer

Delete Trace
Save and Recall
Save

From Save and Recall, scroll to the trace to be deleted

Reg Recall

Description

Date

001 015 ALPHA RX02 000 016 BETA TX01

05-OCT-2001 11:26 05-OCT-2001 11:26

Label

Delete

2 of 2:
Setup

Save and Recall
Save Reg Recall Description Date

001 015 ALPHA RX02

05-OCT-2001 11:26

Press to delete the trace. Press again when asked “Are You Sure?”

Label

Delete

1 of 1:
Setup

68

Save and Recall

Delete Setup

Save and Recall
Press from Save and Recall The Setup menu is displayed
Save Setup Recall Frequency Temp Date

00 01

824-849 780-2500

32 25

05-OCT-2001 09:01a 23-OCT-2001 11:26a

Scroll to the setup to be deleted

Delete

Traces

Save and Recall
Save Setup Recall Frequency Temp Date

00

824-849

32

05-OCT-2001 09:01a

Press to delete the setup. Press again when asked “Are You Sure?”

Delete

Traces

69

Bird Site Analyzer

70

do not exceed 2 W average or 125 W peak power for 5 µs. please contact Customer Service.. Up to three measurement values can be simultaneously displayed. An external sensor is required to measure RF power.. Press from Select Mode CAUTION When using a Bird 5011. 71 . Doing so will render the sensor inoperative. To upgrade a standard SA-1700. Press the Mode key PwrUnit Watts Warning: Do not apply power to the RF test port. Measure Power Mode Waiting for Sensor. For best results with element-based sensors.Chapter 7  Measure Power Mode NOTE: Power measurement is only available with the SA-1700-P. depending on the sensor. One measurement is also displayed on an analog dial. This measurement verifies and monitors the condition of the transmitter system. connect the sensor and enter the power rating of the forward element before taking any readings.

00 Refl Match 0. the sensor status message will change from “Waiting for Sensor” to “Sensor Connected” and the warning message will be replaced by the main display. an external power sensor connected to the Remote Power Sensor Port must be used.0 Watts 600. A 9 pin serial cable should be used. labeled “Remote Power Sensor” (see “Connection Description” on page 7). When a sensor is properly connected to the Site Analyzer. A sensor is properly connected Display Fwd Measure Power Mode Sensor Connected Fwd PwrUnit Watts MatchUnit Rtn Loss 0.00 Loss(dB) 72 . For power measurement. input Do not apply RF power to Antenna Test Port.00 Watts 0. Exceeding the maximum input will damage the Site Analyzer.Bird Site Analyzer Connecting a Sensor CAUTION +22 dBm max. The antenna test port is only used for testing unpowered systems. Connect the Bird Site Analyzer to power sensors using the built-in serial port.

000 KWatts 1.20 Enter the forward element power Offset FullScale 0.00 Watts 73 . The reflected element’s power rating should be 10% of the forward element’s. For element-based sensors. Press from Measure Power Mode Measure Power Mode Configuration Screen Scroll to Full Scale Recall Setups Fwd 0. enter the power listed on the forward element.Measure Power Mode Setting the Full Scale Power The Bird Site Analyzer will automatically set the full scale power for sensors that do not use elements.00 dB 1000.

00 dB 74 .00 KWatts 24.Bird Site Analyzer Setting the Offset To read unattenuated power when using a coupler or attenuator.00 Refl Match 0.00 KWatts 24.00 Enter the new value Offset FullScale 16. enter (in dB) the attenuation or coupling factor. To convert percentages to dB. use the equation: Attenuation(dB) = 10 x Log10 [Attenuation(%) / 100] Press from Measure Power Mode Recall Setups Measure Power Mode Configuration Screen Fwd Scroll to Offset 0.00 Watts Measure Power Mode Esc Sensor Connected Display Fwd The offset is displayed at the bottom of the main display Fwd PwrUnit KWatts MatchUnit Rtn Loss 0.00 Watts 0.00 Loss(dB) Offset 16.00 dB 500.

Press from Measure Power Mode Measure Power Mode Select Power Setup Recall Name Setup1 Dflt1 Dflt2 Dflt3 Dflt4 Dflt5 Dflt6 Dflt7 Offset Scale Press to display the Power Setup menu 16.00 W Measure Power Mode Configuration Screen Scroll to the setup to be recalled Recall Setups Fwd 0.00 KWatts 50.00 1000.00 500.00 W 0. then stored in the Site Analyzer’s nonvolatile memory.00 500.00 W 0.00 W 0.00 500.00 500.00 W 0.00 500.00 500.Measure Power Mode Recall Setups Power measurement setups can be created using the Bird Site Analyzer PCTool Software.00 Watts 75 .00 W 0.00 The setup is recalled Offset FullScale 16. These setups store both the offset and full scale power.00 W 0.00 W 0.00 dB 1000.00 500.

Refl. Reflected power and match will not be displayed.  NOTE: When using a terminating power sensor.Bird Site Analyzer Choosing the Displayed Measurement The primary display shows one value on the large numerical display and the dial.00 Fwd Refl 0. Measure Power Mode Sensor Connected Display Match Match Toggle between Fwd. only forward power can be measured.00 Loss (dB) 0.0 Watts 0. and Match PwrUnit Watts MatchUnit Rtn Loss 0.00 Watts 76 . Other measurements are displayed numerically below the dial.

Return Loss.00 Toggle between VSWR. and Match Efficiency MatchUnit VSWR Refl Match -30.00 VSWR 77 .Measure Power Mode Setting Units Toggle between Watts and dBm Display Fwd Measure Power Mode Sensor Connected Fwd PwrUnit dBm -30.00 dBm 58.00 dBm 2.

For example. measuring a 5 mW signal will give a reading of 4. if the zero value is –2 µW.00 This will take about 45 seconds to complete. a 4% error. make sure the sensor has been connected to the Site Analyzer and the SA turned on for at least 5 minutes. Measure Power Mode Configuration Screen Press from Measure Power Mode Recall Setups Fwd Calibrate 5011 0.  NOTE: For best results. Over time. a 0. The Bird 5011 is a highly accurate terminating power sensor. the sensor’s “zero value” (reading with no applied RF power) can drift.00 dB 0. Do not apply RF power to the sensor during calibration. To keep this drift from causing a significant error.01 Watts 78 .Bird Site Analyzer Calibrating the Bird 5011 CAUTION When using a Bird 5011. Do you wish to continue? [Enter/Esc] Press to begin the calibration Offset FullScale 0. Measuring a 50 µW signal will give a reading of 48 µW.998 mW.04% error. rezero the sensor as necessary.00 mWatts 12. do not exceed 2 W average or 125 W peak power for 5 µs. Doing so will render the sensor inoperative. making all readings inaccurate by this value.

Offset FullScale 0.00 dB 0.00 WARNING Do not disconnect sensor until cal is complete.01 Watts 79 .00 dB 0.01 Watts Wait for calibration to finish Recall Setups Measure Power Mode Configuration Screen Fwd Calibrate 5011 0.00 mWatts 12.00 Offset FullScale 0.00 mWatts 12.Measure Power Mode Measure Power Mode Configuration Screen Press to the warning Recall Setups Fwd Calibrate 5011 0.

Bird Site Analyzer 80 .

Chapter 8 Utilities These utilities adjust the Bird Site Analyzer’s date and time. return the unit to default settings. Utility Mode System Press the Mode key Printer Model SA-1700. 25 .1700 MHz SN: 00000000 25 Nov 2002 FM Mod Press from Select Mode Rtn To Defaults 81 . or check the printer status.

Bird Site Analyzer Adjust Date and Time Utility Mode System Model SA-1700.2001 12:05 p Rtn To Defaults Utility Mode System Scroll through the date & time Model SA-1700.DEC .1700 MHz Press to display the system settings Printer SN: 00000000 25 Nov 2002 FM Mod Current Date / Time: 12 .2002 12:05 p 82 . 25 .1700 MHz Printer SN: 00000000 25 Nov 2002 FM Mod Change the date or time Rtn To Defaults Current Date / Time: 12 .FEB . 25 .

Utilities Return to Defaults All settings will be returned to the factory presets. Utility Mode System Model SA-1700. This function should be used after a unit failure and on first power up. Rtn To Defaults 83 .1700 MHz Press to return all settings to factory presets Printer SN: 00000000 25 Nov 2002 FM Mod Return to defaults executed. 25 . Saved traces and setups will not be affected.

Bird Site Analyzer FM Modulation The Bird Site Analyzer uses FM modulation to improve its immunity to interfering signals. FM modulation may reduce signal quality. ! FM modulation is on by default. 25 . ! Saving a setup saves the status of the modulation. the modulation should be turned off. and will be turned back on whenever the unit is reset to defaults. ! FM modulation is automatically turned off while the unit is in Cable Loss Mode and returned to its previous state on exiting Cable Loss Mode. In that case. Under certain circumstances.1700 MHz Printer SN: 00000000 25 Nov 2002 FM Mod FM Modulation ON Rtn To Defaults Toggle between ON and OFF 84 . such as while making cable loss or other high reflection measurements with long cables. Utility Mode FM Mod System Rtn To Defaults Model SA-1700.

1700 MHz Press to display the printer status Printer SN: 00000000 25 Nov 2002 FM Mod Printer: Generic HP Ink Jet Printer Status: OK Rtn To Defaults 85 .Utilities Printer The Bird Site Analyzer is compatible all printers that use HP PCL Level 3. 25 . When a printer error occurs. including most HP printers. Utility Mode System Model SA-1700. this screen will display an error message describing the printer problem.

Bird Site Analyzer 86 .

Features ! Multiple Document Interface . The software enables use of a PC for archiving and analyzing measurement data. ! Automatic cursor calibration maintains accurate readouts of trace data even if the x-axis changes. ! Data values can be read off the status bar as the mouse is moved along the trace.44 MB Floppy Drive  NOTE: For more instructions refer to the help files included with the software. 87 .allows any number of trace documents to be open simultaneously. ! Compatible with other cable and antenna testers including the Bird AT Series. ! Documents can be viewed in the frequency or distance domains.Chapter 9 Computer Software The Bird Site Analyzer Software is designed to help you use the Site Analyzer more effectively. or as a Smith chart. ! Intelligent drag-and-drop automatically converts traces to a common scale for precise and reliable comparisons. Computer Requirements To install and run the software. your computer system must meet the following requirements: ! Windows 95 or later ! 486 or better microprocessor running enhanced mode (66 MHz or better recommended) ! 1 MB of free memory ! Hard disk with 3 MB of free space ! 1. ! Supports long file names for easy identification.  NOTE: The Bird Site Analyzer and PCTool software are not compatible with trace data from the Anritsu Site Master.

Bird Site Analyzer 88 .

is approximately 4 hours. Recharging time. 89 . Do not use any other type of cleaning solution. from a full discharge. Charging the Battery The internal battery pack is charged while the Site Analyzer is connected to the ac adapter or the automobile cigarette lighter adapter. Only clean the Site Analyzer with a soft cloth dampened with mild detergent and water. can damage the display unit and labels. and some solvents.Chapter 10 Cleaning Maintenance CAUTION Harsh or abrasive detergents.

give us a call or return the unit for service. Securely connect the ac adapter to the unit. If the problem persists. If the problem is not corrected. Unit will not power up Battery pack drained Battery pack unable to keep a charge AC adapter is not securely connected or is damaged No power supplied at the Restore power to the wall wall receptacle. Locate the problem. Bad calibration combo Context switching operations taking place 90 .Bird Site Analyzer Troubleshooting Any service procedure not covered in this manual should be referred to an authorized service facility. Replace the ac adapter. Press Auto Scale to make the scale is small enough. Utility. receptacle. Problem Possible Cause Possible Correction Charge the battery pack. Check the cable loss and Vp settings. and perform the action listed. return the unit for service. Use a different calibration combo. Wait for screen changes to complete before pressing keys. Internal error hiding the display Fault Location trace appears incorrect Scale too large Incorrect cable loss or velocity of propagation Erratic antenna test measurements Soft Key One beeps when pressed without actually performing any function. Self test fails Error condition Turn the unit off and then back on. Date and time appear. Press Mode. and then Escape. Replace the battery pack. review the possible causes.

Printer). Calibrate the unit immediately before making a measurement. Utility. The limit value is valid. Recalled fault location No fault location trace is invalid. Disconnect the AC adapter. measurement made since last full system initialization (holding down the Contrast key while turning the unit Off). Unit is unable to print. hold down the Contrast key and turn the unit off. Turn the unit back on and continue.Maintenance Problem Keys do not respond Possible Cause Unit is “Locked Up” Possible Correction Turn the unit off and then back on. Limit line not drawing Turn the limit line off and then back on. Correct the error. the test is performed and reported. Limit line disappears in Fault Location Mode. the failing portion of the trace is drawn in red. Internal error Change to Measure Match Mode and then back to Fault Location Mode. Trace drifts outside of specifications Calibration lost 91 . Unit beeps and turns off. Turn the unit back on. Perform a full system initialization. Printer error “Error” is displayed after pressing PRINT. Check the error condition in Utility Mode (Mode.

92 . on a clean surface.  NOTE: Do not tear the protective label covering the EPROM and Reset access. and will not damage any wires when the cover is installed. ! Place the battery in the battery compartment. ! Replace the battery cover and the screws. It is important to replace the cover the same way it was removed. ! Remove the four screws and the battery cover. display side down. Make sure the battery is flat in the compartment.  NOTE: Check the direction of the notch in the battery cover. ! Disconnect and remove the old battery pack from the battery compartment.Bird Site Analyzer Battery Replacement ! Lay the Site Analyzer. ! Install the new battery. Hold the wires coming from the unit while disconnecting the battery. Refer to the figure below. Make sure the wires are firmly connected.

Refer to the figure on the previous page. Follow the instructions in “Battery Replacement”. display side down. page 92. page 92.Maintenance Unit Reset ! Lay the Site Analyzer. ! Remove the battery. ! Replace the battery and battery cover. Follow the directions in “Battery Replacement”. ! Remove the label covering the Reset and EPROM access. ! Press the Reset button with a nonconductive instrument. 93 . ! Place a new label over the Reset and EPROM access area. on a clean surface.

04May2001.sre) and click “Open”.g. The green LED on the SA will turn on and the Flash Updater will display “Connected.” ! Select the data file (e. including all saved traces and setups.Bird Site Analyzer Flash ROM Upgrade The Site Analyzer uses flash-programmable ROM. The status will change to “Waiting to Connect”. the green power LED will turn off and the amber charging LED will start blinking. Use the PC software to save all traces to a PC before updating the flash ROM.  NOTE: The update process will erase the memory of the Site Analyzer. ! Connect the PC to the Site Analyzer’s serial port with the supplied serial cable. ! Select “Yes” to accept the warning and update the flash. 94 . It is not necessary to replace the EPROM to upgrade the firmware. ! The update process takes 3 to 5 minutes. ! Install the FlashLoader program on a PC. ! Run the FlashLoader and click the Begin button. ! Connect the Site Analyzer to the power supply. After this the Site Analyzer will beep several times. ! Turn off the Site Analyzer and disconnect the external power supply. or “No” if you do not want to proceed.

All instruments returned must be shipped prepaid and to the attention of Bird Service Center.com Sales Facilities Parts List Part Name Site Analyzer .Complete With Power Measurement Without Power Measurement AC adapter (15 Vdc output) Automobile cigarette lighter adapter Soft Carrying case 9-pin Serial interface cable PC interface software kit Instruction manual Internal Battery Pack SA-1700-P SA-1700 5A2436 5A2238-2 7002A850 5A2264-09-MF-10 7002A844 920-7002A170S 5A2431 Part Number 95 .bird-electronic. contact the Bird Service Center for a return authorization.Maintenance Customer Service If you need to return the unit for any reason. give us a call or visit our Web site at: http://www. Service Facility Bird Service Center 30303 Aurora Road Cleveland (Solon). Ohio 44139-2794 Phone: (440) 519-2298 Fax: (440) 519-2326 E-mail: bsc@bird-technologies.com For the location of the Sales Office nearest you.

1 dB 0.12 source VSWR. Determined graphically from composite of 1. instrumentation error.Bird Site Analyzer Specifications Antenna Testing Frequency Characteristics Frequency Range: Frequency Resolution: 25 – 800 MHz 800 – 1700 MHz Frequency Accuracy: Number of Points: 25 MHz to 1700 MHz 25 kHz 50 kHz ± 150 kHz (75 ppm) 238 Measurement Range and Resolution Range Return Loss: VSWR: 0. and directivity: Calculated from Return Loss VSWR: Test Port Connectors: Impedance: Directivity N. Female normally supplied 50 Ohms After calibration: Connector N 7/16 Frequency 25 – 1700 MHz 25 – 1700 MHz Directivity – 42 dB – 40 dB Measurement Speed Immunity to Interfering Signals 96 < 3 seconds/sweep (13 ms/data point).01 Measurement Uncertainty (after 1 display refresh)* Return Loss: Refer to the figure on page 100.99 Resolution 0.0 to –60. y-axis set to full scale ≥ 13 dB interferer at desired measurement frequency. test port open.00 to 99.0 dB 1. .

0. determines the maximum distance for which the calculation can be done without aliasing errors. ∆F= Frequency span Y-Axis: Range X-Axis: Y-Axis: Accuracy X-Axis: Y-Axis: Vp Range: * † 0.00 to 99% Accuracy only guaranteed when using a Bird Type B Calibration Combo (See page 101).20 to 1. which together with the frequency range of the match data. 97 .01 VSWR 238 x R 0 to –60 dB ± 2% of full-scale range with Vp = 1 Same as for Return Loss Measurements 0.Maintenance Maximum Input Signal (Damage Level) Output Power ≥ 22 dBm < 0 dBm Distance to Fault (DTF) Measurement Mode: Resolution [R] X-Axis: Internal V p × 3 ×10 R ≡ -------------------------2 × ∆F 8 Where R=Resolution (meters).1 dB. Dielectric Constant – The dielectric constant (εr) of the antenna cable determines the propagation velocity of the cable (Vp=1⁄√εr ).00. or 1. Vp=Velocity of propagation†.

HP Deskjet printers with PCL Level 3 protocol Female DB-9.000 feet (4.28” (265 x 212 x 83 mm) < 5 lbs. no parity.38” x 3. VSWR alarm and BPM (specifications determined by sensor) General Data Storage: 250 traces in fundamental data format stored in non-volatile memory. Environmental Specifications Operating Temp: Storage Temp: Humidity: Altitude: –10° to 50°C (14° to 122°F) –40° to 80°C (–40° to 176°F) 95% maximum (non-condensing) up to 15. Traces may be recalled and displayed in any of the display formats. 9600 baud. and no handshake. compatible with PC serial port. 1 stop bit. Serial RS-232.44” x 8.572 m) 98 .3 Kg) Lithium-ion rechargeable battery 3 hours minimum operating time 9 to 16 Vdc 90 to 264 Vac @ 45 to 66 Hz Female DB-25.Bird Site Analyzer Power Measure Mode (SA-1700P Only) Function: Displays power from Bird power sensors. PC/Remote Power Sensor Interface Port Connector: Protocol: Printer Interface Port Connector: Compatibility: Power Requirements Internal: External DC: External AC: Physical Specifications Dimensions: Weight: 10. 8 data bits. compatible with PC parallel port. (2.

with Amendment A2:1995 99 .Maintenance International Standards EMC: Safety: Calibration Calibration Cycle: Recommended Calibration Interval: User Defined 12 months Conforms to: EN 63126-1:1997 Conforms to: EN 61010-1:1993.

Bird Site Analyzer Measurement Uncertainty (Return Loss after one refresh) 100 .

0 TC-MNFN-5.0 meter 5.Maintenance Optional Equipment Available Precision Open/Short/Load Combination: Connector Type Male N Female N Male 7/16 DIN Female 7/16 DIN Part Number CAL-MN-B CAL-FN-B CAL-ME-B CAL-FE-B Armored (phase stable) Test Cables: Connector Types Male N to Male N Male N to Male N Male N to Male N Male N to Female N Male N to Female N Male N to Female N Male N to Female 7/16 DIN Male N to Female 7/16 DIN Male N to Female 7/16 DIN Length 1.0 meter Part Number TC-MNMN-1.0 TC-MNFE-5.0 Precision Adapters: Connector Types Male N to Male 7/16 DIN Female N to Male 7/16 DIN Male N to Female 7/16 DIN Female N to Female 7/16 DIN Female N to Female N Female N to Male N.0 TC-MNMN-5.0 TC-MNFN-1.0 meter 1.0 meter 1.5 TC-MNFN-3.5 meter 3.0 TC-MNFE-1. Right Angle Female N to Female SMA Female N to Male SMA Part Number PA-MNME PA-FNME PA-MNFE PA-FNFE 4240-500-1 4240-500-3 4240-500-4 4240-500-5 101 .0 meter 5.5 meter 3.0 meter 5.5 TC-MNMN-3.5 TC-MNFE-3.5 meter 3.

armored cable assembly. standard accessories.Bird Site Analyzer Hard Transit Case P/N: 7002C870 Holds Site Analyzer. and adapters. for a complete list of Bird DPM elements. P/N: 5011 Sensor for terminating power measurement. and dc block 102 .5-G 5011–CALDATA Recommended for attenuators. P/N: 5010 Sensor for Thruline power measurement. 1. P/N 871-DPM-019-901. Refer to DPM Element Guide. Requires two DPM elements.5 m Calibration Data 8353A030–10 8353A040–50 5011A035–1 TC-MNFN-1. test cables. External Battery Pack Directional Power Sensor DPM Elements Terminating Power Sensor Terminating Power Sensor Accessories: Description Part Number Female N to Male N Attenuators (RF power range using TPS) 30 dB (10 mW – 10 W) 40 db (100 mW – 50 W) DC Block General Purpose Test Cable Male N to Female N. calibration combo. P/N: SA–BATPAK Includes ac adapter and dc power cord.

from date of shipment and to conform to applicable specifications. blueprints and/ or samples. either examine the products where they are located or issue shipping instructions for return to Seller (transportation-charges prepaid by Buyer). If Seller’s products are claimed to be defective in material or workmanship or not to conform to specifications. WHETHER EXPRESS. Every such claim for breach of these warranties shall be deemed to be waived by Buyer unless made in writing within ten (10) days from the date of discovery of the defect. adjustment or repairs. Seller’s sole obligation under these warranties shall be to issue credit. AND NO PERSON IS AUTHORIZED TO ASSUME FOR SELLER ANY OBLIGATION OR LIABILITY NOT STRICTLY IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE FOREGOING. or any other work. Routine (regularly required) calibration is not covered under this limited warranty. expressly in lieu of all other remedies including claims for special or consequential damages. fuses and batteries. The above warranties shall not extend to any products or parts thereof which have been subjected to any misuse or neglect. In the event any of our products are proved to be other than as warranted. repair or replace any item or part thereof which is proved to be other than as warranted. unless otherwise specified. will be borne by Seller and reimbursement or credit will be made for amounts so expended by Buyer. transistors. SELLER NEITHER MAKES NOR ASSUMES ANY OTHER WARRANTY WHATSOEVER. rendered defective by reason of improper installation or by the performance of repairs or alterations outside of our plant. . damaged by accident. unless such charges are authorized in advance by Seller. upon prompt notice thereof. drawings. blueprints and/or samples. no allowance shall be made for any labor charges of Buyer for replacement of parts.Limited Warranty All products manufactured by Seller are warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of two (2) years. Seller’s warranties do not extend to the failure of tubes. INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. Seller shall. The obligations under the foregoing warranties are limited to the precise terms thereof. In addition. STATUTORY. drawings. or to other equipment and parts manufactured by others except to the extent of the original manufacturer’s warranty to Seller. and shall not apply to any goods or parts thereof furnished by Buyer or acquired from others at Buyer’s request and/or to Buyer’s specifications. These warranties provide exclusive remedies. OR IMPLIED. transportation costs (cheapest way) to and from Seller’s plant.

are in conformance with the provisions of the following standards. 30303 Aurora Road. to which this declaration relates. Ohio 44139-2794 Products: Models: Site Analyzer SA-1700 SA-1700-P The undersigned hereby declares.DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY Manufacturer: Bird Electronic Corporation 30303 Aurora Road Cleveland.1998 . 1993 The technical documentation file required by this directive is maintained at the corporate headquarters of Bird Electronic Corporation. 1973 Including Amendment (93/68/EEC). ! European Standard EN 61010-1:1993 .Fast Transient & Burst Immunity European Standard EN 61000-4-5.1995 . Ohio 44139 Bob Gardiner Director of Quality Bird Electronic Corporation .1995 . Electrical equipment for measurement. EN 61326-1.Conducted & Radiated Emissions European Standard EN 61000-3-2.Part 1: General Requirements Including Amendment 2. Ohio. control and laboratory use.Voltage Dips & Interruptions These standards are in accordance with EMC Directive (89/336/EEC).Radiated RF & EMF Immunity European Standard EN 61000-4-4.Conducted Immunity European Standard EN 61000-4-11. on behalf of Bird Electronic Corporation of Cleveland. 1995.1995 .Harmonic Emissions European Standard EN 61000-4-2.1995 . that the above-referenced products. 1997. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! European Standard EN 55011.Surge Immunity European Standard EN 61000-4-6. This standard is in accordance with Low Voltage Directive (73/23/EEC).ESD Immunity European Standard EN 61000-4-3.1995 . Cleveland.1995 .1995 .