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Beam design handbook

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**CE A432 – Steel Design T. Bart Quimby, P.E., Ph.D. Fall 2009
**

Shear stress: = VQ / Ib

Effect of Plate Slenderness

Shear Buckling

http://www.lusas.com/case/bridge/critical_buckling_analysis.html

Shear Stiffeners

**Effect of Plate Slenderness
**

The three zones

1

SCM Chapter G G2: Strength in Shear – Strong Axis Bending G1: General Provisions Nominal Shear Strength: Cv is the parameter that accounts for slenderness Aw is the area of the web Cv: Plastic Strength Region Cv for the Three Regions Finding kv The Buckling Curve 2 .

8 > 2.345”) = 3.10*sqrt 1.10*sqrt sqrt(5*29000 sqrt(5 (5*29000 (5 29000 ksi ksi/50 /50 ksi ksi) ) = 59.2*29000/50) = 29 Cv = 1 Vn = 0.2 Cv = 1. ) From SCM Equation G2 G2-1.1(b) Check SCM G2.7”)(0. ) Compute Aw Aw = 2 (5.1(b) Flanges carry shear kv = 5.25”)] ksi)[(15. (h/t (h/tw < 260) h/t h/ tw = 56.0 Vn = 118 kips Answer: Try this… Solution Compute the shear strength for a W16x26 without shear stiffeners.10*sqrt(1.795 in2 bf/2tf = 7. bent about it’s minor axis ( (weak axis shear). Compute Vn Vn = 0.2*29000/50) (1.Try this… Solution Compute the shear strength for a W16x26 without shear stiffeners.7”)(0.24*sqrt(29000 (29000 ksi ksi/50 /50 ksi ksi) )= 53.75 Cv h/t h/ tw = 56. A992 steel.795 in2) (1) = 114 k Check Slenderness Compute Vn 3 .24*sqrt 2.97 Plastic Limit = 1. A992 steel.10*sqrt 1.6 Use SCM G2.8 < 1.6 (50 ksi) ksi) (3.25”)] Cv Vn = 117. bent about it’s major j axis (strong ( g axis shear).1(a) Continued… G7: Shear Strength – Weak Axis Bending SCM Section G2.10 1.6 (50 ksi)[(15.5”)(0.

More Shear Round HSS G3: Computes post buckling behavior G4: Strength of Single Angles G5: Rectangular HSS & Box Members Beams with Openings Deflections Deflections are not Safety Related Deflection Behavior The Basic Limit State This was covered in the prerequisite material (mechanics of materials) Beam deflections are computed taking into account span. Actual deflections < Allowable Deflections actual < allowable 4 . and support conditions. load distribution. material stiffness. cross sectional geometry. See SCM Beam Table 3 3-23 (pg 3 3-211) for some useful beam tables.

The ASCE 7 load combinations DO NOT APPLY. use what makes sense for the application Historically Used Limits To protect ‘brittle’ finishes LL < L/360 TL < L/240 Other Considerations Ponding Tolerance of attached elements Tolerance of nonnon-structural elements below Vibrations 5 .Actual Deflections Allowable Deflections Compute using methods of structural mechanics. SCM L3 We are interested in ACTUAL deflections so the LRFD load combinations don’t make sense in this context For load combinations.

uniformly loaded beam: max = (5wL4)/(384EIx) < L/360 Ix > (1800wL3)/(384E) Ix > 2.Try this… Solution Find the lightest W section that will cause deflections to be less that L/360 when a 36 ft long g simply p y supported pp beam is subject to a uniform live load of 2.715 in4 See Ix table (SCM Table 3 3-3. pg 33-20) W27x84 Use: 6 . Deflection for a simply supported.5 k/ft.

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