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Shear Behavior Lecture #15 Beam Design for Shear & Deflection

CE A432 – Steel Design T. Bart Quimby, P.E., Ph.D. Fall 2009

Shear stress:  = VQ / Ib

Effect of Plate Slenderness

Shear Buckling

http://www.lusas.com/case/bridge/critical_buckling_analysis.html

Shear Stiffeners

Effect of Plate Slenderness
The three zones

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SCM Chapter G  G2: Strength in Shear – Strong Axis Bending  G1: General Provisions Nominal Shear Strength:   Cv is the parameter that accounts for slenderness Aw is the area of the web Cv: Plastic Strength Region Cv for the Three Regions Finding kv The Buckling Curve 2 .

8 > 2.345”) = 3.10*sqrt 1.10*sqrt sqrt(5*29000 sqrt(5 (5*29000 (5 29000 ksi ksi/50 /50 ksi ksi) ) = 59.2*29000/50) = 29 Cv = 1 Vn = 0.2 Cv = 1. ) From SCM Equation G2 G2-1.1(b)  Check SCM G2.7”)(0. ) Compute Aw  Aw = 2 (5.1(b)   Flanges carry shear  kv = 5.25”)] ksi)[(15. (h/t (h/tw < 260) h/t h/ tw = 56.0 Vn = 118 kips  Answer:  Try this…  Solution  Compute the shear strength for a W16x26 without shear stiffeners.10*sqrt(1.795 in2 bf/2tf = 7. bent about it’s minor axis ( (weak axis shear). Compute Vn   Vn = 0.2*29000/50) (1.Try this…  Solution  Compute the shear strength for a W16x26 without shear stiffeners.7”)(0.24*sqrt(29000 (29000 ksi ksi/50 /50 ksi ksi) )= 53.75 Cv h/t h/ tw = 56. A992 steel.795 in2) (1) = 114 k  Check Slenderness     Compute Vn  3 .24*sqrt 2.97 Plastic Limit = 1. A992 steel.10*sqrt 1.6 Use SCM G2.8 < 1.6 (50 ksi) ksi) (3.25”)] Cv Vn = 117. bent about it’s major j axis (strong ( g axis shear).1(a)   Continued…  G7: Shear Strength – Weak Axis Bending  SCM Section G2.10 1.6 (50 ksi)[(15.5”)(0.

More Shear   Round HSS G3: Computes post buckling behavior G4: Strength of Single Angles  G5: Rectangular HSS & Box Members Beams with Openings Deflections Deflections are not Safety Related Deflection Behavior  The Basic Limit State    This was covered in the prerequisite material (mechanics of materials) Beam deflections are computed taking into account span. Actual deflections < Allowable Deflections actual < allowable 4 . and support conditions. load distribution. material stiffness. cross sectional geometry. See SCM Beam Table 3 3-23 (pg 3 3-211) for some useful beam tables.

The ASCE 7 load combinations DO NOT APPLY. use what makes sense for the application Historically Used Limits  To protect ‘brittle’ finishes LL < L/360 TL < L/240 Other Considerations     Ponding Tolerance of attached elements Tolerance of nonnon-structural elements below Vibrations 5 .Actual Deflections  Allowable Deflections   Compute using methods of structural mechanics.  SCM L3  We are interested in ACTUAL deflections so the LRFD load combinations don’t make sense in this context For load combinations.

uniformly loaded beam:    max = (5wL4)/(384EIx) < L/360 Ix > (1800wL3)/(384E) Ix > 2.Try this…  Solution  Find the lightest W section that will cause deflections to be less that L/360 when a 36 ft long g simply p y supported pp beam is subject to a uniform live load of 2.715 in4 See Ix table (SCM Table 3 3-3. pg 33-20) W27x84  Use:   6 . Deflection for a simply supported.5 k/ft.