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# ABU SUFFIAN IBRAHIM T 1MTED 1 PROBLEM SOLVING USING POLYA’S MODEL STRATEGIES Strategy 1 : DRAW A PICTURE For this

question, the first strategy that we use is the draw a picture strategy. Question A police station has 25 vehicles consisting of motorcycles and cars. The total number of tyres of both motorcycles and cars equal to 70. Find the number of motorcycles and cars the station has. Answers Step 1: FIND OUT First, we must draw the vehicles with two tyres. Then, we must add the tyres until the number of tyres equal to 70. After that, we can see how much motorcycles and cars. Step 2: CHOOSE A STRATEGY How should we approach this problem? We can make skatches. Step 3: SOLVE IT Before we add 2 more tyres to make the number of tyres become 70: OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO OO

After we add 2 more tyres to make the number of tyres become 70: OOOO OOOO OO OO OO Sign: OOOO – Car OOOO OOOO OO OO OO OOOO OOOO OO OO OO OOOO OOOO OO OO OO OOOO OOOO OO OO OO

OO - Motorcycle

n = 92 and n + 1 = 93. What is the fourth score? . Question In three bowling games. and 144. Strategy 2: FORMULA Question A basic math book is lying open on the teacher’s desk.From this sketches. the book is opened to the pages 92 and 93.92)(n + 93) = 0 n = 92 or n = . So. The teacher tells you that the product of the two facing page is 8556. Lori scored 139.93 (ignored) Therefore. What pages are the books open to? Answer (n)(n + 1) = 8556 n2 + n = 8556 n2 + n – 8556 = 0 (n . we can see how much number of motorcycles and cars at the police station. Strategy 3 : ALGEBRA The first strategy that we use is algebra strategy. What score will she need in a fourth game in order to have an average score of 145 for all four games? Answers Step 1: FIND OUT First. There are 15 motorcycles and 10 cars in the police station. 143. we must know what the question wants.

Ask yourself if there might be other answers. Strategy 4: PROBLEM WITH MORE THAN 1 ANSWER Question Some problems have more than one answer.Step 2: CHOOSE A STRATEGY How should we approach this problem? We can use algebra to solve this problem. He counted 10 legs in one group. While working under the bridge Rodney could see only the legs of those walking by. Step 3: SOLVE IT Let the fourth score as x The average score is 145 So. (139 + 143 +144 + x) /4= 145 426 + x = 145(4) x = 580 – 426 x = 154 So. the 4th score is 154. Try 3 people and 1 sheep 6 legs + 4 legs = 10 legs Correct! Rodney saw 10 legs. The villagers were building a bridge. What combination of sheep and children could have been in that group? Answer        Try 3 people and 2 sheep. That's too many legs. When you find an answer to a problem. . don't stop there. 6 legs + 8 legs = 14 legs I can use guess and check.

Strategy 5 : GUESS AND CHECK The second strategy that we use is guess and check strategy. How many tyres that cars have? 4 tyres. People 1 2 3 4 Legs 2 4 6 8 Sheep 2 2 1 1 Legs 8 8 4 4 Total 10 ok 12 not ok 10 ok 12 not ok There are two possible answers: 1 person and 2 sheep.I can check for other answers. Find the number of motorcycles and cars the station has. Question A police station has 25 vehicles consisting of motorcycles and cars. The total number of tyres of both motorcycles and cars equal to 70. How many tyres that motorcycles have? 2 tyres. How many number of vehicle’s tyres in police station? 70 tyres. I'll organize my work in a table. . Step 1: FIND OUT What is the question we have to answer? How many motorcycles and cars in the police station. How many vehicles in the police station? 25 vehicles. or 3 people and 1 sheep.

the answer is wrong.Step 2: CHOOSE A STRATEGY What strategy will help here? We could model this on paper. Calculation: 1 car has 4 tyres.. we make a table with 5 rows and 3 columns. let’s make a table. So we can see the total of vehicles in the police station is 62 vehicles. . So. in the police station have 6 cars and 19 motorcycles. Then. We could also use equations. but accuracy would suffer. if there has 6 cars and 19 motorcycles. we choose our target. Find the number of motorcycles and cars the station has. But. Step 3: SOLVE IT Firstly.. 1 motorcycle have 2 tyres. The total number of tyres of both motorcycles and cars equal to 70. A police station has 25 vehicles consisting of motorcycles and cars. For example. we try and error with the same ratio until we get the answers which are 15 motorcycles and 10 cars: CARS ( 4 TYRES) 6 7 8 9 10 MOTORCYCLES (2 TYRES) 19 18 17 16 15 TOTAL OF VEHICLES (70 TYRES) 62 64 66 68 70 Solve the following problems using Polya’s model in 2 different strategies. Then. 6 x 4 = 24 and 19 x 2 = 38 And the total of vehicles are 62 (24+38). But.

The answer is correct. The totals of vehicles are 70 (40 + 30).So. Strategy 6: DIAGRAM Use boxes to solve the question × = 8556 Example 13 × 8556 X 1 X 2 26 possibility facing page 2 6 × 1x6=6 2x3=6 3x2=6 6x1=6 =6 selected Possibility facing pages of the book . we try and error with the same ratio until we get the correct answers which are 10 cars and 15 motocycles: 10 x 4 = 40 and 15 x 2 = 30.

. how many code could there be? Answer 8 + 9 + 9 + 9 = 35 9 + 8 + 9 + 9 = 35 9 + 9 + 8 + 9 = 35 9 + 9 + 9 + 8 = 35 9 + 9 + 9 + 9 = 36 Therefore. the two facing pages in the book are 92 and 93. Strategy 7: MAKE A LIST Question An entry code for the headmaster’s personal computer contains four digits.( )2 x ( )3 = 8556 12 x13 = 156 22 x 23 = 506 32 x 33 = 1056 42 x 43 = 1806 52 x 53 = 2756 62 x 63 = 3906 72 x 73 = 5256 82 x 83 = 6806 92 x 93 = 85566 selected Therefore. If the sum of these digits is 35 or greater than that. there are 5 codes altogether.

add 2 to make 3) 6 = 3 + 3 (starting number is 3. If she continues this pattern. Step 3: SOLVE IT Look at the numbers in the pattern. 10. Step 2: CHOOSE A STRATEGY How can you solve the problem? You can find a pattern.Strategy 8: FIND A PATTERN Question: Pian has written a number pattern that begins with 1. Look at the numbers. 6. 15. what are the next four numbers in her pattern? Step 1: FIND OUT What do you need to find? You need to find 4 numbers after 15. add 3 to make 6) 10 = 6 + 4 (starting number is 6. 3. add 4 to make 10) 15 = 10 + 5 (starting number is 10. add 5 to make 15) New numbers will be 15 + 6 = 21 21 + 7 = 28 28 + 8 = 36 36 + 9 = 45 . 3 = 1 + 2 (starting number is 1. The new number depends upon the number before it.

5' 4" = 64" 4' 11" = 59" 64 . How much taller is the tallest knight than the shortest knight? Answer Knight Statistics Name Galahad Gawain Lancelot Hector Height 4' 11" 5' 1" 5' 3" 5' 4" Weight 110 pounds 103 pounds 107 pounds 118 pounds I'll find the data in the chart. Now I'll solve the problem. Galahad is 4' 11" tall. . you need to sort through numbers in a chart to find the data you need. Hector is 5 ' 4" tall.Strategy 9: USING DATA FROM A CHART Question To solve some problems.59 = 5 Hector is 5" is taller than Galahad.

00 he owed him.50 Add RM1.00 Phil's allowance is RM2.00 So---> ^ End with | RM2.00 .00 End with RM2. .50.50? (RM1.50 = RM2. On Wednesday.) Step 1: FIND OUT · How much money did Phil have after Wednesday? (RM2. RM1. how much is his allowance? (Hint: Using the facts given. Jed paid Phil the RM1.00.50) · Was Phil given any money after he got his allowance? (Yes.RM1.50) How much money did Phil have before he spent the RM1.50 | Subtract RM1.50 at the fruit stand.Strategy 10: WORKING BACKWARD Question Phil was given his allowance on Monday.50) Step 3: SOLVE IT Start with ? | | | v Subtract RM1. Jed gave him RM1.00) · Do you know how much Phil's allowance is? (no) · How much did Phil spend at the fruit stand? (RM1.50 | Add RM1.00 + RM1.00 Start with RM2.00.00 on Tuesday night? (no) · How much money did Phil have at the end of Tuesday? (RM2.) Step 2: CHOOSE A STRATEGY · Did Phil have Jed's RM1. On Tuesday he spent RM1.00 = RM1 00) · Did Phil spend money on Tuesday? (yes. start with the amount Phil has now and work backwards. If Phil now has RM2.

How many pencils are in each group? Answer Step 1: FIND OUT What do you need to know? You need to know that there are 18 pencils and they are divided into 3 equal groups . I must place 2 counters so that they are inside both circles. 19 danced the Welsh Dance and 15 danced the Scottish Dance. 32 children joined in the dances. How many children danced in both dances? Answer I'll draw a Venn diagram. I'll put 19 counters inside the Welsh circle. 2 children danced both dances.Strategy 11: USING LOGICAL REASONING Question The Canterbury Dance Festival presented dances from many different countries. I'll put 15 counters inside the Scottish circle. Strategy 12: WRITE A NUMBER SENTENCE Question Sam put 18 pencils in 3 equal groups. To do this with only 32 counters.

Strategy 13: TABLE The second strategy that we use is table strategy. Question In three bowling games. Write a division sentence to divide the pencils in 3 equal groups. What score will she need in a fourth game in order to have an average score of 145 for all four games? Step 1: FIND OUT First. and 144. we must know what the question want. What is the fourth score? Step 2: CHOOSE A STRATEGY How should we approach this problem? We can use table to solve this problem. 143. Step 3: SOLVE IT AVERAGE SCORE 145 145 145 145 AWAY FROM TOTAL AVERAGE -6 -2 -1 +9 SCORE -6 -6 + (-2) = -8 -6 + (-2) + (-1) = -9 +9 AWAY FROM GAME 1st 2nd 3nd 4th SCORE 139 143 144 ? . Step 3: SOLVE IT 8÷3=6 There are 6 pencils in each group. Lori scored 139.Step 2 : CHOOSE A STRATEGY How can you solve the problem? You can write a number sentence to solve the problem.

divide 2 into 6 swords to see how many swords he could make in one day. Strategy 14: MULTIPLE STEP PROBLEMS Question The blacksmith could forge 6 swords in two days.So. the 4th score is 154.   6¸2=3 Then multiply your answer by 9 to see how many swords he could make in 9 days. 145 + 9 = 154 So. How many swords could he forge in 9 days? Answer  First.  3 x 9 = 27 . for the fourth score the value of average need to be adds 9 because the average for 4 scores is 145.