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Above the bit

When a horse raises his mouth above the rider's hands to avoid the pressure of the bit.

Action Aged
Backyard horse

The way a horse moves at various gaits.

A horse over 9 years old.
Cramping of a horse's large muscles, also called "tying up"

A horse that lives with its owner, not in a proper horse barn or stable.


A measurement of hay, equal to 10 "flakes".

Barn sour
Behind the bit

A horse that doesn't like to leave the barn or stable.
When a horse places his head down to evade contact with the bit.

Breeding stock

A horse that doesn't spook.
A mare or stallion that meets the eligibility requirements to be registered as a distinct breed.


A person who breeds purebred horses for a living, or maybe as a hobby.


The entire headpiece, the headstall, bit, chin strap, and reins, is called the bridle.


A female horse that is used strictly for breeding. When a horse jumps upward and arches his back.
Term used in English riding for a three beat gait. This is the same as a lope or slow gallop in Western discipline riding.

Buck Canter Colt
Conditioned response Conformation

A male horse under 4 years old that has not been castrated.
When a horse is trained to a stimulus the same way every time the animal confronts that stimulus.

The overall structure of the horse. What is acceptable conformation depends on what you plan to do with the horse.


When a horse chews on wood on a regular basis (i.e wood stall or fence).


The mother of the horse.
Round, colored markings on a horse's coat.

Easy keeper

Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

A horse that easily keeps his weight.
This is a blacksmith who does horse shoeing.


Filly Flake Foal Gallop

A female horse under 4 years old.

One tenth of a bale of hay.
A baby horse or pony still at its mother's side. The fastest that a horse can run, a three-beat gait.

A castrated male horse.
Lead rope and lunge-line training.

Gut sounds

The noises that can be heard from a horse's stomach.
Rodeo events made up of games such as pole bending and barrel racing.


Hard keeper

This is the common way to measure horses. One hand is 4 inches, so a horse that is 15 hands is 60 inches tall.

A horse whose weight is hard to maintain.


A British term for a halter. When a mare is in heat.

In season


An off spring of a Stud and a Jennie.

Jog Lope Mare

Western discipline term for a slow trot.
Western term for a three-beat gait, the same as canter.

A female horse over 4 years old.
A leather device used to control the position of a horse's head.


The offspring of a male donkey and a female horse.


A large enclosure to hold a horse.
Breeds of small horses, under 14.2 hands tall.
A horse that through generations of unmixed bredding, has and will produce the preferred physical characteristics of the breed.

Put down

Euthanize, put to sleep.
The horizontal bars that make up a jump.

Rails Rogue

A horse with a bad temper.

Saddle rack

Stand to hold your saddle when it's not on a horse.

Sire Sound
Stud book
Tack Horse

The father of a horse.
This is the term to describe a healthy horse. A male horse over 4 years old that has not been castrated.

This is a listing of breeding horses that is maintained by a registering organization.

tack is all the gear that comes with owning a horse. The bridle, saddle, bit, girths, cinches, saddle pads, lead ropes, halters, whips, stirrup irons and stirrup leathers, horse boots, and most other horse things are tack.

Tie down

A Western term for a martingale, used to control the position of a horses head while riding.

Tree Trot

The basic structure of a saddle, which is then covered with leather.

A two-beat gait.
A person who brings their own horse to riding lessons.
When a horse is let out of its stall into a pasture or arena or corral.


A horse with health problems or lameness.


Veterinary Medical Doctor.
A horse under one years old that has been weaned from his mother.


A horse just approaching or just turning one years old.