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DESIGN OF BED BLOCK & DIRT WALL OVER ABUTMENT Reinforcement in abutment bed block: Loads coming from super

structure (a) Reaction from MOST drawing No. BD/4-74 Length of bed bolck Width of bed block Area of bed block = = = = = = = = = 160.62 t 8.45 m 1 m 8.45 x 1 2 8.45 m 160.62 / 8.45 2 19.008 t/m 6.25 M.Pa 2 625 t/m

Pressure on bed block

Allowable bearing pressure for M25grade concrete

Assume thickness of bed block = 300 mm Provide 0.30% of reinforcement for minimum 300mm thickness of the bed block distributed equally both ways at top & bottom Total steel at 0.15% = = = 1000 x 300 x 0.30/100 2 900 mm
2 450 mm

Longitudinal bars at top & bottom Assume diameter of the bar in bed block Area of the bar Number of 12mm dia bars

= = = = say provide 6 nos of 12 dia bars at top and bottom

12 mm 113.097 450 / 113.097 3.978885 6 Nos

Transverse bars:area = = 900 / 2 2 450 mm

Volume of steel per meter

= 450 x 1000 3 = 450000 mm /m Considering 10mm Ø bars as stirrups, length of each stirrups with 40mm cover allowed. = = = = = = = = = say 2 x( 920 + 220) 2280 mm 78.54 2280 x 78.54 3 179071.2 mm 450000 / 179071.2 2.513 1000 / 2.513 397.9308 mm 300 mm

Area of 10mm dia bars Volume of each stirrups

Number of stirrups per meter

Spacing of 10mm dia stirrups

Provide 10mm Ø dia stirrups at 300 mm c/c Design of dirt wall in RCC M 25 grade

12/2 454 mm 0.307 x 2.613 mm 0.437 x 1.165 / 2 0.902 x454) 2 2.751 t/m 0.1 t/m 1.12% of gross area required spacing of 10mm dia 2 leg stirrups at provide Distribution steel:0.667 say 250 mm c/c Provide 10mm dia bars at 250mm c/c on both the faces of horizontals .105 x 1000) = 13.40 .437 t/m 0.214 t .307 3 2.214 x 10^6 /1.33 N/mm 2 200 N/mm 10 0.294 0.105 SQRT( 0.Width of dirt wall Height of dirt wall This is designed for earth pressure A) Moment due to this live load surcharge Active earth pressure coefficient Ka By weight of back fill Height of live load surcharge B) Moment due to earth pressure:Intensity of earth pressure = = 500 mm 1165 mm = = = 0.214 t -m/m Force in dirt wall Moment on dirt wall = = Total moment due to live load surcharge and earth pressure = using M25 grade of concrete cbc st m k j Q Effective depth required = = = = = = = 2 8.42 0.916 mm Effective depth avaliable using 12mm dia bars with 40mm cover = = Area of steel = = = = 500 .5 x 1000 / 300 = 261.165 x 0.214x 10^6 /(200 x 0.12 x 500 x 1000/100 2 600 mm 262 mm 250 mm Minimum steel at 0.m 0.751 x 1.2 m = = = = = Kaγh 0.165 2 0.12% of the gross area Spacing required on one side 2 = 600 mm = 78.1 x 1.902 1.