This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
He came to the United States in 1884. 1942 in Oxford. 1955. the "Tesla coil. At age 21. and briefly worked with Thomas Edison before the two parted ways. he won the Nobel Prize for physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. England. Württemberg. Despite his debilitating illness. His 1891 invention. In 1921. Hawking was diagnosed with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). while studying cosmology at Cambridge. Albert Einstein developed the special and general theories of relativity. in Princeton. he has done ground-breaking work in physics and cosmology and his several books strive to make science accessible to everyone. Germany in 1879. to George Westinghouse. he showed a passion for science and the sky. . He died on April 18. Einstein is generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century. Serbian-American inventor Nikola Tesla was born in July of 1856. in what is now Croatia. Born in Ulm. " is still used in radio technology today. including those to his alternating-current machinery. Tesla died in New York City on January 7. 1943.Stephen Hawking was born January 8. New Jersey. He sold several patent rights. From an early age.
His education was largely received through numerous experiments in sound and the furthering of his father’s work on Visible Speech for the deaf. At the time of his death. Kumaran is revered as a martyr in Tamil Nadu and is known by the epithet Kodi Kaththa Kumaran (Kumaran who saved the Flag) . a small town in the Erode District in Tamil Nadu region of south India. he was holding the flag of the Indian Nationalists. The government has erected his statue in a park by the railway station in Tirupur. 1932. 1847. Bell worked with Thomas Watson on the design and patent of the first practical telephone. He died in 1922. in Edinburgh. was an Indian revolutionary who participated in the Indian independence movement. Kumaran founded Desa Bandhu Youth Association.Alexander Graham Bell was born on March 3. In all. He died from injuries sustained from a police assault during a protest march against the British colonial government on January 11. Kumaran was born in Chennimalai. Scotland. which had been banned by the British. Bell held 18 patents in his name alone and 12 that he shared with collaborators. Tiruppur Kumaran (1904–1932).
an arrest warrant was issued against Bharathi by the government of British India for his revolutionary activities forcing him to flee to Pondicherry where he lived until 1918. he is a pioneer of modern Tamil poetry. 1882 – September 11. Southern India. poet. In 1908.Dheeran Chinnamalai (Tamil: தீரன சினனமலைல born as Theerthagiri Sarkkarai Mandraadiyaar or Theerthagiri Gounder on April 17. He is held with high regard by the Gounder community who continue use him as a symbol of Independence for the community. Popularly known as Mahakavi Bharathiyar (Tamil: மலகாகவ பாரதயார). 1756) was a Kongu chieftain and Palayakkarar from Tamil Nadu who rose up in revolt against the British East India Company in the Kongu Nadu. near Erode in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Songs penned by Bharathi have been widely used in Tamil films and Carnatic Music concert platforms. Most of his works were on religious. Born in Ettayapuram in 1882. Bharathi is considered to be one of the greatest Tamil poets of the modern era. Bharathi was also an active member of the Indian National Congress. . Chinnaswami Subramania Bharati (Tamil: சினனசுவாம சுப்பிரமலணிய பாரத) (December 11. journalist. political and social themes. India. notable among them being the Swadesamitran and India. 1921) was a Tamil writer. Subramania Bharati studied in Tirunelveli and worked as a journalist with many newspapers. Indian independence activist and social reformer from Tamil Nadu. He was born in Melapalayam.
. Siva was the first political prisoner in the Madras Presidency. He was an admirer of Swami Vivekananda and his religious master Sri Ramakrishna Paramhamsa. He closely worked with V. 1925. He published "Gnana Bhanu". Siva had described his jail experience in a small book "Jail Life". Subramanya Siva was a firebrand revolutionary independence fighter from Tamil Nadu. Siva disagreed many things with Gandhian Philosophy. He was arrested many times between 1908 and 1922 for his anti-imperialist activities.O.Subramaniya Siva (4 October 1884 23 July 1925) was an Indian freedom fighter and prolific writer. While serving his last prison term. He The Freedom Movement made him an orator and the jail life made him an author. Subramanya Siva died on Jul 23. He believed in violence for violent methods would arise when constitutional methods had failed. a collection of poems. At the time of his death he was survived by his son Sabhapathi Sharma. Chidambaram Pillai and Subramanya Bharathy and inspired many young men to join the freedom movement. he was afflicted by leprosy to which he succumbed in 1925.
competing against British ships. a saint who belonged to Swami Vivekananda Ashram (monastery). உ. also known as Kappalottiya Tamilan (கப்போலாட்டிய தமழன) "The Tamil Helmsman". At one time a member of the Indian National Congress. who advised him to "do something for the nation". . Here he met the Tamil poet Bharathiyar who shared his political ideology.Ce in Tamil). Padmanabhan. which caused his health to suffer. சிதம்பரம் பிள்ளைள) popularly known by his initials. The historian and Tamil scholar. (spelt Vaa. would later note in his works that Chidambaram was "yoked (in place of bulls) to the oil press like an animal and made to work it in the cruel hot sun.C. The two men became close friends. R. his barrister license was stripped. A. Oo. V. Chidambaram met Ramakrishnananthar. he was rather treated as a convict sentenced to life imprisonment and required to do hard labour. (1872-1936) (Tamil: வ.Vallinayagam Olaganthan Chidambaram Pillai. In Chennai. He launched the first indigenous Indian shipping service between Tuticorin and Colombo with the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company. he was later charged with sedition by the British government and sentenced to life imprisonment. was a Tamil political leader.O.
2. Here are 10 lesser known facts about the man who inspired hundreds and thousands of youths to join India's freedom struggle. Indian freedom fighter Bhagat Singh was hanged to death on March 23. Singh said: “They may kill me. Singh slipped away from school. 1931. Singh often spoke of “growing guns in the fields” so that he could fight the British. The day after the Jalianwala Bagh incident. Even at the age of eight he amenities that even British looters and goons told his classmates "is marriage a big in the jail were entitled to. He ran away from home to escape an demanded he and his comrades be given basic early marriage. He coined the phrase 'Inquilab Zindabad' that became the slogan of the India’s armed 5. attracted Bhagat Singh and he started to read . As a child.” This was to be quoted many times over by revolutionaries after Singh’s death. The bombs Bhagat Singh and his associates threw in the Central Assembly in Delhi were made from low grade explosives. He used to worship the bottle every day." 9. The British investigation into the incident and forensics report also confirmed this. 'Samrat Chandragupta' and 6. but they will not be able to crush my spirit. He was 12 at the time.Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian revolutionary who advocated for full and immediate independence from Great Britain. 1. but they 'Bharata-durdasha' earned him praise from cannot kill my ideas. Singh was a great actor in college and took part in several plays. At first he believed in Gandhi's ideology of non-violence but later deemed the method insufficient. During his stay in prison in 1930. his teachers and classmates. March 23 is marked as his martyrdom day. he saw an opportunity to exploit Britain's position of weakness and led a national political and military force against the Western powers. 8. At the outbreak of World War II. But I will drive the British out of India. They were lobbed away from people in the corridors of the building and were meant only to startle and not harm. 7. 3. went straight to the place of the tragedy and collected a bottle of mud wet with blood of Indians. The October revolution led by Lenin freedom struggle. Bhagat Singh coined the word “political prisoner” and 4. Considered as one of the most important revolutionaries of freedom movement. They can crush my body. His acting in 'Rana Pratap'. achievement? Anybody can marry.
therefore dos this apple fall perpendicularly." .10. not in any side of the earth. therefore the apple draws the earth. only he. astronomer. & drank tea under the shade of some appletrees. as he sat in a comtemplative mood: "why should it not go sideways. it must be in proportion of its quantity. Sir Isaac Newton PRS MP (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727) was an English physicist.[8 We went into the garden. "why should that apple always descend perpendicularly to the ground. as when formerly. natural philosopher. who has been considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived. the reason is. the notion of gravitation came into his mind. However. that the earth draws it. he told me. alchemist and theologian. & myself. or toward the centre. literature about socialism and socialist revolution at an early age. thousands of people on hearing the news gathered at the spot and took out a procession with his ashes. amidst other discourse. or upwards? but constantly to the earths centre? assuredly. mathematician." thought he to him self: occasion'd by the fall of an apple. he was just in the same situation. Singh was hanged an hour ahead of the official time when the death sentence was to be commuted and was secretly cremated on the banks of the river Sutlej by jail authorities. there must be a drawing power in matter. if matter thus draws matter. as well as the earth draws the apple. & the sum of the drawing power in the matter of the earth must be in the earths centre.
A. His father was a lecturer in Mathematics and physics at Presidency College (Madras) which Raman entered in 1902 at the age of 11.Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Rāman(Tamil:சர சந்தரோசகர ெவங்கட ராமலன). Studied in St. This phenomenon is now called Raman scattering and is the result of the Raman effect. Ramanujan had smallpox and recovered. in British Occupied India to R. Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on 22 December 1887 in Erode.(7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist whose work was influential in the growth of science in India. Aloysius Anglo-Indian High School. Madras Province. Madras Presidency (now Tamil Nadu). He moved with his mother to her parents' house .A. near Tiruchirappalli. was a housewife and also sang at a local temple. His mother. K. who died less than three months later. his mother gave birth to a son named Sadagopan. They lived in Sarangapani Street in a traditional home in the town of Kumbakonam. Venkata Raman was born in Thiruvanaikaval. some of the light that is deflected changes in wavelength. His father. He was the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 for the discovery that when light traverses a transparent material. Raman moved to the city of Vizag. Komalatammal. Andhra Pradesh. When Ramanujan was a year and a half old. and in 1907 he gained his M. at the residence of his maternal grandparents. At an early age. degree with the highest distinctions. examination in first place and won the gold medal in physics. In December 1889. The family home is now a museum. 1866) and Parvati Ammal (Saptarshi Parvati). In 1904 he passed his B. Chandrasekhara Iyer (b. worked as a clerk in a sari shop and hailed from the district of Thanjavur. He was the second of their five children. unlike thousands in the Thanjavur District who died from the disease that year. FRS. Srinivasa Iyengar.
he sometimes rediscovered known theorems in addition to producing new work. near Madras (now Chennai). he sent samples of his theorems . number theory. which was centered in Europe at the time. Living in India with no access to the larger mathematical community. Ramanujan was said to be a natural genius by the English mathematician G. but lost it when he failed his nonmathematical coursework. He demonstrated a natural ability. working as a clerk in the Accountant-General's office at the Madras Port Trust Office to support himself. Born at Erode. He demonstrated unusual mathematical skills at school. As a result. and re-discovered Euler's identity independently. and again in 1894. Ramanujan received a scholarship to study at Government College in Kumbakonam. Loney that he mastered by the age of 12. and continued fractions. Ramanujan had conducted his own mathematical research on Bernoulli numbers and the Euler–Mascheroni constant. made extraordinary contributions to mathematical analysis. winning accolades and awards. He joined another college to pursue independent mathematical research. He died at the age of 32. Ramanujan developed his own mathematical research in isolation. and was given books on advanced trigonometry written by S. with almost no formal training in pure mathematics. L. Madras Presidency (now Tamil Nadu) in a poor Hindu Brahmin family.in Kanchipuram. but both children died in infancy. By 17. infinite series. in the same league as mathematicians such as Euler and Gauss. Hardy.. Srinivasa Ramanujan FRS ( pronunciation (help·info)) (22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was an Indian mathematician and autodidact who. his mother gave birth to two children. he even discovered theorems of his own. Ramanujan's introduction to formal mathematics began at age 10. In November 1891. In 1912–1913. H.
malnutrition. Ramanujan independently compiled nearly 3900 results (mostly identities and equations). invited Ramanujan to visit and work with him at Cambridge. the mathematical mainstream has been rather slow in absorbing some of his major discoveries. However. although a small number of these results were actually false and some were already known. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society and a Fellow of Trinity College. Hardy. G. Nearly all his claims have now been proven correct. H. and these have inspired a vast amount of further research. recognizing the brilliance of his work. and possibly liver infection in 1920 at the age of 32. such as the Ramanujan prime and the Ramanujan theta function. The Ramanujan Journal. Cambridge. . an international publication. Ramanujan died of illness. He stated results that were both original and highly unconventional.to three academics at the University of Cambridge. During his short lifetime. was launched to publish work in all areas of mathematics influenced by his work.