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Getting Started with

Pro Tools M-Powered


Version 6.8 for M-Powered Systems on Windows or Macintosh

Digidesign
2001 Junipero Serra Boulevard
Daly City, CA 94014-3886 USA
tel: 650·731·6300
fax: 650·731·6399

Technical Support (USA)


tel: 650·731·6100
fax: 650·731·6384

Product Information (USA)


tel: 650·731·6102
tel: 800·333·2137

International Offices
Visit the Digidesign Web site
for contact information

Web Site
www.digidesign.com
Copyright
This guide is copyrighted ©2005 by Digidesign, a division of
Avid Technology, Inc. (hereafter “Digidesign”), with all rights
reserved. Under copyright laws, this guide may not be
duplicated in whole or in part without the written consent of
Digidesign.
DIGIDESIGN, AVID, M-Audio, and PRO TOOLS are trademarks
or registered trademarks of Digidesign and/or Avid
Technology, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their
respective owners.
Product features, specifications, system requirements, and
availability are subject to change without notice.
PN 9320-17064-00 REV A 4/05
contents

Chapter 1. Welcome to Pro Tools M-Powered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1


Pro Tools M-Powered Software Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Pro Tools M-Powered Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
How Pro Tools M-Powered Differs from Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Digidesign Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
About the Pro Tools Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
About www.digidesign.com . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Chapter 2. Windows Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7


Installation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Windows System Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Installing Your M-Audio Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Installing M-Audio Drivers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Installing Pro Tools M-Powered Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Optional Software on the Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Launching Pro Tools M-Powered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Configuring Pro Tools M-Powered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Hard Drive Configuration and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Removing Pro Tools on Windows XP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Chapter 3. Macintosh Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17


Installation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Apple System Settings for Mac OS X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Installing Your M-Audio Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Installing M-Audio Drivers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Installing Pro Tools M-Powered Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Optional Software on the Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Launching Pro Tools M-Powered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Contents iii
Configuring Pro Tools M-Powered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Hard Drive Configuration and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Removing Pro Tools on Mac OS X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Chapter 4. Working with Pro Tools M-Powered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25


Session Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Transport Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Tracks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Regions Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Navigating in a Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Importing Audio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Basic Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Editing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Plug-Ins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Mix Automation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Final Mixdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Appendix A. Windows System Optimizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49


Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Advanced Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

Appendix B. Configuring Midi Studio Setup (Windows Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51


MIDI Studio Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Patch Name Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

Appendix C. Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55


Audio MIDI Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Patch Name Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

iv Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


chapter 1

Welcome to Pro Tools M-Powered

This guide documents how to install and config-


ure Pro Tools M-Powered software on Pro Tools M-Powered
M-Powered systems. Software Package
The basic components of an M-Powered system The Pro Tools M-Powered package includes the
are as follows: following:
• Digidesign-qualified M-Audio interface • Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-ROM,
(not supplied) which contains Pro Tools M-Powered soft-
• Digidesign-qualified Windows or Macin- ware, updated M-Audio drivers, DigiRack
tosh computer (not supplied) RTAS (Real-Time AudioSuite) and AudioSuite
• Pro Tools M-Powered software (included) plug-ins, and electronic PDF guides.
• Pre-authorized iLok for running Pro Tools
For a list of Digidesign-qualified M-Audio M-Powered.
interfaces and computers, refer to the com-
patibility page of the Digidesign Web site • This Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered
(www.digidesign.com/compato). Guide, covering installation, configuration,
and basic tutorials for M-Powered systems.
• The M-Powered Basics Guide, designed to give
new users specific methods for accomplishing
common tasks (such as getting sound in and
out of your M-Audio interface, connecting a
mic or instrument, and recording a session).
• Digidesign registration card.

Chapter 1: Welcome to Pro Tools M-Powered 1


Pro Tools M-Powered System Requirements
Capabilities Pro Tools M-Powered can be used with a Digi-
Pro Tools M-Powered software provides the fol- design-qualified M-Audio interface, running on
lowing capabilities: a Digidesign-qualified Windows or Macintosh
• Playback of up to 32 mono digital audio computer.
tracks, or a combination of playing back For complete system requirements, visit the
and recording up to 32 mono digital audio compatibility page of the Digidesign Web site
tracks, depending on your M-Audio inter- (www.Digidesign.com/compato).
face and computer’s capabilities.
• Sessions can include up to 128 audio tracks Compatibility Information
(with 32 voiceable tracks maximum), 256
MIDI tracks, 128 Auxiliary Input tracks, Digidesign can only assure compatibility and
and 64 Master Fader tracks. provide support for hardware and software it
has tested and approved.
• 16-bit or 24-bit audio resolution, at sample
rates up to the sample rates supported by For a list of Digidesign-qualified computers, op-
your M-Audio interface. erating systems, hard drives, and third-party de-
• Non-destructive, random-access editing vices, refer to the latest compatibility informa-
and mix automation. tion on the Digidesign Web site
• Audio processing with up to 5 RTAS plug- (www.digidesign.com/compato) .
ins per track, depending on your com-
puter’s capabilities.
• Up to 5 inserts and 5 sends per track.
• Up to 16 internal mix busses.

Pro Tools uses your computer’s CPU to mix


and process audio tracks (host processing).
Computers with faster clock speeds yield
higher track counts and more plug-in pro-
cessing.

2 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


Pre-Authorized iLok MIDI Requirements
M-Powered software is authorized using the USB MIDI interfaces work effectively with
iLok USB Smart Key (iLok) from PACE Anti-Pi- Pro Tools systems on Windows or Macintosh.
racy. Serial MIDI interfaces are supported on Win-
dows systems only.

Only USB MIDI interfaces are compatible


with Pro Tools systems for Mac OS X. Mo-
dem-to-serial port adapters and serial MIDI
devices are not supported.

For a list of supported adapters, refer to the Digi-


Pre-Authorized iLok
design Web site (www.digidesign.com).
The iLok is similar to a dongle, but unlike a don-
gle, it is designed to securely authorize multiple
Hard Drive Considerations
software applications from a variety of software
developers.
Hard Drive Configuration and
This key can hold over 100 authorizations for all Maintenance
of your iLok-enabled software. Once an iLok is
It is recommended that you start with a newly
authorized for a given piece of software, you can
initialized audio drive. You should also periodi-
use the iLok to authorize that software on any
cally defragment your audio drive to ensure
computer.
continued system performance.
Pro Tools M-Powered provides one iLok, which
For a list of Digidesign-qualified hard drives, see
is pre-authorized for Pro Tools M-Powered soft-
our Web site (www.digidesign.com/compato).
ware.
If you are using an ATA/IDE or FireWire hard
The M-Powered pre-authorized iLok must drive, initialize your drive with Windows Disk
be inserted in an available USB port on your Management (Windows) or the Disk Utility ap-
computer to run Pro Tools M-Powered. plication included with Apple System software
(Macintosh).
For additional information about iLok tech-
nology and authorizations, see the elec- Avoid Recording to System Drives
tronic PDF of the iLok Usage Guide.
Although Pro Tools will let you record to your
system drive, this is generally not recom-
mended. Recording and playback on system
drives results in lower track counts and fewer
plug-ins.

Chapter 1: Welcome to Pro Tools M-Powered 3


Hard Disk Storage Space Stereo audio tracks recorded with 16-bit resolu-
tion at 44.1 kHz (CD quality) require approxi-
Mono audio tracks recorded with 16-bit resolu- mately 10 MB of hard disk space per minute.
tion at 44.1 kHz (CD quality) require approxi- The same tracks recorded with 24-bit resolution
mately 5 MB of hard disk space per minute. The require about 15 MB per minute.
same tracks recorded with 24-bit resolution re-
quire about 7.5 MB per minute. Table 2 lists the required disk space for certain
track numbers and track lengths, to help you es-
timate your hard disk usage.

Table 2. Required hard drive space for audio tracks (44.1 kHz and 48 kHz sessions shown)

Number of tracks and length 16-bit at 16-bit at 24-bit at 24-bit at


44.1 kHz 48 kHz 44.1 kHz 48 kHz

1 mono track, 1 minute 5 MB 5.5 MB 7.5 MB 8.2 MB

1 stereo track (or two mono 50 MB 55 MB 75 MB 83 MB


tracks), 5 minutes

1 stereo track (or two mono 600 MB 662 MB 900 MB 991 MB


tracks), 60 minutes

24 mono tracks, 5 minutes 600 MB 662 MB 900 MB 991 MB

24 mono tracks, 60 minutes 7 GB 7.8 GB 10.5 GB 11.6 GB

32 mono tracks, 5 minutes 800 MB 883 MB 1.2 GB 1.3 GB

32 mono tracks, 60 minutes 9.4 GB 10.4 GB 14 GB 15.4 GB

4 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


Online guides provided with Pro Tools M-Pow-
How Pro Tools M-Powered ered refer to Pro Tools LE and TDM systems. Ref-
Differs from Pro Tools LE erences to Pro Tools LE are usually interchange-
able with Pro Tools M-Powered, except as
Pro Tools M-Powered does not support the fol-
documented differently in this Getting Started
lowing Pro Tools LE options:
Guide, or on the compatibility page of the Digi-
• DigiTranslator design Web site (www.digidesign.com/com-
• DV Toolkit pato.
• Digidesign Ethernet-based control surfaces
If you are new to working with digital worksta-
(such as Control|24)
tions, it is recommended that you read the fol-
• Avid video peripherals
lowing:
Some Pro Tools M-Powered configuration dia- • M-Powered Basics Guide provides simple steps
logs differ from the Pro Tools LE configuration for how to get sound in and out of your
dialogs that are presented in the Pro Tools Refer- M-Audio interface, connect a microphone or
ence Guide. For specific Pro Tools M-Powered instrument, record to a Pro Tools M-Powered
configuration dialogs, see Chapter 2, “Windows session, import audio from a CD, create an au-
Configuration” or Chapter 3, “Macintosh Con- dio CD from a Pro Tools M-Powered session,
figuration.” and other topics.

For additional information, see the following


online (.pdf) guides:
Digidesign Registration
• Pro Tools Reference Guide explains Pro Tools
Complete and return the registration card in- software in detail.
cluded with your Pro Tools M-Powered system. • Pro Tools Menus Guide covers all the Pro Tools
Registered users will receive periodic software on-screen menus.
update and upgrade notices. Refer to the regis-
• DigiRack Plug-Ins Guide explains how to use
tration card for information on technical sup-
the RTAS and AudioSuite plug-ins included
port.
with Pro Tools.
• Digidesign Plug-Ins Guide explains how to use
optional Digidesign plug-ins.
About the Pro Tools Guides
• DigiBase Guide provides details on using
The Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered Pro Tools DigiBase databasing and browsers
Guide explains how to install Pro Tools M-Pow- for data and media management.
ered software, and use an M-Audio interface to
• Pro Tools Keyboard Shortcuts lists keyboard
record, edit, and mix audio and MIDI tracks in
shortcuts for Pro Tools.
Pro Tools.

Chapter 1: Welcome to Pro Tools M-Powered 5


PDF versions of the Pro Tools guides are in-
stalled automatically with Pro Tools M-Pow- Shortcuts show you useful keyboard or
ered, and are accessible from the Pro Tools Help mouse shortcuts.
menu. To view or print the PDF guides, you can
use Acrobat Reader or Macintosh Preview. Cross References point to related sections in
other Digidesign guides.
A copy of Acrobat Reader is included on the
Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-ROM
for Windows.
About www.digidesign.com
Printed copies of Pro Tools guides (includ- The Digidesign Web site (www.digidesign.com)
ing the Pro Tools Reference Guide) can be is your best source for information to help you
purchased separately from the DigiStore get the most out of your Pro Tools system. The
(www.digidesign.com). following are just a few of the services and fea-
tures available.
Conventions Used in This Guide Support Contact Digidesign Technical Support
Digidesign guides use the following conven- or Customer Service; download software up-
tions to indicate menu choices and key com- dates and the latest online manuals; browse the
mands: Compatibility documents for system require-
: ments; search the online Answerbase; join the
Convention Action worldwide Pro Tools community on the Digi-
design User Conference.
File > Save Session Choose Save Session from
the File menu Training and Education Become a certified
Pro Tools Operator or Expert; study on your
Control+N Hold down the Control key
and press the N key own using courses available online, or find out
how you can learn in a classroom setting at a
Control-click Hold down the Control key certified Pro Tools Training Center.
and click the mouse button
Products and Developers Learn about Digidesign
Right-click (Windows) Click with the right mouse
button products; download demo software; learn about
our Development Partners and their plug-ins,
The following symbols are used to highlight im- applications, and hardware.
portant information:
News and Events Get the latest news from Digi-
User Tips are helpful hints for getting the design; sign up for a Pro Tools demo.
most from your Pro Tools system.
To learn more about these and other resources
available from Digidesign, visit the Digidesign
Important Notices include information that Web site (www.digidesign.com).
could affect your data or the performance of
your system.

6 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


chapter 2

Windows Configuration

This chapter contains information for Windows 7 Making audio connections to the M-Audio in-
systems only. If you are installing Pro Tools terface. (See your M-Audio documentation for
M-Powered on a Macintosh computer, see details.)
Chapter 3, “Macintosh Configuration.”

Before installing this version of Pro Tools,


please refer to the Read Me information in- Windows System Settings
cluded on the Pro Tools M-Powered In- Configure your Window system settings as fol-
staller CD-ROM. lows:

Required Settings These instructions must be


Installation Overview followed before installing Pro Tools.

Installing Pro Tools M-Powered on a Windows Recommended Configuration These instructions


computer includes the following steps: should be followed to optimize your system’s
capabilities, or to let older computers run
1 Configuring “Windows System Settings” on
Pro Tools.
page 7.
If problems occur after configuring all re-
2 “Installing Your M-Audio Interface” on
quired and recommended settings, see
page 9.
Appendix A, “Windows System Optimiza-
3 “Installing M-Audio Drivers” on page 10. tions” for information on troubleshooting
and configuring advanced settings.
4 “Installing Pro Tools M-Powered Software” on
page 10.
Required Settings
5 “Launching Pro Tools M-Powered” on
page 11. (This step includes inserting the pre-au- To ensure optimum performance with
thorized iLok into an available USB port on your Pro Tools, configure the following Control
computer.) Panel settings for your version of Windows XP.

6 “Configuring Pro Tools M-Powered” on


Disable Hyper-Threading
page 12.
For Pentium IV computers with Hyper-Thread-
ing, disable Hyper-Threading in the BIOS.

Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 7


Refer to your computer’s documentation for 4 From the Power Schemes pop-up menu, select
steps on how to enter your computer’s BIOS and Always On.
disable Hyper-Threading.
5 Click OK.

Enable DMA for any IDE hard drives: This sets System Standby, System Hibernate,
1 Choose Start > Control Panel. and “Turn off hard disks” to Never.

2 Launch System.
Disable ClearType Font Smoothing
3 Click the Hardware tab.
When using Pro Tools, the Effects “Clear Type”
4 Under Device Manager, choose Device Man- setting must be disabled.
ager.
To disable ClearType font smoothing:
5 In the Device Manager window, double-click
IDE ATA/ATAPI controllers, then double-click 1 Choose Start > Control Panel.
the Primary IDE Channel for your IDE hard
2 Launch Display.
drive.
3 Click the Appearance tab.
6 Click the Advanced Settings tab.
4 Click Effects.
7 For each device, set the Transfer Mode to
“DMA if available,” and click OK. 5 Deselect “Use the following methods to
smooth edges of screen fonts.”
In most cases, this will already be set correctly as
Windows XP will detect and activate DMA 6 Click OK to save your settings and close the
mode by default. Effects dialog.

8 Repeat steps 5–7 for any additional IDE Chan- 7 Click OK.
nels.
Disable Data Executive Prevention
9 Close the Computer Management window.
(DEP)

Disable System Standby and Power When using Pro Tools, Data Execute Prevention
Management should be disabled to prevent system crashes.

When using Pro Tools, the Windows System To disable Data Executive Prevention: (DEP)
Standby power scheme must be set to Always
1 Choose Start > Control Panel.
On. This helps prevent long record or playback
passes from stopping due to system resources 2 Launch System.
powering down.
3 Click the Advanced tab.

To configure Windows Power Management: 4 From the Startup and Recovery section, click
1 Choose Start > Control Panel. Settings.

2 Launch Power Options.

3 Click the Power Schemes tab.

8 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


5 Click on the down arrow in the Default Oper- Recommended Configuration
ating System pop-up menu, and note if the
“/NoExecute=” line reads as follows: Pro Tools can also be affected by other software
and hardware drivers installed on your com-
/NoExecute=Alwaysoff
puter. For best possible performance, it is recom-
6 Do one of the following: mended (but not required) that you:
• If the “/NoExecute=” reads “/NoExec- • Avoid running other Windows programs at
ute=Alwaysoff,” data prevention is dis- the same time as Pro Tools.
abled, and you do not need to change any • Turn off any software utilities that run in
settings. Click OK to close the Startup and the background, such as Windows Messen-
Recovery dialog, click OK to close the Sys- ger, calendars, and disk maintenance pro-
tems Property dialog, and continue with grams.
“Completing Required Windows System
• Turn off any non-essential USB devices
Settings” on page 9
while using Pro Tools.
– or – • If your video display card supports it, en-
• If the “/No Execute=” does not read able Bus Mastering in the manufacturer’s
“/NoExecute=Alwaysoff” (for example, it Control Panel.
reads “NoExecuteOptIn”), continue with • Disable any networking cards (other than
the following steps. any 1394 “FireWire” card that you might
7 Click Edit to edit the startup options file man- use to connect an external drive to your
ually system). If you have a wireless network
card, and no wireless network is present,
8 Change the “/NoExecute=” line to read as fol- the card should still be disabled.
lows:
/NoExecute=Alwaysoff For information on disabling networking
cards, see “Disabling Network Cards” on
9 Save the boot.ini file if it was changed. page 49.
10 Choose File > Exit.

11 From the Startup and Recovery dialog, click


OK.
Installing Your M-Audio
Interface
12 From the System Properties dialog, click OK.
Before you install Pro Tools M-Powered, you
must first install your M-Audio interface. Con-
Completing Required Windows System
nect your M-Audio interface according to the in-
Settings
structions that came with it.
When finished updating required Windows sys-
tem settings, restart your computer.

Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 9


8 When your system recognizes the new hard-
Installing M-Audio Drivers ware, run the Found New Hardware Wizard. Fol-
low the on-screen instructions.
The Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-ROM in-
cludes M-Audio drivers for using Digidesign- If you are prompted to run the Found New
qualified M-Audio interfaces on Windows XP. Hardware Wizard a second time, run it
again.
Pro Tools will not see your M-Audio inter-
face if you do not install the M-Audio driver
that is included with Pro Tools M-Powered. In your M-Audio Control Panel, make sure
that output channels 1 and 2 are not set to
To install the M-Audio driver for your M-Audio –Infinity (–∞).
interface:
1 If you are using an M-Audio FireWire inter-
face, disconnect it before proceeding. Installing Pro Tools
2 Insert the Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD- M-Powered Software
ROM for Windows in your CD-ROM drive.
After the Windows System software settings are
3 Locate and open the M-Audio Driver Installers configured and you have installed your M-Au-
folder, and double-click the driver for your inter- dio interface and drivers, you are ready to install
face type, as follows: Pro Tools M-Powered.
• For M-Audio FireWire interfaces, double-
click on FW_WDM_5.10.0.5034.exe. To install Pro Tools M-Powered on Windows:
• For M-Audio PCI interfaces, double-click 1 Make sure you have configured all the re-
on Delta_WDM_5.10.0.5050.exe. quired Windows system settings, and restarted
your computer. See“Windows System Settings”
4 Follow the on-screen instructions.
on page 7 for more information.
If you get a warning dialog about the driver 2 Start up Windows, logging in with Adminis-
not passing Windows Logo testing, click trator privileges. If you do not have Administra-
Continue Anyway. tor privileges or do not know how to set them
up, see your Windows User’s Guide or ask the
5 When installation is complete, shut down
administrator.
your computer.
3 Insert the Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-
6 If you are using an M-Audio FireWire inter-
ROM for Windows in your CD-ROM drive. Lo-
face, do the following:
cate and open the Pro Tools Installer folder, and
• Once your computer has shut down com-
double-click the Setup icon.
pletely, connect your FireWire interface
and power it on. 4 Click Next to begin installation.

7 Turn on your computer.

10 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


5 Select the components you want to install and Pro Tools Demo Session
click Next.
The Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD includes
If you get a warning dialog about the driver a demo session that you can use to verify that
not passing Windows Logo testing, click your system is working.
Continue Anyway.
Before installing the demo session to your
6 Wait for the installer to finish installing all audio drive, make sure the drive is config-
software components, drivers, and PACE System ured as described in “Formatting an Audio
files before proceeding to the next step. Drive” on page 15.

7 Click Quit when prompted to install Quick- To install the demo session:
Time. If required, you can install QuickTime
1 Insert the Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD
later (see “Installing QuickTime” on page 11).
in your CD-ROM drive. Locate and double-click
8 Restart your computer. the Pro Tools M-Powered Demo installer icon.

2 Set the install location to your audio drive and


MIDI Studio Setup
click Install.
(Optional)
3 When installation is complete, click OK.
If you plan to use any MIDI devices with
Pro Tools, configure your MIDI setup with MIDI
Studio Setup. See Appendix B, “Configuring
Midi Studio Setup (Windows Only)” for details.
Launching Pro Tools
M-Powered
Installing QuickTime To use Pro Tools M-Powered with an M-Audio
(Optional) interface, you must always have an iLok with an
authorization for Pro Tools M-Powered. One
QuickTime 6.5 or later is required for Pro Tools pre-authorized iLok is included with the
if you plan to include movie files in your ses- Pro Tools M-Powered package.
sions. QuickTime is available as a free download
from the Apple Web site (www.apple.com). To authorize Pro Tools M-Powered software:
1 Insert the pre-authorized iLok into an avail-
able USB port on your computer.
Optional Software on the 2 Double-click the Pro Tools M-Powered short-
Pro Tools M-Powered Installer cut on your desktop (or the application in
CD-ROM Program Files\Digidesign\Pro Tools).

Your Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-ROM in- Do not remove the iLok during Pro Tools
cludes several software options. launch or use.

Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 11


To change the Hardware Buffer Size:
Configuring Pro Tools 1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine.
M-Powered

Pro Tools System Settings


Pro Tools lets you adjust the performance of
your system by changing system settings that af-
fect its capacity for processing, playback, and re-
cording

In most cases, the default settings for your sys-


tem provide optimum performance, but you
may want to adjust them to accommodate large Playback Engine dialog for Pro Tools M-Powered
or processing-intensive Pro Tools sessions. 2 From the H/W Buffer Size pop-up menu, select
the audio buffer size, in samples.
Hardware Buffer Size
3 Click OK.
The Hardware Buffer Size (H/W Buffer Size) con-
trols the size of the hardware cache used to han- CPU Usage Limit
dle host processing tasks such as Real-Time
AudioSuite (RTAS) plug-ins. The H/W Buffer set- The CPU Usage Limit controls the percentage of
ting can also be used to manage monitoring la- CPU resources allocated to Pro Tools host pro-
tency. cessing tasks such as Real-Time AudioSuite
(RTAS) plug-ins, as follows:
◆ Lower Hardware Buffer Size settings reduce
◆ Lower CPU usage settings reduce how much
monitoring latency, and are useful when you are
recording live input. Pro Tools processing affects other CPU-intensive
tasks (such as screen redraws), and limit the
◆ Higher Hardware Buffer Size settings allow for
amount of processor resources available for
more audio processing and effects, and are use-
Pro Tools tasks. They are useful when you are ex-
ful when you are mixing and using more RTAS
periencing slow system response, or when run-
plug-ins.
ning other applications at the same time as
Pro Tools.
In addition to causing slower screen re-
sponse and monitoring latency, higher ◆ Higher CPU Usage Limit settings allocate

Hardware Buffer Size settings can affect the more processing power to Pro Tools, and are
accuracy of plug-in automation, mute data, useful for playing back large sessions or using
and timing for MIDI tracks. more real-time plug-ins.

Increasing the CPU Usage Limit may slow


down screen response on slower computers.

12 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


The maximum CPU Usage Limit is 85 percent Pro Tools Hardware Settings and
for single-processor computers, and 99 percent M-Audio Control Panel
for multi-processor computers. (The 99 percent
setting dedicates one entire processor to The Hardware Setup dialog in Pro Tools (Setups
Pro Tools.) > Hardware Setup) displays the name of your
M-Audio peripheral. The dialog also displays a
To change the CPU Usage Limit: message, which tells you that various hardware
functions can be changed in the M-Audio Con-
1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine.
trol Panel.
2 From the CPU Usage Limit pop-up menu, se-
Using the M-Audio Control Panel, you can
lect the percentage of CPU processing you want
change settings in the following areas:
to allocate to Pro Tools.
• Mixer Settings
3 Click OK.
• Output Settings
• Hardware Settings (including sample rate,
DAE Playback Buffer Size hardware buffer size, and sync source).
The DAE Playback Buffer Size determines the
You can change the sample rate when creat-
amount of memory DAE uses to manage disk
ing a new Pro Tools session by selecting a
buffers, which affects system performance, as
different sample rate in the New Session di-
follows:
alog. (Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide
◆ Lower DAE Playback Buffer Size settings can for details.)
improve playback and recording initiation
speed. However, a lower setting can make it dif-
ficult for slower hard drives to play or record Pro Tools does not support the M-Audio
tracks reliably. Control Panel low latency monitor feature.

◆ Higher DAE Playback Buffer Size settings can To change M-Audio Control Panel settings:
allow for a higher density of edits in a session.
1 If Pro Tools is open, close it.
However, a higher setting can cause a time lag to
occur before playback or recording begins. It can 2 Choose Start > Control Panel.
also cause a time lag to occur when you are ed-
3 Launch the M-Audio Control Panel as follows:
iting during playback.
• For FireWire interfaces, launch M-Audio
FW Audio.
To change the DAE Playback Buffer Size:
• For PCI interfaces, launch M-Audio Delta
1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine.
Audio.
2 From the DAE Playback Buffer pop-up menu,
4 To change settings in the M-Audio Control
select a buffer size.
Panel, refer to the documentation that came
3 Click OK. with your M-Audio interface.

5 When finished, close the M-Audio Control


Panel.

Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 13


Sync Source (Pro Tools Clock Source) Configuring I/O Setup
If your M-Audio interface has a digital I/O (such Using the I/O Setup dialog, you can label
as a S/PDIF I/O), use the M-Audio Control Panel Pro Tools input, output, insert, and bus signal
to select the Sync Source for the system. paths. The I/O Setup dialog provides a graphical
representation of the inputs, outputs, and signal
With Pro Tools M-Powered, Sync Source routing of the M-Audio interface.
cannot be set in the Pro Tools Session Setup
window. Pro Tools M-Powered bypasses the M-Audio
mixer that is displayed in the M-Audio Con-
To select the Sync Source: trol Panel. The interface’s hardware inputs
1 If Pro Tools is open, close it. and outputs show up directly in Pro Tools
I/O Setup.
2 Choose Start > Control Panel.
Pro Tools M-Powered has default I/O Setup set-
3 Launch the M-Audio Control Panel as follows:
tings that will get you started. Use the I/O Setup
• For FireWire interfaces, launch M-Audio
dialog only if you want to rename the default
FW Audio.
I/O paths.
• For PCI interfaces, launch M-Audio Delta
Audio. To rename I/O paths in I/O Setup:
4 Launch the M-Audio Control panel. 1 Choose Setups > I/O Setup.

5 Click the Hardware tab.

6 Select a Sync Source.

Your digital input device must be connected


and turned on. If your input device is not
turned on, leave the Sync Source set to Inter-
nal.

For more information on selecting the Sync


Source for your M-Audio interface, refer to
your M-Audio interface documentation.

7 Click OK.

I/O Setup dialog for Pro Tools M-Powered


(M-Audio FireWire 1814 shown)

2 Click the Input, Output, Insert, or Bus tab to


display the corresponding connections.

3 To change the name of a path or subpath,


double-click directly on the Path Name, type a
new name for the path, and press Return.

14 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


4 Click OK. 5 Make sure the Quick Format option is dese-
lected, then click Start, and follow the on-screen
T

Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide (or instructions.


choose Help > Pro Tools Reference Guide)
for more information on renaming I/O Pro Tools only supports Basic drive Types.
paths.
6 When formatting is complete, close the For-
mat window.
After configuring Pro Tools M-Powered and
your system, you should save an image of Audio Drives and Disk Cleanup
your system using Norton Ghost. Norton
Ghost lets you save and recall known good The process of recording, editing, and deleting
configurations of your system and settings, tracks and sessions can quickly decrease overall
which can help you recover if you encounter drive performance. It is suggested that you regu-
any problems in the future. larly use Disk Cleanup (or an equivalent utility)
to asses the condition of drives and, if necessary,
For more information on Ghost, visit the Sy- delete temporary files and other unused data.
mantec Web site (www.symantec.com)
To use Disk Cleanup:
1 Choose Start > Control Panel.
Hard Drive Configuration and
2 In Classic View, launch Administrative Tools.
Maintenance
3 Double-click Computer Management.
Formatting an Audio Drive
4 Double-click Storage.
On Windows, it is recommended that you start
5 Double-click Disk Management.
with newly formatted drives dedicated for au-
dio, such as a secondary hard drive purchased 6 Select the desired volume in the list, then
just for audio. For optimum performance, audio choose File > Options.
drives should be formatted with the FAT32 or
NTFS file system. Disk Cleanup determines how performance is
being affected by drive condition, and lets you
To format and configure an audio drive: review and delete temporary and other unneces-
sary files from the selected volume. For more in-
1 Right-click My Computer and choose Man-
formation on using Disk Cleanup, see your Win-
age.
dows XP documentation.
2 Under Storage, choose Disk Management.

3 In the Disk Management window, right-click


the hard drive you will use for audio and choose
Format.

4 For optimal disk performance, select 32K from


the Allocation unit size pull-down. This in-
creases how efficiently audio data is written to
and read from the drive.

Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 15


Defragmenting an Audio Drive
Removing Pro Tools on
Periodically defragment audio drives to maintain
Windows XP
system performance.
If you need to remove Pro Tools from your com-
To defragment an audio drive: puter use the Add or Remove Programs com-
mand.
1 Right-click My Computer and choose Man-
age.
To remove Pro Tools from your computer:
2 Under Storage, choose Disk Defragmenter.
1 Choose Start > Control Panel.
3 In the Disk Defragmenter window, choose the
2 Launch Add or Remove Programs.
drive you want to defragment
3 From the Currently installed programs list, se-
4 Click the Defragment button and follow the
lect Digidesign Pro Tools M-Powered.
on-screen instructions.
4 Click the Change/Remove button.
5 When defragmenting is complete, close the
Computer Management Window. 5 Follow the on-screen instructions to remove
Pro Tools.
Avoid Recording to System Drives
Although Pro Tools will let you record to your
system drive, this is generally not recom-
mended. Recording and playback on system
hard drives results in lower track counts and
fewer plug-ins. You should record to system
drives only when necessary (for example, if your
computer has just one hard drive).

16 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


chapter 3

Macintosh Configuration

This chapter contains information for Macin- 7 Making audio connections to the M-Audio in-
tosh systems only. If you are installing Pro Tools terface. (See your M-Audio documentation for
M-Powered on a Windows computer, see details.)
Chapter 2, “Windows Configuration.”

Before installing this version of Pro Tools,


please refer to the Read Me information in- Apple System Settings for
cluded on the Pro Tools M-Powered In- Mac OS X
staller CD-ROM.
To ensure optimum performance with
Pro Tools M-Powered, configure the following
settings before you install Pro Tools software.
Installation Overview
Do not use the Mac OS X automatic Soft-
Installation of Pro Tools M-Powered on a Macin-
ware Update feature, as it may install com-
tosh includes the following steps:
ponents that have not yet been qualified for
1 Configuring “Apple System Settings for Pro Tools. For details on qualified versions
Mac OS X” on page 17. of Mac OS, refer to the latest compatibility
information on the Digidesign Web site
2 “Installing Your M-Audio Interface” on (www.digidesign.com).
page 18.
To configure Mac OS X for Pro Tools M-Powered:
3 “Installing M-Audio Drivers” on page 18.
1 Make sure you are logged into an administra-
4 “Installing Pro Tools M-Powered Software” on
tor account where you want to install
page 18.
Pro Tools M-Powered. For details on Adminis-
5 “Launching Pro Tools M-Powered” on trator privileges in Mac OS X, refer to your
page 19. (This step includes inserting the pre-au- Mac OS X documentation.
thorized iLok into an available USB port on your
2 Choose System Preferences from the Apple
computer.)
Menu and click Energy Saver.
6 “Configuring Pro Tools M-Powered” on
3 Click the Sleep tab and turn off the Energy
page 19.
Saver feature by setting the sleep feature to
Never.

Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration 17


4 Return to the System Preferences and click 3 Locate and open the M-Audio Driver Installers
Software Update. folder, and double-click the driver for your inter-
face type, as follows:
5 Deselect “Automatically check for updates
when you have a network connection.” • For M-Audio FireWire interfaces, double-
click on FireWire_OSX_1.4.3-1140.dmg.
6 Close the Software Update dialog box.
• For M-Audio PCI interfaces, double-click
7 Proceed to “Installing Pro Tools M-Powered on Delta_OSX_2.0.0_234.dmg.
Software” on page 18. 4 Follow the on-screen instructions.

5 When installation is complete, shut down


your computer.
Installing Your M-Audio
6 If you are using an M-Audio FireWire inter-
Interface
face, do the following:
Before you install Pro Tools M-Powered, you • Once your computer has shut down com-
must first install your M-Audio interface. Con- pletely, connect your FireWire interface
nect your M-Audio interface according to the in- and power it on.
structions that came with it.
7 Turn on your computer.

In your M-Audio Control Panel, make sure


Installing M-Audio Drivers that output channels 1 and 2 are not set to
–Infinity (–∞).
The Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-ROM in-
cludes M-Audio drivers for using Digidesign-
qualified M-Audio interfaces on Macintosh.
Installing Pro Tools
Pro Tools will not see your M-Audio inter- M-Powered Software
face if you do not install the M-Audio driver
After the Apple System software settings are con-
that is included with Pro Tools M-Powered.
figured and you have installed your M-Audio in-
To install the M-Audio driver for your M-Audio terface and drivers, you are ready to install
interface: Pro Tools M-Powered.
1 If you are using an M-Audio FireWire inter-
face, disconnect it before proceeding. To install Pro Tools M-Powered on Mac OS X:
1 Make sure you are logged in as an Administra-
2 Insert the Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-
tor for the account where you want to install
ROM for Macintosh in your CD-ROM drive.
Pro Tools. For details on Administrator privi-
leges in Mac OS X, refer to your Apple Mac OS X
documentation.

2 Insert the Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-


ROM in your CD-ROM drive. Double-click “In-
stall Pro Tools M-Powered.”

18 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


3 Enter your Administrator password and click 3 When installation is complete, click Quit.
OK to authenticate the installation.

4 Follow the on-screen instructions to continue


and accept installation. Launching Pro Tools
5 In the Installer window, choose Custom In-
M-Powered
stall from the pop-up menu, and click Install. To use Pro Tools M-Powered with an M-Audio
6 Follow the remaining on-screen instructions interface, you must always have an iLok with an
to install Pro Tools. authorization for Pro Tools M-Powered. One
pre-authorized iLok is included with the M-Pow-
7 When installation is complete, click Restart. ered package.

Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) To authorize Pro Tools M-Powered software:


(Optional) 1 Insert the pre-authorized iLok into an avail-
able USB port on your computer.
If you plan to use any MIDI devices with
Pro Tools, configure your MIDI setup with the 2 Click the Pro Tools M-Powered shortcut in
Apple Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) utility. See your Dock, (or the application in Applications\
Appendix C, “Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Digidesign\Pro Tools).
Only)” for details.
Do not remove the iLok during Pro Tools
launch or use.

Optional Software on the


Pro Tools M-Powered Installer Configuring Pro Tools
CD-ROM M-Powered
Your Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-ROM
includes several software options. Pro Tools System Settings
Pro Tools allows you to adjust the performance
Pro Tools Demo Session of your system by changing system settings that
The Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-ROM in- affect its capacity for processing, playback, and
cludes a demo session that you can use to verify recording.
that your system is working. In most cases, the default settings for your sys-
tem provide optimum performance, but you
To install the demo session: may want to adjust them to accommodate large
1 Insert the Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD or processing-intensive Pro Tools sessions.
in your CD-ROM drive. Locate and double-click
the Pro Tools M-Powered Demo installer icon.

2 Select your audio drive as the install location


and click Install.

Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration 19


Hardware Buffer Size CPU Usage Limit
The Hardware Buffer Size (H/W Buffer Size) con- The CPU Usage Limit controls the percentage of
trols the size of the hardware cache used to han- CPU resources allocated to Pro Tools host pro-
dle host processing tasks such as Real-Time cessing tasks such as Real-Time AudioSuite
AudioSuite (RTAS) plug-ins. he H/W Buffer set- (RTAS) plug-ins, as follows:
ting can also be used to manage monitoring la- ◆ Lower CPU usage settings reduce how much
tency. Pro Tools processing affects other CPU-intensive
◆ Lower Hardware Buffer Size settings reduce tasks (such as screen redraws), and limit the
monitoring latency, and are useful when you are amount of processor resources available for
recording live input. Pro Tools tasks. They are useful when you are ex-
◆ Higher Hardware Buffer Size settings allow for
periencing slow system response, or when run-
more audio processing and effects, and are use- ning other applications at the same time as
ful when you are using larger mixer configura- Pro Tools.
tions or more RTAS plug-ins on your system. ◆ Higher CPU Usage Limit settings allocate
more processing power to Pro Tools, and are
In addition to causing slower screen re- useful for playing back large sessions or using
sponse and monitoring latency, higher more real-time plug-ins.
Hardware Buffer Size settings can affect the
accuracy of plug-in automation, mute data, Increasing the CPU Usage Limit may slow
and timing for MIDI tracks. down screen response on slower computers.

To change the Hardware Buffer Size: ◆ The maximum CPU Usage Limit is 85 percent
for single-processor computers, and 99 percent
1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine.
for multi-processor computers. (The 99 percent
2 From the H/W Buffer Size pop-up menu, select setting dedicates one entire processor to
the audio buffer size, in samples. Pro Tools.)

3 Click OK.
To change the CPU Usage Limit:
1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine.

2 From the CPU Usage Limit pop-up menu, se-


lect the percentage of CPU processing you want
to allocate to Pro Tools.

3 Click OK.

Playback Engine dialog for Pro Tools M-Powered


(M-Audio FireWire 1814 shown)

20 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


DAE Playback Buffer Size Using the M-Audio Control Panel, you can
change settings in the following areas:
The DAE Playback Buffer Size determines the
• Mixer Settings
amount of memory DAE uses to manage disk
buffers, which affects system performance. • Output Settings
• Hardware Settings (including sample rate,
◆ Lower DAE Playback Buffer Size settings can
hardware buffer size, and sync source).
improve playback and recording initiation
speed. However, a lower setting can make it dif- You can change the sample rate when creat-
ficult for slower hard drives to play or record ing a new Pro Tools session by selecting a
tracks reliably. different sample rate in the New Session di-
◆ Higher DAE Playback Buffer Size settings can alog. (Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide
allow for a higher density of edits in a session. for details.)
However, a higher setting can cause a time lag to
occur before playback or recording begins. It can
Pro Tools M-Powered does not support the
also cause a time lag to occur when you are ed-
M-Audio Control Panel low latency moni-
iting during playback.
tor feature.

To change the DAE Playback Buffer Size: To change M-Audio Control Panel settings:
1 Choose Setups > Playback Engine. 1 If Pro Tools M-Powered is open, close it.

2 From the DAE Playback Buffer pop-up menu, 2 In the Applications folder, locate and launch
select a buffer size. the M-Audio Control Panel as follows:
3 Click OK. • For FireWire interfaces, launch M-Audio
FW.
• For PCI interfaces, launch M-Audio Delta
Pro Tools Hardware Settings and Control Panel.
M-Audio Control Panel
3 To change settings in the M-Audio Control
The Hardware Setup dialog in Pro Tools (Setups
Panel, refer to the documentation that came
> Hardware Setup) displays the name of your M-
with your M-Audio interface.
Audio peripheral. The dialog also displays a mes-
sage, which tells you that various hardware 4 When finished, close the M-Audio Control
functions can be changed in the M-Audio Con- Panel.
trol Panel.
Sync Source (Pro Tools Clock Source)
If your M-Audio interface has a digital I/O (such
as a S/PDIF I/O), use the M-Audio Control Panel
to select the Sync Source for the system.

With Pro Tools M-Powered, Sync Source


cannot be set in the Pro Tools Session Setup
window.

Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration 21


To select the Sync Source: To rename I/O paths in I/O Setup:
1 If Pro Tools is open, close it. 1 Choose Setups > I/O Setups.

2 In the Applications folder, locate and launch


the M-Audio Control Panel, as follows:
• For FireWire interfaces, launch M-Audio
FW.
• For PCI interfaces, launch M-Audio Delta
Control Panel.

3 Click the Hardware tab.

4 Select a Sync Source.

Your digital input device must be connected


and turned on. If your input device is not
turned on, leave the Sync Source set to Inter-
nal. I/O Setup dialog for Pro Tools M-Powered
(M-Audio FireWire 1814 shown)

For more information on selecting the Sync 2 Click the Input, Output, Insert, or Bus tab to
Source for your M-Audio interface, refer to display the corresponding connections.
your M-Audio interface documentation.
3 To change the name of a path or subpath,
5 When finished, close the M-Audio Control double-click directly on the Path Name, type a
Panel. new name for the path, and press Return.

4 Click OK.
Configuring I/O Setup
Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide for
Using the I/O Setup dialog, you can label more information on renaming I/O paths.
Pro Tools input, output, insert, and bus signal
paths. The I/O Setup dialog provides a graphical
representation of the inputs, outputs, and signal Hard Drive Configuration and
routing of the M-Audio interface.
Maintenance
Pro Tools M-Powered bypasses the M-Audio It is recommended that you start with a newly
mixer that is displayed in the M-Audio Con- initialized audio drive. You should also periodi-
trol Panel. The interface’s hardware inputs cally defragment your audio drive to ensure
and outputs show up directly in Pro Tools continued system performance.
I/O Setup.
If you are using an ATA/IDE or FireWire hard
Pro Tools M-Powered has default I/O Setup set- drive, initialize your drive with the utility
tings that will get you started. Use the I/O Setup named Disk Utility included with your Apple
dialog only if you want to rename the default System software.
I/O paths.

22 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


Avoid Recording to System Drives
Although Pro Tools will let you record to your
system drive, this is generally not recom-
mended. Recording and playback on system
drives results in lower track counts and fewer
plug-ins. You should record to system drives
only when necessary—for example, if your com-
puter system has just one hard drive.

Removing Pro Tools on


Mac OS X
If you need to remove Pro Tools from your com-
puter, you can use the Installer CD-ROM or the
downloaded Installer file.

To remove Pro Tools from your computer:


1 Make sure you are logged in as an Administra-
tor for the account where Pro Tools is installed.
For details on Administrator privileges in
Mac OS X, refer to your Apple OS X documenta-
tion.

2 Insert the Pro Tools M-Powered Installer CD-


ROM in your CD-ROM drive. Double-click “In-
stall Pro Tools M-Powered.”

3 Enter your Administrator password and click


OK.

4 In the Installer window, choose Uninstall


from the pop-up menu, and click Uninstall.

5 Follow the on-screen instructions to remove


Pro Tools.

6 When finished, click Quit to close the Installer


window.

Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration 23


24 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered
chapter 4

Working with Pro Tools M-Powered

This tutorial of Pro Tools M-Powered software Starting a Session


introduces its main windows and features, and
also includes a step-by-step overview of audio To create a new session:
recording (see “Basic Recording” on page 37).
1 Launch Pro Tools M-Powered.
All features described in this chapter are ex- 2 Choose File > New Session.
plained fully in the Pro Tools Reference Guide.
3 In the New Session dialog, set the sample rate,
You can view an electronic PDF version of the bit depth, and other options for the new session.
Reference Guide by choosing it from the
Pro Tools Help menu.

Session Basics
Pro Tools M-Powered projects are created and
saved as sessions. Sessions store all tracks, audio,
MIDI, and other session information. Audio and
fade files are stored in folders within the session
folder.

New Session dialog

4 Select where you want to save your session. If


you are using external hard drives with your
Pro Tools system, make sure you select the ap-
propriate drive in the New Session dialog.

5 Type a name for your session.


Session file, Audio Files and Fade Files folders
6 Click Save. The new session opens its Mix,
Edit, and Transport windows (see Figure 1 on
page 26).

Chapter 4: Working with Pro Tools M-Powered 25


Main Windows Workspace The Workspace browser is a Digi-
Base feature for managing files and auditioning
The Mix, Edit, and Transport windows are the audio files. For more information see the Digi-
main Pro Tools work areas. You can show any of Base Guide.
these windows by choosing them from the Win-
dows menu.
Rulers
Press Control+Equals (=) in Windows or Pro Tools provides several different rulers to se-
Command+Equals (=) on Macintosh to lect as the timebase for your session.
switch between the Edit and Mix windows.
Timebase Rulers, displayed along the top of the
Mix Window Displays the Pro Tools mixer, with Edit window, include Bars:Beats, Minutes:Sec-
its familiar fader strip controls for volume, pan, onds, and Samples. The current timebase deter-
solo, mute, and signal routing. mines the format of the Main counter, and pro-
vides the basis for the Edit window Grid.
Edit Window Displays tracks in the session along
the Timeline, for editing of audio, MIDI, and au-
To select a Timebase Ruler:
tomation data.
■ Click the name of the ruler at the top left side
Transport Provides standard transport controls of the Edit window (Bars:Beats, Minutes:Sec-
for Play, Stop, Rewind, Fast-Forward, Pause, and onds, or Samples).
Record. The Transport window can also show
Counter and MIDI Control displays.

Edit window Main Counter


Mix window

Rulers

Tracks

Tracks
Main Counter
Transport window

Figure 1. Main session windows

26 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


Setting a Tempo Using the Click Plug-In
You can set the tempo for your session by using The Click plug-in creates an audio click during
the Song Start Marker, located in the Tempo session playback. This works like a metronome
Ruler. that you can use as a tempo reference when per-
forming and recording.
To set the session tempo with the Song Start
Marker: The Click plug-in is synchronized to the tempo
and meter of the Pro Tools session, and follows
1 In the Tempo Ruler, double-click the Song
any changes in tempo and meter.
Start Marker.
The Click plug-in is one of many plug-ins
that can be inserted on a Pro Tools track.
See “Plug-Ins” on page 45.

Song Start Marker


Song Start marker

2 In the Tempo Change dialog, enter the BPM


(beats per minute) value you will use for the ses-
sion (so the inserted tempo event replaces the
default tempo). Click plug-in

Click Parameters
MIDI In LED Illuminates each time the Click
plug-in receives a click message from the
Pro Tools application, indicating the tempo.

Accented Controls the output level of the ac-


cent beat (beat 1 of each bar) of the audio click.

Unaccented Controls the output level of the un-


Change Tempo dialog accented beats of the audio click.

3 To base the BPM value on a different note


value (such as an eighth-note rather than the
default quarter-note), select a note value in the
Resolution section.

4 Click OK.

Chapter 4: Working with Pro Tools M-Powered 27


To use the Click plug-in: Using an External MIDI Click
1 Choose MIDI > Click to enable the Click op-
Pro Tools also provides a MIDI Click option that
tion. lets you use an external MIDI device to play a
– or – click. This feature can be turned on and off in
the Transport window, and is configured from
Select the Click button in the Transport win- the MIDI Click Options dialog.
dow.
To configure and enable an external MIDI click:
Click button
1 Choose MIDI > Click Options.

Click and Tempo Controls in the Transport window

2 Create a mono Auxiliary Input (Aux Input)


track.

3 Insert a Click plug-in on the Auxiliary Input


track.

4 In the Click plug-in window, choose a click


sound from the Librarian pop-up menu (this
menu displays “factory default” when you first
insert the plug-in).
Click/Countoff Options dialog
5 Choose MIDI > Click Options and set the
2 Configure the click parameters as needed for
Click and Countoff options as desired. (Click
your MIDI sound source.
OK to apply these options.)
See Appendix B, “Configuring Midi Studio
The Note, Velocity, Duration, and Output
Setup (Windows Only)” or Appendix C,
options in this dialog are for use with MIDI
“Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only).” for
instrument-based clicks and do not affect
detailed information on how to identify ex-
the Click plug-in.
ternal MIDI devices connected to your MIDI
interface and configure your MIDI studio
Refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide for for use with Pro Tools.
more information on configuring Click op-
tions. 3 Select the desired MIDI sound source from the
Output pop-up menu and click OK.
6 Begin playback. A click is generated according
to the tempo and meter of the current session
and the settings in the Click Options dialog.

28 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


4 During recording or playback, you can turn System Resources and Settings
the Click on or off with the Click button in the
MIDI Controls display of the Transport window. You can change specific Pro Tools system set-
tings to optimize system performance.
Click button
Playback Engine Dialog
The Playback Engine dialog lets you adjust sys-
tem buffer sizes and allocate CPU processing
Tempo Controls power to Pro Tools.

Click and Tempo Controls in the Transport window To configure system resources:
■ Choose Setups > Playback Engine.
Saving Sessions
For Windows systems, see Chapter 2,
As you build a session by adding tracks and
“Windows Configuration.” For Macintosh
changing session controls, you will want to save
systems, see Chapter 3, “Macintosh Con-
your work. Pro Tools provides three ways to save
figuration.”
sessions.

System Usage Window


To save a session:
The System Usage window displays approxi-
■ Choose File > Save Session, Save Session As, or
mate information on CPU load, DSP usage, and
Save a Session Copy In.
(on Macintosh systems only) overall disk perfor-
Save Session Saves the currently open session mance, so you can gauge your system’s process-
file, leaving it open for you to continue work- ing capacity.
ing.

Save Session As Creates a duplicate session file


with the name you choose, and leaves the dupli-
cate open for you to continue working. It does
not create a new Audio Files or Fade Files folder. Meters in the System Usage window
This can be useful if you want to experiment
To view system resources and usage:
with different arrangements in the session with-
out affecting the original session. ■ Choose Windows > Show System Usage.

Save Session Copy In Saves copies of the session


file and the files that you are using in the cur-
rent session. This can be useful for creating a fi-
nal copy of the session that does not include au-
dio files or fades you are no longer using.

Chapter 4: Working with Pro Tools M-Powered 29


The Transport window can also display a Master
Transport Controls Counter, as well as the following MIDI controls:
Wait for Note, Click, Countoff, MIDI Merge,
The Transport window provides access to all
Conductor, Meter, and Tempo.
Pro Tools transport commands. Different trans-
port controls can be displayed or hidden in this Click
window.
Wait for Note Countoff

To show the Transport window:


MIDI Merge
■ Choose Window > Show Transport Window.

Return To Zero Fast Forward Tempo Controls

Rewind Play Go to End

Online Stop Record Meters


Conductor

Transport window (MIDI Controls)

To start and stop playback:


1 Click Play in the Transport window to begin
playback.

2 Click Stop in the Transport window to stop


Transport window (Expanded view shown) playback.
To configure the Transport window:
Press the Spacebar on your computer key-
■ Choose Display > Transport Window Shows board to start and stop playback.
and select view options.

The Transport window provides Play, Stop, and Pro Tools starts playing from the location of
other standard transport controls. the cursor, or from the beginning of the cur-
rent selection. The current setting of the
The Expanded view of the Transport window Link Edit and Timeline Selection command
provides pre- and post-roll, start, end, and in the Operations menu also affects play-
length indicators for Timeline selection, as well back. See the Pro Tools Reference Guide for
as the Transport Master selector. more information.

30 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


4 Click Create.
Tracks
In the Mix window, audio tracks, Auxiliary In-
Pro Tools lets you create audio and MIDI tracks puts, Master Faders, and MIDI tracks appear as
for audio and MIDI recording, submixing, rout- vertical channel strips.
ing, automating, and editing.
Track type is indicated by the Track Type icons
Pro Tools provides four types of tracks: audio just below the faders.
tracks, Auxiliary Inputs, Master Faders, and
MIDI tracks. Audio tracks, Auxiliary Inputs, and
Master Faders can be mono or stereo.

Audio Tracks Record and play back audio to and


from hard disk, monitor audio input when
record-enabled, and edit audio regions

Auxiliary Inputs Audio mixer channels, used for


input, routing, and submixing

Master Faders Provide master channel controls


and options for any output or bus path

MIDI Tracks Record, play back, and edit MIDI


data

To create a new track:


1 Choose File > New Track.

Add/Delete Track Audio Aux MIDI Master


Number of new tracks Track Type track Input track Fader
Track Format Track Timebase
Tracks in the Mix window

Track colors are assigned based on track type


(audio, Aux Input, Master Fader, or MIDI
tracks). You can customize the color of tracks by
New Track dialog
clicking the color bar of each track, and choos-
2 Specify the number of tracks, track type, and ing its color from the color palette that appears.
mono or stereo track format (for all track types
except MIDI). When the cursor is placed over the color bar
at the top of a track, the track name is dis-
3 To create multiple new track types in one step, played in a tool tip
click the “+” button in the New Tracks dialog.
Specify the number of tracks, track type, and In the Edit window, tracks are displayed hori-
track format for each additional row of new zontally along the Timeline. The area in which
tracks you want to create. audio appears for each track is the Playlist.

Chapter 4: Working with Pro Tools M-Powered 31


Audio Tracks
Rulers Audio tracks, Auxiliary Inputs, and Master Fad-
ers share many identical controls. Master Faders
provide all the same features as audio tracks and
Audio track
Auxiliary Inputs, with the following exceptions:

Input Selector A Master Fader’s output assign-


Timeline Rulers and a stereo audio track in the Edit
window ment determines its input, or source (always
outputs 1–2).
Audio tracks, Auxiliary Inputs, Master Faders,
and MIDI tracks can be automated. Inserts Inserts on Master Faders are post-fader
only. (Audio track and Aux input track inserts
are all pre-fader.)

Inserts Sends Master Faders do not provide sends. To


send an output to another destination, use an
Auxiliary Input.

Sends MIDI Tracks


MIDI tracks provide volume, solo, and mute, in
Input
addition to MIDI input, output, channel, and
Output
Automation mode program (patch) controls. MIDI volume, mute,
Pan sliders and pan can also be automated using Pro Tools
automation features (see “Mix Automation” on
Record page 46 for more information).
Enable
Solo Mute

Open Output window


Regions Lists
Volume Clipping indicator
fader (lights red) A region is a piece of audio or MIDI data that can
also have associated automation data. For exam-
Level meter
ple, a region could be a loop, a guitar riff, a verse
of a song, a sound effect, a piece of dialog, or an
entire sound file. In Pro Tools, regions are cre-
Voice Selector Group enable
ated from audio or MIDI files, and can be ar-
Track Type icon
Volume ranged in audio and MIDI track playlists.
Track name
Color Bar All regions that are recorded, imported, or cre-
Track comment area ated by editing appear in the Audio and MIDI
Regions Lists. Regions can be dragged from ei-
ther list to tracks and arranged in any order. Au-
Figure 2. Stereo audio track in the Mix window dio regions can also be auditioned from the Re-

32 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


gions Lists by Option-clicking the audio region 2 Enable the Selector tool at the top of the Edit
name. The Regions List pop-up menus provide window by clicking it.
features for managing regions and files (such as
sorting, selecting, importing, or exporting files). Selector tool

Drag border to resize Click Audio Regions


width of Regions Lists for pop-up menus

Edit tools in Edit window

3 Click in a track or Timebase Ruler. The cursor


appears at the selected location and the
counters display the current time location.
Drag border to
resize height of
Click in a track or on a Timebase Ruler
Regions Lists

Click MIDI Regions


for pop-up menus

Click to hide Regions Lists


Audio and MIDI Regions Lists

For more information on Regions Lists, refer


Clicking with the Selector in the Edit window
to the Pro Tools Reference Guide or the
DigiBase Guide. To navigate using the counters:
1 Click in the Main counter and enter a location
using your computer keyboard.
Navigating in a Session
2 Press Enter (Windows) or Return (Macintosh).
Pro Tools provides many ways to navigate in a
session, including using the mouse or entering a
memory location into one of the counters.

To navigate to a location in the Edit window: Navigating with the Counter

1 In the Operations menu, make sure Link Edit


Press the * (asterisk) key on the numeric
and Timeline Selection option is enabled.
keypad as an alternative to clicking in the
counter. (The cursor will always appear in
the Transport window’s Main Counter if it
is displayed.)

Chapter 4: Working with Pro Tools M-Powered 33


Memory Locations In the New Memory Location window, you can
define a marker, store a selection, or store any
Memory Locations provide another way to nav- combination of the other available settings.
igate within sessions. Memory Locations appear These settings include track height, group en-
as markers under the Timebase Rulers. ables, pre- and post-roll values, and track
Show/Hide status.
To define a memory location:
3 Choose settings for the memory location and
1 Do one of the following:
click OK.
• Navigate to the location at which you want
to store a marker or memory location.
– or –
• Begin playback.

2 Create a memory location by doing one of the


following:
• Press Enter on the numeric keypad

On some Windows laptops, you can press


Fn+Enter to create a memory location. This
is especially useful for laptops that do not
have a numeric keypad.

– or –
• Click the Marker Well (“+”) button, located
New Memory Location window
to the left of the Markers Ruler.
To go to a stored memory location:
Marker Well button 1 Choose Windows > Show Memory Locations.

2 In the Memory Locations window, click the


name of the memory location.

Song Start marker

34 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


Viewing and Zooming 2 Click or drag with the Zoomer to zoom in hor-
izontally for a track or Ruler.
When viewing tracks in the Edit window, you
– or –
can adjust the height of tracks as well as zoom in
vertically and horizontally using the Track Press Alt (Windows) or Option (Macintosh) and
Height selector and Zoom tools. click with the Zoomer to zoom out horizontally
for a track or Ruler.
Zoom buttons
To zoom in or out incrementally:
Zoom presets Zoomer
■ In Pro Tools, click the appropriate Zoom but-

ton:
• Left Arrow (Horizontal Zoom Out)
• Right Arrow (Horizontal Zoom In)
• Waveform and MIDI buttons, to increase or
decrease vertical zoom of the appropriate
track type (audio or MIDI)

Pro Tools also provides five Zoom preset but-


tons. You can use these to immediately return to
established zoom levels; you can define the
magnification level for each preset, on a session-
by-session basis.

Track Height Selector To use a stored Zoom preset:


Zoom and Track Height tools in the Edit window ■ Click the appropriate Zoom preset 1–5.
To change track height:
To store a new Zoom preset definition:
■ Click the Track Height Selector, and select a
■ Command-click a Zoom preset number to
track height from the pop-up menu.
store the current horizontal and vertical Zoom
You can apply many commands, including to that preset.
track height selection, to more than just a
single track. Hold down the Alt key (Win- Using Memory Locations for Zoom Control
dows) or Option key (Macintosh) while per-
Pro Tools Memory Locations let you store many
forming an operation to apply it to all
attributes with each marker or memory loca-
tracks. Hold down both the Shift and Alt
tion, including Track Height and Zoom Settings.
keys (Windows) or Shift and Option keys
By creating Memory Locations that are neither
(Macintosh) while performing an operation
to apply it to all selected tracks.

To zoom in or out on any area of a track in the Edit


window:
1 Click to select the Zoomer.

Chapter 4: Working with Pro Tools M-Powered 35


Markers nor Selections, but have Track Height, 3 In the session, create a new track by choosing
Zoom Settings, or other options enabled, you File > New Track.
can use Memory Locations to zoom in and out
using just the numeric keypad.

For more information on creating memory


locations, see “Memory Locations” on Creating a new stereo audio track
page 34.
4 In the New Track dialog, specify 1 Stereo Au-
dio Track, and click Create.

Importing Audio 5 Open the Workspace Browser by choosing


Windows > Show Workspace. The Workspace
Pro Tools lets you import existing audio files Browser is a window where you can find, audi-
from disk. This is very useful if you have audio tion, and manage your audio files.
files already recorded to disk or if you are work-
ing with CD-based sample libraries that you
want to use in a new session.

To import audio files or regions from disk:


■ Choose File > Import Audio to Track to import

files and regions to new audio tracks (they will


also appear as regions in the Audio Regions List).
– or – Opening the Workspace Browser

6 In the Workspace Browser, navigate to the lo-


■ Choose Import Audio from the Audio Regions
cation where you saved the audio you extracted
List pop-up menu to import files and regions to
from your CD in step 2.
the Audio Regions List only.

For more information on importing audio


into sessions, refer to the Pro Tools Refer-
ence Guide.

To import a CD audio track:


1 Put the source CD into your computer’s CD
drive.

2 Use a third party software program of your Browsing in the Workspace Browser
choice to extract audio from the CD.

You can audition the audio file by clicking


on its name in the Workspace Browser and
pressing the Spacebar. To stop the audition,
press the Spacebar again.

36 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


7 Drag the audio file from the Workspace 2 Create a new track to record on by choosing
Browser to the audio track you created in your File > New Track. Specify 1 Mono Audio Track
session. and click Create.

3 In the Mix window, click the Input Selector on


the new track.

Input selector

Choosing an input in the Mix window

4 From the pop-up menu, select the interface in-


Dragging the audio file from the Workspace Browser to
an audio track put you want to record. For example, select
Mic/Line 1 if your audio source is plugged into
the first jack of an M-Audio interface.
If you are running Pro Tools on Mac OS X,
you can import audio from a CD by using
the Movie > Import Audio From Other
Movie command. For more information, see
the Pro Tools Reference Guide.

DigiBase provides additional options for Routing an input to a mono track


importing audio. See the DigiBase Guide for
more information. 5 Use the Gain controls on your M-Audio inter-
face (if any) to maximize the signal going into
Pro Tools while avoiding clipping.

Basic Recording Clipping occurs when you feed a signal to


This section describes how to record audio and an audio device that is louder than the cir-
MIDI into Pro Tools. cuitry can accept. To avoid clipping, adjust
the Gain control to a level where the Peak
LEDs on the front of an M-Audio interface
Preparing for Recording do not flash. You can also attenuate the sig-
nal at its source.
To prepare an audio track for recording:
1 Verify the connections to your instruments. Recording an Audio Track
For more information about connecting in- To record an audio track:
struments, refer to your M-Audio documen-
tation. 1 Assign the input for a track and set its input
levels appropriately.

Chapter 4: Working with Pro Tools M-Powered 37


2 Click the Record Enable button for a track. Recording MIDI
(See Figure 2 on page 32).
To configure a MIDI track for recording:
3 Choose Windows > Show Transport to display
the Transport window. 1 For Macintosh systems, choose MIDI > Input
Devices and make sure your input device is se-
Return To Zero Fast Forward lected in the MIDI Input Enable window. Click
Rewind Play Go to End OK to apply your changes.
Online Stop Record
2 Choose File > New Track and specify 1 MIDI
Track, then click Create.

3 In the Mix window, click the track’s MIDI Out-


put Selector and choose the destination (assign-
ment) for that MIDI track by choosing a MIDI
interface port, a channel, or a device from the
pop-up menu. Choices vary depending on the
operating system, Pro Tools version, and the
Transport window (Expanded view shown)
hardware and instruments you have connected.
4 Click Return To Zero to start recording from
the beginning of the session. You can also record
according to a selection or from the cursor loca-
tion in the Edit window.

5 Click Record in the Transport window to en-


able recording.

6 Click Play or press the Spacebar to record on


all record-enabled tracks.

7 Record your performance.

8 Click Stop in the Transport window or press


MIDI Output Selector
the Spacebar when you are finished recording.
4 You can assign a default program change to
To play back a recorded track: the track by clicking on the Program button in
the Mix window and making the necessary se-
1 Click the track’s Record Enable button a sec-
lections for program and bank select, and then
ond time to take it out of Record mode.
clicking Done. Default program changes are
2 Click Play in the Transport window or press sent when playing a track.
the Spacebar to start playback.

3 Click Stop in the Transport window or press


the Spacebar to stop playback.

38 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


5 In the Mix Window, record-enable the MIDI To play back a recorded MIDI track:
track.
1 Click the Record Enable button to take the
6 Make sure MIDI > MIDI Thru is selected, then MIDI track out of Record mode.
play some notes on your MIDI controller. The
2 In the Transport window, click Return To Zero
MIDI instrument assigned to the track should
to play back from the beginning of the track.
sound, and the track’s meters should register
You can also play back according to a selection
MIDI activity.
or from the cursor location in the Edit window.

To record onto a MIDI track: 3 Click Play in the Transport window to begin
playback. The recorded MIDI data plays back
1 Verify that the MIDI track you want to record
through the track’s assigned instrument and
to is record-enabled and receiving MIDI.
channel.
2 In the Transport window, click Return To Zero
to start recording from the beginning of the ses- Monitoring MIDI Instruments Without a Mixer
sion. You can also record according to a selec-
To monitor your MIDI instrument’s analog out-
tion or from the cursor location in the Edit
put, you can use an Auxiliary Input. Auxiliary
window.
Inputs function as inputs for both internally
3 Click Record in the Transport window. bussed signals and external audio sources.

4 Click Play in the Transport window or press


To configure an Auxiliary Input for MIDI
the Spacebar to begin recording.
monitoring:
– or –
1 Connect the MIDI instrument’s audio output
If using Wait for Note, the Play, Record, and to the appropriate inputs on your M-Audio in-
Wait for Note buttons flash. Recording begins terface.
when the first MIDI event is received. 2 Choose File > New Track and specify 1 mono
– or – or stereo Auxiliary Input, then click Create.

If using Countoff, click Play. The Record and 3 Click the Input selector of the Auxiliary Input
Play buttons flash during the Countoff, then re- channel and choose the input to which your
cording begins. MIDI instrument is connected.

5 Play your MIDI instrument. 4 Adjust the level of the Auxiliary Input with its
volume fader.
6 When you have finished recording, click Stop
in the Transport window, or press the Spacebar.
The newly recorded MIDI data appears as a MIDI
region on the track in the Edit window, as well
as in the MIDI Regions List.

Chapter 4: Working with Pro Tools M-Powered 39


The Edit mode affects the movement and place-
Editing ment of audio and MIDI regions (and individual
MIDI notes), how commands like Copy and
Pro Tools provides several tools for editing audio
Paste function, and also how the various edit
and MIDI. In the Edit window, audio and MIDI
tools (Trimmer, Selector, Grabber, and Pencil)
tracks can be edited into regions or repeated in
work.
different locations, to create loops, re-arrange
sections or entire songs, or to assemble tracks us- For detailed descriptions of Edit modes, re-
ing material from multiple takes. fer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide.

Edit Modes Edit Tools Edit Tools


Pro Tools has seven Edit tools: Zoomer, Trim-
mer, Selector, Grabber, Scrubber, Pencil, and
Edit modes and tools (Slip mode, Smart Tool enabled) Smart Tool. Select an Edit tool by clicking it in
the Edit window. The Zoomer, Trimmer, Grab-
Audio and MIDI editing are typically used to:
ber, and Pencil tools have multiple modes,
• Fix or replace mistakes which you can select from a pop-up menu when
• Re-arrange songs and projects you click the tool.
• Clean up track timing and rhythm by
Trimmer Grabber
aligning hits to Grid values like bars and
beats Selector Scrubber

• Create final tracks using selections from


multiple takes (also known as comp tracks).

Edit Modes
Zoomer Smart Tool Pencil
Pro Tools has four Edit modes: Shuffle, Spot,
Edit tools in Edit window
Slip, and Grid. The Edit mode is selected by
clicking the corresponding button in the upper
Press the Escape key to toggle through the
left of the Edit window.
Edit tools.

For detailed descriptions of the Edit Tools,


refer to the Pro Tools Reference Guide.
Edit mode buttons

Press F1 (Shuffle), F2 (Slip), F3 (Spot), and


F4 (Grid) to set the Edit mode.

40 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


Editing Regions 5 Move the cursor near the end of the audio re-
gion (notice the cursor displays as a “]”).
The Edit tools in Pro Tools are used to edit re-
gions in the Edit window.

Trimming the end of a region

6 Click at the end of the region and drag left to


Audio region
shorten the region.
Trimming Regions

After recording an audio track, you will have an


audio region on that track. If there is some si-
lence at the beginning of the region, or there is
some extra audio at the end of the region, you The trimmed region
can use the Trimmer tool in Slip mode to
You can also extend a region using the Trimmer
shorten the beginning or end of the region.
tool if there is audio data beyond the current
boundaries of the region. If extending the re-
gion’s beginning, drag to the left; if extending
the region’s end, drag to the right.

Audio region on a track Arranging Regions

To trim an audio region: There are many ways to edit and arrange re-
gions; the following example demonstrates how
1 Select Slip mode.
you might create and arrange a drum loop to
2 Select the Trimmer tool. compose a rhythm track.

3 Move the cursor near the beginning of the au-


To create and arrange a rhythm sequence:
dio region (notice the cursor displays as a “[”).
1 Open or create a session in Pro Tools.

2 Specify the session meter (MIDI > Change


Meter) and tempo (MIDI > Change Tempo).

3 Select Grid mode.


Trimming the beginning of a region
4 Prepare to record using a MIDI click (see “Us-
4 Click at the beginning of the region and drag ing the Click Plug-In” on page 27 or “Using an
right to shorten the region. External MIDI Click” on page 28).

Chapter 4: Working with Pro Tools M-Powered 41


5 Record a drum track (see “Recording an Audio 10 With the new region still selected, choose
Track” on page 37) keeping in mind that you Edit > Repeat.
want to use only the best bar (measure). Your re-
cording should fit the grid at the specified
tempo and meter.
– or –

Import an existing audio file, such as a drum


loop from a sample library, and place it on an Repeat dialog
audio track (see “Importing Audio” on page 36).
11 In the Repeat dialog, enter a number of re-
6 Click the Selector tool, and drag on the wave- peats, and click OK.
form with the Selector to make a one-bar selec-
tion. Note that the selection snaps to the You now have a new rhythm track with a
specified grid. “looped” (repeated) phrase. You can use these
editing tools to do much more advanced and in-
volved editing of regions. For example, you
could separate beats or “hits” into individual re-
gions and rearrange them in Grid or Shuffle
mode as a way of coming up with new and in-
Making a selection in Grid mode teresting rhythms.

7 Create a new audio track (File > New Track).


Playlists and Nondestructive Editing
8 From the Grabber pop-up menu, select the
Separation Grabber tool. Playlists let you create and retrieve multiple ver-
sions of track edits. A playlist can be a complete
9 With the Separation Grabber tool, drag the se- take, an overdub, or an arrangement of selec-
lection to the beginning of the new audio track. tions from multiple takes. You can duplicate
A new region is created and appears at the be- playlists to save edits in their current state, then
ginning of the new track. continue making additional edits to the new
playlist knowing you can always go back to the
previous version.

To create multiple playlists for editing:


1 Start with a track on which you want to try
different edits.
Dragging a selection with the Separation Grabber tool

42 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


2 From the Playlist Selector pop-up menu, Using Channel Strip Controls
choose Duplicate.
Volume Increase or decrease the track level by
dragging its Volume fader up or down.

Pan Pan a track left or right in the mix by drag-


Playlist Selector ging its Pan slider left or right.
pop-up menu
Solo Solo a track (muting all other tracks) by
clicking its Solo button.

Playlist Selector pop-up menu Mute Mute a track by clicking its Mute button.

3 Name the duplicated playlist and click OK.

4 Make your first series of edits.


Basic Signal Routing
Signal routing is accomplished by assigning
5 Return to the original playlist by selecting it
track inputs and outputs. Audio track inputs can
from the Playlist Selector pop-up menu.
be from any hardware input or bus path. Once
6 Repeat steps 2–5 for any further edits. recorded, an audio track’s input is its audio file
on disk. Auxiliary Inputs can be any hardware
In this way, you can try out different edits of a
input or internal bus path. For all types of audio
track, and switch back and forth between playl-
tracks, outputs can be routed to any hardware
ists for comparison.
output or internal bus path.

Together, these signal routing features let you


set up virtually any mixer architecture for your
Mixing
projects, including sends and returns for effects
The Pro Tools mix environment provides many processing and submixing.
familiar channel strip controls for setting vol-
ume, pan, solo, and mute. Mixer and I/O con- Send and Return Submixing for Effects
trols can be shown in both the Mix and Edit Processing
windows.
When you are submixing for reverb, delay, and
To view the Mix window: similar effects processing, you can use sends and
Auxiliary Inputs to achieve traditional send/re-
■ Select Windows > Show Mix. turn bussing. You can use a real-time plug-in
(see “Plug-Ins” on page 45) as a shared resource
Press Control+Equals (=) in Windows or
for all tracks included in a submix. The wet/dry
Command+Equals (=) on Macintosh to
balance in the mix can be controlled using the
switch between the Edit and Mix windows.
track faders (dry level) and Auxiliary Input fader
(wet, or effect return level).

Chapter 4: Working with Pro Tools M-Powered 43


Creating a Send Creating a Return

Pro Tools provides up to five sends per audio Auxiliary Inputs can be created to act as return
track. A send can be mono or stereo, routing to channels for busses, as well as for inputs from
an output or one of 16 internal bus paths. hardware sources.

Send
To assign a send on a track: Send window to bus 5–6 Real-time plug-in

1 Make sure Sends View is enabled in the Mix


window (Display > Mix Window Shows > Sends
View).

2 Click the Sends button on an audio track and


choose a path from the pop-up menu.

Assigning a send to a stereo bus path

3 Set the output level of the send. You can set


the send level to zero by Option-clicking the
send fader.
Aux Input
input from bus 5–6
You can configure the default level for new
sends to be –∞ or at unity gain (0 dB) by Audio and Auxiliary Input tracks configured for a send
and return
enabling or disabling the Sends Default To
“–INF” option under the Operation To create a return:
Preferences.
1 Choose File > New Track and specify 1 mono
or stereo Auxiliary Input, then click Create.

2 Click the Input Selector of the Auxiliary Input


and set it to the bus path you assigned to the
sends on the source tracks.

3 Click the Output Selector of the Auxiliary In-


put and choose an output path.

44 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


Master Faders To create a Master Fader:
1 Choose File > New Track and specify 1 mono
Master Faders are used as output and bus mas-
ters, and can control any mono or stereo output or stereo Master Fader track, then click Create.
or bus path in a session. You can then use the 2 In the Mix window, click the Master Fader’s
controls on the Master Fader to control the vol- Output Selector and choose the output path
ume, solo and mute, or apply inserts to those that you want to control. You can choose either
paths. outputs or internal busses.

When you are mastering your final mix, it is rec-


To use a Master Fader as a master stereo volume
ommended that you use a dither plug-in on the
control for all tracks in a session:
Master Fader controlling your main outputs (for
more information on dither, see “Using Dither 1 Choose File > New Track and specify 1 stereo
on Mixdown” on page 47. Master Fader track, then click Create.

2 Set the outputs of all audio tracks in the ses-


sion to outputs 1–2 and set the panning of each
track.
Dither plug-in applied to final mix
3 Set the output of the Master Fader to your
main output path (outputs 1–2).

Output assigned to control main mix


Plug-Ins
Plug-ins provide EQ, dynamics, delay, and
many other types of effects processing, and
function either in real time or in non-real time.

RTAS plug-ins are nondestructive effects, which


are inserted on tracks to process audio in real
time—just like an external hardware processor
(during playback).

AudioSuite plug-ins are used to process and


modify audio files on disk, rather than non-
destructively in real time. Depending on how
Master Fader controlling main outputs you configure a non-real-time AudioSuite plug-
in, it will either create an entirely new audio file,
or alter the original source audio file.

Chapter 4: Working with Pro Tools M-Powered 45


Real-time plug-ins are assigned to tracks from
the Inserts view in the Mix or Edit windows. Mix Automation
Once assigned to a track, plug-ins appear in the
Mix automation lets you record, or automate,
track’s Inserts view, and can be opened by click-
changes to track and send levels, mutes, pan,
ing the Insert button.
and plug-in parameters. MIDI tracks provide
Insert button Plug-In window volume, pan, and mute automation only.

To write automation:
1 In the Automation Enable window
(Windows > Show Automation Enable), enable
an automation type (volume, pan, mute, send
level, send pan, send mute, or any plug-in auto-
mation).

2 Select an automation mode for the tracks to be


automated (Write, Touch, or Latch mode).

3 Start playback and begin writing automation


by adjusting faders and other controls during
playback. Pro Tools remembers all moves per-
Compressor plug-in formed on enabled parameters.

To insert a real-time plug-in on a track:


1 Make sure the Inserts View is shown in the
Mix or Edit window.

2 Click the Insert Selector on the track and se-


lect the plug-in that you want to use.
Enabling automation (left) and choosing a track
Pro Tools comes with a complete set of DigiRack Automation mode (right)
plug-ins, and many more are available from
Digidesign and our Development Partners.

For more information about plug-ins, see


the DigiRack Plug-Ins Guide, the Digide-
sign Plug-Ins Guide, and the Plug-Ins chap-
ter of the Pro Tools Reference Guide.

46 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


Once written, automation can be re-written or Selection or Track Length If you make a selec-
displayed and edited graphically in the Edit win- tion in a track, the bounced mix will be the
dow. length of the selection. If there is no selection in
any track, the bounce will continue until it
reaches the end of the session.

To Bounce to Disk:
1 Choose File > Bounce to Disk.
Track view set to Volume
Volume breakpoint automation 2 Select any mono or stereo output or bus path
as the source for the bounce.
Volume automation in a track in the Edit window
3 Select the File Type (such as .WAV), Format
(such as mono or stereo), Resolution (such as 16-
For more information on using automation,
bit), and Sample Rate (such as 44.1 kHz).
see the Pro Tools Reference Guide.
To create a mixdown that can be written to
an audio CD, be sure to select BWF
Final Mixdown (.WAV), stereo interleaved, 16-bit,
44.1 kHz.
The Bounce to Disk command lets you write a fi-
nal mix to disk, create a new loop, print effects, 4 Click Bounce.
or bounce any submix. Once you have bounced
your final mix to disk, you can use another pro-
Using Dither on Mixdown
gram to burn the resulting file to compact disc.
Dither is a form of randomized noise used to
When you bounce a track to disk, the bounced
minimize quantization artifacts in digital audio
mix includes the following:
systems. Quantization artifacts are most audible
Audible Tracks All audible tracks are included in when the audio signal is near the low end of its
the bounce. Any muted tracks do not appear in dynamic range, such as during a quiet passage or
the bounce. If you solo a track or region, only fade-out.
the soloed elements appear in the bounced mix.
You should use dither when using the Bounce
Automation All read-enabled automation is To Disk command, or when mastering to an ex-
played back and incorporated in the bounced ternal device. Bounce to Disk does not automat-
mix. ically apply dither. To dither a bounce file, in-
sert an included Digidesign Dither plug-in, or
Inserts and Sends All active inserts, including another dither plug-in, on a Master Fader as-
real-time plug-ins and hardware inserts, are ap- signed to the bounce source path. Master Faders
plied to the bounced mix. are often preferable to Auxiliary Inputs because
Master Fader inserts are post-fader (which is bet-
ter for dither applications).

For more information on using dither, refer


to the Pro Tools Reference Guide.

Chapter 4: Working with Pro Tools M-Powered 47


48 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered
appendix a

Windows System Optimizations

When installing Pro Tools on Windows XP,


there are many system variables that affect per- Advanced Settings
formance. If you have followed all the Windows
The following system optimizations may help
configuration instructions in Chapter 2, “Win-
Pro Tools perform better on some systems. It is
dows Configuration” and are still experiencing
recommended that you only try these optimiza-
problems, try the following troubleshooting
tions if necessary, as they may disable or ad-
suggestions.
versely affect the functionality of other pro-
Norton Ghost is highly recommended, as it grams on your system.
lets you save your system in a working state
Disabling Network Cards
and easily revert to that state should you ac-
cidentally disable anything that your com- If applicable, disable any networking cards
puter needs. (other than a 1394 “FireWire” card that you
might use to connect an external drive to your
For more information on Ghost, visit the Sy-
system).
mantec Web site (www.symantec.com)

To disable a network card:

Troubleshooting 1 Right-click My Computer and choose Man-


age.
Blue Screen at Startup 2 Under System Tools, select Device Manager.

If, after installing Pro Tools and QuickTime, 3 In the Device Manager window, double-click
your computer crashes with a blue screen, do Network adapters, then double-click the Net-
the following: work Adapter card you want to disable.
• Use Add/Remove Programs to uninstall
4 Under the General tab, choose “Do not use
Pro Tools.
this device (disable)” from the Device Usage
• Use Add/Remove Programs to uninstall pop-up menu, and click OK.
QuickTime.
5 Close the Computer Management window.
• Repeat the installation instructions in “In-
stalling Pro Tools M-Powered Software” on
page 10.

Appendix A: Windows System Optimizations 49


Processor Scheduling If you disable any of the following startup items,
do so carefully:
To Adjust Processor Scheduling Performance: • Portable media serial number (required for
1 Choose Start > Control Panel. applications that utilize a copy protection
key)
2 In Classic View, launch System.
• Plug and play
3 Click the Advanced tab. • Event log
4 Under the Performance section, click the Set- • Cryptographic services
tings button. • DHCP Client, TCP/IP Net BIOS, and other
networking-related items (unless the com-
5 Click the Advanced tab.
puter has no network or internet connec-
6 Under the Processor scheduling section, select tion, in which case these items can be
the Background Services option. disabled)

7 Under the Memory Usage section, select the Norton Ghost is highly recommended, as it
System cache option. lets you save your system in a working state
8 Click OK twice. You will need to restart your and easily revert to that state should you ac-
computer for the changes to take effect. cidentally disable anything that your com-
puter needs.
Startup Items
For more information on Ghost, visit the Sy-
The fewer items in use by your computer, the mantec Web site (www.symantec.com)
more resources are available for Pro Tools. Some
startup applications may be consuming unnec- To Disable System Startup Items:
essary CPU resources, and should be turned off. 1 From the Start menu, choose Run.

2 Type “msconfig” and click OK. The System


Configuration Utility opens.

3 Under the General tab, choose Selective


Startup.

4 Deselect Load Startup Items and click OK.

5 Click Restart to restart the computer.

6 After restarting your computer, a System Con-


figuration message dialog is displayed. Try
Pro Tools to see if performance has increased be-
fore you uncheck the don't show this message
again box. If performance has not changed, run
“msconfig” and return your computer Selective
Startup back to Normal Startup. Alternatively,
try disabling start up items and non-essential
processes individually.

50 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


appendix b

Configuring Midi Studio Setup


(Windows Only)

MIDI Studio Setup Window


MIDI Studio Setup
The MIDI Studio Setup window is organized
MIDI Studio Setup (MSS) lets you configure the into three sections. Interface controls are at the
MIDI controllers and sound modules that are top of the window. All the currently defined in-
connected to your system, and control the rout- struments are displayed in the Instrument
ing of MIDI data between your MIDI equipment Name list on the left side of the window. A de-
and Pro Tools. tailed view of MIDI parameters is shown in the
Properties section on the right.
MSS automatically finds MIDI interfaces, and
lets you specify a custom name for each of the
MIDI ports within the MIDI Studio Setup docu-
ment.

MSS also supports XML-based patch file names


for storing and importing patch names for your
external MIDI devices.

Entire MIDI Studio Setup configurations created


within MSS can be imported and exported.
MIDI Studio Setup window

Interface Controls
Create This button adds a new instrument to
the Instrument Name list.

Delete This button deletes the instrument or in-


struments selected in the Instrument Name list.

Import This button lets you import an existing


MIDI Studio Setup file.

Export This button lets you export the current


MIDI Studio Setup file.

Appendix B: Configuring Midi Studio Setup (Windows Only) 51


Show Duplicate Emulated Ports If you are using To define an instrument with MIDI Studio Setup:
a MIDI interface that supports timestamping
1 Choose Setups > MIDI Studio Setup.
(such as MIDI I/O), when the Show Duplicate
Emulated Outputs option is selected, the MIDI 2 Click Create.
Studio Setup window shows both the Direct-
3 In the Instrument Name field, type the name
Music time-stamped output ports, and non-
of your instrument, and press enter.
stamped duplicate emulated output ports.
If you do not enter an instrument name, the
Some MIDI Interfaces will not properly load
Instrument Name field will automatically
or unload their drivers unless you quit and
inherit information from the Manufacturer
re-launch Pro Tools. Check the documenta-
and Model pop-up menu.
tion that came with your MIDI interface for
more information. 4 Set a manufacturer and model for the new de-
vice from the corresponding pop-up menus. If
Instrument List the Manufacturer and Model pop-up menus do
not provide a name for your particular device,
The Instrument list contains all the currently
choose None.
defined instruments. Selecting an instrument in
the list displays that instrument’s properties in 5 From the Input pop-up menu, choose the in-
the Properties section of the window. put port on your MIDI interface that is con-
nected to the MIDI Out of your instrument.
Properties Section
6 From the Output pop-up menu, choose the
The Properties section lets you edit information output port on your MIDI interface that is con-
for new instruments, or instrument currently se- nected to the MIDI In of your instrument.
lected in the Instrument list.
7 Enable the appropriate MIDI channels (1–16)
for the Send Channels and Receive Channels
options (These determine which channels send
and receive MIDI.)

Instrument Name

The Instrument Name field shows the user-de-


finable instrument name for the currently se-
lected instrument.

MIDI Studio Setup Properties section Manufacturer

When a previously defined instrument is se- The Manufacturer pop-up menu provides a list
lected in the Instrument list, the Properties sec- of MIDI equipment manufacturers. This list is
tion changes to reflect the properties of the se- derived from the XML-based MIDI device files.
lected instrument.
For more information, see “Patch Name
Support” on page 53.

52 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


Model
Patch Name Support
The Model pop-up menu provides a list of MIDI
devices, filtered by the manufacturer name. This Pro Tools supports XML (Extensible Markup
list is derived from the XML-based MIDI device Language) for storing and importing patch
files provided with your Pro Tools installation. names for you external MIDI devices. Pro Tools
installs MIDI patch name files (.midnam) for the
For more information, see “Patch Name factory default patch names of many common
Support” on page 53. MIDI devices. These files reside in directories,
sorted by manufacturer, in Program Files\
Input Port Common Files\Digidesign\MIDI Patch Names\
The Input Port pop-up menu displays a list of Digidesign.
available MIDI interface input ports. The MIDI
interface port that is set and displayed here is To import MIDI patch names into Pro Tools:
the port through which MIDI data is sent from 1 Verify the MIDI Device name in the MIDI Stu-
the external MIDI device specified in the Instru- dio Setup window (see “MIDI Studio Setup” on
ment Name field into your MIDI interface. page 51).

If you set the input port to None, the defined 2 Verify the MIDI track’s output is correctly as-
instrument will not appear as a choice in a signed to the MIDI device.
MIDI Input Selector.
3 Click the MIDI track’s Program button.

Output Port

The Output Port pop-up menu displays a list of


available MIDI interface output ports. The port
set and displayed here is the port through which
MIDI data is sent from your MIDI interface to Program button
the MIDI device specified in the Instrument
Name field.

If you set the output port to None, the de- Program button, Edit window
fined instrument will not appear as a choice
in a MIDI Output Selector.
Program button
Send Channels

The Send Channels grid sets the send channels


for the MIDI device specified in the Instrument
Name field.

Receive Channels
Program button, Mix window
The Receive Channels grid sets the receive chan-
nels for the MIDI device specified in the Instru-
ment Name field.

Appendix B: Configuring Midi Studio Setup (Windows Only) 53


4 In the Patch Select dialog, click the Change To clear patch names:
button.
■ In the Patch Select dialog, click the Clear but-

ton, and click Done.

MIDI patch name files (.midnam) can be


edited in any text editor, or you can use
third party patch librarian and editor soft-
ware to create your own custom patch
names.

Change button

Patch Select dialog

5 In the Open dialog, navigate to Program


Files\Common Files\Digidesign\MIDI Patch
Names\Digidesign\<name of manufacturer>,
and select the MIDI Patch Name file (.midnam)
for the MIDI device.

6 Click Open.

The Patch Select dialog is populated with patch


names and the Patch Name Bank pop-up menu
appears in the upper left hand corner of the win-
dow.

Patch Select dialog with patch names

Once patch names have been imported into


Pro Tools, they are available for that MIDI de-
vice in all sessions.

54 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


appendix c

Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only)

2 Click the MIDI Devices tab. AMS scans your


Audio MIDI Setup system for connected MIDI interfaces. If your
MIDI interface is properly connected, it appears
Pro Tools recognizes the ports on your MIDI in-
in the window with each of its ports numbered.
terface as generic ports. With Mac OS X, you use
Apple’s Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) utility to iden-
tify external MIDI devices connected to your
MIDI interface and configure your MIDI studio
for use with Pro Tools.

To configure your MIDI studio in AMS:


1 Launch Audio MIDI Setup (located in Applica-
tions/Utilities).
– or –

In Pro Tools, choose Setups > Edit MIDI Studio


Setup.
Audio MIDI Setup (MIDI Devices tab)

3 For any MIDI devices connected to the MIDI


interface, click Add Device. A new external de-
vice icon with the default MIDI keyboard image
will appear.

4 Drag the new device icon to a convenient lo-


cation within the window.

Appendix C: Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only) 55


5 Connect the MIDI device to the MIDI inter- To configure an external MIDI device:
face by clicking the arrow for the appropriate
1 Select the external device icon and click Show
output port of the device and dragging a con-
Info (or double-click the new device icon).
nection or “cable” to the input arrow of the cor-
responding port of the MIDI interface.

External Device Icon

2 Select a manufacturer and model for the new


device from the corresponding pop-up menus.
(If the Manufacturer and Model pop-up menus
do not provide a name for your particular de-
Making MIDI input and output connections vice, you can type a name.)
6 Click the arrow for the appropriate input port
of the device and drag a cable to the output ar-
row of the corresponding port of the MIDI inter-
face.

To remove a connection, select the cable and


press Delete. To delete all connections, click
Clear Cables. Naming a new MIDI device

7 Repeat steps 3–6 for each MIDI device in your


AMS refers to one or more files with the suf-
MIDI setup.
fix “.middev” in the directory Root/Li-
brary/Audio/MIDI Devices for Manufac-
turer and Model names. Pro Tools installs
two such files that contain information for
many commercially available MIDI devices,
“Legacy Devices.middev” and “Digidesign
Devices.middev.” If the Manufacturer or
Model names for any of your external MIDI
devices is not available in the AMS Manu-
facturer and Model pop-up menus, you can
add them by editing any of the current
.middev files in any text editor (such as
TextEdit).

56 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


3 Click the More Properties arrow to expand the 4 Click the device image. The window expands
dialog, then enable the appropriate MIDI chan- to show images for various MIDI devices (such
nels (1–16) for the Transmits and Receives op- as keyboards, modules, interfaces, and mixers).
tions. (These determine which channels the Select an icon for your device.
device will use to send and receive MIDI.)

Selecting a device icon


Enabling MIDI channels
To use your own custom icons, you can
place TIFF image files in /Library/
Audio/MIDI Devices/Generic/Images, and
they will appear as choices in the AMS de-
vice window.

5 Click OK.

The device names you enter appear as MIDI in-


put and output choices in Pro Tools.

Appendix C: Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only) 57


4 In the Patch Select dialog, click the Change
Patch Name Support button.

Pro Tools supports XML (Extensible Markup


Language) for storing and importing patch
names for you external MIDI devices. Pro Tools
installs MIDI patch name files (.midnam) for the
factory default patch names of many common
MIDI devices. These files reside in directories,
sorted by manufacturer, in /Library/Audio/MIDI
Patch Names/Digidesign.
Change button
To import MIDI patch names into Pro Tools: Patch Select dialog
1 Verify the MIDI Device name in the Audio
5 In the Open dialog, navigate to /Library/Au-
MIDI Setup window (see “Audio MIDI Setup” on dio/MIDI Patch Names/Digidesign/<name of
page 55). manufacturer>, and select the MIDI Patch Name
2 Verify the MIDI track’s output is correctly as- file (.midnam) for the MIDI device.
signed to the MIDI device. 6 Click Open.
3 Click the MIDI track’s Program button.
The Patch Select dialog is populated with patch
names and the Patch Name Bank pop-up menu
appears in the upper left hand corner of the win-
dow.

Once patch names have been imported into


Program button Pro Tools, they are available for that MIDI de-
vice in all sessions.

Program button, Edit window To clear patch names:


■ In the Patch Select dialog, click the Clear but-

ton, and click Done.


Program button
MIDI patch name files (.midnam) can be
edited in any text editor, or you can use
third party patch librarian and editor soft-
ware to create your own custom patch
names.

Program button, Mix window

58 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


index

Numerics D
32K clusters 15 DAE Playback Buffer Size 21
Data Executive Prevention 8
A defragment
AMS (Audio MIDI Setup) 55 Windows 16
configuring MIDI devices in 56 Disk Cleanup 15
audio
editing 40 E
importing 36 Edit mode buttons 40
preparing 37 Edit modes 40
routing 37, 43 Grid 40
Audio Regions List 32 selecting 40
audio tracks 31, 32 Shuffle 40
authorizing Pro Tools 11, 19 Slip 40
automation 46 Spot 40
creating 46 Edit tools 40
Auxiliary Inputs 31, 32, 39, 43 Grabber 40
Pencil 40
Scrubber 40
B
Selector 40
Bounce to Disk command 47 Smart Tool 40
Trimmer 40
C Zoomer 40
channel strip controls Edit window 26
Mute 43 editing 40
Pan 43 editing regions 41
Solo 43
Volume 43
F
click 28
fade files 25
Click plug-in
Accented parameter 27 FAT32 15
Unaccented parameter 27
Clock Source 14, 21 G
cluster size 15 Grabber tool 40
CPU Usage Limit 12, 20 Grid mode 40

Index 59
H N
hard drive NTFS 15
and Macintosh system drive 23
and Windows system drive 16 P
hard drives Pan slider 43
cluster size 15
Pencil tool 40
formatting 22
maintenance 16 playback
space requirements 4 starting and stopping 30
Windows maintenance 15 Playback Engine dialog 29
Hardware Buffer Size 20 playlists 42
hardware installation 7 creating 42
Hibernate 8 plug-ins 45
power
Windows System Standby 8
I
Pro Tools
I/O Setup authorizing 11, 19
Macintosh configuration 14, 22 capabilities 2
Windows configuration 14 main windows 26
importing audio 36 software configuration 19
inserts validating 11, 19
plug-ins 46 Windows configuration 12
Pro Tools LE
K installing, Windows 10
key commands 6 Program Change dialog 54, 58

M Q
Master Faders 31, 32, 45 QuickTime 11
creating 45
memory locations 34, 35 R
defining 34 recording
recalling 34 audio 37
MIDI MIDI 39
editing 40 regions 32
monitoring 39 arranging 41
MIDI click 28 creating 32
MIDI controls 28, 30 editing 41
MIDI Regions List 32 trimming 41
MIDI tracks 31, 32 returns 44
mix automation 46 creating 44
Mix window 26, 43 rulers 26
mixing 43
monitoring
MIDI 39
multi-processor 12, 20
Mute button 43

60 Getting Started with Pro Tools M-Powered


S Transport
Scrubber tool 40 MIDI controls 30
Selector tool 40 Transport window 26, 30
sends 32, 44 Trimmer tool 40
assigning 44
sessions 25 V
creating 25 validating Pro Tools 11, 19
duplicating 29 Volume fader 43
navigating 33
saving 25, 29
saving copies of 29
W
Shuffle mode 40 Windows
Data Executive Prevention 8
Slip mode 40
required System settings 7
Smart Tool 40 System Standby 8
Solo button 43 windows 26
Spot mode 40 Edit window 26
submixing 43 Mix window 26, 43
System settings Transport window 26, 30
for Windows 7 Windows System Standby 8
system settings 29 Windows XP
Clock Source 14, 21 maintenance 15
CPU Usage Limit 12, 20 Workspace 26
DAE Playback Buffer Size 21
Hardware Buffer Size 20
I/O Setup 14, 22
Z
System Usage window 29 Zoom presets 35
recalling 35
storing 35
T Zoomer tool 40
tempo 27 Zooming 35
setting 27
tempo events 27
track height
changing 35
tracks 31
audio 31, 32
Auxiliary Inputs 31, 32, 43
creating 31
Master Faders 31, 32, 45
MIDI 31, 32
playing back audio 38
playing back MIDI 39
recording audio 37
recording MIDI 39
types 31

Index 61