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# "RECTBEAM" --- RECTANGULAR CONCRETE BEAM ANALYSIS/DESIGN

Program Description:

"RECTBEAM" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis/design of rectangular beam or column sections. Specifically, the ultimate moment capacity, bar spacing for crack control, moments of inertia for deflection, beam shear and torsion requirements, and member capacity for flexure (uniaxial and biaxial) with axial load are calculated. There is also a worksheet which contains reinforcing bar data tables.

**This version is based on the ACI 318-05 Code.
**

This program is a workbook consisting of ten (10) worksheets, described as follows:

Worksheet Name

Doc Complete Analysis Flexure Crack Control Shear Torsion Inertia Uniaxial Biaxial Rebar Data

Description

This documentation sheet Beam flexure, shear, crack control, and inertia Ultimate moment capacity of singly or doubly reinforced beams/sections Crack control - distribution of flexural reinforcing Beam or one-way type shear Beam torsion and shear Moments of inertia of singly or doubly reinforced beams/sections Combined uniaxial flexure and axial load Combined biaxial flexure and axial load Reinforcing bar data tables

**Program Assumptions and Limitations:
**

1. This program follows the procedures and guidelines of the ACI 318-05 Building Code. 2. This program utilizes the following references: a. "Design of Reinforced Concrete - ACI318-05 Code Edition", by Jack C. McCormac (7th Ed.) b. "Notes of the ACI318-05 Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete", by PCA 3. The "Complete Analysis" worksheet combines the analyses performed by four (4) of the individual worksheets all into one. This includes member flexural moment capacity, as well as shear, crack control, and inertia calculations. Thus, any items below pertaining to any of the similar individual worksheets included in this one are also applicable here. 4. In the "Flexure", "Uniaxial", and "Biaxial" worksheets, when the calculated distance to the neutral axis, 'c', is less than the distance to the reinforcement nearest the compression face, the program will ignore that reinforcing and calculate the ultimate moment capacity based on an assumed singly-reinforced section. 5. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets, the CRSI "Universal Column Formulas" are used by this program to determine Points #1 through #7 of the 10 point interaction curve. For the most part, these formulas yield close, yet approximate results. However, these results should be accurate enough for most applications and situations. 6. To account for the fact that the CRSI "Universal Column Formulas" originally utilized f =0.70 for compression, which was applicable up through the ACI 318-99 Code, they have been factored by (0.65/0.70) to account for the reduction in the factor f = 0.65 for compression beginning with ACI 318-02 Code and continuing with the ACI 318-05 Code. This modification has been made to the equations applicable to Points #1 through #7. 7. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets, the CRSI "Universal Column Formulas", which are used by this program, assume the use of the reinforcing yield strength, fy =60 ksi. 8. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets, this program assumes a "short", non-slender rectangular column with symmetrically arranged and sized bars. 9. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets, for cases with axial load only (compression or tension) and no moment(s) the program calculates total reinforcing area as follows: Ast = (Ntb*Abt) + (Nsb*Abs) , where: Abt and Abs = area of one top/bottom and side bar respectively.

at design eccentricity. use Bresler Load Contour interaction equation: Biaxial interaction stress ratio.10. f = 0.90).65 Note: the ACI 318-05 Code requires that the strain in the tension reinforcing (et) >= 0. design capacities.005 ("transition" section): f = 0.65) and Point #9 (pure flexure. fPn and fMn. S. In the "Complete Analysis" and "Flexure" worksheets as well as the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets (for Point #9. 14. For Pu < 0. (Note: presence of a “comment box” is denoted by a “red triangle” in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. 16. = (Mux/fMnx)^1. use Bresler Reciprocal Load equation: 1/fPn = 1/fPnx + 1/fPny . In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets. data tables.) .15 <= 1 15. etc. For fy/Es < et < 0. For et >= 0. 12.50*Nsb*Abs))/2 for Y-axis: As = A's = ((Nsb*Asb+4*Atb) + (0. For Pu >= 0. = Pu/fPn <= 1 b. 13. f <= 0.1*f'c*Ag. In the "Biaxial" worksheet. For et <= fy/Es ("compression-controlled" section): f = 0.1/fPo Biaxial interaction stress ratio. for Point #8 (fPn = 0.1*f'c*Ag. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets. pure flexure) the program first determines the strain in tension reinforcing (et). a.005 ("tension-controlled" section): f = 0.R. are determined from interpolation within the interaction curve for the applicable axis.65+0. b.1*f'c*Ag) on the interaction curve the corresponding value of fMn is determined from interpolation between the moment values at Point #7 (balanced condition.R.50*(Ntb-4)*Atb))/2 11.005-fy/Es) < 0. and program calculates reinforcing areas as follows: for X-axis: As = A's = ((Ntb*Abt) + (0.004 for both singly and doubly reinforced sections.25*(et-fy/Es)/(0.90 (Es=29000 ksi) c.90. S. the program assumes bars in 2 outside faces parallel to axis of bending plus 50% of the total area of the side bars divided equally by and added to the 2 outside faces. In the "Uniaxial" and "Biaxial" worksheets. and various plain welded wire fabric properties. Merely move the mouse pointer to the desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box". The "Rebar Data" worksheet contains tables of reinforcing bar data which include various bar properties. the biaxial capacity is determined by the following approximations: a. equations used. for pure moment capacity with no axial load. then the capacity reduction factor (f). e = Mu*12/Pu.15 + (Muy/fMny)^1. reinforcing bar areas based on spacing.and finally ultimate moment capacity (fMn) based on actual input reinforcing. This program contains numerous “comment boxes” which contain a wide variety of information including explanations of input or output items.

d' = Compression Reinforcing. O.00 170. Cc = Depth to Compression Reinf.000 120. in.^2 in. fVs(max) = 68.190 in.61 ft-k Icr = 2818.K.00 in.K.01667 r(min) = 0. Shear Capacity Check for Beam-Type Section: fVc = 17.^4 (for deflection) 3 of 15 4/2/2013 3:05 AM .22 in.900 fMn = 172. O. b = Depth to Tension Reinforcing. O. Strength.61 k/in.412 in. s2 = Results: Beam Exterior 60 4 12.02851 r = 0.A.^4 Ie = 2848.000 15.^2 in. (total for section) As(temp) = N. of Tension Bars in Beam. O..005.93 ksi s1(max) = 11.00333 As(min) = 0.00 20. d = Total Beam Depth.): Per ACI 318-05 Code: Es = 29000 ksi Ec = 3605 ksi n= 8. s1 = Clear Cover to Tension Reinf. O. z = 139.K. >= z = 139. Vu = Total Stirrup Area. z(allow) = 145. e's = N.K.0125 in.08 in. A's = Working Stress Moment.^2 <= As = 3 in..85 c= 5.04 fs = 36.92 kips.0000 ksi ksi in.K. in.K.^2. r(temp) = N.000 3.474 ksi kd = 6. O.^2 <= Av(prov) = 0.600 in. Nb = Tension Reinf. Bar Spacing.000 0. Ma = Ultimate Design Moment.xls" Program Version 1.000 4. s2(max) = 7. Av(stirrup) = Tie/Stirrup Spacing.83 kips >= Vu = 20 kips.72 ft-k >= Mu = 170 ft-k. in.^2.A.00567 >= 0.93 ksi fs(used) = 36. Per ACI 318-95 Code (for reference only): dc = 3. O.00 k/in.. Crack Control (Distribution of Reinf.000 2. ksi et = 0."RECTBEAM (318-05). O.A.716 in. f 'c = Beam Width.K..0000 in. Shear.24 in. rb = 0. >= s2 = 6 in. a= 4.000 3. in. h=18'' d=15'' As=3 Singly Reinforced Section d' A's h d b As Doubly Reinforced Section Moment Capacity Check for Beam-Type Section: b1 = 0.^2 = Av(stirrup) Av(req'd) = 0.61 k/in. O.00 0.000 0.220 6.^2 ft-kips ft-kips kips in. Ig = 5832.^2 >= As = 3 in.^4 Mcr = 25.500 in. in. O. Tension-controlled f= 0.026 in.^2. >= s1 = 3 in.02064 As(max) = 3.^2 <= Av(prov) = 0.K.^2.K. in.22 in.A. Av(min) = 0.^2 (total) r(max) = 0.77 in.08 kips fVs = 24. Moment of Inertia for Deflection: fr = 0.000 18.K. and Inertia for Singly or Doubly Reinforced Sections Per ACI 318-05 Code Job Name: Subject: Job Number: Originator: Checker: Input Data: b=12'' Beam or Slab Section? Exterior or Interior Exposure? Reinforcing Yield Strength. f 's = N. h = Tension Reinforcing.31 kips >= Vu-(phi)Vc = 2. Mu = Ultimate Design Shear. fy = Concrete Comp. in.060 in.75 kips fVn = 41. As = No..2 RECTANGULAR CONCRETE BEAM/SECTION ANALYSIS Flexure. Av(prov) = 0.220 in. Crack Control.

Strength.900 fMn = 172. As = Depth to Compression Reinf.65 c = (As*fy/(0.90 for singly reinforced: fMn = f*(As*fy*(d-a/2)) for doubly reinforced: fMn = f*(As1*fy(d-a/2)+A's*f 's*(d-d')) >= Mu = 170 ft-kips.02064 3.003/(0.K.000 15.^2.65+0. b = Depth to Tension Reinforcing.85*f'c*b))/Beta1 Doubly Reinforced Section a = b1*c Reinforcing Criteria: r= rb = r(min) = As(min) = r(temp) = As(temp) = r(max) = As(max) = 0. ft-kips in.000 0.A. O.000 Ultimate Moment Capacity of Singly or Doubly Reinforced Sections Per ACI 318-05 Code Subject: Originator: Checker: b=12'' ksi ksi in.003+0.000 0. d = Total Beam Depth.01667 0. 0.^2. O. in.^2 in. b1 = 1."RECTBEAM (318-05). fy = Concrete Comp. r(temp) = 0.190 4.002-0. f 'c = Beam Width.004) in.^2 h=18'' d=15'' As=3 Singly Reinforced Section d' A's b Results: Stress Block Data: h d As b1 = c= a= 0.2 RECTANGULAR CONCRETE BEAM/SECTION ANALYSIS Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Beam or Slab Section? Reinforcing Yield Strength.005.000 170.02851 0.72 >= As = 3 in.85*f'c*Beta1*(0.600 N. f 's = N.25*(et-fy/Es)/(0.412 in.05-0.. A's = Beam 60 4 12. O.85 5.005-fy/Es) <= 0.0018*60/fy for fy >= 60.A.00002*(fy-50) As(temp) = r(temp)*b*h r(max) = 0. Mu = Tension Reinforcing. in.^2 (total) in. d' = Compression Reinforcing.K.05*f'c >= 0.00 3.85*f'c*b1*c*b+A's*(c-d')/c*ec*Es)/fy for c = ec*d/(ec+0. else 0. ksi ft-kips Comments: 4 of 15 4/2/2013 3:05 AM .00567 f = 0. h = Ultimate Design Moment. et = 0.K.716 r = As/(b*d) rb = 0.A. in.85*b1*f'c/fy*(87/(87+fy) r(min) >= 3*SQRT(f'c)/fy >= 200/fy As(min) = r(min)*b*d <= As = 3 in. e's = ec*(c-d')/c f 's = e's*Es et = ec*(d-c)/c >= 0.004))/fy As(max) = r(max)*b*d for singly reinforced. or for doubly reinforced: As(max) = (0. N.000 18. Tension-controlled f = 0.^2 Ultimate Moment Capacity: e's = N. in.00333 0.A.xls" Program Version 1.

^2 <= Av(prov) = 0. kips kips in. in.^2.000 20.08 51. s = Beam 60 4 10. Vu = Ultimate Design Axial Load.22 in."RECTBEAM (318-05). O. O.81 22. Comments: 5 of 15 4/2/2013 3:05 AM ..K. Pu = Total Stirrup Area.0000 Beam or One-Way Type Shear Per ACI 318-05 Code Subject: Originator: Checker: ksi ksi. in.750 kips kips kips >= Vu = 20 kips. d Vu Vu d d Vu Vu d Results: Vu Typical Critical Sections for Shear For Beam: fVc = fVs = fVn = fVc+fVs = fVs(max) = Av(prov) = Av(req'd) = Av(min) = s(max) = 12.050 6. >= s = 6 in.28 35.220 6.K.^2 = Av(used) in. O. b = Depth to Tension Reinforcing. O. in.22 in.K. kips >= Vu-(phi)Vc = 7.071 0.23 0.000 13.500 16.xls" Program Version 1.00 0. d = Total Beam Depth. in.220 0. in.K. f 'c = Beam Width. fy = Concrete Comp. h = Ultimate Design Shear. in.19 kips. O.00 0. Strength.2 RECTANGULAR CONCRETE BEAM/SECTION ANALYSIS Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Beam or Slab Section? Reinforcing Yield Strength.^2 <= Av(prov) = 0.^2 in.^2. Av(used) = Tie/Stirrup Spacing.K.

.00 b=10'' ksi ksi in. s = Clear Cover to Tension Reinf.5'' As=2. b = Depth to Tension Reinforcing.04 32.xls" Program Version 1. O. in. h = Tension Reinforcing. in. d = Total Beam Depth.5*Cc and 12*40/fs(used) >= s = 3 in.5000 101.37 k/in.18 32. ft-kips Beam b h 2*dc d As dc One-Way Slab Results: Per ACI 318-05 Code: Es = Ec = n= fs = fs(used) = s(max) = 29000 3605 8. Ma = Beam Exterior 60 4 10. Note: The above calculation of the 'z' factor is done solely for comparison purposes to ACI 318-05 Code. of Tension Bars in Beam.000 2.5'' in.37 145. s(max) = minimum of: 15*40/fs(used)-2.18 13.^2 Crack Control . in. (for reference only) ksi ksi in.000 75.500 16..64 Es = modulus of elasticity for steel Ec = 57*SQRT(f'c*1000) n = Es/Ec ksi fs = 12*Ma/(As*d*(1-(SQRT(2*As/(b*d)*n+(As/(b*d)*n)^2)-As/(b*d)*n)/3)) ksi fs(used) = minimum of: fs and 2/3*fy in. k/in. f 'c = Beam Width. Bar Spacing. Per ACI 318-95 Code: dc = z= z(allow) = 2.K.000 2. Comments: 6 of 15 4/2/2013 3:05 AM .2 RECTANGULAR CONCRETE BEAM/SECTION ANALYSIS Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Beam or Slab Section? Exterior or Interior Exposure? Reinforcing Yield Strength. O. As = No.000 3.Distribution of Flexural Reinforcing Per ACI 318-05 Code Subject: Originator: Checker: h=16'' 2*dc d=13.000 13. Strength. Nb = Tension Reinf..K.400 4."RECTBEAM (318-05). fy = Concrete Comp.00 dc = h-d z = fs(used)*(dc*2*dc*b/Nb)^(1/3) z(allow) >= z = 101. Cc = Working Stress Moment.4 dc=2. in.

in.^4 ft-k in. d = Beam/Section Total Depth.52 ksi ksi ksi in. 'Ie'.4 Singly Reinforced Section d' A's h b d As Doubly Reinforced Section Results: fr = 0.A.^4 fr = 7.5180 kd = 5.^2 in.000 75. in.06 Ig/Icr = 1.000 13. f 'c = Beam/Section Width.87 Icr = 1790.474 Es = 29000 Ec = 3605 n= 8.33 Mcr = 16. h = Tension Reinforcing. B = 0. b = Depth to Tension Reinforcing. Ma = 60 4 10.500 16.^4 in. fy = Concrete Comp. Strength."RECTBEAM (318-05). in.xls" Program Version 1. d' = Compression Reinforcing..5430 Ig = 3413.04 r= N.5*SQRT(f'c*1000)/1000 Es = modulus of elasticity for steel Ec = 57*SQRT(f'c*1000) n = Es/Ec r = (n-1)*A's/(n*As) B = b/(n*As) kd = (SQRT(2*d*B+1)-1)/B Ig = b*h^3/12 Mcr = fr*Ig/(h/2)/12 Icr = b*kd^3/3+n*As*(d-kd)^2 Ig/Icr = ratio of gross to cracked inertias Ie = (Mcr/Ma)^3*Ig+(1-(Mcr/Ma)^3)*Icr <= Ig Note: Use effective moment of inertia.^2 ft-kips Moment of Inertia of Singly or Doubly Reinforced Sections Per ACI 318-05 Code Subject: Originator: Checker: b=10'' h=16'' d=13.907 Ie = 1808. in deflection calculations. in. in.2 RECTANGULAR CONCRETE BEAM/SECTION ANALYSIS Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Reinforcing Yield Strength. Comments: 7 of 15 4/2/2013 3:05 AM . As = Depth to Compression Reinf.5'' As=2. A's = Working Stress Moment.000 2.000 0.00 ksi ksi in.400 0.

500 26. O.00 30.^2.33 kips.7500 ksi ksi in.K.^2 >= Al(min) = 1.K. in.395 0.^2 <= At(prov) = 0.000 60.093 11. f 'c = Beam Width.75'' Beam Section Results: For Shear: fVc = fVs = fVn = fVc+fVs = fVs(max) = Av(prov) = Av(req'd) = Av(min) = s(max) = 35.00 0. O. thus use Al(req'd) For Combined Shear and Torsion: Total (Av+t) = Total (Av+t)(min) = Comments: 0.^2. must consider torsion! ft-kips >= Tu = 30 kips. kips >= Vu-(phi)Vc = 24.5'' As dt=1.K.093 in.^2.K.^2 in.000 1.161 0. in.K.021 in.400 0.K. Strength. in. in.68 0.400 7.119 0.14 71. O.4 in.K. O.171 1. dt = 60 4 16.021 ft-kips < Tu = 30 kips. fy = Concrete Comp.10 142.xls" Program Version 1.119 in. in.00 0.^2 <= Av+t(prov) = 0. O. b = Depth to Tension Reinforcing..5'' Al h = yo At 26'' d=23. O.K.^2. >= s = 7 in. in. s = Edge Distance to Tie/Stirrup.^2 <= Av(prov) = 0.4 in.2 RECTANGULAR CONCRETE BEAM/SECTION ANALYSIS Job Name: Job Number: Input Data: Reinforcing Yield Strength. O.171 in.43 96.^2.117 0. kips ft-kips kips in. Av+t(used) = Closed Stirrup Spacing. in. Beam Torsion and Shear Per ACI 318-05 Code Subject: Originator: Checker: b=16'' xo=12.000 23. 8 of 15 4/2/2013 3:05 AM . in.0000 1.51 0.^2 <= At(prov) = 0.^2.750 kips kips kips >= Vu = 60 kips.^2 = (Av+t(used)-Av(req'd))/2 in.119 in. O.^2. in.^2 < Al(req'd) = 1.K. Vu = Ultimate Design Torsion. O."RECTBEAM (318-05).K.^2 = Av+t(used) in.^2. Pu = Total Stirrup Area. in. Tu = Ultimate Design Axial Load.4 in. d = Total Beam Depth. For Torsion: Tu(limit) = Tu(max) = At(prov) = At(req'd) = At(min) = Al(req'd) = Al(min) = 8. O.67 60.^2 <= Av+t(prov) = 0. thus use Al(req'd) in.^2 <= Av(prov) = 0. h = Ultimate Design Shear.4 in.

00 0.00 199. d' = Ultimate Design Axial Load.00 8 8 0 8 ksi.60 207. Lx = Total Member Depth.28 0."RECTBEAM (318-05). in. max. Non-Slender Member with Symmetric Reinforcing (per ACI 318-05 Code) Job Name: Subject: Job Number: Originator: Checker: Input Data: Reinforcing Yield Strength. Reinforcing. Strength. compression = fPo Point #1 948.xls" Program Version 1. in.) Member Section 1000 800 600 400 Effective Length Criteria for "Short" Column: k*Lu <= 9. Longitudinal Bar Size = Total Side Long.5 (typ.35 fPn = 0. Ntb = Top/Bot.10 6. Ly = Distance to Long.) Location fPnx (k) fMnx (ft-k) Comments Nom.00 ft.20 261. eccentricity 0% rebar tension = 0 ksi Point #4 640.00 0. (for k*Lu/r(min) <= 22) k*Lu <= 18.83 kips Tie Minimum Size and Maximum Spacing: #3@16'' 200 0 0 -200 50 100 150 200 250 300 -400 -600 fMnx (ft-k) 9 of 15 4/2/2013 3:05 AM .84 105.00 Pure axial tension capacity Gross Reinforcing Ratio Provided: rg = 0.22 100% rebar tension = 60 ksi Point #7 303.2 RECTANGULAR CONCRETE BEAM/COLUMN ANALYSIS For X-Axis Flexure with Axial Compression or Tension Load Assuming "Short".29 4. f 'c = Total Member Width.84 0.20 25% rebar tension = 15 ksi Point #5 534. Bars. kips ft-kips Lx=18 Y X Nsb=0 Ly=18 Ntb=8 d'=2.20 Pure moment capacity Point #10 -341.8*fPo Point #2 758.60 6. Long. Bars.00 0.) 457.00 Allowable fPn(max) = 0. Mux = Total Top/Bot.00 100.21 228.72 3.000 18.59 10.00 fPnx (k) X-AXIS INTERACTION DIAGRAM 1200 60 4 18.60 225.87 20.000 2.71 232.66 Min.01951 Member Uniaxial Capacity at Design Eccentricity: Interpolated Results from Above: fPnx (k) fMnx (ft-k) ey (in.90 ft. ksi in.55 0. fy = Concrete Comp.36 170.00 Point #3 758.500 200.1*f'c*Ag Point #8 129.09 1.91 (Infinity ) Point #9 0. (for k*Lu/r(min) <= 40) Pure Axial Compression Capacity without Reinforcing: fPn = 572. Nsb = Side Longitudinal Bar Size = Results: X-axis Flexure and Axial Load Interaction Diagram Points ey (in. Pu = Ultimate Design Moment.65 50% rebar tension = 30 ksi Point #6 447.

5 (typ.) 376.55 0.84 105.26 6. Reinforcing. max.00 Biaxial Capacity and Stress Ratio for Pu >= 0.00 ft-kips Total Top/Bot.0 S. (for k*Lu/r(min) <= 22) k*Lu <= 18.R.54 fPn = 0.00 Allowable fPn(max) = 0. Distance to Long.59 10. Long.0 S.84 15.0 S.) Location fPnx (k) fMnx (ft-k) Comments Nom. Size & Max.758 Biaxial Stress Ratio for Pu < 0.500 in.00 kips Ultimate Design Moment.) -200 -200 Member Section -400 -400 -600 fMnx (ft-k) -600 fMny (ft-k) X-axis Flexure and Axial Load Interaction Diagram Points ey (in.48 181.85*f'c*Ag) Tie Min. Y-axis Flexure and Axial Load Interaction Diagram Points ex (in. Strength.84 0.82 Point #9 0.15 + (Muy/fMny)^1.00 0.65 50% rebar tension = 30 ksi Point #6 456.00 0.00 Effective Length Criteria for "Short" Column: k*Lu <= 9. eccentricity 0% rebar tension = 0 ksi Point #4 651.66 Min.00 199.00 0.35 fPn = 0.47 196. Non-Slender Member with Symmetric Reinforcing (per ACI 318-05 Code) Job Name: Subject: Job Number: Originator: Checker: Input Data: Reinforcing Yield Strength.70*(0.20 25% rebar tension = 15 ksi Point #5 534. = (Mux/fMnx)^1.10 6.8*fPo Point #2 758.76 (Infinity ) Pure moment capacity Point #10 -341. = N.87 4.1*f'c*Ag Point #8 129. Longitudinal Bar Size = 8 Total Side Long.00 Point #3 758.) Location fPny (k) fMny (ft-k) Comments Nom.28 0.1*f'c*Ag: S.09 1.22 100% rebar tension = 60 ksi Point #7 303.90 ft.20 (Infinity ) Pure moment capacity Point #10 -341.xls" Program Version 1.34 7.71 232.93 kips fPn = 1/(1/fPnx + 1/fPny -1/fPo) <= 1.00 Point #3 758.R.78 100% rebar tension = 60 ksi Point #7 312. eccentricity 0% rebar tension = 0 ksi Point #4 640.64 165. Pu = 200.80*0.91 Point #9 0.01951 Lx=18 Y fPnx (k) 1200 X-AXIS INTERACTION DIAGRAM 1200 Y-AXIS INTERACTION DIAGRAM 1000 1000 800 800 600 600 X Nsb=0 Ly=18 Ntb=8 200 fPny (k) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 400 400 200 0 0 0 50 100 150 200 250 d'=2. fy = 60 ksi."RECTBEAM (318-05).1*f'c*Ag: fPn = 263.000 in.23 3.00 ft-kips Ultimate Design Moment. compression = fPo Point #1 948.00 ft.52 188. ey: Interpolated Results from Above: fPnx (k) fMnx (ft-k) ey (in.1*f'c*Ag Point #8 129.00 0.28 0.8*fPo Point #2 758.60 6.: #3@16'' 10 of 15 4/2/2013 3:05 AM .: fPn = 572.60 207. Ultimate Design Axial Load. Lx = 18. compression = fPo Point #1 948.60 225.00 0.R.00 Allowable fPn(max) = 0.00 Pure axial tension capacity Member Uniaxial Capacity at Design Eccentricity. max.52 25% rebar tension = 15 ksi Point #5 543.00 152. = 0.47 1.2 RECTANGULAR CONCRETE BEAM/COLUMN ANALYSIS For Biaxial Flexure with Axial Compression or Tension Load Assuming "Short".89 2.84 87.87 20.21 228. Concrete Comp. Nsb = 0 Side Longitudinal Bar Size = 8 Results: Gross reinforcing ratio provided: rg = 0. Mux = 100. Total Member Depth. Ntb = 8 Top/Bot.65 50% rebar tension = 30 ksi Point #6 447. Spac.38 Min.84 0.36 170. d' = 2.20 261.83 kips fPn = 0.A.72 3.00 0. (for k*Lu/r(min) <= 40) Pure Axial Compression Capacity w/o Reinf.) 457. Bars. ex: Interpolated Results from Above: fPny (k) fMny (ft-k) ex (in. Ly = 18.00 Pure axial tension capacity Member Uniaxial Capacity at Design Eccentricity.R.29 4. Bars.60 170.15 <= 1. f 'c = 4 ksi Total Member Width. Muy = 100.66 136.55 0.000 in. = Pu/fPn <= 1.

16 3.31 1.30 0.749 1.430 1.500 0.46 1.82 1.13 0.13 0.50 2.11 1.21 0.34 0.40 0.20 0.06 1.31 0.74 1.81 1.79 1.75 1.24 1.06 2.60 0.79 1.17 0.90 1.668 1.40 3.48 0.15 0.24 5.990 1.71 0.65 0.60 1.69 1.044 2.62 0.20 1.60 2.29 0.54 2.56 4.03 1.86 1.14 0.16 0.62 0.96 1.41 0.091 Typical specification: ASTM A615 Grade 60 Deformed Bars Bar Size #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #14 #18 Weight (lbs.23 0.26 0.875 0.26 5.11 2.32 0.70 0.^2) (in.57 0.45 1.39 0.650 13.77 2.08 1.376 0.00 #10 5.83 1.14 0.33 0.52 1.00 0.26 1.) (in.39 3.44 1.37 0.18 0.44 0.) 0.33 1.90 2.72 2.69 0.31 1.) 0.51 2.80 2.91 1.90 1.257 4.00 3.60 0.18 0.39 1.20 2.71 3.04 0.72 0.67 0.88 2.600 Spacing (in.18 2.32 1.) 3 3-1/2 4 4-1/2 5 5-1/2 6 6-1/2 7 7-1/2 8 8-1/2 9 9-1/2 10 10-1/2 11 11-1/2 12 #3 0.12 0.03 1.48 0.85 1.32 0.63 0.37 0.44 0.115 0.46 0.320 2.35 3.35 4./ft.66 0.67 2.56 .38 0.50 0.53 0.17 1.REINFORCING BAR DATA TABLES: Reinforcing Bar Properties Diameter Area Perimeter (in.60 0.56 0.76 1.95 1.34 0.37 3.22 0.670 3.44 0.85 0.69 1.16 4.963 0.44 2.05 2.34 2.74 3.00 1.11 Reinforcing Bar Area for Various Bar Spacings (in.24 0.142 1.00 7.375 0.43 0.59 0.60 2.68 0.41 0.34 2.78 1.043 1.27 #11 6.53 0.70 1.87 1.88 1.35 0.76 2.28 0.20 1.544 1.08 4.502 2.97 1.80 1.25 0.53 0.40 3.410 1.50 0.00 0.26 0.27 0.19 1.93 1.750 0.96 1.571 0.12 2.40 0.68 4.24 0.400 4.270 1.44 0.20 0.313 7.79 3.33 0.05 1.06 1.^2/ft.20 0.000 0.22 0.19 0.) Bar Size #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 0.12 1.693 2.11 1.178 0.625 0.80 1.47 0.50 0.00 0.303 5.81 3.09 0.35 1.356 0.27 3.63 1.128 1.58 2.

5" and bar end cover >= 2" without ties around hook. 2. Leg Length Bend Dia.) (in.) (in. Tension Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c=4.) (in. and bar clear cover >= 1.) #3 22 17 28 22 6 6 2-1/4 #4 29 22 37 29 8 8 3 #5 36 28 47 36 10 10 3-3/4 #6 43 33 56 43 12 12 4-1/2 #7 63 48 81 63 14 14 5-1/4 #8 72 55 93 72 16 16 6 #9 81 62 105 81 18 19 9-1/2 #10 91 70 118 91 20 22 10-3/4 #11 101 78 131 101 22 24 12 #14 121 93 ----37 31 18-1/4 #18 161 124 ----50 41 24 Notes: 1.000 psi and fy=60 ksi Development Class "B" Splice Standard 90 deg. Hook Bar Size Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover >= 2.) (in. 3.) (in. Standard 90 deg.5" and bar end cover >= 2" without ties around hook.Tension Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c=3.) (in. Leg Length Bend Dia.0*db.) #3 19 15 24 19 6 6 2-1/4 #4 25 19 32 25 7 8 3 #5 31 24 40 31 9 10 3-3/4 #6 37 29 48 37 10 12 4-1/2 #7 54 42 70 54 12 14 5-1/4 #8 62 48 80 62 14 16 6 #9 70 54 91 70 15 19 9-1/2 #10 79 61 102 79 17 22 10-3/4 #11 87 67 113 87 19 24 12 #14 105 81 ----32 31 18-1/4 #18 139 107 ----43 41 24 Notes: 1. For special seismic considerations. Standard 90 deg.) (in. Normal weight concrete as well as no transverse reinforcing are both assumed. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above tables are based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing >= 3*db without ties or stirrups or >= 2*db with ties or stirrups. (in. . For special seismic considerations.000 psi and fy=60 ksi Development Class "B" Splice Standard 90 deg.0*db. and bar clear cover >= 1. 3. refer to ACI 318-05 Code Chapter 21. 2.) (in.) (in. Normal weight concrete as well as no transverse reinforcing are both assumed. refer to ACI 318-05 Code Chapter 21. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above tables are based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing >= 3*db without ties or stirrups or >= 2*db with ties or stirrups. Hook Bar Size Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. (in.) (in.) (in. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover >= 2.) (in.

Tension Development and Splice Lengths for f 'c=5.0*db. Leg Length Bend Dia.) #3 17 13 22 17 6 6 2-1/4 #4 22 17 29 22 6 8 3 #5 28 22 36 28 8 10 3-3/4 #6 33 26 43 33 9 12 4-1/2 #7 49 37 63 49 11 14 5-1/4 #8 55 43 72 55 12 16 6 #9 63 48 81 63 14 19 9-1/2 #10 70 54 91 70 15 22 10-3/4 #11 78 60 101 78 17 24 12 #14 94 72 ----29 31 18-1/4 #18 125 96 ----39 41 24 Notes: 1. refer to ACI 318-05 Code Chapter 21. Straight development and Class "B" splice lengths shown in above tables are based on uncoated bars assuming center-to-center bar spacing >= 3*db without ties or stirrups or >= 2*db with ties or stirrups.000 psi and fy=60 ksi Development Class "B" Splice Standard 90 deg. Standard 90 deg.) (in. 2. hook embedment lengths are based on bar side cover >= 2.) (in. Normal weight concrete as well as no transverse reinforcing are both assumed.) (in.) (in. (in. Tension Lap Splice Classes For Other than Columns For Columns Area (Provided) / Area (Req'd) % of Bars Spliced Maximum Tension Stress % of Bars Spliced <= 50% > 50% in Reinforcing Bars <= 50 % > 50% <2 B B <= 0. 3.) (in.5" and bar end cover >= 2" without ties around hook. and bar clear cover >= 1.) (in.5*fy A B >= 2 A B > 0. Hook Bar Size Top Bar Other Bar Top Bar Other Bar Embed. For special seismic considerations.5*fy B B .

For development in columns with reinforcement enclosed by spiral reinforcement >= 1/4" diameter and <= 4" pitch. 2. but shall not be < 12". values above may be multiplied by 0.Compression Development and Splice Lengths for fy=60 ksi Bar Size Development Length (in. For splices in columns with reinforcement enclosed by spiral reinforcement >= 1/4" diameter and <= 4" pitch. Maximum tie spacing should be <= least column dimension.75 for #3 thru #11 bars. values above may be multiplied by 0. For special seismic considerations.) f 'c=3000 f 'c=4000 f 'c=5000 f 'c=3000 f 'c=4000 f 'c=5000 #3 9 8 8 12 12 12 #4 11 10 9 15 15 15 #5 14 12 12 19 19 19 #6 17 15 14 23 23 23 #7 19 17 16 27 27 27 #8 22 19 18 30 30 30 #9 25 22 21 34 34 34 #10 28 24 23 38 38 38 #11 31 27 26 43 43 43 #14 37 32 31 ------#18 50 43 41 ------Notes: 1. refer to ACI 318-05 Code Chapter 21. 3.) Splice Length (in. values above may be multiplied by 0.) Vertical Bar Size Tie Bar Size Tie Bar Size Tie Bar Size #3 #4 #5 #5 10 ----#6 12 ----#7 14 ----#8 16 16 --#9 18 18 --#10 18 20 --#11 --22 22 #14 --24 27 #18 --24 30 Notes: 1. values shown above may be multiplied by 0. but shall not be < 8". . 2. For splices in columns with reinforcement enclosed with #4 ties spaced <= 4" on center. Maximum Allowable Spacing of Column Ties (in.83 for #3 thru #11 bars.75.83. For development in columns with reinforcement enclosed with #4 ties spaced <= 4" on center. but shall not be < 12". 4. but shall not be < 8".

080 0.4 ~= 10 gage .0xW2.43 4x4 . First part of welded wire reinf.9 ~= 6 gage .9 0.4xW1.159 0.) (psf) 6x6 .31 4x4 . Welded wire reinforcement designations are some common stock styles assuming plain wire reinf.0 ~= 8 gage W2.62 4x4 .W1. per ASTM Specification A185. 3.135 0. Weight Designation Each Way (in.192 0.9xW2.042 0.W2.192 0.087 0.4 0. W4.060 0.0 0.) Each Way (in.0 0. Second part of welded wire reinf.0xW4.W2. (fy = 65.4 0. Wire Diameter Wire Area Reinf.W4. designation denotes the wire size as follows: W1.0 0.225 0.120 0.0xW4.29 6x6 .58 4x4 .^2/ft.0 0.Plain Welded Wire Reinforcement Properties Welded Wire Reinf.85 Notes: 1.42 6x6 . W2.058 0.W1.21 6x6 .0 ~= 4 gage . designation denotes the wire spacing each way.4xW1.W4.159 0.W2.000 psi) 2.225 0.040 0.0xW2.W2.028 0.9 0.135 0.9xW2.