JURISDICTION OF PHILIPPINE COURTS

MeTC, MTC, MCTC, MuTC Original Jurisdiction (OJ) A.Civil (1) Exclusive (EOJ) o Actions involving personal property valued at not more than 300K/400K o Actions demanding sum of money not exceeding 300K/400K  Includes admiralty & maritime cases o Probate proceedings where gross value of estate does not exceed 300K/400K o Actions involving title/possession of real property where assessed value does not exceed 20K/50K o Provisional remedies in principal actions within their jurisdiction o Summary Procedure  Forcible entry and unlawful detainer  Irrespective of amount of damages or unpaid rentals sought to be recovered  Other cases where total of the claim does not exceed 100K/200K o Inclusion and exclusion of voters (2) Delegated o Cadastral and land registration cases  No controversy or opposition, and  Contested lots valued at more than 100K (3) Special o Petition for Habeas Corpus  In the absence of all RTC judges B.Criminal (1) Exclusive o Summary Procedure  Violations of traffic laws, rules and regulations  Violations of rental law  Violations of city/municipal ordinances committed w/in territorial jurisdiction  Offenses punishable with imprisonment of not more than 6 months, or a fine not exceeding 1K, or both  Regardless of other impossible accessory or other penalties and civil liability arising therefrom  Offenses involving damage to property through criminal negligence where imposable fine does not exceed 10K o Offenses punishable with imprisonment of not more than 6 years  Irrespective of fine  Regardless of other impossible accessory
GRACE XAVIERE E. ESCOSIA / ATENEO LAW 4A 2011

REGIONAL TRIAL COURT Original Jurisdiction A.Civil (1) Exclusive o Other cases where demand or value of property in controversy exceeds 300K/400K o Actions in admiralty & maritime jurisdiction where demand/claim exceeds 300K/400K o Probate proceedings where gross value of estate exceeds 300K/400K o Actions involving title/possession of real property where assessed value exceeds 20K/50K o Actions not capable of pecuniary estimation o Cases not falling within EJ of any court, tribunal, person or body exercising judicial or quasi-judicial functions o Under Securities & Regulation Code  Devices or schemes employed by the board of directors, business associates, its officers or partnership, amounting to fraud or misrepresentation  Controversies arising out of intra-corporate partnership relations  Controversies in the election or appointment of directors, trustees, officers, or managers of such corporation, partnership or association  Petition to be declared in a state of suspension of payments o Application for issuance of writ of search and seizure in civil actions for infringement of intellectual property o Violations of Anti-Money Laundering Act B.Criminal (1) Exclusive o Not within the EJ of any court, tribunal, or body  Offenses punishable with imprisonment of more than 6 years  Irrespective of fine  Offenses not falling within EOJ of Sandiganbayan  None of the accused is occupying a position corresponding to salary grade “27” and higher o Only penalty provided by law is a fine exceeding 4K o Jurisdiction to impose the maximum and most serious penalty imposable for an offense forming part of the complex crime

COURT OF APPEALS Original Jurisdiction A.Exclusive (1) Annulment of judgments of RTC (2) Petitions under Rule 65 involving an act or omission of a quasi-judicial agency

SUPREME COURT Original Jurisdiction A.Exclusive Petitions under Rule 65 against: o CA o COMELEC o COA o Sandiganbayan o CTA en banc o Ombudsman in criminal and non-administrative disciplinary cases

ESCOSIA / ATENEO LAW 4A 2011 .JURISDICTION OF PHILIPPINE COURTS or other penalties and civil liability arising therefrom  Have EOJ over Offenses involving damage to property through criminal negligence o Offenses not falling within EOJ of Sandiganbayan  None of the accused is occupying a position corresponding to salary grade “27” and higher o Only penalty provided by law is a fine not exceeding 4K (2) Special o Applications for bail  In the absence of all RTC judges GRACE XAVIERE E.

board. MTC. officer or person o Petitions for writ of amparo and habeas data (4) With RTC o Actions affecting ambassadors & other public ministers and consuls (5) With MTC o Petition for quo warranto insofar as barangay officials are concerned GRACE XAVIERE E. or of a corporation. RTC and Sandiganbayan o Petitions under Rule 65 relating to an act or omission of a MTC. RTC and Sandiganbayan o Petitions under Rule 65 relating to an act or omission of a MTC. MTC. CA and Sandiganbayan: o Petitions for writ of amparo and habeas data o Petitions under Rule 65 (4) With MeTC. ESCOSIA / ATENEO LAW 4A 2011 .Concurrent (1) With CA o Petitions under Rule 65 against CSC o Petitions under Rule 65 against NLRC (2) With CA and RTC o Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto o Actions brought to prevent and restrain violation of laws concerning monopolies and combinations in restraint of trade (3) With CA. officer or person o Petitions for writ of amparo and habeas data SUPREME COURT B. MuTC Concurrent (in civil actions) (1) With SC o Petition for quo warranto insofar as barangay officials are concerned (2) With RTC o Application for Protection Order REGIONAL TRIAL COURT Concurrent (in civil actions) (1) With SC o Actions affecting ambassadors & other public ministers and consuls (2) With SC and CA o Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto (3) With SC. board. MCTC.JURISDICTION OF PHILIPPINE COURTS MeTC. or of a corporation. MCTC o Application for Protection Order (5) With Insurance Commission o Claims not exceeding 100K COURT OF APPEALS B.Concurrent (1) With SC o Petitions under Rule 65 against CSC o Petitions under Rule 65 against NLRC (2) With SC and RTC o Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto o Actions brought to prevent and restrain violation of laws concerning monopolies and combinations in restraint of trade (3) With SC.

presidential decree. or any penalty imposed in relation thereto  Jurisdiction of lower court is in issue  Only error or question of law is involved o From CTA C. impost. international or executive agreement. order.Ordinary Appeal o From RTC  In its exercise of OJ  On constitutional.Petition for Certiorari o Against NLRC D. ESCOSIA / ATENEO LAW 4A 2011 . tax. proclamation. MuTC REGIONAL TRIAL COURT Appellate Jurisdiction All cases decided by lower courts in their respective territorial jurisdiction. MTC. or o Lesser penalty is imposed for offenses committed on the same occasion or which arose out of the same occurrence that gave rise to the more severe offense for which the penalty of death is imposed C. jurisdictional questions involving questions of facts which should be appealed first to CA  Penalty imposed is reclusion perpetua or life imprisonment  Lesser penalty is imposed for offenses committed on the same occasion or which arose out of the same occurrence that gave rise to the more severe offense for which imposed penalty is reclusion perpetua or life imprisonment o From Family Courts o From MeTC. COURT OF APPEALS Appellate Jurisdiction A. MCTC.Petition for Review on Certiorari o From CA o From Sandiganbayan on pure questions of law o From judgments or final orders of RTC (OJ)  Constitutionality or validity of any treaty. MCTC  Land registration and cadastral cases B. law. ordinance or regulation is in question  Legality of any tax.Petition for Certiorari o Against COMELEC and COA GRACE XAVIERE E. instruction. in all cases involving offenses for which: o Penalty imposed is reclusion perpetua or life imprisonment. assessment or toll. Automatic Review o RTC imposed the death penalty B.Petition for Review o From CSC o From RTC  In cases appealed from MeTC and MCTC.JURISDICTION OF PHILIPPINE COURTS MeTC.Ordinary Appeal From CA. MTC. which are not a matter of right o From quasi-judicial agencies o From NCIP o From Ombudsman  In administrative disciplinary cases SUPREME COURT Appellate Jurisdiction A.