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INTRODUCTION

In this research I have survey the product performance and buying behavior of two famous brands of chocolates Nestle and Cadbury, which are consumed by people of all ages. During this research I have interacted with people of Alwar. After this research I came to know how people perceives these products on the variables like price, quality, advertisement, satisfaction, taste, packaging, brand loyalty etc. I also came to know which particular brand of chocolate is most preferred by people of different age groups. In this research I have surveyed that how frequently and how much chocolate they consume, whether they buy small, big or family pack. Trend of ongoing changes in their likings has been shown in the report. In this report I have tried to explain the entire research and facts product wise. In 2007, Cadbury launched a new advertising campaign entitled Gorilla, from a new in-house production company called "Glass And A Half Full Productions". The advert was premired during the season finale of Big Brother 2007, and consists of a gorilla at a drum kit, drumming along to the Phil Collins song "In the Air Tonight" It is supposed to relate the joy of playing drums to that of eating a chocolate bar. The advert has now become extremely popular with over five million views on Youtube, and put the Phil Collins hit back into the UK charts. On 28 March 2008, the second Dairy Milk advert produced by Glass and a Half Full Productions aired. It features several trucks at night on an empty runway at a airport racing to the tune of Queen's "Don't Stop Me Now". The ad campaign ran at the same time as the problems at Heathrow Terminal 5 with baggage handling; in the advert baggage was scattered across the runway. On 5 September 2008, the Gorilla advert was relaunched with a new soundtrack Bonnie Tyler's "Total Eclipse of the Heart" a reference to online

mash-ups of the commercial. Similarly, a version of the truck advert appeared, using Bon Jovi's song "Livin' on a Prayer". Both remakes premiered once again during the finale of Big Brother 2008. In January 2010, another new advert was released, of two children moving their eyebrows up and down rapidly to a set electro-funk beat: "Don't Stop the Rock" by Freestyle.[15] In April 2010, a fifth advert aired, containing a scientist mixing milk and chocolate to make a dairy milk bar to the tune of "The Only One I Know" by The Charlatans. In April 2011, a sixth advert aired, featuring dancing clothes at a charity shop to the tune of "We Don't Have to Take Our Clothes Off" by Jermaine Stewart. This exposed the song to a new generation who downloaded the track and returned the song to the UK Top 40 so far reaching no. 29. Cadbury Dairy Milk was reformulated in 2006 and again in 2010, with the addition of palm oil as a replacement for some cocoa butter. This occurred in conjunction with a weight reduction of the standard block from 250g to 200g. There has been some outcry over the reduction in block size while the price stayed the same, although Cadbury states that the wholesale cost per gram should be the same and the retailers may not have adjusted their prices. In August 2010, Cadbury announced it would return to a Cocoa Butter only formula due to a poor response from consumers. Dairy Milk is sold in the United States under the Cadbury label, but it is manufactured by The Hershey Company in Pennsylvania.

Chocolate
The very word makes your mouth water. Chocolate is more than just a food: its a state of mind.

History of chocolate:
The origin of chocolate can be traced back to the ancient Maya and Aztec civilizations in Central America, who first enjoyed chocolati a much-prized spicy drink made from roasted cocoa beans. Throughout its history, whether as cocoa or drinking chocolate beverage or confectionary treat, chocolate has been a much sought after food.

The Aztec empire


Chocolate(in the form of a luxury drink) was consumed in large quantities by the aztecs: the drink was described as finely ground, soft, foamy, reddish, bitter with chilli water, aromatic flowers, vanilla and wild bee honey. The dry climate meant the Aztecs were unable to grow cocoa trees, and had to obtain supplies of cocoa beans from tribute or trade

Don Cortes
The Spanish invaded Mexico in the 16 th century, by this time the Aztecs had created a powerful empire, and the Spanish armies conquered Mexico. Don Cortes was made captain general and governor of Mexico. When he returned to Spain in1528 he loaded his galleons with cocoa beans and equipment for making the chocolate drink. Soon chocolate became a fashionable drink enjoyed by the rich in Spain.

Chocolate across Europe


An Italian traveler, Francesco carletti, was the first to break the Spanish monopoly. He had visited Central America and seen how the Indians prepared the cocoa beans and how they made the drink, and by 1606 chocolate was well established in Italy.

Drinking chocolate
The secret of chocolate was taken to France in 1615, when Anne, daughter of Phillip 2 of Spain married king Louis 13 of France The French court enthusiastically adopted this new exotic drink, which was considered to have medicinal benefits as well as being a nourishing food. Gradually the custom of drinking chocolate spread across Europe, reaching England in the 1650s

First chocolate for eating


Up until this point all chocolate recipes were based on plain chocolate. It was an English doctor, sir Hanss sloane, who- after traveling in south America- focused on cocoa and food values, bringing a milk chocolate recipe back to England. The original Cadbury milk chocolate was prepared to his recipe.

History:
The earliest record of chocolate was over fifteen hundred years ago in the central America rain forests, where the tropical mix of high rain fall combined with high year round temperatures and humidity provide the ideal climate for cultivation of the plant from which chocolate is derived, the cacao tree. Chocolate is made from the cocoa bean, found in pods growing from the trunk and lower branches of the cacao tree, Latin name theobroma cacao meaning food of the gods Cacao was corrupted into the more familiar cocoa by the early European explorers. The Maya brewed a spicy, bittersweet drink by roasting and pounding the seeds of the cacao tree with maize and capsicum peppers and letting the mixture ferment. This drink was reserved for use in ceremonies as well as for drinking by the wealthy and religious elite; they also ate cacao porridge. The Aztecs, like the Mayans, also enjoyed cacao as a beverage fermented from the raw beans, which again featured prominently in ritual and as a luxury available only to the very wealthy. The Aztecs called this drink xocolatl, the Spanish conquistadors found this almost impossible to pronounce and so corrupted it to the easier chocolat the English further changed this to chocolate. The Aztecs regarded chocolate as an aphrodisiac and their emperor, Montezuma reputedly drank it fifty times a day from a golden goblet and is quoted as saying of xocolatl: the divine drink, which builds up resistance and fights fatigue. A cup of this precious drink permits a man to walk for a whole day without food

Chocolate in Europe
Xocolatl! or chocolat or chocolate as it became known, was brought to Europe by Cortez, by this time the conquistadors had learned to make the drink more palatable to European tastes by mixing the ground roasted beans with sugar and vanilla ( a practice still continued today), thus offsetting the spicy bitterness of the brew the Aztecs drank. 6

The first chocolate factories opened in Spain, where the dried fermented beans brought back from the new world by the Spanish treasure fleets were roasted and ground, and by the early 17 th century chocolate powder from which the European version of the drink was made- was being exported to other parts of Europe. The Spanish kept the source of the drink- the beans- a secret for many years, so successfully in fact, that when English buccaneers boarded what they thought was a Spanish treasurer galleon in 1579, only to find it loaded with what appeared to be dried sheeps droppings, they burned the whole ship in frustration. If only they had known, chocolate was so expensive at that time, that it was worth its weight in silver ( if not gold), chocolate was treasure indeed ! Within a few years, the cocoa beverage made from the powder produced in Spain had become popular throughout Europe, in the Spanish Netherlands, Italy, France, Germany and in about 1520 it arrived in England. The first chocolate house in England opened in London in 1657 followed rapidly by many others. Like the already well established coffee houses, they were used as clubs where the wealthy and business community met to smoke a clay pipe of tobacco, conduct business and socialize over a cup of chocolate.

Back to the Americas


Events went full circle when English colonists carried chocolate (and coffee) with them to Englands colonies in north America. Destined to become the united states of America and Canada, they are now the worlds largest consumers by far of both chocolate and coffee, consuming over half of the words total production of chocolate alone.

The Quakers
The Quakers were, and still are, a pacifist religious sect, an offshoot of the puritans of English civil war and pilgrim fathers fame and a history of chocolate would not be complete without mentioning their part in it. Some of the most famous names in chocolate were Quakers, who for centuries held a virtual monopoly of chocolate making in the English speaking world fry, Cadbury and row tree are probably the best known. Its probably before the time of the English civil war between parliament and king Charles 1st that the Quakers who evolved from the puritans, first began their historic association with chocolate. Because of their pacifist religion, they were prohibited from many normal business activities, so as an industrious people with a strong belief in the work ethic (like the puritans), they involved themselves in food related businesses and did very well. Baking was a common occupation for them because bread was regarded as the biblical staff of life, and bakers in England were the first to add chocolate to cakes so it would be a natural progression for them to start making pure chocolate. They were also heavily involved in breakfast cereals but thats another story. What is certain is that the fry, row tree and Cadbury families in England among others, began chocolate making and in fact Joseph fry of fry &sons (founded 1728 in Bristol, England) is credited with producing and selling the worlds first chocolate bar. Frys have now all but disappeared (taken over by Cadbury) and row tree have merged Swiss company nestle, to form the largest chocolate manufacturer in the world. Cadbury have stayed with chocolate production and are now, if not quite the largest, probably one of the best-known chocolate makers in the world.

Chocolate as we know it
The first mention of chocolate being eaten in solid form is when bakers in England began adding cocoa powder to cakes in the mid 1600s. Then in 1828 a Dutch chemist, Johannes van houten, invented a method of extracting the bitter tasting fat or cocoa butter from the roasted ground beans, his aim was to make the drink smoother and more palatable, however he unknowingly paved the way for solid chocolate as we know it. Chocolate as we know it today first appeared in 1847 when fry & sons of Bristol, England mixed sugar with cocoa powder and cocoa butter (made by the van houten process) to produce the first solid chocolate bar then in1875 a Swiss manufacturer, Daniel peters, found a way to combine (some would say improve, some would say ruin) cocoa powder and cocoa butter with sugar and dried milk powder to produce the first milk chocolate.

BOARD OF DIRECTOR OF CADBURY Anand Kripalu

Managing Director, President of South Asia & Indo China, Managing Director of Cadbury Schweppes Asia-Pacific and Executive Director, Cadbury India Ltd.

Amit Banati

Cadbury India Ltd. Amit Banati has been a Non-Executive Director of Cadbury India Ltd. since October 27, 2005. Mr. Banati is a Member of Chief Executives Committee at Cadbury plc.

Rajiv Wahi
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Rajiv Wahi serves as President of Asia Pacific Operations and Vice Chairman of Cadbury India Ltd. Mr. Wahi has more than 30 years of experience in the food industry. He served as the President of Asia Pacific of Cadbury plc (Alternate Name, Cadbury Schweppes plc). He served as Regional Managing Director, Africa, India & Middle East at Cadbury Schweppes plc. He has been a Director of MediaCorp Pte Ltd. since July 2010. He serves as a Non Executive Director of Cadbury

Sunil Sethi

Sunil Sethi has been Director of Sales & International Business at Cadbury India Ltd. since June 2010. Mr. Sethi served as the Director of Sales & Customer Development at Cadbury India Ltd. Mr. Sethi served as an Associate Director of Colgate Palmolive Inc. and has 20 years of experience. He holds B.Com, MMS. He has been Executive Director of Cadbury India Ltd. since July 2007.

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INTRODUCTION TO THE ORGANIZATION


The cocoa-bean -- the heart of the sweetest delicacy in the world -is bitter! This is why, up to the 18th century some native tribes ate only the sweetish flesh of the cocoa fruit. They regarded the precious bean as waste or used it, as was the case among the Aztecs, as a form of currency.

TheVarieties
There are two quite different basic classifications of cocoa, under which practically all varieties can be categorised: Criollo and Forastero cocoas. The pure variety of the Criollo tree is found mainly in its native Equador and Venezuela. The seeds are of finer quality than those of the Forastero variety. They have a particularly fine, mild aroma and are, therefore, used only in the production of high-quality chocolate and for blending. However, Criollo cocoa accounts for only 10% of the world crop. The remaining 90% is harvested from trees of the Forastero family, with its many hybrids and varieties. The main growing area is West Africa. The cocoa tree can flourish only in the hottest regions of the world.

TheHarvest
Immediately after harvesting, the fruit is treated to prevent it from rotting. At fermentation sites either in the plantation or at, collecting points, the fruit is opened.

Fermentation
The fermentation process is decisive in the production of high quality raw cocoa. The technique varies depending on the growing region.

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Drying
After fermentation, the raw cocoa still contains far too much water; in fact about 60%. Most of this has to be removed. What could be more natural than to spread the beans out to dry on the sunsoaked ground or on mats? After a week or so, all but a small percentage of the water has evaporated.

Cleaning
Before the real processing begins, the raw cocoa is thoroughly cleaned by passing through sieves, and by brushing. Finally, the last vestiges of wood, jute fibres, sand and even the finest dust are extracted by powerful vacuum equipment.

Roasting
The subsequent roasting process is primarily designed to develop the aroma. The entire roasting process, during which the air in the nearly 10 feet high furnaces reaches a temperature of 130 C, is carried out automatically.

Crushingandshelling
The roasted beans are now broken into medium sized pieces in the crushing machine.

Blending
Before grinding, the crushed beans are weighed and blended according to special recipes. The secret of every chocolate factory lies in the special mixing ratios, which it has developed for different types of cocoa.

Grinding
The crushed cocoa beans, which are still fairly coarse are now pre-ground by special milling equipment and then fed on to rollers where they are ground into a fine paste. The heat generated by the resulting pressure and friction causes the 13

cocoa butter (approximately 50% of the bean) contained in the beans to melt, producing a thick, liquid mixture. This is dark brown in color with a characteristic, strong odour. During cooling it gradually sets: this is the cocoa paste. At this point the production process divides into two paths, but which soon join again. A part of the cocoa paste is taken to large presses, which extract the cocoa butter. The other part passes through various blending and refining processes, during which some of the cocoa butter is added to it. The two paths have rejoined.

CocoaButter
The cocoa butter has important functions. It not only forms part of every recipe, but it also later gives the chocolate its fine structure, beautiful lustre and delicate, attractive glaze.

Cocoa Powder

After the cocoa butter has left the press; cocoa cakes are left which still contain a 10 to 20% proportion of fat depending on the intensity of compression. These cakes are crushed again, ground to powder and finely sifted in several stages and we obtain a dark, strongly aromatic powder, which is excellent for the preparation of delicious drinks - cocoa. Cocoa paste, cocoa butter, sugar and milk are the four basic ingredients for making chocolate. By blending them in accordance with specific recipes the three types of chocolate are obtained which form the basis of ever product assortment, namely:

Kneading
In the case of milk chocolate for example, the cocoa paste, cocoa butter, 14

powdered or condensed milk, sugar and flavouring - maybe vanilla - go into the mixer, where they are pulverized and kneaded.

Rolling
Depending on the design of the rolling mills, three or five vertically mounted steel rollers rotate in opposite directions. Under heavy pressure they pulverise the tiny particles of cocoa and sugar down to a size of approx. 30 microns. (One micron is a thousandth part of a millimetre.)

Conching
But still the chocolate paste is not smooth enough to satisfy our palates. But within two or three days all that will have been put right. For during this period the chocolate paste will be refined to such an extent in the conches that it will flatter even the most discriminating palate. Conches (from the Spanish word "concha", meaning a shell) is the name given to the troughs in which 100 to 1000 kilograms of chocolate paste at a time can be heated up to 80 C and, while being constantly stirred, is given a velvet smoothness by the addition of certain amounts of cocoa butter. A kind of aeration of the liquid chocolate paste then takes place in the conches: its bitter taste gradually disappears and the flavor is fully developed. The chocolate no longer seems sandy, but dissolves meltingly on the tongue. It has attained the outstanding purity, which gives it its reputation.

CONSUMPTION OF CHOCOLATES IN INDIA


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Chocolate consumption in India is extremely low. Per capita consumption is around 160 gms in the urban areas, compared to 8-10kg in the developed countries. In rural areas, it is even lower. Chocolates in India are consumed as indulgence and not as a snack food. A strong volume growth was witnessed in the early 90s when Cadbury repositioned chocolates from children to adult consumption. The biggest opportunity is likely to stem from increasing the consumer base. Leading players like Cadbury and Nestle have been attempting to do this by value for money offerings, which are affordable to the masses.

NESTLE
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Nestle India
Nestle India is a subsidiary of Nestle S.A. of Switzerland. The company insists on honesty, integrity and fairness in all aspects of its business and expects the same in its relationships.

Nestle India- Presence Across India


Beginning with its first investment in Moga in 1961, Nestls regular and substantial investments established that it was here to stay. In 1967, Nestl set up its next factory at Choladi (Tamil Nadu) as a pilot plant to process the tea grown in the area into soluble tea. The Nanjangud factory (Karnataka), became operational in 1989, the Samalkha factory (Haryana), in 1993 and in 1995 and 1997, Nestl commissioned two factories in Goa at Ponda and Bicholim respectively. Nestl India is now putting up the 7th factory at Pant Nagar in Uttaranchal.

Nestle Story
Nestl was founded in 1867 on the shores of Lake Geneva in Vevey, Switzerland and its first product was Farine Lacte Nestl, an infant cereal specially 17

formulated by Henri Nestl to provide and improve infant nutrition. From its first historic merger with the Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company in 1905, Nestl has grown to become the worlds largest and most diversified food Company, and is about twice the size of its nearest competitor beverage sector. in the food and

Nestls trademark of birds in a nest, derived from Henri Nestls personal coat of arms, evokes the values upon which he founded his Company. Namely, the values of security, maternity and affection, nature and nourishment, family and tradition. Today, it is not only the central element of Nestls corporate identity but serves to define the Companys products, responsibilities, business practices, ethics and goals. In 2010, Nestl had around 247,000 employees worldwide, operated 500 factories in approx. 100 countries and offered over 8,000 products to millions of consumers universally. The Companys transparent business practices, pioneering environment policy and respect for the fundamental values of different cultures have earned it an enviable place in the countries it operates in. Nestls activities contribute to and nurture the sustainable economic development of people, communities and nations. Above all, Nestl is dedicated to bringing the joy of Good Food, Good Life to people throughout their lives, throughout the world.

NESTLE INDIA LIMITED


HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS

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Incorporated in 1959 as Food specialties, Nest India (NIL) was promoted by Nestle Alimantana, Switzerland, which presently holds 51% equity stake in the company. Manufacturing in India began with the start up of the Moga Factory in 1962. Nestle's first unit at Moga, Punjab is manufacturing:

Milk products Infant milk formulae Weaning cereals Culinary products Beverages It is the main manufacturing unit of Nestle India Limited. The second factory at Choladi, Tamil Nadu to produce beverages i.e. 100% EOU for instant tea was set up in 1967. The third plant in Nanjangud, Karnataka was set up in 1989 to produce

Instant Coffee Health Beverages The fourth plant at Samalkha, Haryana, was set u in 1993, to produce

Weaning cereals Culinary products Health beverages Milk products The fifth plant at Ponda, Goa was set up in 2010 to produce:

Wafers Waffles The sixth plant at Bicholine, Goa commenced construction for manufacture of a range of culinary products and this was expected to be commissioned in the latter part of 1996. Nestle India, the largest food company in the country is continuously looking at new niches in the market place for its various products. In milk products Nestle has made a considerable mark. For instance, the company was the first to introduce a Dairy Whitener with its product 'Everyday'. And till today that product is a brand leader despite the presence of a host of other brands in the field. IN the case of Milkmaid condensed milk, Nestle relaunched the product as desert maker and has seen the sales graph climbing since. 19

In baby foods, Nestle has made its strong hold with Lactogen and Cerelac. Nestle is also popular in pure ghee segment. Its Everyday pure ghee has gained a quite satisfactory market share, Nestle has also entered into fitness food products. Nestle today is a household name. Nestle extended the product line in coffee by bringing in Dolco, and then Sunrise. In 2005, NIL entered the chocolate business introducing Nestle Premium chocolate. Nestle's products are sold under brand names such as a Milkmaid, Everyday, Cerelac, Nescafe, Maggi, Lactogen, Eclairs etc. It launched the world famous Kitkat chocolates in 1995. During the year 1996 Milo the world's largest selling chocolate energy food drink was launched. According to the chart shown, we can easily known as to which product were launched in which year: Launch year 1962 1964 1968 1972 1974 1978 1982 1983 1985 1986 1987 1989 Product's Name Milkmaid Nescafe Lactogen Ricory Maggi, Cuber, Cerelac Nestum Nespray, Lactogen Sunrise, Maggi Noodles (Chicken Masala) Maggi Sauces - Tomato & Hot & Sweet Everyday Dairy Whitener Cerelac - Wheat Apple, Wheat Orange, Maggi Sauces, Chilli Garlc, Masala Chilli Everyday Ghee, Maggi Soups - Tomato, Chicken, Mushroom, Taster's Choice-Leaf Tea. Sunrise Extra (originally Ricory), Nestogen 2, Sunrise Premium (Originally Sunrise), Cerelac - Wheat vegetable Nestle Chocolate - Premium Milk, Milky bar and Crunch Nestle Eclairs, Bar-One, Maggi Soups Mixed Vegetable, Chicken Noodles, Nestogen I Everyday Gold (originally Nespray) Maggi Super Seasoning (Originally Maggi Cubes) - Chicken, Vegetarian Lemon Malasa, Nestle Bonus, Polo, Bar-oneRoasted Peanut, Taster's Choice - Dust Tea, Contamina 20

1990 2000 2001 2002

Snack Pressing 2003 Cerelac - Wheat Soya, Milkmaid Desert Mixes - Custard Powder, Gulab Jamun, Shahi Rabri, Kesar Kulfi, Maggi Tonite's Special - Butter Chicken Gravy Sauce, Karahi Paneer Gragvy Sauce, Pizza Sauce Topping, Nescafe PreMix, Everyday Pre-mix Nestle Bonus - Chocolate, Nestle Kitkat, Toffo - Coffee, Elacichi, Milk, Polo-Paan Nestle Milo, Milkmaid Dessert Mixes Kalakand, Maggi Pickles - Lime, Lime Sweet, Mango, Mango Punjabi, Mixed, Maggi Dosa Mixes - Masala Plain, Sambhar, Maggi Soups Chicken Sweet Corn, Hot & Sour and Rasam, Polo Spearmint, Cerelac - Rice, Taser's Choice - Tea Bags. 2006 Mithai Magic, Splash Candy, Butter Scotch Candy, ToffeeElaichoo, Koffees, Polo-Fruit Rings, Extra Strong, Maggi Rich Soups, Nestea, leaf/Dust Tea, Nescafe 3-in-1, Teamate Creamer, Maggi Pickles, Variants, Maggi Macroni Snack, Cerelac - Wheat Banaa, Wheat Honey 2007 2008 Maggi - Tamarina Sauce, Nestle Allan's Soother's, Sunrise Eclairs Nestle - Dahi & Imli Sauce

2004 2005

2009 2010 2011

Snow Bites Dairy Milk Silk and Dairy Milk Bliss BiscBits and Big Race

Nestle Brands
Milk Products & Nutrition Beverages Prepared Dishes and Cooking Aids Chocolates & Confectionary 21

MILK PRODUCTS AND NUTRITION: NESTL EVERYDAY Dairy Whitener NESTL EVERYDAY Slim NESTL EVERYDAY Ghee NESTL MILKMAID NESTL Fresh 'n' Natural Dahi NESTL Fresh 'n' Natural Slim Dahi NESTL Jeera Raita NESTL MILKMAID Fruit yoghurt NESTL Milk NESTL Slim Milk BEVERAGES: NESCAF CLASSIC NESCAF SUNRISE NESTL MILO NESCAF 3 in 1 NESCAF Koolerz

PREPARED DISHES AND COOKING AIDS MAGGI 2-MINUTE Noodles MAGGI Vegetable Atta Noodles MAGGI Dal Atta Noodles MAGGI Rice Noodles Mania 22

MAGGI Sauces MAGGI Pizza Mazza MAGGI Healthy Soups MAGGI Healthy Soup- Sanjeevni MAGGI MAGIC Cubes CHOCOLATES & CONFECTIONARY NESTL KIT KAT NESTL KIT KAT LITE NESTL MUNCH NESTL MUNCH POP CHOC NESTL MILKYBAR NESTL MILKYBAR CHOO NESTL BAR-ONE NESTL FUNBAR NESTL Milk Chocolate POLO POLO Powermint NESTL Eclairs

NESTLEKITKAT

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are crisp wafer fingers covered with choco layer. NESTL KIT KAT has a unique finger format with a breaking' ritual attached to it. NESTL KIT KAT is one of the most successful brands in the world and every yearover 12 billion NESTL KIT KAT fingers are consumed around the globe.

NESTLE MUNCH

NESTL MUNCH is wafer layer covered with delicious choco layer. NESTL MUNCH is so crisp, light and irresistible that you just can't stop Munching.' NESTL MUNCH is the largest selling SKU in the category! NESTLE MILKY BAR:

NESTL MILKYBAR is a delicious milky treat, which kids love. Relaunched in January 2010 with a Calcium Rich recipe, NESTL MILKYBAR is a favorite with parents to treat their kids wit NESTLE BAR-ONE

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is a luscious nougat and caramel with delicious choco layer. NESTL BAR-ONE constantly reminds you that it is Time for Action'.

NESTLE Milk Chocolate:

NESTL Milk Chocolate is a milk chocolate with a delicious taste. Kids just love it!

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Company profile

History
Started business in 1948 in India. The company was incorporated as Cadbury-Fry (India) Pvt. Ltd. Founder: John Cadbury in Birmingham, UK in 1824 Current MD: Mr. Rajiv Bakshi Turnover: 450 Cr. No. of offices: 4 Staff Strength 2000 approx.

1. Branch Manager is responsible for the entire Branch Function 2. Promotional Materials Network ad, Media, POS Materials like posters, danglers, dispensers etc. 3. Target All age groups 4. Distribution: Through C&F Agents Re-distributors Retailers consumers Godown: 1 in Delhi Office: 1 in Delhi Avg. No. of calls per day by S.O.: 35 Sales Reporting weekly basis 5. Sales Kit: Daily call report, product folder, price list, calculator, etc. 6. Organisational Structure: 7. Key products: Cadburys Dairy Milk, 5 Star, Fruit & Nut, Bournvita etc., Perk

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COMPANY BACKGROUND
In 1930 R Hudson and Company finally joined with Cadbury. This gave the flourishing local firm a direct link with one of the greatest in international chocolate manufacturing and marketing. Over the years the company has been involved with many other long standing brands and entrepreneurs names such as Fry a chocolate brand dating back to 1756, and of course Schweppes which is still part of the Cadbury group internationally although not in New Zealand. In 1969 Cadbury Fry and Schweppes merged internationally with the New Zealand Company becoming known as Cadbury Schweppes Hudson Limited in 1973. In 1986 Cadbury Schweppes Hudson merged with Cadbury Schweppes Australia. The result was a truly international operation with both the New Zealand and Australian companies supplying each other. Cadbury Schweppes Australia is a fully owned subsidiary of Cadbury Schweppes plc, the United Kingdom based parent company. Most recently, in 1990 Cadbury required the Griffins confectionery business, and sold the Hudson biscuit operation in a reciprocal agreement. The Griffins business dates back to before the turn of the century. George Griffin established the company when he opened a small confectionery business at Nelson. Finally, in 1991 we became known as Cadbury Confectionery Ltd, and can now boast dominance in New Zealands chocolate and sugar confectionery markets. With manufacturing bases in both Dunedin and Auckland, as well as sales offices in Wellington and Christchurch, the Company employs nearly 1,000 in total. The Cadbury group has also flourished internationally. Cadbury Schweppes plc the parent company has manufacturing facilities in 20 countries and its famous brands are bought and enjoyed in more than 110 countries around the world. Cadbury is one of the worlds leading chocolate makers and is number one in England and Australia as well as in New Zealand. 27

PRODUCTION
Cadbury Indias first manufacturing facility was set up at Thane (Mumbai) in 1966. Today, the factory has grown manifold and manufactures a range of products that include Cadbury Dairy Milk, 5 Star, Nutties, Gems and Bournvita. The factory employs about 750 people and houses the R&D and engineering development facilities of the company. In a move towards backward integration, Cadbury bought Induri Diary farm in Pune in 1964. Recently, a major investment program resulted in the installation of modern moulding, crumb and chocolate making facilities. Today, the Induri Factory manufactures intermediate products like milk crumb and a range finished chocolates. In 2000, the company began operations in their newest and most modern plant at malanpur. Equipped with state-of-the-art technology and backed by constant investment, this unit manufactures Eclairs, Gems, Perk and Picnic.

VISION
The governing objective for Cadbury India is to deliver:

Superior Shareholder Value Cadbury in every pocket The company believes this requires: Broadening our consumer appeal and extending their reach to newer markets Sustained growth of their market share through aggressive product development Striving for international quality in their products and processes Focusing on cost competitiveness and productivity in their operations and innovative utilisation of their assets Investing to develop people.

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Finding a Market Winner Developing a successful new product which will stand the test of time and gain a permanent place in a companys product portfolio is not easy. Much quoted figures estimate that it takes in the region of 58 new product ideas to end up with one successful new product and some people put the initial figure as high as 100. The majority of ideas fail early in the process well before they reach the consumer. A further significant proportion fail to move from the test market into national distribution. With the tremendous investment required for totally new products, it is essential that the whole project is carefully researched. In fact, it may take several years for a new product to grow from concept stage to national distribution. The search for a new product usually beings with an evaluation of the opportunities or gaps in the market. Successful new brands are targeted as far as possible to avoid taking market share from a companys existing brands. A new sector must be created in the market or the new product must attack competitors brands. Successful new product development is essentially team work involving research and development, marketing and sales, market research, production, engineering and finance. At Cadbury, in common with most companies, the marketing role is fulfilled by the Product/Brand Manager whose function is to coordinate and mastermind the project through from the initial brief to national launch, until the largest sales tonnage has been achieved. The initial impetus for embarking on a New Product Development project can be:

Changes in consumer lifestyles Technology developments where new processing techniques have been devised The need for market extension abroad, particularly into Asia Pacific, and the demise of trade barriers.

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However, products cannot be simply transferred from one market to another without review and possible adaptation to suit differing expectations and cultures. Whether the product strategy is:

Existing product improvement New product development within the current range of activity Production diversification. ADVERTISING & SALES PROMOTION As we have discussed the importance of Advertising and Sales promotion in introduction, so we know how much advertising aim sales promotion are important. The slogans of advertising are the tools of sales promotion are so important which couples the customer to purchase the product. Now we are going to discuss all these things one by one about Cadbury. Following are a few advertising slogans used by Cadbury for introducing the product to the customers:THE REAL TASTE OF LIFE THODI SI PET POOJA KABHI BHI KAHI BHI WHEN EVER ON HUNGER STRIKE TAN KI SHAKTI, MAN KI SHAKTI KUCH ZADA HI SOLID YEH CHOCOLATE KHAE AAP INHE KHAE (DAIRY MILK ) (PERK) (PERK) (BOURNVITA) (PICNIC) (ECLAIRS)

All these slogans used by Cadbury are beautifully prepared because they can compel the consumer to buy the product to some extent. Now we will discuss them in details with the help of which we can easily understand how these slogans can leave these impression on the customer.

The Real Taste of Life 30

This slogan was prepared for the first chocolate introduce by the Cadbury first time in India. The chocolate was Dairy Milk. This slogan says that there are many types of products present in the market, they have different taste but Dairy Milk is the best and the true taste of the life. This slogan also stands for the victory. On electronic media, the advertisement shows that a cricketer wins the match and after that he and his girl friend eats this product. Therefore, this stands for victory of any body eats this product will definitely win in his life.

Thodi Si Pet Pooja Kabhi Bhi Kahi Bhi When Cadbury introduced its next chocolate named Perk this slogan were used. This explains that if anybody is hungry and he do not have any thing to eat accept this Perk then he can have this. This shows that Perk is so good chocolate which can be used as a substitute of food and is a complete food.

Whenever on Hunger Strike Later on Cadbury came out with new slogan on television; the advertisement shows that few students are on hunger strike. But they had the chocolate. This shows that nobody can control himself/herself if this product of Cadbury is lying in front of that person. This means that Cadbury product is so good that nobody can leave it.

Tan Ki Shakti, Man Ki Shakti This slogan was used for Bournvita. Bournvita is full of proteins, vitamins, minerals and all those necessary things which are useful for our body and mind. Therefore, this slogan stood best for Bournvita. TAN KI SHAKTI, means the energy to the body. If anybody here this product, he /she will remain active for whole day. That person will look healthy, active and will look smart. 31

YEH CHOCOLATE KHAIN, AAP INHE KHAIN When Eclairs toffee came in the market, this slogan was used. Eclairs is a toffee filled with chocolate. It means that instead of having chocolate you can have eclairs toffee too. It a person does not want to have 12 pieces of chocolate, can have one or two eclairs toffee.

KUCH ZADA HI SOLID Nowadays new chocolate has been introduced by the Cadbury and this slogans going on creating demand for this new product. In this ad we can see that one chocolate falls on a car and damages the car. This chocolate is so strong due to lots of nuts, caramel etc. etc. present in this chocolate. This also shows that this is for adventurous people who love thrills, adventure etc.

DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM ADOPTED BY CADBURY


Cadbury Schweppes pick the world number 3 soda market has aggfed to sell most of its soft drinks business outside the US to Coca Co. for $ 1.85 billions to finance a head on battle with Coke in the No. 1 soda makers home market.

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The agreements included the Schwoers Dr. Pepper chanda dry and crush brands and exude South Africa and France the pact which was dependent on regulatory approval was likely to be concealed in mid 1999 Cadbury said. The more will allow Cadbury to expand it Dr. Peeper business in US where it derives two-thirds of its soft drinks sales and was a 15 per cent market share at the same time it get Cadbury out of markets where it is growing at a slower pace. The shares rose as much as 70.5 per cent or 7.5 per cent or 7.5 per cent 1002. This sort out the places where Cadburys systems werent strong enough to compete with Coca-Cola, said Mr. David long an analyst a Henderson Croshtwaite, they were fighting with proper for this. At this site Cadbury manufacture a range of sugar and caramel based confectionery and licorice product for both the retail trade and industrial customer. The Cadbury brand has also been licensed to other selected food

manufacturers who produce and distribute their range of Cadbury products, notably ice cream. These licencees are responsible for their own Covenant Action Plans. Cadbury does not sell their goods directly to the final user; between them

stands a set of intermediaries performing a variety of functions Cadbury use Sales Managers and Reps as sales channels, telephone,

email and face to face as delivery channels and again Reps...

CADBURY
How Cadbury Chocolate is made

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John Cadbury Milk chocolate for eating was first made by Cadbury in 1897 by adding milk powder John paste to the dark chocolate recipe of cocoa mass, cocoa butter and sugar. By today's standards this chocolate was not particularly good: it was coarse and dry and not sweet or milky enough for public tastes. There was a great deal of competition from continental manufacturers, not only the French,but also the Swiss, renowned for their milk chocolate. Led by George Cadbury Junior, the Bournville experts set out to meet the challenge. A considerable amount of time and money was spent on research and on new plant designed to produce the chocolate in larger quantities. A recipe was formulated incorporating fresh milk, and production processes were developed to produce a milk chocolate 'not merely as good as, but better than' the imported milk chocolate'. Four years of hard work were invested in the project and in 1905 what was to be Cadbury's top selling brand was launched. Three names were considered: Jersey, Highland Milk and Dairy Maid. Dairy Maid became Dairy Milk, and Cadbury's Dairy Milk, with its unique flavour and smooth creamy texture, was ready to challenge the Swiss domination of the milk chocolate market. By 1913 Dairy Milk had become the company's best selling line and in the mid twenties Cadbury's Dairy Milk gained its status as the brand leader, a position it has held ever since.

COMPANY OVERVIEW OF CADBURY INDIA


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Cadbury began its operations in 1948 by importing chocolates and then repacking them before distribution in the Indian market. After 59 years of existence, it today has five company-owned manufacturing facilities at Thane, Induri (Pune) and Malanpur (Gwalior), Bangalore and Baddi (Himachal Pradesh) and 4 sales offices (New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkota and Chennai). The corporate office is in Mumbai.

Currently Cadbury India operates in three sectors viz. Chocolate Confectionery, Milk Food Drinks and in the Candy category. In the Chocolate Confectionery business, Cadbury has maintained its undisputed leadership over the years. Some of the key brands are Cadbury Dairy Milk, 5 Star, Perk, clairs and Celebrations. Cadbury enjoys a value market share of over 70% - the highest Cadbury brand share in the world! Their flagship brand Cadbury Dairy Milk is considered the "gold standard" for chocolates in India. The pure taste of CDM defines the chocolate taste for the Indian consumer. In the Milk Food drinks segment their main product is Bournvita - the leading Malted Food Drink (MFD) in the country. Similarly in the medicated candy category Halls is the undisputed leader.

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The Cadbury India Brand Strategy has received consistent support through simple but imaginative extensions to product categories and distribution. A good example of this is the development of Bytes. Crispy wafers filled with coca cream in the form of a bagged snack, Bytes is positioned as "The new concept of sweet snacking". It delivers the taste of chocolate in the form of a light snack, and thus heralds the entry of Cadbury India into the growing bagged Snack Market, which has been dominated until now by Salted Bagged Snack Brands. Bytes was first launched in South India in 2008. Since 1965 Cadbury has also pioneered the development of cocoa cultivation in India. For over two decades, it has worked with the Kerala Agriculture University to undertake cocoa research and released clones, hybrids that improve the cocoa yield. Today, Cadbury is poised in its leap towards quantum growth and new categories of business, namely gums, mints, snacking and gifting. It is a part of the Cadbury Schweppes Group, world's No.1 Confectionery Company.

CADBURY WORLD WIDE


Cadbury is the world's largest confectionery company and have a strong regional presence in beverages in the Americas and Australia. With origins stretching back over 200 years, today their products - which include brands such as Cadbury, Schweppes, Halls, Trident, Dr Pepper, Snapple, Trebor, Dentyne, Bubblicious and Bassett - are enjoyed in almost every country around the world. We employ around 60,00 people.

Their heritage starts back in 1783 when Jacob Schweppe perfected his process for manufacturing carbonated mineral 36

water in Geneva, Switzerland. And in 1824 John Cadbury opened in Birmingham selling cocoa and chocolate. These two great household names merged in 1969 to form Cadbury Schweppes plc. Since then they have expanded their business throughout the world by a programme of organic and acquisition led growth. Concentrating on their core brands in beverages and confectionery since the 1980s, they have strengthened their portfolio through almost fifty acquisitions, including brand icons such as Mott's, Canada Dry, Halls, Trident, Dentyne, Bubblicious, Trebor, Bassett, Dr Pepper, 7 Up and Snapple. It employ 60,000 people in over 200 countries Worlds No 1 Confectionery company World's No 2 Gums company World's No 3 beverage company

Cadbury Brands:
Chocolates Snacks Beverages Candy SNACKS: Bytes BEVERAGES Bournvita

CANDY 37

Halls CHOCOLATES Dairy Milk 5 Star Perk Celebrations Temptation Eclairs Gems DAIRY MILK

The story of Cadbury Dairy Milk started way back in 1905 at Bournville, U.K., but the journey with chocolate lovers in India began in 1948. The variants Fruit & Nut, Crackle and Roast Almond, combine the classic taste of Cadbury Dairy Milk with a variety of ingredients and are very popular amongst teens & adults. Cadbury Dairy Milk has exciting products on offer - Cadbury Dairy Milk Wowie, chocolate with Disney characters embossed in it, and Cadbury Dairy Milk 2 in 1,

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a delightful combination of milk chocolate and white chocolate. Giving consumers an exciting reason to keep coming back into the fun filled world of Cadbury. Today, Cadbury Dairy Milk alone holds 30% value share of the Indian chocolate market.

5 STAR

the second largest after Cadbury Dairy Milk with a market share of 14%, Cadbury 5 Star moves from strength to strength every year by increasing its user base. Launched in 1980 as a bar of chocolate that was hard outside with soft caramel nougat inside, Cadbury 5 Star has re-invented itself over the years to keep satisfying the consumers taste for a high quality & different chocolate eating experience. One of the key properties that Cadbury 5 Star was associated with was its classic Gold colour. And through the passage of time, this was one property that both, the brand and the consumer stuck to as a valuable association. More recently, to give consumers another reason to come into the Cadbury 5 Star fold, Cadbury 5 Star Crunchy was launched. The same delicious Cadbury 5 Star was now available with a dash of rice crispies.

PERK

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Cadbury launched Perk in 1996. With its light chocolate and wafer construct, Cadbury Perk targeted the casual snacking space that was dominated primarily by chips & wafers. With the rise of more value-for-money brands in the wafer chocolate segment, Cadbury Perk unveiled two new offerings - Perk XL and XXL. In 2004, with an added dose of 'Real Cadbury Dairy Milk' and an 'improved wafer', Perk became even more irresistible

CELEBRATIONS

Cadbury Celebrations was aimed at replacing traditional gifting options like Mithai and dry- fruits during festive seasons. Cadbury Celebrations is available in several assortments: An assortment of chocolates like 5 Star, Perk, Gems, Dairy Milk and Nutties and rich dry fruits enrobed in Cadbury dairy milk chocolate in 5 variants, Almond magic, raisin magic, cashew magic, nut butterscotch and caramels. 40

The super premium Celebrations Rich Dry Fruit Collection which is a festive offering is an exotic range of chocolate covered dry fruits and nuts in various flavours and the premium dark chocolate range which is exotic dark chocolate in luscious flavours.

Direct Competition
At present there are three major players Nestle, Cadburys and Amul in the Indian Chocolate market. Campco initially tried to break into market but failed. Brief profile of the same has been entailed below:

Cadburys India Ltd.


Cadburys India Ltd, has been in India since 1948. Its brands: Dairy Milk, 5 Star, Gems and Chocolate Eclairs are the households names in India today. In all the segments i.e. moulded chocolates, count chocolates and panned chocolates, it is undoubtedly the market leader. Cadburys has its manufacturing units at Thane (Mumbai), Malanpur, Indori (near Pune), Mithuri and Kolapur. It has a strong distribution network with about 500 distributors in North India and more than 3 lac retail outlets being serviced all over India. In 2005, Cadbury planned to pump in Rs.80-crore to up production capacity at a couple of Cadburys factories. This cash is exactly double of whats been invested in 2008. 41

The Company launched Perk, a wafer enrobed chocolate in 2010. This was reactionary to the launch of Kit Kat and has been able to counter competition.

Cadburys Dairy Milk (CDM) - The Flagship brand


CDM, the oldest of Cadburys brands was launched in 1956. In the early 90s, a rise in the prices of cocoa, increase in the excise duty and a fall in the demand inspired the idea of repositioning. Two years in the process after relaunch Cadburys Dairy Milks market share stood at 25 percent with sales rising by an average 40 percent per annum. Besides CDM Cadburys has a number of endorser brands such as FruitnNut, Nut Milk etc. Even though contribution of these brands to the companys bottomline is very small, they are required in order to make a complete portfolio of offering. The Company developed a concentration strategy on CDM, Five Star, Cadbury Gems, Cadburys Eclairs, Perk and the latest of its offering Picnic (which has drawn a good response in the market). The Company has also identified sugar confectionery, as a growth sector. Its first offering Googly.

Nestle India Ltd.


Nestle India Ltd. has been in India for more than 35 years now. The worlds largest marketer of chocolates (became world number one when it acquired Rowntree Macintosh of the UK) - Nestle, made its foray in the Indian chocolate Industry in November 1990. It launched three products - the milk chocolate, the bitter chocolate and Crackle (a crunchy chocolate) - in the slabs category and Bar One in count lines.

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Cadburys was quick to react, and launched a whole host of products in succession: All Silk milk chocolate, Creamy Bar, and a new version of 5 Star. Nestle, in the beginning did not have its own manufacturing facility. It had an alliance with Campco to manufacture chocolates. Later, in 2010 a state-of-art manufacturing plant was set up at Ponda, Goa at a cost of Rs. 50 crores. This unit took care of the entire Kit Kat production. However, the production tie-up with Campco still continued.

Launch of Kit Kat


Kit Kat, one of worlds most popular chocolate, was launched in India in 1995. Within months of its launch, it fulfilled every target Nestle had set. Its launch was accompanied by the launch of Cadburys Perk in order to counter Kit Kat and safeguard the flagship brand CDM. Kit Kat has been able to define a new segment in the industry in the form of the wafer enrobed any time snack. Kit Kat outsells Perk in the outlets where both are available. In the crucial markets of Bombay and Delhi both are running neck-and-neck. It has even said to have threatened the mother brand, Cadbury Dairy Milk.

NESTLEs New Launches


Brand Allen Splash (Sugar Candies) Launch Selected Cities

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After Eight Mints Lion Wafer Bars

Delhi & Mumbai Delhi & Mumbai

Future Outlook Focus will be on chocolates and confectionery followed by culinary products which include the Maggi range and coffee. Amul Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF) launched the Amul Chocolate way back in 1974. With its milk chocolates, Badam Bar, Crunch and Fruit n Nut has a market share of about 5 %. Due to lack of focus and with multinationals spending huge amounts on advertisements its market share has been falling. GCMMF is involved in a large number of products, of which chocolates constitutes just 1-2 %. The company is not concentrating much on its chocolate business. As of now, Amul chocolates are not on companys focus. Interestingly, Kaira District Cooperative Milk Producers Ltd. (KDCMPL) - the manufacturer of Amul chocolate - is selling whatever it produces. Limited capacity is also a reason for the share it has. However, Amuls memorable advertising campaign positioning it as a A Gift for Someone You Love, saw the sales graph rising. Amuls sales grew by 39% then. Ever since, Amul has maintained a low profile.

Other Domestic Players

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The only other organized player in the market is Campco, which has an insignificant share of the market. It is supplying its production to Nestle. Apart from this Campco did come up with its new brands like Treat. But crunch of resources grossly effected the pace of the company and is hardly to be heard of today.

INDIRECT COMPETITION
Since the target audience includes, consumers of not only chocolates but also of biscuits and confectionery, it faces indirect competition from these product categories. Also, other confectionery products like toffees, candies etc have proved to be indirect competition (however would be limited since we are targeting small kids segment).

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
This chapter describes the methodology of the study. This project is based on information collected from primary sources. After the detailed study, an attempt has been made to present comprehensive analysis of consumption of Cadbury and nestle chocolates consumed by the people. The data had been used to cover various aspects like consumption, consumers preference and customers satisfaction regarding Cadbury and Nestle chocolates. In collecting requisite data and information regarding the topic selected, I went to the residents of Alwar and collected the data.

Title of Study:
Study of consumer preference towards Cadbury and nestle choclates.

Survey design:
The study is a cross sectional study because the data were collected at a single point of time. For the purpose of present study a related sample of population was selected on the basis of convenience. 45

Sample Size and Design:


A sample of 100 people was taken on the basis of convenience. The actual consumers were contacted on the basis of random sampling.

Types of Research:
1. Observation Method 2. Survey Method 3. Questionnaire method

Research Period:
Research work is only carried for 2 or 3 weeks.

Research Instrument:
This work is carried out through self-administered questionnaires. The questions included were open ended, dichotomous and offered multiple choices.

Data Collection:
The data, which is collected for the purpose of study, is divided into 2 bases: Primary Source: The primary data comprises information survey of Comparative study of consumer behavior towards Nestle and Cadbury chocolates. The data has been collected directly from respondent with the help of structured questionnaires. Secondary Source: The secondary data was collected from internet, References from Library.

Data Analysis:
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The data is analyzed on the basis of suitable tables by using mathematical techniques. The technique that I have used is bar technique.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY


This project is based on the comparative study consumer behavior towards Nestle and Cadbury chocolates. Objectives of the study are: The other objective is to know about the customer satisfaction level associated with the product and the customer preference level. To increase customer satisfaction and recapture the market share by fulfilling the customer needs.

To study the factors affecting the consumption pattern.

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SCOPE OF THE STUDY


As learning is a human activity and is as natural, as breathing. Despite of the fact that learning is all pervasive in our lives, psychologists do not agree on how learning takes place. How individuals learn is a matter of interest to marketers. They want to teach consumers in their roles as their roles as consumers. They want consumers to learn about their products, product attributes, potential consumers benefit, how to use, maintain or even dispose of the product and new ways of behaving that will satisfy not only the consumers needs, but the marketers objectives.

The scope of my study restricts itself to the analysis of consumer preferences, perception and consumption of Cadbury and Nestle Chocolates. There are many other brands of chocolates available but my study is limited to two major players of chocolates leaving behind the others. The scope of my study is also restricts itself to Alwar region only.

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LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY


In attempt to make this project authentic and reliable, every possible aspect of the topic was kept in mind. Nevertheless, despite of fact constraints were at play during the formulation of this project. The main limitations are as follows:

Due to limitation of time only few people were selected for the study. So the sample of consumers was not enough to generalize the findings of the study. The main source of data for the study was primary data with the help of self-administered questionnaires. Hence, the chances of unbiased information are less. People were hesitant to disclose the true facts. The chance of biased response cant be eliminated though all necessary steps were taken to avoid the same.

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FINDINGS
CONSUMER RESEARCH:
Consumer research deals with consumer and their problems and solution to the problems. In this I came to know about the consumers need and expectation levels regarding products and ascertainable levels of consumer satisfaction.

PRODUCT RESEARCH:
Under product research I came to know about the modification which consumers wants as to the quality, packing, shape, color, and quantity etc of their favorite chocolate.

PRICING RESEARCH:
This includes ability to consume, to pay for the product, how much a person can spend on his/her favorite chocolate. In this I have tried to find out consumers price expectations and reactions.

ADVERTISING RESEARCH:
Under this I have concluded that whether the advertisement appeals the consumers or not. This also includes evaluating and selecting the proper media-mix and measuring advertising effectiveness.

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ANALYSIS OF THE STUDY


LIKING FOR THE CHOCOLATES
Table:1

Liking for the Chocolate Yes Number Respondents of 95

No 5

Liking For the Chocolate

100 80 60 40 20 0

Number of Persons

95
Yes No

5
Response 1

Chart:1 From the above analysis of the given sample of 100 respondents it is concluded that out of 100 people 95 people likes to eat chocolate while only 5 people dont prefer to eat chocolate.

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DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS


Table:2 AGE GROUPS NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 0-10 14 10-20 42 20-30 33 ABOVE 30 11

AGE GROUPS
NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 50 40 30 20 10 0 42 14

33 0-10 11 10 to 20 20 to 30 Above 30

1 AGE GROUPS

Chart:2 According to the above analysis it is concluded that I have surveyed 100 respondents out of which 14, 42, 33, 11 belongs to age group 0-10, 10-20, 20-30, above30 respectively.

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PREFERENCE ACCORDING TO AGE GROUPS


Table:3 BRANDS CADBURY NESTLE NO CONSUMPTION 0-10 7 5 2 10-20 35 6 1 AGE GROUPS 20-30 24 8 1 ABOVE 30 5 5 1

PREFERENCE ACCORDING TO AGE GROUPS


NUMBER OF CONSUMERS 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1 6 1 8 2 5 7 35 24 1 5 5 NONE NESTLE CADBURY

0-10 10 to 20 to Above 20 30 30 AGE GROUPS

Chart:3 According to the above analysis it is concluded that people of different age groups prefer mostly Cadbury brand of chocolate while Nestle brand is least preferred by the age group between 10-20. People of age group above 30 equally likes to have both brands.

BRAND PREFERENCE
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Table:4 BRANDS CADBURY NESTLE PREFERENCE BY CONSUMERS 73 22

Brand Preference

80
No. of Persons

73 Cadbury Nestle

60 40 20 0 1 Brands Chocolate 22

Chart:4 From the above analysis of given sample of 93 respondents who eat chocolates it is concluded that only 22 people prefer to eat Nestle chocolates while 73 people likes to eat Cadbury chocolates.

PURCHASE OF CHOCOLATES

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PURCHASE OF CADBURY CHOCOLATES


Table:5 SUB- BRANDS DAIRY MILK 5 STAR PERK CELEBRATIONS TEMPTATIONS CADBURY CHOCOLATES NUMBER OF RESPONDANTS 69 64 61 49 41
Cadbury chocolates Purchased By People

Number of Persons

80 60 40 20 0

69

64

61 49 41

1 Sub-brands of Cadbury Chocolate

Dairy Milk

5 Star

Perk

Celebrations

Temptation

Chart:5 From the above analysis of given sample of 73 respondents who eat Cadbury chocolates it is concluded that mostly people has purchased Dairy Milk subbrand of Cadbury while Temptation is least purchased by the people.

PURCHASE OF NESTLE CHOCOLATES


Table:6 SUB- BRANDS NESTLE CHOCOLATES NUMBER OF RESPONDANTS 55

KIT KAT MUNCH MILKY BAR BAR- ONE MILK CHOCOLATE

17 19 18 16 11

Nestle chocolates Purchased by People 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 19 17 18 15 11

Number of Persons

Sub-brands of Nestle Chocolates Kit Kat Munch Milky Bar Bar-One Milk Chocolate

Chart:6 From the above analysis of given sample of 22 respondents who eat Nestle chocolates it is concluded that mostly all sub-brands are purchased by people but top most is Munch followed by Milky Bar and Kit Kat. While surveying we have found that many people are not aware of Milk Chocolate.

OVERALL PURCHASE OF CHOCOLATES


Table:7 OVERALL PURCHASE OF SUB- BRANDS OF CHOCOLATES SUB-BRANDS PERCENTAGE OF PURCHASE DAIRY MILK 13 5 STAR 12 PERK 11 56

CELEBRATIONS TEMPTATIONS KIT KAT MUNCH MILKY BAR BAR ONE MILK CHOCOLATE

9 7 10 11 11 9 7

Sub-brands of Chocolates purchased By People

9% 11% 11%

7%

13% 12% 11% 7% 9%

10%

Dairy Milk 5 Star Perk Celebrations Temptation Kit Kat Munch Milky Bar Bar-One Milk Chocolate

Chart:7 From the above analysis it is concluded that overall Dairy Milk is purchased by people followed by 5 Star while Temptation and Milk Chocolate is least purchased by people.

PREFERENCE OF SUBRANDS OF CHOCOLATES PREFERENCE OF SUBRANDS OF CADBURY CHOCOLATES


Table: 8 SUB- BRANDS CADBURY CHOCOLATES GRAND TOTAL AVERAGE OF DAIRY MILK 5 STAR PERK CELEBRATIONS PREFERENCE 315 220 176 136 (GRAND TOTAL / No. OF RESPONDANTS) 4.3 3 2.4 1.86 1 2 3 4 57 RANKS

TEMPTATION

91

1.24

According to the above analysis it is concluded that in Cadbury Brand, Dairy milk is the most preferred sub-brand as it is ranked first by the respondents. While Temptation is the least preferred sub-brand of Cadbury chocolates.

PREFERENCE OF SUB-BRANDS OF NESTLE CHOCOLATES


Table:9 SUB- BRANDS NESTLE CHOCOLATES GRAND AVERAGE TOTAL OF KIT KAT MUNCH MILKY BAR BAR-ONE MILK CHOCOLATE PREFERENCE 70 64 65 45 30 (GRAND TOTAL / No. OF RESPONDANTS) 3.18 2.9 2.95 2.05 1.36 1 3 2 4 5 RANKS

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According to the above analysis it is concluded that in Nestle Brand, Munch is the most preferred sub-brand as it is ranked first by the respondents. While Milk Chocolate is the least preferred sub-brand of Cadbury chocolates.

INFLUENCING FACTORS DURING PURCHASE


OVERALL INFLUENCE
Table :10 FACTORS FLAVOR/TASTE PRICE QUALITY PACKAGING FORM BRAND IMAGE COLOR SHAPE QUANTITY GRAND TOTAL 435 295 391 344 301 354 344 297 268 342 AVERAGE 4.58 3.1 4.12 3.62 3.17 3.73 3.62 3.13 2.82 3.6 RANK 1 9 2 4 7 3 4 8 10 6

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According to the above analysis it is concluded that on an average mostly people are influenced by flavor/taste followed by quality, brand and image. It is surprised to know that very few people are influenced by price followed by shape of the chocolate.

INFLUENCING FACTORS DURING PURCHASE OF CADBURY CHOCOLATES


Table:11 FACTORS FLAVOR/TASTE PRICE QUALITY PACKAGING FORM BRAND IMAGE COLOR SHAPE QUANTITY GRAND TOTAL 335 235 307 277 231 271 262 224 213 262 AVERAGE 4.6 3.2 4.2 3.79 3.16 3.71 3.59 3.07 2.92 3.59 RANK 1 7 2 3 8 4 5 9 10 5

According to the above analysis it is concluded that on an average mostly people are influenced by flavor/taste followed by quality, packaging and brand. Here color and shape are not all influencing people while purchasing Cadbury chocolates. 60

INFLUENCING FACTORS DURING PURCHASE OF NESTLE CHOCOLATES


Table:12 FACTORS FLAVOR/TASTE PRICE QUALITY PACKAGING FORM BRAND IMAGE COLOR SHAPE QUANTITY GRAND TOTAL 100 60 84 67 70 83 82 73 55 80 AVERAGE 4.5 2.72 3.82 3.04 3.18 3.77 3.73 3.32 2.5 3.64 RANK 1 5 2 9 8 3 4 7 10 6

According to the above analysis it is concluded that on an average mostly people are influenced by flavor/taste followed by quality, brand and image. Here packaging and shape are not all influencing people while purchasing Nestle chocolates.

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FACTORS GIVING MOST SATISFACTION TO CONSUMERS OVERALL


Table:13 FACTORS FLAVOR/TASTE PRICE QUALITY PACKAGING FORM BRAND IMAGE COLOR SHAPE QUANTITY GRAND TOTAL 427 337 367 338 332 358 328 332 335 328 AVERAGE 4.81 3.6 3.86 3.56 3.49 3.77 3.45 3.49 3.52 3.45 RANK 1 4 2 5 7 3 9 7 6 9

According to the above analysis it is concluded that on an average people are most satisfied with the flavor/taste of a chocolate followed by quality and brand. It is surprising to know that although people are satisfied with quality but unsatisfied with the quantity.

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IN CADBURY CHOCOLATE
Table:14 FACTORS FLAVOR/TASTE PRICE QUALITY PACKAGING FORM BRAND IMAGE COLOR SHAPE QUANTITY GRAND TOTAL 334 269 282 272 264 282 247 259 258 255 AVERAGE 4.6 3.68 3.86 3.73 3.62 3.86 3.38 3.55 3.53 3.49 RANK 1 5 2 4 6 2 10 7 8 9

According to the above analysis it is concluded that on an average people are most satisfied with the flavor/taste of a chocolate followed by quality and brand. It is surprising to know that although people are satisfied with quality but unsatisfied with the quantity and image.

IN NESTLE CHOCOLATE
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Table:15 FACTORS FLAVOR/TASTE PRICE QUALITY PACKAGING FORM BRAND IMAGE COLOR SHAPE QUANTITY GRAND TOTAL 93 68 85 66 68 76 81 73 77 73 AVERAGE 4.2 3.09 3.86 3 3.09 3.45 3.68 3.32 3.5 3.32 RANK 1 8 2 10 8 5 3 6 4 6

According to the above analysis it is concluded that on an average people are most satisfied with the flavor/taste of a chocolate followed by quality and image. It is surprising to know that although people are satisfied with quality but unsatisfied with the form and packaging.

FORM PREFERENCE

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Table:16 FORM OF CHOCOLATE HARD NUTTIES CRUNCHY CHEW NUMBER RESONDENTS 33 25 29 20 OF

Form of a Chocolate Prefered by People

40 Number of Consumers 30 20 10 0

33 25

29 20

HARD NUTTIES CRUNCHY CHEW

1 Forms

Chart:8 According to the above analysis it is concluded that most of the people likes to eat hard chocolate and chew form of a chocolate is least preferred.

PACK OF CHOCOLATES PREFERED


Table:17 PACK SIZE NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 65

SMALL BIG FAMILY PACK

28 48 19

Pack of Chocolate Prefered

60 50 40 30 20 10 0

48 28 19 SMALL BIG FAMILY PACK

Number of Consumers

1 Pack

Chart:9 According to the above analysis it is concluded that out of sample of 95 people who eat chocolates likes to buy big pack. Family pack is mostly preferred by aged people only

PROMOTIONAL OFFERS
Table:18 PROMOTIONAL OFFERS FREE GIFTS PRICE OFFER NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 52 23 66

ANY OTHER

20

Effect of Promotional Offers while Purchase Number of Consumers 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Promotional Offers 1 23 20 FREE GIFTS PRICE OFFER ANY OTHER 52

Chart: 10 According to the above analysis it is concluded that out of sample of 95 people who eat chocolate 52 are attracted by free gifts, 23 by price offers while 20 were attracted by some other reasons.

FACTORS AFFECTING PURCHASE


Table:19 FACTORS ADVERTISEMENT SUGGESTION FROM FRIENDS AND RELATIVES 67 NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 65 16

ATTRACTIVE DISPLAY DOCTORS ADVICE BRAND AMBASSADORS INGREDIENTS

11 15 9 25
ADVERTISEMENT

Factors Affecting Purchase Number of Consumers

80 60 40 20 0

65 25 9

SUGGESTION FROM FRIENDS AND RELATIVES ATTRACTIVE DISPLAY DOCTOR'S ADVICE BRAND AMBASSDORS INGREDIENTS

16 11 15

1 Factors

Chart: 11 According to the above analysis it is concluded that Advertisement is the best measure to attract customers to purchase more. Its impact is much more than other factors. While friends and relatives and brand ambassadors also play a significant role in this regard.

MEDIA OF ADVERTISEMENT
Table:20 MEDIA OF ADVERTISEMENT TELEVISION NEWSPAPERS BROCHURES HOARDING DISPLAY NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 82 7 3 4 15

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Media of Advertisement influencing the Purchase Number of Customers

100 80 60 40 20 0

82

15

Television Newspapers Brochers Hoarding Display

Media Of 1 Advertising

Chart:12 According to the above analysis it is concluded that television emerges as the best media for advertisement of chocolates that compel consumers to buy. It is much more than other ways as out of 95 respondents 82 are attracted to by through television media while brochures are the least attracting media.

FREQUENCY OF CONSUMPTION
Table:21 FREQUENCY OF CONSUMPTION ONCE IN A FORTNIGHT DAILY WEEKLY MONTHLY QUARTERLY NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 16 17 39 18 5

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Frequency of Consumption

50
Number of Consumers

40 30 20 10 0
16 17

39 Once in a fortnight Daily

18

5
Frequency 1 Chart:13

Weekly Monthly Quarterly

According to the above analysis it is concluded that mostly people purchase chocolates weekly. Only 15 out of 95 purchase chocolates quarterly.

REASONABLE PRICE
Table:22 PRICE OF CHOCOLATE BELOW 5 5-10 10-20 20-30 ABOVE 30 NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 6 23 51 4 11

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Reasonable Price 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 51 23 6 4 1Price 11


Below5 5 to 10 10 to 20 20 to 30 Above 30

Number of Consumers

Chart: 14 According to the above analysis it is concluded that the consumer thinks 10-20 Rs is the reasonable price of a chocolate. So it must be worthwhile to know this as it may effect the sale of chocolates.

CONSUMERS BRAND LOYALTY


Table:23 BRAND LOYALTY ACTIONS POSTPONE YOUR PURCHASE SWITCH OVER TO OTHER BRANDS GO TO OTHER SHOP FOR SEARCH OF PREFERED BRAND NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 26 24 45

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Brand Loyalty
Number of consumers

50 40 30 20 10 0

45 26 24

Postpone Purchase Switch Brand Search in other Shop

1 Consumers in Action of absence of Prefered Brand

Chart:15 According to the above analysis it is concluded that mostly people are loyal to the brand as in the absence of availability of their preferred brand mostly people like to search for it or they are ready to postpone their purchase.

REACTION OF CONSUMERS IF NEW BRAND IS INTRODUCED


Table:24 SHIFT TO NEW BRAND OF THE PREFERED PRODUCT NO, NOT AT ALL MAY CONSIDER NO, SHALL NOT NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 35 27 4 72

CANT SAY

29

Reaction of consumers if new brand is introduced


Number of Consumers

40 30 20 10 0

35 27 29
No, Not at all May Consider Shall Not Can't Say

4 1 Reactions

Chart:16 According to the above analysis it is concluded that mostly people are addicted to the same flavor or taste and they dont want to change it as out of 95 respondents 35 are not ready to try new brand at any cost.

6. SWOT
STEANTH

Strong brand image/name. Glamorous, attractive and effective local and national advertising companies. Wide brand variety of face the competitor and to serve the masses. Effective executive team.

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Very attractive promotion scheme. The customer felt honored on knowing that some one from the company itself had visited him to buy the products of the company

WEAKNESS

Wrong perceptions of the consumer related to the pesticides in PARLE. Retailer did not support the scheme and tried to create confusion in the market as they were apprehensive that their sales would be decreased.

Unplanned route was not operated properly. Minimum lot size for the unplanned route was not mentioned in any of the advertising material

Opportunity


Threats

There is wide rural market which is being untouched. There is a wide scope in the continuous product development and introduction of few flavors.

Cut throat competition Illegal distribution done by some distribution.

CONCLUSION
A survey of the people has been conducted to know the liking pattern of the two products Cadbury and Nestle. It is observed that overall people like to eat Cadbury brand rather than Nestle. It is concluded that mostly 74

people preferred Dairy Milk of Cadbury due to its flavor/taste, quality and image and due to its hard form. Some people often like to have a chocolate with good flavor, quality and crunchiness so they are going towards Kit Kat and Munch of Nestle due to its taste and crunchiness. It is thus concluded from the facts collected that mostly people refer to buy big pack of their favorite chocolate, and sometimes some of them go for small and family pack. Dairy Milk had become the company's best selling line and in the mid twenties Cadbury's Dairy Milk gained its status as the brand leader, a position it has held ever... of Fuse by increasing their own new product activity. Conclusion This case study has examined Cadbury's ability to use innovation in a developed and crowded... sell from the same types of stores and there products are similar in some respects. Conclusion In order for Cadbury to reach the peak of achievement, the company... and well recognized tag lines and punch lines create strong brand value and awareness for Cadbury. The lines Pappu pass ho gaya , Kuch metha ho jaye gives a distinct...

SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS


Company should concentrate more on television for advertisement, as mostly people get attracted through television only. 75

For promotional offers, company should go for free gifts rather than going for other ways.

Nestle company should concentrate on its packing as people are least satisfied with it while Cadbury should concentrate on the shape of a chocolate. People are unsatisfied with the price and quantity of chocolate so companies should concentrate in this regard also.

Cadbury believes that diversity is important when recruiting staff i.e. recruiting and maintaining a range of staff regardless of gender, age, marital status, sexual orientation, race or religion. Working in small teams, explain why diversity is important. its very beginning Cadbury has led the way in its treatment of its stakeholders especially its employees. It has always believed it has responsibilities to society and believed that ethics were an important part of business.

QUESTIONNAIRE
PROJECT REPORT ON CONSUMER PREFERENCETOWARDS NESTLE AND CADBURY CHOCOLATES 76

Que1. Do you eat chocolate? Yes No

Que2. Which brand of chocolate do you prefer? Cadbury Nestle Que3. Which sub-brand you have purchased? Cadbury Dairy Milk 5Star Perk Celebrations Temptation Nestle Kit Kat Munch Milky Bar Bar-One Milk Chocolate

Que4. Rank the sub-brands of chocolates according to your preference? (1 for most preferred) Cadbury Dairy Milk 5Star Perk Celebrations Temptation Nestle Kit Kat Munch Milky Bar Bar-One Milk Chocolate

Que5. How much importance do you give to the following factors when you purchase a chocolate? (Tick in the desired column) Factors Very Important Normal Least None 77

Important Flavor/taste Price Quality Packaging Form Brand Image Color Shape Quantity

Important

Que6. How much are you satisfied with the following factors in your preferred chocolate? (Tick in the desired column) Factors Very Satisfied Normal Least Cant Say Satisfied Satisfied Flavor/taste Price Quality Packaging Form Brand Image Color Shape Quantity Que7. Which form of a chocolate do you like? Hard Crunchy Nutties Chew

Que8. What pack do you purchase? Small Big Family Pack

Que9. Which promotional offers attract you most? Free gifts Price Offer Any other

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Que10.Which of these factors affect your purchase? Advertisement Suggestion from friends and relatives Attractive Display Doctors Advice Brand Ambassadors Ingredients Que11. Which media of advertisement influence your purchase? Television Hoarding Newspapers Display Brochures

Que12. How frequently do you purchase chocolates? Once in a fortnight Weekly Quarterly Que13. What according to you is the reasonable price of chocolate? Below5 20.30 you do? Postpone your purchase Switch over to other brand 79 5-10 Above 30 10-20 Daily Monthly

Que14. If your preferred brand is not available for repeat purchase then what will

Go to the other shop to search for your preferred brand Que15. If another brand of the same product appears in the market, will you prefer to stop buying this brand and buy the new brand? No, not at all No, I shall not I may consider cant say

Que16. If you dont like to change to the new brand, then what are the reasons for continuing to purchase the old brand?

PERSONAL DETAILS Name: Address: Age: Between 0-10 Between 20-30 Gender: Phone Number: Marital status: Education: Profession: Between10-20 Above 30

BIBLIOGRAHY
Marketing Management by Philip Kotler, Person Educaiton 2 nd ed. Consumer Behavior by Leon G.Schiffman, Prentice- Hall India 8 th ed. Cadbury chocolates Company Magazines . 80

Nestle chocolates Company Magazines .

Reference : http://www.cadburyindia.com http://www.cadburyindia.com http://www.nestle.com http://www.aphrodite-chocolates.co.uk/history_chocolate.htm http://www.google.com http://www.cadbury.co.nz/carnival/index.htm http://www.packaging-technology.com//cadbury4.html http://www.chocolatereview.co.uk http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/preference

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