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# Score: /15 x 100 = % Name: .

Class: Chapter 4 Exercise 1 Learning Area: Matter and Substance Learning Objective: Analysing changes in the states of matter. 1. What is matter? (a) Everything that has . and occupies .. (b) Matter is made up of . particles. (c) There are three states of matter : solid, .. and gas. 2. The diagram below shows the changes in states of matter.

## Freezing (heat is released) Sublimation (heat is absorbed)

Solid
Sublimation (heat is released) Melting (heat is absorbed)

## Condensation (heat is released Boiling (heat is absorbed)

Liquid

gas

( a) State the change in the state of matter that occurs during the following process: (i) melting : . (ii) boiling : .. (iii) freezing : . (iv) sublimation: (b ) Based on the diagram above, state whether the following processes released or absorbed heat energy? (i) boiling : .. (ii) condensation : . (iii) melting :.

3. A student carried out an experiment to determine the boiling point of a solution. The table

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## below shows the result of the experiment. Time / minute Temperature / C

o

0 28

2 48

4 68

6 88

8 102

10 102

(a) Based on the table above, draw a graph of temperature against time.

Temperature / oC

100

80

60

40

20

10 Time / minute

(b) What is the relationship between the temperature of the solution and time in the first 6 minutes? . .. (c) Based on the graph in (a), determine the boiling point of the solution. Mark the boiling point of the solution on the graph. Boiling point =

## Score: /26 x 100 = %

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Exercise 2 Learning Area: Matter and Substance Learning Objective: Understanding the structure of an atom.. 1. The structure of an atom.

nucleus

_ electron (a) Name three subatomic particles in an atom. - Subatomic - particles _ orbit

## ++ +++ + == + + ==+ == = + = = = === == = = = = = === == = = == =

proton

neutron

(b) What are the subatomic particles inside the nucleus of an atom? ......................................................................................................................................... ( c) State the charge of : (i) protons: .. (ii) electrons: ... (iii) neutrons: 2. Particle K L M Number of protons 3 8 13 Number of electrons 2 10 13 Number of neutrons 7 16 14

Based on the table above, identify (a) neutral atom: (b) positive ion : (c) negative ion : .

## 3. (a) Complete the table below.

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Particle V W X Y Z

Number of protons 7 8

Number of electrons

Number of neutrons 7 9

9 7 10

10 8 11

(b) What are the proton number and nucleon number of element Z? (i) proton number : (ii) nucleon number : .. (c) (i) Identify a pair of isotopes from the table above? (ii) State an inference for your answer in (c)(i). .. 4. Complete the number of subatomic particles for isotopes of carbon. Element Isotope Carbon-12
6 12

Number of protons

Number of electrons

Number of neutrons

C
8

Carbon

Carbon-14
6 14

5. Figure below shows the structure of the lithium atom. nucleus proton electron orbit What are the proton number and nucleon number of lithium? Proton number neutron

Nucleon number

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Exercise 3 Learning Area: Matter and Substance Learning Objective: Understanding the classification of elements in the Periodic Table. 1. Study the periodic table below. (a )

What are represented by the following numbers in the periodic table? (i) 1 18 in vertical column (ii) 1 7 in horizontal column (iii) 1 113 in element symbols (b) How are elements arranged in the periodic table? (c) What similarities are shown by elements in the same groups? (d) Identify the group of elements that (i) is the most reactive metal : . (ii) consists of halogens: (iii) consists of noble gases: .. (iv) consists of alkaline earth metal: . (v) consist of transition element :

2.

## Example of atom in symbol form.

Nucleon number

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14

7
Proton number Complete the following:

N
= . = ..

## Number of proton Number of electron

Number of neutrons =

3. The diagram below shows the top half of the Periodic Table. The letters used are not chemical symbols.

K A F H I B C D E J L M N

Write True or False in the space provided for the following statements regarding the Periodic Table above. (a) Elements in the Periodic Table are arranged in decreasing proton number. (b) A and B are elements in the same group. (c) Elements C, D and E are transition elements. (d) Element F is carbon. (e) Elements K, L, M and N are in group 17. (f) Elements H, I and J have the same chemical properties. [.] [.] [.] [.] [.] []

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Learning Objective: Understanding the properties of substances based on the particles present in them. 1. Fill in the blanks with the correct words. (a) . are substances that consists of only atoms. (b) . are substances that are made up of molecules. (c) . are substances that are made up of ions. 2. Classify the following substances into the correct groups. Sulphur Potassium Sodium chloride Zink Sulphur dioxide Copper sulphate Naphtalene Gold Iron Neon Lead Carbon dioxide Zinc bromide Chlorine Magnesium

3. Complete the table below. Physical properties Physical state at room temperature Silver Iodine Sodium chloride

Solid

Melting/boiling point

..

Low

## Can conduct electricity in molten form.

Electrical conductivity

...

..

4. Table below shows the melting point, boiling point and electrical conductivity of three types of substances X, Y and Z. Substance Melting point/ 0C Boiling point/ 0C Electrical conductivity

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## Liquid No Yes Yes

(a) (i) Which substance is an ionic substance? ............................................................. (ii) Give a reason for your answer. .. .. (b) (i) Which substance is a molecular substance? (ii) Give a reason for your answer.

## Score: /12 x 100 = %

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Learning Objective: Analysing methods of purifying substances. 1. Complete the diagram below.

Involving

process
Boiling Boiling

## to obtain Pure crystal Pure crystal to obtain

2. The diagram below shows the apparatus used to obtain drinking water from sea water.
Thermometer Thermometer

P
Sea water
Salt water

Apparatus Q

Distillate

Distillated water

(a) Name the process shown in the diagram above. (b) At what temperature will distilled water start collecting in the conical flask? .

## (c) Draw the arrangement of water particles at the position labelled P.

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(d) What is the function of apparatus marked Q? . (e) On the diagram, label the direction of water-in and water-out. (f) State two changes in states of matter during the distillation process? (i) (ii)

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