DRC Security Threat Groups Correctional Institution Inspection Committee

April 2, 2013

Security Threat Groups
 Security threat groups (STGs) are broadly defined as any inmate group that presents a risk to the security of the institution or personnel, is detrimental to the best interests of the inmates, or would work in opposition to the orderly function and operation of the institution.  Prison gangs (such as the Aryan Brotherhood or the Heartless Felons) are encompassed within the broad definition of STGs, but STGs can also include inmates grouping together based on geographic, racial, philosophical, or other shared characteristics.  Prison gangs generally engage in criminal activity to promote power, wealth, and prestige. Common activity includes assaults on staff and inmates; drug, tobacco, cellphone, and contraband trafficking; extortion and cell robberies; gambling; and, operating “stores” (e.g. selling accumulated contraband).  The larger prison gangs are organized, with a clear hierarchical structure, a code of conduct, and symbols that identify group members. Prison gangs can communicate between prisons, with leaders directing action from the supermax or maximum security facilities, or even between state prison systems.  Two of the largest prison gangs are solely prison-based. Inmates may leave behind street affiliation to join the larger and more powerful prison gang already in existence, or they may choose to join a gang for the first time inside.

STG Management
 Inmates are identified as STG-affiliated through self-admission, law enforcement records, tattoos or other markings, possession of STG-related material, or involvement in disruptive activities with other STG members.  Staff monitor STGs through property searches and tracking communication.  STG activity is generally documented through a rule 17 violation (unauthorized group activity) conduct report. Inmates are classified as passive, active, or disruptive based on involvement in STG activity.

In May 2012, DRC Director Mohr issued a memo to all inmates in the DRC (see attachment), warning that prison violence due to STG activity would be firmly disciplined through a security classification increase. Staff can also immediately transfer a seriously disruptive inmate.

Key Statistics
As of January 2013, 8,272 DRC inmates were identified as STG-affiliated inmates, or 16.6 percent of the total DRC population. Ohio State Penitentiary had the highest percentage of STG affiliated inmates with 55.6 percent. The female facilities (DCI, NEPRC, and ORW) have the lowest percentage of STG affiliation. The largest STGs in Ohio prisons include White Supremacist, Aryan Brotherhood, Heartless Felons, Peoples Nation, Folks, Bloods, and Crips.

Correctional Institution Inspection Committee Riffe Center, 77 S. High Street, 15th Floor, Columbus, Ohio 43215, PHONE (614) 466-6649, FAX (614) 466-6929

Percentage of STG Population by Institution January 2, 2013
60

50

40

30

20

10

0

Level 1/2

Level 3

Level 4/5

Reception

Medical/ Female

*Data provided by the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction. The percentage was calculated using total counts for STG-affiliated inmates as of January 2, 2013, compared to the weekly institutional population reported by the department on January 7, 2013.
Correctional Institution Inspection Committee Riffe Center, 77 S. High Street, 15th Floor, Columbus, Ohio 43215, PHONE (614) 466-6649, FAX (614) 466-6929

Rule 17 Conviction Rates by Institution January - November 2012
120

100

80

60

40

20

0

Level 1/2

Level 3

Level 4/5

Reception

Medical/ Female

*A “rule 17 conviction” refers to a Rules Infraction Board conviction for a violation of rule 17 of the inmate rules of conduct, “engaging in unauthorized group activities,” which generally refers to STG activity. **Data provided by the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction. Rates are per 1,000 inmates. Rates were calculated using an average of the institutional populations for January through November 2012 and comparing to the total number of rule 17 violations for that same period.
Correctional Institution Inspection Committee Riffe Center, 77 S. High Street, 15th Floor, Columbus, Ohio 43215, PHONE (614) 466-6649, FAX (614) 466-6929

DRC Security Threat Groups
Institution
AOCI BeCI CCI CRC DCI FMC GCI HCF LaECI LeCI LoCI LorCI MaCI ManCI MCI NCCC NCI NEPRC ORW OSP PCI RCI RiCI SCI SOCF TCI ToCI WCI

Passive
135 213 214 222 5 25 169 20 258 637 253 125 182 464 249 351 303 2 4 142 297 645 338 299 419 256 333 336

Active
9 8 1 7 1 0 11 0 27 56 9 23 6 75 9 14 38 1 1 27 3 80 30 63 44 38 69 49

Disruptive
4 4 0 4 0 0 2 0 4 87 3 8 4 83 0 2 28 0 0 93 3 62 6 4 167 23 55 31

Total
148 225 215 233 6 25 182 20 289 780 265 156 192 622 258 367 369 3 5 262 303 787 374 366 630 317 457 416

% of the Population
9.5 8.4 8.1 13.1 0.7 5.1 9.4 4.6 16.3 30.3 11.7 10.0 8.2 25.0 10.1 14.0 14.9 0.5 0.2 55.6 14.6 38.5 14.8 23.3 46.6 30.0 36.3 29.7

Total

6,896

699

677

8,272

16.6

Data provided by the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction. The percentage was calculated using total counts for STG-affiliated inmates as of January 2, 2013, compared to the weekly institutional population reported by the department on January 7, 2013.

Correctional Institution Inspection Committee Riffe Center, 77 S. High Street, 15th Floor, Columbus, Ohio 43215, PHONE (614) 466-6649, FAX (614) 466-6929

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