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BEARING CAPACITY OF A SHALLOW FOOTING

THEORETICAL BEARING CAPACITY OF SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS Muni Budhu "Soil Mechanics and Foundations", John Wiley & Sons, NY, 2006 Value Parameter Units 1. Soil Properties Undrained Shear strenght, su 0 kPa Help 36 Angle of friction, fp FINAL RESULTS Relative density Shear modulus, G Bulk unit weight, gb Saturated unit weight, gs 2. Proposed Footing Geometry Depth of embedment, D Thickness, T Footing length, L , or "d", or "s" Footing width, B Smooth (s) or rough (r) 3. Loading Conditions Applied Vertical Load, P HB MB eL HL ML eB Depth to Groundwater Table, D w Inclination of load to vertical, w Load inclined along length,L, or width,B Inclination of load to longitudinal axis, q Base tilt, h Ground Slope, b Unit weight of concrete, gc 5. Target Factor of Safety Computed Factor of Safety - short side, F Computed Factor of Safety - long side, F Calculated Quantities Target - Computed Factor of Safety Volume of concrete in footing ==> Weight of footing, W Weight of equivalent soil Initial effective overburden pressure, q s Representative stress level, q r Rigidity index, I r Critical rigidity index, I rc Vertical component of load, N Horizontal component of load, T Power for inclination factor, n B Power for inclination factor, n L Power for inclination factor, n q Inclination n value to use Ultimate bearing capacity, q ult Net bearing capacity, q u Ultimate net load, Q un Max vertical stress-short side Max vertical stress-longside Friction angle Inclination of load to vertical, b Inclination of load to longitudinal axis, q Base tilt, a Ground Slope, w Effective width,B' Effective length,L' 75 % 0 kPa 18 kN/m3 18 kN/m3 1.5 m 0 m st m 6.600 m r 535 kN 0 kN 0 kNm 0.000 m 0 150 0.280373832 18 kN kNm m m

Davis and Booker expressions are the default for Ng Table of Computed Bearing Capacity Factors - short side failure Basic Rigidity Shape Inclination Base Tilt Ground Slope Embedment Groundwater N 37.75 36.75 3466 kPa 3439 kPa 46.0 37.8 Table of Computed Bearing Capacity Factors - long side failure Basic Rigidity Shape Inclination Base Tilt Ground Slope Embedment Groundwater 43.9 56.3 88.9 c g 5.14 43.90 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.32 1.00 1.00 1.00 0 kPa 2608 kPa 3874 kPa q N 37.75 r 1.00 s 1.00 i 1.00 b 1.00 g 1.00 d 1.24 w 1.00 1267 kPa Contribution to Bearing Capacity c g 5.14 43.90 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.08 1.00 1.00 1.00 0 kPa 2386 kPa 3439 kPa 3061 4114 4829 5883 r 1.00 s 1.00 i 1.00 b 1.00 g 1.00 d 1.06 w 1.00 1053 kPa Contribution to Bearing Capacity Caquot andMeyerhof Kerisel

SHORT SIDE FAILURE Ultimate bearing capacity, q ult Net bearing capacity, q u Computed Factor of Safety, FS Nqvalue (rough footing) Ng values (rough footing)
Davis and Booker Caquot and Kerisel (Vesic) Meyerhof

0 B 0 0 0 25 kN/m3 3 3 46.03 71.66 -43.03 0.000 0.000 0.000 27.000

+b

m3 kN kN kPa

L
<==at base of footing (effective stress) <==at B/2 below base of footing (effective stress) minor axis

86.400 kPa 10000.000 324.884 535.000 kN 0.000 kN 2.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 3439 kPa 3412 kPa 20606.920 kN 101.7 kPa 81.1 kPa 0.628318531 rad 0 rad 0 rad 0 rad 0 rad 6.039252336 m 1 m

longitudinal axis

137616601.xls.ms_office:Homogeneous soil

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APACITY OF SHALLOW FOOTINGS USING SPT DATA


Muni Budhu "Foundation Engineering", John Wiley & Sons, NY, 2006 Eq (A)/FS Eq (B) qa 1033 1102 kPa ra Width of footing Depth of footing Length of footing Groundwater FS Variation in N Consider ground water Depth (m) 0 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5 2.1 2.7 3 3.3 4.2 25 2 0.9 2 5 3 0 No Unit weight kN/m 0 18.5 19 20 19 19 19 20 20.5 20.5
3

Help

m m m m

Cw1 Cw2 fs Ic z1 Ho f1 Cn

1 0 1.00 0.014 1.70 3.3 1 Cn use 0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 Avg 0 25 28 33 29 28 29 31 35 41 31 0 50 56 66 53 43 40 40 43 44 48 m m

Vertical (kPa) 0 11.1 16.8 22.8 28.5 39.9 51.3 57.3 63.45 81.9

N1

effective stress Calc. 0 2.9 2.4 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1

footing base

Eq (A) Eq (B)

Df q ult 32N 60 B C w1 + C w 2 B

AASHTO (1998)

qa

r fs f1B0.7 Ic

Burland and Burbridge (1985)

footing base

No Yes

BEARING CAPACITY AND SETTLEMENTOF SHALLOW FOOTINGS USING CPT DATA Muni Budhu "Foundation Engineering", John Wiley & Sons, NY, 2006 Condition 1 Axisymmetric HELP Settlement 26.3 mm Bearing capacity 7.7 MPa
0

q Df g snet B L Icp t Layer m 1 2 3 4 z m

217 kPa 1m 17 200 3 3 0.780056 1 kN/m3 kPa m m yr Dz m 0 0.20 2.90 4.60 6.00 0.20 2.70 1.70 1.40 0.07 0.97 1.53 2.00 z/B

cD ct

0.96 1.20

0.5 1 1.5

z/B
Ico qc MPa 0.19 0.54 0.24 0.00 Sum 8.40 6.30 8.00 10.10 0.005 0.230 0.052 0.000 0.286 (Ico/qc)Dz qcDz MPa.m 1.68 17.01 13.60 14.14 46.43

2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5

Influence factor
0 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5
Axisymmetric plane strain

0.5

1 2