IS 10500:1991 Table 1 Test Characteristics For Drinking Water (Clause 3.

1) Permissible Requirement Limit in the Undesirable effect Method of test absence of (Desirable outside the (Ref to IS) alternate Limit) desirable limit source (3) (4) (5) (6)

S.No

Substance or Characteristic

Remarks

(1) (2) Essential characteristics 1 Colour Hazen Units, Max

(7)

5

Above 5, consumer acceptance decreases

25

3025 (Part 4):1983

2

Odour

Unobjectionable

--

--

3025 (Part 5):1983

3

Taste

Agreeable

--

--

4

Turbidity NTU, Max pH Value

5

5

6.5 to 8.5

6

Total hardness ( as CaCO3) mg/L, Max Iron (as Fe) mg/L, Max

300

7

0.3

8

Chlorides (as Cl) mg/L, Max

250

9

Residual, free chlorine mg/L, Max

0.2

Above 5, consumer acceptance decreases Beyond this range water will affect the mucous membrane and/or water supply system Encrustation in water supply structure and adverse effects o domestic use Beyond this limit taste/appearance are affected, has adverse effect on domestic uses and water supply structures, and promotes iron bacteria Beyond this limit, taste, corrosion and palatability are affected --

10

No relaxation

3025 (Part 7 and 8) :1984 3025 (Part 10) :1984 3025 (Part 11) :1984

Extended to 25 only if toxic substances are not suspected in absence of alternate source a). Test cold and when heated b). Test at several dilutions Test to be conducted only after safety has been established --

--

600

3025 (Part 21) :1983 3025 (Part 32) :1981

--

1.0

--

1000

3025 (Part 32) :1988 3025 (Part 26) :1986

--

--

To be applicable only when water is chlorinated. Tested at consumer end. When protection against viral infection is required, it should be Min 0.5 mg/L. --

Desirable Characteristics 10 Dissolved solids mg/L, Max

500

Beyond this palatability decreases and may cause gastro intestinal irritation

2000

3025 (Part 16) :1984

1

05 A stringent taste. the water becomes toxic Beyond this.No Substance or Characteristic Calcium (as Ca) mg/L.05 (see Note) 24 Zinc (as Zn) mg/L. High fluoride may cause fluorosis 0.1 Beyond this limit 0.1) Permissible Requirement Limit in the Undesirable effect Method of test absence of (Desirable outside the (Ref to IS) alternate Limit) desirable limit source 75 Encrustation in water 200 3025 supply structure and (Part 40) adverse effects on :1991 domestic use 1. it may 0. the water becomes toxic Beyond this. Max Arsenic (as As) mg/L. has adverse :1964 effect on domestic uses and water supply structures 200 Beyond this causes 400 3025 gastro intestinal (Part 24) irritation when 1986 magnesium or sodium are present 50 Beyond this No 3025 methaemoglobinemia relaxation (Part 34) takes place 1988 1. the water becomes toxic Beyond this. Max Mercury (as Hg) mg/L. (Part 36) discoloration and :1964 corrosion of pipes. Max -- 14 Sulphate (as SO4) mg/L. Max Copper (as Cu) mg/L.01 28 of 3025:1964 0. Max May be extended upto 400 provided (as Mg) does not exceed 30 -- 15 Nitrate (as NO3) mg/L Fluoride (as F) mg/L.3 3025 taste/appearance are (Part 35) affected.0 Fluoride may be kept 1. fitting and utensils will be caused beyond this 0.5 3025 0.05 0. Max Cadmium (as Cd) mg/L.001 Beyond this. Max -- To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution/plumbosolvency is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected 0.002 54 of 3025:1964 cause objectionable taste and colour 0. the water becomes toxic No relaxation No relaxation No relaxation No relaxation No relaxation No relaxation (see Note) Mercury ion analyser (see Note) S. Max Remarks 11 -- 12 -- 13 Manganese (as Mn) mg/L.IS 10500:1991 Table 1 Test Characteristics For Drinking Water (Contd. the water becomes toxic Beyond this.5 23 of 3025:1964 as low as possible. Max Lead (as Pb) mg/L.01 0. Max 5 Beyond this limit it can cause astringent taste and on opalescence in water 15 39 of 3025:1964 2 . Max Cyanide (as CN) mg/L.) (Clause 3.05 37 of 3025:1988 27 of 3025:1988 0.001 Beyond this. Max 16 -- 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Phenolic compounds (as C6H5OH) mg/L. Max Selemium (as Se) mg/L. the water becomes toxic Beyond this.

1) Permissible Requirement Limit in the Undesirable effect Method of test absence of (Desirable outside the (Ref to IS) alternate Limit) desirable limit source 0. max Mineral Oil mg/L. Max Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (as PAH) g/L. Max Radioactive materials a).001 -58 of 3025:1964 -- -- -- 0.) (Clause 3. Max Boron.03 33 1 Beyond this limit taste becomes unpleasant Cumulative effect is reported to cause dementia -- 600 13 of 3025:1964 -- 0.01 29 30 31 Pesticides mg/L.05 May be carcinogenic above this limit May be carcinogenic No relaxation -38 of 3025:1964 S.IS 10500:1991 Table 1 Test Characteristics For Drinking Water (Contd. 3 . Beta emitters Bq/L Max Alkalinity mg/L.2 31 of 3025:1684 -- 5 29 of 3025:1964 -- NOTE: Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric Method may be used. Max Absent Beyond this limit undesirable taste and odour after chlorination take place Toxic 0. Max b).2 Beyond this limit it 1. Max Chromium 6+ (as Cr ) mg/L.1 -- -- -- -- 1 -- -- 200 32 0. Alpha emitters Bq/L. Max Aluminium (as Al) mg/L. mg/L.03 Gas Chromatographic method To be tested when pollution is suspected 0.No Substance or Characteristic Anionic Detergents (as MBAS) mg/L. Max Remarks 25 To be tested when pollution is suspected 26 To be tested when pollution is suspected -- 27 -- -- 28 0.0 Methylene blue can cause a light extraction froth in water method 0.

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