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Shivalaya

The Home of Lord Shiva

Shiva
Author: Vivek

Without any origin or end, Mahadeva (The Great God) Shiva is the supreme Creator of all. The three eyed Lord, Shiva is known by a thousand name and is worshiped in bodied, bodiless, Aum-kar and Linga forms. Mahadeva is full of mysteries. All the great saints, devotees, philosophers, teachers, preachers, yogis and even Gods failed to unveil all about him. In his popular aspect, Rudra is a member of triad, along with Brahma and Vishnu. This Triad form the top most group that controls all the aspects of the universe. But in truth, Shiva is the supreme creator of all – even the Triad. His personality is so versatile that at times the explanations seem to contradict it. On one had Shiva is considered as the destructor; on the other hand he is the supreme creator and is worshipped widely in Linga form, which symbolizes creativity. He is the root and the cause of the universe and yet in inactive. He is many a times depicted as of dark complexion and at other times is considered as white as camphor. Lord Rudra, whose anger instills fear in all beings, whose third eye opens only to destruction, who never fail to punish wrong doers be his own devotee like Kagbhusandi or even Brahma, a member of Triad; the same Ashutosh because of his benevolence and simplicity is known as Bholenath (The Simple God) and can be pleased by a little effort. Ironically, Mahamritynjay (Conqueror of Death) is considered often considered God of Destruction; which is only one of the aspect of his personality. But even the contradictions provide an uniformity. Let us try to find out little of his personality on the basis of written works of great ancient sages and Gods.

Shiva is the Supreme Creator
Shiva, without any origin or end, is the supreme creator of the universe. He is the only one to be above the bondage of life and death, and the controller of time. He is root and

cause of universe. Thus the Triad was formed to handle Creation. (Of late science calculated the average life span of universe which is very close the Kalp-Chakra). Shiva represents the Masculine power. When Brahma started creating the universe. Shiva. The Life span of universe is termed as "KalpChakra" the largest measure of time known to world. Perseverance and Destruction which formed a cycle. Shiva and Shakti created Vishnu to manage the universe. still is inert and inactive. shiva is known as Ardh-Nar-Narishwar (God who his half male and half female). while Shakti the feminine. Then Shiva thought of universe … Universe needed a force to run it and somebody to manage it. Shiva disposes the entire creation and starts the re-construction of it which invariably starts with the constitution of the Triad. Then Lord Shiva incarnated as Rudra to act as the Destructor. He took a special form – half of which was male . He worshiped Shiva for long time. Since both masculine (Shiva) and feminine (Shakti) are part of him. Shiva appeared before him. Shiva separated his Shakti (power) from himself and started the creation. Then he turned to Lord Shiva for advice. Long before any thing existed there was darkness – complete and omnipresent darkness. Vishnu himself became preserver. Lord Shiva separated his power (Shakti) from himself. Lord Vishnu created Brahma whom he entrusted with the job of Creation. the supreme creator is formless and is represented by Lingam (See Mystery of Shiva Lingam) and is pronounced by universal syllable Aum ॐ . He failed to think of a way so that the process of creation could go on itself. Pleased with his devotion. Ardha-nar-narishwar To Create the Universe. At the end of a Kalpa. he found his creations would die out someday and he would require creating again. Shiva decided the life of the entire universe including Triad.

Shiva is Mahadevaa. What is wave? It is water in motion. Shakti is Parvati. He also hinted on equality of male and females for the creation. There is no existence of Shiva without Shakti or Shakti without Shiva. Shiva is Brahma. destruction is as important an aspect as creation and sustenance. Shakti is brain. But it is important to understand the true aspect of "Destruction" which is more versatile than what meets the eye and mind at first. one as destructor is perhaps most popular and confusing. Shiva is Vishnu. And water without wave or motion is stale water. This necessary destroys the original shape of the iron bar. Shakti is the wave. Shakti is the action. but we must . Shiva is water in ocean. Shakti is Laxmi. To maintain the equilibrium. Destruction of negative forces implicitly means protection of positive forces. Shakti is the conscious mind. incarnated as Rudra. In the second aspect. Let us pray to him and to her in this Ardha-narishwar Strottam. This form of Shiva was popularly termed as Ardha-narishwar form. Similar is the relation of Shiva and Shakti. In this aspect Rudra supplements Vishnu. Rudra the Destructor Of all the aspects of Lord Shiva. we need to first melt it. Shakti is Sharaswati. Sustenance and Destruction form a cycle. Shakti is an inseparable part of Shiva. to assume the role of Destructor. So what is the relation between Shiva and Shakti? Shiva is the cause.and another half was female. Shiva-Shakti is like ocean.Creation. to complement Brahma (The Creator) and Vishnu (The Protector). He hinted Brahma to create a reproducing specimen. Lord Shiva. in fact the creation. Shiva is the heart. ignorance. Shiva is NOT the God of "Death". lust and violence. As such destruction can be considered as the pre-requisite and essence of creation. it is Shakti that executes. It has not existence with water itself. If you want to mould some structure from and iron bar. Shakti represents the feminine aspect of Shiva. Shakti is the dynamism of Shiva. Shiva is inactive. There are two aspects of "Destructive" role of Shiva. Rudra is a destroyer of negative forces such as fear. Shakti executes. Shiva is Subconscious mind. Yama is God of Death. Shiva plans. Let us elaborate our last point. Shiva and Shakti complement each other. Shiva merely plans. Shiva is the water and Shakti is the wave. A cycle has no start or end point. No wonder we turn to Rudra for Protection (Mahamritynjay) from death and its fear. anger.

Second is soft and soothing Anand Tandav. Ancient preachers connect the creation. The sound of the drum represents the sound of creation. Shiva is famous for his dance called Tandava. while Natraaj performs Anand Tandav. The second right hand shows Abhaya (fear not in Sanskrit). The First form. The second left hand points towards the raised left foot which signifies Upliftment and Salvation. The famous Nataraj posture of Shiva carries a lot of meaning in itself. Thus the upper left and right hands define the opposing forces of construction and destruction which actually signifies complementary aspects of Shiva –Construction and destruction. bestowing protection from both evil and ignorance to those who follow the dharma. Thus Shiva as destructor complements Brahma in his creation. substances and destruction of the universe with Shiva’s Dance. Nataraj Shiva is the God of dance. The dwarf on which Nataraj dances is a demon that symbolises ignorance. As Nataraj. Nataraj Shiva Nataraj is made of two words – Nata (dance or skills) and Raja (King). Thus Drum signifies the creative aspect of Shiva. one leg resting on a dwarf and the other rose in the dancing posture. The upper left hand contains Agni or the fire. is well identified with his anger and destruction. Lord Shiva is the cause and source of all arts and skills. Shiva performing Raudra Tandva is known as Rudra. The First right hand.appreciate that this destruction is a pre-requisite of creation. There are two forms of Shiva’s Tandava . The Nataraj crushing the dwarf . Nataraj Shiva is depicted with four hands with encircling fire. The Universe comes to existence with Shiva’s Tandava and ends with it. Raudra Tandava. Mostly the word "Tandava" is associated with the first form. holds the Dumru (Drums). The fire symbolizes Destruction. raised up.

Ruins of pre-historic civilization contains various statues and other sign depicting Pashupati form of Lord Shiva. Let us pray to Nataraj in this prayer (Nataraj Stuti) Yogeshwar Mahadeva Shiva is the origin and the source of Yoga.signifies that. He sits in the Yoga mudra. but also the primal creative force that is beyond the circle of illusion that mortals live within. Shiva is the store house of that endless energy that runs this world. Apart from Humans and Gods. The entire form distinctly takes the Shape of ॐ (AUM). Within Lord Siva’s dancing manifestation is represented not only all of time and space. even demons and animals pray to him. The surrounding flames represent the manifest Universe. We get the reference of this sacred science in the oldest Hindu literatures. He is the Deity of all leaving beings. The snake swirling around His waist is kundalini. concentrating and generating the energy which runs this whole world. Shiva. man’s inherent power. Digambar Shiva . appears as a Yogi. in his expressed form. The art and the science of Living.Thus Aum signifies Shiva – his creative and destructive aspects. Pashupatinath Lord Shiva is the cause of the Universe. all movement and vibration of the universe. These Aghoris often practice in cemeteries. and the stillness beyond all existence. Kaal Bhairav/Maha Kaal The practitioner and gurus of tantras worship Shiva as Kaal Bharav or Maha Kaal. This form of Shiva is often feared. He is the God of beasts (Pashu) and as such is Pashupati nath. Shiva has defeated the ignorance. The famous Nataraj posture of Shiva is installed in the Chidambaram temple. Yoga is the only comprehensive science known to mankind till date that studies both body and soul. Our body which is the store house of ultimate energy can be best utilized by a systematic study and practice of this science which originates right in Shiva. strangled lands. forests and other such places which seem to install fear in ordinary peoples.

He accepts every offering from a sincere devotee. He is easily pleased by simple and sincere gestures. Anyone following any path of worship can reach Mahadevaa. Again this reflects the omnipresent aspect and the vastness of Shiva. In absence of any other dress. He doesn’t require his disciples to follow strict and orthodox rituals or a fixed style of worship. The Great God sites on Mount Kailash and always remains concentrated in his yoga. it also is interpreted (or misinterpreted) as naked. .Digamabar literally means one who wears sky as dress. Shiva himself contains the whole Universe. snakes in place of jewelry. Shiva is the Lord of all. Shiva is also known as Vyomkesh (One to whom sky is hair). He uses tiger skin for dress. The endless sky is his dress. but is simple. He is God of simple needs and is said Digambar (or naked). as he is original and pure and without any decorations. ash for decoration. The Digambar word actually implies the omnipresent aspect of Shiva. This is what identifies him.