Archived Information

Washington DC
February 6, 2003

William H. Schmidt

2/4/2003

1

Percent Passing Item at Each Grade
100 90

The table represents a [linear] relation between x and y. What is the missing number in the table? A. B. C. D. E. 2 3 4 5 6 x 1 2 4 7 y 1 ? 7 13
% Correct

80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

6

7

8
Grade

9

10

11

12

2/4/2003

2

Coherent Curriculum – A+ Countries
Topic Grade Grade Grade Grade Grade Grade Grade Grade 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j j

Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry

j j j j j j j j

j j j j j j j j j j

j j j j j j j j j

j j j j j j j j j j j

j j j j j j j j j j j j j

2/4/2003

3

States Curriculum – A+ Template
State A
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State F
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State K
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State P
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State U
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State T
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State B
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State G
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State L
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State Q
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State E
Topics 1111 Whole Number Meaning 1112 Whole Number Operations 121 Measurement Units 1121 Common Fractions 162 Equations & Formulas 171 Data Representation & Analysis 132 2-D Geometry: Basics 133 Polygons & Circles 122 Perimeter, Area & Volume 1152 Rounding & Significant Figures 1153 Estimating Computations 1113 Properties of Whole Number Operations 1151 Estimating Quantity & Size 1122 Decimal Fractions 1123 Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions 1125 Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions 1124 Percentages 151 Proportionality Concepts 152 Proportionality Problems 131 2-D Coordinate Geometry 141 Geometry: Transformations 1131 Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties 1144 Number Theory 1142 Exponents, Roots & Radicals 1154 Exponents & Orders of Magnitude 123 Measurement Estimation & Errors 143 Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 134 3-D Geometry 142 Congruence & Similarity 1132 Rational Numbers & Their Properties 161 Patterns, Relations & Functions 153 Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

2/4/2003

4

States Curriculum – A+ Template
State C
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State H
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State M
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State R
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State J
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State D
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State I
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State N
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State S
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

State O
Topics Whole Number Meaning Whole Number Operations Measurement Units Common Fractions Equations & Formulas Data Representation & Analysis 2-D Geometry: Basics Polygons & Circles Perimeter, Area & Volume Rounding & Significant Figures Estimating Computations Properties of Whole Number Operations Estimating Quantity & Size Decimal Fractions Relationship of Common & Decimal Fractions Properties of Common & Decimal Fractions Percentages Proportionality Concepts Proportionality Problems 2-D Coordinate Geometry Geometry: Transformations Negative Numbers, Integers & Their Properties Number Theory Exponents, Roots & Radicals Exponents & Orders of Magnitude Measurement Estimation & Errors Constructions w/ Straightedge & Compass 3-D Geometry Congruence & Similarity Rational Numbers & Their Properties Patterns, Relations & Functions Slope & Trigonometry G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8

2/4/2003

5

Teachers Well-Prepared Academically to Teach 12 Basic Math Topics
Grade Level Degree
Math Major

% of Teachers at Grade Level

% of Teachers with Each Degree Prepared to Teach All 12 Topics

8.8 9.7 81.4 12.5 10.4 77.1 27.0 16.2 56.8 32.6 19.6 47.8 31.3 12.5 56.3 65.1 15.9 19.0

50.0 9.0 13.0 33.3 60.0 13.5 80.0 66.7 19.0 80.0 77.8 22.7 86.7 83.3 25.9 87.8 60.0 33.3

3&4

Math Minor Non-Math Math Major

5

Math Minor Non-Math Math Major

6

Math Minor Non-Math Math Major

7

Math Minor Non-Math Math Major

8

Math Minor Non-Math Math Major

9 - 12

Math Minor Non-Math

2/4/2003

6