World Housing Congress 2007

on Affordable Quality Housing

Proceedings

1st - 5th July 2007 Primula Beach Resort Hotel Kuala Terengganu Terengganu MALAYSIA

Jointly Organised by :

Federation of Engineering Institutions of Islamic Countries (FEIIC) Saudi Council of Engineers (SCE) Terengganu State Government Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia (CIDB) Housing Research Centre (HRC), Universiti Putra Malaysia

Published by The Federation of Engineering Institutions of Islamic Countries. Copyright and Reprint Permission: Abstracting is permitted with credit to the source. Libraries are permitted to photocopy for private use of patrons those articles in this volume that carry a code at the bottom of the first page, provided the per-copy fee indicated in the code is paid through the Federation of Engineering Institutions of Islamic Countries. For other copying, reprint or republication permission, write to Federation of Engineering Institutions of Islamic Countries, c/o Institution of Engineers Malaysia. All rights reserved. Copyright © 2007 by the Federation of Engineering Institutions of Islamic Countries. Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia Catalouging-in-Publication Data ……

World Housing Congress 2007 on Affordable Quality Housing (WHC2007) – PROCEEDINGS
ISBN 978-983-41705-5-4 @2007 FEIIC

i

World Housing Congress 2007 on Affordable Quality Housing (WHC2007)

Proceedings

July 1 – 5, 2007 Terengganu, MALAYSIA
Global Challenges and Issues in the Provision of Shelter for All

Jointly Organised by :

Federation of Engineering Institutions of Islamic Countries (FEIIC) Saudi Council of Engineers (SCE) Terengganu State Government Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia (CIDB) Housing Research Centre (HRC), Universiti Putra Malaysia

ii

World Housing Congress 2007 on Affordable Quality Housing (WHC2007) July 1 – 5, 2007
Housing Research Centre (HRC) together with CIDB has successfully organized the first National Workshop on AQH in Bangi, Selangor in 2002. Two years later, HRC together with the Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (Miri Branch) organized the National Congress on AQH in Miri, Sarawak in 2004. Both workshop and congress has been well attended and received encouraging feedback from participants and industry.

To mark the 10 years of the establishment of HRC (1996-2006), we would like to organize the World Housing Congress on AQH. This congress is jointly organized by Housing Research Centre (HRC), Universiti Putra Malaysia with the Federation of Engineering Institutions of Islamic Countries (FEIIC), Saudi Council Engineers (SCE), Terengganu State Government and Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB).

The objective of the Congress is to provide a platform for sharing of knowledge and expertise as well as interaction amongst experts, researchers, designers, builders, developers and policy makers from all over the world in the area of affordable quality housing.

During the three days congress, there shall be substantial time for presentations and discussions. In addition, exhibitions offer sample opportunity for information exchange among delegates and participants, especially for those looking for new business opportunities in FEIIC member countries. Attendees will find the various activities useful in bringing together a diverse group of engineers from across disciplines for the generation of new ideas, collaboration potential and business opportunities.

Chairman WHC2007

iii

World Housing Congress, Terengganu, Malaysia, 1-5 July 2007

AU1.4 A CONSUMER PREFERENCE SURVEY COMPARING HONEYCOMB HOUSING WITH CONVENTIONAL TERRACE HOUSING IN KUANTAN
Bukryman Sabri , Nurizan Yahaya , Mohd Peter Davis and Mazlin Ghazali 1,2,3 Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang Malaysia 4 Arkitek M.Ghazali, 19-1, Jalan 1/7B Desa Pandan, 55100 Kuala Lumpur Email: bukryman @putra.upm.edu.my
1 2 3 4

ABSTRACT
Honeycomb housing is a new Malaysian innovation and offers an affordable and environmentally friendly alternative to terrace house. In conventional schemes, houses are laid out in rows in the familiar, ubiquitous terraces, but in the Honeycomb layout the houses are placed in circular fashion around a central space to form a small neighbourhood of between 5 to 16 houses. The central spaces are linked to each other and to the main distribution roads by short connecting service roads. The central space – a kind of open courtyard – consists of a cul-de-sac looping around a communal garden. It is gaining wide support from potential house buyers in exhibitions, amongst housing professionals at seminars and conferences. The objectives of the research are to determine the preferences and number of potential buyers of honeycomb house and terrace house in Kuantan, Pahang. The data were selected based on convenient sampling, which included two types of house, namely terrace house and honeycomb house. A total of 513 respondents were involved in this study and they were interviewed using questionnaire. Respondents were asked to select an affordable house from one of the five house prices on display, namely RM120,000, RM150,000, RM180,000, RM200,000 and RM240,000 and were shown site plans and drawing of the appropriate Honeycomb houses and the terrace houses of the same price. Data were analyzed using the SPSS program. The result of the study revealed that the 513 of respondents fell into two groups, Government servants (73.3%) and Non-government servants (26.7%). Of particular interest was extremely high level of satisfaction with their job (96%) and with living in Kuantan (94%). The data showed that 482 (94%) respondents got to work in less than 30 minutes and 287 (56%) considered the public transport in Kuantan to be good. The 489 (95%) of respondents showed an overwhelming preference for Honeycomb houses compared to the equivalent terrace houses. The data also indicated that the 322 (60%) of respondents wanted to buy a house within the next one to four years and were deemed potential house buyers. Whilst 308 of potential house buyers preferred Honeycomb houses, only 14 of them preferred terrace houses. The simple and economic survey techniques described in this study can greatly reduce the commercial risk to developers and town planners in government and private sector. By measuring consumer preferences at a very early stage of housing project, the affordability, cultural acceptability and many other factors of new houses and their surroundings can be forecast amongst different sections of the house buying public. Keywords: honeycomb housing, housing, affordability, preferences

INTRODUCTION
“A house, regardless of its pricing, is a home. It is not just a structure for dwelling. It has to be felt and treated as a home where each family may live for generations to come. It is where a family grows to create a healthier community society and living environment and eventually evolving into a better nation.” YB Dato Sri Abang Haji Abdul Rahman Zohari bin Tun Abang Haji Openg, Sarawak Minister of Housing. The United Nations’ 2003 report on Human Settlements found that almost half the world’s urban population lives in slum (characterized by lack of basic services or clean water, poorly built housing and overcrowding). However, this serious social problem was largely avoided in Malaysia. The Malaysian housing industry since Independence has been outstandingly successful. The construction of reasonable quality urban housing, built to government regulations, kept pace with the large population increase and the mass migration from the rural areas. Malaysia’s housing success has become a role model for developing countries and high on the agenda of visiting dignitaries, such as South Africa’s Nelson Mandela.

ISBN 978-983-41705-5-4 @2007 FEIIC

98

World Housing Congress, Terengganu, Malaysia, 1-5 July 2007

AU1.5 TESSELLATION PLANNING APPROACH: LEARNING FROM THE HIROSHIMA EXPERIENCE
1.2

Anniz Fazli Ibrahim Bajunid , Norhati Ibrahim , Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia 1 2 Email: toanniz@gmail.com, norhati920@salam.uitm.edu.my

1

2

ABSTRACT
Disasters, natural or man-made, provide constructive opportunities to rethink and rebuild devastated sites and cities into areas of high quality environments. The catastrophic devastation caused by the Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima City challenged city-builders and architects to redefine the notion of city building with positive imagination. From this incident it was learnt that instead of just adequately repairing and rebuilding the old, a bold new approach was needed to garner the spirit of the inhabitants towards an exemplary new beginning. Sixty years later, the spirit resonates in Malaysia and begins to capture the imagination of city-builders. A novel Malaysian ‘Tessellation Planning’, fundamentally different from rectilinear planning which has dominated architectural landscape throughout history, redefines itself. The creative approach is a way of subdividing land into triangles and interlocking hexagons. Reminiscent of Islamic art, it is similar in concept to covering/tessellating a surface with different types of patterned tiles to create complex and unique patterns. This tile pattern is translated into buildings, gardens, parks and roads. Six tiles combine into a hexagon shaped neighbourhood cul-de-sac, containing cluster houses surrounding a park. These ‘tessellation’ hexagons efficiently interlock to produce a semi-pedestrian Township or City in synergistic harmony and symbiosis with nature. It provides a framework which improves and raises the quality of life not just in destroyed cities but also in the reconstruction of slum cities in under developed countries as well as the expansion of existing towns into modern, affordable and livable cities. This paper aims at redefining the thought processes of rectilinear planning in quality affordable housing and critically assesses the tessellation approach as an alternative. Keywords: Hiroshima, tessellation, planning, housing, Malaysia

INTRODUCTION
The march of civilization offers many lessons regarding mankind’s efforts to improve the quality of life through building of cities and livable housing. City and civilization building is about the cumulative and scientific experiences of mankind. History has recorded the destruction and rebuilding of ancient cities like the legendary metaphor of the phoenix which rises again from the ashes as in the case with Hiroshima. The paper attempts to integrate deep understanding from the Hiroshima experience and the tessellation conceptualization within the framework of the courage of human spirit in Hiroshima and the human imagination of the tessellation drawn from nature. It also locates the city building effort within the bold initiative of the Dubai experiment. Thus the paper invites continuing conversations and initiatives regarding the architectural and development possibilities to improve the social order and community efficiency and the quality of human life.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Historical Timeline As the processes of historical events take place leading to the rebirth of Hiroshima City, a timeline of important sequential development of the city is explained to better understand the human endeavours and optimism that lies within to the realisation of its conceptual framework. This was synonymously adhered to with the preliminary findings of Tessellation Planning. Its precedents have just only been identified, making coherency with the undertakings of Mazlin Ghazali in his endeavours in challenging the norm of terrace layout arrangements in mass housing.

ISBN 978-983-41705-5-4 @2007 FEIIC

105

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.