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Mysteries of Quranic Order and the Muqqatta`at (Abbreviated Letters)

By
Robert Kerson 6/28/2015
There are, when considering the Muslim holy book called the Quran, a single arrangement
of 114 Surahs called the Surah Order (similar to chapters in the Bible). These Surahs are a
rearrangement of 114 revelations, called the Egyptian Standard Chronological or Revelation
Order1 received by the prophet Muhammad. Thus the chronological or revelation order is the
order in which the revelations were received, and the Surah order is the order in which these
revelations were compiled in book formthe written Quran. This Revelation Order is a
different numbered arrangement from the Surah Order. Both are very old, possibly dated
during the lifetime of the prophet2.
These Surahs are grouped in various ways including by roughly decreasing lengths. I have
discovered previously undiscovered an apparently deliberate arrangement between the
Revelation Order and the Surah Order which is discussed and documented in this paper. This
arrangement also have connections with the Abbreviated Letter (Muquatta`at) which is
discussed in chapter five of my book Sacred Stones Sacred Stories vol. 1 and within my previous
paper The Abbreviated Letters in the Qurana solutioni. (Please refer to either iifor any
detailed discussion of this topic which is not presented here.)
(Refer to Table 1 for the following discussion)
Table 1 consists of six columns reading from left to right. Column one is the Egyptian Standard
Chronological or Revelation Order (numbers shown in bold italics) of 114 revelations reading in
reverse from bottom up. Column two is the Egyptian Standard Chronological or Revelation
Order (numbers shown in bold italics) of 114 revelations reading from top down. Column three
is the Surah Order. Column four is the delta ( ) or subtracted values of column three from
column two. (I only show the sign of the number calculated rather than the number [with two
exceptions] because the sign is what matters in this discussion, representing which column
number is a greater or smaller number, and not the actual numbers.) When the numbers in
column two are less than the numbers in column three, the sign is Negative (-). When the
numbers in column two are greater than the numbers in column three, the sign is positive (+).
The signs of the numbers are used to visualize the relative magnitudes of each of two columns.
Column four also lists a zero (0) when the delta is zero.
1

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_surah_in_the_Quran
The surahs originally may not have been numbered or named , but they would have existed in a revelation order,
and a compiled finished order. Numbering as presented in this paper is a tool for displaying relationships of surah
order and revelation order, just as the graph is a tool for displaying relationships between surah number and ayat
lengths.
2

The discussion of my discoveries begins with column one. In this column there are three
numbers with very special properties: they are the palindromic numbers 33, 44, 77 where the
sum of the first two equals the third. There are other similar palindromic number arrangements
such as 22, 33, 55 but the former is the only three numbers which have the following property:
the sum of the three numbers equals 154 which when the number 40 is subtracted from the
total equals 114 where the total (114) is the number of Surahs and revelations received by the
prophet. The number 40 is special for many reasons in Islam, but within the Quran Surah 40 is
the first Surah having the letters (

) in the Abbreviated Letters (Muquatta`at).

Notice that in column one each of the three numbers 33, 44, 77 have identical numbers in
columns two and three and not within any other rows within this table. Thus in columns two
and three we get 33 becoming 82, 44 becoming 71, and 77 becoming 38. The difference or
delta ( ) in each of these three rows is zero (0) as seen in column four. The reason these three
numbers create the only deltas ( ) of zero (0) cannot be explained by any mathematical
manipulation, but appears to be deliberately selected (All cells where the Delta ( ) is zero (0)
has a gray background in table 1.)
An examination of the top portions of column four reveals that all the rows, with but one
exception, have a negative (-) delta ( ) meaning that counting as numbers the early revelations
(first Meccan Revelations) are each less than their respective assembled Surah numbers. An
examination of the bottom portions of column four reveals that all the rows, with but five
exceptions, have a positive (+) delta ( ) meaning that counting as numbers later revelations are
each more than their respective assembled Surah numbers. The reason the signs are grouped
as shown, cannot be explained by any mathematical manipulation, I can explain but appears to
be deliberately selected.
The very distinct row at which the sign changes from negative (-) to positive (+) is the row
marked 77-38-38-0. Again, having this very row marking the changeover point appears to be
deliberately selected because this is exactly at the 1/3 of the total numbers (or 114/38 = 3.0).
We can count the intervening numbers between the top and bottom rows and the three zero
(0) rows as shown in column five. We get a count starting from the top 37-32-10-32. Note the
symmetrical pattern of 32-10-32.
Now notice the exceptions discussed previously. These exceptions are the anomalies where a
lone opposite sign exists in the two sections. Thus, in column four a positive (+) is surrounded
by negatives (-), and a negative (-) is surrounded by positives (+). The anomalies are shown on
the right side of their cells.

TABLE 1 (see text)


Reversed
Revelation
Order

Revelation
Order

Surah
Order

Count

114
113
112
111
110
109
108
107
106
105
104
103
102
101
100
99
98
97
96
95
94
93
92
91
90
89
88

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

96
68
73
74
1
111
81
87
92
89
93
94
103
100
108
102
107
109
105
113
114
112
53
80
97
91
85

2
3
4

+
-

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

Letters
of note

87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
79
78
77

28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38

95
106
101
75
104
77
50
90
86
54
38

28

76
75

39
40

7
72

29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37

74

41

36

32
+

73

42

25

72

43

35

71

44

19

70

45

20

69

46

56

68
67
66
65
64
63
62

47
48
49
50
51
52
53

26
27
28
17
10
11
12

+
+
+
+
+
+
+

8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

61
60
59
58 half
57 way
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47

54
55
56
57 half
58 way
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68

15
6
37
31
34
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
51
88

46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31

69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84

18
16
71
14
21
23
32
52
67
69
70
78
79
82
84
30

+
+
+
+
+
+20
+20
+20
+20
+20
+20
+20
+20
+
20
+
+
0
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
0
+

16
17
18
19 [ ]{ 1}
20 [ ]{ 2}
21 [1]{3}
22 [2]{4}
23 [3]{5}
24 [4]{6}
25 [5]{7}
26 [6]{8}
27[7]{9}
28[8]{10}
29 [9]
30 [10]
31
32
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
1
2

30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114

29
83
2
8
3
33
60
4
99
57
47
13
55
76
65
98
59
24
22
63
58
49
66
64
61
62
48
5
9
110

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

4
5
6
7
8
9
10

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32

If you count the numbers between anomalies, or count between a zero (0) to an anomaly, or
count between numbers on either side (adjacent) to either an anomaly or to a zero (0), you will
6

find a number of instances where the count is 37, or 32, or 10 This may or may not be a
coincidence of the zero placement, but if not, then this may be deliberate. These finding are
shown in Table 2. (see table 2).
Column one shows the number of numbers either 37, or 32- or 10. Column two shows the
starting from number. Column three shows if the number is a zero (0) or adjacent to a zero, or
an anomaly, or adjacent to an anomaly. Column four is the to number. Column five is identical
to column three but on the to number. I also show here that counts may be to the last number
(114) or to an anomaly which is five numbers from counting to the starting number from 114.
Column six shows how some rows, if taken as Surah numbers instead of as revelation numbers,
have importance in the Abbreviated Letters (Muquatta`at) similar to the last column of table 1
above. Thus number 40 if seen as Surah 40 is the first Surah having the letters (
number 46 if seen as Surah 46 is the last Surah having the letters (

) and the

). The only Surahs

having these letters are 40,41,42,43,44,45,46. Column six shows only letters that are relevant
to this discussion.
Other important related facts can be seen in table 1: In column two the number 40 has an anomaly
with a subtracted value of -32 in column four. This is one of the numbers 37, 32, 10 discussed previously
(row is 75-40-72-32.) From column six, you can see the letters (

) first appear here in a Surah (

this table represents revelation 40 and not Surah 40, but the number matches.) The letters (

occur in Surah 46. Notice that an anomaly occurs on Surah 46. The number 46 also have the
palindromic number 66 in column one.

Other facts seen in column six is that the letter (

) appears as a

where the delta (where the delta ( ) is zero (0). Also the letter

single letter in Surah 38

( ) appears as an only

occurrence of this single letter in Surah 68 where the delta ( ) is an anomaly. Here in column
three is the palindromic number 88. In column four, the number is -20the same number as all
the +20 numbers having the letters (
The letters (

) in column three.

) and ( ) are two of three single letters of the letter order. The letter ( )

is very special as it only appears in Surah 68.


The row 44-71-71-0 is special because the name of Surah 71 is Noah. This is the last surah to
mention him. The connection of Noah to the Abbreviated Letters is discussed in my book and
also in my previous paper sited. This is one of the three zero (0) rows.

The half- way point between columns one and two is at the numbers 57 and 58 (see Table 1).
Counting down from these half-way numbers, we reach row 47-68-88-20 all detailed
previously. We can count ten numbers as shown within square brackets [ ]. The number 10 is
one of the numbers 37-32-10 discussed previously. We can also count 10 numbers in column
four from the half-way point to the +20 which is the last Surah having the letters (

) etc.

These 10 numbers are counted in the fancy brackets { }.


In the row 47-68-88, column fives cell have the numbers 30 [10] whose addition is number 40.
Having the two palindromic numbers-- The Surah Order number 77 matched with a
Revelation Order number 33 could have been deliberate. This gives a delta ( ) of |-44 |. These
are the same numbers we have seen in the beginning of this article.

Table 2 (see text)

Number From
Number To
Number letters
Of
Number Is:
Number Is:
Numbers
37

82

A zero (0) 46

Anomaly

37

83

From
114+5

32

83

114

Last
number

32

71

An
anomaly
also
Adjacent
to zero
(0)
An
anomaly
also
adjacent
to a zero
(0)
Zero (0)

40

An
anomaly

32

37

32

37

10
10

37
84

Adjacent
to a zero
(0)
Adjacent
to a zero
(0)
Adjacent
to a zero
Adjacent
to an
anomaly

68

An
Anomaly

Adjacent
to an
anomaly
An
anomaly
An
anomaly

46
93

Interesting notes:
1. A subject change occurs in the 40th verse (ayat) of the 2nd Surah. Note in table 1, the number 2
in the fifth column labeled Count has the number 40 in the second column.
2. The largest delta ( ) is in the row- 47-68-2 where delta is the palindromic anomaly +66. This
is Surah 68the last Surah of the letter order having the only occurrence of the letter (
3. Surah 10 has the last of the Abbreviated Letter sequence (

).

). This number is part of the

numbers 37-32-10 discussed previously.


4. Surah 32 has the first Abbreviated Letter sequence (

).This number is part of the numbers

37-32-10 discussed previously.


5. The Interval from 40 to 46 has the letter sequence (

). This sequence is between the two

anomalies.
6. The Quran may be divided into seven groups. The seventh group is from Surah 67 to 114.3
These are also the Surahs of Juz` 29 and 304. The Ajiza of the Qur`an is a division into thirty
parts. Note these numbers match the number of days in a lunar (Muslim) month. The number 67
in the second column of both table 1 is a number adjacent to an anomaly.
3
4

http://www.islamicity.com/articles/Articles.asp?ref-IC0908-3944.
http://islam.about.com/od/quranin30days/a/juz_index.htm

Here are facts which cannot be accounted for by any mathematical procedure.
1. Having positive (+) and negative (-) numbers must be manually chosen otherwise they would
be randomly distributed.
2. Having three zero (0) delta ( ) numbers appear to be deliberately and manually chosen
otherwise no zeros (0) need exist.
3. Three zeros (0) need not exist.
4. These zeros (0) all are on the pattern of numbers 33, 44, 77 and are not simply three random
numbers.
5. The change over from negative (-) to positive (+) on a zero (0) is not mathematically
necessary. I have tested the hypothesis that this is due to the act of subtraction but could not
duplicate the change over with a different set of numbers. (see end of paper for examples).The
numbers in column 2 are generally smaller then then numbers in column 3, but the switch over
at exactly 1/3 the total (or 114/38) is not random.
6. The changeover occurring in Table 1 at different zero (0) point in Table 3 also is not
mathematically necessary as I have not been able to duplicate his with an different set of
numbers as seen at the end of this paper.
7. The creation of anomalies having the same number of numbers between zeros (0) are also
not mathematically necessary. A different set of numbers creates all sorts of random patterns
like +++-+--.
8. I cannot get the number of positive (+) numbers chosen randomly to match the correct
number of negative (-) numbers. (see end of paper). Thus, I can run out of Positive (+) numbers
in tests. This does not happen in the actual Quran as seen in table 1.
9. Having the two palindromic numbers-- The Surah Order number 77 matched with a
Revelation Order number 33 could have been deliberate. This gives a delta ( ) of |-44 |. These
are the same numbers we have seen in the beginning of this article.
Whereas in Table 1 the changeover point is at the gray row 77- 32- 32- 0, in Table 3 the
changeover point is at the gray row 44- 71- 71- 0. Table 3 has a transitional zone where the
signs can be either positive (+) or negative (-). This zone I have drawn in peach color. The first
row of this zone has the number 50 which as has the single letter saad of the Abbreviated
Letters. Note this is the number 50 in the Revelation order and not the number 50 in the Surah
order.
10

Table 3 (see text)

Reversed
Surah
Order

Surah
order

Revelation
order

114
113
112
111
110
109
108
107
106
105
104
103
102
101
100
99
98
97
96
95
94
93
92
91

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

5
87
89
92
112
55
39
88
113
51
52
53
96
72
54
70
50
69
44
45
73
103
74
102

11

Count Letters

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

Jonah

90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
79
78
77

25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38

42
47
48
49
85
84
57
75
90
58
43
41
56
38

25

76
75
74
73
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65

39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
95
111
106
34

64
63

51
52

67
76

12

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

12
13
14

62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47

53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68

23
37
97
46
94
105
101
91
109
110
104
108
99
107
77
2

46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35

69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

78
79
71
40
3
4
31
98
33
80
81
24

13

16

17

18
19

20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29

30
31

0
+
+
+
+

32

Noah
1
2
3
4

5
6

+
+

15

7
8
9

34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
14

81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108

7
82
86
83
27
36
8
68
10
35
26
9
11
12
28
1
25
100
93
14
30
16
13
32
19
29
17
15

10

+
0
-

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26

6
5
4
3
2
1

109
110
111
112
113
114

18
114
6
22
20
21

27

28

29

+
+
+
+

30
31
32

Table 3 is identical to Table 1 , except columns two and three are reversed.
Table 4 is identical to Table 2, except this table is based on the contents of Table 3 whereas
Table 2 is based on the contents of Table 1.

Table 4 (see text)

Number From
Number To
Number Letters
Of
Number Is:
Number Is:
Numbers
32

37

32

51

Adjacent
to a zero
(0)
Adjacent
to an
anomaly

68

An
anomaly

82

A zero (0)

TESTING THE USE OF RANDOM NUMBERS IN TABLES


Table 5 is identical to Table 1, but it is comprised of random numbers to see the effect in a
random number table. This is but one representative of a few trials. All trials gave similar results.
The rules of these trials were that I had 114 numbers printed, but three numbers were fixed to
give zero (38, 71,82) all shown in gray. Then I drew randomly the last 37 numbers. The
remainder of the numbers were then randomly selected to fill the remaining rows.
Note that the sign remains negative ( -) at the start of the drawings. Then two transitional
zones (peach) creating many anomalies can be seen in this specific example. The changeover
row is hard to determine. At some row, the sign becomes all positive (+). In the actual Quranic
table 1, there are no transitional zones (peach), and the changeover row is very distinct. Table 1
15

have the very distinct anomaly at row 110- 5- 1. There are no other anomalies within the first 37
rows. This makes this row very deliberately placed. There are no palindromes in the random
selection of numbers. The symmetry of the pattern 37-32-10-32 would not have occurred if these
numbers were not deliberately chosen.

TABLE 5 (see text)


A Revelation
order with

Surah's

Chosen
Randomly

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

102
111
85
99
113
83
105
109
107
103
90
96
101
106
100
108
110
87
84
112
81
89
88
80

16

25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
17

98
104
86
114
77
79
95
76
91
78
93
94
92
38
72
4
17
32
42
54
21
64
65
48
67
50
2
51
10
6
5
1

0
+
+
+
+
0
0
+
+
+
+
+
+

57 half
58 way
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
18

16
15
58
68
53
25
41
14
73
18
31
24
66
27
71
59
33
49
37
44
61
46
52
12
7
82
47
20
34
39
69
36

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
0
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
0
+
+
+
+
+
+

89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114

11
45
29
60
74
22
28
56
40
55
70
75
19
35
13
34
8
26
63
23
62
30
43
57
9
97

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

Table 6 is identical to Table 3, but the numbers are chosen randomly as in the same fashion of
Table 5. The changeover point is at 76- 32 and not near the changeover point of Table 3 at (gray)
44-71-71-0. Table 6 has a large transition zone (peach). The changeover point is not distinct and
is not near 71 as in table 3.

19

Table 6 (see text)

A Surah
Revelations
order with Listed
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
20

56
51
104
40
55
54
81
105
113
53
89
80
103
64
58
57
4
60
101
84
45
94
108
68
62
106

27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
21

70
95
91
110
67
42
73
85
102
88
75
38
86
97
63
43
111
76
90
78
83
48
74
50
52
79
61
44
98
96
112
59

0
0
0
+
-

59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
22

72
92
77
109
107
46
47
69
49
60
87
99
71
39
65
93
100
32
29
34
30
24
21
82
6
19
3
27
18
23
22
1

+
+
+
+
0
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
0
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114

23

33
37
35
36
31
12
114
25
4
15
13
1
10
26
7
14
9
16
8
17
2
20
5
28

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

Importance of the Ayat numbers


Each Surah (similar to a Biblical chapter) is composed of a number of ayat (similar to a Biblical
verse). It has been known for centuries that the lower Surah numbers tend to be many, and the
higher Surah numbers tend to be few. Graph 1 shows the Surah numbers on the x- axis, vs. the
number of ayat on the y-axis. Surah 1 has 7 ayat. Surah 2 have 286 ayat etc. The graph shows a
downward trend in number of ayat from Surah 2 (on the left) to Surah 114 (on the right ).
Examining the graph, you will notice that there are also a few 1 or 2 Surahs with a dip in the
ayat numbers and a broader band with a dip of ayat numbers (60-66).
An important observation is that a great number of ayat are on the left. Here also are all the
very great peaks such as at Surah 2 which has the very largest number of ayats (286). Looking
more closely, see that all the large peaks fall in the interval between Surah 1 and Surah 38 (bars
shown in highlighted in red). The number 38 has been seen before as one of the numbers
having a delta ( ) of zero. In fact, the last large peak is at Surah 37. The number 37 is one of the
interval numbers 37-32-10 we have seen in table 1. The interval in red is exactly 1/3 the total
(or 114/38=3.0). This is where the numbers change from negative (-) to positive (+) at 2/3 the
total as seen in Table 1 of column 4. Another observation is that the total number of surahs
(114) divided by 3 is again-- 38.
The first 37 numbers have mostly first Meccan revelations. The next section of 32 numbers
have mostly second and third Meccan revelations. The next section of 10 numbers have a
mixture all three periods of Meccan revelations. The next section of 32 numbers have some
Meccan revelations, but all of the Medina revelations.

Graph 1 ayat numbers on upper vertical axis vs. surah order on horizontal
axis. Also shown is the corresponding revelation order on lower vertical axis5
(see text)

Data from upper bars taken from The Holy Qur-an, King Fahd Holy Qur-an Printing Complex. Table on names.
Data of lower bars taken from oChronological Koran compiled by Wolf Pangloss.
https://wolfpangloss.wordpress.com/chronokoran/Chronologial Koran | Wolf Pangloss

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The revelations can be divided into four period groupings: first (early Meccan revelations,
shown in red), second (later Meccan revelations shown in yellow) third (late Meccan
revelations shown in blue), and Medinan revelations(shown colorless). The lower vertical axis,
are small colored bars representing the four period revelation groupings. Note the surahs on
the horizontal axis with few ayat (red) are mostly on the right, and the later revelations shown
colorless are mostly in the center and toward the left.
The revelations and hence the surah order can be divided into three parts: on the left from
surah 2 through 46 comprising Madinan surah (colorless), third Meccan surahs (blue) and
second Meccan surah (yellow) with no first Meccan surahs (red). The middle part from surahs
47 through 76 comprising all four groupings with 10 surahs from the half way point of the
Quran (surah 57) being Madinan surahs (colorless): and on the right from surah 77 through 114,
comprising except for two Medinan surahs (colorless) only first Meccan surahs (red). Prefacing
these 113 surahs is a single surah from the first Meccan period (the single red of surah 1). This
extremely important lone surah before a part having no other red bars helps to confirm my
contention that this arrangement was deliberately worked out.
This paper shows which number is larger or smaller when comparisons are made between
either the order of the revelations and the order of the surahs, and then what the resulting
numbers could be in a similar but this time a random trial of the same comparisons made
between either the order of the revelations and the order of the surahs. The resulting data
implies that the Quran was worked out in a deliberate placement fashion.

Sacred Stones Sacred Stories vol. 1 details on my website sacredstonessacredstories.com


and on my blog 1ofkersondiscoveries.wordpress.com. My previous paper The Abbreviated
Letters in the Qurana solution a link can be found on my blog as well.
ii

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