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ChE 125 – 4th LONG EXAMINATION March 26, 2010

2nd Semester AY 2009-2010 Due: March 29, 2010 (5:00 PM)

Show complete solution and box your final answer. 1. The methane oxidation reaction system below is believed to take place in a combustion chamber: take place in a 200-L batch reactor. A solution [with CA(0) = 2 mol/L, CB(0) = 2 mol/L] at 80°C is charged into the reactor. The data for this problem are provided below: At 80°C: k1 = 0.1 L mol-1 min-1 k2 = 0.2 L mol-1 min-1 ∆HR1 = -15,000 cal/mol extent Density of the solution = 1000 g/L Heat capacity of the solution = 1 cal/g—°C Ea1 = 6000 cal/mol Ea2 = 8000 cal/mol ∆HR2 = -10,000 cal/mol extent

CH4 ( g ) + 2O2 ( g ) → CO2 ( g ) + 2H2O ( g ) CO ( g ) + H2O ( g ) ⇌ CO2 ( g ) + H2 ( g ) CH4 ( g ) + H2O ( g ) → CO ( g ) + 3H2 ( g ) CH4 ( g ) + CO2 ( g ) → 2CO ( g ) + 2H2 ( g )
A feed stream at 400 K and 1 atm, consisting of 55% CH4, 20% CO, and 25% O2 (by mole), is introduced into the combustion chamber. Considering the combustion chamber as a plug-flow reactor, a) b) c) Calculate the specific molar heat capacity of the feed (reference stream) in kJ/kmol—K. Determine the dimensionless heat of reaction (DHR) of the independent chemical reactions. Determine the correction factor of heat capacity, CF(Zm, θ).

Derive and plot the reaction operating curves, species curves, and the temperature curve for each of the operations below. For each case, determine the operating time required for maximum production of C and the amount of C and D formed at that time. a) b) c) Isothermal operation at 80°C Adiabatic operation Non-isothermal operation with the value of HTN 30% of the average isothermal HTN (TF = 70°C)

The first reaction (assuming elementary) will be selected as the leading reaction with specific rate constant k1 = 100 L2/mol2—s. The PFR has a volume of 500 L with a heat-transfer area of 10 m2/m3. The temperature of the jacket is 450 K and the overall heat transfer coefficient is estimated as 5 cal/s—cm2. d) Formulate the dimensionless energy balance equation for the operation assuming i. ii. Non-isothermal conditions Adiabatic conditions

3.

The same liquid-phase reactions from Problem 2 now take place in a plug-flow reactor with a diameter of 10 cm. A solution [with CA = 2 mol/L, CB = 2 mol/L] at 80°C is fed into the reactor at a rate of 200 L/min. Using the same data at 80°C from Problem 2, a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) Determine the length of the reactor needed for 60% conversion of reactant B if the reactor is operated isothermally. Determine the production rates of species C and D for 60% conversion of reactant B if the reactor operates at isothermal conditions. Determine the length of the reactor for maximum production of product C if the reactor is operated isothermally. What is the maximum yield of C if the reactor operates isothermally? Determine the heating/cooling load in (c). Determine the length of the reactor for maximum production of product C if the reactor is operated adiabatically. Plot the temperature profile along the reactor in (e). What is the maximum yield of C if the reactor operates adiabatically?

The standard heats of formation and the specific molar heat capacities can be obtained from the Chemical Engineer’s Handbook or other related references. Note the dependence of the specific molar heat capacity with temperature. Deviations from ideal gas behavior may be neglected. For the calculation of the heats of reaction, recall/review your ChE 122. ^__^

2.

The elementary liquid-phase reactions

A+B→C C +B→D

Note: For all problems, assume isobaric conditions. ^__^ --------- END OF EXAM ---------