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HS Code

Ex

Commodity

Type

Country

10000 10000 10000 20000 20000 20000 20000 20100 20200 00 00

Livestock Live Animals Live Animals Bovine Meat Bovine Meat Meat Products Bovine Meat Bovine Meat

Safeguard Standards Subsidy Standards Standards Certification Standards Standards

Korea Korea Korea Iran Russia Russia Thailand EC Indonesia

Ex 00

Details Special emergency (including provisional) tariffs on import surge threatening or causing material injury (Art.12-3 of Customs Act.). Seasonal duties (Art.15-2 of Customs Act.) and Adjustment duties (Art.12-2 of Customs Act.) to protect competitively weak domestic industries. Quarantine arrangements, Animal import plan, health and vaccination certificates, on board inspections, prior to unloading, laboratory testing and epidemiological investigations. Direct export subsidies to lower marketing costs More stringent than OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code. Approval of competent EC Directives required. More stringent than OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code. Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Sanitary requirements of Thailand unresolved More stringent than OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code. Ban on buffalo meat due to FMD. GBR status to be revisited. Import ban from India due to FMD list of OIE. However, processed products are free of FMD and permitted for imports. Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. Ban despite India regaining avian influenza free status. India not in approved list for export of Poultry Meat products (2005/696/EC) Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Certification wrt swine fever and FMD which are not relevant to poultry. Rejections on basis of antibiotics and pathogenic bacteria not substantiated with technical standards, food safety requirements or approval procedures Non harmonisation of testing procedures standard leads to rejections. UK rejects consignments with cholramphenicol/ notrofuran residues and destroys it. Issue taken up with Food Standards Agency (FSA) Rejection in Italy and France due to presence of Vibrio Parahaemolyticus, without judging the virulence factors namely capacity to produce thermostable direct hemolysin (TDH) /thermostable related hemolysin (TRH) Rejections of the Indian sea-caught marine products for the presence of baterial inhiitors/antibiotic residues without specifying the residue through the confirmatory test. EC logic of mere presence of residue beyond threshold limit is hazardous is flawed. Non harmonisation of procedure for lifting Rapid Alerts (Ex: the consecutive checks for same company exports are France-3, Spain 10 , Belgium-5; Italy -10 etc.). Non originating EC Members do not lift rapid alert. Despite harmonisation of microbiological criteria under EC Reg 2073/2005 , Members using not internationally accepted/ validated test methods . Health certificates in EC language rather than English Japan's Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) allow the fishery product import into Japan on the basis of Health Certificate issued by EIC/EIA istead of test report issued by an approved lab. Food Safety Commission of Kuwait Municipality hard tested to samples of marine products imported from India found Microbial contamination that causes cholerae. Based on that Kuwait had imposed ban on import of marine products from India with effect from 28.10.2006 Pathogen analysis by NMKL method which is not accepted internationally Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Ban since 1984 due to India in list of WHO cholera affected countries Fish shall comply with the 7 Saudi Standards on fish and sea products The label on all fish consignment shall cover all the information as per the standard no. 1/995. Periodic visit and inspection of health procedures in fish farms and the exporting countriese shall bear the cost of these visit. Customs bond requirements Increased inspections under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism and Response Act of 2002 (Bioterrorism Act 02). Mandatory labelling of country of origin/ whether "farm raised" or "wild" for fresh fish and shellfish under the Country of Origin Labeling Programme (wef September 2004) and Public Law 107-171. Punitive fines of $ 10000 per violation US has not agreed to recognition of EIC certification on account of the costs and the complications involved Random checking and FDA rejection based on criteria of Salmonella, Filth and Decomposition. EIC has implemented the RMP for Milk & Milk Products, approved by EIA and the list of approved establishments has been sent to the EC. Information on approved establishments/ competent authorities has been sent to EC with a request for FVO Mission visit thereby permitting exports to EC. Import ban from India due to FMD list of OIE. Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates High food safety standards and bio-security issue Non harmonized egg products standards amongsts EU members. Individual approval of production units required. Scanning / prior approval for Indian Egg producing units in EU. Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates New MRL limits without time for adaptation Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Phytosanitary Certificate, inspection by National Plant Quarantine Service (NPQS) Export subsidies Impractical plant quarantine procedures including zero tolerance for the insects/pests. Consignments refumigated despite SPS certificates. Unfair trade practice in items of placing imported flowers in the auctions after domestic supply is auctioned Direct export subsidies to lower marketing costs Delay in finalisation of protocol on phyto sanitary measures and certification procedures Direct export subsidies to lower marketing costs High food safety standards and bio-security issue High food safety standards and bio-security issue Direct export subsidies to lower marketing costs High food safety standards and bio-security issue Direct export subsidies to lower marketing costs Legalised invoices & certificate of origin required. Legalised invoices & certificate of origin required. Export subsidies Import ban due to presence of fruit flies and stone weevil. High food safety standards and bio-security issue Non harmonized MRL in EC (Germany has more stringent standards) High food safety standards and bio-security issue Import ban due to reference of oriental fruit fly on grapes in Pakistan (1960). Survey data of 3 years reveals no infestation. High food safety standards and bio-security issue High food safety standards and bio-security issue Pesticide residue varies from country to country and new regulations imposed at short notice despite no validatied analystical methods for determination of contaminations in spices. Cost prohibitive and creates undue delay. Export subsidies Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. Public sector procurement restricted to Kenya and other African countries (a) importers can import one and half kgs at 4% if they purchase one kg of tea domestically, (b) import of tea in packets < 10 kgs banned Registration with Iranian Health Authorities with a one time registration fee of US$ 6000, compliance with Plant Master File quality requirement (GMP/HACCP). Cumbersome & complex L/C procedures, extensions difficult. Delay in receiving contracts, L/Cs, dischanrging goods from Ports, payments, deduction of approved price by the Importers etc. Procurement through international tender process with mandatory registeration with NASCO. NASCO distributes at heavily subsidised ratesl. Private sector cannot compete in this market. Prior approval from the concerned canalising agency of the General Foreign Trade Organisation. Registration with Tunisia Board of Commerce (OCT) for purchase through international tender is cumbersome and long Other taxes are high Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. Stringent health and hygiene rules on imports Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Permitted level of aflatoxin is 5 ppb (as against 20 ppb in US) Both governments working on establishing phytosanitary requirements Price band with floor and ceiling prices to be adjusted downwards by 2% per year from 2008 to 2014 and then reviewed by President Additional markup on in quota tariffs by STE Both governments working on establishing phytosanitary requirements Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Stringent requirement about documentation by individual farmers regarding use of pesticides Minimum market access quota of 408,698 MT in 2014

Deboned, deglanded & frozen bovine meat Standards

20200 00 20700 20700 20700 20700 30000 00 30000 00 30000 00 30000 00

Bovine Meat Poultry Products Poultry Meat Poultry Poultry Products Fish Fish Fish Fish

Certification Import Restriction Import Restriction Certification Certification Standards Standard Standard Standard

Ukraine Bangladesh EC Russia Russia China EC EC EC

30000 00 30000 00 30000 30000 30000

Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish

Standard Standard Standards Regulations Certification

EC EC EC EC Japan

30000 30000 30000 30000 00 30000 00 30000 00 30000 00 30000 00 30000 00 30000 00 30000 30613

Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish Fish Shrimp & Prawn

Standards Standards Certification Standards Standards Labelling Certification Anti Dumping Regulations Labelling Certification Standards

Kuwait Norway Russia Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia US US US US US

40000 40000 40100 40800 40800 40800 40800 40811 40900 60000 60300 60300 60300 60300 70000 70000 70700 70800 70900 70990 80000 80132 80132 80300 80450 80450 80600 80600 80610 80720 81090 Ex

00 00 00

Milk products Milk products Milk Sprayed dried egg yolk powder & whole egg powder Egg products Egg Egg Egg Powder Honey Plant products Flowers Flowers Flowers Flowers Vegetables Vegetables Cucumbers & Gherkins Peas Kimchi Okra Fruits Cashew kernels brokens Cashew kernels wholes Banana Mangoes Mangoes Grapes Grapes Fresh Grapes Papaya Pomegrantes Spices Coffee

Standards Standards Certification Standards Standards Certification Certification Standards Certification Standards Subsidy Standards Regulations Subsidy Certification Subsidy Standards Standards Subsidy Standards Subsidy Documentation Documentation Subsidy Standards Standards Standards Standards Standards Standards Standards Standards Subsidy

EC Indonesia Russia Australia EC EC Russia EC Russia Korea Colombia Japan Japan Korea China Korea New Zealand New Zealand Korea New Zealand Korea Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Colombia Australia New Zealand EC New Zealand Japan New Zealand New Zealand EC Colombia

00 00 00 Ex 00 Ex 00 10 20 00 Ex 00 00 00 00 10

90000 Ex 90100 00

90100 00 90200 00 90200 00 90200 00 90200 00 90200 00 90200 90200 90200 90200 00 00 00 00

Coffee Tea Tea Tea Tea Tea Tea Tea Tea Tea

Certification Public Procurement Import Restriction Certification Documentation Regulations Public Procurement Certification Public Procurement Customs

Ukraine Egypt Iran Iran Iran Iraq Libya Syria Tunisia Turkey

90200 00

Tea

Certification

Ukraine

90300 00 90411 Ex 90411 90420 100100 00 100190 00 100300 00 100600 00 100600 100600 100600

Spices Black Pepper Black Pepper Chillies Wheat Wheat Barley Rice Basmati Rice Rice Rice

Certification Standards Certification Standards Standards Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Standards Certification Documentation Import Restriction

Ukraine EC Russia EC Brazil Chile Korea Brazil Russia Russia Korea

110100 00 120200 120740 121120 130190 Ex 130190 Ex 130190 Ex 130190 Ex 160000 00 170000 190000 220300 220400 220800 220830 00 00 00 00 00

Wheat flour Groundnuts Sesame seeds Ginseng Paprika oleoresin Oleoresins Oleoresins Oleoresins Fish - Prepared/ Preserved Sugar Food products Beer Wines Spirits Whiskey FCV Tobacco - not stemmed or stripped Burley Tobacco-not stemmed or stripped FCV Tobacco - not stemmed or stripped Burley Tobacco-not stemmed or stripped FCV Tobacco - not stemmed or stripped Burley Tobacco-not stemmed or stripped

Minimum Import Price Documentation Import Restriction Subsidy Regulations Standards Standards Standards Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Customs Customs Customs Customs Standards Environmental Environmental Subsidy Subsidy Import Restriction Import Restriction

Chile Russia Korea Korea EC EC EC EC Argentina Chile Syria Chile Chile Chile EC China

Price band with floor and ceiling prices to be adjusted downwards by 2% per year from 2008 to 2014 and then reviewed by President Stringent requirement about documentation by individual farmers regarding use of pesticides TRQ at 40% with out of quota tariff at 630% Direct export subsidies to lower marketing costs EU flavouring regulation does not clarify whether it is a colour and food Permitted level of MRL for oleoresins and extracts is high A concentration factor needs to be fixed to estimate MRL for spice extracts since raw materials are extracted for manufacturing oleoresins Despite absence of Rhodamine during testing in Indian (Spice Board) labs, preence of 11 -15 ppb shown when done in EU (EUROFINS) lab. Residue limit is also not known resulting in cancellation of export orders. If price below Minimum Import Price (MIP), importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Price band with floor and ceiling prices to be adjusted downwards by 2% per year from 2008 to 2014 and then reviewed by President Fixed commission of 5% of the value of the total import. Additional ad-valorem tax of 15% Additional ad-valorem tax of 15% Additional ad-valorem tax of 27% Definitional problem since Indian whiskey is based on mollases Risk analysis and quarantine permission required. Risk analysis and quarantine permission required.

240110 10 240110 40 240110 10 240110 40 240110 10 240110 40 240120 10 240120 40 240120 10 240120 40 240120 10 240120 40 252400 270000 00 271000 280000 280000

China Subsidy to EU farmer of 2.98 Euros per kg. EC Subsidy to EU farmer of 2.98 Euros per kg. EC TRQ of 3000 tons with 350% out of quota duty on FCV / Burley tobacco US TRQ of 3000 tons with 350% out of quota duty on FCV / Burley tobacco US Risk analysis and quarantine permission required. China Risk analysis and quarantine permission required. China Subsidy to EU farmer of 2.98 Euros per kg. EC Subsidy to EU farmer of 2.98 Euros per kg. EC TRQ of 3000 tons with 350% out of quota duty on FCV / Burley tobacco US TRQ of 3000 tons with 350% out of quota duty on FCV / Burley tobacco US EC Colombia Korea Armenia Colombia

FCV Tobacco - partly stemmed or stripped Environmental Burley Tobacco-partly stemmed or Environmental stripped FCV Tobacco - partly stemmed or stripped Subsidy Burley Tobacco-partly stemmed or Subsidy stripped FCV Tobacco - partly stemmed or stripped Burley Tobacco-partly stemmed or stripped Asbestos Cement Petroleum products Petroleum products Agro chemicals Chemicals Import Restriction Import Restriction Registration Public Procurement Customs Certification Certification

"Buy National" campaign, first auction to domestic companies Import surcharge for ensuring adequate supply and price stability (Petroleum Business Act, 1977) Registration, permission for importation Strict Registration procedures Registration/ testing & certification under REACH (wef June, 2007) costs around Euro 85000 - 325000 per chemical, about 30000 chemicals covered. REACH mandates gathering of information by manufacturers and importers on properties of chemcial

280000 00 280000 280000 00 280000 280000 280000 284400 290000 290000

Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals Nuclear material Agro chemicals Chemicals

Registration Immigration Customs Documentation Regulations Certification Certification Certification Certification

EC Middle East Syria UAE UAE Korea Armenia Armenia Colombia

substances for safe handling and register this information in a central database rune by European Chemical Agency, Helsinki Fixed commission of 5% of the value of the total import. Attestation of documents by UAE which is costly /time consuming Enquiries through middlemen wherein product specifications are vague Prior Approval required Authorisation issued by the Government Registration, permission for importation Strict Registration procedures Registration/ testing & certification under REACH (wef June, 2007) costs around Euro 85000 - 325000 per chemical, about 30000 chemicals covered. REACH mandates gathering of information by manufacturers and importers on properties of chemcial

290000 290000 290000 290000 290000 300000 300000

00 00

00 00

Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals Chemicals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Herbal Medicines Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals

Registration Customs Documentation Regulations Certification Registration Certification Registration Registration Public Procurement Certification Import Restriction Standards Standards Registration Registration Registration Registration Registration Import Restriction

EC Syria UAE UAE Korea Argentina Armenia Brazil Colombia Colombia Colombia EC EC EC El Salvador Honduras Indonesia Nicaragua Panama Ukraine

300000 00 300000 00 300000 00 300000 00 300000 300000 300000 300000 300000 300000 300000 300000 300000 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

300000 00 300000 00

Pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals

Certification Registration

Ukraine Venezuela

300000

Pharmaceuticals

Certification

Korea

330000 360000 380000 380000 380800 390000

00 00 00

00

Cosmetics & Toiletries Matches Insecticides/ Fungicides Agro chemicals Pesticides Plastics

Certification Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Certification Standards Minimum Import Price

Ukraine Argentina Argentina Armenia EC Argentina

390000 390760 390760 400000 401150 401320 420000

00 00 20 00

00

Plastics & Linoleum Poly Ethylene Terphtalate (PET) PET Rubber Bicycle tyres Bicycle tubes Leather Articles

Certification Import Restriction Anti Dumping Minimum Import Price Anti Dumping Anti Dumping Minimum Import Price

Ukraine Braziil Turkey Argentina Turkey Turkey Argentina

420000 00 440000 00

Leather products Wood products

Certification Minimum Import Price

Ukraine Argentina

440000 441500 480000 00 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000

Forestry Products Packings/ cable drums/ pallet/ box pallet. Load boards of wood Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products

Safeguard Standards Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Customs Environmental Standards Import Restriction

Korea Switzerland Argentina Canada Canada Canada Canada EC

substances for safe handling and register this information in a central database rune by European Chemical Agency, Helsinki Fixed commission of 5% of the value of the total import. Attestation of documents by UAE which is costly /time consuming Enquiries through middlemen wherein product specifications are vague Prior Approval required ANMAT (Drug regulatory authority) has not visited Ranbaxy's facilities despite fees having been paid Registration, permission for importation Clearances from Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA), , inspection by ANVISA, registration of products, issuance of licences for sale, reports of bio equivalence and procedural delays Registration takes 11-12 months, Colombian Drugs Control & Certification Authority (INVIMA) undertakes physical inspection, certifies Spanish translated documents. 10% price preference for French Pharma companies due to bilateral agreement Strict Registration procedures, 11-12 months timelag, inspection to ensure environmental compliance. Import restrictions under the recently amended German Code of Medical Law requiring permission for microbiologically produced active pharmaceuticals ingredients (API) Quality control guidelines and complexities of product registration inflate costs. Non harmonized maximum residue limit (MRL) Delayed registration Delayed registration Cumbersome registration process Delayed registration Delayed registration even upto 18 months Import Licences regulated by Cabinet of Ministers and granted by Ministry of Economic Relations Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. Delay and rejection of applications Prior Approval by Korean FDA. Involves extensive clinical testing, submission of detailed pharma ingredient data, quality control test for each imported batch prior to market release, retention of locally issued Certificate of Analysis (COA) for subsiquent batch and use of local testing facility etc. Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Registration, permission for importation Non harmonized maximum residue limit (MRL) If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. Conditionalities on PET customers in Manaus Free Trade Zone 6.5% Anti-dumping duty If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents 20% anti-dumping duty 64% anti dumping duty If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Special emergency (including provisional) tariffs on import surge threatening or causing material injury (Art.12-3 of Customs Act.). Seasonal duties (Art.15-2 of Customs Act.) and Adjustment duties (Art.12-2 of Customs Act.) to protect competitively weak domestic industries. ISPM No 15 standard is followed for heat treatment and fumigation of wood packaging material but wooden pallets regain moisture and are affected by fungus If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents cargo handling, domestic boycotts, ani import campaigns, non scientific quarantine restrictions surcharges, port charges, statistical taxes Eco labelling for copying/ graphic paper and tissue paper products Food safety and health requirements cargo handling, domestic boycotts, ani import campaigns, non scientific quarantine restrictions

480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 480000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 520000 540000 540233 550000 550320 560500 570000 580000 580000 580000 580000 580000 590000 590000 590000 590000 590000 600000 600000 600000 600000 600000

00

00 00

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Paper products Cotton Cotton Yarn Cotton Fabrics Cotton Fabrics Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Fabrics Cotton Yarn Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Fabrics Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Cotton Textiles Man made filament synthetic Polyester texturised yarn (PTY) Man made staple fibres Polyester synthetic staple fibre Metallised yarn Carpets Special Woven fabrics Special Woven fabrics Special Woven fabrics Special Woven fabrics Special Woven fabrics Impregnated/ covered/ laminated fabrics Impregnated/ covered/ laminated fabrics Impregnated/ covered/ laminated fabrics Impregnated/ covered/ laminated fabrics Impregnated/ covered/ laminated fabrics Kniited/ crocheted fabrics Kniited/ crocheted fabrics Kniited/ crocheted fabrics Kniited/ crocheted fabrics Kniited/ crocheted fabrics

Customs Environmental Standards Import Restriction Customs Environmental Standards Import Restriction Customs Environmental Standards Import Restriction Customs Environmental Standards Import Restriction Customs Environmental Standards Minimum Import Price Subsidy Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Environmental Labour Customs Labelling Labelling Labelling Rules of Origin Documentation Customs Import Restriction MFN Labelling Rules of Origin Documentation Customs Minimum Import Price Anti Dumping Minimum Import Price Anti Dumping Anti Dumping Customs Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Import Restriction Certification Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Import Restriction Certification Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Import Restriction Certification Minimum Import Price

EC EC EC Indonesia Indonesia Indonesia Indonesia New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand Uruguay Uruguay Uruguay Uruguay US US US US Argentina Bangladesh Brazil EC EC EC EC Japan Korea Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico Nigeria Pakistan US US US US Argentina Turkey Argentina Turkey Turkey Chile Argentina Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Argentina Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Argentina Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia

surcharges, port charges, statistical taxes Eco labelling for copying/ graphic paper and tissue paper products Food safety and health requirements cargo handling, domestic boycotts, ani import campaigns, non scientific quarantine restrictions surcharges, port charges, statistical taxes Eco labelling for copying/ graphic paper and tissue paper products Food safety and health requirements cargo handling, domestic boycotts, ani import campaigns, non scientific quarantine restrictions surcharges, port charges, statistical taxes Eco labelling for copying/ graphic paper and tissue paper products Food safety and health requirements Cargo handling, domestic boycotts, ani import campaigns, non scientific quarantine restrictions surcharges, port charges, statistical taxes Eco labelling for copying/ graphic paper and tissue paper products Food safety and health requirements cargo handling, domestic boycotts, ani import campaigns, non scientific quarantine restrictions surcharges, port charges, statistical taxes Eco labelling for copying/ graphic paper and tissue paper products Food safety and health requirements If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Cash subsidy for use of local cotton yarn MIP In Brazil MIP in Czech Republic Dyes and carcinogenic chemicals to be eco friendly, Environmental safeguards under REACH

Voluntary labelling increases cost, time and efforts Mandatory labelling, composition and composites

Ban on Imported Fabrics Non extension of MFN status to India

600000 610000 00 610000 00 610000 610000 610000

Textiles Knitted/ crocheted made ups Clothing Clothing Clothing Clothing

Certification Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Import Restriction Certification Minimum Import Price

Ukraine Argentina Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia

610000 610000 610500 610600 620000 00 620000 00 620000 620000 620000

Clothing Textiles & Clothing Men/ boy shirts (knitted or crocheted) Women/ girl blouses, shorts, shirt blouses Made ups not knitted/ crocheted Clothing Clothing Clothing Clothing

Certification Certification Standards SPS Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Import Restriction Certification Minimum Import Price

Ukraine Ecuador Japan Japan Argentina Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia

If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents 6.8% -20.3% Anti Dumping duty If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents 16.5% - 23.9% Anti Dumping duty $ 2.2 per kg.Anti Dumping duty Additional ad-valorem tax of 15% If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Screening / prior approval for imports Indicative / estimated / reference prices for protecting domestic industry If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Screening / prior approval for imports Indicative / estimated / reference prices for protecting domestic industry If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Screening / prior approval for imports Indicative / estimated / reference prices for protecting domestic industry Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Screening / prior approval for imports Indicative / estimated / reference prices for protecting domestic industry Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. INEN Certification of complaince with the Ecuadorian technical regulations Application of JIS standards Chemicals used are considered harmful If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Screening / prior approval for imports Indicative / estimated / reference prices for protecting domestic industry Complusory Certification i.e. (a) Certificate of acceptance of foreign certification by Derzh Standard or (b) Conformance certificate by Ukrainian agency. ISO 9000 standards adopted by Derzh Standard on production systems. Foreign certification recognition only to the extent of international treaty obligations of Ukraine. INEN Certification of complaince with the Ecuadorian technical regulations If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents INEN Certification of complaince with the Ecuadorian technical regulations If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Additional ad-valorem tax of 15% Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced TRQ pooled quota of 12.019 million pairs with in quota duty of 17.3 -24% and out of quota rate of 30%. Japanese buyers tend to limit import within quota. If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Additional ad-valorem tax of 15% Luxury tax M/s Viraj Group is looking at initiating a mid term review of CVD Initiated on 21.06.07 If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents 1933 Buy American Clause used in North Carolina and maybe in Virginia in the future Zero tolerance on radioactive contamination caused by Cobalt 60 sought by US Customs which is unreasonable

620000 620000 630000 630000 640000 640000 640000 640000 640000 650000 690000 710000 710000 720000 720000 730000

00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

Clothing Textiles & Clothing Textiles furnishing products Textiles & Clothing Footwear Furnishings Footwear Footwear Footwear Headgear Ceramic products Gems & Jewellery Gems & Jewellery Stainless Steel Bars Steel Articles of iron and steel Industrial, Municipal & Sanitary Castings Industrial, Municipal & Sanitary Castings Fittings Scaffolding Systems Steel & Castings Heavy Metals Tools. Cutlery or parts of base metal Razor Blades Miscellaneous articles of base metal Machinery/ mechanical appliances

Certification Certification Minimum Import Price Certification Minimum Import Price Customs Import Restriction Import Restriction Import Restriction Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Customs Customs CVD Anti Dumping Minimum Import Price Public Procurement Standards Anti Dumping Certification Standards Standards Minimum Import Price Regulations Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price

Ukraine Ecuador Argentina Ecuador Argentina Chile Colombia Colombia Japan Argentina Argentina Chile Chile Brazil Korea Argentina US US Turkey EC EC EC Argentina Venezuela Argentina Argentina

730000 00 730000 730719 730800 732500 810000 820000 00 00 00 00

821200 00 830000 00 840000 00

840000 00 840000 00 840000 00 840000 840000 840000 840000 847100 850000 00

Capital goods Capital goods Capital goods Engineering Goods Engineering Goods Engineering Goods Engineering Goods Computers Electrical machinery

Subsidy Customs Banking Standards Customs Inspection Certification Certification Minimum Import Price

Chile Chile Chile EC EC US Korea Korea Argentina

$ 305-400 per ton anti-dumping duty Each EC member has a separate certification for quality which makes entry difficult and expensive. Radioactive contamination caused by Cobalt 60 New proposal for MRL on heavy metals based on technology development & not risk assessment If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Denial of non-local production certificate which results in difficulty to obtain foreign exchange (Super Max brand of M/s Vidyut Metallics Pvt Ltd) If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Simplifed duty drawback, loan (upto 73% of customs duty on imported CG) on domestically procured CG with no repayment/obligations if CG use for exports. Deference of import duties upto 7 years on imported CG or equivalence subsidy for domestically produced CG. VAT reimbursement for CG purchased and used for exports Exporters < $ 16.7 million annual sales have 80% credit guaranteed s.t. limit of $132,000 CEMEP standards, machinery tolerance increases cost of compliance, CE marking, Low Voltage Directive and Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive lack of harmonised customs and trade administration in terms of classification, valuation, origin and customs procedures Inspection procedure for detection of bugs which is cost prohibitive (5-7% of the CIF value of US imports) Testing and certification regimes adopted by them are highly restrictive in terms of procedures, time frames and cost of compliance. Prior Approval required If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents

850000 850000 850000 850000

00 00 00 00

Capital goods Capital goods Capital goods Equipment

Subsidy Customs Banking Import Restriction

Chile Chile Chile EC

Simplifed duty drawback, loan (upto 73% of customs duty on imported CG) on domestically procured CG with no repayment/obligations if CG use for exports. Deference of import duties upto 7 years on imported CG or equivalence subsidy for domestically produced CG. VAT reimbursement for CG purchased and used for exports Exporters < $ 16.7 million annual sales have 80% credit guaranteed s.t. limit of $132,000 Germany's export control policies lead to delays in issuance of licences Compliance with CEMEP standards , machinery tolerance requiring use of CNC machines, "Low Voltage" & Electromagnetic

850000 850000 850000 850000 850000 850000 854500 854500 854600 870000 870000 870000 870000 870000 870200 900000 901800 920000 930000 930000 940000 950000 960000

00 00 00 00 00

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Motors/ Generators/ Engines Motors/ Generators/ Engines Engineering Goods Telecommunication Electronic products Electrical machinery Graphite Electrodes Graphite Electrodes Electrical Insultators Bicycles/ motorcycles Automobiles Automobiles Automobiles Automobiles Commercial Vehicles Optical / photographic equipment Medical Equipment Musical Instruments Weapons Arms & ammunition Furniture Toys Miscellaneous manufactured articles

Standards Regulations Standards Certification Labelling Certification Standards Documentation Subsidy Minimum Import Price Customs Import Restriction Certification Minimum Import Price Import Restriction Minimum Import Price Certification Minimum Import Price Certification Customs Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price Minimum Import Price

EC EC EC Korea Ukraine Ecuador Russia Russia China Argentina Chile Colombia Colombia Colombia Turkey Argentina Korea Argentina Armenia Chile Argentina Argentina Argentina

Agricultural products All All All All All All All All All All All All All All All All All used goods Animal products Food Products Food products Food products Food products Food products Food products Food products Food products Food products Food products Food products Food Products (canned/packaged) Other agricultural products

Safeguard Banking Customs Customs Customs Rules of Origin Labelling Regulations Environmental Public Procurement Customs Public Procurement Certification Customs Import Restriction Public Procurement Banking Import Restriction Standards Certification Certification Standards Customs Labelling Standards Certification Standards Labelling Labelling Regulations Labeling Standard

compatibility" directives raises costs for SMEs.. (Euro 1200-1500 for certification i.e. 4-5% of total fob value) Product liability insurance, preference to deal with ISO 9000 accredited companies CE marking raises the costs of exports especially for SMEs. They are normally design based and not performance based. Prior Approval required Label on voltage and frequency of appliances INEN Certification of complaince with the Ecuadorian technical regulations Excessive packaging standards, quality criteria Delay in issuance of hygiene certificate by Health Department Export subsidy and low energy costs If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Luxury tax @ 70-80% if CIF > $ 15,740. Import licence for used goods only if domestically not produced Screening / prior approval for imports Indicative / estimated / reference prices for protecting domestic industry Import restriction for commercial vehicles of Mahindra & Mahindra despite technical scrutiny. If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Prior Approval required If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Authorisation issued by the Government Additional ad-valorem tax of 15% If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents If price below MIP, importer to validate invoice from Customs in origin country and submit full set of original documents Special emergency (including provisional) tariffs on import surge threatening or causing material injury (Art.12-3 of Customs Act.). Seasonal duties (Art.15-2 of Customs Act.) and Adjustment duties (Art.12-2 of Customs Act.) to protect competitively weak domestic Korea industries. Concessional credit interest @ 6-8% for procurment from domestic suppliers against @14-15% fro those from foreign suppliers. No Brazil credit lines between Exim Bank and Bank Bradesco. Colombia Cumbersome clearance procedures, high fees, delays upto 8-10 days EC No VAT refunds for Indian companies in Germany. Lack of harmonised customs and trade administration in terms of classification, valuation, origin, customs procedures, tribunals, EC administrative review, referals of ECJ decisions etc. Korea Non preferential rules of origin for all imports Korea Non transparent and burdensome labelling Korea Non transparent, non specific, discretionary and inconsistent application of laws and regulations Korea Environmental waste charges for processing waste (domesticaly applicable) Peru 20% price preference for local companies Turkmenistan Harassing and customer specific customs procedures Non transparent and unfair tendering process with stipulations of Tukrmenistan registered companies with minimum operating Turkmenistan experience Uzbekistan Cumbersome procedure for registration and certification Uzbekistan Customs processing fee @ 0.7% of value Uzbekistan Lengthy procedure for conversion to hard currency / profit repatriation/ service fees Uzbekistan Non transparent unless funded by ADB Venezuela Problem in getting foreign exchange through the Regulatory agency CADIVI Brazil Restrictions and delay in imports of used goods EC Non harmonized maximum residue limit (MRL) Colombia 30-60 days for certification Colombia Strict Registration procedures Rapid Alert SFF Notification for rejection by one Member. Non uniform standards on bacteriological parameters that leads to EC subjective rejections EC No consolidation of information which leads to delay in lifitng of alerts EC Detailed labeling requirements with extensive products/content description Standards and Conformity Assessment Procedures more restrictive than internationally recognised, non transparent / uncoKorea ordinated Saudi Arabia Non recognition of EIC conformity certificates Saudi Arabia Restrictive standards, burdensome regulations and individual assessment of units for each certification Ukraine Label in Ukranian on manufacturer, ingredients, expiry date, hazardous material US Detailed labeling requirements with extensive products/content description US Production, storage & handling facilities to be registered with FDA and advance notice to FDA of imports. Labels in Spanish, ingredients (including additives), manufacturing & expiration dates, producer, importer, size/weight in metric Chile system. EC Non harmonisation of standards / procedures applied by EU countries and stringency of standards.