Performance of Ultra-High Strength Concrete and FRP Retrofitted RC Slabs under Blast Loads Chengqing Wu, Oehler DJ, Rebentrost

M, Leach J, Whittaker AS

1. Introduction Why?
• Terrorism • Ultra-high Performance Concrete • Retrofitting technologies

School of Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering, The University of Adelaide

1. Introduction
Mechanical properties of conventional concrete and UHPFC

1. Introduction
Blast Testing of FRP retrofitted RC members
Test Specimen
1000 mm

A

A

Section A-A
1.4

1300 mm

20

150

100

200

100

200

100

150

Blast Test 1: ELASTIC RANGE Blast Test 2: PLASTIC RANGE

2 Test Program
(MPa MPa) ) Compression Stress (
160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 0.005 0.01 0.015
Major Bending Plane

2 Test Program Blast Testing Specimens
Normal Reinforced Concrete Specimens
1000

A

A

10

Section A-A

2000 1000

100

Retrofitting

Ultra high performance concrete

Strain

Minor Bending Plane

37 Explosive Used (g) 1007 8139 3440 8213 1044 5083 3433 20101 .2 % 1.92 0.2 % 1.5 0.4 mm 40 100 100 100 100 2 Test Program Testing Set-up Adhesive 40 155 240 210 240 155 Ultra-high Performance Concrete Specimens Two slabs of UHPFC with and without reinforcement were designed.2 % 1.5 1.93 0.0 1.2 % 1.4 % Standoff distance (m) 3 3 1.5 0.5 0.54 1.75 1.8mm strip. one side (EB) RC+CFRP 2.2 % 1.2 % 1.8mm strip.13 0. one side (EB) UUHPFC RUHPFC Dimension mm*mm*mm 2000*1000*100 2000*1000*100 2000*1000*100 2000*1000*100 2000*1000*100 2000*1000*100 2000*1000*100 2000*1000*100 Reo.4 1.2 Test Program Retrofitted Reinforced Concrete Specimens Pultruded: CFRP 1. Blast Setup 2 Test Program Data acquisition Support PT1 Explosive Charge Slab LVDT Pressure Transducer (PT) LVDT 50 mm PT2 Support 20 mm Concrete Slab 2 Test Program Experimental air blast program Blast NRC-1 NRC-2 NRC-3 NRC-4 RET-1 RET-2 UUHPFC RUHPFC Slab Name 1A 1A 1B 1A 3A 3B D1B D3A Description NSC RC NSC RC NSC RC NSC RC RC+CFRP 2.75 1 Scaled distance (m/kg1/3) 3. Rate 1.

92m.4kg at stand-off distance 1. energy 3089 kN. energy 93077 kN. energy 2536 kN.75m.4kg at stand-off distance 1.Performance of Testing Specimens Normal reinforced concrete slabs Retrofitted Experimental Results „ FRP Debonding NRC-3 crack development (a charge weight of 3.mm) . energy 2536 kN.4kg at stand-off distance 0.mm) Normal reinforced concrete slabs NRC-3 crack development (a charge weight of 3.mm) „ Direct Shear „ Flexural „ Direct Shear NRC-4 crack development (a charge weight of 8kg at stand-off distance 1. energy 10375 kN.mm) FRP Debonding 2 Test Program Unreinforced ultra-high performance fibre concrete slab (a charge weight of 3.5m.4m.4m. energy 5464 kN.mm) Reinforced ultra-high performance fibre concrete slab (kN kN) ) Resistance ( 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 3 Blast Resistance Ultra high strength Retrofitted Normal reinforced concrete 10 20 30 40 50 60 Deflection (mm) (a charge weight of 20kg at stand-off distance 1m.mm) (a charge weight of 5kg at stand-off distance 0.

the UUHPFC and the RUHPFC slabs. showing UHPFC is of high ductility and high energy absorption capacity. the retrofitted. and is therefore a more effective material against blast loading. The UUHPFC slab suffered even less flexural cracks at middle span by comparison with those for NRC slabs when it was subjected to similar blast loads. 4. P-I diagrams specified by current codes are very conservative when they are used to assess damage levels of specimens tested in this study. reflected impulses and energy demands and capacities Comparison and Discussions Based on this diagram. Conclusion Blast testing also validated the superior blast resistance of the RUHPFC slab due to the excellent mechanical properties of UHPFC. almost all specimens (except NRC-1) tested in this study will collapse. the effectiveness of the retrofitting was inconclusive as slab failure was not achieved throughout the experiments.Resistance. Questions? . Conclusion A series of blast tests have been carried out to investigate blast resistance of the NRC. It was found that: Although EB FRP compressive face of retrofitting can increase ductility in blast tests. 4.