2 Watt Amplifier

2 Watt Amplifier
Home Analysis Help Media Links Practical Schematics Simulation Updates

Circuit :    Andy Collinson Email  :


A 2 Watt audio amplifier made from discrete components.


This was one of the earliest circuits that I ever designed and built, in Spring 1982. At that time I had only an analogue meter and a calculator to work with. Although not perfect, this amplifier does have a wide frequency response, low harmonic distortion about 3%, and is capable of driving an 8 ohm speaker to output levels of around 5 watts with slightly higher distortion. Any power supply in the range 12 to 18 Volts DC may be used. The amplifier operates in Class AB mode; the single 470R preset resistor, PR1 controls the
Circuit :  

http://www.zen22142.zen.co.uk/Circuits/Audio/2wamp.html[2012/6/10 下午 02:51:50]

the emitter currents will increase. to allow for a maximum output voltage swing.html[2012/6/10 下午 02:51:50] . R9 and R10 provide a degree of temperature stabilization which works as follows. DC Voltages of Prototype The following voltage checks were made on my prototype.98V 6. Typically. All four transistors are direct coupled which ensures:(i) A good low frequency response (ii) Temperature and bias change stability. All voltage are made with respect to (wrt) 0 Volt and shown in the table below.zen22142.82V 14.65V 5. DC Voltages Measured wrt 0V Q1 Emitter Q1 Base Q1 Collector Q2 Base Q3 Base Q4 Base Junction R9/10 Capacitor C3 9.77V 14. The frequency response is shown below and is flat from 20Hz to 100kHz: Bode Plot The circuit is DC biased so that the emitters of the BD139 and BD140 are at approximately half supply voltage.95V http://www.12V 9. is a trade-off between low distortion and low quiescent current.zen. This causes a greater voltage drop across R9 and R10 reducing the available bias current. under quiescent conditions.co.2 Watt Amplifier quiescent current flowing through the BD139/140 complimentary output transistors.22V 7. current is about 15 mA rising to 150 mA with a 50 mV input signal.22V 14. Adjustment here.uk/Circuits/Audio/2wamp. If the output transistors are warm.

zen22142. This alone will provide a very high open loop gain. The output BD139/140 pair operate in emitter follower.zen. Overall gain is provided by the ratio of the 22k and 1k resistor.2 Watt Amplifier The BC109C and 2N3906 operate in common emitter.uk/Circuits/Audio/2wamp.co.html[2012/6/10 下午 02:51:50] . though the transistors will run "hot" to the touch. allowing the amplifier to drive low impedance speakers. Fourier Analysis A quick measure of the distortion of this amplifier was performed. Fourier Coefficients http://www. The signal to noise ration is shown below: Signal to Noise Ratio: This amplifier has a S/n ratio of 115dB at 1kHz. Operating on a 15V DC power supply with an input sinusoidal waveform of 100mV peak to peak at 1KHz produced the following results in Tina 1. A heat sink on the BD139/140 pair is recommended but not essential.

The sum of the all harmonics up to 16KHz amounted to just under 2. so all things considered. The BD139.co.zen22142. the BC109C centre right and 2N3906 is buried under a miniature screened audio cable. Original March 1999 Last Revision 26-6-06 http://www.140 power transistors can be seen on the left hand side. the preset near top centre. centre bottom. Harmonic Distortion The second and third harmonic are the biggest contribution to overall distortion.2 Watt Amplifier The number of samples was set to 4096 and Fourier coefficients up to the 16th harmonic were calculated. I only had an analogue multimeter. it was not too bad an effort. a different viasing scheme or more evenly match components can reduce distortion accordingly.9% total harmonic distortion. Picture of my Prototype Finally an image of the original which has stood the test of time. At the time this amplifier was made.html[2012/6/10 下午 02:51:50] .zen.uk/Circuits/Audio/2wamp. Choosing a different amplifier design. the results are plotted below.

uk http://www.zen22142.zen.html[2012/6/10 下午 02:51:50] .zen22142.Toolkit for Interactive Network Analysis Updated 21-1-10 Circuit Exchange International Return to Audio Circuits http://www.uk/Circuits/Audio/2wamp.2 Watt Amplifier 1 Tina .zen.co.co.