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Addams, Jane, 82 Africa, social science in, 157–8 Alderman, E. A., 151–2 Alliance Employment Bureau, 62 Alsberg, Carl, 162 American Baptist Education Society, 20, 23–4 American Baptist Home Mission Society, 12 American Birth Control League, 91 American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Affairs, 47–9 American Child Health Association, 103 American Council of Learned Societies, 197 American Economic Association, 122, 188 American Historical Association, 197 American Home Economics Association, 172–3 American Museum of Natural History, 105 American Political Science Association, 120, 187–8 American Psychological Association, 113 American Social Science Association, 119–120 American Sociological Society, 121, 188 American Statistical Association, 181 American University of Beirut, 157 Americanization studies, 66 Andrews, Samuel, 8 Angell, James Rowland, 96–7, 99, 105, 109, 116–7, 149, 192, 200–1 anthropology, 124–5, 131, 140, 169–71 Applegarth, H. C., 47 Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary (Spelman Seminary), 13, 15–16, 19 AT&T Co., 69 Ayres, Clarence, 190

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Bachman, Frank P., 205 Bacone, Almone C., 12 Bagge, Gösta, 158 Baptist Union Theological Seminary (Morgan Park Seminary), 19–21, 24 Barton, James L., 49 Beard, Charles A., 64, 120, 139, 191 Bemis, Edward W., 29–32 Bentley, Arthur, 120 Berlage, Nancy, 174 Beveridge, William, 123, 159, 191 Black, Edwin, 172 Black, John D., 165 Boas, Franz, 125, 131 Boy Scouts of America, 103, 172 Bowley, A. L., 125 Brookes, Edgar, 158 Brookings, Robert S., 68, 100, 185 Brookings Graduate School, 185, 193, 202 Brown, Marcus, 46 Brown University, 144 Brunner, Edmund, 139 Bryn Mawr College, 121 Buck, J. L., 156 Bulmer, Martin, 210 Bunyan, John, 46 Bureau of Municipal Research (New York), 67, 85 Bureau of Social Hygiene, 4, 81, 89–90, 168, 181, 194 Burgess, Ernest, 128 Buttrick, Wallace, 53 Cambridge University, 197–200 Carnegie, Andrew, 25, 61, 63 Carnegie Corporation (New York), 66, 95–7, 99–100, 105

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Rockefeller Philanthropy and Modern Social Science Dawes, Charles, 101 Day, Edmund E., 110, 166, 202, 208 Dealey, James Quayle, 144 Denison College, 20, 24, 26 Denver University, 153–4 Dodge, Cleveland E., 206 Dougall, James W. C., 146 Douglas, Stephen A., 19 Dowling, Mr, 10 Dr Jekyll/Mr Hyde, 55 Drake, Francis, 18 Drake University, 18 Du Bois, W. E. B., 121 Dugdale, Richard, 166 Duncan, Mr, 10 Durkheim, Emile, 120–1 East Harlem Health Centre, 103 Economic Foundation, 186–7 economics, 61, 97–101, 106, 110–1, 122–5, 130–1, 133, 155–6, 160–1, 165, 184–7, 189, 191, 193, 204–5 political economy, 29–30, 72–3, 140 business cycles, 186 Eisler, Robert, 198–9 Elliot, Charles William, 72, 141 Ellis, Henry Havelock, 90–1 Ely, Richard T., 160–1, 165 Embree, Edwin, 104–5, 169 Emery, Henry C., 72 Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 181–2 Engels, Friedrich, 120 eugenics, 90–1, 168–71 American Birth Control League, 168 American Eugenics Society, 168 Eugenics Record Office (New York), 90 Eugenics Survey of Vermont, 166 Nazi eugenics, 172–3 Farris, Ellsworth, 158 First World War (World War I), 92, 106, 114, 139, 176, 179 Fisher, Donald, 210 Fisk University, 145 Flagler, Henry M., 8 Fleming, Walter L., 150 Flexner, Abraham, 90–1, 105, 169, 178, 193, 196

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Carnegie Foundation, 100, 204 Carnegie Institution (Washington), 61, 81, 89, 95 Cassel, Gustav, 159 Cattell, James McKeen, 117–8, 139 Chase, Harry Woodburn, 134, 137, 170 Chicago Commission on Race Relations, 128 Child Study Association, 172 child welfare and parent education, 104, 109, 145, 172–7 China, social science in, 154–6 China Medical Board, 154 Civic Federation, 2 Clark, John Bates, 72, 139 Clark, Jonas C., 18 Clark, Maurice, 8 Clark University, 18 Cleveland, Frederick A., 67–8, 85 Cobb, John Candler, 196 Colorado Fuel and Iron Co., 75–7, 84–5, 94 Columbia University, 17–18, 42, 108–9, 119, 121, 138–40, 143, 181, 186, 200–1, 204–5 Parker Institute of International Affairs, 140, 177 Committee on National Income, 98 Commonwealth Fund, 177 company towns, 64–5, 75 Connecticut College, 144 Coolidge, Calvin, 98 Cooper, Peter, 18 Cooper Union of the Advancement of Science and Arts, 18 coordinated data collection, 180–2 Corey, Charles Henry, 14 Cornell, Ezra, 18 Cornell University, 18, 164, 172, 174, 205 Coss, J. J., 199 Country Life Commission, 65 criminology, 136, 181–2, 192 Uniform Crime Reporting System, 181 Curtis, James, 141 Cutting, R. Fulton, 63 Dahlberg, Jane S., 63 Dante, 34 Dartmouth College, 105

Index Flexner, Simon, 41, 90, 97 Folsom Mercantile College, 7 Ford, Guy Stanton, 110, 144, 192 Ford, Henry, 64–5 Fosdick, Raymond B., 89–92, 105–6, 109, 177 Frank, Lawrence K., 109–12, 155, 163, 172–3, 200–1 Franks, Angela, 172 Freud, Sigmund, 91 Friis, Aage, 168 Gamble, Vanessa Northington, 149 Gates, Frederick T., 22–4, 27–8, 33–4, 40–1, 49, 52–4, 58, 67, 70–5, 77, 82, 101, 154, 170 Gay, Edwin F., 69, 71–4, 86–7, 97–8 Gee, Wilson, 151–2 General Education Board, 4, 51, 97, 177, 205 Giddings, Franklin H., 121 Gilchrist, Huntington, 178 Giles, Harriet, 12–13 Girard, Stephen, 18 Girard College, 18 Girl Scouts of America, 103, 172 Gladden, Washington, 47–8 Glenn, John M., 62, 109, 158 Goddard, Henry, 166 Goldenweiser, Alexander, 182 Golder, F. A., 157 Goodspeed, Thomas W., 20–1, 23 government research, 64–9 Grant, Madison, 169 Greene, Jerome D., 67–72, 78, 81–3, 86–7, 90, 94–7 Gregory, T. E., 125 Gunn, Selskar M., 205 Gunton, George, 32 Hadley, Arthur, 72 Hale, George Ellery, 163 Hamburg Institute of International Affairs, 179 Hamilton, Walton, 202 Hampton Institute, 51 Harding, Warren G., 98 Harmsen, Hans, 172

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Indian University (Bacone College), 12, 19 industrial relations, 81–9, 93 Inglis, William O., 102 Institute for Government Research, 67–9, 78, 100, 185 Institute of Economic Research (Institute of Economics), 69–75, 78, 81–3, 86–7, 97, 184–5, 193 Institute of Pacific Relations, 156, 180 International Association of the Chiefs of Police, 181 International Education Board, 151 International Institute for African Languages and Culture, 158 International Institute of Agriculture (Rome), 167 International Missionary Council, 158 international relations, 92–3, 140, 177–8, 192 Iowa Child Welfare Research Station, 174 Iowa State College, 164, 172–4 Irvine, Laura M., 10

Harper, William Rainey, 20–1, 23–4, 28–9, 32–5, 38 Harrison, Shelby M., 62 Harvard University, 82, 119, 140–2, 165, 177, 179 Hawthorne experiments, 118 Hayek, Friedrich von, 126 Henderson, Lawrence Joseph, 140 Hewitt & Tuttle Co., 7 Hicks, Clarence, 64 Hobhouse, L. T., 125 Hogben, Lancelot, 171 Hogg, Margaret, 125 Homer, 34 Hoover, Herbert, 98, 194 Hopkins, E. M., 199 Hopkins, Johns, 18 Howells, William Dean, 37 Hoyt, J. B., 15 Hubbard, Silas, 46 Hull House (Chicago), 82, 88, 121 human migration, 138, 160, 162–5, 192 humane studies, 195–200 Hume, David, 119 Hutchins, Robert M., 201–2

262

Rockefeller Philanthropy and Modern Social Science MacIver, Robert Morrison, 140 Malinowski, Bronislaw, 124, 131, 184 Marshall, Leon C., 72, 129–33, 164, 200, 205 Marx, Karl, 120 Mason, Max, 132 Masonic College, 24 Maternity Centre Association of Manhattan, 103 Mayo, G. Elton, 112, 114–6, 118, 140–1, 184 McBain, Howard Lee, 140 McDougall, William, 113 Merriam, Charles E., 112, 120, 128, 130, 133, 187–90, 192, 194 Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), 105 Mill, John Stuart, 120 Minnesota Academy (Pillsbury Academy), 23 Mitchell, Wesley C., 70, 72, 98, 163, 186, 189–92, 194, 204 Moley, Raymond, 139 Montagu, Ashley, 125 Montesquieu, Charles de Secondat, 119 Moore, Bassett, 139 Morawetz, Victor A., 73–4, 86–7 Morehouse, Henry L., 13–15, 19–22 Morgan, Thomas Hunt, 95 Moulton, Harold Glenn, 100, 193 municipal research, 62–3, 65–6, 180 Murphy, Edgar G., 52 Murphy, Starr, 40, 49 Nankai Institute of Economics, 156 Nanking University, 156 National Bureau of Economic Research (US), 97–101, 165 National Council for the Social Sciences (US), 130 National Council of Parent Education (US), 172 National Institute of Industrial Psychology (US), 117 National Municipal League (US), 180 National Research Council (US), 96–7, 117, 162, 170, 177, 188, 194

James, William, 112–13 Jervey, Huger W., 201 Johns Hopkins University, 18, 40, 169 Johnson, Alvin, 182 Johnson, Charles S., 128, 145 Johnson, Guy B., 135, 137, 147 Jones, Thomas Jesse, 157 Judson, Edward, 27 Judson, Harry Pratt, 69 Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Psychiatry, 171 Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Eugenics and Human Heredity, 171 Kalamazoo College, 21 Kansas State Agricultural College, 32 Kellogg, Paul U., 63 Kellogg, Vernon, 162 King, George O., 12, 26 King, William Lyon Mackenzie, 81–9, 98 Kirkland, J. H., 149–50 Kleeck, Mary Van, 62 Kneeland, George J., 91 Knight, Frank, 191 Koren, John, 72 Ladenburg, Thalmann & Co., 43 La Follette, Robert M., 50 land use and population change, 160–72 Laughlin, Harry, 169 Laughlin, J. Laurence, 29–30, 72–3 Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial, 4, 101, 103–207 fellowships programmes, 183–5 Committee on Review, 203–6 League of Nations, 93, 158, 177–9 Lee, Ivy, 78–9, 90 law and the social sciences, 200–3 Lehigh University, 18 Leland, Simon, 133 Lloyd, Henry Demarest, 3, 37–8, 46 London School of Economics, 119, 123–6, 135, 171, 175–7 Lowell, A. Lawrence, 141 Lubin, Isador, 101 Ludlow, Colorado, mining camp, 4, 64, 68 Ludlow tragedy, 75–8, 81, 84–6, 87–92 Lynd, Helen, 131 Lynd, Robert S., 131, 190

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Index National Resources Planning Board (US), 194 New School for Social Research, 109, 163–4, 182 New York Bureau of Municipal Research, 63–4 New York Charity Organization Society, 63 New York Public Library, 105 Nourse, Edwin G., 100, 164, 184

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public interest/public trust, 1–3, 5, 25, 43, 55, 67, 69–70, 74, 82, 88, 92–3, 96, 98, 100, 131, 137, 139, 209 Pulitzer, Joseph, 50 Purinton, Daniel B., 26 Quetelet, Adolphe, 120

race relations, 110, 133–8, 143–9 race relations conferences (1927–9), 149 Radcliffe College, 179 Oakes, Edward W., 11 Radcliffe-Brown, A. R., 169 Odum, Howard W., 133–7, 145, 151, 170, Redfield, Robert, 192 192 regional problems, American South, 149–52 Ogburn, William Fielding, 108, 182, 193–4 regional problems, American West, 152–4 Ogden, Robert Curtis, 51–2 regional problems, non–capitalist regions, Ogg, Frederick Austin, 197 154–9 Oldham, J. H., 158 Richardson, Anna E., 173–4 Osler, William, 40 Richardson, Willard S., 103 Outhwaite, Leonard, 106, 110, 135–7, 141, Richmond Institute, 14–15, 52 146–7, 149, 158 Rist, Charles, 184, 195 Robbins, Lionel, 126 Packard, Asa, 18 Rochester Theological Seminary, 19, 23 Packard, Sophia, 12–13, 15–6 Rockefeller, Eliza (Davison), 7 Page, Thomas Walter, 100 Rockefeller, Frank, 11 Page, Walter H., 54 Rockefeller, John D., Sr, 1–35, 37–59, 63–4, Park, Robert, 66, 127–9, 145 67–70, 78, 81, 85, 92, 101, 103, 154, Pearl, Raymond, 169 209–10 Peking Union Medical College, 154 Rockefeller, John D., Jr, 1–5, 8, 39–41, 51, Pennsylvania Railroad Co., 43, 78–9 55, 58, 64, 67–9, 71–2, 74–8, 81–3, Pennsylvania State University, 164 85–94, 101–5, 156, 168–9, 180, Perkins, Henry F., 166 209–10 Phelps-Stokes Fund, 157 Rockefeller, Jr’s views of business responPickering, Edward C., 94–5 sibilities, 77–9, 83–5, 94 Pillsbury, George A., 23 Rockefeller, Laura Celestia (Spelman), 4–5, Pittsburg Survey, 62–3 8, 101 Playground and Recreation Association of Rockefeller, William, 8, 57 America, 172 Rockefeller, William Avery, 7–8, 50–1 political science, 112, 119–20, 139, 187–8 Rockefeller Foundation, 4–5, 54, 58–9, Power, Eileen, 125 61, 67–9, 74–5, 78, 81–2, 87–9, 94, Pratt, Charles, 18 104–5, 154–6, 163, 165, 169–71, 205 Pratt Institute, 18 Division of Industrial Relations, 81–3, Pritchett, Henry S., 100, 204 87–8 progressivism, 5–6, 32 Division of Social Sciences, 110, 140, Progressive Service, 66 142, 169, 176, 180, 202–3, 205–8 psychology, 42, 105–7, 112–18, 140–2, 147, Interboard Luncheons, 157 158, 174, 176, 189–90 International Health Division/Board, Psychological Corporation, 117 67, 96–7

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264

Rockefeller Philanthropy and Modern Social Science sociology, 120–2, 126–31, 139–40 assimilation, 66 business sociological departments, 64–5 sex and family, 193–4 social biology (human biology), 168–72, 192, 195 social hygiene, 89–91 sociological surveys, 62–3, 121 South African Institute for Race Relations, 158 Spargo, John, 46 Spelman Seminary, 51–2 Splawn, W. M. W., 152–3 Springfield Survey, 62–3 Standard Oil Company, 3–4, 7–9, 11, 16–17, 27, 29–30, 38–9, 42–7, 50, 54–8, 92 Standard Oil subsidiaries, 57–8 Standard Oil court decision (1911), 3–4, 55–8, 68, 101 Stanford, Leland, 18 Stanford University, 18, 153–4, 157, 161 Stiles, Charles Wardell, 53 Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 42 Strong, Augustus H., 19–22 Sweden, social science in, 158–9

Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, 4, 41–2, 51, 53, 95 Rockefeller Sanitary Commission, 4, 53, 67 Rogers, Lindsay, 139 Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 194 Roosevelt, Theodore, 4, 46, 65 Rorty, Malcolm C., 98, 187 Rose, Wickliffe, 54, 67, 93, 96–7, 151 Rosenbaum, Thomas, 155 Rosenwald, Julius, 184 Ross, Frank, 140 Ruml, Beardsley, 4, 105–8, 111–12, 114, 116, 118, 129–37, 141, 145–6, 149–56, 158–73, 175, 177–8, 186–8, 191, 193, 195, 199, 201–3, 206–7 Russell Sage Foundation, 61, 81, 89, 109, 149, 158 Russia, social science in, 156–7 Russia Student Fund, 156 Sage, Margaret Olivia Slocum, 62 Sage, Russell, 62 Salvation Army, 103 San Francisco earthquake and fire, 50 Sanger, Margaret, 91, 168–9 Sapir, Edward, 131 Schultz, Henry, 133 scientific management, 65 Seligman, E. R. A., 181–2, 191 Severance, Louis, 11 Shakespeare, William, 34 Shaw, Albert, 160 Sherman, Roger, 38 Simmel, Georg, 126–7 Small, Albion, 31, 121–2, 127 Smith, Charles Sprague, 17–18 Smith, Elliot, 169 Smith, Munroe, 139 Smith, Sophia, 18 Smith College, 18, 175 social science education, 132–3 Social Science Research Council, 5, 167, 181, 183, 187–94 Hanover Conferences, 189–92 interdisciplinary research, 195–6 President’s Research Committee on Social Trends, 194 social work/welfare, 103–5, 110, 134, 144–5

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Taft, William Howard, 65, 101 Taft Commission on Economy and Efficiency, 65–6 tainted money controversy, 47–53 Tarbell, Ida M., 3, 42, 45–7 Tarr, Sheriff, 76 Taussig, Frank, 191 Tawney, R. H., 125, 156 Taylor, Frederick Winslow, 65 Taylor, Henry C., 165, 167, 205 Taylor, John Bernard, 155 Tenement House Exhibition, 64 Thomas, William I., 66, 127, 129 Thorkelson, H. J., 205 Thrasher, Frederic, 129 Thurstone, L. L., 133 Tikas, John, 76 Tonnies, Ferdinand, 127 Trescott, Paul, 155 Triggs, Oscar Lovell, 34–5 Tucker, Henry St George, 51

Index Tulane University, 174–5 Tuskegee Institute, 51 United States Bureau of Education, 199 United States Bureau of the Budget, 101 United States Chamber of Commerce, 2, 85 United States Commission on Industrial Relations, 70, 83–5 United States House of Representatives, 165 United States Public Health Service, 53 United States Senate, 165 United States Sherman Antitrust Act, 17 United States Supreme Court, 3, 55–8 United States War Department, 105 United States War Industries Board, 101, 106 University of California, Berkeley, 194 University of Chicago, 4, 18–19, 24–35, 38–40, 82, 105, 112, 119, 121, 126–33, 135, 143, 164, 177, 181, 187, 193, 200, 205, 207 Old University of Chicago, 19 University of Copenhagen, 167 University of Geneva, 178 University of Iowa, 174 University of Liverpool, 175–6 University of Minnesota, 164, 172 University of North Carolina, 119, 133–8, 143, 146, 181, 202 University of Pennsylvania, 41, 112–15, 135, 140 University of Stockholm, 158 University of Texas, 152–3 University of Toronto, 172 University of Vermont, 166–7 University of Virginia, 151–2 University of Wisconsin, 10–11, 164, 205 Vail, Theodore N., 69 Vanderbilt, Cornelius, 18 Vanderbilt University, 18, 29, 149–51 Vermont Commission on Country Life, 166–7 Vico, Giovanni Battista, 119

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Vincent, George E., 87, 96, 105, 109, 169, 206 Viner, Jacob, 191 vivisection controversy, 51 Walker, Sydnor, 110, 208 Washington, Booker T., 52 Washington and Lee University, 51 Washington University, 175 Washington University Graduate School of Economics and Government, 185 Watson, John B., 113 Weber, Max, 120 Wessel, Bessie Bloom, 144 Western Reserve University, 144 Whitman, Walt, 34 Wilcox, Ethel Dodge, 62 Willcox, Walter F., 205 Willits, Joseph, 114–15 Wilson, Woodrow, 64, 68, 76, 89, 92–3 Wilson’s Industrial Conferences, 93 Wirth, Louis, 130 Wissler, Clark, 158 Women’s American Baptist Home Mission Society, 13 Woodbridge, Frederick, 192 Woods, Arthur, 109, 153, 171, 181, 192, 197 Woofter, T. J., 138 Wright, Carroll D., 61 Wright, Quincy, 177 Yale University, 20–1, 105, 109, 116–17, 135, 149, 194, 201 Yenching University, 155–6 Yerkes, Robert M., 116, 170, 194 Young, Allyn, 123, 126, 180 Young, Geoffrey Winthrop, 197 Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA), 103, 172 YMCA’s Railroad Department, 64 Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA), 103, 172 Znaniecki, Florian, 127

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