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# IS 800:2007 6.3.2 Compression Member 6.3.

3 A compression member is a structural member which is straight and subjected to two equal and opposite compressive forces applied at its ends. Different terms are used for a compression member depending upon its position in structures .Strut is a compression member used in the roof truss and bracing. Column is a vertical compression member supporting floors in the building. 6.3.4 Design Strength a)The allowable working stress in compression is assumed and the cross sectional area required for the axial load is computed. b)The calculated sectional area may be increased by 50%_100% to account for the eccentricity of the load or for the bending moment. c)Suitable cross section is chosen from IS Hand Book no. 1.the slenderness ratio of the column is worked out. d)From table 4.4 of the text the allowable compressive stress ac is determined for the calculated slenderness ratio. e)The compressive stress ac ,cal in the column is calculated by dividing the load with the sectional area provided ac,cal=P/A f)The bending stress in the column is calculated by dividing the bending moment with the section modulus bc,cal=M/Z g)The permissible bending stress is taken either to be 0.66fy if the bending is about the minor axis, of the text is about the major axis. In the latter case permissible bending stresses are reduced to account for lateral instability. h)The column section is checked for combined stresses as follow: The ratio of ac,cal to ac is worked out. If ac,cal/ ac 0.15 then, ac,cal/ ac+ bc,cal/ bc+ bcy,cal/ bcy 1. 36