SIX HUNDRED RECEIPTS

WORTH THEIR WEIGHT IN GOLD

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Merchant's Lightning Clothes Cleaner
A(:]ua

Ammonia,

1

-2

pint.

Soap

bark, 5 cents.

Fourteen quarts of hot rain water.

Three ounce saltpeter, pulverized. Three hfaping tablespoonfuls salt.
Six ounces alcohol or
spirits

wine.

Three ounces of Three ounces of

glycerine.
ether,

commercial.

Six ounces turpentine.

Six ounces borax, pulverized.
1

-4 oz. Oil of sassafras, or any other perfume

desired.

Four lO-cent cakes

of

white ox

gal! soap, or

any other good white soap.

DIRECTIONS FOR MAKING
Steep
turn in

soap bark

in

cloth for one

hour and

Shave all the soap fine in 14 batch. quarts hot water; when dissolved add 14 quarts more water; dip out enough water to dissolve the
borax and
salt,
stir

well. as

Follow with

saltpeter,

then

the

same
then

borax, stirring each well

when

add ammonia, turpentine, ether, and 30 or 40 ounces Stir thoroughly beef gall, the more the better. and you have one of the best clothes cleaners and for washing earth. compounds on Try it and be convinced.
added;
alcohol, sassafras, glycerine

NELSON MERCHANT

ALBERT

R. LIBRARY Cornell University

MANN

Gift of

Thomas Bass

Cornell University Library

The
tine

original of

tliis

book

is in

Cornell University Library.

There are no known copyright

restrictions in
text.

the United States on the use of the

http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924087271494

.

.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. TH:iRT"y YEARS' COLLECTION. LEBANON. By JOHN MARQUART. IN GOLD. PA. WORTH THEIR WEIGHT A.

.

CIDEE. DYES OF ALL KINDS. PEEFUMEET. BRANDY. PHILADELPHIA: Potter & Company. GIN. By JO'HN MARQUAET.. VINEGAR. PAINTS. PA. '^apt\tt M\ MuMt ^attging %Mts. Tho CoUections. WORTH THEIR WEIGHT IN GOLD^ INCIiUDING EECEIPTS FOR COOKING. SPIEITS. WHISKEY. WINES. JoHjN E. 617 SANSOM STREET. INKS. COEDIALS. AND ' HOW TO MAKE IMITATIONS OF ALL KINDS OF LiaUOES. ICE CEEAMS. No. MAKING PEESEEVES. TeBtlug. and Improvements on the XLeoelpts extendlne OT«r a period of Thirty Years. OF I/EBANON. . ETC.SIX HUNDRED RECEIPTS.

in and for Eastern District of PennsylvaniB. POTTER AND COMPANY. bj JOHN Ib t]ift.Glerk*i Office B. thi of the District Court of the United States.Entered accordiog to Act of C!ongren. PmijiKDELR+tlUr) . In the year 1867.

INDEX. Ginger. No. No. 2 Bordeaux. Cherry. " " No. French. No. No. " to how " make. 4 Cognac. to imitate No. No. 2 " " Cherry. 1 " No. 2 Cognac. . 5 Cognac. how Domestic." " No. French. 1 No. French. how to " " " imitate. 1 No. 3 Cognac. to imitate. Galvanic —To Receipt construct. 3 Cognac.!. Cherry. 1 No. " " " " to French." " No. 488 536 — how " to make. Rochelle. " 311 316 303 304 312 314 293 294 295 296 301 305 306 Common.. Rose. how " " No. " " to make " French. 3 7 300 302 317 315 how to make. 1 2 3 297 298 307 4 5 how make " Lavender. " " to imitate. for Gilding and Silver plating Bepbug-Foison Brandy Blackberry. '' " Peach." Rochelle. No. No. " Blackberry. Rochelle. Battert. " " 308 309 319 318 310 313 Raspberry. 2 No. No.

Liquid. without eggs Ginger. " " . and boots make. Cup. to cure To cure.. that it will keep for years to bake. " Oil paste. 2 No. 1 No. " Ginger Imperial. 1 " " No. " " " " Custard.' how to " Oil paste..". to improve — — Kancid. " Cider.. " Ginger Beer.J 110 . how to bake. Frosting. " " " No.. how Buns. Jet. " Ginger Pop.. Cream.. how to " -Ginger Powder. how to bake 102 129 105 Lemon pies. No. white. how to make Butter Bad.. " Japan. how to make to Receipt Cream Beer. Lemon. BLACKiNG^Harness...'how to bake " '•IBiscuits. —Cottage Beer. " 96 93 Mead Head. Lemon. INDEX. how " " make " 86 92 91 Ginger pleasant.8 Bevehages Gas. for harness how to make . 1 No. Sassafras Spruce Beer Spruce White Pineapple-ade Silver top 9S 87 90 99 97 &o. for leather Liquid. how to how to bake 101 114 Green corn Omelet 522 .. 2 5G0 590 589 247 248 50 251 72 540 512 511 513 126 Brass Polish for Bubning-Fluid... /' — 13S 109 " Ill 130 113 116 .. Cakes and Pies Bread-cheese. 2 Lemon. make " 94 95 " " 89 88 .

Cordials Aniseed Citron — Cinnamon Cloves Orange Peppermint. to manufacture Cow-DisEASES Cure for distemper in cattle Flesh-wounds in cattle.INDEX.the brain Garget in cows — 252 465 559 482 > . cure for Uoven in cattle. or inflammation of . Gowen's simple remedy Method to cure the frenzy 432J 483 . plain. Mr. " to bake. Cakes and Tx Pies r* 9 Receipt —^Mook mine© pies how •• 108 131 Muffins Pound Queen JRice cake. 2 . 2 107 132 104 106 112 Sponge cake. J 266 262 263 265 264 267 268 269 508 509 607 510 506 253 254 256 258 257 255 261 260 259 how to make '. Strasbourg " " " " " " Sugar Cider General Rules to make — How to make How to manage Observations on Raisin. 1 No. for beverage. Spirits. Rule for making good To keep good for years To keep good Cements Crockery Hard. 127 103 " " " " " " 128 Rusks. tincture for Frenzy. " " " " No.T^47 479 ^ Hoven or blown in cattle. Rusks. 1 No. Peppermint. for seams — Liquid Water and fire proof Which will get as hard as a stone. Hose Strawberry No.

in cattle. 3 to 70 71 Cerate. Worms Diseases in or bots in cattle or horses cattle. certain cure for Corns. cure for. Bitters. " Burns and scalds. " " Dropsy.-. — Becelpt Scouring Swelled cattle with green food. 1 No. " 64 44 51 No. how to make Balsam-de-Malda. Monroe's Cough-Mixture. liniment for Cancer. " '. cure for Purging drink Eed-water in cattle. simple. 19 20 34 69 Cancer. " " " " No. tocure " Scouring. Cures for — 484 556 480 468 469 558 470 466 557 481 6 . Dr.. Cough. for 36 553 15 " " No. 1 45 41 43 42 545 Cough-Syrup Cough-drops. cure for Corns. 2 Cramp Croup.. Chilblain.10 INDEX. No. " " Blood-spitting. Dysentery. cure for 550 40 06 . " " Cough-drops Cough-drops. 2 No. " " " " Dyspepsia.' how to make Balsam Locatellis.. cure for Tar-water for cattle . 1 No. Cancer. cure for " Diarrhcsa. 35 German.. 2 . 1 68 . in the stomach. No. cure for 59 -535 9 . cure " Burns and scalds. cure for Consumption. how make 30 14 75 . Burns. Yellows or jaundice in cure for Human Beings. cure for Burning and scalding.. Cow-Diseases Paunching Pleura Pneumonia in cattle. . cure for Colds. frost-bitten.

ointment " No. 6 Medicine. 1 552 52 . Stoy's Nails on toes. for —Dysentery. 3 Piles. Turkish cure Headache. 3 Dysentery and bloody flux dire for " " 526 527 528 580 596 55 Eye-water. 47 61 8 how to Peppermint-essence. Ranlpt No. 1 Piles. how'to Piles. how to make Ointment to draw splinter out of the Paregoric elixir. Stoy's Mother-drops. simple Mortification powders. 2. ointment for 4 5 2 76 531 7 flesh No.: simple cure Purifying the blood Piles. liniment No. ingrowing Nipples. Erysipelas. cure for. Dysentery. ointment " make make 549 567 532 28 29 498 530 '. cure for Godfrey's Cordial. No. cure for Hooping-cough. sore. 56 57 67 31 32 525 587 571 how to make Gravel. a mild aperient for Piles. 2 Piles. Cure for. Dr. Barton's remedy Liver-fcomplaint. ointment for. Dr. how to make Eye-water or Collyrium Eye-water or Vitriolic Collyrium Felon. cure for Rheumatism. cure for 58 .INDBX. bilious or sick. certain cure for Piles. certain cure for Giddiness. No..' Lip-salve Lockjaw. a cure for Piles. No. cure for Life Tincture (a German medicine) Liniment. cure Epilepsy. Diseases in 11 Human Bodies. Stoy's cure Mother-drops. Dr. Dr. children's sore throat 85 495 33 26 1 Mad dog bite. 12 60 Quinsy.

Ringworm. cure for Scabby heads on children. Hamilton's celebrated White Swelling. Prussian. on cotton Blue-black. on woollen Black. on woollen Blue vat. 2 Tetter. simple cure. 1 " " No. Blackberry Syrup for.. remedy Rheumatism. Tetter. 2 " No.. cure for Summer-complaint. Diseases in Human Bodies. 3 Rheumatism. inclining to purple. on wool and — silk . to prevent Swinney... Dr. cure for. " " No. No.. " " No. for silk and woollen . Swinney. " " No. " Rheumatic Gout. on silk Blue.. " . 2 Rheumatic Gout. and Rheumatism Toothache-drops Toothache-preventive 37 39 27 24 25 21 22 23 546 600 54 74 554 2 160 167 Vermifuge. 185 Black. inclining to brown. cure for Scarlet Fever. cure for " Sun-stroke. Jtoy's simple cure for Di'EiNG Aluming Black. how to make a tea for 17 63 Smallpox. 1 " " No. on silk Black. " Smallpox.. 62 65 medical use of Sleepless. 2 Swinney. " 186 187 208 168 188 214 Black jet. cure for Salt. t Swelling from bruises. inflammatory. Rheumatism. liniment Rheumatism. No. 1 Tetter. Salt — 'Receipt 53 73 496 497 529 534 561 562 544 16 for Rheum or Scurvy. cure for. No. cure for.12 INDEX. cure for Whitlow Worms. 4 Rheumatism. " " 533 551 Summer-complaint. Cure fob Rheumatism.

on silk Purple. inclining to snuff. on the red cast Brown. on wool Orange. on cotton.INDEX. on silk on woollen Stone. on silk Olive. on cotton Bed. on cotton Bed. on silk Slate. 195 174 2 . on silk Orange. — 16G 103 175 181 182 184 201 on cotton Brown. on silk General remarks Gloss on silk. . on wool Green. or cloth of any description Brown. on'silk 209 201 171 164 189 Green. on silk Lilac. on wool Buff. 204 179 177 205 '. on wool Slate. on woollen cloth. on silk Brown. on silk dress Brown. annetto on cotton 183 170 197 202 . 176 191 161 198 180 159 Dye-liquors. on silk Drab. on cotton Drab. on silk -Dove. 200 how to Indigo. a fine Gloss on silk Gray. on silk Brown. oq silk Drab. on silk Green. Sulphate. 169 173 Olive-brown Orange. 162 207 203 192 206 172 .*. 13 Keceipt Dteing Blue.' Pink. on cotton Indigo. various shades Flesh. on cotton Slate. vat for cotton. on cotton Crimson. make how to set 165 213 190 on wool Maroon. preparing Fancy dyeing. .

for scarlet and crimson. how to imitate. to how clean How to clean 282 591 592 10 11 Grease*— Spots to remove. to keep. on leather Yellow. 5 make Gloves — French Kid. No. scarlet. 1 No. mange. Dyeing Tin Liquor. — Becelpt 193 194 211 212 199 . Tin Liquor. cure for &o . " " Holland. No. Black. on leather Blue. for surfeit. on straw " Eed. t. on leather Shades. 3 514 515 Extract Vanilla Foul Smell To destroy Fish — —Fresh. a liquid for Spots to remove from woollen cloth HoESE-DisEASEs — Abscess. 362 449 364 . " " Holland. 2 No. loss of. how to — Gilding Edges of paper Gin Holland. on leather Yellow. different. or wart Anodyne medicine Appetite. on silk Yellow. No.. on leather Eed. No. crimson. and sewing Alterative Balls. on leather " 222 221 224 217 Purple. Adhesive Plaster.. " Red. 218 223 219 220 216 215 Eggs • —Preserving. 1 2 3 4 516 539 504 523 491 277 278 279 280 281 No. 1. for pinks. Turmeric Yellow.. how to make " " Tin Liquor. " " Preserving. — — keep No. &c Tin Liquor. 178 196 Blue. on woollen . No. Preserving. on silk Yellow. how to Country. 2. No. 361 354 435 Anbury. " " Holland. " " Holland.14 INDEX. Turkey.'.

how to make Bone-Spavin Bote Bowels. after looseness balls. for wounds.INDEX. Broken knees 436 355 365 353 420 461 366 48 368 369 372 376 374 377 378 379 464 380 381 410 Broken wind Burns and Scalds Canker Canker. for worms Eyes Eye-Water. for an inflammatory fever Drink. Cough Corns Cough-drink. for horses Curb Cracked Heels Diabetes Diabetes. 2 Farcy Farcy. for sand-cracks Convulsions Convulsions. inflammation of. 1 Eye-Water. to stop . liniment for Canker in the mouth. to check over-purging Drink. 15 Keceipt HoRSE-BisEASES —Astringent drink.3 . for 427 Astringent profuse staling Bandage Bladder. balls for Drink. or cataract 383 428 384 385 386 389 390 426 431 439 391 392 457 394 395 429 39. mixture for Capped Hocks Cold Composition. No. No. cure for Fever-Balls Film. Inflamed Bleeding. to stop. a paste for Blood-Spavin Blue water. Bleeding in general Bleeding. clyster for 382 443 '.

cure for Gripes. for worms Quitter 434 424 405 430 423 425 433 440 470 433 Restorative balls a|ter jaundice . Foundered Feet Grease Gripes Gripes.. draught for. further treatment X. Horse-Diseases — Pood and Kegimen ".-. Gripes. white ball for Hoof-bound Horse-Poii'der. for fever Purging Purgative balls Purging-balls. Mallenders Mange Mange. liniment for Mange. Blistering Ointment. how to how to make make him drink freely Inflammation of the lungs 487 458 453 399 448 400 422 401 402 403 456 455 Lameness Lampass Laudanum draught Laxity Laxative and diaphoretic powder Lungs.r Beeeipt >. 447 398 13 Horse. Molten Grease Ointmint Ointment. 1 " Gripes. broken wind for broken wind 375 Physic Poll-Evil Powerful mixture. 2 Gripes. No. Green Paste-balls. No. . inflammation of. Fulness of blood '3. . 360 421 397 396 387 388 445 444 44S . for jaundice Purging-balls. for 1 worms : 438 404 357 367 '.16 INDEX. for 358 Pectoral balls. ^ \>. ointment for Mercurial ball.

cure for Treatment according to appearance of the part Urine-balls 452 417 450 418 370 371 419 45 Vives When on a journey Wind-gall Worms Worms. &c.. lotion for 486 363 Staggers Staggers. 143 U .INDEX. cheap " No. make Black writing. farrier's cure Ice-Ceeam —To cure. 1 Blue " No.. balls for 442 413 Strains in different parts. for profuse staling to 437 Ringbone Sallenders Salve. Wacing mixture for 460 459 Sprains. ointment for SitfastB 408 412 49 409 462 411 356 485 Sores and Bruises Sore Backs. how make for wounds Sand-crack Scratched Heels. or 414 415 bad coat Suppurating poultice 451 406 373 416 454 359 Treatment Thrush Thrush in feet. 17 Receipt Horse-Diseases —Restorative. without pickle —How to make how to 352 519 134 136 137 Inks-=— Black srriting. embrocation for Sprains. remedy for Wounds Wounds. an astringent embrocation for 463 Stomach-drink after expulsion of the worms 141 Strains Strangury Strangles Surfeit. cure for Sprains.. ointment for Wounds IIams in cattle. 2 Blue 38 .

Pork. excellent 548 517 513 138 597 . T. for painting kinds used in painting Faint. 2 Lard Candles How to make Lime-Watek How to make Milk How to preserve any length of time 142 :. 574 78 79 80 77 543 547 how to make . for' boiling varnish how to boil.. how to make Linseed-oil. B. Black Teeth. Hamilton's receipt Printers' Ink How to make — — Printing-ink. No. and Beef.18 INDEX. Hair-restorative Lotion for Freckles how to make Pomatum. 1 Eed writing. different names for Linseed-oil. Receipt Inks— Green writing 570 Indelible. outside. Cologne Gums and Hair-Oil Hair-Oil. or ox-marrow imitated Hair-Oil.. Teeth. 568 diflferent —How to take out of linen Painters—Colours. &c. how to make . shades 577 225 226 228 Colours used. ox-marrow Pomade against baldness Otto of Eoses. Soap. 139 135 141 Japan black writing Red writing. different 229 227 575 83 — Cologne. superior article 82 541 537 84 . how to make Cologne. No. Preventing hair falling out Soap. cheap Perfujiert. — — — 505 18 115 How Mildew to preserve . rose Tooth-Powder Pickle To cure Hams. excellent Hair-Grease. remedy for Oils. how to prepare. how to clean common Hair-Oil. " how to make best invented 588 542 564 538 572 573 81 Tooth-Powder. Shaving.

make how to preserve Fruit. &c. how to preserve 11& 118 Plums. No. 122 how to make. how to imitate.INDEX. 2 Sealing-Wax Black. —Red. " No.^ How to clarify Silk Stained by corrosive or sharp Silver How to write in Articles. No. how to preserve 520 124 503 125 500 501 117 How to keep Peaches. how to make " Sheep —Joot-rot. " Foot-rot. prevention and cure Maggots in Scab. Black. 3 " New England. 1 " " No. 2 No. cure for. 1 No. how to make to preserve 123 Blackoerry-Jam how Cucumber-Catsup. magnum-bonum Quinces. No. Foot-rot. 2 No. St. 1 No. cure for Sdgar-Colouring —How to boil liquors. 2 No. Cherries. stand. " " " " " " " No. —Barberries. England. 2 Jamaica. No. how to Currants. " " Croix. how to put up Rfu Jamaica. 1 No. how to . " Croix. Tomato-Catsup. 3 Foot-rot. " " Jamaica. how to clean — how to clean 598 — 599 576 563 Copper. elegant green Plums. 19 Roci?ipt Preservk*. 1 — — 270 283 284 292 287 288 289 290 593 594 595 473 474 475 476 478 477 343 100 New St. 2 499 502 578 586 Razor-Strop-Powder Rats Poison. 120 121 how to preserve Kaspberry-Jam Tomato-Catsup. how to keep fresh Fruit and Vegetables. " " 1 No. how to — make Rectifying Raw whiskey.

5 1 581 582 588 58t 58j By heat Plating fluid. " No. 4 No. German. No. fion and Leather. German. 3 No. No. how to imitate Pure.-. for plating copper. in fixed oil Harness. how to cure — — &c fire 492 489 565 490 56G 286 345 346 569 579 471 — Measles. Seed-lac Shellac make for how to make how to make for how to boil how to Steel.20 INDEX. Cardamom-seed Catechu 472 344 323 321 201 320 Cinnamon Cloves „ 326 Japonica 299 . 1 No. Kino 285 325 Bed Sanders Rhatany Saffron Varnishes Copal. how to cure with alum Common diseases. 2 No. gold colaur Copal. galvanism simplified Silvering of metal Solution. how to cure. brass. — Amber how " to boil. Soldering Iron or any other metal without Spirits Jamaica. German. make how to make . Leather. 2 Copal. German. Peceipt SiLTDR —German. for Linseed-Oil 322 323 236 230 231 232 235 240 524 241 243 237 233 234 . Copal. to dissolve. how — to Tinctures — Allspice. how to make Pure. how to make by distillation Swine Cholera. Eupturein Syrup Simple.

21 Keceipt Varnishes Sheet Iron Straw and Chip Hats Turpentine White. how to make — — 158 242 493 404 245 — 246 Whitewash Brilliant Wines Apple.INDEX. Madeira. 2 Xo. Elderberry. how to imitate 333 Currant Cypress Fining Lisbon. 1 No. how to make Leather preservative Shoes and Boots. Currant. how to malie — 250 249 238 239 154 145 151 — Common. How to make. " " " " 1 German. hard Vinegar Cider. or Venice Turpentine How to make Washing Occupying one hour Another receipt Water-Proof Leather. " " " " " " 156 150 157 Gooseberry. " " " No. How to make. 2 329 330 . :5 143J 144 145 147 No 4 how to make 152 153 Raspberry Sugar 350 149 148 155 increase sharpness Wine How to strengthen How to sharpen. Baisin No. How to make. how to make — — Blackberry. British " " Champagne 244 655 342 521 351 338 340 Bottling Cider Claret. No. Primrose. 339 341 how " to imitate 337 331 Madeira. How to make.

No. 1 No. 2 Scotch. with 349 i Monongahela. " No.. how to imitate " " " Beeeipt 332 327 328 336 334 335 273 274 275 271 Port. Wines —^Malaga. " " Monongahela. with hops. how to make. how " to imitate Teneriffe. Irish. " " ' Whisket —Apple. how to make.22 INDEX. how to imitate " " Bourbon. 347 How to make another 348 Beer. 1 No. how to imitate — . how to make. " 271} 276 " " 272 Wheat YfiisT Distillers' and Brewers'. 2 Backing Sherry. Port.

) put it into 1 quart of strong (or brewers') beer. he must not eat any pork. He can drink any kind of tea. 3 doses will be sufficient for a cure. also sober. Doctor Stoj/'s Cure for the Bite of a Mad Dog. boil to 1 pint. then stir into the tea 1 ounce theriac so that it will be well mixed. ^Por a man with a strong constitution.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. Take 1 ounce of jed chicken-weed. it down Strain the tea through a clean linen cloth. to be given warm. The patienlpought to fast three hours taken the medicine or overheat himself for two weeks. water and wheat bran. (gathered and dried in the shade during the month of June. ter. sober. and also for children in proportion. for at least a week or ten days. nor any fish or water. and he must not get angry morning the other half-pint. The theriac is not to be boiled. Dose. the medicine must be doubled and its food. For a person of a weak constitution. 33 . and must not drink any water. or breaid and molasses. For animals. one half-pint taken in the morning. and the next — after he has and butthen he can eat bread . .fowls. make 3 doses out of the aboTB-prepared quantity.1.

No.B. and stove for three weeks. twice a . distil in the sun or a — warm from 20 to 30 drops. in a small teaspoonful of strong vinegar. ^ pound alum. warm water. 2 ounces of garlic. 1 ounce castor. Doctor Stay's Simple Cure for Worms. No. 1 ounce maple-seed. prevent JJoclgaw.24 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Doctor Stop's celebrated Mother-Drops Take 1 ounce opium. fresh butter. will lie — ^For a strong constitution. strain it into the butter put it on hot and mix it well through. unsalted. i pound brimstone. to dry The charcoal them up. and mix thoroughly. Pulverize the above ingredients in a mortar. No. Mix Dose. to Doctor Sioy's Mortification-Powder. 3. Take J pound Put the 2. — is only used in case of wounds. then coals. 1 ounce saffron. Dose. N. ^For adults. garlic into a pint of . take as much as on a ten-cent piece. Take J pound gunpowder. all the above ingredients. 4. 1 ounce charcoal. 1 quart Lisbon wine. cut fine.

One teaspoonful. To children. twice a No. day. cleanse the kidneys. from 20 to 60 drops . make good Balsam-de-MaMa. and other complaints of the breast. It is said to ease the colic. give in proportion to No. asthmas. Simple Valuable Mother-Drops. ^ ounce hepatic aloes in powder. It is likewise employed internally to remove coughs. . — [f one dose does not allay the pains in half an hour. Put ligest . &c. Dose. for adults. Take J ounce 5. J ounce laudanum. or 60 drops. for chil- dren in proportion. This balsam. Dose. Or you may use it by taking the clear from the top as you want. cake another. all them the above ingredients into a bottle. ether.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. ana in the sun or near a stove for a week or two then strain the balsam. and to heal internal nally to heal recent ulcers. their age. 1 quart rectified spirits of wine. 25 aud for children from 5 to 10 drops. or rather tincture. day. Take 3 ounces powdered benzoin. JBToio to 6. well. is applied exter- wounds and bruises. ^ ounce essence of peppermint. —For adults. and shake it when it will be ready for use. 2 ounces balsam of Peru. Mix the above ingredients in a vial.

2o 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. . No. children. 7. Thompsonian Medieine. and anoint the corn with the salve.) J ounce of mint. J ounce Kussian castor. when it will be ready if you think proper. Take 1 ouuce Cayenne pepper. A cure for . Put a all into a bottle. warm stove for strain you can Dose. bruised. (alcohol. 1 quart brandy. and give in propor- No. 6. J ounce cloves. water. It will not fail to cure. Mow to make No. and distil in the sun or near . in 1 mix more you use warm gill or half teacupwater sweetened with sugar. or pour the it. to colour. To make good Essence of Peppermint. clear off as — One teaspoonful. Corns. 8. 9. . Mix and shake not clear. No. Take 1 pint spirits oil of wine. filter it it well let it through paper. bruised. if Add a little tur- meric. Take nightshade-berries boil them in hog's lard. ful of it. for adults. and. stand a day. J ounce mace. two weeks. Tor tion.

Take 3 cigars . 10. J pound cream of tartar. J pound saltpetre. powdered. 1 gill beef-gall. give every .600 MISCKLLANK0U3 VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 1 handful the inner 1 gill hog's lard. Take equal parts spirits of hartshorn and Or ox-gall mixed with it makes it better. 12. powdered. 27 No. tablespoonful three times a week. No.) 6 cents' worth lavender. to 11. anoint the part a few times a dav. day. bark of elder. Take J pound fcenugreek-seed in powder. and the animal is sick. mixed if with their feed. Mix. rub them fine. — ^1 the above ingredients thoroughly. Take 1 quart spirits of wine. ^ pound flour of sulphur. A certain and simple cure for Piles. Another. 12 drops winter-green. after becomes cool. (alcoliol. No. And a little alkanet. How to make Horse-Powder. Mix all Dose. ether. ^ pound antimony. and. To make a liquid to remove Grease-spots out of Woollen Cloth. Boil all No. to colour. clean Woollen Cloth. if you wish. 13. it the above ingredients together.

and wash the head with the liquid.) dissolve in warm water. put it in an earthen pot . pound cabbage. Take sweet oil. off". pour 2 or 3 quarts of pure water on it cover the pot . 18. How to make Lime -Water. skim off the and take the clear water for use. A simple cure for Take alum. Children. To keep it any length of time. "With children you must be careful that they do not scratch at the sore. 17. or else it will leave a mark. before going to bed. . No. Then take a feather and anoint the affected part. and drink it.. {Frost-bitten. as you would any other tea. and it Chilblain. No. 14. top. How to make a Tea for a Make a tea of Jerusalem oak. Sleepless person to Sleep. 28 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALVABLE KBCEIPTS. mix into it pulverized red chalk and white lead. 15. No. put it in bottles and seal them. Take J pound of unslaked lime . 16. A cure for Burning or Scalding. and tipply to the affected part. then skim it above the same as you would for eating. let it stand one day . A cure for Scabby Heads on Take J3oil the 1 1 pound pickled pork. No. which grows in the woods. No.

and lay it on 3 or 4 hours longer. No.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. glass Take one ounce of sulphuret »» . Take as much mustard as will make into a salve mixed with honey spread it on a rag. quart of on it a pour and bottle. No. and apply burn immediately. No. Another cure for Burns and Scalds. with a feather. Mix five No. 2. This is to harden the tender skin again. a large into sulphuret the Put druggist. 21. 29 No. make it . inside of elder-bark to and stew a salve in set put in beeswax enough make by until it gets cold. Obtain of potash. Tetter. If the sore is not dead. A cure for . Spread to the clarified it No. new salve. Linseed-oil equally as good. Then take the lard it . This is to heal the sore. Apply the mixture to the part and 4 ounces burned is or six times a day. and wash with after the wound is healed. A ijure for Burns and Scalds. Then take mullein and boil it in water. No. 20. honey upon a linen rag. Another cure for 22. 2. No. Don't let the sore get wet. and it will relieve the pain instantly and heal the sore in a very short time. 1. 1. a from it cold water. and lay it on the sore for 24 hours. Tetter.. 19. in a bottle 3 ounces of olive-oil of lime-water.

(soft. unsalted. Make it the third day after new moon. to prepare the For children of 12 years of age. don't let it boil. Care keep it closely corked. . dipping in it a soft sponge. \ pound fresh batter. take 2 eggs and half the quantity of the other articles. To use it. bathe the eruption with it five or six times a day. 1. . 1 tablespoonful cream of tartar. melt the butter on coal. the cure 3 fresh eggs. pulverized 1 large teaspoonful pulverized frankincense . No. Ringworm. For horses. 23. immediately apply the solution. or in the sun in . summer. Eub the diseased part with the salve at a warm stove.) stop it tightly. and Rheumatism. ^ gill oil of stone. J gill oil of spike. Persist. and in most cases it will soon effect a cure. take double portions salve. then pour the butter on the eggs stir them . 1 pint spirits of turpentine. into a cup. must be taken pour a little to and leave it to dissolve. Take the eggs and break them in an earthen pot. A never-failing Salve for Take of Tetter. and. and whip them up with a pine-wood shovel. 24.30 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. and it must be the first time used. A cure for the Swinney. Take No. Swinney. Should the tetter reappear in cold weather. then mix it with the mix it well then it is ready oil of stone and spike for use.

well then ready. and shake . ^ ounce laudanum. Take 1 ounce ounce 1 ounce 1 of spike. Mix these ingredients with the yolk of an egg. oil No. No. dipped in cold water. Another cure for the Swinney. 25. and anoint the diseased No. and stand in the sun four or five days. take a feather part. Take a feather ind grease the liseased part. of stone. To prevent Swelling from Bruises. and then anoint diseased part or sore. of juniper. Apply at once a cloth five or six folds in thickness. . the and work them well together. SI Mix let it it all the ingredients together in a bottle. and when it grows warm renew the wetting. spirits and one part of of hartshorn. 2. 26. 27. 28. A Liniment for Children's Sore Mix two parts of sweet oil Throat. Take 2 ounces emollient ointment.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. No. oil oil Mix all the above oils together. A Liniment for Piles.

B. after that take as it much morn- as will physic you once a day: take in the This cured a case of seven years' stand- ing. keep in'pure air. 1. don't eat too much. cure for Giddiness. Distil in the sun or a as warm as will stove a few days. &c. be prudent diet. 1 ounce simple cerate. Take 1 pound. (Ready. first day. 29. white w&x. With strict regard to these directions. No. Keep in the affected part well anointed. . heat. —^Yellow wax A will answer the same purpose. 30. To make Simple Cerate. — Take much and physic you tho- roughly the ing. salts. and stir it well until N. No. 2 scruples flour of sulphur. Take 2 ounces Epsom 1 ounce senna. Ointment for Piles. No.32 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE BECEIPTS. the dreadful complaint we have alluded to will depart and give you no more affliction. sober. No. Take 1 scruple powdered opium. 31. 1 pint wine.) Dose. 4 pounds lard or mutton-suet. your have abundance of exercise. Melt them with a gentle cool.

shake them well together in a wide-mouthed bottle so as to form a liniment. 1 drachm mj^rrh. then for use. bruised. 1 Distil in the sun or a 't is fit warm stove a few days. 1 drachm agaric. 1 drachm gentian-root. 7h make Life Tincture. or fresh-drawn linseed-oil. and lime-water. To make Godfrey's sassafras in Cordial.) It will soothe the pains in children. drachm zedora-root. 1 drachm nutmeg. —For adults. (alcohol. J)ose. Liniment for Bums. bruised. 1 teaspoonful (or 60 drops) in sugar. 33. 33 No. 1 drachm saffron. Take equal parts of Florence oil. mix the other ingredients . No.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. This is found to be an exceedingly proper appli- . bruised. 34. 32. No. mix 4 pounds of molasses with 1 gallon of when cold. (Ready. bruised. Dissolve J ounce opium and one drachm oil of two ounces spirits of wine. 2 drachms rhubarb.) Now with boiling water it. 9 drachms aloes.) Take 1 quart good whiskey. (A German Medicine.

. pound Strasbourg turpentine. 36. as much as you wish 2 ounces red saunders. To make German Bitters. Put all together in a bottle. 35. The dose when taken internally is from 2 scruples to 2 drachms foi adults. J pound yellow wax. Melt the wax with part of the oil over a gentle then add the remaining part of the oil and the turpentine afterward mix in the saunders. I No. pulv. the sun spoonful in the evening before going to bed take . haemorrhages. This balsam is recommended in erosions of the fire .34 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. J 6 drachms red saunders. ^ ounce chamomile-flowers. cinnamon and cloves 1 quart whiskey. intestines. internal bruises. and stove for one week. It cation for recent scalds or burns. and keep stirring them together till the balsam is cold. Locatellis Balsam. and in complaints of the breast. —1 table. may either be spread upon a cloth. Take \ pound gentian-root. 2 ounces bitter orange-peel. distil in or near a warm Dese. Take 1 pint olive-oil. dysenteiy. may be No. or the parts affected anointed with it two or three times a day.

stir it well. cold . and sweeten with loaf Dose. stir it well with a piece of cinnamonstick. Let it dissolve. Complaint. — ^For a child 1 to 3 years old. boil it three hours . it. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. To make Blue Ink. rhuliarb. It strengthens the stomach and gives vigor to the system. and is an excellent remedy for dyspeptic people. 1 teaspoonful five or six times a day. when it will be ready for ase. A cure far Summer Take f teaspoonful pulverized 1 teaspoonful magnesia. prepare food : Take a handful of flour tie it into a clean cloth . 37. blue. it substance and pulverize quantity of milk to put into . No. I received the above recipe thirty years ago. Take 1 ounce best Prussian IJ ounce oxalic 1 pint water.. Put it into a teacupful of boiling water. make it thin let it boil No. and take the hard white How to a sufficient one or two minutes . 85 or in water. 38. Then add 2 it tear spoonfuls of good brandy. take off the crust. . No. acid. 1. it is let it stand until sugar. and sweeten it with sugar. it clear. after it is cold.

J ounce cloves. according to the age of the patient. add 1 pint fourth-proof brandy. No. of each 1 ounce. for brown water. when cold. 1 ounce syrup of squill. This is used in all a valuable mixture. It is severe coughs frsim colds. Boil the above i^igredients together. Take 41. ^ ounce ground cinnamon. A cure "Warm in the . for Summer Complaint. sweetened with molasses or sugar.—^ to 1 drachm.86 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 6 ounces water. squill. 1 pound loaf sugar. No. . - J ounce nutmeg. No. 1 Cough-Mixture. Take J ounce paregoric. taken freely. No. To make Blackberry-Syrup. will in many cases remove cramp stomach when opium and other remedies have failed. Mix. 42. ground. Cramp in the Stomach. 40. grated. tincture syrup of of balsam of Tolu. tincture of bloodroot. ground. Dose. as often as will be necessary to effect a . J ounce allspice. No. whenever the cough severe. 39. is Dose. From 1 teaspoonful to 1 wineglassful. Take 2 quarts blackberry-juice. and pare- goric. 2 drachms antimonial wine. — cure. Cough^Drops. syrup of ipegacuanha.

Dose. 45. Take a teaspoonful night and morning. 2 is troublesome. these into a decanter with 1 pint of best brandy. this paste . 37 —2 teaapoonfuls every 15 minutes until the cough abates. shake Dose. warm fast- and at night Shake the mixture well before taking No. 2 drachms sulphuric drachms tincture of Tolu. No. and make a paste (jf and shut the jug close up wiland then. 1 tablespoonful grated orange-peel. Put place. going it. Take 1 ounce pulverized rhubarb. ing. and leave it in the oven until you take the bread out . when you put your bread in the oven. Dr. i:'ut all the above in a jug. Take 4 drachms paregoric. 1 pint vinegar. and keep in a to bed. 43. Monroe's Cough-Drops. A cure for the Dyspepsia. Take J pint honey. or when the cough ether. No. . then it is ready flour or chop-stuff. pulv. 3 tablespoonfuls elecampane-root. 1 ounce caraway-seed. it well together. —1 tablespoonful in the morning. Mix. put this jug in also. A cure for Qough. 3 tablespoonfuls ginger. 44.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

To make a Drawing Ointment. To make an Ointment to heal Wounds in Horses. stir it 3 or 4 times a day after it is settled. mallender. add 2 ounces sal ammoniac and 3 grains camphor. No.. broken heels. —1 teaspoonful two or three times a it. No. pour off the pure water. When all is well mixed. 47. sallenders. for use. earthen pot. Take and fry elder-root it the flesh. and preserve it in a gallipot. This ointment is very good for old and recent wounds. Dose. and the seed of Jamestown-weed It will draw any splinters out of or any thing else in man. whether in flesh or . bites. &c. disBolve the sal ammoniac and camphor in alcohol . 46. stir in 1 ounce of pulverized verdigris be careful that it don't boil over it ought to be a coal fire. day. Put into a well-glazed earthen vessel 2 ounces beeswax and 2 ounces rosin. put in \ pound hog's lard . keep stirring all the time with a clean stick. also galled backs. let Take 1^ pounds unslaked lime. Strain it through a coarse cloth. When this is melted. to this put 4 ounces turpentine . How to make Blue Water. it into an pour 2 quarts warm water on it let it stand 3 days .) . put . cracked heels. and as you can stand No. to cure Wounds in Horses. (glazed . 48. in lard. 88 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. : hoof.

and anoint the in a short time the wound with wound or scald will be healed. 1 ounce juniper-berries. the A Cure for Dropsy. Mix and let it remain 24 hours near the fire. Take 8 pounds ivory-black. No. and then pour on the of vitriol in small quantities at a time.B. . pour into it is it and stir it all the time until the it consistency of salve. put it in a copper vessel and miy well. and keep stirring until the boiling is over . No.) 1 pint fish-oil. (the cheapest you can get. 1. tlien strain it.—\ gill 3 seed. Another excellent Simple Salve for Wounds in Horses. 51. N. To make Oil-Paste SJwe-BlacUng. 2 pounds oil of vitriol. Dose. ivory-black. will have to use a stone or earthen pot. all together. 1 handful grated horseradish. it 39 stand 12 hours . 1 gallon molasses. then put it in boxes while it is warm. with the root cut fine. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. You of vitriol will cause the boiling. and the fish-oil oil thoroughly. as Take lime-water linseed-oil. No. oil —The No. in 1 gallon Take a stone jug and put good cider. much well as you will . 2 tablespoonfuls bruised mustard- J ounce squill.. shaking it often. 2 handfuls parsley. 49. Mix the molasses. 50.

No. Hamilton's Celebrated Vermifuge. 53. Eepeat the dose until a cure is effected.40 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 54. and take it clear. 2 ounces gum myrrh. 2 ounces senna. ou an empty stomach. Take as much as you can bear. Dose. much while taking the medicine. . No. 2 ounces caraway-seed. 2 ounces zadora-root. Take 1 pint best brandy. \ ounce oil of aniseed. Don't drink times a day. pulverized. i pound Baltimore wormseed-oil. Dose. 2. No. Another Ckcr&for Rheumatism. Mix It all will together. 4 ounces boletus of oak. 1. — always before meals. Eat dry meals. A Cure for Sheumaiism. when be ready for use. 2^ ounces pinkroot. 1 gallon rum.. 1 ounce gum guaiacum. and infuse for 8 or 10 days. Take 2 ounces centaury. Take \ gallon castor-oil. 52. — No. 2 ounces tincture of myrrh. 1 tablespoonfai. 1 ounce senna. Mix. No. 4 ounces canella alba.

into vials. It is used in inflammation of the eyes. 2 scruples sugar of lead. it is given. and shake it .B. 1 teaspoonful laudanum. to heat. so that the sediment N. Take 2 scruples white vitriol. then mix it with the above. - 41 Boil the pinkroot and senna together in 2 quarts of water.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. .Water. but should not be kept on above 3 or 4 hours at a time. so that it it shall be mixed thoroughly while you put Dose. or Eye . for a vial must always be well ia shaken before well mixed. To make Eye • Water. The morning and evening. enough to take the strength out then strain it through flannel boil the tea again down to half. It must be spread upon linen and applied to the eyes. Collyrium of alum : Take ^ drachm of alum. 55. Mix in \ pint rain-water. 56. and restrain the flux of humours. I myself paid 15 dollars for this recipe. was also sold to a party in this county (Lebanon) 100 dollars nearly 30 years ago*- — It foi No. 4« . Collyrium. well. and agitate it well together with the white of an egg. — 1 teaspoonful. No. child 3 years old.

No. ' speedwell. No. 58. let it One handful of m stand until milk-warm. Take lungwort. sarsaparilla-root. 59. and liquor. Dissolve the vitriol in the rose-water. watery. inflamed eyes. an earthen pot. then strain and bottle it close. . Dose. It is a useful application in filter tne weak. ^For an adult. let it boil 15 minutes.42 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECBIPTS. stir it every 5 minutes with a pine stick. A Cure for Consumption. Also eat every day spoonwort or water-cresses. 1 tablespoonful in the — morning. afterward.Complaint. every 3 hours. Vitriolic Cotlyrium. Take J drachm white 6 ounces rose-water. Don't eat pork or drink very sour vinegar. hart's tongue. or Eye -Water. Continue for some time. sober . A simple Cure for Liver. vitriol. 57. No. teacupful sweet fresh milk in the Take 1 tablespoonful pulverized charcoal and J morning and evening. (or pulmonary. each.) liverwort. well covered . Boil on a coal fire.

1 drachm oil of aniseed.600 MISCELLANKOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 1 1 drachm opium. 6 cents' worth saffron. 62. It is given to children against the chincough. 1 ounce cinnamon. give 1 tablespoonful of good brewers' yeast in 3 tablespoonfuls of sweetened water.^ (alcohol. Take 61. allay the tickling No. and at the same time it opens the breast and gives greater liberty to breathing. A Remedy for Purifying the Blood. in powder. It is gill in the morning and evening. for —\ warm stove for 5 or 6 days. and strain. A simple Oure for Scarlet Fever.) Digest for 10 days. Adults. 1 handful rosemary. ^ ounce mace. Distil in the sun or Dose. J ounce borax. drachm benzoic acid. S . 1 quart wine. in doses from 5 to 20 drops. 43 No. It contributes tt which provokes frequent coughing. Take J ounce cloves. 2 scruples camphor. 1 quart proof spirits of wine. For adults. from 20 to 100 drops. Paregoric Elixir. good women when their blood is out of order. No. 60.

throughout the entire disease. for several days. 65. The same will revive a person who seems almost dead from ful of salt is a heavy fall. and if the throat is much swollen. dilute.— 44 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. i Put upon which pour 1 pint best^French brandy. Cure for Diarrhoea. a teaspoon a certain cure. Use the above doses of yeast 3 times a day. In the violent interna aching termed colic. This remedy has been known to cure violent cases of diarrhoea. add a teaspoonful of salt to a pint of cold water. every case can be cured without leaving a pock mark. William Melds. and Nearly diet. 64. (allspice. and give a tablespoonful each hour. No. for adults. and go to bed. to keep the eruptions out of the skin. It is one of the speediest remedies known. gargle with yeast and apply to the throat as a poultJse plenty of catniptice. 63. A with sugar. sweeten into a bottle 3 ounces pimento. times a day. In many cases of disordered stomach. children. For No. Drink it. mixed with Indian meal. &c. No. . tea. A milk Cure for Small^Pox. Dr. Medical use of Salt.) —A wineglassful every hour for 3 hours. Dose.

. Eush found that two teaspoonfuls of salt completely stayed the blood. until cured. if sufficient sensibility remain to allow of swallowing if not.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. wash them twice a day with salt and water. rate degree. all bandages removed from the neck. twice a day. and a cool apartment procured. rubbed up with sugar in the same way that butter . if possible. and when other remedies failed. brine. A Take a Cure for the Group. warm salt and water hela to the salt will the lethargy. 66. In toothache. 45 In an apoplectic fit. the feet should be placed in warm water. Dr. but injurious if used much. wash the part with brine. the head must bo sponged with cold water until the sense returns. In many cases of severe bleeding at the lung. and removed two or three times. as large as a butternut. with mustard added. salt Salt will expel worms. if used in food in a and aids digestion. when completely restore the patient from In a fit. and drink it. will relieve it in most cases. and then bind on some salt with a rag. and the legs briskly rubbed. piece of fresh lard. K the teeth be covered with tartar. wash the mouth with part. modemeat is No. In swelled neck. If the gums be affected. no time should be lost in pouring down salt and water. also. In case of a bite from a mad dog. \yash the part with a strong brine for an hour.

and recommend it to any who may be troubled with that disagreeable ailment. will relieve any case of croup which is not already allowed to progress to and sugar are prepared dings." Public Ledger. old hog's same quantity. Said to be a certain Ckrefor a Felon. Advertiser. Y. divided into three parts. and a cure is cei-tain. 68. " Take a pint of air-slaked lime till ziers' putty. No. 1. No. This is of "West India (or a dose for adults.) Com. 1. common it is and stir in it of the consistency of glafill Make and a leather thimble. No. No. it with this composition insert the finger therein. A sure and simple Drink a Trinidad) gill Cure for Dysentery." Buffalo {N. 69. and change the composition once in twenty minutes. (or teacupful) molasses. on lard the . mix it well. Take bread dough the size of an egg. for the dressing of pudand given at intervals of twenty minutes. soft soap. 67. and apply it to the sore. No. " We happen to know that the above is a certain remedy. the fatal point.— 46 — 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. children in proportion. and spread it white leather. To cure the Cancer.

47 No. . and a Take pulverized alum and fish-worms smashed. No. Another Ourefor Cancer. To polish Brass. 6 heads red pepper. Take 6 and cents' worth sour salts. No. Infuse for 3 or 4 days in the sun or warm stove. No. strain the liquor. Mo. No. and wheat flour. 3 handfuls salt. 2 ounces cloves. 70. 72.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and honey. No. 73. vinegar. To cure Rheumatism. and olive-oil. pulverized. and make a plaster by mixing it all together . 2 ounces camphor. 3.' Take 1 quart spirits of wine. Take alum. and bathe with it. equal quantities. 3. soft water. salve made like a plaster and put on the sore. renew every twelve hours. and pumice-stone mix all together. 2. 7L Another for Cancer.


48
600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

No. 74.
To cure White
Swelling.

Take

1 handful sarsaparilla-root. 1 handful sassafras-root.

1 handful dittany. 3 quarts water.

Boil dow[n to one-half.
sober, 1 gill until
it is all

Dose.
used.

—Every

morning,

While taking the above
following salve
:

internally,

make

the

Take 2 quarts cider. 1 pound beeswax. 1 pound sheep tallow, (suet.) 1 pound smoking-tobacco.
Boil this well, and then put
plaster is put on,
it on the sore like and renew whenever you think

proper.

No. 75.

A certain
Take

Gurefor

Golds.

1 teaspoon flaxseed. 1 ounce liquorice.
\

pound

raisins.

Put the above articles into 2 quarts of water, and boil it down with a slow fire to one-half; then add \ pound rock-candy pounded fine, and add 1 tablespoonful lemon-juice. Dose. | pint on going to bed, and take a little when the cough is trouble

some. This receipt generally cures the worst of colds in 2 or 3 days. It is a sovereign balsamic cordial for
the lungs.

600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

49

No. 76.

A
Take a
it

Ckre for ingrowing Nails on Toes.

heat

little tallow and put it iuto a spoon, and over a lamp until it becomes very hot then pour it on the sore or granulation ; the effect will be almost magical. The pain and tenderness will at once be relieved. The operation causes very little pain if the tallow is properly heated perhaps a
; ;

repetition

may

in

some

cases be necessary.

No. 77.
To make a very superior Hair- Oil.

Take half an ounce of alkanet-root, which may be bought for a few cents at the druggist's. Divide this quantity into four portions, and tie up each portion in a separate bit of new bobinet or clean thin muslin. The strings must be white for instance, coarse
:

white thread or fine cotton cord. Take care to omit any powder or dust that may be found about tL alkanet, as if put in it will render the oil cloudy and muddy. Put these little bags into a large tumbler or a straight-sided white-ware jar, and pour on half a pint of the best fresh olive-oil. Cover the vessel, and leave it untouched for three or four days or a week, being careful not to shake or stir it; do not press or squeeze the bags. Have ready some small clear glass vials, or a large one that will hold half a pint. Take out carefully the bags of alkanet and lay them in a saucer. Tou will find that they have
coloured the
oil to

a beautiful crimson.

Put into the

W

50

600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.
vial a small portion

bottom of each
J v/U

of any perfume

fancy

:

for instance, oil of orange-flowers, oil of
oil

jessamine,
violets.

of roses,

oil

of pinks, extract of

cinnamon, bergamot, lavender, orange-peel, lemon, &c.) are not good for the hair, and must not be used in scenting this oil. Having put a little perfume into the vials, pour into each through a small funnel suffi-

The pungent

oils (cloves,

cient of the coloured olive-oil to

fill

them
tie

to the

neck.
bit of
oil,

Then cork them

tightly,

and

a circular

white kid leather over the corks.
into a saucer or

To

use this

(observing never to shake the bottle,) pour a

little

some other small

vessel,

and

with the finger rub it into the root of the hair. The bags of alkanet may be used a second time.

No. 78.
Another Hair- Oil.

A very excellent hair-oil, which answers
mon
purposes,
is

all

com-

made by mixing 1 ounce of brandy

with 3 ounces of sweet oil. Add any scent you prefer ; a selection can be got at the drug-store.

No. 79.
i

Another

excellent Hair-Oil.

Take 1 quart
1 ounce

olive-oil or fine lard-oil.

2j ounces spirits of wine.

cinnamon powder.

5 drachms bergamot-oil.

it

Heat them together in a large pipkin, then remove from the fire, and add four small pieces of alkanet-

600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.
root
it
;

51

keep it closely covered for 6 or 8 hours, let then be filtered through a funnel lined with

blotting or filtering paper.

No. 80.
To make Imitation of Ox-Marrow Hair-Grease.

Take
any
3'ou

fresh hog's lard,
;

and melt

it

on a stove

in

tin vessel

when

melted, add such fine
it

oil as

wish to perfume

to your fancy, such as ex-

tract of violet, oil of orange-flowers, oil of jessaoil of roses, oil of pinks, kc. The quantity you must use will depend on the quantity of lard you use. And to make it a bright yellow, take a little turmeric and boil it in a little lard, so that tbe

mine,

colouring, will be extracted; strain

it,

and pour

it

into

your scented lard

as

much

as will give the desired

colour ; this must be done when the scented lard is milk-warm, and must also be well mixed. Then pour it into wide-mouthed vials, such as are used for ox-marrow. Keep the vials well corked. To make it a purple colour, take a little alkanet-root, and proceed the same as with the yellow.

No.

81.

To make Rose Tooth Powder.

Take

3 ounces prepared chalk.
\

I
I

ounce cinnamon, ground. ounce orris-root, pulverized. ounce rose-pink.
it,

Make
(Keady.)

all

very fine by pulverizing

and mix.

52

600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

No. 82.
To make very
nice Cologne.

Take 2 drachms
2 drachms

oil
oil

of lemon. of rosemary,

1 2 10 2 10

drachm oil of lavender. drachms oil of bergamot. drops oil of cinnamon.

drops oil of rose. drops oil of cloves. 8 drops tincture of musk. 1 quart alcohol, (or spirits of wine, j

Mix

all

together,

and shake
older
it

well,

when

it

will be

ready to use.

The

gets, the better.

No. 83.

A remedy for Black
verize

Te^ih.

Take equal parts of cream of tartar and salt pul. Then wash your teeth ia it, and mix it well. the morning, and rub them with the powder.
;

No. 84.

How

to

clean the Teeik

and Gums.
fine

Take 1 ounce myrrh, in

powder.

2 tablespoonfuls honey.

A little green
Mix them gums with a
little

sage, in very fine powder.

well together, and wet the teeth and every night and morning.

600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

63

No, 85.

A Lip-Salve.
Take 2 ounces
oil

of lemon.

1 ounce white wax. 1 ounce spermaceti.

Melt these ingredients, and while warm add 2 ounces rose-water, and J ounce orange-flowei" water. These make Hudson's cold cream, a very excellent

article.

The

lips are liable to excoriation

often extend to considerable depth.

and chaps, which These chaps

are generally occasioned

by mere

cold.

The above

salve will be found efficacious in correcting these
evils.

No. 86.
(To

make

Cottage Beer.

peck good sweet wheat bran, and put it good hops boil the whole together in an iron, brass, or copper kettle, until the bran and hops sink to the

Take
;

1

into 10 gallons of water, with 3 handfuls of

through a hair sieve, or a \*^hen it is about lukemolasses. As soon as the warm add 2 quarts of whole into a 9 or the molasses is melted, pour
bottom.
strain
it

Then

thin sheet, into a cooler,

and

10 gallon cask, with 2 tablespoonfuls of yeast. When the fermentation has subsided, bung up the cask, and in 4 days it will be fit for use.

put in ^ pint of good ale yeast. and then 8 gallons more boiling hot add 1 gallon molasses. To make Imperial Ginger Beer. the liquor bottled. Mix. . and it will may be immediately and packed in sawdust be ripe and fit to drink in two tied. 89. Take 1 pound cream of tartar. days. until it. and to ferment . and J pound essence of spruce when nearly cool. 87. No. Bottle. ground. 2 ounces ginger.• let it stand a few hours. 1 pint molasses. 1 pint yeast. Pour 8 gallons fresh water into a barrel. To make good Ginger Beer. set it in a cool place in No. . After which. 1 spoonful cream of tartar. it liegins : 8 hours it then bottle will be good. 6 gallons water. drachm essence of lemon. 88. . Take 1 spoonful ground ginger. J pint yeast. This must be well leave the bung out 2 or 3 stirred and well mixed . 7 1 pounds white sugar. 6 quarts cold water.54 600 MISCELLVNEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Brown Spruce Beer. No. and tie the corks 3own. well corked and or sand. weeks.

4 gallons water. then take 3 quarts of the above cold water and make it boiling hot . and such spices as you wish . put into this boiling water the other IJ pints of molasses. 1 ounce ginger. And it such spices as you wish. 1 quart yeast.. to take the strength out of the hops. 1 handful hops. and strain the hops out of the liquor. after this put the cask into a tub of fresh . 91. and when fermented bottle it No. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS. 90. gallons cold water. and mix well with the yeast. Then take 1 J pints of the above molasses. or near to a warm stove. and spices until it is milk-warm then boil the above handful of hops in water. 1 cupful good yeast. To make White Spruce Beer. little lemon-peel. about five or six hours . al. 3 pints molasses. and bung it tight . then put the cask in the sun. together. \ pound essence of spruce. molasses. How Take 4 to make Gas Beer. 55 No. A Mix close. then take some more of the above cold water and cool down the boiling water. Take 8 pounds loaf sugar. Then put all together into a strong cask.

and in 24 hours it will be good. cloves. or will burst. . and a little rosemary. with ^ cup Bottle. 2 pounds white sugar. Let it boil 1 . well beateu. 93. and J ounce essence of winter-gr^en. mace. and add to it ^ teaspoonful of baking-soda. Take 2 ounces tartaric acid. No. from the brewer stir it well. Take 12 gallons water. ginger. flour. hour then add cinnamon. The Boil all juice of half a lemon. Keep In 24 hours it the time closed up it tight. . together five minutes when nearly cold. 92. No. . Drink it fresh. When cold. add one spoonful of yeast. 6 eggs. add the whites of 3 eggs. the cask all be ripe. Take 2 teaspoonfuls of this syrup for a tumbler of water. the glair only. To make Oream Beer. jBow) to make Mead. You must take a very strong cask. 3 pints water. 3 or or cold water will 4 hours.68 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLB^iaECEIPTS. 20 pounds honey.

95. and the acid in 2 gills in another glass. ^ fluidounce essence of lemon. pour them together. and the rest of the water. Dissolve the soda in 2 gills of water in one glass. When cold. with a lump of very refreshing. Sow to make Ginger Beer Powders.. Take 1 ounce and 54 grains (apothecaries') bicarbonate of soda. 57 No. Take 10 pounds white sugar. Then take 1 ounce tartaric acid. the lemon-juice. 11 ounces ginger. and divide into 16 papers . Two of those papers will make a pint of beer. No. Ginger Beer —a pleasant beverage. 9 fluidounces lemou-juice. and strain through a cloth. How Take 2 to make Ginger-Pop. 84. which powder divide into 16 parcels. (boiling .) mix 2 ounces ground ginger and the peel of 2 lemons. (ground. and a drachm of white sugar. and do it up in separate papers. gallons hot water. and swallow quickly. 1 pound honey. it may be bottled of this on a hot day. No. add the white of an egg. reduce it to powder. 1 teaspoon- .) Boil the ginger in 3 gallons water for J hour then add the sugar. ice in is After standing 4 days. 96. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. A glass it. off. to each paper add 5 grains ground ginger.

. and put in each tumbler 1 tablespoonful of the syrup. Then put in the other part of the 2 lemons. 3J pounds white sugar. and when cold strain it tartaric acid. a cheap beverage. 97.) is. and 1 drachm Stir it well. a large earthen pan or crock. and the glair of 4 eggs. from each bottle of the fresh cold water.) Transfer it to clean cork it tightly. No. 98. well beat up . Take 2 pint tumblers. a temperance drink. to use with it. 1 tablespoonful flour. Cinnamon and cloves to your taste. then mix in 1 into drachm essence of bottles. and fill them half full with pour it together into one tumbler. 2 pounds white sugar . let this stand until milk-warm. To prepare a glass of it for drinking. (it sassafras. 3 gills molasses. 4 tablespoonfuls yeast. IJ pounds brown sugar. and put it into a bottle. (that syrup. mix all the above well together. and keep it in a cool place. 1 quart water. and then add 3 ounces tartaric acid to the other part of the syrup. How Take to make Silver-top. Sassafras Mead. and bottle it also. 1 teaspoonful lemon-oil. Superb. pour a little will fill 2 or 3 . Have ready a box containing about J pound carbonate of soda. Then divide the syrup. No.58 ful 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS cream of tartar. with the white of 5 eggs. 1 teaspoonful saleratus. to clear. Stir gradually with 1 quart boiling water. and add 4 ounces carbonate of soda into one part.

You may lay a thin slice of fresh pineapple into each tumbler before you pour out the infusion. and then add sufficient cold fresh water (ice-water. No. (loaf sugar to 12 .) set it over the fire to dissolve pounds sugar thus prepared. Then transfer the infusion to tumblers. beat up an egg very well. 100. The second time boiling. and immediately foam up to the top. and sprinkle powdered white sugar among them pour on boiling water in proportion of J gallon of water to each pineapple cover the pitcher. and cut them into thin slices then cut each slice into small bits put them into a large pitcher. and let the pineapples infuse into the water till it becomes quite cool. to get much juice as possible. set it away to cool. stir into it a small quantity of soda. To make PineappU-ade. sugar. No.. down out as the pineapple occasionally with a spoon. as it boils up. . When the liquid has grown quite cold. set the pitcher for a while in ice. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALrABLB EECEIPTS. and put into each glass a lump of ice. put in when cold. 99. stirring and pressing . . if glass . stop up the spout with a roll of soft paper. and. ripe pineapples. How Take J pint water to darify Sugar. to 1 pound . add some more sugar. . Pare some fresh. check it with a little cold water. you have it will it) to half fill the give it a stir. 59 of the mead or syrup into a tumbler .

by Before cutting an iced cake. The appearance of the cake will be . and turn the syrup off quickly. after the first is per- and the second the next day. is taken out of the oven. soon after it is drawn from the oven. skim the top. 101. Allow for the white of 1 egg. add a teaspoonful of lemon-juice. No. much improved by icing it twice. Allow the whites of 3 eggs for 2 commonsized loaves. or of the powder blue. Beat the whites of eggs so stiff they will adhere to the bottom of the plate on turning it upside down then stir the sugar in gradually with a wooden spoon.60 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECBIPTS. and set in a cool place till hard. Stir in a few grains of cochineal-powder.) smooth it over. In a quarter of au hour. or vinegar. dredge it all over with flour. if you wish to colour pink . both powdered and sifted through a very fine sieve. if you wish to have it of a bluish tinge. (it may be either warm or cold. leaving the sediment which will collect at the bottom. stirring constantly about fifteen minutes. Put on the first icing soon after the cake fectly dry. by pressing the back of the knife nearest the blade-end across the cake. . Before icing a cake. the icing may thus be spread on more evenly. 9 large teaspoonfuls of double-reflued sugar. and then wipe off the flour. For frosting Cakes. cut the icing first. to prevent the cracking and breaking of the icing. and 1 teaspoonful of nice Poland starch. or rose-pink. itself. and a little rose-water. Lay the frosting on the cake with the knife.

gradually. and add the milk. as light as possible. To make Lemon. and sift in.Cakes. and 1 gill of cream. Take 1 teacupful of butter. 1. or well-prepared currants. add the juice and grated peel of 1 lemon. then sifted flour. 4 teacupfuls of flcur. No. Much improved by icing. Bake in 2 long about half an hour. and 1 pound of stoned raisins. Sponge. dissolve a teaspoonful of saleratus in a teacupful of milk. . and the whites of the 5 eggs tins . . No. 104. and f of a pound of butter. Bake immediately. jolks of 5 eggs well beaten .Cake.Cake. and spices to the taste and then add the whites of the 5 eggs. rub th«> butter and sugar to cream. rub them to a and 3 of powdered cream stir into them the . 103. beaten to a flour. with part of the flour. loaf sugar . 61 No. 1 pound of sugar. 1 gill of wine. 102. Take 1 pound of sifted flour. 1 gill of brandy. half a Spicerit with a pound nutmeg or grated rind of lemon. Beat well together the yolk of 10 eggs with 1 and th(m stir in the whites. beaten to a stiff froth. Queen. . stifi" froth. add the well-beaten yolk of 5 eggs.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. stir in. Beat the whole 10 pound white powdered sugar or 15 minutes. with the remainder of the No.

This quantity will be Bake. mixed. While Lemon. How Take thin . No. 1 pint milk. 4 eggs. suffi- . flour. 12 drops essence of lemon. 1. add 12 ounces sugar. 1 cient for 3 pies. The ingredients should be mixed into a paste. add 1 cup raisins. Rub with a gentle heat. Bake. 4 cups water. ounce soda. 10 ounces butter. and 2 drachms carbonatfe of ammonia. 106. cut in cakes. again mould and sponge upon tin. 1 ounce cloves. and 3 eggs. 1 cup molasses. Strasbourg. mix it when light.Cake. (grated. half a nutmeg. with 1 cup good cider-vinegar. 10^ make Mock Mince-Pks. How Mix to No. well together 6 punces butter. No. 105.Cake. 1^ cup breadcrumbs. rolled out about as thick as a silver dollar. 10 ounces butter. No. To 1 pound flour. 1 pound pulverized sugar.) and an equal quantity of ground cinnamon. when risen. 1 cup sugar. or mace and cinnamon. teacupful yeast. IJ pounds add J pint (well beaten) eggs. add 10 ounces pulverized sugar. 107. 2 eggs. flour sufficient to make it as stiff it as bread.62 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE EECEIPTS. 1 No. and baked on buttered tins. with as little handling as possible. to bake Rusks.

Cakei.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and bake. with undercrust. (white. and bake ijja quick oven 20 minutes. 1 pound loaf sugar. J pound and cinnamon. cloves pound sugar. sanded on them. and 4 tablespoonfula rose-water. quantity of either coarse or fine wheat flour . To make Indian Biscuits. 2 teaspoonfuls soda. Divide into 4 pies. Take 2 pounds flour. or frost them. UO. Take ding 1 quart of cold Indian mush. 109. add milk or sweet cream sufficient to make the mush thin. then mix the flour. Grate the peels of 4 lemons. 112. into the grated peel. and add the lemon. just as you put them into the oven. pound flour. Cider-Gake. 68 No. and squeeze the juice Then take 9 eggs. No. leaving out half the whites. with or Bake. Mow Take 1 to bake Sugar. J pound Mix and drop them on tins. 1 butter. bake Lemon Pies.) ^ pound butter. y How to No. •without fruit. and beat them well together. . 1 pint cream or milk. say ^ pint . and make up into biscuits as soft as you can well handle them. 5 eggs. put sugar. or hasty pud- put it into a pan containing about the same . lU. f pound sugar. No. 1 pint cider. and butter.

According to Mr. — all beaten together with » much spice as you please. worth annisled.64 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 1 cent's ful ginger. -• sm No. To make Custards without Hggs. it is only necessary to dissolve the powder in a etifficient quantity of water. Kirkoff". 1 cup butter. No. 1 quart molasses. invented fire. Take as 3 cups sugar. 2 teaspoonfula soda. Mix and bake. The milk should . season with Take 1 quart new milk. « Ginger-Cakes. This powder is to be kept in bottles carefully stopped. and add salt to your taste. tablespoon fuls sugar. 1 cent's worth saleratus. 2 nutmeg or cinnamon. No. 116. by a Russian chemist new milk and very slowly. Take 114. until it is reduced to a dry powder. 5 cups flour. ^ pint thick milk. the milk does not lose by this process any named Kirkoff. consists in evaporating by a very gentle of its peculiar flavour. No. 113. "When it is to be employed. Cup-Cakes. 4 tablespoonfuls flour. 115. 1 cent's worth pearlash. 3 eggs. 1 teacupThicken with flour. | pound fresh lard or butter. process. How This to preserve Milk for any length of time.

add the sugar. To preserve Plums an Take 8 pounds double-refined sugar. and deservedly prized by every one who has tried it. fllowly green . when at boiling- point. elegani green. No. the flour should be added. been alum has change the water necessary. It is worth trying. is one of the best methods of making them keep through the summer unfermented. Then set the whole on the fire. be placed over a quick stirred fire. 118. dissolved in 1 quart of water and nicely skimmed. set Take the plums they must be a beautiful grass-green . 65 and. It is said that to set newly-made preserves for several days open in the sun. in a brass kettle on a hot dissolved. and they will be very glasses for use. being previously up in cold milk. whilst a pin will pass through covered with water in which a little them.. X . 117. then. No. This is an excellent dish. How to keep Preserves or Jellies. It may be baked either in cups or crust. peel them and coddle again take 8 pounds of this fruit to the above sugar after it has been . skimming them put them up in often. and soon as thoroughly salt. to boil. to coddle. 8 pounds of the fruit prepared. if you prefer. until clear. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. As scalded. spice. them. If hearth.

2 oranges. then the preserving-kettle and boil slowly. 12 pounds loaf sugar. The white into a clingstone is the nicest. required quantity of peaches in a nice stone jar. No. 120. having the . Take 12 pounds plums. If the plums are not peeled. and the skin pricked with a needle. put into a well-tinned kettle. and slice up the 2 oranges nicely. until they look clear and the syrup adheres to Take 2 pounds of the . break the sugar slightly. until the fruit looks clear. Peel and drop pan of water.) with 1 quart of water and the lemons let it scald. (brass will do if nicely cleaned. if preferred. 10 pounds loaf sugar. No. put all into and boil down the syrup and pour over the fruit. and dip in water quickly. cut up 2 lemons.66 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. they must be nicely drained from the rest of the syrup. skim them. syrup . Take 10 pounds nicely-peeled peaches. sugar. dissolve the rest of the sugar by taking the large cakes. take out the peaches. closely covered then. To f reserve Peaches. 119. To preserve Magnum Bonum Plums. and. let it stand over night. to a proper consistence. and skim. Do them gently. . and instantly bring out. pour the syrup over . and make a weak then pour it boiling upon the fruit let it remain over night. .

and simmer to a fine jam. raspberries. These plums will ferment if not boiled in two syrups. put it with a quart of water into the kettle. 67 them. cut open on one side. until the juice is nearly wasted then add the sugar. let it boil. take of£ the skin. Put them one by one into small pots. . Take their weight in double-refined sugar. and boil the juice sufficiently.. No. and skim until very clear then put in your quinces. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. is an improvement. and stir constantly. and pour the liquor over. keeping them as whole as possible. put them into a bell-metal kettle. 122. Ko. Let them boil in the syrup half an hour. put over the fire. Take 1 peck of the finest golden quinces. and take out the core. Put the fruit into a nice kettle over a quick fire. 121. 2 oranges cut up thin and put with the fruit. then pour it over the fruit. then with your fruit-ladle take out the fruit.. In this way the jam is greatly superior to that which is made by putting the sugar in first. Sow to preserve Quinces. Mow to make Raspberry Jam. Take 6 pounds nicely-picked 6 pounds loaf sugar. . then take them out with a fork into an earthen dish when sufficiently cool to handle. and boil until done soft. cover with cold water.

6 pounds sugar. melt some sugar in it. How to "preserve Cherries. it cool . Take 4 quarts juice of 8 pounds sugar. Take 8 pounds cherries. Put the the sugar fruit and sugar into ajar. then put in the cherries. take them off two or three times and shake them. boil softly but steadily . then the rest boil and skim. . currants. How to make Currant Jelly. and let fbr use. (Loaf is the beat. barberries. 123. and cover them close. take it out with a skimmer. "When the fruit looks clear. . and the fruit soft let them remain all night. jar in a kettle of boiling water is let it boil until . and boil them 15 minutes then pot. dissolved. Next day put them into a preserving-pan.68 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE REQEIPTS. Then take and boil . and boil the syrup until it will not spread on a china plate then . How to preserve Barberries. then put it in pota No. and set them by the next day. 125.) . 124. No. as soon as cool. 1 quart water. and put them on again then let them boil fast. No. Take 6 pounds nicely-picked 6 pounds loaf sugar. return the fruit. and place the .

8 eggs. a little it lemon-peel shred fine . put into the hoop or pan. No. put them. slice the bread thin as possible. butter. . and J pound candied lemon-peel. and grated nutmegs. then put into glasses. 126. 1 penny loaf of bread. quite light. and to every quart put 2 pounds sugar together 15 minutes. Jake 1 nutmeg. 69 currants should be used as soon as they are a light red. How to make Bread Cheese-CdKes. currants. grated. beat well. work in \ pound flour . cook. 127. Scald the cream. .for an hour. like a fine thick till Beat 1 pound butter in an earthen pan until it is cream then beat in 9 whole eggs . stem and all. and rose-water add the cream and broad. Mow to make a Plain Pmmd^Cake. and bake in patty-pans on a raised crust . into ajar. A pound plum-cake is made the same with putting IJ pounds clean washed currants. and bake it. . and pour the cream boiling on to it let it stand 2 hours. boil No.600 SUSCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Beat together the eggs. 1 pint cream. J pound J pound butter. then squeene the oi' The juice. Put in a glass of brandy. 1 spoonful rose-water. place that in boiling water.

add the powdered sugar. with six heat. Put them into a hoop. put in \ pound of ground rice. 2. paste to the whites. beat them well together in a pan with a round bottom.' the raspings and juice of four lemons . 129. for half an hour. sheets of paper under them. and set them in a quick oven for half an hour. and bake them in small oval tins. .70 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KBCEIPTfl. or to take out the biscuits. and sift mix it very light. a . 128. the juice. 2 tablespoonfuls of rose-water. the lemon-rasping. No. Take 1 pound of sugar. When well mixed. in a moderate it will prove difficult nice if well made. then add the whites of 7 eggs well beaten. No. 14 eggs. Lemon-Ckkes. f pound of flour. but very lightly and even. when they will be properly done. till it becomes quite light. previously well Put whiskea about. in the biscuits. No. Butter the tins well. the. and the rinds of 2 lemons grated . and stir the whole together for a quarter of an hour. with a whisk little Beat the yolks of 15 eggs for nearly half an hour mix well with them 10 ounces of fine sifted loaf sugar. orange-water or brandy. and the rose-water. when the yolks are well beaten up and separated. which will be exceedingly Ice them previous to baking. Bke-Gakes.

No. As soon as they are coloured they will be sufficiently baked . and with a spoon drop the froth in little lumps on it near each other sift a good quantity of sugar over them. froth to rise. stir it . 130. shake in gently a spoonful of double-refined lay a wet sheet of paper on a tin. and as the bottom be- gins to change colour turn them on the other side. lest the froth should fall and every white of an egg grate the rinds of 2 lemons. Beat the whites of 9 eggs to to a stiff froth . the first made will be ready for baking. an up and pull it into small pieces make them up in the hand like balls. and lay flannel over them while rolling to keep them warm. and dry them in a cool oven. set them in an oven after the bread is out. gently with a spoon. The dough should be closely covered up the whole it mix the dough well. ^ How Mix a gill to make Muffins. . 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and a little salt. lay them by two bottoms together on a sieve. 71 No. then strain the liquor into a quarter of a peck of fine flour. and set it to i-se for hour. that are when the whole is rolled into balls. . Oream-Cakes. When they are spread out in the right form for muffins. which will occasion the sugar sifted fine . with \ pint of good yeast. of fine flour.. 1^ pints of warm milk and water. 131. then roll time . stir them together for a quarter of an hour. lay them on tins and bake them. and close up the mouth of it.

add \ pint of yeast. Beat up 7 eggs. then brush them with very fine warm milk. 133. if they rise before the fire are made with caraway-seeds. How Rub 4 ounces salt. cover over with flannel. and a spoonful of ginger put some warm milk or cream to 4 tablespoonfuls of mix all together into a paste. Haw to bake Busks. 2. No. a dessert-spoonful of caraway-seeds. put them into the oven to brown a little. work it well. These cakes when first baked are very good buttered for tea . and 3 ounces of sugar. in which \ pound of butter has been melted. set them before t)ie fire for a quarter of an hour. add more flour to make it a little stiffer. then make into buns. mix them with J pint of warm new milk. little . a 4 ounces of sugar. put them gradually into as much flour as will make a light paste nearly as thin as batter . but not too yeast stifi". . and flatten them.72 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS No. . of butter into 2 pounds of flour. let it an hour. 132. When baked and cold. cover it over and set it before the fire an hour to rise . put them on a tin. No. and bake them of a nice brown in a moderate oven. to make common Buns. and divide it into small loaves or cakes about five or six inches wide. they eat very nice cold.

600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

73

No. 134.

How

to

make

Ice-

Cream.

Take of new milk and cream each 2 quarts, 2 pounds pulverized sugar, and 12 eggs dissolve the sugar in the milk, beat the eggs to a fi'oth, and add to the whole strain, and bring to a scald, but be careful not to burn it when cool, flavor with ex; ;
;

tract

of vanilla or

oil

of lemon.

Pack the
and

tin
salt,

freezer in a deep tub, with broken ice

whirl the freezer, and occasionally scrape

down from

the side what gathers on.

The

proportions are one

quart of salt to everv pail of

ice.

No. 135.

How

to

make Japan Black Wntivg-Tvk.

In 6 quarts of water boil 4 ounces of logwood in
chips cut very thin across the grain.

The

boiling

may be

continued for nearly an hour, adding, from time to time, a little boiling water to compensate Strain the liquor while for waste by evaporation.
hot, suffer

to five quarts

and make up the quantity equal by the further addition of cold water. To this decoction put 1 pound of blue galls coarsely bruised, or 1^ pounds of the best galls, in sorts, 4
it

to cool,

^

ounces of sulphate of iron calcined to whiteness, ounce of acetate of copper, previously mixed with the decoction till it forms a smooth paste, 3 ounces of coarse sugar, and 6 ounces of gum Senegal or arabic. These several ingredients may be intro-

duced one

after another, contrary to the advice of

some, who recommend the gum, &c. when the ink is nearly made. The

to be

added

composition

;

74

600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

produces the ink usually called Japan ink, from the high gloss which it exhibits when written with, and a small vial of it has been sold for 12 cents. The above ink, though possessing the full proportion of
every ingredient
fection of ink,

known

to contribute to the per-

y^ill

not cost more to those

pare

it

for themselves than the

who precommon ink which

can be bought by retail. When gum is very dear, or when no very high gloss is required, 4 ounces will be sufficient, with 1^ ounces of sugar. By using only | pound of galls to 4 ounces sulphate of iron, uncalcined, omitting the logwood, and acetate of copper, and the sugar, and using only 3 ounces gum, a good and cheap common ink will be
obtained.

No. 136.

Sow
boil slightly or

to

make Black Ink.

Take 1 pound logwood, and 1 gallon of water simmer in an iron vessel one hour
stir

dissolve in a little hot water 24 grains bichromate

of potash, 12 grains prussiate of potash, and
into the liquid while over the fire
;

take

it

off

and

strain it through a fine cloth. K'o other ink will stand the test of oxalic acid, and it is so indelible that oxalic acid will not remove it from paper.

600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

75

No. 137.
Another cheap Black Ink.

Take

1

drachm

prussiate of potash.

1 drachm bichromate of potash.
1 ounce extract of logwood. 1 gallon water.

Mix all together and shake it well when dissolved,
;

it is fit

for use.

No. 138.

How
Printers' ink lampblack and

to

make Black

Printers' Ink.

is

a real black paint, composed of

which has undergone a degree of heat superior to that of common drying oils. The manner of preparing it is extremely simple. Boil linseed-oil in a large iron pot for 8 hours, adding to it bits of toasted bread for the purpose of absorbing the water contained in the oil let it rest till the following morning, and then expose it to the same degree of heat for 8 hours more, or till it has acquired the consistence required then add lampblack worked up with a mixture of oil of turpentine
linseed-oil,
; ;

and turpentine.

The consistence depends on the degree of heat given to the oil, and the quantity of lampblack mixed up with it and this consistence is regulated
;

by the strength of the paper for which the ink
intended.

ia

The

preparation of printers' ink should take place
air,

in the open

to prevent the
oil,

bad

efiects arising

from the vapour of the burnt to guard against accident by fire.

and, in particular,

;

76

600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE EECEIPTS.

No. 139.

Sow
Take

to

make

Indelible Ink.

liquor ammonise fortis
in the liquor

1\ ounces of nitrate of silver, 5J ounces dissolve the nitrate of silver ;

colouring

ready for

ammonise fortis | ounces archil for and gum mucilage, 12 ounces when use, put up in drachm vials.
; ; ;

No. 140.

Haw
it

to

make another

Indelible Ink.

Take 1 inch of
water, which will

stick nitrate of silver

and

dissolve

in a little water,

and then

stir it

into a gallon of

make a

first-rate

ink for cloth.

No.

141.
writing.

How

to

make Bed Ink for

No.

1.

Boil over a slow fire 4 ounces Brazil-.wood, in small raspings or chipped, in 1 quart of water, till a third part of the water is evaporated. Add during
the boiling two drachms of alum in powder. When the ink is cold, strain it through a fine clean cloth. Vinegar or stale urine is often used instead J!^.]3. of water. In case of using water, I presume a very

small quantity of sal-ammoniac would improve this
ink.

No. 142.
Another

Bed

Writing-Ink.
;

No.

2.

Take

best carmine, 2 grains

rain-water, ^ ounce
little

water of ammonia, 20 drops ; add a

gum arable.

600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

77

No. 143.

How
Darts,
to

to

make Blue Ink for

writing.

No.

2.

Take soft Prussian blue and oxalic acid, equal powder them finely, and then add soft water
bring
it

days, then

to a thin paste. Let it stand for a few add soft water to make the desired shade of colour, adding a little gum arable to prevent its

spreading.

No. 143i

Mow
Vinegar
is

to

make

Vinegar.

No.

1.

used principally as a sauce and to prebut it is employed externally when an overdose of strong wine, spirit, opium, or other narcotic poison has been taken. false strength is given to it by adding oil of vitriol
serve vegetable substances
;

A

or some acrid vegetable, as pellitory of Spain, capsi-

cum, &c. It is rendered colourless by adding freshburned bone-black, 6 ounces to a gallon, and letting Mix cider and it stand for 2 or 3 days to clear. honey, in the proportion of 1 pound of honey to a gallon of cider, and let it stand in a vessel for some months, and vinegar will be produced so powerful that water must be mixed with it for common use.

.

No. 144.
No.
2.

Another Vinegar.

recommended spoonfuls of good Take 6 the following recipe spirits of wine, to this add 3 pints of milk, and
Scheie, a celebrated chemist, has
:

1*

;

78

600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

Vent must be given from time
fermentation.

put the mixture into a vessel to be corked close. to time to the gas of

In the course of a month this will produce very good vinegar.

No. 145.
Another Vinegar.

No.

3.

Put into a barrel of sufficient dimensions a mixcomposed of 41 pints of wate^ and about 4 quarts of whiskey, and 1 quart of yeast, and 2 pounds of charcoal, and place it in a proper situation for fermentation. At the end of 4 months a very good vinegar will be formed, as clear and as
ture

white as water.

No. 146.
Common
This
pose:
is

Vinegar.

made from weak
various strength

liquor brewed for the puris,

its

in England, denoted

by numbers, from 18

to 24.

No. 147.
Another Vinegar.

No.

4.

To every
let

gallon of water put 1

the mixture be boiled and

pound of sugar skimmed as long as

vessels

any scum arises. Then let it be poured into proper and when it is as cool as .beer when worked, let a toast rubbed over with yeast be put to it. Let it work about 24 hours, and then put it into an
;

iron-hooped cask, fixed either near a constant fire or where the summer sun shines the greater part of
the day ; in this situation
it

should be closely stopped

or. if in winter. with a slate over the bung-hole. . but a laid tled the better it will be. to keep out the dust and insects. and may be bottled off. Take any sort of wine that has gone through fermentation and put it into a cask that has had vinegar in it. should on the bunghole. To each sugar and a gallon of water add 2 pounds of little brown yeast. into an open-headed cask. Wine Vinegar. for 6 days after which. the most mucilage are lees of pricked fittest for the purpose.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Then take some of the fruit or stalks of which the wine has been made. riack it off into a clean sour cask and bung it up then put Those wines that contain it in the cellar for use. 79 up be tile or brick. 148. . put them into the vinegar and stir it well about. is to be exposed to the sun's heat. The wine are also a very proper ingredient in vinegar. the best time to begin making it is month of No. wet. with a coarse cloth over it. in the sun. in a vessel slightly stopped. in the sun. No. If the vessel containing in the the liquor April. and put them. . 149. put it in a yard. if in summer. Then put it in a warm place. Sugar Vinegar. The longer it is kept after it is bot. or something similar. Leave it exposed to the sun for 6 months. At the end of about 3 months (or sometimes less) it will be clear and fit for use. When the vinegar is sour enough and fine.

Frimrose Vinegar. Gooseberry Ymegar. and let it work in a warm place all night put it in a barrel in the kitchen. close the barrel. when done working. and take . 151. No. is far superior in these respects. still keeping it in a warm place. . but raspberry vinegar. Bruise the gooseberries gijther. off the brown scum pour on it half a peck of primroses before it is quite cold. The raspberries are not required to be of the best sort still. quart put 3 quarts of water. which may be made on the same plan. No. Proceed This vinegar posin all other respects as before.. To 15 sugar. when ripe. and stir them well together before they are put into the cask. and. To every gallon of liquor add 1 pound brown sugar. No. This berry : is made in the same way as that from gooseonly pick off the currants from the stalks. 80 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Currant Vinegar. put in a little fresh yeast. they should be and strain it : ripe and well-flavoured. then through a cloth bag. sesses a pleasant taste and smell. 150. 152. . let quarts of water put 6 pounds of it boil 10 rninutes. Stir and to every them well to- let the whole stand for 24 hours.

The poorest sort of cider will serve for vinegar. that of cider contains merely the malic acid. set the whole in the week or 9 days draw it off into another This is a good table vinegar. and a yellowish contain colouring-matter. proceed thus First draw off the cider into a cask that has had vinegar in it before then put some of the apples . lay the pressed raisins then to each 56 pounds put 5 gallons of water and a little yeast. 155. All vinegars owe their principal strength to the acetic acid they . in a heap to heat . Suffer it to be repeatedly frozen. and colouring-matter . and Tarragon. Gilliflowers. Sow to Strengthen Vinegar. Baisin Vinegar. No. No. in : managing which. Musk-Roses.— 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE EECEIPTS. that have been pressed into Bun. and separate the upper cake of ice or water from it. No. Sow to make Vinegar from Mder-Flowers. 156. . Qder Vinegar. 81 No. but the vinegar of wine contains also a tartar. 154. a small proportion of malic acid. After making raisin wine. Dry an ounce of either of the above flowers for T . and in a cask. it . 153. little or no alcohol. alcohol.

Soft water should always be used for dyeing. as grease resists the colouring-par- a stain. Mix. ' Take 15 gallons soft water. How to increase the Shar. till reduced to 1 then put it in a vessel and set it in the sun for a week. The quantity of liquor generally necessary for dyeing a dress of mus- . and infuse for 15 days in moderate heat of the sun. and sufficiently large that the dyeing-liquor be not spilled by dipping the articles in and out when dyeing. pour on them a pint of vinegar. 4 pounds brown sugar. two days in the sun then put them into a bottle. small dirt leaves and copper and tinned pans..^ness and Strength of Vinegar. Cleanliness vessel in dyeing and the articles to is very essential. pound \ and keep it lightly covered. Vessels used for dyeing small articles should generally be wash-basins. No. " How to make German Vinegar. General JRemarks on Dyeing. 2 gallons whiskey. 159. 158. . No. The be dyed must be rid of grease and ticles dirt. but make it strong and agreeable. 157. Now mix the vinegar with six times its quantity of bad vinegar in a small cask it will not only mend it. : Boil 2 quarts of good vinegar No. in a warm temperature. closely stop the bottle. . 82 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS. cream of tartar.

rod. 8& . crape. so that the article to be dyed receives its colour uniformly. or any thing that is clean. which should always be done in a warm room. kettles. and it is also necessary that the article be moved in and out quickly. a proportionate quantity. 160. in order to clean them. a winch is put in frequent use.. The horse may be carpenter's stool. to cause the colouring-particles to be equally dift'used. in the tub. No. counterpanes. horse. In fancydyeing the various shades of cambric. therefore allowance should generally be made for drying. Colours generally look much darker when wet. The liquor should always be stirred with a spoon.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. with a cross-piece put through it to work it with. or a couple of lathed benches. &c. &c. iin. for the purpose of placing the goods upon when they come from the dye. and in the centre a pretty long handle. A doll. Is a preparation necessary for some colours in order to receive the colouring-particles. two inches thick. Against the wall or a post fasten a hook or a pin to put on your skeins. The dyeing-utensils are simple. . For this some use art article : similar to a pavior's mall. and opened to receive the colour more evenly. pinned or stretched to a line. and with a small stick wring them out. is about three quarts for a larger dress. cambric. AlumiTig. doll which is in form of a used for beating blankets. such as crimson . being composed of tubs. previous to the article being dipped in it. but of smaller dimensions others have a circular piece of wood. sarcenet. in which four legs are fastened on the under side.

before getting dry. must be well wrung out and rinsed in two waters. be careful to rid it well of the soap-suds. in a copper vessel. ground wood but either way will The method of rendering the liquor stronger of course is by evaporation. and so repeat the operation till you have got all the strength frpm the wood. having a copper boiler full of boiling water. and then dyed. or will aluming of silks ought to be done be deprived of its lustre. the Dye-Liquors. lay a piece of rather coarse sheeting on this . the sooner the better. article is directed to night. stir it during the time it is going through. The chips of dyewood are especially for the : answer. Preparing of the 161. The criterion by which to linow when the strength is gone from the wood is the paleness of the liquor as it runs through. If any and some other colours. for an hour. This operation is considered superipr to boiling the wood in a copper boiler. it when alumed. "When the article is put in the alum-liquor. .together on another tub fill it with the wood to be scalded. Then.84 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE EECEIPTS. or Scalding like the Wood. —The it cold. to receive this preparation more equally. with a constant fire under it. with a copper bottom. Note. fill the tub which contains the wood with boiling water. about one foot deep. it is to be well dipped in and out and opened. and. No. lay it all . or aj] scarlet. fill it up again. . if circumstances admit. purple. as alum turns soap to grease. be alumed. Having something end of a tub. bored full of holes about a quarter of an inch in diameter.

then take out. Alum your (see — No.. boil it in water. 163. and let it Take the clean liquor. the operation must be repeated. as hot as you can settle. if required . as they are not so likely to be adulterated. handle a little longer. After aluming. drain. No. and finish. and finish. 85 generally superior to the ground wood. — No. and put in a little alum-liquor. take out. then take out.) handle the goods to be dyed in peach-wood liquor till of the colour desired. Take green ebony. handle in these till it becomes a good brown. (a little logwood-liquor will darken your shade. rinse well. Note. Brown on Silk. 8 . 160. 164. and put till of a bright yellow. rarious shades may be obtained. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. rinse in water. silk. In most c'lsts where the shade is not dark enough. and handle in it your goods Then take water. bear your hands in it. ^By varying the peach-wood and fustic. Green on Silk. Note. Then take 1 No.) hedge out. (see receipt No. 160. handle the goods a little longer. 162. and put in a little alum-water again put in your goods.) part of fustic-liquor and 3 parts of peach-wood liquor. Pink on Silk.

ought to be boiled in white soap and water and made quite white. 3 put in a it is ready for use. Blue on Indigo. . and then rinsed in as for green —The same silk lukewarm water. Note. hedge in this liquor with a sufficient quantity of water till black . Silk. and . 2 ounces of copperas. and keep stirring Let stand for 24 hours. and then dissolved. finish. and f ounce of nitrate of iron. logwood-liquor that has in it 1 pound of logwood and 1 ounce of fustic-liquor. 167. Sulphate of Indigo. backward and forward take out. bag. Black on Silk. . No. 86 in a this 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTSlittle till sulphate of indigo. 166. to prevent it from sticking to the silk. pounds of vitriol and 1 pound of ground little at a time. No.. Mix all together with as much water as will do one piece have the water a little warm. Hedge in this 6 times. and put in it as much in water. you will have a blue. Take indigo till all . 165. Take 1 ounce of bluestone of vitriol. handle your goods in of the shade wanted. — No. The ebony may previously be boiled in a Note. wash out. and rinse Take another tub.

To 3 pounds silk water. and let . and handle it in pearlash-water. pearlash. let them have a chance to air in drying. 87 —In both processes. Note.water . after boiling it time without the salt. No. If this orange is dark. take out. Note.. then through nitrate of iron again then put them through logwood-liquor. at hand-heat. and you will have a good handsome colour. 1 ounce annotto. put in 2 pounds common salt. Keep your silk well handled take out. take the silk. wash. repeat the opewater. Take 1 pound . Maroon on Silk. mordant of nitrate of iron and through pearlash. silk. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. with a little bluestone of vitriol dissolved in it. To change the shade. If not dark enough. ration. . No. and let it boil it boil take J pound cudbear put it in then put in your silk. goods boiled 10 your when goods the handle and finish. Blue Black on First run through a Silk. 2 ounces Turn in and boil them well together. —These goods must be well washed out in . then run . 170. 169. or in cream of tartar. and operate as before this will vary the shade.' No. : To vary the first it still further. a few minutes. Orange on Silk or Cotton. minutes. and you will have a handsome blue. 168.

173. 172. dissolve a piece of green copperas about the size of a nut. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and in aluming thorn you may use a little sugar of lead. No. pretty strong. handle In another your silk in this for 20 or 30 minutes. Take the above gray-coloured goods and handle a little in this liquor. the colour — will be too dark. adding a little fustic-liquor to the above slate. it By will . take another pan of warm water and about a teacupful of logwood-liquor. form an olive: it may be necessary to run them through a weak pearlash-water to sadden them. according to the quantity of drugs. form.88 soap. Take 4 or 6 ounces of fine powand pour on them boiling water . To make a slate. Note. Gray on For a dered silk dress : galls. Wash in two waters for the above three colours. No. 171. more or less dark. and it is finished. They will keep their colour very well. Silk. Olive on Silk. will Handle your silk through this. No. and a piece of pearlash of the size of a nut. and it be a gray. Slate on Silk. If too much logwood is used.

what is still better. 8 ounces camwood or madder.) a sufficient quantity of purple archil to the gray liquor. 174. Or. 1 ounce madder enter and handle the goods. 4 ounces logwood. boil these drugs in water. by adding a small quantity of vitriol and water. 89 No. add a little red archil. The red archil is made from purple archil. Drab on : Silk. in the liquor a piece of green copperas. 171. Sinimer the silk in this a few minutes. . Take 8 ounces sumach. Stone on SUk. For a mulberry cast. No. Dry in the air. To give them a red sandy cast. use a little pearlash to sadden with. wet out your silks then enter them handle well wash out as usual. . then cool down your liquor. which wUl redden it.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 17e. (see Eeceipt No. iristfead of copperas. Rinse in one or two cold waters. 2b di/e a Silk Dress Brown. the size of a nut . add as much purple archil as may be necessary. 8» . For a silk dress Take 4 ounces archil. 175. This may be saddened by taking out your goods and dissolving . again handle in this liquor. Take the coloured Add No. gray. .

pan for 20 Dip a sufficient quantity to cover your silk in another copper pan. then enter your goods. throw out your liquor. vary the you want your shade. 179. 177. and handle them with a clean stick cold . and wring . handle well. then just rinse or for a handle your silks in few minutes. and sadden with green copperas. then add muriate of tin till according to shade wanted.. or tinned vessel. 178. pass your silks water. No. and dry in a warm room. Take Brazil logwood and sumach. Take cudbear. take out. Dove on quantities as Silk. Turmeric gives out its colour in a similar manner. Rinse out in its own liquor. any quantity you please. No. boil them in water. Ydlow on Silk. afford a yellow of themselves The roots of barberry when boiled in water. to which add a small quantity of muriate of tin. No. 90 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Annotto affords an orange yellow with equal quantities of pearlash. when cold. boil it it in water . you have . Boil quercitron-bark in a copper minutes. and gives out its colour to silk in warm water. first through warm them out then put them into this pan of dye-water. Crimson on Silk. take from the first pan as mu<!h liquor as before handle in this 10 minutes.

5 or 10 minutes take out the goods. take out. Then. or Cloths of any description. Brown on Woollen Cloth. then put in a small quantity of cream of tartar agitate the water . 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. boil them. (Receipt No. and mi^t be varied in the shade by varying the quanti- . 181. or the shade will be too heavy. Flesh-Colour on Silk. 1 pound fustic. put them in a copper kettle. No. goods. or peach-wood. if you have been dyeing pinks. so Having — slight that you could hardly taste it. put in a strong solution made of 4 ounces copperas. them to a boil. The liquor must not be too strong. handle them till they come to a boil.) take some of the old liquor.. rinse in warm water. re-enter the The quantity of woods to the quantity of : . 162. then cool down so as to bear in it your hand . to be regulated according goods to be dyed. first thoroughly cleaned your silk in the usual manner. rinse (Finished. hypernick. being first well cleaned from all grease take 1 pound red-wood. Chaniber-lye or any alkaline solution will change the colour.) This process makes a good substantial brown. again cool down. a pair of men's pantaloons. 91 the shade wanted. No. 180. For instance. again bring well in water. then enter your goods. then handle them in a very slight water of alum and tartar. handle in it till of the shade wanted.

pantaloons. the copperas and tartar. 184. of course. let it boil half an hour.. . (For wool. First put your logwood into the copper vessel bring it to a boil cool down then enter your goods bring them to a . in 'No. an olive. A Brown inclining to Snuff. 181 the desired shade will be obtained. providing they 3 pounds. . No. (On woollen. boil. — also is little alum in the saddening. 183. A Brown on the Red Cast. 1 ounce logwood. of woods in their proportion.) No. handle until deep enough. No.) quantity of yarn may be dyed on the same principle. use for every pound 1 J or 2 pounds logyvood. every respect as in Receipt 'No. Take 2 pounds red-wood. . bring the liquor to a boil. 181 also. Any copperas. or longer if a large quantity. . . . occasionally turning over take out cool down your liquor. Take any quantity of woollen goods. weigh 4 ounces common madder. This by adding somewhat of ». put in 2 ounces dissolved . 2 ounces peach-wood boil them up then cool down your liquor enter your For a pair of pantaloons. 182. The quantity of dye-woods may be regulated according to the quantity of goods in" : to be dyed. Olive-Brown. half an hour. . 92 ties 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 1 pound fustic proceed . take 2 pounds fustic.

185. wash. cool down. again enter . boil them in a sufficient quantity of water cool down with water enough to dye 4 or 5 pounds of silk or wool enter the "goods bring them to a boil. however. again enter the goods you will have a good handsome shade on silk as well as : woollen. on Silk and Woollen. for 10 minutes take out. 93 take out. . . A Black inclining to Purple. Take 1 part sumach. 186. 1 logwood. (Chiefly intended article N. having put in a m sufficient quantity of dissolvecj copperas. bring them . partly cool down put in about 1 pound copperas again enter your goods.) and finish. would not need or to be so particular in It will if quantity of dye-stufis length of time. . . and finish. and that without sumach. 1 pound sumach. This will be a good shade of brown. A Black inclining to Brown.B. about 2 ounces to the pound of logwood.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. boil the dye-stufis. the sumach is not at hand. Take 4 pounds logwood. Put. put the silk or woollen according to the quantity of your dye-woods. to a boil. for wool. To alter this shade. take out the goods. wash. a little sumach.) No. or any other old. put into your liquor a proportionally small — quantity of alum-liquor. . . which is also —A pair of pantaloons. on Wool and Silk. for 10 minutes. is answer for cotton. No. bring them to a boil. 1 hypernick or peach-wood. cool down. take out. (This intended chiefly for woollen.

wash . the goods. ana To -mix the copperas with alum would materially (This is alter the shade. cool down your liquor add copperas. put in your goods. If the colour looks green. again rinse in cold water get up another kettle of water. put in your goods. and finish. | pound fustic boil these drugs in a sufl5cient quantity of water for 20 minutes cool down. keep them well handled boil . bring to a boil. hand-heat. . again enter your goods. No. finish. put in your goods. till the water comes nearly to a handle 15 minutes then rinse the goods in cold water get up another kettle of 1 of urine to 3 of water. f pound sumach. . strong. bring the water to hand-heat'. take 3J pounds logwood. take out. dissolved in water. bring to a boil. 94 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 2 ounces. . and for each pound of goods. bluestone of vitriol. 188. 1} pounds. . take out. handle half an hour . well in cold water. dissolve in warm still water.) No. wash well. For 7 pounds wool or woollen cloth. 187. chiefly intended for wool. . then take out . Blue Prussian on Woollen. .. . A Jet Black on Wool or Woollen Cloth. bring to a boil half an hour. 3 ounces prussiate of potash put some oil of vitriol in the kettle handle the goods half an hour. Take any quantity of it calcined copperas. 15 minutes. if a variety was wanted.

without boiling the liquor. 95 add a little more vitriol. No. in the first boiling.) take out. The shades may be altered by soda. if not blue enough. wash. 190. enter the goods. add a little more sulphate of indigo. according to the quantity of goods you want to dye . or cloth. boil longer in proportion . take out. . adding a little. by adding a little camwood. and finish. and handling a little while longer. worsted. . take 3 fustic. or common salt. and finish. rake it well up. enter your goods well handled. take out. 10 minutes. or logwood. partly cool down then put in a small teacupful sulphate of indigo.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. and re-entering the goods before washing. wash iu cold water. (if a larger quantity. This shade may be altered in a variety of ways. Silk may be dyed in the same way. let boil 20 minutes. until the shade is deep enough. 189. | pound alum boil them in a kettle . pearlash. handle half an hour longer. handle carefully. and. Boil up any quantity of archil. cool the liqucr a little. Lilac on Wool. One pound of archil will dye 4J pounds of goods. Grreen on Wool. and finish. Einse in cold water. pounds For 6 pounds yam. handle until deep enough. wine.

10 or 15 minutes. For 10 pounds of woollen goods. little sulphate longer. Woollen. 192.) then boil up 4J pounds peaehwood in clean water. to a scald. . varying the whole round. The above receipt may serve as a standard of procedure for all the drab shades (which may be altered at pleasure) that can be produced. only varying the quantities of drugs. 1 tin-liquor. enter the goods. or increased. and finish. 191. (if a larger quantity of goods. Drab on For about fifteen pounds of woollen goods.^ boil 15 minutes.96 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and in others 9. and finish. The goods must not be washed between the first and second operations. down . take 2 pounds alum. enter the goods. boil longer. Bed cm. used. wash. No. 4 ounces logwood. wind up . during which time handle well Red tartar and camwood may also be The copperas and alum may be varied in quantity. bring them to . in some cases adding archil. 9 ounces madder. thus of indigo. handle until dark enough. put in 2 cool ounces IsTo. f 3 ounces archil put them in water. 1 J ounce copperas. cool down . ground boil a few minutes a boil for . put in 1 ounce alum. take out. Woollen. or the alum left out. J pound red tartar. take pounds weld. ISTo. boil the goods in this 1 hour.

bring a z kettle of water to a scald. less copperas might be used. such would be preferable to This slate may be varied by varying the proportion of copperas and sumach also. in this case. 196. and copperas. 193. 97 No. No. wash. For 10 pounds of wool.600 MISCELLAKEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. also. bring them to a boil a few minutes. cool down. bring them to a boil. 194. killed with granulated tin. Take 2 quarts muriatic acid. put in 4 pounds . This will answer for woollen or cotton. Yellow on Wool. for Yellow on Woollen. Slate on Woollen. boil it up 10 minutes. No. put in 4 pounds copperas. 195. killed with 24 ounces granulated tin. take 10 pounds sumach. No. 1 Tin-Liquor. . finish. flow to make No. take out. take out. About 4 for yellow parts muriatic acid to 1 part sulphuric acid. or any other red wood . as the calico-printers use. or to 180 degrees of heat. A quantity of iron-liquor. by adding a little peachwood. 2 Tin-Liquor. This will answer on cotton. For 10 pounds of woollen goods. re-enter the goods. How to make JS/o. cool down . dissolve. put in your goods.

98 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. first-rate black. No. 198. pour on it a tumbler of oil of . VARIOUS SHADES OF FANCY DYEING ON COTTON. keep them well handled. cold . handle. Orange on Wool. or hypernick your goods. First dye the pattern to a full yellow.) 1 tartar. warm take out. put in for the above goods 2 pounds madder. munmunjeet does very well put in jeet. peachwood. a clean kettle of water . bring the goods to a boil. . 197. put some copperas-liquor into your logwood-liquor.. No. keep in until dark enough. Then take warm. (do not allow to boil. Take about 3 pounds of turmeric. wash. nearly would pound J pint 'No. First take thread and boil it in sumach and water in lime-water. . then in lime-water again. enter the goods. allow it to settle 15 minutes. 1 tin-liquor. * Turmeric Yellow. For any then let it quantity of Thread in Black. stir up the liquor well. This makes a be immersed weak copperas-water. let boil till dark enough. when a little . cpld then in logwood-liquor. No. cold . 6 ounces cream of dull the yellow. put in a small tub for the purpose . and finish. 199. and finish. again put in your goods. then in . it quereitron-bark. as that bring out the tannin and alum.

then take first a couple of pailfuls of the fustic-liquor. Renew with the same quantity for the next 3 pieced. give the pieces 3 or 4 ends in this. half full of water. hedge them out put into it take another tub. give them 5 ends. Chreen on Cotton. enter your goods. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.) a sufficient quantity of blue-stone of vitrio? enter your liquor to set the tub. It will also be liquors must be prepared as in understood that the copper cistern or boiling in a Receipt Wo. take out. No. Vitriol.. hot fustic-liquor as will cover fl put a very little lime-liquor. By ends is meant rinsing the pieces backward and forward over the wince in the tub. 161. pour on it the contents of the small tub enter 3 pieces. Note. put in a tub. 99 Well up then pour on it hot water. and finish.boiler. It will be understood that these cotton colours are intended for linings or cambrics. (cold. 30 yards each. fold up. in which . stir it . . Half a hogshead will answer the . 200. give them 5 ends. about 2 quarts. renew the . The next process is to have another tub of water. about 2 gallons. and in dyeing various shades to have the liquors prepared in readiness. stir this well up then. It will be necessary to have a number of tubs for the difierent liquors. as the workmen term it. goods in this. give them 6 or 8 ends. hedge out. by the former is most generally adopted for this kind of dyeing. — purpose. put in it half a pailful of alumliquor. Take it as much is pieces. having half a tubful of water boiling hot from the . and proceed.

and proceed as at first. enough to make commence to fi^nish fustic-liquor. give them 5 and water as will ends. No. and finish. This is all required for buff. give them 5 ends. bring . 201.Orange on Cotton. 202. take out. 100 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Buff cm Cotton. enter 3 pieces more. having first thrown away a couplje of pailfuls from the tub. not taking any out. that them dark enough. as much hot fustic-liquor half fill a tub. No. enter 3 pieces. and give them 5 ends in this. Amiotto. take out your your boiler with it to a boil having kept in the boiler the sediment of the annotto. it in a copper vessel for 20 minutes. partly . and so proceed as at first then renew your blue vitriol tub with half the quantity of liquor. with a little more logwood-liquor. them. Take out . lu this way do as many the first and second time as you can finish that day. enter your pieces 3 Renew at the time. hedge take another tub of lime-water cold. Renew your first and second tub. enter the same pieces. make it strong enough it put in a tub. and so proceed in finishing. then tub. and renew with the same from the old tub. and proceed as at first. Having prepared your annotto-liquor by boiling liquor. and put to it 1 J pailfuls of logwood-liquor .. and in a short time they will be buflf. Take half a tubful of old has been used once. fill water.

nothing No. Red cfa Cotton. or let them lie all in hot night in the large . Throw away the red-tub liquor. even at night it may be left in a tub. give them 5 ends. Take 3 pieces. take out enter them into cold alum-water. close by. wince of the spirit-tub. take out. and finish. so that is lost. Brown on Cotton. the spirit-tub. and proceed as before . enter them iuto a tub with hot redwood or peachwood liquor. when boiling. give them No. but the spirit-tub must be renewed always . This finishes them. half full of cold water. give them 5 ends without having renewed the tub. put in fresh liquor. The do liquor that is left in the boiler at night will to boil the annotto in the next day. Renew your annottoboiler with a attfBcient quantity of annotto-liquor.3 pieces . then run them into your wince have another tub. . give them 4 ends. they are finished. then* then wind them on the back again to the red-tub . 204. 101 u»t£i j<nnotto-liquor to the entet. 203. proceed as before in the second process. The first process is to give »» them 5 ends Buraach-liquor. shade you want to dye.6vlO MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and proceed as before . then run the pieces from the other wince over the wince of 5 ends in the spirit-tub. called the spirit-tub. give them 3 ends. then renew your alum-tub. and renewed the next day. put into it about 3 tumblerfuls of spirits .

You next renew your tubs. and proceed as before. give them 5 ends. Take half a tub of hot sumach and fustic liquor. put in No. . tben give them 5 ends in them 6 ends in lime-tub then hedge out. This finishes them. finishing part. give side the tub. according to shade wanted. fustic liquor. 102 tub. hedge out. give them 5 ends in eopperasliquor have it stronger or weaker. and finish. The copperas-tub is a half tub of water. according to shade wanted. give them 5 ends in the copperas-tub.. Then comes the Make up a tub of hot redwood-liquor. hedge out. lay them one side till you get enough to finish that day. more fustic than sumach. 205. 206. Eenew your tubs. hedge out. put the pieces one some alum-liquor. Make up ^a —both hot . enter 3 pieces. and finish. them 5 ends. give repeat the operation as before. Renew your tubs. and proceed as before. . Drab on Cotton. No. tub of about 2 of Jogwood to 1 of enter 3 pieces give them 5 ends. . hedge out. with a couple of first pailfuls. give them 5 ends more. of copperas-liquor to set in the place. and same as for blacks . stir up. copperas. Slate on Cotton. enter 3 pieces. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. renewed each time.

the same as with. hedge out enter them into the copperas-tub. 103 No. . if . 207. hedge out renew your alum-tub. Get up a tub of hot logwood-liquor.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS. and them . hedge out enter them into a clean alum-tub. (about a couple of quarts. in sumachyou have it. give them 5 ends iu that. give them 5 ends. . enter 3 pieces. give them 4 ends. in a large copper vessel. Black on First take your pieces Cotton.) then give them a few more ends. the logwood and copperas liquor is thrown away. give them 5 ends. get up another tub of logwood-liquor. enter them into the lime again. and second to finish that you till you get as many as will answer each 3 pieces.aching. the tubs being renewed after then comes the finishing. 3 at a time give them 4 ends. in which you put about a bushel and a half of sumach let them stay all night. . With this process it is After 8um. hedge out. give them 5 ends. copperasing. if it is convenient take out. the is repeated. . day. give . and enter them into the lime-tub. put them to one side of the tub put in enough copperas-liquor to blacken them. after each 3 pieces. Purple on Cotton. hedge out. No. because boil liquor. hedge out enter them into another tub with tolerably strong logwood-liquor. liming liming. 208. them 5 ends. . and finish. greens. that will hold 60 or 70 pieces. . give them 5 ends . enter. and they are finished.

let stand till rather cool. try the followwill ing one. How to put a fine Gloss on Silk. No. squeeze out. may be. 1 ounce of isinglass will answer for 1 pound of silk. run your silk through this water. and this answers instead of the sumaching. of course propor- your potatoes. It was tried on black silk. collect the old For the foregoing cotton shades. Use it the same as the . cut it in very thin slices. Take a fair white potato. and let them lie a few days till they are ready to dye blacks. pour on it boiling water. use a small quantity of isinglass dissolve in water. and all the pieces that are spoiled in the other colours they throw into this tub. . If it should not answer on lighter colours. smooth while damp. knd it was found to answer well. instead of the first process of sumach-boiling. take out the slices of potato. and so renders it unfor the next pieces. they sumach. above in every particular. into a large tub. Instead of a potato. fit the copperas kills the logwood. 209. and fustic. Another way to put a Gloss on Silk. as circumstances sizing. No.104 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. the pieces are first taken and boiled in a wood or copper cistern. that has no copperas or lime in it. and logwoodliquor. 210. and you have a very superior gloss. tion If a quantity of silk. It is frequently the case that. in order to take out the and prepare them to receive the dye.

Take 1 part muriatic and kill with tin. and about 2 gallons vinegar. Take 1 pound nitric and 1 pound muriatic kill acid. stir well twice a day for one week. put in 30 pounds ground indigo.Vat for Silk and Woollen. . renew with 4 pounds pearlash. nearly fill it with water . 4 pounds lime. . may This be then worked. No. "When perfectly settled. on Silks. acid. Having a sufficiently large vat. fc. with granu- No. Scarlets. put them on a slow fire for 24 hours till dissolved put in 1 pound madder mix these well. 213. and put them into a vat containing 100 gallons . Take 8 pounds indigo. 214. Crimson. Sow to set an Indi^jo- Vni for Cotton. Tin-Liquor for Scarlets. . Tin-Liquor for Pinks. urine . A Blue. 212. always previously stirring .600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECBIPTS. Crimson. it is ready for use. It it. 211. 50 pounds copperas. ^c. for 2 days. and about IJ ounces sal-ammoniac . lated tin. and 12 pounds copperas. and 1 part nitric acid. work it well in the mill till fine if this is not convenient. When the vat is exhausted. 105 No. 50 pounds slaked lime occasionally stir it up. No.

and sponge over your skin repeat this. &c. take the white of eggs and a little gum-dragon. till it comes to a full red. make a decoction. when dry. No. Mazarine till exhausted. sponge over your skin. mix the two together in | gill of water. No. (it cannot be too strong. Blue on Straw.) then boil a strong Brazil-wood liquor. ground.. take strong alum-water. After the skin has been properly prepared with sheep or pigs' dung. polish it with a bottle. when dry. . . or lacmus. or piece of glass prepared for the : purpose. water. the stronger the better take a sponge. 106 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE EBCEIPTS. and deep purples. boil a strong gall-liquOr. How boil to dye Straws Bed. and. 216. > Boil ground Brazil-wood in a lye of potash. To finish your skin. and your straw in it. Turkey-Bed on Leather. 215. dip it in your liquor. may be managed with this vat and archil-dye take care to rinse it well from one to the other.* Take a sufficient quantity of potash-lye.. and sponge over your skin . Archil forms a dye of itself without mordant. when boiled in vat continues to be good blues. 1 pouucl of litmus. 217. No. on silk and woollen. * •and then put in the straw and boil it.

Put^ your skin on a clean board. and lastly in a dye made of Brazil-wood boiled with lye. Infuse quercitron-bark in vinegar. sponge your skin over. then take a . sponge it over with gall and sumach liquors strong. 221. 217. 107 No. take 1 it ounce indigo . given by washing the skins. Blue on Leather. . Another Yellow on Leather. and with a brush smear the skin twice Finish same as No. Med on Leather. Take 1 pint whiskey.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and let stand one night . over. Finish same as No. then warm a little. is Red No. For each it skin. and verdigris. in water. 217. No. put it into boiling water. in which boil a little alum. 220. and laying them two hours in galls. alum. dipping them in a liquor made with ligustrum. 218. then wringing them out. 222. 4 ounces turmeric. Black on Leather. 217. Yellow on Leather. No. mix them well together when settled. and brush over your skins with the infusion. 219. No. and finish the same as No.

then with logwood-liquor strong. tan-colour The pleasing hues of yellow. it over 3 or 4 times then take a little copperas. Sow to make different Shades on Leather. as well as of water. and finish the same strong logwood-liquor. and their relative proporon the depth of colour required. First sponge the leather with alum-liquor strong. mix it in the logwood^ liquor. 223. hours. or mix them both and boil them. will of course depend on how much dye may be tions wanted. It is only proposed to give some of the simplest and best modes of preparing those most frequently required. 108 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KfiCEJPTS. how to mix Cohurs to form different Shades. wet a sponge or soft brush in the smear the The quantity of saffron. and sponge with the liquor. sponge as No. 224. 217. No. No. smaller the number of colours . sponge over your skin. No. Compound The two colours are colours formed by the union of only called by painters virgin tints.. 217. brown. To dye Leather Purple. or are readily imparted to leather by the following simple process : steep safiron in boiling water for a leather. 'Painters. Finish the same as ISo. 225. number of liquor. The various colours that may be obtained by mix- ture of other colours are numberless.of which any .

mixed according to the : — — shade sought.. and umber. — Lemon yellow. Vermilion is far preferable — — to red lead. If veining is required. and a very slight portion of black. —^Dark —^Lake and — — 10 . to this —^Realgar and orpiment. Red lead and yellow ochre. and a very little Spanish white. regulating the quantities by the shade you wish to obtain. with a little white. use different shades of the same mixture. red mixed with violet-colour. f white lead. Gold colour. Jonquil. Carnation. Orange colour. Vermilion. Buff is made from Silver or Pearl gray. pink. lead. blue. and for the deepest Yellow. This colour is only proper for distemper. or red lead. lead. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. | white lead. with a small quantity of realgar. Some object mixture on account of the poisonous nature of the ingredients. Light gray is made by mixing white lead with lampblack. — Tellow ochre and red wood colour. This may be obtained white. Purple. black. the purer and the will be. in mixing this colour. with a small quantity of lake. indigo. Oak- and J part umber and yellow ochre the proportions of the last two ingredients being determined by the required tints. Olive colour. Massicot or Naples yellow. mixed with black or blue. Walnut-tree colour. Flaxen gray is obtained by a mixture of white lead and Prussian —Mix white yellow ochre and white lead. lead. Brick colour. and a small portion of white. using more or less of each material as you wish to obtain a lighter or a darker colour. 109 compound richer it colour is composed. and white places. and J red ochre. Violet colour. The same colour can be obtained by mixing yellow pink with Naples yellow but it is then only fit for distemper. yellow ochre.

For dis- temper. Flesh Lake. indigo and yello^w pink. mixture of yellow for a colour. employ a colour. vermilion. An endless variety of greens can be obtained by the mixture of blue and yellow in different propomtions. . Light timher — Spruce ochre. yellow pink. and the third yellow ochre only. Shadow with umber of sienna. with a little spruce ochre. : by various mixtures black.^—Yellow pink mixed with verdigris. Chestnut colour. with a little indigo. your taste and practice. and the last burned umber or sienna imitating the veins according to . yellow ochre. To imitate Satin-wood. it should be done with umber. ^Let the first coat be white. mixed with yellow . and white lead. mix some litharge and red lead. with a little verdigris and lampblack or ochre and a small quantity of white. ^White. Light WUlow-green. White lead. ^Lampblack and SpanOn account of the fatness of the lampish brown. The varieties of shades of brown that may be ob- — — — — — — — tained are nearly as numerous as those of green. To imitate Wainscot. with the occasional addition of white lead. will also produce a kind of olive colour. and a little umber. —Take white for your first coating^ light blue for — . mixed with verdigris Grrass-green.—JjQt the first coat of painting be white lead. white lead. and a little blue. it lighter. To make ochre. Stone ^White. To imitate Mahogany. Stone colour. stone ochre. and a little vermilion. and a little Chocolate colour. Dark Lead colour. black. If veined. mixed with white lead or Spanish white. the second half white and half yellow ochre. Eed ochre and black * — — dark chestnut. ^Black and white. Indigo and white. white. Fawn colour. Portland ^Umber. the second orange. colour. must be used. Lead colour.110 600 MISCELLArrEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

226. though much less durable. or Plaster of Paris. or White Chalk. and dark blue or dark green for the third. though gypsum is' — much preferable for this purpose.— The woods that furnish the best charcoal for painters are the beech and vine . Ill the second. "When charcoal obtained from any of these sources is employed in latter . and Flake. Spanish or Bougival White is generally sold in cakes of an oblong form. It is generally used for common white-washing. • No. flake-white. White of Troyes. the former yielding a black of a bluish cast. and for paint- quantity of water. and it is not unfrequently used instead of white lead for priming. . being costly. it is seldom employed common work. Names of the Whites. and ing in distemper. requires to be it mixed with a great then forms a very valuable article for white-washing apartments. is extremely rich and intense in colour in in but. Lam-p-Black is used more than any other black common painting. ce- the very best. —Ivory-Black . — White Lead. —The more colours common ruse . sorts are called white lead the purer. It is much better for housepainting than any whites that contain a mixture of chalky substances. Gypmm. The white are generally used in house-painting. Ceruse.' 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Blacks. it —When employed in house-painting. and the one of a grayish cast. different Colours vised in Painting. Charcoal-Black. being far cheaper.

the richest and finest of all dark reds . No. not quite so good. which . and — : — — — colour. it is lighter than any other red in general use. is almost too brilliant for the eye to endure. . it painting. is the most brilliant of all the body of vermilion is very delicate^ The grind as fine as oil itself. The deeper the colour. Thus. Minium. tioned. works smoother. Lake. and lakes prepared from madder. bears a good body in oil. — Of this colour there are two lands. bears a better body. or goes and will farther. It has likewise the advantage of drying readily. and drying-oil. the better it is for use. —^When it is well ground and made fine.112 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. —Besides the above reds may be menthose in use by painters. is very ex- tensively used. as among red and Prussian red red ochre. and the freer from gritty particles. . should be mixed with a very small made up for use with Meds. and binds very fast and firm. numbered in the order of their relative value. No colour looks better. or Bed Lead. There are two sorts of colours known under this name lakes derived from cochineal. and so on. There are various sorts of carmine. 1 is the best No. lead> mixed with pure Yellow Ochre. Other Beds. portion of white lead. It is much employed by painters for priming or first . English . Spanish Brown. especially in distemper rose-colour. composed of a portion of white lake and realgar. — Vermilion light reds. The former is the bright yellow and dark yellow. . 2 the second best . Carmine is a more dazzling red than vermilion.

both in clearness and durability. latter spruce It will grind very fine. but none 2A . Turner's. for making greens. as the astringent principle which it use it — — . Yellow Pink. — It is a very beautiful particu- colour. and employed to advantage in house and coach painting. — among for coach-painters. windows. Yellow. or Patent. ^It grinds and dissolves in water easily but care must be taken not to bring it in contact with iron. resists the weather and bears a good body. which in its turn destroys the clearness of the colour. Yellow of Antimony. or any of the ochres. all common with eft'ect bodies that contain arsenic. larly for the production of straw-colour in painting It likewise. and the ochre. mixed with blue. good some purposes. It is chiefly used for giving a yellow colour to glass and earthenware.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. produces a bad on any metallic substance exposed Naples Yelhw. and scraped together with an ivory knife. 113 Bometimes called plain ochre. The best of all yellows. Massicot is a good light yellow for general use. It must be ground well on a slab of porphyry or marble. massicot. It ia milder and more unctuous than either orpiment. as both stone and steel have a tendency to turn it to green. —There are blue colours superior to this. &c. with great care. much in use It is Orpiment. in doors. well. Chrome Yellow is a very rich and brilliant yellow. It is necessary to — to its action. Prussian Blue. and very serviceable. contains m abundance instantly dissolves that metal. It holds an intermediate place between chrome yellow and Naples yellow.

and it can or Saxon Blue. to indeed. Blue Verditer. most beauti. the best and purest kind : of this colour renders ever. into house-painting. and Indigo. but. it A practical colourman says more than any other on this account. Verdigris. and —nearly equal. Azure. it proper for oil-painting that of an inferior quality is . in much used house-painting. that contains even ten to one It is. : oil. colouring-matter.— 114 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. bears a very good body. but. volume for volume. it makes a beautiful grass-green.only for distemper. Ultramarine ful. Smalt. if not bought in the very difiicult to grind. contains so large a quantity of colouring-matter. It is of a lovely azure hue. Zaffre. —Another blue colour. and the one most in use. also in colouring paper- hangings. is the richest. Its natural colour. unless very rarely pure. This is the best simple green. when prevents its lasting of all blues but its its extravagant price weight in gold being introduced. and how- being very dark. unless a considerable mixture of white is intro- duced. when lightened by the addition of a little yellow pink. This is a beautifvil blue. much used in com None but is fit mon painting. Greens. It — — . is be used only in a peculiar manner. obtained from the waste nitrate of copper of the refiners by adding to it a quantity of chalk but it is only proper for distemper it does not admit of being used with Enamel Blue. which. It has a bluish tint. Indigo grinds fine. as the oil black or green. — — . mellowest. black. form of powder. almost indeed approaching to it is seldom or never used without a small mixture of white.

called after the whom and its brated chemist by composition was made known. at the shops. found in a natural matters. and. "When delicate painting is required. Brunswick Green. obtained great reputation on the continent. green which has recently Schweinfurt Green. signifying a yellowish green. which can be had . it . Saxon. and it becomes necessary to use distilled verdigris. does not incorporate well with oil. which give it state. and in a good body. — as chlorine. . It is very durable. in the mountains of Saxony and Hungary. 115 grinds very fine. a polish celefirst —This colour. which derives its name from same colour the Greek word chloros.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Italian. The colour which bears — this name is a carbonate of copper. ^A colour tlius named is much used for paper-hangings and coarse kind of painting water-colours. —This is obtained from the same substance as blue verditer. and —A which is said to surpass Scheele's both in beauty and splendour. Green. and is free from all impurities but it is too expensive for ordiIt is of the nary purposes. being obtained from an earth. Green. or Hungary. by a process nearly simi"Without the addition of white lead or Spanish lar. mixed with earthy hue. white it is unfit for oil-painting . or Verona. oil. is of a light sea-green colour. and not acted on by acids. is It grinds well with much in request for the painting of cabins of ships. and works easily. — Green Verditer. Scheele's Green. the dross mixed with the common verdigris makes it improper. in any way. but.

of producing a fine unchangeable emerald colour. Of different Oils used in Painting and Varnishing. far superior in beauty and intensity to all the browns. a volatile oil. so much the better. Hatchet. the shade.— 116 is 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and add a solution of prussiate of lime. Brown. quantity of cofiee is boiled in river-water. may be obtained from the prussiate of copper. is and moisture. by. whether simple or compound. fee. and set to dry in No. hitherto known. brown is ochre. and even the influence of Browns. Oil of Spike is. or Venetian Emerald. (a combination of prusfiic acid with copper. filtered. and the only simple brown in common use. discovered by Mr. at Venice. Green. and has the advantage of drying more quickly than any other fat-oil. manganese. as it is sometimes called. until a complete precipitation is effected.this process is said to The green lake obtained have resisted the action of light acids. or. — Umber.) The following is the process which he recommends : Dissolve the green muriate of copper in about ten times its weight of distilled or rain water. Lake. Its colour may be obtained in oil by mixing two or three parts of verdigris with one of white lead. if pure. JVeio It is an impure native oxide of iron and much employed by painters. . 227. The precipitate is then to be washed with cold water. better adapted for distemper. This celebrated chemist has suggested to painters that a simple brown colour. —A very simple — A if spoiled cof- inode has recently been discovered.

let them be reduced to as fine a powder as possible. CHI of Poppies is. and place the mixture over a fire just brisk enough to keep the oil slightly boiling. which contains the fattening part of the Pour off the oil oil. and rank among the fat-oils. The only objection is of being insufferably tedious in drying. It is also — used by enaraellers. will be formed at the bottom. scarcely employs any other. Their fatness. and you will find it possessed of the proper drying quality. then mix them with 1 gallon nut or linseed oil. which above (being careful not to let any of the sediment mix with it) into wide-mouthed bottles. Nut and Linseed Oils. indeed. to give them a drying quality. that of being perfectly colourless. to whom it is very valuable. is — so great. ^Its property of drying more equally and gradually than perhaps any other oil renders it also of service to the varnisher. that it is mostly found necessary. as well as other volatile oils. 117 Oil of Lavender. which are composed of particular substances mixed with some of the oils before mentioned. before employing them in colouring. Then take the vessel off the fire. and let and it stand in a cool place for about three hours. ^Both in very general use. Oil of Turpentine is more used than any of the preceding oils the varnisher. Let it remain a sufficient time to clear itself peris fectly before it is used. and a sediment. Drying oils. Fat-oils are oftentimes mixed with oil : of turpentine. which may be done in the following manner: Take 1 pound white vitriol and 4 pounds litharge.— 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. are . indeed. Let it continue to boil till the oil entirely ceases to throw up any scum.

useful for several purposes. are oils. to boil Linseed-Oil to mix with Paint. You must also strain it. 228. it —say 6 or 8 hours . IJ pounds and IJ pounds amber. 118 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and. 229. No. No. If you want to have the litharge dry very quick.of all varnishes are gummy and resinous substances. add double the quantity of and amber. Take 2J gallons green linseed-oil. and let it boil 1 J or 2 hours then it will be ready for use when cold. are not unfrequently employed as a varnish. to prepare Linseed-Oil to Boil Varnishes. 14' ounces and 4 ounces amber. 230. 1. They are most valuable when so manufactured as to be colourless. spirits of turpentine. Bow litharge.. Put all together into a proper vessel. No. in oil- pamting. either alone or diluted with a little oil of turpentine. The foundation. No. Sow to make Copal Varnish.) and dissolve it in a proper . Boil all together ' until it is clear from scum. To make copal varnish: Take 22 ounces gum copal. so as to form varnishes. How litharge. and the only liquids that can be combined with them. and spirits of wine. They are much used in preparing varnishes. be careful in stirring oil to well. (good and clear. Take 5 gallons green linseed-oil.

it pentine. and strain through flanstand 5 or 6 days. No. placed on a sand-bath subject to a moderate When the oil is very warm. it Place the mixture occasionally.Coloured Copal Varnish. No. add the copal from time to time. and put them into a bottle or jar containing a quart of in a spirits of wine. Gold. (See ISTo. and 6 ounces essence of turpentme. 232. fit and when strained the varnish will be for use. 231. When the mixture till the solution is quite complete.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE' EBCEIPTS. and keep continually stirring the end. heat. mix it Let add nearly 1 quart spirits of turthoroughly. 2 ounces essential of lavender. let it cool off a little. 228. powder them well. 119 copper add vessel. and stir the mixture with a stick of white wood rounded at the copal has entirely disappeared. and J ounce shellac. Another Copal Varnish. nel. in very small quantities.) When well incorporated. . when it will be fit for use. Take oil 1 ounce powdered copal. No. As soon as it is properly dissolved. till warm place. pint 1 of the prepared linseed-oil. put in the turpentine in almost a boiling state. Put the oil of lavender into a matrass of a proper size. and shake you perceive that the gums are completely dissolved. take it off the fire. at three different times. 2. Take 1 ounce copal.

but should be frequently well shaken. but the best of varnishes .120 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Take 3 ounces and put spirits of wine. After it has stood sonde time. or a best shell-lac. No. The seedlac should be purified before it is used. and. The portion which can only be made to pass through the bag by pressure may be reserved for freely is off. and it should be in coarse powder when added to the spirit. pour off the clear part. and has a reddish-yellow colour: it is. with a pint of it will not fill more than Iwo-thirds. and the solution should then be filtered through a flannel bag . Seed-Lac Varnish. only to be used where a tinge of that kind is not injurious. and put heat. and keep it for use in a well-stopped bottle. when the pprtion that will pass through should be kept for use in wellstopped bottles. and place it in a gentle heat till the seedlac appears to be dissolved: the solution will be hastened by shaking the bottle occasionally. is This varnish next to that of copal in hardness. 234. Shake the mixture well together. it. by washing seed-lac. therefore. into a bottle of which it in cold water. close apartment. reduce it to a it into a bottle in a gentle warm. Shell-Lac Varnish. No. it come coarse purposes. The lac will then be dissolved. Shell-lac varnish is rather softer is than seed-lac varnish. 233. Take 5 ounces of the gross powder. where it must continue 2 or 3 days.

The older it is. by a very slow heat. then add a pound of spirits of turpentine. and keep it for use. This varnish is very proper for woodwork. When these ingredients are thoroughly mixed. strain the varnish through a piece of cloth. No. the rosin per- when 11 this is done. remove the vessel from the fire.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 236. Melt. To dissolve Oopal injixed Oil. : Amber varnish forms a very excellent one may be effected by boiling it in djying Oil varnishes its lin- which have become thick by keep- ing are made thinner with spirits of turpentine. Linseed-Oil Varnish. the more drying it pound becomes. is well powdered. Varnish. 121 mixing with colours to paint with. and keep constantly stirring it till nearly cold . Amber solution seed-oil. 235. 237. No. keep stirring fectly dissolved and. instead of from its working and spreading better in the pencil. and to every pint of oil add J pound good it till clear rosin. in a perfectly clean vessel. for oil. house and carriage painting. No. to this add from 1 to 2 prepared linseed-oil. add 1 ounce . 1 quarts clear copal . Boil any quantity of linseed-oil for an hour.

dissolve enough to make it into a jelly by keeping almost new-milk-warm . Varnish for Harness. No. which should be kept in a warm till place and frequently shaken . pound is it well. and not liable to sustain injury from the application of hot water. This varnish is much used for common purposes. incorporate them well on a slow fire. into a vessel containing 2 ounces rectified of wine. put them dissolve. White Hard Varnish. and when strained and cool it will be fit for use. 4 ounces gum all anima. No. epMts of turpentine for every pint of oil. 240. is a good preservative of wood. No. 238.122 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. then take equal quantities of good linseed-oil (in a hot state) and the above mixture. into a gallon of oil of turpentine boil the mixture over a stove the rosin fit perfectly and when cool it will be for use. it clear good till rosin. Turpentine Varnish. and will be fit for use. . 1 gallon spirits of turpentine. Take 5 pounds and put dissolved. It is cheap. to gum sandarac . all the gums are quite dissolved then strain the mixture through a it lawn sieve. Take J pound and-it is fit for use. . Take 1 pound 5 pounds spirits mastic. arid together. India-rubber. 239.

and dissolve in it caoutchouc. The . of varnish cient. in a water-bath. 1 quart spirits of turpentine. 242. Sow Take for use. 244.) a sufficient quantity to form a kind rub this on your boots. J pound Yenice turpentine. 1 Take 1 gallon spirits of wine. 123 No. it will be fit No. Leathir Varnish for Shoemakers and Saddlers. ^ ounce Venice turpentine. Take neats'-foot oil. of wine. Boil over a slow fire. 2^ pounds gum pound white clear rosin. 1 pound gum If pounds black sealing-wax. . Dissolve all with a gentle heat : when cool it will be fit for use . It will take several days to dissolve. No. \ pound asphaltum. 243. the caoutchouc put into it in parings. to make Venice Turpentine. Dissolve over a gentle heat: when cool ^ pound rosm. shellac. Ho^o to make Shoes and Boots Water-Proof. spirits Varnish. (India-rubber. No. if too thick.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. thin it with spirits of wine. IJ ounces lampblack. 241. This is suflioil must be placed where it is warm. How to boil a Leather Take 1 gallon shellac.

(Eddies' "Eew York 2J ounces sheep's pounds tallow. until the leather ia filled with it: after that. damp before N. by warming it well. No.) 2 Water-Proof and Leather-Preservative. —^For carriage-tops oil (fish and harness.: 124 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Take linseed-oil 1 quart. 245. leather clean Mix and about a pint of or tanners') to a box. ^Let your leather be clean and damp when the blacking is applied. water-proof. when it will be ready Over a gentle for and mix rosin. a little occasionally will answer. Another Water-Proof for Leather. but will the leather soft. (suet lavender. and produce a . yellow wax and white turpentine each \ pound. A best. very injurious to is is you apply leather. and all6w time to dry use. and much more Polish-blacking can be used immediately durable fine polish. every one knows. 3 quarts linseed-oil. Directions. One box. Have your it. 6 oil of :) melt fire. used with economy. make This blacking will not produce a polish. No. Burgundy pitch 2 ounces melt. first. — moderately before wearing. fine Take ^ pound pounds lampblack.B. 246. and colour with lampblack. Directions. mould. Apply it plentifully at with a brush or otherwise. —^Leather that this applied to will not —which. and be put up in tin boxes. will be sufficient to last one person a year.

3 quarts. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. the .. ^ ounce oil of vitriol. It has decidedly been ascertained. and to the powder add oil. 1. Excellent Liquid Blacking. to be less injurious to the leather than most public blackings. and 1 ounce sweet oil incorporate the whole by stirring. which is rarely equalled. J add 1 loaf pound sugar. ^Put the oil of vitriol in water and mix. This is a black- ing of very good repute. Take J ounoe well. but good. Lvpiid Blacking. molasses. and it certainly produces a fine jet polish. No. 1 oil quart. 2 pints good malt vinegar. into a 4-ouuce 11* pound it and put it vial containing 2 ounces rectified spirits of wine. • Place it in a sand' . 2 quarts. Mix \ the mo- and water together. Take 7 pounds ivory-black powdered. and on which great praise has been very deservedly bestowed. — for use. and never yet surpassed. 125 No. best black sealing-wax. Black Varnish for Straw or Chip Hats. No. Put pound 1 gallon vinegar into a stone jug. from experience. ivory-black. stir well together 1 hour with a stick. 249. 248. No. well pulverized. ounce. 247. lasses of vitriol. No.B. 1 pint sweet oil. 2. stale beer. and then add the whole together. soft distilled water. well mixed then add the beer and vinegar in a pan. then fit N.

Take . will. This is an excellent blacking. where tin manner. and dip them by which they become covered with a thin tin scale . if Finally. then add the ivory-black and molasses. are taken out and drie^ in an oven. before a stiffness to fire. It gives a good equal to new. and the white of 2 4ggs. 2. till bath. fine soft hair- brush. exposed to sea-winds.this they are allowed to dry. and will not injure the leather. and It likewise resists wet. 126 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.. or near a moderate the wax is dis- solved . . First take clean sheet-iron plates. a beautiful glosa No. stand No. and let it stand one day. they are then washed well with warm water. 10 ounces molasses mix the oil of vitriol and the tanners' oil together. then lay it on warm. with a or in the sun. and stir it well together to a thick paste. is liable to rust. oil. 10 ounces tanners' 4 pounds ivory-black. rosin dissolved in 2 gallons alcohol. 251. they Common tin plates for roofing. and then dipped into a hot solution composed of f pouijd shellac and { pound . { pound oil of vitriol. No. and dipped into a melted composition of rosin and tallow afte:j. in a solution of the chloride of iron. 250. old straw hats. coated in this exposure to the weather well. Coating Sheet-Iron with Varnish to protect it from the action of the atmosphere. fire. Another Oil-Paste Blacking.

This It is sometimes necessary to filter cordials. same time rendering it thick and unThis may.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE BECEIPTS.the observation of the follow-" ing general rules. and making up to proof with fine soft water in their stead. The manufacturer must always be careful to use a well-cleansed spirit. If fining should be necessary. and remove the scum as it rises as soon as it commences boiling. may be done by letting it run through some proper cloth. 127 No. . it is neces- the spirit should have deposited its own. and strain it immediately. is The perfection of this grand hranch of manufacturing depends upon . as a compound cordial is nothing more than a spirit impregnated with the essential sary thaj. Dissolve the sugar in the water on a gentle fire. Second. 252. and at the sightly. A This is called by the art simple syrup. Third. Take 8 pounds loaf sugar. the grosser and less fragrant parts of the oil not giving the spirit so agreeable a flavour. or the ponderosity of the oil. and is used in the manufacture of many kinds of liquors. 2 qjiarts water. it may be done by adding from 5 to 7 eggs to the barrel. in a great measure. take it from the fire. oil of the ingredients. syrup is made by taking the best white sugar. Let the time of previous digestion be proportioned to the tenacity of the ingredients. or one freed from its own essential oils. . Have a due proportion of spirits. be effected by leaving out the feints. For. How Comjpound Spirits of Cordials for beverage manufactured. First. which are easy to be observed and practised.

Take 30 gallons pure rectified whiskey. and let it lie for 12 or 14 days then add again 15 gallons water. Sow to make diron. 5 drachms of anniseed cut in alcohol. 8 gallons of the above syrup . rectified No. 255. and. and in a few days you draw it ofl^ (Ready for use. stir or 10 minutes. 20 gallons good clear soft water. Mix all well together.128 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE BECEIPTS. Take 30 gallons pure alcohol. fine it by dissolving 1| pounds alum in 2^ quarts water. it for 5. and add to the cordial .Cordial. mix all together. 253. it will and let it lie from 10 to 12 days. to make Peppermint. of the mentioned syrup . 254. if not clear. How . and add 10 pounds rind of lemons. and 8 gallons . No. when be good to use. How to Take 30 oil manufacture Anniseed-Cordial.Cordial. 5 pounds orange-peel. gallons pure rectified whiskey. cut up in alcohol 5 drachms oil of peppermint in and the whiskey let it . then let it stand for 10 days. add 30 gallons water. whiskey . 1 quart stand 1 or 2 days. then add it to after this. 5 ounces broken nutmeg. and 10 gallons simple syrup. No. . 1.) may No.

Take 5 gallons pure proof rectified whiskey.Cordial. No. gallons pure rectified whiskey. and proceed as before. Sow to make Orange. and add 3 gallons water and 2 gallons syrup. 259. 3 gallons water. How Take 6 to make Cinnamon. 1| gallons syrup . How Take 6 add 8 to make Strawberry. 129 No. 2 gal. oil gallons rectified whiskey. No.Cordial. 257. 2B quarts . No. 2 pounds dried orangeI peel. mix. to whicn strawberries. then draw it ofl" and add 3 gallons . add pound fresh lemon-peel.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE BECEIPTS. Bofl water. 256.Cordial. 2 drachms of cinnamon cut in alcohol. and proceed as before. and let it stand 10 pr 12 days . 3 gallons water. lons syrup mix. 258. Ij gallons syrup. then draw it off". 1 drachm of cloves cut in alcohol. How Take 6 oil to make Clove-Cordial. and manage as before. . and let stand as before. and 3 pounds fresh orange-peel let it stand for 10 or 14 days. gallons pure rectified whiskey.

oil of cloves..Cordial. and mix No. should hot be clear. 130 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. alone. they are ground into what is called pomace. and 7 quarts manage as before. If the quantity is too much or too little in the foregoing receipts. or pulp. 262. Boil 4 gallons or 24 pounds common brown sugar in 4 gallons water and 3 ounces alum. in from 10 days to 2 weeks it will be clear. No. &c. E^. 261. 2. Any other flavour can be given by adding — other essential oils : such as If it oil of cinnamon. or a little carbonate of soda or potassa dissolved in water. you can make any quantity by taking the ingredients proportionate to the quantity you wish to make.* either by means of a-common pressing-stone. lemon. How to make (Mer. Another Peppermint-Cordial. or a little alum. oil white of eggs. together . No. add the of anniseed. 4 soft water. oil of of wintergreen. syrup. and stir all well and in 24 hours it will be clear and fit for use. Then add 1 ounce oil of peppermint. How to make Rose. from 40 to 60 drops oil of roses cut in 1 pint alcohol. with a . 10 gallons pure spirits. oil oil of roses.B. and scum it as long as any scum will rise. After the applet are gathered from the trees. No. rectified Take 6 gallons pure proof gallons all whiskey. 14 gallons clear rain-water. 260.

This juice. is . or as it extinguishes a candle held to the bung-hole. the discharge of the fixed air. circular trough. which may be best effected in a temperature of from 40 to 60 degrees of Fahrenheit. which is either driveu by hand or by horse power. After the liquor has undergone the proper fermentation in these close vessels. and The jjroper kept. water-cider. This pile then subjected to different degrees of pressure in succession. is then put either into open vats or close casks. and Avhich may be known by its appearing tolerably clear. the liquor must again be put into casks. After this. time for racking may always be best known by the brightness ©f the liquor.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and the appearance of a thick crust formed of fragments of the reduced pulp. called washings. and the pressed pulp is either thrown away or made to yield a weak liquor. after being strained in a coarse hair sieve. When the pulp is thus reduced to a great degree of fineness. there is a pile of 8 or 10 to 12 layers. This till is effected hair-cloth by placing clean sweet straw or between the layers of pomace or pulp. and having a vinous sharpness upon the tongue. any further fermentation must be stopped by racking off the pure part into open vessels exposed for a day or two in a cool situation. or 131 by a cider-mill. in a cool place during winter. as we call it. it is conveyed to the cider-press. where it is formed by pressure into a kind of cake. which is called the cheese. The liquor should always be racked ofi" anew as often as a hissing noise is heard. till all the must or juice is squeezed from the pomace. or.

or any similar substance. they should be set by uncorked till morning. How To fine to manage CMer. when the corks must be driven in tightly. 132 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS. few bottles may be kept in a warmer place. and stop it After which. Cider. and make it brisker. Cider should be well corked and waxed. to supply the waste by fermentation. No. In the beginning of March obtained. a favourable vinous fermentation has been more is required than to fill up the vessels every 2 or 3 weeks. bottle it oft". . that it may get fiat but if too fiat in the cask. . and racking. put into each bottle a small lump or two of rock-candy. and 3 pounds rock-candy bruise them all well in a mortar. 1 pound alum. then mix the whole close for 5 or 6 months. secured by wire or twine and the bottles are filled When mehed rosin. and packed upright in a cool place. 1 hogshead.. to ripen and be ready for A use. which should be done in fit for final fair weather. with J ounce cochineal. if fine. any of which will much improve the liquor. and improve the flavour of take a gallon good French brandy. nothing When the liquor will be bright and pure. them in the brandy for a day or two with the cider. when bottled in hot weather. and infuse . should be left a day or two uncorked. and soon wanted for use. 263. 4 or 5 raisins of the sun. or a small piece of raw beef.

Take 14 pounds raisins. the following general. till the wate: remains clear. and palatable . and put 6 gallons of good water upon them after which cover it well up. but They deimportant. it will be fit for use. which has a brass cock in days' time it it. Observations on Cider. little colouring should be added when putting A into the cask the second time. and the almost endless variety of its apples. dirty and clean. To make good cider. rules should be attended to.iquor. and the rest of the slovenly process usually employed but in return they produce you a wholesome. that always commands an adequate 12 price. 133 No. with the stalks wash them out in four or five waters. . . The raisins may afterwards be used for vinegar. From the great diversity of soil and climate in the United States of America. and in 4 or 6 will be fit for bottling. rotten and sound. . To make cheap Cider from Maisins. When it has been in the bottles 7 or 8 days.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS. from the tree and the soil. and let it stand 10 days. it follows that much diversity of taste and flavour will necessarily be found in the cider that is made from them. high-flavoured. No. sound. 265. mand a little more trouble than the ordinary mode of collecting and mashing apples of all sorts. Then rack it off into another clear. 264. then put them into a clean cask with the head out. sweet and sour. . cask.

finest cider cored. After sweating. placed about three inches from the bottom. with a bag slung over his shoulders. agreeable taste to the cider. 6. 4. wipe them dry. 266. It was equal in flavour to any champagne that ever was made. and if any of them are found bruised or rotten. to place between the layers The straw when heated gives a disof pomace. draw off the liquor by a spigot. . let it pass through a hair sieve into a large open vessel. for an inferior cider to make vinegar. 3. 2. and closely watched. The moment the white bubbles before mentioned are perceived rising at the bung-hole. 1. The cider must be drawn off into very clean casks. General Bulesfor making Cider. and in a short time grow very thick. 5. As the cider runs from the press. will soon clear a tree. put them in a heap by themselves." in a poisonous and acid wash. and sometimes less. the pomace will rise to the top.184 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. so that the lees may be left quietly behind. No. was made of an equal sound pippin and crab apples. that will hold as much juice as can be expressed in one day. instead of a solution of "villanous compounds. In a day. An active boy. Apples that have lain any time on the soil contract an earthy taste. pared. and before being ground. and pressed. Always use hair cloth. man in his senses The portion of ripe. when little white bubbles break through it. etc. Pick the apples by hand. that no will drink. instead of straw. with the utmost nicety. Always choose perfectly ripe and sound apples.. which will always be found in the cider.

the cask appears to be in danger of bursting. a short time after the pressing. Allow the pulp to remain from 2 to 6 or 8 days . reduce the whole fruit to a uniform pomace. and after fermentation add spirits of wine. or let it be. put into strong. When the fermentation is com- pletely at an end. No. and without any foreign mixtures. (which. according to the state of the weather. add sugar before fermentation takes place. if warm weather. greatly improves it. wellbeen produced as described.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Cider prepared as above is generally used to imi- tate the different kinds of wine. then draw it off into casks. for a shorter time. and put in a spile to draw. and place in a cool cellar . charine matter. After the liquor has remained a few days. fill up the cask with cider in all respects like that already contained in it. stirring it every day. . In grinding the apples. whou light casks.) taking off the scum as it rises. Another Mule for making good Cider. and bore with a gimlet a hole drive the through the bung. and useful oil may be poured made cider. a longer time. K and after the pomace has all overflown. excepting always that of good cognac brandy. cooling drink. Sound. and bung it up tight . (after its having been strained through a sieve. added to it in tne proportion of 1 gallon to every 30. placed in a cool place.) is a pleasant. previous to which a tumblerful of sweet into the bung-hole. rack it 135 again. 267. until put to the there should be any wanting of the sacpress. and if cold. that has beverage. bung close.

. No. and bung it up close. When the fermentation is subsided.186 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. years. bung it up. and let it ferment in the barrel bore a gimlet-hole through the bung. and put the cider in again. cider after it is taken from the press. Another vjay to keep Cider. and 6 cents' worth mustard-seed. and after it has boiled a short time take it off the fire. or when your taste. put it into a good sweet barrel. and put a spile into it. and tie it fast to the handle so that the bag with hops will not touch the bottom of the kettle scum off the cider whiie you have it on the fire. How Take the taste. This cider will also be good to imitate all Kinds of wines that is. No. and add 3 gallons apple whiskey. and it will keep the sams as you put it into your barrel for put it into a kettle. then put the bag with hops into the kettle with the cider. tight. 269. and clean out your barrel. so that you can let some of the gas out. if the cider is clear. strong. 268. Take — .B. and let it cool down lukewarm. !N". and add 1 pint good fresh brandy. and bung it up tight. it cider when you think will suit your and boil it very little. to keep common Qider good for years. . and put it into a good. Make a bag and put into it \ pound of hops. it suits . to prevent the cask from bursting. draw it off clear. sweet barrel.

(so that there will be an empty space of 2 inches between the two bottoms. common. J inch apart. How to put up a simple Stand for Eectifying Whiskey. put a layer of flannel or blanket over this bottom. (washed very clean. . to put in a brass or wooden spigot.) to rest the second bottom on.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. or still less. Take a good. this is done. or else if you pour in your . and put from 4 to 6 inches on the flannel or blanket now put another layer of flannel on the sand. sand. particularly prepared for this purpose. and charcoal. between which you will have to bore a hole through the side. tight barrel for a stand. or gravel. the perforated appears like a sieve. so that it will come all round up the sides a little now take some fine. on the top of this flannel lay 4 or 6 bricks. or fine-broken brick.) flannel. sized knitting-needle. Raw Purifying spirituous liquors consists iu passing the liquor through prepared charcoal. blanket.uor. between the empty space of the two bottoms. to answer for legs. full and bore one of the heads it of \ inch holes. which. and after you have the perforated bottom at itsi proper place. so that riddle . should not run out faster than the thickness of a middlerectified liq. and on the top of this put from 12 to 15 inches of the prepared charcoal. 12* . 2 inches thick. clean sand. if the rectifier is good. to keep the flannel down. 270. to draw out the bottom . 137 No. or when out. and on the top of this put another layer of blanket or flannel . take and sink down into the barrel within 2 inches of the lower bottom first nail 3 or 4 strips of wood.

or make them as large as you please. . it would is your stand purify. or straw. The charcoal ought to be prepared from sugar maple wood. renew them. you can let it run through 3 or . always in use. the same as before. until no strength of the liquor remains in it. instead of flannel. spirits it can be used for liquor that over proof. the oftener. to bring down to proof. 1. . there will b6 it left a great' deal of strength in the coal after stops running. the Keep your rectifier finer your spirits gets. and let the whiskey through them both and if you want your spirits very fine. put up as many stands as you wish. malt. pour water on and let water through. a hydrometer is indispensably necessary to try the liquor find .. of the same size. and put between the sand fancy. to get that strength out. or the coal will become mouldy and unfit for use. on the top of the liquor now ready to receive the liquor you wish to rise . one above the other. Some rectifiers use raw cotton. when the coal will be Avorn out and when the coals are worn out. To ascertain this. This stand is capable to rectify 10 barrels of strong whiskey. Some rectifiers put up two. 138 liquor 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALtTABLE RECEIPTS. or any other good cask. and charcoal. You may 4 times. tight barrel. by this how many These degrees of spirits mode you can you have in the is water. or lime. according to Recapitulation of Directions in putting up a Itectifyiiu) Stand. Observe. Take a good.

Hoio to make Monongahela Whiskey. after you have poured liquor 8. ^You can put double or — triple the quantity . Mix them all together. and add \ pound young hyson tea. The spirituous liquor which is rectified thus is called pure spirits or sweet liquors. Put another layer of on the top of the sand.. 7. Keep the stand. well covered. 9. Put 12 or 15 inches of charcoal on the top of the flannel. Take out the head and sink inches of the bottom. down within 2 4. matter. 2. and is flavoured key. 6. 4 ounces 4 ounces cinnamon. etc. cordials. Cover with a lajer of flannel this perforated bottom. for wines. Take 36 gallons pure spirits. and stir them well for 3 or 4 days. on. 4 pounds loaf sugar. N. Put another layer of flannel on the coal. 271. not burned. Put 4 or 6 bricks on the flannel. and in a few cloves.600 MISCELLANKOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. brandies.B. 5. Monongahela whisand should be clear of all foreign No. baked brown. Put 4 to 6 inches washed sand on the top of flannel the flannel. 3. it described. 1. spirits. to keep it from rising up to the top. 6 pounds dried peaches. 139 as Bore holes through one of the heads. rum. weeks it will be good. 10.

1 pint simple syrup. or 6 gallons and pour it into a barrel of pure rectified whiskey. Take 30 gallons pure rectified whiskey. the better. proof.140 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE EECEIPTS. IJ pints simple syrup. 4 pounds ISTew Orleans sugar. 2. 5. from 5 add 4i gallons pure apple whiskey. 6 drachms Bweet spirits of nitre. make Monongahela Whiskey. 3 ounces allspice. and then take 3. Take 30 gallons pure Then ready for use. in. of flavouring it of No. No. rectified to 10 degrees above proof. and let (the juice of them only. it mix them if all together. Draw ofi^. Another way to 271i. and stir them every day. and let stand from 6 to 12 days. add 1 ounce spirits nitre dulc. 2 ounces tincture of cinnamon. 4. ground or bruised. and add 2 pounds loaf sugar to each barrel. The longer your flavouring will lie.) stand for 2 weeks. 4 pounds dried peaches.gallons pure wheat whiskey. . 272. add 12 ounces burned barley. and colour with sugar-colouring you wish. J ounce tincture of rhatany. 2 ounces cinnamon. whiskey. No. 4|. 273. No. Take 30 gallons pure rectified whiskey. How to make Wheat Whiskey. Mix thoroughly. How to make good Apple Whiskey. 2 good pineapples. mix them all together.

How to imitate Old Bourbon Whiskey. . rectified Take 30 gallons pure pure Bourbon whiskey. mix. whiskey. mix them and colour with sugar-colouring. 6 gallons all to- 3 half-pints simple syrup. 141 No. when it will be ready for use. the better. 277. 4 ounces sweet spirits of nitre. 75 drops kreosote cut in 3 half- pints alcohol. 2 drachms Cut the oil of juniper and oil of oil of caraway. No. let . 3 half-pints simple syrup. Sow to imitate Irish Whiskey. caraway in 1 pint» alcohol. Take 30 gallons pure spirits. and mix all together.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 1 ounce pure oil of juniper. How to imitate Holland Gin. spirits of nitre. and alcohol . add 2 gallons pure imported Holland gin highly flavoured. 6 gallons pure Irish whiskey. 6 gallons pure Scotch whiskey. 275. 276. add 45 drops stand a few when it will be ready for use stir it well. 6 drachms acetic acid. and manage as before. 274. rectified whiskey. IJ ounces acetic acid. No. 1 acetic ether. No. proof. rectified Take 30 gallons pure drachm whiskey. How to imitate Scotch Whiskey. IJ ounces sweet gether. The older. No. kreosote cut in 1 pint days. 1. Take 30 gallons pure proof 3 pints simple syrup.

IJ gallons pure Holland gin. Another imitation of Holland Gin. Take 30 gallons pure rectified whiskey. No. 1 gallon pure imported Holland gin. 4. No. 278. 1 pound it ofl' coriander-seed. spirits. No. Infuse the fennel and caraway seed in 2 quarts rectified whiskey for 8 or 10 days. Take 10 gallons pure rectified whiskey. (cut the oil of juniper and caraway in 1 pint alcohol. Holland Gin. No. Take 5 gallons pure imported Holland gin.) 1 ounce sal-ammoniac. No. 2. No. 2 drachms oil of caraway. short time Mix them all together. 5. Take 30 gallons pure rectified whiskey. and in a it will be good for use. let stand. 1 ounce oil of juniper cut in alcohol. 142 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPT*. Holland Gin.. aw3 add 1 gallon pure Good. 1 drachm oil of juniper cut in alcohol. 1 ounce pure oil of juniper. No. 4 gallons pure Holland gin. ^ drachm fennel-seed. 279. J drachm caraway-seed. Mix them all together. and stir it well for 3 or 4 days then draw and strain. Holland Gin. 3. 280. . No. 281. then mix.

284. K. No. ought to be from 3 to 5 degrees above proof. How to make Country Gin. it while hot. 1 ounce Mix them together. 282. Take If ounces powdered in 1 pint alcohol for 2 weeks . of nitre. add it to the No. No. until the flavoui is rest of drawn out. and add it to the rest of your . Then boil in 2 gal- lons of pure spirits 4 pounds foreign locks. then and macerate it filter it through paper. How to make Tincture of Kino. 283. or pure spirits. 4 ounces anise-seed. — No.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Infuse 4 pounds juniper-berries in 4 gallons of the pure rectified whiskey for 8 or 10 days separate the juice from the berries. Take 32 gallons pure rectified whiskey. kino.B. for good gin. 1. . liquor. Jamaica Rum. and strain your liquor. 3 gallons pure Jaspirits all maica rum. 4 pounds bitter orange-peel. 285. The pure rectified whiskey. gallons pure spirits. Take 32 gallons pure spirits. 143 No. No. How Take 28 to imitate Jamaica Rum. 3 ounces sweet tincture of kino. 2.

IJ pints syrup. No. How to make Jamaica Spirits. . 2. \ pound anisedrawn out strain it while and add it to your pure spirits bung it tight.144 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Mix well. Take 5 gallons pure spirits. 4 ounces sweet spirits of nitre. Ij gallons St. Take 30 gallons pure rectified whiskey. and boil 6 pounds liquorice-sticks. 2 ounces sweet spirits of nitre. 289. 1 ounce sal-ammo niac. Take 28 gallons pure spirits. No. until the flavour is hot. 3 ounces tinture of argol. Croix Bum. in 3 days it will be good. 1 ounce tincture of kino. No. No. No. 290. Stj Croix Bum. 1. and . 286. Take 32 gallons pure spirits. 2. 1. pounds winter-bark. and colour. Croix rum. No. If ounces butyric. 288. mix well. 287. 2 gallons St. 2 ounces spirits of hartshorn . Mix all together. Another St. rum. 2 seed. . 50 drops nitric acid. Croix . 1 gallon Another Bum. No. New England Bum. Take 29 gallons pure spirits. No. No.acid cut in 2 quarts alcohol. 6 gallons pure Jamaica rum.

No. and let stand 5 days. and boil 4 pounds peach-pits. then pour it ofi^. and macerate it in 1 quart diluted alcohol for 2 weeks. J pint syrup.this whiskey 2 gallons. cut. 294. No. Then take of . and put it into your pure spirits. J3ow to make Tineiure of Catechu. Take 3 ounces catechu. Another Jamaica Hum. is No. No. Colour with sugar-colouring. 4 pounds peach-pits. mix. Take 31 gallons rectified whiskey set the barrel on the head. until the flavour drawn out. 293. and add as much pure imported cognac brandy as you wish. ^ ounce tincture of catechu. 292. steep the peach-pits. Cognac Brandy.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and filter through paper or strain through cloth. 3. No. Another Cognac Brandy. add 5 gallons pure imported Jamaica rum from the custom-house. pound winter-bark. 291. 4 pounds bitter orange-peel. 145 rum. 1. winter-bark. 1 Take 31 gallons pure spirits. No. 2. . and the orange- peel in a few gallons of pure spirits. 1 pound winter2C . No. Take 32 gallons pure spirits . | ounce butyric acid .

and colour it to your fancy. Then take pound crude or red tartar. No. and mix. bark. No. 2 pounds loaf sugar. and 4 pounds bitter orange-peel. 3. the whole drawn out. No. Then add | pound sweet in alcohol. 4.J 146 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE EECEIPTS. 1| drachms cognac-oil cut in alcohol.) beat Take 32 them to powder. Another Cognac Brandy. Take 35 gallons pure rectified whiskey. 1\ ounce cenanthic acid. and to 15 degrees above proof. Colour. 1. Another Cognac Brandy. I gallon pure cognac brandy imported. 3 half-pints syrup. 2^ pounds bruised raisins. from 10 and add 7j gallons pure cognac brandy. (not burned. 297. Manage as before. and put them to your pure | spirits in the barrel. 296. Then take \ gal^ Ion dried peaches baked brown. 1^ ounce acetic acid. No. 2 ounces tincture of kino. No. No. Take 5 gallons pure sweet liquor. and draw and pour back until well mixed. Imitation of French Brandy. will be fit for use. and in 3 days it broken together until the flavour is while hot strain it into pther liquor. and ai^ stop tight oil cut up clear 2 hours. J ounce acetic acid. and pour it into your barrel. . mix it thoroughly. 295. gallons pure spirits. 1 ounce tincture of catechu.

No. The above will make 42 gallons of first-rate French brandy in 6 months. and when eold put them into the cask and stir them well together. and scarcely distinguishable from French brandy by the best of judges. Hoehelle Brandy. then add to it 8 gallons pure French brandy. 2. 1 ounce. How to prepare Tincture Japonica. allowing the pure spirits to bo first proof. fourth proof. 298. 10 to 15 degrees above proof. then take some of the pure spirits and mix with it 3 ounces tincture of japonica and 9 ounces Bweet spirits of nitre. bruised. 300. No. and. when this is well incorporated. No. pour it into the barrel with your spirits. No. mace. and to the strained liquor add 2 ounces tartar japonica powdered fine. 1.) The older. . Mix it thoroughly. then strain the liquor through a fine cloth. No. and dissolve. (Ready. which will be in 7 or 8 days: then strain it through a linen cloth. 1 ounce infuse them into a pint of brandy till the whole tincture of the saffron is extracted. let it infuse till the.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 5 degrees above proof. boil it 147 in 4 gallons water until it is reduced to 2 gallons. Another imitation of French Brandy. or cider brandy is the best. 3 gallons pure Eochelle brandy. 299. 6 . Take 30 gallons pure rectified whiskey. Take 30 gallons pure spirits. Take of the best saflron.tincture is wholly impregnated. the better.

3 pints simple syrup . Mix and colour. 6 ounces tincture of kino. raisins. sweet liquor. and colour. Take 30 gallons pure rectified whiskey. No. 7J gallons pure Bordeaux brandy. Cognac Brandy. then draw it off clear.148 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 7|. 303. 1^ ounces acetic ether. 3 ounces acetic ounces acetic acid. 5. proof. 1\ quarts simple syrup. 304. No. f ounce oil of cognac. 9 pounds sugar. J . 6 pounds ounces tincture of kino. 2. \ pound bruised bitter almonds. 2 ounces cenanthic acid. 5 ounces tincture of kino.1 pound loaf sugar. Bordeaux Brandy. mix. 302. No. 3 ounces tincture of kino. 301. 4f ounces acetic ether. f ounce acetic acid. mix. ^ ounce tincture of cardamom-seed. and colour with sugar-colouring. BocJielle Brandy. No. No. 2 ounces cenanthic acid. No. mix. 2J drachms oil of cognac. pounds raisins. 3 liquor. 1. 15 degrees above proof. and 7J let it stand 2 weeks. 1 ounce acetic ether. Take 30 gallons. Cherry Brandy.gallons pure imported Rochelle brandy. 2 gallons water. Take 30 gallons pure sweet ether.. Take 10 gallons pure rectified whiskey. No.

1 ounce spirits of nitre dulc. pure. pound stone-lime. 305. . Then add 6 gallons fourth-proof French brandy. Take 28 gallons rectified whiskey. : No. 2 gallons fourth-proof brandy. 1 quart peach-pits. Good. draw off. 2 pounds burnt raisins. high-flavoured. Take proof. 149 ounce tartaric acid. No. 15 degrees above pound pulverized alum. 4 ounces tincture of kino. and mix them well. and let it stand a few weeks. 100 drops mix all nitric acid. Common Brandy. 1 pound winter-bark. Let it stand 20 days. and draw off.) No. then draw it off. 3 ounces sweet spirits of nitre. No. 2 ounces sweet spirits of nitre.: 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. . 307. (Eeady for use. 306. Put them all into your cask together. and colour dark. Domestic Brandy. 1 35 gallons pure spirits. stir. but the older the better. 1 drachm orange-flower-water. 1 ounce nutmeg. take good care that you draw it ofl' very clear. let th^m stand 24 hours. and let stand 24 hours. 1 ounce tincture of kino mix. Put into a clean barrel. 2 quarts red-oak sawdust it will be good in a few days. 3. IJ ounces mace. ^ 13* . Take 28 gallons rectified whiskey. French Brandy. 2 pounds liquoricesticks. and a few pounds burnt raisins together. add 3 gallons brandy.

No. Take 10 gallons pure bitter spirits. 5 pounds sugar. and let stand 10 days draw ofl^. 100 drops of nitre. 308. No. 2. 1 rectified whiskey. No. pour on them good rectified whiskey to . colour. Mix. 2 gallons water. Peach Brandy. ^ ounce tincture of cinnamon. J pint orangeflower-water mix. . 2J gallons good brandy . Another Cherry Brandy. ^ ounce tinc- ture of cardamom and . and it is ready. No. 150 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. colour. Take 29 gallons pure spirits. 1 gallon pure brandy. 4 pounds loaf sugar. sugar-colouring. ' ' Another French Brandy. No. and let stand 6 or 8 days. 5. No. 4. Take 10 gallons pure proof 2J gallons raspberry brandy.. No. Blackberry Brandy. put them in a clean barrel. it is fit for use. | pint tincture of almonds. spirits 2 ounces sweet kino. Take 20 gallons pure rectified whiskey. 6 gallons good peach brandy. 312. No. mix. Take sweet black cherries J bushel. J drachm oil of bitter almonds cut in alcohol. and colour witb. 311. 310. 4 ounces tincture of nitric acid. Another Brandy. 309.

No. No. Another Cherry Brandy. bruised . 6 pounds loaf sugar. No. and fine if necessary. Take 10 gallons pure spirits. \ ounce cinnamon. No. 315. and let stand a few days. Take 10 2 drachms tartaric acid . 12 quarts blackberries. 13 quarts rasp- pounds loaf sugar. J ounce. .600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. then cider. 316. mix. colour. berries. 18 quarts wild cherries. 313. ' No. strain it. proof. Rose Brandy. and let stand 25 days draw off. months it will be good. Baspherry Brandy. and 2 gallons water. when it Will be good. 2 Take 10 gallons rectified . 15 drops oil of roses cut in alcohol. 2J gallons water. No. 314. 3. let stand 8 days . 6 . and iu a few cover them well. 2. unground cloves. 10 pounds sugar. 151 let it lie until you get good which you have to boil and skim off clean then fill up the barrel which contains the cherries and whiskey with the cider. and let it lie. 4 gallons soft water. Blackberry Brandy. 2 gallons water. and add 6 pounds loaf sugar. Take 10 gallons pure rectified whiskey. whiskey. gallons pure sweet liquor.

. Colour with sugar-colouring. 3 ounces tincture of catechu mix. No. Ileady. and fine if necessary. 9 pounds' bruised ounces acetic ether. ground cinnamon. tincture of and add to your liquor mix thoroughly. proof. 3 ounces 3 ounces tincture of kino. add J ounce then take J pound ground ginger-root. diluted.. strain. No. ^ drachm oil of lavender dissolved in alcohol for 10 or 12 hours. and 2 quarts simple days . No. J ounce cinnamon. infuse in 1 quart alcohol for 6 or 8 Take 10 gallons pure sweet cardamom-seed. Ginger Brandy. IJ ounces acetic acid.: infuse for 2 weeks. syrup. No. mix. bruised. 317. 3 pounds loaf sugar. 3. draw oiF. 319. to Sow 3 pints. Take 5 gallons pure spirits. then add it to your pure spirits . Then add 2J gallons soft water. Take 15 raisins. and drachmsungroundcloves. alcohol.) . 318. 152 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE EECEIPTS. filter. let stand 2 or 3 weeks . liquor. No. Hochelle Brandy. 320. also water. make Tincture of (Xnnamon. 2 drachms tincture of add IJ gallons soft cinnamon. Lavender Brandy. Colour. and manage as the last. Take 4J ounces ground cinnamon. 1 quart simple syrup. 3 gallons pure spirits.

macerate it bruised. and filter. and 1 pint and filter. How to make IXncture of Gardamom-Seed. How for 2 to make Tincture of Cloves. No. Take 6 ounces rhatany. 322. and iu- No. 1 pint rectified whiskey. 324. 1 quart alcohol. allspice. Take 2 ounces cardamom-seed. Sow to make Tincture of ttkatany. macerate for 2 weeks . How to make Tincture of Saffron. Take 1 ounce saffron. 325. No. 1 quart diluted alcohol: macerate for 2 weeks. 326. diluted . 2 quarts alcohol. 323. . for 2 weeks. cloves. How to make Tincture of Med Sanders. filter. How fuse for 2 to make Tincture of Allspice. 153 No. pure first-proof. Take 4 ounces weeks . infuse it in alcohol Take 2 ounces ground weeks. express and filter.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. . alcohol. No. 321. Take J pound ground red sanders. No. and infuse for 2 weeks filter. and filter.

No. No. let it remain at least 2 weeks. 2. IJ gallons juice of elderberries. How to imitate Port Wine. with part of which clean out your jug that contained the brandy. No. put put 6 gallons of the cider into a 10gallon cask. Take of white Havana sugar 30 pounds. Colour. keep cool. 3 quarts good brandy. 2 gallons good pure imported Port wine. shake it every day. Another Imitation of Port Wine. 1 ounce tincture of kino. 1. rack and fine until perfectly clear and transparent. J ounce extract of rhatany. bung it tight. Mow to imitate Madeira Wine. water 10 gallons. Take 6 gallons good prepared cider. if necessary. 328. This will produce 9J gallons. add to this the elder-juice and Port wine and the brandy and cochineal take the remaining 5 gallons of cider. No. and in 6 weeks it will be ready for use. . 1. IJ gallons good imported Port wine. Take 10 gallons prepared cider. IJ ounces cochineal.154 600 MISnELtANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. cider readj' . 1 pound bruised raisins. let it stand 2 weeks . Now pulverize the it with the brandy into a stone jug. 327. 329. 2 quarts good brandy. 3 quarts good sweet liquor. with tincture of red sandera . and at the end of 2 weeks have your cochineal very fine. white tartar 6 ounces . No. and pour the whole into your cask. boil the whole half . 1 pint simple syrup.

How to imitate Lisbon Wine. IJ gallons pure imported Madeira wine. 331. then add 2 green citrons let them remain until the . it will be ready for bottling in No. clear. and skim it well let it stand until cool then add 8 gallons strong beer-wort from the vat while working stir it well together. gallon sweet kino. 2 pounds bruised raisins. 2 quarts brandy . J loaf sugar. and when it has done working. After the wine is put into the cask. Take 10 gallons prepared cider. which will be in about 6 weeks. No. J pound brown rock-candy. . cider. into a sweet cask. 332. 155 an hour. 2. let stand 10 days then rack and fine until . about 6 months. 1 ounce tartaric acid. 1 1^ before. ounce tincture of J ounce tincture of rhatany. How Take 10 to imitate Malaga Wine. then put it. No. brandy. 2| gallons pure imported Lisbon wine. \ drachm oil of bitter almonds cut in alcohol. wine is bottled. 600 MISCELLAKEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. pounds liquor. 2 gallons gallons good imported . and let it stand until next day. 2^ pounds grapes in cluster. 330. 3 quarts sweet liquor. as manage and let stand 10 days.. Take 10 gallons prepared cider. 1 quart French . Another Imitation of Madeira Wine. put a piece of muslin over the bung-hole . 2 ounces isinglass. then add to it 6 pounds bruised raisins.

2 drachms acid. ^ pint simple syrup. 335. off. IJ pounds loaf sugar. 6 quarts native wine. 9. 333. J drachm citric acid. Manage as before. 1 quart water. pints rectified whiskey. and let stand for 6 or 8 days. 3 quarts good im ported claret wine. Mix. Take 5 gallons cider prepared. an operation highly requisite to the keep- . How to imitate Qlaret Wine. No. 336. 2J gallons pure imported Teneriffe wine. No. f drachm oil of bitter almonds dissolved in alcohol. raisins. How This is Backing Wine is performed. and manage as before. and manage as before. 1 Malaga wine. 3 quarts sweet liquor. 334. gallons prepared cider. IJ ounces Mix. kino. 1 pint syrup.156 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE EECEIPTS. 24 drachms cream of tartai. No. 2 pounds pint good brandy.. 1 gill honey. 9 quarts imported pure sherry wine. J pound raisins. Take 10 gallons citric cider. How to imitate Teneriffe Wine. tincture of saffron. How Take 12 to imitate Sherry Wine. then draw No. J ounce tincture of Colour with sugar-colouring. J ounce tincture of red sanders. 1 ounce cream of tartar.

a little spirits to be given to it. Or. If the wine. then pour the mucilage into the cask. Mix with a pint or more of the wine. 337. and. and stir up the wine. 2 tablespoonfuls. dissolve. and ^ ounce burnt alum in powder. to its purification. J ounce isinglass ia u . richness. and bunged tight. then pour the mucilage into the cask. so as not to disturb the sediment or lees. siphon should be used A be tapped 2 or 3 days be racked oS into another cask again. the white of 1 new egg. the cask may be slightly fumigated. and flavour. is found weak. One of the best finings is as follows: Take 1 pound fresh marshmallow-roots. they will want no fining. The racking off ought to be performed in temperate weather. strain it.. if not. but not to agitate the sediment or lees. the cask should may No. It but. the cask filled up. and. as soon as the wines appear clear. mix with ^ ounce pipe-clay or chalk in powder. on being tasted. immediately before the wine is returned into it. Or. if so. in a gentle heat. water for 24 hours. and stir the wine with a stout stick. colour. a second racking will make them perfectly brilliant . brilliancy. when cold. 157 ing of -wine good. and is per- — — formed by drawing off the wine and leaving the sediment in the cask. and. and cut into small pieces soft macerate them in 2 quarts of . after it has been well cleaned. Mow to fine or clear Wine. then gently boil the liquor to 3 half-pints. take boiled rice. and leave the vent-peg out for some days after. strength. down and. washed clean. previously. if requisite. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

For 1 hogs- more or less. and mixing them with 3 times the bulk of water then. and driven well in with a flat wooden mallet. and much cleanliness is required. the weight of which ought to be 1\ pounds. and dissolve it in 1 quart water. it will not drive the cork in properly. The bottles must be all sound. The cork is to be put in with the hand. before being bottled. . sound corks. a pint or more of the wine. 338. with plenty of good. "White wines. clean. and stir the wine. adding 2 quarts of the wine. Fine clear weather is best for bottling all sorts of wines . and pour it into 1 barrel of your wine. or they will never brighten after. Eed head. wines are fined by beating to a froth the white of 7 eggs. however. then mi:^ with it ) ounce chalk in powder. pour it into the cask.) take 2 ounces isinglass. they ought to be' racked into a sweet and clean cask. "When the two are well incorporated.—the cask to be filled up and bunged tight. for. and may break the bottle. must go thtough the process of fining. and mix with 2 quarts of the wine. and diy. not to exceed 1^ pounds .158 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS. Sow the Bottling of Wine is performed. The wines should be fine and brilliant. after being fined down. so as not to disturb the sediment or lees. mix well. As soon as the wines are clear and bright. No. but. if the mallet be too light or too heavy. The first consideration in bottling wines is to examine and see if the wines are in a proper state. The corks must bo com. (or any quantity in proportion.

339. How French to make Cider Wine. draw it ofij and clean out your cask very clean return the liquor. raspberries. N.B. After fermentation. add 1 gallon good good wine. Should it not quite fill up your cask. you can add 1 quart brandy to every .) When your cask is full. To every quart of currant-juice. 4 gallons tartar. pletely fill 159 up the neck of each them air-tight. strawberries.. and in sawdust. 10 gallons before you bung it up tight.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and grap2 of every kind. Put all together into your cask. The following wines can all be made on Morelle jerries. add a little water until it is full. let it ferment until it stops. and lay thin gauze or bobinet over the bung-hole. sour jerries. to keep the flies out. and on no account on the bottles' bottoms. and it will be fit for use in 3 or 4 months. the above principle — : blackberries. (be careful to take such a cask that you can fill up to the bung-hole. When all the wine is bottled. but on their sides. 340. add 8 pounds sugar and 3 quarts water. . 1 pint new milk. it is to be stored in a cool cellar. elderberries. J pound crude Take 25 gallons good brandy. bottle as to render but leave a space of an inch between the wine and the cork. How to make Currant Wine. No. cider. leave the bung out. bung your cask up tight. No. If you wish.

and pour it contain the whole. thin it with water while on the fire pour in very little at a time. Boil it as long as any scum arises. mix it well . 342. Boil the whole for an hour. 341. it will explode. add 5 quarts juice of elderberries.: : 160 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. throwing in IJ pounds bruised grapes. How to boil Sugar-Colouring. How To 10 to make Cypress Wine. 1 year. every gallon of cider. 343. then rack to the barrel close and tun it let stand and add 2 ounces isinglass then add ^ pint spirit's of wine to it off. immediately as it comes from the press. let off the work . . and burn it so that it tastes very bitter. every 8 gallons. No. If you pour too much in at a time. into a vessel Skim which should the liquid. and keep stirring all the time you are pouring water on it. No. add 2 pounds loaf sugar. and may burn you badly. add some good yeast. which leave in the liquor until the wine is of a fine colour. head draw . boil it well. then skim it off . gallons soft water. As soon as the . To and it let it cool . The berries are to be slightly pressed each quart of the liquid will contain 6 ounces juice and to the whole quantity add 2 ounces ginger and 1 ounce cloves. Take 3 or 4 pounds brown sugar. How to make Apple Wine. in the tub 2 or 3 weeks. then strain it through a sieve. No. .

^ pound sweet spirits of nitre. How Take . its After you have thinned it down to proper consistency. strain it while warm. and \ pound winterbark-. pounds loaf sugar over the fire remove the scum that will arise as soon as it commences to boil. remove it from the fire . stir them well together. let them stand 36 hours. Sow to make Pure Spirits. No. for every barrel add 1 bushel linepulverized charcoal. add 1 pound stone-lime. then add 1 pound liquorice-stick. 344. Take good rectified whiskey. and 1 pound orris-root. and run it off by a slow fire.. else it will boil over for you. Take 38 gallons rectified whiskey. dissolve No. let stand 24 hours. and. Put the lime. strain it. 161 Bugar commences to boil. No. put the whole together in the still with your liquor. you must commence stirring. 1 pound rock-salt. then draw it otF as pure as possible. 346. and alum into the whiskey. as pure as you can rectify it. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 2D . nitre. How to make Pure Spirits by Distillation. while hot. 1 pound alum. and continue all the time. 345. to make Simple Syrup. 1 pint water to every 2 it . Very much care is required to make good sugar-colouring. Prepare a work as a copper-still. 5 degrees above proof.

soft water. Take 6 quarts or barlej'^ . 162 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and 1 drachni The whole cream of tartar. where it must two-thirds are evaporated. 347. ^010 to Tnake a Beer to wake Yeast. 349. . then pour it ofl" and add J pound hops then boil down to half. well . and 170 degrees then add 1 peck malt. Boil 1 pound' good flour.. and passed through a sieve. Brewers. No. coction becomes cool. let it stand Take 9 gallons antil it is . previously mixed. 348. J£ow to make Yeast for meal is Distillers. make 18 pounds of bread. boiling water. put then let it stand 3 hours until it it in by degrees is settled. and 2 handfuls wheat the mixture boil till stir the latter in the water before placed over the fire. when" milk-warm. through a tin strainer. which must be strained well. in order to deprive it of its alkaline taste. it ought to be diluted with pui-e water. 2 drachms salt of tartar. When this deit. in 2 gallons water for 1 hour. For bread. and a little salt. No. incorporate with by means of a whisk. Another Yeast. before it is kneaded with the dough. No. and squeeze the hops out This will make about 4 gallons juice. bottle it and cork it close: it will be fit One pint of this yeast will for use in 24 hours. { pound brown sugar. with Hops. should be kept in a warm place.

No. This is very valuable for distillers and . and to each quart of the raspberry-juice allow a pound of powdered white sugar and a pint of the best cider vinegar. and cork them tightly. crush them with a mallet in a wooden bowl. 168 squeezed out then let it stand until 90 degrees then put into this juice 1 quart good yeast let it stand and work for a few days until the foam will fall back . How to make French Baspberry Vinegar. and boil and skim it till the jjtiice ecum ceases to rise. let it stand 2 . 350. add gradually the sugar. Measure it. "When it has boiled well. put the beer into a stone jug. — brewers. It is a very pleasant and cooling beverage in warm weather. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. First mix together the and the vinegar. and it will be good for months. put it into clean bottles. and mash them with a wooden beetle in a large linen bag. who use it. 351. or fresh cool spring-water. No. JN'. When To done. and squeeze and press out the liquor into a vessel beneath. and valids for in- pour out half a tumbler of raspberry vinegar. and to every gallon of fruit put a gallon of water .. How to make British Champagne. Take gooseberries before they are ripe. and give them a boil in a preserving-kettle.B. put them into a deep earthen pan. Take a sufficiency of the ripe raspberries. . and fill it up with ice are feverish.

or putting into the sore part. powder of blue vitriol. or any other stimulant arfjcles. its wash and to examine particularly condition. cattle. stirring witli the it well. or any of our domestic animals are wounded.164 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and let it stand 1 day. FAREIERT. taking off the scum as it then make it up. . or cloths dipped in spirits. No. as brandy. When horses. the treatment may be very simple. . or turpentine. that of applying to the wound. and even shepherds. squeeze the mixture well hands through a hop-sieve then measure the liquor. The proportion of brandy to be used for this liquor is 1 pint to 7 . To cure Wounds in Cattle.. sugar mix it well in the tub. cow-doctors. &c. gallons. may be varied according to circumstances. 352. and much the same as with the human race. or tar. and to every gallon put 3| pounds loaf . rum. arid by irritating the sore may increase the inflammation even to the length Though the treatment of inducing mortification. days. for all such very It is common — much increase the pain. in most cases. and let it stand 1 year in rises the barrel before it is bottled. common salt. extremely improper to follow a practice that is in many parts of the country among farriers. put a quart good brandy into the cask. it may be sufficient to take notice of the : following particulars — It will be proper to away any foulness or dirt about the part. and leave it open 5 or 6 weeks. yet.

and not taking it off for 2 or 3 days. because sometimes the wounded part swells so much that it is difficult to get them cut and drawn out without giving pain and doing some mischief. or bandaging. may be closed by one or more stitches with a moderately coarse needle and thread. even the actual cautery.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 165 No. by some lint or sponge. Should the pressure fail of such as lunar-caustic. when this will not do by itself. which. effect. the point of a thick wire sufficiently heated. When there is no danger of excessive bleeding. at the same time. and a mere division of the parts. and keep them together by a strip of any common adhesive plaster or. with waxed thread. and then tied. may be tried or. and discharging copiously. especially if it be a clean cut. it will be right to adjust the parts. the lips of the wound. 354. adhere. Should any large blood-vessel be cut. it will be right to stop it. may be tied. To stop the Bleeding. . the vessel may be taken up by a crooked needle. It is advisable to tie the threads. Adhesive Plaster and Sewing. caustic applications. in each stitch. if a surgeon be at hand. and the ends left of a moderate length. 353. No. with moderate compression. or a deep gash or cut. so that they can be afterwards removed when the parts . or .

and sometimes make a fresh clean wound (that would readily heal almost of itself) inflame and perhaps mortify. or in a few days. "Washes of spirits. or any other irritating applications. This should not be made too tight. and inflammation. Should the wound be large. stitches occasion. this may likewise be employed for. by supporting the sides of the wound. are highly improper. and sooner in the quiet and motionless than in the restless and active. turpentine. "Friar's balsam. In this way." spirits of wine and camphor. but merely to support the part.166 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE BECEIPTS. and to retain them in their natural situation by means of a bandage. wound will heal more and the chance of any blemish following will be diminished. If the part will allow a roller or bandage to be used to keep the lips of it together. to bring the divided parts near to each other. Bandages. 355. rarely exceeding 5 or 6. the readily than otherwise. or become a bad sore. brandy. and the like. it may still be proper. it would lessen any pain which the . by gentle means. . No. With this treatment tte wound heals often in a short time. and sooner in the young and healthy than in the old and relaxed. and by avoiding stimulant applications. with the discharge of mattery likely to take place.

tice ages. bruised linseed. not black or bloody." The poultice may be kept on for a week or 10 days.) or. to this add linseed-powder enough to give it a proper consistence. care and proper in such proportion as to make it of a consistence somewhat firmer than butter. and hog's lard. by washing it by means of a soft rag or linen cloth with water not more than blood-warm. " Fine bran. a poulshould be applied and kept on by suitable bandThe poultice may be made of any kind of meal. by management with the poultices. 1 quart pour on it a sufficient quantity of boiling water to make a thin paste . The following has been found useful as a common poultice. in order to clean it from the bottom. beeswax. and cleau the wound when the poultice is removed. &c. The ointment should be spread on some soft clean tow and when applied . when the wound. .600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. begins to put on a healthy appearance. Over the whole sore. . Sores and Bruises. or where there is a tendency to suppuration. or of mashed turnips. In the course of a few days. and seems to be clean and of a reddish colour. (some sponges are too rough for this purpose . Ointment. changing it once or twice a day. fine bran. the water may be injected into it by a syringe. No. 167 No. 356. carrots. then there may be applied an ointment made of tallow. where the wound is deep. linseed-oil. or even longer. if necessary. or where the part is bruised. 357.

and preserve it in a gallipot. (for a mere cord is often improper. and very improperly. This ointment is very good for old and recent wounds. Green Ointment for Wounds. and observed to fill up. 358. keep stirring it all the time with a clean stick or wooden spatula. when nearly well. finely-powdei'ed verdigris.) but only fixed by a bandage of a proper length. Be careful that it does through a coarse cloth. not boil over . may be allowed better provision.) so close and securely as to keep it from slipping off. now mentioned. strain it — No. according to appearance of the part. should be continued . once in 2 days. &c. may take gentle exer- If the animal be feeble from the loss of blood . stir in 1 ounce . ought never to be tied hard upon it. and. to the sore. Treatment. . 359. . bites. to this put 4 ounces turpentine. Wheu all is well mixed. broken knees. and add 2 ounces rosin when that is melted. and discharging but little. it No. sallenders. (which is done too frequently. thick matter. whether in flesh or hoof. This application may be changed oiice a day . or. the general treatment and dressings to the sore. in the course of the cure. Put into a well-glazed earthen vessel 2 ounces beeswax melt it over a clear fire.168 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. also galled backs. When the wounded part begins to discharge a is whitish. mallender. when free of fever. put in J pound hog's lard. the animal. and cise. cracked heels.

or increased according as may be judged proper. very pale and flabby on its edges.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS. means should be employed to moderate 15 . by adding to it some rosin and less beeswax. and if the wound appear to be in a stationary state. of turpentine can be reqiiisite. with a thin discharge. The ointment may be made more stimulant. or before rendering them more stimulant and active by using heating applications. or connected with its constitution naturally. Before changing the dressings applied to the wound. In ease of severe wounds. and stimulants should be laid . — . or. attention should be paid to the condition of the animal in other reThere beifig always in such cases a tenspects. sometimes. together the cure is promoted. No. if still no change should be observed along with the better food. or from weakness arising from confinement. by keeping the parts a little more firmly . some common turpentine but it is only in very rare cases that oi. 360. the effect of closer bandaging may be tried for. aside. or state 169 from the long continuance of a feverish produced by the inflammation attending the wound. then better food may be given to it and. continued. dency to violent inflammation and fever that may end fatally. the wound may be treated somewhat difierently from what has been already advised. Food and Begimm. originally. The efiects of an alteration iu the mode of trcutmout should be particularly remarked. what would be more stimulant still.

apply the suppurating poultice. The apartment should be cool and airy. 2 or 3 horse-hairs. If the swelling does not abate in 2 or 3 days.) if found convenient . the food should be sparingly given. and should be rather succulent and laxative than dry or apt to produce costiveness. first. basilicon ointment. Bleeding can be done. and of a poorer quality than usual. as in the case of a bruise. 362. round the . Abscess. and it may be done more than once or twice. in which are dissolved 2 ounces sal-ammoniac. (though this last will seldom be requisite. 361. "When the it tumour becomes lancet.. The remedies are. it generally from a vein. but rather cold. and J ounce sugar of lead. some cases. Laxative medicines also ought j.o be given and repeated as there may be occasion. then to wash the swollen part with a quart of vinegar. that make their appearance in different parts of the body. let and Then dress with a it with No. though not in too large quantities at a time . and given freely. These are swellings containing matter. . 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Anbury Tie a strong silk. when either No. 170 both. to bleed.or or Wart. open out the matter. or in may be employed. soft and points. by cupping from the hurt part. and so quiet that the animal should not be disturbed the drink should not be warm. as may seem proper.

it gradually till it falla Then dip a piece of tow in alum-water and bind it on the spot for a whole day. ing. After the oil has operated. No. Make and the animal drink largely of flaxseed tea. Bleednever to be omitted. For Loss of Appetite. with the green ointment. 60 grains jalap. The Staggers. 363. liquorice-powder. the same of castor-oil. Heal the sore No. barley or rice water. and 2 ounces tincture of aloes. J ounce. honey sufficient to form the ball. then give him \ pint linseed-oil. 364. give the following ball every six hours: powdered nitre. . make into a ball with castor-oil and | drachm ginger. made as follows: aloes.) 2J quarts at once . Inflamed Bladder. Give him twice a day warm hran mashes. Should inject a portion of the same frequently. Take 1 quart blood from the neck. camphor. 1 ounce. (the disease is a true apoplexy. 365. and give him a purging ball. 1 drachm . tightening away. 1 drachm. or any mucilaginous liquid. and a dose of castor-oil. jalap. 171 neck of the wart. Bleed the animal copiously. 1 drachm rhubarb. are . No. 3 drachms .600 MISCBLLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 40 grains calomel.

and spread it on white leather. Clip off the hair from the swelling. Mix them all it drachm Spanish flies. generally incurable. No. truncheons. Bone Spavin. and rub all round outside of the swelling with a piece of hard brown soap. This may be treated like the former : it is. 369.. Blood Spavin. afford the only reasonable chances of relief. The operation of firing. 368.Take hog's lard. . by the English farriers bots. and maw-worms. No. Bots. sublimate. omit the and give 1 drachm opium twice a day. means not relieve the animal. Three kinds of worms infest the bowels of horses. \ 2 drachms. and apply to the spavin. in fine powder. then apply to the swelling a blister made of the following ' No. 3 drachms . how ever. ball. BlisieriTig Ointment.) and turning to grass. The bot infests the great gut near called . 367. beeswax. No. 366. 172 these 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. well. J ounce . (which should be done by a professed farrier.

The truncheon is short and thick. and the to be employed. it This not very common —but. and as much crumb of bread and honey as will form the mass. on the ground with striking at . Symptoms of Worms Stamping his forefeet. resembling an earth-worm. and be frequently observed in the dung. 370. Keep . 371. The maw-worm No. Next evening give him a pint of castor and \ pint of linseed oil.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECBIPTS. when does occur. . and is found in the maw. directly after. with a blackish head. 1 scruple turpeth mineral. where. from 2 to 3 inches long. either of his belly and frequently with his hind ones belly projecting and hard looking frequently behind him. and groaning as if in great pain. Inflammation of the Bowels. made as usual. and. No. the horse from all kinds of food for one day at night give him a small quantity of warm bran mash. No. the anus : 173 may it is a small woi-m with a large head. is of a pale-red colour. it sometimes pierces through. 372. Memedies for WorTtis. The animal is same plan again then to be fed as usual for 2 or 3 days. a ball made of 1 scruple calomel. 16* . if suffered to remain. forcibly in Horses. and thus is many a fine horse destroyed. occupying also the maw.

however. or flaxseed tea. the blistering ointment. give or thin gruel. ness continue.) insert several rowels about the chest and belly. strongly expressive of pain. rub his legs with the hands well. 373. inflammation. bleed him again . No. species of the disorder is when the inflammation attacks the internal coat of the intestines. As the horse is generally costive. Treatment. —putting into them him warm water. clothe the animal warmly. appearance with an begins peritoneal. —disorder diminished or totally the forefeet. and see that he has plenty of clean fresh litter. pulse quick and small . repeat the oil and clysters. he lies down. gone constant pawing with —countenance sweats . profuse mortification and death. inflammation. rises suddenly.174 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS. give him a pint of castor-oil. animal -appetite the in of dulness and uneasiness dangerous is . the only dependence is on early and large bleedings. If. frequently trying to kick the belly . legs and ears cold . . In the first. The second . or peritoneal. (with fresh sheepskins if possible. The first. or of two kinds. rub the whole belly well with the mustard embrocation. looks round to his flanks. In addition to this. The symptoms of the latter. are much less violent nor does the animal appear to be in so much pain. and inject clysters of warm flaxseed tea . to drink . and voided with great pain. after . If in six hours the disease is not and should the costiverelieved. and is generally accompanied by a violent purging and some fever. urine small. high-coloured.

Broken Wind. so as to enable him to perform a day's work. 375. use the mustard embrocation freely. bleeding need not be resorted to unless the febrile symptoms run high. 374. at an early period His food should be carrots or . honey as much as will 1 make the mass. This is is an incurable disease . (if he will not drink it. No. 175 all these remedies a faithful and continued the pain should continue.) quantities of very thin gruel or flaxseed tea. Give him frequently. in spite of this the disease continues. Much may result from bleeding in of the complaint.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. giving trial. the astringent draught. Divide it into 4 balls. flowers of colt's-foot 2 ounces. linseed powder 1 ounce. and omit the oil. recourse may be had to the anodyne clyster. Paste-Ball for Broken. all that can be done to relieve the animal for a time. if that fail. by means of a bottle. make the following No. Assafoetida 2 ounces. elecampane 2 ounces. powdered squills 2 drachms. use the K anodyne lieved clyster . this disorder. Clothe the horse Warmly.Winded Horses. To do this. benefit and give morning and evening. relief. is The pain occasioned by physicking by large which produce copious evacuations and to be re- clysters of thin gruel of flaxseed. In the second species of this disorder.

and if necessary draw the frog . mix with oil it. destroying all the diseased protuberanofcs with lunar-caustic. should be in small quantities at a time. it 1 ounce. If slight. "Warm 6 ounces tar. then dress No 377. turnips. . Bind this Jlrmly on the part. soft water. made of equal parts of lin^eed-oil and limefever. 376. Bums and Scalds. No. or bread and . to reduce the inflammation the wound with basilicon. warm water. Canker. by measure.176 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Apply a poultice of bread and milk. When the wound looks hoaJthf \v«as with the green ointment. Liniment for Canker. The hay. drop by drop. Broken Knees. a liniment water. and always sprinkled with clean. oats. of vitriol. freely all the diseased parts. then add 1 ounce oil of turpentine. 379. thei? apply the following No. 378. If there is much No. apply cold lead-water . if extensive. bleed. Cut away liniment. or whatever is given.

apply the suppurating poultice. No. No. skin tight. —The horse raises his head higher than his ears . and pricks up neck stiff and im- movable. a quart of blood from the neck. 177 No. Take. otherwise not. bathe it three or four times a day with salt and vinegar. If the swelling proceed from a bruise or a blow. 383. permit it. If it proceed from natural cause. and when matter is formed. —^Bleed and breathes with him. Cold. then use the green ointment. Convulsions.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and keep the warm stable warm. if his strength will . 380. made warm. Capped Hocks. eyes red. with a scruple of nitre in them. visual. and his pulse is high. then give mashes. and give the following ball for cough: —Take J ounce Venice 2E . pursue the treatment recommended for them. posture. 382. etc. No. 381. Cure. Coiigh. or any other kind of worms. If you observe hots. He stands in a straddling difficulty. Purge with castor and linseed oil. Symptoms. Take 1 quart of blood from the neck. pants. let it out.

mixed with a then anoint them with little green ointment. warm. give the draught warm water. Gwrh. take away 3 . and then apply the blistering ointment. Should they show a disposition to grow again. Poultice the parts with carrots. and give one every other night. with quick pulse. and remedy costiveness by Keep the horse castor-oil. three or four times . 384. Let the farrier cut them out with a sharp knife. No. No. Be careful. grains opium. 386. not to let the shoe press on the corn. Gracked Heels. or turnips. 385. touch them with oil of vitriol. and 10 Make these into a ball with honey. Cauterize the curb in a line down its middle. If great pain. or caustic. Corns. in shoeing. soap.178 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. below. 387. The Gripes. yellow baailicon. and dress them with green ointment. boiled soft. No. J ounce nitre. 10 grains tartar-emetic. and a clyster composed of there is As soon as the disease is observed. No.

• No. 1. spirits 1 ounce. is obtained in 2 hours. which consists in an involuntary discharge of the urine. 1 drachm ginger. fre- quently proves take a quart of and give the following ball :blood from the neck. IJ pints linseed oil may be used. oil of juniper 1 Mix of nitrous ether ^ ounce. 1 pint. No. Inflammation of the eyes is often cured by scari- fying with a lancet the inside of the upper and lower . fatal. 389. No. Take balsam copaiva drachm. JDiabetes. and should even a pint of castor-oil him castor-oil. it. 390. If cannot be had. repeat the draught this fail. bark. give and embrocation. give a pint of castor-oil. M/es. To cure it. quarts of blood. If no relief 179 The belly should be well rubbed with the mustard or other stimulating embrocation.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Draught for Gripes. 388. with IJ ounces laudanum. No. No. 391. Repeat. Ball for Diabetes. which is pale and thin. mint-water for 1 dose. This disorder. Take 4 ounces Peruvian if costive after if necessary.

Water. Soreness or weakness of the eyes is cured by bleeding from the neck and using the following eye-water : No. Film. This disease commences in small. recommended by various authors. 392. 1. but they are useless. hard knots. No. Eye. A No. 394. generally situated on the veins and extending upwards. and the distended vessels of the eye It is to be remembered that this in treating an inflam- mation of important organ precisely as if treating a we should proceed human being labouring under the same complaint. To 1 quart water put 3 drachms sugar of lead. brow. 393. or Cataract. and 2 drachms white vitriol. which soon become soft and ulcerous. and keep the animal on short allowance. When di ssolved. It is a contagious disorder.— 180 600 MISCELLANEOtrS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. with a feather. There is No. itself. and not unfrequently ends in the glanders. and pour off the clear liquor for use. etc. drop may be put into each eye. There are a variety of washes.. prevent costiveness. keep the stable cool and dark. Farcy. 3 times a day. . no remedy for this but an experienced farrier. let it settle.

powdered and mixed with flour or bread. 396. Keep the animal warm. Intermit one day. touch them with a rag or feather dipped in the vulnerary-water. No. Attend constantly to the ulcers. add 10 grains opium to it. or any other vehicle that will form a ball with molasses. "Wash the part it . Grease. 181 No. by means of a fol- camel' s-hair pencil. 395. wash them with warm soap-suds. and becomes glanders. There is no remedy. shoot him at once. Foundered Feet. This is known by the contraction of the hoot. well. 397. Open the ulcers. and if the swelling great apply a poultice to when the sores are cleansed. and touch the inside of the edges slightly with powdered verdigris. on account of pain. and give a similar ball. and corrosive sublimate 6 grains. Care for Ftircy. 16 . with is warm soap-suds twice a day. and keep the animal by himself.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE EECEIPTS. mix chopped carrots with his maslios. if the disease gains the nostrils and head. if it purge. which will appear considerably smaller than the sound one. At the same time give the lowing ball : White arsenic 8 grains. The horse just touches the ground with the toe of the foundered foot. No.

iNever attempt to stop the discharge too suddenly or too soon killed . No. give the following magnesia. and fill the cuts with tallow and soap mixed. as this the toe. oil of anise: . — • No. Liaxity. 1 ounce. Keep the hair close-trimmed and the parts clean. where his feet will be kept moist. but erroneous practice has To begin the cure. No. bleed freely from the thigh-vein. Cut several lines from the coronet down to all round the hoof. calomel. Gure. 399. in powder. Take off the shoe. Take off the shoes and (if you can spare him) turn the animal into a wet meadow. 1 scruple . ^ ounce Mild purgative-ball Khubarb. 398. this common many fine horses. 400. and stands in such a tottering way that you may shove him over with your hand. and purge 2 or 3 times. l^ever remove the sole nor burn the lines down. increases the evil. Hoof-Bound. This consists in a swelling of the first bar of the upper palate. Lampass. It is cured by rubbing the swelling two or three times a day with half an ounce of alum and the same quantity of double-refined sugar mixed with a little honey. .182 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEI^.

» MalMiders. well. On the third day. Feed the horse well. and apply the green ointment. 6 drachms camphor. with 20 grains tartar-emetic. 183 Make up liquorice-powder. and repeat in six hours if the fever. as much syrup and linseed-meal as will form the ball. . Mange. twice every day. 401. 1 draclim. &c. in a pint of water. until the stalling is considerably increased one day will then be sufficient. 402. rowel the chest. and purge with castor-oil. which is to be taken. 403. a ball with houey and Next day give the horse 1 fluidrepeat the purge. "Wash the cracks well with warm soap-suds and a sponge. then the drench.MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. Bleed the animal copiously as soon as the complaint is perceived. Wipe the parts dry. 1 drachm . until the animal is No. Blister his sides. and give the following ball. morning and evening. and then with the vulnerary-water. Inflammation of the Lungs. ounce liquid laudanum. Beed. Grass or bran mashes should be the food. The ball : Powdered nitre. quickness of breathing. "Wash with soap-suds and vulneraiyiwater. and work him moderately. do not abate. : . No.

407. adding to it 2 ounces linseed and ^ pound sized turnips . hog's lard. No. 406. cleaned with warm soap-suds then inject the vulIf there is is nerary-water into the sinuses. If recent. Suppurating Poultice. 408. . touch it with caustic . Quitter. No. Pingbone. and beat them well together then boil them again in milk to a thick poultice. if an old affecticm. Bring the swelling to a head. Molten Grease. whi<!h is made as follows : No. Keep the . Take four handfuls of bran and three middlingboil them till soft.— 184 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIP|^. PotlMM. as any other tumour. . recourse must be had to firing. dress No. No. Make an opening all for the matter to descend from parts well the neighbouring sinuses. discharged. when this with the green ointment. 404. Bleed and purge moderately. and feed regularly on a diminished allowance. by the suppurating poultice. blister the part. » core. 405.

dip a roll of tow or linen in tar. If the crack has extended to the sensitive and you can see any fungus flesh. 409.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Take hold of them with a pair of pincers and cut them out radically. fill it with the composition below. or until the lameness is removed. Take 4 ounces beeswax. 2 ounces yellow rosin. and the animal turned into some soft meadow. now be removed. ment.knife remove the edges of the cracked horn upon it. parts. the crack filled with the composition. Sitfasts Are horny substances on the back. : No. and keep the foot cool and moist. or they Dress the wound with green ointwill grow again. Touch the fungus with caustic. Leave no part behind.Crack. 410. Remove the shoe. 185 No. Composition for Sand. 16» . under the saddle. Savdr Crack. 1 ounce turpentine. The whole foot is to be kept in a bran poultice for a few days. with a small drawiug. 411. and bind it firmly over it. that press No. If the crack is superficial. and ascertain carefully the extent of the injury. A shoe may then be put on so as not to The pledget of tow may press on the diseased part. and ^ ounce tallow or suet to be melted together.

415. Take away 1 quart of blood. No. Strangury. 414. apply the suppurating poultice. moderate bleeding. Strangles. off. 412. When it is ripe. If a large tumour appear under the jaw. In a few days it will run Give warm bran mashes and gentle exercise. and reapply a warm poultice. No. 413. This is known by a swelling between the jaw-bone and the root of the tongue. No. open it. and pare off all the ragged parts . and throw up a tive clyster. and purging till the inflammation is reduced.186 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE BECEIPTS. when any stimulating embrocation may be used. then give 1 laxafluid- ounce sweet spirits ounce saltpetre and 1 nitre of in a pint of water. Sallmders Require the same treatment as mallenders. No. squeeze out the matter. No. Remove the shoe. the treatment should be perfect rest. TTirush. In whatever part of the body this accident occurs. which see. 416. Strains.

600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 417. about the width of the frog. These swellings appear on each side of the back sinew. apply a solution of blue vitriol. and consists in a long swelling of the parotid gland. Vices. Repeat the dressing every day. Wind^Galls. and shortly after pour cleft some melted tar-ointment its into the whole surface with tow soaked in the same. No. apply strong mercurial ointment. beginning at the roots of the ears and descending downward. and dress with the green ointment. as is sometimes done. apply the poultice . let out the matter. and place on the tow a flat piece of wood. of the frog and cover No. . as it may produce an incurable lameness. If it is hard and indolent. Tight bandages and moistening the parts frequently with a strong solution of eal-ammoniac in vinegar may do some good. and bleed moderately. 418. the other extending to the back part of the frog. if it suppurates. to disperse it. It is dangerous to puncture them. 187 SO as to expose the diseased parts. the ends of which are placed under the shoe. This is a disease most common to young horses. open the lump. one of its ends passing under the toe of the shoe. After cleaning the frog nicely. and bound down by cross-pieces of wood. above the fetlock. If it is painful and inflamed.

Wounds. No. No. Bleeding in General. stickingbe used. cruel. open the jugular or neck vein. in the human subject apply strictly in simple cuts. bleed. however. or applications. 420. Farriers generally are in the habit of pursuing such plaster cannot As absurd. diseases in horses. Read over these rules. where it can be conveniently done. sorted to.188 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. All the rules laid down in this book for the treat- ment of wounds to horses. is In inflamma- it generally the remedy re- and its immediate salutary effects are often surprising. the edges of the woundshould be neatly stitched together. Bleeding is often the most useful and first efficacious means of curing tory affections. If the inflammation is local. When it is necessary to lessen the whole quantity of blood in the system. and fatal practices in these cases. 419. Much can be done also by the judicious application of bandages. substitute tho word "horse" for "patient. either from the part affected . either by cutting its off a part that appears to be partly torn from connection." and you will be at no loss how to proceed. that it by using stimulating becomes necessary to repeat again that all the rules laid down for the treatment of wounds in this work as applicable to man we are equally so to the noble animal of which aro speaking.

kinds. and when inflammation kidneys. or in ficial its vicinity. as 189 by opening the plate vein. It diminishes the quantity of blood in the body. in order that the proper quantity may be taken. From a large. size. or plethora. The quantity of blood to be taken varies according to the age. in these diseases. 421. at- tacks any important organ. the pulse small and oppressed. . Mdness of Blood.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. smaller quantities if the orifice blood. which bleeding relieves. dull. attended with slight inflammatory symptoms. eyes. ar inflamed. super- vein of the thigh. condition. symptoms demand it. frequently closed as if asleep. or temporal arteries. and by this means prevents the bad consequences of inflammation. intestines. &c. is liver.. &c. In this case the eyes appear heavy. of the greatest use. bladder. But in these affections it is very rarely necessary to bleed to the same extent as in fevers. must flow from a The large made in the vein. is also used to remove fulness of habit. 4 or 6 quarts will generally be requisite and this may be repeated in bleeding . but into a measure. red. A horse should never be sufl'ered to bleed upon the ground. Horses have sometimes much constitutional irritation. the legs . Moderate bleeding. TO be taken away. strong horse. as the brain. and constitution of the horse. the heat of the body somewhat increased . and the urgency of the symptoms. 2 or 3 quarts generally suffl « No. lungs. all In fevers of stomach. a*s from 2 to 4 quarts.

grass to a fed moved from warm Regulating the quantity of food given to him. In obstinate grease and swellings of the legs. One tablespoonful of this mixture may be given every night and morning. 423. and operation of an aloetic purge. Horses that are stable.190 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS. a brisk purge will often alone be sufficient. This powder will be found excellent for such horses as are kept on dry food. that the powder may adhere thereto. powder. or a feed of corn moistened with water. whether they be in the stable or travel on the road. . full re- on hay and corn. finely levigated. accompanied with lameness of the joints. cream of tartar. and flour of sulphur. Purging. but cause him to cast his coat. and occasional will laxatives. each 4 ounces. Take of crocus of antimony. are very subject to one or more of these symptoms. Laxative and Diaphoretic Powder. No. also for stallions in the spring of the year. proper exercise. the hair also rubs off. In slight affections of this kind.. as they not only keep the body cool and open. as the following be commonly found sufficient after the first bleeding. nitre. 422. swell. dry coughs. and not sufficiently exercised. No. Powder and mix them well together for use. in as much scalded bran. and make his skin appear as bright as silk.

must be warm. Horses that are kept on dry food. require regular purging every six months. apoplexy or stag- gers. The purges destroy worms. all require purgative medicines. mercurial purges are of the greatest service. To -prepare Horses for Physic. and are full fed. and when exercised he should be properly clothed.) be a means of preventing attack this useful animal. The proper method of preparing a horse' for . the use of which would bear. the nonremoval of which by the use of proper physic is the chief cause why so many die daily.rudities and undigested matter. After violent exercise. horses are liable to lose and to have their stomach Joaded with f. operate skin.is able to and those whose legs are inclined to swell. upon the and other viscera in a peculiar manner. Previous to administering a purge. the body should be prepared. gene- rally increase the flow of urine. The water given him lest the horse take cold. their appetite. with 2 or 3 doses each time. affections of the liver. allowing proper intervals between each. and several other diseases treated of in this book. and those horses which run in stage-coaches. with little or no exercise. diseases of the skin.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 424. (whose labour is often more than their natural strength. and remove many chronic complaints incident to the horse. 191 worms. liver. many of the diseases that No. farcy. cause a healthful action in these parts. Great caution is necessary during their operation.

and give seed it. Take of prepared chalk. If the looseness continues after the above drink has been administered for 2 or 3 days. in powder. Castile soap Ij ounces. No. for 3 or 4 days This will soften the fseces and promote together.— 192 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. the operation of the medicine. But if a strong physic to give oats. and give it in a pint of linseed gruel. Another. Ihirgaiive Balls for Horses. 427. prepared. each 1 ounce. each 1 ounce. Mix the whole in a pint and a half of warm linseed gruel. ll ounces. 426. Astringent Drink after Looseness. Mix. rectified spirits of wine ^ ounce. opium ^ drachm. anise- and caraway-seed. Take of Barbadoes aloes powdered ginger each of which is Ij ounces. No. Drink to check Over-Purging. —Take of prepared chalk 2 ounces. is him 2 or 3 mashes of scalded and warm water. and anise-seed. syrup a sufficient quantity to balls. 425. essential oil of peppermint 15 drops. make 6 a dose. it will probably occasion a violent inflammation. ginger. bran and purge be given to a horse of costive habit without preparation. the following may be given : . No. oil of anise- seed 2 drachms.

then add 10 2P . 429. then add nitre 1 ounce. and ginger powdered. Repeat every othei morning. let him have the following Purgative drink. each 1 ounce. each 2 drachms. anisated balsam of sulIncorporate them with the tar. Take of Barbadoes phur. ginger ounce. JPeoer-Balls for Horses. Take of antimonial powder. Mix. and Castile soap. Mix them to- be gradually mixed in a pint of and give it in the morning.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. then give him a mash of scalded bran and oats and warm water. Let this drink warm ale or linseed tea. let the horse stand without food for 2 hours after. and prepared testaceous powder. gether. and give in a pint of warm gruel. 193 Take of pomegranate-shell. each 2 drachms. Dover's powders. Barbadoes aloes 2 drachms. Mix. No. No. Take of Epsom salts 4 ounces. each 1 drachm. three or four times. each 1 ounce. and beat them into a ball with syrup of buckthorn. Dissolve them a quart of gruel. and in 6 hours after giving him the ball. and camphor. coarse in sugar 2 tablespooufuls. \ yolk of an egg. tartarized antimony. fasting. and repeat twice a day. Let this ball be given to the horse about 2 hours after bleeding. tincture of opium 1 ounce. in powder. 428. nitre. — nitre \ ounce. Cough Drink.

A No. Drink for an iKflammatory Fever. camphor 1 drachm. Mix. with an ounce of nitre. Take of tartar-emetic 1 drachm. prepared kali I ounce. or to be made into a ball with conserve of roses. especially such as are attended with im- . it will be proper to take a little more blood from him. If the fever still continues to increase. This drink is excellent for all kinds of inflammatory fevers. 430. and grind them in a mortar to a fine powder . If the fever be violent. Take of emetic tartar 1 ounce. No. with a few drops spirits of wine. and then the ball and drink may be given once a day (one in the morning and the other in the evening. may be added to each dose of powders. in a pint of warm gruel. rubbed into powder. calcined hartshorn 1 ounce. Powerful 3Exturefor Fevers.194 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. the aloes may be left out. may be given twice or three times a day. calcined antimony 2 ounces. and the horse in a raging state. dose of this powder. After the first ball given. then put them in a bottle for use. and then to have recourse to the following fever-powder. J ounce tincture of opium. Mix it while new-milk-warm.) until a proper passage be obtained. 431. ounces castor-oil. 2 drachms of these powders are a proper dose for a horse.

says. and beat them into a ball with a sufficient quantity of syrup of buckthorn.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. or Hove Hoven in Cattle. If this is done in the stall and the animal is able to stand or walk. with warm water. white antimonial powder. and Castile soap. 432. No. Purging-Ball for Jaundice. 195 It may be given every 4 hours. Mix. in a pint of water-gruel. I No. it should be turned out at once and kept moving about. when in a few minutes the distension will subside and all will be well again. The horse should have a couple of mashes the day before this ball is given. Let a straw or hay rope. till the jaws are fully opened and gagged. or 3 times a day. and tying it tightly around the roots of the horns at the back of the head. and treat him in the same manner as for other physic. by way of preparation. calomel 1 drachm. each 2 drachms. made of two laid or twisted together. drawing it back by both ends. . then give him a mash of scalded bran and oats. Take of Barbadoes aloes from 4 to 5 drachms. GowerCs simple Remedy. 432J. — Mr. and the ball should be given fasting the morning following let him fast for 2 hours after. minent danger. He strands of thumb rope . be introduced between the jaws of the animal bridlewise.

and anise-seed and . 434. in all lingering and obstinate diseases. . fresh powdered. 1 add nitre 2 ounces. and honey sufficient to form into 6 balls. mange. and. grease or swelled legs. Take of gentian and caraway-seeds. No. Mix.1^ ounces. molten grease. 435. Each weigh 1^ ounces. ball to inflammation of the eyes. Take of fine precipitated sulphur of antimony and and Socotrine aloes. nitre 2 ounces. Restorative Balls after Jaundice. Castile soap. each 1 powder. Pectoral Balls for Broken Wind. calomel tharides.196 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. One day for of these balls should bp given every other some time. each 2 oundes. This ball will be found very useful in many diseases. hide-bound. Castile soap. Mange. . in and canand make molasses. and divide into 10 balls. 433. One ball may be given eveiy other morning for 2 or 3 weeks. ounce. each 6 drachms. then tar. Take of Barbadoes ounce. ^c. and precipitated sulphur of antimony. caraway-seeds. in powder. Alterative Balls for Surfeit. them into a mass of balls with honey or gentian-root. in powder. such as surfeit. Yenice turpentine. No. each 8 ounces. squills in powder. each 1 ounce beat them into a mass with honey and liquorice-powder. indeed. lameness of the joints. powdered ginger. No. each 2 drachms.

every night and mort-ing. ginger. Drink for Worms. 197 No. each. mix. ^fake of galls and alum. Mercurial Balls for Worms. Make into a ball with honey or molasses. This ball should be given at night. Peruvian bark. J ounce. 437. sufficient gentian-root. in powder. Beat them into a with syrup of buckthorn. and repeat in about 4 or 5 .— 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE BECEIPTS. each 2 dtbchms . It will be proper to repeat this ball every morning. \ ounce. No. 1 drachm. in iowder. drachm. \ ounce. Tak^ of powderriii. if the disuse is obstinate. | ounce. wormseed. and give in a pint of strong iecoction of wormwood. 438. and. (acjording to their size and strength. 439. molasses No. in fine powder. Astringent Ball for Profuse Staling.entian in powder. Take of Barbadoes aloes from 3 to 6 drachms. caraway-seed. each. 1 ounce . alum 1 into a ball. 436. Take of calomel and Castile soap. and continue until the urine is diminished to abvut its natural quantity. in powder.) wormseed and 3. and the following drink or purgiug-ball the next morning : ball No. 2 l<i make drachms. Mestoraiive Balls for Profuse Staling.

Make them into a . Stomach-Drink after the Expulsion of the Worm^. syrup of buckthorn sufficient to rpake them into a ball. IJ ounces. gentian-root. and sweet hicra-piera. 440. Take of James's powder 2 drachms. warm water. Purging-Ball for Worms. debility. ginger. and divide into 3 parts. as in lowness of spirits. each. and oil of savin. No. which is in general suffi- cient after a mercurial ball. each 1 ounce. each. may This purge is calculated for a strong horse . No.198 days first . J ounce. and proper No. a loss of appetite. Castile soap. turmeric and cream of tartar. 2 drachms. in powder. horse-spice 2 ounces. give him a mash and warm water. Two hours after. fasting. virtues of this drink deserve the highest recom- The mendation in restoring horses which have been much reduced by some long-continued disease. and for such also as are over-ridden either in the field or on the road. . Take of Barbadoes aloes 8 drachms. and give one part every morning. in of nitre. ^ ounce. 441. and relaxation of the solids. The horse should have exercise. Peruvian bark and powder. each. but it be made weaker by lessening the quantity of aloes to 6 or 7 drachms. Take of compound spirits spirit of ammonia. mashes. Balls for the Staggers. Mix - the whole in 3 pints of ale. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. but omit giving the mercurial ball after the time. 442.

great agitation. opium 2 boil . hots. from the uneasiness attending it. of the urinary passage. becomes restless and uneasy. each. looks round. As the dis. frequently pawing. assafcetida \ ounce. such as a violent' attack of the colic proceeding from an obstruction hot. even in the stable. 444. them in 3 quarts of water to 4 pints add Epsom salts 4 ounces. from its being thought to arise from these animals or worms. Dissolve the whole in the above while and apply it new-milk-warm. and has a cold . becomes feverish. often lying down. groans.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. The animal looks dull and rejects his food . This is a most powerful clyster in all disorders of the intestines that are attended with pain and convulsions or spasms in those parts. No. &c. or tumbles about. 443. — — small quantities. 4 ounces. 199 with conserve of roses or honey a sufficient quantity. This disorder goes by different names in different country as fret. To cure Gripes districts of the in Horses. the pain becomes more violent he appears more restless still. Clyster for Convulsions. drachms. and often 'tries to stale . Take of linseed and valerian-root. as if toward his own flank or the seat of complaint soon appears to get worse. or at times trying to roll. rolls often. with other marks of . order goes on. &c. ball. kicks at his belly. No. voids his excrements in . and sometimes suddenly rising up.

may be injected. in without freely. but . or Theremoval of it is. and the disease cured. almost upon such. much care in distinguishing cases. flanks. occur. an object to which the attention 6f most grooms has been in a chief degree directed and as it can frequently be got rid of. often much mischief. blood. Some farrierSj indeed. and no doubt increase it. gripes. In most cases of ordinary lence. and one or the other of the following draughts may bo given before. made of 5 or 6 quarts of water or water-gruel. or has newly come on. therefore. This. nor any relaxation or want of energy and action in the intestines themselves and stimulating medicines might then do no good. moisture at the roots of his ears and about his when he lies at rest a little while.— 200 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. aud. signs of flatu- or of the presence of air conflned in the bowels. by exciting the powerful action of the intestines. is When the disorder early discovered. and to get covered with sweat more or less profuse. many have afforded relief. cordial and stimulating medicines are had recourse to. however. and 6 or 8 ounces of common salt. After removing with the hand any excrement in the great gut that can be reached by it. should not be done for it sometimes happens that disorders not unlike flatu- lent colic or gripes occur when there is neither pent-up air present. a clyster. and constitute a part of the disease. and likewise a medicinal draught for removing the wind and abating the pain. . exclusively rely and employ them too . or about the same time : . it will be proper to lose no time to get ready a clyster. begins to perspire strongly.warm.

and with the other pours in the draught. one or two persons raising and keeping properly up the horse's head. for a dose. while another. or even of common water. 446. 1 teawhiskey or rum. the tongue. and water- gruel 1^ pints. 2. or powdered ginger. The horse should be occasionally walked out. in ordinary cases. These aiul tlio like prfparations may be given. spoonful dose. will have the effect. a little warmed. 1^ pints and 2 ounces of whiskey or gin. common . Take of table-beer. with his left hand. to relieve the disorder. —Oil of turpentine 1 ounce. (longer or shorter ac- cording to the severity of the ailment. from 2 to 4 ounces to 2 glassfuls : these mix together for one gin. but in a less dose than at first. Draught for the same. pepper. —^perhaps one-half or two-thirds of the former quantity.) then the medicine should be repeated. either out of a bottle or drench-honi. Cordial drenches of the kinds recommended. and then add of peppermint-water. after waiting an hour or two. No. mixed. 445. properly . with the clyster. or the period since its commencement. 1^ — pints. This will serve for one dose. No. if the other is not at hand. But should this not be the case. Further Treatment. who administers the medicine. Another. pulls out. or from 1 Another. Take of Venice turpentine 1 ounce. beat it up with the yolk of an egg. and a little aside. 201 No.' 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

covered witli cloths. drachms camphor. The stable should be airy. 202 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. when he rises. moderately cool. and Venice turpentine. with an ounce or two tincture of opium. and if it be wrapped up closely in a piece of bladder. so that it may have time to stale or dung. mixed with less. drachms to be The ball is : Castile soap. as the disorder may attack a horse during a journey. 2 drachms viz. two or more persons should be employed to rub him dry. and continued so for some time. Some persons recommend of laudanum or' castor-oil. 6 drachms ginger.. Mr. and is covered with sweat. for the convenience of those composed of the following ingredients. where such cannot readily be procured. otlaers must be employed of a more active nature. No. then . but with intervals of rest. . 3 . : . lest the chill air bring on shivering and give "rise to feverishness and his belly should be now and then rubbed a considerable time at once. 447. White has given a receipt for a ball who travel. and he should also be kept Well clothed. it may be kept a considerable time without losing its power. White's Ball for Gripes. If the disorder does not yield to these remedies. but. water-gruel in the quantity of a pint or rather In case the horse has lain down. Draughts of liquid medicine operate more speedily than any other form . and his place in it roomy and well littered. to keep him from hurting himself should he roll about. 5 or 10 minutes. 1^ made into a ball for one dose. in the propor- tion of half a pint to a pint.

heat it. in most cases. tion of the bowels. or where the use of anodynes is requisite. : . esgripes. no medicines are so beneficial. tainly colic. the horse a purgative. No. in cases of urgency. will give ease in a short time. namely opium. . "When horses are affected with colic.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 448. it ia seldom proper to employ opium. 1 drachm. which is of a it. 449. or 60 grains. or 4 drachms to be made into a ball with syrup for one dose. This. J ounce. a very little Take a quart of warmer than blood- into then put a tablespoonful of powdered ginger and a small wiueglassful of laudanum. give about half the above quantity again in 15 or 20 minutes. Laudanum may be used pecially in the beer. or any medicine of that kind but when it depends upon spasm or irritation. for example. just before it is given to the horse. wet or lax it and make . opium would cerdo much injury but in flatulent or spasmodic or gripes. As soon as the give pain seems to be abated. When pain is occasioned by inflammation. In inflanima^ . Castile soap. it seldom fails of success. no purthe laudanum. will correct In case of looseness. the following preparation may be given. must be given binding nature. 203 No. Another Anodyne Medicine. gative : if the belly is costive. but. if the complaint is exceedingly violent. 2 drachms and powdered aniseseed. : . Laudanum Draughi.

It is necessary to repeat the caution . with spice or —A Another. and any kind of spice.. drink will and colicky pams of the be found a valuable Another. The same when on a Journey. cordial. tiie In speaking of the medicines for gripes. "Domestic remedies may be employed when proper medicines cannot be procured in time. and give it in a pint of warm this gruel. Another. pint of Port wine. No. 450. and give them newmilk-warm. little with 4 salts. Dissolve them in IJ pints warm then add tingture of opium. Mr. flatulency. tincture of benzoin. gruel . 2 ounces. and aromatic spirit of ammonia. till the symptoms begin. or a cordia. Mix. 2 drachms . For the intestines. each. Take tincture of opium. to abate. sometimes termed fret. with about 4 ounces of gin. and oil of juniper. . or flatulent colic. sliced. warm warm The complaint may De removed by beer and ginger. Castile soap. sweet spirits of nitre. colic. This drink maybe repeated every 4 or 5 hours. 2 drachms. ball mixed with given respect- — beer. and a ginger." Another. 204 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE EKCEIPTS. J ounce oil of jumper. Mix them together in a bottle for one drink. White mentions. — Take of Epsom 6 ounces ginger. each \ ounce. —Half a pint of gin diluted ounces water. For this purpose a draught may be readily made up of a pint of strong peppermint-water.

It may be given daily from 2 to 4 weeks. and im proves tired and lean horses in a great degree also of great service in . and will soon produce a fine coat. or liver of antimony. from the inflammatory one. care being taken not to expose him to wet or cold. among their oats: it relieves the appetite. always necessary to empty the bowels by clysters and. 2 18 . No. The horse may be worked while he is taking the medicine. 4 sam and 1 pound black rosin. Mix together 1 ounce oil of juniper. Urine-Balls for Horses. destroys worms.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS 205 . To cure Surfeit or bad Coat in Horses. No. it is coughs and shortness of breath. Take ounce bran. in an of sulphur. . or spasmodic colic. ounces sal-prunella. sweetens the blood. give a laxative drench after the paroxysm. If costiveness attends it. 451. 1 sprinkle it ' This may be with water. 452. 1 ounce bal- ounces Venice turpentine. or mix it with moist given to horses subject to this disorder once a day. over a slow fire. crocus metallorum. will prevent its return. it wih be advisable to bleed. which It is means of . against all obstructions opens the passage. . should the horse have appeared dull and heavy previous to the attack. Melt all together gently. and from that which depends on costiveness.ng the necessity of distinguishing the flatulent. or windy.

1\ —Take nitre.tated ms having discovered a method of curing horses which It occurred to him that are lame in the forefeet. soap. of the common size. s. taking the usual precaution of guarding the arteries and passing ligatures. iron pot. and all soft dung and straw' be removed. 455. 206 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. oil of juniper. juniper-berries. quicksilver. verdigris. 453. Mr. 3 pounds. and No. 1 pounds pound. Take common turpentine. The horse at the same time should stand hard.. equal and apply it with a feather or brush occasionally to the feet. By this means the animal was instantly relieved from pain. Ointment for Mange. 1^ ounces. No. till it Simmer over the turns brown. this lameness might originate in the nerves of the foot. parts of honey. and in consequence he immediately amputated about an inch of the diseased nerve. To Cure the Thrush in Horses' Feet. near the hoof. To be made up with spirits into balls. Remedy for Lameness in Horses. Sewell. vinegar. 3 pounds . fire. and the lameness perfectly cured. — No. of turpentine. 1 pound. and make up into balls of the qize of a nutmeg. Another. 454. of the Veterinary College. . rosin. &c.

Water. flour of sulphur. for 5 or 6 hours. No. dissolved in 2 ounces . 457. Take camphor. ^ pint. taking care that they are well mixed. until it completely disappears and add a little oil of turpentine to make it rub easier then add the remainder. 1 pound . in the open air. 2 quarts. . rape-oil. 2. 207 4 ounces . No. No. ^ pound . If the horse draws in a team. in a marble mortar. or the inside of the saddle. \ pound . mer ointment. take the horse to a blacksmith's shop. 2 ounces sulphur of vivum. 2 ounces. First grind the white precipitate in a little oil. provided the day be fine and the weather warm. in the open air. 456.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. . Eye. and held at a proper distance over him. This ointment must be well rubbed on every part affected. if it be winter. the inside of the collar must be washed. 2 drachms. . if the sun shine and the weather be warm but. 4 ounces train-oil. if a saddle-horse is . Liniment for the Mange. all well together till united. for the disease highly contagious. afterwards add the remainder. . This liniment must be well rubbed in with a hard brush. where a large bar of iron must be heated. strong Take white curial precipitate. and work them . hog's lard. to warm the ointment. Grind the quicksilver with the turpentine. flour of sulphur.

2 drachms. About six hours after. or the bowels are sufficiently opened. give him a purging drink. wine Gould's extract. Shake all together in a bottle rectified spirits of for use. Let the eye and the eyelids be well bathed 3 or 4 times a day with a clean linen rag dipped in the eye-water. prepared kali.. . No. . farm-yard. and ounce. 1 quart. after he has been bled and con. which is generally eflfected in the course of a fort- During that time the horse should not be allowed to go out of the stable or night or three weeks. and shake when used. This ball must be given to the horse as soon as it can be prepared. . J ounce. of each 8 ounces. 2 drachms aromatic confection. 459. Take white antimonial powder. ^ ounce Castile soap. . This evaporating and discutient embrocation is well calculated to remove pain and inflammation. 458. oil spirits of of turpentine. F<yr Inflammation of the Lungs. No. Beat them into a ball. tinue it 2 or 3 times a day as long as the inflamma- tion continues. 1 ounce rose-water. and repeat it every night and morn ing until a passage is obtained. ^ Mix. Embrocation for Sprains. 208 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Take of soap-liniment and camphorated wine.

^ ounce. Ointment for Scratched Heels. in a mortar. the whole together till united. This dressing must remain on the wound 10 or 12 hours. 461. . 460. Take of Egyptiacum. and a proper pledget of tow laid over the mouth. and shake well together every time it is used. . Take of hog's lard. Tulxture After the above embrocation the following bracing must be rubbed on the part once a day. in fine powder. 3 ounces. in No. 462. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. This is a neat composition. oil of vitriol. 1 pound white . 11 ounces. G-rind all the powders in a work or on a marble slab . then add camphorated spirits of wine and compound tincture of benzoin. and bruise them powder. 1 ounce. . JPaste to stop Bleeding. Beat them all together into a pasta Let the wound be filled up with this paste. in order to prevent it from falling out. 1 4 ounces ounce olive-oil. Take of fresh nettles. and then bandage it on with a strong roller. alum. 1 handful. 2 ounces oil of turpentine. Mix. and very proper to marble mortar with then add the lard. 2 ounces wine vinegar.. Bracing Mixture for Sprains. No. and vinegar. ^ ounce the oil. white vitriol. Shake well together. and 20 . wheat flour. 2 ounces Bugar of lead. 4 ounces. lead. J ounce . each 1 ounce. 209 No. Add blue vitriol. .

Mixture for Canker in the Mouth.— 210 600 MISCBLLAITEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. niire. or wounds upon the heels. Astringent Embrocation for Strains in different parts. but also for stubs and treads of every description. or Armenian bole. after which let him fast an hour. No. Armenian bole. pass it up his mouth. 2 drachms. it will be best to A spread the ointment on pledgets of tow and secure them with bandages. or a little tow. small quantity must be rubbed on the part affected every night and morning. dissolved strong rectified spirits of wine . every morning and evening. and shake them together in a bottle salt. round one end then dip it into the mixture. in the fol- lowing manner : Take a small cane. ^ Mix. J pint. Take of wine common ounce. out in treads. in slight cases. or a piece of whalebone. half a yard long. ^ ounce aqua-fortis. . 464. It will vinegar. all together in a bottle for use. Take of camphor. keep in the stable during the winter. 1 ounce. be proper to dress the horse's mouth with this mixture. 1 ounce. 4 ounces white lead. and gently remove it to all the affected parts. It will not only be found useful for greasy and scratched heels. Mix. and shake them . dis- solved in ^ pint wine vinegar spirits of turpentine. and tie a linen rag. . burnt alum and each 1 ounce. then give food as usual. . for use. Let him chainp it well about in his mouth. in powder. in \ ounce . 463.

3 quarts. To a large heast give 1 gallon it to a small one. and often arises from the animal not being clean milked. and very well 10 or 12 minutes let it stand a . but never give less than 2 quarts to a large beast. Half a . not put water to the same tar more than while. . keep her warm. or if you perceive any within the skin ready to come out. 467. and house her every night for some time. Don't let her go too soon abroad.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. put to it 4 quarts water. immediately house her. nor less than 3 pints to a small one . No. Lessen the dose by degrees.Water for Cows. the tongue. It may be removed by anointing the part three times a day with a little ointment composed of camphor and blue ointment. Continue to till the beast is well. very well Examine your cow's mouth. thougli she appears and if you find any pimple in it. or on . For to the Garget in Cows. This disorder is very frequent in cows after ceasing be milked it affects the glands of the udder with hard swellings. 211 No. Take stir it little 1 quart tar. four times every day. and give her warm gruel a id malt mash. You must twice. the first it give Let dose be made of fresh tar. tity No. To make Tar . and give her warm tar-water. Distemper among Cattle. and then pour it off for use. 466. but not every time the quan- you first gave. 465. Give .

Give this as one dose. Med Water in Cattle. The following composition has been found to succeed in many cases which were apparently drawing to a fatal termination Take of powdered rhubarb. number him. frosty turnips. This is an excellent medicine for changing the water. 469. if it should have the desired eftect. and Every farmer that keeps any acts as a purgative.— 212 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. give the same quantity in about 12 hours after. 1 teaspoonful. prepared. Mix well together in a pint of warm milk. Take 1 ounce Armenian bole. or such When any . repeat it in 36 hours. and. kali. 2 drachms. of your cattle happen. if the disorder is violent. and let it stand until it is blood-warm. 2 ounces Castile soap. 470. to get swelled with an overfeed of clover. and 1 drachm rockTo cure the alum. of cattle should always have doses of it by No. 468. for three or four ings. \ ounce dragon's blood. If the first dose does not answer. castor-oil. in drachm or more of calomel may be given beer. No. Dissolve these in a quart of hot ale or beer. warm morn- from a horn or bottle. it will be proper to allow him to do it. Cure for Cattle Swelled with Green Food. To cure the Scouring in Cattle. 1 ounce. If : the calf will suck.

must be made to walk about until such time as the swelling begins to sub- No. small quaneven though they have no disorder. in order to make it receiving this medicine. about the size of the roe unwholesome or eggs of a salmon. after repeated trials. 213 of the usual method of stabbing in the apply a dose of train-oil. though seldom. When' this is the case. It sometimes happens. which. put into the food of each hog. After it go down. tity of the flour of brimstone. The quantity of oil must vary according to the age or size of the animal. also. But the best method of preventing disorders in swine is to keep their sties perfectly clean and dry. After the animal is killed and cut up. may be given among their food when they are not thriving. that swine have the measles. A air. . For a grown-up beast. This disorder is animal is alive. side. the quantity recommended is about an English pint. once or twice a week. and while the not easily discovered can only be known by its not thriving or fattening as others. exercise. has been found to prove successful. as much crude pounded antimony as will lie on a shil- This is very proper for any feeding swine. instead side. its fat is full of little kernels. and plenty of clean straw. To cure Measles in Swine.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. taking care at the same time to rub the stomach well. of an ordinary size. which will be found of great service to them. like. and allow them ling. 471. While they are in this state their iiesh is very food. which must be administered to the animal with a bottle.

until the wound begins to heal. having an appearance similar to swelling in the testicles. where a straight needle cannot be used. replace the skin that was flayed back. and some white mercury. Take a piece of alum. and also a bend in it. After this is done. . the alum must be in the largest proportion. and cause it to be held up with its head downward. and. No. 1. Flay back the skin from the swollen place. Sew up the hole with a needle. which must have a square point. where part of the guts comes out and lodges betwixt the rim of the belly and the skin. 472. when the operation is finished. a piece of green vitriol. The pig should not have much food for a few days after the operation. It is cured by the following means Geld the pig affected. and it up. dissolve them in water. the guts will naturally return to their proper place. a hole broken in the rim is called a "rupture. Where a number of swine are bred. and °* bind on a rag over all the foot. The male : pigs are more liable to this dis- order than the females." of the belly.e. Qure for the Foot-Hoi in Sheep. aa the disease often happens between the hind-legs. No. sew No. 473. Bwpture in Swine. from the situation in which the pig is held. it -vnll frequently happen that some of the pigs will have what i.— — 214 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and — after the hoof is pared anoint it with a feather.

Let the sheep be kept in the house a few hours after this is done. as the disorder is very infectious. pare the sheep's feet well. Some may think aqua-fortis of too hot a nature but such a desperate disorder requires an active cure. No. Some fortis anoint the part with a feather dipped in aqua- or weak nitrous acid. is always to be used cautiously. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 474. This treatment may be repeated 2 or 3 times. always observing to keep the house clean. to the foot with a feather. 475. No. Another Cure for Foot-Rot in Sheep.. and then turn them out to a dry pasture. This is the most common way of curing the foot-rot. which. little Pouud some green ot" it vitriol fine. Spread some slaked quick-lime over a Another. nouse-floor pretty thick. Many little drovers that take sheep to market carry a bottle of this with them. no doubt. this house. Another Cure for Foot-Hot in Sheep. . and apply a to the part of the foot affected. 2. and the sheep kept as much as possible on dry land. helps a by applying lame sheep by hardening its hoof. which dries it at once. — and then turn them into remain for a few hours . and enabling it to travel better. 3. after which. 215 No. The feet must be often dressed. Those animals that are diseased should be kept separate from the flock. binding a rag over the foot. No. which. turn where they may them into a dry pasture. as above. and adding a little more quick-lime before putting them in.

pledgets are applied. it is of great importance that the animal be afterwards exposed only to a moderate . and the animal kept in a clean dry situation until its recovery is effected. No. . The following mode of treatment. and pared aa nigh as possible not to make it bleed. apply oil of turpentine and common brandy. . This in general produces a very beneficial effect but where the disease has been long seated. and becomes in a manner confirmed. to stand in it during the space of 6 or 7 hours. appearance. and let the floor of the house where the sheep are confined be strewn 3 or 4 inches thick with quick-lime hot from the kiln and the sheep. But it often happens. After this. if carefully attended to. make their appearance.. Prevention and Cure of the Foot-Mot in Sheep. On suspected ground. of which the best seems to be sulphuric acid and the nitrate of mercury. the foot bound up. may be depended upon as a "Whenever the disease makes its certain cure. 216 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. let the foot be carefully examined. where the malady is invetprate. however. 476. In all cases. recourse is had to caustics. and the diseased part well washed. that the disease refuses to yield to any oi all of the above prescriptions. constant and careful examination ought to take place and when any fissures or cracks. attended with heat. after cleaning the foot and paring away the infected parts. after having their feet dressed in the manner above described.

as it ia only by paying early and particular attention that a . or spirits of turpentine. about the size of a nut. the shep- herd must be careful in noticing those that show any symptoms of the disorder. To destroy Maggots in Sheep. and as as will lie much of the sublimate powder upon a shilling. pentine. When the whole flock is affected. Shake them well 19 .600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. by looking back and offering to bite or scratch the spot and if affected. 217 temperature. and the disease will be efl'ectually remedied in the course of a few days. 477. or rather than this . he must immediately apply the ointment. in the same proportion. dry pasture . and beat together until not a particle of the quicksilver can be discerned put in the oil. Mix with spirits 1 quart spring-water a tablespoonful of tui-pentine. No. A greater or less be mixed up. according to the number of sheep affected. easy. \ lard. be invigorated with proper food. 2 pounds hog's and pound Venice tur\ pound oil or quantity of turpentine. flock can be cured. with the hog's lard. and kept in clean. Put the quicksilver and Venice turpentine into a mortar or small pan. No. may less. and work them well together until made into an ointment. The parts of the sheep affected must be rubbed With a piece of this salve. To cure the Scab in Sheep. 478. Take spirits 1 pound quicksilver.

and. however. No. so that the liquid may come out of the bottle in small quantities at once. 479. as much as will wet the wool and the the spot When maggots. the bite of g^rass be considerable . The bottle and cork it up in must always be well shaken is when it is to be used. and if any of the maggots remain undestroyed. be inspected next day. As sudden death is the consequence of this. by which a . together. plied. This complaint is in general occasioned by the animal feeding for a considerable time upon rich. To cure Soven or Blown hi Cattle. but pour a little of the mixture upon the spot. The sheep must. forget to lie down to ruminate or chew their cud. or first stomach. observed where the maggots are. causes the animal to swell even to a state of suffocation. with a quill through the cork. the In a few minutes after the liquor is apmaggots will all creep to the top of the oft' wool. if nor should they . or a rupture of some part of the stomach or intestines ensues.218 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. the greatest caution is necessary in turning cattle into a fresh pasture. do not disturb them. a bottle. succulent food. shake them oftj or touch them with a little more of the mixture. and in a short time drop dead. through their greediness to eat. Thus the' paunch. and they. for want of vent at that part. is rendered incsipable of expelling its contents a concoction and fermentation take place in the stomach. so that the stomach becomes overcharged. large quantity of confined air is formed in the part that extends nearly to the anus.

molasses. each. dose. and prevent this distressing complaint. ginger. anise- seed and ginger. or some close where there is but little to eat. in order that the organs of rumination and digestion may have time to discharge their functions. 1 pound. and in a very short time force a passage through the intestines. By strict attention to the above method of application.) it will be . Put all the in- gredients into a pitcher. If this be attended to several times. for the most part. 480. 2 salts. by eating too great a quantity of succulent grasses. 2 ounces molasses. Treatment. If the fever continues after the intestines have been evacuated. 4 ounces. a fever may be prevented. it will take away that greediness of disposition. and the animal speedily restored. give the of whole for one Another. No. 4 ounces. . Take of Glauber's der. 219 be suffered to stop too long at a time in sucli pasture before they are removed into a fold-yard. in powder. "When new-milk-warm. this be given in the same manner as the preceding. (which is seldom the case. In most cases these drinks will be sufficient to purge a full-grown animal of this kind. —Take Let Epsom salts.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and pour 3 pints of boiling water upon them. Purging-Drinks. in pow ounces . check fermenta: — tion in the stomach. As soon as the beast is discovered to be either hoven or blown. let a purging-drink be given this will. 1 pound .

warm day. 2 ounces. each. down It will ale upon the ingredients. and new-milk-warm then give the often be proper to repeat this 2 or 3 till . take away from 2 but the animal should not be turned out after bleeding that day. 2 ounces. its pasture as the effect. every other will be proper to keep the body sufficiently . ounce Castile soap. ana turmeric-root. 1 ounce molasses. but 3 quarts of blood the usual. Mix. . the beast be in If to good . ginger-root and Peruvian bark. if necessary. proijer to take some blood from the animal . . It and repeated. Take of balsam copaiva. condition. grains of paradise of tartar. and the quantity must be regulated according to the disease and habit of body. Reduce and salt to powder cumin-seeds. each. 2 ounces. or oftener. Beat them together in a marble mortar and add valerian-root. tering the following drinks. then Now slice 1 . in powder. pour a quart of boiling cover them drink. gruel. 1 ounce salt of tartar. To cure the Fellows. each. in Neat Cattle. and mix it with 2 ounces molasses put the whole into a pitcher. As soon it as this disease may. morning following it may go to After this has had the desired . times every other day. makes its first appearance. 1 ounce. let following be given. or Jaundice. No. for 1 drink. Let this drink be given in a quart of . 481. be removed by adminisanise-seed. 1 ounce Castile soap. if required. in powder. not at night. for the most part.220 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 2 ounces.

if costiveness be permitted. 221 upen through every stage of the disease . and put the whole into a pitcher. No. Method of Cure. may terminate in a gangrene or a mortification. 2 drachms molasses. First. "When newmilk-warm. if not speedily relieved. and by which the great efflux of blood upon the temporal arteries will be lessened The following purgative and much retarded. 482. In the cure of this disease. the disorder will terminate . and give it all for one dose. 4 . the following method must be attended to. 1 drachm camphor.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. . which is very often the case. J ounce. sometimes occasioned by wounds or contusions in the head. for. ounces. and. This drink will in general operate briskly in the space of 20 or 30 hours . that are attended with violent inflamma- tions of the vessels. and likewise for most fevers of an inflammatory nature. Mix. which may be repeated daily. if required. lessen the quantity of blood by frequent bleeding. and pour 3 pints of boiling water upon them. let 19* . Take of Glauber's salts. fatally. and that in a few days. the fever will increase and. 1 pound tartarized antimony. add laudanum. Frenzy. No. . or Inflammation of Is the Brain. if not timely removed. 483. . if not. drink will be found suitable for this disease.

. This may be repeated once a day for two or three times. Another. Take anise-seed. After the wind expelled and the body has been : reduced to its natural state. "the — one-half of the quantity be given to { beast every night and morning. afterward take out the tube and lay a pitch-plaster over the orifice. This is a method frequently resorted to in dan- gerous cases. 2 tablespoonfuls . 484. Mix. Wounds of this kind last rib are arisen.— 222 600 MISCELLANEOtIS VALUABLE EECEIPTS. 1 ounce. seldom attended with danger. give the following Cordial Drink. where it has it has been occasioned by the injudicious is operator introducing his knife into a wrong part. each 2 ounces. and remain until the air is sufficiently evacuated. This drink may be repeated every other day for two or three times. a small tube of a sufficient length may then be introduced into the wound. 4 tablespoonfuls. grains of paradise. No. in powder. 1 ounce treacle. and give it ip a quart of warm ale or gruel. sweet spirits of nitre. spirits of turpentine. and elecampane. This will instantly give vent to a large quantity of fetid air. diapente. sweet spirits of nitre. and cumin-seed. 2 tablespoonfuls. The operation is performed in the following manner: Take a sharp penknife and gently introduce it into the paunch between the haunch-bone and the on the left side. — — . treacle. Take anise-seed. Paunchim^. each 2 ounces tincture of rhubarb. and give them in a quart of warm ale or gruel. until the desired effect be obtaiued. . Mix. in powder. 2 ounces.

8 ounces dissolve 1 ounce of camphor first in the spirits of wine then add 1 . 223 No. 487. Cure for Sore Backs of Horses. oil of turpentine. No. 485. to construct a Battery for Gilding and Plating. and Sprains in Horses. The best method of curing sore backs is to dis- solve half an ounce of blue vitriol in a pint of water. . you try it. Mix molasses and brown sugar in the water he will then drink : coarse freely. with copper sockets soldered to the top. Take of spirits of wine. . A horse has a very sweet tooth when he is unwell and will not drink freely. for full a quarter of an hour. How Ist. 1 ounce spirit of sal-ammooil of origanum.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Bruises. to receive the conducting-wiree. every time it is used. 488. Silver- Make five copper cylinders or cups. which must be four times a day. ounce niac. 4 inches in diameter and 4 inches high. To make a Horse drink freely. and 1 large tableIt must be well rubbed in with the hand. An Infallible Lotion for Blows. 486. You will be astonished at its efficacy when J ounce spoonful of liquid laudanum. No. it and daub the injured parts with a day. four or five times No.

and it is ready for action. 4J inches high and 2J inches in diameter. will charge the battery for some days. Introduce the conductingwires. and redissolve the powder in the proportion of 1 gill of pure water to 1 pennyweight of gold. with copper sockets at- tached to them. observing always to con the third copper with the fourth zinc . connect them together with copper wires. 224 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE BECEIPTS. Fill the cups within about half an inch of the top with water. Let it cool and settle. of the as the copper ones same height Set and 3|- inches in diameter. — — Then evaporate it to dryness. Prepare a solution by dissolving 1 ounce prussiate of potash in 1 quart water. Construct 5 sheepskin cups. and the fourth copper with the fifth nect the copper with the zinc. After placing the cups thus formed in a con- venient position. and it is ready for use. 4th. Dissolve the gold in two parts of muriatic acid with one of nitric acid. which. and place them inside the sheepskin cups. then put 1 teaspoonful of Glauber's salts into each of the sheepskin cups. as with the copper cups. them inside the copper cups. Put a suflicient quantity of it in a : — . and pursue the same process as with the gold. when dissolved. the second copper with the third zinc zinc . 3d.B. 2d. then pour it off. To 'pre'pare the QoUL Solution. How to charge the Battery. and then add J ounce prussiate of potash boil it 5 or 10 minutes. . N.. Make 5 zinc cylinders. open at each end. as follows : —The first copper cylinder with the second zinc . Boil it a few minutes. between the zinc and sheepskin then put 1 teaspoonful of blue vitriol into each of the copper cups. ^Dissolve silver in nitric acid.

finally. Drain oft" and repeat. silver-fluid by the bottles. 490. '225 bowl or other earthen solution. about a taste is all out of the water. Have ready some half-ounce vials. Add of water and 1 tea- 2H . it only helps to clean the articles. whiting does not increase the coating-powder. uncovered. Then dissolve in the water 2 ounces cyanuret of potash. adding water to the sediment until the acid Add. J spoonful of fine salt: let it settle. vessel. No. Cut into small pieces a twenty-five-cent-piece. then fill up the The bottles with the liquid.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and add to it the gold Bend the conducting wires so that the two ^poles will be immersed in the solution. and German Silver. in 12 ounces soft water. Attach a small piece of gold or platina to the positive pole or conducting-wire which is attached to the copper cups. Dissolve 1 ounce nitrate of silver. and fill them half full of Paris white.Plating Fluid. and it is ready for use. or fine whiting. — Silver. in crystal. No. Silver Solution for Plating Copper. Galvanism Simplified. and put it into an earthen vessel with | ounce of nitric. Shake the whole to- and let it stand till it becomes clear. Put the vessel into warm gill water. acid. 489. pint of water to the sediment and 4 scruples cyanide until it dissolves. and place the pieces to be gilted on the negative or the one proceeding from the zinc cup. and to save the gether. Brass.

by first applying a composition formed of four parts of Armenian bole and one of candied sugar. No. It is point. is smoothed then slightly moistened by a sponge dipped in clean water and squeezed in the hand. Put' in bottom of so iution a piece of zinc about 2 inches long. Thickness of plate can be increased by repeating. This coating. 1 wide. No. Dissolve 1 ounce pure silver in aqua-fortis. letting it rest on the zinc. and precipitate it with common salt. When dry. After cleaning. Wipe off with a dry cloth and repeat once. . and laid on by a brush with the white of an nearly dry. it is to be burnished. and ^ in thickness. Gilding the Edges of Paper. The edges of • the leaves of books ^nd letter-paper are gilded while in a horizontal position in the bookbinder's press. and all is ready. taking care not to wound the surface by the eg^. 491. To Silver by Heat. Polish with buckskin.226 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 492. sjmdever. ground together with water to a proper consistence. The gold-leaf is now taken up on a piece of cotton from the leather cushion and applied on the moistened surface. when by the burnisher. of potassa. by rubbing the burnisher over it repeatedly from end to end. vitriol. and white and + ounce sublimate. immerse the article to be plated in the solution about half a minute. to which add ^ pound sal-ammoniac.

little The above is a very excellent receipt." upon a fine stone. dever and white vitriol. and rinse in the clothes to soak for 20 minutes. 2 tablespoonfuls turpentine. Afterward boil them in a like quantity of the above preparation for 20 minutes. A method of Washing occujpying one Have a preparation how. made from 2 tablespoonfuls alcohol. to clean it. . 493. —In using the above method of washing. No. with a muUer. When the silver runs. The that has been used for the finer clothes will likewise do for the coarse and coloured. cut fine and mixed in 1 quart hot water. Pour the same into a large tub of boiling water. and J ounce of sublimate. and allow Then take them out and put them in a tub of clean cold water for 20 minutes. all be gone through with first.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. a soap may be previously rubbed on. Isr. it ia taken from the fire and dipped into weak spirits of salts. The substance to be silvered must be rubbed over with a sufficient quantity of the paste and exposed to a proper degree of heat. J pound brown soap. or greasy clothes ought not to be boiled with those of finer fabric and containing less dirt. Should same water the wristbands of the shirts be very dirty. cold water. 3 ounces each of san. as coloured. 6 ounces common salt and add. after washcommon salt. and may be confided in as particularly efiective in labour-saving.B. as the water in which they are boiled must fine clothes should of course partake more or less of its contents. very dirty. 227 Or dissolve 1 ounce pure silver in aqua-fortis it and precipitate vrith ing. These are to be ground into a paste.

No. 495. No.ns pronounced her recovery hopeless. . (for 4 dozen clothes. 5 teaspoonfuls hartshorn. to dry. Another Washing-Receipt. Put them to boil in 5 or 6 gallons of water.228 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS. An old nurse took her in hand. and rinse out thoroughly in cold water . . next morning wring them out. blue them. Such a simple remedy should be borne i/i mind.) 7 teaspoonfuls spirits of turpentine. mix the ingredients. divide the mixture in two put half in the water with the clothes over-. produced loclqaw of such a malignant character that her physicia. and 2 quarts strong soda-water. and This receipt has been found to answer a very is worthy of trial. 494. 1 pint spirits of turpentine. Take 1 pint alcohol. and applied pounded beet-roots to her foot. parts . and hang out night . —Take 1 pound hard soap. Manage the clothes as above directed. York Observer" says : —A young lady The injury ran a rusty nail into her foot recently. valuable purpose. and 5 teaspoonfuls vinegar. —Dissolve Then the soap in hot water . Another very good Receipt. The result was a most complete and astounding cure. Directions. and add the rest of the mixture boil 30 minutes. removing them as often as they became dry. How The "IsTew to cure the Lockjaw.

Mow Take to make Tomato Catsup. raw egg well beaten. then put in a bottle and shaken for 10 minutes. No. 4. after which. . Take of hog's lard. and make an ointment. 1 ounce laudanum. 2 drachms powdered galls. and omit three nights. To be applied every night. J ounce camphor. and 2 nitre. These ingredients to be beaten well together. water which has been well boiled. No. A Itemedy for Bheumatism. In half an hour it is fit for use. teaspoonful to be taken every other night for three nights. Take J ounce drachms powdered gum guaiacum.. Ointment far Piles. Mix. 229 No. and boil them until they 20 . to be rubbed at the back of the neck and behind the ears. or 4 times a day. Directions. ^ ounce sulphur. to be corked down tightly to exclude the air. in a wineglassful of cold water. | ounce flour of mustard. \ ounce Turkey rhubarb.. For rheumatism in the head. A — No. 2. | pint vinegar. No. 497. at bedtime. 499. To be well rubbed in. 1. Mix. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 1 bushel tomatoes. 3. 1 ounce spirits of turpentine. Take 1 ^c. 498. 1. J ounce. 2. 496. No. — No. 4 ounces camphor. No. . Cure for Rheumatic Gout.

there to remain until the sealing is completed. or it may arise from the defective form in which the cans are made. it only remains to scald the fruit sufficiently. No. the most expeditious and sure method is to first scald the fruit in a kettle. taking care that the moisture does not rise into the channel formed for the sealingmaterial. and 5 heads garlic. or until reduced to about one-half.— 230 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 2 ounces cloves. an^ to close the cans while scalding hot. skinned and separated. Louisville Journal. If the cans are properly constructed. JTow to preserve Fruit. i pound allspice. . and to fill the cans so near the top as to leave the least possible amount of air in them. The cause may be in the imperfect manner of scalding and putting up the fruit. them through a fine wire sieve. and set them into a vessel of boiling water. Ij pints salt. This we cannot easily explain without first seeing the cans. and add J gallon vinegar. A number of persons who fruit in "air-tight have been putting up cans" have stated to us that they are losing large quantities of it by fermentation. 3 ounces cayenne pepper. as we before stated. Mix together. 3 tahlespoonfuls black pepper. To do this. fill the cans. and inquire of us the cause of the difficulty. and boil about 3 are soft. squeeze hours. then bottle without straining. 500.

) and let it remain over the fire until it comes to the boilingpoint . leaving the can but about two-thirds full. the air will be heard forcing itself in. and it is only necessary to know what degree of heat is required. you fill . as if for immediate use. say from a half to three-quarters of an hour. and expeditious method is to prepare fruit. the groove around it with the melted pour a little cold water on the top of it the can to chill the wax.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. (with a small quantity of water when necessary to prevent scorching. on account of the time required and shrinkage of the fruit. either with or without sugar. if there be any imperfection in the can. composition put on the cap. it a vessel of boiling water. and then seal up. — ^Fill it up immediately. The. water. This mode is objectionable. and it is generally supposed that the process is known only to the initiated. most convenient. A The common mode and set it in is to fill the can with the fruit. "With a good air-tight can. letting remain until the fruit is thoroughly heated through. put it in a preservingkettle or open vessel. by which the use of one-third (or four cans of every — dozen) is lost. Another method of preserving Fruits and Vegetables. hold it to the ear. and how to apply it. and seal Direction for sealing. the simple agent in the work is heat. certain. and. one can at a time with the boiling until fruit. press it to its place. then set the can in cold remain until cool when taken out. and let : . 231 No. then fill the can. 501. great deal of mystery has been made of this simple matter.

232 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 2. Peel the onions and cucumbers. (green) in 1 pound copperas water. and 2 pounds brown sugar. put the whole in a sieve. da3's. and bottle it for use. strain it through a fine sieve or coarse cloth. about hotels and other public places. Boil 1 ounce cloves. constantly stirring. No. 504. 502. 2 ounces African cayenne. 6 onions. and let it then take a teacupful of mustardseed. J pound allspice. quart will efiectually con- centrate and destroy the foulest smells. Put the whole into a stone jar with the strongest vinedrain 12 hours gar use. For water- closets aboard ships and steamboats. and pour down a privy. add 1 quart good pound salt. mass for 3 hours. J teacupful ground black pepper. JIow onions. Many persons omit the vinegar in this preparation this it No. J pound black pepper. Take 3 dozens full-grown cucumbers and 8 white chop them as pint fine salt . Another way to make Tomato Catsup. to make Cucumber Catsup. close it It will up tightly for 3 keep for years. 503. Sprinkle on | . No. . and mix them well witth the cucumbers and onions. To ^ vinegar. there is nothing so nice to . and it is fit for No. 1 bushel skinned tomatoes. How Dissolve 1 to destroy a Foul Smdl. it to keep from burning. When cool. and then fine as possible.

rat. under the bed. or other places for the sick. 2 parts mix. and in a few days the smell will pass away. 233 cleanse places as simple green copperas dissolved. skim oft" what let it simmer it is until the water is boiled out. if to be and then treat it dipped. If the candles are to be run. For 12 pounds lard. fish-markets. and 1 pound alum mix and pulverize them dissolve the saltpetre and alum in a gill of boiling water. and sends forth an offensive gas. and clean the boiler while hot. If a cat. and thus render a hospital. Haw to No. dissolve copperas and sprinkle it about. sinks. . let the lard as you would tallow. or mouse dies about the house. free from unpleasant smells. and it wili soon purify the atmosphere. 505. and make them . take 1 pound saltpetre. rises . mence immediately.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. make a Cement which will get. slaughter-houses. until it ceases to throw off steam pour off the lard it as soon as is done. gradually. in any thing that will hold water. No. and wherever there are offensive putrid gases. For butchers' stalls. as a stone. and 1 part whiting 20» by weight clean sharp sand. stir the whole until it boils. parts as hard Take 20 litharge. Dirediovs for waking good Canr/Jrx frnm Lard. pour the compound into the lard before it is quite all . 506. . you may com- cool to a cake. place some dissolved copperas in an open vessel near the place where the nuisance is. or . melted.

hold the article firmly together till the cement cools. Take clean 1 pound white mastic . Let is half an hour. alcohol is ready for use. dry white sand is stirred. thinned with boiling linseed-oil. pulverized. 2 ounces stand gum put them into a bottle. and then it add J pound pure sulphuric alcohol: ether. Take equal quantities of white lead and white and as much oil as will make it into the conApply this to the seams in the eistehce of putty. 508. Cement for Seams. into thin putty with linseed-oil. Liquid Cement. shake occasionally till it dissolved. put it in Apply it to the edge vials. For seams in roofs. . join together evenly. into which some sharp. Sard sand. No. and it of the broken dish with a feather. Crockery Cement which is transparent. a cement may be made of white or red lead. No. Heat the edges of the article to be mended. and.. . when and cold. and hold it in a spirit-lamp as long as the cement will simmer then . For the joints of water and gas pipes. is as strong as new. and then add J gallon 90 per cent. the dish will break in another place first. 509. Cut gum-shel-lac in 70 per cent. 234 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE EBCEIPTS. No. and apply the cement with a pencil brush. 507. shel-lac. white lead cement is the best.

510. this To add . sifted. roofs of houses. Water-Proof and Fire-Proof Cement for Roofs of Houses. Bbth of the above will admit of any colouring you please. No. and 4 quarts fine sand or wood-ashes. It will in a 235 few weeks become as hard as a stone. recommends that "Journal of Industrial Progress" kneaded with fresh milk. 512. How it to improve bad Butter. He states that butter should be A writer in the by this treatment the butter is rendered as fresh and pure in flavour as when recently made. No. and then with pure water. by dissolving then skim it . 511. &c. Boil the mixture. and odour are owing. and is as durable as slate. To cure Rancid Butttr. to taste which the rancid readily soluble in fresh milk. He ascribes this result to the fact that butyric acid. and thus removed. let it cool.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. add 1 pound alum and \ pound copperas by slow degrees add f pound potash. greatly Bad butter may be improved thoroughly in hot water . ' Slake stone-lime in a large tub or barrel with boiling water. "When thus : slaked. ia No. It looks better than paint. and 1 gallon water. 1 quart rock-salt. pass 6 quarts through a fine sieve it will then be in a state of fine flour. covering the tub or barrel to keep in the steam.

How Take 2 to cure Butter that will keep for Years. and 1 part saltpetre . which for every mass. be tried\a. or in jars vitrified throughout. This prevents their being affected by any alternations of temperature. because during the decomand the butter becomes rancid. . 1. Butter cured in this way appears of a rich. work it well into the it up for use. little salt and churn again. How to preserve Eggs. only observing that it must stand 3 weeks or a month before it is used. It will likewise keep good 3 years. adding a and sugar.nd approved before doing a larger one. parts good common salt. — No. or immerse the eggs therein. It ought to be packed in wooden vessels. Apply with a brush a solution of gum-arabic to the shells. No. and never acquires a brittle hardness nor tastes salt.236 off. and afterward pack them in dry charcoal-dust. marrowy consistence and fine colour. No. and close — do not require glazing. let them dry. beat them up and blend the whole together. Take 1 ounce of this composition pound of butter. 1 part sugar. position of the salts they corrode the glazing. 513. 514. The water should be merely hot enough to melt the butter or it will become A small quantity can oily. eOt) MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

one can be at the and the other emptying same time. the small end down. A Fickle to cure Hams. Another method to 515. in a tub vessel. Take a half-inch board of it any convenient length or breadth. 3. J ounce saltpetre boil all together and skim it ofl:^ then rub the meat with salt. Beef. either in the . Put your eggs in this board as they come in from the poultry-house. 516. — No. Then take 4 strips of the same board. 2 together. 1 bushel quick- pounds salt. 517. 237 No. No. and pierce as full of holes (each Ij inches in diameter) as you can. To each gallon of water add Ij pobnds salt. Another method to preserve Eggs. No. \ pound cream of tartar. and pack it down pour on your pickle when milk-warm. keep good for 6 months. if you take the following precautions Take care that the eggs do not get wet. Then put and keep the eggs therein. and they will. . oi- No. which will preserve them perfectly sound for 2 years at least. with as much water as will reduce the composition to a sufficient consistence to float an egg.— . and . Pork. without risking the breaking of one hole into another. 2 inches broad. and the work is done. Mix lime. : nest or afterward. preserve Eggs. and nail them together edgewise into a rectangular frame of the same size as your board nail the board upon the frame. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. \ pound sugar. filling If 2 boards are kept. 2.

the fleshside. 519. By this be dissolved. then. when you have one layer laid. .) you can either lay the meat on a table or any kind of vessel that will not hold any pickle. T. How to cure Pork and Hams dry without Brine. and take care that aa much sugar will lie on it as you possibly can. (of course. Hamilton's Beceipt for Pickling Meat or Hams. and squeeze it on with your hand as tight as and so on with each layer. then hang This method is excellent for dried it in smoke. alum-salt. First rub your hams and pork on the flesh-side with brown sugar thoroughly. and pour the brine over the meat after it has lain in the tub some 2 days. (from 1 to 2 pounds of sugar to each hog is sufficient. 518. 2 No. E. according to the size of the hogs. 2 ounces saltpetre. To every 100 pounds 1\ ounces potash. of pork take 8 pounds ground pounds brown sugar. cover it all over with fine salt. Then let it stand for 3 or 4 weekd longer. Let the hams remain 6 weeks in the brine. and then be dried several days before smoking. when you have beef. The meat should be pterfectly cool before packing. Mix them all together.) you can.238 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS. He says he has had the meat rubbed with fine salt when it is packed down. No. Having it covered all over. and cover it all over with fine salt the same as at first. for 8 or 10 days. and 4 gallons water. Then leave it so time the salt will nearly all to take it out and pack it again.

Com Omelet. Blackberry Jam. stirring whole together gently it an hour. No. when the blackberries are bought. Then draw off the fluid into another vessel. and enabling you to dispense with cathartics. in 3 or 4 days. 239 No.. Green. Put into a vessel with the head out. 520. Mash the berries with your hands. When the working has ceased. for 1 week or 10 days. Gather the fruit . or and mashing It them will Preserve like any other jam. The following receipt for this delicacy is said to . and a tap fitted near the bottom pour on them boiling water to cover them. 521. and to every gallon add 1 pound sugar . dry weather. bung After 6 to 12 months. No. it down. be found very useful in families. allow half a to every pound of for soft. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. mix well. on a dry day. even . boil the till fruit in pound of good brown sugar the blackberries are well. Gather when ripe. it may be bottled. It may be spread on bread or on puddings. 522. it is cheaper than butter. and put into a cask to work. instead of butter and. regulating their bowels. particularly for children. particularly at the commencement. Blackberry Wine. and let them stand covered till the pulp rises to the top and forms a crust. keeping the cask well filled. and throw off any remaining lees.

and fry the mixture brown. and apply this varnish without heat. To varnish Articles of Iron and Steel. 524. browning the top with a hot shovel. stir them with the corn. A Take equal Turkish Cure for the Gravel. 15 grains sandarac. it is very liice. but the varnish will retain its transparency. In order to keep fresh fish. and 5 parts elemi. 525. and 2 or 3 pieces in their bellies. mix them . in a suflicient quantity of alcohol. If fried in small cakes. The articles will not only be preserved from rust. and honey. Fish thus preserved will keep fresh several days. beat — for a battel". 5 parts camphor. No. they are to be conveyed any distance. then insert a piece of charcoal in If their mouths. wrap each fish separately in paper and place them in a box. : Grrate the corn from 12 ears of corn up 5 eggs. pulve- rized very tine.240 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. 523. No. How to keep fresh Fish. with a little flour and milk stirred in be excellent boiled. Dissolve 10 parts clear grains of mastic. parts of small pebble-stones. season with pepper and salt. draw the fish and remove the gills . and the metallic brilliancy of articles will the not be impaired. nettle-seed.

241 —1 teaspoonful morning and evening. half-pint of water. A Take Cure for Dysentery and Bloody Flux. will be found quite efficacious in curing dysentery. mix it with it 2 tablespoonfuls of vinegar. and 1 tablespoonful loaf sugar. For children. 528. A No. 2 tablespoonfuls elixir salutis. add to Skim. in a teacupful of water. the quantity should be a teaspoonful of salt and one of vinegar. 1 tablespoonful common salt. No. No. 1 tablespoon- ful castor-oil. well together. off all the washed or milky add brandy : to preserve and loaf sugar to sweeten let the patient (an adult) take 2 table- spoonfuls twice a day. and drink hot. either hot or cold. clarify over the fire and skim it. No.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Take new-churned particles.) wineglassfuU of this mixture in the above proportions. Dose. A Take Cure for Dysentery. and pour upon a it . before it is salted. taken every half-hour. 2. these 4 tablespoonfuls boiling water. butter. 527. 526. 3. If the stomach be nauseated. 21 . No. Another for Dysentery. (only let be taken cold. a wineglassful taken every hour will suffice.

2. — No. Mix. and omit three nights. spermacetiointment. 531. Ointment for Sore Nipples. The white of an egg mixed with brandy is the best The person should at the same time use a nipple-shield. one-quarter for sale. half the quantity the water is 1 year old. J ounce. to be applied every night at bed. for a child 6 to 7 years old. J ounce flour of mustard. Mix. 530. 2 drachms . . "When this is manufactured added when used. Take of hog's lard. Take of tincture of Tolu. No. ^ ounce Turkey rhubarb. application for sore nipples. J ounce . time. ^ ounce sulphur. water which has been well boiled. 2 drachms. a dose for an adult . No. 4 ounces camphor. No. 529. No. Make an ointment. . 2 drachms powdered galls. . 242 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. is The above the quantity. in a wineglassful of cold water. Take J ounce saltpetre. powdered gum. A Owre for Rheumatic Gout or Acute Sheumatism. Mix. 1 ounce laudanum.. Ointment for Piles. A teaspoonful to be taken every other night for three nights. 3. Make an ointment. and J ounce powdered gum guaiacum.

A Cure for Smallpox. . Rub together thoroughly in a mortar with 5 or 6 drops of water. 532. certain Cure for Corns. ounce pulverized saltpetre and put it into oil. What on a five-cent-piece. 1 ounce rosin. Take 1 grain each of powdered foxglove (digitalis) and sulphate of zinc. teaspoonful coarse brown . Bathe the parts affected. and in two days they will be drawn out. A sure Memedy for Inflammatory Mheumatism. No. Spread it on kip leather the size of the corns. until symptoms of disease vanish. 1 and 1 teaspoonful saltpetre the whole to be warmed together. add 4 or 5 ounces of water. 533. This is a remedy of great value. — washing the parts freely in cold water once or twice a day. and 1 or 2 teaspoonfuls for a child. tahlespoonful for an adult. —A No. Take will lie flour of sulphur. A One sugar. and mix well together. 1 Take a pintof sweet No. 243 No. night and morning. .600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. every 2 or 3 hours. Dose. Another Cure for Piles. this done. and a sound cure will speedily be made. 534. pulverize. and sweeten with loaf sugar. teaspoonful tar. 535. 3 ounces'. Dose.

it and it is ready for use. If used every may be ft diluted with soft water. bruised. after which put in the spirits of turpentine and shake well . orange. Take 1 gallon spirits of wine. and add to it. and 1 teaspoonful powdered alum. and add of the oi» of lemon. 244 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALrABLE RECEIPTS. Cologne. No. together. Bedbug-Poison. No. 536. 539. Take | pint French brandy. To -prevent Hair falling off. and 2 ounces gum camphor. 538. 2 ounces sal-ammoniac.. 40 drops. Shake until the oils are cut. This is made by taking 1 quart pure French brandy. Let these be mixed and well shaken until they are dissolved then day. 1 tablespoonful fine salt. Add these to the . 537. filter. add also extract of vanilla. then add a pint and a half of soft water. and cutting up fine 1 ounce vanilla beans and 2 ounces Tonqua. 1 pint spirits of turpentine. Take 1 pint spirits of wine. dissolve the camphor in the alcohol then pulverize the corrosive sublimate and sal-ammoniac. and bergamot each a spoonful. 2 ounces corrosive sublimate. How to make Extract of Vanilla. No. No.

perfume it with the essential oil of almonds. No. Mix well. 543. 1 21* . 1 ounce of orange. and it is fit for use. and. alcohol. and 10 to 15 grains nitre. Haw Take 8 to make Burning-Fluid. 540. and add 2 gallons camphene. Melt all together. and shake the rose-water. Hair-Restorative. 2 drachms oil of cedrat. and puddings. Ox-Marrow Pomatum. 245 brandy. This is excellent for flavouring pies. and 1 drachm oil of rosemary. and let it digest for two weeks. No. and add to oil it 1 ounce oil of bergamot. gallons 95 per cent. A superior article of Cologne. Take 2 ounces yellow wax and 12 ounces beef- marrow. alcohol. 541. and it is ready for use. This is an excellent article. No. 1 drachm oil of l^evoli. No. and 4 ounces vial drachm sugar of Mix. on using the mixture.. Take 1 drachm lead. then filter carefully. 10 grains camphor.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. cakes. when sufficiently cool. frequently shaking . 542. Take 1 gallon 90 per cent. Bathe the hair twice a lac-sulphur.

and the most obstinate cases will be cured in three or four months. Take a tablespoonful of the syrup three Dose. and a tablespoonful of essence of lemon. When cold. No. pound it. times a day. or as often as the cough may be trouble- — some. put upon a small piece of lint or cotton-wool and placed . rub the parts affected. lif. Put boil it 1 quart of down to a pint hoarhound to 1 quart of water. Rheum or Scurvy. day for a week. and strain it into a pewter dish. then put it into an earthen mug. This preparation does not dye the but restores its original colour. The patient will almost immediately experience its good effects. Cough-Syrup. 545. 544. A Cure for Salt No. Toothache-Drops. Simmer the whole over a fire till thoroughly mixed. Two or three drops of essential oil of cloves. —The juice of the ripe berries may be pre- pared in the same way. press out the juice. and add 2 or 3 sticks of liquorice . No. 546. any time in summer. Take of the pokeweed. Add to it fresh water and beeswax sufficient to make an ointment of common consistence. Set it in the sun till it becomes a salve.246 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE BECEIPTS hair.B.

Freckle-Lotion. 1 Cure for m the Piles. J ounce antimonial wine. Cough-Drops. will be found to have the power of curing the toothache without destroying the tooth or injux'ing the gums. gallac. 549. 1 ounce ung. lavender- distilled water. .600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 2 drachms precipitated chalk. All to be mixed together. active No. hazel-nut to the size of a The size of a Dose. No. of lead. . 2 ounces syrup of squill. — hickory-nut. and J drachm extract To be used externally. 2. Applied with a sponge 2 or 8 times a day. Then mix 2 ounces confection of senna and 20 To be used internally. 548. 12 drachma . night and morning. J ounce spirits of nitife. 2 drachms . in the 247 hollow of the tooth. Mix . No. 550. Take rose-pink. grains powdered saltpetre. No. 3 drachms powdered drachm laudanum. 6 grains. carbonate of magnesia. A certain Mix gallac. Tooth-Powder. No. J drachm water. 1 drachm sulphate of quinine. J pint. 547. . Take muriate of ammonia. 2 ounces paregoric.

and give to cure Sun-Stroke. for 2 days successively.248 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEH'TS. in water. at night. sweeten with sugar. in vinegar until their strength ia it Strain the liquid. . hot as you can bear it. and 2 teaspoonfuls at going to bed. and give it frequently to the patient This is an almost infallible remedy. bind it round the part affected. Never-failing. benzoin comp. and a cure follows. How stomach. Take 2 spoonfuls of the juice of nettles. Spitting of Blood. No. or take 3 spoonfuls of sage-juice in a little honey. No. every 2 hours. 553. 552. No. blood. Cure for the Quinsy. until relieved. A teaspoonful an hour before each meal. To cure the Whitlow. 551. Dose. Shake well ^vlien two ingredients are in. 554. — No. Immediately bruise horseradish and apply it to the him gin to drink. 4 or 5 times a day. and 1 ounce tinct. Steep in distilled vinegar. This presently stops either spitting or vomiting Or give 20 grains of alum. Simmer hops extracted. then moisten a leaf of tobacco in the vinegar.

Add 5 gallons hot water to the mixture. ^ pound powdered Spanish whiting. Brilliant White-Wash. and add to it a peck of salt. stir it well. Brushes more or less small may be used. if properly applied. have heard of the brilliant stucco whiteeast end of the President's house at Washington. There is nothing of the kind that will com- pare with it. Spanish brown stirred in will make red pink. and a pound of clean glue. and made of any shade you like. and stirred in boiling hot. Strain the liquid through a fine sieve or strainer. it can be kept in a kettle on a portable furnace. It answers as well as oil-paint for wood. brick. previously well dissolved in warm water. covered from the dirt. It should be put on right hot for this purpose. and let it stand a few days. Colouring-matter may be put in. delicate tinge of this is very pretty for inside A . slake it with boiling water. boiled to a thin paste. according to the neatness of the job required. either for inside or outside walls. Many wash on the : : and is cheaper. 3 pounds ground rice.' It retains its brilliancy for many years.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. The following is a receipt for it it is gleaned from the "National Intelligencer. more or less deep. in a small kettle within a large one filled with water. according to the quantity. 249 No. which has been previously dissolved by soaking it well. 555. or stone. and then hanging it over a slow fire. cover it during the process to keep in the steam. It is said that about a pint of this mixture will cover a square yard upon the outside of a house." Take \ bushel nice unslaked lime.

No. In all these cases the darkness of the shades of course is determined by the quantity of colouring used. When walls have been badly smoked. walls. It is difficult to : make rules. and makes a colour generally esteemed prettier. bleeding early. but crome goes further. and repeat if necessary. before the whole mixture. 556. well mixed with Spanish brown. Give it in 2 pints gruel. makes a reddish stone colour. 1 ounce powdered saltpetre. in If a larger quantity than 5 gallons be wanted. the same proportion should be No. and repeat in 6 or 8 hours. and the colour has an effect on the white-wash which makes it crack and peel. An English Cure for Pleuro-Pneumonia in Chiile. Green it must not be mixed with lime: it destroys the colour. Then give a drench. it is well to squeeze indigo plentifully through it is stirred a bag into the water you use. and you wish to have them a clean white. The only chances in this disease are the adoption of veryprompt measures.250 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. ^ drachm tartar-emetic. observed. with 2 ounces corianderira a quart of water. Give J pound Epsom salts. 557. because tastes are different expei'iments on a shingle. Worms seed bruised or Bots in Cattle or Horses. Finely pulverized common clay. composed of 1 — pound Epsom salts. would be best to try and let it dry. Yallow ochre stirred in makes yellow wash. .

add \ pint turpentine. 4 ounces soft-soap dissolved in water. 4 ounces. No. 558. and 10 grains powdered opium. a Tincture for. : — . 560. Melt 4 ounces mutton-suet with 12 ounces beesadd 12 ounces sugar-candy. in a little gruel. Let them then fit for use. wine 1 pint. wax . 559. . Lay it on the harness with a sponge. Scouring. etand 14 days. finely powdered. aloes. Slacking for Harness. coarsely powdered. myrrh. If unhealthy fungous granulation arises. apply a poultice. recti- water 2 pints. When melted and well mixed. Wounds are best without sewing. Give i ounce powdered catechu. wash the part with the following mild caustic wash. 251 No. in Take Socotrine or Barbadoes fied spirits of powder. occasionally shaking. and polish off with a brush.600 MISCELLAKEOTTS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. If much inflamed. Cleanse from dirt or gravel. ^c. 1 ounce. No. and 2 ounces indigo. Flesh-Wounds in Cattle. previous to applying the tincture Blue vitriol (sulphate of copper) 1 ounce. water 1 pint dissolve.

silver. should Take 1 be worn in winter. then the article to be silvered. JLiniment for Rheumatism. 561. mix the whole together. \ ounce tincture of opium. The solution. scales of barometers. upon its surface. 562. cipitate the silver by the immersion of polished plates Take of the silver 20 grains. The silvered surface may be polished with a piece of soft leather. cream of of copper.252 '600 MISCELLANKOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. Take 1 drachm hydriodate of potash. plated thus. No. To Silver Copper. mix. will be transparent and colourless. previously a little moistened. distilled water 2 ounces. A Simple Cure for Rheumatism. and Take ^ drachm alum. Mix. No. etc. and pour over it twice its weight of nitric acid. No. noon. Take a small quantity of pure The dialall plates of clocks. The silver will be quickly dissolved. and rub some of the mixture. clean it well. 2 drachms common salt. and give a teaspoonful in a wineglass of water. 563. morning. are . 2 drachms hartshorn. or chamois leather. and twice as much water as acid. Flannel. 2 drachms oil of cajeput. This seldom fails to afford relief. and rub the parts affected night and morning. ounce soap liniment. tartar 2 drachms. if the metal and acid be both Then prepure. and night.

citronjuice \ drachm. No. extract of burdock- and oil of nutmegs. beef-marrow 2 ounces. (previously well cleaned. or a cork moistened with water and dipped into the powder.) spirits of each 2 drachms. of wine) 15 grains. aromatic essential oil as much as sufficient to render it fragrant. best olive-oil 1 ounce. and make into an ointment. should be well washed in hot water slightly alkaand then wiped dry. Take of root. extract of yellow Peruvian bark 15 grains. Mix. and 1 ounce of 22 . 1 part precipitate silver powder.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. No. and 1 part whiting. —Mix 1 part chloride of silver with 3 parts pearlash. To solder Inn or any other Metal without Mre. 565. camphor (dissolved with (fixed. IJ parts common salt. 253 No. Silvering of Metals. extract of rhatany-root 8 grains. mixed with 2 parts each cream of tartar and common salt. 564. A new Pomade against Baldness. lized. Take 1 oume of sal-ammoniac. 2 drachms bergamot and a few drops This is considered a otto of roses would suffice. the metal same way. Cold Silvering. 566.) by means of a piece of soft leather. valuable preparation. may also be used in the When properly silvered. and well rub the mixture on the surface of brass or copper.

254 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLB RECEIPTS. the consolidation is made.. Mild Aperient for Piles. As soon as the boiling stops. 567. Have softie borax. and with a feather rub your powder at ^the joint: you will see it immediately boll. To be taken daily at bedtime. approaching their extremities as near as you can to one common tartar. with 3 ounces of antimony. so that holding to each piece and passing under the joint. Pound well all together. a glass of milk or of water. anothei-. which put into hot spirits of wine till it is consumed. and pound it into powder. If there be any roughness. . put the two pieces you want to join on a table. the lump becomes red-hot. and melted all together let the whole cool gradually. salt. it should open over it on the top . and sift it. When you want to solder any thing. and an equal quantity of calcined and as much of bell-rnetal. Let it dry. magnesia Mix. to get heat 'by degrees. No. in precipitated sulphur 15 grains. then put it between two crucibles over a slow Push on the jBre till fire. then throw some of your powder between and over the joint. grind it oft" on a stone. making a crust of fullers' earth. . Take of 1 scruple. and enclote it well all round with fullers' earth about an inch thick. Put this into a piece of linen.

advising the use of alum. upon mentioning to a he spoke of a suggestion published in the Cincinnati papers. 568. —" Last May my hogs were attacked it for the Hog Cholera. and a horn with the small end sawed oflfj I lost five head. with the exception of two. thrifty condition. and. made a strong solution. friend. is well worth the trial. and bleeding at the nose. The above is but little cost. have recovered were in the last stage. for a year or two. if it is as successful as with me. with hog cholera. which I have always considered the last stage of the disease. 569. and. vomiting. When milk contained in wire-corked bottles la heated to the boiling-point in a water-bath. and the milk will afterwards keep fresh. it is said. and gave to the lot (about 100 head) a pound of pulverized alum in some mill-feed each day for two weeks. to Preserve. — No. (all the water would bear. to have entirely recovered to a Some of those which healthy. Milk. I procured some. ^lum A writer says. administered with the assistance of a rope behind the tusks. and. with red blotches on the skin." . the remaining seventeen appear. the oxygen of the included small portion of air under the cork seems to be carbonated. Out of twenty-two drenched with one pint of the solution to each. by which time all remaining seemed healthy. 255 No.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.) and drenched all I found with the disease upon them.

and can be> made cheap. softens the f^ce.256 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. spirits beef's gall. 572. Take of powdered cantharides. Barton's Remedy. use the crystals of verdigris dissolved in water then dissolve in 1 pint water either of the solutions. with 1 quart of soft water: let it stand over the fire. when it is dissolved by boiling. strain off the liquid. No. Green Writmg-lnk. oil while it is cooling. How to make Shaving-Soap. To be used only in advanced stages of the disease. and. Eub them well together. J gill boil all these together for five 1 gill minutes. This soap makes a rich lather. and divide into powders of 8 grains each. extract of bark 3 drachms. of this. instead 2 or 3 days. 5 drachms gum-arabic. . One every 3 or 4 hours. and 2 drachms white sugar. No. so that Put the soap into a they will -dissolve readily. 571. Hooping. flavour it while boiling. and colour with fine vermilion. of each 1 scruple. cut them up fine. put to it 1 quart vinegar. it with of sassafras to suit. having powdered After it has stood Or. 570. . verdigris. and. and ^ pound good common bar soap. Take 2 pounds best white bar soap. Take 1 ounce it. powdered camphor. copper kettle. — No. of turpentine stir . add 1 pint alcohol.Cough. Dose. —Br.

boil five minutes. No. Sair-Oil.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. stir ^ while boiling. Take 1 gallon or as oil alcohol 95 per cent. 1 pint castor-oil. Shaving-Soap. No. and colour with ounce vermilion. by adding best boiled linseed-oil enough to prepare it to pass through a paint-mill. Scent with oil of rose or almond. or as much as will bring to the dfesired flavour. and 1 gill spirits of turpentine. No. and cost not one-fourth as much. 257 No. 574. cut the soap thin. 1 part (in bulk) of white lead ground in oil. and afterwards 2K . 575. Cheap Outside Paint. Take 4j pounds white bar soap. Mix them thoroughly. It is superior. Make any can be applied colour to It will last three times as long as lead paint. after which temper with oil till it with a suit. How to clean Silver Articles. The best way to clean silver articles is to wash them first with warm water and soap. —Best and ever Invented. 1 gill beef's gall. 576. Take 2 parts (in bulk) of water-lime ground fine.. common paint-brush. 573. 1 quart rainwater. much as the alcohol will dissolve: add 1 ounce of cinnamon.

No. of leather. It requires to be ground and elutriated.258 polish 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE KECEIPTS. Ignite together in a crucible equal parts of well- dried copperas and sea-salt. Wet some soft water. cannot always be had. free of grits. them with pure London whiting and a piece As pure whiting. on drying. the following re- . you may sub stitute hartshorn-powder for it. For common diseases of pigs. 579. out of contact with air. and the product will be in a great measure lost. No. either rubbed on a smooth buff leather or mixed up with hog'a stiff" lard or tallow into a No. then scrape fine chalk to powder and rub it well into the linen. watching to keep it damp with soft water. the linen which contains the mildew with rub it well with white soap. except in London. lay it out on the grass in the sunshine. To take Mildew out of Linen. An excellent Powder for Razor-Strops. Eepeat the process the next day. 578. an im- palpable powder. and in a few hours the mildew will entirely disappear. that strap of may be cerate. When well made. it has the brilliant aspect of plumbago. 577. Cure for Common Diseases of Pigs or Hogs. The heat must be slowly raised and well regulated: otherwise the materials will boil over in a pasty state. after which it affords.

mix these together. 8 nickel. Common German Silver. and give a tablespoonful night and morning in the food. 1. zinc. 582. breadcrumbs and mucilage of gum-arabic a sufficient quantity to form it into a mass. 2. 581. one of these is to be taken three times a day. — tarnish rapidly. 2. and gradually increased to 2 or 3 pills. German Good German Sj. It might do for common purposes. and will . 8. Cullen's treatment of Epilepsy. 3j. German Silver. No. This is a very beautiful compound. which is to be divided into 40 pills. the alloy will be little better than pale brass. ^ pound madder. . Copper. No. No. Take of ammoniate of copper 20 grains. —Copper. Silver. Silver. Dr. ceipt 259 may be employed. zinc. This is the commonest that can be made with any regard to the quality of the article produced. \ pound saltpetre. has the . nickel.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. If the quantity of nickel be reduced much below this. No. 3 It . No. The following are the different receipts for the manufacture of German silver which are adopted by one of the first manufacturers in London premising that the metals should be as pure as possible. In the beginning. thrice a day. or Falling Fits. 580. 2 ounces black antimony. J pound sulphur.

more difficult to No. This working and beauty preferred to all others by the of appearance. It . and is a compound which. is to be generally preferred by the pubmanufacturer. IS Silver. silver has a shade of blue like very highly-polished it tarnishes less easily than silver. . manufactm'ers not to use a metal inferior to this. 8 . No. 8 . 583. zinc. zinc. nickel. German Copper. — Copper. 3^. but requires a higher heat for and will be found rather work. 4. appearance of silver a little below standard. Copper. by some persons it is even preferred to tli« more strongly recommend expensive compound. These proportions were obtained by the analysis of a piece of Chinese tutenag of the best ordinary quality . We No. 3. No. compound. No. 3 . 585. A\. nickel. 4 zinc.260 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. 3j. beautiful It is a veiy fusion than the preceding. but — some of the specimens of Chinese tutenag are equal . German Silver. No. German Uledrum. for ease of lic. This is the richest in nickel that can be made without injuring the mechanical properties of the metal. 6 . Silver. 5. nickel. 584. Tutenag. 8 .

586. and. 2. No. then. Headache is in general a symptom of indigestion or deranged general health. every night. and spread it on bread. 261 to the electrum. for several weeks in succession. or 4 grains. precipitated sulphuret of antimony. mixed with oat-meal. or every other night. . 2 pounds carbonate of barytes with 1 pound and lay it in their way. Or I pint plaster of Paris. odourless. No. Take of calomel. 1 fatal to pint. but very -hard. 3. but these are very rare. Bilious or Sick Headache. with a little conserve of hips. eat. 587. 1 drachm.600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. It is tasteless. 1 scruple guaiacum. One pill is given divide it into 20 pills. and push a piece in every rat-hole or some small lard. aud not easily rolled : it is the best adapted for casting. 10 grains emetic tartar. — . This alloy is very fusible. Rub them well together in a mortar for 10 minutes. S^ow to Poison Rats. Another way is to mix arsenic and lard together. and will cause their death. 'Ho. . 3 . will prove equally them. The following alterative pill will be found a valuable medicine. Mix pieces of sponge may be for fried in drippings or honey. Dose. and death immediately after drinking. in powder. and strewed about them to The sponge will distend their intestines. impalpable. make them into a mass. produces great thirst. and . or the consequence of a confined state of the bowels.

. turns of a black colour thus the black japanned cloth used by painting the cloth with Prussian blue and boiled oil. and in about a week afterward the otto (a butyraceous oil) will form a scum on the surface. 589. 1. when heated. . the black of Prussian blue to colour. No. No. No. and well shaken previous to use. Gather the flowers of the hundred-leaved rose. Jet for Harness and Boots. then put the vessel to stand in the sun. burnt umber. Boiled linseed-oil. 588. .5262 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. and add oil of . 2. Three sticks of the best black sealing-wax dissolved wine to be kept in a glass bottle. it for table-covers is prepared takes its intense colour. 1 gallon. Applied with a soft in J pint spirits of . 590. Japan for Leather. which should be removed by the aid of a piece of cotton. and then drying it by the heat of a stove . turpentine to dilute to a proper consistence. 3 ounces boil. in the drying. sponge. How to make Otto of Roses. 6 ounces asphaltum. (rosa centifolia. when.) put them in a large jar or cask. Prussian blue. Boiled oil. with just sufficient water to cover them . 1 gallon .

Wash them with soap and water. until quite clean then hang them up in a . No. so as to when about half dry. Bed Sealing- Wax. warm all place. thousands of pounds have been saved or gained by it. rub them smooth them and put them into shape then dry them. cover them with paper. and smell of the turpentine will be removed.. —This method practised in Paris. 263 No. next rub them with pipe-clay. No. Shel-lac. cautiously melt in pan over a clear charcoal fire. To dean French Kid Glove-f. 4 ounces. and smooth them with a warm iron. made into a paste with beer let them . How to clean Gloves. or where there is is a current of air. add J ounce nix. Venice when fused. 591. 593. well. or pull them into shape without wringing them. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. (very pale. since its introduction into this country. dry gradually. Other colours may be employed to mix the pipe-clay besides yellow ochre. as if you were washing your hands. Put the gloves on your hands and wash theni. and further add vermilion. 592. 3 ounces. remove the .) . and. N. brush out the superfluous colour. copper a bright turpentitie. and. in some spirits of turpentine. then stretch them on wooden hands. and.B. or yellow ochre. or a mixture of the two in any required shade.

and 10 ounces Venice pentine. Take 30 ounces shel-Iac. beeswax. or it may be poured into moulds while in a state of fusion. 595.) 9 ounces lampblack.. into sticks. No. in turI^o. No. No. (or Canada balsam. Ualsam of copaiva. An excellent . 594. 1 pound. 3 pounds. 264 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. A Cure for Erysvpelas. and pour If \ pound Venice turpentine is added. For mode of procedure. see Eeceipt 693. 15 ounces ivory-black. and finely-powdered ivory-black. No. No. 597. it will be fit for letter-use. each . J pound . Melt the whole together over a slow fire. an impalpable powder.Wax. cool a little. A simple poultice of cranberries pounded finej and applied in a raw state. Skin. and all high Inflammation of the. 2. No. Black Sealing. 1. Printing-ink.Wax. Purchase best black rosin. weigh it in pieces. Black Sedling. 596. 3 ounces indigo and Prussian blue. and roll them into circular sticks on a warm stone slab by means of a polished wooden block. pan from the fire.

stain dyed garments. Since that time. together. 5 drachms 3 ounces. No. and ounces quicksilver. Toothache Preventive.. Mix with old linseed-oil. however.) it to an impalpable smoothness. by 23 . often find that lemon-juice. . the faded colour will be restored. and write with it. vinegar. 598. but it is the most efficacious to use the soap-lather and pearlash v together. Sometimes by adding a little pearlash to a soap-lather. No. I was much tortured with it about twenty years ago. till both become fluid then grind it with gum-water. and passing the silks through these. oil of and other sharp corrosives. A gays: — "Although correspondent of the "Monthly Magazine" I am unacquainted with any thing whi*ch gives immediate ease in that severe pain. We vitriol. Pearlash and warm water will sometimes do alone . yet I can inform you how the toothache may be prevented. The writing will look as if done with silver. 599. Mow to clean Silk stained by corrosive or sharp Liquor. (dry. Mix 1 ounce the finest pewter or block tin. No. 265 Grind Indian red. How "I to Write in Silver. 600. . f ounce yellow soap. 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS.

any smell whatever to the and does not communicate mouth. It preserves the teeth. . all the better. using the sulpliur every night.266 600 MISCELLANEOUS VALUABLE RECEIPTS. I have been wholly free from it. using flour of sulphur as a tooth-powder. Rub the teeth and gums with a rather hard tooth-brush. too. if done after dinner.

GAUGING SIMPLIFIED. C^vetg ^i^tftat hfo mn (^mpx. . OB.

—For It. 263 . and the bung meter to dia- be 34 inches. The " " " column shows the number of gallons in a full " " the bung diameter. when full or partly full. to get the exact centre. and 10 inches wet on the rod. 1 of column will show the diagonal inches from centre bung to each head of cask. EXPLANATION OF TABLES. there would be 30} gallons out. To get the number of gallons when a cask is not full. the right-hand. leaving 104 J gallons in.—For Table No. take the bung diameter and wet inches oij rod. The chief design in this invention has been to enable any person to ascertain in one minute what number of gallons are contained in a lying cask. of different dimensions.: GAUGING REGULAR SHAPED LYING CASKS. or 4th column will show 30 J gallons remaining. Should the wet inches come above the centre. the first Then look at Table No. 2 for full contents of cask. if part be out. RULE II. 2. and the second column the con- tents of cask. from the bung-hole to each head. Table No. RULE I. and look at Ullage Table No. 2d 3d Suppose a cask to contain 135 gallons. Take the rod with inches and tenths of inches marsed on put it into the cask diagonally. 1. and only 10 inches be dry. '• " wet or dry inches on rod. 1st cask. regular shaped. " " 4th what remains.

269 Table No. 1^ . FOK 1. "WHOLE CONTENTS OF CASKS.

270
"3
.

II

271

Ullage Table, No.
DQ

2.

272

i
a

273

f

274
CO

S

1

1

275

a

'

drv or Whole Bung V/pt . diameter.276 contents.

277 1 i "3 .

diameter.! contents. Whole Bung .

279 a .

280 i .

281 1 .

282 1 .

283 £ .

284 ta .

285 n .

286 diameter. Bung . Wholeconlepts.

287
1

«

288
OQ

289

>

i a

290

i
9.

291

!

292

contents. diameter.

Whole

Bung

293 a .

diameter. P£^dry inches. IVhole Bung Wet .294 contents.

295 i .

296 contents. diameter. e .

29" a .

295 DQ o i_ .

299 S [C\ .

. . diameter.300 contents.

301 1 .

802 03 .

303 OS .

S04 1 .

305 2 .

diameter. .306 contents.

307 g -2 .

308 .

309 i .

S :i t S ^ ^ H ^ 9 galls. 10 11 12 13 14 30| 35| 41f 49-1 56 60 .310 1 S i . S -S.

811 (A "S o 'o -a .

.

inone. Translated from the French of M'Ue Le Iformand. of A secret and truthful history of one of the most remarkable women. with materials and letters not nsed terest by other authors. See page. paid. Price $1 7S. on receipt ofprice. Cloth. In one. Quebn" of ScoTB.— NEW AND LATE BOOKS FUtlNISHED EY THE Pibliiliifi ©f tlii§ / feliai sent. Memoies op the Life oe Maet. >ST> Esq. in one. An instractive work—one of the of most intensely interesting ever issued from the American press —the events 75. Memoiks of the Court of Marie ITETTS. With Biographical Introdoction by Price $1 De Lau&btbis. making up a volume of rare inClotlk and valne. With portrait on steel. Affording a complete and authentic history of the nnfortnoate Mary. Price $1 75. A Cloth. By Miss BEirasB. vols. By Hadaue Cahpas. nuiting all the value of absorbing facts with that of the most exciting romance. Aktoi-« to all. post MAILING NOTICE. . How- 2 vols. HiSTomcAL AKD Seceet Memoies of the EuPRESS JosEPHiNB. to Any title ioo/is en the follotuing list will be Address any address. by Jaoob M. which should be familiar If. THE PUBLISHERS OF THIS VOLUME. 2to1<.

in the hope that may make them even more renowned for resolution. giving full information in regard to his most distinguished ministers. and presented as the best matter upon this immortal theme— one especially worthy the attention and admiration of every American. and Gelf-sacriflce than the Spartan females of old. commended the press generally. $175. By HissBenoer. By With Portrait on steel. in one. ten in France. LlEE OF A. ScHHUCSES. LL. ScHMucxEByLL. LL. Au impartial view relatives of the public and privat« career of this extraordinary man. Sauttel M. Price $1 75. Cloth. portraits and Cloth. Cloth. By SauiteIi M. sian society and government of great practical value to the attentive reader. Containing and it the most extraordinary examples of female courage of ancient and modern times^ set before the wiTes. Memoirs or the Ltpe of Queen of Henrt Till. Public and Private History oe Louis KaPOLEON. and daughters of the country. $1 75. and published from the Tenth London Bdition. LiEE^AKD Times oe George Washingto-n". With Illustrations. Heroic "Womet^ oe History. fortitnde. $1 75. no character tbac In the records of biography there human ambition. Memoirs of the Queens oe France. Cloth. especially adapted to the popular reader.NJ> EeIGX OE JflCHOIiAS I. $1 75. With on Steel. and from Cloth. The only complete history and furnishes of this great personage that has appeared interesting facts in connection with Rus- in the English language. D. With Illustrations.* It is a. favorites. By Mas. SAUir&L M. By Hebbt C. sisters.Z NEW AND LATE BOOKS. D. (1 75. carefully compiled from researches "Writb. . Watson.. the Third London Edition. GcHMUOKER. With portrait on steel. Empekor OF THE FRENCH. generals. made tliere. EmPEROK By HcTSSiA. Fobbbs Bubh. Cloth. Jl concise and condensed narrative of Washington's career. S Tola. truly valuable work for the reader and student of history. or more thoroughly enlists the attention of the reader than this —the Seventh American.D. more forcibly exemplifies the vanity of Ais"KE Is Boletk.

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5 ounces of Bay Rum. then add to gall the other ingredients of the and alcohol. Boil sulphur. 2 ounces of Alcohol. 2 ounces 4 ounces 30 1 of Lac Sulphur. then you have one L. then add gall and alcohol all together. 3 drams Oil Bergamont. of Pulverized Borax. 4 ounces Fresh Ox Gall. Mayfield. strain twice through cloth. stir well and strain.JOHNSTON'S HAIR TONIC 5 1-2 quarts of Water. JOHNSTON. . best hair tonics made. quinine and borsoc in the 5 1 -2 quarts of water for one hour. New York. grains of Quinine.

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