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Gas Turbine - Performance Improvement

GT8BC/8C - C2 Compressor Upgrade


Extra Power for GT8BC and GT8C Gas Turbines

To improve plant performance and to stay competitive, existing gas turbine designs need to be periodically upgraded using stateof-the-art technology. Alstoms well-proven C2 compressor upgrade package increases the power output of GT8BC gas turbines by up to 2.5%, and of GT8C gas turbines by up to 4%, at unchanged turbine inlet temperature. This performance improvement is based on a well-proven highly efficient compressor airfoil design that is optimized, stage-by-stage, for efficiency and pressure ratio. The design of the C2 compressor allows additional power which is constantly available, independent of ambient conditions. The upgrade can be installed on-site, during a C-Inspection. Introduction In 1999 Alstoms brand-new C2 compressor was successfully installed in the GT8C engine at Martinlaakso, Finland. All expected performance values were achieved and one year later in Birr, Switzerland, first firing occurred of Alstoms GT8C2 engine with the new C2 compressor. Since then the turbine with

its improved compressor has proven its performance in several power plants, and the C2 compressor upgrade package has been implemented in a number of plants worldwide. Alstoms entire GT8C2 fleet and several upgraded plants are proving the success of this compressor. The C2 compressor upgrade will increase the power output of a GT8BC gas turbine by up to 2.5% and of a GT8C, by up to 4%. At the same time, its state-of-the-art blading design optimizes part-load operation. No modifications are required to the rotor, number of stages, or compressor casing, keeping the scope as narrow as possible to minimize the unit's downtime.

Customer benefits Up to 2.5% - 4% additional power output delivered solely from the improved compressor airfoil design Additional power is permanently available, independent of ambient conditions Optimized part-load operation Well-proven design, no additional systems or power augmentation measures are required No impact on hot gas path component lifetime

Increase your revenues by upgrading your GT8BC or GT8C with the C2 compressor.

Technical Concept The C2 compressor upgrade increases the air and consequently, the gas mass flow through the unit, increasing the engines power output at unchanged firing temperature (TIT). No additional thermal loading of hot gas parts occurs, and therefore there is no impact on component lifetime.

Improved Airfoil Design

Higher Massflow

Greater Power Output

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Higher performance results from a state-of-the-art, field-proven 12-stage compressor airfoil design, and is achieved without sacrificing any of the unit's excellent reliability, availability and maintainability (RAM). The latest 3-D numerical calculation tools were used to optimize the compressor front block, which is largely responsible for compressor mass flow and efficiency. Blades and vanes are of state-of-the-art Controlled Diffusion Airfoil (CDA) design, which replaces the existing DCA (Double Circular Arc) profile. This highly efficient blade design has been adapted from the innovative compressor developed for Alstoms GT24/GT26 gas turbines. Extensively validated, this design is successfully used in a large number of Alstom gas turbines worldwide, such as GT11N2 engines, and the GT11NMC compressor upgrade.

Three-dimensional computer modeling was used for aerodynamic and mechanical assessments

NACA

DCA

CDA

Evolution of airfoil design


1980 2005

NACA Profiles (National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics)

Double Circular Arc Profiles

Controlled Diffusion Airfoil Profiles

Aerodnamic losses increase


moderately with the increase of incidence angle

Aerodynamic losses increase slowly


with the increase of incidence angle

Aerodnamic losses increase quickly


with the increase of incidence angle

Specifically designed for existing


aerodynamic boundary conditions

Design chosen from airfoil catalogue Not suitable for transonic conditions

Design chosen from airfoil catalogue Suitable for transonic conditions

Suitable for transonic conditions

Scope of work The upgrade package includes a completely improved, field-proven 12-stage compressor (blades, vanes, VIGV, and required assembly parts). There are no repeating stages; the design of each stage has been aerodynamically optimized to maximize the compressor's efficiency and pressure ratio. The implementation of an additional 3rd blow-off stage is included to optimize start-up behavior.

Alstom's OEM know-how has resulted in an upgrade package that requires only minor additional modifications, and can be implemented on-site within the framework of a regular CInspection. For GT8B units, the C2 Compressor upgrade requires that the complete C turbine is installed.

Main Features

12 improved, field-proven compressor stages State-of-the-art Controlled Diffusion Airfoil (CDA) profiles - Highly efficient airfoil design adapted from proven GT11N2 and GT24/GT26 compressor technology - Replacement of existing DCA profiles

Each compressor stage optimized for efficiency and pressure ratio (no repetition stages) Use of latest aero technologies Additional blow-off valve for start-up optimization Minimum unit downtime as modifications can be performed within the framework of a regular C-Inspection

Piping for 3rd blow-off valve

Performance / Competitiveness

C2 Upgrade New plant technology

Area of component improvements


Maintenance
Start of commercial operation

Plant lifecycle

New Plant technology is a key factor of success in staying competitive in a fast moving technology market.

Gas Turbine - Performance Improvement

Customer Benefits

Additional power is permanently available, independent of ambient conditions Optimized part-load operation Well-proven design, no additional systems or power augmentation measures are required No impact on hot gas path component lifetime Short installation time. The upgrade can be performed during a regular C-Inspection Reliability through proven technology, validation processes and an OEM's overall unit know-how Successful operation experience on a large number of Alstom gas turbines worldwide

105%
C2 Upgrade
TIT unchanged

Power

Up to 2.5% - 4% additional power output delivered solely from the improved compressor airfoil design

Expected C2 Compressor Performance Increase

100%

All values multiplicative

GT8

100%

105%

Relative Efficiency

Valid for GT8BC and GT8C configurations (ISO, Base Load, gas operation)

Engine field experience Alstom has extensive operational experience with the C2 upgrade package. The first GT8C-C2 compressor upgrade was successfully implemented in 1999 at Martinlaakso, Finland. All expected performance values were achieved, validating the new compressor design.

The package has since been implemented in a number of GT8C and GT8BC plants worldwide. Alstoms entire GT8C2 fleet is also proving the success of this upgrade.

Units & GT Type


Martinlaakso, Finland Kladno, Czech Republic Birr, Switzerland Baku 1, Azerbaijan Baku 2, Azerbaijan Hazira 1, India Hazira 2, India Salzburg, Austria Zuweitina 4, Libya Petkim, Turkey
References at May 2008

Year of C2
8C 8C 8C2 8C2 8C2 8C2 8C2 8C2 8BC 8C2 1999 1999 2000 2000 2001 2001 2001 2002 2004 2006

Fuel Gas Dual


X X X X X X X X X X

Oil

PSE/BPROS/GCXPGT07/eng/PSER3/04.07/CH/6229 - - ALSTOM 2008 - ALSTOM, the ALSTOM logo and any alternative version thereof are trademarks and service marks of ALSTOM. The other names mentioned, registered or not, are the property of their respective companies. The technical and other data contained in this document is provided for information only. ALSTOM reserves the right to revise or change this data at any time without further notice.

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