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Cobalt(II) fluoride

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Cobalt(II) fluoride

IUPAC name[hide] Cobalt(II) fluoride

Other names[hide] cobalt difluoride

Identifiers CAS number PubChem ChemSpider EC number RTECS number Jmol-3D images 10026-17-2 24820 23205 233-061-9 GG0770000 Image 1 SMILES

4 g/100 mL (25 °C) soluble in HF insoluble in alcohol.22 g/cm3 (tetrahydrate) Melting point 1217 °C. 1673 K. ether.hydrous) orthorhombic (tetrahydrate) Hazards NFPA 704 0 3 2 LD50 oral (rat): 150 mg/kg Related compounds Other anions Other cations Related compounds cobalt(II) oxide. 1490 K. nickel(II) fluoride cobalt trifluoride . 2552 °F Solubility in water Solubility 1.46 g/cm3 (anhydrous) 2.benzene Structure Crystal structure tetragonal (a. 2223 °F Boiling point 1400 °C. cobalt(II) chloride iron(II) fluoride.93 g/mol Red crystalline solid 4.InChI [show] Properties Molecular formula Molar mass Appearance Density CoF2 96.

Contents [hide]       1 Preparation 2 Uses 3 Analysis 4 Chemical Properties 5 References 6 External links [edit]Preparation Cobalt(II) fluoride can be prepared from anhydrous cobalt(II) chloride or cobalt(II) oxide in a stream of hydrogen fluoride: CoCl2 + 2HF → CoF2 + 2HCl CoO + 2HF → CoF2 + H2O It is produced in the reaction of cobalt (III) fluoride with water. namely metal production. data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C. The anhydrous fluoride can be extracted from this by dehydration. (CoF2·4H2O). The hydrate will also decompose with heat. High purity compositions improve optical qualities and its . 100 kPa) Infobox references Cobalt(II) fluoride is a chemical compound with the formula (CoF2). The tetrahydrate cobalt(II) fluoride is formed by dissolving cobalt(II) in hydrofluoric acid. Cobalt(II) fluoride is available in most volumes in an ultra high purity composition.7 K) The formula is given for both the red tetragonal crystal. The compound can be dissolved in warm mineral acid. In low concentrations. It is a pink crystalline solid [1][2] [3] compound which is antiferromagnetic at low temperatures (T N=37.(verify) (what is: / ?) Except where noted otherwise. (CoF2). Other synthesis can occur at higher temperatures. and will decompose in boiling water. especially the di-hydrate CoF2·2H2 O and tri-hydrate CoF2·3H2O forms of the compound. It has been shown that at 500 °C fluorine will combine with cobalt [4] producing a mixture of CoF2 and CoF3. CoF2 is used in oxygen-sensitive fields. of which it tremendously improves optical quality. It is also used for optical deposition. it has public health uses. Yet the hydrate is water soluble. and the tetrahydrate red orthogonal crystal. [edit]Uses Cobalt(II) fluoride can be used as a catalyst to alloy metals. CoF2 is sparingly soluble in water.

A small amount of salt can be dissolved in cold water and analyzed for fluoride ion by a fluoride ion-selective electrode or ion chromatography. Cobalt(II) fluoride can be reduced by hydrogen at a 300 °C. The compound may be used in dental care also used in dental care. The solution is then diluted with water until appropriate concentration for AA or ICP spectrophotometry for the cobalt. . fairly oxidizable into an 18-electron compound. since fluoride is To analyze this compound.usefulness as a standard. Cobalt(II) complexes are usually octahedral or tetrahedral. [edit]Analysis [citation needed] . As a 19electron species it is a good reducing agent. Cobalt (II) fluoride can be dissolved in nitric acid. [edit]Chemical Properties CoF2 is a weak Lewis acid.