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Hydrocarbons Q1.a)calucate the percentage of all monochlorinated products obtained from 2 methyl butane .

The relative reactivity of 1degree 2 degree 3 degree hydrogen towards chlorination is 1:3.8:5 3 b)Explain the reaction of friedal craft alkylation and acylation. Explain the mechanism nitration in benzene ring. 3 Q3.i)How will you convert a)Ethane to butane b)Ethyne to methane Q4 ii)What do u mean by Markonikov rule and Anti Markonikov rule .Name the intermediate formed in these two reaction and write the stability of the intermediates 2+2 Q4 Write IUPAC names of the products obtained by the ozonolysis of the following compounds:(I). Pent-2-ene Phenylbut-1-ene 3 (II). 2-Ethylbut-1-ene (III). 1-

Q5Explain the Kekule structure of Benzene 3 Q6Explain the acidity of pent-2-ene and pent -2- yne Q7 a)Formation of B.H.C. b)alkyne to benzene c)Ethyne to ethnal 2 2

Q8 Difference between Alkyne And Alkene Q9 what is the cause of geometrical isomerism I alkenes. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

Q1. Name two compounds which are purified by sublimation.

Q2.An organic compound contains 69% and 4.8 hydrogen ,the remainder being Oxygen .Calculate the masses of carbon dioxide and water produced when 0.20 gm of this substance is subjected to complete combustion. 3 Q3.Why we use KOH and CaCl2 used while doing the estimation of carbon and hydrogen. 1 Q4. What is Isomerism? Classify the Isomerism and the discuss the various types of isomerism with at least two examples from each case. 5 3 Q5 Name the different methods used to get a pure substance from an impure sample of compound. Discuss the main steps involved in the process of Crystallization. (5) Q6 Difference between resonance and inductive effect 2

Q7 difference between distillation , distillation under reduced pressure and steam distillation. P block elements

Q1. Why the third period is most reactive than second period 1 Q2.Explain the structure of diborane. Q3. Write balanced equations for a) b) c) d) e) f) Q4. If B-Cl has dipole moment why does BCl3 has zero dipole moment Q5. What do you mean by back bonding Q6.Suggest a reason why Co is poisonous Q7.Give reason a) Graphite is used as lubricant b) Aluminium wire is used to make transmission cables c) Conc HNO3 can be transported in aluminium container 3 d) AlF3 has hiher melting Solid but AlCl3 is low melting .Explain 2 Q7. A certain salts X gives the following gives the following results I)Its aqueous solution is alkaline to litmus 2

ii) its swells up to a glassy material Y on strong heating ii) When Conc. H2SO4 is added to a hot solution of X White crystals of an acid Z separates out 4 Q9. What are Fullerenes? How are they Prepared Q10. Give reasons for the following:(a). (SiF6)2- is known but (SiCl6)2- is not known. (b). Diamond is Covalent, yet has high melting point. (c). Boric acid is considered as weak acid. (d). Boron is unable to form BF63- ion (e). BF3 behaves as Lewis acid

Q8 Give reasons for the following:(I). Halogens act as good oxidizing agents

(II). Electron gain enthalpy of noble gases is almost 0(Zero). (III). Na and Mg+ have same number of electrons but removal of electron from Mg+ requires more energy. Q
Q18. How are Silicones prepared? Write its two uses



Na2O2 and Water

(II). KO2 and Water (III). Na2O and Co2


Q2.Give reasons for the following A ) Why KO2 is paramagnetic Order of ionic character of BeCl2 MgCl2 BaCl2 CaCl2 Why does the solubility of alkaline earth metals hydroxide increases down the group Q3. Important consituents of Portland cements Q4. Write the anomalous behavior of berrylium Q5.Arrange the following matals in the order in which they displace each other from the solution of their salts and give reasons. Al, Cu, Fe, Mg and Zn. 1 Q6. Explain the solvay ammonia process Q7 Why does the solubility if alkaline earth metals carbonates and sulphates decreases down the group Q8. How will BCl3 and CCl4 will behave with water justify? Q9 . Write reactions to justify the amphoteric nature of Aluminium Oxide 2

Q10 Write thre types of oxides Form by the alkali metals and also write the reason behind their formation Q11.Among ammonia ,water and hydrogen fluoride which would you expect to have highest magnitude of hydrogen bonding and why Q12). What is meant by demineralization of water and How it can be obtained?
(II). What is the difference between hydrolysis and Hydration

HYDROGEN Q 1 Calculate the strength and normality of 10 volume solution of hydrogen peroxide Q. Compare the structure of H2O (Liquid)
and H2O (Solid)

Q2 What do you mean by the hardness of water. Explain the organic ion exchange resins method for the removal of permanent hardness 4

Q11. Why phosphsrous does not form PH5 1 REDOX REACTION

Q1. What are redox reactions? Give one example of each Decomposition and Disproportination
reactions in terms of oxidation and reduction showing oxidation and reduction of elements during the reactions

Q2 Reaction

Q3. What is the difference between valency and oxidation no

Q4. Define oxidation and Reduction in terms of electron transfer. Write one examples in each case. EQUILIBRIUM Q1. Calculate the entropy change in surroundings when 1.00 mol of H2O (l) is formed under standard conditions.
fH = -286 kj mol-1

Q2. 3.00 mole of PCl5 kept in 1 L. closed reaction vessel was allowed to attain equilibrium At 380 K calculate the composition of the mixture at equilibrium. Kc= 1.80. Q3.Calculate G0and the equilibrium constant k for the formation of NO2 from NO andO2 at 298 k NO(g) +1/2O2(g)------equilibrium----------------NO2 Where fG0(NO2)=52.0kjper mole,fG0(NO)=87.0kjpermole 2 Q4. A sample of HI (g) is placed in flask at a pressure of 0.2 atm. At Equilibrium The partial pressure of HI (g) is 0.04 atm. What is kP for the given equilibrium. H2(g) + I2(g) (3) 2HI (g)

Q5. Differebntiate between Di and polybasic acids and Di and polyacidic bases. 2 Q6 What is the equilibrium concentration of
the each substance in the equilibrium. When

The initial concentration of of ICl was 0.78 M?

(4) Q7

I2 (g) + Cl2 (g)

Differentiate between Arrhenius concept and Bronsted Lowry concept of acids and

Bases With one example from each case. Q8 Q8. (a) The reaction N2 (g) + 3H2 (g) 2NH3 (g), The value of Kp is 3.6 10-2 at

00 K. Calculate the value of Kc for the reaction at the same temperature. R=0.083 barLK-1mol-1 (b). what do you understand by Common ion effect OR (a). 340.5 ml. of Phosphorus vapours weigh 0.0625 g at 5460C and 0.1 bar pressure. What is the molar mass of Phosphorus (Given R = 0.083 barLK-1mol


Differentiate between vapor and gas.

Q9 Explain the le chatliers principle. Write the effect of pressure in pressure. Q10. Consider the reaction : 2SO2+O2(g)------------------2SO3(g)+189.4kj. indicate the direction in which the equilibriumwill shift when i) ii) iii) iv) v) Temperature Is increased
Volume is increased

A catalyst is added Pressure is decreased Concentration of SO2 is increased

vi) vii)

Helium is added at constant volume so that the total pressure is increased Helium gas id added at constant pressure

Calculate the solubilityof A2X3 in pure water assuming that neither type of ion reacts with water. The solubility product of A2X3,Ksp=1.1*10-23 Q12. Calculate the H+ ion concentration of coffee having PH 5.0 Q13.

SOME BASIC CONCEPTS OF CHEEMISTRY Q1 What is the SI unit of electric current .