Present Perfect Continuous este folosit pentru a exprima: 1.

o actiune inceputa in trecut care se continua in prezent: I have been teaching English for a long time. (I started teaching English a long time ago and I’m still teaching this language.) a. I started to study English 5 years ago and I’m still studying it. b. They started waiting for the bus 6 minutes ago and they’re still waiting. c. It started to rain 4 days ago and it’s still raining. d. The children started to eat lunch an hour ago and they’re still eating it. e. The boys started playing football 2 hours ago and they’re still playing. f. The pupils are writing a paper. They began at 8 o’clock. g. The secretary is typing a report. She started on Monday morning. h. Mother is cooking. She began early in the morning. i. We are rehearsing a play. We started at the beginning of the month. Past Continuous este folosit atunci cand: 1. exprimam o actiune care s-a desfasurat neintrerupt intr-o perioada de timp bine definita din trecut: a. I (do) my homework at 5 o’clock yesterday. b. My brother (sleep) when I came home last night. c. Ann (write) a letter at 5 o’cock yesterday. d. The sun (shine) when I got up this morning. e. It (rain) at breakfast time. f. I (walk) to town at 8 o’clock. g. My father (work) in the factory at this time yesterday. h. I (watch) TV at dinner time. i. We (have) dinner when my friend rang me up.

HAVE / HAS+BEEN+VB-ING 2. o actiune care se termina in trecut si are efecte in prezent: “You look thrilled.” “I know, I’ve been watching a very amusing movie.” a. Please excuse my dirty clothes. I (work) in the garden. b. Please excuse my dirty hands. I (repair) the car. c. We call Ann “butter fingers”. She (break) things ever since she was a little girl; that is why. d. Alice needs a holiday. She (work) too hard. e. Your lips are all blue. What on earth (you - eat)? f. Mind you don’t slip on the stairs. I (wash) them. g. He (work) all day long; that’s why he’s gone to bed early. h. Who (use) my pen? It doesn’t write properly. i. I’m now shaking your hand so hardly because (look forward) to meeting you. j. We all have a smile on our faces because we (listen) to Paul’s jokes. WAS / WERE + VB-ING 2. accentuam faptul ca o actiune s-a desfasurat pe o perioada mai lunga de timp: a. The baby (cry) all day yesterday. b. They (have) fun the whole time they were together. c. Mr Plumb was on a business trip to Suceava for a month. Now he is back and everybody is asking him questions about the time he spent there. Angela: What sort of hotel (you - live) in ? Mr Plumb: It was very new and modern and it had a nice view, I (share) the room with another man actually. Angela: Who was the man you (share) the room with?

3. exprimam o actiune de durata desfasurata in trecut si intrerupta de o alta actiune din trecut: a. When the guests arrived I still (cook). b. She (sleep) when the phone rang. c. Jimmy fell down while he (climb) the ladder. d. Paul’s car broke down when he (drive) to work. e. The postman arrived when I (have) lunch. f. I dropped the vase when I (dust) the furniture. g. Richard saw Mary when she (cross) the street. h. It started to rain while Irene (walk) in the park.

in vorbirea indirecta verbul din propozitia 3. Peter told us he occasionally (work) on a he felt sick. 8. his father already (clean) the car. leave again. No sooner Jim (post) the letter than he lesson. he began another. care a continuat pana intr-un anumit moment din trecut. 9. Tom said he (see) the film. Peter told me he already (study) the d. When Dan rang up. Mrs Barton didn’t leave the shop until she (spend) all her money. i. e. How long the Art teacher (draw) posters by 6 o’clock? 3. When they found the child they (look) for him for two hours. When the teacher collected the papers. j. Jimmy had a black eye because he (fight) with the other boys. HAD + VB 3 / VB . 2. had an accident. i. Mr Plumb no sooner (buy) a car than he day before. folosim adverbele: HARDLY. g. 12. 7. d. h. I (watch) horror films and my mind was full of terrifying images. than he lit another. k. principala este la un timp trecut: SCARCELY si NO SOONER. Mary (finish) her project. f. Susan told us she (have) breakfast half an b. Past Perfect Continuous exprima o actiune de lunga durata. 10. Jenny said she (hear) that song before.ED 2. I didn’t realize my mistake until I (hand) in the test. I (write) all the essay. At that time we (work) on the project for six months. l. When Tom came home Mother (cook) the dinner. h. Mother told Ann that Alice (ring) her up a c. No sooner had he arrived than he had to hour before. HAD+BEEN+VB-ING 1. I knew I (meet) her. doorbell rang. g. Mr Faulkner no sooner (smoke) a cigarette before. When we arrived at the station the train already (leave). exprimam o actiune trecuta. How long the 9th form pupils (recite) poems by 10 o’clock? 4. Chris no sooner (take) the medicine than noon. the phone rang. e. When we went on holiday in the mountains it (snow) for five days. Tim said he (break) his leg in the country. i. she felt better. 6. h. She (do) her homework by 6 o’clock yesterday. When Roger arrived. Christine said they (reach) the village at f. a. He (wait) in the rain for an hour when she arrived. a. 11. d. Scarcely he (eat) the chocolate cake when l. Raspunsuri: . She told me she never (lose) her keys g. Michael admitted he (buy) a record the e. the match (start).Past Perfect Simple se foloseste atunci cand: 1. Ben’s trousers were torn because he (climb) trees all afternoon. Hardly/Scarcely had I fallen asleep when b. remembered he (not stamp) it. When I arrived in Pitesti I (travel) for three hours. k. c. f. anterioara unei alte actiuni tot din trecut: a. How long Alice (make) telephone calls by 12 o’clock? 5. farm before. Hardly Peter (lock) the door when the moment before. Father didn’t give up smoking until the doctor (order) him to. No sooner Gerald (finish) an exercise than j. c. He (live) in this house since 1990 when I moved in. b. Ann said she never (tell) a lie. David said he (not ride) a donkey. When I got home my friend (wait) for about half an hour. When Peter offered to help.

b. b. had been fighting. had been working. had handed. b. had seen. f. have been studying. had already studied. Chris had no sooner taken. d. i. was crying. d. had already cleaned. Mr Plumb had no sooner bought a car. have been waiting. h. had done. was shining. f. b. e. 4. was watching. a. had broken. h. g. No sooner had Gerald finished. was raining. was writing. 3. g. had heard. f. Hardly had Peter locked. g. was sleeping. had no sooner smoked. d. had the 9th form pupils been reciting. had never lost. No sooner had Jim posted. i. c. had been watching. a. has been working. was crossing. had already left. h. e. d. had cooked. had reached. was working. have been repairing. was walking 2. had been looking. had written. f. have been playing. were 3. had ordered 2. it has been raining. have been working. g. was dusting. had bought. have you been eating. c. had rung. has been using. i. l. a. a. c. hadn’t ridden. had Alice been making. Scarcely had he eaten Past Perfect Continuous: 1. was walking. g. has been cooking. have been washing.Present Perfect Continuous: 1. were having. was you living. had been climbing. h. were you sharing sleeping. 12. j. had lived. has been working. was having. g. i. was sharing. was driving. f. j. h. h. had the Art teacher been drawing. had been waiting. k. had occasionally worked. 11. e. f. c. c. Mr F. 3. a. was climbing. d. . e. was cooking. has been breaking. 5. j. had met. had been waiting. l. 10. b. had spent. had been snowing. a. i. c. 9. have been writing. 6. d. d. had told. 2. have been rehearsing Past Continuous: 1. hadn’t stamped. had been traveling. h. 7. c. e. i. 8. e. g. was doing. were having Past Perfect Simple: 1. e. a. had started. have been listening 2. b. had had. f. b. have been eating. had finished. has been typing. have been looking forward. c. k.

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