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Florida

Opportunity to Learn for Black Students: 50% of that for White Students
Inequities in Graduation Rates Floridas graduation rates for male students declined between the 2005/6 and 2007/8 school years. Black Male students in Florida in 2007/8 graduated at considerably lower rates than the national average, as they had in earlier years, as did the states White Male students. Therefore, the racial gap is narrower in Florida than the national average. Between 60% and 80% of the Black Male students in the largest Florida districts do not graduate with their classes. The Benchmark for graduation rates of Black Male students for states enrolling more than 10,000 Black Male students is 69% (New Jersey). Graduation Rate 2007/8 Location USA Florida Black Males 4.2 mil. 313,887 GAP Black Male White Male 47% 78% 31% 37% 57% 20% Graduation Rate 2005/6 Black White Male Male 47% 75% 38% 60%

Change Black White Male Male 0% 3% -1% -3%

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Evidence of Inequities NAEP Grade 4 Reading results for Florida are above those for the nation as a whole for both Black and White, non-Latino male students.

Percentages of Black Male and White Male, Non-Latino, Students at Each Achievement Level, Reading, Grade 4, 2009 Race Jurisdictions White USA Florida Black USA Florida Below Basic 30 22 58 47 At Basic 35 38 30 36 At Proficient 28 32 11 15 At Advanced 8 8 1 2

By Grade 8, twice the proportion of the states Black Male students read at less than the Basic level than is the case for the states White Male students, and virtually none reach the Advanced level. Percentages of Black Male and White Male, Non-Latino, Students at Each Achievement Level, Reading, Grade 8, 2009 Race Jurisdictions White USA Florida Black USA Florida Below Basic 21 21 50 44 At Basic 46 45 40 43 At Proficient 31 31 9 12 At Advanced 2 2 # #

Three times the share of Floridas Black Male students score below the Basic level in Grade 4 Mathematics as the states White Male, non-Latino students. However, both groups are above national averages. Percentages of Black Male and White Male, Non-Latino, Students at Each Achievement Level, Mathematics, Grade 4, 2009 Race Jurisdictions White USA Florida Black USA Florida Below Basic 12 8 36 25 At Basic 39 40 48 53 At Proficient 40 43 15 20 At Advanced 9 8 1 1

By Grade 8, scores are slightly above national averages for Floridas Black Male students. However, only one percent reach the Advanced level, a tenth the proportion of the states White Male, non-Latino students. Percentages of Black Male and White Male, Non-Latino, Students at Each Achievement Level, Mathematics, Grade 8, 2009 Race Jurisdictions White USA Florida Black USA Florida Below Basic 19
20

At Basic 38
40

At Proficient 32
31

At Advanced 11
10

50
44

37
40

11
14

2
1

The Benchmark for Black Male students in Grade 8 Reading is Massachusetts, with 58% of Black Male students scoring at or above Basic. The Benchmark for Grade 8 Mathematics is Massachusetts, with 67% of Black Male students scoring at or above Basic. Discipline, Special Education, and Advanced Placement Inequities

The number of out-of-school suspensions given to Black Male students in Florida was equivalent to twenty-three percent of Floridas male, Black, non-Latino student population. The number of out-of-school suspensions given to White Male students in Florida was

equivalent to eleven percent of the states White, male, non-Latino enrollment in the 2006/7 school year, as reported to the Office of Civil Rights of the U. S. Department of Education. Half again as many Black Male students in proportion to enrollment were expelled as were White Male students. A quarter of the percentage of Black Male students were admitted to district Gifted and/or Talented programs as White Male students, while nearly three times as many were classified as Mentally Retarded.

More than four times as many White Male students were allowed to take Advanced Placement Mathematics classes and nearly four times as many were allowed to take Advanced Placement Science classes as Black Male students, given their respective shares in the student population.

Broward County School District Inequities in Graduation Rates Male non-Latino students in Broward in 2007/8 graduated at a slightly higher rate than the state average, but lower than the national average. The racial gap is narrower in Broward than the national average due to the low graduation rate for White Male students. The Benchmark for graduation rates of Black Male students for school districts enrolling more than 10,000 Black Male students is 75% (Newark, New Jersey). Graduation Rate 2005/6 Black Black White GAP Location Males Black Male White Male Male Male USA 4.2 mil. 47% 78% 31% 47% 75% Florida 313,887 37% 57% 20% 38% 60% Broward 49,271 39% 58% 19% 38% 55% Discipline, Special Education, and Advanced Placement Inequities Graduation Rate 2007/8

Change Black White Male Male 0% 3% -1% -3% 1% 3%

The number of out-of-school suspensions given to Black Male students in Broward was equivalent to twelve percent of Browards male, Black, non-Latino student population and the percentage of out-of-school suspensions given to the White Male students in Broward was equivalent to four percent in the 2006/7 school year, as reported to the Office of Civil Rights of the U. S. Department of Education.

White Male, non-Latino students were admitted to Browards Gifted and/or Talented programs at more than four times the rate for Black Male, non-Latino students, while three times as many Black Male as White Male, non-Latino, students were given Mental Retardation classifications. Black Male students in the Broward public schools in 2006/7 participated in Mathematics and Science Advanced Placement courses at a rate of about one-fourth that of White Male, nonLatino students. Dade County Public Schools Inequities in Graduation Rates Black Male students in Dade in 2007/8 graduated at considerably lower rates than the national and state averages. The racial gap is slightly narrower in Dade than the national average due to the low graduation rate of White Male, non-Latino students typical of the state. The Benchmark for graduation rates of Black Male students for school districts enrolling more than 10,000 Black Male students is 75% (Newark, New Jersey). Graduation Rate 2007/8 Location USA Florida Dade Black Males 4.2 mil. 313,887 46,536 GAP Black Male White Male 47% 78% 31% 37% 57% 20% 27% 56% 29% Graduation Rate 2005/6 Black White Male Male 47% 75% 38% 60% 33% 56%

Change Black White Male Male 0% 3% -1% -3% -6% 0%

Discipline, Special Education, and Advanced Placement Inequities

The number of out-of-school suspensions given to Black Male students in Dade was equivalent to twenty percent of Dades male, Black, non-Latino student population and the percentage of out-of-school suspensions given to the White Male students in Dade was equivalent to five percent in the 2006/7 school year, as reported to the Office of Civil Rights of the U. S. Department of Education. White Male, non-Latino students were admitted to Dades Gifted and/or Talented programs at more than four times the rate for Black Male, non Latino students, while three times as many Black Male as White Male, non-Latino, students were given Mental Retardation classifications. Black Male students in the Dade public schools in 2006/7 participated in Mathematics Advanced Placement courses at a rate of about one-seventh and Science Advanced Placement courses at a rate of about one-sixth that of White Male, non-Latino students. Duval County Public Schools Inequities in Graduation Rates Male non-Latino students in Duval County in 2007/8 graduated at much lower rates than the state and national averages. Graduation rates for both Black and White, non-Latino male students in the district are extraordinarily low, and falling. The Benchmark for graduation rates of Black Male students for school districts enrolling more than 10,000 Black Male students is 75% (Newark, New Jersey).

Graduation Rate 2007/8 Location USA Florida Duval Black Males 4.2 mil. 313,887 27,749 GAP Black Male White Male 47% 78% 31% 37% 57% 20% 23% 42% 19%

Graduation Rate 2005/6 Black White Male Male 47% 75% 38% 60% 38% 55%

Change Black White Male Male 0% 3% -1% -3% -15% -13%

Discipline, Special Education, and Advanced Placement Inequities

The number of out-of-school suspensions given to Black Male students in the Duval County public schools was equivalent to forty percent of Duvals male, Black, non-Latino student population and the percentage of out-of-school suspensions given to the White Male students in Duval was equivalent to less than half that, eighteen percent in the 2006/7 school year, as reported to the Office of Civil Rights of the U. S. Department of Education. White Male, non-Latino students were admitted to Duvals Gifted and/or Talented programs at more than five times the rate for Black Male, non-Latino students, while six times as many Black Male as White Male, non-Latino, students were given Mental Retardation classifications. Black Male students in the Duval public schools in 2006/7 were allowed to participate in Mathematics and Science Advanced Placement courses at a rate of about one-third that of White Male, non-Latino students.

Hillsborough County Public Schools Inequities in Graduation Rates Black Male students in Hillsborough County in 2007/8 graduated at lower rates than the national and state averages. The racial gap is narrower in Hillsborough than the national but wider than the state average. The Benchmark for graduation rates of Black Male students for school districts enrolling more than 10,000 Black Male students is 75% (Newark, New Jersey). Graduation Rate 2007/8 Black Location Males USA 4.2 mil. Florida 313,887 Hillsborough 21,680 GAP Black Male White Male 47% 78% 31% 37% 57% 20% 35% 60% 25% Graduation Rate 2005/6 Black White Male Male 47% 75% 38% 60% 40% 62%

Change Black White Male Male 0% 3% -1% -3% -5% -2%

Discipline, Special Education, and Advanced Placement Inequities

The number of out-of-school suspensions given to Black Male students in the Hillsborough County public schools was equivalent to twenty-one percent of Hillsboroughs male, Black, nonLatino student population and the percentage of out-of-school suspensions given to the White Male students in Hillsborough was equivalent to just over a third of that, not quite eight percent in the 2005/6 school year, as reported to the Office of Civil Rights of the U. S. Department of Education.

White Male, non-Latino students were admitted to Hillsboroughs Gifted and/or Talented programs at nearly six times the rate for Black Male, non-Latino students, while twice the percentage of Black Male as White Male students were given Mental Retardation classifications. Black Male students in the Hillsborough public schools in 2006/7 were allowed to participate in Mathematics and Science Advanced Placement courses at a rate of about one-fifth that of White Male, non-Latino students. Orange County Public Schools Inequities in Graduation Rates Black Male students in Orange County in 2007/8 graduated at lower rates than the state and national averages, while White Male students graduated at a rate slightly above the state average, but below the national average. Because of this the racial gap is narrower in Orange County than the national average. The Benchmark for graduation rates of Black Male students for school districts enrolling more than 10,000 Black Male students is 75% (Newark, New Jersey). Graduation Rate 2005/6 Black White GAP Black Male White Male Male Male 47% 78% 31% 47% 75% 37% 57% 20% 38% 60% 33% 58% 25% 37% 58% Graduation Rate 2007/8

Black Males Location USA 4.2 mil. Florida 313,887 Orange 24,176

Change Black White Male Male 0% 3% -1% -3% -4% 0%

Discipline, Special Education, and Advanced Placement Inequities

The number of out-of-school suspensions given to Black Male students in the Orange County public schools was equivalent to twenty percent of Oranges male, Black, non-Latino student population and the percentage of out-of-school suspensions given to the White Male students in Orange was equivalent to just over a quarter of that in the 2006/7 school year, as reported to the Office of Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Education. White Male, non-Latino students were admitted to Oranges Gifted and/or Talented programs at approximately eight times the rate for Black Male, non-Latino students, while Black Male, nonLatino students were placed in Mental Retardation classifications at more than three times the rate for White Male students. Black Male students in the Orange public schools in 2006/7 were allowed to participate in Mathematics and Science Advanced Placement courses at a rate of about one-sixth or less than that of White Male, non-Latino students. Palm Beach County Public Schools Inequities in Graduation Rates Black Male students in Palm Beach County in 2007/8 graduated at far lower rates than the national average. Because the graduation rate for White Male students is also low, the racial gap is narrower in Palm Beach County than the national average. Fewer than one-quarter of the countys grade nine cohort of Black Male students graduate on-time. The countys graduation rates, especially for Black Male students, are declining.

The Benchmark for graduation rates of Black Male students for school districts enrolling more than 10,000 Black Male students is 75% (Newark, New Jersey). Graduation Rate 2007/8 Black Location Males USA 4.2 mil. Florida 313,887 Palm Beach 25,029 GAP Black Male White Male 47% 78% 31% 37% 57% 20% 22% 50% 28% Graduation Rate 2005/6 Black White Male Male 47% 75% 38% 60% 33% 60%

Change Black White Male Male 0% 3% -1% -3% -11% -10%

Discipline, Special Education, and Advanced Placement Inequities

The number of out-of-school suspensions given to Black Male students in the Palm Beach County public schools was equivalent to twenty-seven percent of Palm Beachs male, Black, non-Latino student population and the percentage of out-of-school suspensions given to the White Male students in Palm Beach was equivalent to nine percent in the 2006/7 school year, as reported to the Office of Civil Rights of the U. S. Department of Education. White Male, non-Latino students were admitted to Palm Beachs Gifted and/or Talented programs at nearly six times the rate for Black Male, non-Latino students, while Black Male, non-Latino students were placed in Mental Retardation classifications at over three times the rate for White Male students.

Black Male students in the Palm Beach public schools in 2006/7 were allowed to participate in Mathematics and Science Advanced Placement courses at a rate of about one-ninth or less than that of White Male, non-Latino students. Pinellas County Public Schools Inequities in Graduation Rates Black Male students in Pinellas County graduated at much lower rates in 2007/8 than the national average, as they had in previous years, as did White Male students. The racial gap is narrower in Pinellas County than the national average (although greater than the state average). Fewer than one-quarter of the countys grade nine cohort of Black Male students graduated ontime in the 2007/8 school year. The Benchmark for graduation rates of Black Male students for school districts enrolling more than 10,000 Black Male students is 75% (Newark, New Jersey). Graduation Rate 2007/8 Location USA Florida Pinellas Black Males 4.2 mil. 313,887 10,703 GAP Black Male White Male 47% 78% 31% 37% 57% 20% 21% 50% 29% Graduation Rate 2005/6 White Black Male Male 47% 75% 38% 60% 30% 50%

Change Black White Male Male 0% 3% -1% -3% -9% 0%

Discipline, Special Education, and Advanced Placement Inequities

The number of out-of-school suspensions given to Black Male students in the Pinellas County public schools was equivalent to seventeen percent of Pinellas Countys male, Black, non-Latino student population and the percentage of out-of-school suspensions given to the White Male students in Pinellas County was equivalent to eight percent in the 2006/7 school year, as reported to the Office of Civil Rights of the U. S. Department of Education. White Male, non-Latino students were admitted to Pinellas Countys Gifted and/or Talented programs at more than four times the rate for Black Male, non-Latino students, while Black Male, non-Latino students were placed in Mental Retardation classifications at more than four times the rate for White Male students. Black Male students in the Pinellas County public schools in 2006/7 were allowed to participate in Mathematics Advanced Placement courses at a rate of about one-tenth and in Science Advanced Placement courses at a rate of about one-fifth that of White Male, non-Latino students. Polk County Public Schools Inequities in Graduation Rates Male non-Latino students in Polk County graduated at lower rates in 2007/8 than the national and state averages for their groups. The racial gap is much narrower in Polk County than the national average. As with other large Florida districts, graduation rates are declining, particularly for Black Male students. The Benchmark for graduation rates of Black Male students for school districts enrolling more than 10,000 Black Male students is 75% (Newark, New Jersey). Graduation Rate 2007/8 Black Males Location USA 4.2 mil. Florida 313,887 Polk County 10,644 GAP Black Male White Male 47% 78% 31% 37% 57% 20% 29% 50% 21% Graduation Rate 2005/6 Black White Male Male 47% 75% 38% 60% 51% 58%

Change Black White Male Male 0% 3% -1% -3% -22% -8%

Discipline, Special Education, and Advanced Placement Inequities

The number of out-of-school suspensions given to Black Male students in the Polk County public schools was equivalent to twenty-nine percent of Polk Countys male, Black, non-Latino student population and the percentage of out-of-school suspensions given to the White Male students in Polk County was equivalent to seventeen percent in the 2006/7 school year, as reported to the Office of Civil Rights of the U. S. Department of Education. White Male, non-Latino students were admitted to Polk Countys Gifted and/or Talented programs at nearly three times the rate for Black Male, non-Latino students, while Black Male, non-Latino students were placed in Mental Retardation classifications at more than twice the rate for White Male students. Black Male students in the Polk County public schools in 2006/7 were allowed to participate in Mathematics Advanced Placement courses at a rate of about one-third and in Science Advanced Placement courses at a rate of about one-eighth that of White Male, non-Latino students.