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Is a city-state in the United Arab Emirates, located within the emirate of the same name. The city of Dubai is located on the emirate's northern coastline and heads up the Dubai-Sharjah-Ajman metropolitan area. Dubai is nowadays often misperceived as a country or city-state and, in some cases, the UAE as a whole has been described as 'Dubai'. Today, Dubai has emerged as a cosmopolitan metropolis that has grown steadily to become a global city and a business and cultural hub of the Middle East and the Persian Gulf region. As of 2012, Dubai is the 22nd most expensive city in the world, surpassing London (25th) and is the most expensive city in the Middle East, surpassing Israel's Tel Aviv (31st).[16][17] Dubai has also been rated as one of the best places to live in the Middle East, including by US American global consulting firm Mercer who rated the city as the best place to live in the Middle East in 2011. Dubai lies directly within the Arabian Desert. However, the topography of Dubai is significantly different from that of the southern portion of the UAE in that much of Dubai's landscape is highlighted by sandy desert patterns, while gravel deserts dominate much of the southern region of the country.[36] The sand consists mostly of crushed shell and coral and is fine, clean and white. Dubai has a desert climate. Summers in Dubai are extremely hot, windy and humid, with an average high around 42 °C. Most days are sunny throughout the year. Winters are warm with an average high of 23 °C Dubai's government operates within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, and has been ruled by the Al Maktoum family since 1833. Islam the official state religion of the UAE

Dubai now boasts more completed or topped-out skyscrapers higher than 2/3 km. leaves Dubai with the world's tallest skyline as of 4 January 2010- . The Burj Khalifa's design is derived from the patterning systems embodied in Islamic architecture. Bahá'í. Many modern interpretations of Islamic architecture can be found here. following the construction boom that began in the 1980s. due to a boom in construction and architectural innovation in the Arab World in general.Dubai also has large Christian. A culmination point was reached in 2010 with the completion of the Burj Khalifa (Khalifa Tower). now by far the world's tallest building at 829. but also by top firms of New York and Chicago.[117] The completion of the Khalifa Tower. or 1/4 km than any other city. Africa and the Indian Subcontinent. and quick returns Dubai has been called the "shopping capital of the Middle East".[116] As a result of this boom. rapid growth. including the world's largest shopping mall. Dubai has a rich collection of buildings and structures of various architectural styles. accelerated in the 1990s.722 ft). supported not only by top Arab or international architectural and engineering design firms such as Al Hashemi and Aedas. modern Islamic – and world – architecture has literally been taken to new levels in skyscraper building design and technology.[111] Dubai alone has more than 70 shopping malls. Dubai Mall. Buddhist and other religious communities residing in the city.8 m (2. and in Dubai in particular. Hindu. 1/3 km. with the triple-lobed footprint of the building based on an abstracted version of the desert flower hymenocallis which is native to the Dubai region. Sikh. and took on a rapid pace of construction unparalled in modern human history during the decade of the 2000s. The city draws large numbers of shopping tourists from countries within the region and from as far as Eastern Europe. Dubai real estate is well known worldwide because of its lavish buildings.