1.050 Solid Mechanics, Fall 2004
Problem Set#2 Solution
Problem 2.1
First, we need to ﬁnd the reaction forces at point A and B, we
get that
2L
L
60
o
A
R
A
D E
P
x
y
x
p
C
P R R F
B A y
· + · Σ
( ) ( ) 0 2 · + − · Σ
p B A
x L R M
; 0
; 0 L P
,
_
¸
¸ −
·
L
x L
P
R
p
A
2
R
B
·
P ¸
L + x
p
_
2
¸
L
,
B
R
B
Figure 1.1
Now consider the horizontal member, the only
possible way to have equilibrium condition is that the
forces action at point D and E are both horizontal forces
F
D
F
E
(i.e., no vertical forces acting on the points). You can sim
ply take a moment at either point D or E and you will ﬁnd D E
that if there is any vertical forces at either D or E, the mem
ber DE cannot be in the equilibrium condition (summation
of moment is not equal to zero).
Figure 1.2
Figure 1.1 shows you the member FBD of the member BC. From the
FBD, we get that
F
E
60
P
x
y
x
p
C
X
C
Y
L
L
B
R
B
Figure 1.3
P R C F
B y y
· + · Σ
E x x
F C F · · Σ
( ) ( ) ( ) L R L F M
B E p c
· + · Σ
( ) ( )
D x
p p B
E
F C
L
x
P
L R
F 1
3
Lsin60
· ·
,
_
¸
¸
− ·
−
·
,
_
¸
¸
− ·
L
x
P
C
p
y
1
2
; 0
; 0
x P 60 sin ; 0
x P
Problem 2.2
From ﬁgure 2.1 (a) and (b), we can ﬁnd the equivalent force by
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) WL L W L W x W M
f
10 5 4 3 · + + · · Σ L W
f
l 10
L L
W
2L L L
W W
L x
3
·
( ) WL L R M
l f
10 6 · · Σ ; 0
5
R
l
· W
f
l
3
x = ? ΣF
y
· ; 0 R
f
+ R
l
· 3W
3W
4
R
f
· 3W − R
l
· W
a 2L c 2L e
3
W
2L
W
W
αL
f h
2L 2L
j l
R
f
R
l
Figure 2.1 (a), (b), and (c) for top, middle, and bottom, respectively
To ﬁnd the forces in the member ch with a sin
gle FBD, we use method of section and cut the truss as
shown in the ﬁgure 2.2. We get that
( ) ( ) ( ) L R L F M
f ac h
2 · + · Σ α L W ; 0
a 2L
F
ac
5W
F · −
3α
αL
ac
( ) W F R F
ch f y
sin · + · Σ θ ; 0
f W h
F
ch
F
hj
2L
W
· −
(
F
ch
sin 3 θ ) R
f
ΣF · ; 0 F + F
ch
+ F
hj
· 0
x ac
Figure 2.2
5W W W 5 1 1
· + ·
1
(
F
hj
3α sin 3 θ ) 3
¸
α
+
sinθ
]
c
bx
R
by
R ·
−
. The negative sign for F
ch
indicates that the direction that I assumed in the ﬁgure above is not cor
2W
rect. (If the angle θ is 60 degree, the F
ch
is equal to = – )And the correct direction is opposite of F
ch
3 3
that in the ﬁgure 2.2. It is important to note the correct F
ch
in this case is compression.
Problem 2.3
First, we need to ﬁnd the reaction at point A and B. Assuming each member length is L (except the
member CF which is longer than other members), we get that
( ) ( ) L P L R
L
R M
bx by A
3
2
· +
,
_
¸
¸
· Σ
P R R F
ay by y
+ · · Σ
60
o
30
o
A C E
B D
F
60
o
60
o
R
by
A
x
60 sin ; 0
; 0
G
P
R
bx
Figure 3.1
However, since AC is a two force member, R
ay
must be 0 to maintain the equilibrium condition for
5P
that member.. Therefore, we get that R
by
= P and . =  R
bx
3
Now consider cutting the joint B, we get that
( )
bc y
F F · Σ 0 = P + 60 sin ; 0
Σ F · ; 0 0 · F
bc
( 60 cos )+ F
bd
+ R
bx
x F
CB
B
60
o
F
DB 2P
= – F
bc
R
bx 3
P ( )
( ) 3
4 2
3
5 P P P
F R F
bc bx bd
· · − · 

+

2 3
60 cos
⋅
Now consider the joint D, we get that {This needs to be checked}
∑
F
y
= 0: F
cd
⋅ 60 sin + ⋅ 60 sin = 0 = –F
de
F
de
F
cd
∑
F = 0: –F cos 60 + F
de
⋅ cos 60 – = 0 F
bd x
cd
F
bd
= – F
cd
2cos60
( )
3
4
2
2
3
4
60 cos 2
P P F
F
bd
cd
·
,
_
¸
¸
,
_
¸
¸
· ·
in tension
F
CD
60
o
F
DB
F
ED
Problem 2.4
The reactions acting at point A and B are equivalent to PL/ D
h. They are equal but opposite in the direction. Also, the total verti
cal reaction at the point A and B are equal to P (acting upward).
S
y
L
h
P
A
B
x
B
A
x
y