You are on page 1of 64

TARDEC’s mission is to develop, integrate and sustain the right technology solutions for all manned and unmanned Department of Defense (DOD) systems and combat support systems to improve Current Force effectiveness and provide superior capabilities for the Future Force.

TARDEC’s vision is to be the recognized DOD leader for ground systems and combat support systems technology integration and system-of-system engineering across the U.S. Army TACOM Life Cycle Management Command.

I am TARDEC I am one member of a team I have integrity I am innovative, knowledgeable and always learning I am committed, disciplined and accountable I am focused I am TARDEC


We lead by creating opportunities where none existed previously. The work we do today sets the standard for tomorrow and beyond. We provide and sustain the safest, most advanced and efficient ground vehicle systems and equipment for Soldiers by bringing together nontraditional partners to create unexpected new capabilities. We turn these capabilities into integrated engineering solutions that lead to innovative technology advancements. Innovation is achieved through People, Process, Technology and Knowledge. We have the technological knowledge and engineering expertise to bring all the pieces together and get them to work as one. We take a holistic, system-ofsystems approach — People, Process, Technology, Knowledge — ensuring that the whole is always greater than the sum of its parts. We deliver the most technologically advanced integrated solutions and sustainment expertise possible so that our Soldiers are protected by the best vehicle systems imaginable.





TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 4 7 9 TARDEC’s Mission Director’s Message Introduction TARDEC is a System-of-Systems Combat Multiplier Alignment Organizational Structure Strategic Transformation Goals Intellectual Rigor as a Core Capability Concepts. System Simulation and Integration (CASSI) Center for Ground Vehicle Design and Integration (CGVDI) Technology Focus Areas Ground Vehicle Power and Mobility (GVPM) Ground Systems Survivability Force Projection Technology Intelligent Ground Sustems (IGS) Vehicle Electronics and Architecture (VEA) National Automotive Center (NAC) Joint Center for Robotics (JCR) People and Facilities People Facilities Awards 30 32 32 34 34 35 35 36 37 37 37 38 38 39 40 41 43 24 25 Army’s Greatest Invention (AGI) Awards Research & Development Achievement (RDA) Awards Budget Deliver for the Warfighter Quick Reaction Cell (QRC) R&D Case Studies MRAP Vehicle Capability Insertion (CI) Program Underbody Blast Analysis Tool Ground Combat Vehicle (GCV) Fuel Efficient ground vehicle Demonstrator (FED) Program Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) Development USMC Lightweight Water Purification System (LWPS) USMC Tactical Ice Making Machine (TIMM) Convoy Active Safety Technologies (CAST) Robotics Rodeo Autonomous Platform Demonstrator (APD) Ground Vehicle Systems Engineering and Technology Symposium (GVSETS) Advanced Battery Initiative TARDEC is a System Within a System-of-Systems 10 10 11 12 12 13 14 15 16 16 17 17 18 18 20 20 22 24 2 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . Analysis.

44 Working Within the Department of Defense (DOD) OD) Engineering Case Studies Diminishing Manufacturing Sources rces and Material Shortages (DMSMS) Program ogram Industrial Base Workload Leveling ng Depot Liaison Program Value Engineering Outreach Working Within our Community Engaging the Next Generation Partnering with Industry and Academia Industry Academia International Collaboration Giving Back Conclusion Appendices A: TARDEC Laboratories. Facilities es and Test Equipment B: Doing Business with TARDEC C: Acronym List D: Useful Websites 45 45 45 46 46 47 47 48 50 50 50 51 52 53 55 56 57 59 61 33 .

Our diverse portfolio and the breadth of our support mission for 2. a driver or not. scientists and technicians have played a role in its development. We take a holistic approach and examine everything from a system-of-systems perspective to best support DOD with optimal ground vehicle systems and equipment that saves lives and helps Soldiers successfully complete their diverse and often dangerous missions around the world. “systems engineering” is not just a phrase. integration and sustainment of ground vehicle systems. it’s the very essence of what we do every day to support our Soldiers. Whether it has wheels or tracks.800 fielded systems means that we could not possibly provide a comprehensive 4 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT A t TARDEC.DIRECTOR’S MESSAGE engineering is an integral component in every process we follow. It is in this capacity that we play a significant role in what we refer to as the Ground Systems Enterprise. We provide research. Systems . our engineers. development and engineering (RD&E) support for all DOD ground vehicle systems and all the equipment needed to keep these platforms running. TARDEC is the recognized leader for systems engineering and technology integration for all manned and unmanned DOD ground systems. every technology we develop and every project we manage. which we define as being all those who engage in the development. This Annual Report provides a snapshot of our accomplishments in 2009 and a glimpse into the scope of ground systems integration we perform for our Soldiers. and no matter how it is powered.

I hope this report provides you with renewed perspective about the RD&E capabilities. Ground Vehicle Power and Mobility (GVPM) Ground Systems Survivability Force Projection Technology Intelligent Ground Systems (IGS) Vehicle Electronics and Architecture (VEA) Using a collaborative process that develops solutions to address warfighter needs. the Ground System Enterprise delivers the most advanced. advancements in intelligent and autonomous ground systems. such as physical simulation. This approach ensures that we all remain focused — in what we do and in how we do it — on our first priority: the Soldiers who risk so much on a daily basis to protect our freedom. Our advanced modeling and simulation methods. Airmen and Marines. . Systems engineering discipline requires us to develop and integrate solutions for entire vehicle systems and the individual systems and subsystems within each combat or tactical vehicle platform. better protected vehicles that provide increased safety for warfighters. most effective and safest ground vehicle systems possible. for us to highlight our key achievements and acknowledge the contributions our associates make each and every day on behalf of this Nation’s Soldiers. however. Bochenek TARDEC Director 5 . advanced computing. . and so much more. our capabilities are extensive and we are driven to provide the highest level of expertise to the Ground Systems Enterprise responsible for fielding and sustaining not only our tracked and wheeled vehicle fleets. As you will see. multi-agency ground vehicle center of engineering. Dr. We use a variety of means to accomplish this. We look forward to stretching ourselves toward even greater heights of collaborative achievement in 2010. we must continue to raise the bar so that we may truly be the multi-service. From a systems integration standpoint. knowledge and expertise our warfighters need and so richly deserve. 3-dimensional modeling and much more.accounting of all our achievements in one single report. Our success is derived from many sources. chief of which is our ability to rapidly draw upon resident experiential and intellectual expertise within our own organization and those of our enterprise partners in five distinct technology focus areas: . We reach higher to ensure that our Army’s ground vehicle systems remain the most sustainable.400 associates bring to bear. Our RD&E efforts during the past decade have led to new developments in alternative energy and fuels. . . This is an opportunity. Sailors. analytical capabilities and focus on systems integration provide the intellectual underpinnings for all of our work. survivable and lethal vehicle platforms on earth. Grace M. but also logistics and sustainment equipment across the entire life cycle. systems integration and engineering expertise TARDEC’s 1.



Everything we do at TARDEC is aimed at guaranteeing the safety and security of the brave men and women from the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps who defend this Nation and our freedom. This knowledge drives every one of our actions and decisions. We come to work each day with a passion to provide the best capabilities to our warfighters. Each project our associates work on — every little detail — has the potential to save someone’s life. We know that each day brings a larger purpose and that our work is crucial to Soldier battlefield performance and survivability. We apply the same systematic approach to our organizational structure as we do the RD&E our talented pool of engineers, scientists and technicians perform. Our world is all about systems engineering integration and giving Soldiers vehicle platforms that provide the performance, protection and payload they need to successfully perform their missions. Each functional group within TARDEC brings core skill sets to the organization. Thus, we succeed by working together as an integrated team, sharing information vertically and horizontally throughout the organization. This combination of people, process, knowledge and technology is what enables us to look at all aspects of a warfighting requirement and ensure the right technical and engineering decisions are made to provide a new capability. As we focus on Soldier ground vehicle systems requirements, we work closely with our partners to deliver timely, cost-effective and technologically superior solutions. Ground Systems Enterprise partners include:

. . . . . . .

U.S. Army Research, Development and Engineering Command (RDECOM) U.S. Army TACOM Life Cycle Management Command (LCMC) Program Executive Office (PEO) Ground Combat Systems (GCS) PEO Combat Support and Combat Service Support (CS & CSS) PEO Integration (I) PEO Land Systems (U.S. Marine Corps (USMC)) Integrated Logistics Support Center (ILSC)

We accomplish this through our ability to lead, innovate, integrate and deliver the most technologically advanced engineering solutions and sustainment expertise possible so that our Soldiers are protected by the best, most advanced vehicle systems imaginable.

Robots are often used on the battlefield to perform duties that may be too dangerous for Soldiers, such as inspecting roadway debris for explosives. Soldiers can control the robots from inside a Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP)vehicle or observe from a hybrid-electric High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle at a safe standoff distance. (U.S. Army TARDEC photo by Elizabeth Carnegie.) 7



By working side-by-side with our collaborative partners.) 9 . (U. Army photo by SGT Gustavo Olgati.TA TARDEC IS A SYSTEM-OF-SYSTEMS COMBAT MULTIPLIER The Ground Systems Enterprise’s first priority is providing the brave men and women who protect our country with the most advanced ground vehicle technologies possible.S. this combined team knows that the work we perform is critical to the warfighters’ safety and success.

These three groups. along with the National Automotive Center (NAC) and Joint Center for Robotics (JCR). however. Analysis.800 Army. processes and technologies are aligned. CASSI and CGVDI are able to provide the necessary data needed for better informed decision making. Systems Simulation and Integration (CASSI) group and the Center for Ground Vehicle Development and Integration (CGVDI). The LCMC has been working for several years to ensure its people. coordinate planning efforts and make better use of resources. regularly reaches beyond organizational boundaries and requires a significant amount of crossfunctionality. 10 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . Accomplishing this required developing the mechanisms needed in order to share information. critical materiel and analysis. The creation of the Concepts. Their work. have helped advance these efforts. Research and Product Development — each with its own focus and expertise. among other initiatives. and cradle-to-grave system support for more than 2. and that it is working together as a cohesive enterprise. Navy and Marine Corps manned and unmanned systems. ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE TARDEC is divided into three main business groups — Engineering.ALIGNMENT TARDEC and its partner organizations within the TACOM LCMC are responsible for rapidly providing technology assessment and integration. all work together as one and leverage each other’s expertise to develop the most advanced technology solutions possible.


prototyping. (U.) 12 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . modeling and simulation (M&S).INTELLECTUAL RIGOR AS A CORE CAPABILITY CONCEPTS. prototyping and integration. Each is important in and of itself. analysis. they form the nucleus of our systems engineering approach. integration — these are all vital components of TARDEC’s work. when brought together. M&S. It begins with the CASSI group. ANALYSIS. TARDEC’s unique strength is in the use of M&S to provide system-level performance evaluations to support complex trades for both current and future platforms. CASSI provides a single point of contact for leveraging enterprise-wide We infuse intellectual rigor early on in the design and development process through our systems engineering approach and our associates’ work in concepting. SYSTEM SIMULATION AND INTEGRATION Concepting. which provides concepting. analysis. assessment and simulations for all of our technology focus areas. Army TARDEC photo by Carrie Deming.S. but.

the CGVDI reaches out to various stakeholders—including those within the RDECOM laboratory. offer the PEOs and PMs a litany of research. the CGVDI combines TARDEC’s design and prototyping abilities with exceptional integration expertise. integration and support of materiel solutions required by our PEO and PM partners. Project performance specifications. The technologies developed by TARDEC associates eventually transition back to the PEOs and PMs. Oversight of all the technology assessment and prototyping functions from analysis to prototyping. including: concepts and analysis looking at form. The CGVDI was formed during 2009 and combines what used to be two distinct groups: the Ground Vehicle Integration Center (GVIC) and the Prototype Integration Facility (PIF). physical simulations. development and engineering services from one organization. to testing and fielding support. Once a customer requests support. 13 . Management of cost. and systems demonstrators. . The capabilities provided by these groups.analytical expertise. . as well as overall project management. and TARDEC as a whole. This work ensures the right solution is designed and integrated prior to fielding. schedule. the CGVDI provides a single point of entry for the design. fit and function. engineering center and test community. weight and power trade studies. By melding these two groups into one entity. physics M&S. Requirements document management. minimizing timely and costly rework across the platform’s life cycle. advanced visualization and virtual prototyping. making for a cost-effective and beneficial partnership. fabrication. size. risk and performance of projects. and other DOD organizations—around the country for: Requirements analysis and management. CENTER FOR GROUND VEHICLE DESIGN AND INTEGRATION Just as CASSI provides a onestop shop for assessment. . . .

These groupings represent how we think about the work we do and each is a key component of the overarching mission.TECHNOLOGY FOCUS AREAS The functions resident within CASSI and the CGVDI provide a solid foundation and architecture for supporting TARDEC’s five main technology research focus areas. Together. they comprise a cohesive organization that develops the advanced ground vehicle technology and engineering solutions upon which our warfighters depend.) 14 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . Army TARDEC photo by Elizabeth Carnegie. The work that associates in our GVPM Technology Focus Area perform help find solutions for the P&E challenges faced by ground vehicle systems. (U.S.

TARDEC is taking on these challenges through its advanced power and energy (P&E) initiatives.and fuel-efficient without sacrificing performance. Part of our work at TARDEC is to ensure vehicles can withstand the type of punishment inflicted on them in our labs to keep Soldiers safe. Army photo by Carolyn Baum. Led by the research being done in GVPM.S. which include: developing Lithiumion batteries that improve energy storage capabilities. Our testing makes the Army’s ground fleet the most survivable in the world. researching electric. high-speed diesel combustion research.GVPM Power demands on the battlefield have increased exponentially. thermal management of hybrid-electric components. hybrid and fuel cell technologies. The threats facing the Army’s ground vehicles and Soldiers they carry are dangerous and potentially lethal.) 15 . developing non-primary electrical power solutions. and DOD faces an ever-evolving challenge to make vehicles more energy. (U. advanced fluids research and much more.

military bridging. or applied research in advanced lightweight armor that is increasing protection while also reducing vehicle weight. Our work in this field includes identifying. laser protection and various sensor technologies. TARDEC is the DOD executive agent for ground 16 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . mechanical countermine and counter-IED equipment. a critically essential tool for finding the most effective way to protect warfighters. Whether it is unique scientific applications that identify material weaknesses. (U. signature management. and serves all of DOD. develop and engineer support for all ground fuels and lubricants. active protection systems. water purification and handling. these technologies are helping save Soldiers’ lives. We look at any and all options to make our vehicles safer. including active and passive armor. The Force Projection Technology focus area helps ensure that warfighters have clean water for themselves and new fuels and lubricants for their ground vehicles. FORCE PROJECTION TECHNOLOGY Fuel and water are two of the most important resources for Soldiers on the battlefield. developing and integrating technologies that focus on warfighter safety by helping protect manned combat vehicles from a wide range of threats. The M&S and assessment work done by the CASSI group has resulted in tools such as the underbody blast analysis. materiel handling.) GROUND SYSTEMS SURVIVABILITY Among the most important technologies TARDEC develops is the equipment designed to ensure our vehicle fleet is the most survivable in the world.Force Projection associates help ensure warfighters have clean water and new fuels and lubricants for their ground vehicles.S. Force Projection scientists and technicians research. Army photo.

S. All System the same general mission share th reducing Soldier workloads. develop and engineer support for all ground fuels and lubricants. awarene particular. IGS TARDEC. and command and control. Through capabilities operato such as autonomous perception navigation. serves as the focal point for much of DOD’s activity in the area of unmanned ground vehicle systems. water purification and handling. The challenge is finding room within ground vehicles Using common game controllers and intelligent software. mechanical countermine and counter-improvised explosive devices (IEDs) equipment. dirty and dangerous duties formerly performed by humans. autonomous ground systems are enhancing Soldier SA by providing advance warning of potential battlefield threats. while ensuring products meet performance and environmental requirements. VEA Vehicle electronic systems are becoming more sophisticated and more critical to mission success. Army photo. and is strategically VEA gro co-located with the Robotic co-locat Systems Joint Program Office. (U. the IGS focus In partic provides leading-edge area pro military robotics technology development.) 17 . IGS develops develop intelligent and autonomous intellige ground systems capable engaging threats while of enga interacting with human interact operators. The increased use of robotics in contingency operations means fewer Soldiers are put in harm’s way. IGS engineers are revolutionizing robotics capabilities and helping Soldiers and Marines use machines to perform the dull. as well as the lead for water supply and wastewater treatment. Force Projection associates research. TARDEC scientists and technicians introduce and field new fuels and lubricants technologies. military bridging. IGS group and TARDEC group. The Detroit Arsenal is home to TARDEC’s JCR.fuels and lubricants. — reduc increasing Soldier safety and increasi generating crucial situational generat awareness (SA) sensory data. materiel handling. along with its collaborative partners. intelligent and nav tactical behavior.

The VEA integration challenge is finding room within ground vehicles for all the additional electronics equipment. The JCR focuses on integrating robotic capability development through modeling and simulation. The commercial vehicle industry is also a NAC focus and under the Class 8 Truck Users Forum. and provides the necessary catalyst for developing and exchanging automotive technologies. academia and government to build and sustain robust robotic capabilities in the interests of national security and Soldier safety. advanced materials and advanced energy storage capabilities.) 18 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . The alliance addresses technology gaps in alternative fuels. The NAC works to benefit both current and future military ground vehicle systems by focusing on dualuse technologies. which is part of the TACOM LCMC and housed at TARDEC.S. performance improvements. while also ensuring each new system is integrated within the platform as a whole. such as the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC). The NAC works with business organizations. The NAC and MEDC have also worked together on initiating a key resource-sharing alliance with the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Oak Ridge National Laboratory. VEA solves these challenges by leveraging and integrating the tremendous advances in electronics integration. service-life extensions and reductions in Reducing warfighters’ burdens with vehicle technology is becoming critical to mission success. The first demonstration will focus on advanced sensors that enable condition-based maintenance. A NACfacilitated partnership between TARDEC and MEDC has led to funding for the MEDC’s advanced energy storage program.for all the additional electronics equipment. robotic experimentation and robotic knowledge management. A key JCR objective is to promote robotic technology awareness to local. Army TARDEC photo. academia and government agencies. the NAC and the American Trucking Association’s Technology and Maintenance Council’s key commercial trucking fleets agreed to demonstrate relevant advanced technologies for military and commercial trucking fleets on commercial Class 8 trucks. the JCR. intravehicle data networks and middleware to improve vehicle effectiveness and capabilities without compromising power and mobility. JCR Much like the NAC. leverages the best available technology from industry. the various costs related to maintaining ground vehicles. state and NAC The NAC serves as TARDEC’s information conduit to industry. The APD is providing engineering data to help engineers create more refined designs and mature core mobility technologies. (U.

such as the University of Michigan. These relationships and outreach opportunities will lead to more extensive collaborations in the future.national communities through educational and promotional outreach. National Defense Industrial Association and educational institutions. brought together the national robotics community to brainstorm and develop a white paper that delineated robotics requirements and matched them to current and future robotics capabilities as part of an effort to develop a robotics strategy. This includes working with groups that include the: MEDC. just to name a few. Oakland University and the United States Military Academy. Small Business Administration (SBA). 19 . These efforts are positioning the JCR as the leader for providing strategic direction in innovative robotic solutions to the military and the Nation.S. for example. The Robotics Innovation Workshop. U.

As an organization. we engage the most talented people possible to solve emerging challenges and potential technology or capability gaps. dedicated professionals and world-class scientists. They are committed to providing Soldiers with unmatched battlefield capabilities. we grow our workforce’s collective capabilities through continuing education and rotational and developmental assignments. In addition to making the right hiring decisions. engineers and technicians. our associates have been problem-solvers committed to developing military ground vehicle systems solutions that provide Soldiers with unmatched battlefield capabilities. (U. Army photo. talent acquisition.PEOPLE AND FACILITIES PEOPLE Our workforce is our strength. TARDEC associates are innovative problem-solvers. Systems engineering makes it possible for our 1. scientists and technicians.S. Creating an innovative Human Capital Strategy was a strategic initiative in 2009 as TARDEC strengthened its workforce development. employee leadership development and employee engagement. For more than 60 years. That means constantly searching for top talent — inside the government and out — to supplement our team of highlyskilled engineers.) 20 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . when and where they need them most.400-plus associates to rapidly respond to warfighters’ requests for well-integrated technology solutions.

Scheduled to open in September 2011. From left: COL Keith Landry. Sen.S. Debbie Stabenow (D-MI). the GSPEL will combine state-of-the-art facilities with the expertise of TARDEC associates to develop the next generation of ground vehicle P&E solutions.In August 2009. Louisville District Commander. Army Corps of Engineers. Thomas H. Rep.) 21 . Killion. thenTACOM LCMC CG MG Scott G. Army TARDEC photo by Elizabeth Carnegie. Sen. Bochenek. Sander Levin (D-MI). military and political dignitaries joined TARDEC Director Dr. Bochenek (center) in breaking ground for the Ground Systems Power and Energy Laboratory (GSPEL). and then Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research and Development and Army Chief Scientist Dr. (U. West. Grace M. Carl Levin (D-MI).

and TARDEC UNIVERSITY The Career Development Team. Our Systems Integration Laboratories (SILs) provide test platforms for engineers to find the best fit for new technologies within an existing vehicle.EDUCATION TARDEC places a premium on higher learning and has programs in place to encourage associates to continue their education. By developing core competencies across the full spectrum of capabilities skill sets. Our lab technicians and researchers use test equipment to push vehicles to their limits to find potential performance. TARDEC’s career and professional development programs are designed to attract and retain the highest quality people in their respective career fields. TARDEC associates enhance combat capabilities for warfighters and develop excellent science and engineering expertise. * See Appendix A for a complete list of TARDEC’s facilities 22 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . TARDEC associates took part in a total of 258.000 square feet of laboratory space allow us to evaluate every element of every vehicle system or subsystem. a significant number of associates are either in pursuit of or have earned advanced degrees. There are currently 207 associates pursuing master’s degrees and 54 pursuing bachelor’s degrees. TARDEC’s more than 50-plus labs* totaling more than 840. Associates can also receive opportunities for long-term training. In FY09. as well as leadership and executive/management training. propulsion or power challenges before they occur. as well as the system as a whole. in collaboration with the RDECOM Human Resource staff and LCMC community. including 43 from TARDEC’s Co-Op Program. provides the structure to implement TARDEC’s dynamic education and training and human capability plans. Our engineers’ systems integration responsibilities require that they be ready to address whatever challenges — current or future — our Nation’s warfighters encounter. As a result. FACILITIES The breadth of TARDEC’s laboratory capabilities matches the span of our mission. on-site master’s degrees and specialized developmental assignments. Thirty-two associates have doctorates.883 hours of training in engineering and science classes. through TARDEC University. 370 hold master’s degrees and 610 have bachelor’s degrees. TARDEC University prepares and executes human resource planning and management programs for a technically and ethnically diverse workforce.

Once complete. in extreme temperature and weather conditions. Army photo by Carolyn Baum. such as the MRAP pictured here.S. the GSPEL will feature one of the largest environmental test chambers in the world.) 23 . (U. The lab will be able to test vehicles of all shapes and sizes.

Their engineering expertise. repeatable process. large and small. TARDEC was approached to develop an armor protection kit for MRAPs to safeguard Soldiers against an extremely lethal threat in theater — IEDs and the emerging 24 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . the GSPEL will become a center for the free exchange of ideas. propulsion systems and powertrain management. ARMY’S GREATEST INVENTION (AGI) AWARDS These awards recognize innovative products emerging from the Army’s R&D community that enhance warfighter performance capabilities and increase safety. TARDEC delivers innovative technology solutions that satisfy warfighters’ constantly changing GROUND SYSTEMS POWER AND ENERGY LABORATORY (GSPEL) In August 2009. which will lead to the next generation of ground vehicle P&E solutions needs and is honored by the recognition their work receives. alternative fuels. The new GSPEL is scheduled to be completed in September 2011. By combining TARDEC’s state-of-the-art laboratories and equipment with the expertise of its associates who specialize in finding innovative technology see how all systems work together before final integration. shortening lead times and making the integration process more time. TARDEC’s combined laboratory and test cell capabilities help infuse the necessary intellectual rigor early in the development phase. we broke ground on a new facility that represents the future of ground vehicle P&E initiatives. Soldiers decide which inventions are the best based on their field experiences. We work out the details. Our associates are problem solvers and have been developing solutions for military ground vehicle systems for decades. in the labs so technology integration into the vehicle becomes a seamless. and will accelerate research and development (R&D) and testing capabilities for advanced MRAP EXPEDIENT ARMOR PROGRAM (MEAP) ADD-ON-ARMOR KIT The MRAP Expedient Armor Program Add-on-Armor Kit was one of two TARDEC projects to earn a 2008 AGI Award. scientists and technicians are part of a long line of innovators. resources and data.and cost-efficient. AWARDS TARDEC’s engineers. which makes receiving these awards all the more prestigious. intellectual rigor and resourcefulness can be seen in the work they do every day.

without the benefit of original equipment manufacturer technical data or complete engineering drawings. CONVOY ACTIVE SAFETY TECHNOLOGY (CAST) Conducting sustainment convoy operations is critical for providing Combatant ONE SYSTEM REMOTE VIDEO TERMINAL (OSRVT) A-KIT The OSRVT A-Kit is the second 25 . and employ a rigorous process to characterize. TARDEC was involved from the beginning. fabricated and tested.explosively formed penetrator (EFP) threat. The entire process took approximately 6. The challenge was to take the base MRAP vehicles. R&D ACHIEVEMENT (RDA) AWARDS The RDA Awards recognize exceptional scientific and engineering achievement by military and civilian personnel. fabricated and demonstrated the LVUPS. At the time. TARDEC associates worked on five award-winning projects: LIGHTWEIGHT VEHICLE UNDERBODY PROTECTION SYSTEM (LVUPS) TARDEC PIF engineers designed. design. which gave PEO CS & CSS’s PM Light Tactical Vehicles the opportunity to gather data and design information to influence future production. analyze. In FY09. The OSRVT is an innovative modular video and data system that enables warfighters to remotely receive near-real-time surveillance image and geospatial data directly from tactical unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and manned platforms. and prototype kits needed to be designed.5 weeks (per vehicle). The MEAP team formed to develop an expedient armor solution against EFPs. ergonomically and without blocking any emergency paths on multiple variants of Stryker platform vehicles. OSRVTs enhance Soldier situational awareness with UAV video for planning missions. The A-Kit package invention provides all the necessary OSRVT components neatly. fabricate and integrate the solution onto the fleet of MRAP vehicle variants. gathering intelligence and monitoring enemy activity. resulting in greater Soldier safety and survivability. Those earning this recognition have shown scientific and technical excellence through their work on projects that further improve the Army’s capabilities. TARDEC AGI award winner. which exceeded the blast threat requirements for lightweight tactical vehicles. TARDEC’s dedicated associates were able to deliver innovative engineering solutions to meet the accelerated MEAP timelines in just days. seven MRAP variants required a unique kit.

they must provide protection for Soldiers.S. (U.) 26 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . Army photo by SSG Brien Vorhees.Ground vehicles must be powerful and efficient. Most importantly. The work taking place in TARDEC’s Ground Systems Survivability Technology Focus Area helps ensure the Army’s vehicles — and the Soldiers using them — are the best protected in the world.

HIGH-PRESSURE JET PROPELLANT-8 (JP-8) EVAPORATION AND COMBUSTION VARIANCES IN COMPARISON TO DIESEL FUEL NUMBER 2 (DF-2) TARDEC GVPM team members developed the first explicit comparison between modern JP-8 and diesel fuel. and in the right quantities. It is anticipated that this new JP-8 database will serve as a critical source for further developing engineering models for assessing JP-8’s impact on diesel engines designed to operate on DF-2. GROUND VEHICLE CONTROL AIDS FOR IMPROVED MOBILITY WITH INDIRECT VISION. Technology. drive-by-wire ground vehicle systems. DRIVEBY-WIRE CREW STATIONS (COLLABORATION WITH ARL) ARL submitted this winning nomination for work in collaboration with TARDEC to develop a set of control aids to improve mobility in the Army’s indirect-vision. If track fails in the field. CAST is an autonomous following system for the tactical wheeled vehicle fleet that increases situational awareness for crew members and provides additional vehicle security. CAST helps alleviate some of these challenges. an entire platoon must be mobilized to protect the vehicle and crew. ARL and TARDEC addressed degraded operator perception and examined novel forms of guarded mobility that concurrently integrate operator and autonomous control to prevent collisions. These studies led to a first-of-its-kind JP-8 ignition database and a methodology for estimating JP-8 evaporation rates. Engineering and Mathematics Global 27 . at the right time and place. TARDEC developed CAST with support from the ARL Human Research Engineering Directorate and TRADOC’s Combined Arms Support Command. reducing maintenance costs and keeping warfighters out of harm’s way. Through TARDEC’s EIP .Commanders with the right support. The ability to conduct sustainment convoys in a variety of hostile environments requires force projection measures that address enemy threats and protect Soldiers. at risk in hostile areas. advancements in elastomeric components are expected to improve track durability. ELASTOMER IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM (EIP) Track is the second-highest cost driver on Army vehicles. putting Soldiers BLACK ENGINEER OF THE YEAR AWARDS (BEYA) TARDEC engineer Christopher Scott was a distinguished award recipient at the annual BEYA Science.

The DCE was designed to measure crew vehicle-use histories in a simulation-based environment. which encompasses those who are exceptional in their performance and will help shape the future course of engineering. Additional honors earned include: ARMY ACHIEVEMENT AWARDS TARDEC’s strategic partners. He designed the mount and bracket from which the radio was mounted in the ceiling between the driver and commander’s seat. Peter Schihl and Laura Hoogterp received the Best Paper Award for their P&E technical session presentation. Robotics Engineering Excellence. as well as lifetime achievement and pioneering feats. including mobility and weapons systems. which she received in 2009. Channel Ground-to-Air Radio System Radio Mount for M915 semi-trucks. The event recognizes individuals who have achieved exceptional career gains in government and industry. “On the Ignition and Combustion Variances of Jet 2008 MILITARY SUGGESTER OF THE YEAR AWARD CW3 Jason Greegor. PRESIDENTIAL RANK AWARD. who is from TARDEC’s Military Advisor Development Group. ARMY SCIENCE CONFERENCE BEST PAPER AWARD TARDEC associates Dr. ADDITIONAL RECOGNITIONS TARDEC’s workforce has been recognized in many ways during the past year for their hard work and dedication. VPSET will streamline the acquisition process for Army and USMC ground vehicles. and Precision Combustion. recognized the need to relocate the Single 28 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . The mission tested the vehicle’s major power-consuming subsystems. science and technology. ARMY M&S AWARDS TARDEC earned two Army M&S Awards for the Vehicle Propulsion System Evaluation Tool (VPSET) and Duty Cycle Experiments (DCE). It consisted of two Soldiers operating the motion simulator patrolling a dense urban area.Competitive Conference. received two of the 10 awards presented and were selected from across the Army for representing excellence in small business research and development. Inc. Grace Bochenek was selected for this prestigious award in 2008. MERITORIOUS EXECUTIVE TARDEC Director Dr. The TARDEC GVPM M&S Team developed the VPSET in partnership with a commercial provider. Scott was honored in the category for Modern-Day Technology Leaders.. Inc.

S. Army photo.) 29 .Propellant 8 and Diesel Fuel in Military Diesel Engines. As this becomes an increasingly important issue across the globe. ISO 14001 is an internationally accepted standard designed to address the delicate balance between maintaining a business and reducing environmental impact. The QRC addresses battlefield related-requests that often lead to fielded technologies such as the MRAP vehicle OWM kit. it is important that TARDEC continues doing its part in ways both big (ensuring construction activities don’t result in ground contamination) and small (turning off lights in rooms that are not in use). (U. As TARDEC continues to grow in size. ” INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS ORGANIZATION (ISO) 14001:2004 TARDEC received zero findings of nonconformance for the third consecutive year on its annual ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Surveillance Audit. We work hard each and every day to ensure Soldiers have the most advanced technologies possible. the focus on environmental efforts will continue to grow as well. which prevents vehicles from bringing down low-hanging wires.

8 million.9 million was for life cycle system support. $447. with a view to developing and evaluating technical feasibility. which includes direct and reimbursable Operations and Maintenance.9 million was allotted for technology development. Advanced technology development (6.1) initiatives provide fundamental knowledge for the solution of identified military problems. * Budget amounts are accurate as of Sept. short of major development projects. applied research. and engineering and manufacturing development. and Army Working Capital Funds that support demonstration and validation. Applied research (6.2) activity translates promising basic research into solutions for broadly defined military needs.1 million in research and development reimbursements.BUDGET TARDEC’s FY09 total budget was $637. Army. Basic research (6.3) includes all efforts which have moved into the development and integration of hardware and other technology products for field experiments and tests.* Of this funding.9 million TARDEC FY09 Budget 30 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . $189. 2009. Additionally.8 million for basic research. advanced technology development and major systems development.9 million Technology Development $447. 30. as well as a combined $379. This included $68. Life Cycle Systems Support $189.

Advanced Technology and Major Systems Development Total Technology Development (RDT&E 6.1 million R&D Reimbursements $379. Applied.8 million Basic. Applied and Advanced Technology Development 31 .6 million (6.2) Basic.1-6.7 and Reimbursable) $6.4 million (6.3) $82.1) $266.5 million (6.$68.

whether they’re for information or for support of urgent needs and requirements. and our Soldiers must have the tools needed to counter any and all threats. The VCMB accommodates the SPARK roller. which prevents vehicles from bringing down low-hanging wires. in direct engineering support to the TACOM LCMC. which is a series of nets and poles designed to deflect objects thrown at vehicles. One project currently underway is the Thrown Object Protection System. development. production and system fielding for three MRAP variants. This simple addition to a roller system adds significant protection to vehicle operators and crews. the Soldiers occupying it and a potential blast area. which provides field mechanics with safe access to the engine compartment of tall tactical vehicles. TARDEC. The Wolf Claw creates a greater distance between a vehicle. and the mechanics platform. The QRC tracks and processes Joint Urgent Operational Needs Statements. delivers. The Wolf Claw has proven to be a highly effective tool for mitigating potential threats to Soldiers. TARDEC engineers designed 32 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . Cyclone Blower. which addresses the IED threat. and tested both the Wolf Collar and the Wolf Claw. PEOs and USMC. Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle Overhead Wire Mitigation (OWM) kit. The Wolf Claw kit is engineered with the flexibility to attach directly to a vehicle or roller bracket. The Wolf Collar is a roller-mounted set of chains and hooks designed for specific IED threats. field assistance Science and Technology teams worldwide and Army combat training centers. The QRC has played a pivotal role in developing several vital solutions for deployed Soldiers. NEXT-GENERATION SELF PROTECTED ADAPTIVE ROLLER KIT (SPARK) ROLLER The WNS group technology solutions also include the SPARK Vehicle Counter Measure Bracket (VCMB).DELIVER FOR THE WARFIGHTER The nature of TARDEC’s role is to be flexible and responsive. Wolf Claw and WIRE NEUTRALIZATION SYSTEM (WNS) As part of the WNS program. The enemies our Army is fighting against are always changing and adapting their methods. QUICK REACTION CELL (QRC) The QRC is TARDEC’s main point of entry for battlefield-related requests. The QRC is also managing requirements. Some 2009 QRC projects include: Wire Neutralization System (WNS). well-integrated solutions that save lives and protect Soldier equipment. provides technology vetting through TARDEC subjectmatter experts (SMEs).

One of our latest technologies is the Wolf Claw and Wolf Collar.) 33 . Army photo.Rhino attachments. (U. TARDEC works to develop the most advanced ground vehicle solutions for Soldiers. giving unit commanders optional tools to outfit their vehicles for missionspecific mobility requirements. shown here attached to the front of an MRAP on the battlefield. TARDEC’s VCMB development has largely improved Soldier and vehicle protection.S.

MRAP VEHICLE CAPABILITY INSERTION (CI) PROGRAM This ongoing initiative ensures new technology and equipment developed for MRAPs undergo a seamless integration process and provide enhanced capabilities. allows us to make significant contributions to vehicle development. Each year. (U. The CGVDI is the system’s integration lead for the program. combined with stateof-the-art laboratory.and fuel-efficiency targets. TARDEC associates are involved in an extraordinary number of projects in support of the PEOs. Army TARDEC graphic. PMs and ground vehicle community.R&D CASE STUDIES An ongoing Army challenge is to design a vehicle with the power. 34 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . The programs. protection and payload capabilities to address Soldiers’ modern battlefield operational requirements while also meeting energy. design and conceptualization. working to ensure these enhanced capabilities are integrated seamlessly into multiple MRAP vehicle variants. What follows is just a sampling of the type of work being done each and every day. initiatives and events highlighted showcase the wideranging scope of our expertise and capabilities.S. testing and simulation facilities.) thinking. TARDEC’s unique skills and abilities. The common thread they all share is that their success is due in large part to innovative The MRAP CI program’s goal is to develop integration kits for a suite of C4I equipment and three weapon station platforms. collaboration and a systems engineering perspective. The success of this program — a collaborative effort between Joint Program Management Office MRAP and the CGVDI — has led to increased leveraging of the design and integration capabilities of the CGVDI in support of a growing number of PMs for their technology insertion projects.

and data from the battlefield indicates the predominant cause is IED attacks. control. vehicular injuries to Soldiers are a significant concern. The data obtained from these simulations helps engineers integrate innovative solutions into their technical designs by making them more occupant-centric so that warfighters are provided with the best survivability solutions. The program’s goal is to develop integration kits for a suite of command. in some situations rupturing the vehicle floor or underbody. M&S tool that can evaluate the effects of underbody blasts on vehicle systems and allow better understanding of the injury risks to vehicle occupants as a result of the blast wave. UNDERBODY BLAST ANALYSIS TOOL One of TARDEC’s many analytical challenges during 2009 was to develop a state-of-the-art. The blast itself happens quickly with the entire vehicle exposed to a mine blast in less than 50 milliseconds. significant damage can occur. By merging existing database research with actual test site data. However. resulting in structural damage that can leave Soldiers exposed to accelerants and projectiles that may cause serious injury or fatality. Long-Range Advanced Scout Surveillance System and Objective Gunner’s Protection Kit — with the greatest degree of commonality across the MRAP fleet. analyze and reverse engineer the potential effects of blast events on vehicle systems and crew compartments.The CGVDI serves as the MRAP CI program’s systems integration lead for providing rapid assessment and integration expertise. The CGVDI. With the Nation in the midst of multiple overseas contingency operations (OCO). The blast wave and debris cause an enormous momentum transfer to the vehicle. which is currently one 35 . as the main kits developer. systems-level computational GROUND COMBAT VEHICLE (GCV) Advanced concepting and modeling work has provided signature capabilities for designing the GCV. The underbody blast analysis tool provides a versatile framework for analyzing multiple vehicle system designs prior to physical livefire testing of vehicle platforms. researchers can develop predictive algorithms through physics-based modeling to access. communications. regardless of the vehicle platform. in that short time. is responsible for the detailed design and integration of this diverse component set into all fielded MRAP variants. computers and intelligence (C4I) equipment and three weapon station platforms — the Remote Weapon Station.

components or subcomponents will work best across a vast operational spectrum. Creating a new military combat vehicle is an extensive and complex process. (U. through technology development and analysis. The GCV process started with a task force that was directed to determine requirements. power and mobility to determine which equipment. The biggest benefit we have gained from this program is an TARDEC is leading a collaborative effort to develop possible concepts for a fuel-efficient vehicle demonstrator. Finding the most effective design entails negotiating numerous compromises to determine the right configuration. TARDEC is leading a collaborative working group where SMEs from government.) 36 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . weight. TARDEC researchers work sideby-side with experts from the automotive and manufacturing sectors to develop new designs that integrate a wide variety of technologies to improve fuel efficiency without degrading overall vehicle performance. FUEL EFFICIENT GROUND VEHICLE DEMONSTRATOR (FED) PROGRAM Increasing fuel efficiency across the Army’s ground vehicle fleet is a major area of focus for our engineers. which aims to improve military vehicle technology by reducing fuel consumption on the battlefield. All of RDECOM participated in the initial work for the GCV and TARDEC’s contribution was using our systems engineering.of the Army’s most significant development challenges. In addition to its work on requirements. We assess the design concepts for transportability. and this type of analysis is where TARDEC’s resident expertise is most valuable. industry and academia come together to assess possible technologies. while developing innovative concepts and ideas.S. initiated by the Office of the Secretary of Defense. requiring the collaborative efforts of all of RDECOM in support of program owner PEO-I. Our work and experience in this area closely aligns with the FED program. scientists and technicians. TARDEC is continuing to play a significant role in support of RDECOM in the GCV development process. Army graphic. technology integration and analytical assessment capabilities to help shape achievable metrics based on key performance parameters early in requirements phase. and integrated advanced technology demonstrations.

and the results will help write the specifications for PM HBCT in their selection of an Abrams APU.increased understanding of fuelefficient design that we. fuel-efficient design. That results in a savings of two fuel tankers per day. TARDEC’s Fresh Water Treatment Facility at Selfridge Air National Guard Base (SANGB) in Michigan supported the Aberdeen Test Center in testing the LWPS. Army photo. USMC TACTICAL ICE MAKING MACHINE (TIMM) The USMC requested that TARDEC lead the TIMM effort 37 . USMC LIGHTWEIGHT WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEM (LWPS) TARDEC’s main focus is on ground vehicle systems for the Army. in turn. The FED program provides TARDEC a unique opportunity to enhance the Army’s position as a provider of optimized. Yuma Proving Ground. PM Heavy Brigade Combat Team (HBCT).S.) APU is a collaborative project between TARDEC. The The APU will help increase fuel efficiency by providing power to vehicles while stationary. The work we’ve done with the USMC on the LWPS is one such example. (U. but our engineering expertise means we are often called upon to work with other branches of the military on non-vehicle related projects. use to export to the enterprise to develop even better technologies for our warfighters. saving significant amounts of fuel. The APU has already undergone a series of tests. per brigade. Aberdeen Test Center and our industry partners. The APU fits under armor in the tank and can save 74 gallons of fuel per day in wartime. The APU is a TARDEC-led program that focuses on developing the means to provide auxiliary power to the Abrams tank while stationary in order to save fuel. which utilizes ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis technologies to provide 125 gallons per hour (GPH) of potable water from a freshwater source and 75 GPH from a saltwater source. The LWPS provides a safe water supply for deployed Soldiers. AUXILIARY POWER UNIT (APU) DEVELOPMENT Fuel efficiency is vital and can be improved exponentially when combined with other technologies TARDEC is developing along with our industry partners.

decreasing driver workload and fatigue. Conducting sustainment convoy operations is a crucial function and doing so safely in a variety of hostile environments requires measures that address enemy threats and protect Soldiers. Using a collaborative approach.S. The goal was to determine which robotic systems could best ease Soldiers’ operational develop a more ruggedized mobile ice machine to support Marines in the field. Army Integration Capabilities Center and TRADOC. The inspiration for the Robotics Rodeo was born from this process. These meetings then led to the development of a Robotics Strategy White Paper defining a strategy for military robotics. Navy’s Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center. withstanding storage temperatures of 60° C and able to be housed in a standard military transportation container. by using autonomous 38 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . the U. originated during a series of Robotics Innovation Workshops held by TARDEC. The rodeo. Operational requirements include producing 2.S. operating in ambient temperatures of 55° Celsius (C). CAST is an autonomous following system that eases some of these challenges by increasing crewmembers’ SA. CONVOY ACTIVE SAFETY TECHNOLOGIES (CAST) Intelligent and autonomous ground systems are having significant impact on the battlefield currently and will continue to do so in the future.S. This project is a joint development effort with the U. which took place in the summer of 2009.000 pounds of ice per day. TARDEC worked with the Army Research Laboratory’s (ARL ’s) Human Research Engineering Directorate and the U. and providing additional vehicle security or advance warning. Army Training and Doctrine Command’s (TRADOC’s) Combined Arms Support Command to develop CAST more quickly and ensure it underwent the most robust testing possible so that it would successfully address warfighters’ needs and Army operational and safety requirements. systems to allow Soldiers to focus on higher-level tasks. We thought of a new way to tie together material development (TARDEC) and Army Operations to build R&D. CAST — a Research and Development Achievement (RDA) Awards program recipient — has the potential to alleviate present-day convoy operation challenges. ROBOTICS RODEO A major 2009 event that helped move intelligent and autonomous ground systems forward was the first-ever Robotics Rodeo.

Army TARDEC photo. the people developing the technology and those writing the requirements needed to get those technologies to the field quickly.S. Soldiers learned about. is developing and maturing these technologies to benefit all unmanned platform mobility. TARDEC. subsystem and control development. advanced suspension and thermal management systems. TRADOC and III Corps. AUTONOMOUS PLATFORM DEMONSTRATOR (APD) The APD is a test platform used to assess vehicle electronics configurations before integration into the actual vehicle itself.) The event was designed to educate and inform key leaders and decision makers about available technology and how to potentially shorten the cycle for fielding robotic. and jointly hosted by TARDEC. The rodeo successfully brought together the technology. and the data gained from these tests will help refine Armed Robotic Vehicle System Design Document-level designs and provide design risk reduction for future platform requirements. 39 . The APD is a Robotic Vehicle Control Architecture integration platform and is helping engineers develop. along with its sister labs.The 2009 Robotics Rodeo was the first event to bring together the Soldiers using robotic technologies in the field with the people developing the requirements and technologies. tested and provided feedback and suggestions on ways to improve the technology. intelligent and autonomous ground vehicle systems. TX. Soldiers tested new technologies and provided feedback on how robotic systems could be improved. (U. The APD tests hybrid-electric drive. Observational data gathered during the event was compiled into a database that will provide crucial insights into the current state of technology and help TRADOC officials draft requirements so more of these technologies can be put in Soldiers’ hands. integrate and test the next generation of unmanned ground vehicle mobility technologies. Held at Fort Hood.

) 40 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . hosted with the National Defense Industrial Association’s (NDIA’s) Michigan Chapter. (U. industry and academia to discuss technological challenges. and brought together scientists and engineers from government. opportunities and potential solutions associated with ground vehicle R&D efforts. academia and other government agencies. such as investigating roadside debris that could be disguising an IED. The success of the first-ever GVSETS is a testament to how beneficial this approach can be to all involved.S. took place over three days in August 2009.GROUND VEHICLE SYSTEMS ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY SYMPOSIUM (GVSETS) By working with industry. TARDEC associates are able to gather information and ideas that help us better serve our warfighters. The event. This was the first time an event like this united the entire ground vehicle systems community. Army photo by Elizabeth Carnegie. Those in attendance learned about the latest developments in Robots are being used by Soldiers more than ever to help safely navigate the many dangers encountered on the battlefield.

ADVANCED BATTERY INITIATIVE The NAC’s work bringing together industry and government was key in the initial stages of TARDEC’s advanced battery initiative. which outlined existing technology gaps in the advanced energy storage field and made a detailed argument for a strong domestic manufacturing and supply base for advanced batteries. Based on those discussions. as well as future Army requirements in a number of technology fields. TARDEC hosted a Battery Summit that brought together military and industry representatives to discuss a strategic plan and near-term approach for developing advanced batteries that will provide greater energy storage capacity. As the Nation has become increasingly focused on finding ways to achieve energy independence. 41 . an Advanced Automotive Battery Initiative white paper was developed. fuel and propulsion solutions for the military’s ground vehicle fleet has taken on a greater sense of urgency and importance. In early and research. This symposium was unique in its broad focus and emphasis on the collaborative and innovative approach necessary to help Soldiers stay one step ahead in an era of persistent conflict. our work developing alternative energy.

S. We continuously search for new ways to help Soldiers complete their missions successfully and safely.) 42 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT .The warfighter is always the top priority of Ground Systems Enterprise partners. Army photo. (U.

We We s str strive tri ive to p ive pro provide rovi vid ide de t th these hese m hese men en a and nd dw wom women omen en with the technologies to accomplish their missions and make it home safely. hters rs. industry and academia to achieve our goals. We work with numerous collaborative partners in government. This is a massive effort. 43 . making TARDEC a system within a system-of-systems.TARDEC IS A SYSTEM TA WITHIN A SYSTEM-OF-SYSTEMS First First Firs t an and df fore foremost. we s ser serve erve ve w war warfi arfi figh ghte ghters. and we cannot do it alone. oremo most st.

One was for the MEAP AoA Kit. the Army’s largest technology developer. Schoenfeld and then-RDECOM CG MG Paul Izzo look on. which safeguards Soldiers against IEDs and EFPs. as well as PEO-I and PEO Land Systems (USMC). Scott E. Transform — we will continue to provide scientific and engineering expertise for manned and unmanned ground support systems. Reset. The PEOs provide our Soldiers with all the equipment and support materials they need to be successful. We are proud to be a part of this collaborative enterprise which manages the most diverse portfolio in the Army. Moving forward with RDECOM to support the Army’s imperative — Prepare. We are a part of RDECOM. the ILSC. we are the Army’s system engineers. (U.S. Grace Bochenek (second from left). RDECOM is the Army’s organic RD&E team. and DOD PEOs and PMs. which includes the TACOM LCMC. sustaining the Army’s dominance and preparing new technology solutions for future challenges. We work closely with the PEOs to provide RD&E expertise throughout an item’s life cycle. Sustain. RDECOM is transforming Army RD&E by focusing the talents of its thousands of scientists and engineers on the technology that impacts the Army the most. As working members of the Materiel Enterprise. and to serve as the knowledge center for TARDEC was fortunate enough to have two of its technologies win Army’s Greatest Invention Awards in 2009. while TARDEC Director Dr. and integrating technological systems across the battlefield. As the ground systems integration lead for DOD.WORKING WITHIN THE DOD ground vehicle systems. RDECOM and its Technology Focus Teams. we work with the organizations that comprise the Ground Systems Enterprise. from tanks and armored vehicles to force sustainment systems and bridging.) 44 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . We directly support our TACOM LCMC partners PEO GCS and PEO CS &CSS. TRADOC. Army photo by Carolyn Baum. ARL Armor Mechanics Branch Chief Dr. MEAP AoA Team Leader Debbie DiCesare (center) receives the AGI award from Army Materiel Command Deputy CG LTG James Pillsbury (far left) during the awards ceremony.

Army Industrial Base Process. including members from the PEOs. a nearly $2 million contract was awarded to Michigan-based Automation Alley to help find ways to fill these shortages. which supports all TACOM LCMC equipment and supporting organizations by identifying. Army Materiel Command (AMC) and DOD for DMSMS issues. These studies are largely qualitative and lack a comprehensive view of the interrelations of issues and constraints within the industrial base and across the fleet. and providing documentation and coordination across the TACOM LCMC. coordinating and resolving industrial base issues. DMSMS occurs when a manufacturer discontinues or reduces production of a needed part below the quantity required by DOD. The process is based on optimized simulations of relevant scenarios 45 . providing engineering support for TACOM LCMC depots and arsenals. aging and battle-damaged equipment. INDUSTRIAL BASE WORKLOAD LEVELING The workload leveling project is a collaborative effort amongst the TACOM LCMC IBIT. The current process to analyze the industrial base’s capabilities is limited to narrowly focused. requirements. a multiobjective model will be developed using optimization and simulation to predict system performance based on key metrics such as post. TARDEC and Automation Alley to collaborate to find replacement parts for ground vehicle platforms at a time when LCMC managers are seeking maximum support options for worn. An analytical process will be established to support this model and to institutionalize data collection and further develop expertise within the LCMC for industrial base health analysis. In September 2009. reflecting changing demands and resources in support of Army Regulation 700-90. The contract allows the TACOM LCMC. while the commercial industrial base deals with repercussions from the economic downturn. RDECOM. The project’s goal is to institutionalize a quantitative analytical process utilizing a skilled organization within the LCMC to provide input for industrial base leadership decisions for workload allocation. labor-intensive case studies completed by SMEs. To achieve IBIT’s goal. with support from Sandia National Laboratories. ILSC and TARDEC. throughput. cycle time and utilization to obtain recommended solutions.ENGINEERING CASE STUDIES DIMINISHING MANUFACTURING SOURCES AND MATERIAL SHORTAGES (DMSMS) PROGRAM This program is part of our Industrial Base Integration Team (IBIT).

the TARDEC liaison builds a collaborative partnership to increase efficiency. Providing an on-site engineer increases collaborative opportunities to assist with issues and proposed resolutions. In 2009.) 46 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . product quality and overall effectiveness to Our Soldiers are part of the most sustainable. logistics (ILSC) and technology (TARDEC) pieces in support of the ground systems industrial base. VALUE ENGINEERING Value Engineering (VE) is a systematic effort to analyze the functions of goods. The work performed by the VE team resulted in savings of more than $400 million — the largest savings performance in AMC history. survivable and lethal fighting force on Earth. products and services to ensure required functions are achieved at the lowest possible costs. (U. The IBIT brings together the acquisition (PEO).support the Army’s manufacturing and remanufacturing needs. Army photo. the TACOM LCMC VE Team was honored by both DOD and AMC for its achievements in using VE methodology to help reduce costs. By leveraging IBIT. supports the day-to-day depot mission and establishes working partnerships that bridge communication gaps. It enhances the LCMC’s ability to meet strategic goals and objectives while adding value for the warfighter. The entire Ground Systems Enterprise is dedicated to making sure that never changes. DEPOT LIAISON PROGRAM The program creates synergies and aligns engineering functions among the different areas within the TACOM LCMC and depot communities. The liaison program fosters improved communication.S.

) 47 . provided an opportunity for TARDEC to display the latest advancements in ground vehicle systems to the public.S. Army TARDEC photo by Chris Williams. The event’s theme. The International MXT-MVA (Military Vehicle-Armored). Southeast Michigan is the headquarters and R&D hub for our Nation’s domestic automotive industry and is also home to some of the top engineering schools in the world. (U. MI. Memorial Day Parade. Events such as Robotics Engineering and Technology Week provide an opportunity to introduce middle and high school students to technology-based careers through interactive demonstrations with current and future robotic systems. Many of the world’s preeminent science and engineering minds come to Michigan to study and develop intellectually. appears in the Dearborn. Patriotism: Past and Present. WORKING WITHIN OUR COMMUNITY Our location in southeast Michigan is critical to TARDEC’s success. armored wheeled vehicle platform designed to provide enhanced ballistics and blast protection against IEDs.OUTREACH TARDEC participates in numerous initiatives geared toward encouraging young people to take an interest in science and engineering. an all-terrain.

TARDEC associates have mentored FIRST teams for the past 10 years. A TARDEC IGS engineer meets with a group of elementary school students to discuss some of TARDEC’s intelligent and autonomous ground systems and the ways in which they can help Soldiers. (U. engages in several hands-on robotics-related competitions for both college and high school students. and experimentation to real-world scenarios. In the For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology (FIRST) competition. pairing military ground vehicle systems and the automotive industry is a logical approach. Army TARDEC photo. We have taken a leading role in the eCYBERMISSION program. regional and. TARDEC associates reach out to young people not only through TARDEC as an organization.At a time when Michigan is looking for ways to diversify commercially and attract technology leaders. such as the Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition (IGVC) where teams of undergraduate and graduate students compete in outdoor robotics competitions designed to apply classroom instruction TARDEC participates in a variety of outreach opportunities aimed at encouraging young people to take an active interest in the fields of science and engineering. math and technology competition ENGAGING THE NEXT GENERATION The JCR.) 48 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . but individually through their respective communities. Developing a defense industry corridor allows access to vast amounts of automotive and engineering expertise and offers the Ground Systems Enterprise the potential to continue developing advanced technologies to support warfighters for years to come. in particular. teams of high school students and their science and engineering mentors spend six weeks building the robots from a parts kit before competing against other FIRST teams at the local. This important initiative provides the chance to build solid relationships with students and emphasize the important role robotics play in everyday life.S. potentially. national levels. Web-based science. which is a free.

For 2009. Students who successfully complete the program have the opportunity to convert to the SCEP .000 in educational scholarships. 234 college students from 44 different schools applied to be part of TARDEC’s SCEP . One of our engineers mentored a team from a Detroit inner-city middle school on a project that used data to support the design of a new bridge and tunnel across the Detroit River between Detroit and Windsor. and a total of 14 Summer Hire students were converted to the SCEP last year. Through TARDEC’s Summer Hire and Student Career Educational Programs (SCEP).) 49 . Army photo. scientists and technicians. TARDEC hired 23 of those students in FY09. Additionally.for students in the sixth through ninth grades. Ontario. Jim Overholt. TARDEC recruits the best student engineers and scientists that academia has to offer for its Co-Op Program. 20 students were selected for the Summer Hire Program from the 176 applicants. high school and college students are exposed to cutting-edge technologies and engage in real-life engineering challenges in TARDEC labs and facilities. Robots in Action: (above from left:) NDIA member Jerry Lane. (U. We also offer young men and women the opportunity to get hands-on experience in science and engineering. where they work alongside top researchers. Bob Kania. JCR Director Dr. Through the eCYBERMISSION program students have been able to earn more than $60. and 68 were selected. Canada. Participants engage in real-life engineering problems that support current and future missions.S. Phil Frederick. The competition gives students the opportunity to see real-life applications for math and technology. and 20 were converted to interns. then TARDEC Associate Director for IGS Jeff Jaster and TARDEC Engineer Bernie Theisen observe the action at the 2009 IGVC at Oakland University. The JCR works to promote robotics technology by working with groups such as the NDIA and through academic outreach events like the IGVC.

numerous other industry and government workshops every year. innovators and integrators. symposia and workshops. Sometimes a simple conversation at an event will spark a more indepth business relationship. in addition to attending. *For more information about the many ways in which businesses can work with TARDEC. TARDEC has well-developed partnerships in place throughout the Ground Systems Enterprise and LCMC. brought together leaders from a number of fields to discuss issues important to the Nation’s future. These partnerships are a two-way street. Perhaps most importantly. which was hosted by the Detroit Economic Club. from sharing information to the use of our labs and facilities.PARTNERING WITH INDUSTRY AND ACADEMIA Collaboration is key to much of what TARDEC does. the National Summit. 2009. resources and solutions that are most beneficial to the military. TARDEC draws upon as many different viewpoints as possible to leverage ideas and resources beneficial to the military and TARDEC partners to produce the best technologies. professional and nonprofit organizations. 50 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . As leaders. see Appendix B. and we assist our partners — be they companies or colleges — in a wide-variety of ways. INDUSTRY Seeking out the best partnership opportunities is one reason why TARDEC participates in so many events during the year. TARDEC associates are a key conduit for connecting a wide variety of industry. TARDEC also takes part in the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) annual conference and Association of the United States Army events. Our work with colleges and universities raises awareness of the good work we do at TARDEC and the potential high-tech careers offered by the Army and federal government. June 15-17 . We draw upon outside expertise and experience to leverage ideas. For example. TARDEC maintains and cultivates a number of different types of partnerships throughout the ground vehicle community and beyond through a variety of engagements. ACADEMIA TARDEC engineers and scientists often engage directly with academia when working on specific technologies as the benefits of these types of collaborations extend beyond problem solving and include the opportunity to inspire the next generation of engineers and scientists. Value comes from meeting face-to-face and discussing how each side can best help the other. academic. and hosting. This was an opportunity for TARDEC to learn what it can do to help keep the country moving forward and to engage in discussions with potential partners.

TARDEC is able to reach out to universities and industry to troubleshoot specific M&S problems and hold seminars to reach solutions.S. is the U. These partnerships are crucial as they often result in joint industry-university programs that resolve fundamental questions on technologies. As part of its continuing partnership with Lawrence Tech. and TARDEC is always open to what other perspectives may offer. TARDEC has engaged members of organizations around the world from countries such as Chile and Germany. there is always the potential to learn from other nations. this time of multiple overseas contingency operations. TARDEC will be able to use the chamber to test the robustness of vehicle components used for attachment methods for vehicle access. a consortium of seven universities led by the University of Michigan. INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION A necessary part of research involves reaching out to other organizations and businesses. such as International Exchange Agreements that support single country-to-country initiatives and work with the North American Treaty Organization. In summer 2009. the Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and TARDEC. Through the ARC. The CIMR was constructed through partnerships with Lawrence Tech. which allows engagement with many different countries. Portugal and Israel. Army Center for Excellence for ground vehicle M&S. TARDEC had partnerships or agreements with 45 universities from across the country and a total of 134 projects. The Automotive Research Center (ARC). The ARC is researching the development of a flexible distributed simulation and design environment for ground vehicles that will allow simulation tasks to be tailored to required applications and design needs. Several mechanisms are in place to foster these international efforts. which at times means looking beyond the United States’ borders to ensure TARDEC is making the right connections and pursuing the right partnership opportunities. In 51 .In FY09. Lawrence Technological University’s Center for Innovative Materials Research (CIMR) constructed an environmental chamber with a federal grant.

such as alumni associations. as evidenced by zero findings of nonconformance for the third consecutive year in our annual International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 14001 Environmental Management System Surveillance Audit. and the funds raised support eligible nonprofit groups that provide health and human services throughout the United States and the world. TARDEC actively supports the Combined Federal Campaign.GIVING BACK We place high value on being socially responsible to our surrounding communities. the Engineering Society of Detroit. the NDIA. As an organization. As TARDEC’s capabilities continue to grow. ISO 14001 is an internationally accepted standard designed to address the delicate balance between maintaining a business and reducing environmental impact. TARDEC associates take great pride in their commitment to the environment. the world’s largest annual workplace charity campaign. Our associates are able to donate to the campaign. and we believe strongly in making those communities better places to live and work. SAE and other professional or fraternal organizations. Many of our associates engage in volunteer activities with worthwhile organizations related to their work. 52 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . our focus on environmental efforts will keep pace with the organization’s growth.

S. industry. We intend to build on the momentum we have achieved and continue working toward even greater technological developments in the years ahead. At TARDEC we never forget that the work we do is always to better serve the warfighter. By working together. We will never lose sight of our mission as we deliver on the promise to develop.) 53 . As our warfighters contend with irregular forces in an era of persistent conflict. government and academia must work together to rapidly adapt existing technologies to develop tomorrow’s solutions. Army photo. By continuing to work across industry lines. we can achieve our collective goals and objectives quickly. our corporate and community goals remain the same — to provide our warfighters with the most advanced ground vehicle technology and engineering solutions imaginable. we can deliver the next technological advances that provide cutting-edge capabilities at minimal cost. There’s a lot at stake and we must be up to the challenge. It is our responsibility to develop the advanced ground vehicle technologies that will help them successfully complete their missions and return home safely. Every day our associates and collaborative partners execute the promise — improve Current Force effectiveness and provide superior capabilities for Future Force integration.CONCLUSION As TARDEC and its Ground Systems Enterprise partners look forward to 2010 and beyond. (U. Our systems engineering approach will become more deeply integrated into every facet of our organization as we work with our partners to accelerate development and fielding cycles. integrate and sustain the right technology solutions for all manned and unmanned DOD ground and combat support systems.

) 54 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . We will continue developing the well integrated technology solutions our Soldiers need to be successful in any environment under any and all operational conditions. our focus is always the same — provide warfighters with the most advanced ground vehicle technology and engineering solutions imaginable.Regardless what takes place during the course of a given year.S. Army photo. (U.


APPENDIX A TARDEC LABORATORIES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Analysis and Prototype Fabrication Center M1A2 Abrams SIL MRAP SIL P&E SIL Pervasive Computing Lab Petroleum and Water Business Area Water Treatment Test Facility (SANGB. . Building 350) Physical Prototyping Lab Pintle Motion Base Simulator (part of the GVSL) Powerwall (part of the IVE Lab) Propulsion System Component Test Cells and Labs Reconfigurable Automatic Virtual Environment (part of the IVE Lab) Reconfigurable N-Post Simulator (part of the GVSL) Ride Motion Simulator (part of the GVSL) Robotics SIL and Vehicle Bay Signature Management Field Testing Equipment Signature Management Virtual Design and Fabrication Labs Single-Cylinder Engine Research Test Cell and Lab Steady-State Vehicle Evaluation Test Cell and Lab Steady/Transient-State Hybrid-Electric Propulsion Evaluation Test Cell and Lab Surrogate Instrumented Mine Capability 56 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GSPEL (to be completed in 2011) GVSL Synthetic Environment High Performance Computing Center IGS Vehicle High Bay Intelligent Mobility/Robotics Lab Intelligent SIL Light Weight Materials Test. . . . . . . . . . . . FACILITIES AND TEST EQUIPMENT . . . Advanced Collaborative Environments Lab (part of the Immersive Virtual Environment (IVE) Lab) Advanced Concepts Lab Air Flow/Coolant System Component Evaluation Lab Battery Technology Evaluation Lab Cave Automatic Virtual Environment Center Guide Wear Research Computer-Based Applications (part of the Ground Vehicle Simulation Lab (GVSL)) Countermine Testing Complex Facility Crew Station/Turret Motion Base Simulator (part of the GVSL) Design and Digital Mock-up Lab Dynamic Structural Load Simulator Lab Electric Components Evaluation Lab Electronics and Prototyping Lab Embedded Simulation Lab Environmental Heat Management Chamber and Lab Flexible Steady-State/Transient Vehicle Evaluation Test Cell and Lab Frequency Doubler and Tripler Fuel Equipment Test Lab Fuels and Lubricants Research Facility and Lab Fuels and Lubricants Vehicle Filter Test Equipment Fuels and Powertrain Lubricants Lab Full Pitch Track Bushing Research Grease and Fluid Lab . . . .

mil/testing. The 57 . . and then provide feedback on the information submitted. which provides a wide range of services and augments our existing capabilities. we can pursue unlimited opportunities. . This process facilitates dialogue and prospective partnerships with industry. . creating opportunities for businesses to work with our omnibus partners. industry and In 2009. we completed our first 5-year omnibus contract. T-130 Track Bushing Research Test Sites: – New Mexico Tech. SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH (SBIR) PROGRAM The SBIR Program ensures the representation of small businesses in federal R&D initiatives. groundvehiclegateway. . . . GVG technologists log. please visit: http://tardec. Energetic Materials Research Technical Center Track Pad Abrasive Test Track Pad Blowout Test Vehicle Inertia Properties Evaluation Rig (part of the GVSL) Visual Perception Lab Water Quality and Water Test Cell Labs For more information about our lab facilities.APPENDIX B .com. . The search for potential military technologies begins with the Ground Vehicle Gateway (GVG). please visit: https://tardec. For more information about contacting us through the GVG. academia and other government organizations that submit proposals. an online portal that assists in identifying new technologies by forwarding inquiries or proposals directly to our researchers. most advanced and safest vehicles possible. By working with small businesses.aspx DOING BUSINESS WITH TARDEC We are always interested in discovering new ideas and technologies to help ensure Soldiers have the best-performing. track and evaluate ideas.

For this program. Each party is responsible for its own efforts. and a partner may negotiate for exclusive licenses for government inventions.000 based on the phase reached. such as personnel. services. The program has three phases. One SBIR Program example resides in our Nondestructive Testing/Nondestructive Evaluation (NDT/NDE) and patent and intellectual property rights belong to the inventor. TARDEC’s industry partner on this project developed the mm wave scanning technology and trained TARDEC associates. a CRADA can be in place within 60 days of inception. please visit: The government is granted a royalty-free license for partner inventions under the CRADA for governmental purposes. academic or nonprofit partners to facilitate technology transfer between the parties for the benefit of all involved. 58 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT . property and funding. the partner organization may contribute resources. CRADAs provide an excellent opportunity for combining the R&D efforts of partner organizations and the military toward a common objective. Partners are given the opportunity to own the rights to joint inventions.aspx. please visit: http://tardec. A CRADA is easy to establish with a straightforward contract section and mutually drafted Statement of Work. Topics go through a rigorous review process. Typically. The scanner detects defects and splits in composite materials’ layers that engineers wouldn’t ordinarily expect or be able to discern. beginning at the local level and concluding with a final selection board at the DOD level. For more information about our CRADA program. PMs and NDT/NDE laboratory engineers.program’s goal is to tap into small businesses’ innovation and creativity to help meet the Army’s R&D objectives and develop technologies. the lab obtained a millimeter (mm) wave handheld scanning imager. Through the program. COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENT (CRADA) PROGRAM CRADAs are established between federal laboratories and commercial. to the effort while the government may contribute all of those items except funding. Under a CRADA. Since no funds may flow from the government to the partner organization. competition issues are set to $730. products and software that can be commercialized through sales in the private sector or to the government. and selected projects can receive anywhere from $70. For more information about our SBIR Program. our scientists and engineers develop topics that address technology needs.

Analysis.APPENDIX C ACRONYM LIST AoA Add-on-Armor APD Autonomous Platform APU ARC ARL C CASSI CAST CG CGVDI CI CRADA DMSMS DOD DOE EFP FED FIRST FY GCV GPH GSPEL Demonstrator Auxiliary Power Unit Automotive Research Center Army Research Laboratory Celsius Concepts. System Simulation and Integration Convoy Active Safety Technologies Commanding General Center for Ground Vehicle Design and Integration capability insertion Cooperative Research and Development Agreement Diminishing Manufacturing Sources and Material Shortages Department of Defense Department of Energy explosively formed penetrator Fuel Efficient ground vehicle Demonstrator For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology Fiscal Year Ground Combat Vehicle gallons per hour Ground Systems Power and Energy Laboratory GVG GVPM GVSETS GVSL HBCT IBIT IED IGS IGVC ILSC ISO IVE JCR LCMC LWPS M&S MEAP MEDC MM MRAP NAC NDIA Ground Vehicle Gateway Ground Vehicle Power and Mobility Ground Vehicle Systems Engineering and Technology Symposium Ground Vehicle Simulation Lab Heavy Brigade Combat Team Industrial Base Integration Team improvised explosive device Intelligent Ground Systems Intelligent Ground Vehicle Competition Integrated Logistics Support Center International Standards Organization Immersive Virtual Environment Joint Center for Robotics Life Cycle Management Command Lightweight Water Purification System modeling and simulation MRAP Expedient Armor Program Michigan Economic Development Corporation millimeter Mine Resistant Ambush Protected National Automotive Center National Defense Industrial Association 59 .

development. Development and Engineering Command RDT&E research. Development and Engineering Center Tactical Ice Making Machine Training and Doctrine Command U. development and engineering RDA Research and Development Achievement RDECOM Research.S. testing and engineering RS JPO Robotic Systems Joint Program Office SA situational awareness SANGB Selfridge Air National Guard Base SBA Small Business Administration SBIR Small Business Innovation Research SIL SME SPARK TARDEC TIMM TRADOC USMC VCMB VEA WNS Systems Integration Laboratory subject-matter expert Self Protected Adaptive Roller Kit Tank Automotive Research.NDT/NDE nondestructive testing/ nondestructive evaluation OCO overseas contingency operations OWM Overhead Wire Mitigation P&E power and energy PEO Program Executive Office PEO CS&CSS Program Executive Office Combat Support and Combat Service Support PEO GCS Program Executive Office Ground Combat Systems PEO-I Program Executive Office Integration PM Program Manager QRC Quick Reaction Cell R&D research and development RD&E research. Marine Corps Vehicle Counter Measure Bracket Vehicle Electronics and Architecture Wire Neutralization System 60 TARDEC 2009 ANNUAL REPORT .

com PEO Land Systems (USMC) TARDEC TARDEC SBIR Information peolandsystems/ OASA(ALT) https://www. Army SBIR and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs ARMY MATERIEL COMMAND PEO GCS ARCIC TARDEC CRADA Information http://tardec.aspx 61 .mil/ TRADOC ILSC RDECOM TARDEC’s GVG PEO CS&CSS D USEFUL WEBSITES ARMY PEO-I https://www.html RS JPO TACOM LCMC DOD SBIR and Small Business Technology Transfer Programs and Topic Postings http://www.

Army TARDEC 6501 MI 48397-5000 TARDEC Web site TARDEC’s Ground Vehicle Gateway https://tardec. #20928 . 11 Mile Road RDTA Warren. Approved for public UNCLASSIFIED: Dist A.groundvehiclegateway.U.