PROJECT REPORT ON

POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT FOR EXPORT OF POMEGRANATE IN MAHARASHTRA
AT MAHARASHTRA STATE AGRICULTURE MARKETING BOARD, PUNE.

By
Mr. AMOL KONDIBHAU DHULGAND (Regn. No. 09/290)

Submitted to

MAHATMA PHULE KRISHI VIDYAPEETH, RAHURI, DISTRICT- AHMEDNAGAR (MS)

In partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of

MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (AGRICULTURE)

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, PUNE- 411 005

(2010)

POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT FOR EXPORT OF POMEGRANATE IN MAHARASHTRA.
A Project Report submitted to the

MAHATMA PHULE KRISHI VIDYAPEETH, RAHURI, DISTRICT – AHMEDNAGAR, (MAHARASHTRA)
In partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of

MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (AGRICULTURE)
By Mr. Amol Kondibhau Dhulgand (Regd. No. 09/ 290) Approved by Advisory Committee

Dr. B. N. Pawar Project Guide Asstt. Professor and Course Coordinator Master of Business Administration (Agri.) College of Agriculture, Pune.

Prof. N. K. Kale Asstt. Professor, Agril. Economics, College of Agriculture, Pune.

Dr. R. K. Rahane Professor, Master of Business Administration,(Agri) College of Agriculture Pune.

Master of Business Administration (Agri.), COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, PUNE- 411 005 (Maharashtra) (2010)

CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY

This is to certify that the project entitled ‘Post harvest management for export of pomegranate in Maharashtra’ is an original work of the student and is being submitted in partial fulfilment for the award of degree in Master of Business Administration (Agri.) of Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth Rahuri- 413 722, District- Ahmednagar. This report has not been submitted earlier either to this University or any other University/ Institution for the fulfilment of the requirement of a course of study.

Mr. A.K. Dhulgand

Dr. B. N. Pawar
Project Guide, Asstt. Professor and Course Coordinator, Master of Business Administration,(Agri.) College of Agriculture, Pune-5

(09/290)
Student

Place: Pune Date: / /2010

Place: Pune Date: / /2010

.

The suggestions made by the Evaluation Committee are incorporated in this project draft.(Agri.) College of Agriculture.N. District–Ahmednagar (Maharashtra). Pune-5 CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the Project entitled ‘‘Post harvest Management for Export of Pomegranate in Maharashtra’ submitted to the Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth. in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION(AGRICULTURE) embodies the results of a piece of bonafide work carried out by Mr. Project Guide. The assistance and the help rendered during the training period have been duly acknowledged. Pawar) . B. Pawar. Master of Business Administration. 09/290) under my guidance and that no part of the project work has been submitted for any other degree or diploma. No. Date: / / 2010 (B. Asstt. Professor and Course Coordinator. Rahuri. N.Dr. Place: Pune. Amol Kondibhau Dhulgand (Regn.

Pune and that no part of the Project has been submitted for any other degree or diploma. B.R. Date: / /2010 (B. Professor of Master of Business Administration (Agri). Place: Pune.’ submitted to the Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth. Rahuri. Pawar. B.Dr. Pune-5 CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the Project entitled ‘POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT FOR EXPORT OF POMEGRANATE IN MAHARASHTRA. No. College of Agriculture.) . College of Agriculture. Dist. Amol Kondibhau Dhulgand (Regn.R. 09/290) under the guidance of Dr. Asstt. Ulmek. N.-Ahmednagar (Maharashtra) for award of the degree of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (AGRICULTURE) embodies the results of a piece of bonafide Project carried out by Mr. Ulmek Associate Dean.

Professor of Agril. R. Dr. Pune. College of Agriculture Pune for their valuable suggestions and guidance during the course of project work. I am sincerely thanks to the members of Advisory Committee viz. This report. Sham Patil. N. Patil (Public Relation and Publicity. unending benevolence and constant encouragement during the course of summer project. I owe a great deal to Master of Business Administration (Agriculture) for laying the building blocks of logic and pragmatism in my life. Pawar. Professor of Agril. I would also like to thank. Mr. Deputy General Manager. M. for their guidance and support. Economics. [Jalochi. Mr. Karkeli. for his inspiring and affectionate guidance. S. S. I feel my immense pleasure in expressing my sincere and profound sense of gratitude to the Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board.Shinde. Mukund Phale. Asso. Baramati and Indapur] MSAMB.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This acknowledgement is not merely a catalogue of names but an expression of deep sense of gratitude to all those who helped me in undertaking this project work on ‘Post harvest management for export of pomegranate in Maharashtra’. . Sangle. Rahane. B. College of Agriculture Pune. Master of Business Administration (Agri. Professor. Pune” I also express my gratitude towards Mr. K. Santosh Patil. Mr. R.Sachin Kharmale.Economics. I am also thankful to Prof. Associate Professor of Agril. Pawar Asstt. Kale Asstt. Ulmek Associate Dean. Pune especially for his inspiring and affectionate guidance. Profesor Agril. B. Mr. P. S. MSAMB. N. It is my pleasure to express my deep gratitude towards Dr. General Manager and Mr. Shendage. N. I express my heartfelt thanks to my Project Guide Dr. Ajay Kudale. Mr. Professor and Course Coordinator of Master of Business Administration (Agriculture) Pune. N. M. in a way is a reflection of these values. Economics and Prof.) and Prof. P. incharge of Pomegranate Eexport Facility Centre. Pune and Mr. officer) for providing me an opportunity to do a very challenging and satisfying project in such an organization like “Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board.Chavan. Dr. Statistics. Waghmare Asstt. K. Mr. College of Agriculture Pune. B. constant encouragement and constructive attention during the course of my project work. Mr. G. Managing Director.Jitendra Jagtap (HDO). I sincerely thank to my Project Supervisor Mr. N.

patience. where I am today. constant inspiration. expectations of my efforts and emotional support lifted my spirits through their constant encouragement and they are just after the GOD who brought me. Place: Pune Date: / / 2010 Amol Kondibhau Dhulgand. I would never forget my friends who helped me to realize my own potential. . who gave me the knowledge about the creator of the universe and my relation with him and all of my family members whose boundless love. I extend my gratitude to all Pomegranate growers and Pomegranate exporters for being their cooperation during my tenure of the project. sacrifices.Last but not the least.

METHODOLOGY 2.TABLE OF CONTENTS Sr.2 Global scenario of pomegranate 1.3 Collection of data and data requirement 2.5 Objectives of study 1.No. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 3.1 Profile of MSAMB 3.3 Profile of exporters 3.6 Scope of study 1. INTRODUCTION 1.7 Limitation of study 2.3 Indian scenario of pomegranate 1. Certificate of Originality Certificate of Industry Certificate of Project Guide Certificate of Associate Dean Acknowledgement EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1.2 Selection of sample 2.4 Quality parameters required for export of pomegranate Title Certificate of Advisory Committee Page I II III IV V VI VIII-XI 1-11 1 3 5 10 10 10 11 12-13 12 12 12 13 14-48 14 21 27 31 .1 Importance of pomegranate 1.4 Importance of study 1.1 Selection of study area 2.2 Profile of sample growers 3.4 Analysis of data 3.

10 Conclusions 3.8 SWOT Analysis for export of fresh pomegranates 3.3.11 Suggestions REFERENCES 34 36 38 44 46 47 48 I APPENDIX.6 Problems faced by farmers during export of pomegranate 3.7 Facilities provided by MSAMB for pomegranate export 3.I To IV ii to xiv VITA .5 Logistics management adopted by the pomegranate exporters 3.9 Findings 3.

3 3. Quantity of Pomegranate exported from Export Facility Centre.10 3. Pomegranate producing countries in the world.9 Quantity of pomegranate exported from Export Facility Centre. (Baramati) Dist – Pune 23 28 29 31 35 36 39 13 3. 40 40 16 3.No. production and productivity of pomegranate in India Harvest pattern in leading pomegranate growing states.11 Pomegranate Export Facility Centre.12 Awareness about different export facilities and benefit availed by pomegranate growers 42 .2 3.6 3.7 3.1 1. Indapur. Jalochi.8 Distribution of sample farmers Grading based on size and colour Export specifications of different countries Logistics cost for pomegranate export to UK Problems faced by exporters Problems faced by growers for export of pomegranate Pomegranate Export Facility Centre.LIST OF TABLES Sr. of pomegranate Arils.4 3.3 1. Jalochi. Export Zones in Maharashtra and implementing agencies Page 3 4 5 9 20 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 3. Agri. Indapur Dist-Pune.1 Title of the table Nutritional value per 100gm. 1.4 3. 39 14 15 3. 1 2 3 4 5 Table No.5 3. (2005) State-wise area .2 1.

Education level of sample farmers Distribution of growers according to pomegranate varieties Bahar taken by farmers in study area Knowledge level of sample farmers Value chain in logistics management for export of pomegranate to U.5 3.1 3.7 30 .K Page 6 18 22 23 5 3.6 25 26 8 3. Organization structure of MSAMB Pune Map indicating study area.2 3.LIST OF CHART/MAPS Sr. 1 2 3 4 Chart/Map Title of the Figure No.No.4 24 6 7 3.3 Major pomegranate growing area in Maharashtra. 1.1 3.

Netherlands. The varieties viz. BY MR. Professor and Course Coordinator. It is cultivated on an area of 93. MSAMB. irradiation treatment for killing insect and pest. Aurangabad. Pune. packaging. The study concerned to “Post Harvest Management for Export of pomegranate” was very important in order to. Sangli. Pomegranates are commercially cultivated in Solapur.) College of Agriculture. PAWAR. Ganesh and Arakata cultivated in Maharashtra are suitable for export purposes. Asstt. Importance of study Pomegranate is an important fruit crop of Maharashtra. Within Maharashtra. Europe. AMOL KONDIBHAU DHULGAND (Regd. Germany and UAE. For that. Master of Business Administration. proper distribution facility for minimisation of losses during post harvest process. Dhule. thereby leading in Pomegranate production in the country. Pune. know the post harvest management techniques in pomegranate. B.N. PUNE-5 2010 Project Guide: Department : Dr.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY POST HARVEST MANEGMENT FOR EXPORT OF POMEGRANATE IN MAHARSHTRA. grading.500 ha with a total production of 6.01. export to Europe. No. production of Pomegranate is mainly concentrated in the Western Maharashtra region and the Marathwada region. Pune is one of the main exports promoting organizations for pomegranate. 09/290) A candidate for the degree Of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (AGRICULTURE) COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE. Germany and UAE are the main pomegranate importers of pomegranate from Maharashtra. Nashik. . Osmanabad and Latur districts. storage. it is required to understand the desired post harvest treatments for disease free fruits. Satara. Ahmednagar. Netherlands. etc.(Agri.500 MTs producing about 85 per cent of the total Indian production.

3) In U. Questionnaire was designed as a research instrument to gather the data. Two types of questionnaires were designed for collecting the data from pomegranate growers and pomegranate exporters. lusters and diseases free fruits are preferred by importers. were selected purposively. 3. 30 pomegranate growers. Pune for pomegranate export. 2. To study the various export facilities provided by MSAMB. and graphs. the fruits size of 300 – . boxes) are preferred. Netherlands and Germany markets.10 Findings 1) Maharashtra is the leading state in area.K. Data were collected by personal interviews. Primary data were collected from 30 sample farmers. The results were presented in pie charts. and Man tahsil of Satara district. To study the logistics management adopted by the exporters in export of pomegranate. Pune and APEDA. In all. 4. To study the problems faced by farmers during export of pomegranate. whereas in the Middle East countries. who have exported their produce during the year 2008-09. 2) Shape and size of fruits. The secondary data were obtained from the office of Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board. production of pomegranate. 3. To study the quality parameters for export of pomegranate to different countries. spread over in Baramati and Indapur tahsils of Pune districts. The collected data were analysed with the help of simple statistical techniques like percentage and averages. Methodology The research approach used was the purposive survey. The Internet sources were also tapped for requisite information. the pomegranate fruits having size 250 -300 gm with red colour fruits of Bhagva and Ganesh varieties (packed in 3 kg. colours.Objectives 1. but the productivity of pomegranate in Maharashtra is very less as compared with other states.

(farmers field to the ports) the major item of the cost was container charges (50%). Unavailability of skilled labours for harvesting and other farm operations. Cold storage and Export Facility Centres at Baramati and Indapur have not availed directly by the selected farmers. Oily spot disease. charges of container was the major cost. 5) In logistics value chain. . slightly bigger fruits (300 to 450 gm) are preferred. Pune such as subsidy on Global Gap Certificate. 4) In logistics chain from farmer is field to port. and growers don’t have perfect information about export market price. lack of storage facility and unavailability of skilled labour for harvesting etc were the major problems reported by farmers. 3) The selected pomegranate growers have exported through export agencies. Arakta and Mrudula. 4) Bhagva variety of pomegranate is mostly preferred by all over the word followed by Ganesh.450 gm with red colour fruits of Bhagva and Ganesh varieties (packed in 5 kg. Generally 250 to 330 gm sized pomegranate fruits are preferred in European markets whereas. 2) Bhagva variety of pomegranate is preferred all over the world. 5) Oily spot diseases. 8) Even though the MSAMB. Cheating by commission agents (exporter). 6) The major problems faced by pomegranate growers in export were lack of storage facility. 3.11 Conclusions 1) Maharashtra ranks top at area and production of pomegranate however. However. 9) The export facilities provided by MSAMB. boxes) are mostly preferred. per unit productivity is low. only subsidy on Global Gap Certificate is availed by selected growers. Pune have evaluated the Export Facility Centres in the study area. 7) Document required for export of pomegranate [Global gap certificate] is very critical and slow process. in the Middle East country. the selected pomegranate growers have not exported their produce directly.

12 Suggestions 1) The efforts be made by agricultural scientists of University and NRC pomegranate for developing the improved agricultural techniques for increasing the productivity of pomegranate. 3. The policy be recasted in favours of small and marginal fruit growers. cost of export etc. Amol Kondibhau Dhulgand Pages: 47 . subsidy on Global Gap Certificate etc. Pune should rectify the procedure of availability facilities so that majority of pomegranate growers can take the benefits. However farmers are not taking benefits of these facilities to the extends.6) Cold storage facility. Pune. the production of Bhagva variety be increased by putting more area under this variety. The promotion facilities such as supply of healthy and pure seedling of Bhagva variety and subsidies as inputs be provided to growers. export facility centres. Mr. 2) To capture the international market. are provided in study area by MSAMB. 4) The MSAMB. The logistics chain in export of pomegranate should be grower friendly. international market price. 3) The pomegranate growers should be made awared about export documentation procedure.

In India. Sub-tropical. The MSAMB. Dhule. flowers crops in required climatic condition. It provides a pomegranate Export Facility Center. shape and weight of pomegranate fruits.500 ha with the total production of 6. INTRODUCTION India is one of the country in the world having three types of climatic situations i. Andhra Pradesh.1. In Maharashtra. Punjab and Haryana. Small-scale plantations are also seen in Gujarat. Pomegranate grows well under . cleaning of dust by cloth. Pune. Pomegranate is commercially cultivated in Solapur. 1. production of pomegranate is mainly concentrated in the Western Maharashtra region and the Marathwada region. vegetable. Rajasthan. and Latur district. Karnataka. Uttar Pradesh. checking infected fruit.1 Importance of Pomegranate Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a favourite table fruit in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Maharashtra is leading state for pomegranate production. Amongst these states. packing. Pune provides all post harvest facilities such as cleaning. sorting.01. Germany and UK are the major importers for Indian pomegranate. grading. some of the states like Maharashtra. Nashik. Which have required hot and dry climatic condition for better or economic growth of pomegranate fruit crop. Gujarat. In India. Karnataka. Tamil Nadu are the major growing pomegranate states. cold storage etc. USA. Pomegranate is one of the major fruit crop in India. The residue free and disease free fruits are demanded for export. Netherland. A native to Iran (Persia). Sangli. The different countries required different quality of fruits such as colour. Pune is one of the major export promoting organizations for pomegranate. size. The varieties like Ganesh and Bhagwa cultivated in Maharashtra are suitable for export purpose. it is found from Kanyakumari to Kashmir. Andra Pradesh. Tamil Nadu. but is cultivated commercially only in Maharashtra. It is cultivated on an area of 93. Osmanabad. Ahmednagar.500 MT. and Temperate climatic condition. Pomegranate is an important fruit crop of Maharashtra. Dist-Pune. Maharashtra States Agriculture Marketing Board (MSAMB). at the their facility centre.e Tropical. There is one of the important benefit for India to grow various Fruits. it is considered as a crop of the arid and semi-arid regions because it withstands different soil and climatic stresses. Aurangabad Satara. Jalochi.

Quality and colour development in light soils is good but poor in heavy soils. The seeds may also be ground in order to avoid seeds becoming stuck in the teeth when eating dishes prepared with them. or alluvial soils. It thrives best under hot dry summer and cold winter provided irrigation facilities are available. known as anardana (which literally means pomegranate [anar] seeds [dana] in Persian. Alternative uses The fruit can be eaten out of hand by deeply scoring several times vertically and then breaking it apart. It can tolerate frost to a considerable extent in dormant stage. It can also be grown on light soils.) The seeds are separated from the flesh. baked apples etc. It prefers a well-drained. The pomegranate tree is deciduous in areas of low winter temperature and an evergreen or partially deciduous in tropical and subtropical conditions. It cannot produce sweet fruits unless the temperature is high for a sufficiently long period. pomegranate syrup. The cluster of juice sacs are then lifted out and eaten. Orchards can be established up to an altitude of 500m. dried for 10. The range of value added product of pomegranate include pomegranate juice. the prices of fruits are fairly low. Pomegranate syrup is sold commercially as grenadine.semi-arid conditions. The seed of the wild pomegranate ‘daru’ from the Himalayas is considered the highest quality source of this spice. rind powder. pomegranate arils. The juice can also be made into a wine. Wild pomegranate seed are some time used as a spice. pomegranate jelly. Such fruit can be utilized for processing. Pomegranate fruit are most often consumed as juice. In Azerbaijan and Armenia. tooth powder. Pomegranate can be grown on a wide range of soils. The sack also makes an attractive garnish when sprinkled on various dishes. pomegranate wine. but is injured at temperature below –11°C. sandy-loam to deep loamy.15 days and used as an acidic agent for chutney and curry production. in leather and drying industry etc. Cracking of fruits hampers their marketability. The juice can be used in a variety of ways as a fresh juice to make jellies. The tree requires hot and dry climate during fruit development and ripening. cold or hot sauces as well as to flavor cakes. Humid climate lowers the quality of fruits and increases incidence of fungal diseases. Pomegranate is also used to make a high quality wine which is successfully exported to other countries. During seasonal glut. . honey.

1 Nutritional values per 100gm. the roots.4-5. it spread to other countries too and now it is grown almost everywhere in the tropical and subtropical climate of the world. But in Spain. the reddish brown bark.73 g 3-12 mg 8-37 mg 0. Much later.46-3.6 g 3. The rind and bark are used to get rid of helminthes (internal parasite worm) and stomach disorder.9 g 15.4-19.2 Global Scenario of Pomegranate The cultivation of pomegranate was introduced quite early in the Mediterranean and Eastern countries like India. rind and seeds have medicine for thousands of years.05-1. . Spanish took this important plant to the new world-Mexico and Florida.Medicinal importance of pomegranate fruit All the parts of pomegranate tree. Table: 1. kidney. weight problem.0 g 0.2 mg 3 mg 259 mg None to Trace 0.6 g 0. cough. liver. flower. scurvy.3-1.4 g 0. gall bladder diseases.003 mg 0. Pomegranate is used for asthama.6-86. Pomegranate juice is a excellent treatment for anemia. it was introduced after the Islamic influence there and it reached England in the thirteenth century.180-0.3 mg 4-4. sore throat.012-0.36-0.03 mg 0. of pomegranate Arils Nutrients Calories Moisture Protein Fat Trace only to Carbohydrates Fiber Ash Calcium Phosphorus Iron Sodium Potassium Carotene Thiamine Riboflavin Niacin Ascorbic Acid Citric Acid Boric Acid (Source: USDA Nutrient database) Quantity 63-78 72.2 mg 0.6 mg 0. leaves. Even in the ancient times ‘Ayurveda’ considered it a light food and a tonic for the heart.005 mg 1. Gradually.

Malas-e Yazd. (2005) SN. Italy and Palestine also cultivate this crop. 1 2 3 4 5 Country Iran India Spain Turkey USA Area (ha) 63733 (44. Egypt. Afghanistan. Morocco. Major varieties grown in Iran are Malas-e Sava. Ghojagh-e Qom. Khazar-e Bardaskan.75) 750000 (45. under pomegranate with annual production of 670000 tonnes. This indicates that Indian pomegranate growers can explore the potential production.The detailed information regarding area. Armenia. About 44 per cent of pomegranate area and 40 per cent of the global pomegranate production is concentrated only in Iran.9) 14000 (9.69 20 8. production and productivity of major pomegranate producing countries in the world is depicted in the Table 1. Naderi-e Badrood.66) 75000 (4.codexalimentarius.net) Note – Figures in brackets indicate percentage to the respective totals. . Turkey. Iran is the largest.26) 54755 (38.87) 60000 (3. Japan.82 7.1) 8500 (5. India’s share in total production is around 4045 per cent. Spain. France.6) 100000 (6. Robab-e Neyriz. Table: 1.19 13.2 Pomegranate producing countries in the world. producer of pomegranate with an estimated area of 63733 ha.12) 1635000 (100. Shisheh-e cape.00) Productivity (MT/ha) 10.2.14 (Source: www. Bejestani-e Gonabad.72) 143988 (100.02) 3000 (2. Naderi-e Badrood. Greece. it is a need to focus the level of adoption of improved agro-techniques. Besides the other countries including India. Ferdousran. and Ardestani-e Mahalat. China. With regards to productivity. India is the next (13. However. Tunisia. For that.00) Production (MT) 650000 (39. Globally. India ranks first in pomegranate production by registering about 46 per cent of the world pomegranate production. Cyprus. Malas-e Yazd. Khazar-e Bard.69MT/ha) to Spain.

Thailand ranked 1st in export of pomegranate followed by Spain.e.44) 134.5 25 9.63) 129.55) 1.8 10 9.7 (8.85) 117 (100) (source: NHB database 2009) Note – Figures in brackets indicate percentage to the respective totals.5 2006-07 Prod.5 (10.2 22.8 10.9 (1.4 (0.3) 5.1) 14.1 15 9.17) 85. Punjab and Haryana. Rajasthan. Productivity MT/ha] State Area 93.18) 4.02) 1.4 Area 96.4) 9.1 (17.2 Area 82 (75.8 0.1 5.6 (3.8 Yield 6.2 (67.7 Yield 6.14) 138.8 10. .28) 109. Production IN 000’ MT . Karnataka.3 State. India’s share in pomegranate export increased from 0.2 per cent during 1990-2005.6) 5.9 (11.9 (0.07) 884.4 (0. production and productivity of pomegranate in India [Area IN 000’ha .3 (13.6 (4.5 (0.5 (15. but export only 5000 tonnes i.1 (100) 68.1 Area and Production and Productivity of Pomegranate The major pomegranate producing states in India are Maharashtra.5) 1.91) 12.7 (100) 65.36) 0.5 (5. Gujarat.34) 1 (0.24) 3.1.9 (4.8) 4.1) 64.5 (0. 75 per cent. production and productivity of pomegranate is depicted in Table 1.7 (0.9 (0.7 0.44) 1.2 (100) 7.3 (6) 11.6 (6. 601. The detail information on statewise area.1) 6.4 (1.6 (0.1 (15.19) 807.5) 0.2) 0.1 (0.02) 39.24) 50.93) 124 (100) 2007-08 Prod.5 (77.9 9 10. Tamilnadu. Andhra Pradesh. 1 per cent.4 (0.21) 0.420) 0.8 per cent to 1. while Spain produces One lakh tonne and exports 75000 tonnes annually i.1 (1.7 4. Iran and India.1) 839.69) 56.4 1.e.5 (71.7 Yield 6.95) 4 (3.7 (4.5 (9.wise area .3. 596.3 Indian Scenario of Pomegranate India produces 5 lakh tonnes (50 %) of globle pomegranate production.5) 0. 550 (68. Uttar Pradesh.3 (4. 1.5 (0.3. Table:1.32) 0.2 (100) 2008-09 Prod.42) 44 (5.6 (0.41) 1.85) 13.87) 10 (1.66) 0.6 (0.7 Maharashtra Karnataka Andhra Pradesh Gujarat Tamil Nadu Rajasthan Others India (79.9 4 23.

do not allow them to return back.e. Map:1. In the resent past. The reasons for decline in area and production of pomegranate may be due to water scarcity. The Government and Agricultural University have jointly made the efforts to irradiate the oily spot disease. the severe attack of oily spot disease resulted in to diversification from pomegranate to other fruit crops. resulting into reduction in production. the belief regarding the fear of oily spot disease. . It is interesting to note that Tamil Nadu registered the highest productivity i. it is observed that area under pomegranate in Maharashtra state is went on declining. Next to this. 25 MT/ha. infection of pest and diseases. it is seen that Maharashtra is leading state in area and production contributing nearly 3/4th area and production in the country. whereas Maharashtra ranked 5th in pomegranate productivity. Karnataka stands with nearly 11 per cent of area and production of pomegranate in country.3. set up in the minds of growers. Since last three years. However.From the Table 1. This situation calls attention of agricultural scientists and pomegranate growers in Maharashtra to rectify the present agro-technique of pomegranate production.1 Major pomegranate growing area in Maharashtra. especially oily spot disease etc.

fruit very large. Considering all these attributes. Extensive survey work on pomegranate orchards indicated that the ‘Bhagwa’ variety of pomegranate is high yielding and possesses desirable fruit characters. Cheema at Pune. Rahuri.38 kg fruits/tree. ‘Jai Maharashtra’. sweet. very attractive saffron coloured thick skin makes it suitable for distant markets. glossy. and ‘Red Daina’ in various districts of Maharashtra such as Solapur. The average yield ranges from 8-10 kg per tree. This has soft seeds and pinkish flesh with juice of agreeable taste and bears heavily. Ahemadnagar. Bigger fruit size. Nashik. Pune and Dhule districts has been recommended for its cultivation by the Mahatma Phule Agriculture University. This variety was found less susceptible to fruit spots and thrips as compared to other varieties of pomegranate.1. This variety matures in 180-190 days with average yield of 30. b) Ganesh This is a selection from ‘Alandi’ developed by Dr. which revolutionized cultivation of pomegranate in Maharashtra state. pinkish aril with soft seeds. the ‘Bhagwa’ variety is recommended for its cultivation in pomegranate growing regions of Maharashtra.3. ‘Ashtagandha’. ‘Shendari’. Sangli. ‘Mastani’. It is the commercial cultivar of Maharashtra. rind yellowish red. . It is a prolific bearer. Satara. bold and attractive arils.2 Varieties grown in Maharashtra a) Bhagwa The ‘Bhagwa’ variety of pomegranate presently under commercial cultivation known by different names viz.

c) Arakta The ‘Arakta’ variety of pomegranate presently under commercial cultivation various regions of Maharashtra.July (Mrig bahar) coinciding with the break of mansoon. The fruits are bigger in size. where water is so scare during the hot weather. Pre-released in the year 1989. flowering can be include in June.October (Hasth bahar). root exposure and also use of chemicals. . For this treatment.3. and September. watering is withheld from December to April-May results in sufficient suppression of growth. The‘Phule Arakta’ variety of pomegranate is high yielding and possesses desirable fruit characters. It has now been released as ‘Phule Arakta’ for its cultivation by the Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth. Hence. The fruits ripen in October and continue up to December. sweet with soft seeds. The manures and fertilizers are applied and light irrigation is given which is followed by two heavy irrigations at 7 days interval before rain sets in within 15 days. dark red skin. It is less susceptible to fruit spots and thrips. plants are given a resting period by which the natural tendency of the tree is altered with artificial means. attractive. Rahuri. It is done by withholding of water for two months in advance of normal flowering. the ‘Phule Arakta’ variety is released for the cultivation in pomegranate growing areas of Maharashtra. February. By adopting such methods. trees will put on profuse growth along with the formation of flowers and fruits.March (Ambe bahar). It also possesses glossy.3 Flowering seasons of pomegranate in Maharashtra A full grown pomegranate has tendency to bear flowers and fruits throughout the year. a) Mrig bahar Mrig bahar is taken in Deccan areas. To obtain higher fruit yield during a particular period. 1. bold red arils. In the month of March-April leaves are shed as plants go in dormant stage.

c) Hast bahar Hast bahar is seldom taken. The trees shed their leaves by October-November. Gujarat state is competitor for Maharashtra. In Karnataka. but the area and production of pomegranate in Gujarat is only 4 to5 per cent of total production of country. it is during the period of mid April to May.4 Harvesting seasons of pomegranate in leading states As discussed earlier pomegranate can be harvested in three bahar.4 Harvest pattern in leading pomegranate growing states.4. The information regarding harvesting seasons of pomegranate is depicted in Table 1. In dry regions of western Maharashtra Ambe bahar has been found to be better treatment than Mrig bahar.4. The fruits are available during June and July and no irrigation is given after the start of the rainy season. The first irrigation is given in January and the flowers appear within a month of this irrigation. This is rather uncertain because of the rains that occur during this period. Table: 1. In different states the period of harvesting seasons is varied.b) Ambe bahar Ambe bahar is taken in the areas where enough water is available during hot weather. STATES Maharashtra Karnataka JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC AndhraPradesh Gujarat (Source: NHB database 2009) Lean Period Peak Period Throughout Year From the Table 1. manures are applied. when a shallow hand digging or ploughing is done.3. . it is observed that Maharashtra and Gujarat are only the states wherein pomegranate is harvested throughout the year. 1. the harvesting season of pomegranate is in the months of February to March. The trees have to be made dormant during AugustSeptember. During December-January. whereas in the case of Andhra Pradesh.

the export procedure and documentations. An attempt has been made to focus on the aspects of post harvest management and export of pomegranate. For pomegranate.4 Importance of Study Pomegranate is a one of the arid fruit crop. climate and soils are suitable for pomegranate cultivation.6 Scope of Study The present study was undertaken in order to understand the export of pomegranate to various country with different quality parameters.1. as much attention is not paid by the agriculture university and the research institutes in developing the location specific techniques as compared to the other fruit crops such as grapes. However. 1. To study the various export facilities provided by MSAMB. government provides cent per cent subsidy for planting materials. The farmers are facing number of problems in production and marketing of pomegranate. To study the quality parameters for export of pomegranate to different countries. Pomegranate is a high value crop and its entire tree is of great economic importance. Maharashtra government also provides schemes through State Horticulture Board and Agricultural Department to encourage the farmers for cultivating fruit crops. Pomegranates have good demand in European markets. To study the logistics management adopted by the exporters in pomegranate export. 1. 4. Pomegranate fruit crop required light type of soil. As mention earlier. The growers can get maximum returns from pomegranate cultivation. In Maharashtra. which is not suitable for other agricultural crop. Apart from its demand for fresh fruit and juice. To study the problems faced by farmers during export of pomegranate. the processed products like wine and candy are also gaining importance in world trade.5 Objectives of Study 1. Pune for promotion of pomegranate export. The pomegranate growers are not fully awared about the post harvest technology. The study will provide in detailed . hence the project entitled ‘Post harvest management for export of pomegranate in Maharashtra’ was undertaken with the following specific objective. 3. 2. Maharashtra is the leading state in area and production of pomegranate. it is sustainable and economically grows in such climatic zone.

information about different post harvest management techniques followed in pomegranate exports. Some of them were busy with their activities so they were contacted through email and through telephone. This is because very few of the farmers maintain their records at the farm and some of them shown laziness during the survey. heavy work load in export season. So also the results are based on limited sample size.7 Limitations of Study There are some limitations in the study. The results obtained from the present study are applicable only in similar situations. The survey method was followed for collection of data from pomegranate farmers and exporters. On the other hand. . The result of the study will focus on the need based research programmes to develop sustainable technologies by making the best use of the opportunities to meet the increasing demands and challenges. Also the clearing agents not gave whole information because of tight schedule. 1. Potential areas for pomegranate cultivation will be identified and non-traditional areas will be explored for its cultivation. the exporters failed to give sufficient time for discussion because of their business hurry. The study will guide to achieve the targets. The coordination and sustained efforts are required by all concerned in research and development. All these factors may lead to deviate the concrete conclusions. Farmers and exporters had limitations in getting reliable data as most of the data were based on recall of memories.

Pune in desimination of post harvest techniques and export promotion.2. Pune. Baramati and Indapur tahsils of Pune district were selected purposively on the basis of higher area under pomegranate crop in Pune district. separate questionnaire was designed [Appendix-II]. 2.2 Selection of Sample For the selection of sample exporter farmers and registered exporter. I. The study was confined in Pune district only.Indapur and Man tahsils. The details of data collected are provided in following sections. Man tahsil from Satara district was also purposively selected because the farmers take the benefit of Export Facility Centre at Indapur developed by MSAMB Pune.1 Selection of study area As the industrial training attachment was titled with MSAMB. About exporters who collect the pomegranate from study area were selected purposively. the project demanded for the detailed study of post harvest management and export of pomegranate from Maharashtra. Further to know the logistics management adopted by the . Primary data a) Questionnaire method Before initiating this study. 2. there was a need of lot of data.3 Collection of Data and Data Requirement Present study utilised both primary as well as secondary data from published as well as unpublished sources. 2. It was the intention to know the role of MSAMB. In all 30 pomegranate growers who have exported their produce were selected. Pune. These questionnaires were discussed with the project guide and Incharge officer of pomegranate Export Facility Centre. an exhaustive list was obtained from the office of MSAMB. The methodology adopted for present study is given below. the questionnaires were prepared for collecting data from Pomegranate producers and exporters. For collection of primary data from pomegranate growers. METHODOLOGY The success of any project is depends on the methodology which was adopted for systematic data collection. Since. From Baramati. The list of selected pomegranate grower is enclosed at [Appendix-I]. compilation and various type of analysis on scientific lines. Baramati and Indadpur.

Govt. etc. 2. percentage. it was analyzed in accordance with the outline laid down for the pre sent investigation. Krushi Panan Mitra. and pomegranate Export Facility Centre. Indapure. Guidelines given by APEDA for Export of pomegranates Internet source. Score Card method was employed to know the extent of knowledge of post harvest management. The procedure has also followed by way of oral investigation. Jalochi.exporters separate schedule was designed and appended at [Appendix-III]. APEDA. of India etc. pie-chart. The data were pertaining to the year 2008-09. NHB. averages. Baramati. of Maharashtra. Magazines like Dalimb Vrutt. II. Ministry of Agricultural. Various tools employed for processing and analysis of data included tabulation. graphs etc.4 Analysis of Data After collection of data. Govt. b) Observation Method The requisite information was collected personally through observations at MSAMB pomegranate Export Facility Centre. The persons having information was interrogated and on the basis of their answers the data was collected. Secondary data The necessary secondary data has also used. . Such collected data were fed to computer for various analysis purposes.  The publications published by MSAMB. The sources of collection of secondary data were managed by way of following texts.     MSAMB library.

3. March 1984. 1963. under section 39A of Maharashtra Agricultural Produce Marketing (Development and Regulation) Act.1 Profile of MSAMB (Maharashtra State Agriculture Marketing Board). MSAMB is having an important role in developing and coordinating agricultural marketing system in the State of Maharashtra. RESULT AND DISCUSSION 3. The Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board (MSAMB). . MSAMB has done pioneering work in the field of Agricultural Marketing in the State and achieved success in various areas. Pune was established on 23rd. Pune.

Banana. Japan.  To maintain and administer the Agricultural Marketing Development Fund.1. Pomegranate.1 About MSAMB.3.  Nodal Agency for implementation of Asian Development Bank and IFAD funded projects in Maharashtra.  To undertake State level planning for the development of the agriculture produce markets. Export Zones of Alphonso Mango.2 Objectives As per the provision of Maharashtra Agricultural Produce Marketing (Development and Regulation) Act.   Participation in various International Commodity Specific Promotion Programs Successful implementation of Agri. and Middle East Countries etc. Erection and successful utilization of Export Facility Centres for various commodities in the state. South East Asian Countries. .1. vegetable and processed food products since last twenty five years. Mandarins and Onion etc. the Board shall perform the following functions and shall have power to do such things as may be necessary or expedient for carrying out these functions. Kesar Mango.  Successfully organized Farmers Foreign Study Tour to Israel and Europe. 1963 section 39(J).  To co-ordinate the functioning of the Market Committees including programmes undertaken by such Market Committees for the development of markets and market areas. Pune MSAMB is a state level organization working in the field of export of various fresh fruits. USA. 3. We have experience of export of fruits and vegetable to Europe. Export can provide better option for the marketing of the agricultural commodities and provides the alternative way of utilization of surplus production. Some of the remarkable achievements can be enlisted as under    Commercial and trial export Implementation of subsidy scheme for Global GAP certification.

 To arrange or organise seminars.  To grant subventions or loans to Market Committees for the purposes of this Act on such terms and conditions as it may determine.  To do such other things as may be of general interest relating to marketing of agricultural produce. To carry out such other functions of like nature as may be entrusted to it by the State Government. workshops. To give advice to Market Committees in general or any Market Committee in particular with a view to ensuring improvement in the functioning.  To supervise and guide the Market Committees in the preparation of plans and estimates of construction programme undertaken by them.1.   To carry out any other function specifically entrusted to it by this Act. The Board of Directors takes all policy decisions in respect of this sphere of activity and such other important issues. The Board of Directors of the Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board consists of the following members: . 3.3 Board of Directors MSAMB is committed towards smooth and orderly development of agricultural marketing in the State.  To make necessary arrangements for propaganda and publicity on matters relating to marketing of agricultural produce. exhibitions on subject relating to agricultural marketing and giving training to members and employees of marketing committee.

Maharashtra State. Minister of State for Marketing Ex-Officio Chairman Ex-Officio Vice-Chairman Commissioner for Co-operation and Registrar of Ex-Officio Member Co-operative Societies 4 5 Commissioner of Agriculture Ex-Officio Member Chairman. to be nominated by Member the State Government from amongst the Chairman of the Market Committees. of India Ex-Officio Member or his representative 7 Representative of National Bank of Agriculture Ex-Officio Member and Rural Development (NABARD) to be nominated by the State Government. one each from the six Revenue Divisions. Pune 1 2 3 Hon. Pune 6 Agricultural Marketing Advisor to Govt. Maharashtra State Market Committee's Ex-Officio Member Co-operative Federation. Minister for Marketing Hon. 9 Director of Marketing. Pune Ex-Officio Managing Director and Member Secretary .Board of directors of MSAMB. 8 Members not exceeding six.

1 Organization structure of MSAMB Pune .Chart: 3.

3. post harvest management. The AEZ is expected to give a focus and direction for exports of key agricultural produce with potential from the country. has identified eight potential horticultural crops of commercial importance for AEZ. In this context.4 Agri. Interventions are suggested in the areas of production. All this is achieved under AEZ by instituting appropriate interventions at the Government level and producer-exporter level. development and extension activities have been recognized under the AEZ and appropriate activities proposed to achieve both short term and long term goals of the Indian export industry. There is an emphasis on setting up of appropriate produce-specific post harvest infrastructure and introduce post harvest practices. The need for market oriented research. post harvest management and marketing are addressed in a focused manner for successful implementation. the State of Maharashtra. right from farm all the way to market. Responsibility for coordination lies with the nodal agency. Export Zone and MSAMB. the Maharashtra State . keeping this in mind. development. extension. Production from 50 per cent of this newly added area is expected to start yielding in the next few years. The scheme is implemented by the Ministry of Commerce and GoI. Export Zone (AEZ). It involves a detailed action plan for the development of specified geographic areas for effecting systematically greater exports of a specific produce. marketing and research and development areas. This will mean substantially greater potential for marketing of horticulture produce from the State with possibility for greater export. Creation of AEZ will give required momentum for steady and systematic growth of exports of these produce from the State. market promotion and market development for Indian produce. under Horticulture over the past 10 years. Another important area of focus under AEZ is marketing. For instance modern production practices are introduced for production of exportable quality produce and improved productivity. agency responsible for implementation and funding needs have been identified.1. the leading State in exports of fresh and processed fruits and vegetables from the country today. New Delhi – the nodal agency for AEZ. Under AEZ a number of specific activities or interventions. research. through APEDA (the Agriculture and Processed Food Export Development Authority). Under the AEZ all aspects of agriculture such as production. Pune With the objective of promoting greater exports of fresh and processed agricultural produce from the country the Government of India (GoI) has announced the creation of Agri. the State of Maharashtra has added nearly 10 lakh Ha.

Osmanabad.5 Agri Export Zone (AEZ) . 2. Raigad. Beed. Solapur. Table: 3. Alphonso Mangoes Kesar Mangoes 12th Feb. Sangli. Ahmednagar. Pune 1. Solapur. Nagpur. Pune. 8.Agricultural Marketing Board. Ahmednagar. Jalna. AEZ MoU Signed Districts NODAL AGENCY-MSAMB. Satara. Jalgaon. Pomegranate 9th June 2003 5. Satara Jalgaon.  The MSAMB has been named the nodal agency by the GoM. Solapur. Ahmednagar. Latur. Sangli. Nandurbar. Pune. Floriculture Grape and Grape Wine Park 22nd June 2002 7th Jan. the Department of Finance. Wardha. Latur and Ahmednagar. the Department of Agriculture. Nasik.1.Pomegranate  GoM has announced the creation of an AEZ for Pomegranate covering the Districts of Nashik. Banana Orange 4th July 2005 4th July 2005 NODAL AGENCY-MIDC 7. Ahmednagar. Sangli. Pune. Nasik. Pune. Sangli. Onion 16th Jan. Export Zones in Maharashtra and implementing agencies Sr. The nodal agency with support and cooperation from the Department of Horticulture. 2003 4. Requirement of funds under AEZ are proposed to be met from private and co-operative sector with subsidies/grants from Central and State Government and loan availed from bank and financial institutions. Nasik. the Department of Industries. Hingoli. 6. Nasik. Sindhudurg Aurangabad. Osmanabad. Buldhana. . Satara. Maharashtra State Electricity Board (MSEB) and other agency/agencies would implement the AEZ in a time bound and effective manner. 2002 11th April 2002 Thane. Parbhani. Ratnagiri. Nasik. Dhule. 3. 3. Solapur. 2002 Pune. Amravati. Latur.1 Agri. Nanded.

the study area was delineated for the present project work. Osmanabad. a) Present Status Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board in coordination with State agricultural department. As mention in chapter 2. 2032 farmers were trained in 34 day training programs. Pune. the MSAMB Pune has established Export Facility Centre for the benefits of the farmers. mechanical Handling System = 1.2 Profile of Sample Growers In Maharashtra state. it is imparaline to study the profile of study area. 2458 farmers were trained in 32 day training programs. Man tahsil of Satara district comes under drought prone area which receives an average 250 mm annual . 3. Nashik. The facility will have following different unitsPrecooking=5Mts. and Latur districts.Pune. pomegranates are commercially cultivated in Solapur. The investors from Private and Co-operative sector are further guided MSAMB with the help of APEDA.  A Detailed Project Report (DPR) submitted by MSAMB has been approved MoU signed between GoM and GoI on 9th June 2003. Sangli. In the both tahsils. New Delhi and APMC Baramati has started the work for erection of Pomegranate export facility centre at Baramati Dist. During the year 2005-06. Cold storage=60Mts.. the pomegranate growers from tahsils of Baramati and Indapur have good knowledge about pomegranate cultivation. b) Investment With reference to infrastructure development advertise in news paper was release on 17th and 19th Sept 2003. In the current year MSAMB has planned to conduct 60 one day training programs for farmers.5 MT/hr. Local APMC and cooperative societies continuously arranging training and demonstration programs in rural area to increase export quality production. Dhule. The training booklet prepared with the help of experts covering pre and post harvest technology of concerned crop is circulated freely among farmers likewise   During the year 2003-04. Aurangabad. Ahmednagar. Satara. In Pune region. Hence.

Baramati (Pune). reasons for growing specific varieties and knowledge regarding post harvest techniques etc. The profile indicators such as educational status. The soil of Man tahsil is light to medium soils. the total sample comprises of 30 pomegranate grower spread over in three tahsils vizs.2. . bahar preferred by farmers.2 Map indicating study area Indicating selected tahsil of study area. The distribution of sample farmers is as under. Indicating study area districts 3. Indapure (Pune) and Man (Satara). Chart: 3.1 Distribution of sample As mentioned earlier. is presented briefly in profile of sample growers. suitable for pomegranate cultivation. area under pomegranate cultivars.rainfall.

About 37 per cent of pomegranate growers are educated up to secondary level. The higher the education. of Farmers 3 2 2 8 1 1 1 3 4 4 1 30 3. Many studies have shown that education is the precursor for the ability of analyzing management skills and techniques in the business. higher is the rate of adoption of technology. Pangari. Shelgaon. Sarafwadi Palasdev. Bijwadi.3 Education level of sample farmers Education is one of the important factor influencing managerial ability skills and technical knowledge in the farm business.2. Dudhebabi. Varkute. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Tahsils Baramati (pune) Indapur (Pune) Man (Satara) Name of Villages Malegaon. . Bijwadi. It may weaken the link in management.2 Distribution of sample farmers Sr. Sangavi.No. Total Sample No.2 Education level of farmers Grduation 30% Primary 20% Secondary 17% Higher secondary 23% Diploma 10% Chart: 3. Pandhare.Table: 3.

i. smooth and glossy peel which is increasing its cosmetics value and market appearance of the fruits. According to the growers. . Fruits are suitable for long distance transport due to thick peel (Less weight loss. iv. viii. Increasing demand for export markets particularly in United Kingdom.e.) vi.4 Distribution of growers according to pomegranate varieties . other European and gulf countries etc. ‘Saffron’ coloured. Bhagwa variety is cultivated widely. iii.2. In study area. Bhagwa fetches better market price which is 2-3 times higher than that of Ganesh. Ganesh variety is cultivated by 30 per cent growers. the following are important reasons that attracted the growers for cultivation of Bhagwa Variety. Bhagwa and Ganesh. which minimise cost of production.3 Varieties grown by farmers Gaesh 30% Bhagava 70% Chart: 3. most of the farmers grow only two varieties i.3. Fruits are with attractive seeds having cherry red coloured and bold arils. v. vii. which are suitable for both table and processing purposes. Fruits have better keeping quality than other varieties (15-12 days at room temperatures). Fruits are moderately susceptible to black spots. Fruits are tolerant to thrips and mits which reduce the number of pesticide sprays. Holland. Fruits are very attractive. In that. ii. less possibility of damage due to bruises.

4 Bahar preferred by farmers The period of flowering is called Bahar. Mrig bahar and Hast bahar. suitable climatic condition for production its results reduction in the cost of production. x.ix.5 Bahar taken by farmers in study area The selected growers used to take ‘Ambe bahar’. 3. There is no fruit drop observed in case of server water storage situations.e Ambe bahar. Fruits are free from blackening of arils even in case of latte harvesting of fruits up to 7-5 months. There are no fruit drops observed in case of severe water shortage situations.2. This variety gives high yield (30-40 kg/tree) in case of better management. xiv. For pomegranate there are three Bahars i. Ganesh. Hasta bahar 20% Ambe bahar 80% Chart: 3. Nearly 80 per cent growers preferred ambe bahar. It has no incidence of cracking fruits which is observed in other varieties viz. xiii. Ambe bahar was taken by pomegranate growers because of availability of resources. The information regarding Bahar preferred by sample farmers is depicted in chart 3. which reduces market value of fruits. because the period . It is comparatively late for harvesting but due to less expense on plant protection measures and better market prices realised. In some regions Ambe bahar is one of the risks bearing bahar. G-137 and Mrudula which ranges from 10-15 per cent.5. xii. it is more remunerative than any other pomegranate cultivar. xi.

but in some regions of Maharashtra. so climatic condition is hot and dry which is favourable for growth of pomegranate plant. Quality for export of pomegranate In order to maintain high quality levels and food safety standards care should be taken at planting stage of Pomegranate.6.3. medium and high. It affected to the production of pomegranate that directly affects the market condition of pomegranate fruits. Selection of good resistance variety. 3. The growers were asked 10 questions related to the Post harvest management techniques. this period faced the major problem like water scarcity.of this bahar is January to February.IV.3 Quality Parameter Required for Exports of Pomegranate 3.5 Post-Harvest techniques adopted by growers Information on Post-harvest technique adopted by the selected growers was obtained. It is surprising to note that about one fourth of the sample growers did not fully awared the post harvest management techniques. it is seen that only 33 per cent farmers have good knowledge of post harvest management techniques. The Scores have been worked out to know the extent of knowledge of post harvest management techniques. Chart: 3. The score is depicted in chart 3. resulting into scarcity of fruits in market. of Right answer of Questions Percentage From the score card analysis. The level of extend of knowledge is further categorised as low.6 Knowledge level of sample farmers 50 45 40 35 Percentage 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Low 1 to 4 23 Medium 5 to 7 44 High 8 to 10 33 No.1. The results of score cards are appended at Appendix. selection of land for .2. 3.

Mrudula are the suitable and accepted ones. • Round and globose shape of the fruit. scratches. • Size of the fruit • Shape of the fruit • Colour of the fruit • Sunburn effect • Thrips attack • Mealy bug • Bacterial spot • Sugar content i. Company has quality control persons to look after the quality aspects of the fresh fruits. coloured varieties with high per cent of juice with easy to remove arils are preferred. • Free from scars. etc. Consumer preference is changing from time to time and from country to country. Now. in Europe and other parts of the world. Size of the fruit The size of the fruit that is to be procured depends upon the requirements of the importer . Quality aspects include. • Pleasant flavour and aroma • Bracts/calyx without any damage and having freshness. • Uniform size and shape of the fruit in a pack or box. The desirable fruit characters of fresh pomegranate for export purpose are • Dark rose pink colour of the fruit. insect injury.pomegranate planting. • Smooth cutting at the stem end. varieties such as Bhagwa (Kesar). disease spots. avoid the extend use of chemical and fertilizer and carry all operations as per schedule. • Fruit weight around 500 Gms. and the fruits were exported to the Gulf countries. Soft seeded. availability of resources. • Softness of the seeds. Fruits weighing more than 500 Gms with superior qualities have immediate and ready acceptance in the international market. • Higher sugar content near about 16-17 Brix. Earlier. • Dark rose pink arils. Ganesh variety with big sized fruits was the preferred one.

King size Queen size Prince 12-A 12-B ii. Fruits weighing <250 g. Thrips attack: The fruits damaged by thrips shows scraping of the colour on its rind. Shape The fruit should be globosely and round in shape and firm. iii. Fruits having 1-2 spots and weighing between 250-300 g. The rind of the fruit loses its smoothness.located abroad. The testing is done at random in the field. dark red in colour. Different grades in pomegranate are as follows Table 3. large without blemish and weighing between 500-750 g. Sugar content The fruit should neither be over ripen nor under ripen. Fruits are attractive. Sunburn effect The fruits are checked for any sunburn damage.The fruits affected by the sunburn rot internally. blemish free and weighing between 300-400 g. . The sugar content should be above 15 Brix at 20 degrees. iv. As the temperatures increases the colour of the arils decreases. it is considered to be suitable for export. Sunburn damage can be identified by the black colour on the surface of the fruit . very large. Disease free fruit a. v. without blemish weighing >750 g. If it is above 15. vi.3 Grading based on size and colour Grades Fruit Super size Characteristics Fruits are attractive. Colour Dark rose pink colour of the fruit and dark rose pink arils are preferred. Fruit are large. Generally the pomegranate is graded depending upon its size. The juice taken from the arils is put in the Hand refractometer and the reading is taken. attractive without blemish and weighing between 400-500 g Fruits are attractive. So the colour of the arils is dark red in the months of November and becomes light as it proceeds towards the hotter months of May and June. Brix reading is taken by a Refractometer.

Truck etc. Post Harvest Techniques The Netherlands /Germany Sr. Immediately after harvesting and grading fungicide Captan 50% WP is diluted at 2 gm per litre water and all the fruits are wiped off with a clean and soft white cloth before packing into the cartons to prevent the fruits from fungal infections. boxes) are mostly preferred. Tempo. Variety Middle East U.2 Export specifications Table 3. Exporter transported to this fruits from farm shed house to pack house of facility centre. boxes) are preferred.K. exporter use small utility vehicle i. .4 gives the country wise and variety wise export specifications for pomegranate. Farmers collect their harvested pomegranate fruit in farm shed house. grading. 3. the pomegranate fruits having size 250 -300 gm with red colour fruits of Bhagwa and Ganesh varieties (packed in 3 kg. packaging. Deep red 5 kg 5 °C 250-300 gm. farmer works is stop and exporter start to work.b. cleaning.4 Logistics Management Adopted by the Pomegranate Exporters In my study area i.No.K. Deep red 3 kg 5 °C An export specification differs from country to country.e. Netherlands and Germany markets. Red 200-250 gm. storage in cold storage. whereas in the Middle East countries. Hence after harvesting of pomegranate. Pomegranate fruit after reaching pack house it goes through different process i. 3. they export through middlemen i. the fruits size of 300 – 450 gm with red colour fruits of Bhagwa and Ganesh varieties (packed in 5 kg.e. Bhagwa Arakata. In U. Pune district farmer are not direct export their produce. Transportation of harvested pomegranate fruit from farm shed house to pack house. 1 Ganesh. Deep red 3 kg 5 °C 250-300 gm. Red 200-250 gm. Mrudula Size(gms) and Colour Packing Storage 2 3 (Source – MSAMB.4 Export specifications of different countries.e. Mealy bug: Bracts/Calyx should not be damaged and should appear fresh.e. exporters. Table: 3.4. Red 200-250 gm. Pune) 300-450 gm.

LABOUR CHARGE (Weighing. 17500 kg.34 TERMINAL HANDILING CHARGES 1.21.30 0.K.44] .71 COST AND FREIGHT CHARGES 0. Cleaning.30 FACILITY CENTER RENT 3 3 LABOURS CHARGES Sorting. Weighing.05 14.23 6.] 20 FEET 40 FEET Capacity FIELD OF FARMER 8500 kg. [Grand Total .7 COSTUM CHARGE 0. Chart: 3.20 FIELD TO FACILITY CENTER 0.7 Value chain in logistics management for export of pomegranate to U. Loading) 0.76 0.36 0.20 0.70 0.85 CONTAINER CHARGE 10.34 UK. COUNTAINER [Value in Rs. per kg.5 1. Labelling and Loading.PORT.When capacity of container is complete then all stored fruit dispatch from packaging house by using 20ft and 40ft container to Mumbai. 1 1 FACILITY CENTRE TO PORT 3. Grading. Packing. From Mumbai to different countries transport of pomegranate by ship container.

Generally. sorting. 17500 kg.7 0. field of farmer.5 Table 3. Total cost Cost per kg. If the pomegranate is exported the small container. up to 50 per cent of total expenses. J.5 Logistics cost for pomegranate export to UK.1 Export procedure followed by Exporters A) Procedure of pomegranate export 1. that for big sized container it is Rs. packing. cleaning. free from blemishes.44 (Source: MSAMB.34 14. Transportation for Facility Centre to JNPT port. the container charges registered the maximum exporters i.85 6.5 0.05 30000 6110 15000 117450 6000 253310 1.2 0. two varieties viz. The size of container is determined as per the quantity to be exported.76 10. Procurement of good quality. Process container’s 20 container.2 0. Amongst the value chain. ft Labour charges for Weighing and loading Transportation for Field to Facility Centre Facility Centre rent Labour charges for unloading. Export Facility Centre.23 0. grading.177672.e. labelling. dirt free etc. 253310. Ganesh and Bhagwa of pomegranate are reputed to UK. capacity40 ft container. capacity8500 kg. The detail information of total logistics cost and cost required per kg is depicted in following table 3. full ripened. In the value chain of pomegranate export.3 3 1 30000 3122 15000 87000 6000 177672 3. Custom handling charges Terminal handling charges Container charges C and F charges Grand Total 1700 2550 25500 8500 0.36 1.) 3. weighing.34 0. the logistics value is worked to Rs.3 3 1 3500 5250 52500 17500 0. Total cost Cost per kg.N.7 21.71 0.4.P. loading. Pune. fruits from .T Port and Destination (UK Port) one the important component of logistics.

quality. type of delivery. The containers filled with the material are being transported to the shipping location and then exported to different parts of the world like United Kingdom. Sorting should be done according to weight. it tells about weighment details of the produce. 5. 6.the grower. The overweight and underweight fruits should be marked through domestic channel. v. quality and quantity requirements of the export agency are all mentioned in this procurement order slip. Weighment sheet As the name describe. Middle Eastern countries and some European countries. It also mentions the detail of the vehicle by which it is being transported to the shipping location. 4. Goods received note This is provided by the exporter company after receiving the produce from the farmers or service provider. Cleaning and brushing After selecting the fruit for export these fruits should be properly cleaned to remove any dirt or unwanted waste. These are follows. It gives the details about the how much material received and how much rejected and also description of the material. 2. Procurement order slip It is given by the export agency to the farmers. Delivery challan It has the details about the shipping location. colour. Sorting After proper harvesting and weighing fruits should be sorted according to the export parameter preferred by the country. iii. ii. iv. size etc. stock transfer. wastage disposal etc. 3. Weighing According to need of export parameters weighing of fruits should be done. if any. For better look of the fruits brushing is done to enhance appearance and luster. Terms and condition. Drying These selected fruits should be dried to expel extra moisture on surface to avoid . whether it is a sales dispatch. Transportation of procurement produce to package house There are four types forms which are used during procurement process.

04 stand for the month April and last two digits 20 stand for the date. Packing and palletization Entire export material is filled in cartoons with different counts.  Fruit count inside the cartoon.  And a stamp impression.  The cold storage where it is being sent.fungal diseases. 0059 stands for the farmer code given by the company. Grading by weight seizer International grading based on size and colour. After the packing is done the following details are marked by the company person on the cartoon. Cartoons counts may be 10. . This helps in the tracking back the produce of the particular cartoon to know the field from which it was brought. Carton for export  Net weight. 8. Filler Material For example if the impression shows 005970420. 7 stands for the year 2007. 12 and 15. Packing of these fruits become easy and attractive. 7.

10. 1 4 5 8 9 12 13 16 17 20 2 3 6 7 10 11 14 15 18 19 Pallet in cold storage 9. Loading in container . Precooling Layout of container After packing and palletization of fruits this pallets are kept in precooling chamber at 5oC to reduce the respiration rate and to increase shelf life. Cold storage For getting better price these fruit are kept in the cold storage at 40C till the market price are favourable to avoid market glute of the commodity. 11. Pallets helps in retaining the structure of cartoons and also protects fruit from getting damage while transportation. This cold storage are used to store the produce.Pallet A Pallet is made of 200 cartoons packed together in 20 layers of 10 cartoons each.

because all these problems faced more than 50 per cent exporters.No 1 2 3 4 5 Problems Unavailability of skilled labour for handling and packaging Unavailability of transport facility from farm to export facility centre Farmer do not have Global gap certificate Delay in payment from importer Delay in sample residue checking reports Percentage 75 100 50 100 75 It is observed that. 13.About 20 pallets can be loaded in a big container and 9 pallets in a small container therefore 4000 cartoons are needed to fill a big container. the demands placed by the importing country. The pallets are loaded into the container for transportation to shipping point. (Baramati) and pomegranate Export Facility Centre at Indapure were selected for the present study. Export destination According to. It is then sealed and sent to the shipping location. It is to be checked that. .6 Problems faced by exporters (n=4) Sr. 4000 X 4(net wt on each cartoon) = 16 tonnes (approx). where in four exporter have taken benefit of this Export Facility Centre. all problems those have mention in table 3. They reported following problems. Loading on ship The container containing the pallets of pomegranate which are to be exported to loaded on the ship if sea route is economical. the ships are loaded. Table 3.6 are the major problem.4.2 Problems faced by exporters In the present study. pomegranate Export Facility Centre Jalochi. 12. the containers inside temperature is around 5-6 degree centigrade before loading the pallets into it. 3.

00 66.66 83. harvesting of fruits prolonged into deterioration of fruit quality.33 76. where water sources are very poor. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Problems Unavailability of skilled labour for harvesting and other farm operation Irregular supply of Electricity and scarcity of water Lack of storage facility Delay in sample residue checking Grower don't have perfect information about export market price Cheating by commission agents i. In my study area.00 86.66 100. Many times due to unavailability of labour. After maturity of pomegranate fruit at right time. 93 per cent growers have faced this problem.00 (Source: Primary data) Unavailability of skilled labour for harvesting and other farm operation In the farm activity.7 Problems faced by growers for export of pomegranate No. irrigated their fruits garden by ‘Matka’ method of irrigation.00 70.33 100.7 Table 3. The farmers in Man tahsil. electricity load shading. Indapur and Man area are in scarcity zone. Availability of labour at right time is very important.5 Problems Faced by Farmers During Export of Pomegranate During the project work some open ended questions were asked to pomegranate growers for studying the problems faced by them in pomegranate export.e.3. .66 90. Exporter Don't have perfect knowledge about post harvest technique Delay in payment from exporter Oily spot disease (n=30) 28 23 30 21 26 27 20 25 30 Percentage 93. harvesting is very important but this operation required number of skilled labour. This is the major problem reported by 76 per cent of selected pomegranate growers. of farmers Sr. In the present study.No. The reaction reported by the sample growers are compiled and presented in Table 3. without labour no any operation can be under taken. Irregular supply of electricity and scarcity of water Even and regular electric power supply is the requisite input in agriculture. One can not irrigate his farm without electric power supply. In village level nearly 14 hr.

The infection of this disease is spreading day by day which resulting in diversification of farmers to the other field crops. due to the oily spot. Oily spot disease At present. growers don’t have efficient infrastructure to store the fruits. Actually this is a problem on production front. the quality of the fruits is deteriorated and resulted in very low price. It may affect adversely the quality of produce. Delay in residue checking sample reports When exporters select the orchard of pomegranate for export. It is mandatory as quality parameter. Delay in payment from exporters After purchasing of pomegranate from growers. Lack of knowledge regarding post harvest techniques About 66 per cent of pomegranate growers who export their produce have not awared fully about the post harvest technique to be followed for pomegranate. However. According to pomegranate growers the commission agents cheat them by giving low prices than actual prices in the market. Nearly 87 per cent growers exported that exporter do not express the actual price realised in international market. all the pomegranate growers are facing the problem of oily spot disease. however. Due to this. the exporters do not make immediate payment to the growers. All the selected farmers have opined that due to the oily spot disease. Most of the farmers (83%) have experienced this problem. farmers store their fruits on farm under trees. the quality of fruit was deteriorated and thus. affected the export quantum.Lack of storage facility After harvesting of pomegranate. . They delayed the payments for more than months. It is observed that pomegranate growers have lack of information about export market price. All the selected growers have faced this problem. Grower don’t have information about export market price Commission agents plays important role in marketing of pomegranate. laboratory report required more time and it delays the export consignment. About 70 per cent farmers were badly experienced this problem. They firstly check the chemical residue in fruits.

Dubai etc. 2007-08 Export of Alphonso and Kesar Mangoes to Japan.3. 2008-09 Export of Alphonso and Kesar to USA and Japan. Infrastructure creating for effective export and marketing. Pune for Pomegranate Export 3. Jalochi. Kesar Mango. Export of Pomegranate and Kesar Mango to Hong Kong. Pomegranate. The MSAMB has taken a lead for export of fruits to the different countries. Pune in providing post-harvest facilities Infrastructure facility created by MSAMB 1) Pomegranate Export Facility Centre. To impart training to farmer and related personal in post harvest management through NIPHT and HTC Trial export done by MSAMB during last five years. 3) Pomegranate Export Facility Centre. Training to farmer to obtaining Global Gap certificate. Export of Mandarin and Pomegranate to USA 2006-07 Export of Kesar Mango to Japan. and importers. Canalizing agency for onion export. Baramati.1 Activities of MSAMB. exporters.6 Facility provided by MSAMB. Banana]. Basmat. 3. Pune.6. Dist Pune. Mandarins.6. Implemented – 6 AEZs in state [Alphonso Mango. 2005-06 Export of Kesar Manago to Hong Kong. Dist. . Krushi Panan Mitra monthly publication. Pune. 4) Pomegranate Export Facility Centre.Hingoli. 2004-05 Export of Banana to USA. To train farmers in post-harvest management under AEZ.2 Role of MSAMB. Export of Mandarin to Holland. Onion. Saved Tal. 2) Pomegranate Export Facility Centre. Coordination of fruit producers. Indapure. Various financial assistance and promoting scheme for farmer and other people involved in agricultural marketing. Export of Onion to Philippines. the effort made by MSAMB for exports of fruits during last five year are narrated below.Raver Dist Jalgaon. Tal.Basmat. Dist.

Pune) Table: 3.3. 1. 3.ii) Establishment of Export Facility Centre’s for Pomegranate The MSAMB has establishment Export Facility Centres out of which these are for pomegranate. Dist. Tal. (Baramati) Dist – Pune. (Baramati) Dist – Pune Sr. Baramati. jalochi. Address and Contact Number MSAMB’s Pomegranate Export Facility Center. Pune) Export Quantity In MT. Jalochi. 1055 1099 669 . in Pune district. Jalochi.9 Quantity of pomegranate exported from Export Facility Center. Jalochi. Ajay Kudale (9422234653) Table.No.Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board. 1. Pune Tel: 02112-209718 Contact Person: Mr. Pomegranate Export Facility Centre. 2. YEAR 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 (Source.8 Pomegranate Export Facility Centre. Facility Pre cooling Cold storage Handling line Capacity 5MT/6 hours pomegranate 25 MT 2 MT/hour (Source.Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board. one is at Jalochi (Baramati) and the other is at Indapur. A/P.

11 Quantity of pomegranate exported from Export Facility Centre. Dist. 1 2 Facility Pre cooling Cold storage Capacity 5MT/6 hours Pomegranate 25 MT (Source. Dist-Pune. Indapur Akluj Rd.No. Indapure. Indapur. Pune) Table: 3. Pune-413106 Contact Person: Mr. Sr..Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board. Shivleela Nagar. YEAR 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 (Source.10 Pomegranate Export Facility Centre. Ajay Kudale (9422234653) Table: 3. Indapur Dist-Pune. Address and Contact Number: MSAMB’s Fruit and Vegetable Export Facility Center.2. Pune) Quantity Export In MT 382 267 400 . Pomegranate Export Facility Centre.Maharashtra State Agricultural Marketing Board. Indapur.

Enhance operating efficiency and competitive market appeal.      Inspire consumer confidence. Implement processes for continual improvement. If cold storages are established by Agricultural Produce Market Committees (APMCs) and Co-operative societies functioning in the various regions of the State. Benefits of Global Gap Demonstrate to clients (retailers. producers demonstrate their adherence to Global gap standards. This will not only reduce glut in the market and avoid price fluctuation but it also increase the shelf life and quality of agricultural produce. iii) Global Gap certificate Global gap is an internationally recognized set of farm standards dedicated to Good Agriculture practices (GAP). Keeping this view in mind the MSAMB has launched "Cold Storage Subsidy Scheme" from 1st of August 2004 in the State. Pattern of assistance Subsidy @ 25 percentage of the total project cost with maximum limit of Rs 2. proper packaging and in turn there is huge post harvest losses. Ensure access to your markets. Reduce the number of second party inspections to farms as more major retailers accept the scheme. The details schemes are as follows. Through certification. importers) that your product is produced using good agricultural practices. So growers do not get remunerative prices due to lack of grading. The beneficiary will be eligible for getting subsidy from other financial institutions /agencies. .ii) Cold Storage Subsidy Scheme Maharashtra State is the major producer of the pomegranate in the country.5 lakhs per project. product traders. Thus in turn the producer would get remunerative prices for their produce. Area under pomegranate is increase day by day is estimated that as much as 15-20 per cent pomegranate production is lost on account of lack of adequate post harvest infrastructure. In future establishment of cold chain in the State has a prime importance for fetching good prices for Agricultural produce in the International markets. The beneficiary can get subsidy for more than one cold storage.

The small farmers directly sell their produce to the exporters.Parameter to be covered under Global Gap certificate        7/12 of land holding certificate.00) (0. of farmers (n=30) Awareness Benefited 24 0 Export Facility centre (80. but it is interesting to note that. No. These are facility provided by MSAMB for export promotion of pomegranate. The awareness of pomegranate growers for facilities provided by MSAMB. Pune. Pune and detail information about how many growers take benefit of them is provided in Table 3. This may be because of small quantity of produce. because Global gap certificate is inevitable required for export of pomegranate. Growers certification code of Agriculture Department. Only the Global Gap certificate Scheme is known to the every growers and everyone is benefited by this facility. Facilities . Soils testing of particular.00) (100.66) (0. Testing of water. Maps of prepared orchard plots from tahsils.12 Awareness about different export facilities and benefit availed by pomegranate growers.00) 2 30 30 Global Gap Certificate Scheme (100. Schedule of using pesticides. Sr. none of these have took benefit of Export Facility Centre of MSAMB.12 Table 3. No. Records of harvesting of fruits.00) 1 17 0 Cold Storage Subsidy Scheme (56. because these scheme is not economically feasible to small and marginal farmers. due to small quantity production of pomegranate fruits.00) 3 Note – Figures in brackets indicate percentage to the respective totals. Out of 30 selected sample farmers about 24 farmers (80%) were aware about Export Facility Centre of MSAMB. About the Cold Storage scheme 56 per cent growers were awared about the scheme but none of them have taken actual benefit. Pune.

Mrudula. The biggest advantage is that this pomegranate production area is quite close to Mumbai port for exporting to Gulf States and European Union. The agro-techniques for obtaining high yield have already been standardization by MPKV. Rahuri. Rahuri. Better cultivars having dark red colour of fruits as well as of kernels (arils) along with softness of seed have been evolved by MPKV. There is additional demand from foreign countries. Gujarat. India has already good export network in several countries which needs to be further strengthened. The productivity of pomegranate in India is low as compared to other advanced country . Thus.e. Europe Canada and Far East countries. There is abundant and year round supply of pomegranates from India because of possibility of taking all bahar so India can export through the year.8 SWOT Analysis for Export of Fresh Pomegranates A) Strengths India is the largest producer of pomegranate. i. Karnataka. B) Weaknesses The most important weakness is that India has no locational advantage for export to Europe as compared to Spain and Iran. This can popularised in Gulf countries. Indian pomegranates are very nutritive. Tamil Nadu. Ports are nearer to above states. and Andra Pradesh.3. producing about 50 per cent of the total world production. The Indian cultivar have the highest sugar and low acids compare to Spanish pomegranate. These new cultivar. There is scope to increases additional area under cultivation in Maharashtra. India is already exporting pomegranate to a number of countries in Middle East and Europe. Ruby and Arkta are becoming quite popular among the growers. Pomegranate production is largely concentrated in Maharashtra and Karnataka state contributing more than 90 per cent of production in India.

pre-cooling facilities etc. India has good varieties with good fruit quality and can supply almost throughout the year and thus can become good player in exports of pomegranate if required steps are taken and infrastructural facilities are provided. C) Opportunities India is the largest producer of pomegranate in the world.like Spain. when there will be no competition from Spain. Considering time 30 to 45 days for shipping pomegranate to Europe. India can export pomegranate to Europe easily from February to July months. the Netherlands and Belgium . Although India can produce pomegranates through out the year but the external fruit colour as well as aril colour fades in the months of the April to September especially in the Ganesh cultivar because of intense heat and high humidity and rainfall which need to be eliminated by better varieties and agro-techniques. Although many of the agro-techniques for obtaining high yield of quantity fruits have been standardized. Spain is the biggest exporter to European Union and to some extent to Gulf countries also thus cornering 60-70 per cent of the total world export. but still much more remains to be done and need to be taken to the farmers. Lately India has also started diversifying its exports to Italy. During April to July. With the result. Above all major weak point is non availability of Post-harvest infrastructure like modern pack houses. reefer vans. other competitors are chilli and Peru who supply only limited quantities. Extensions and dissemination of technology for increasing productivity is the main weak link. Virtually there are no supplies of pomegranate from Spain during April to July months. Another weak link is the farmer /exporter have no access to update information on export/ import price trends in varies importing countries of the world. there are ample post-harvest losses. production of pomegranate in India is at peak in the months of December to march and continues up to April to July months with the help of Hastha and Ambe bahar crops. Whereas. right in the production areas. Maximum availability of pomegranate from Spain is in September to December months and thus supply from Spain tapers from January onward. but has share of only 5 per cent of the world exports.

In Europe which need to be further expanded. However. lusters and diseases free fruits are preferred by importers. Iran’s main supplies are during October to December and extending up to March. Supplies from Iran also start decreasing from January to onward. and for syrup making. Another major opportunity. whereas in the Middle East countries. Therefore.apart from U. boxes) are mostly preferred. production of pomegranate. in view of above. garnishing ice cream. boxes) are preferred. like Spain.K. salads etc. 11) Shape and size of fruits. There is large ethnic population both in Europe and Middle East who will be very much interested in this commodity. 12) In U. Thus plus point needs to be exploited by nurturing the market and by organising fruit fairs and publicity. D) Threats Major threats to Indian exports are from Spain and Iran especially to European countries as both these countries are able to supply at cheaper price because low freight cost.July. Another major opportunity for India is about suitability of Indian pomegranate for fresh consumption as table fruit as well as for consuming fresh juice because of low acids.9 Findings 10) Maharashtra is the leading state in area. our efforts have to be towards lowering production cost by increasing productivity in order to make our export competitive.K. Therefore. in Europe which need to be further expanded. Netherlands and Germany markets. Indian pomegranate has low acids have an edge over Spanish pomegranate and that is the high acid Spanish pomegranates are largely used for decoration. Indian export should be accelerated during January and should extend up to June. but the productivity of pomegranate in Maharashtra is very less as compared with other states. the fruits size of 300 – 450 gm with red colour fruits of Bhagwa and Ganesh varieties (packed in 5 kg. 3. Gulf countries also. India export maximum quantity of Gulf counties and Iran is the main competitor to India. . colours. the pomegranate fruits having size 250 300 gm with red colour fruits of Bhagwa and Ganesh varieties (packed in 3 kg. in view of above.

17) Even though the MSAMB. Cold storage and Export Facility Centres at Baramati and Indapur have not availed directly by the selected farmer. export facility centres. Arakta and Mrudula. 8) Bhagwa variety of pomegranate is preferred all over the world. 9) The selected pomegranate growers have exported through export agencies. Cold storage facility. the selected pomegranate growers have not exported their produces directly. Unavailability of skilled labours for harvesting and other farm operations. However farmers are not taking benefits of this facilities to the extends. Pune. are provided in study area by MSAMB. (farmer field to the ports) the major items of the cost was container charges (50%). Generally 250 to 330 gm sized pomegranate fruits are preferred in European markets whereas in the Middle East country slightly bigger fruits (300 to 450 gm) are preferred.13) Bhagwa variety of pomegranate is mostly preferred by all over the word followed by Ganesh. Oily spot disease.10 Conclusions 7) Maharashtra rank top at area and production of pomegranate however per unit productivity is low. lack of storage facility and unavailability of skilled labour for harvesting where the major problems reported by farmers. 15) The major problems faced by pomegranate growers in export were lack of storage of facility. 11) Oily spot diseases. 3. Pune have evaluated the Export Facility Centres in the study area. . charges of container was the major cost. and Grower don’t have perfect information about export market price. subsidy on Global Gap Certificate etc. 18) The export facilities provided such as Subsidy on Global Gap Certificate. 14) In logistics value chain. 16) Document required for export of pomegranate [Global gap certificate] is very critical and slow process. Cheating by commission agents (exporter). 10) In logistics chain from farmer field to port.

8) The MSAMB. The policy be recasted in favours of small and marginal fruit growers. The logistics chain in export of pomegranate should be grower friendly. . 6) To capture the international market production of Bhagwa variety be increased by putting more area under this variety. The promotion facilities such as supply of healthy and pure seedling of Bhagwa variety then subsidy in inputs be provided to growers.3.11 Suggestions 5) The efforts be made by agricultural scientist of union and NRC pomegranate for developing the improvement agricultural techniques for increasing the productivity of pomegranate. International market price. Pune should rectify the procedure of availability facilities so that majority of pomegranate growers can take the benefits. 7) The pomegranate grower should be made awared about export documentation procedure. cost of export etc.

India. No. published by Maharashtra state Agricultural Marketing Board. India.com www. (2009) ‘Krishi Panan Mitra’. Pune. Indian Council of Agriculture Research.A.com .nhb. Mumbai-400004. K.S. PP: 29 -30. New Delhi.K. India. Dr. 3. published by ICAR.msamb. Deshmukh K. ‘Handbook of Horticulture’. (2007) ‘Project Report on Export Promotion of Pomegranate from India’ published by Agricultural Finance Corporation Ltd. Websites www. (2005) ‘Postharvest Physiology and Storage of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits’.com www. Vol. Mitra S.com www.REFERENCE Balgopal T. published by CABI. V.Mumbai-400001. Garg A.apeda. (1998) ‘Export Management’1998 published by Himalaya Publishing House.mahaanar. (2005).

Varkute. 10 Sep-Feb Jan-Feb 17 18 19 Varkute. Baramati. Shelgaon. Baramati.5 5 10 Production season Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Harvesting Time July-August July-August July-August July-August July-August July-August Sangavi. Indapur. Indapur. Varkute. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Farmer Name Arun Narayanrao Jadhav. Indapur. Varkute. Village Malegaon. Sunil Vasantrao Pawar. Indapur. Malegaon. Indapur. Dhananjay Narayan Bansode. Varkute. Krishna Bhiva Kokare. Ratan Eknath Hegade. Malegaon. Indapur. 10 5 1. Ranjit Ashokrao Taware. Indapur. Pandurang Sopan Shende. Indapur. Sarafwadi Baramati. Baramati. Pandurang Namdev Shende. Sanjay Shankarrao Sasane. Baramati.No. Kiran Gulabchand Bora. Varkute. Taluka Baramati. Bijwadi. 3 3 4 4 8 Feb-Aug Sep-Feb Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Sep-Feb July-August Jan-Feb July-August July-August Jan-Feb Palasdev.5 Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug July-August July-August July-August . Mohan Mahadev Kharade. Atmaram Pandurang Shende. Area (Acre) 2. Pandhare. Sangavi. Varkute.Appendix – I Details of selected pomegranate growers Sr. Indapur. Aabasaheb Rajaram Hegade. Baramati. Sanjay Yahswant Jagtap. Indapur. Pandhare.5 2. Indapur. Mahadev Pandurang Shende.5 8 3. Indapur. Gagar Nivrutti Shende. Suhas Madhukar Bhongle. Swati Bapurao Shende. Sadashiv Anadrao Kadam. 3 2 5 15 Feb-Aug Sep-Feb Feb-Aug Sep-Feb July-August Jan-Feb July-August Jan-Feb Varkute.

Maan. Prasad Dattatraya Jagtap.August July-August Dudhebabi. Baburao akoba Nale. Dinkar Jijaba Madane. Pangari. Maan.5 1. Pangari. Pushpa Govind Bankar. Pangari. Kisan Pandurang Jagdale.Sr. Bijwadi. Area (Acre) 2.No. Bijwadi. Maan. Pangari. Baburao Anaadrao Jagadale.5 5 Production season Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Feb-Aug Harvesting Time July-August July-August July-August July-August July-August July-August July-August July-August July-August July. Shelgaon. Shrirang Yashvant Dangare. Vittal Yashvant Shinde. Bijwadi. Maan. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Farmer Name Narayan Chillu Kharade.5 2 2.5 2. Maan. . Vinod Babasaheb Hegade. Village Shelgaon. Ashok Ratan Shinde.5 3. Maan. Bijwadi. Indapur.5 2 1. Taluka Indapur. Maan. Phaltan.5 3 3. Maan.

of Tree Total Area 6) Reason for growing this/these varietiesSr.no.APPENDIX.___________________________________________________________ 4) Education___________________________________________________________ 5) Area under pomegranate (variety wise) Sr.II  Questionnaire for Pomegranate Growers (Export) 1) Name of the grower____________________________________________________________ 2) Address____________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 3) Contact no. 1 2 3 4 5 Variety No.no 1 2 3 4 5 Variety Quality .

Name of the practice Proper handling Washing Cleaning Chemical treatment a) Name of chemical used.__________________________ b) Type of box –i) Corrugated box ii) Wooden box Type of Packaging material used a) Paper b) Any other Yes No Temperature maintained while reaching to pack house __________________ c .______________________ Brushing Drying Grading Packaging a) Box size.7) Which bahar do you take? a) Ambe bahar b) Mrug bahar c) Hast bahar Why? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ _______________ 8) Post harvest practice followed by Grower._____________________ b) Concentration of Chemical.___________________ Hot water treatment a) Temperature _____________________________ b) Time of Treatment .

9) What are the difficulties in post harvest management? Administrative a) __________________________________________________________ b) __________________________________________________________ c) __________________________________________________________ Technical a) __________________________________________________________ b) __________________________________________________________ c) __________________________________________________________ Financial a) __________________________________________________________ b) __________________________________________________________ Transport a) ___________________________________________________________ b) ___________________________________________________________ c) ___________________________________________________________ Any other (please specify) _________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 10) Do you aware about export facility centre for pomegranate of MSAMB? a) Yes b) No 11) Do you take benefit of these facilities? a) Yes b) No if yes then which? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ .

then what are the reasons? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 16) Do you follow any special practices for export quality Production? Yes No -Specify them i) ___________________________________________________________ ii) __________________________________________________________ iii)__________________________________________________________ 17) Do you aware about MSAMB scheme for Global GAP certification? a) Yes b) No If no what are the reasons? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ .12) Experience of exporting pomegranate in years____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 13) To which countries you export? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 14) What are different quarantine practices you followed for exported to above country? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 15) Is your produce is discarded by importing country? a) Yes b) No If yes.

Facilities 1 2 3 4 5 Moderately Reason for not availing or low availing the facilities provided by MSAMB_________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ .18) What are the facilities provided by MSAMB for export promotion? Not available Small extent Fully availed Sr. No.

1) Name of exporter2) Address________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 3) Contact no.APPENDIX-III Questionnaire for pomegranate exporter.4) Do you take benefit of these export facility center? a) Yes b) No if yes then which? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 5) How to transport pomegranate after harvesting to pack house? _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 6) Time required for reaching these export facility centre after harvestingi) 1hr ii) iii) iv) 3 hr 5 hrs More than 5 hrs 7) Do you follow any special practices for minimize the post harvest losses? Yes No -Specify them i) ___________________________________________________________ ii) __________________________________________________________ iii)__________________________________________________________ .

8) Post harvest practice followed Name of the practice Proper harvesting method used Yes No

Washing Cleaning Chemical treatment c) Name of chemical used- _____________________ d) Concentration of Chemical- ___________________ Hot water treatment c) Temperature _____________________________ d) Time of Treatment - ______________________ Brushing Drying Grading Packaging c) Box size- __________________________ d) Type of box –i) Corrugated box ii) Wooden box Type of Packaging material used c) Paper d) Any other

Temperature maintained while reaching to pack house __________________ c
9) How much quantity was stored in cold storage facility of MSAMB? ____________________________________________________________________________ 10) How long you stored the produces in cold storage?

11) How much quantity was exported by using these facility centres? ____________________________________________________________________________

12) What is the quality parameters required for export of pomegranate to different countries? ____________________________________________________________________________

13) How do manage the logistics management for export of pomegranate? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 14) Flow out the Value chain in logistics. ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 15) Do you aware about MSAMB scheme for Global GAP certification? a) Yes b) No

If no what are the reasons? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ If yes what are benefit? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________
16) What different facility provided by MSAMB for Pomegranate export? ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________

Appendix- IV Farmer knowledge about Post harvest practices.
Chemical treatment/Waxing Cleaning by cloth Knowledge level Tempreture of cold storage Farmer Name Harvesting Packaging Type of packaging material Brushing Washing

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Arun Narayanra o Jadhav. Sunil Vasantrao Pawar. Sadashiv Anadrao Kadam. Ranjit Ashokrao Taware. Krishna Bhiva Kokare. Sanjay Yahswant Jagtap. Sanjay Shankarra o Sasane. Pandurang Sopan Shende. Aabasahe b Rajaram Hegade. Suhas Madhukar Bhongle. Kiran Gulabcha nd Bora. Dhananja y Narayan Bansode.

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

No

Yes

Grading

Sr. No.

Drying

Yes

No

No

4

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

9

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

4

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

10

Yes

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

No

5

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

8

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

6

Yes

Yes

No

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

5

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

7

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

No

6

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

8

Yes

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

8

Ashok Ratan Shinde. Swati Bapurao Shende. Narayan Chillu Kharade. Vittal Yashvant Shinde. Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 9 Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No 7 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 10 Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8 Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes 6 Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes Yes No 5 Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 9 Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No 7 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 10 Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 9 Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No 7 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 10 Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 9 Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes No Yes 4 . Dinkar Jijaba Madane. Mahadev Pandurang Shende. Ratan Eknath Hegade.13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Pandurang Namdev Shende. Atmaram Pandurang Shende. Prasad Dattatraya Jagtap. Gagar Nivrutti Shende. Vinod Babasahe b Hegade. Kisan Pandurang Jagdale. Pushpa Govind Bankar. Shrirang Yashvant Dangare. Mohan Mahadev Kharade.

Baburao akoba Nale.29 30 Baburao Anaadrao Jagadale. . Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 10 Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes No No 5 (If yes.allotted score – 1 for No – 0) .

VITA Mr. 09/290 A candidate for the degree Of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION (AGRICULTURE) -..Sangamner. Sangamner. State. Personal: Education:  Passed SSC Examination from M. Tal – Sangamner. Dist. Tal. Completed B.Sc (Hort) degree with second class in the year 2008. Son of Mr. A constituent college of Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth Rahuri.V. Amol Kondibhau Dhulgand Regd. Dist. Pin : 422 605. Ahmednagar. Department : Master of Business Administration (Agri) College of Agriculture.H.S.Ahmednagar. Mandve . Securing first class in the year of 2003.K. Mobile: 9960687963 E-mail: amoldhulgand@rediffmail.2010 -- Title of Project OF : POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT FOR EXPORT POMEGRANATE IN MAHARASHTRA. Ahmednagar securing first class in the year 2004.C. Amol Kondibhau Dhulgand A/P : Mandve B.. College. Passed HSC Examination from Dnyanmata Jr. from S.K.Ahmednagar.com . Pune-5 Bio-graphical information Born on 12th July in 1986 at Sangamner.M. Dist. Satara.B. Ujwala Kondibhau Dhulgand.   Permanent Address : Mr. Phaltan.Maharashtra. Kondibhau Mhatarba Dhulgand and Mrs. No.