65 2 TIMOT H Y 2:24
EO 3: 1
Ph 1:13-18
Col / :24+
I Th 2:12
1 Co 3:6-9
Heb 6:7
1 Co 9:7. 10
Ac 13:22-23
Rm 1:3.4
Put up with your share of difficulties, like a good soldi er of Christ Jesus. a
4 In the army, no sold ier gets himself mixed up in civilian life, because he must 4:8
be at the disposal of the man who enli sted him; ' or take an ath lete-he cannot 1 Co 9:25+
win any crown unless he has kept all the rules of the contest; -and again, it is
7 the work ing farmer who has the first claim on any cr op that is harvested .•Think
over what I have said, and the Lord will show you how to understand it all.
Remember the Good News that I carry, 'Jesus Christ risen from the dead,
9 sprung from the race of David'; -it is on acco unt of this that I have my own
hards hips to bear, even to being chained like a criminal- but they ca nnot chai n
10 up God' s news. 'So I bear it all for the sake of those who are chosen, so that
in the end they may have the salvation that is in Christ Jesus and the eternal
glory that comes with it.
I I Here is a saying that you can rely on: b


I Tm 1:20 ...
Ep2:20+ ::;;
Nb 16:5.26
Is 26:13
Is 29:66+ m
Rm9:21 W

Ga 5:22 +
I Tm I:4 +
I Tm3:2f
Tt 1:7

1 Tm 4:6- 7
I Tm 1:4+
Rm6:5 -+
Ac 14:22
Rm 8:17
Mt lO:J J
Rm 3:3
I Co 1:9+
Nb23:1f) :
2 a. Vv. are three shor t par abl es: the so ldier , the
a thlete. the farm la bourer .
b. Vv. 11-13 are part of a Chr istian hymn,
cr . I Tm 3:16 + .
c. Var. ( Vulg.) 'th e Lord' .
d. The Greek mind found the resurrection parti cu-
lar ly ha rd to acce pt . Ac 17:32 ; 1 Co 15:12. Hymena eus
and Philet us may well have Riven it a pu rel y spi ritual
int er pr et ati on by analogy with the myst ical resurrecti on
that occurs in bapt ism. Rm 6:4 + ; Ep 2:6 + .
e. De ta ils about a buil din g wert" often inscribed on
it s fou ndation stone: 35 the buil din g her e is the Churc h,
the fou nda rlon sto ne co uld be eit he r Christ him self,
I Co 3:11. or the ap ostl es. En 2:20. cr. Rv 21:14 , or
faith in the unbreaka ble pr omi se of God, cr . 2 Tm 2: 13.
If we have died with him, then we shall live with him.
If we hold firm, then we shall reign with him.
If we disown him, then he will disown us.
We may be unfait hful, but he is always faithful,
for he ca nnot disown his own self.
a. W he n Pa ul left Timothy at Ephes us. 1 Tm 1:3.
b. Li t. ' a nd ca lled us with a holy ca ll'; thi s may be
tak en in "two , ways here: the ca lli ng of Chris tia ns to
sa lva t io n, cr. Rm 1:6- 7: I Co 1:2.24 :
Co l 3: 15 : En I: l x; 4:4: Ph 3: 14: e tc, or (b y met onym y)
the sta re (wocut ion" : to which Chr ist ians have been
c. The ' A poeari nu' cr. 1 T m 6:14 -1 •
her e ref ers t o th e incarnatio n an d re demption .
d. Ad d . (Vu le .) ' t o Ihe pagans' ,
e. T he second imprisonment at Rome.
r. Eit her Christ ian doctr in e ( b) ' keepin g i t intact ,
I Tm 6:20 -i- } or the good t ha i Pa ul has do ne a nd his
co nseq uent mer-it, cr. I Tm 6: 19: 2 T m 4:7f.
g. ' Lo rd' ca n be taken in eit her case as a reference
either to the Father or to [he Son.
The stru ggle against the immediate danger from false teachers
14 Remind them of this; and tell them in t he na me of God:' that there is to be
no wra ngling about words: all that this ever ach ieves is the destruct ion of those
15 who arc listening.• Do all you can to present your self in front of God as a man
who has come through his trial s, and a man who has no cause to be ashamed
of his life' s work and has kept a straight course with the message of the truth.
16 Have noth ing to do with point less philosop hical discussions- they only lead
17 further and furt her awa y from true religion. -Talk of this kind corrodes like
gangrene, as in the case 01' Hymenaeus and Philet us, - the men who have gone
right away from the tr ut h and claim that the resurrect ion has already taken
place." Some peopl e' s faith ca nnot sta nd up to them.
19 However, God 's solid foundation stone is still in positi on, and this is the
inscription on it: 'The Lord knows those who {Ire his 0 11' /1' and ' All who call on
the I{{JIIle of'the Lord must avoid sin'. '
20 Not all the dishes in a large house ar e made of gold and silver ; some are
mad e of wood or ea rt henware: some are kept for special occasions and others
2 1 are for or dinary purposes.• No w, to avoid thes e faults that I am speaking about
is the way for anyone to become a vessel for speci al occasions, fit for the Master
himself to usc. and kept ready for any good work.
22 Instead of giving in to your impu lses like a young man , fasten your attention
on holiness, faith, love and peace, in union with all those who call on the Lord
23 wit h pure mi nds. ·Avoid these futil e and silly speculations, underst anding that
24 they only give rise to quarrel s; -a nd a servant of the Lord is no t to
engage in quarrel s, but has to be kind to everyone, a good teach er, and patient.
Greeting and thanksgiving
From Paul , appointed by God to be an apostle of Christ Jesus in his design
to promise life in Christ Jesus; -to Timothy, dear chi ld of mine, wishing you
grace, mercy and peace from God the Fa ther a nd from Christ Jesus our Lord.
Night and day I thank God, keeping my consci ence clear and reme mber ing
my duty to him as my a ncesto rs did , a nd always I remember you in my prayers ;
1 remember your tear s" -a nd long to see you again to complete my happiness. 4
Then I am reminded of the sincere fait h which you have ; it came first to live in 5
your grandmother Lois, and your mother Eunice, and I have no doubt that it
is the same faith in you as well.
):8 +
Ac 16:1
Rm 1:9 +
Ph 3:5
Rm l : l +
Ac 16: 1+
Rm 8: 15
I Tm 4: 14 +
/ :/6
Lk 9: 26
Rm 1:16 ;
Eo 3:13
Tt 3:5
Rm8: 28
1 Tm 4: 14 ;
6: 12
The gifts that Timothy has received
That is why 1 am remindi ng you now to fan into a flame the gift that God 6
gave you when I laid my hands on you. -G od' s gift was not a spirit of timidity, 7
but the Spirit of power, and love, a nd self-control. 'So you ar e never to be
ashamed of witnessi ng to the Lord , or ashamed of me for being his prisoner ;
but with me, bear the hardships for the sake of the Good News, relying on the
power of God -who has saved us and called us to be holy "-not becau se of
anything we ourselves have done but for his own purpose and b) his own grace .
This grace had already been granted to us, in Christ Jes us, before the begi nni ng
T, R2':'1 ltn of time, - but it has on ly been revea led by the Appea ring" of our saviour Christ 10
Jes us. He abolished deat h, and he has proclai med life and immort al ity through
2:7 the Good News; -and 1 have been named its heral d, its apostle and its teacher." II
It is on ly on account of this tha t I am experiencing fresh hardships here 12
now; ' but 1 ha ve not lost confidence , because I know who it is that I have put
my tr ust in, and I have no doubt at all that he is able to take care of all that
I have entr usted to him! un til that Day.
Keep as your pattern the sound teac hing you have heard from me, in the 13
fait h and love t hat are in Christ Jesus.•You have been tr usted to look after 14
something precious ; guard it with the help of the Holy Spirit who lives in us.
As you know, Phygelus and Hermogenes and all the others from Asia refuse 15
to have anything more to do with me. · 1 hope the Lord will be kind to all the 16
family of Onesiphorus, because he has often been a comfort to me and has never
been ashamed of my chains. ' On the contrary, as soo n as he reached Rome, he 17
really searc hed hard for me and found out where I was. • May it be the Lord's 18
will that he shall find the Lord' s mercy on that Day ." You know better than
anyone else how muc h he helped me at Ephes us.
How Timothy should face hardships
Accept the stre ngt h, my dear son, that comes from the grace of Christ Jesus. I
You have heard everyt hing that I teach in public; ha nd it on to reliable
people so tha t they in turn will be a ble to teach ot he rs.
1 Tm 6:20 +
J Co 1:8 +
I Tm l: IO+
) Tm6:20 +
Rm 5:5+
He has to be gentle when he corrects peop le who disp ute what he says, never 25
forgett ing that God may give them a change of mind so that they recognise the
tr uth and -corne to the ir senses, once ou t of the trap where the devil caught 26
them and kept them enslaved.
Paul in the evening of his life
As for me, my life is already being poured awa y as a libat ion," and the time
has co me for me to be gone. -I have fought the good fight to the end; T have run 7
the race to the finish; I have kept t he fait h ; -all there is to come now is the 8
crown of righteousness reserved for me, which the Lord, the righteous judge,
will give to me on that Day: an d not only to me but to all those who have longed
for his Appeari ng.
"' ..,
Ac 18:2 + ;
19:22: 20:4
Rm 16:23
Ph 1:19f
Co 14:3f
Ps 22:21
Rm 16:27 +
Tt 3:12+
1 Tm 1:20
Ps 28:4;
Pr 24: i.2
Phm 24
Col 4:14
Co l 4:10
b. Vur. ' Gaul' . At that time the name ' Galatia' wa s
st ill Riven bo th to the Roman provi nce in Asia, and to
thc countr y of t he Ga ul s.
c. Luke thc eva ngeli st, cr. C014: t4.
d . Mark the evang el ist , Ac 12: 12 + . His old Quarrel
with Paul, Ae 15:37·3 9. seems to have bee n forgo tten.
e. At so me recen t hea r ing o f hi s case .
r. Or ' a nd keep me safe fo r ' .
g . Add, ( Vulg.) ' Jes us Chr ist'. an d (at end,
' A'11. en' .
includes some Chri stia n writings al so . 1 Tm 5: 18.
4 :1. Libations of wi ne. water or oil were poured over
t he victims not only in pagan sac rfflccs but a lso in
Jewish o nes, cr. Ex 29:40; Nb 28:7 .
3 a. This is remi niscen t of the ' fa lse pr op het s' f oretold
in Mt 7: [5 ; 24:4·5 ,24. A fresh outbreak of lrr el tnion is
one o f t he character istics of t he 'la st time s' , d .
1 1'014: 1+ .
b. Paul gets the na mes that he Rives thes e magicians
(who ar c me ntioned in Ex 7: 11-13.22. etc.) from Jewish
tr adi tio n in wh ich Jannes and Jambres (or ' Mambres' ),
re pre sented as the leaders of the Egyptian ma gicians,
are sa id to be the discip les (or even sons) of Balaam,
Nb 22:2 +.
c. Var. (Vuln.) 'who your teacher was' . These
tea cher s wer e Loi s, Eun ice. I:5. an d . a bove all . Pa ul
himsel f.
d. Or (less pro bably) ' a ll sc ript ure tha t is inspi red
by God ca n .. .' (Vl llg.). T his impor ta nt affirmat ion
about the insp ira tio n of the O.T.• cr. 2 P 1:21. probably
Farewells and final good wishes
Greet ings to Prisca and Aquila, and the family of Onesiphor us, - Erastus
2 1 rema ined at Corinth, and 1 left Trophirn us ill at Miletus .vDo your best to come
befor e the winter.
Greetings to you from Eubulus, Puden s, Linus, Claudia and all the brot hers.
The Lor d" be with your spirit. Grace be with you.
Final advice
Do your best to come and see me as soon as you can. -As it is, Demas has
deserted me for love of this life and gone to Thessalonika, Crescens has gone
II to Galatiab and Tit us to Dal matia ; -only Luke' is with me. Get Mark
to come
12 and bring him with you ; I find him a useful helper in my work. - I have sent
13 Tychicus to Ephes us. -When you come , bring the cloak I left with Carpus in
14 Troas, and the scrolls, especially the parchment ones . -Alexander the copper-
smith has done me a lot of harm; the Lord will repay him for what he has done.
15 Be on your guard against him yourself, because he has been bitterly contesting
everything that we say.
The first time I had to present my defence,' the re was not a single witness to
support me. Everyone of them desert ed me-may they not be held accountable
17 for it. - But the Lord stood by me and gave me power, so that through me the
whole message might be proclaimed for all the pagan s to hear ; and so I was
I X rescued from the lion's mouth. -Thc Lord will rescue me from all evil attempts
on me, and br ing me safely to! his heavenly kingdom. To him be glory for ever
and ever. Amen.
2 TIMOTHY 2:2 5
The dangers of the last days
You may be quite sure that in t he last days there are going to be
some difficult times. - People will be self-centred and grasping; boastful , 2
arrogant and rude; disobedient to their parents, ungra teful, irreligious; - heartless
and unappeasable; they will be slanderers, profligates, savages and enem ies of
everything that is good ; -they will be treacherous and reckless and demented 4
by pride , preferring their own pleasure to God. -They will keep up the outward 5
appearance of religion but will have rejected the inner power of it. a Have nothing
to do with peop le like that.
Of the same kind, tor), are those men who insi nuate themselves into families 6
in order to get influence over silly women who are obsessed with their sins and
follow one cra ze after anot her -in the attempt to educate themselves, but can
never come to knowledge of the truth. - Men like th is defy the truth just as
Jannes and Ja rnbres defied Moses: " their minds are corrupt and thei r faith
spurious. - But they will not be ab le to go on any longer: their foolish ness, like
that of the ot her two, must become obvious to everybody.
You know, though, what 1 have taug ht, how I have lived, what I have aimed 10
at; you Know my faith , my pat ience and my love; my constancy -and the I I
persecuti ons and hardships that came to me in places like Antioch, lconium and
Lystra- all the persecutions 1 have endured ; and the Lor d has rescued me from
every one of them. - You are well aware, then , that anybody who tries to live 12
in devo tion to Christ is certain to be attacked; -while these wicked impostors 13
will go from bad to worse, deceiving others and deceived themselves.
You must keep to what you have been taug ht an d know to be tr ue; remember 14
who your teac hers were,' -and how, ever since you were a chi ld, you have known 15
the holy scriptures- from t hese you can learn the wisdom tha t leads to salvation
through faith in Christ Jes us. -All scripture is inspired by God and cans profit- 16
ab ly be used for teac hing, for refuting error, for guiding people's lives and
teachi ng them to he holy. -This is how the man who is ded icat ed to God 17
becomes fully equipped and ready for any good work.
A solemn charge
Before Go d and befor e Chr ist Jesus who is to be judge of the living and the I
dead, I put this du ty to you, in the name of his Appear ing and of his kingdo m:
procla im the message and, welcome or unwelcome, insist on it. Refute falsehood, 2
correct error, call 10 obedience- but do all with patience and with the intention
of teaching. -T hc time is sure to come when, far from being content with sound
leaching, people will be avid for the latest novelty and co llect thems el ves a whole
series of teachers acco rdi ng to their own tastes ; -an d then, instead of listening 4
to the truth, they will turn to myths . - Be careful always to choose the right
cou rse; be brave under trials ; ma ke the preaching of the Good News your life' s
work , in thoroughgoing service.
Ac 14:22 ;
Rill X:J h
I Th 3:4-5
Tt J: /O
I f m 6: 11f
I Tm4:1 1-
Rm 1:29 l-
11'01 6:20 j
I Co 4:9
I Co 13: 13+
Ac 14:).22
2 Co 11:23f
I Tm 4: 1+
J T m 1: 10 I
Ac 17:21
In X:32
I Tm 2:4
Ac 10:42 +
1 P 4:5
1 Tm6:14 +
Is 42:3
Mt 12:20
I Jn 2: 14 r-
1 Tm 1:4 ' j-
MI 7:15 ;
Col 2:23
Tt 1: 11
Ac 20:2 1
Ac 16:1
2 Co 3:14-1.'1
Rm 15:4
I Co 10;6-1
2 P J:20-2 1
Ph2:17 +
Ac 20:24
I Co 9:24
1 Tm 1: 18;
I Co 9:25+
I Tm 6: 14+