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164 - SYNTHETIC OIL

Blechhammer N. and S.

LOCATION MAP OF
HYDROGENATION PLANTS

OBERSCHLESISCHE HYDRIER­ WERKE A. G.

BLECHHAMMER - NORTH
AND

BLECHHAMMER - SOUTH

SILESIA

0 SCALE MILES 1 KILOMETERS 2

1

COSEL
Heydebreck

wv

CANAL UNDER CONSTRUCTION

BLECHHAMMER - SOUTH

V?.

BUILT UP AREA

PUNT AREA

R-50

SYNTHETIC OIL Blechhammef~T?orth

- 165

4.6.2

North

Company: Oberschlesische Hydrierwerke (I.G. Farbenindustrie controlled).
Location: In Silesia, six miles E. of Cosel, latitude 50° 21' N., longitude 18°
18 E., on S. bank of Adolf Hitler Canal (Klodnitz Canal). There is also a
canal to Blechhammer South, four miles to the SW.
References: Layout plan, page 166. Location sketch, page 164. photograph, page 167.

Plant Area: 10,000 feet x 5,000 feet (1,150 acres).
Description: (a) Process: Hydrogenation of bituminous coal and tars by Bergius
process. This plant is of recent construction and did not come into production
until 1943.
(b) Power Plant: There are two powerhouses, complete with generator halls,
etc., located in two different parts of the plant. The one to the north,
about 440 x 1,000 feet, has six cooling towers, two of 170 feet and four of
130 feet. The south powerhouse consists of two buildings 160 x 210 feet and
280 x 240 feet.
(c) L.T.C. Plant: One carbonization house, 430 x 90 feet, o£ 10 stacks with
room for three more houses. Coke is delivered to Watergas plant and south
power plant.
(d) Gas Manufacture: 7/atergas plant, 350 x 100 feet, with 18 generators, with
H2S removal (building 290 x 52 feet with 20 columns, 15 feet in diameter), etc*
\ group of large buildings may be a Linde plant. Main compressor house, 460 x
110 feet.
(e) Hydro Re nation: Eight stalls (4 pairs) with room for many more. stall: 40 x 26 feet.
Size of

(f) Refinery: One section with eight distillation columns for L.T.C. products
and one section with three columns for hydrogenated products.
(g) Tankage: Four large tanks are located in the woods near the southwest
corner of the plant and two isolated groups south of the plant. Estimated
capacities are as follows:
Details o£ Tankage
Diameter Feet 90 90 70 60 40 35 TOTAL Capacity Tons 6,000 6,000 3,500 3,000 1,000 800 Total Capacity Metric Tons 24,000 12,000 21,000 12,000 4,000 1,600 74,600

Number Southwest group 4 2 6 4 4 2

South group

Estimated capacity: 200,000 metric tons per year estimated normal production capacity

166 - SYNTHETIC OIL
Blechhammer North

SYNTHETIC OIL - 167 Blechhammer North

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168 - SYNTHETIC OIL
Blechhammer South

SYNTHETIC OIL Blechhammer South
4.6.3 Blechhammer South

- 169

Company: Oberschlesische Hydrierwerke (I.G. Farbenindustrie controlled).
Location: Latitude 50° 181 N., longitude 18° 15' E . In Silesia, four miles south­ west of Blechhammer North with which it is connected by a canal•
References: Layout plan, page 168. Location sketch, page 164.
Plant Area: 17,700 feet x 4,000 feet (1,160 acres).
Description: (a) Process: Direct hydrogenation of coal by Bergius process. This
plant was under construction in 1943 and came into production in the latter
half of that year.
(b) Power Plant: Unusual construction - boiler house 400 x 270 feet, generator
hall 300 x 110 feet, probably extended to 600 feet. Another power plant, 160
x 135 feet, is southeast of the refinery.
(c) Gas Manufacture: Watergas plant, 660 x 55 feet (120 feet high), with at
least 18 generators but probably totaling about 25. H2S removal, 510 x 80 feet
with 34 columns, 16 feet in diameter. There are several unidentified buildings
which seem to be connected with gas production and/or gas synthesis. Gas­ holders, one at 67 feet, one at 80 feet, one at 110 feet and one at 135 feet.
COg removal plant with 20 columns. Two compressor houses, one of 670 x 107
feet with twelve compressors, and one of 500 x 107 feet with eight compressors.
(d) Hydrogenatlon Plant: Stalls number 13 £airs and two triples (one only
fundaments), namely 22 stalls at 27 x 20 feet, four stalls at 20 x 12 feet.
Stalls in triple stalls 27 x 20 feet but isolated location and probable lower
height (26 feet) make it possible they are for either buna or hydrofining.
(e) Refinery: Two rows of distilling columns: 1st row, 6 columns 60 feet high
and ~columns 40 feet high; 2nd row, 8 columns 60 feet high. There is some
unidentified construction in the refinery section which appears to have a
small throughput of some valuable product.
(f) Tankage: Four groups of tanks with total capacity of 41,000 metric tons.
Estimated Capacity: 300,000 metric tons per year estimated normal production capaoit*

170 - SYNTHETIC OIL 13ohlen-Rotha

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SYNTHETIC OIL - 171 Bo'hlen-Rotha
4.6.4 Bohlen-Rothe

Company: Braunkohle-Benzin A.G. (Brabag)
Location: South of the village of Bohlen, ten miles south of Leipzig, adjacent to
1 r ^ 3 ° h l 3 C 5 e
W e r £ e brown coal mine and power station. Latitude 51° 11' N.,
Reference: Layout plan, page 170. Location map, page 162.

Plant Area: Main plant 4,500 x 3,900 feet, or about 400 acres. New extension
2,500 x 2,000 feet or about 115 acres.
Description: (a) Process: Hydrogenation, Bergius process, of lignite from the
adjacent mine.
(b) Power Plant: A large powerhouse with generator hall 725 feet x 77 feet
and a boilerhouse 450 feet x 210 feet, capacity 230,000 k.w. One of the
largest in central Germany and supplies power over a wide area.
(c) Low Temperature Carbonization: There is a large L.T.C. plant with 24
stacks and having a daily capacity of 750 metric tons of L.T.C. tar and 3,000
tons of coke. Of this coke it is reported that 2,200 tons are used daily
under the power station boilers, 400 tons in the Winkler generators and the
remaining 400 tons sold to other users.
(d) Gas Manufacture: There are three Winkler generators and four watergas
generators. There are two buildings identified as compressor houses 270 x 90
feet and 340 x 77 feet. There are seven gas washing towers.
(e) Hydrop,enation: There are seven stalls, six arranged in pairs, each stall
30 feet x 25 feet.
(f) Refinery: There are four furnace houses, each measures 47 x 41 feet,
associated with distillation columns and pump houses; also pressure equipment
for handling liquefiable gases. New plant contains additional refining equip­ ment.
(g) New Plant: The new plant was under construction in 1943 and product storage
tanks, refining distillation units and a high pressure synthesis plant, either
Fischer-Tropsch or hydrogenation-polymerization, appeared to be its salient
features.
(h) Tankage: No. of Tanks 12 2 2 3 3 Details of Tankage - Approximate
Diameter Feet 42 120 60 48 42 T o t a l Capacity Tons 1,200 12,000 3,000 2,000 1,200 Total Capacity Metric Tons 14,400 24,COO 6,000 6,000 3,600 54,000

Estimated Capacity: 300,000 metric tons per year estimated normal production capacity.
Remarks: The lignite is supplied partly from the open mine north of the plant and
pa"rtly from the mine at Sspenhein, also belonging to A.G. Sachsische Werke. Raw
coal intake of the plants around the mine is approximately as follows:
To boilerhouse Manufacture of briquettes for sale Manufacture of briquettes for L.T.C. plant Gasworks (Leipzig city gas supply, capacity 400,000 M 3 per day by Luigi system)

2,500 4,000 11,500 1,000 19,000

metric tons per day
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172 - SYNTHETIC OIL •Bottrop-Welheim

SYNTHETIC OIL kottrop - welheim 4.6.5 Company: Ruhrfll A.G. Bottrop - Welhela

- 173

g n : Latitude 510 32' N . , longitude 6° 59' E. Zeche Vereinigte Welheim, south or road from Bottrop to Horst and northwest of railway Bottrop to Gelsen­ kirchen in h i g h l y b u i l t up s e c t i o n of Ruhr. Reference: Layout plan, page 172. Location map, page 163. Plant Area: T r i a n g l e , 3,150 x 3,150 x 2,100 f e e t , or approximately 150 a c r e s . D e s c r i p t i o n : (a) P r o c e s s : Designed as p i l o t plant for hydrogenation (700 atms). of P o t t Broche e x t r a c t , but probably converted to Bergius hydrogenation p r o c e s s . Coal supplied from Matthias Stinnes shafts I I I and IV, about 1 mile to the north. (b) Power P l a n t : Large power plant with two chimneys. (c) Gas manufacture: Linde separation of H2 from coke oven g a s . Plant dimen­

Locati

sions: 280 feet x 110 f e e t . (d) Pott-Broche Process: Two towers and a f i l t e r house (180 x 90 feet for P.B. process) (e) Hydrogenation: Five s t a l l s , v i z . , 2 of 45 x 28 feet
1 of 55 x 28 feet
1 of 62 x 25 feet
1 of 40 x 25 f e e t
(f) Refinery: Three furnaces (1 large, 2 small) (g) Tankage: Several large groups of tanks, extensively camouflaged. Estimated Capacity: 100,000 metric tons per year estimated normal productive capacity 4.6.6 Castrop-Rauxel

Company: Gewerkschaft Viktor (owned by Wintershall A.G. and Klocknerwerke A.G.)
Location: Latitude 51° 35f N., longitude 7° 20* E., approximately two miles north
of v i l l a g e s of Castrop-Rauxel and some eight miles northwest of Dortmund in
the Ruhr. Alongside the Gewerkschaft Viktor coal mine. Reference: Layou-t plan, page 174. Location map, page 163. Plant Area: 3,300 f e e t x 1,800 f e e t , or approximately 110 acres. Description: (a) Process: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, probably both low pressure and medium pressure. Operates on hard coal or coke. (b) Coke oven Plant: Battery 450 feet Jong, about 150 ovens. By-products plant includes NH3 and benzol recovery and purification. (c) Power Station: Boilerhouse 200 x 125 f e e t . Generator hall 115 x 90 f e e t . (d) Gas manufacture: C from coke ovens, supplemented by C «f H2 from watergas O O plant7~"clinLe&t;ions 180 x 120 f e e t , with four generators. H2S removal 200 x 90 f e e t with four towers of 40 feet diameter. Organic sulphur removal, 6 towers, 19 feet diameter. (e) Synthesis: Old contact oven house 310 x 90 f e e t , probably 30 low pressure and 60 medium pressure ovens. New oven house about same s i z e . (f) Refinery: D i s t i l l a t i o n units. (g) Tankage: Total capacity about 22,700 metric tons, (h) Sundries: There i s also an NH3 Synthesis plant on the s i t e . Estimated Capacity: 60,000 metric tons per year estimated normal production capacity,

174 - SYNTHETIC OIL Castrop-Rauxel

Fischer - Tropsch Plant
GEWERKSCHAFT VIKTOR

100

100
500

SCALE
200

300

400

500 METERS

CASTROP-RAUXEL

LEGEND
1, 2. Pit prop yards 3. Coal handling plant 4. Colliery offices 5. 6. Pithead gear 7. ? Briquetting plant 8. Boiler house 9. Generator hall 10.-13. Cooling towers 14. Colliery.sidings 15. Conveyors 16. Coke ovens 17. Foundation for coke oven extension 18.-22. By-products treatment 23. Gaswashing columns 24. Blower house and tar precipitation 25. Liquor tanks 26. By-products plant silo 27. Cooling*towers 28. Gas holder 29. Dry gasholder 30. Pump house 31. Cooling towers 32, 34. 35. 36. 37.

1500

2000 FEET

33. Gasholders Water gas plant H2S removal ? Gas coolers etc. Works transformer station 38. Not identified 39 ­ Coke dump 40. Cooling towers 41. Contact oven house 42. Oil washing columns 43. Active carbon plant 44. Cooling tower 45. Organic sulphur removal 46. Gasholder 47. Cooling towers 48, 49. Not identified 50. Ammonia plant com­ pressors
51. Gas washing towers
52. Ammonia synthesis
plant
53. Pumphouse
54 ­ Cooling towers

55. 56. 57. 58, 60, 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74f yg'

Nitric acid plant Not identified Fertilizer silo 59. Cooling towers 61. Residual gasholders New building Distillation building u/c Oil storage Cooling tower u/c Ammonia tank ? New contact oven house Pumphouse Gasholder u/c Not identified Gasholder Cooling tower Pumphouse 75. Cooling towers Compressor house and gas storage cylinders 77. Oil storage tanks Distillation plant 78" 79 New building

R31

SYNTHETIC OIL - 175
beschowitz
4.6.7 Company: Schaffgotsch Benzin G.m.b.H. -J
l0

Desohowitz

?rom

??itude 180 08* E. Desohowitz, sometimes known as
° f C ° S e l 1 i n S i l e s i a
> approximately eight miles

References: Layout plan, page 176. Location map, page 176,.
Plant Area: 5,150 x 2^.50 feet or approximately 250 acres.
Description: (a) Process: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis at medium pressures. Operates
v
on hard coal or coke. (£) Po™ 3 ; Plant; 1 boilerhouse, 286 feet x 195 feet. Generator halls, one of
85 x 45 feet and one of 85 x 70 feet. Four large cooling towers and an open
air transformer station 325 x 195 feet.
(c) Coke Oven Plant: About 190 ovens. By-product plant includes N H 3 separation
benzol plant. One tar pitch treatment and fractionation tank, 40 feet in dia­ meter, capacity approximately 2,000 tons for final benzol storage.
(d) Gas_ Manufacture: Watergas plant 205 x 95 feet with new extension of 420
feet in length (and possibly more). Wet gasholders 85 feet in diameter. HsS
removal 98 x 90 feet with four towers 34 feet in diameter. Organic sulphur
removal 210 x 65 feet having six towers 13 feet in diameter. Compressor house
210 x 117 feet.
(e) Synthesis: Old contact oven house of open type 143 x 70 feet, extended to
285 feet. Older section had 48 ovens 9 feet in diameter; 10 more added with
total room for about 90.
(f) Refinery: Fractionating and stabilization columns. May also include lube
oil manufacture. Probably no cracking unit.
(g) Tankage: Two groups of tanks with the following approximate capacities.
Additional tankage is located in Cosel whence oil is conveyed by pipe line.
Details of Tankage
No. on Plan 70 and 81
52 No. of Tanks 3 2 1 3 2 1 4 Diame t e r

Capacity
Tons

Total Capacity
Metric Tons

Feet 35 33 30 25 20 45 22
TOTAL

800 700 500 400 200 1,500 225

2,400 1,400 500 1,200 400 1,500 1,000 8,400

Estimated Capacity: 60,000 metric tons per year estimated normal production capacity

176 - SYNTHETIC OIL Deschowitz

FISCHER-TROPSCH PLANT

SCHAFFGOTSCH BENZIN G.m.b. DESCHOWITZ
OFFICES AND WEIGHHOUSE POWER STATION COAL CONVEYOR COOLING TOWERS WORKSHOPS ETC OFFICES CONTROL HOUSE ION WET (GASHOLDER COKE DUMP CRANE COKE CRUSHING PLANT COKE OVENS 15 COOLING TOWERS WET GASHOLDER CONTROL BUILDING AMMONIUM SULPHATE FRACTIONATING COLUMNS TAR TREATMENT? WASHING COLUMN 22 BYPRODUCTS TREATMENT 24. 25 26. 27 28. 29 31. 32. 33 34 35 37. 38 BENZOLE STORAGE COAL CONVEYOR COOLING TOWERS TREATMENT VESSELS COOLING TOWER WASHING TOWERS ACTIVE CARBON PLANT POND COAL CRUSHING PLANT SETTLING TANKS COOLING TOWER STORAGE TANKS PUMP HOUSE 43. 44. 45. 46 47. 48. 49 50 51. 52 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. COOLING TOWER WET GASHOLDER WATER GAS PLANT BLOWER HOUSE CRANES WATER GAS PLANT EXTENSION WET GASHOLDER WORKSHOPS ETC SETTLING TANKS OIL STORAGE NOT lOENTIFIEr PUMP HOUSE H 2 S REMOVAL MINERAL DUMPS ORGANIC SULPHUR REMOVAL CRANE UMN? 60. PUMP HOUSE, C02 REMOVAL &c. 6 1 . 6 2 . PIPE BRIDGES 63 CONTACT OVENHOUSE CRANES WET GASHOLDER STRIPPING PLANT 68 69 70 71 73 74 75 76 77 78 80 81 82 83 CRACKING PLANT? PUMP HOUSE STORAGE TANKS 72 WET GASHOLDERS DISTILLATION PLANT WASHING COLUMNS STRIPPING PLANT STABILIZATION COLUMN COOLING TOWER 79. LUBRICATING OILTREATMENT? DISTILLATION COLUMN OIL STORAGE TANKS DAMAGED GASHOLDER STORAGE CYLINDERS

40. EMPTY STORE DUMP 41 PONDS 42. TURNTABLE

LOCATION MAP

SYNTHH.TIC OIL Dortmund

- 177

4,6.8 Company: Hoesch Benzin G.m.b.H.

Dortmund

Location: At Hoesch in the suburb Wambelerholz, 2 - l / 2 miles NE of center of Dort­ mund. Latitude 51° 32» N., longitude 7° 30* E. The Kbelin-Neuessen s t e e l ­ works are to the west of the plant. References: Layout plan, page 178. Location map, page 163. Photograph, page 179.

Plant Area: 2,100 x 870 feet or approximately 40 acres. Description: (a) Process: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. plants. Uses gas from adjacent ooking

(b) Power Station: 175 x 70 feet, extended with a new section of 70 f e e t . Includes generator hall and transformer station. (c) Gas Manufacture: Watergas generators, probably supplemented by gas from adjacent coking plant. Original building 200 x 95 feet with 6 generators, extended to 305 x 95 feet with three more generators. HgS removal, 280 x 100 f e e t , four towers at 35 f e e t . Organic sulphur removal, 6 (3 pairs) towers 18 feet in diameter, with room for 2 (1 pair) more. (d) Synthesis: Contact oven house 300 x 90 feet, apparently only of medium pressure. Type (reaction in open), 72 ovens, 9 feet in diameter. (e) Refinery: Tube s t i l l house with chimney, probably also cracking, wax r e ­ moval and lube o i l f a c i l i t i e s . (f) Tankage: At the northwestern end of the plant are two groups of storage tanks, camouflaged. Dimensions and estimated capacities are as follows: Details of Tankage No. on Plan
38 39

No. of Tanks 6 3 1 3
13

Diameter Feet 50 35 60 50

Capacity
Tons

Total Capacity
Metric Tons

2,000 800 3,000 2,000

12,000 2,400 3,000 6,000 23,400

Total

stimated Capacity: 60,000 metric tons per year estimated normal production capacity

178 - SYNTHETIC OIL Dortmund

0

250

500 FEET

Fischer - Tropsch Plant
HOESCH BENZIN G.m.b.H.

DORTMUND

LEGEND
1 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Pumphouse. Cooling Tower. Foundations for cooling tower. Power Station. Coal eleva'tor. Power Station extension. Workshop? Steam pipe. Water Gas Plant. Bunkers. Water Gas Plant Extension. Blower House. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. Gas Pipe Line. Cooling Tower. Wet Gasholder. Gas Pipeline. H2S Removal Plant. Crane. Dumps of Reagent. Organic Sulphur Removal. Heat Exchangers. Pipe Bridge. Contact Oven House. Crane. 25. Workshop. 26, 27. Offices etc. 28. Oil condensation. 29. Compressor House 30. CO Converters. 31. C02 Removal. 32. Dry Gasholder. 33. Wax removal plant 34. New construction. 35. Butane cylinders. 36. Cracking Plant? 37. Butane cylinders. 38. Oil Storage Tanks 6 Tanks 2000 M3, 12,600 BBLS. 3 Tanks 800 M3, 5,040 BBLS. Oil Storage Tanks 3 Tanks 2,000 M3, 12,600 BBLS. 1 Tank 3,000 M3, 18,900 BBLS. Overhead pipe line. 42, 43. Cooling Towers. Degassing tower. Cooling tower. Residual Gasholder. Rail sidings.

39.
40. 41, 44. 45. 46. 47.

R-30

SYNTHETIC OIL - 179 Dor tmund

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