DISTRIBUTING - 243

Emden
Details of Tankage

Place Cuxhaven Nordholz

No. of Tanks
4 36

Diameter Feet
170 175

Individual Capacity M3 Barrels
20,000 24,000 126,000 151,200

Total Capacity
U3 "
Barrels

80, 000 864, 000 944, 000 504,000
5,443,200
5,947,200

T o ta 1

A pipe line leads from the north end of the installation and runs nearly par­ alel to the railway past Altenwalde and thence to Cuxhaven where it appears to con­ nect with the buried tankage on the waterfront.
5.7.3 Emden

Emden, latitude 53° 21' N., longitude
7° 13 1 B., is primarily a Naval and sub­ marine base. The depth of water in the
channel is 33 feet at ordinary high water.
There is a tidal basin 4,600 feet long, 430
feet wide, and 31 feet deep on the sill at
ordinary high water. The tidal rise is about
10 feet.
The inner harbor is entered through a
sluice chamber, 360 feet long, 50 feet wide
and 25 feet deep. Vessels of 24 feet draft
can enter at high water. The dock is a mile
long. There is a large new harbor, entered
through a look 852 feet long, 129 feet wide
and 43 feet deep on the sill at ordinary
high water. Depth in the new harbor is 34­ 1/2 feet.
There are two small bulk storage ter­ minals here, both thought to be Naval bun­ kering installations. 7e* details are
available but estimated capacities are as

MAP SHOWING LOCATION OF PROBABLE NAVAL STORAGE AT

E M D E N

fo Hows.

No. of Tanks Southwest end of outer harbor South of entrance to DortmundEms Canal
Total

3 2

Total Capacity

M3
3,500 40,000 43,500

Barrels

22,050
252,000
274,050

5

5,7.4 Elbe River Terminals - Hamburg, Sohulau, Stade
Hamburg
Hamburg lies approximately sixty miles up the Elbe River and there is a good
deep water channel all the way. Hamburg is Germany1 s largest commercial port and a
large number of her commercial oil terminals and refineries are located there, par­ tioularly in the Grasbrook, Harburg, and Wilhelmsburg areas of the port.

244 - DISTRIBUTING
Neuer Petroleumhafen, Hamburg

DISTRIBUTING Tankage, Hamburg

- 245

There are numerous basins and connecting channels and canals throughout the
port area. The basins vary in depths from 24 feet to 40 feet at normal high tide.
The normal difference between high water and low water is 7 ft., 2 in. A map of
Hamburg harbor showing the locations of the bulk storage installations listed below
appears on pages 246-247
Summary of Terminal Tankage at. Hamburg
No. on Estimated
Capacity
3 Barrels
M

Map
Neuer Petroleumhafen Various companies Grasbrook Atlantic Refining Co. G.m.b.H. (Maschinenoel Import G.m.b.H. (Ern3t Schliemanris Olwerke (Mineralfllwerke Albrecht & Co. Rhenania-Ossag MineralSlwerke . A.G. Neuhof Deutsche Erdttl A.G. Olwerke Julius Schindler G.m.b.H. Hansa Mohle Unidentified Wilhelmsburg Unidentified Deutsche Petroleum A.G. Rhenania-Ossag Mineralfllwerke A.G. Unidentified Nordiache Olwerke (?) Johann Haltermann Unidentified Harburg Area Ebano Asphalt-Werke A.G. Nobler & Thorl Rhenania-Ossag MineralSlwerke A.G.
T O T A L

Type of Plant

2

Terminals & refinery Terminal Terminal Lub. oil refinery) Lub. oil refinery) Refinery

681,237 4,291,7 95 10,188 80,000 46,250

5 4 3

64,184 504,000 291,375

9 10 8 6

Terminal Lub. oil refinery Vegetable oil plant Oil storage Oil storage Refinery Refinery Oil storage Vegetable oil plant (? ) Benzol refinery Oil storage

46,000 40,000 1Q,OOO 16,400

289,800 252,000 63,000 103,320

7 13 14 12 11 15 15a

24,500 75,000 19,191 3,000 2,000 17,000 5,000

154,350 472,500 120,903 18,900 12,600 107,100 31,500

16

18 17

Refinery Vegetable oil plant Refinery

108,500 109,000 124,000

683,550 686,700 781,200

1,417,266 8,928,775

Detailed data on most of these terminals are very meager and tankage figures,
at best, are only estimates based on prewar reports and Allied air reconnaissance.
Some"of"the plants are refineries and in those cases the tankage estimates above re-
fer'to the storage tanks exclusive of working tanks. These plants are described in
greater detail in the Refining section of this report. Many of the plants in the

246 - DISTRIBUTING
Facilities, Hamburg

Hove

Ninkop

Moorende

LEGEND
WEDELSCHULAU AREA Refinery of DEUTSCHE VACUUM OEL A. G. Refinery of DEUTSCH-AMERIKANISCHE PETROLEUM-GESELLSCHAFT NEUER PETROLEUMHAFEN AREA North side of Petroleumhafen Terminal of DEUTSCHE FANTO-MINERALOLINDUSTRIE A. G. Terminal of DEUTSCH-AMERIKANISCHE PETROLEUM-GESELLSCHAFT Terminal of RHENANIA-OSSAG MINERALOLWERKE A. G. Terminal of DEUTSCHEUBERSEEISCHE PETROLEUM A. G. Terminal of "OLEX" DEUTSCHE BENZIN und PETROLEUM G. m. b. H. South side of Petroleumhafen Terminal of OLAGER A. G. Terminal of JOHANN HALTERMANN BUNKEROL A. G. Terminal of ERNST SCHLIEMANN'S OLWERKE Terminal of "DEBAG" BETRIEBSSTOFF A. G. Refinery and Terminal of EUROPAISCHE TANKLAGER und TRANSPORT A. G. (Eurotank) 18. GRASBROOK AREA 3. Refinery of RHENANIA-OSSAG MINERALOLWERKE A. G. 4. Refineries of ERNST SCHLIEMANN'S OLWERKE
and MINERALOLWERKE ALBRECHT & Co. A. G.
Terminal of MASCHINENOEL IMPORT G. m. b. H.
5. Terminal of ATLANTIC REFINING Co. G. m. b. H.
KOHLENSCHIFFHAFEN AREA 6. Unidentified Oil Storage Plant WILHELMSBURG AREA 7. Unidentified Oil Storage Plant 8. Vegetable Oil Plant, HANSA MOHLE 9. Terminal of DEUTSCHE ERDOL A. G. 10. Refinery of OLWERKE JULIUS SCHINDLER G. m. b. H. 11. Vegetable Oil Plant of NORDISCHE OLWERKE? 12. Unidentified Oil Storage Plant 13. Refinery of DEUTSCHE PETROLEUM A. G. 14. Refinery of RHENANIA-OSSAG MINERAL­ OLWERKE A. G. IB. Refinery of JOHANN HALTERMANN 15a. Unidentified Oil Storage Plant HARBURG AREA 16. Refinery of EBANO ASPHALT-WERKE A. G. 17. Refinery of RHENANIA-OSSAG MINERAL­ OLWERKE A. G. Vegetable Oil Plant of NOBLER & T H O R L
R-27A

BUXTEHUDE

DISTRIBUTING- 247
. F a c i l i t i e s , Hamburg

ll-WILHELMSBURG

248 - DISTRIBUTING
Neuer Petroleumhafen, Hamburg

I
i

o

PH

P3

55

DISTRIBUTING Neuer Petroleumhafen, Hamburg

-249

Grasbrook and Wilhelmsburg areas are not easily available to deep sea vessels and
were customarily served by lighters and barges.
The Hamburg area has been extensively bombed and the installations there have
been more or less damaged. Hence, the remaining tankage may actually be consider­ ably less than that estimated above.
Neuer Petroleumhafen.- The greatest concentration of bulk terminal facilities
exists at the Neuer Petroleumhafen which was a customs free port area. A general
layout plan of the area, showing the relative locations of the various plants based
on prewar records of uncertain date, appears on page 248. Tankage lists and capa­ city statements for most of these installations are not available but rather broad
estimates based on prewar reports supplemented by aerial reconnaissance are given
below. ° Estimated Capacity Barrels M" Plants on Northside _of Harbor Deutsche Fanto-MineralOl Industrie G.m.b.H. Deutsch-Amerikanische Petroleum-Gessellschaft. Rhenania-Ossag MineralOlwerke A.G.. Deutsch -uberseeische Petroleum A.G. .100,000. 143,577_ _63,860_ _30,000. .630,000 .904,535 .402,318 .189,000 .307,440

"Olex" Deutsche Benzin- und Petroleum G.m.b.H. _48,800_ Plants on Southside of Harbor

filager A.G.
Johann Haltermann. Ernst SchliemannTs Olwerke. "Debag" Betriebsstoff A.G.. Europflische Tanklager- und Transport A.G, T O T A L

_60,000. _35,000_ _30,000_ _30,000. .140,000. 681,237

.378,000
.220,500
.189,000
.189,000
.882,000
4,291,793

The Europa*ische Tanklager- und Transport A.G. is both a refinery, (see layout
plan on page 108) and an ocean terminal. Its terminal facilities were expanded in
1938 by the purchase of the terminal of the Allegmeine Oel-Handels G.m.b.H. (Oelhag),
(see layout plan on page 252). Prewar layout plans of the D.A.P.G. and nOlex"
terminals appear on pages 250 and 251. The depth of water at the river berths is
approximately 32 ft. and in the harbor itself 30 ft. Shore connections and pumps
are numerous for discharging and loading.
Prior to the war the Germans are known to have given serious consideration to
constructing underground storage in this area. There are reports of considerable
underground tankage at Hamburg at unidentified locations, but it is not known
whether or not any actually exists at the Petroleumhafen.
Grasbrook area.- The majority of the installations in this area are lubricating
oil refineries or treating plants which lie along the Reiherstieg Canal. Drafts of
vessels using this waterway are limited to approximately 16 ft. Hence, only small
tankers and barges can clock directly at the plants. Exoepting the Rhenania-Ossag
refinery, and Atlantic Refining Co. plant on pages 120 and 253, no layout plans are
available for the individual plants, but a composite plan, drawn from air cover,
appears on page 117.

250 - DISTRIBUTING JMeuer Petroleumhafen, Hamburg

LAYOUT PLAN

OCEAN TERMINAL
OF

DEUTSCHE-AMERIKANISCHE
PETROLEUM-GESELLSCHAFT,
NEUER PETROLEUMHAFEN
HAMBURG

TANK M3 NO. 3,286 1 2 3.659 3 4,908 4 ,_ 3.286 5 3,286 6 4,908 7 1.604 8 1,937 9 74 10 113 11 75 2.270 12 4,908 13 14 2,270

BBLS. 20.7M 23,050 30,920 20,701 20,701 30,920 10,105 12,203 467 712 473 14.301 ?.0,920 14,301

TANK
NO.
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28

M3
2,270 2,270 2,270 4,908 4,908 2,270 2,270 4,682 3,597 3,597 2,270 2,270 2,270 2,630

BBLS. 14,301 14,301 14,301 30,920 30,920 14,301 14,301 29,497 22,661 22,661 14,301 14,301 14.301 16,570

TANK
NO.
29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

M3
100 4,908 4.908 2.630 2,010 2,010 2,010 3,380 78 3.380 4,676 3,380 1,425 2,640

TANK
M3 NO.
630 43
1.425 30,920 44
2,640 30,920 45
r 1,425 16,570 1 46
540 12,663 47
540 12,663 48
1,126 12,663 49
540 2,630 21,294 50
2.640 491 51
21,294 52
1,093 29,458 53
1,426 21,380 1,129 54
8,978 55
572 56
16.632 1,093 BBLS.

L E G E N D
TANK NO. 8,978 ^ 57 16,632 58 8,978 " 59 * 3,402 ! 60 3,402 61 7,094 62 3,402 63 16,570 64 16,632 ~i 65 6,886 66 8,984 7,113 3,604 6,886 BBLS.

M3
' 1,093 1,426 r 1,426 572 142 538 j 740. | 740 740 | 740

BBLS. 6,886 8,984 8,984 3,604 895 3,389 ­ 4,662 4,662 4,662 4,662
A. GASOMETER B. FOAM EXTINGUISHING STATION C. R.R. TURNTABLE D. R.R. TANKCAR FILLING & WEIGHING E. SLIDING PLATFORM F. PLATFORM G. PIPELINES H. LUBRICATING OIL FILLING ROOM J. LUBRICATING OIL STORAGE ROOM K. STORAGE SHED L. KEROSENE FILLING ROOM M. KEROSENE STORAGE ROOM Z. N. NARROW GAUGE R.R. 0. BOILER HOUSE P. SMOKESTACK Q. STORAGE ROOM R. ASPHALT FILLING ROOM S. PUMPHOUSE T. WATER PUMPHOUSE U. STEAM WINCH V. CLARIFYING TANKS W. OFFICE AND LABORATORY X. WORKSHOP Y. STABLE ASPHALT TANKS

I

DISTRIBUTING - 251
Neuer Petroleumhafen, Hamburg

BULK PLANT

ELBE RiVEki

DETAILS OF TANKAGE PRODUCT M3

"OLEX" DEUTSCHE BENZIN­ UND PETROLEUM-G.m.b.H.
NEUER PETROLEUMHAFEN
HAMBURG

9,450 5,355

40,320

29,610
21,420 21,420 ~4O.32O 307,440

1

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