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NAME : 1. Fajriah Deli Gayo (0901065090) 2. Ika Widyastuti (0901065130) 3. Niken Asri Yulinar (0901065176) 4. Robby Wicaksono (0901065256)
1994). the which comes from the Latin word Colere. Moreover. This competency measure complexity and depth of understanding of other people. we can not translate one by one or lexical. of the three words different meanings.1. they have to accomplish their self to the culture of its country. On the other hand. Actually. because it has the . The word culture is also sometimes translated as "culture" in Indonesian. the process or work. Can be also interpreted as to cultivate the land or farming. they should use the national language of its country so the people can understand what they talk about. Obeg (1998) described cross-culture understanding as all human beings experience the same felling plus they travel to or live in a different country or culture. Culture is the "glue" that binds a group of people together. other people's problems That cannot be uttered or not fully delivered. the culture is Called culture. There are also some definitions of cross-cultural understanding. (Linda Harklau-1999). For instance. feelings. cultural. and understanding. also including crosscultural sensitivity. (Douglas-Brown. Understanding of the Cross is cross-culture. It is the ability to listen and accurately Understand the thoughts. In Classic. the CCU is the basic of learn a foreign language (not to arrange or choose a ward). Understanding Inter-Personal (Interpersonal Understanding) is the desire to Understand others. Culture is an Elusive construct Constantly that shifts over time and According to Who is perceiving and interpreting it. How to make communication with the owner of native language. Mason (2000) stated whenever someone goes overseas. DEFINITION OF CCU Cross Cultural Understanding derived from three words that cross. because there are many different expressions. This statement means that when people travel to another country. he is like a fish out of water. the culture between both countries that lasted through the mass media or through other means mutually influence each culture. in their country they used to speak in traditional language.
It is the values. Multicultural education. and perspectives that distinguish one people from another in modernized societies. and affective understanding that are learned through a process of socialization. "Most social scientists today view culture as consisting primarily of the symbolic. Needham Heights. it is not material objects and other tangible aspects of human societies. J. Each definition explains different ideas about what is culture itself. culture has a connection with people and how they do their activities in habitual life.” In this case. Culture shapes our thoughts and actions. A. use. It includes everything people learn to do.big connection with custom and culture and also situation and conditions. 2. One the objective of the CCU is to understand the relationship among different countries. ideational. C. MA: Allyn & Bacon. symbols. and often does so with a heavy hand. and intangible aspects of human societies. cognitive constructs. In general. & McGee. or other tangible cultural elements but how the members of the group interpret. tools. Seelve (1984-1993).A. The essence of a culture is not its artifacts. These shared patterns identify the members of a culture group while also distinguishing those of another group. By understanding the association among people. (1989). they would find the information easily and correctly regarding to the sources from many countries in the world. interpretations. it can be seen from the other definitions of culture as follows: Banks. culture is defined as the shared patterns of behaviors and interactions. communication among countries is important in order to avoid the mistakes. The conclusion is that CCU is the way to understand the different culture of different country to avoid misunderstanding. and perceive them.. also added other definition of culture. he stated that “Culture is a broad concept that embraces all aspects of human life. Due to that reason. In addition. Banks. DEFINITION OF CULTURE There are many definitions of culture that have been described by some experts. People within a culture . The correlation between culture and human life. It is everything humans have learned.
W. explicit and implicit. Samovar & R. Linton (Ed. In L. 367). Kluckhohn. G. Culture Learning: The Fifth Dimension on the Language Classroom. culture systems may. "Culture: learned and shared human patterns or models for living. In R.). on the one hand. including their embodiments in artifacts. (1945). CA: Wadsworth. C. National cultures and corporate cultures. constituting the distinctive achievements of human groups. Hofstede.. "Culture is the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one category of people from another. " Culture consists of patterns. "By culture we mean all those historically created designs for living." (p. Communication Between Cultures. 51). & Kluckhohn. explicit and implicit. The concept of culture. Porter (Eds.to-day living patterns. Harvard University Peabody Museum of American Archeology and Ethnology Papers 47. C. and behaviors in the same or in similar ways.. (1952). Culture is mankind's primary adaptive mechanism" (p.E.e. A. Belmont.L. which exist at any given time as potential guides for the behavior of men. of and for behavior acquired and transmitted by symbols. (pp. and non rational. Reading.usually interpret the meaning of symbols. artifacts. be considered as products of action. 78-105). rational. & Kelly." Damen. day." . irrational.H.). the essential core of culture consists of traditional (i. MA: Addison-Wesley. New York. (1987). The Science of Man in the World Culture." Kroeber. Culture: A critical review of concepts and definitions. these patterns and models pervade all aspects of human social interaction. (1984). historically derived and selected) ideas and especially their attached values.A. L. and on the other as conditioning elements of further action.
and it has many meanings. However. 9). quality of socializations. 8). that is. IL. Syracuse. R.Lederach. Useem. attitudes..consists in those patterns relative to behavior and the products of human action which may be inherited. T.. Glencoe. and responding to the social realities around them" (p. and practices shared by a society. DEFINITION OF LANGUAGE As we now. Parson. the word 'culture' is most commonly used in these senses: included pattern of human knowledge. language plays an important role for human. "Culture is the shared knowledge and schemes created by a set of people for perceiving. "A culture is a configuration of learned behaviors and results of behavior whose component elements are shared and transmitted by the members of a particular society" (p. belief. interactions and also the outlook. The Cultural Background of Personality.carla. An understanding of the language has been .umn.P. as the learned and shared behavior of a community of interacting human beings" (p. interpreting.. but most simply. the writers can sum up that the concept of culture is very complicated. 3. Preparing for peace: Conflict transformation across cultures. (1945). J. It is because language is become a habitual uses for human life. (1949). Human Organizations. "Culture has been defined in a number of ways. values. 22(3). Essays in Sociological Theory. "Culture. 32). Linton. NY: Syracuse University Press. http://www. expressing. & Useem. (1995). J. (1963).edu/culture/definitions. goals. New York. passed on from generation to generation independently of the biological genes" (p.html Based on several definitions about culture above. R. 169). and behavior.
(2012: 413). communicate (2007: 3). as members of social group and participants in its culture. and he has investigated how adults use language to mediate the world for children and help them to solve problems (1990: 8). people can express the feeling and meaning through communication. Burner stated that language is most important tool for cognitive growth. tool. Based on his statement. It also added by Trilestari that language is a communication tool that is used by all humans in conveying the message and invention. Language is a system of conventional spoken or written symbols by means of which of human beings. It seems that language as a system of how the words are pronounced with the goals to communicate with others. or device used by people to interact and communicate each other. . It defines that language is a device that is used by people in the world for communication in order to express the meaning.described by Encyclopedia Britannica. By using language. It also can be used for delivering the message and information needed by many people. The writers can sum up that language is a mean. it seems that language is a tool used by people especially for children to help them to solve their problems.
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