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Windshield Bleed Air Anti-Ice System

(All Citations)
LH WINDSHIELD NOZZLE RH WINDSHIELD NOZZLE

LH MANUAL W/S BLEED AIR CONTROL

FWD PRESSURE BULKHEAD

RH MANUAL W/S BLEED AIR CONTROL

1 2 W/S BLEED AIR POWER 280°F/ 138°C TEMPERATURE CONTROL TEMPERATURE TRANSMITTER OVERHEAT TEMPERATURE TRANSMITTERS 295°F/146°C

1 2 WARN 5A LITE 2

5A

W/S BLEED HI O F F LOW

TEMPERATURE WARNING

W/S AIR O'HEAT

W/S AIR O'HEAT

NOTE: SELECT LOW IF OAT IS ABOVE -18°C. SELECT HI IF OAT IS -18°C OR BELOW.

260°F/ 127°C AFT PRESSURE BULKHEAD TEMPERATURE TRANSMITTER

OVERHEAT LIGHT W/ TEMP 295°F/146°C + OR PRESSURE LIGHT W/ SWITCH OFF AND 5 PSI + IN LINE TEMP/ PRESSURE SWITCH RELAY

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 PSI

RAM AIR EXHAUST

RAM AIR IN AIR CONTROL VALVE

HEAT EXCHANGER

W/S BLEED AIR VALVE SUPPLY REGULATED AIR RAM AIR 1 2 LH ENG BLEED AIR LH MAIN EXT BUS (627 AND SUBSEQUENT) RH CROSSOVER BUS (SII & CII 02-626) RH ENG BLEED AIR

VALVE RELAY

Citation I/II/SII
May 1998

For training only

4H-1

Ice and Rain Protection

Citation I SURF DEICE LH WING BOOT PRESSURE REGULATOR 23 PSI PRESSURE SWITCH 20 PSI ENGINE BLEED AIR RH WING BOOT CONTROL VALVES AND EJECTORS LH MAIN EXT BUS SURFACE DE-ICE O F F RESET PRESSURE SWITCH 20 PSI LH HORIZ BOOT CONTROL VALVE & EJECTOR RH HORIZ BOOT ENGINE BLEED AIR REGULATED BLEED AIR VACUUM PNEUMATIC AIR OVERBOARD EXHAUST VERT TAIL BOOT 4H-2 For training only Citation I/II/SII May 1998 .Surface Deice System Citation.

CII-627 SURF DEICE SURFACE DEICE LH WING BOOT PRESSURE REGULATOR 23 PSI PRESSURE SWITCH 20 PSI ENGINE BLEED AIR RH WING BOOT CONTROL VALVES AND EJECTORS LH MAIN EXT BUS SURFACE DE-ICE O F F RESET PRESSURE SWITCH 20 PSI LH HORIZ BOOT CONTROL VALVE AND EJECTOR RH HORIZ BOOT ENGINE BLEED AIR REGULATED BLEED AIR VACUUM PNEUMATIC AIR OVERBOARD EXHAUST VERT TAIL BOOT Citation I/II/SII May 1998 For training only 4H-3 .Ice and Rain Protection Surface Deice System Citation II.

ICE FAIL CURRENT SENSOR INPUT TEMP SENSOR INPUT CONTROLLER 130 TO 172 ± 6°F THROTTLE SWITCH 60% N2 CONTROL RELAY NORMAL CONTROL STATOR BLEED AIR VALVE STATOR VANES EXCITER LOW TEMP SWITCH (220°F) COWL BLEED AIR VALVE ENGINE BLEED AIR 4H-4 For training only Citation I/II/SII May 1998 .Engine Anti-Ice System (except Citation SII) LH EXT BUS IGNITION ON LH O F F NORM NORM OFF OFF RH 5A ANTI-ICE ENGINE LH RH 5A RH CROSSOVER BUS CURRENT SENSORS 155°F 165°F THERMOSWITCHES 60°F TEMP SENSOR SPARE OVERHEAT RELAY ENG ICE FAIL LH RH L ENG.

Ice and Rain Protection TKS Anti-Ice System Citation SII FILTER WING ICE FAIL ENG ANTI ICE LH RH ICE FLUID PUMP FAIL ENG SUR ICE FLD LOW ICE FLD SYS ON VENT LINE 0 1 3 5 7 TAIL ICE FAIL MICROPROCESSOR LOW LEVEL SWITCH FLUID TANK GAL ANTI ICE FLUID QUANTITY GAGE NUMBER 2 SOLENOID VALVE (CENTER) FILTER FILTER SURFACE PUMP SENSOR PROBE ENGINE PANELS LEFT OUTBOARD WING PANELS FAIRING CUFF NUMBER 1 SOLENOID VALVE (FORWARD) FAIRING CUFF ENGINE PANELS ENGINE PUMP MICROPROCESSOR NUMBER 3 SOLENOID VALVE (AFT) RIGHT OUTBOARD WING PANELS 1 2 3 4 1 4 3 2 4 3 2 1 LEFT WING PROPORTIONING UNIT (SURFACE) PROPORTIONING UNIT (ENGINE) RIGHT WING PROPORTIONING UNIT (SURFACE) LEFT STABILIZER PANELS RIGHT STABILIZER PANELS SURFACE ENGINE PUMP ENGINE PUMP FLOW ALT ENG PUMP FLOW ALT SURFACE PUMP FLOW TKS FLUID 4 1 2 3 TAIL PROPORTIONING UNIT (SURFACE) Citation I/II/SII June 1997 For training only 4H-5 .

Engine Anti-Ice System Citation SII LH EXT BUS IGNITION ON LH O F F NORM NORM LOW RH 5A ANTI-ICE ENGINE LH HI O F F RH CROSSOVER BUS SURFACE RH 5A 3A ALL LOW ENG R E O S F E F T ENGINE PANELS FAIRING CUFF FAIRING CUFF 1 4 3 2 PROPORTIONING UNIT (ENGINE) ENG ANTI ICE LH RH THROTTLE SWITCH 60% N2 STATOR BLEED AIR VALVE STATOR VANES EXCITER LOW TEMP SWITCH (220 F) COWL BLEED AIR VALVE ENGINE BLEED AIR TKS FLUID 4H-6 For training only Citation I/II/SII July 1999 .

When supplied with a 60 to 130 PSIG bleed air supply. the valves close to prevent excessive engine power loss. and stator vanes inboard and outboard wing leading edges horizontal stabilizer leading edges vertical stabilizer leading edge (except SII) windshield pitot tubes. temperature probe. angle-of-attack (AOA) probe. Citation I/II/SII June 1997 For training only 4H-7 . hot bleed air flowing to the engine T1 probes and bullet nose cone provides continuous anti-icing protection. Placing the ENGINE ANTI ICE switches in ON. When icing accumulation occurs on the probe. the engine ignition system provides continuous ignition system operation and the inboard wing heating elements receive power (except SII). After the valves open. the anti-ice valves regulate pressure to 14 to 18 PSIG or 11 to 14 PSIG (SII only). Engine During engine operation. inlet lip. With the ENGINE ANTI ICE switches ON or HI/LOW (SII only). or HI (SII only) removes power from the inlet and stator vane antiice valves. LOW. Ice Detection On the Citation SII.Ice and Rain Protection Ice and Rain Protection Anti-icing protection is provided for the: I I I I I I engine spinner. and drain masts. the system illuminates the ICING DETECTED annunciator. static ports. hot bleed air flows to warm the engine air inlet and stator vanes. The system operates on the principle that ice accumulation affects the thermal characteristics and resistance of the system’s probe. The valves do not open until power is above 60% N2 RPM and bleed air pressure reaches a minimum of 8 PSIG or 4 PSIG (SII only). a detector and interpreter unit continuously monitors outside air conditions to provide a visual warning of icing conditions. At power settings below 60% N2 RPM.

On the Citation SII. Citation I.During engine anti-icing operation. The system has two separate delivery subsystems that obtain fluid from common 7. a TKS fluid-based anti-icing system protects the wings and horizontal stabilizer from ice accumulation.5 gallon capacity reservoir. 5. When not inflated. the respective ENG ICE FAIL or ENGINE ANTI-ICE annunciator illuminates when: I I I leading edge temperature is below 60°F (16°C) heating element or circuit breaker opens overheat relay opens because of system malfunction or overheat condition shorted or open temperature sensor stator valve not open with engine power below 60% N2 or valve failure engine inlet temperature below 170°F (77°C). during the first six seconds the horizontal and vertical stabilizer boots inflate and during the last six seconds the wing boots inflate. The engine subsystem delivers fluid to the cuff and fairing panels and the surface 4H-8 For training only Citation I/II/SII June 1997 . I I I Surface Anti-Icing and Deicing On the Citation.5 In Hg vacuum holds the deice boots tight against the leading edges. two pressure switches illuminate the SURF DE-ICE annunciator. horizontal stabilizer. during the first six seconds the left horizontal stabilizer and vertical stabilizer boots inflate and during the last six seconds the wing and right horizontal stabilizer boots inflate. Turning the SURFACE DE-ICE switch on starts a 12 second timer that supplies low pressure bleed air to inflate the outboard wing. On the Citation II. As the system cycles and supplies inflation pressure to the boots. turning the ENGINE ANTI ICE switches ON supplies 28V DC to the inboard wing leading edge heating elements. and Citation II aircraft. and vertical stabilizer deice boots. On the Citation and Citation I.

bleed air on. check valves. The proportioning units ensure equal fluid delivery to the various panels. bleed air on. the ICE FLD LOW annunciator illuminates to indicate approximately 20 minutes of fluid left. and fairing panels at reduced rate (above 22. HI HI ENG HI HI ALL Table 4H-1. wing cuff. wing cuff. pressure switches illuminate the associated ENG ANTI ICE. and fairing panels at normal rate. fairing. left and right wing. and all other panels at normal rate. bleed air on. When reservoir fluid level drops and the low level switch actuates. two electric pumps draw fluid from the reservoir and provide it under pressure to their respective systems through a filter. If the pressure downstream of a pump drops. Engine LH LOW RH LOW Surface ENG Results TKS to inboard leading edge. The ENG ANTI-ICE and SURFACE ANTI-ICE switches control system operation (see Table 4H-1). WING ICE FAIL. wing cuff. the associated ENG/SUR ICE FLUID PUMP FAIL annunciator illuminates. and solenoid valves to proportioning units for the engine. and tail.Ice and Rain Protection subsystem supplies the outboard wing and horizontal stabilizer leading edges. TKS Operation Citation I/II/SII July 1999 For training only 4H-9 .000 ft). TKS to inboard leading edge. If pressure drops to one of the delivery systems. TKS to inboard leading edge. With the system operating (ICE FLD SYS annunciator illuminated). or TAIL ICE FAIL annunciator.

With temperature data supplied by two sensors. By regulating ram air flow through a heat exchanger. The valve opens and bleed air flows through a heat exchanger before it reaches the manually operated shutoff valve. With the WINDSHIELD BLEED AIR knobs in MAX and the W/S BLEED switch in LOW. the controller opens the air control valve to increase ram air flow and decrease bleed air temperature or closes the control valve to increase ram air flow and decrease bleed air temperature. An isopropyl alcohol-based fluid system supplements the bleed air windshield anti-icing system. Placing the W/S ALCOHOL switch in ON supplies approximately 10 minutes of deicing alcohol to the pilot’s windshield. the W/S AIR O’HEAT annunciator illuminates. Rotating the WINDSHIELD BLEED AIR control knobs from the OFF position opens the manually operated shutoff valves to regulate windshield air flow. The controller then removes power to the windshield bleed air valve.Windshield Anti-Icing Selecting LOW or HI on the W/S BLEED switch supplies power to the windshield temperature controller. If bleed air temperature exceeds 146°C (295°F) or duct pressure exceeds 5 PSI with the bleed air valve closed. pulling the PULL RAIN knob out opens augmenter doors to change the windshield anti-icing system airflow for rain removal. the system regulates bleed air temperature to approximately 127°C (261°F) with the W/S BLEED switch in the LOW position or 138°C (280°F) with the switch in the HI position. 4H-10 For training only Citation I/II/SII June 1997 .

In addition. The AOA HTR FAIL annunciator illuminates if the AOA probe (if installed) heater fails. If a pitot tube or static port heating element fails. heating elements in the water drain masts prevent ice accumulation when electrical power is available. The annunciators also illuminate if the PITOT & STATIC switch is in OFF. current sensors illuminate the appropriate LH/RH P/S HTR OFF annunciator.Ice and Rain Protection Pitot/Static Anti-Icing Turning the PITOT & STATIC switch on supplies 28V DC to the pitot tube. static port. Citation I/II/SII June 1997 For training only 4H-11 . and angle-of-attack probe (if installed) heating elements.

Citation I.Surface Deice System Power Source Distribution Citation. Citation II Engine bleed air Main DC buses L/R Wing boots L/R Horizontal stabilizer boots L/R Vertical stabilizer boot SURFACE DE-ICE switch SURFACE DE-ICE annunciator (illuminates in two 6-second cycles when SURFACE DE-ICE switch is activated) Circuit breakers Surface deice switch (reset) Control Monitor Protection 4H-12 For training only Citation I/II/SII June 1997 .

Citation I. Citation II Power Source Distribution Engine bleed air Main DC buses L/R Bleed air from each engine to: Engine inlet First stage stator vanes Nose cone.Ice and Rain Protection Engine Anti-Ice System Citation. T1 probe Engine ignitors Electrically heated inboard wing leading edge ENGINE anti-ice switches L/R Throttle microswitches: >60% N2 ENG ANTI-ICE FAIL L/R annunciators DC ammeters L/R Stall strip – WING INSP light Engine ITT/RPM Engine ignition lights Circuit breakers Back up temp sensors Engine inlet/stator fail safe valves Control Monitor Protection Citation I/II/SII June 1997 For training only 4H-13 .

Engine Anti-Ice System Citation SII Power Source Distribution Engine bleed air Main DC buses L/R Bleed air from each engine to: Engine inlet First stage stator vanes Nose cone. T1 probe Engine ignitors TKS fluid manifolds to inboard wing fairing/cuff ENGINE anti-ice switches L/R Throttle microswitches: >60% N2 Annunciators ENG ANTI-ICE FAIL L/R ICE FLUID PUMP FAIL – ENG/SUR ICE FLD LOW ICE FLD SYS ON ICING DETECTED Engine ITT/RPM IGNITION L/R lights TKS quantity gage Circuit breakers Proportioning valves Control Monitor Protection 4H-14 For training only Citation I/II/SII June 1997 .

Ice and Rain Protection Windshield Anti-Ice Systems Power Source Distribution Control Engine bleed air Main DC buses L/R Windshield bleed nozzles L/R Left side alcohol manifold W/S BLEED AIR switch W/S Temperature controller W/S ALC switch Manual bleed air control valves Rain removal door handle W/S AIR O’HEAT annunciator Bleed air noise Circuit breakers Windshield bleed air valve – fail safe Overtemp transmitter Monitor Protection Citation I/II/SII June 1997 For training only 4H-15 .

If more than 1/8 inch of ice accumulates prior to system activation. turn on the system immediately. When ice is detected. leave the icing environment.TKS Surface Anti-Ice System Citation SII WARNING: The surface TKS system is not a deice system and does not remove significant accumulations of ice. Power Source Distribution RH Crossover bus (engine anti-ice) Wing Wing fairing/cuff Horizontal stabilizer SURFACE anti-ice switch Annunciators ICE FLUID PUMP FAIL – ENG/SUR WING ICE FAIL TAIL ICE FAIL ICE FLD LOW ICE FLD SYS ON ICING DETECTED Windshield ice detection lights TKS quantity gage DC ammeters L/R Circuit breakers Check valves Surface anti-ice warning Control Monitor Protection 4H-16 For training only Citation I/II/SII June 1997 .

cold air. TKS fluid may freeze if allowed to flow into dry. However. NOTE: The TKS reservoir provides 1. Citation I/II/SII June 1997 For training only 4H-17 .Ice and Rain Protection NOTE: TKS fluid (monoethyleneglycol/isopropyl alcohol/ deionized water solution) prevents ice accumulation.5 to 7.5 hours of anti-icing.

4H-18 For training only Citation I/II/SII June 1997 .